« ПретходнаНастави »
The Snail an Animal of Prey..... Tour in America. 329 which gave him celebrity, entitled " An Pennsylvania, you are welcome to in.ert History of the Civil Wars of England, be- in your valuable Miscellany.-On their tween the two Houses of Lancaster and fidelity you may rely. I am, Sir, your's, Tork*.” It was written in Italian, in &c.
CAMPOLIDÉ. three volumes; and a translation of it into London, April, 1798. English, by Henry Cary, Earl of Mon
On the 16th May, 1794, leaving the mouth, in two volumes, thin folio, was interesting city of New.York, I took my published in 1641. Biondi died in 1644. passage for Paulus-Hook, in one of the Taunton, April 14, 1798.
barks that constantly ply between the two
States. A smart brecze foon carried us To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. across their natural boundarythe mà. SIR,
jestic and rapid Hudson, or North river, HAVE it in my power to add a con
and, for the first time, I tred on the Jerrelated in the instructive Journal of V. F. fo oft contemplated in distant perspective, in his late tour into Yorkshire and Lan- We were no rooner landed than the stage
from the delightful walk on the battery. cashire (vol. 4. p. 257.), which added to the number of animals of
was ready to convey us on our purposed
journey to Philadelphia, distant 95
miles. walking on the Town Moor in an even
These carriages are in reality very little ing, I saw a large black fnail lying ob- better than covered carts, resembling the over
caravans used in some of the western frog, and apparently devouring its left counties of England, and, like them, exhoulder. The novelty of the circum- posed in front to the dust and inclemencies stance induced me to displace the snail, of the weather. Seated therein on wooden and I then saw that it had eaten
benches, placed very clofe behind each deep, and the wound was little short of other, and miserably straitened for want half an inch in diameter, and quite fresh. of room ; you are charged an exorbitant The skin of the frog appeared as if it had fare (considering the wretched accombeen dead one day, or longer, of course modations); and if perchance you ride in it is dubious whether the snail had at
one of these very pleasant vehicles during tacked it when living, or simply seized it
a heavy rain, it is ten to one you get a when dead. I own I am inclined to the complete soaking, as they are rather apt to former idea, as I know that snails have leak at the interitices. Is it not surprising, the power of raising themselves on their that on a road so much frequented, they hinder parts, and throwing themselves do not introduce the English stages, and forward as far as their bodies will admit, poft-chaises; but these, as well as other which you know are capable of great improvements, will doubtless progressively protrusion; and also because the position take place among a people already so enof the snail was such as does not militate lightened, and desirous of melicrating with what would have taken place, on the erful streams in the course of the journey,
their condition. We passed several pow. consequent attempt of the frug to escape the Hudson, the Raritan, the Secondhis assailant, the head of the Inail being on the left shoulder of the frog, and its river, and the Delaware. The incombody crossing just before its right thigh. modious ferries across these rivers, and I am, &c.
the tottering and narrow wooden bridges Newcastle.
over the marshes and streamlets, were both hazardous and unpleasant, and the
occasion of much unavoidable delay; but For the Monthly Magazine.
