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yours, &c.

414 Bank Notes.--- Appearance of lenus in the Day: - Professor Moor. prove, perhaps, a greater check on the however, has hitherto been done, in this circulation of forged bank paper than any country, towards applying those princiluperior style of engraving, as the differ- ples to practice. Students of Greek and ence in point of execution might not be Latin have as yet reaped no farther hesufficiently obvious to strike every one. neft than that of having their eyes

Perhaps it may be objected, that the opened to the futility and fallaciousnets back of a note would, in a short time, be of our elementary treatises, which are entirely covered with names, and is not equally erroneous in principle, confused this fometimes the case likewise with the in method, and barbarous in execution; endorsements on draughts payable in Lon- while, for any real and just investigations don, or elsewhere? But in the present of the parts of speech, they are obliged instance, there is always a remedy at hand, to have recourse to the perderous lucuby returning such notes to the bank in brations of the Dutch etyinologists and order to be exchanged, either for cash or commentators, Schultens, Hemiterhuis, other notes of the same value. I am, Sir, Valckenaer, Lennep, and Scheid. It

Tho. MOLINEUX. will not, therefore, I flatter myself, be Macclesfield, April, 1798.

unacceptable to your young readers, to

be made acquainted with a Imall treatise, For the Monthly Magazine. in our own language, on this subject, SIR,

which it is likely has never found its you have often avowed a predilec- way very generally south of the Tweed.

s. On the Prepositions you the following one, which has at of the Greek Language;, an Ini roductory tracted much attention in this city*, viz. Elay.Glasg. 1766. It was the prothe planet Venus being distinctly visible duction of James Moor, LL.D. Proat noon on Thursday the 1st instant; it feffor of Greek in that university, a man was first seen about ten o'clock in the whole critical acumen in the philosophy morning, and it was distinąly observed of language, will be readily acknowby many spectators till late in the even- ledged by all, who are acquainted with ing. But what rendered the visibility of the comprehensive simplicity of the printhe planet much more curious, is the fact ciples and rules delivered in his Greek that the air, on the ist, was remarkably grammar; which performance, unhapdense, there had been a heavy fail of rain pily, he did not live to complete. The the night before, and that morning there Effay in question, is indeed a most inwere several showers of rain and feet. genious attempt to trace the primary figThe statement that I have just given of nification of the prepositions, and apthe weather, precludes the only philosophi- proaches fo - near, in many cases, to the cal cause

(rarefa&ticn) that i know, that genuine corporeal meaning, that, were it can be assigned for this deviation from the not the best practical treatise on the subgeneral laws of nature; I, therefore, ject, it ought to be known to every schoThould be much obliged to any of your af- lar, as an instance of the contemporary tronomical readers, if they would have the progress of philosophical investigation, gocénels to inform me (through the me in dimerent countries, respecting the oridium of your very useful Magazine), on gin and application of words. Had Pro. what principle they account for this ex- feffor Noor lived to pursue his discussions, traordinary circumstance-- or, whether it is probable that they would have ended like me, they rank it amongst one of the in a more rational and satisfactory eluci. many inexplicable phenomena of nature. dation of this as well as other topics of Feb. 15, 1798.

Cleon. Greek grammar, than any yet submitted

to the ingenious. That none of his For the Monthly Magazine.

scholars, who heard his lectures, or of MR. EDITOR,

those who have perused his Essay, should, "HE new light that has lately been from the glimpses of light therein cono guages, and the philosophy of graminar, grammatical investigation, will not apby the celebrated author of EITEA IITE- pear surprising to those who recollect, POENTA, will, it is to be hoped, give how seldom the literary annals, even of birth to essential improvements in the art all Europe, can boast the name of a of communicating and acquiring gram- HORNE TOOKE. I am, your's, &c. matical knowledge. Little or nothing,

Feb, 13, 1798.

Permit me, by way of postscript, * Bristol. though the subjects have very little con


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J. G.

