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State of Public Affairs. dition to the national debt was only seven lations, he said, would produce about the millions

sum of 1,170,00-1. He next proposed a. The interest of the sum is 577,000 duty on tonnage, at the rate of 6d. per To which must be added, interest

ton to Ireland; is. 6d. to Rusia and the upon unfunded debt

186,000 Baltic; 4s, to the East Indies; '6d. to

Newfoundland, and iod. to America, Making together the fum of 763,000 From hence a further fum of 208,000l, To be provided for by permanent taxes. would be obtained. The total amount

This sum the minister proposed to be of these fums would be 1,378,000l. ; railed in the following manner :

they had been estimated by Mi, Pitt at Five thillings, additional duty, per

1,500,000l. but respet for our own mabushel, on salt

502,000 nufactures had induced him to lower the Five per cent. on tea above 25, 6d.

111,000 Armorial bearings

150,000

The several resolutions were agreed to:

The French have lately been repulsed

763,000 in an attack upon the small isles of St. The Attorney General, on the urth of Marçou, situate on their own coast, which May, brought up his bill to regulate the have been for some time made use of by publication of newspapers, which obliges the English as a poft of observation. every proprietor,editor, conductor, printer, Upon the 7th of May, about fifty boats publisher, and manual printer of a news- from La Hogue, about day break in the paper, to give in, upon oath, the place morning, formed a line a-breast of the where the paper is printed, with their re western redoubt, where Lieutenant PRICE fpective names and places of abode; and commanded. Having all his guns, which renders these affidavits matter of evidence he could bring to bear, well pointed, he when produced in a court of law. began a steady and well directed fire upon

The house then went into a committee them, until the flat boats came within of ways and means. Mr. Rose observed, mulket shot, when he observed six or seven that a duty on exports and imports was of them go down, whilst the others took partly the object of the further regulations out the living part of the crews. He relative to the failing of convoys. He towed one into the islands, the others, did not mean to say that that measure was consisting of 43, returned into La Hogue, equivalent to this, but he could not help It appeared, from the crowded state of thinking, that as far as trade was protect their decks, that they must have received ed, it would be proper to impose fomeduty. great damage and tlaughter. It was at first intended, he said, to impose

A French ship of 74 guns and 700 a duty of 2 d. per cent. on exports gene- men, called l'Hercule, was taken near rally, except in a few cases; but on'a re Brest harbour, by the British fhip Mars, presentation from the merchants, he should commanded by Captain Hoop, on the propose a duty on exports to any port of 211t of April. The action was bravely Europe, of, one half per cent. only;; to fought on both sides; the captain of the America and the West Indies, where Mars received a mórtal wound near the there was no competition with foreigners, clofe of the battle, and expired just as the a duty-of-2 per cent. The exports to enemy's ship had itruck her colours. The Ireland should continue free as they now. carnage on board the French was very are ; and no duty was intended to be im- great, and the Mars loft about forty of poled on East India exporis, because it her crew. would fall on the company, who generally A fecret, and, we are concerned to ada, undertook to protect their own trade. a moit unfortunate expedition, failed from According to his estimation, a duty of Margate roads about the 18th of May. one half per cent. on exports to any port It consisted of several armed ships, with of Europe would produce a revinue of between two and three thousand troops on 233,000l. With respect to imports, it board, under the command of General was intended to impole on them a duty of Coote. The place of attack was kept three per cent. - This duty would only an entire secret till the second day after attach to-fuch articles from the Eait In- their failing, when they came within gun dies as fell into a competition with our shot of the harbour of Oftend: the ships own markets, or our imports; from any and boats of the enemy were attacked other part of the world. Such as mullin, with the greatest bravery, and about half which

was, brought to considerable per- the troops were landed ; and, according fection at home. The duty on imports he to the Gazettee *, did considerable da. estimated at 861,000l. The whole of these duties, joined to fome further

regu * Probably“ ie was a geographical error in

FRANCE.

State of Public Affairs.

