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dred years,

492 Half-yearly Retrospeet of British Literature.
a till larger proportion were in a state of The last work which we have occasion
valtalage in the canton of Zurich; nor to notice in this department of literature
did Lucerne, the Bæotia of Switzerland, is, ** Travels through the Maritime Alps,
wear, in any degree, less heavy or less from Italy to Lyons, across the Col de Tende,
galling chains than either. “What,' &c. by Mr. ALBANIS BEAUMONT, au-
exclaims Gustavus Vafa to the miners of thor of " The Rhætian Alps," &c. The

chief merit of this publication, as well
• What but liberty

as of the former by the same gentleman, Throogh the famed course of thirtcon hus. confifts in the splendour of its plates, and

the elegance of its typography. It is Aloof hath beld INVASION from your hills, printed in folio, and the price of it is And fanctified their thade? ...

five guincas.

And what are fifty, what a thousand Naves, Some few narratives of what may be
Match'd to the finew of a single am denominated domestic excursions, una. .
That strikes for liberty ?"

fpiring to the dignity of “ Voyages and
But the French have marched over the Travels," have too much merit to be
hills of Switzerland, for the mountaineers passed over in filence. We have seldom
had no liberty to Itrike for; and they perused a small volume, which, for a des
yielded, after an obstinate, indeed, though lineation of character, variety of inci-
é mort conflict, to the restless and am- dent, and variety of description, ex-
bitious arms of a proud and overbearing ceeds Mr. WARNER'S Walk through
republic. The last thirty pages of Mils Wales." We are happy to observe an
WILLIAMS's interesting work contain increasing frequency of these pedestrian
important matter, and matter very little tours : to walk, is, beyond all comparis
known, relative to this invasion ; which son, the most independent and advanta-
had not taken place at the time the wrote, geous mode of travelling ; Smelfungus.
but which the seems to have clearly an and Mundungus may pursue their jour-
ticipated from the temper which the ob- ney as they please; but it grieves one to
served in the country. It appears that see a man of talte at the mercy ofta pofti.
the popular party of the Pays de Vaud lion. Mr. Henry SKRINE is rather a
claimed from the French an ancient gua-. common-place traveller: his “ Two fuc-
rantee of their republican independence, celjive Tours through the whole of Wales"
in opposition to the governments of Swit- is a mediocre performance, affording but
zerland, particularly that of Berne ; this little room, either to censure or applaud.
guarantee was made by the French na Mr. WOODWARD's “ Eccentric Excur-
tion in the year 1565, in confirmation of fions" contain abundant sketches of cha-
the treaty of Lausanne, concluded the racter and country, in different parts of
preceding year, between Philibert, the England and South Wales. A vein of
successor of Charles the Third, duke of humour pervades them, which, however,
Savoy, and the Swiss cantons. Miss is not always the most happy: the work
WILLIAMS has given a history of this cu- is embellished with a hundred engravings,
rious and important treaty, which, if cor- many of them original and characteristic.
relt, seems, on the acknowledged princi- Mr. M'NAYR'S “ Guide from Glasgow
ples of national faith, not only to justify to some of the most remarkable Scenes in the
the invasion of Switzerland by France, Higblands of Scotland,is somewhat over-
but to thew that it was simply the ho charged with description; we question.
nourable fulfilment of an old engagement not the warmth of the author's feelings
in favour of the people .

at the scenes he surveyed, but a man of

simple and correct taste would, in some * The invasion of Switzerland has met degree, have repulsed the wantonness and with such general reprobation, that we are luxuriance of his imagination, when he particularly solicitous not to milead our sat down to write. As the eye inay be readers, and prompt them to an erroneous offended at a glare of colouring, so may judgment on the subject; Mifs WILLIAMS the car be soon surfeited by richness and wrote antecedent to the revolution, and con- mellifluence of description. Mr.M'NAYR, loquently cannot be suspected of having writ- however, is entitled to considerable praise ; ten expressly in vindication of it. We have like Mr. WARNER, the pedestrian touristHated plainly, what was the impression niade on our minds in the perusal of her cour; a

just mentioned, he is an admirer of Osian, very oppofita impression might be made on the minds of others. We with our readers,' what we have faid, but rather to seek the Wherefore, not to form their opinion from fountain whence we drew our information.