the myriads of mosquitos, or gnats, were JOURNEY from New-YORK to PHILA- infinitely more vexatious than any impe
DELPHIA and the BRANDYWINE, in diments in the route. The first place we the STATE of PenNSYLVANIA, passed through was Bergen, an inconlaMR. EDITOR,
derable village; the next was Newark HE following observations, made (nine miles from New-York), where an York into the interior of Chester-county, our notice, as much as the very neat and
modern appearance of the coin itself; + Granger's Biographical History of Eng- most of the houses being prettily built of land, v. 2. p. 36. and Mortimer's "Students wood, and fancifully painted on the outPocket Di&tionary,” and Biondi's “ History,” fides. The environs are fruitful in apples,
Ử u 2
Journey from New York to Philadelphia. and the cyder is celebrated throughout State bordering on Pennsylvania, along America for its excellence. The river the beautiful banks of the Delaware ; Hackinlack, and the branches communi- where the governor's house (of New. cating with it, are in this neighbourhood. Jersey), and Mr. Morris's, of PhiladelIn this morning's ride we traversed many phia, adorned the rural scene. The weaextensive marses, which in the warm ther being cool and serene, had enhanced season breed abundance of noxious ver- the pleasure of the journey; but by no min and insects, the mosquito especially: means loth to escape from so cramped and however, on the increase of population, jolting a situation as the machine we traand consequent culture, those marshy velled in, I alighted gladly at Trenton, grounds will probably be drained, and where we slept--the distance 65 miles from converted into uletul pasture-land. New-York--a tolerable day's journey,
Elizabeth-town, fix miles beyond New- considering the many tiresome ferries. ark, soon claimed our attention, superior The inns on the road are rather high in to it in fize, and not inferior in modern their charges, but the accommodations beauty; though from its low situation might be reckoned good by travellers not * upon the channel of the sea, separating over fastidious, were it not for a vile the main-land from Staten-Isle, it is ra- custom, common throughout the United ther exposed to floods. Afterwards we States, of stowing two or three men in a came to Woodbridge and Brunswick, bed; and from the repugnance of an Engsmall places, hardly deserving the appel- lishman to conform to this hoggiíh fathion, lation of towns; the latter, however, has they instantly discover his country! Howa good inn, where we dincd: here we ever, you seldom experience any difficulty passed a ferry over the Raritan, seventeen in obtaining a couch to yourself; making miles beyond which is Prince-town; allowance for a retinue of unwelcome where our party alighting to take re- gentry, bugs, fleas, and mosquitos, all frethment and change horses, I embraced of which, and (warms of flies, pefter one the opportunity of viliting the college, cr during the hot months, along the whole seminary for the education of youth; a extent of the low-lands in the maritime fpacious and not inelegant edifice, well States. The peasantry, whom I had seen endowed. Several handiome houses give at work in the fields and villages, and the the town a chearful look; the church domestics in the towns, were moftly neadds also to its beauty. The site of this groes: and I could not but remark their place being more elevated than Elizabeth- good-natured civility, contrasted with the town, renders it pleasanter and more churlishness and furly mien of the lower healthful: the adjacent country is agree- classes of whites. Has republicanism a ably diversified with cultivated rising- tendency to make them rude, sulky, and grounds; a pleasing novelty after paffing arrogant? For I constantly found that hitherto through fo dead a fat: though temper prevailing among the commonalty, occasionally interspersed with some strong both in town and country, throughout crops of Indian-corn, rye, and clover, these midland States : very unlike the promising amply to repay the husband- chearful good humour and obliging, disman's toil, and cheer his drooping spirits position, characterizing the same ranks in after his daily exposure to such a burning various parts of Europe. As for the fin. Our English farmers and cottagers American gentry, they are distinguished are but too little sensible of the advantages by the same courtely and urbanity of resulting from a mild and temperate manners, as the well-educated elsewhere. clime. From Prince-town to Trenton on The New-Jerseyans, whom I saw, were, the Delaware, and beyond it to Phila- for the most part, meagre, hard-featured, delphia, a fine, open, champaign coun- tall, and sun-burnt: the women ordinary, try presented itlelf on every lide, bound- coarse, and ill-clad (I speak of the comed only by the horizon. The conditions mon people); no alluring bloom on their of the farms in this State appeared to- cheeks, or clear wholesome complexions, venly in comparison of those of England, nor the smart lively air and becoming ator even of the district of Flat-Buin, on tire, fo bewitchingly attractive in the Long-Iland. The bridges were indiffer- English and the Swiss females. ent, but the fences (in lieu of hedges), On the 17th (May), setting off early partly of stone, partly of wood, were in the morning from Trenton, across the better than we had been accustomed to Delaware, we breakfasted at a village
in Netv-York and Long Island. Few ten miles further on the very reverse of gentlemen's seats, if any, were perceive its commercial namesake-Brittel. We able, till we reached the confines of the found, however, a comfortable inn, plea
Tour in Pennsyludnia.
