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310 Retrospect of Domestic Literature. ---Miscellanies. [Sup. on it with discernment and good sense. lume, Mr. P. succeeded in proving the

The Refuge” is written by the author picturesque to possess as distinct and ex. of the Guide to Domestic Happiness,” clufive a character, as either the sublime who in this, as in his former work, dis or the beautiful. Its most efficient causes plays much good sense and <bservation. were stated to be roughness, intricacy « A Present for a little Girl" is neat, (which implies sudden and unexpected anci, no doubt, will be an acceptable pre- variation), and irregularity: Thus, it fent to the young people for whom it is holds a sort of middle station between intended. The cuts are executed with beauty and sublimity, and is evidently unusual neatness and accuracy.

The founded on principles opposite from ei“ Youth's Miscellany” consists of original ther. Beauty, on smoothness, on fuft, essays, moral and literary; they are in- undulating ourlines, on Aowing forms, tended “ to promote a love of virtue and and almost insensible variation; on ideas learning, to correct the judgment, to im- of freshness and of youth.

The pictuprove the taste, and to harmonize the resque, in addition to the constituent mind." It is fufficient to say, that they principles already mentioned, is founded are well calculated to promote the import. on ideas of age, and decay. The subant objects which the author profeffes tolime also, although it possesses some prohave in view. Mrs. PILKINGTON'S perties in common with the picturesque,

Obedience rewarded, and Prejudice differs from it in many essential points : conquered,” is an useful little work, in greatness of dimension, ideas of inf.

The New Children's Friend” is trans- nity, eternity, darkness, terror, stillness, lated chicfly from the German, and cor, and in many other qualities, which are refponds more completely than common separately the foundation of fublimity, with its title page, which announces the but of which not one enters neceffarily volume to contain “ pleasing incitements into the composition of the picturesque, 10 wisdom and virtue, conveyed through From this enlarged view of the subject it the medium of anecdote, tale, and adven, appears, that the word picturesque is not rure; calculated to entertain, fortify, to be narrowed in its application, and conand improve the juvenile mind." Mrs, fined, as its etymology might indicate, to SAUNDER'S “ Little Family” is a work those objects alone which may be represents of very confiderable merit ; it blends, as ed with effect on the canvass. Far from all books for children thould do, instruc. it : a piece of music, light and playful, with tion with amusement and murality. It sudden unexpected variation in point of may poffibly be objected, that some of time and key, &c. may be called pieluMrs. 's's observations are too refined for resque with equal accuracy, the comprehension of children in general. Thatļrich (tream" which“ winds along," " Moral Biography;" a wretched per “ Deep, majestic, smooth, and strong," formance, proposes to give the lives of may be denominated sublime; or the soft, perfops eminently diftinguished for their melodious melancholy of a Scotch air, virtue and talents : it is deficient in lan- beautiful. The application of pictur, guage, sentiment, and anecdote. “ Paf- esqueness to poetry, the lyric particularly, toral Lessons are intended as an accom- in opposition to the fublimity of the ode companiment to Mrs. BARBAULD's and the epic, or the polished beauty of the

Hymns in Prose," to which, however, sonnet and the elegiac measure, is obvithey are by no means equal.

ous, and equally correct; as also is its Our readers will, perhaps, be relieved application to the different objects of art to fee, that we are, at lait, come to the and nature, such as trees and waterfalls, subject of Miscellaneous Literature. buildings, birds and beasts, &c. After which they shall receive a respite Mr. Price's second volume contains of fix months.

three essays, still farther illustrative of the

Tulject, and explaining the mode of reAmong the miscellaneous publications ducing to practice the theory of his former is to be distinguished, as a work of claf- volume. The first essay is on arrificial fical merit, the second volume of Mr. water, and on the method in which pice UVEDALE PRICE, on the “ Pictu- turesque banks may be practically formed. Esque, and on the Use of studying Pic. In oider to gain a juft idea how the banks tures, for the Purpose of improving real of ariificial pieces of water thould be Landscapes ;”, this latter subject is very formed, Mr. P. most judiciously begins warmly inculcated, and is never once lost with enquiring, how those of natural Gght of throughout the whole work, lakes, and rivers are formed. This is Most of us recollect, that, in the first vo. quite a novel enquiry; at least the ap

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effects of art, by finilar effects in naRetrospex of Domestic Literature.-Miscellanies.

