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THE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

XXXI.]
FOR MAY, 1798.

(vol. V, About the middle of July will be published the SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER to the Fifth

VOLUME of this work, which, besides the Title, Indexes, and a variety of valuable papers, will contain a critical and comprehenfive Retrospect of all the Books published during the last six months.

1
Complete Sets, or any former Numbers of this Work, may be bad of all Booksellers.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, who had been brought up in it, that de-
SIR,

pended on prostitution for support.

It struck me, that effects fo general
TAKE up my pen with the more
I

willingness, to give you fome de- mult originate from some capital fauit tail of the rise, progress, and present re

either in the constitution of the school gulations of two charity-schools for girls itself, or in the management of it; and in this city, as one of your correspond- though I did not then live in York, I ents, in a paper signed' M. S. in your formed the resolution of taking the earliest Magazine for February (page 87), has opportunity of endeavouring thoroughly intimated a wish to see such communica

to investigate the subject. This oppora tions; and moreover, because it appears, tunity occurred the following year, when from the attention paid to many late pubé I came to reside in this city, just at the lications on similar subjects, that there is time when a commodious new building a disposition in the public mind, to take had been erected for the reception of the under consideration whatever may have the girls; and I was joined by some very benefit of the poorer classes for its object.

respectable ladies of my acquaintance, The first of these schools, usually de, wlio were equally solicitous with myself to nominated the grey coat school from the find out the cause of these misfortunes, uniform worn by the children educated in and to suggest a remedy for them. I will it, was founded in the year 1705, for the not trouble you, sir, with the particulars admission of 20 poor girls. At the same of the steps taken to effect this purpose, time a charity school was founded for 40 but will merely give an outline of the boys, denominated, for a like reason, the plan on which the institution had till that blue coat school.

time been conducted, of the defects we These schools, like many others in the discovered in it, of the alterations we prokingdom, seem to have been founded posed, and which the committee of genmerely for the purpose of providing a tlemen who had hitherto managed its better education for a given number of affairs, were pleased to adopt, and lastly, poor children, than they could have in the of what has been the result. houses of their parents or friends, or in a The girls at the grey coat school were public poor house; it is obvious therefore, at that time boarded with a master and ihat if owing to any defect either in the mistress, who, in addition to their stipend, original plan, or in the way in which the were allowed to reap the benefit of the plan is executed, the children in such children's labour. The children were 18 Ichools are not better educated than they be taught by the master to read and write, would otherwise have been, the pious and and some time before their leaving the benevolent object of the founders is not school, were to be employed in household attained.

affairs, in order to fit them for servants. It happened about 15 years ago, that They were afterwards bound apprentice a gentleman of great respectability, who for four years, to be found with meat and attended the grey coat school in a medical cloaths, to such persons as might apply line, lamented to myself, incidentally in for them. conversation, that the girls educated in it In the first place, it appeared to us, that were in general extremely unhealthy, and the boarding of the children, as it made it dwarfish in their stature, and that after the interelt of the master and mistress to they left it, they usually turned out ill. abridge them in the quantity of their At the same time he mentioned as a food, and to regard the cheapness of it, fact, that there were at that time in this rather than its wholesomeness, was an in. city no less than eight unhappy victims eligible mode of providing for them; and MONTHLY MAG. No. XXXI.

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Mrs. Cappe on Girl's Charity-Schools. miglit, in part at least, account for their completely ruined by ill usage, and their want of health, and for their not attaining little day of life prolonged, if it were at to the stature and degree of strength usual all prolonged, in circumstances of extreme at their respective ages.

suffering and wretchedness. zdly. That the allowing the master and I should not, Mr. Editor, have entered mistress the benefits of the children's la- fo much into detail on a matter which bour, as it made it their inti reit to intift could not be of importance to the public tipon exertions disproportionate to the at large, were the interests of the particu. abilities of the children, might in inany lar inttitution to which it relates alone refpects prove injurious to them.

concerned in it; but apprehending that 3dly. "That although, by virtue of the probably many other charity-schools in original agreement, the mistress was oblig; different parts of the kingdom may be ed to employ the girls in household established on a similar plan, and that proaffairs, in order to fit them for servants ; bably, on examination, many like abuses get being subject to no regulations which would be found to prevail, I have hoped should compel her to take them in rotation, that, by means of your useful and widely she would probably be tempted to consult' circulated Magazine, some attention might her interest, by employing those only who in other instances be excited to the subject, could most easily be taught; and thus the It is my design, in a future letter, to send greater part of the children would not be you some account of the alterations at all instructed.

which have been made, and of the succes And, 4thly, that binding the girls ap- which has hitherto been the result, and prentice for four years, however kindly

your

obedient servant, intended by the institutors of the charity, York, April 17, 1798. CATH. CAPPE. who doubtless hoped that, by this means, thele, young people would be certain of protection during that term, was a most

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. suinous practice; and this, for the following reasons.