331 fantly feated on the Delaware, and com or beginning of April, when the whole manding a fine view of Burlington (the country, luddenly allumes the vivid hues capital of New- Jersey) on the opposite of spring, and gives a glad promise of side of the river; on whose expansive plenty; but the subsequent nipping waters, and fertile banks enriched with a' frosts, and keen north-welters, too often, variety of vegetation, the eye dwelt with blait the flattering prospect. pleasure! For it is satistastory to behold I was not a licile entertained at the the industrious hand of man fertilizing motley groupe in the carriage, which conall around him, and thus feconding the fifted of a member of congress (General bounteous intentions of nature. The Freylinghuysen, one of the fenatots of morning air, as usual at this seafon, was New- Jersey), two ladies, a young white very chilly, but towards noon it became woman, a negro-girl, a French emigrant, temperately warm, the sky unclouded, a Philadelphian, a couple of New-Engwith a most refreshing breeze blowing landers, and myself. The general, a from the Delaware.
sensible, affable man, of mild and polito On entering the powerful and flourish- demeanour, was not inattentive to the ing State of Pennsylvania, the alteration rest of his fellow-travellers; no luperin the face of the country and appearance cilious air did he assume, to discredit that of the people, was evidently for the bet- rational equality the Americans alone are ter; particularly in the condition of the acquainted with, and judiciously know arable lands, and the fubftantial goodness how to realize and practise. The Newof the farm-houses, solidly built of stone, Englanders having seen much of their with capacious barns and out-offices : own country, contributed, by their comthe whole apparently not inferior to the municative turn and liberality of opigenerality in the mother-country. The nions, largely to my amusement and inbridges were better, but the fences formation, and to beguile the passing not to good as in the fifter-state we had time: whilst poor Yarico, contented with left. Immortal Penn! I could almost her neighbours, looked perfectly happy, fancy I discerned thy venerable shade though filence humbly dwelt on her lips. hovering over the placid stream of the During this, and other excursions in the Delaware, and pointing to the fair me- midland-states, I noticed several kinds of tropolis, indebted to thee for its founda- birds, of various and beautiful plumage, tion! Thy tutelary genius, even at this peculiar to the North-American CO2hour, dispensing wisdom and benevolence tinént, viz. the Virginian nightingale; to the numerous and peaceable fraternity, the little yellow-bird, resembling the ca-, peopling thy fertile colony! Sage and nary; the humming-bird, weil known in virtuous legislator, true father of thy the cabinets of our naturalists for its mirace! How pre-eminent is thy name, com nute form, and for the rich dyes and pared with those proud spoilers falsely glossy texture of its feathers; the mockdenominated herves wretches, whose bird, celebrated for its wonderful imitahands, iinbrued in human gore, lead the tive powers of fong; the cat-bird, so fools around them to flaughter and de- termed from the similarity of its shrill, and vastation, with the insidious lure of glory plaintive cry, to the doinestic animal of and renown! But let us revert to the shat name; the American robin, larger more alluring contemplation of nature, tiian ours; and the blue variegated jay. and her never-ceasing variety. The coun The beautiful red-headed woodpecker is try we passed through seemed tolerably common to both countries. In ranıbling covered with farms and cottages, and through the woods of America at this profusely with woods, copres, and or season, I was confirmed in the popular chards. In the former, the oak, the hick- opinion, that their feathery songsters are ory, and the maple, appeared to predo- neither so numerous nor fo melodious, as minate. In the latter, the apple and the in our more temperate clime; I had prepeach-tree, which not unfrequently are vioully supposed this a mere national preteen planted along-lide the roads, and in judice. Their cattle are inferior, in lize the fields and fences. To my regret, the and beauty, to their respective kinds in time of blossoming was over ; not that England, but they are said to be much the vernal season commences earlier there finer in the northern than in the other than in England, but the progress of ve States ; however, in Lancaster, and some getation in the American climate is in- other counties of Pennfylvania, where the finitely more rapid: it bursts as it were German and Irish farmers are settled by enchantment from the icy chains of (accounted the most industrious and exwinter, towards the latter end of March, pert in the Union), considerable improve
