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Vol. V.]

Retrospect of French Literature.- Politics. 535, swered, Je suis le très bumble serviteur anà necessary in religious worship. In , des événemeris:" I am the most humble granting that the multitude must be atfervant of the events.

tracted by their eyes, he afferts that the Des Réactions, &c. On Political Re- time is not yet proper, and that sound; a&tions, by Benjamin Constant, 8vo. politics oppose the permiffion of displayThis writer and Theremia are two of ing pomp in whatever worship. Perhaps the ableft defenders of the present consti one of the divisions of this, pamphlet, tution of France ; which, if in the eyes which may attract the most general approof fome not sufficiently democratic, is, at bation, is that relative to the civil cereleast, an excellent school for democracy. monies, or those which ought to be prac

La Politique d' Arifiote, &c. Aristotle's tired at the three principal epochs of life, Politics, translated from the Greek, with birth, marriage, and death. Pomp apnotes, by the Cit. Champagne. 2 vols. Svo. pears to him indispensible in civil inftitu. The French revolution has brought the tions, and particularly in national festivals. Grecian history and politics home to our On cheli occasions ought to be displayed doors; and we are become familiar with all that can kindle the imagination, elevate: aristocracy and democracy. This trans- the fouļ to the most sublime ideas, and lation is said to be well executed. the heart to the most noble sentiments.

Des Gaules de la Révolution, &c. Of the This little tract abounds with great and Causes of the Revolution, and of its Red benevolent views. sults, svo. A moderate author in de Vues d'un Citoyen, &c. Ideas concern- . fence of the revolution, which, as he ing Sepulture, by a citizen formerly thews, was pruduced by no particular Member of the Legislative Assembly, 8vo. events, or intrigues, but by the progress of The author, a friend to the arts, recoma realon among the people at large, arising mends perfect freedom to all persuafions, mostly from the-mere spectacle of faults to erect sepulchral monuments. It had. and errors, presented to their eyes by the been agitated, whether a tree planted on antiquated government:

the grave should not be the only memoLes Soirées d'un Solitaire, &c. The rial. Evenings of a Solitary Man, or Confi De la Famille, &c. Family considered derations on the Constitutional Principles as the Element of Society, by T. Guirof States, by J. E. Chappuzzi, svo. This audet, 8vo. This work is founded on the work chiefly consists of reflections on the well-known basis, that every society, every leading events in the French revolution. state, is a composition of families;, it is The French press teems with political not deficient in learned illustrations of works and pamphlets, of which we shall this interesting topic, and abounds with only notice the chief. Who would un documents of pure morality. dertake a review of the pamphlets pub De l'Egalile, &c. On Equality; or lished during our civil cuinmotions in the general Principles concerning Civil, Pop last century, which fill an entire room in litical, and Religious Institutions, 2 vols.: the British Museum, and inay bé com 8vo. This work is a supplement to a pured by thousands

former production of the author, “ The A good translation of Mr. Erskine's Correspondence of an Inhabitant of Paris, pamphlet on the present war has appear on the Revolution,” 1791. This writes ed at Paris,

is a count of the Holy Roman empire ; Des Effets de la Terreur, &c. On the and it is not surprising that he thould Effects of Terror, by Benjainin Constant, look on objects with the green spectacles 8vo. This pamphlet coinpletes the first of ariitocracy. edition of the Réactions Politiques of the Plan d'un nouveau Tarif, &c. Plan of fame author.

a new Tarif of Contributions, or a MeReflexions sur le Culte, &c. Reflections thod of diminishing the Land-tax, and on Public Worhip, on Civil Ceremonies, increasing the Revenue of the French and National Feafts, by L. M. Reveillere - Republic; presented to the Council of Five Lepaux, Member of the National Insti- Hundred, by Citizens Loire-Duchemin, tute, $vo. The celebrated director, au- surveyors in the canton of Liancourt, thor of this pamphlet, inquires, 1. If cere department of the Oife. tain dogmas and a religious worship be Minxel administratif, Judiciaire & Comnecessary? He believes that no nation can mercial. omit them : 2. If this worship ought to be This is the title of a periodical public adopted and regulated by the legislation ? cation, the first number of which was He decides for the negative.

presented to the Executive Directory and He then examines if pomp be useful the Councils, yhich ontere] honourable.

