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502 Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature. man Body." The obje&t here, as in the in this small pamphlet Mr. W. has ofe former work, is to diminish the neceffity offered some useful 'observations on hæmedical assistance, by Itripping the science morrhoids, and on the ophthalmy. A of its robes of quakery, and by giving gentleman, who took them down in shortmankind foipe plain and practical infor- hand, has published the “ Clinical Lecmation on the nature of their own consti- tures," which Dr. CULLEN delivered tution, and the means of preventing its five-and-thirty years ago! It is not to premature decay. Dr. GARNETT'SLec- be expected that they Mould contain much tures on the Preservation of health,” is writ. interesting matter, which has not long ten with the same benevolent design, and since been generally known. The eccencontains much excellent advice. Not tric and untenable opinions of Dr. LAmuch is to be found in the “ Practical THAM, in his letter addressed to Sir G. Synopsis of the Materia Alimentaria and BAKER,“ On the Rheumatism and Gout," Materia Medica,” which is not contained have been attacked with success, in " An in other treatises on the same fubject: an Ejay on the Gout,? by Dr. Wallis, a ample and useful catalogue, however, is gentleman who has had the fortunate opgiven of alimentary substances, with a portunity of making every observation he description of their peculiar qualities, and possibly could desire-upon his own perthe different modes of preparing them fon. After having stated, at some length, for food. A work of ingenuity is Dr. the opinion of a variety of authors on this WILLAN'S Description and Treatment subject, the Dr. gives us his own theory, of cutaneous Diseases. After having com- which approaches so nearly to the commented on the uncertainty and confusion mon opinion, that we are much more difwhich the ancients appeared to have la- poled to rely on its folidity, than confide boured under in respect to cuticular dis in the singular and paradoxical hypothesis çales, by their frequent use of the fame of his opponent. Mr. CAVALLO, in his term 'to represent different affections, Dr. Ellay on the Medicinal Properties of FacW. proceeds to late the desiderata, which titious Airs,” describes the various elastic he conceives ought to be attended to; gasles which have been discovered by mo

to fix the sense of the terms dern chemists, in that clear and philofoemployed by proper definitions ; 2, to phical manner, which would naturally be constitute general divisions or orders of expected from him : this volume contains the diseases from leading and peculiar cir a valuable Appendix on the nature of cumstances in their

appearance; to blood; his account of the red globules is range them into distinct genera; and to rendered particularly interesting, by the describe at large their specific forms or numerous experiments and microscopical varieties ; 3, to claffify and give names obfervations which are related. It is im to such as liave not hitherto been fuffi- possible to speak in terms of the slightest ciently distinguished; amt, 4, to specify commendation on a work entitled, " Pbythe mode of treatment for each disease." fiology; or an attempt to Explain the FuncThe whole of these diseases, Dr. W. tions and Laws of the Nervous Syftian," thinks, are comprehended in fix pri- &c. &c. &c. by Dr. PEART. The difmary orders, namely, " pimples, scales, guft which is occafioned by the felf-conrashes, velicles, tubercles, and spots :' Ceit of the Docter, is only equalled by the orders branch into genera, species, that which every man must feel, at the and varieties. Whether any objections contempt with which the most rational lie' against fo formal and systematic an and ingenious theories, on a varity of arrangement, we are incompetent to offer philofophical subjects, are treated. Wlien an opinion. In order to convey distinct we hear a writer dogmatically allert, ideas on the subject, it is the intention of " that the chemical doctrines of M. LaDr. W. to elucidate every genus by co- voisier, and the ele&trical theory of Dr. loured engravings, representing some of Fanklin, are absurd principles ; and that its most ftriking varieties. The prefent he has proved these erroneousy by such arinteresting volume contains the first or guments as he " does not for a moment der, namely, “papulons eruptions on the hesitate to affert, are absolutely conclufkin,” with seven coloured plates. In Mr. live;" we riik but little in calling him a WARE's“ Remarks on the Fijfula Lachy- coxcomb. The especial object of Mr. malis,” he describes an operation which SAUMAREZ, in his “ New System of Philohe has frequently performed with much logy," is, as he informs us in his preface, cafe and success, and which is confidera to explore the nature of the principle of bly different from that in common, use. life, and assert its power,-to inveitigate Without the afhstance of a plate, the de- the attributes of organizd life, as the infcription would not be very intelligible : strument by means of which the pheno

rena

Half-yearly Retrospect of Domestic Literature.

