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WALES.

Devonshire.--Scotland.-Ireland.

477 Laft. Herbert Sawyer, esq. of Wellington connected, by affinity, with the most noble fa. House, in this county, and admiral of the milies in England, we behold a melancholy blue fquadron. Alle Mrs. Davis. In an ad instance of the instability of human happiness. vanced age, Mr. Poole. Mrs. Harrest. Mr. He was youngest brother to the present duke Cheeseman.

of Leinster, and nephew to the duke of Riche At Shepton Mallet, Mr. James Green. mond; of his mother he was the favourite At Yeovill, Samuel Daniell, banker. son; and from every branch of the numerous' DEVONSHIRE.

family to wbich he belonged he experienced Marriedo] At Plymouth, Joseph Martyr, the most tender affection. Having finished esq. of Greenwich, and one of the coroners for his juvenile studies, it was his lot to arrive the county of Kent, te Miss Cobham, diugh. at Paris, in his continental tour, at the comter of the late T. Cobham, erg. of the Grove, mencement of the revolution. Smitten with near Plymouth.

those ideas which the resurrection of a great At Bridgewater, Mr. C. Trevor, to Miss people from the tomb of despotism exhibited, Catherine Weatherell, of Bristol.

he made the cause of France his own, and At Uffculm, Mr. Garnsey, to Mis Hurly. entering into their feelings and sympathies, Died.] Ąt Exeter, Mr. Taylor.

he exulted in their success, and feared for At Plymouth, the rev. F. Goodwin, fellow their depression. During the progress of the of Catherine Hall, Cambridge.

revolution, through some of its most interesting At Dawlish, the right hon. Laura, Lady 'and warmest stages, he remained at Paris, Southampton, onc of the ladies of the bedand affociated with some of the prime movers, chamber to her royal highness the Princess it was in this school of freedom and revoluof Wales. Her ladyship was sccond daughter tion, that his lordship’s strong, susceptible, to the hon. Mrs. Keppel.

and warm mind, received that cast of sentiAt Taunton, in his 54th year, major-gene ment which, during the subsequent period ral Douglas. This officer, after serving his of his short life, influenced the tenor of his country 40 years, fell a victim to the fatal ef. conduct. It was here too, if we are rightly fects of the Weft India climate.

informed, that he formed a connexion with Also, Mr. Fisher. In his 75th year, Mr. a lady nearly related to the ci-devant duke Henry. Fyih, of Lynn, in Norfolk.

d'Orleans, whose elegance of mind and man

ners, and whose principles fo congenial to Died.] At Swannsea, Glamorganshire, at his own, formed a source of domestic happithe very extraordinary age of 110 years, 'Et ness which, in some degree, compensated for her Davies. She retained the full enjoyment his sufferings in public life. When his lordof the faculties till within a few hours of her ship returned to his native country, he found death.

little in the state of its people which weakened

his detestation of despotism. In parliament, Died.] At King's College, Aberdeen, Dr. where the advice and influence of his brother, J. Dunbar, late professor of philosophy in that the duke of Leinster, placed him, he was university.

the bold, though feldom the eloquent, oppoAt Glasgow, Mr. Hay M‘Dowall, 7th son nent of the ministerial party, and uniformly of James M‘Dowall, erą. lord provost of that supported opposition in the contest in which city.

they were then engaged (during the admiNear Edinburgh, in consequence of a fall nistration of lord Westmoreland) with admifrom his horse in a fit, lieut. colonel Bygrave, niftration, for those popular measures, many of the 65th regiment.

of which the perseverance of that

body at last

extorted, such as the Place-bill, Pension-bill, Died.] The right hon. John Scott, earl of &c. &c. Lord Edward, indeed, seldom spoke Clonmell, baron Earlsfoot, chief justice of his in the house. He had none of the qualities majeity's court of King's-bench, one of his which conttitute the orator. His person was majesty's privy council, and patentee clerk of low; his countenance expreflive of little else the pleas of the court of Exchequer.