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Retrospea of French Literature. Biography.... Travels. (Sup. mention thereof to be made in the minutes War of La Vendée, which, in the true of the ficting, and the book to be depo- import of the word, was not yet written, fired in the library of the Legislative is fully contained in the life and correBody). It contains full and exact accounts fpondence of General Hoche ; and there of the contributions, of the public debt, can remain no doubt of its being authen. and of all other fubjects, which relate to tic, for surely no one was better qualified the finances, judicial proceedings, com. to write this history, than the pacificator merce and trade, &c.

of La Vendée. Subscriptions are received, at Paris, at Biograpbie de Suicidés, &c. A BiograCitizen Darmaing's, No. 1112, Cour des phy of Self-murde ers, by Ch. H. Spies, Fontaines.

translated from the German, with addi. Code fur la Contrainte par Corps en Ma- tional Philosophical and Moral Remarks, tière Civil & de Commerce, &c. A Code by J. H. Poll, 2 vols. 12 mo. of Arrests in Civil and Commercial Mat Histoire des Hommes illuftres, &c. The ters, pursuant to the law of the isth Ger- History of those illustrious Men, who have minal, and to that of the 4th Floreal (6th dune Honour to France by their Talents year), by Citizen Pierre Louis Tiffan. and Virtues, arranged by the Days of the dien, c.

Year; á Work vleful for the Education This work is peculiarly useful to mer- of Youth, 4 vols. 1210. This French chan's, traders, bankers, brokers, lawyers, biography is on the plan of the Lives of the collectors, agents, &c.

Saints: it prefents a hort life of each De la République, ou ilu meilleur Gouverne- illuttrious person, under the date of his mnent, oxurage iraduit de Cicéron, &c. On birth or his death. “ My intention," Republics, or on the best Form of Guvern- says the anonymous author in his preface, ment, a work tranflated from Cicero, and “ has følely been to furnith rising generarestored after the Fragments and his other tions with prccepts and examples; my Writings, with Notes, historical and cri. with is that of Horace, Di probos mores tical, and a Differtation on the Origiu of docite juventa! (Ye gods, teach virtuous the Sciences, Arts, and Philosophy, &c. habits to our youth!) What enlightened among the Romans, i vol. 8vo.

teacher wiil not make it a daily duty to This work is extremely interesting, thew to his scholars, fometimes a tender not only on account of the name of the father, sometimes a respectful fon, fomeauthor, but also from the manner fu suc- times a patriotic priest, fometimes a pacific cessfuliy employed to restore this ingeni. hero? In every family a new source of ous compofition, which contains the neatest instructive conversation will arise. Toand mon amhentic notions on the confti- day Fenelon was born; tomorrow cution of the Roman Republic, and the the anniversary of the death of Turenne ; molt interesting discussions of a variety of who will not delight to talk of Fenelon moral, political, philofophical, and hifto. and Turenne ?" The lives are chiefly morical fabjects.

dern; the work is well executed, and has

nothing to offend men of any perfuafion. tie de L. Hache, &c. The Life of L. Hoche, General of the Armies of the Le Voyager à Paris, &c. The Tra. French Republic, by A. Rousselin, follow- veller at Paris, a picturefque and moral ed by bis public and private correspondence Pi&ture of that Capital, 3 vols. 12mo. with government, and the minilters and This is a kind of abridgment of the generals, &c. in his different commands works of St. Foix, Dulaure, Mercier, &c. of the armies of the Rhine and Moselle, Une Journée de Paris, &c. A Day's of the coast of Cherbourg, of Bref, of the Ramble through Paris, 18mo. This litWelt and the Atlantic, of Ireland, and of the work is in imitation of Sterne, but has the Sambre-and Meufe ; the second edi. likewise original pictures. The author is tion, corrected, and augmented with three rather inclined to place the new inftitu. engravings, representing the blockavle of rions in a ridiculous point of view; but, Dunkirk, the affair of Quiberon, and the that ridicule is a test of truth, is a maxim theatre of the war on the Rhine, 2 vols. now completely exploded. Two of the in 8vo.

belt pictures are the eating-house, in which This second edition is far fuperior to the characters are delineared on the La. che tirft, on account of the numerous cor vaterian system of phyfiognomy; and the sections made by the author; and the addi- chess-room, presenting a lingular delineation of the above three engravings, or tion of the enthusiafm and abstraction of plans, renders chis work peculiarly useful the devotees of that enchanting game. to military gentlemen. A History of the Poyages Phyfignes, &c. Journies to the

Pyrennees

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BIOGRAPHY.