503 mena of organic action are produced, and translated from the French of Messrs. the final caute of animated existence at- Chopart and Default, “ A Treatise on tained throughout the univerte." Upon Chirurgical Difeafes, and on the Operations these curious subjects the author has be.. required in their Treatment.So far as ktowed a considerable degree of attention. it goes, this work is useful. Mr. HUMPAGE, in his " Pbysiological Re Mr. Jesse Foot's Cases of the fucsearches,” attempts to disprove the modern cessful Pražlice of Veficæ Lotura in the theory of absorption, by a distinct system Cure of diseased Bladders,” are certainly of vessels, and lubstitutes the Boerhaavian flattering to his mode of treatment; in doctrine of a subordinate series, too small these cales, where there appears to have to admit the red globules. Mr. H. con been a morbid irritability and contracfiders the brain to be one large lymphatic tion of the bladder, the plan of injecting gland, supplying nutrition to the lystem, it with a decoction of marsh-mallows, and the cerebellum to be the real origin was attended with success. Mr. SHELof the nerves. Mr. H. if he has not suc DRAKE'S “ Practical Elay on the Clubceeded in flaying the dragon, has, at least, Foot, and other Distortions in the Legs and shewn considerable skill in the combat. Feet of Children,is a valuable work to Dr. Hooper has tranflated from the La- Mr. S. very properly advises, that the tin of Mr.T. J. PLENCK, of Vienna,“ The cure of the fornier should be attempted as Hygrology, or Chemico-physiological Doctrine foon after birth as possible; the muscles of the Fluids of the human Body?” Readers, will otherwise improve in strength, and this means, in plain words, a chemical the distorted bones in their offiñcation; analysis of the fluids and humours of the the cure will consequently be more painhuman fyltem. Some farther explanation ful and uncertain. Mr. SHELDRAKE's of the lubject is announced: the annun- fuccessful treatinent in thirty-one cases, ciation is not unnecessary; for the uses to is attested by persons of so much repectawhich this analysis may be applied are not bility, as to render the fact unquestionvery obvious. Dr. HOOPER's translation able. of this work is by no means faultless : it Vie flatter ourselves, that few readers is sometimes abfolutely unintelligible; will consider the space unreasonable, which which, however, may, in loine instances, we have allotted to the retrospect of puba perhaps, be the case with its original. Mr. lications in the department of that science, john Bell has published the fecond vo which has for its object fo grand an ervoluine of his " Anatomy of the buman fential to the bappiness of the human race, Body." In this volume are giver, with as the health of the human system. We the same clearness and precision which proceed to the fubje&ts of distinguished his former, the anatomy and phyfiology of the heart and arteries : auch Dr. Geddes has publifhed the second uleful mater is introduced in the nature

volume of his new translation of the of respiration, not merely as it is per

<ifuiy Bible :” the same liberal independformed by man, but by other animals, ent ipirit which adorned the first, is obfuch as birds, amphibiæ, fitnes, and in fervable in the present; the Doctor's defects. The anatomy of the forus is un viations are io abundant from the acceptfolded in a very interesting manner, to

ed version, and his sentiments, whether gether with the office of the placenta in coincident or in opposition to establiihed the oxydation of foetal blouet. It gives. Creeds, are delivered in so manly, oprn, us great pleasure to okie:ve, that, like Dr. and unabashed a manner, that lie muit CURRIE, Nir. BELL is an eneiny to the expect very copious torrents of calumny scholaftic and unmeaning jargon which and abude, from many a stupid animahas to long been the pride of anatomniits, ligoint bigot; the Dri's opinions on tlie and the dilgrace of their science: “it is fubject of inspiration, will expofu him to high time," lays he, “ to banish it from peculiar in ult. Mr. BENJOIN has diour schools, and write in plain and simple lended “ The Integrity and Excellen a language, intelligible as well to the pub. fic at large, as the profesion in particu- any remarks which we might poftilly have lir.” That man would perform an act made, on the dogmatical and abulivé luiof important fervice to the world who guage which occasionally debases this vietin

work. thouli clear away the rubbish with which

In justice to Dr. P. we folicit our

readers to refer to page 348 of the pretine the iciences of chemistry, botany, ento

volume of our Maga ine. mogy, and natural history in general,

† For an account of Mr. SHELDRAKT'S are furrounded *. Mr. TURNEUL! has truites, and four plates illustrative of their

Dr. PARRY, i Bach, las anticipaicu application, tee our Magazine, vol. iv. p. 215.