than a fimple, bold, and honest heart; his In Dublin, Mrs. Ormsby, widow of William voice weak, and incapable of variety; his Ormlby, esq. M.P. for Sligo, in Ireland, and vocabulary rich only in strong and unadorned fifter of the right hon. Owen Wynn.

expressions of his unbounded love of freedom, In the New Prison, Dublin, the hon. Ed and hatred of every species of public or priward Fitzgerald, commonly called Lord Ed. vate oppression. Of the fimplicity and fearward Fitzgerald. This unfortunate noble less tenor of his parliamentary conduct, a man's death arose from two pistol shot wounds, remarkable instance occurred during the which he received in a scuffle with two men Westmoreland administration. It was on a of the name of Swan and Ryan, by whom he night of debate in the House of Commons was apprehended, in consequence of the re on one of the popular questions. The arguward of a thousand pounds offered by govern ments adduced in support of the measure were ment. The crime with which he had been answered by an oblique attack on the motives charged was bigh treason. In the history of of those who brouglit it forward; it was inthis lamented and much beloved nobleman, finuated that the men who agitated the puba branch of the first family in Ireland, and lic mind with luch questions, did not act as

became

SCOTLAND.

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IRELAND.

478

Ireland.-Lord Edward Fitzgerald. became good subjects. Lord Edward, regard-, hideous form! It is unnecessary to heighten less of what is called parliamentary decorum, the picture ! His character, drawn by that which very properly forbids the expresfion of great man, Mr. Fox, in a speech at a meeting any sentiment disrespectful of the sovereign, of the Whig club, a few days before his or his representative, began his harangue in melancholy exit, is, perhaps, the best which these words: “ Mr. speaker, I am so far can be transmitted to pofterity.-On Mr. from agreeing with the right hon. nember, Fox's health being drank, with deserving that I think his excellency the lord-lieute. enthusiasm, “ he rose, seemingly in much pant is the worst subject the king has"- agitation, and spoke in so low a tone, that The house was immediately in an uproar; his he was but very imperfectly heard. He said, words were ordered to be taken down, and he felt himself, at the moment, extremely the gallery instantly cleared; three hours unfit to address an assembly even of his paflied in debate, during which his friends used friends. The amicting situation in which every endeavour to persuade him to explain a near relation of his was involved, (he away or soften his expression; to which, at hoped he should not be considered as unmanly length, after a long and obstinate refusal, he in faying), affected him so much, that he was agreed. It was about this time that popular unable to say much on every subject. The difcontent in Ireland was becoming serious, unfortunate gentleman to whom he alluded, The fociety of United Irishmen had been was endeared to him, not duly from the conformied, and was spreading rapidly over Ire- nexion of blood, but from the warmest friendland; shortly afterwards it fell under the dif- ship. He had known him from his earliest pleasure of government. What his lordship's youth, and more private worth he never knew connexions with that fociety were, or whe to exift in any man." ther he was at all connected with it after it Of the wounds which he received, in apbecame illegal to be a member of it, we do prehending Lord Edward Fitzgerald, Capt. not pretend to know; still less can we pre- Ryan, of the St. Sepulchre's yeomanry, fortend to say, whether his lordship was prompted merly called Surgeon Ryan, and for fome by any zeal for the interest of his country- years previous to his death, acting editor of men, to enter into measures inconsistent with the Dublin Journal. Of this man, all that it his allegiance to his sovereign; it is certain is interesting to the public to know is short. only, that from that time he became the in- The obfcure circumstances of his birth, fatimate friend, and almost perpetual companion mily, and education, we have been unable to of Mr. O'Conner, whose name his enemies learn; the firit information procured of him is, have long been in the habit of calumniating that when he ceased to be a boy, he became with charges of treason. Information on