511 plication of the enquiry to landfcape gar- ings. Here again he has illustrated the dening is novel, and throws great light on the subject. Mr. P. is in truth a wor The form and character of rocks fhipper of nature, and may 'exclaim, with are the most analogous to those of buildPeter Pindar,

ings : the different effects produced by Thou art my goddess, Nature ! lo to thee, the intricate and broken outline of fome,

Parent of dove-eyed peace, I bend the knee. and the flat monotonous summit of others, The second essay treats on the decora- may instruct the architect how tame is tions near the house ; Mr. P. conceives, the level slated surface of most modern that bere the embellishments of art are not houses, interrupted only by a few folie only to be employed, but even in some de- tary and aspiring chimnies, in compari, gree to be displayed: to go at once from son with the rich and varied roof, with art, from the obvious and avowed work of which Vanbrigh has so magnificently man, THE HOUSE, to simple, unadorned ornamented Blenheim. nature, is too suddea a transition and A great variety of observations on this wants that fort of gradation and congruity, and the other essays, display the most which, except in particular cases, is so chaste and cultivated taste; but Mr. P. necessary in all that is to please the eye has already fascinated us to dwell on his and the mind. The decorations, there. volume longer than is quite consistent, forė, of an ornainental garden, like those perhaps, with the nature of our retrospect. belonging to some of the Italian villas, With regret we leave him. hould be rich, regular, and symmetrical; Mr. JACKSON, that enchanting haraccording with the mansion, they may monist of Exeter, has published a milunite sculptured and architectural mag- cellaneous volume of very great merit : nificence, such as terraces, fountains, pa. the essay, which gives a title to his book. rapers, Atatues, vases, balustrades, &c. is called “ The Four Ages.” In this Stiff and glaring formality, however, Mr. J. with great propriery, has iavertmay be avoided by a judicious mixture ed the order of the ages as it was esta of irregular and varied vegetation : the blished by the ancients: he asserts, and prevailing fondness for fimplicity, there. we are sorry to be unable to discredit his fore, and the desire of banishing all em assertionThat no golden age has yet bellishments of art, are severely censured. existed, but iu poetry. Those periods Architecture and buildings are the sub. of uncivilized society, when each man ject of the concluding essay : here Mr. made laws for himself, P. makes a judicious distinction between Nullaque mortales præter sua littora nôrant, architecture in towns, where it may be are degraded into the iron age; to each said to be principal and independent ; age Mr. J. has attributed what he con: and architecture in the country, where it ceives to be irs distinguishing characteris, in some measure, subordinate and de- istics, and from them it appears, that we pendent on the surrounding objects. are advanced into the filver period. Mr. The building, which inay be justly ad- I. has touched on a variety of other mired in a street or a square, where subjects in this volume, poetry, piinting; scarcely any thing but the front is con music, architecture, literary compofitions, fidered, and little else is seen, if trans- &c. &c. in all of which he has displayed ferred to the country, where it does not considerable genius, taste, and discern. blend with the scenery, may ve bald and ment. A collection, in three volumes, has unpicturesque. An architect, therefore, lately appeared, of Oliver Goldsmith's Thould be acquainted with the principles 66 Miscellaneous Works :" this collecof painting, and should apply them to tion is a very acceptable prefent; for his own art; such an one will not be fo- the essays, criticisms, and jeux d'esprit, licitous to fink all the offices under of thar eccentric character, have hithertó ground, that his house may stand -a fort been buried among the periodical rubof eye-trap to all passengers, staring and bilh of the time when they were writimpudent; he will not remove every Dr. BANCROFT has published the tree which intercepts the view, and level first volume of his “Experimental Reevery hill which rises within fight ; but, searches, concerning the Philosophy of on the contrary, will rather wish to con permanent Colours, &c.In this voceal some parts of the building, in order lume Dr. B. treats of all the substantive to give an interesting and picturesque colours, and of those adjective colours, effect to others." "Mr. P. has directed the from among the animal and vegetable attention of painter-architects to a sub- kingdoms, which produce the yellows. ject, which has not been sufficiently itu. To underitand the meaning of this dia died, namely, the summits of their build, vision of the articles used in dying, we

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Retrospect of German Literature.