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Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature. 49$ and abounds with poetic and historical quests, and the coinage among the Por: quotation.

tuguese, Mr. M. offers Tome lively and TOPOGRAPHY.

striking sketches of their domestic man. Dr. J. A. GRAHAM's Descriptive ners. This curious and amusing work, Sketch of the present State of Vermontis which includes “ an account of the phy, written in a style of fuch uniform patie- fical and moral state of the kingdom of gyric, that, in order to derive much va Portugal, together with observations on luable information, it must be read with the animal, vegetable, and mineral pro. considerable caution ; with such caution, ductions of its colonies,” is compiled from however, it may be carefully perusede the best Portuguese writers, and from noa Mr. POLWhele has published a part of tices obtained in the country. the first volume of his *c History of Devon We proceed to an interesting and useful Sbire;” it is somewhat singular, that this. department of literature, namely, *elaborate work was introduced to the

BIOGRAPHY, public by a second volume, which ap. which is cultivated to a confiderable *** peared some three or four the part just published contains what

Mr. tent. “ The Life of Sir Charles Linnæus," P. modestly calls a “ sketch of natural

has been tranflated from the German of history." Áfter a general description of The general putlines of the biography the province, succeed many curious atmospherical remarks; Mr. P. has invef- of this great naturalift have long lincs tigated the fources of a great variety of been known; they are now filled up rivers, and the qualities of a great variety

however, with particulars of his private of springs; he opposes the hypothetis of life, which are new and interesting A Dr. Halley, that springs are produced by copious lift of his works is added, to, vapour, and seems to coincide with thote gether with a “ biographical sketch of philosophers who consider them derived the life of his fon,” whole character and from the sea,“ by cavities running thence attainments Dr. STOEVER has represented through the bowels of the earth like veins in a favourable light. It is impoffibla or arteries of the human body, and that not to mention, in terms of severe disapthe fea acts like an hydraulic machine, probation, the clumsy ungrammatical to force and protrude those cavities to a

translation, which this valuable work has considerable inland distance :" Mr. P. undergone in the hands of Mr. TRAPP: conjectures, in addition, with great pro- felf, but in some meature on the Linnæan

it reflects disgrace, not only on him, bability, that a deposition of salts is occafioned by the filtration of sea-water in its society, for not having taken precaution paffage through the earth : the water be to prevent it. The death of a woman, comes lighter in proportion to the fub. renowned for talent and eccentricity, has lidence of its salts ; it rises, therefore, been fucceeded by an interesting narrathrough the pores of the earth, above the tive of her life: 'in the vigour of ager level it would otherwise preserve, even to

and in the bloom of beauty, Providence the tops of the hills. Thorigh a work, craft Godwin. Her widower has pub

has summoned away. Mary Wollstoneby no means exclusively topographical, lished the “ Memoirs” and “ Pofthumous we may, without impropriety, arrange this division, Mr. MURPHY'S « General Works” of this contested character; the View of the State of Portugal. The plan but they are written with much implici

former are fomewhat meagre, perhaps, of Mr. MURPHY, indeed, embraces an extensive variety of topics, all of which ty, and, we have no doubt, with truth : he has treated'in a concise and intelli- every, exceptionable circumstance of her gible manner, communicating a true idea life is narrated in the fame ungarnished of the history and national character of language which is .employed in the enuthe Portuguese. The agriculture of Por- meration of her many meritorious actions. tugal is a fubject of distinct confideration; It is not for us to vindicate Mary God the causes of its former declension, and win from the charge of multiplied imthose which ftill impede its advancement, morality, which is brought againt her are traced with much skill and ingenuityby the candid as well as the cenforious s the vine, of course, continues to be cula by, the sagacious as well as the fuperfi tivated in preference to grain, because it cial observer: her character, in our eftihas been proved to be four times as lu- mation, is far from being entitled to uncrative. Having, in a feries of chapters, qualified praise ; the had many faults; given an account of the revenue, the mi the bad many transcendang virtues, But litary and marine departments, the con the is now dead, and we hall