385 mage to the harbour, bason, &c. At length the advantages of colonization, he tweive o'clock, however, the French oblerved, that a colony ought not to be poured in great numbers upon the invad- formed by the transmigration of a great ers, and the wind at the same time be part of a nation. The expulsion of the coming unfavourable, so as to prevent Moors, and the revocation of the edi&t of their reimbarking, they were all com- Nantz, proved how much too great an pelled to surrender prisoners of war, to einigration tended to enfeeble a country. the number of about fifteen hundred men, “ What kind of government must that after having had about one hundred killed be," said he, “which always depopuand as many wounded.

lates the state in order to tranquillize it :*

The Executive Directory, on the gth In the Council of Five Hundred, on of May, assembled in order to decide by the 12th of April, Citizen EscHASSE- lot, conformably to the constitution, RIAUX the elder made a long and elabo- which of them hould quit that important rate report upon the lubject of coloniza- office. The necessary balls were prepared tion, in which he pointed out the rise and with great folemnity, and the lot fell upon progress of it froin ancient to modern FRANCOIS DE NEUFCHATEAU to leave times; as he proceeded, he urged the be- the Directory. Upon this decision being nefits which mankind had repeated from announced, Gen. BERTHIER, THREILcolonization, and pointed out the places HARD,

TALLEYRAND, and САМ, which late discoveries had laid open for BACERES, became candidates for the va, future exertions of this kind. He de cant feat. scribed Egypt as inhabited by half civi, The great business of the elections was lized tribes, famous for its fertility, and finished about the end of April, and on as a place which industry might restore to the second of May the Directory sent a a healthful temperature, and to the culti- message to the Council of Five Hundred vation of the most valuable productions; upon this subject. After enumerating separated only from the new acquisition the various efforts which the enemies of of France by a narrow sea. “Can there the republic had made upon similar occa. be," said ÉSCHASSERIAUX, “a more fions, to introduce royalists and anarchists suitable enterprize for a nation, which has into the legislative assemblies, the message already given liberty to Europe, and asserts, “ that if ever there were a period emancipated America, than to completely in which the republic might appear superegenerate a country, which was the first rior to the perfidious hopes so often contheatre of civilization in the universe ; to ceived for its destruction, and so often difcall back the sciences, industry, and the appointed, it would be when, triumphant arts, to the place of their maturity, and without, and seated upon the innumerato lay the foundation of a new Thebes, ble trophies which she has gained, the or another Memphis?He contended that reckons almost as many victories as fole Russia, in establishing colonies upon the diers. Yet notwithstanding this, there Blaek sea, fet a proper example to the does exist an anarchical conspiracy to French republic, to form similar establish- make the primary and electoral assemblies ments in Asia and Africa, particularly the nurseries of future plots.". The Diin a quarter, which would render her reétory next proceeded to state the revival Adriatic islands of such value and import- of anarchy from the re-establishment of After having pointed out at great constitutional circles; they particularly

point out Stratsburgh, Perpignan, La the gazette writer to affert, that the blowing Sarche, Metz, Vermoul, and Paris, as up of works at Oftend would interrupt the places where the elections were influenced communication between Holland, France, by the intrigues of the anarchists. The and Flanders! It will appear, on the Night- message concludes with hoping, that the est inspection of the map, that the canal which council will not permit men loaded with runs to Oltend is but a collateral branch of the every crime to fit in the legislature; and grand Flanders canal, which does not approach that they would mark with reprobation nearer than 64 miles of Oftend, and confe- those infamous choices, equally derogaquently could be in no respect injured by the blowing up the flood gates at the termination tory from the dignity of the republic and of the collateral branch.

their own independence.

Veflzls parling along the grand trunk, from Bruges to

A committee was appointed to make a Nieuport and Dunkirk, do not approach near- report upon this message; on the 7th of er to Oftend than at the point of junction, May a report was accordingly made and which, as before stated, is fix miles diftant. brought up. It stated the necessity of exThe real object of this expedition appears, cluding from the legislature the partizans therefore, to be ftill involved in mystery. of the two great parties which agitated

ance.

386

AMERICA.

State of Public Affairs. the republic, the anarchists and the royal, which he had not then ready: in confeifts. The reporter moved a plan contain- quence of this the. populace assembled, ing eighty-eight articles; the first of and with a shower of stones broke his which was to annul all the decilions that windows, forced open the gates, and had been pronounced on individual elec- rushed into the court with lond cries of tion cases, in so far as they were incon- death ind destruction to every Frenchsistent with the new disposition to be man. After the laws of nations had been adopted.

thus outrageoully violated, BERNADOTTE The other part of the plan went to va- retired to Rastadt until this affair should lidate, or invalidate partially, the opera. be adjusted. tions of the different electoral assemblies It is now said, that during his residence of the republic, by rejecting members of there, the Emperor took measures to bring the same deputation, those whole election the ringleaders of this mob to punishment, was ascribed to intrigue and the spirit of and the affair is in a fair way of being faction.

amicably adjusted. General JOURDAN most justly confi By the last intelligence from Rastadt, dered the plan as hostile to the sovereignty the friends of peace are inclined to hope, of the people, and to the freedom of the that the negotiations carrying on there constitution. Before the council took upon will soon be brought to a happy issue. itself to act as a national jury, the exift. The great question of eeding to the French ence of the conspiracy ought to be proved. republic the territory on the left bank of BOUchin and Juisot spoke on the same the Rhine being nearly settled between the fide, and opposed a general proscription. contracting powers.