[Sup. must recollect, that there are some, which such a period of inanition, exceeds, require a previous preparation to bite in perhaps, 'whatever has been before rethe colour which is afterwards to be add. corded. Mrs Brenmer is a survivor of ed; and that there are others, which of this disastrous shipwreck : her husband, themselves fix on the substance to be the captain of the vessel, died in her dyed. The former are called adjectives, arms !' Mr. YOUNG's "Efay on Huthe latter substantives. Dr. B. attri- manity to Animals” does high honour butes :!, permanent change of colour to to his heart : the subject is not always the attraction of substances for parricular fufficiently attended to in the education rays, which are absorbed, and remain of our youth; this little publication, Jatent, while others are reflected. An therefore, rendered interesting by the elegant and concise effay on the history of insertion of some histories characteristic dying is given in this volume, which is of the affection which animals bear to replete with found philofophical re- their offspring, is particularly proper to search, which abounds with fagacious be put into the hands of children. “ The reflections, and which relates to a variety Spirit of the Public Journals for 1797" of accurate and ingenious experiments in is a judicious selection of the best essays, relation to the subject of it.

jeux d'esprit, anecdotes, &c. from the A more agonizing appeal to the feel. fugitive publications of the day, and ings can scarcely be conceived, than promises to form a very entertaining anMr. MACKAY'S “ Narrative of the nual miscellany. Mr. Jones's • MaShipwreck of the Juno on the coast of sonic Miscellanies, in Poetry and Profe,' Arabia :" this narrative, which appears is an entertaining, and. probablv, an useful to be perfecily authentic, is addressed by manual. “ The Prompter" is the proMr. M. the fecond officer of the ship, in duction of an American moralift, Mr.a series of letters, to his father, the Rev. Noah WEBSTER, who has shewn his Thomas Mackey, minister of Lairy, Su- good sense, in taking the manner and the therlandshire, North Britain. Out of matter of Dr. Franklin as subjects of 72 persons on board this thip, 58 actually imitation : it is an useful little work. perished, ei her by fatigue or famine, We have now finished our Retrospect in the course of 23 days and nights, .of the domestic Literature of the last fix which had elapsed before the surviving months ; some few books, it is obvious, must 14 (who, during that long period, ex. escape the most rigid research. Should isted without food) had the happiness of this be the case with respect of any of li. gaining the land by means of rafts and terary eminence, we Thall be happy to fpars : the protraction of life during bring them forward on a future occafion.

HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF

GERMAN LITERATURE. IT.

has frequently been remarked, and long-wished-for peace, concluded be

Perhaps with justice, that the Ger- 'tween the Empress, Queen Mary Theremans, since the middle of the present sa, and Frederick the Great of Pruffia. century, have made greater efforts, in Long before this period, the groundevery department of the arts and sciences, work of national erodition, philology, than their learned ancestors collectively had met with many able and successful from the times of Tacitus. Although professors; but as their laborious rethe same remark may apply in great searches were almost exclusively directed measure to the present, or rather the to the cultivation of the dead languages, late, state of French literature, yet it is that of the natives was till then unacby no means fo 'characteristic, nor lo countably neglected. The works of general, as when applied to the Ger. Klopstock*, Lesing. Haller, Gefner, Bürmans: they were much behind in va

ger, Gellert, Rabner, Ramler, Herder, rious departments of science, at a time Jacobi, Görbe, Schiller, &c. but particuwhen France produced many eminent farly those of the inexhaustible and acwriters in almost every branch, particu- complished WIELAND +, however, aflarly in history, belles-lettres, and politi- ford ample proofs that the Germans, becal economy.

