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Dr. Johnson's Apotheofis of Milton. [Jan. · Chaucer, in deference to his feniority, is such a moralist as Dr. Johnson ; especially appointed president, and enlarges, with after their having been fo wickedly emgreat cloquence, upon the fine qualifica- ployed by the historian of Dr. Slop. rions, the learning, and genius of Milton, It muft, however, be confessed, that, in wbo, he cbserves, had a right, now that his this endeavour ac ftill diminishing the homonument was erected, to a seat in that 'mour of “THE SLANDERED PARAallembly, which would receive addition MOUNT OF ENGLISH SONG,” the auof dignity from the admission of such a thor of " The Runbler” is more conmember, to which, for its own sake, he fiftent than a brother moralist, who, like hope's no opposition will be shown. him, had suffered paffion to

subdue his Cowley stands up: At first, 'his air is virtue, and could with the same pen boch modest, if not bashful; but as he proceeds, deity and deride. Die funeris, says Tacitus, he gathers itrength; until at lalt to rises laudationem ejus (Claudii] Princeps (Nero] into “

great dignity, both of action and exorsus eft ; oratio a Seneca compofita : the language"---says that he is extremely fenfi- oration was composed by that moralist who ble of the truths which the venerable pre- for once admitted a gleam of candour, and fident has advanced in favour of Milton, thought, perhaps, though in inverted for wirom, were he to be regarded only as a order, of that defunct emperor's saying poet, no voice should be more ready than to Britannicus, “ He that wounded thee his own; but moral as well as intellectual Phall heal”—ó 7Wbus sc6f125. Whether it qualities, he humbly conceives, are neces- was given from candour or necessity for fary for conftituting a member of that af- being then Nero's pensioner, he must of fembly; “ Toat loyalty and duty 10 one's course, in our dictionary-maker's definiPrince may be juftly ranked among the most tion of the word, be “ a slave of state, hired eminent of all virtues, since, zitbout them, by a stipend to obey his master"--good a man must be deftitute of the most glorious matter of praise might this moralist have faffion that the bunran breast can be capable found; for Claudius, though befotted, and of receiving, the love of one's country :” and as unfit for power as most of those we read after speaking in praife of the patriotic pas. of, into whose hands it has fallen, in the fion, and declaring the disloyalty of Milton, great game and chess-play of the world, concludes (ar which time, it is presumed, was a man of as many mild virtues as he, the great dignity he arose to was at the who, now so highly extolled for them, highest) with saying, “ I own I could not, and in so many points resembling Clauquithout borrour, endure to see such a man fill dius, particularly as a husband, if not as a a place in this augujt affenibly.

fcholar, had the hard fate of being brought Such a man was then unfit for that af. lately to the scaffold, for the practice only sembly, as his latest biographer, with fo of that duplicity which is so generally almuch truth, as well as what one would lowed to belong to his calling, that it canwith it ever should accompany, enchant- not, as one' of Claudius's predecessors in ing eloquence, has, to borrow his words, so the calling said, be carried on without it · bigbly and bolily accomplished !"

" Qui nescit di siniulare nejcit regnare." No attempt at ridicule, we see, by the Cowley's, or rather Johnson's, congreat diguity attributed to him, is aimed cisely expressed argument against the moat, by putting absurdities in the mouth of rality of Milton, would, fyllogistically and Cowley; whatever the aim may be in the paraphrastically put, be this: title of the piece, "THE APOTHEOSIS OF 1. The love of one's country is the MILTON, À VISION.” For so it is print. most glorious passion that the human ed; as if to indicate, thar, as the apotheofis breaft can be capable of receiving- Su of Milton is a vision onis, his spirit has in perior then to what has been called, reality gone in, what the author may 6. The godlike attribute of the love of conceive, a more congenial direction. mankind,” which vulgar minds might

Instead of an apstheofis then, we have think preferably intitled to such a magnihere rather a bear and a fiddle, as the nar- ficent qualification--and fo necessary as paticn breaks off in the middle; for, after well as great a virtue is the love of one's we are told that Cowley's speech was re- country, that a man who is deftitute of it, ceived with a murmur, which lowed must be destitute allo of morality. that the assembly was variously affected 2. But a man must be deftitute of the with what had been delivered, three lines love of his country, and consequently of of asterisks with a "cretera dejuni" ter. morality,who is deftitute, as Milton was of niinate the piece.

loyalty and duty to his prince, juftly rank. Asterisks, to leave meaning doubtful or ed among the most eminent of all virtues, dilguised, thould not be uled at all by be that prince whac or who he may