Memoirs of Johnson, Author of Hurlothrumbo. 415 nection, to shew to your intelligent cor did not constitute sublimity. The author respondent, who has favoured us with a himself performed the part of Lord Flames series of Gallic coins subsequent to the one of the characters, a title which he revolution, that the earliest medallic com- from thence obtained, and was faluted memoration of rising freedom in that with by all ranks during the remainder country, is a coin representing the taking of his life. This extraordinary work, of the Bastille, and struck soon after that was published by subscription, in the year important event. The execution is good, 1729, and many names of the first rank and the piece deferves notice, as being and consequence then in the kingdom, the first of a series, destined to record the are prefixed as subscribers. The character birth, progress, and triumphs of liberty. of the play is described with great hu

mour in the epilogue annexed to it, For the Monthly Magazine. written by Mr. Byrom, of which I quote MR. EDITOR,

from memory a few of the ideas. HurY hear

OU may probably have seen or lothrumbo (another of the characters) is

heard of that renowned comedy, or introduced upon the stage, quarrelling tragedy, or farce, or opera, or what you

with a critic concerning the qualities of will, called Hurlothrumbo, or the Super

the drama, naturals, which, about 60 or 70 years

" Crit. Call this a play! ago, made such a noise in this kingdom, Why there's no plot, or none that’s underand was the means of imposing a trick

stood. upon the public, similar to that of the Hurl. There's a rebellion tho', and that's memorable Bottle Conjuror. Perhaps a

as good. few biographical sketches of Lord Flame, Crit. No spirit nor genius in it. Hurl.

What! don't here its eccentric author, and to know where the father of Hurlothrumbo lies, may not

A spirit and a genius both appear?" be nnacceptable to some of your readers. In truth, and so they do, Mr. HurHis real name was Samuel Johnson: a lothrumbo, and as terrifying a spirit as man, who though not equal, in folid sense the best of them; no less than death himand strength of understanding, to his ce- felf, who enters, arrayed in all his aclebrated namesake, may at least contend coutrements, mounted on a great black with him on the score of vivid fancy, ver- horse, and attended by a genius as horfatility of talent, and oddness of character. rible as himself. But to proceed to the With the profeffion of a dancing-master, mention of Lord Flame's other producin which he excellecl very much, he united tions ; soon after the publication of Hurthat of a poet, of a musician, and a lothrumbo, encouraged, no doubt, by the player. In the firit of these characters extraordinary success of his last performhe was tutor to some of the highest fa- ance, he wrate another play, called the milies, and by that means became ac- Blazing Star, or the Beauties of the quainted with many of the nobility. The Poets, which was equally patronized with late Duke of Montague (the reputed his last perforinance, and which he deauthor of the Bottle Conjuror), finding dicated to the then Lady Delves and Lord Mr. Johnson a proper initrument for his Walpole. The dedication, to which he favourite purpose of ridiculing the cre subscribed himself Lord Flame, is a modulity and foolish curiosity of the age, del for compositions of this nature; and engaged him to write the play of Hurlo- those who are at a loss for the style of thrumbo; a composition, which, for ab- dedicatorial adulation, need only resort furd bombast and turgid nonsense, per to this speciinen of his lordship, to be haps, stands unrivalled in the English, initiated into the whole art and mystery language, insomuch that “ Hurlothrum-' of it. The Blazing Star is by no means borant” is now become a proverbial ex inferior in fublimity to Hurlothrumbo, pression. This play was extolled in the and the common unpoetical reader will, newspapers by the duke, as the most fub- doubtless, be a little surprized, when he lime effort of human genius which had hears not only the heroes, but even their for a long time appeared ; in confequence very pages, venting the most lofty and of which, and the continued cominenda- founding passages of Milton, and other tions of it which were thus echoed round, authors, as familiar discourse. Lord it was performed for many succellivé Flame seems perfectly to have understood pights, till the whole town had had the the meaning of Longinus segs ufes, for fatisfaction, or rather the mortification, the dialogue foars to constantly in the of finding themselves personally duped, sublime, that every one of the characters and of discovering that unintelligible rant ranges at his café, through the highest MONTHLY MAG. No, XXXII.