The new era of German literature' began with the conclusion of the fep * The first edition of Klopflock's Meffiak, tennial war in 1763, when the muses appeared as early as the year 1950. of Germany were once more relieved + See an account of his works, in the from the horrid clangour of arms, by the Monthly Magazine for April, 1797.

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Retrospect of German Literature.- History.

513 fide their peculiar industry, perseverance, and phrases that cannot be satisfactorily and a singular propensity to abstruse in- translated into foreign languages. quiries, asso pofíefs taste and genius:-We In this place, however, it behoves us cannot, without injuftice, omit to men for the present, to afford only a concise tion in this place the name of ADELUNG, view of the state of Literature in Gera the excellent and profound philologist, many, during the last fix months. of whom the Germans have just reasons to be proud. By his indefatigable'ex Although the Germans cannot boast ertions to improve his native language, of many good historians, and, perhaps, he has produced such works, as whole of none who writes with the elegant fima academies and royal societies, convened plicity of a Robertson, or the powerful for that purpose in other countries, have colouring of a Hume, there neverthelefs not been able to accomplish. We allude have lately appeared several valuable to his " Elementary Grammar of the Ger- publications in this department. Ar the man Language, in two Volumes, large head stands the veteran SCHLÖZER, Oslavo," which may serve as a model of aulic counsellor, and professor of univers a systematic gramınar in any language; fal history, in the university of Görtinand to his o Complete Dictionary of the gen, whose acute and chastising pen has High-German Language, in frve Volumes, long been dreaded by the arbitrary prin. Royal Quarto," of which, the second edi ces of Germany. We hope, for the good tion is already in the press. As this of his country, he will continue his would not be the most proper place to monthly “ Statistical Accounts,” begun expatiate upon the merits of this extra about 20 years fince, and containing every ordinary publication, the work of a information required by foreigners upon single man,

who spent the greater part of the true state of Germany, in its potbirty years in the composition of it; litical relations to foreign states, as well we must content ourselves with briefly as to the different sovereign co-states of saying, that this dictionary contains a the German empire. His latest work, greater stock of words than any other under the title of “ Critical and Hir yet published since the invention of the torical Disquisitions in Leisure-Hours," art of printing ; that every word is sci- contains three very interesting articles ; entifically arranged as to its real and me- namely, 1. Origines Osmanicze, or an taphorical signification; that the words Inquiry into the Origin of the Osma-' are either clearly defined, or amply il- nian History;" 2. “Proofs, that the Monlustrated with the most apposite exam gols have been the Inventors of Paperples; and that the various uses of them money, in the thirteenth Century;" and are unequivocally determined.

It is to

3. “ An Introduction to the Knowledge this incomparable work that the Ger- of the political History of Alia.". mans are chiefly indebted for the ortho- Prof. MANGELSDORFF's “ Epitome of graphy, as well as the syntax, of their universal History, &c.” in one volume, language, which by it have been settled 8vo. is a concise and elaborate abftract on the most solid bafis of just etymology from his larger work, on the subject of and found analogy. Animated by the ancient history, and well adapted for incessant efforts of such a leader, his the use of academies, and as a compencountrymen have of late years bestowed dium for private study; it is written in a laudable degree of attention to the im- a pleasant, easy, and instructive style, provement and refinement of their co- and contains no tenets adverse to the pious and energetic language. Hence prevailing religious and political opinions. the numerous grammars and dictionaries -Another valuable work, but confined of all sizes, published during the last to a particular province, is, “ Witwenty years ; hence the endless va ARDA's History of East-Frifia ;" the riety of philological questions proposed seventh volume of which appeared lately, by academies and societies in every part and brings it down to the year 1734. of Ge.inany; hence the great diversity The author is fecretary to the States of of critical essays on language, which con- East-Frisia, and a man of unquestionable tinually appear on the Leipzig book- veracity ; his sources are genuine, as he fairs ; and hence, lastly, the bold at has free access to all the archives of the tempts of their dramatic and poerical state. “Prof. WOLTMAN's History of writers, to delineate the genuine senti- France,” being the first volume of a ments of the heart, and to exprefs the “ History of the European States," is various emotions of the mind, in words likewise a book of great merit ; in as MONTHLY Mag. No. XXXIII.

