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1798.]
Original Anecdotesome Fabn Wilkes, Esa.

47
his enemies : for on the 19th of January, bench itself, although surrounded hy maco
1764, we find him expelled the Com- bearers and tipstavese sacred from the
mons, and a new writ was immediately fury of an incensed inultitude,
ordered to be issued for Aylesbury. The No sooner was this neceffary prelimi-
House of Peers also thought its privi. vary achieved, than the action again ford
leges violated, in the persons of the bi- Halifax, who had. hitherto pleaded the
shop of Gloucester, whose name had been out-lawry as a bar, was recommenced,
affixed, as editor to an obscene painphlet, and a verdict of 4000l. obtained. This
printed at Mr. Wilkes's private press,and sum, together with 10col. recovered from
exhibited a remarkable resentment on that Mr. Wood, the under secretary of state,
account. In addition to this, he was, and the amount of the verdicts, damages,
found guilty, in the court of King's and costs of suit, were all paid out of the
Bench, of the republication of the “North civil lift, by an express order of coun-
Briton, No 45, with notes," and for cil!
printing and publishing the “Essay on To balance the victory, he was doomed
Woman.” of the first of these produce to suffer a fresh profecution. His long
tions, he was avowedly the editor ; and rigorous imprisonment having en-
but as to the second, which is a parody on

sured the indignation of all liberal and inPope's Essay on Man, he was no farther dependent men, and enflamed large bocrin inal than by allowing twelve copies to dies of the populace to a degree of frenzy be printed at his apartments : the real au- little short of madness, many rióts took thor was a son of an archbishop of Can- place, and St. George's-fields became tha terbury! In both instances, the works scene of much confufion. There were in question were obtained by the basest two legal modes of proceeding in this fraud, his own servants having been cale.

The first, molt gracious and al. Bribed and suborned for that very pur- suredly most politic, would have been a pofe.

spontaneous exercise of the royal mercy, At length, a change of miniftry having which, by its extenfion to the prisoner, taken place, and the parliament being would have diffuived the associations endissolved, Mr. W. returned to his native tered into for his protection and support, country, and notwithstanding the terrors and left him without complaint, and, of an outlawry, actually stood candidate confequently, without adherents. The for the first city in the empire, and only second was the constitutipnal employment loft his election by a small majority. He of the civil power, in order to keep the proved more successful in the first county, peace, and, in case of infraction, to punilla as he was returned a knight of the shire the offenders. A third was, however, for Middlesex, after a great and decisive recurred to, unknown to our ancient law contest.

equivocal in its nature, and problematiThe violated laws were, however, still calin its application ; this was the calling to be atoned for, and, accordingly, the in a military force, a mcafure ftrenuously new member, with his usual intrepidity, recommended by lord Weymouth, their voluntarily surrendered himself

, in the secretary of state, and as warınly comcourt of King's Bench, on April 20th, bated by Mr. Wilkes. This produced 1768; and on Saturday morning, June, a second expulsion, and as one injustice 18th, sentence was pronounced ; in con- naturally leads to another, gave birth tix fequence of which he was imprisoned for the nomination of Mr. Lurterell

, now twenty-two calendar months, and oblig; lord Carhampton, as the ficting ineint er ed to pay a fine of 1000l. He found for Middlesex, although Mr. Wilkes was means, however, to get his out-lawry duly returned by the facriffs, and fairly reverted, and this was accomplished elected by an immente majority. svith less difficulty than had been ex If he was excluded however frum pected, as lord Mansfield, who, on grcar parliamentary, civic honours poured occasions, exhibited evident fymptoms of thick upon him. While immured withtimidity, was alarmed at the odium at.

in the walls of a prison (in 1769) he tached to all those concerned in the pro. was elected alderman of Farringdon ceedings, and did not, perhaps, think the Without, the most considerable and

patriotic ward in the metropolis. Two A Smilar case to that of Capt. Perry, fill years afterwards, he aspired to and oblanguishing in the prison of Newgate, had not then tained the dignity of the thrievalty, and occurred, or it might have been urged as a pre- in 1774, he was elevated to the city chair. sedeat! The situation of this gentleman is In all these diffärens relations, he exer. particularly hard,

cifed

48

Original Anecdotes.--Mr. Wilkes.

