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our, who once. crowded the lists to fight for, was an exception, and the following is the roars thro' the heavens, and its lumbering « Lady fair ;' who were ready to face death to true history of its origin.

peals striking the summits of the lofty clouds, redeem her glove, or shed their blood to pre- « In the year 1711, James Hirst lived ser are reverberated through the vault of heaven. serve it from spo: or tarnish ? Our gallants vant with the honourable Edward Wortley. It The bursting clouds, discharge the vapours of the present age are a more quiet and peace- happened one day, that in' re-delivering a par- which suspended high in air they bore,and down able race of men ; if they fight at all, it is usu- cel of letters to his master, he, by mistake, the pearly drops now gravitate (the bounteous ally for soine dispute at the card or billiard-ta- gave him one, which he had written to his gift of an all-gracious God :) giving joy to the ble, for it is long since I have heard of a duel | sweetheart, and kept back Mr. Wortley's. He husbandman. Not so with those who plough being fought for love. Even that ardour and im- soon discovered his errour, and immediately the trackless seas. Tempestuous gales first patience, which, a few years ago, used some- hurried to his master, to retrieve it ; but un- seen to rise, the ship is well prepared, her sails times to break out and discover itself in a trip fortunately, or rather we may say, fortunately, close reef'd or else securely handed, and every 'to Providence or Hampton, has now subsided for poor James, it happened to be the first that thing which may conduce to safety, is well ob

There is no danger of a lady being run away | presented itself; and before his return, Mr. served. Huge roll the waves propelled each with, by our modern beaux. The animated Wortley had perused bis enamoured foot by other : they lash the sides of this firm and interesting passion of our souls is reason- man's love story. James entreated to have it « wooden world," but all in vain. In vain, the ed down to very commendable restraints and returned. “ No, said Mr. Wortley, you shall foaming sea in mountainous billow attacks the convenient relaxations. Even when the nup- | be a great man ; this letter shall appear in the ship. She gently mounts its crest, and with tial day was appointed, I have known one of Spectator.” It was accordingly communicated top-gallant-mast seems to touch the skies ! our Platonick gentlemen, because he was abo to Mr. Steele, and published in James's own the anger'd wave, frothing with rage, hurls sent, and a litile business interfered with the words, “ Dear Betty, &c.

from this pinnacle the quiv'ring ship, and pluncompletion of all his wishes,' very coolly

ges her into a gulph below, deep as Tartarus. postpone the rapturous moment to a more MATHEMATICKS. Of all elementary books, She again ascends the approaching billow, and convenient opportunity. Nay, I have known & a good, but mere belles lettres scholar, can again is precipitately hurried away. husband (of the same philosophical stamp, you look with the least patience on those which re Rough Boreas next, exerting all his force, may be sure the next day after he became late to Mathemaiicks, and for a very good rea- attacks the nebulous host. Those which he one, with all that indifference we should look son he cannot get an idea from them, unless cannot by his power reduce to pristine æther, for if he had suffered curtain lectures for a he become systematically master of the sci. he drives before his furious blast. The clouds year, leave his bride to attend to business, and ence. It is certainly not a little provoking to disperse, and to our view disclose the glorious, let the whole honey-moon wax and wane in take up a treatise, published in the vernacular | awful scenery of heaven." his absence.

tongue, and find it as unintelligible, though We have read of men's going mad for love ; |from the hand of some celebrated writer, as your Orlandos and your Octavians, and oth- though it were in Sanscrit. What can the

SCRAPS. ers ; but we meet them only in books ; the elegant scholar make of such a passage as I find that though XENOPHON ranks among passion rages not so high amongst us in real this ?" Newton and Leibnitz attained the the first generals the world ever produced, it life ; it never overcomes reason; it is never same object by the force of their genius ; but was a custom with him, as with our famous so hot, now, but this cool faculty of the mind | by pursuing different methods ; Newton, by | General HOPKINS, to put his measures to vote, may chill it down to an ague.