3 V

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314 Retrospect of German Literature. Politics. (Sup much as it abounds with excellent phi- " which leads to the highest degree of losophical reflections, and is written in a “ human happiness; a happiners, which correct and manly style. If the ingeni- « confifts only in the dominion of ous professor continue the history of all “ reason, in thinking justly, and acting other European stares, with the same “ uprightly.” degree of accurate discrimination between

POLITICS. facts and opinions, we venture to pro It can scarcely be expected, that in a nounce, that he will justly deserve the country, where the political intereks of first rank among modern historians. As so great a variety of lovereign states are he has undertaken a very arduous and not cemented by one common tie, 'there fatiguing task, we can only with him the should appear many impartial disquifineceffa:y portion of indefatigable indus- tions. By far the greater number of try, which characterizes his native con- books, published on the subject of politemporaries, and we make no doubt but tics, in Germany, are tranllations from his labours will be crowned with success, the French or Englifh, not unfrequently -We cannot better conclude this de- accompanied with notes and commen. partment, than with “SCHILLER's Hif. taries. This circumstance, however, aftorico-genealogical Almanack, for the fords no proof, that the Germans possess Year 1998,” in which the historical no political talents, nor, that they have picture of Germany, on 288 pages, 12mo. no original writers in this favourite branch is the principal and most interesting ar. of English literature. We have already ticle. The author is well known to the mentioned the names of Schlözer, and English reader by several dramatic pie. Schiller, in the preceding article, to ces, which have been translated and which we might add a long list of others, read with avidity, but particularly if we were not limited in our plan. We that of “ The Robbers.”. Within the must content ourselves with mentioning compass of a few sheets, Schiller has fur- one or two publications, that have lately nished us, in a masterly manner, with appeared in this department. Mr. “ A Concise History of the Germans, GEN2, a gentleman in a high station at from the Abdication of the Emperor the court of Berlin, presented the new Charles V. to the reign of Francis Il; king of Prussia, Frederic William III. or,

from the Reformation of Luther, and on the day of his ascension to the throne the subsequent Foundation of religious (November 16th, 1797), with a very spiLiberty in Germany, down to the pre- rited address, which is now printed, Tent Time, when the Critical Philofo- and which, though it filis only 26 pages, phy begins to manifest its Influence, and octavo, is replete with the most curious to develope as well as to spread pro- and interesting matter, such as was, gressively the Consequences of that Re- perhaps, never before exhibited to the volution in Church and State ; i. e. view of an absolute monarch, by a prifrom the year 1556 to 1997." KANT, vate individual. It is confidently rethe professe d founder of the Critical Syf ported, that the young king received tem, naturally finds a warm panegyrist This truly patriotic advice of Mr. Genz in our historian; and, in order to give with marks of satisfaction, and has not a fhurt specimen of Schiller’s didactick ovly munificently rewarded him, but has mode of writing, we shall faithfully actually adopted the principal suggestions translate the concluding lines of this of this modern Theophron. It is imhistorical sketch : " The Germans," possible to abridge the important truths says he, “ must now endeavour to fa. conveyed in thele few pages, which are «*tisfy the loud and universal wishes for already fo much condensed; but we shall « améliorating the abject condition of gratify our readers with the perufal of " the lower clases of society; to banith one passage only, relative to the liberty

the immoral practices carried on in of the press, and which we deem wor. " the political depa:tments of their thy of being translated. ( Of all ob

country; to conciliate chat opprobrious jects," says Mr. G. “ that groan “ and increasing content between the “ under the detestable weight of fet. I “ civil and religious establithments with " ters, none are more oppressed by it “ the spirit of the times, and the pre “ than the opinions of man. This ipe. “ railing opinions and wishes of nations “ cies of oppreifion is not merely per. of to act and to be treated confiltepily “ nicious, because it prevents the good,

with the more correct norions and « but also, because it immediately pros ideas of things they have acquired. “ motes the bad. Without attending to “ Thus only will they pave the way any other argument, there is one

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