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the prize.

French and German Literature, on

447 posed by the National Institute of Sciences' mine, with greater precision, the exact and Arts, in their public fitting, Jan. 4, proportion of the several component parts. 1798.

The art of Mosaie Pointing being very GENERAL CONDITIONs, to be observe little understood in France, the governed by the candidates in all cales : ment, on learning that an Italian, who

Persons of all countries, the members and poslessed great skill and eminence in this alsociates of the institute excepted, are at li- line, resided at Paris, have employed him berty to contend for the prize.

to finish leveral pieces of workmanship, " The candidates not to affix their name to and commissioned him to instru&t a numtheir mánuscripts, but only a fentence or de

ber of pupils; by which means, France vice: or, they may, if they prefer it, attach' will owe the acquisition of a new art to a separate note, under feal, which, exclusive

her Italian conquests. of the sentence or device, shall contain the

The Citizen Cassel, one of the die name and address of the writer. This letter the institute engages not to open, except the

rectors of the national menagerie, who manuscript to which it is affixed shall obtain

was deputed by the French government

to Tunis, to collect animals for the above “ The several essays, intended for the insti- inftitution, has been prevented, by the tute, may be sent under cover to the minister plague, which defolated that city, from of the interior, or addrefled, post-free, to one accomplishing the object of his mission so of the secretaries at Paris, of the class which completely as he could have wished. He has proposed the prize. In this latter case, bas only been able to procure the followthe secretary will give a receipt, and minute ing; víz. a beautiful lion and lioness, down the sentence affixed to the works, with its number, in the exact order in which the eighteen months old, and extremely fierce,

both three years old, another lioness, Several works come to hand.

“The commission of the funds of the insti- presents from the Dey of Constantine tufe will deliver the golden medal to the

two ostriches, a female lionceau (a species bearer of the receipt; but, in cases where

of linall lion), two white camels, and the author has not obtained a receipt, the two antelopes, presents from the Dey of medal will not be delivered, except into his Tunis; and three vultures, which he puro«n hands, or to his trustee, producing a fa-' chased. tišfactory certificate of his being duly autho A literal translation has been published rized to receive the same."

by DUSAULT, at Paris, of the AnecCLASS of LITERATURE and Fine Arts. dotes of the Founders of the French Re

This class not having received any el- public; a work which was published fay, which appears deserving of the gram in London laft winter, A German transmatical prize, prorogues the distribution lation of the same work, has appeared at to the following year. The subject to* Leiptic. A fecond volume of new charemain as before, viz.

racters is in the press in London. To examine the fucceffive changes which The Academy of Sciences, in Goettinthe French language bas experienced fince gen, has advertised a premium of so Malherbe and Balzac, to the present period. ducats, for the best essay on the following

The several candidates are requested question :–« Quaeritur in quibufnam in80 contider this subject in its double re fectorum et vermium ordinibus, refpiralation, with respect to the mechanisin of tionis, feu fpiritum ullo modo ducendi the language, and the character which functio et effectus ejus primarius, qui the most celebrated Frenchi writers have vulgo processus phlogistici, combusturae fucceffively impressed upon it.

certo respectu comparandi nemine venit, The prize a gold medal, of the weight observationibus et experimentis demons of five hectograms; to be presented in itrari poffit.' the public fitting of the institute to be A very valuable treatise on metallic kolden Jan. 4, 1799, being the seventh irritability, involving a discovery which year of the republic. The memoirs to promises to prove highly beneficial to the be written in French, and transmitted to interests of humanity, has been lately the institute previcus' to the 22d of Sep- publithed in Germai, by C. C. CREVE, tember at the farthest.

Professor of Medicine at Mayence; M. VAUQUELIN has made an analysis of CREVE maintains, from a number of exthe' emerald of Peru, in which he recog- periments made on the corpses of persons nises the new 'métallic substance disco- just deceased, as well as on animal bodies, Vered by himself, in the red lead of Sic that the symptoms of putrefaction do not beria. It is to this metal that the eme. constitute an infallible evidence of the acrald owes its green colour. VAUQUELIN tual death of the individual; and that designs to repeat his analysis, to deter. the application of the principle of meMontụ. Mag. No. XXXII,


3 M


Russian, Danish, and German Literature.

