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Tour in Ireland.-Charlemont House. , rooms, and was designed by the late Sir and highly polished. Returning through William Chambers, as was also the the corridor which I have before mendwelling-house. The entrance to the li- tioned, there is upon the right hand a brary is through a long corridor, in door, oyer which is a painting in imitawhich are several niches, containing an tion of ballo-relievo, finely executed by tique bustos, statues, and other orna the late De Gree, representing Fauftulus, ments, together with some pannells, the king's herdiman, discovering Romupainted by Cipriani; and, upon a plać- lus and Remus fucking the wolt. This form, to which you ascend by stone steps, door leads into a room, built about the in the centre of this corridor, is a beau- year 1788, in addition to the library tiful antique statue of Mercury, executed I have just described, and extremely in copper, three feet high, represented as beautiful. It is built somewhat in the standing upon one of the winds and pre- style of the large room I have before menparing to take flight,

tioned, but upon a linaller scale. The The anti-chamber is a room about columns and pilasters in this room are thirty feet square, well furnished with of an irregular, or rather, a fancied orwaluable books. There are in this room der, something too frippery, and departfour antique bustos, in copper, viz. ing a little from the masly richness of the Julius Cælar, Junius Brutus, M. Aure. antient, into the degeneracy of modern Iius, and another, supposed to be executed taste. The cieling and the floor in this, about the time those persons flourished. are much superior to any of the other In a large niche, supported by columns, The fize is about fifty feet long in this room, and immediately opposite and twenty feet wide, of an oval form. the great room, is a Parian marble itatue At one extremity is an handsome chimlarge as life, of the Venus De Medicis, ney-piece,richly carved and well executed, closely and finely copied from the origi- in white marble, upon the top of which nal, by Wilton, at Florence, in the year is placed an uncoininonly fine marble 1753. This statue is elevated upon a bulto of the late General Wolfe; and most curiously sculptured pedestal, three upon the front of the pedestal is the folfeet high, and can only be equalled by lowing inscription, composed by Lord the original. There are in this room alío, Charlemont: two marble buites by the same artist,

Sacred to military glory, one, of the great William Piti, late

And to the niemory Earl of Chatham, the other, of Philip,

Of Major General James Wolfe, Earl of Chesterfield. From this, you Who, in the midst of a difficult and decided enter into the great room, which is fixty

victory, feet long and thirty feet wide. At the Where fortune had no share, opposite end is an amazing large marble

Died chimney-piece, which is more like a mo

Conqueror of Canada, nument than a chimney-piece. It is a

On the thirteenth of September, building of white marble, having nothing

1759 to recommend it but a very fine busto of At the opposite extremity of this room Homer, which is placed upon the top. is a monument executed in white marble. At each fide of this room, are pilasters corresponding as to the general form with of the Corinthian order, about 20 inches that of the chimney-piece. It is a design diameter, from the capitals of which, of well sculptured emblematic ornaments, Springs a coved cieling, through which pourtraying the different offices which the room is lighted; and between there the laté Marquis of Rockingham (to pilaiters are a number of shelves, all whofe memory it has been erected) held filled with a most valuable collection of under the crown of Great Britain; as precious books. The cieling has fome well as other devices emblematic of his ornamented stucco, and there are some private virtues, and of the arts and scipannels over the doors, &c. of Cipriani's ences he was known to have patronized. painting. Beyond this are two smaller Upon the top of this monument, likerooms, the entrance to which is at each wite, stands a busto of the Marquis of fide of the chimney-pičce, the one for an- Rockingham finely executed in white tique inedals, curiosities, &c. the other

marble;

and in the front of its pedestal called the medal-room, for the purpose of is engraved the following inscription : keeping medals, gems, &c. of which

This striking resemblance of her departed lord, Lord Charlemont has a great

and
precious

Perpetual source of her grief and pride, collection. All these rooms are floored

Was the precious gift with Irish oak, laid in geometrical figures, Of Mary, Marchioness of Rockingham,

Under

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Tour in Ireland.-Marquis of Rockingham. 433 Under whose painful infpection graved the following inscription; which, And pious care,

from its masterly and bold ftile, as well Exerted in behalf of his ever-lamenting friend, as the happiness of communicating a maAnd by the help of whose faithful memory 'nuscript composition of Lord - CharleThe model was made.

mont's, hitherto unknown to the public, 1788.

induced me to take a literal manuscript Upon a large marble tablet which oc

of it. cupies the front of this monument, is en

The most noble Charles Watson Wentworth,

Marquis of Rockingham,

On whose character
A consciousness of partiality would prevent my expatiatingi

If I were not confident
That the utmost ardour of friendship may be necessary

To give warmth to a delineation
Which, even thus inspired, must fall short of his merits.
Genuine patriotisin, unshaken fortitude,

And immaculate honour,
Dignifid his public conduct;

While his private life
Was marked, adorned, and sweetened.

