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indulge a gleam of hope, but what is counte. own subjects, for the defence of the empire. the revolution, and she has nothing to comnanced by our news from Europe. The news She is wiling we should have our's-or if they pare to it) still she could not possibly repeat of Bonaparte's defcat has alarmed the dastard- escape from us, that we should take them in her former career. Her strong weapon was ly hypocrites at Washington. They think it our own or a common jurisdiction—the high hypocrisy-by this she, in a great measure, best to prepare for the expected event. But

On this ground of complete reciprocity, neutralized the power of every nation, before as yet, they will do nothing to commit them- we stood during Washington's and Adams's she attempted to govern it. Her treachery is selves. They must first know the fate of the administration. Mr. Madison claims the right every where manifest in characters of champion ofá seamen's rights"—the despot of of shielding her sailors from her control, by blood, and millions who would once have reFrance and the United States. His fate may the cover of our flag, or a certificate of nat- ceived her protection with open arms, would not soon be decided, though every probability uralization, out of our jurisdiction. Ostensibly now cheerfully hazard life to resist her. is against him. It will not answer them to to maintain this exclusive claim on our part, send a minister directly to London. The we have been plunged into a generally unex.

Communication. treaty might be accomplished in a week. The pected, and distressing war, prostrating at It is very much to be regretted that one of negotiation, by Mr. Madison's determination is once the unparalleled prosperity of the United our most respectable papers should persist in to take place in Sweden, a place inconvenient States, at the enormous expense of two hun. its hasty denunciation of Mr. Dashkoff. The to both governments. Suffering as we are by dred millions of dollars !! and the certain slightest perusal of the official correspondence, every month's loss of time, and the effects of embarrassment of our circumstances, for on the subject of the Russian mediation, as war, he will not send a plenipotentiary directly years to come, even if peace should soon be communicated by Mr. Madison to congress, is to Sweden. No ; it may be considered an in- effected. If reciprocity of claim and concession sufficieni to convince every impartial and re. tention to accommodate, if he send first to had been regarded, we should have remained flecting reader, that Mr. Dashkoff, in making Russia, recall the ministers already there, and as we were ; with respect to England. It is the. offer, was duly and specially authorized to send them to Sweden ; and this will takc up true, that as France did not choose we should do so by his government. The very passage so much time, the condition of French power remain so, a war with her might have result quoted to prove that he acted without instrucmay be more decisively ascertained.

ed from our maintaining our national independ. tions proves the contrary; for Lord Cathcart's No answer to the question of peace can be ence. And what true-hearted American would expression in his letter of Sept. 13th to the given but this. If it prove that Bonaparte is have cared? What great harm could she Russian minister, that Great Britain' had deabsolutely ruined, our negotiations will go on have done us? We have sacrificed (at least clined the mediation of Russia, for reasons airapidly. No difficulty will be found in the the Government has, for this is a distinction I ready made known to his Imperial Majesty, way. If he return to France, and there appear will ever maintain) our honour and our happi- shows that such offer must have existed, pre

possibility of his making a third effort which ness, for nothing but to give office and viously to that time ; and must have been shall command the attention of England and emolument to thousands of democrats. By inade, simultaneously, with that which was her allies, our negotiation will be attended resisting France in her pretensions to govern made to the American government, through with embarrassments-new difficulties will us, we should have lost her trade and the trade Mr. Dashkoff. It is to be hoped therefore that arise-our ministers will have to send home 10 Holland and Italy. Have we secured then full justice will be done to this gentleman, as for light-much expense will be incurred, and by a war with England ? Noma war with no correct policy profits by the aid of misrepnothing definitive done. If it be possible that England produces every evil that could have resentation. Bonaparte should rise from the blow, and resulted from a war with France, and others beagain jeopardize the liberties of Europe, no yond calculation, which she alone could inflict. matter what be the stage of our measures for

GENERAL REGISTER. accommodation--they will break off at once, How far the Legislature of this state ought and the war will go on ; not for « sailors' to suffer the discharge of their duty to their

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 15, 1814. rights and free trade," but for the perpetuation constituents, to be affected by the mere conof Mr. Madison's dictatorship, and the humili-tingencies of battles, on the continent of Euation of our country by both civil and military rope, is for them to judge. They are wise EUROPEAN. By the arrival of a cartel, despotism.

and patriotick; and, we trust, well aware of intelligence of the highest importance is re

the high responsibility, which devolves on ceived from Europe ; that Bonaparte, after Mr. Madison's declaration to the Prince them, particularly at a time, when their fellow heavy losses in his retreat, several of his geneRegent, through his secretary Munroe, con- citizens are suffering, severely, under the

rals having been cut off and drowned at the tains at least one flagrant untruth. We are evils of a foreign war, aggravated, beyond all passage of the Saalle, was finally overtaken by sorry that the occasion should require such a anticipation, by domestick oppression.