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tallic irritability will, in all cases, establish for permission to pass into Russia, His the fact of life or death beyond the possibi- application having been written in Gerlity of mistake. By this means, the danger nan, has been lent back to him to he of premature inhumation inay be effectually tranllated into the Russian language. We obviated. The work is accompanied with do not hear that any public burnings of appropriate and illustrative plates. books have taken place, but the follow

Of the state and probable progress of ing have been confiscated, and placed on scientific information, in Russia, we leave the condernned list: The Livonians," our readers to judge, after informing (in German), by M. MERKEL. The then, that a late and formidable ukafe Spectateur du Nord" (in French), has, with one blow, annihilated the li « Voltaire's Correspondence avec l'Impeberty of the press, and taken the business ratrice." " Le Salon de Diderot.The of printing from private persons into the 4th number of M. ARCHENHOLZ's hands of government. In the immense Minerva, for 1797.” NICOLAI's “ All empire of Rullia, no printing, in future, Gemeine Deutsche Billiotbek,(Univerwill be suffered to be carried on, except fal German Library), which stands at in some of the chief cities, to which, of the head of all the German literary jourcourse, all works intended for publica- nals. The first number of the “Univertion must be transmitted. Offices for li fal Literary Gazette,” (likewise a Gercensing the printing of books, are esta man publication). The first volume of blished in only five towns, so that author's the “Annales Europeenes," by Prowill be under the necesfäty of fending feffor Posselt; and volumes 4.3 and 60, their manuscripts the distance of three or of " Krunitz's German Encyclopedia," four hundred miles to be examined. All &c. &c. &c. writings, which appear of a fufpicious In Denmark, it should seem, that the character to the commissioners of the lj- liberty of the press is likewise much more cencing board, are to be burnt upon the limited and circumscribed than we have spot; and, if written in a foreign lan- lately been led to believe, P. COLLET, guage, they must be translated into assessor of the tribunal of the court and Russian, previous to their being sent to city at Copenhagen, has been dismissed the office. The board, at Riga, has al- from his employments for publishing an ready condemned several numbers of the • Analysis of BIRCKNER'S Treatise on Gazette de Literature Universelle de the Liberty of the Danish Press.” Among Jena;" and fimiliar honours have been other paragraphs, which have incurred paid to a variety of other works ; among the displeasure of the monarch, we find the rest, to Madame MEREAU’S Blue- the author accused of atheisin, for main, thenalter der Empfindung," (the Golden taining, that it is possible for morality to Age of Sentiment), which these judges exist independent of religion. And his hive pronounced a most dangerous and loyalty has been impeached, for asserting, pernicious publication. Without stopping that it is lawful to expose the errors of

ą io animadvert on the impolicy of a mea corrupt government. sure, by which thousands of mechanics are. It the illumination of a people depends now thrown out of employment, we cannot upon the number of writers and new pub. refrain from commenting on a singular "lications which it produces, Germany circumstance, which proves that fimilar certainly ought to claim the first rank. effects frequently result from very oppo- among the nations of Europe. The last site principles. Notwithstanding the amaz- Leipzig fair was frequented by no less ing difference of political opinion which than 314 booksellers of eminence, who obtains at Petersburgh and at Paris, the have added upwards of 6000 new works Speziateur du Nord,is alike prohi- to the vast stock of German literature. bited by both governments; so true is it, Great part of this acquisition, as may that extremes meet and touch each other. easilyjbe supposed, falls under the descrip:

The following extract, from M. WIE- tion of trash and scribbling; but the fol. LAND's Mercury, throws considerable lowing articles are truly valuable and light upon this subject. " It is not yet meritorious : ascertained how far the licensing board GOESCHEN,who may justly be styled one at Riga, will stretch their authority; but of the best informed and most liberalminded this much is certain, that M. HART- booksellers in all Germany, has published KNOCK, the moft eminent bookseller in a magnificent edition of " Klopstock's Koeningsberg, has no less than seven large Odes, in 2 volumes, large 8vo. edited by packages of books, in fheets, from thie last the celebrated Dr. AUGUSTBOETTIGER, Leipzig fair, waiting, on the frontiersa GOESCHEN is the same person, who fome