THEOLOGY AND MORALS.

504

Half-yearly Retrospect of Domcfic Literature. of Scripture,by a novel interpretation of Christ, her do&rines are to be looked of the much controverted paffiges, Diut. upon as infallible, and her crdinances to vii. 2. 5. and xx. 16, 17.

Tć obviate be held inviolate ; according to Mr. the objections against the scriptures,' DAUBENY, that man is a bad subject arising from the inconsistency of the com and a bad christian, who bows not before mand given to the Jews, só utterly to de- the divinity of his church : schism is a stroy the men, women, infants, and every damnable sin, and toleration a' dangerous living creature, of leven nations,” with indulgence! Ergo-may all the cuites of the doctrine of the goodness of God, Mr. Ernulphus be poured upon the liead of B. considers, that the destruction which every ichisinatic and dislenter !--- Formy God intends the seven nations in the above part," quoin my uncle Toby, “ I could cominand, is nothing more or less, than not have a heart to curle my dog fo." an utter destruction of their civil as well Mr. DAUPENY, however, claims a much as idolatrous confitutions, as nations; closer affinity to Dr. Slop, than uncle not the destruction of every • fleeing Toby; peace and ecclefiaftical impotence father, drooping mother, and innocent reft with him! Near akin to this christian helpless babe, but the destruction of mutti, appears to be Mr. JONATHAN their power as a people. Di. GEDDES BOUCHER, who has given us “ A View believes this “ fanguinary measure," as of the Causes and Conjèquences of the Amehe calls it, “ to have been the fabrication rican Revolution, in ihirteen Discourses, of some posterior Jew, to justify the cru- preached in North America, bitui ren the elties of his nation.” Surely this subject jcars 1763 and 1775." The same rantis laboured by both these gentlemen un- ing nonsense which tyrants have always necessarily, as well as unlatistactorily: preached, and flaves have always listened do we regard it as inconsistent with the to, about abfolute and unqualified fubgoodness of God, that he should suscr, mission to any eitablithed government which is tantamount to command, the de- whatever, is copioully interlarded in these folating eruptions of Ætna, Stromboli, pompous pages: a long and tiresome preand Vesuvius? does he impede the de- face introduces these discourses, wherein ftructive march of the plague and the every one n.ust be disgusted at the cavalier fever? does he shelter the head “ of every and contumelious manner, in which Mr. drooping mother, and innocent helpleis JONATHAN BOUCHER has con descended babe,” from the teinpest and tornado? or to notice the works of those it

party does he save from the yawning earth- writers, destitute .of a spirit of philosoquake, “ every fleeing father," who im- phical investigation," who have presumed plores his protection? Mr. BENJOIN'S to become historians of the American reargument proves too much, therefore, volt. How different in its temper and mole ruit fua. The ways of God are in- fpirit from the two preceding works, scrutable; and with such an evident pre- is Dr. GILBERT GERARD'S sermon ponderance of good around us, it is not « On Indifference with rejpect to religious for us to question the universal benevo- Truth,” preached before, and, very much lence of his plans, and their natural ten to their credit, published by desire of, the dency to co-operate for the perfect feli- Synod of Aberdeen. In this moft excelcity of the universe. Our readers all re lent sermon, not merely the right of primember the whining, politico-theological vate judgment, but the duty of free una publication, of that active enemy to fo- fettered inquiry is peremptorily insisted reign flavery, and that active friend to

“ I would lay it down as a principle," domeftic coercion, Mr. WILBERFORCE. fays Dr. G.“ that no man, or no body Mr. THOMAS BELSHAM has published of men, has a right to impose upon others, “ A Revieri of Mr. WILBERFORCE's doctrines whole truth they do not perTreatise ;" wherein he has opposed found. ceive. It is impossible that all should be argument to enpty declamation, and his of the same sentiments, and never seems own liberal and enlarged principles of to have been the design of our Maker. religion, to the sectarian tenets of his He loves variety in all his works.” From opponent. Since the destruction of the Mr. PRATT's Prospectus of a new PoPope's dominions in Italy, the Rev. lyglot Bible,” it appears that he has unCHARLES DAUBENY has published a dertaken a work of infinite magnitude book, for which his brows ought at least and dificulty: to pursue the plan which to be graced with a tiara! This book is is chalked out, demands the most prointitled " A Guide to the Church,&c. found and various knowledge, the most On the arrogant and erroneous assumption unwearied diligence, and the most inthat the church of England is the church flexible fidelity; it is intended to unite

on:

Half-yearly Retrospect of British Literature.

