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530 Retrospect of Spanish Literature.-Novels, &c. (Sup!

The Dismal Night of Troy, in one act, by obra útil y necesaria á la juventad que D. Vicente Ramirez dé Arellano, &c. desea lucir y brillar en las ferias de Madrid.

s: La Moda, comedia en tres a&tos. The Castle of Sensibility, or the Happy Fashion, a comedy, in three acts. Marriages, an anecdote of Jacinto and

This comedy is a critic on the whims Eftuardo; a novel tolerably dismal : the of falhion.

book of falbion, or the buck, written in 6. La fingida Enferma por Amor, ópera pink-coloured letters, polished and varjocosa, t» dos actos, por Don Luciano Fran- nished; a work useful and necessary for cisco Comella, &c. The feigned Sickness young gentlemen, who will to figure and through Love, a farce, in two acts, by Doa ihine at the Madrid fair. Luciano Francisco Comella, &c.

4. Romance joroso, intitulado, Avisos 7. Coleccion de las mejores Comedias nito baratos, que da a sus carus Amigos el Loo. D. evas, que se van representando, en los teatros Juan Eliarmienio, a fin de que en las prede efla Corte, 9 10mos en 40. que compreben. lentes ferias Jean todos guardianes de su den las representadas de fie el ano 1789, in- bolsa, &c. A ludicrous romance, intitled, clufive, baftă el de 1796, tambien inclusive. Cheap Advice, given to his dear Friends, A Collection of the best new Plays, which by D. Juan El armiento, that they may are represented at the theatres of this all well husband their purfe during this place, g vols. in 4:0, including those which preient fair. &c. have been acted since the year 1789, down Ś. Billiouca Entretenida de Dumas, to 1796 inclusive.

tonie 1°. Entertaining Library (or Ma8. Catalina II, Emperatriz de Rufia, gurinc) for Ladies, vol. 1. drama keroyco en tres acios, representada el This is the first volume of a collection diua 4 de Noviembre, 1797, &c. 'por D. of novels and moral tales, either gransLuciano Fri ncisco Comelln. Catherine II, lared fiom' foreign publications, or selected. Empress of Ruffia an heroic dr«ma, in from the best spanish compofitions of this three acts, aćted on the 4th of Novem. kind. for the amusement and indtruction, ber, 1797, &c.' by D. Luciano Fran. of ladies ; to this volume is prefixed an cisco Comelia.

account of the origin, nature, progress, 9. La Comedia nueva, comedia en dos and present state of novels. actos, en prosa. The New Play, a comedy, 6. la Leundra, rovrla original que comin two acts; in prose.

prebende muchas, per D. Ant. Valadares 10. Ino y Neivile, drama en dos actos, de Sotomaror. Liandra, an original novel, por D. Luciano Francisco Comelia., Ino which comprehends more than one,, by and. Ncivile,' a play in two acts, by D. D. Ant. Valcadares de Sotomayor. Luciano Francisco Comella.

7. Coleccion ile Novelas escogidas de los

mejores ingenios Epanulis, Tomos, en 89. 1. El Engano Felis, &c. for D. M. M. que contienen c3 novelas, biftoricus, tragicus, y C. The Fortunate Miftake, &c. bymurules, jocejos é indirme?.vas. A CollecD. M. M. and C.

tion of scléet Novels by the beil SpaThe author delineares the dangers to nih authors, 8 vols. in Svo. containing which young girls expose themfeives, by 53 historical, tragic, moral, ludicrous, and listening to the artföl advice of a falle instructive novels. friend, and inculcates the neceffity of

MISCELLAXIES. warchirg over the education of daughters 1. Viagrs Politicos y Filolofor os, en que with the utmost care.

je ensina el camino de inquirir el origen ut las 2. El Diablo cojuelo ; voidades sonadas, ciencias y artes, agricultura, y paftoria, &c. y novelas de la otra vida, par D. 1.85 un tomo en S. Travels, Political and PhiVelez de Gicvara, &c. The Limping locphical, wherein is pointed out the way Devil; Truths revealed in Dreanis and of enquiring into the origin of fciences Tales of the World to come; by D. Luis ard arts, of agriculture, and the rearing V#ca de Guevara, &c. -

of theep, &c. 1 vol. in 8vo. This is the second edition of a well 2. Miscelanea inftructiva, curiosi, y known ludicrous romarce, which, on its agradablă, numero 8.

A Mifcellany, firit appearance, was received with great picofing, curious, and instructive. No. 8. applaute.