German Literature: --Hornemanin the Traveller. 449 time since published a very splendid edition ty of success to the undertaking; and of Wieland's Works; which, however, ever since his wish to engage in the expeas falls infinitely short of the prefent article, dition, had assumed the character of a in point of grandeur, ornament, and beau- firm, mature, and well deliberated plan; ty. This edition is enriched with 60 ad- he had devoted his time, to those studies ditional odes, which have never appeared which bore analogy to his project, and in print before. Each volume is deco- had diligently contilted every authentic rated with a beautiful engraving, executed fource of information, respecting this: by Joun, of Vienna, and representing vast continent hitherto fo little known to the sacred and poetical Muse. There is Europeans. He concluded with requeft. likewise a smaller and less costly edition. ing, that Professor BLUMENBACH would

Voss has produced a very elegant and recommend him to the African Association classical translation of 66 Ovid's Metamor- in London. pholes," in German hexameters. This The Professor designedly raised several work was undertaken, by way of recrea- ' objections, to convince himself whether tion, after a tedious and painful indisposi- his delign was the result of sudden imtion. Voss is now employed upon a tran. pulle, or actually founded in mature deliflation of “ Virgil's Æneid.'

beration. But HORNEMANN gave such A work highly interesting to the lovers pertinent replies, and was so well prepared of astronomy, geography, travels, voyages, for every objection, that BLUMENBACH &c. has made its appearance with the could no longer oppose his wishes, tipecommencement of the present year, under cially when he found that his mother had the title of “ The Universal Geographi- 'acquiefced in the project. The Professor cal Ephemeris," by M. VON ZACH, ma therefore made several private enquires jor and astronomer in the service of the into his character, which proved perfectly · Prince of SAXE GOTHA. This work,. satisfactory. He was informed, that the which is published in monthly numbers, usual diseases of infancy excepted, Horforms a complete register of all occur NEMANN knew fickness but by name; that rences and transactions that relate to the nature had affifted him with an excellent above branches of science, giving a regu- conftitution, that he was remarkable temlar account of all geographical and al- perate and abftemious, ftout, athletic, intronomical discoveries, together with no- defatigably patient of fatiguez of great tices of new maps, and recent or intended vivacity and a chearful disposition, and journies and voyages of discovery. The that, in addition to his literary acquireepistolary correspondence is particularly mepts, which were great and truly revaluable and initructive, being enriched fpečtable, he poilefled an adequate knowwith the communications of the literati ledge, both theoretical and practical of mein every part of Europe. It is published chanics. BLUMENBACH now no longer at Weimar; and to every number is pre- hesitated to propose the young

adventurer fixed an engraving of some eminent af to the African Affociation, through the tronomer, geographer, tourist, &c. medium of Sir JOSEPH BANKS, who Interesting particulars relating to Mr. wrote word back: “ If M. HORNEMAN

Hornemann, the Gentleman letely deputed be really the perion you defcribe, he is the by the African Association, to explore the very identical man whom we are in carch Interior of Africa.

of." FREDRIC HORNEMANN, is the only This favourable repiy BLUMENBACH Son of a respectable deceased clergyman, iminediately communicated to HORNEwhose widow resides at Hildesheim, MANN, who happened to be at that time Being intended, by his parents, for the indianorer, and before the profeffor could church, he ftudied divinity at Goettingen ; suppose that his letter had renched him, but his genius, irresistibly impelling him he was furpiiled to fee HORNEMANN to pursuits of a very different nature, he enter his apaiment (having hastened inreturned in the summer of 1795 to Goet- mediately fromádanover on toot) to make ringen, and waiting upon Dr. BLUMEN the neceiiury enquirie, in perfon. In the BACH, profeflor of natural history in that course of one night, he drew up a most University, informed that gentlenian, tha: excellent plan in writing, for the it had for years been the most fanguine inspection of the African Association, with of his heart, to explore the interior which BLUMENBACH forwarded to Lon. of Africa. He flattered himself, he ad don, and, in a little time, received an anded, that he posseiled, in an eminent degree, fer from the committee of the Affocia. all the physical and bodily qualifications, tion, lignitying their approbation and ac. indifpenfibly requifite to give a probabili- ceptance of his friend.