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Dr. Johnson's Apotheofys of Milton.

whether his existence be a curse to that against the declared enemies of all chris.
country, which fuch a man as M. may tian kings, princes, and states! the impia
pretend to love, and to be disloyal merely ous and avowed blafphemers of thy holy
from that love, or a blefsing to it, as the name ! &c." where, the relative, iblas.
prince from his situation ought to be," of phemers,” clearly belongs to the imnie-
he is paid highly to a bad purpose; whe. diately antecedent kings,” &c. Buc
ther; for instance, he be a James the Ild; after they had carefully exercised their
whom the people had so much reason to judgments, and discovered that the prin-
detest, as they did, or a George the IIId, ter had omitted to repeat the proposition
whom the people have so much reason to against” before the words s the impi.
love, as they do.

ous, &c.” they very laudably ventured to
3. Argal, would a grave-digger say, supply it in their reading ; ticklish thing
and fay juftly from such premises, but as it is to make any, the minuteít, altera-
which are worthy only of the digger of tion in a form of prayer, even to say " for
a grave for the happiness of the human Jesus Christ's fake" instead of “for-Je-
race to make-Argal, M. a man who was fus Chritt his sake,that ancient barba-
deftitute of loyalty and duty to his prince, rism fo universally practised before the
and, consequently, deftitute of the love Saxon genitive was understood.
of his country, and of morality, is not a But if the very curious argument to
fit man to fill a place in this august affem- prove the immorality and unworthiness
bly. Q. E. D. Even the dean of West- of M. cannoë be helped out by the fup-
minster himself, with all his grave-diggers, position of a typographical error, how
must, by denying the major and minor, must we deplore that the strong mental
annihilate the consequence and its trium- powers which the fabricator of that ar-
phant demonftration.

gument certainly had, and the fervent
The reader will judge if the words piery which he is said to have had, were
have been unfairly dealt with. He will too weak to restrain his envious inalig.
likewise exercise his ingenuity, it is nity from leading him, like a foul fiend,
hoped, to find, if he can, whether the into fuch a bog of pecrlefs paralogisms,
matter may be mended by impuring to or absurd and perverse blunders ! It is
the printer any miscollocation or omission remarkable enough here, that he' not only
of words, the best resource in these cases suffers the eulogies given by the president
of emergency, when we are surprized by to the talents and genius of M. to pass
most unexpected and extraordinary things. unquestioned, but in his own speech, as
It was of lingular use, to relieve the dif- that put into the mouth of Cowley may
tress of the clergy, upon their receiving, be fairly understood, re-echoes them, and
in 1794, the occasional prayer from, but declares that no one should be more ready
assuredly not as it came out of the hands for his admission, were he to be regarded
of, authority. They were allamazed, and merely as a poet ; for here his business
fome terrified, those of them, about nine was to destroy him as a man.

But in teen in twenty, who have squabbles with another place, in the Life of Philips, as their parishioners, that might be avoided, if he could not find room in the long if ihey would but starve contentedly; fo life he has written of M. himself for all equally well calculated is the tythe-fyf; his detractive farcasms, he is for de. tem for the advancement of religion and stroying him as a poet; by degrading his virtue as of agricultural improvement. universally admired diction, when he Little liable to suspicion as one would says “ The Splendid Shilling has the unthink were the members of a body fo common merit of an original design, unproperly and happily in alliance with the less it may be thought precluded by the an. itate, and, consequently, such faithful cient Centos. To degrade the founding guards of the powers that be, yet they words and stately construction of M. by an were terrified, lest they thould be inforin- applicarion to the lowest and most trivial ed againit, and brought to a trial for high things, grauifies the mind with a momen. treason, as they, doubtless, might have 'tary triumph over that grandeur, which been, more juftly than many by whom it hitherto hold its captives in admiracion ; has lately been undergone,if, before their the words and things are presented with respectivecongregations they h drolemoly a new appearance, and novelty is always qualified all christian kings as impious and grateful where it gives no pain.” Yet avowed blafphemers, which the prayer this is but a weak expression of the fendoes at the very setting-out, in these timent he would inculcate upon this sub. words, “ Look down, from heaven, oject, to what he was wont to give with Lord i we beseech tliee, and protect us his living voice. For, from that charmMONTHLY MAG. XXVII.



Legend of Taliesin.

