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Scenes on the Wye. line of surrounding mountains, may itself is but beauty without a veil. Sce: furnish more important lessons to the ob- nery of this description may be compared servant artist, than even the finest pictures to those fuperior orders of ihape and feaof Pouflin and Claud Loraine. With ture which constitute the perfection of the this last reflection I was particularly im. human form ; in which transparent tints presied at the latter end of last Autumn, and the most perfect symmetry are graces during a nocturnal walk in the neighé of infericr magnitude, and beauty itself is bourhood of Builth. The night was the smaller part of loveliness—where the dark and comfortless--no moon, no star whole countenance beams expression, in the firmament; and the atmosphere was every feature has its animation and chas so thick with vapours and descending racter, every line is descriptive of some Thowers, that even the course of the river kind or elevated paflion, and every glance, was scarcely discernible. In short, no- every gesture, every motion is eloquent thing was visible but a sky of most of sympathy and intelligence. Such are fullen grey, and one vast fable mass of the forms that owe not their attractions surrounding mountain, skirting on either to the wardrobe--the charms that never side the finuous valley, and prescribing in cloy--that fade not even in the winter of every direction the bounds of vision. old age-the sublime of human nature ! Never before was I so deeply impressed Of the character I have defaribed is. with the power of mere outline. Here the general scenery in the neighbourhood were no diversities of tint, no varied of the Wye. It abounds with character masses of light and shadows: the whole -always picturesque or romantic, and picture condiited of one bold, unbroken, frequently both' together. Gardens and but eternally diversifying line, and two pleasure grounds have little to do in the broad masses of modified Thade, creation of its attractions : diversities of

foliage are but fecondary confiderations, “ No light, but rather darkness visible;'

Its rocks, its mountains, its dingles, its and yet the eye was feasted, and the ima- precipices, conftitute a more permanent gination was filled with mingled impref- and a superior charm; and still more the lions of sublimity and beauty.

intricate meanders of the river, and the Neither is it with a view to study only, eternal diversity of its bed and current that these diversities of nature should be here deep, majestic, low-there huddling consulted : the picturesque of Winter has and brawling over a wide expanse of pebcharacteristic charms of its own, with bles--and now again foaming over ragged which the generality of artists seem but ftrata of projesting rocks, or eddying little acquainted; but which, neverthe- round the huge fragments that have rolled less, are as worthy of the imitation of from the neighbouring mountains, In the pencil, as the luxuriancy of Summer, dry weather this interesting river shrinks or the mellow tints of Autumn. This to a comparative rivulet, and the pensive is distinguishingly the case in rocky and wanderer who faunters by its fide, ada mountainous countries. Where the fce- miring, through its transparent stream, nery, indeed, is more level, and nature the successive itrata of fand, of gravel, deals but little in the great of outline, the and of rock, over which it flows, has his gaiety of Spring, the wanton drapery of ear regaled in a few hundred paces with Summer, or the rich colouring of Au- all the varieties of plaintive found, from. tumn, are necessary to disguise the same the faintest murmurings to the sullen roar. monotony of uninteresting slopes; and At other times it will suddenly swell to the eye fickens at the prospect of leafless a boisterous and overwhelming sea; rifplantations and level tracts of snow. ing many feet, nay, many yards, in a But where the permanent parts of the single night, sweeping every thing before landscape are well disposed-where the it, overwhelming the valleys wherever it features are bold and prominent, and finds an opening between the hills, and marked with decisive character>where exhibiting one continued scene of terrible the wildness of nature is unsubjugated by and tumultuous grandeur. These cirart-and rocks and mountains, hanging cumstances produce a charm so independforests and sudden precipices, deep irri ent of those accidents and minuter beau. guous vallies and precipitous rivers, ties which constitute the attraction of less dingles, cascades and headlong torrents majestic scenes, that you might even fell mingle in rich diversity, the charm de- every tree, and exterminate every shrub, pends not upon the accidents of tint or without destroying the sublimity, or even decoration: : every change of season has the beauty of the scene: for the river and its correspondent graces, and nakedness the mountains would still remain, the