ihe Bavarians, compelled to cut his way denunciation, but if our President will so fool. We indulge a sincere hope that, carly in through them, crossed the Rhine at Mentz, ishly commit his honour and his veracity, be- | the session, we shall have further accounts with the wreck of his army; and even aban. fore the whole world, it is not just that all from Germany, which will render the prog. doned this last place : so that the end of his Americans either participate in the disgracc,or pect of peace more certain.

career is fast approaching. be supposed dupes of bis imposition. He says,

By the same arrival, the capture of the Scheldt «' whenever the United States may treat, they How prosperous and happy we were before Teet is also confirmed. Ten sail were taken, will treat with the sincere desire they have re- France disclosed her ambition to govern Eur and two driven ashore : the intelligence was peatedly manifested, of terminating the pres rope, all remember. We remember too, that communicated to Plymouth by telegraph, and ent contest with Great Britain, on CONDITIONS at this very time of America's highest pros- announced in the Truro paper. of RECIPROCITY."

perity, Great Britain, like all other maritime The subject of restoring Holland to indeNow it is notorious to all who have examin- | nations, claimed and acted upon the principle pendence has occupied the attention of the ed, though probably unknown to a great por- which we are now opposing by war. It will

It will | British Parliament. tion of the American publick, that Great Brit- be observed through all the conduct of our Pampeluna, the principal fortress on the ain has always acted upon the most perfect last and present administrations, difficulties north of Spain, had surrendered to the besiegreciprocity, on the point, which is the cause with Great Britain, as they are improperly ers before the 31st of October. of our present pitiful warfare against her ; called, rose, in proportion as French power and has never intimated a desire to maintain increased. But even with America, chained UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITfor herself, what she did not concede to us. to the imperial car, Europe revives and Gal. AIN. The despatches from the Prince ReShe insists upon her right to take those who lick despotism shrinks

gent to the American government are now ofare native subjects of Great Britain, from our

Nova sævit in armis

ficially before the publick. The Prince demerchant ships, if she wants them. She has

Libertas, jactatque jugum.

clines pegotiating through Russia ; but pronot a statute or order in force, which does not

“ Recover'd LIBERTY now stalks in arms,

poses to treat directly with ministers from this allow us the same privilege, or rather right.

And shakes the galling yoke.”

country, either at London or Gottenburgh, on The government of the United States have May the liberty of Europe bring peace to in the basis of the established laws of nations, been called upon, again and again, but in vain, fatuated, degraded, self punished America. and principles of reciprocity. Mr. Madison to show a single instance, wherein her prac

has accepted the proposition, and chosen Gottice had differed from the spirit of her laws. Bonaparte may die hard, but of this we feel tenburgh. No instance could ever be produced. She al- the most perfect confidence, that the spell of ways has acted on this correct principle that French despotism is dissolved. The govern- WAR AT HOME. The British, in small she could give no more to an alien born indi- ments of Europe are improved the people parties, are advancing unopposed, in the westvidual, than was consistent with the prior are instructed. Had France the same physi- ern frontier of New York. The wretched isrights of his native country. She wants her I cal force, which she had in the early stages of l habitants, left by our government without the aid of men, arms, or ammunition are flying in i nature and passion, that the compositions posa pects delight us. To persons of refined imagconsternation. On the western frontier, they sessed of it must ever appear valuable to the ination, few causes produce a stronger emo. threaten the army at French Mills, and anoth- discerning part of mankind."

tion than natural scenery in all its variety and er expedition to Plattsburgh. On the 4th inst. But this is not the only charm. Time con- contrasts. But the delight subsides as the a small detachment from the latter place went secrates every thing that survives his destruc- | landscape continues before us, until it becomes on a secret expedition, fell upon one of their tive power ; we look into Homer and Sopho- indifferent, or perhaps fatigues. We admire own piquet guards, one of whom they killed. cles, with the same emotion that we look on superlative execution in musick-but ere

the ruins of Grecian architecture. While we long, the performer, who first riveted attenTHE STATE LEGISLATURE met on read, all the glory of Greece, the elegance of tion, will find the company walking about the Wednesday. On Thursday the Governour made her arts, the wisdom of her sages, the magnifi. room, or grouped in parties. his communication, bearing the strong features cence of her publick institutions--the splen- But APPROBATION is a state of the mind, of dignity, firmness and patriotism, for which dour of her arms-tho imperishable fame of which can subsist unchanged. It is the dictate his publick services have long been distin- her heroes and patriots, are all before us ; of our reason. If just, it does not weaken, guished.