TRAVELS.

Vol. V.]
Retrospect of French Literature. Travets.

537 Pyrennées in 1788 and 1789, illustrating eruptions, could have exercised his pencils the Natural History of a part of these on this artificial volcano, not less striking Mountains, with Maps, by Francis Pasu- , in its effects than the other.” He after mot, 8vo.

wards visits Sterling, the ancient residence Voyage dans l'Intérieur des Etats Unis, of the Scottish monarchs : but the inflamed &c. A Journey to the Interior Parts of coal mines at Culros (erroneously puc the United States of America, during the Kukroosi present objects more analagous Summer of 1991, by F. M. Bazard, 8vo. to his pursuits. These mines extend America is to a philosopher what Italy is under the sea, a phenomena which fur to an amareur, replete with interesting prises M. Faujas, who had not visited Tubjects of observation. Bazard offers Whitehaven.. Whence he proceeds to the , important additions to the accounts given Highlands; he is struck with the fingular by Chatelleux and Brissot. He now par- · dresses and manners of the inhabitants, ticularly confiders the private life, the la. and pleased with their hospitality : for bours, and amusements, of the American their monotonous music he, however, expeople. It is only to be regretted, that preffes great contempt. At Oban he emthe work is too short.

barks for Mull; and terminates his Voyage en Angleterre, &c. A Voyage voyage at-Staffa, which strikes him as the to England, Scotland, and the Hebrides, most sublime volcanic production in the chiefly illustrative of the Sciences and world. Arts, Natural History, and Manners, by On his return to Mull, he discovers anB. Faujas St. Fond, 2 vols. 8vo. with other great volcanic appearance, “ This is Plates.' The author of this interesting a kind of circus on the ancient plan, formwork had before distinguished himself by ed by natural walls of basaltro, rifing his researches concerning volcanos, and vertically with such regularity, that it is other topics of mineralogy. Arrived at difficult at firft to conceive that it is not a London, our traveller becomes acquainted work of art and induftry; but all the with Sir Joseph Banks, Mr. Whitehurst, power of human ftrength, affifted by meand Mr. Cavallo; and he gives a parti- chanical means, could not move such enorcular account of Mr. Sheldon's mummymous masses, the preluđions of fire, of his mistress. He afterwards goes to which, instead of destroying, has formed Greenwich, and to the more important results analogous to creation.- Another observatory of Mr. Herschel, at Slough. point, not less curious, is, that the djaKew gardens are next delineated, in the cent objects which accompany this singular glowing colours of an enchanted botanist. production of subterraneous fire, Teem as The British Museum he describes as an if placed by design in the neighbourhood, ill-arranged mafs of curious productions on purpose to explain the problem of its of nature and art. The opticians, Rams- formation." The columns den, Dollond, Nairn, the manufactures of twenty-fix feet high, and about seven feet Wedgwood in clay, and Parker in glass, broad; the length is eighty-nine, breadth fuccetlively engage his attention. The seventy-fix, feet. This circus is 102 respectable class of Quakers, innocent of feet from the sea, on a small eminente the fashionable crime of murder, is men formed of lava. The manners and cuscioned with due respect.

toms of the Scottish islanders are conBut the chief object of this journey was trafted with those of the English. In reto inspect the volcanic appearances in turning through the Highlands he observes Scotland, and particularly the island of numerous volcanic appearances. He crosses Staffa. Our ingenious traveller proceeds to Lock Tay, where pearls are found, and to Newcastle, and dwells, with compla- points out to the fishers a mode of discerncency, on the grand mineralogic operations ing the shells which contain pearls, by the there displayed ; nor can he refrain from perforations of an insect observable on the pointing out to his countrymen the nu outside. Perth and St. Andrews are af. merous advantages that would arise, if terwards described. M. Faujas returns the coal. mines in France were explored. to Edinburgh, and forms an acquaintance Arrived at Edinburgh, his first object is with several men of science. Dr. Cullen to visit the greatest iron-foundry in Eu- recommends to him the use of punch, as rope, that at Carron; the grandeur of the an excellent warm stimulant in cold and objects is delineated in corresponding lan wet seasons. He is present at the trial of guage :: “I wish,” says M. Faujas, that kill on the bagpipe, exhibited by the the painter of Vesuvius, that Voltaire, Highland Society, and expresses his aftowho has fo well described the effects of nishment at the barbarism of the music: that volcano, in its (trongest nocturnal indeed, to preserve the old music, or ianMONTHLY MAG. No. XXXIII,