The Phenomena of Winter on the Banks of the Wye. 345 Solid features of the landscape would be uproar of the torrent; and, in short, yet unaltered; and, like the mere sketches from the account I have received from my and outlines of a superior master, would predecessor in this little farm, (earth command the admiration of every judi- quakes and volcanos excepted), a more cious beholder. This being the case, it fublime picture of desolation could hardly will be readily concluded, that in every be imagined. The inundations of this season of the year, the Wye and the fur- Winter were not quite so destructive in rounding country have their appropriate eir career. They were not, however, charms.

without their sublimity or their terrors ; My first visit to these parts was in the and once in particular, our whole valley middle of Autumn-a season, if the wea

seemed threatened, as it were, with an ther had been fine, the most favourable universal deluge. Through some of our of any to the lover of the picturesque; roads our hories were obliged rather to and having seen the country adorned with swim than to wade; and, though my cota all the mellow tints of a luxuriant and tage stands higher by several yards than: decaying foliage, it might naturally be the river has ever been known to swell, expected, that when I afterwards' re even in the most dreadful floods, we were turned, at the latter end of November, not free from inundation from another I should be somewhat diffatisfied with the quarter : for the water that poured from chilling nakedness of Winter. This, the mountains, not being able to find suf. however, was soʻfar from being the case, ficient vent through the little dingle that that I had not been long at my little cot divides my orchard plot, flooded the tage (situated on one of the finest curves whole road, spread itself over the surof this romantic river) before I was con- rounding green, and found its way into vinced that, in such a country, Winter all the apartinents of the ground Hoor. has as many varieties as Sunimer; and At the same time, a mill that stands on that her phenomena, not always less the Radnorshire side of the river, was beautiful, are certainly more fublime. overwhelmed almost to the very roof, and Heavy falls of snow, that whitened over the inhabitants were obliged to escape to the mountains, no sooner began to melt, the higher neighbourhood for safety. than the river swelled to a turbid and In the mean time, the phenomena were boisterous torrent; the rage and awful very grand; and, wrapped up in a large impetuofity of which cannot be conceived rough coat, I enjoyed the interesting by those who are acquainted only with scenes from an elevated alcove, which the torpid serenity of English rivers. overhangs the river, and commands, at The grandeur of this scene was confider one view, an extensive reach of its sera ably heightened by the rains which fuc- pentine meanders above, and a most ceeded at the close of November, and peculiar and romantic curve below : during a considerable part of the ensuing along the former of which the torrent month. Such torrents, indeed, as were came pouring in a rapid and majestic poured upon us from the clouds, during course, while through the other it hud. this feason, are unprecedented, as far as dled along, foaming and dathing and I can understand, in the memory of man. raging against the banks, tumbling from The effects were proportionate to the rock to rock with a deafening roar, and cause. The river was repeatedly swoln, whirling, in its impetuous eddies, fragand enraged (twice in particular) to a

ments and limbs and trunks of trees, degree never before remembered, except which it had torn away in its course. In on the melting of the severe frost in the the mean time, the dim perspective of month of February 1795: on which oc- hill beyond hill, and mountain towering, casion, as I understand, was exhibited above mountain, in all the varieties of one of the most tremendous scenes that the picturesque and romantic form, the ever was beheld. Rails, land-inarks, general haziness of the atmosphere, the trees innumerable, and even theep and occasional rays of the sun tinging with cattle, were borne down by the rapid tor- transient glow some rock or pasture, or rents from the mountains, or whirléd hanging wood, and the vast masses of away from the meadows and low lands heavy vapour failing through the air, by the infuriated course of the river; completed the fublimity of the scene. whole plantations were shattered, 'and Nor is reflection embittered by dwelling several bridges were entirely swept away. upon the consequences of these foods : Vaft shoals of ice, mingling and crashing for the ravages they commit are more with the general wreck, increased the than compenlated by the good which they confusion of the scene, and the din anii diftribute; The wood that is thus born