[Jan.

cised the magisterial functions, with have considered himself as an extingreat spirit and integrity, and in the guished volcano!" Last of them. he incurred fresh * debts, In his person, Mr. Wilkes was tall, by supporting the honour of his station."

agile, and so very thin towards the latWhile oppressed by the accusation of ter part of his life, that his limbs seemed ministers, the gale of popular attachment cadaverous. His complexion was falset in strongly in his favour, and he was low, and he had an unfortunate cast of his never so grear, or perhaps so happy, eyes, that rendered his face particularly as when afflicted by the persecution of liable to be caricatured. The ministry the court. His caufe was supported by • of that day were so sensible of the adthe best and ableft men in the kingdom; vantages to be derived from this species his debts were more than once paid by the of ridicule, that Hogarth was adually generous care of his friends, and every bought off from the popular party, by immediate want was anticipated by the means of a pension, and earned a dila ardour of their bounty t. But this was honourable reward, by employing his not all: they were determined to procure graver in satirising his former friends. him a more. permanent provision, and Notwithstanding the defects of lus person, according:y started him as a candidate for Mr. Wilkes at one time actually set the the lucrative office of chamberlain of the fashions, and introduced blue bair powder, city of London. Mr. Hopkins however on his return from France in 1769. prevailed, notwithstanding his character Towards the latter part of his life, he was tainted respecting some money ne became regardless of his dress, and his gotiations with a minor; and an annual Wardrobe for the last fifteen years seems contest took place until his death, which to have consisted of a faded scarlet coar, occurred in 1779, fince which period white cloth waistcoat and breeches, and Mr. Wilkes occupied that fituation, for a pair of military boots, in which he was the reinainder of his life.

accustomed to walk three or four times During the whole of the American a week, from Kensington to Grosvenor war, he was a strenuous opposer of lord square, and from Grosvenor square to North's administration, and heartily Guildhall. Like most of the old school, he joined his own personal enemies in ope' never descended from the diguity of a cocked paling the measures, aud displaying the hat, and it is but of late that he abjured the guilt of that justly odious statelman. long exploded fashion of wearing a gold No Tooner was the noble lord hunted button and loop. into the toils, and brought within the His ready wit was prorerbial, and he Teach of a punishment, from which he never missed an opportunity of being escaped, in consequence of the eagerness jocular, at the expence of his colleagues. displayed in dividing the spoils of the Sometimes he would disconcert the gradelinquent, than Mr. Wilkes seized that vity of a city feast by his satire ; and opportunity of procuring justice to the when he told the late alderman Burnell, public and to himself, respecting the (formerly a bricklayer) who seemed to Middlesex election. The day this scan. be unable to manage a knife, in the fimdalous decision was rescinded from the journals of the house of commons, may

" When that great charter which our be said to have been the last of his poliWith their best blood; was into question brought,

fathers tical career.

Indeed, from that inoment, he seems to have supposed his mission at

When big with ruin, o'er each Englith head, an end, and in his own express words to

Vile Navery lung suspended by a thread,
When liberty, all trembling and ayhaft,

Fear'd for the future, knowing what was past, * These were the only debts incurred in the When ev'ry breast was chill'd with deep despair, public service, and I understand that they have Till reason pointed out that Pratt was there, been all liquidated.