By every elegance of taste,

By all the endearments of friendship,
And by the constant practice of every social duty.
A patron of all the arts, useful and ornamental,

His perspicacity discovered,
His influence protected, his liberality encouragedy

His bounty distinguished and animated,

Innumerable votaries to true genius,
Whose modest merit might otherwise have been concealed

And lost

to their country,
Which principally, by his means,
Is now become the Attica of the modern world.

As A MINISTER,
History will best speak his praise !
He rescued the dominion, committed to his charge,

From the rage of faction,
And the destructive tendency of unconstitutional principles.

In his first administration,
His conciliatory endeavours were effectual

To the restoration of harmony
Between Great Britain and her colonies ;
Which blessing was, however, quickly forfeited
By a fatal change of men and measures.

PUBLIC NECESSITY,
AND THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE,
Again called him to the helm of the finking state;
Which, though now reduced to the last extremity,
By weak and evil

governance,
By external storms and internal mutiny,
Was faved from iinpending destruction

By his persevering skill and courage.
The most jarring and discordant spirits

Were harmonized and kept together
By the love of his person, the reverence for his character,

And the universal confidence in his honesty.

Upon him, as the great centre of attraction,
The coherence and consequent iafety of the whole depended.
He found the empire involved in the fatal consequences
Of thort-fighted, arbitrary, and tyrannic policy.
When, following the di&tates of wildom
And of juftice,

Which

3 K 2

434 Marquis of Rockingham.--Tour from New York, &gts

Which had long been strangers to British councils,
He gave peace and security to his native land,

LIBERTY TO AMERICA,
And, coinciding with the unparalleled efforts of her virtuous fons,

RESTORED HER RIGHTS to IRELAND!

As his life was the support,
His death had well nigh been the ruin of the British empire ;

As if his lamenting country
Had been loath io survive her darling lon,
Her friend, her benefactor, her preserver!

M. S. P.

CHARLEMONT. In this room is a collection of models pleasing circumstance to know, that all in Terra Cotta, copied under Lord Char- ladies and gentlemen are with the utmost lemont's immediate inspection, when in liberality permitted to view this magniItaly, of most of the celebrated antique ficent suite of rooms. bustos in that part of Europe, upwards

[To be continued.) of fifty in number ; and it nuả be a

E

For the Montbly Magazine. mercial buffle, denoting a very extensive JOURNEY from New-YORK to Phila- trade, as alio appeared from the vast quan

DELPHIA and the BRANDYWINE, in tities of home and foreign produce, either the STATE of PENSYLVANIA.

imported, or ready for exportation : the

latter chiefly consisted of flour, wheat, (Continued from page 332.)

India-corn, staves, and pot and pearlMR. EDITOR,

ashes. The Delaware here assumes the ARLY in the evening we arrived in grandeur of a noble river ; the width beon the journey ; though it is frequently Thames at Westminster-bridge, though performed, and with facility, in less. double tlie distance from the sea,—118 Glad to evade the noisy bustle of the inn, miles from the Capes, where it disemI took lodgings in Second-street; and bogues its mighty waters into the Atlansallying out in the cool of the evening, tic Ocean. The ascent from its fhores went in quest of my Quaker friend, who on either side is gradual, which, together had agreed to give me the meeting here; with the fine paltures and variety of timand, good as his word, politely received ber growing on the opposite banks, give and introduced me to his acquaintance.' the prospect, as beheld from the upper Philadelphia, at first sight, has much the parts of the town, and from the quays, appearance of an English town, but I an exceedingly pleasant look. As for doubt whether Great Britain can justly the city itself, notwithstanding the moboast of one so perfectly regular and beau- dern elegance of several of the streets and tiful. To attempt a particular descrip- buildings, and the wonderful regularity tion of it would be superfluous, after the. of the whole; it quickly conveys to the repeated information on the firbject al- mind an idea of dulness and insipidity : ready before the public, therefore brevity at least it had hat effect on me, which I will do. In extent and number of inha- could only attribute to that very uni. bitants, it far exceeds every other town formity lo generally admired.' The mind in the United States, for they amount of man naturally inclines to the love of (according to a recent estimate) to 60,000, variety, and perhaps no circumstance iir tome authors say 70,000. No apparent life tends more to render it desirable ; decrease of population was discoverable, therefore, to the generality of people, the as one would naturally enough have ex varied and irregular magnificence of the pected, after the very fevere visitation west end of the British metropolis, or of (the fatal fever of 1793) it had recently the city of Bath, will prove incomparably experienced ; but probably the continual nore attractive and pleafing than the influx of European and West-Indian elegant uniforinity of Philadelphia. In emigration, had fully contributed to re- point of temperature and falubrity of place the loss occafioned by so calamitous climate, conveniency and beauty of maa mortality.