and with these, the recollection that all is now but becomes confirmed, by contemplating its Though it is not compatible with our plan silence and desolation, where was once the object. of publication to insert publick documents, of pride of civilized man. Which would most ex- În judging, however, of attachments, it must any kind, we take an extract from his Excel- cite the sensibility of a cultivated mind to con- be remembered that violent is a relative term; lency's speech, as deserving the serious atten. template the broken column of the temple of and lest mistrust unnecessarily destroy confition of every citizen of the commonwealth, at a Minerva at Athens, or the capitol at Wash- dence, the general character of the individual time when many have been disposed to think ington! A model of that temple would give should be considered. We must form our every individual bound to act with the govern. us pleasure-so do translations, but not like conclusion, not so much from comparing perment, reserving to themselves only the right the original. The Greek was súng at the sons one with another, as with themselves. It of attempting, at elections, a change of rulers. games, by Homer, where no English was ever is an elevated departuro from the predominant 6 When the Government of a Nation enga- heard.

tone of the mind, that is to be esteemed fugiges in a war that is unjust or unnecessary, the A love for the classicks leads us back tive, rather than any appearance of fervour. people are bound, notwithstanding, to submit through the mazes of ancient history, and thus The approbation of the constitutionally ardent to the laws which are enacted agreeable to the stimulates to the acquisition of useful knowl- mind may resemble the delight of the habituConstitution, and are justified in defending edge ; while the enthusiasm, arising from ally phlegmatick. The latter cannot be perthemselves against hostile invasion. If they ideas associated with these pursuits, tends to manent, but the former may last through life. do nothing more, the Government alone is an expand the best affections of the heart. swerable for all the sufferings endured or in

VALERIUS MAXINUS gives us a considerable flicted. But though, at the first view, almost

It has long been a question whether the list of reformed Rakes, who became men of every man is shocked with the idea of war, as a violation of the obvious principles of humanmerit of literary productions ought to be de- superior worth. Young men

are apt to be termined by the voice of the publick, or of dazzled by such instances, and to indulge in ity ; yet there is danger, that, from the contin professed criticks. The truth is, neither of their favourite irregularities, in the shallow uance of it, or from selfish considerations, a

them are to be considered a correct standard. belief, it would secm, that they are thus in the sense of justice and the influence of moral

In instances without number, writers have high road to distinction. They appear to forges principles will be lost among the people. In

been definitively inscribed on the list of clas- that these are noted as remarkable occurrenthe tumult of arms the passions of men are

sicks, whom contemporaneous criticks' have ces; while the millions, who have imitated easily inflamed by artful misrepresentations decried, and whose just fame, they have, for a and even surpassed them in debauchery, finish they are apt to lose sight of the origin of a

time suspended. On the other hand, such is their career, neglected by their contemporacontest, and to forget, either in the triumph of

the caprice of the multitude, that what, at one ries, and are never known, even for their infaa victory, or the mortification of defeat, that time, meets nothing but noglect or perhaps my, to posterity. As honourable distinction the whole weight of guilt and wretchedness reprehension,will at another command applause: arises from the virtuous, not the vicious part occasioned by war, is chargeable upon that

Voltaire relates a humorous anecdote of of the character, why not aspire, at once, to Government which unreasonably begins the himself, which forcibly illustrates popular ca

imitate the virtue ? conflict, and upon those of its subjects who price. He wrote a tragedy, with great pains, voluntarily and without legal obligation, en

and succeeded, very considerably to his own Among those who will hail the return of courage and support it.”

satisfaction. It was brought forward in Paris. peace, literary gentlemen will be among the To correspondents.

It was hissed without mercy, and the indignant most eager. Unless occasionally at an auction

poet withdrew bis manuscript, in despair of of old books, it has for some time been impos“PHILOPATER” to the Confidant is received, but too conquering censure so unequivocal. 'Some sible to purchase a classical work, in this town, late for this number-We have neither room for the

years afterwards, being in the country, he except the ordinary editions of those used in communication, nor for the remarks, with which we wish to accompany it. We wish the favours of Cor.

heard of a tragedy's being performed at Paris, schools. The war has indeed been a very unrespondents as early in the week as convenient. “ with unbounded applause,” under his old fortunate check upon that taste for literature,

title. On inquiry, he found it was the same ! which was becoming almost a passion, and a

An actor bad retained a copy, unknown to the truly laudable one, among young men, now LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. author, and having neither pride to gratify, just entering on the stage of active life.

nor character at stake, submitted it again, with

the most complete success. It is now inserted The deep and delightful interest, which the in his works, and shares the lasting favour of

LETTERS TO LEINWHA, scholar enjoys, in the study of ancient litera- the rest. tures, compared with what he feels from mode

Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latinern productions, has, by some, been consider- That «violent attachments cannot last long."

guin, froin a ivanderer in the West. ed affectation, by others a want of correct is proverbial, and like most aphorisms of the [A few of the first of these letters have appeared, taste. Both of these louk, in translations, for kind, it has become proverbial, because it is some time since, in one of the most respectable the charm, which produces such an effect, supported by general experience and observa- periodical works America has produced. Ill health and in the coldness of their uninspired criu-tion. The certain remission of fervid attach

induced the writer to leave his native country, in çism, pronounce the scholar visionary.