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538

Retrospect of French Literature.-Mathematics, &c. [Sup. guage, is merely a barrier again the pro. 4. The History of Cats are ingenious grels of civilization.

trifles, Atyled, by himself, a production Our traveller returns by Manchester, gravely frivolous. His language is Buxton, the Peak of Derbyshire, which trialy pure, his images clear and lumi. grarifies his curiosity, Birmingham, War- nous. wick, and Oxford. His remarks are Oeures completes de Freret, &c. The always those of a scientific and liberal complete works of Freret, secretary of the mind; and a tranllation of his work Academy uf Inscriptions and Belles Letwould, doubtless, form a pleasing accom, tres, publithed by M. Septchenes, 20 vols. paniment to the tour of Penhant, and 12mo.; an injudicious compilation of the other modern travellers,

works of a learned and acute writer. The Voyage Phil.fopbique, &c. A Philoso. small form, and, above all, the omission of phical and Picturesque Journey in Eng- the references and quotations, give an air land and France, in 1790, &c. with an of trifling to crudition, and destroy the Efsay on the History of the Arts in Great exactness of the researches. Britain, translated from the German, Carite & Polydon, &c.' 12mo.

This with Critical Notes on Politics, Litera- tale is now printed with the celebrated ture, and the Arts, by Charles Pongrus, name of Barthelemy, author of the Anaavo. with Plares. An interesting work ; charsis, by whom it is now indubitably but the prints are ill-chosen views of com- known to have been written. mon edifices.

Idylles de Theocrite, &c. The Idylle of MATHEMATICS.

Thcocritus, translated by Gail, a vols. 410. Reflexions fur la Metapbyfagica &c. Re- with plates. Gail is one of the most einiAections on the Metapbyfics of the Calcu. aent Greek scholars now in France ; and lation of Infinites, by the Citizen Carpot, this translation will not detract from his 8vo. - This work we only point out to former fame in this branch of literature. the curiosity of our readers, as the produc Memoires de Gibbun, &c. Memoirs of tion of the celebrated director Carnot, Gibbon, with some of his pofthumous known, before the revolution, by his Efai works, and some letters, 2 vols. 8vo. A sur les Machines en gittal. It is a fin judicious abridgment of Lord Sheffield's gular phenomenon in the history of the large volumes. human mind, to see a good mathematician Histoire Critique des Mystères, &c. A become a great minifter at war.

Critical History of the Mysteries of deMEDICINE

tiquity, 18mo. A miserable performance, A Collection of Researches and Obser. and what, in England, would be termed a vations on the different Methods of treat- catchpenny. ing Venereal Diseases, and especially on Halicarnasc, &c. Halicarnassus, Pris the Effects of the Remedy, known under cuni, Paphos, and Mount Evix; pofthu. the name of Rob Anti-syphilitique, &c. by mous pieces of the Abbé Barthelemy, Lafferteur, street des Petits Auguftins, No. 1&mo. We only mention this publication 1276, at Paris.

to warn our readers, that it is an impos

ture, generally disavowed by the Abbé's Principes & Questions, &c. Principles replies. and Questions of Natural Morality, a new A French journalist lately gave the fole edition, intended to serve as a supplement lowing remarks on the state of literature and corre&tif of the works of Rochefou- in his country, which we think too intecault, 12 mo. An useful and pleasing lit- resting to be omitted : “ How much the tle work.

times are changed, especially in France ! BELLES LETTRES

The trade of a bookseller has completely Oeuvres de Moncrif, &c. The works fallen; and even when peace may return, of Moncrif, member of several academics, it is doubtful whether it can ever become a new edition, augmented with the history as flouriling as in former times. The of cats, cwo volumes octavo, with portrait political revolution has produced a great and other plates. This author was born change in ideas, as well as in fortunes. at Paris in 1687, and died there on the Printing, in successfully serving opinion, 12th of November, 1770. His chief has occasioned incalculable mischief.ro ito works are: 1. An Essay on the Necessity self. How many works of theology, law, and Means of Pleasing ; an agreeable pro- genealogy, even history, &c, are become duction, elegantly written; 2. Several useless! The capital of these books, Little Tales, full of grace and nature, which was an hereditary property, is loft reasoned with gaiety and morality; 3. Deyond recovery. The destruction of an Fugitive Poetry, Songs, Odes, and Operas; infinite number of libraries of the fup.

prefied

MOR ALS.