connected in such a manner with an apothe. oath, it is however said, the government in eary, as gave a sort of sanction to his subseIreland did receive, that his lordship had com quent assumption of the title of surgeon ; mitted an act of high treason: a reward of whether Mr. Ryan entitled himself after 1000l. was issued for apprehending him, and, wards to that appellation we know not, but in consequence, he was toon after taken by the it is certain his practice was not confined to two persons above-mentioned, Swan and Ryan. surgery. About the year 1787 he was one Whether these men acted legally in their of the intimates of the well known John Gifmanner of arresting him, is a point on which fard, formerly an apothecary of Dublin, but public opinion must at present be suspended; principally known as a very active and intelhis lord thip certainly refifted; they came upon ligent agent of administration in Ireland, and him in bed; he rose, seized a dagger, and in whofe zeal in the service has been marked, the scuffle which followed, he wounded mor in the most distinguished manner, at the pubtally, Ryan, one of the parties, and received lic meetings of the metropolis, for several two piftol shots, which, by the verdict of the years back. Shortly afterwards, Mr. Ryan jury, (a verdict which merely stated the facts was a note-taker in the Irish House of Lords, which were proved before them, without at. while Mr. Giffard, his patron, took care of tempting to determine whether the death the more important business in the Commons. was marder or not), contributed to his death. For these services, it is understood, Mr. Gif. After being secured, he was committed to fard was paid by a place in the Dublin customNewgate; where hé languished for a few house, worth 6ool. per annum; while he days, and expired. We could detail the many settled with Mr. R. 'for his subordinate lainteresting circunstances which occurred in bours in the common cause. The Dublin the interviews that took place in his last Journal had now become the advocate of godreary abode, between his lordiliip and those vernment measures; and these two, Mr. tender connexions whose lives were bound up Giffard being the principal in the managein his. But the human mind feels deeply ment, are supposed to have filled, with some enough at the abstract story of a noble youth, casual aids from other quarters, its pages, furrounded by all the happiness which a sub- If an author'then is known by his writings, lunary state can afford, linking at once into the character of Mr. Ryan may be, in some the lowest state of human wretchedness measure, known from the complexion of traocmitted in a moment from a palace to a that print. The friends had now patsed some Gurgeon--from the embraces of a young and years in this way, when the time arrived beautiful wife, to che arms of death in its most that Mr. R. was to be something more than a

mere

Notices of Dr. Elmond Lord Mountjoy.

479 meré writer; Mr. Giffard became a militia is the weakness, the misfortune of human oficer, and Mr. R. succeeded him as editor, nature. How few can ascertain the precise The character of the print, now under his point at which, in the process of the most Cole auspices, bespoke still more strongly the laudable principle towards its extreme, character of Mr. R's mind. According.to some, virtue begins to be a vice, and wisdom gives it was conducted with zeal and intelligence; place to fully. His conduct at the place of according to others, it was marked by the execution, was that of a man neither insen. most detestable fcurrility, and irritating info- fible to his situation, nor linking under its lence. Little of importance occurred in his horror; he was collected, but he appeared life from that period, until the embodying to feel the seriousness of death. By his reof the yeomanry, in which he obtained a jection of the comfort derived from clerical command of some men, in a remote part of ailiitance in the last moments of life, he the town, and until the commencement of seemed to disbelieve the efficacy of the methe present troubles in Ireland, when his chanical appendages of devotion. seal became more than ever conspicuous. Of Killed, in an action with the insurgents, the circumstances of his arresting Lord Edward at Ross, on the 5th of June, Luke, Baron Fitzgerald, from whom he met his death, Mountjoy, a nobleman whose public conduct and the melancholy consequences attending made no man his enemy, and whose private that transaction, the public are fully in pof- life was embellished by every grate, which seflion.