search of a more favourable climate ; and in his ab. ment results from its nature. It is emotion : It is true that the admiration, commanded and though it is not absolutely impossible that

sence, he added considerably to the number. They by the writers of Greece and by some of the the mind should be exercised, for a long time,

were found among his papers (for the amiable au

thor is no more) and handed to me for the Spectator. Romans, is not perhaps due to compara- by a succession of emotions, it is unexception- To present the series entire, in one publication, I tive excellence in the sentiment commu-ably true, that the same cause produces a con

shall first copy the introductory, then proceed with nicate, but in part to the manner, in which it is stantly diminishing effect. This fact is not ap

the original, numbers.) conveyed. Hume has well described this ex- plicable solely to the affections-it ought not

LETTER C. cellence. “ On the origin of letters,” says he, therefore to be humiliating to their object. When I call home to my heart the fields “ among the Greeks, the genius of poeis and The sensibility both of the body and the mind and the mountains, the groves and the vallies orators, as might naturally be expected, was is universally governed by the same law; all of Latinguin, the very shore on which we distinguished by an amiable simplicity, which, causes of excitement, in continued or ofte a re- parted ; there is something, thou friend of whatever sudėness may sometimes attend it, is peated application, act less and less in both, my bosom, which language can never express. so fitted to express the genuine movements of until, at last, the effect ceases. Some pros. Though seperated by an ocean thousands of

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

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leagues wide, I still wander with thee on the their orator from his holy eminence expound- The buds put forth, but blighted soon banks of the Odaas, or the delightful plains of eth the volume of their belief, not a look, not a They reach'd not May's enchanting noon. Zelindaxa ; I hear thy discourses on the in- smile escapes them ; but with heads hung The buds of hope too quickly shoot, fluence of the planets, or thy more solemn el. over their close-covered bosoms they seem

To keep due vigour at their root. oquence for the loveliness of virtue.- The lost in pensiveness. Unlike the virgins of othscroll thou gavest me, when last we wept to. er countries, no latent beauties are seen

Then opening Youth ingenuous came, gether, was the gift of a friend ; I have read through the unfaithful robe !

No fair propor

With health, with transport, in its train ; it with the eagerness of devotion : it is my tion of the leg, no contour of the ankle are But soon it fied, 'twas but a name, morning meditation, and my evening solace discovered, but all is modesty, loveliness, and Another name for pain : Methinks, at every line in which thou depre. innocence.

Insidious beauty saw and smil'd, catest the folly of the world, I see thy finger The city of Shawmut and the chief province Whilst falser friends my heart beguild ; lifted to enforce thy frown, and thy dark eyes of Latinguin, are not more different in appear. Till where the gilded prospect shone, penetrating the hearts of those about thee, as ance, than they are distant in situation. II wander’d, wretched, and alone. it were, with a beam of discovering mercy- should tremble for thy invaluable life, my prethink not I can ever forget thy precepts--thy ceptor, amid the confusion of this metropolis.

And what of Manhood's sterner state ? . last injunction shall be religiously obeyed, The streets are irregular and unclean ; in To me, no grateful change it brought ; when I write to thee concerning the manners none are to be found two houses alike, except No tales can memory relate, and morals of this nation.

the place of their Philosopher ; in this there But such as wound the thought : Though at present, the fickleness of this is a crescent, divided into sixteen mansions. Amidst the maze of life's turmoil, climate has scarcely suffered me to wander There are many houses appropriated to the Year after year, they saw me toil, two days together, without being incumbered accommodation of the pilgrims ; but for this a

Victim of loss, disease, and grief, with the weighty garments in which the in- pecuniary satisfaction is invariably required ; habitants of this country are obliged to infold hospitality, which with thee is a pleasurable | In death alone, I hop'd relief. themselves, I have much for thy perusal, Lein- duty, must here be recompensed. The civili- And now I sink beneath the load, wha, son of Tsifo-vang. Verily it would dis.ty a stranger meets with will be proportioned Which presses slow consuming age ; turb the gravity of thy countenance couldst to his riches ; and if destitute of these, though Unnumber'd pains incessant goad, thou behold the ludicrous appearance of this he may have spent his substance in supporting And thro' my vitals rage : people .contrasted with the physiognomy of an aged parent, or in strengthening the walls No tender relative is nigh, our own. Here, the eye may weary itself in of his country ; though he may be virtuous as

To catch my last, my parţing sigh ; vain for the long heads, and double handed the children of Changti, or pious as those of

I touch the margin of the grave, arms of Latinguin. Their stature is thrice Tein-fo, he will be neglected and forgotten ;

What from despair my soul can save ? taller than ours, their arms longer, and their for here, talents and virtues are only rewarded heads nearly oval! On them, instead of by the mouth of the tomb.