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Memoirs of Lord Flame. part of heaven, and never suffers himself the town of an entertainment; and, in the to descend an inch below the sun, the third place, you may prevent any great gemoon, and the stars.

nius riling up in the age you live in. I Those two plays are now very rare,

heard the Duke of Montague say, that if and it is to be lamented that they are not

Homer was in London in this age, and did more diffused among the world, for the write for the play-house, his genius would benefit of tragic, or would-be-lublime do his work the honour to look at it. I have

be thrown away, for the masters would not authors; in general. These were not his made five operas, and all of them were perlordship's only productions in the dra- formed in public, but then I was young and matic line, for I was favoured, by an acted in them myself, but now I am about ingenious gentleman who had resort to fourscore years old, and cannot act any more; his papers after his death, with two ma- but, as this opera is much the best that ever nuscript plays, in the same style as the I made, I am defirous to see it perfomed be. two before mentioned, together with a fore I leave the world.” printed dialogue, intitled Court and

There is no date or signature to this Country." The gentleman who furnished me with these plays, was Bryan Grey, nuscript plays in my possession, as fone

letter, nor any


pages to the two ma. Esq. of Lancaster, lately decealed, a man, who, with the most amiable dilpo- whenever the learned world shall express

of the first leaves are torn away; but sitions of the heart, united an elegance of

any desire to see these inestimable treasures mind, an intelligence, a variety of acquirements poffeffed by few. Considered of genius in print, they shall be brought as a most agreeable coinpanion, as a man

forth, displayed on a fine cream-coloured of superior talents, kind, condescending

wove" paper, and hot presled, with ento all, he will be long remembered and gravings by the best artists, expressive of

the most sublime passages,

The other regretted by as numerous a circle of

opera alluded to in this letter, I have not friends, as perhaps ever graced the ac

feen, and am fearful it has shared the quaintance of a private gentleman. I

fate of could not help paying this small tribute which we now deplore, namely, that it is

many classic authors, the want of to departed merit, though it has somo

totally loit. As a poet, the plays above what interrupted the thread of my narra

mentioned, which « are interspersed with tive.--But, to return, on a blank leaf in one of these manuscript plays, is the copy in the manner of our modern novels

many original pieces of poetry,” exactly of a letter written by Lord Flame, and (another recominendation for the world seemingly intended for the manager

of one of the theatres, which, as it throws Lord Flame ample testimony. The po

to have them printed) bear the genius of a little light upon the author's character, etry, no doubt, contributed not a little I tranícribe.

to the fame of his dramas. So much for " Sir, last May twelvemonth 'I calld to his writings.' Lord Flame, after having see you, and offer you a play, but you thought moved the chief part of his life in the proper to tell me that you were then engaged higher circles, was, in his declining age, for two years, and thit time being now near expired, I write this to let you know that I presented by the late Earl of H***

***, to whose family he had formerly been have been thirty years composeing music and Tongs, and, out of a great number, I have tutor in the art of dancing, with a small pick'd out thirty songs, and have made an manfion at Gawsworth, a romantic vil: English comedy, or opera, and such a one lage near Macclesfield, in Cheshire, where that will introduce all the passions that music he might spend the remainder of his days can describe. I have some business in London in peace, and indulge his passion for the in May, and I think to do myself the ho- muses, in rąral leisure. To this place he four to wait on you with the drama-part of retired, where he was liberally supported my opera, and will leave it with you to pe by the annual contributions of several of Tule as long as you shall think proper. What the first wits of the age, and many of I desire of you is, to hear the comedy read those families with which he had before over, and when it comes to a long then I will been intimate." The nominal nobleman play the aire and fymphony; and I have the had been so long accustomed to hear himjudg of a song in the kingdom than yourself, self addressed by his title, that he at last and when you have heard it, if you say that absolutely fancied himself to be” a'lord, you hàve ever heard a better, then I will not aping the manners and assuming all the desire you to play it; but if you should think dignity of one descended from a long it better than any, and not take it in, then train of illustrious ancestry. His patrons, you will be crael to the author, and hinder willing perhaps to humour the conceit,