taste, learning, and mild manners, could throw On the 14th of June, Dr. -Elmond, a lieu- around it. His lordthip was not illustrious hy. tenant of the Kildare yeoman cavalry, was birth. His grandfather was, in the early part executed on Carlifie-bridge, pursuant to the of his life, an hired domestic; but the caprice sentence of a court-martial, by whom he of fortune left him at his death in poffeffion was found guilty of having aslifted the people of a very considerable for tune ; which, by the in their attack on Prosperous, a manufac- successful exertions of his Yon, the father of turing village, in the county of Kildare. his lordship, and an afsiduous partizan of the Of the history of this gentleman the public Irish court, was yet farther increased. His know little, nor is there much in it which lordship having fucceeded to the poffeffion of can interest them. To him life was an un- property thus prepared for him by the good ruffed stream, down whose placiâ current lre fortune and industry of his two ancestors, and glided, taking every sweet which improving having finished his collegiate studies at Camfortune, and increasing friends, successful bridge, was elected a representative in parlialave, and domestic happiness, could offer, ment for the county of Dublin, which he con. until the political tempeft thickened round tinued to represent, until he was called to the him, and plunged him into ruin! He was House of Peers. In no part of his parliathe younger brother of Sir Thomas Esmond, mentary career, did he affect the character of the present head of a very old family in the a zealous patriot; and yet, in some occasions, county of Wexford, but of which the patri- he exerted himself, on the popular fide, with mony had been considerably diminished. Mr. zeal and ability. Of these intermittent efforts Elmond, however, though a younger brother, for the people, the most splendid was that was not at any time a distressed man. He was which his Jordfhip made to obtain a fystem of early apprenticed to a surgeon of eminence, protecting duties for the manufactures of Irewith whom having completed his appren- land. Since the opening of Irish commerce, ticeship, he entered into business for himself, in the year 1779, this measure had become His family connexions, and an easy eiegance a great favourite of the public; it had been of manners, which added confiderably to the found, that the more privilege of exportingi recommendatory influence of a fine perfon, their manufactures could be of little real use, foon procured for him a degree of prace while the fuperior skill, industry, and capital, tice in his profession which enabled him to of Great Britain, enabled her to undersel the live in a style of something more than com Irish in their own market; it was therefore fort; but he was not long to depend on his desired tha: pırliament should impose such practice as a surgeon. A lady, possessed of a duties on the importation of British manupersonal fortune of 12,00ol. and a confider- factures, particularly woollens, as should counable landed property, encouraged his ad- teract the superior advantages which the endresses, and accepted his hand. With her le joyed over the Irish manufıcturer. By these, had now, for a considereble time, enjoyed it was said, Ireland would be able to stand aevery comfort, and every pleasure, which competition with the manufacturer of Great such a connexion may be supposed to afford, Briain, and ultimately avail herself of her when the breaking out of the insurrection, many patural, advantages which, without and the attack on Prosperous, near which he that protection, muft for ever remain useless. lived, called him to the commission of the Mr. Gardiner was of this opinion ; and crime for which his life has been the forfeit. after the question had long been agitated, inIt is impossible to conceive, but that Dr. Ef- deed influenced the public mind, he proposed to mond's first motives to engage in what is the house of commons a motion declaratory called the popular cause, must have been of the neceffity of such a system of dụties. honourable and patriotic,-but, in pejus fuere In che fpeech by which be prefaced his moMONTHLY MAG. No. XXXII.

32

motion,

480

mant.

Monthly Report of the State of Commerce. tion, he displayed a deep and thorough ac- her he had four children. Charles, born in quaintance with the principles of commerce, 1782, who succeeds his Lordship, and three and a great deal of that learning which the daughters, the eldest of whom was recently mind of a man of business would oniy leek married to the Rev. Mr. Fuwler, son of the for in the history of manufactures. The mo- Archbishop of Dublin. It was by his contion, after a very long debate, was loft; nor nexion with this lady, that Mr. G. was enabas it since been revived, unless the cele. bled to establish a claim to the Mountjoy estate. brated commercial propositions of Mr. Ord, in This led the way to his subsequent applicathe year 1785, may be considered as includ- tion for the title, which had long lain dore ing it. Previous to this time, Mr. Gardiner

The application was favourably rehad married the eldest of the three celebrated ceived, and in 1789 he was created Baron Miss Montgomeries, daughters of Sir Wm. Mountjoy. But connubial happineis is not imMontgomery, of Macbie Hill. By this mortal; this beloved wife his Lorathip was marriage, if he did not greatly enlarge his doomed to lose. He bore the lofs like a lover, fortune, he secured a very wide and useful but also like a man.