50g the Hebrew text of the Old Testament liberality which Dr. BLANEY opposes to with the common English translation, the the intemperance and acrimony of his Greek feptuagint vertion, the Latin vul- antagonists, do him the greatest honour. gate, and the Chaldee paraphrafes, in five " Three Sermons on a Future State," by parallel colunins : below these, across the Dr. SHEPHERD, archdeacon of Bedford, page, is to be given the Samaritan pen are written in a serious and impressive tateuch in Hebrew characters; the plan i manner: in the first discourse, the various for the New Testament is equally exten- arguirents are collected in favour of a five. Dr. HUNTINGFORD has published future itate: in the second, is considered, a second volume of Discoursis on differ. with becoming diffidence, the probable ent Sz'je&is;" the greater number of nature of our happiness: and in the third, these diicouries, it is to be observed, have Dr. SHEPHERD has argued in favour of a reference to the political tenets of the the opinion, that death is a change of expresent day: as inay be expected, they istence, and not an annihilation of it. are written in a style of claftical and dig- Mr. Eyre's Reply to the Rev. R. nified eloquence. An anonymous writer, CHURTON," is conducted with great of considerable ability, has published ability: Mr. CHURTON had attacked Remarks on Revelation and Infidelity:" the catholic church, and endeavoured to a debating society is imagined at Edin- establish the pretensions of the church of burgh, in which a young infidel, Mr. England to an uninterrupted succession of Goedwill, attacks the commonly-received divinely appointed teachers and priests, opinions, but after a fevere contest, is con- from the apostles. A pretension to arroverted by a man of learning and experi- gant, and lo obviously untenable, is opence, Mr. Christian. Mr. BRYANSON posed by Mr. Eyre, who has shown himBROMWICH, in his “ Examination of the lelf to be a very powerful polemic. Mr. Doctrines of the Church of Rome," has Simpson's “ Thoughts on the Novelty, displayed gross ignorance of the subject Excellence, and Evidince of the Christian on which he treats, and the most detesta- Religion," is an elegant performance. ble illiberality in his manner of treating An enumeration of all the single serit. Dr. Gaskin has edited two volumes mons which have been published in the of “ Sermons, preached to Parocbial Ccn- course of the last fix months, would. gregations, by the late Rev. Richard South- cupy a great deal more room than most of gate;” to which is added a biographical our readers would think necessary to depreface, by the editor. Dr. Price vote to the subject : to select a few of the preached his very excellent sermon at the best, and a few of the worst, will be am, Old Jewry, on the centenary of the Re- ply fufficient. We scarcely ever perused volution of 1688; the whole church was a sermon with more pleasure, than Mr. ipdignant at the impiety of mingling po- ARCHARD'S Philosophical Discourse on litics with religion, and preaching the Providenie: addressed to the Modern Phiprinciples of liberty from the pulpit; losophers of Great Britoin;" the diffi. since his time, however, we have had in- culties of difcuffing the question of a numerable opportunities of observing, moral providence upon philosophical printhat the Dri's example, if not of preach- ciples, are stated with unusual energy and ing the prin:iples of liberty from the pul- acuteness; and the impotence of folitary pit, at least of mingling politics with re- unaslisted reason to discover the moral. ligion, has been followed by those who government and providence of God, is molt loudly opposed it. Mr. Southgate's illustrated in a strain of impressive elofermons ahound with political allutions : quence. Among the many fermons, preachin one instance (vol. ii. p. 334.) the ac- ed on the general thankigiving day (Dec. quittal of Messrs. Hardy, THELWALL, 19, 1797), that c!elivered before his ina&c. is adverted to with regret, and the jesty at St. Paul's, by the learned Bishop criminal acclamations of the populace of LINCOLN, must not be forgotten. The with feverity. Mr. Southgate's fermons reverend prelate seems proud of the bucontain much good fenfe, and his notions mility of his fellow-countrymen : of toleration occasionally exhibit him in our enemies," says he, « have insulted an amiable point of view. The learned the majeity of heaven, we have hambled Dr. BLANEY's new translation of “ 2a- ourselves before our God, and acknowchariah," is accompanied with notes, ledged our transgressions." The humi. critical, philological, and explanatory: lity of a royal proceslion to St. Paul's, an appendix is added, .in reply to Dr. where ten thousand diamonds sparkled in EVELEIGH, and a differtation on Daniel the sun, and each fair damsel vied with ix. 20. to the end. The candour and her rival neighbour in the coftliness, the