[Jan. ing model of a dedication, addressed to an his wife was named Ceridwen ; of her was born amiable literary veteran, by the above a fon, called Morvran, and a daughter, called mentioned latest biographer of M. in Creirvys, who was the faireft woman in the world, which the affectionate and ambitious de

A brother of these two, Avagzu, was the uglieft fire that it might do honour to them both,

man living, which caused Ceridwen, his mother, is as completely obtained as it was inge. amongst the nobles, on account of his ugliness,

to think that he was not likely to be received nuously professed, we learn, that Johnson unless he was endowed with some excellencies, would, in conversation, “ declaim against or was versed in some honourable sciences, as the admiration excited by the poetry of this was at the commencement of the time of M. and affirm it to be nothing more than Arthur and the Round Table. the cant (to use his own favourite phrase) « She therefore, agreeably to the mystery of of affected sensibility.”

books of chymistry, ordered to be boiled a caul. But though we must grieve at the above dron of genius and sciences for her son, so that non-reasoning in the non-apothesis of M. his reception should be more honourable, on we may smile at the following happy tran

account of his knowledge and skill concerning flation, to be found in the fame volume,

future times, and made by the same author, in his which, after it once began, could not be suffered

“ Then the began to boil the cauldron; happy days, when he was his own man, fui juris, of but an indifferent Italian

to cease boiling until the conclusion of a year

and a day, so that there should be obtained three couplet, when the comet appeared in bleffed drops of the gift of the spirit. 1742, on the court of Modena's running Little Gwion, the son of a villain of Lan. away from that wicked city, as it was vair Caereinion, in Powys, was appointed by her called by the prophets of the day, who to watch the cauldron, and a blind man, named said that the comet portended its being Morda, was to keep the fire burning under it, swallowed up by an earthquake; for su

with an injunétion not to suffer the boiling to perstition and credulity, we know, will break before the expiration of a year and a day. creep into places to which piety is denied

" In the mean while, she, with the aid of the access :

books of afironomers, and under the hours of the

planets, was daily fimpling for herbs of every Se al venir vestro i principi sen vanno

peculiar virtue. Dit, venga ogni di---durate un anno !

« Upon a certain day, as Ceridwen was simp

ling, and the year drawing near to an end, it If, at your coming, princes disappear, Comers, come every day---and itay a year! few out of the cauldron, and fell upon the

happened that three drops of the precious water

S; sic OMNIA! finger of Little Gwion, which, on account of If any doubt of the genuineness of the heat, he put into his mouth. No sooner “ the Apothesis of M. a Vision” exift, it had he put those miraculous drops in his lips, can find no harbour in any candid mind; but he knew all things which should come to as it would be injurious and affrontive to pass in future; and he was perfectly fenfible the sagacity, the fidelity, nay, and to the thai his greatest danger was from the cunning gratitude of the ingenious editor of thc of Ceridwen, for many were her acquirements works of Dr. Johnion, by whose fagacity, towards his own country. The cauldron broke

in science; and through extre:ne fear he, Aed integrity, and fortitude, upon a certain

in two; for the steel and the whole contents, delicate occasion, he was bound in no vui- except the three effential drops, were poisonous, gar obligation.

so that the horte's of Guyzno Longshanks were

poisoned by drinking che water of the river, To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. into which the cauldion had been emptied ; and SIR,

on that account the river became to called WHAT is here offered to your norice Gweruva fleirg Gwyzno, or The Poison of the

is, a tranfiation otate Poetical Legend Steeds of Gwyzno. of Taliesin; being a colicētion out of Man.

“ Thereupon, Ceridwen coming home, and gavion, or Petty Traditions, as is expressed seeing her labour for a whole year loft, snatched in the title of it, and apparently made by up a club, and itruck the blind Morda upon the

head, so that one of his eyes fell upon his the writer of a transcript of the works of cheek; on which he faid, '• Thou haft dirthat Wellh bard, in the beginning of the figured me, and I innocent; thou haft suffifteenth century.

fered a loss on my account.'-Thou sayeft the 66 Hanes Talienk o'r Mágrovion."

truth ;' (quoth Ceriitwen) it was Little Gwion

who robbed me.' The pursuit began, the AN ACCOUNT OF TALIESIN, OUT OF

two running; he discovered her, and took the

form of a hare, and ran; the immediately ap"A NOBLEMAN lived formerly in Pen- peared a greyhound bitch, turning and driving lyn, called Tegid the Bald, whose patrimony him towards a river:-

he transformed himsel was in the aiddle of the lake of Tegid, and for him under water, so that be was obliged to

to a fish; and the to an otter bitch, and fought



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Mr. Houseman's Tour continued.