This nuniber contains an historico-cririThe first was about A.D. 1660.

cal differtation on the caprure of Rome by 3. El Akazar de la Sensibilidad, ó los the Gauls; a letter from Mr. Paftoret to * Matrimonios Frlites; anecdota de Jacinto Mr. de la Cratelle, on the observations of y Efrardo ; novela afaz desventurada : El the latter, on the use of eloquence at the libro a la moda ó el focadar, escrito en letra bar ; an historical account of the dresses de color de rosa, pulimentado y barnizado'; of the Roman matrons ; remarks on sever

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NOVELS AND ROMANCES,

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Retrospect of Spanish Literåture.- Miscellanies. 531 sal treatises on education ; description of and abundance of the Spanish language ; che interior parts of the Etna; by the Abbé a dialogue on the dignity of man ; a dira Spalanzani ; observations on the lion, ex sertation on the powers of the soul, and tracted from SPARMAN's Voyage to the the good use of them; the comedy Cape of Good Hope; a conversation of Amphitrion; the Vengeance of Agamem. Ernily with her mother; an historical ac non, a tragedy ; the doleful Hecuba, a count of the mine of Huencavéilca, in tragedy, by Euripides; a report to the Peru, &c.

councii of Cordova, on the navigation" of 3. Coleccion de Papeles critico-apolgeticos, the Guadalquivir, and fifteen other disa que en su juventad escribio el P. Joseph Fran. sertations on curious and interesting subjects. cisco de Isa, contra el Dr. D Pedro de Agua 8. Miscelanen instructiva, curiosa, 'y enza, y D. Diego de Torres, en defensa del agradable, ó Anales de Literatura, Sciencias, R. P. Benito Gerónimo Feixoo y del Dr. y Artes, No. 10. A Miscellany, pleasing, Martin Martinez, dos tomos, en 8. A curious, and instructive, or Annals of Collection of critico-apologetical Papers, Literature, Sciences, and Arts, No. 10. written in his youth, by Father Joseph This number of the interesting work Francisco de Ina, against Dr. Pedro de before us, contains Mr. Sulzer's observa. Aguenza, and D. Diego de Torres, in tions on comedy; a discourse on the origin Defence of the Reverend Father Benito and progreffes of Botany; a letter on va. Geronimo Feixoo, and of Dr. Martin rious excavarions intended to be made in Martinez, 2 vols. in 8vo.

Greece ; medico-practical oblervations on 4. Misirlanea inftruetiva, curiofu, y the Havanah;. general observations on agradable, No. 9. A Miscellany, pleasing, fortified places, by Citizen Arzen; recurious, and instructive, No. 9.--This marks on the effects of music in diseases; @umber contains an account of the cap. letter from a lady to her friend, on educature and destruction of Carthage by the tion; a description of the naval academy Romans; an answer to the remarks on at Amferdam, by Citizen Thouin ; an the creatises on educacions a reply from account of the anatomical works of Citi Mri de la Cratelle to Mr, Pastoret, on the zen Laumonier; &c: abuses of cloquence at the bar, &c.

9. The jith and 12th numbers of the 5. Memorial Literario de Abril y Mayo, fame work contain the following articles : partes 1 y 2. The Literary Memorial an enquiry into a passage in Plutarch, on (or Magazine) for April and May, part ! the death of Statira, mother of Darius; and 2.

premiums offered by the society at the These tivo nunibers of this literary ma- Havanah; on the various species of gazine, the first number of which was pub- Peruvian bark, and the different use to be lished in 1787, contain a funeral divey CA made of them, according to the different the death of the duke of Alba; a differia. pature of difcases, by Dr. Muris, pby. tion on the means of promoting the public fician in America ; á letter from Mar. bappiness; an account of the new colonies cagni, on the lymphatic system ; a dissertain the Andes of Guamalies; a prospectus tion on fik, and the culture of mulberryof a feminary of agriculture; a prospectus trees; &c. of the elements of philofophy of the Abbé. Memorial Literario, Junio, &c. The LiParas ordinances relative to the manage- terary Memorial (ór Magazine) for June. snent and direction of the royal college of This number contains, besides several phylic at Madrid, premiums offered by royal ordinances, the funeral eulogium on the academy of phylac at Madrid ; &c. &c. F. Henrique "Flórez, of the order of St.