Behold that cheering, temperate ray, feathers; nothing is to be seen but long minute Money, money, is the great object of all; to Which darts on one so sad its light .. filaments to' which they give the name of hoard up money, to accumulate wealth, I am It comes from empyrean day, " hair !” This in the younger classes (and I told, is the genius of this nation ; they are in

In sweet effulgence bright : believe you will set them down for the wisest) defatigable to get money. For this, their ora- Now every dark’ning mist is gone, is curtailed behind. But, in the elders, indulg- tory is made greatly instrumental. ed to an unconscionable length and woulded grand strcet of their business orators are to be Thyrsis no more complains alone, with a silk stuff, tapering like the tail of a seen daily elevated above their audience, and But angels, bending from their skies quadruped. On this hair (God of my fore-as eloquent and zealous in the recommendation Unfold the gates of paradise. fathers !) on this hair is sprinkled a white of their goods, as our philosophers for the in- RELIGION, heav'nly maid, appears, dust, administered with grease.

culcation of virtue. They speak with rapid With Hope's fair daughters in her train ; Nothing can be more fantastical than the fluency, and often tell their hearers they are

Dispelling from this vale of tears, dress of their adoption. The venerable stola“ going," to extort from them money, who are

Each more tormenting pain ! of our ancestors is here unknown. Cloth, always so benevolently disposed as to bid them

She makes the seasons brighter bloom, somewhat thicker than the pagnes, (tor which stay, by offering something more. they are indebted to the looms of Europe) bul- Not an illuminated clock is to be seen in Takes from each stage of life its gloom ; soned close to the bodies of the Men, with a this city ; the benighted traveller is left to And gives to man's desponding eye case of the same stuff on each side, make conjecture the fight of time, and if it should The view of IMMORTALITY. what they call a coat ; beneath this is a short- have outrun his judgment, he may be seized er cloth generally of a varied dye. Their legs by men with long poles, who have a right to are encompassed with tubes of another manu- suppose him a robber or incendiary -Farefacture, which in some I have observed extend well : I will write to thee again when I shall

LEIPSIC FAIR. only to the knee ; beyond this are “ kose," have seen more of this people. May the spir.

Bony hates trade, and well he may, thou friend of my youth, “ hose" mingling as it of peace rest upon thy dwelling!

He makes bad bargains,—gets foul play. many colours as the sun-burnished clifts of Miscorvor. These are inserted into yet other

He bought his Dresden ware too dear, lubes, made from the hide of some animal, and

And lost his crown at Leipsic Fair.

POETRY. prepared for this purpose. They are black and varnished, covering the feel. These mem

HULL'S TRIAL. bers with us are unworthy of attention ; but

Court. here, they receive a most honourable educa

THE SOLACE OF LIFE. tion, and are taught by the hiukouan, or master,

Hull, you lost all our wigwams without fighting. to move with incredible velocity. I have seen

Rari pollicitus data

Hull,

What then! their publick damsels, who dance for money Æquamus : et minor loquaci upon stages, turn their feet and legs into eve

Religio solet esse voto.”

CASIMIR.

I sav'd all your powder, provisions, and men. ry known position, before I could express the

Small saving, I own; but with these, for my neck, shortest exclamation of my joy !Yet on

AS on his couch, with anguish pale,

I would not havé ventur'd one mile tow'rds Quebeck. feet have these eyes beheld the pedax of my The mourning Thyrsis was reclin'd ;

Here is Madison's order-d'ye think I would break it? country, on no shoulders the robes of Latin- A storm which rent the village vale,

I obey'd-and advis'd the Canadians to take it. guin. But their women, their women, my

Loud thunder'd in the wind : preceptor, are more beautiful than the sisters

And thus, he cried, have I been toss'd of Kobi, more comely than the virgins of the And thus in stormy whirlwinds lost,

PRINOD AND PUBLISHED FOR valley, and their modesty surpasseth their Thro’life's disturb’d and gloomy sea,

JOHN PARK, charms. · Couldst thou but view them in the

No friendly gales have favour'd me. house of their God ; couldst thou but behold

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, them in the fervency of their devotion, while I hail'd the spring, when first it beam'd they veil their faces with the glittering open- On Childhood's careless hours,

NO. 4 CORNHILL. work instrument called. “ fan,” thou wouldst For still it came, I fondly dream'd,

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding praise them with the language of love : As With fragrance and with flow'rş :

numbers.

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOD

SELECTED.

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1814.

NO. IV.

FOR TUE -BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

received, translated, and kept on file as a pub- Again : “ I have thought it my duty to subo lick document.

mit to the wisdom of your government the Those who know the dependence of French new chances, which the changes brought about

ministers on their sovereign, will not doubt that in Europe offer to the commercial interests of Reflections on the influence which France has it was written, not as the National Intelligencer the United States, and the inconveniencies had upon the councils of the United States.

asserts, through the intemperance of the minis- which may result from their refusal to accede TURREAU'S LETTER. ter, but by direction of the Emperor.

formally to the principles of the maritime The refusal, within the last week, of the That the people may judge whether it mer confederation.” majority of Congress to suffer any investigation its the attention bestowed upon it by the inde.