regarding fuxions as the simple proportions of among his soldiers, and govern himself acI have onitted the great sacrifice, made by nascent and evanescent quantities ;, and Leib cordingly. In his own account, he states that our common progenitor, rather than be sepa nitz, by considering that in a series of quanti. being in extreme want of many necessaries, rated from Eve,

ties, increasing or decreasing, the difference he recommended to his soldiers to enter a ................" as of choice to incur

between the two consecutive terms, may be. | neighbouring village, and supply themselves; Dirine displeasure for her sake, and death.

come infinitely small, that is, less than any and aduls (as Romulus Amasæus renders it,

finite assignable magnitude" !! Hence a | for I cannot sport greek types) Cui tamen idem - And me with thee hath ruined ; for with thee nascent quarrel, which did not become evanes- | videtur, is manum tollat-"You who approve Certain my resolution is to die

cent until one of the sturdy combatants, Lcib of this, hold up your hands." See Xenophon's

nitz, paid the debt of nature, and consecutively, account of the Expedition of Cyrus the young. .......from thy state, to Newton was assigned the victory.

er. Book VII. Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe,”

Who would hare imagined that the Amiaand only glanced at a few cases in history,


ble, pacifick, religious Abbe Delille could which do 'honour to the cause of love. You gentlemen of learning," said she, addressing |

have been the author of the revolutionary Early in this publication, I offered some strictures on that miserable affectation of sub

Hymne des Marseillois, which prompted to ma. herself to me, “ may recollect many more.

ny a scene of butchery-Yet he was. A short limity, which has heretofore characterized many There are also many instances of the conAmerican productions, particularly those har.

time after, the horrors which he had, perhaps tempt of riches, in comparison with the affecangues addressed to the sovereign mobility,

inadvertently, promoted, drove him to Engtions of the hearl, to be found in ancient sto-' | under the title of Fourth-of-July Orations. As

land, an exile, where he exclaims, in his ry ; of great munificence towards the object the season is approaching, when we may ex

French Georgicks of their desires, and great expense of wealth


O France-O mon pays ! O séjour des douleurs ! | pect another deluge of this kind of gallimatia, by lovers of former times, to please, obtain, or compliment a mistress. The young Roman |

| I have chosen 'an extract from a Baltimore pe O France ! O my country! O abode of sorrows !

riodical literary publication, as a specimen of who dissolved the costly pearl, and drank it in

Italy. Voltaire said-Italy was an old a goblet of wine, to toast his favourite lass, is that style, which every writer of sense will

wardrobe, in which there were many old an illustrious example. We see but little of shun, and every shallow blockhead imitate.

clothes of exquisite taste. such sacrifices among us : Yet it must be


IS it not given by some of Dr. Johnson's biacknowledged that money is sometimes made ! « Behold yon cloud just rising in the west ographers as a proof of his acquaintance with use of, even now, to overcome chstacles in the

whose pinions darkened by its aqueous bulk, the most refined rules of politeness, that when march to Hymen's court ; and a handsome

portends the coming of a dreadful storm. See 1, the king paid him a handsome compliment he widow may possibly obtain twenty or thirty

in what little space of time it spreads its mid- ! acquiesced without the least attempt at evathousand, if she holds out with proper dignity, night shades quite o'er the firmament, eclips

sion ; and observed afterwards to a friend and increases her value by a little well-timed

ing the beauteous lustre of the planets, con “ Sir- when the king had said it, it was to be indifference, occasionally relieved by a certain

verting starlight into total darkness. It near so. It was not for me to bandy compliments roguish display of smiles and condescensions, approaches. The winged lightnings Aash with

with my sovereign ?" That this showed his so well understood by these experienced la fury irresistible, athwart the sky! its glaring politeness, is true ; but the thought was not dies."

light strikes full upon the eyes of the spectator, i original ; for Sir J. Dalrymple had recorded | for a while illuminates his optick chambers, and the following anecdote of Lord Stair. «Louis

though the cause is gone, he fancies still he XIV. was told that Lord Stair was one of the The letters in Addison's Spectator, pur.