Vol. v.]

Retrospeet of French Literature. Belles. Lettres. 539 pressed bodies, and of particular emigrants, object of much regret; and the new lire. and ruined persons, diminishes by two rary institutions must certainly furnish thirds the sale, which was assured to works occupation and bread to greater numbers of labour and solidity, on their first ap- of men of letters, than the ancient regimen. pearance. The new rich people have Lettres de Platon, &c. Letters of Plato, either not yet learned to read, or trouble translated from the Greek by A. J. Du. themselves

very.

little about instruction. gour, formerly Professor in the College of The ravages of war have withdrawn from La Fleche, 12 mo. These letters are well foreigners the means, and almost the de. known to the learned. The general fire, of purchasing the modern productions reader will be chicfly attracted by some of our press. As long as the reign of passages on the Sicilian governinent, apo: atlignats lasted, they purchased from us plicable to the present state of affairs in many books, which, as they were pro- France. cured for almost nothing, tended to the Efai fur les Orurages, &c. Ad Effay, real detriment of our trade ; now they on the Phyfico-mathematical Works of hardly buy a few pamphlets, and their Leonarde de Vinci, with Fragments from whole correspondence is not capable of his Manuscripts, brought from Italy ; by occupying or maintaining two or three J. B. Venturi, 4to. pamphlet. Among fhops in this capital (Paris). The book. the prizes derived from the French war fellers, who, notwithstanding this state of in fraly, are thirteen volumes by the cele. things, fill wish to hazard fome enter- brared Lecnardo da Vinci, who, endowed prises, cannot raise money, except at an' with extraordinary talents, was not only a exorbitant interest of so much by the capital painter, buç állo a sculpter, musi. month, and can procure no credit with cian, mathematician, philosopher, excel. the paper-maker, or printer, so that it is lent engineer. Venturi, reliding in imponible for them to accomplish any great France, obtained leave to inspect these object.

volumes

; and having extracted all that “ Men of letters are not in a situation appeared worthy of publication, proposes Jess deplorable. After having loft, for to publith, in separate and complete treae the molt part, their annuities or pensions, tises, all that concerns mechanics, hydraua their places, their scholars, &c. and some lics, and optics. It appears from the even their books, they have only a preca- present pamphlet, that Vinci, by his rious existence, which has compelled many sublime genius, had, before the year to embrace professions little analogous to 1500, forestalled many discoveries, efteçm. their taste; others, and those are the ed honourable to the two succeeding cengreater number, abandon their toils en turies. At the end, Nenturi gives a cata• tirely, despairing of deriving any advan- logue of Vinci's pictures and drawings, tage from them, or of ever seeing the and the prints taken from them, and forms fruits of their labours. If this ftate of a just and high estimate of the perfections things thould continue, they will even of this surprising painter. Rubens seems survive, as one may say, their own juftly to have faid, that it was impossible thoughts ; and the issue of their long to exaggerate his praise, or to imitate his ftudies will be lost for this age and for skill. pofterity. Young men of letters, alarmed Esai sur les Antiquités, &c. An Effay at the prospect, must, of necessity, re. on the Antiquities of the North, and on nounce a career, to which, in former the ancient Northern Tongues, by Charles times, glory, fame, which sometimes sup: Pongeus, 8vo. This little work presents plies its place, consideration, sometimes a fhurt analysis of works on Northern even interett invited them. What should Antiquities. But the French antiquathey do now in that career? In a short rians are not much versed in this branch time they will find neither judges, nor of learning i and we must warn them spectators, nor crowns; soon becoming as against çwo radical errors, ' 1. The runić deserted as the ancient stadium of Olym- piece on the story of Hialmar, republishpia, this career will only resound with the ed by Hickes, and often referred to as a discordant voices of some barbarians." genuine monument, is a mere forgery :

It must not, however, be concealed, many late. Danith antiquarians have put that the journal whence this extract is this beyond all doubt : 2. A far more intaken (Magazin Encyclopedique) is not portant error is, that the French antiquafavqurable to the present order of things ries, milled by Pellontier, confound the in France. Thac the property in works two grand divisions of Scythic and Celtic of vain erudition, and no utility to man• nations. The former spake ihe Gothic kind, Ihould have evaporated, cannot be an congue, from which spring the German,

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