IN N your Magazine for February, I obThat the persons applying for these serve a judicious and well-intentioned girls, would generally be such as were in correspondent requests fome information necessitous circumstances, induced to take respecting the most proper books to be them into their service, as they were in. used in charity-schools, and other similar titled to their labour without wages.

institutions. I am an old man, fir, and That the absolute power which the mar a Christian, and therefore I should be ter or mistress has over such an apprentice, forry not to see the Bible in the hands of generally operates unfavorably on the the children of the poor, convinced that, mind of both parties, tending to inake in maturer life, they will, from the peru. the one tyrannical and severe (even fal of that book, derive their best confo. where previoully they were decent charac- lation. Yet I am dilpoled, in some deters), and to render the other stupid and gree, to compromise the matter with obstinate, dissatisfied with her condition, your correspondent ; and I confefs, I and unwilling therefore to comply with think the Testament, or rather, the four deinands which in themselves might be Evangelists, would be more instructive, in reasonable : and above all, that in cases proportion to its bulk, than the Bible at where the master or mistress, or both, were large :--or, perhaps, if a selection was previously unprincipled (a cafe which, made of the historical and more striking notwithstanding every precaution, would parts, including a good portion of the in fact very often happen), the evils result. buok of Job, with the history and difing would be incalculable.

courses of our Lord, all in the language We found, upon strict inquiry, that the of Scripture, it might answer still better. truth of this reasoning was confirmed by Though I admire greatly the moral parts what had in fact taken place, and more

of the “ Church Catechijm," yet I agree especially that part of it which related to with your correspondent, that a great dinding the girls apprentice. It appeared, part of that summary of faith is not very that some of these poor girls had been te- intelligible to children. There was a duced by, 'their maiters; that some brad plainer catechifin published fome years run away before the term of their appren- ago, with “ Family Prayers, for the Use ticeship had expired (in either of which of the Philanthropic Reform," and, I becases, forlorn and unprotected, they had lieve compoled or compiled by Dr. Gregenerally becoine the victims of prostitu- GORY, which, with some additions, tion); and that the health of others, not might be rendered very generally useful; good when they left the School, had been

and

SIR,

Books for Charity-Schools..... Greek Version of Gray's Elegy. 321 and the exhortation at the end might,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, with fome alteration, be easily adapted to the use of common charity-schools. Some I Believed there are were in a time when of the little penny and twopenny numbers

classical books were in fo much reof ". The Cheap Repository," might allo be quest, and classical learning, so much distributed with advantage among the talked of and arrogated in this country. children.

with so little real knowledge of the subThe great difficulty, however, with ject, as at this moment. We bring from children is, to make what is their duty school a superficial acquaintance with pleasant to them. I should, therefore, Horace and Virgil, Homer and a fever advise, that books should be occasionally Greek plays, with one or two authors given, in charity schools, as prizes to mare: we then fancy ourselves in com. luch children as excel, As it is a great plete possession of ancient literature, and object to cultivate in them religious feel. promulgate our decisions with all the au. ings, and as all children seem to be enters thority of accomplished critics. . I was tained with the perusal of it, perhaps confirmed in these sentiments by a note Tbe Pilgrim's Progress," of which there which I read, this day, in the “

Pursuits are cheap editions, would be a good book of Literature ;." a poem, not equal in me. : to be Giftributed in this way.

There is rit to the estimate of its doating author, another popular book 'which I will also nor yet so despicable as some, who want venture to recommend, and that is “ Ro- fufficient magnanimity to defpile to prolinjen Crusoe ;” a book which instructs Aigate a centor, are willing to perfuade as well as pleales; a book admirably cal- theinfelves. In addition to a most outculated to excite a spirit of enterprize, to rageous panegyric on the late Greek pro. shew the advantage of ingenuity and in- fetfor at Cambridge, a ttanza of his ver, dustry, and to cultivate religious senti- fion of " Gray's Elegy," is immoderately ments. Your correspondent mentions extolled. This stanza, with your percivil history; if that branch of discipline million, I will examine by the rules of hould be deemed compatible with the rigid criticism; and can assure your very limited course of instruction to readers, that it is neither more nor less which those institutions are necessarily exceptionable in its proportion, than the confined, I know of no book so good as whole performance: for every line of The Fiftory of England, in a series of which, inay be pointed out at leait one Letters from a Nobleman to his son,” con- gross error, either of perverted meaning, monly attributed to Lord Lyttelton, but Solceciitical expression, or vicious fyntax. Itally written by Dr. Goldsmith. The examination, however, of this single I remain, Sir, yours, &c.