ritime situatiort

, or romantic, pićturefque Along the quays on the banks of the fcenery, it mult decidedly give up the pa!m Delawaie, all was busy thro'g and com. to its rival New-York: a few revolving

years

435

not

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Tour from New York to Philad lphia, &c.
years will likewise in all probability give bands : it may be owing to this very
the latter the lame pre-eminence in popu- consideration, and the frequent mention
lation and commercial consequence. At ' in the Lundon papers of divorces and
present the New-Yorkers and Phila- elopements, that the Americans wrong-
delphians seem very jealous of the merits, fully imagine all Englishmen to be una
fancied or real, of their respective cities principled, and English women indiscreet
my opinion I have given frankly, and im- and immodeft :-

:-a moft erroneous and, Trong
partially. The different quarters and illiberal prejudice, like all other nationale
streets of Philadelphia are adorned and ones; for every candid and judicious
thaded with numberless gardens and trees, traveller or foreigner acquainted with
conducing greatly to its beauty and England, must be sensible of the irre-
amenity :-their various tints, of lively proachable character and amiable dernea-
green sensibly relieve the eye in so hot a nour, of its lovely females in general. Is
tliinate, as well as from the tiresome ef- it not extremely unjust and hazardous to
fect occafioned by the show of so many judge of the many by the few? yet this
brick buildings. The winter here is tė is a common practice, especially where
vere, but lerene and healthful; the spring war has contributed to loosen the bonds
variable; the summer intensely and insuf- of amity, and to rivet the odious links
ferably hot, the true cause probably, in of national enmity and jealousy.
so large a city, of the fatal fevers which There are several country houses in the
so frequently rage during the dog-days, English style in the vicinity of Philadel-
and the early part of autumn. The ther- phia, which recalled to memory the plea-
mometer in the shade, in May and Sep- lant banks of the Thames ! the refem-
tember, often rises considerably above 80, blance is the most striking along the
and in the intervening months beyond 90; gentle meanders of the Schuylkil, orna-
a degree of heat very trying to the con mented with some elegant seats and
Atitution of Britons.

gardens, surrounded with verdure and
The Whites had in general the look of finely cultivated farms.
health and vigour, notwithstanding the Sauntering one evening with some En.
extreme heat, which far exceeded any glishmen upon the quays on the Delaware,
thing of the kind I recollected to have felt we were not a little surprised at the dil-
in England. The city , swarmed with embarkation of a very singular cargo
French, Irish, and German emigrants. no less than that of 500 Irish emigrants
The society of Friends, or Quakers, seemingly in a wretched plight! their
amount to several thoutands; but to af vacant and forlorn looks, fqualid and
certaiu their number would be difficult, fickly appearance, and tattered apparel,
having been unable to obtain any accurate sufficiently indicated their poverty, long
information on the subject.

voyage, and crowded stowage: and what
The ladies of Philadelphia may vie was more than probable-their mean and
with those of New York in delicacy of scanty fare. It was, however, soothing,
feature and complexion, or graceful figure to observe the mutual congratulations of
and elegance of apparel : I saw several at the poor wanderers on their safe arrival

both places who inight have passed for on terra firma--a land as it were stretch-
+ beauties, even in England !Xand to judge ing out its expanded and friendly arms to

also by the specimens I inet with from New receive the distressed outcasts that annually
England, the female face divine, and fine quit, by thousands, the parent countries:
proportion of farm, have not degenerated (witness the amazing emigration of late
in the Trans-atlantic colonies. The

years from Great Britain, Ireland, Hol-
American fair, from their modest reserve land, Germany, and France.) Among
and shyness, win not so foon perhaps on the number were fome decent-looking
the stranger, as the more sprightly and people-farmers and their families-at-
gay European; but, on a proper intro-