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494 Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature. No farther seek her merits to disclose,

graceful to it. A new edition has made Or draw her frailties from the dread aboie;

its appearance of Pilkington's “ DicThere they alike in trembling hope repose, tionary of Painters;" to which is added The borom of her father and her God!

a Supplement, the production of Dr. The Life of Catherine the Second, late Wolcot (more generally known, perEmpress of Russia, has employed the pen haps, by the name of Peter Pindar). of many a catchpenny scribbler : the only This fupplement profeffes to give anec. work of any merit which has hitherto dotes of the latest and most celebrated appeared on this subject is translated in artists; many names, however, of wellthree octavo volunes from the French. earned celebrity are omitted. To this During the reign of this most extracrdi- work are added Remarks on the present nary woman, the throne of Rullia, in- State of Painting by the Royal Acasinuated the creeping fibres of its root demician, Mr. BARRY. The catalogue into every court of Furope; and, im- of biographical works, we believe, is bibing from each fome falutary juice, completed with the addition of Mr. converted it immediately to nutrition : HERON'S Account of the Life of Muthe growth of the plant was wonderful ley Leizit, late Emperor of Morocco.' and alarming! 'Mr. MARK NOBLE lias The author of this trait, it seems—for degraded the dignity of a biographer in 'Mr. Heron translates it from the his “Lives of the Englith Regicides,” French-was a secret agent at the &c. Surely, had this gentleman been Moorish court, from the cabinet of disposed to vent his idle rage against the Spain; against which country Muley French, he might have found some me- Leizit (Mula Al Yezid] harboured pethod less discreditable to his own cha- 'culiar inveteracy. This agent, in conracter as an author, than that which he junction with a military commander, has adopted of converting the history of named Ben Nafer, fomented a confpia past period into a vehicle of party po- racy against the tyrant, and by, his initics; but the extreme folly and grois trigues at length accomplished his falla alliberality of calumniating a Bradshaw, It is evident, therefore, that our anonya Ludlow, and a Sidney, unite to form a mous biographer, however pure were the very efficacious antidote against the poi- fources of his information, is not to be fon which his malignity had prepared. implicitly relied on. The atrocious, the Mr. ASPRY CONGREve’s “ Memoirs disgusting, the unnatural crimes, which of the late Mr. Charles Macklin' are en are said to constitute almost the sole antertaining, and it is probable authentic. nals of Mula Al Yezid's reign, will not Mr. ALMON, the author of those inte- be credited, perhaps, in their full extent, resting - Anecdotes," which appeared Mr. Heron has judiciously subjoined fome year or two since,of the late Earl to this hideous account, “ A short View of Chatham,” has published some “ Bio- of the Moorish History from the earliest graphical, Literary, and Political Anècdotes Times to the Accession of Muley Leizit ; of several of the most eminent Persons of with a philosophical Inquiry into the the present Age." These sketches are of Causes which have hitherto retarded the very unequal merit. A new edition has Civilization of the Moors.” appeared, in fifteen volumes, of the 5 General Biographical Dictionery.” It The learned Prebendary of Durham, is enriched by a few improvements, and a Mr. BURGESS, has added to a republic copious addition of new matter. Works cation of Aristotle's “ Peplosthree In. of this sort are useful as references in the scriptions, till now unpublished, from a reading of history; but where the bio- manuscript in the Harlean Collection, graphy of some thousand men is com The editor of this small and insignificant pressed into a few octavo volumes, it original has suffered an unpardonable must necessarily be meagre; and where abundance of typographical errors to the documents are many of them doubt. creep into his text. We are indebted to ful, it must necessarily merit but a a British ferator, Mr. DRUMMOND, for cautious confidence. The present, how- a translation of the “ Satires of Perpus.": ever, is a useful work. Not so the This arduous talk is introduced by a Literary Memoirs of living - Authors of prologne, wherein Mr. D. appears to Great Britain,which are collected by a much advantage as an original poet, and -writer whose taste, judgment,' and criti- by a very elegant preface, where the comcal acumen, are all of them incompetent parative merits of the three Roman fato fo arciucus a performance, and whose irifts, Horace, Juvenal, and Berfius, are gross partiality and prejudice are dif- sketched with the hand of a master. The



