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Commercial and Agricultural Report, The Coventry, or ribbon-trade, has been reduced to a state of much less importence than a few years since, from the two principal markets of France and Holland being shut, and the American trade being in a state of much insecurity, the prevailing fashions at home bave also, in a great measure, excluded ribbons as an article of female decoration.

The price of tbrown silk is at present declining, and probably will continue so, from the exportation to Ireland and America being at present suspended. Ratu ilk continues much the sanje in price as for some time past; Italian raw, from 33s. to 345 Follombron, about 395. China, from 243. 62. to 255.

The price of stocks has, during the month, continued nearly stationary; and very little business has lately been transacted. As the bank have agreed to make the payments dac

upon the loan, small quantities of stock are brought to market. Bank jock, on the 25th lait month, was at 118; and was on the 26th June at 1181 5 per cent Annuities fhut for the dividend on the 6th June, at 76. 4 per cent corfols. were, on the 27th last month ut 601, and have fince risen to 611, at which price they continue. 3 per cent consols. fhut for the dividend on 25th May, at 48, and will not open till the roth August, on account of going into new ledgers.

N. B. In the prosecution of this plan, we flyall be happy to avail ourselves of respectable compiu. nications on the subject, especially cohen confined t» foe7s indicatice of the real siate of any branch of trade, its extent, value, advance, or decline. This firft paper is rather general and introductory, tban a correct specimen of the useful praétical mode in wbich the article may in future be conducted.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. IN the southern distriets of the kingdom the weather has till continued favourable to

the process of vegetation, and for the various purposes of practical hullanary; but our accounts from the northern parts of England are not, by any means, su Astrering. In many places the reason has been so droughty as to render the hay-crops slight; and the corn-ciops have not altogether parted without injury. Our correspondent, also observes, that, in Wales, peas, oats, and barley are almost burnt up with the long continuance of dry weather; and I have, says he, scen fome pieces of wheat which, in addition to the shortness of the straw, are almoit as'rcer at the roots as old stubble after the harvest. The rain which has been flying about these three or four days, in fome degree revives our hopes; but much injury is already donc. In the districts of Scotland, particularly the southern, it does not seem to have operated in an equally unfavourable manner: our reporter speaks of crops being extremely forward. On his own farm he mentions having leventy English acres of wheat now in the ear; and that winter-fown wheats are in general thot out. The harvest promises to be gencral in those parts at an early period, perhaps fofoon as the first or second week in August. Crops have, indeed, liere iuitered litile, except on poor thin clay, or gravelly soils. The crops of clover and rye-grais in these parts are tolerably good, though by no means heavy.

For the preparation of turnip-grounds the season has every where been uncommonly fine; and the showers that have lately fallen in many districts, have been very suitable for the Towing and sprouting of the seed, a large portion of which would otherwise have been lost

Our communications reipecting fruit from some counties are flattering ; hut, in Wales and the neighbouring districts, we are informed that there is a general disappointment. 5€ Peas, indeed,” says the reporter, “ will be gientiful in this part ;, but the apples, noiwithAtanding the long continuance of favourable appearances, almoit entirely fail. have been vibited by a great blight, eren atter the time when every thing is generally deemed secure. In this part of the country, indeer, there hardly ever fails to be fomething, of a crop; but in Herefordihire there are none. This circumitance has produced a gread rise in the price of cyder. Good family cyder felis, at Hereford, as high as 8 guineas, and the best at io or 12 guines per hozhead of 1!0 gallons."

The blight of fruit, we are inclined-to believe, has been pretty general throughout the kingdom. The prices of grain have not varied very much foce our lart.

The average price oi wordt, en:oughout England and Wales, is gos. 9d.-OS BARLEY, 295. 3d.--OionT3, 213. 10.

In fonie parts the price of carrie has lowered, in coolequence of the dryness of the season. BEEF, averaged in Smitháeid on the 25th, fiom 35. 41. to 45. the stone of 815.MUTTON, from 35. to 3s. 68.VEA!., from 45. to 55. 21..-Pork, from 26. 4d. to 38. And LAMB, from 3s. 64. to 45. 8d. The number of BEASTS in the market were 1800of SHEEP 12CoOand L'AMBS 2000.