tracted to America by the hopes of purduction and habits of friendly intercourse, chaling lands at a cheap rate, and evading that constraint alters into chéarfulness and grinding taxes and tyches; for to they alluring manners, gradually subsides into honestly informed us. This class of lafrank and playful, though innocent fami- borious husbandmen from Europe, has of liarity. They have, indeed, but too well- late very considerably strengthened the in, founded reason to dread the Europeans; terior of the states froin Vermont to Geoin for during the revolutionary-war, many gia: whilst the poorer fort generally ina of them luffered from their hapless credu- denture themselves as fervants for a tern lity, having been left the disconfolate' of years in the country to the farmers, of victims of thofe men whom they had fo to the trades-veople in the towns. generoudly selected for lovers and buf

(To be continued)

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LXI.

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( 436 )

WALPOLIANA;
Or Bons-Mots, Apophthegms, Observations on Life and Literature, with

Extracts from Original Letters
OF THE LATE HORACE WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.

NUMBER IV.
EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS. dainty phrases, that their own dresses are
Farce.

not more fantastic and romantic. Their
R. O'Keefe has

nightingales make as

divisions as
our au-
diences to bear with extrava-

Italian lingers.—But wandering gance: and were there not such irresisti- from the subject : and while I only meant ble humour in his utmost daring, it to tell you what I coud not do myself, would be impossible to deny that he has I am telling you what others do ill." paffed even beyond the limits of nonsense

LXIV. Poetic Epochs. but I confine this approbation to his “ I will yet hazard one other opinion, Agreeable Surprise. In his other pieces tho' relative to composition in general. there is much more untempered nonsense There are two periods favourable to poets than humour. Even that favourite per -a rude age, when a genius may hazard formance I wondered that Mr. Colman any thing, and when nothing has been dared to produce."

forestalled. The other is when, after ages LXII. Dramatic Chara&ters. of barbarism and incorrection, a maiter ". Your remark; that a piece full of or two produce models formed by purity marked characters would be void of na

and taste. Virgil, Horace, Boileau, Corture, is most jult. This is so strongly my neille, Racine, Pope, exploded the licenopinion, that I thought it a great fault ţiousness that reigned before them. What in Miss Burney's Cecilia, though it has a happened ? Nobody dared to write in conthousand other beauties, that she has la- tradi&tion to the severity established; and houred far too much to make all her per- very few had the abilities to rival their sonages talk always in character. Where- maiters. Infipidity ensues : novelty is as in the present refined, or depraved, dangerous : - and' bombast ufurps the state of human nature, most people en

throne, which had been debafed by a race deavour to conceal their real character, of Faineants.not to display it. A professional man, as

Lxv. Criticism. a pedantic Fellow of a College, or a Sea “ It is prudent to consult others beman, has a characteristic dialect; but fore one ventures on publication-but that is very different from continually every single person is as lyable to be erletting out his ruling paffion."

roneous as an author. An elderly man, LXIII. Song-writing.

as he gains experience, acquires preju“ I have no more talent for writing a

dices too:

nay
old

age has generally two song, than for writing an ode Itke Dry- faults—it is too quick-lighted into the den's or Gray's. It is a talent per je, faults of the time being; and too blind and given like every other branch of ge

to the faults that reigned in his own nius, by Nature alone. Poor Shenitone youth; which having partaken of, or was labouring through his whole life to having admired, though injudiciously, he write a perfect fong--and, in my opinion recollects with complaifance." at least, never succeeded--not better than LXVI. Dramatic Composition. Pope did in a St. Cecilian ode. I doubt « I confess too that there must be two not whether we have not gone a long, diftinét views in writers for the stage; onc log, way beyond the possibility of writ- of which is more allowable to them than ing a good long. All the words in the to other authors. The one is durabla language have been fo often employed on fome—the other, peculiar to dramatie simple images, (without which a song authors, the view of writing to the present cannot be good ;) and such reams of bad fajle, (and perhaps, as you say, to the verses have been produced in that kind; level of the audience.) I do not mean that I question whether true fimplicity it- for the sake of profit--but even high felf could please now. At least we are comedy must risk a little of its immornot likely to have any such thing! Our tality by consulting the ruling taste. And presént choir of Poetic Virgins write in thence a comedy always loses fome of its The other extreme. They colour their beauties, the tranticnt-and some of its jmpofitions fo highly with choice and intelligibility. Liks its hariher sister,

Satire,

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