6. Qurella del pueblo Coristiano contra Augustine; a dissertation "on experimental los Medicos en el Tribunal de la Razon y. agriculture, &c. Respuesta de estos, por D. Guillermo Gimel, is. Memorial Literario, Julio, parte 1: Medico de la Junta de Sanidad de la Ciudad In this number are contained two royal de Malagą. Complaint of the Christian ordinances on the mode, of examining People against the Physicians before the furgeons; and, on prizes, a discourse on Tribunal of Reason, and the Reply of the the ftudy of jurisprudence, &c. lateer, by D. Guillermo Gimel, Phyfician 12. Memorial Literario, Julio, Parié 2*. of the Board of Health of the City of This number contains a royal ordinance Malaga.

respecting the loan' of 100 millions" rials 7. Obras de Miro. Pernan. Perez de a discourse on the utility of the ftudy of Oliva, &c. en 2 tomos, en 80. The works mineralogy, by: D. Andrés del Rio, proof M.- Fernan. Perez de Oliva, in fellor of mineralogy in the feminary of yols. in 8vo.

Mexico; the sixth letter from D. Isidoro This work contains a dialogue in Larin de Antillon, containing a description of and Spanish ; a differtation on the elegance the district of Albarrafin, &c.

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RETROSPECT

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RETROSPECT OF THE PRESENT STATE OF

FRENCH LITERATURE.

(To be continued in our future Supplements.) IN N compiling this retrospect, we shall MAGINET, Quai des Auguflines, An. VI,

chiefly have recourse to the two lite. Svo. rary journals now publishing at Paris. The dissolution of Poland, and her laft The-Decade Philosophique appears every convullive struggles, belong, no dwubt, to ten days, about thirty-six numbers form. the prominent features of our eveniful ing a year ir confifts of four sheets, era ; and yet, the larter military operations large oétava, and the price is thirty francs, in that country were hitherto involved in by the year, or 11. ss. about ninepence a mysterious darkness, which the hiftorian, each number. The Magazin Encyclope. whole only sources of information were the dique is published every fortnight, and partial reports of Russian generals, was hie consists of nine theets, octavo ; fix volumes, therto not able to dispel. This work is, of four numbers each, complete the year*, therefore, the more important, as it can These twenty-four numbers cost thirty-six tains the accounts of the opposite party, francs, or slá sos. each number about is. and is written by a man, who, having 3d. We confess we much prefer the been an eye-witness of the transactions he form, and time of publication, observed in relates, describes them, though with some she Engliha journals.

apparent generous bias towards the cause HISTORY.

of oppressed liberry and justice, yet with Histoire des Vaudois, &c. The history fidelity and truth. His work is divided of the Vaudois, inhabitants of the western into two parts; the first of which contains vales of Piedmont, 2 vols. 8vo. Thefe a brief account of the Polish revolution ; people are already noted in ecclesiastic and the second, twenty-four state-papers Bory; their name is derived from the relative to that event. After having valleys which they indiabit on the west of briefly delineated the internal state of Piedmont, between the Briançonnois and Poland, previous to the year 1794, and the province of Pignerol, between the the reign of the lace king Stanislaus, marquisate of Suza and that of Salluces. against whom the author adduces the These valleys form a square of about charge of timorous irresolution, and want twelve Italian miles; their chief deno- of lincerity towards the inturgents, he minations are Luzerne, Perouze, and St. unfolds the tecret fprings of the revolution Martin: the population exceeds not whick broke out in 1794, and relates the 17,000 souls. In this small recefs, reli events of the war against the Ruffians; gious liberty and persecution have long the issue of which, from the obvious inAruggled. The author, himself a Vaus tufficiency of means, could not but prove dois, delineates thels kruggles in an inte. unfortunate. The historical account conrefting manner.

eludes with the capture of Prague, and Histoire des Révolutions, &c; The his, the disbanding of the army of the insurtory of those celebrated revolutions which gents, which was immediately followed have changed the face of empires, 3 volse by the political diffulation of Poland. Ave. This work comprises conspiracies, Hifloire abrégée des Republiques, anciennes as well as revolurions. The first volume & modernes, par le Crzoyen BALARD, begins with the conspiracy of Arbaces avec figures, à Puris, chez CAILLOT, Inagainst Sandanapalus, and ends with that prim: ur Libraire, l'An. vi. 4 vol. 1amo. of the Swils against the House of Austria; This work affords an additional proof the second pretin:s those of the porch of of the truth of an observation, which has Europe ; and the third, thote of Spain, been as frequently contested as made, thar Portugal, Italy, and France. This col- the French revolution differs from similar lection of those scenes, which are muft events recorded in the annals of history, striking in the drama of history, cannot merely from a peculiar complexion of eira fajl

Histoire de la Revolution de Pologne, en The author gives a brief hiftorical account 1794, par un témoin oculaire, à Paris, chez of ancient and modern republics, and des

lineates," in a pleasing manner, their cri. * This journal is inferior to the other, being gin, organization, and the causes of their filled with inhpid antiquities by the antiquary decline and downfall. The work com. Milling the publither.

prises the Grecian republics of Athens,

Lacedemon,

Vol. V.)

