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Tour in Ireland.-Charlemont House. , rooms, and was designed by the late Sir and highly polished. Returning through William Chambers, as was also the the corridor which I have before mendwelling-house. The entrance to the li- tioned, there is upon the right hand a brary is through a long corridor, in door, oyer which is a painting in imitawhich are several niches, containing an tion of ballo-relievo, finely executed by tique bustos, statues, and other orna the late De Gree, representing Fauftulus, ments, together with some pannells, the king's herdiman, discovering Romupainted by Cipriani; and, upon a plać- lus and Remus fucking the wolt. This form, to which you ascend by stone steps, door leads into a room, built about the in the centre of this corridor, is a beau- year 1788, in addition to the library tiful antique statue of Mercury, executed I have just described, and extremely in copper, three feet high, represented as beautiful. It is built somewhat in the standing upon one of the winds and pre- style of the large room I have before menparing to take flight,
tioned, but upon a linaller scale. The The anti-chamber is a room about columns and pilasters in this room are thirty feet square, well furnished with of an irregular, or rather, a fancied orwaluable books. There are in this room der, something too frippery, and departfour antique bustos, in copper, viz. ing a little from the masly richness of the Julius Cælar, Junius Brutus, M. Aure. antient, into the degeneracy of modern Iius, and another, supposed to be executed taste. The cieling and the floor in this, about the time those persons flourished. are much superior to any of the other In a large niche, supported by columns, The fize is about fifty feet long in this room, and immediately opposite and twenty feet wide, of an oval form. the great room, is a Parian marble itatue At one extremity is an handsome chimlarge as life, of the Venus De Medicis, ney-piece,richly carved and well executed, closely and finely copied from the origi- in white marble, upon the top of which nal, by Wilton, at Florence, in the year is placed an uncoininonly fine marble 1753. This statue is elevated upon a bulto of the late General Wolfe; and most curiously sculptured pedestal, three upon the front of the pedestal is the folfeet high, and can only be equalled by lowing inscription, composed by Lord the original. There are in this room alío, Charlemont: two marble buites by the same artist,
Sacred to military glory, one, of the great William Piti, late
And to the niemory Earl of Chatham, the other, of Philip,
Of Major General James Wolfe, Earl of Chesterfield. From this, you Who, in the midst of a difficult and decided enter into the great room, which is fixty
victory, feet long and thirty feet wide. At the Where fortune had no share, opposite end is an amazing large marble
Died chimney-piece, which is more like a mo
Conqueror of Canada, nument than a chimney-piece. It is a
On the thirteenth of September, building of white marble, having nothing
1759 to recommend it but a very fine busto of At the opposite extremity of this room Homer, which is placed upon the top. is a monument executed in white marble. At each fide of this room, are pilasters corresponding as to the general form with of the Corinthian order, about 20 inches that of the chimney-piece. It is a design diameter, from the capitals of which, of well sculptured emblematic ornaments, Springs a coved cieling, through which pourtraying the different offices which the room is lighted; and between there the laté Marquis of Rockingham (to pilaiters are a number of shelves, all whofe memory it has been erected) held filled with a most valuable collection of under the crown of Great Britain; as precious books. The cieling has fome well as other devices emblematic of his ornamented stucco, and there are some private virtues, and of the arts and scipannels over the doors, &c. of Cipriani's ences he was known to have patronized. painting. Beyond this are two smaller Upon the top of this monument, likerooms, the entrance to which is at each wite, stands a busto of the Marquis of fide of the chimney-pičce, the one for an- Rockingham finely executed in white tique inedals, curiosities, &c. the other
and in the front of its pedestal called the medal-room, for the purpose of is engraved the following inscription : keeping medals, gems, &c. of which
This striking resemblance of her departed lord, Lord Charlemont has a great
Perpetual source of her grief and pride, collection. All these rooms are floored
Was the precious gift with Irish oak, laid in geometrical figures, Of Mary, Marchioness of Rockingham,
Tour in Ireland.-Marquis of Rockingham. 433 Under whose painful infpection graved the following inscription; which, And pious care,
from its masterly and bold ftile, as well Exerted in behalf of his ever-lamenting friend, as the happiness of communicating a maAnd by the help of whose faithful memory 'nuscript composition of Lord - CharleThe model was made.