Memoirs of Lord Flame. ,

417 were wont not to send their subscriptions lustre on his name, in his character of immediately to him, but to the Earl of a musician. They add, too, that he himH*********'s steward, who lived at self imagined he was an uncommonly Gawlworth, and who used to wait upon melodious singer, but the contortions of Lord Flame annually, with this intro- his face during the performace, were so ductory address .6 My Lord, I have hideous, that he was accustomed, whenbrought you your rents.”. He was de- ever he was desired to sing, to stand with fired to wait, and his lordship having re his face close to a wall, and to cover each ceived the money, gave him a formal re- side of it with his hands, in order to preceipt, and dismissed him. Indeed one of vent every possible chance of its being his patrons, the Bishop of Cm, re. seen, as otherwise it would have been gularly transmitted to him personally, an sure to have diverted all attention from annual present of a pound of tea, in his song: After having enjoyed the which were contained ten guineas; but it sweets of tranquillity in his sequestered is probable, from several little stories told retreat for several years, he was at last concerning him, that had the naked sub- summoned out of this world in the year fcription been sent to him, undisguised 1780. When he was on his death-bed, and unpalliated by some such cover as he earnestly requested, that after his de the tea, he would have resented the gift cease, his body might not be buried in intended for his subsistence, as an affron:. the church-yard, but in Gawsworth He was familiar at the tables of the gen- wood, and assigned as his reason for the tlemen in the neighbourhood, where his strange request, that he was certain if lively fallies of wit made him constantly he was buried in the church-yard, that acceptable, and where he always behaved at the resurrection, some old woman or as if he was really of the rank which other would be quarrelling with him conhis title imported. The rustics still re- cerning the property of a leg or thigh member him, and relate with smiles, hone, and therefore he was determined to many little anecdotes concerning his ec- keep himself to himself. A vault was centric deportment. They all of them accordingly made for him in the wood, invariably addressed him by the title of near a favourite spot, which had been “ My Lord,” but behind his back they his constant walk and haunt of meditagave him another title, not quite so re- tion, and he was there buried. The ipectable as the first, namely, “Old neighbouring gentlemen wishing to preMaggotty.” He was himself of a good serve the memory of so extraordinary a old age, but notwithstanding, had a par- character, erected a small tomb over him, ticular dislike to old women. There for which the following epitaph was

an old woman, named Hannah written, and has since been inscribed upon Bailey, who lived neighbour to hins, and, it: it is probable, had never been unkind to

Under this stone him, but on whom he never could look Rest the remains of Mr. Samuel Johnson, with an eye of favour. One story in par- Afterwards ennobled with the grander title of ticular, I recoHect hearing from the vil

LORD FLAME, lagers concerning him; it is customary Who, after having been in his life distinct in country churches, when a couple has

from other men, been newly married, for the fingers to

By the eccentricities of his genius, chaunt, on the following Sunday, a par- Chore to retain the same character after his ticular psalm, thence called the Wedding

death, Plalm, in which are these words: “Oh

And was

at his own desire buried here. well is thee, and happy shalt thou be."

A. D. 1780. Aged 82. It happened, that the nuptials of a village pair were thus celebrated before Stay thou, whom chance directs, or ease perLord Flame, but the hoarse music of fuades, the countrymen did not please his refined To seek the quiet of these sylvan shades ; car. Whcn the service was over, he ac

Here, undiiturb'd, and hid from vulgar eyes, colted the clergyman at the church-door A wit, musician, poet, player, lies; with this opinion, “ I tell you what, fir, A dancing-master too, in grace he shone;

And Hurlothrumbo's fire was all his own; I think yonder Tom Friar would do to fing Oh well is thee, and happy thalt 'Twas he, with pen sublime, who drew Lord