Retrospect of French Literature. Politics.

533 Lacedemon, and Thebes, the republics of concise account of the late French acquia Carthage and Rome, down to the battle of fitions in the Levant. The authors begin A&tium, the late republic of Venice, and with an historical decail concerning the the republics of Genoa, Lucca, San Ma- inands, and proceed to a description and rino, Ragusa, Holland, Swifferland, Ge. a valuation of their importance. neva, and America, and concludes with a : It appears that Venice was in a state of succinct impartial account of the Repub- complete dotage before ber fall, and was lican revolution in France.

only fupported by her ancient reputation. Campagnes du General Buonaparte, &c. The forts, arsenals, &c. were found in The Campaigns of General Buonaparte miserable condition. in Italy, during the fourth and 'fifth Precis de l'Hijoire des Hebreux, &c. Years of the French Republic, by a Ge. An Abftract of the Hebrew History, from neral Officer, 8vo. This is an interesting Moses to the taking of Jerusalem by the account of these two wonderful campaigns, Romans, &c. by Edm. Mentelle, 12mo, which reconcile us to the miracles of an. In this abridgment, intended for the cient history,

French schools, all the miracles are omit, Mémoire Militaire sur Kehl, &c. A ted, or explained from natural causesa Military Memoir respecting Kehl, con

POLITICS. raining an Account of the Passage of the Observations, &c. Observations on the Rhine, by the Army under General Mo. Profcription of General Laharpe, by the reau, and of the Siege of Kehl, by an patricians of Berne, in 1791, octavo pama Officer, 8vo. with Maps. This work phlet. The violent perfecutions of the will be useful to the future historian, by friends of freedom, by the Swiss aristopresenting minute and exact details of im- cracy, was one great cause of the late revo. portant military operations. According furion in that country. Violence, on to this account, the siege of Kehl, by the either side, always defeats its owp pur Archduke Charles, was one of the most poses in the issue. This pamphlet may disgraceful and destructive ,operations be useful in forming a proper estimate which the Austrians ever undertook. It of that revolution, was a puerile piece of obstinacy; while, Des Réjulials, &c. On the Results of had he advanced in imitation of the the last Campaign, by Matthew Dumas, French mode, Kehl must have fallen of one of the Members of the Council of course.

Elders, 8vo. This pamphlet was pube Memoires de Paul Jones, &c.. Memoirs lished when Lord Malmthury was trying of Paul Jones, written by himself, analysed to subdue by gold a farce, against which and translated under his own eye, by the steel had been found ineffectual. Cit. André, 16mo. In this little work

Talibus auxilüs, perfidique arte Sinonis, Paul does not boast of his own maritime Credita res, captique dolis lachrymifque. exploits : it is chiefly occupied with com coa&tis, plaints against the ignorance of the French Quos neque Tydides, nec Lariffeus Achilles, . ministry, and corruption of their clerks, Non anni domuere decem, non mille carinæ. , which frustrated his operations. He has Dumas was for peace on almost any terms. likewise occasion to complain of ingrati- Système Maritime, &c. The maritime tude, both from France and America. and political system of Europeans, during

L'Inde en rapport avec ' l'Europe, &c, the eighteenth century, founded on their India considered with regard to its Con- treaties of peace, cominerce, and naviganexions with Europe, by Anquetil du tion, by the Citizen Arnoud, &c. The Peron, 2 vols. 8vo. After his researches intention of this work is to estimate the into the antiquities and gcography of power of the various naval states in Eu. India, this author descends to its modern rope ; and to shew that an union of all is connections with various European powers, necessary to combat the maritime des He attempts to thew, that the English spotism of England. commercial conquests in that country De la Situation, &c. On the Internal cannot be lasting; and recommends the State of the Republic, by Charles ThereMarattas, as the forest allies of France, in min, French citizen, son of a protestant, eradicating the English power.