mont's, hitherto unknown to the public, 1788.
induced me to take a literal manuscript Upon a large marble tablet which oc
of it. cupies the front of this monument, is en
The most noble Charles Watson Wentworth,
Marquis of Rockingham,
On whose character
If I were not confident
To give warmth to a delineation
And immaculate honour,
While his private life
By every elegance of taste,
By all the endearments of friendship,
His perspicacity discovered,
His bounty distinguished and animated,
Innumerable votaries to true genius,
to their country,
As A MINISTER,
From the rage of faction,
In his first administration,
To the restoration of harmony
By his persevering skill and courage.
Were harmonized and kept together
And the universal confidence in his honesty.
Upon him, as the great centre of attraction,
3 K 2
434 Marquis of Rockingham.--Tour from New York, >s
Which had long been strangers to British councils,
LIBERTY TO AMERICA,
RESTORED HER RIGHTS to IRELAND!
As his life was the support,
As if his lamenting country
M. S. P.
CHARLEMONT. In this room is a collection of models pleasing circumstance to know, that all in Terra Cotta, copied under Lord Char- ladies and gentlemen are with the utmost lemont's immediate inspection, when in liberality permitted to view this magniItaly, of most of the celebrated antique ficent suite of rooms. bustos in that part of Europe, upwards
[To be continued.) of fifty in number ; and it nuả be a
For the Montbly Magazine. mercial buffle, denoting a very extensive JOURNEY from New-YORK to Phila- trade, as alio appeared from the vast quan
DELPHIA and the BRANDYWINE, in tities of home and foreign produce, either the STATE of PENSYLVANIA.
imported, or ready for exportation : the
latter chiefly consisted of flour, wheat, (Continued from page 332.)
India-corn, staves, and pot and pearlMR. EDITOR,
ashes. The Delaware here assumes the ARLY in the evening we arrived in grandeur of a noble river ; the width beon the journey ; though it is frequently Thames at Westminster-bridge, though performed, and with facility, in less. double tlie distance from the sea,—118 Glad to evade the noisy bustle of the inn, miles from the Capes, where it disemI took lodgings in Second-street; and bogues its mighty waters into the Atlansallying out in the cool of the evening, tic Ocean. The ascent from its fhores went in quest of my Quaker friend, who on either side is gradual, which, together had agreed to give me the meeting here; with the fine paltures and variety of timand, good as his word, politely received ber growing on the opposite banks, give and introduced me to his acquaintance.' the prospect, as beheld from the upper Philadelphia, at first sight, has much the parts of the town, and from the quays, appearance of an English town, but I an exceedingly pleasant look. As for doubt whether Great Britain can justly the city itself, notwithstanding the moboast of one so perfectly regular and beau- dern elegance of several of the streets and tiful. To attempt a particular descrip- buildings, and the wonderful regularity tion of it would be superfluous, after the. of the whole; it quickly conveys to the repeated information on the firbject al- mind an idea of dulness and insipidity : ready before the public, therefore brevity at least it had hat effect on me, which I will do. In extent and number of inha- could only attribute to that very uni. bitants, it far exceeds every other town formity lo generally admired.' The mind in the United States, for they amount of man naturally inclines to the love of (according to a recent estimate) to 60,000, variety, and perhaps no circumstance iir tome authors say 70,000. No apparent life tends more to render it desirable ; decrease of population was discoverable, therefore, to the generality of people, the as one would naturally enough have ex varied and irregular magnificence of the pected, after the very fevere visitation west end of the British metropolis, or of (the fatal fever of 1793) it had recently the city of Bath, will prove incomparably experienced ; but probably the continual nore attractive and pleafing than the influx of European and West-Indian elegant uniforinity of Philadelphia. In emigration, had fully contributed to re- point of temperature and falubrity of place the loss occafioned by so calamitous climate, conveniency and beauty of maa mortality.
, or romantic, pićturefque Along the quays on the banks of the fcenery, it mult decidedly give up the pa!m Delawaie, all was busy thro'g and com. to its rival New-York: a few revolving
Tour from New York to Philad lphia, &c.