Hops.-Although the prospect of the growing crop of hops is less favourable than a week ago, the duty being now laid at 60 instead of 65,0col. the market is dull, and prices lower, probably, from their being previously puihed up too high, or the quantity on hand being confiderably greater than at any forrer period at this leason of the year. Packets 61, to 8). to 81. 85,--Bags hi, ns. to 7). 22.


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HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT of Do. becoining severity, the conduct of Wal; MESTIC LITERATURE.

pole, as a systematic and unprincipled SINCE

INCE our last retrospect of letters, a oppositionist, after the dismissal of the

great variety of works has come be Townshend adminiftration. We must enfore the public-bos, fur, sus, atque sacer- ter our complete and unqualified protest dos; the mass of ephemeral matter, in-' against Mr. Coxe's opinion on the lubje t deed, as usual, is motley and unmeaning, of the Septennial bill, which he considers but with pleasure we have remarked, that as “ the bulwark of our civil and relia many of the publications of the last fax gious liberties,” but which we regard as months are distinguished by recondite an act of ufurpation, to the deplorable learning, some by laborious argument, success of which, the people may attribute and others by taite and versatility of ge- every subsequent invasion of their freedom. nius. We shall offer as fair an estimate These volumes of Mr. Coxe throw con. as we can of their respetive merits. fiderable light on the character of Lord

Bolingbroke, whose " Letters and Correa A very important period of more than spondence, Public and Private, during the forty years of the history of England, Time he was Secretary of State to Queen has lately been illustrated, by a gentleman Anne," have lately been published by well-known and respected in the literary Mr. GilberT PARKE, of Oxford. A world, the Rev. Mr. Coxe, in his “ Me- fund of political intelligence is contained moirs of the Life and Administration of Sir in thefe volumes, which are of unqueRobert Walpole, Earl of Orford." This stionable authenticity, the materials having work consists of three very bulky quarto been btained by the editor from a living volumes; the first of which embraces that descendant of Thomas Hare, Esq. the portion which will be most generally in.. under-secretary of Bolingbroke, who seteresting, namely, the “ Memoirs ;' the cured the pages of his lordship on his diftwo latter being chiefiy devoted to origi- miffion from office. An interesting. Hif nal correspondence, to notes, authentic tory” has been written of the Reign of documents, and state papers. Mr. Coxe Shah Aulum, the present Emperor of Hina pofleffed the most ample fources of inform- doftaun," by a gentleman well-known for ation relative to the period, of which he his acquaintance with Afiatic literature, is, the historian, and such as are open to Captain WILLIAM FRANCKLIN, in the very few; if, therefore, he be found im- service of the East India company. Captain partial in narrating transactions, his F. was one of the first pupils of that ilclaim to authenticity stands high. Sir lustrious character, Sir William Jones, Robert Walpole has been alınost univer- and one of the honourable few who apsally reprobated for introducing corrup- proved themselves worthy of such an intion, as a system, into the various depart. itructor; at an early period of life he ments of administration : when secretary undertook a journey into Persia, and reat war, it is well known, that he was fided some time at Shiraz, a place renaccused of breach of trust and corruption, dered claffical from the circunstance of was expelled the house of commons, and having given birth to the poet Hafez: comunitted to the tower. His biographer the study of oriental languages here emattempts to justify him from this dif- ployed our author's attention; and on his graceful charge, but his success, in our return to Bengal, he published his Tour to opinion, is very unequal to his zeal: the Persia. The present history, contains an bare unsupported assertions of Walpole, account of the transactions of the court of are not to be received in proof of his in- Delhi and the neighbouring states, during nocence.. In honour to Mr. Coxe, how. a period of thirty-six years; in the apever, and in order to anticipate any haity: pendix, among other interesting matter, charge of partiality which may be brought is given a narrative of the late revolution against him, we rejoice to state, that, at Rampore; and the original letter, as with every honest man, he censures, with well as a translation of it, from the Prince SUPP, MONTHLY MAG. No, XXXII. 3 R