appear a bird in the air; and the became a hawk ever the weir was to thee.' Then Gwyzno
to pursue him, giving him no respite on the cried, What! canst thou speak, and yet so
wing; and when she was just laying hold of little?'- I can speak of more than thou art
him, and he dreading death, he discovered a able to ask.'- Let me hear what thou canst
heap of winnowed wheat on the floor of a barn ; fay, replied Gwyzno. Thereupon Taliesin
he descended into the wheat, and appeared as
one of the grains; and thereupon the appeared a Ar y dwr mae cyvlwr cant bendigav,' &c.
black crefted hen; and to the wheat she went, On the water is the state of a hundred of the
and with her teet scraping it, she recognized and

most blessed,' &c. swallowed him ; and, as the story says, she was " Then Gwymno demanded if he was a man nine months pregnant with him ; and when or a spirit? whereupon he sang his history, layshe was delivered, the could not in her heart killing, him, as he was so beautiful, but dressed him

• Priv varz cyfredin up in a leather basket, and cant him to the will

Wyv vi i Elfin,' &c.
of Providence into the sea, on the 29th of "A primary and universalbard am I to El.

« At that time the weir of Gwyzno was upon
the fand, between Dyvi and Aberystwyth, near

The probable part of the above tale'is his own caftle. In that weir was taken to the

true; for Taliesin was an orphan, brought value of one hundred pounds every May eve.

up by Elpbin, and afterwards patronized And at that time Gwyzno had one fon, called

by different princes, particularly Urien Elphin, one of the most mischievous of youths, Reged, as it appears from pieces extant, and driven to the grearest want ; on which ac addressed to that hero. What is fiction count his father was forely afflicted, thinking is founded upon the bardic fyftem of him born in an evil hour. Through the ex transmigration ; of which fyftem Taliesin hortation of his counsellors, his father gave makes more use than any ancient bard, of him the draught of the weir for that year, whose works we have any remains. to see if ever any good would happen him, and

I remain, Sir, yours, &c. to enable him to commence an occupation.

Nov. 6th. “On the morning following, Elphin saw that

MEIRION there was nothing in the weir; but, on going away, he discovered the leather basket on one TOUR OF ENGLAND, of its poles., "Then exclaimed one of the weir

(CONTINUED). men to E'phin, " Thou hast never been unlucky Journal of a Tour through almost cvery county until this night ; 'for thou hast destroyed the in England, and part of Wales, by Mr. John properties of the weir, in which it was usual to

HOUSEMAN, of Corby, near Carlisle ; who obtain the value of one hundred pounds on every was engaged to make the Tour by a gentlea May eve.'- What now!' said Elphin, por. man of distinction, for the purpufe of colo' fibly we have a good equivalent there for lecting authentic information relative to the one hundred pounds.' The skin was the state of the poor. This Journal comopened ; and the opener'beheld the forehead of

prises an account of the general appearance a child; and he exclaimed to Elphin, Lyma of ihe country, of the soil, surface, build. Dalirsin!' (Behold a fair front !)-_' Taliesin ings, &c. with observations agricultural, bid,' Fair Front let him be called,' cried

commercial, &c. Elphin, railing the child in his arms, and com ULY 21, WALTON to READING, in miserating his misfortune; and he pensively

Berkihire, 28 iniles. I left Windsor took him up behind him. The horse that was about four or five miles on my right, wont to tro, be caused now to amble, thus carrying the child as caly as if he were fitting and crossed the forest. The park, as

passed through part of Windsor park, in the most easy air chair.

“ Soon afier the child lung the song, called well as the forest, is very extenlive; a • The Comfort to Elphin, and foretold him great deal of fine timber in the former, honour. The Comfort begins, Elfin dêg taw but his majesty is clearing and cultivating a'rh wylo,' —- Fair Elphin ceafe rhy weeping ;" several large tracts of it: the latter is and is the fiutt long of Taliesin, made to cheer a mere barren heath, which, as well as Elphin, on losing the draught of the weir, as the park, hath several pretty high pronothing grieved him so much as being the cause tuberances. On this forest his majesty of the misfortune.

usually hunts the stag; to which diver“ Then Eiphin brought Taliefin to the house fion it is, indeed, remarkably adapted, of Gwyzno his father ; and Gzxyzno asked if he had a good draught in the wcit? to which he being quite open and spacious. The soil replied, that he had found what was better than is a sort of landy, or rusty gravel, and all the fish “What was it?' said Gwyzno. generally dry. The king has rides cut • A bard;' said Elphin. « Ah, poor thing! in all directions, which run in direct lines exclaimed Grymo. What good will that do for several miles, and are as wide as coma thee?' Then Taliefin himself answered and mion high-roads; they are soft and easy faid, “This will be of more value to him than to travel upon, and such a great number