ftanza, will ferve to convince all the Low Layton, NEPIODIDASKALOS.

world, but the panegyrist himself, what April 8, 1798.

fort of a scholar and critic this mighty

dogmatist must be regarded; who has a To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. competent degree of school-learning, and SIR,

no more: who is incapable, I dare TAVING been disappointed of feeing lay, of discerning between the late prowhich a correspondent of yours has long Porson ani William Cooke. Nor since promised to publish: I have com- have I any doubt, but others would be mitted the result of my own observations able to point out faults which I have not and experience to press. This ESSAY noticed, in this

very

Itanza : will probably appear in the beginning of The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power, next month; and I hope will exhibit an

And all that beauty, all that wealtlı c'es impartial view of the whole evidence, as

gave, it now stands, both for and against the nero Await alike ch' inevitable hour: plan of treatment ; including a variety of The paths of glory lead but to the grave. cases which have been recently communi

χαρις ευγενεων, χαρις η βαρηϊδοcated to me, by different practitioners in aoxas, London. - As I have no favorite theory Δωρα τυχας, χρυσας Αφροδιτας καλα τα to support, it will be my first with and aiin

ower, to arrive at the truth, whithersoever it may llavbav.de sautá revaxe, xão no Ber pogrie Lead me. At some future period, I shall Morauag. επdeavour to fupply what may appear to Ηρωων κλε' ολωλε, και οχετο ξυνον ες Αδα. be deficient, and correct what thall be

Now, in the first place, thele words, pointed out as erroneous,

" The grace of men nobly born, or the Great Rusel-Street,

T12
M-17, 0748. WILLIAM BLAIR.

322 Greek Version of Gray's Elegy...On Matrimony. grace of kingly fway,” are a most up. a verse, for elegance and fimplicity not dignified and indeed pitiful representation to be exceeded. At any rate, we could of the noble original. Grace is not em. have excused the false quantity, the short. ployed by such, as know how to imitateening of o before the consonant. But let the ancients, to subjects of grandeur and that pass. What is Adns? I know no fublimity, but to those of elegance and beauty. such word. Ardins, with the i either at We never hear of the graces fimply of the side, or subscribed, would have been Jupiter and Mars, but of Venus and the intelligible : but perhaps our recondite Nymphs. Besides, no discretive particle-or gentleman has some great authorities in -has place here : one of a colle&tive importitore for such puzzling singularities. was required. This grofs impropriety is Upon the whole, it is scarcely possible most obvious and unquestionable. The for any version to be more despicable than position too of n is altogether clumsy and the stanza before us : and these few reinadmissible. We can make no indulg- marks will serve to prove what a mere ences for such faults in short and needless [matterer and second-hand quotationexercises :

dealer we have in this said author of poterat duci quia cæna sine istis.

The Pursuits of Literature:and it

will be curious to see, whether this affarOnly observe, how an artist of the least fin of reputation, who is execrated by all dexterity might have remedied these de parties, will violate his nature, and devi. fects :

ate into modesty, by omitting, or defend. Αχαρις ευγενεων, βασιληϊδονά χαρις αρχας. ing, his encomium on this tranflation of But the professor and his encomiaft are the Elegy in a future edition of his work. no artists in the Greek language.--Lastly, But he probably has not learning enough ευγενεων for the abftradt ευγενείας is mean,

to know, when he is confuted and ex. and barely tolerable. But the translator, posed: nor indeed is convi&tion to be in the plenitude of his learning, doubt expected from so hardened a flanderer, or less supposed, that svyevices would not be modesty from such self-sufficiency and allowable even in poetry!

impudence. In the second line the insertion of the Hackney, GILBERT WAKEFIELD. article in the second clause, after its omif: April 27, 1798. fion in the first, is the mere botch of a man, who knew not how to complete the

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. 'feet of his verse without such a wretched SIR, incongruity. I say nothing of the power W Heren

of our superiors, I do

THEN public follies the and purport of the translator's language, which resembles the original just as ade- not say that deliberation thereby acquires quately as a farthing candle represents the a fashion ; but certain it is, that we little fun : but request our learned admirer of people take example, and fitting in fothe professor to point out that passage of lemn, yet humble council, presume to the ancients, which will justify an ac- give our opinion and advice. And seeceptation of the pointed phrase ta dugo ing that the present state of matrimony A pooltes in a sense demanded by this place. hath lately been taken into very high Homer, Anacreon, Pindar (see also Virg. consideration, and very severe remarks Æn. iv. 33.) employ the words, but in made thereon, although no remedy hath a less delicate meaning, than Gray re yet been proposed, except fome small adquires : and, if we undertake to compose ditions to the under garments of certain in dead languages, we must not prefume public dancers ; I have bestowed a conto transfer their properties to our own fiderable portion of time and attention on idioms.

the subječt, and having flattered myself In the third line, I should be glad to an office which no man elle chuses to know, whether we are to understand the take upon him), that I have found out conftruction to be ηνθεν εις αμαρ, or αμαρ both the caufe and the remedy, of matri. muler: if the former way, I 'doubt the monial infidelity, I now send you the relegitimacy of the phrase ; if the latter, sult of my labours, trusting that you will the variation of construction is clumsy and not objeết to the early insertion of a fub. offensive. In either case, the clause is ject, which, as my Lord Bacon observeth, unpardonably ambiguous.