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Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature, 495 translations of Dryden and Brewster are history of the life of Aristotle, and a new each a formidable rival to Mr. DrUM- analysis of his fpeculative works. MOND, who, notwithstanding he has oc

From Classical Literature we proceed casionally weakened the sense of his to notice the few works which have apauthor, like both his predeceffors, by a peared in the departments of dilated version, has, on the whole, exe PHILOLOGY and CRITICISM. cuted his talk with such taste and spirit Mr. HORNE TOOKE has given to the as to merit the thanks of every classical public the first volunue of an edition, very reader. An anonymous author has pub- much enlarged, of that inestimable work, lished in two octavo volumes, with classi. « The Diversions of Purley;" wherein, cal notes and a revision of the Latin " by a single flash of light, he has untext, a translation of " The Poems of folded the whole theory of language, Catullus.It has the barren merit of which had so long lain buried beneath mediocrity, and is highly censurable as the learned lumber of the schools," This containing all the beastly and disgusting volume, the first of three, contains the indecencies of the original. Mr. But whole of that which had long since been LER has published, with the addition of published, together with replies--not the a few short notes, the poem of Marcus most courteous indeed—to several opMufurus," prefixed to the Aldine and ponents of his fystem. Mr. Tooke, two Balil editions of Plato: this is suc- with the utmost felicity of application, ceeded by Isaac Casaubon's Sapphic ode illustrates many parts of his theory by to the memory of Joseph Scaliger. In references to political characters now in the same linall volume are included Poe- existence, some of whom he has scourged mata et Exercitationes utriusque lingue, with a scorpion lath. Two separate atby the editor of the volume : these ori- tempts have lately, been made, the one ginal compositions are nine in number; by a Frenchman, the other by a German, among them are Garrick's beautiful to teach the science and introduce the song, “ Thou foft-flowing Avon,” in practice of Pasigraphy.The idea of Greek hexameter; Beattie's “ Hermit,” forming some mode of expression, intelliand Milton's seventh Sonnet, in Latin gible in any language without translahexameter and pentameter.

The learned tion, is not indeed new, but it has never editor of this work announces that he has been so successfully acted upon as on the been appointed by the University of present occasions. The ground-work of Cambridge to publish a new edition of the science mult evidently be the adoption Æschylus. The laborious Mr. BRYANT of some arbitrary ligns, analogous to the has given us the sentiments of Philo characters of chemistry, the cyphers of Judæus concerning the Aoros, or “ Word arithmetic, and the notes of music, which of God." Numerous paslages are pro: are intelligble " from Petersburg to duced from that learned Jew, to which Malta, from Madrid to Peru, from Lonare added citations froin the Fathers, as don to Paris, to Philadelphia, or the Isle testimonials for the truth of the doctrine of Bourbon.” It is obviously improper of the Trinity. Notwithstanding the for us to enlarge on the subject in this general orthodoxy of this gentleman, one place. or two tenets in this curious perform- NATURAL HISTORY and PHILOSOPHY. ance favour somewhat of heresy. The Mr. RASHLEIGH's Specimens of Rev. Mr. RAYNER has translated into British Mineralsare executed in a maEnglish The Commcntary of Hicrocles fterly manner.

The subjects of repreupon the golden Verses of the Pythagoreans.” sentation are, principally, varieties of

To this work, which is accompanied tin and copper ore, selected from the with notes and illustrations, he has added cabinet of the author, whose rich and a translation of the “ Characters of very elegant collection at Menabilly, in Theophrastus;" a philosopher to whom the county of Cornwall, is well known we are indebted for the preservation of to the mineralogical traveller. A few Ś Aristotle's Works," which have lately iron ores are delinenied, some fucis, been translated in a style of superior ele- gypsum, and different forins of pyrites. gance and accuracy.by a gentleman, well The plates of this splendid work'are known in the literary world, Dr. Gil- finifhed with great fidelity, and the coLies, to whole. “ Hiftory of Ancient louring which adorns them is remarkGreece" the present « English Aristotle” ably delicate and discriminative: to each is intended as a companion and a counter article a general description is annexed. part. This work is illustrated by intro- An anonymous author has entered into duétions and notes: it contains a critical “ A critical Examination of Lavoisier's