Hornemann, the African. Traveller. HORNBMANN accordingly repaired Cyprus. Here Mr. HORNZMANN wag once more to Goettingen, in the summer of informed, on landing, that á Venetian vef1796, that nothing might be neglected in fel would shortly set sail for Alexandria, qualifying himself for his intended expedi- from another bay in the island, called Cape tion. Here he attended the lectures on Caroubě. Unwilling to lose such a faNatural History, and applied himself to, vourable opportunity, he engaged a boat the study of the Arabic and other oriental the third day, and after two days fail arlanguages. In February 1797 he repaired rived at Caroubé. This is a safe and com: to London, and being introduced to the modious anchorage, but has neither town African Association, his appointment was nor village, and takes its name from the Sanctioned by the unanimous approbation vast quantities of St. John's bread (Cera. of the Members.

tonia Siliqua, Linn. Siliqua dulcis, Officin. Sir Joseph BANKS next applied to the Arabic Caroube,) which grows in this diFrench government for a passport for strict, and with which a number of vessels Hornemann, which the directory rea are freighted. Of the incredible plenty of dily granted. In July HORNEMANN left provifions on this island some idea may be London, and on his arrival in Paris was formed from the low prices they bear. A most kindly received by the justly cele. pound weight of grapes, peaches, apricots, brated LALANDE. Here he formed leve. or figs, costs one pfenning (not quite a ral very valuable connexions. Especially farthing); a pound of fresh meat, fix useful to him was his acquaintance with Pfennings. Poultry, is the only dear ar. a Turkish corn-factor from Tripoli, who ticle: a hen fells for, from six to eight not only gave him the best counsel and groschen (from one shiling, to one shilling advice respecting his journey, but recom- and fourpence, English money). But mendedhim likewise in very strong terms to what gave M. HORNEMANN infinitely one of his friends, a person of note at Cairo. greater surprize than any other proof of From Paris HORNEMANN repaired to the wonderful fecundity of nature in this Marseilles, where he embarked for Cy. ifland, were the early maturity and embon. prus, designing to prosecute his journey point of the females. to Cairo by way of Alexandria. His After a short stay at Caroube, they pro. temporary sojourn in Cairo he intends to ceeded to Limosol, and from thence trait. employ in collecting as much intelligence way to Alexandria, where the ship calt as be possibly can respecting the interior anchor on the 10th of September. M. of Africa, and then to set out on his expe. HorNEMANN was lodged in the house of dition with the Negro caravan, that trades the English Consul, and improved the ten annually from Calhna to Cairo. These days, which he spent in this city, in mine. Negroes are represented as a very cour- ralogical researches in the neighbourhood, teous and humane people, among whom notwithstanding the danger of venturing, HORNEMANN may confidently look for much without the walls at this season, on much better treatment than he has reason account of the Arabs, who fally from the to expect from their neighbours, the Ma- deserts, and extend their depredations to hometans, or Arabs, who are of a fero- the very town. cious and treacherous character.

By an incident of uncommon good forExtract of a Letter from Profeffor Blu tune, M. HORNEMANN met in one of the

MENBACH to Major Von ZACH. Convents, with an aged monk, Father “ Our friend, Mr. HORNEMANN has Christianus, a native of Germany, but arrived in safety at Cairo, from which who, from his long residence in this counplace he has favoured me with a letter, try, speaks Arabíc more fuently than his dated O&t. 24, 1797. Not meeting with mother tongue, and who was on the eve any vessel at Marseilles bound direčtly for of setting out for Cairo, in which city, he Alexandria, he engaged a passage on board proposed to reside some mon.hs. In coma Cyprus trader, and on the 11th of Au- pany with his friendly monk; our travel. guft the fhip got under weigh. They ler left Alexandria, on the 21st of SeptemIteered along the west coast of Sardinia, ber, and failing by Rolette, on his paffage paffed between that island and St. Pietro; on the Nile, arrived in Cairo on the 27th then approximating towards Cape Bona, at the exact season, when this most cele. our traveller for the first time obtained a brated of all rivers, had risen to its ut. glimpse of that continent, the interior of most heiglit. In Cairo he- met with which he is destined to explore. Then Major Schwarz, who traveiled the Levant passing Malta and Candia, after a voyage with Mongeur Hope, and in his company's of 20 days, the vesel came to an anchor, made an excurtion to the Pyramids at August zift, in the offing of Lernica in Gize.