sees it bright as day : a momentary dimness best bred men in Europe. I shall soon put porting to be from servants and others in the hunable walks of life, are gonerally supposed

thien assails his tender visual organs. Then that to the test, said the king ; and asking And, in the fellowship of goas,

again, another moment past, he looks about Lord Stair to take an airing with bim, as soon to be fictitious, and probably were so, produ-l him, with recovered vision. Flash succeeding as the door was opened, he bude him pass and

as the door was opened ced by some of the first writers of the age in Aash, the same effects from the same cause I go in. The other bowed and obeyed. The Which that work appeared. Butoumber LXX ensue. Meanwhile the aw sounding thunder king said.The world is right in the character

Without a tear, eternal ages live.
While, banished by the fates from joy and rest,
Intolerable woes the impious soul molest,

But they, who in true virtue strong,

The third purgation can endure,
And keep their minds from fraudful wrong

And guilt's contagion pure ;
They through the starry paths of Jove
To Saturn's blissful seats remove;

Where fragrant breezes, vernal airs,

Sweet children of the main,
Purge the blest island from corroding cares,
And fan the bosom of each verdant plain
Whose vernal soil immortal fruitage bears.

Trees from whose flaming branches flow
Array'd in golden bloom refulgent beams,

And flow'rs of golden hue that blow
On the fresh border of their parent streams.
These by the blest in solemn triumph worn
Their unpolluted hands and clust'ring locks adota.


And art thou gone, O friend belov'd!

Hence heaves this sigh-hence flows this tear, | And hence, by sad remembrance mord,

I love to linger at thy bier.

. For still by mem'ry's faithful ray

Those scenes of childhood cheer my breast, Where we have view'd the parting day

And watch'd the wearied sun to rest.

it gives. Another person would have troubled | The horseman sits with loftier grace, me with ceremony."

And grasps his steel with steadier brace ;. AURICULAR CONFESSION. “Santeuil, a celc.

And while he makes his charger feel brated writer of latin hymns, in France, dur

His flanking spur with vexing heel, ing the last century, having once a confessional

His turning hand, and tight'ning rein, dress on, a lady, who took him for a confessor, And curving arm the steed restrain ; fell upon her knees and recounted all her sins. As if his prancing horse had shewn When she had finished, and found the confes No fire and courage but his own : sor quite silent, she asked him for absolution. Well paid are they, who chance to gain • What ! do you take me for a priest ?' said

The monarch's glancing eye. Santeuil. "Why then,' said the lady, quite alarmed, did you listen to me? And why, Short now his steed the monarch stays, replied Santeuil, did you speak to me?'- I'll

Upon his haunches low ; this instant go and complain to your Prior,'

Aloof he gives the sign, said the enraged female. And I, said the

On high his gleaming faulchion plays, poet, will go to your husband and give him a

Then points towards the foe, full account of your conduct.”

At once, along the line, Dr. Young's predominant hue of mind was

The mingling clarions blow ;. evident, even in his wit. If he punned, it And forward move the bright array, must allude to the grave yard. On a visit 10 With trailing spear, and halberd high, Archbishop Potter's son, who lived where the And banner floating gaudiiy. roads were deep and miry, he inquired, when he arrived-- Whose field is that which I

Led by their chieftain brave, have crossed ?"_" It is nine," answered his Now march to join the deadly fray, friend. " True, said the Doctor, “ Potter's

The gallant Saxon throng, field, to bury strangers in.”

Firm is their step and strong ; HENRY IV., whose character Frenchmen, Their floating bannery proudly fly, much to their credit, are again calling to mind Their tall plumes fairly wave. with grateful veneration, was no less distinguished for domestick tenderness, than for his First, to the solemn drum and trumpet low, heroick virtues. It was his custom to join their march is measurd, and their step is slow : : frequently in the amusements of his children, | And now, the hostile bands advancing near, “ and one day, when this Restorer of France, The drum is louder, and the trump more clear. and Peacemaker of all Europe, was going, on all fours, with the dauphin, his son, on his The horseman rides with cuirass now back, an ambassadour suddenly entered the

Bent downward o'er his saddle-bow; apartment, and surprised him in this attitude.