:-a moft erroneous and, Trong
gardens, surrounded with verdure and
voyage, and crowded stowage: and what
both places who inight have passed for on terra firma--a land as it were stretch-
also by the specimens I inet with from New receive the distressed outcasts that annually
years from Great Britain, Ireland, Hol-
tracted to America by the hopes of purduction and habits of friendly intercourse, chaling lands at a cheap rate, and evading that constraint alters into chéarfulness and grinding taxes and tyches; for to they alluring manners, gradually subsides into honestly informed us. This class of lafrank and playful, though innocent fami- borious husbandmen from Europe, has of liarity. They have, indeed, but too well- late very considerably strengthened the in, founded reason to dread the Europeans; terior of the states froin Vermont to Geoin for during the revolutionary-war, many gia: whilst the poorer fort generally ina of them luffered from their hapless credu- denture themselves as fervants for a tern lity, having been left the disconfolate' of years in the country to the farmers, of victims of thofe men whom they had fo to the trades-veople in the towns. generoudly selected for lovers and buf
(To be continued)
( 436 )
Extracts from Original Letters
not more fantastic and romantic. Their
nightingales make as
Italian lingers.—But wandering gance: and were there not such irresisti- from the subject : and while I only meant ble humour in his utmost daring, it to tell you what I coud not do myself, would be impossible to deny that he has I am telling you what others do ill." paffed even beyond the limits of nonsense
LXIV. Poetic Epochs. but I confine this approbation to his “ I will yet hazard one other opinion, Agreeable Surprise. In his other pieces tho' relative to composition in general. there is much more untempered nonsense There are two periods favourable to poets than humour. Even that favourite per -a rude age, when a genius may hazard formance I wondered that Mr. Colman any thing, and when nothing has been dared to produce."
forestalled. The other is when, after ages LXII. Dramatic Chara&ters. of barbarism and incorrection, a maiter ". Your remark; that a piece full of or two produce models formed by purity marked characters would be void of na
and taste. Virgil, Horace, Boileau, Corture, is most jult. This is so strongly my neille, Racine, Pope, exploded the licenopinion, that I thought it a great fault ţiousness that reigned before them. What in Miss Burney's Cecilia, though it has a happened ? Nobody dared to write in conthousand other beauties, that she has la- tradi&tion to the severity established; and houred far too much to make all her per- very few had the abilities to rival their sonages talk always in character. Where- maiters. Infipidity ensues : novelty is as in the present refined, or depraved, dangerous : - and' bombast ufurps the state of human nature, most people en
throne, which had been debafed by a race deavour to conceal their real character, of Faineants.” not to display it. A professional man, as
Lxv. Criticism. a pedantic Fellow of a College, or a Sea “ It is prudent to consult others beman, has a characteristic dialect; but fore one ventures on publication-but that is very different from continually every single person is as lyable to be erletting out his ruling paffion."
roneous as an author. An elderly man, LXIII. Song-writing.
as he gains experience, acquires preju“ I have no more talent for writing a
age has generally two song, than for writing an ode Itke Dry- faults—it is too quick-lighted into the den's or Gray's. It is a talent per je, faults of the time being; and too blind and given like every other branch of ge
to the faults that reigned in his own nius, by Nature alone. Poor Shenitone youth; which having partaken of, or was labouring through his whole life to having admired, though injudiciously, he write a perfect fong--and, in my opinion recollects with complaifance." at least, never succeeded--not better than LXVI. Dramatic Composition. Pope did in a St. Cecilian ode. I doubt « I confess too that there must be two not whether we have not gone a long, diftinét views in writers for the stage; onc log, way beyond the possibility of writ- of which is more allowable to them than ing a good long. All the words in the to other authors. The one is durabla language have been fo often employed on fome—the other, peculiar to dramatie simple images, (without which a song authors, the view of writing to the present cannot be good ;) and such reams of bad fajle, (and perhaps, as you say, to the verses have been produced in that kind; level of the audience.) I do not mean that I question whether true fimplicity it- for the sake of profit--but even high felf could please now. At least we are comedy must risk a little of its immornot likely to have any such thing! Our tality by consulting the ruling taste. And presént choir of Poetic Virgins write in thence a comedy always loses fome of its The other extreme. They colour their beauties, the tranticnt-and some of its jmpofitions fo highly with choice and intelligibility. Liks its hariher sister,