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Mr. Houseman's Tour continued. of them, that which way foever the game carried on here, but this does not seem runs, the hunters are sure to find one or to increase either the riches or number of other of these rides pointing the fame the inhabitants much ; it is chiefly built course. On some eminences neat cottages with brick and tile, and the houses are are erected, where the hunters may take good, but many of the streets too narrow. Thelter or refreshment. Turf is dug on STREATLEY is a farming village on the this forest for fuel, as is the case on some south side of the Thames, which, in the other commons I passed in this day's jour winter, often overflows its banks there, pey. The surface of the country is, in and does considerable damage. many places, rather hilly, and particu July 24, went from STREATLEY to larly the uncultivated parts, where the WALLINGFORD, Berks, 5 milis. I foil is naturally sterile, and produces heath continue to follow the course of the and furze. The soil of the uncultivated Thames towards its fource: the road and ground is partly sandy, and partly loamy, country hère extremely pleasant. Soil and in some small tracts clay predomi- is loamy, and fertile in the production of nates: the small stones, or pebbles, are corn, a great deal of common fields also flint. Before I entered Windsor park, appear, but the crops of wheat and barI observed, for the first time fince I left ley thereon rather light. I have observed, Nottinghamshire, a range of rocks pro- for several days past, that almost every jecting a little above the surface of a bar- hedge is covered with a sort of plant ren common; the stone is hard, and of a very much resembling the hop plant; it whitish colour, and, I suppose, not fit for grows up amongst the thorns luxuriantly, the purposes of building. From Wal- and has a sort of long-bearded grey, or TON I followed the course of the Thames white flower : the country people call it for several miles, which was extremely honesty, or the old man's heard.' WALpleasant, and passed several neat houses LINGFORD is a very ancient town; and villages : among the latter, Brack- buildings of brick and tile, but low, and nell, in my opinion, took the lead. bear the marks of antiquity : most of This is very much a corn country, how the inhabitants are petty tradesmen. ever I did not, in general, observe very Farms in this neighbourhood are pretty weighty crops. The people were busy large, one of which is rented for about mowing grals, getting hay, and bringing sool. a year; on that farm is an old barn, home their fuel from the neighbouring said to be the largest in England; it is heaths; they stack the latter in the 101 yards in length, and 18 in width, form of small houses, as is the custom in and was the repository for the abbot of Cumberland, and other northern coun: Reading's tythes, who resided here in ties. In this district I did not notice summer. much woodland, except Windsor park; July 26, I went from WALLINGFORD but a number of trees grow on hedges, to OXFORD, 12 miles. The foil a fine particularly elm.

loumy clay, and in some parts a gravelly, July 23, I went from READING TO or fundy loam. Crops of wheat, barley, STRHATLEY, in Berks, ir miles. The and oals, etc hcavict I ever saw; the road leads pleasantly along the side of the surface level, but some rising grounds ap. Thames; the banks are high, and the pear at a dilance : fields are large and chaiky clifis trike the eye with a lnow. beautiful where inclosed, but several tracts like appearance, but in some places they of common-hield continue to call aloud for are covered with wood The toil is incorrg. Sheep are hurdled on fallows, chalky, and nec minch of it remarkable and concimes 'fed with green clover for ferulity : corn is the principal de. thereon ; belis are hung about the necks pendance of the fariner. The juniper oliveral l.cep in every flock; the reason buh grows spontaneously in the lanes: alligned for to doing is, that if the Ack it is often a criterion of poor fol. Sheep huid firay, they are easily found by the are small. The feat of Sir Francis tinking of the bells : I have also leon

Sykes stands on a ring ground on tie them tied to the necks of cows, probably left. The firface of this districi con- for the fame purpose : but why two or tains several high grounds, and very exa three bells should be hung to each horfe tensive commons, called Downs, which in a cart, or waggon, I am at a loss to are covered with a green sward, and fup. conjecture. I did not observe any fint port'a fmall breed of therp: READING Atores in this district. Berkshire is noted is a prerry large and populous town, and for producing much corn ; it, however, a thoroughfare towards Wales and I re- contains great quantities of common and land. Small manufactures of fail-cloth, downs, wholly uncultivated,' and several sack-cloth, gauze, ribbons, and pins, are tracts of poor soil. It is pretty well


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