Flame, thou be, if the devil was married to

Acted the part, and gain'd himself the name. Hannah Bailey.” The rustics celebrate Averse to ftrifé, how oft he'd gravely say, him as a remarkably excellent performer These peaceful groves should shade his breathon the violin, which stamps an additional

Jefs clay, 3 H 2





I the principales laid down by your core

Stockholders.- Miscellaneous Obfervations. That, call'd to second life, here laid alone, mount to all constitutious, and that there No friend and he should quarrel for a bone, is no statute of limitation to bar the claims Thinking, that were some old lame grannam of nature," are truths beyond the narrow

nigh, To get to heav'n, she'd steal his leg or thigh. and that “ freedom upon English princi

pale of technical science and authority; I am, fir, your very obedient servant,

ples" includes the right of all who are Warrington, 16th Dec. 1797. C. L. the objects of the law, to be personally,

or, by representation, the makers of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. laws,” is a principle too broad and geneSIR,

ral to answer the mere purposes of any Do not mean to attempt to disprove personal faction. It is, perhaps, on ac

count of the energy with which Mr. E. respondent ***, in your last Month's has enforced the convictions resulting Magazine, relative to the claims of the from the former of these principles, that national creditor, however exceptionable the mere lawyers, the dull detailers of some of them may be—but now only to cales and precedents, have endeavoured correct an error he has certainly run into, to depreciate his legal knowledge. Bein his statement of the number of stock cause he was capable of looking beyond holders, which he thinks to be about their stumbling blocks, they imagined 60,000. I believe it is pretty certain, that he did not know where they were and I have good authority for asserting, placed. With respect to the latter, it is that there are much nearer 200,000 in worth Mr. E.'s while to consider whe. the whole amount, and doubt not in the ther it does not establish a national claim least, there are 160,000, or 180,000. I to representation on a much broader basis have been assured, by gentlemen at the than that to which, in concert with a rebank, there are as many as 60,000 in pectable knot of political characters, he the 3 per cents. only; which he makes has lately pledged himself. It makes (as the amount of the whole. And withal, all just principle necessarily must make) it should be considered, there are two or persons not property the first object of three times the number of families that government, and the balis of all just le. have perhaps their chief, or great depend- giflation. ance on the property of their parents or That, in the historical reasonings of near relatives, which lies in the different this dissertation, Mr. E. is Itrictly corfpecies of funds, or public securities. I rect, I have no sort of doubt; and his am, yours, &c.

S. E. expolition of the source of that unmerited Bucks, 19th April.

idolatry that has been paid to Saxon in

ftitutions, is equally acute and candid. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. If it were not for the frequent detection

of those iniferable shifts and sophistical Send you a few loose reflections on fubterfuges to which thé advocates of li. number of your entertaining and instruc- boldness to face first principles, one should tive Miscellany.

be really astonished to hear the champions Mr. Erskine on the House of Commons.- of human rights fo loud in their comYour readers will undoubtedly feel them- mendations of those Saxons, among whom felves much obliged to you for the pub- private conspiracies furnished the personal lication of this paper; which at once protection which ought to have been dethrows so much light upon an interesting rived from public justice; and the mass branch of our political antiquities, and of the people were held in a vassalage as places in fo fair a point of view the con- abject as that of a Spartan helote, or a sistency and character of a man whose West India ilave. virtues (notwithstanding a few foibles, When I was young in inquiries of this and one unfortunate prejudice) are scarcely nature, and fired with enthusiasm by the inferior to his talents. We fee, by this panegyric which every where presented collegiate exercise, that the patriotilin and themselves upon these wonderful Saxons, love of liberty which have distinguished who, in the midst of barbarism and ignohis forensic and parliamentary exertions, rance, seemed to have furpassed in practiare not to be considered as the cant of cal and systematic liberty all that had exthe pleader and the partizan, but as the isted in the times of Grecian science and genuine effufions of a noble principle early philosophy, I inquired of a person well imbibed and well digested. That the known in the political world for the zeal rights of mankind are prior and para- with which he has circulated these pane



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