The wound was deep extent of family connection, the other two which this calamity inflicted, but not incuralifters of his wife being shortly married, the ble, for in the year 1795, his Lordship, after one to the Right Hon. Mr. Beresford, first a long period of wooing, espoused a Miss commissioner of the Irish revenue, a man of Wallace, who had been bred to the occupawell known and powerful interest ; the other tion of a miliner. The public are in polierto the present Marquis of Townsend. This fion of the train of public events which lady, whose personal and mental accomplish- brought on the catraftophe of his death, at ments were of the most extraordinary and the head of the Dublin militia, of which he captivating kind, Mr. Gardiner idolized. By was colonel.

not trane

Report of the present State of Commerce, Manufactures, &c.

(To be continued montbly.) IT being intended to give, in the succeeding numbers, a monthly report of the ftate of

the commerce and manufactures of the country, it may not be improper to introduce it by a general view of the extent and nature of our foreign trade.

The commerce of Great Britain, and its colonies, at present employs about 16,000 vefsels, the navigation of which requires near 120,000 seamen; of this number of vefsels, about 10,000 annually arrive in, and as many clear out from, the different ports of England and Scotland. Some idea may be formed of the immense value of our commerce from the custom-house accounts of the exports and imports, by which the total of the exports of Great-Britain for one year, ending 5th January 1796, amount to 27,270,000 1.* and of the imports to 21,360,000 1.: it is well known that these accounts are formed according to rates established a century ago, and which must, therefore, in many instances,' give the value of the articles at a very different rate from their present price., and in genexal

' much below it, consequently the extent of our foreign trade would appear much greater, it a real valuation of the different articles could be obtained.

The great increase which has appeared in our exports and imports fince the commencement of the war, obviously arises, principally, from the situation of other powers; the colonial trade in particular, of France and Holland, was very great, a considerable part of which must at prelent be in the hands of the English merchants ; although, whenever a peace is concluded, it may poslihly, in a great measure, revert to its former channels. The Increased expenditure of government also contributes, in many instances, to cause the appearance of an increase of trade, as estimated from the custom-house accounts; and if the late increase has not, in some degree, arisen from this caure, it is a very fingular circum. Aance that it should not have produced a greater increase in the revenue of the customs.

The value of goods imported by the EAST INDIA COMPANY, amounts to about onefourth of the total of our imports; their exports consist chiefly of woollen-cloths, metals, and naval and military stores; on the sale of the woollens they generally experience a lofs, notwithstanding which, the export is continued regularly, as without this article they would be obliged to carry out a greater quantity of bullion, or to substitute some other manufacture, which certainly could not be done with equal advantage to this country.

The capital employed in the WEST INDIA TRADE is estimated at 70,000,000 l. ; the value of goods exported from Great Britain and her dependencies, including the profit of freight on the several branches of supply, insurance, &c. 3,800,000l.; the imports fron thence into great Britain and Ireland, and other ports, the profits of which center in Great Britain, 7,200,col.; the 'duties paid to government 1,800,cool.; the shipping employed direct 150,000 tons.

The MEDITERRANEAN TRADE, in time of peace, is very valuable; but of late many of the principal articles come by way of Hamburgh.

The BALTIC TRADE, confisting of more bulky articles, employs a much greater num. ber of shipping; and the value of the imports from thence, which are chietty articles of the greatest importance to our manufactories, and for the fupport of the navy, is estimated at upwards of 3,000,0001.

481

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State of Commerce, Manufactures, &c. Of the AMERICAN TRADE, which formerly was wholly engrossed by this country, and which, since that period, has been rapidly increasing, we still retain about one half; and should the dispute with France continue, it will probably throw a greater proportion into our hands, if a more favourable state of trade in America should render it adviseable for our merchants to extend their engagements with a people who pay little or no regard to punctuality of remittances.