" Cometh home to all men's bofoms and In the fourth line, how the elegant business." higure of the original is profaned and And first, sir, permit me to observe, murdered by most facrilegious butchery! historically, that the state and condition sa The paths of glory lead but to the grave:"", of women quoad marriage, has undergone

many

Evils of Modern Matrimony.

323 many and great alterations within these were happy days, when every step to gain two hundred years. It was formerly ob- a meeting was attended with the most served, that women were better treated delightful palpitations; and when the in this country than in Spain and Italy, terrors of the blunderbuss prescribed a. where they were kept under the strictest tip-toish caution, that is not known in confinement, and guarded in every poffi- our time. Then, fir, a courthip was a ble way from the opportunities of linning. regular fiege, and the lovers were ac- It was also observed, that in consequence quainted with all the stratagems of war. of the greater liberty which the English To be known to be in love, was to be and German women enjoyed, they proved known to be in danger; and when a pato be the most virtuous of their sex. rent discovered his son's passion, he lockNow, fir, if this had continued to be ed up all fire-arms and other hurtful the case, the business of Doctor's Com. weapons; and when uneasy at his abmons would not have been so great as at fence, instead of the present vulgar mode present, and I should have been spared of sending a servant, would have ordered the trouble of addresling this letter to you. the ponds to be dragged. These were

I, therefore, beg leave to allign that happy days. very liberty as the cause of the present Marriage, fir, is greatly too easy, and complaints. I presume I need scarce tell what is the consequence? We have lost the you, that there is nothing to liable to be noble paffion of jealousy, that great preabused as liberty. We have seen so much fervative of a man's honour; that watchof this abuse of late years, that many ful spy, and informer, who was always very worthy and wife men become fick at ready to give notice of a plot before it the very mention of liberty; while others was hatched, and could cook up a most have written elaborate treatises, to prove formidable conspiracy without the help that the world enjoys much more liberty of conspirators. : No man can tell what than it ought; and that these times, are the comforts of jealousy, and what which fome people call times of arbitrary the security it affords, but the happy power, were, in fact, very good times, few who possess it in its original and uncompared to the present. Now, if the corrupted form. But this leads me to abuse of liberty be fo general, as to have what I consider as the cure of the evil. pervaded all ranks, it is not uncharitable Since matrimonial infidelity arises from to fuppofe that the weaker sex may have miitaken notions of liberty, and since we fallen into the error, if it were only from have wandered far from the secure and the influence of bad example.

safe times, when women were virtuous One evil consequence of the liberty and confined, what can be so easy as to allowed them is, that matrimony is now retrace our steps, and return to those fuc, attended with no manner of difficulty. cessful practices, which will always preIn novels, indeed, and other works of vent the abuse of liberty, and prevent it imagination, we read of the cruelty of from running into licentiousness? Let us parents, batchelor uncles, and maiden consult the spirit of the times, and I aunts; but fo very scarce are those think we shall find very little opposition things in real life, that the writers of to our plan. So very absurd are we at novels, having nothing before their eyes present, that when a couple are married, to paint and describe, are obliged to go instead of confidering the ceremony as any on copying from one another, the man- tie, they consider it as a taking up of ners of half a century old. It has never their freedom. When invited to celebrate been well with matrimony, since a lover a wedding-day, I have sometimes been could visit his mistress by the house door. surprized how it could be considered as a When there were windows and garden- festival, but experience has taught me walls, and rope-ladders, and when it was better; and a friend, who lately fent me an even chance whether a man faluted his an invitation of this kind, dated his card, mistress or the hard ground, a man learned Second year of our liberty. to set a just value on what had been at. Instead of this, fir, let the husband, chieved at so much risk. And young or intended husband begin, as before, ladies, too, permit me to say, would na with furnishing a house fit to receive the turally be much more attached to a man, bride; but let him first confult some emiwho had ventured his neck only for a nent architect, who has been employed five minutes conversation, than to one on the numerous jails for solitary confinewho came quietly in at the door, in the ment, that have lately been built for the presence of the whole family, and with-' preservation of social order. In securing out the smallest danger: Ah! these che doors and windows firmly, and plac

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