Lurking most ruffian-like behind a screen, + Among other presents received by him So plac'd all things to see, himlelf unseen, was a cup of sool. value, made by Mr. Ste- Virtue with due contempt saw Hogarth stand. phenson, of Ludgate hill, on which he caused The murd'rous pencil ini his pally'd hand The following lines to be engraved :

What was the cause of liberty to him, « Prout Buckingham, for law too mighty grown, Or what was hononr » letthem sink or swim, A patriot darger prob’d, and from the throne So he may gratify without control, Sever'd its minion, In fucceding times,

The mean resentments of his felfith foul: May all those favourites who adopt his crimes Let freedom perish, if to freedom true, Partake his fate, and ev'ry Villiers feel In the same ruin Wilkes may perish too." The keen deep searchings of a Felten's Stoel."

Churchill's epif. to Hogarth.

ple

roar.

1798.]
New Patents.--Mr. Carpenter's.

49 ple operation of cutting a pudding, plauded, or treated with contempt. By

that he had better take his trowel to his bold and determined conduct, in the it!” he set the whole corporation ina cale of the city printers, he annihilated

the power of commitment assumed by the As a man of pleasure, he sacrificed to speaker's warrant, and rendered the his palfions, not unfrequently, at the ex- jurisdiction of the sergeant at arms, pence of his happiness, and even of his lubject to the control of a constable. character. The scandal attached to the He punished desporic secretaries of state, order of St. Francis , of which he was a by holding them up to public scorn, member, operated considerably against abolished general warrants, and obliged the influence of his politics; it is not even lord Mansfield to declare them un. a little remarkable, however, that men, lawful. But this was not all; he connot the most famous for the chastity tributed to render an Englishman's house of their manners, such as the lords his castle, for it is to him we are inSandwich and March (the latter is the debted for the benefit of having our present duke of Queensbury) should have papers considered as sacred, in all cases been the most eager to detect and expose thort of high treafon. The most daring the follies of his looser moments.

minifter must now particularise his It cannot be denied, that his conduct victim by name, and he cannot attempt to as a magistrate was not only unexception- rob us of our secrets, without at the same -able, but spirited and exemplary; and as time endeavouring to bereave us of our a guardian of the morals of the city youth, lives ! he has not been excelled by any of his In short,, with all his faulis, Mr. predecessors. The same candour that Wilkes poffeffed something more than dictates these observations, obliges the ihe vapour of patriotism ; he could face author at the same time to confess that poverty and banishment, despise a jail, he was dilatory in the production of the resist corruption, attack and overcome city accounts, and rather too attentive to tyranny. Had his existence ceased at the emoluments of office.

the close of the Aineričan war, his meAs an author, he possessed the fingular mory, however, would have been more merit of always writing to, and for, the respected; he outlived his reputation; and people. His success was proportionate, it is painful to add, that when he died at and he actually wrote down at least one his daughter's house in Grosvenor administration, which is more than can square, on Tuesday, December 27, 1797, be faid of any man of the present age. in the 73d year of his age, he was nearHis merits can only be appreciated by ly forgotten. Distance blends and fofthe benefits he has conferred on his coun tens the shades of large objects : Time try. It was he who first taught the pub- throws her mantle over petty defects. lić to consider the “king's speech” as The present age already confesses that the mere fabrication of his ministers, and he was a persecuted, the next will proęs such, proper to be cominented on, ap- bably consider him as a great, man. At

all events, his name will be connected The motto over the door of Medmenham with our history, and if he does not ocAbbey, mu't be allowed to have been ex, cupy the chief place, a niche, at least, will fremely appropriate; it was

be tenanted by him in the temple of * Fais ce que vuuifras."

Fame,

PAPER.

THE NEW PATENTS,

Enrolled in Oktober, November, &c. MR. CARPENTER'S, FOR BLEACHING first person in this country who applied

the discovery to practise : his example THE discovery made in France, by was soon followed by many manufac

M. Bertholet, of the efficacy of oxy · turers in Lancashire and Scotland, who genated muriatic acid in expediting the have obtained patents for different conprocess of bleaching, has been successfully trivances to regulate the application of carried into effect by many of our own the acid gas : the most important of these manufacturers and artists. Mr. Cooper, have been already detailed in our forlate of Manchester, now of Northumber mer numbers, under the head of bleach. land, in America, was, we believe, the ing, in which it will be found, that not MONTHLY MAG. XXVII.