This letter was written in 1809, three years into the manner in which this famous letter pendent minority in Congress, we shall give before our war. It proves, 1. The formation was withdrawn from the department of state, ihem some extracts under different heads. of a direct conspiracy to crush Great Britain, has given a double interest to the subject, First, its contemptuous expressions as to the under the pretence of a maritime confedera. while it affords a new and dreadful proof of people and governinent of the United States. cy, at that period. the secret influence of France. Let us simply Remarking on the haste, with which our 2. That the United States bad done every review this transaction.

government received the overtures of Great thing but make a formal accession to this conGreat Britain sends a minister to this coun- Britain, (a haste which no man but a French federacy. try with the most ample plenipotentiary pow- envoy ever perceived,) Mr. Turreau says,

3. That the embargo, though an informal ers. The French minister, alarmed, addresses “ if I have supposed that this haste was act, in the views of that “ maritime confederato our government an insolent letter, begin- necessary to satisfy the wishes of a people of tion," was not sufficient to satisfy the Empening with these words : “ The Federal Gov- whom foresight is not the first virtue, others ror, but that he threatened them with great erninent is going to settle all its differences may see in it a precipitation perhaps danges inconveniencies, if they should refuse to join it with Great Britain, and to make a treaty of rous, and if it does not wound (ne blessait pas) formally. amity and commerce with that power." He the dignity of the Executive, may produce

These inconveniencies were, 1. The seizure then proceeds to mingle threats with sarcasms, consequences prejudicial to the true interests of our ships in France. 2. The imprisonment and intimates that there must be no “ rap- of the United States.".

of our seamen. 3. The burning of all the prochement" with Great Britain.

In this single sentence we have a sneer at American commerce found on the ocean. The French minister is requested to with- the capacity and intelligence of our nation, a

These inconveniencies were accordingly indraw this insolent note. He refuses. He is sarcasm on our executive, and an attempt to

flicted. In vain did our President take the neither dismissed,nor required to explain. Mr. dictate to the United States the true policy palpable hint, and dismiss Mr. Jackson. Jackson, the British envoy, arrives. In the which they ought to pursue.

This was not a “ formal accession to the course of discussion, he, in a very covered Yet this letter was permitted to be with principles of the confederacy." The war was manner, insinuates that a fact was known to drawn, and only served to lasten the dismissal necessary to effect the point. Serrurier's our government, the knowledge of which they of Mr. Jackson !!!

letters would show, that this measure was de. disavowed. He was right in point of fact, and Again, under this. head : “ The American manded, and his Bank account might very well pointed out the evidence of his assertion. Government has appealed to the rights of neu- explain the means by which this formal act of

He is not asked to withdraw his letter ; but rality, and until now have endeavoured, by confederacy was produced. There are other is instantly dismissed with circumstances of proceedings which I shall not permit myself to points of Turreau's letter which may be worunusual asperity

give a name to, to draw near to Great Britain, thy of future notice. When this dismissal is known, Turreau con- ! while it injures France,” &c. &c. sents and is permitted to withdraw his letter There is also an intimation, of so base a The government paper now blows cold secretly, and no notice is taken of the insult. conduct on the part of America, that a French again. The publick must not be too sanguine Can a more shameful political act be even con- minister cannot find terms to express it. And that a peace can be effected with England. ceived of? As to any such acı ever having what was this conduct? Because our govern- Great loans are to be obtained, and great prebeen committed, History can furnish no paral- ment was too friendly to Britain, and too hos- parations are to be made for prosecuting the lel to it. Yet the facts are stated in Congress tile 10 France !! A singular charge, and war !! by a member-evidence offered to be given at proving that no condescension, short of a sur- This shallow artifice is adopted by the minthe bar of the House-and an inquiry is sti- render of our territory, would be deemed a istry, evidently with a double design. In the fled. Why? Because the facts could be performance of our duty !!

first place, that the dreadful note of preparaproved, have been proved to the satisfaction of The views bowever, entertained on this lion may echo, across the Atlantick, and help the publick, and an impeachment of the Presi. head, are more amply detailed under what we the utterance of our ministers, at Gottenburgh. dent must have followed the disclosure of shall make our second class of charges. Great Britain, u bo has successfully arrayed them. So long as it rests on the assertion of 2. The expectations which France nad of herself in glorious armour in a war of defence Mr. Hanson not under oath, so long the tools our entire submission.

against the nations of Europe, able to bring a of France will deny the fact : An end would “ My correspondence,” says Turreau, “with million soidiers into the field to crush her, is be put to the discussion by an investigation by your predecessor (this shows there are some to be frighted out of her claims, and into a the house.

terrible letters yet undiscovered) is enough to treaty by the prospect of having to fight an But what have they done to get rid of i!? | convince you, sir, that I have not left hiin ig. Armstrong and Wilkinson, with fifteen or twenCongress have called upon the President, the norant of the dangers of the crisis of Europe, ty thousand troops!! This is a manæuvre only culpable person, to lay before Congress and its inevitable effects on the destinies of worthy of Mr. Jefferson : he must have sugsuch evidence as he may deem proper to com- the United States. Positive information has gested it. municate, relative to this letter.