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down furnishes a supply of fuel to the illand, must perceive that this is a surrounding cottagers; who, on thele mockery. This building has four handoccasions, plant themselves on the banks some fronts, all differing a little from each of the river, with hooks in their hands, other ; the south, next the river Liffey, mounted upon long poles, and fish for the is of Portland stone, in the centre of logs as they are swept along. I am cre which is erected a cupola, of very beaudibly informed that, by means of thele tiful architecture, terininating upon the heavy floods, and the icicle frost, of top by a finely sculptured figure of comwhich I am to speak hereafter, this species merce leaning upon her bales and her an. of log-fishing has been fo profitable to chor. Every spectator and reader must the poorer people of the town of Hay, agree with me, that this is the most su. that there are few of them who are not perlative job that ever was jobbed, when by this resource supplied with a sufficient I relate that this edifice, whose use, inquantity of fuel for the consumption of tent, and meaning, should be a place, or the whole winter. At the same time, house for the collection of taxes, cost wherever the inundation has room to above half a million of money: and that Spread, a more permanent advantage is more than one half of this building is for dispensed to the country at large: a cheap no other purpose than the residence of the and invaluable manure is spread over the first and second commissioners of customs, meadows; and encreasing fertility is the and the two secretaries in that derartconsequence. This advantage, however, ment; all of whose apartments have been is not without its alloy. Instead of a not only built, but furnished in the most coat of inanure, a thick stratum of peb- expensive manner: such as mahogany bles and coarse gravel is sometimes doors, large plates of looking glass, &c. thrown up by the torrent; and I am in- &c. and in short, the whole plucked from formed, that some meadows belonging the public purse with an audacious and to a farmer in Herefordshire, have been infulting prodigality; and, inonstrous as very materially injured in this manner these truths must appear, it is no less during the present winter. Circum- monstrous than true, that, in order to stances of this kind however are rare; gratify the inflated ambition of those but the manuring is universal; and in jobbers, many of the offices in this buildthis country, at least, where our ow landsing, necessary for public utility and con. are almost uniformly converted into pa- venience, are so cramped, crowded, and sture, inundations are always favourable darkened, that one in particular, viz. the to the farmer. Nor are our high lands stationary-office, a place filled with paper, without their share of the benefit: for &c. has not a gleam of day-light at any the practice of flooding is generally time beaming in upon it, but is lighted adopted amongst us, and there is scarcely all the day by a number of burning oil a hill but what, in a wet season, may lamps: like a true Irish bull, where there have its verrows (or lluices), opened is most apprehension from fire, or candlealmost to the very summit, and be fed light, it is most to be found. Decent by the fertilizing ítream.

decorum should not have expended, at Llyfwen, Marcb 2.

J.T. the utmoft, more than 50,000l. for the (To be continued.)

building of a custom-house at Dublin, at a time when more than half a million was

lavished; and such a custom-house, &c. For the Monthly Magazine. &c. as 50,000l, could erect, would be A Tour from LONDON to DUBLIN and

more than adequate to any commerce Some others Parts of IRELAND; viz.

Dublin can hope to experience, or enjoy, the COUNTIES of KILDARE

for a century to come.

There are many

and WICKLOW, made in the Summer of more abuses attendant upon this waste of

public money,

which I might animadvert 1797.

upon, but this is foreign from my purpose. (Continued from Jamiary 1798, page 19.)

There is now just finished, another eleTI

HE next public building, which I gant, and, I may fay, a well-constructed

shall mention, is the custom-house pile, which contains the courts of public of Dublin, an edifice of most excellent justice, or, as has been long the phrase in external appearance, and such as seems Dublin, and not improperly, the FOUR extremely well calculated to answer as an COURTS; as the building contains the emblem of the first commercial city in courts of chancery, king's bench, comthe universe ; but alas ! unhappy Ireland, mon pleas, and exchequer, all opening the most fuperficial traveller into your into a most beautiful circular hall, richly