AUDOUIN contended, that the interest of individuals must yield to that of the The negotiation which was carrying state, and that the measure proposed was on at Paris, to adjust the differences benecessary to the conftitution, and the tween the United States and the French maintenance of true liberty. The plan Republic, has been lately broken off, or was at length adopted, and BAILLEUL at least suspended. The President of took occasion to declare, that the report America has published the correspond. was the production of the committee, and ence, and even the conversations which not of the Directory, as had been infi- took place between the different negotiamuated.

tors and their secret agents upon this

occaBy this unprincipled measure, the elec. fion. This publication is the most extions of six or seven departments were an- traordinary of any to be found in diplonulled in tote; besides those of a great matic history, and exposes a system of cormany individuals.

ruption and political infamy not to be The following are among the places matched in the history of mankind. It whose elections are annulled :-L'Allier, accuses the Directory of employing secret La Dordogne les Landes, Loir and Cher, agents to tamper with the American enla Loire, Balles Pyrenees, Haute Vienne. voys, in order to procure for themselves a

private douceur of fifty thousand pounds, The Batavian republic has accepted the a loan from the state, as a preliminary of new constitution : this intelligence was peace between the two republics; and it officially noticed to the Directory of further appears, that M. TALLEYRAND, France by the minifter for foreign affairs. the French minister for foreign affairs,

The number of voters aflembled upon was privy to these most disgraceful prothis occation was much greater than was ceedings carried on by his agents, who, allembled latt year. The primary assem. in his correspondence are diftinguished by. blies accepted the constitution on the 2 3d the letters X. Y. and Z. of April, when the utmost tranquillity A meslage has been sent from the Presiprevailed. It was unanimously accepted dent to the House of Representatives, in by the Batavian garrison. At Amsterdam which he recommended the making of the the numbers were, for the constitution most vigorous preparations for defence, if 10,493, against it 114.

not for war; and informed congress, that

he had rescinded the regulations by which About the middle of April an event the ships of the United States were pretook place at Vienna, which seemed once vented from failing in an armed condition. more to threaten Europe with the revival In the Houfe of Representatives of the of the continental war. BERNADOTTE, State of bitcheduled to a motion was made the republican ambassador, had caused the to declare it inexpedient for America to go tri-coloured flag to be hoisted before the to war for any reason fort of the invasion door of his house, in order to supply the of its territory, especially against a proplace of the arms of the French republic, ple with whom it was lately united by the

HOLLAND.

GERMANY

Marriages ånd Deaths in and near London. 387 ties of friendship. This motion was ne for the fortifications, to raise a provisional gatived by 37 to 33.

army, and to provide for inilitary stores The fenate of the United States, on the and arms. These resolutions were not de26th of March, brought forward a string cided when the last intelligence was sent of resolutions, which had for their object from America, except the first, which was to lay an embargo, to complete and garri- negatived.

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Marriages and aths, in and neur London.
Married.) At Bromley, Kent, Mr. W. In Curoline-treet, Bedford-Square, in his
Smith, of Ave Maria-lane, to Miss Ann 74th year, Peter Mounier, csq.
Furlonger.

In Duke-treet, Westminster, after a fevere
At St. George's, Hanover-square, by the and lingering illness, supported with great for-
Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, the Rev. H. Hol- titude and refignation, Mrs. Hickens, fecond
land Edwards, of Pennant, Denbighshire, to daughter of the late E. M. Redone, esq. of
Mifs Palmer, of Upper Grosvenor-place. Colchester, and wife of H. J. Hickens, esq.