Half-xearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. Mirza, eldest son of the king of Delhi, to an historical nature, which has come unhis present majesty of Great Britain, der our observation is, a small octavo vowritten in the year 1785. A relation, lume, of considerable curiosity, hy Gethe most pathetic and instructive, of the neral VALLANCY; it is entitled, The fufferings of Shah Aulum concludes this Ancient History of Ireland proved from the valuable history: the eyes of the unfor- Sanscrit books of the Bramins of India.". tunate king of Delhi were extruded, (to These venerable fages are well known to use an expression of Dr. Johnson's, on a have taken an unlimited range in their tofimilar occafion *), by the barbarous or- pographical and historical researches; we der of Gholaum Caudir, whose inbu- learn, from the present publication, that, manity was afterwards retorted on him in one of the ancient Puranas, the sacred by Schindiah, with circumstances of ag- volumes of the Hindús, a particular degravated cruelty. The whole of this ago- scription has been found of the British nizing tale. is related in a manner which ifles! The passage in question, is given does honour to the feelings of Captain in the original Sanscrit character, and is FRANCKLIN. Perhaps we cannot arrange employed by the General to corroborate more properly than in the class of his- fome affertions and conjectures, which he torical works, Sir RICHARD CLAYTON'S hazarded many years ago in his Vindicatranslation of Mr. Tenhove's “ Memoirs tion of the History of Ireland. of House of Medici, from its Origin to the death of Francesco, the second, Grand

As a work of great merit and importDuke of Tuscany." Every one who has

ance, we cannot avoid mentioning the read Mr. Roscoe's life of Lorenzo, will Earl of LAUDERDALE's Letter on the remember the very handsome compliment present Measure of Finance ;” but as its there paid to the taste and abilities of direct applícation is to a period now past, Mr. Tenhove: speaking of the present we forbear to enlarge on its contents; 10 work and its author, Mr. Roscoe says, man, of common fense and obfervation, “ the fertility of his genius, and the ex will question for a moment the completion tent of his information, have enabled him of the noble carl's portentous prophecy, to intersperse his narrative with a variety that the minister's estimate for the present of interesting digressions and brilliant ob- year, 1798, will fall far short of his exfervations: and the most engaging work travagant expenditure. The " proposal that perhaps ever appeared, on a subject for liquidating 6.66,666,666 of the of literary history, is written by a native three per cents, bị converting the landof one country, in the language of an

tax into a permanent annuity," has met other, on the affairs of a third. I” The with that attention by both houses of parwhole of his defign, Mr. Tenhove did liament, which every plan to raise money not live to complete; his work was writ- is sure to be honoured with; a random ten at various times, and printed piece- equalization, however, of the old landmeal, as it was composed. Mr. T. tax, would obviously' be an iniquitous " committed to the flames all the copies measure : A and B own two estates, each of these memoirs, excepting those which subject to a land-tax, the former of four he had diftributed to his particular friends shillings, the latter of four-pence in the in separate parts, as they came from the pound. B fells his estate to C, who purpress." From one of those few.printed chases at a high price, expressly on concopies, this translation took its rise: and fideration of the lowness of the land-tax; though, from the circumstance of its in- what could exceed the injustice of raising completion, it abounds with abrupt di- C's land-tax to equal that of D, who greffion, and the chain of historical nar. purchased the estate of A at an inferior ration is often broken; it is a work of value, because it was burdened with a much value; it contains almost an his- heavy one ? In an octavo volume, is tory of the rise and reign of the fine arts, brought down to the 5th of Jan. 1797, and many interesting anecdotes are inter

" The State of the Nation with Respect to its woven of painters, sculptors, engravers, Public Funded Debt, Revenue, Disbursearchitects, &c. &c. Sir Richard's trans, ment,&c. &c. from which it appears, lation is fpirited and easy; his notes and that the debt actually contracted at that observations display considerable learning, time, was 394,000,0col! Since that time; and much good sense. The last work of it has increased with an incalculable, but

most ominous celerity: * See his note at the conclusion of king Lear.