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Half-yearly Retrospeet of British Literature. profusion and the elegance of her ornia cy: reason informs us what these tem. ments, is truly edifying * ! " while they dencies are. " To a rational being,' (our enemies) have impiously denied his fays Mr. GODWIN, treating of the foun.. all-controlling power, we have prayed dation of virtue, “ there can be but one unto the Lord to give wifúom io our role of conduet, justice ; and one mode councils, fuccefs to our cruis, and steadi. cf ascertaining that ruk, the exercile of refs to our people, and he has heard us.” his understanding." In opposition, it is The bihop then proceeds, in a train of contended hy the author of this examira appropriate picty, to inform liis audience, tion, on the iclid ground that mon is a that our ccnquers are extensive; that our creature of sympathy (the fource whence fleets have been triumphant beyond the all his moral feelings arife), and that a boast of former times; that Lord Dun- fyftem of local relations is the only one CAN is not cnly a good officer, but a very adapted to his nature: it is contended, pious man; and that history will cele- also, on the ground of his utter inability brate the glory of our navy, and the to pursue the result of his acrions to their splendour of those particular achieve- remotest ramifications, that general good ments, which are the subject of his p?se can never be an adequate motive of vi. gyric. Another dignitary of the church, gorous action; and that virtue is not to the Rev. EDMUND POULTER, preben- be defirred that course of conduct which dary of Wincheiter, preached a lermon, tends to promote this general good, but at the cathedral of that place, of which it is to be defined that course the motive we really regret that we cannot give our of which is benevolence, or individual good. readers a specimen; a short specimen, ton, Mr. G.'s antagonist meets him on very would be sufficient, for

fair terms:

if,” says he, “ the fundaSach laboured nothings in fo strange a style

mental principle be true, that morality Amazė the unlearn'd, and make the learned

consists in doing all the good we can, I fmile.

admit that all the consequences are clear, Mr. HEWLET's discourse on the « Dil- concatenated, and of an irrefiftible con

viction : Arachne never wove a jutter ty of Thanksgiving," is plain and appropriate: it is written with the feelings of web." This acute reasoner, however, a man, and in the langungo of a genile

admits, in another place (and witłout The same remark, in a moderated

expering himself to the charge of inconmeasure, is applicable to a fermon of Dr.

fistency), that the end of virtue is the geMUNKHOUSE,

preached in the church neral good! Mr. GODIVIN, then, difiers of St. John Baptiit, Wakefield.” The

from him in the means of attaining this fermons of Mr. LLOYD, Mr. CLAPHAM,

end : Mr. G. seeks it all once and im. Mr. AGUTTER, Mr. GOODE, cum mul- mediately; to the neglect of those dotis aliis que nunc perfcribere longum est,

meftic endearments, thote private affecare most of them political declama

tions which his antaconist, in our opi. tions, rather distinguished by violence

nion, very juftly confiders, though in than meekness, by intolerance than

themselves as individual enjoyments, to be charity.

productive, from their number and ex. An anonymous writer of great acute.

tent, of the largest portion of human feness has entered into “ An Examination of licity t: Mr. G. has roured another te leading Principle of the New Sijiem if antagonist of equal forength

and dexteritza Merals

, as that Principle is fiaied ond op with the former, Mr. Proby, who, in a Plied in Mr. GODWIN's Political Judice?", pamphlet intitled," Modern Philosophy Mr. Godwin's morality, or rather his' and Ancient Berbaris112," &c. has suca digest of that system of morals, the

ceeded in identifying the theory of Mr. foundation of which was laid by

Godwin with the practice of Lycurgus. Brown, Hume, Helvetius, and Puley,

Mr. PROBY, in very aniinated and glowconsists in making gineral utility ilie inle

ing language, has expoed the ablurd, as principle of action. “ Nothing," says

well as the destructive consequences, which Mr. Hume, “ can furnish just ground for

would result to mankind, were the monmoral distinction in any quality or action

frous system of Mr. G. carried into but its beneficial or pernicious tenden

full urimpared effect. To fuch rerders

have been seduced by the specious * No place to facred from such fops is

+ The author of this pamphlet may see barr'd, Nor is Paul's church more safe than Paul's number of Dr. ExField's “ Enquirer." See

some of his own arguments in the fourth church-yard.

Popes
I couilly Aime. Vol. I. p. 273.

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