At the same place, Mr. Hickman, to of Worley-hall, Berks.
Miss Kenrick, of Iscoyd Park, Flintshire. At Pentonville, aged 67, Mr. Bedwell

At Mary-le-Bone church, David Bevan, Law, bookfeller, of Ave Maria-lane.
efq. eldest son of Silvanus Bevan, esq. of In Lamb's Conduit-street, Mrs. Crook.
Biddlesworth hall, Norfolk, to Miss Favell In her 22d year, Mrs. Gaillemond, of Wilt
Barke Lee, youngest daughter of the late fon-street, Finsbury-square.
Robert Cooper Lee, esq. of Bedford-fquare. Mr. John Bullen, brandy merchant, More

At St. Sepulchre's, Thomas Parfonis, esą. gau's-lanc, Touley-Street.
of Illington, to Miss Edmonds, of Wandi At Mile End, Mrs. Brewer, widow of the
worth.

late rev. Samuel Brewer, of Stepney.
In London, Murton Dalrymple, esq. of At Hammerfmitht, aged 21, Mifs Mellifh.
Fordels, to Miss Frances Ingram Spence, of In Grofvenor-row, Chelsea, Mr. Joha
Hanover-square.

Poulain.
In Westminster, Mr. Dennett, surgeon, In Great Ruffell-street, Bloomsbury, Mrs.
of Frith-street, Soho, to Miss Berrow, niece Jane Blake, a lady of great worth, and the lat
of Andrew Jordaine, esq. of Great George- lurviving branch of a very respectable family.
Atrect.

In Mortimer-street, Cavendith-square, Mrs.
In Westminster, James Wake, efq. of Duffield.
Lincoln's-inn, to Miss Smith, daughter of the At his chambers in the Temple, aged 75,
sev. Dr. Smith, prebendary of Westminster. William Myddleton, efq.

At St. George the Martyr, Queen-square, By the bursting of a blood-vessel, Thomas the rev. Daniel Veylie, tu Mits Arnold, of Sanders, esq. of Upper Thames-Itreet, Queen-square.

Golden-square.
John Auldjo, esq. of Finibury-square, to At Kentington Gore, in her 73d year, Mrs.
Miss Rose, daughter of John Rose, ela. of Ann Bowles.
Norfolk-street, Strand.

Mrs. Sparkes, of Doughty-street.
At St. Giles's in the Fields, John Sar In Clarges-street, the Right Hon. Lady
geaunt, esq. of Great Queen-street, Lincoln's Sophia Augusta Lambert, youngest daughter
Inn-fields, to Miss Birch, daughter of Mr. of the Earl of Cavan.
Birch, of the same place.

Mr. Robert Mellith, of Lime-houfe, ship-
Thomas Goldney, esq. of St. James's-street, builder.
to Miss Charlotte Milward, daughter of the It the Maze, Southwark, H. S. Holcombe,
late John Milward, efq. of Bromley. esg. brewer.

Mr. Hanam, of the Strand, to Miss M. In London, the Hon. Augustus Windfor,
Cordon, daughter of Capt. Gordon, of St. youngest son of the Earl of Plymouth.
George's in the East.

Mrs. Barber, wife of Mr. Thomas Barber,
In London, Comte Royer de St. Julien, to man's mercer, Hay-market.
Miss Lewin, daughter of the late Samuel In Queen Ann-street East, Parker Halley,
Lewin, esq.

esq.
The rev. T. Atwood, of Queen-square, In London, after a lingering indisposition,
Westminster, to Miss Burtenshaw, of Lind- Thomas Jewer, esq. late of Bath, and for-
field, Sussex.

merly of Jamaica. In London, Mr. Brunn, of Charing Cross, Mr. William Poynder, of Great East-cheap, to Miss Brewman.

plumber.
Mr. Sabere, of Church-treet, Spital-fields, Mr. Northcote, filversmith, of Berkley-
to Miss Collins, of Bethnal-green.

Street, Clerkenwell.
Died.] In Norton-ftreet, Portland-place, At Epsom, Mrs. Mary Graham, widow of
Sir Philip Houghton Clarke, bart. The title John Graham, efq; formerly of the council
descends to his only brother, now Sir Simon of Calcutta.
Houghton Clarke, bart.

In Hatton Garden, Mr. John John'oa : In Chelsea, Mr. Dutfell.

Claro, attorney.
At. Clapton, . Mrs. Corapton.

The

388

Marriages and Deaths in and near London,

The rev. Richard Stainby, more than 40 cepted an invitation from the rev. Mr. years lecturer of St. Mary, Strand.

Howell, of Birmingham, to assist him in the At Hackney, Lieut. Colonel James Chaf- fuperintendance of a large school. In 1752, well, of the first royal regiment of the Tower he was chosen pastor of a congregation at Hamlet militia.

Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he continued In Westminster, Arthur Kelly, efq. the near three years, when he removed to Woklate lieutenant-colonel of the South Devon ingham, Berks. During his residence at this Milicia. Mr. Kelly was descended from an place, he completed his “ Concordance to the antient and distinguished family in Ireland, Greek Istament, with an English verfion, and the dignity of which he well maintained. sport Critical Notes ; " printed in 1767. Being After shewing the danger and honor of a defirous of a situation near London, where he British soldier during the seven years war, had formed an extensive acquaintance, on he returned home and married Miss Parker, the death of the rev. Mr. Baron, he accepted fifter to the late and aunt to the present Lord the pastoral charge of the Diffenting church Boringdon, and cousin to the present Earl at Sydenham. In 1768 he married Mrs. Poulett. To the Lady Mr. Kelly had been Martha Still, the widow of a very respectable long att ched. He was a truly amiable member of his late congregation at Wokingchara&ter, being eminently distinguished by ham. On her decease in 1777, he was his benevolence to the poor, his extraordinary elected curator of Dr. Daniel Williams's litenderness and affection to his relatives and brary, in Red Cross ítreet: a library, from friends, and by an uniform endeavour to ren its situation, little known to the public, der happy all with whom he was connected. though it contains a large collection of scarce

At Kentish Town, aged 84, John Little, and very valuable books, and almost all the efq. Some days previous to his death, his works of the Nonconformists. The advanphysician persuaded him to take a little wine, tages of this situation, enabled him to proas indispensibly necessary to recruit his decay- cure every information he could with, one ed strength, occasioned by his miserable and subject that had much engaged his thoughts; parfimonious living. Mr. Little, fearful of the authenticity of the two first chapters of trusting his fervants with the key of the wine St. Matthew's gospel. The result of his incellar, infifted upon his carrying him down quiry he published in his “ Thoughts on the ftairs, to get a single bottle; when the sud- Origin of Languages. While he resided at the den transition from a warm bed to a damp cel- library, he married in Jan. 1781, Miss lar brought on a fit of apoplexy, which occa Elizabeth Dunn, one of the daughters of fioned his death. On examination, it appeared Joshua Dunn, Esq. of Newington Green, that he pofleffed upwards of 25,000l. in the formerly a very respectable merchant of the different tontines; 11,000l. in the 4 per cents. city of London, and one of the moft useful besides 2000 per ann. of landed property; laymen among the diffenters. From the which now devolves to a brother, to whom he fluctuations which frequently take place in never afforded the least asistance, on account the villages near London, the number of of his being married, matrimony being a state diflenters had so far decreased, that, on the into which he himself never entered, and for expiration of the lease of the chapel, the which he always entertained the greatest de. Doctor, finding the infirmities of age rapidly teftation. He resided upwards of forty years advancing, resolved to resign the office of the in the same house, one room of which had not ministry, and devote the remainder of his been occupied for the space of 14 years: but life to study and the society of a few friends. which on his death was found to contain 173 Ac the time of his decease, he had nearly pairs of breeches, with a large proportion of completed the printing of a translation of other articles of wearing apparel, all which Cheitomeus's Græco-Barbara Novi Testamenti," were in such a wretched ftate of decay, that &c. which will be shortly publithed. A they were sold to a Jew for a single nalf guinea. work deugned to explain fome difficult pas'In the coach-house were discovered, secreted sages of scripture. He was the author of se. in different parts of the building, 180 wigs, veral pamphlets on different subjects, and which had been bequeathed to him by differ- printed a few separate fermons. His social ent relatives, and in which he fet great store. virtues secured to him the esteem of his ac

At Iington, on Sunday, April 15th, the quaintance and friends; and his decease will rev. John Williams, L. L. D. He was born be long and deeply felt by his mourning at Lampeter, Cardiganshire, South Wales, widow. on the 25th of March 1727. His father, a On the 3d of April, after a few days illrespectable tanner, placed him at the free- nefs, at his house near Hermitage Stairs, Schoul in that town. Having very early ex- Wapping, in the 69th year of his age, Mr. preffed a strong inclination for the ministry, John Livie, a gentleman well known in the when he had acquired a competent know- literary world, for his deep and accurate lejge of the classics, he was admitted a ftu- knowledge of the learned languages. His dent at the dissenting academy, at Carmar- small, but beautiful and correct edition of then. Here he affiduoully cultivated those Horace, will be a lasting monument to his ftudies that would qualify him for the office memory; and the benevolence and integrity of a christian minister, and made confiderable of his character, must render his loss a Tube improvement in the mathematics. On the ject of the deepest regret to all who had the

tion of his academical course, he ac- happiness of liis acquaintance.

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