enabled me to raise the veil, which yet covers The second design of this check on publick Monroe will then prepare a

the designs of the first powers of the political hope is to blind the people, as to the real which he will make many learne tinctions world.”

cause of this sadden change of conduct tobetween language official and language con- That is to say, “ I have disclosed to your wards England. They vainly imagine, by fidential ;” wiil state that this letter never was predecessor the secret views of France, and the such bungling legerdemain, that the trepidan on file, but was voluntarily withdrawn. In effects which those views will have on the tion which Russian thunder has produced, on other words, “ Jackson's was a British, and destinies of the United States."

the nerves of our President, will be concealed. Turreau's a French insult,” voila la différ- Such is the fair construction of that lan- | That if a peace be made, it may be attributed ence !!

guage ; and it is little short of a declaration, to the attitude of our government, and not to It is now a fact, settled and ascertained, that that the Emperor had prepared to legislate their fears, which will be the truth. Turreau's letter was an official onė, regularly for, and arrange the future fortunes of this But these vain attempts can have no other addressed to the department of state, the.e country.

effect on the neind of the pubrick, than to

port, in

CON

heighten the indignation and ridicule,which now and prosperity of the nation ; and they must though the French funds are said to have ris. fall upon the administration. The time and cir- retreat from the situation, in which they have en, from the prospect of peace. cumstances of this pacifick mood leave no possi- placed themselves, as they can. Let it be re- Lord Wellington is before Bayonne with a bility of misconstruction. Every effort to make membered forever, that WASHINGTON recog- formidable army. something new,out of the old British proposition, nized the claim, against which Mr. MADISON Nothing of a distinct account, has yet arri. existing ever since difficulty bas been pretend- prosecutes a war, oppressive by the enormous ved, from the northern borders of Italy. ed, is a proof that dismay is at the bottom of prodigality of expense, and fruitless, except in The Emperour alleged as a motive to all this change in appearances.

the defeat of all his military operations. The arouse his reluctant Senate, that France was Bonaparte has a second time galloped back nation was happy in the enjoyment of its es invaded, both on the North and South : and by to France, with whip and spur, baffled, defeat- sential rights, as secured by treaties, the fede- our advices received yesterday, it appears that ed, and all his projects ruined ; and were even ral constitution and the first administration. the allies had actually crossed the Rhine, in « Copenhagen Jackson" now to visit Washing. Those who now rule, fomented discontent, by several places, between the 10th and 13th ton, he would undoubtedly be treated with as promises to acquire new concessions ; a part of November. This step is not represented as much civility (if Bonaparie is down) as he the community was deluded, placed them in pow. taken for conquest, but security. As long as was before, with insult.

er, have seen the effects of their folly, and will the Emperour threatens renewed hostilities,they

now witness, with complacency, the down al of will seek, and we trust, triumph over their foes. The nomination of Mr. Clay, as minister in those by whom they have been so fatally deceived. The allies have formed a strong line, whicb the place of the alien who was insultingly sent We have never been of those, who conceive completely cuts off Davoust, by last accounts by our President to Russia, is considered by the policy, which has almost ruined the United near Hamburgh, from the possibility of a re. many, as a proof that no views of peace are States, to have resulted from an abstract love treat to France. His surrender or destruction entertained by our cabinet.

of France, in the party who opposed the ad- may be soon expected. It is said he evacuaWe shall not pretend that Mr. Clay is a ministrations of Washington and Adains, and ted Hamburgh, on the 9th November. suitable man to represent the United States, or now govern the republick. The aggrandize- Mr. Crawford, the American envoy, has been that one of our most boisterous swaggerers for ment of that nation, at the expense of the lib- recognized as such, by the French government. war, is the most promising messenger of erties of Europe, could neither benefit nor

DOMESTICK. Mr. Madison has nominapeace. But of this we are persuaded, that if gratify them as citizens of the United States, ted Mr. Clay, Speaker of the House of Repre- . it be found expedient to make peace, the most but the contrary. The interest which swayed

sentatives, and Mr. Jonathan Russell, to proviolent democrat will be as prompt an instru- them, however, was of a stronger nature than ment as any other. The questions to be agi- any speculative, foreign partiality; it was their and Bayard, in treating with Great Britain. It

ceed to Gottenburgh, to join Messrs. Adams tated are extremely simple. Shall we own; the prospect their only prospect of

is the best school Mr. Clay could attend, to sotinue war for rights, which no maritime nation personal consequence and emolument. As it

ber his mind, and cure his egregious follies. admits, or not. Mr. Clay can read Bulletins happened, this, bound them to France more A bill is before Congress for increasing the as well as a better man, and will therefore strongly, than could have been effected, by fa

bounty and wages of soldiers, with a view to know when to signand seal, or raise objections. vourable prejudices, secret compacts, treache

raise a large army. Appearances announce a rous correspondence, or widery. This sub

prosecution of the war, with increased zeal. Mr. Troup's compliment to the Army. servience was convenient to France ; her