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REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. 451 A Collection of favourite Songs, sung by Sonatas, we have the pleasure to be able

Mr. Dignum, Mr. Denman, Mrs. Mouna to pronounce them excellent compositions. "tain, the two Miss Howells, and Mrs. They are written in a style rather famiFranklin, at Vauxhall Gardens ; composed liar; yet display much elegance of imáby James Hook. 38. It book.

gination. The several movements are

Bland and Weller. calculated to relieve each other, and to Mr. Hook, who is still the Vauxhall produce, by their well-disposed lights ballad-master; fills that department with and shades, that picturesque effect which novelty and fprightliness of fancy. every compofer of judgment endeavours In the present collection we find, many to attain. Were we to point out the best sweet and striking pasages to prove, that piece in the fet, perhaps ftrict justice voluminous as his efforts are in this way, would direct us to the third; but the first he has by no means out-written himself. and second are the most popular in their The first song, “ Lillies and Roses, cast, and of merit sufficient to support fung by Mifs F. Howells, is a pleas- the reputation of their author. ing little air in 6-8 andantino ; many bars Fifty fele&t Tunes, carefully adapted to the of which, if not perfe&tly new, are en beft parts of the first ninety-fix Psalms, gaging and animating; and the notes by 7. Charlesworth. 75. 6d. given to Buy;my Sweet Briar, Sweet

Longman and Broderip. Lillies and Roses," most happily expref These tunes are chosen with judgment, five of the words. “ Come buy my and adapted with ability. A second, or Wooden Ware," sung by Mr. DIGNUM, under part, is added throughout the colis not among the belt constructed melo lection; and the whole forins a publicadies in the collection, but certainly car. tion particularly eligible for the Sunday ries with it the character of the com- use of private families. poser, and is well adapted to Mr. Dig We entirely agree with Mr. Charleso NUM's voice and style of performance. worth, that all plalm tunes ought to be The third song, “ The Little Singing fo composed as that people in general Girl," fung by Mrs. MOUNTAIN, is may readily acquire thể melody: we also gaily conceived, and leaves an interest. subscribe to his opinion, that the best are ing impression on the ear. " As forth the easiest; but we cannot think with I fangoc

d the Banks of Tweed," sung by him, that what he terms lively psalmody Mrs. FRANKLIN, is in the Scottish taste, is more impressive than the grave and flow. and possesses much merit; but, like most Without a certain degree of that dignity of Mr. Hook's Caledonian melodies, and importance which results from the loses its truth of character, by the too majestic march of notes properly held out, frequent introduction of the fourth and the mind is not exalted to that hóly ferfeventh of the key. The fifth air, vour, that pious folemnity, characteristic “Love's Telegraph," sung by Mr. Dig- of sacred worship, and which leaves, in NUM, is not remarkable for its anima. the heart, an impression greatly superior tion or pleasantness ; but " Drink to to the light and transient effe&ts of a the Girls left behind us," sung by Mr. `more volatile succession of founds. DENMAN, is characterised by that viva. No. III. Of Guida Armonica; or, an Introm. city and loose eafy cast of air which form

duction to the General Knowledge of Muthe distinguishing features of a fea song. lic, Theoretical and Practical, by 7. Rolfe. “ How tedious, alas! are the Hours,"

Skillern. fung by líis. FRANKLIN, is a twectly The author'having, in the two former simple little nielody, and calculated to numbers of this didactic publication, produce as agreeable an effect in the exhibited the diatonic arrangement of the chamber, as in the gardens or theatre. feven notes of the major and minor scales · The last fong, “ Young Jemmy is a in melody, or fucceffion of suunds, now pleasing Youth,”: sung by Mrs. MOUN- proceeds to Mhew the principles on which TAIN, though not Itrikingly new, is there founds are combined; elucidates finooth and natural, and finishes the the firit principles of resonance, and collection in a style creditable to the au enters upon the doctrine of the harmonics, thor.

The student is then presented with the The three Sonatas for the pedal harp, with harmonic triad, or perfect common chord; an Accompaniment for the tambourino, ad

the different positions of combination; Luitum ; compared and dedicated to Miss and with examples for filling up che ex. Saunders, by G. G. Farrari. 75. 61. ercises in all the various keys, major

Skillern. and minor. The great labour which After a minute examination of those this work must have coft Mä. RELFE,


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