H

only

GLASS.

SO
New Patents.-Mr. Wedgwood's.

[ Jan. only the linen, but the paper manufa&ture 14 lb. of allum, 9 of calcined vitriol, has been essentially benefited hereby. and 1 lb. of gum arabic, with a fufficient

Formerly writing paper could be made quantity of water to fize 50 reams of of unprinted linen alone, but by means fools-cap. of the process of Mr. Bertholet even The lame method will serve equally printed linen may be made into the finest well co clean engravings or printing, for and whitest paper. The present parent though the oxymuriatic acid discharges is the last that we shall detail on this all stains, dirt, &c. yer it is incapable of subject, except in case of some essential acting on printers' ink. improvement in the process or inftru. ment made ufe of. It was granted to MR. WEDGWOOD's, FOR MAKING OF Mr. ELIAS CARPENTER of Bermond. fey, Surrey, and is entitled a Method of IN November, 1796, a patent was Bleaching Paper in the Water Leaf, and granted to RALPH WEDGWOOD, of fizing it without drying.

Burlem, Staffordshire, for a new compoIn the preparation of the pulp, the position for glass. The two extreme coarser rags are to be macerated for two quantities for the materials, are given or three days in a caustic alcaline ley, in the following formula'; for according and svrought into theets of paper, in the to the required hardness of the glass will usua! way; a strong wooden box or be the proportions to be made use of.. trough is then to be procured, of a fize From 10 to 50 lbs. of pearl-ash are to proportioned to that of the paper, lined be dissolved in from 12 to 20 quarts of on the inside with white paint, and fur water ; to which are to be added from nished with several stages of cross bars 3 to 10 lbs. of borax, diffolved in from of glafs: the bottom of the box is to 10 to 50 quarıs of water : of Paris be covered with a stratum about one plaster, or lime, are to be added from inch deep of caustic ley, and the paper 40 to 100 lbs.; offlints, or any pure laid by quarrer-reams, or less, across the quatzy stone, powdered, from so to glass bar. A hole must be made in the 100 lbs. ; of pounded barytes from 5 tò box to admit the beak of an earthen rolbs.;and of broken china,or fine earthenware retort, into which muft be put ware, from 50 to 150 lbs. (Instead of manganese and sea salt, in powder, ful. this last, from 80 to 100 lbs. of baked phuric acid, and an equal quantity of clay may be added). All these marewater impregnated with the steams of rials are be ground into a smooth burning fulphur (fulphureous acid).- cream-like confiitence in the common The cover of the box is to be made air- mill, then evaporated to drynefs, after. right by luting or flips of paper dipped wards melted in a full white heat, and in paste. The apparatus being thus pre- poured into water. The glass thus pre; pared, the belly of the retort is to be pared is used either by ittelf, op mixed plunged in water, kept boiling, and in with different colouring substances, å short time the oxyinuriatic acid gas will be driven into the box, will pene. MR. WEDGWOOD's, trate the paper, and render it of a dazzling whiteness, while the alcaline Together with the above patent is ley at the bottom will, by gradually ab. enrolled 03e,

taken out

at the faine forbing it, prevent its becoming so con time by the fame perfon, for an imcentrated as to destroy or injure the tex provement in the manfacture of earthen. ture of the paper. From three to four To a platè of loft unbaked coarse pounds of fulphuric acid will fuffice for pottery clay, is applied on each fide a one hundred weight of paper, and the thin plate of china, white ware, or cream. operation will be completed in about coloured ; the three plates are then eight hours. The theets as they are united firmly to each other by means of taken out of the box are to be sized with a press : afterwards the mats by rolling the following mixture :

is brought to a proper ih ckness, and Te icwt. of clippings of kin add raped in moulds in the usual way.