decorated

Tour in Ireland,

347 decorated by architectural and stuccoed brary is spacious, grand, and valuable, ornaments, highly picturesque and em- adorned with many bustos in white marblematic of those courts of justice. The ble, of literary characters. There is, in hall is covered by a dome, and above that what is called the Anatomy House, which dome rises a cupola, which, from its de- stands in the park, at the rear of this unisign, forms an external elevation, not versity, a most curious and wonderful only partially beautiful to the building, production of human ingenuity, of no but generally beautiful to the “ tout en- less magnitude, labour and science, than fembleof the whole city. This edifice a cabinet of wax models, large as life, is enriched with some statues, excellently and coloured as in nature, representing sculptured; the principal of which is a all the stages of woman's womb, from fine figure of Moses, which stands upon conception to the birth of the child, most the top of the pediment, over a very exquisitely executed, and long fanctioned chaste and beautiful inverted semi-cir- by the most able professors, as an unricular colonnade, or portico, of a fancied valled production of excellence and illusorder, nearly Corinthian, in the act of tration. I cannot depart from this seat dispensing the law from his book of know- of learning and science, perhaps, not to ledge. Immediately attached to this be classically or metaphysically exceeded building, are all the subordinate offices in Europe, without making an observadependent upon and belonging to the re- tion, which I declare is not intended disspective courts of justice; but again, as repectfully, but which struck me very if nothing in this capital was to wear forcibly upon the spot; that, for the moit the face of propriety, or consistency, much part, the fellows of this university have less of perfection, this nuble structure is the broadest provincial accent that is to erected within a few feet of the dirtieft be found among any other persons of rank and most filthy part of the river Liffey, in that kingdom. t?pon a piece of the ruined Quay, which There are in the city of Dublin many is actually like a rotten ditch tumbling public and laudable institutions, .but piecemeal into the water; and again, an Iplendid appearances among those are individual of Dublin has brought an few. What is called the Royal Hospital ejectment upon the title of the ground of Kilmainham (vulgarly, by some, the upon which the Irish sages of the law Old Men's Hospital), is a large, plain, have caused this magnificent structure to brick building, forming a hollow square, be erected, and, if I am rightly informied, finely elevated at the western extremity of no question is entertained as to the success Dublin, amidst a well planted piece of of his fuit.

ground, inhabited by invalid officers and Trinity college, the university of soldiers; for whose aid, together with a Dublin, 'founded by Queen Elizabeth, small pension from the crown, it was and governed by a provost and board of established and founded. In a part of fellows, is well worth the attention of this building, is a commodious suite of strangers : it is a spacious building, apartments, occupied by the commander neither altogether plain nor gaudy; in chief of the arıny in Ireland (for the wherever architecture is introduced, cha- time being), at which place the chief goftity is preferved. In the interior of this vernor, or lord lieutenant, is frequently university, two beautiful buildings have, entertained. Indeed the Marquis of lately been erected, each has a portico of Buckingham, during a part of his adcolumns in the Corinthian order. The ministration, resided at those apartments. one is an amphitheatre for public exami- The next hospital which claims the atnations, in which are some excellent por- tention of a public observer, is the Blue traits of literary characters, painted by Coat Hospital, founded for the mainteeminent artists, fome by the late Sir nance and education of the fons of deJoshua Reynolds; as also a very fine mo- cảyed free citizens of Dublin; this foundnument to the memory of the late Doctor ation, however, has been ftrangely perBaldwin, formerly provost of this uni- verted; and the children of gentlemen's versity, executed in Italy, by an Irish servants, French valets, &c. by the insculptor (Hewetson); it pofféffes much terest usually incident to those situations, animation, spirit, and correctness: the have frequently superseded those of better expence was two thousand guineas. The pretensions, according to the institution. other building, which stands directly op- This building, in its design, is extremely polite to this, and which is exactly fimi- neat, light, and elegant; but while millar externally, is a chapel, not yet com- lions are squandered away in prodigality, pletely finished in the interior.' The lic and corruption, the intended steeple of

this

348

by Mr.