The Secretary of the Treasury, demands a On the 13th instant, the House of Represenstrength and successy essential to them. They

loan of about Thirty Millions of dollars, for tatives in Congress resolved into a committee grew bolder, as her power extended-dissen- the year 1814, above the expected revenue of the whole, on a “ bill for filling the ranks of tions have existed among them, since she was

from all our taxes, new and old ; and this too, the army of the United States, and encourag

checked, and with her defeat, they will falt; before the bill for a large increase of the army ing enlistments."

had passed. Mr. Troup, a distinguished was man and It is very possible Great Britain may be wil.

Errour.-In the Latin motto, at the head of the Po. democrat, who had made the motion for this ling to modify her claims upon her seàfaring

etry, in our last, for pollicitus, rtad, pollicitis. committee, thus described the poor fellows who subjects, or rather the manner of securing are now perishing on the northern frontiers of them. She will unquestionably reliaquish the

practice of search and impressment, if she New York. can be assured they are not in our vessels. Any

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. “ Every means ought to be employed to fill up the ranks, and it could only be done by an

effectual regulation on the part of our governincrease of bounty, as money was the grand troublesome and ungracious tasks and would ment, to that purpose, would save her a very

Every system, administered by man, is lia. stimulus to man. It appeared that when the

ble to be affected by the imperfection of his bounty was forty dollars, they enlisted five, to secure to American seamen exclusively all the

nature. No sage ever yet invented a plan of one when it was sixteen, though the former advantages, which they have so latgely shared with foreign competitors.

government, however unexceptionable in its enlistments were for five years and the latter

principles, which, in its application, has not suffor one. But the 40 dollars bounty was in

fered from folly or wickedness. Nor is relitended to operate upon a certain description of GENERAL REGISTER. gion itself, though the gift of heaven, secure persons, such as the idLE, DISSOLUTE and va

against abuse ; for man, imperfect man, for GRANT, such as were found in cities and DRAM

whose use it is bestowed, and into whose bands SHOPS ; that resource was now exhausted ; and BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 22, 1814. it must therefore necessarily be entrusted, the enlistments were scarcely sufficient to sup

sooner or later, tinges it with his folly. ply the deficiency arising from ordinary caus- EUROPEAN. Soon after crossing the But every defect, introduced by human eres. If by an increase of bounty and pay, they Rhine with the remains of his army, Bonaparte

rour is capable of being remedied by human could operate upon the yeomanry of the counreturned to Paris, where he arrived on the

wisdom ; and it is honourable and commendatry, or farmers' sons, the source would be in- 16th of November. The Senate was convened.

ble to reform abuse, both in church and state. exhaustible." They recommended to the Emperor to pro

The misfortune is, that the uninformed or Mr. Troup has probably had his information pose peace ; the haughty despot declined, in a

the unprincipled, under the pretence of l'efrom the Secretary at War, who has been on a rage, and demanded a new levy of 300,000 conforming errour, frequently become champions visit to these « idle, dissolute, vagrant, dram- scripts. The Senate obeyed, and have order- of innovation, even in long established and the shop” heroes ; but if a federalist had publickly ed the draughts to be made from the old most essential points, merely because their ammade such a concession, he would be denoun- troops, which had been discharged from ser

bition is defeated in every other prospect of reachced as inviting the British to an attack. vice, and new classes, anticipating the draughts ing distinction. Thus we often see self styled

contemplated by law, to the year 1816, inclu- patriots parties for reformation in the What is now become of “ the cup of hu- sively!! The recruits had begun to march to

best cons d and best administered governmiliation" which our noisy orators in Con. the frontièrs, in what numbers is not stated.

ments ; and upstarts, assailing generally regress have so long represented as the only It is likewise rumoured that a proposition ceived opinions in_Religion, affecting to be offer of Great Britain, to this country

?
for peace has been made ; that a congress was

wise men of the East, commissioned to sher! Will our rulers drink it ? Yes—to the very to be held at Manheim. That Caulincourt was light on a benighted and deluded world. dregs; but thank Heaven, it is the humiliation appointed to represent France ; Lord Aber-1.. Vanity is the spring of action with both of a corrupt administration—the disgrace of an deen, Great Britain ; Count Metternich, Aus- these classes of impostors; a vanity that canunprincipled party, and not of the American tria; those from Prussia and Russia, unknown. not be satisfied with the moderate share of people. Our rulers have created ideal insults, This was reported at Bordeaux, on the 23d of reputation, which they find the world dispose ! to justify their wanton sacrifice of the peace | November. We consider it premature ; I to give them, while marching on, in the broad

YOR

THE

BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

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