FOR PLATING EARTHEN WARE.

ware

VARIETIES,

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VARIETIES,

LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL ;
Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreigri.

Artbentic Communications for this Article are earnestly solicited from all our Friends.
MessRF: ROBINSONS are about to the Work by Introductions and Notes,

publish a Work of considerable Im- and by a new analysis of the Speculaportance and Curiolity to the political tive Works of the celebrated Greek Phi. world : “ Letters and Correspondence, losopher. Public and Private, of the Right Hon. Dr. JOHN WILLIAMS has published Henry St. John, Lord Viscount Boling, Proposals, for printing by Subscription, broke, during the time he was Secretary Græco-Barbara Novi Teftamenti; or, of State to her Majesty Queen Ann, Oriental and other Foreign Words occurwith State-papers, explanatory notes, ring in the New Testament, selected and and a translation of the foreign letters, illustrated by MART. PETR. CHEITOby GILBERT PAlike, Chaplain to his MÆUS, translated out of the Latin Ori. Royal Highness the Prince of Wales."This ginal; with additional Words, and Notes, work will appear in 2 volumes quarto, Critical and Explanatory. To which and at the same time in 4 volumes octavo, will be prefixed, a short Dissertation on to suit the several editions of Lord Bo- the Hebrew Vowel Points. lingbroke's Works.

Mr. J. SYMONS, of Hackney, intends Mr. BELSHAM, the author of the to publish in a short time, A Systematic History of Geo. III. and of the House Pocket-Flora of indigenous plants, to be of Brunfwick, has just completed his Hif. intitled Synopsis plantarum infulis Britan. tory of England, from the Revolution, nicis indigenarum. where Hume ends, to the accession of A very useful Medical Work, consiste Geo. I. It will be published with his ing of Popular Cautions to Young preceding works in 46o. and 8vo. Soldiers, and Gentlemen Volunteers,

Mr. BLAIR, of Great Russel-street, who may be called into the Field in the Bloomsbury: (Surgeon to the Lock Hof- present. Crisis, is in the press, and will pital and Asylum, and the Old Finsbury be published about the close of February. Dispensary) has recently circulated a Mr. Dyer has in the press a volume printed Letter among his medical friends of Descriptive and Rural Odes. in London, inviting them to concur with The interesting annual publication, ap. hiin in an attempt to ascertain how far nounced in our last, under the title of the cure of a genuine fyphilis may be “The Spirit of the Public Journals for trusted to the anti-venereal powers of 1797," will make its appearance in the nitrous acid, oxygenated, muriate of course of February. potath, or any of the other remedies of

A monthly work is announced for pubanalogous constitution, which have been lication on the first of March, addressed lately recommended by several practition- to ladies of fashion and quality, and to crs as substitutes for mercury ?

milliners, &c. &c. to be called The Magna From an hint contained in that letter, zine of ibe Passions of London and Paris, it may be expected that Mr. BLAIR will Each number, price one thilling, is to foon present the world with some 05- contain fix beautifully coloured figures, fervations and Cafes on this Interesting three of London and three of Parisian subject. We are informed that he is Ladies, in the most prevailing dresses of likewise preparing a much more exten. month. five work, in which he has been fome We mentioned in a former number time engaged, viz. an Enquiry into the that Dr. Beddoes had recommended to Natural History and Medical Treatment Messrs. Bowles and Smyth, furgeons of of the Venereal Disease, in all is Forms Bristol, to give a course of anatomical and Stages, from the earliest period to lectures.-The principal design of these the present cime.

lectures was to exhibit the structure and Dr. GILLIES has announced for pub, economy of the human frame, and ca lication, in the course of this month, A point out those accidents and disorders to Tranflation froin the Greek of Aristotle's which it was most liable, together with Ethics and Politics, comprising his Prac. the best means of guarding against them, cical Philosophy. Dr. G. has illustrated But Dr. Beddoeş, conceiying that it was

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