332 Origin of « Jack o' the Green," &c. &c. ments both in agriculture and the breed famous German war which was terms of cattle have been introduced. Swine in nated by the peace of Weltphalia, in the abundance are seen roaming about almof year 1638. every farm. Turkies, and a variety of It was the great Gustavus Adolphus, other poultry are likewise common : 'the in honour of whom were composed the former are delicious eating, and abound dance and the tune mentioned in the fint both in their wild and domestic state. As place above. He was the ally of France. to game, I observed very little of it, The French exulted in the success of his though plenty of wild-fowl. On ap- arms. The Parisians were wont, in proaching the capital, a more studied cul- those days, even as now, to affociate the ture and increasing population were dif- fame of all important public characters cernible; but still the same unvarying and events, in which they took an interes, level as before! nothing grand, or ro with their lightest and gayeft diverfions. mantic, highly interesting, or pi&turesque, John de Werth, or Waerth, whose to awake the attention of the traveller : name was by the French pronounced yet the foothing idea of confidering to Jean de Verd, was a fainous general who fine a portion of the globe under rapid commanded the forces of Bavaria, and improvement, and an admirable form of fought against France and Sweden in the government, must be highly-gratifying fame German war. To the infinite terto every rational being. Imagination ror of the Parisians, he, at one time, takes fight, foaring on the wings of fu- threatened to enter France with the army turity, and absorbed in wonder, loves to under his command, and to fack its cacontemplate the great empire of Colum- pital, On the ad of March, 1638, kowbia; a region spread far and wide, from ever, John de Werth, or Jean de Verd, the frozen St. Laurence to the Indian was made prisoner by the duke of SaxeMiffissippi, from the great Atlantic to the Weimar, at the battle of Rhynfeld. beautiful Ohio, and the vast continued He was soon after fent to Paris : and he chain of Lakes; the whole fertilized and remained for some time in confinement in peopled by an enlightened and innumera- the castle of Vincennes. It was probably ble race, emulating the wise Chinese, in their exultation over his defeat and emancipating the enslaved African, and captivity that the Parisians made the tune exhibiting a noble example to the deluded and the dance which they distinguished by European.
his name. We may well believe the (To be continued.)
mufician or dancer who firit introduced
the one and the other into Britain, to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
have been illiterate enough not to discern
the absurdity of tranllating Jean de Verd, SIR,
in this instance, Jack o'tbe Green. Do not recollect that any thing has Shan Trews, or rather, Sans Trews, valuable Magazine concerning the sub- be a name compounded of two different lime art and science of Dancing ! But, words, of which the first is French-the having lately witnessed, with no small fecond Scottish or German, if not old amusement, the sprightly agility with French. Its signification is probably the which a rural dancing-maiter, at his ball, fame as that of the well-known modern performed fome hornpipes, I could not phrase of fans culottes. The dance, and for two or three days immediately subfe- the tune to which it belongs, were proquent, hinder iny fancy from running, bably composed in honour of the valour every now and then, upon this subject, of the common soldiers in the same Gereven amid my most erudite readings and man war. ferious studies. In consequence of this, The common name of bornpipes was, the following historical conjectures fug- perhaps, first given to these and various gested themselves to me concerning other dances, because the horn and the " Jack o' the Green,” “ The King of pipe were the musical inltruments to Sweden's Marcb," “ Sban-Trews, or which they were danced. rather Sans-Treus;" three noted popular These dances, and the correspondent hornpipes of this country.
mufic, were introduced into Britain foon These dances, with the music originally after the restoration of Charles II. peculiar to each of thein, are of French From the court and the circles of the invention. They are as old as the first great, they have at length found their half of the last century. Their names were imposed in reference to events of the • Hugonis Grotii Epifiola," 923. p. 408.