496 Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature. Elements of Chemistry," with very con the interior Parts of Africa." The dea fiderable acuteneis, in a small octavo scriptions are precise, and the plates are pamphlet. His remarks are principally beautiful. Mr. FREEMAN has published confined to the Nomenclature; they ex the first number of " Select Specimens of pote a variety of inconsistencies on the British Plants." He superintended the part of M. Lavoisier, and well merit to engraving and colouring of the plates, be hound up with the chemical elements which are taken from the drawings of of that illustrious and unfortunate man. two ladies, whose names will be an. Dr. CARRICK's “ Disertation on the nounced to the public in a future numchemical and medical Properties of the ber, should the present be received with Bristol Hot-well Water” is ingenious and approbation: it contains five plates, all useful. The author appears to have of which are executed with the utmoit conducted his analysis with care, and on chafteness and elegance. It muit not be the most approved principles of modern cmitted, however, that the work is exchemistry. The President of the Lin- tremely dear, (21. 25. a number) and all näan Society has colle&ted from the oh- the plants, namely, the saxifraga gra, fervations of Mr. John ABBO'r, “ The nulata, saxifraga hypnoides, Jerapias la. Natural Hislory of the rarer Lepidopterous tifolia, and two plates of brassica oleracia, Insects of Georgia," in which country the have been repeatedly represented before. latter gentleman resided many years. If Dr. AIKIN's elegant and popular little the present magnificent work owes little work, “ The Calendar of Nature,” hav. to Dr. Smith on the score of original ing passed through five editions in its matter, it is entirely indebted to him for original state, is now republilhed by his the style and arrangement of the unme elder son, Mr. ARTHUR AIKIN, with thodized memorandums of Mr. Abeor, considerable and very useful enlargement : as well as for the systematic names and for the purpose of rendering the volume definitions; which last and necessary ap mcre valuable, this latter gentleman has pendix was left totally unattempted by enriched it with remarks from Pennant, the author. It is with pleasure we ob- from Bomare, from White, and with serve the successful progress of the Lin- · many obfervations of his own. It will næan Society: a third volume of their not be deemed extravagant to say, that “ Transaktions" has appeared, in which there are few works in the English lanmuch acute and laborious investigation guage better calculated than the present is evinced on various subjects connected to promote its object, namely, to inspire with natural history. We are seldom young persons with a taste for natural favoured with a work in which fplendour history. The Botanift's Calendar" is and usefulness more happily unite, than an useful publication our indigenous in Dr. PATRICK RUSSEL's “ Account of plants are arranged in the natural order Indian Serpents, colle&ted on the coast of of flowering, so that in any particular Coromandel." In this publication, so season of the year a young botanist may honourably patronized by the Director's know to what plants his attention ought of the East India Company, forty-three to be most affiduoully directed. The aufpecies of serpents, belonging to the three thor in his preface apologizes for his parLinnäan genera of Boa, Coluber, and al notice of the grasses, and tal omisioni Anguis, are represented by coloured draw. of the class cryptogamia. ings, and are accurately described. Ex Dr. PRIESTLEY'S “ Experiments and periments and remarks on their several Observations relative to the analysis of Atpoisons are added, and the noxious class mospherical air, &c." are reprinted in of reptiles is distinguished from the in- England: the Doctor continues molt nocent: not more than seven of these heartily attached to his favourite doctrine forty-three are furnished with poisonous of phlogiston, which, it is well known, organs; they possess two rows of finall has been abandoned by most of the phia teeth in the upper jaw, and are distin- losophical chemists in France, England, guished from the rest by their fangs or and America. This work contains many canine teeth, Venomous serpents of the curious experiments; the conclusion to same species, when made to bite each be drawn froin them, will in all probabis other, produce no farther effect than that lity, afford subject for disputation bea. of a simple incision. Mr. MASSON, long tween the Dr, and his opponents. resident at the Cape, as collector of rare We are pleafed to obierve, that the exotics for Kew-garden, has published Stapelia Nova, or a Collection of several lend fo liberal an allistance to the sciences : NEW Species of that Genus, discovered in leveral works have already been noticed,



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