-Malum, quo non aliud velocius ullum; + Mr. Tenhove was a Dutchman, and his

Mobilitate viget, viresque acquirit cundo. memoirs are written in French.


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Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature, 485 It will not be very difficult to account dition of the Poor;" all of which have been for the zealous loyalty of many of us, published since our last retrospect, and after being informed, that the expence of will merit the confideration of the public. collecting fome taxes, amounts to almost These reports contain a variety of plans, 4ģl. per' cent. of the taxes themselves ! praćticully proved, to increase the comforts From an erroneous position, namely, that of our fellow-creatures in distress: among a progressive increalc of the precious me other things, the establishment of parish tals in a state is the cause of progressive cir- windmills, the profits of which, after the culation, progreflive industry, and progret- deduction of necessary expences, are diflive public prosperity, M. Herrenschwand, tributed among the poor; of village in a pamphlet on " The true attuating Prin- shops, for fupplying them with coals, ciple of Political Economy,” &c. has drawn, blankets, candles, soap, and esculent comwith all the pompous parade of the most modities, at prime cost, are particularly profound fyllogistic reasoning, a long and recommended. The name of Lord WINtiresome chain of economical and finan CHELSEA ftands honourably eminent: cial blunders. Mr. Dawson's “ Substi- the rates in his three parishes amount to tute for the Adelment Bill,is to issue scarcely sixpence in the pound ! this is 26,000,000 1. of Exchequer bills, bearing effected by letting to the industrious an interest of one per cent. per annum, un poor small portions of land, on which der authority of parliament, and to make they may keep a cow all the year round, them legal tender. The assessinent bill has or which they may cultivate in any long since passed; but as every tenience manner they think proper. Were the for enriching the revenue is heard with conduct of Lord WINCHELSEA unian attentive ear, however partial be its verfally imitated by the nobility and principle and operation, but little fur- large land-holders of this kingdoin, we prize would be excited, if this iniquitous need feel no anxiety on the futject of Substitute for the assessment bill were con- foreign invasion or domestic insurrecverted into an appendix to it. An ano tion: our foldiers might be disbanded, Dymous author has published " A few and the defence of the nation be conHints towards an improved System of fided, with perfect security, to the mass Taxation,&c.; they have but little no of a hardy and a happy people. Dr. velty to recommend them, though their GRAY, (on whom the university of St. object is undoubtedly laudable, namely, Andrew's conferred the honorary degree to burden all persons with a taxation pro- of LL. D. immediately on the publiportionate to their property, without any cation of his Efential frin.iples of the kind of investigation or diislosure of cir- it'ealth of Noticns," &c.) has given to cumstances. These hints, antecedent to A Flan for supplying London with their publication, were fent in a private Bread at one uniform Price from one Year letter to Mr. Pitt, but the baughty pre to another.” He proposes the ettablishmier condescended not to rotice them. ment of granaries for corn, and naA stockholder has fubmitted to the con- turally exprelles a-surprise that tea, tofideration of the public “ I tree Plans for bacco, sugar, &c. &c. should be des paying off the National Debt, und a Foirth politer in large and comcdious warefor reijing Money fufficient to bring alous jo houses, while corn, the moit essential d Jirable an En!" thek plans demand article of subsistence, is lodged in little, different periods of operation to render unknown barns, and fo scattered over them efficient, and all act upon one com the country, as to bid calculation defimon principle, namely, the convention of ance as to its quantity, and conjesture as all stock into short annuities, and the pay to the places of its moit abundant deInent of the capital by an addition to the zotit. Dr. GRAY's ohject is, by means interest. The adoption of any of these of a temporary premium frem parliaplans would obricully require an enors ment, on an extraordinary growth of mous increase of taxation; our author corn, to obtain a furplus adequate to proposes either a tax upon income, or, the confumption of one whole year, what is the same thing, a continuation This he thinks may be effected in the of the new affcfiinepts." In pailing from space of eight years; and when it is finance to

effected, the stock in hand will make POLITICAL ECONOMY

the abundance ci'one harvest fupply the in general, our attention is directed to deficiency of anyther.