Tour, & c..... Dr. Parry on Mr. Bell's Anatomy. 4 this building, which a few hundred repeating these experiments.” Coliseus, pounds would finish, and make an orna- and Valverdi, and Hoffmann, are quoted ment to the city of Dublin, has stood for as mentioning certain facts relative to a near twenty years in a three-quarter- the-goat, a young man at Pifa, and cererected state, as if shivered to pieces, and tain Assyrians; and Valsalva (whom, I rent asunder by a thunder storm.

obferve, Mr. Bell always calls Vafalva), (To be continued.)

Van Swieten, Pechlin, Lower, Drelincurtius (whose name is printed Drelin

cartius), and even Morgagni himself, are To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

all alike censured for propagating, or SIR,

deigning to inquire into these idle tales. IT was not till yesterday, that I hap

Having given this advantageous specie pened to see a work intituled, " The men of his modesty, his literature, and Anatomy of the Human Body,

his logic, Mr. BelL next does me the John Bell, furgeon, of Edinburgh. honour to advert to me. I beg leave, in This work contains excellent engravings, his remarks at full length:

order to avoid misrepresentation, to quote and much useful anatomical information; but is debased by a ftile of the most dog « There is nothing new under the sun. matical assertion, by a puerile affectation We are continually tantalised with old tales of pleasantry, by frequent misconception in new forms. Who would expect to find at and misrepresentation of the opinions of this very day, a practical application of the others, and by the most fcurrilous abuse she-goat and the Affyrian young men one of all living authors. I have had the author has published to the world, that a misfortune to be plentifully splashed by young lady, of a nervous and delicate conthis writer, in his headlong plunge into wonderful variety of forms, but more especi

ftituțion, subject to nervous distreries in a the foul link of obloquy. He attacks, ally in the head, sometimes afflicted with with much acrimony; certain opinions head-achs, sometimes with convulsions, was contained in a paper on the medical ef- relieved by compreiling the carotid arteries. fects of arterial compression, which I sent, Often by compressing the carotid arteries, this nearly ten years ago, to the Medical So- gentleman prevented the delirium; for all ciety of London, and which is inserted in these complaints proceeded from a violent pala the third volume of their Memoirs. This pitation of the heart, with the stream of blood attack I might, perhaps, have wholly rushing violently towards the head. He has disregarded, or at least, might have omit- seen this compreffion bring on a stupor; he ted to repel it, till I could have done so has seen it bring on a profound neep. Is it at greater length, in a larger work, which the history of this business, and joinei to

not a pity that he had not attended more to I am preparing on the same subject. But these facts, the ttory of the the-goat and the as the period of my intended publication young men of Affyria? must depend on my health, my leisure “ If what Dr. PARRY says, be true, that from professional avocations, and many in lean people, in women at least, we can, other circumstances, connected with the by reclining the head backwards, compress times, and totally uncontroulable by me, the carotids entirely against the forepart of the and as, in the mean while, Mr. Bell's neck with the finger and thusnb; why, then, work will probably have a wide range,

we need have no fear of hemorrhages of the and occasion a mischievous prepossession nose, wounds about the jaw, cutting the paagainst the purport of my paper, I feel rotid gland, or operations about the tonfils, or myself called upon for a defence, which tongue! But there is a dangerous mistake I cannot offer to the public through a

here; for there is, as I know by much exbetter channel, than that of your impara ing the pulse of an artery, and suppressing

perience, a wide difference betwixt preventtial Magazine.

the fow of blood through it. In the cale of Mr. BELL begins with telling us, a man fainting during any great operation, if that the antients called certain arteries you are holding in the blood with the point carotids, or soporiferæ, believing that, of your finger upon some great artery, you if they were tied, the person would fall feel the pulse there, while the face is deadly alleep ; and then proceeds to deny that pale, the extremities cold, and the pulse of fying them would produce Sleep, because the wrist, and of all but the largest arteries he cannot comprehend how this should gone. In fainting, even the heart itself is happen. As, therefore, that gentleman blood circulates : how else could a

not felt to move ; and yet it moves, and the cannot himself comprehend how this in a hysterical faint for hours, I had almot

person lie thould happen, it follows of course, that said days? I have tried, in great operations many of the best anatomists, in the best

near the trunk of the body, to stop the blood age of anatomy, have abused their time with my hands; but though I could suppress

tha

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