The prefent state of our TRADE WITH PORTUGAL, upon the whole, may be considered as flourishing; the increasing commercial consequence of Brazil, annually demands larger fupplies of woollens and other articles of British manufacture—a contiderable intercourse with Spain, is now carried on through the medium of Portugal.-Yet it must be acknowledged, that within these two last years, the importation of wine from Portugal and Life bon, has decreased, owing to the impolitic and exorbitant duties recently laid on that article by the British minister. Great Britain exports to Portugal and her colonies, to a large amount in woollens, hosiery, hardware, coals, iron, tin, &c. Ireland supplies her with vait quantities of provisions and butter, and linen. From our colony of Newfoundland is exported to Portugal, a large supply of bacalas, or salted cod-fish. That kingdom makes large returns to Great Britain and Ireland, in wines; fruit, dry and moist; olive oil, salt, &c.—with sugar, hides, drugs, gold, and other productions of her rich and extensive colony of Brazil.

THE TRADE OF IRELAND, till within the last twenty years, was shackled with the most unjust restrictions, for the purpose of favouring the commerce of this country. Prior to the year 1779, linen was almost the only manufacture exported in any considerable quantity from that country; the others were either in a low state from the general poverty of the country, or the exportation of the article was.prohibited by law. The removal of the impolitic restraints, under which the commerce of Ireland laboured, called forth the exertions of the manufacturer and merchant; and the event has sufficiently thêwn, that though freedom of commerce cannot create capital and industry, it materially tends to promote both. The linen manufacture has made a gradual progress in proportion to the growing wealth and population of the country; the check and fail-cloth branches have, however, greatly decayed fince the increase of the manufacture of these articles in Great Britain. New drapery, compared with its state previous to the war, is declining ; in 1792, near 400,000 yards were exported; in the last year, not more than 100,000. Oi old-drapery, the quantity made within the last year has equalled that produced in any year since the export trade was permitted. The manufactures of lilk, cotton, and holiery, liave become of little importance. Tanning, in consequence of the duties impofed, and the high price of bark, has been almost annihilated, and a great number of the tan-yards are broken up. The glass manufacture, both of bottle and the white kind, continues to flourith, particularly the crown glass branch; it is feared, however, that the recent glass duty will tend to embarrass and discourage the trade. Paper-making is much decayed. The present state of Ireland, which must have much interrupted the manufactures in many districts, has had little effect upon their export trade; the arrivals from thence at London, Liverpool, and other parts, in the course of the present month, "have been numerous; the cargoes chiefly linen cloth, falted provifions, and grain.

One of the principal commercial occurrences of the month, has been the unsuccessful termination of the attempt of the ship-owners, to remove the great responsibility they at present tie under: the bill, after passing the commons, was lost in the house of lords.

From the account of the late tea sale, at the India house, low greens appear to have fallen' about 6d. per lb. the prices of the other teas, norwitháanding the new duty of five per cent. took place at this fale, have not advanced, and a fall may be expected in the September sale, from the quantity now in the market.

Sugars are at a higher price than for several years past. Raw fugars fell from 845. to 1125. Brown lumps, from 1155. to 1185. Middle ditto, 119. to 1225. Fine ditto, 1245. to 128s. Single loaves. 1285. ro 1345. Gruund sugars are from 86s. to 112s. A fall of raw fugars : may be looked for, from the expected arrivals. The average price, on the zoth of June, was 723: 6d. exclusive of duty.

Coffee continues high, middling, from 71. 55. to 71. gs. fine, from 71. 155. to 71. 175.

Of Manibefter goods, the quantity manufactures of late, has been Imaller than usual; the demand for the foreign trade has considerably diminished, on account of the stock of those goods on hand at Hamburgh, and the curtailed orders for the fairs at Frankfort and Leipfic : the home trade, however, has been toierably brisk. The market is at present overstocked with muslins of the Manchester fabric; but the manufa&ture of those of Glasgow and Paisley has been better accommodated to the consumption.

Irish linens are becoming exceedingly scarce, in consequence of the stagnation of the ma. nufactures in that country; Ruflias are also very scarce at present.

For west-country woollens there is little demand, except for blues, scarlets, and other military colours: the market has been fo overitocked with kerseymercs, that they are sold confiderably below the manufactured cost. 32

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