Derivation of " Derry Down."....Toads in Stones. 333 way into the cottage and the barn. They To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. are now common throughout Scotland.
SIR, You will, perhaps, Sir, not think this "HERE are few branches of science subject in the history of manners too trivial for discussion and illustration in your tected more errors than in natural history, entertaining miscellany. I should be glad and, independent of the immediate object to find my conjectures rectified or con
of such investigations, which, if not firmed by some more valuable communi- before ascertained, is always, valuable; cation from one or another of your even what may appear a trivial subjects numerous correspondents.
Sometimes leads to important consideraTungland, near Kirkcudbright,
tions. Caution, therefore, is necessary April 1, 1798. A.R.
in admitting the truth of accounts which
appear to deviate considerably from the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. usual laws of nature, however they may SIR,
be fanctioned by respectable authorities, T would appear, from an examination and long admitted; but we should enthat a confiderable part of their wealth are absolutely fabulous, and those in confifted in the numerous herds of fwine which the love of relating wonders has which were fed upon acorns in the woods: engrafted absurdities on curious facts, there is scarcely an old tale but what in- lest we reject the latter merely in consetroduces the character of the swinish quence of their having been misrepreherd ; and the proverb is common
sented. The account of the barnacle Lawn meiziad wrh nzenaid gwynt
goose issuing from the concha anatifera, The fwineherd is glad at the fighing of the was an instance of the former description, wind *
as the fascinating power ascribed to ferThere are, alfo, fome old pieces of pents is probably of the latter ; and
when I addressed a few lines to you: mufic in Wales, the names of which are derived from this branch of British hur- (vol. iv. p. 89), respecting the accounts bandry, such as bob y deri, the hog of of toads living for ages completely enthe oaks; and hob y deri dando, the hog that as these animals usually get into
closed in stone, it was from a fufpicion, of the oaks under cover; and the like. I have thrown out the above hints, removal or breaking of a stone may some
holes or crevices to pass the winter, the Mr. Editor, that you might coincide
times have disturbed them in their retreat, with my opinion, that the well-known and given rise to a hasty conclusion that tune, of the name at least, of DÉRRY they came out of the stone. It was not Down, comes from the same origin. my intention to have troubled you any For, these two words, considered as Eng- farther upon this subject, till I was able lish, have no meaning at all; but they to speak decidedly with reípect to the are at once identified, and seem to convey possibility of these animals existing any an idea in unison with the subject before considerable time entirely deprived of mentioned, in the following Welsh
fresh air; though perhaps this is not the phrafes : Y deri downti
greatest objection to such accounts: but, To the oaks we will come:
in consequence of Mr. SMITH's letter in
your last number, it may not be improDown i'r deri ; and Down y deri ;
per to observe, that I had tried the fame We will come to the oaks :
experiment, and found the result very difDown, down, i'r deri down,
ferent from what he relates; and with We will come, we will come, to the oaks
regard to the inference of the possibility we will come ;
of the toad living a considerable time in Down y deri, down;
vacuo, it is only necessary, to remark, We will come to the oaks, we will come.
that agreeable to the well-known fact, I have suggested the above derivation that respiration consumes only one of the of Derry Down, rather in a crude form, component parts of atmospheric air, the but sufficiently explicit, perhaps, to in- air in which the animal was confined duce your readers either to adopt or reject is, at the time of its death, but little it. I remain, youșs, &c.
diminished from the original quantity. May 7, MEIRION. 12th April, 1798,
J.J.G. * Because theacorns are blown down. + Proripunced as Hey Derry Down