i Ve thall then be the Second, third, fourth, fitih, and fixth no linger, as we are now, at the mercy Reports of the Society for bettering the Con- of a capricious icalon for our daily



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Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. bread : a circumstance which, as it can vate a small garden, and poffefs sufficient easily be avoided, argues in the people pasture for a cow. May there recomwho submit to its inconvenience a degree mendations, which we make no doubt of folly equal to the savage, whole ex- Mr. Pitt has enforced by example in his perience of intense heat to-day renders own calı, be generally attended to! The him forgetful of the bitter cold which Engiith planter will receive many useful may fucceed to-merrow. 66 The Outlines hints from a small volume published by of a Plan for establihing a united Compony · Dr. LABORIE, under the title of The of British Manufacturers," are fretched Caffci-Plonter of St. Domingo,&q. The by Mr. JAMES PEACOCK, whose bene cultivation of the coffee-tree has attained volent object is, so far as the manufac great perfection in that illand : it is an tures are concerned, to form a company exotic, which has not been introduced which shall supply the induitrious with there above sixty years, and which now labour, and the ignorant with instruc- yields an annual produce of above leventy tion. Mr. Arthur YOUNG_not the millions of pounds. Dr. LABORIE's pubRev." Mr. Arthur Young-has called lication is intended for the benefit of the attention of the public to a circum such colonies as are yet in their infancy stance, not very creditable to the con-, with respect to the cultivation of this gregated followers of the meek and un rich article of commerce; it explains, in assuming Jesus. This circumstance is a perspicuous and methodical manner, the want of accommodation in the most successful modes of culture. churches for those poor worfirippers to Dr. L. when he treats of the faves, whom the gospel was, at one time, more speaks of them rather as beasts than hupeculiarly preached. " A stranger, man beings : as “ the particulars," he says Mr. Y. “ would think that our obferves, of discipline and punishment churches were built, as indeed they are, would be too disgusting," the doctor is only for the rich.”

These latter mo- prudently concile on that head; and in nopolize

while the poor, lame, mercy to our feelings---morbidly senperhaps blind, old, or feeble, are dif sible !-contents himlelf with indirectly gracefully crowded in the aisles, where mentioning, of rather muitering, fomemany of them muft stand during the thing about collars, and chains, and whole of divine service! But the aspi- whips whose knots have been dyed in rations of an humble and an hearty sup- the blood of former victims from among pliant are not intercepted in their par- this black cattle. It would be unjust to fage to the throne of Omnipotence by omit mentioning, that the doctor, both the prayers of any prouder worshipper. on the score of benevolence and interest, Mr. WADDINGTON, a governor of the recommends good treatment to flaves, royal hospital of Bridewell, has offered horses, mules, and oxen. to the attention of his brethren fome On the subject of Political Economy, şi Considerations on the original and proper thus distinguished, thougla perhaps unObjectsof the Institution. The abo- necessarily, from Finance, we are not aJition of arts-masters and apprentices with ware that any work of merit remains to in the walls is pressed with peculiar ear be enumerated; we proceed, therefore, to nestness. Mr. W. exposes the evil con that tender topic sequences which have relulted from the introduction of them, by referring to This department, as usual, contains numerous entries in the court and com various works of very different, rtal, and Inittee books, the pages of which are comparative importance: the greater part filled with complaints against both: he are of only temporary consequence; of has, moreover, suggested a variety of these, therefore, we shall select only such other regulations for the better govern- as, from their intrinsic worth or acciment of the hospital, which are highly dental circumstances, have in some des entitled to public consideration. Mar. gree attracted the public notice. The MORTON Pitt's Address to the landed Bishop of LANDAFF's “ Address to the Interest on the Deficiency of Habitations and People of Great Britain,defervedly stands Fuel for the Use of the Poor,” contains at the head of those splendid but transmany sensible and benevolent observa- tory meteors that are continually fweeptions: it proposes the construction of ing across the varying horizon of politics: convenient cottages for labourers, and the style is masterly and animated; and, the provision of fuel for them at an easy so far as it tends to excite our country, fate; that they may be allowed to culti- men to a firm and united opposition of any




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