who left France on account of religion, Mémoire sur les trois Deparlements, &c. with this motto from Chancellor l'Hopia Memoir on the three Departments of tal's speech in the Counc:l before Charles Corcyra, Ithaca, and the Egean Sea, by IX, “ For my part, I lhall ever endeavoue the eitizens Darbois, brothers, Officers of to mitigate, and not to inflame." '8yo. the Staff of the Army of Italy, division This patriotic pamphlet is divided into of the Levant, 8vo. This is a clear and seven chapters, and is a moderate and sen.

exert

534 Retrospect of French Literature. Politics.

(Sup. fible defence of the French constitution, ed countenances of slaves begin to difas now established. The author begios appear, and are succeeded by the soft with thewing the various changes in the beauty, and Grecian forin, so common in national character; he asserts, that Ri- England: old ladies, accustomed to the Shelieu first broke the power of the people, former court, are astonished at the change. as he did that of the nobles; and that it He then demonstrates the superior adwas only from the date of his administra. vantages of a government, conducted by, tion thar the English looked upon the inen of letters, like that of France at preFrench as Naves. In this the ingenious sent, to any other form, “because it is author is grofsly mistaken, for Furtescue, that of men of skill, who desire no apin the fifteenth century, forms a compa- plause, save what is given to science and rison between the English and French, virtue; who are, fo to speak, branded and formallý terms the larter Naves, be with infamy if they enrich themselves at cause in France the people had no share the public expence, having a fame to lose, in the government, the boasted states and being anxious to preserve it; and general being arbitrarily summoned by the being, moreover, accustomed to king, and arbitrarily ruled by him and themselves for the advantage and instrue. the aristocracy; whereas England had a tion of others, without any view of pecuHouse of Commons apart, an inititution to. niary reward.” A military government, yally unknown, at all times, to all other he says, is so completely bad, that a desert countries in the world. Does M. The- is preferable : next to this, in producing remin imagine, tha: the French ftares- evils, is the fway of the nobles." That of general had the flighteft connexion with men of property has great inconvenience, freedom? What could a miserable third, for it aisigns every thing to wealth, and the tiers etat, do against the nobility and nothing to personal merit, or skill

. In clergy', united to oppress them? If this Germany, says he, a man is valued by third had ever had the fmallest influence, birth, in England by wealth, in France would they have permitted the privileged by merit only. What would Epaminonorders to laddle them with all the taxes? das, Miltiades, Regulus. Fabricius, or any He has only to look into Froissart, and ancient hero, proud of virtuous poverty, other early French writers, to see the have done in England ? Could any of bleted power of the states-general; the them have bought an ensigncy? There, assembling of which the people, in fact, min proceeds to ftate, that the rule of the abhorred, as they knew well it was only military, of nobles, or of people of pror a fignal of fresh taxations. In 1384, such perty, always parrakes of tyranny, while enormous taxes were imposed by, or ra men of letiers can rule by nothing but ther through, the fates-general, that vaft reason; instead of weapons and prejudicts, numbers of French emigrated.

the sole supports of the former, they only The author proceeds to thew, that the use arguments.

" Where such men public opinion is not yet fixed and decided, few themselves in a public ffation, on account of the ferment excited by the they evince an extent of mind, a faci. charge of property, in the disorders inse. lity of conception and general ideas, only parable from a great revolution, in the fale to be acquired by study; and they foon of the national property, and the trans- surpass those who have only the activity fer of places and power, 'from the former of intrigue, perfonal interests, or the monopolifts of rank to men of merit. A experience of routine. Hence, amongst natural consequence of this transition of the ancient Romans, the moft illustrious property into the hands of friends of the of the people and patricians, whether of revolution was, that the new constitution the sword or of the gown, cultivated requires property as a qualification to vote; letters and philofophy, as indispentable for a grear numiver of those without pru- in the government of the state.” perty either had lost it by the revolution, The citizen Anquetil lately read in the and were, of course, its cnemies; or hoped Institut, a memoir on the peace of the Py: to gain by another change.

rennées, in 1659. Dun Louis de Haro, Our space will not permit us to extend the ambassador for Spain, never spoke poour extracts much further. Theremin, fitively; and Mazarin, for France, was in pointing out the advantages which have always equivocal. Lockhart, the English followed the revolution, observes, that ambasador, was a march for both in this the very features of the fair lex have been respect; and England being then fating improved by it, and especially those of between republicanism and monarchy, he the rising geticration; the hard.conftraina was asked which he preferred? He an.

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