With forward point and backward band, The monarch, without moving from it, said to

The swordsman bears his battle brand ; him_Monsieur l'Ambassadeur, have you any

Brac'd is the pikeman's spear. children ?-Yes, Sire-replied he, Very well, then ; I shall finish my race round my cham

And now more near their banners fly, ber.".

The mortal show'r their hackbuts ply.

Fast, now approaching fast,

With wild unmeasur'd race,

They run the deadly race ;

Shrill is the clarion's blast !
We have been favoured with the following Estract Loud and long the rolling drum !

from a manuscript Poem, entitled “GASPARD . On to the dark embrace,
AND GERALDINI.” This passage is intended Spaniard fierce and Saxon come !
briefly and generally to describe a part of the battle
between CHARLES Y. and Joan, Elector of Saxony,

And now more nigh,

With madding cry, after the former, with his army, had swum the Elbe, in the face of the Saxons, posted on the opposite

They shout, they rush, they charge! shore, at Muhlberg. Of this battle, particular de.

And loud, along the battle-field, tails may be found in Robertson and Brantom. The

Ring hollow casque and sounding shield, poem is from the pen of Lucius M. SARGENT, Esq.

And rattling far and near, and is yet in an unfinished state. Whether the au.

Clash halberd, blade, and spear, thor intends ever presenting it to the publick, entire,

With haubeck, helm, and targe.
we have not been informed. We shall be glad to be
favoured with other extracts.


Spain's gallant monarch rides along,

Translated from the Greek, by Mr. West.
Ion haste, from side to side ;

But in the happy fields of light,
He marshals deep the gath’ring throng,

Where Phæbus with an equal ray Who now have pass'd the tide ;

Illuminates the balmy night,
Few are his words, but bold and strong,

And gilds the cloudless day ;
That spur the soldier's pride.

In peaceful, unmolested joy,

The good their smiling hours employ.
Aside his flowing robes are laid ;
His polish'd mail is all display'd ;

Them no uneasy wants constrain,
His jav'lin chang'd for battle-blade.

To vex the ungrateful soil, In last review, along the train,

To tempt the dangers of the billowy main, With beaver up, and short'ning rein,

And break their strength with unabating toil, He moves bis charger by.

A frail, disast'rous being to maintain. More firm the spearman holds his spear ;

But in their joyous, calm abodes, More proudly stands the arquebusier ;

The recompense of justice they receive,

Thou’rt gone ! but still around thy tomb

Unhurt by death's relentless sway
Thy tuneful songsters cheer the gloom

And pour the tributary lay.


Be temperate in grief ?-I would not hide
The starting tear-drop, with a stoick's pride :
I would not bid my throbbing heart be still,
Nor outrage nature by contempt of ill.
Weep-but not loudly. He whose stony eyes
Ne'er melt in tears is hateful to the skies.


Ok! how shall I recal the moments gone,
Blasted in hope and utterly undone !
Swift down the path way of declining years,
As on we journey through this vale of tears
Youth wastes away, and withers like a flower,
The lovely phantom of a fleeting hour.
Mid the light sallies of the mantling soul,
The smiles of beauty, and the social bowl,
Inaudible, the foot of chilly age
Steals on our joys, and drives us from the stage.



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VOL. I. .





Great-Britain to yield more than the great he was in great perplexity whether he should

and truly patriotick Washington asked. In submit himself to Galba, or apply to the Par. POR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

the midst of a higher degree of prosperity thians for protection ; or else appear in pube The destruction of French despotism has than any nation on earth then enjoyed, our | lick, dressed in mourning, and upon the ros. already produced a striking and happy effect government began a system of hostile conduct tra, in the most piteous manner, beg pardon in this country. The advocates of Mr. Madi- against Great-Britain ; advanced, under the for his past misdemeanours ; and if he could son and bis administration, appalled at the countenance of Bonaparte, step by step in vio- not prevail, to request them to grant him, at prospect before them, and the dangers into lence, until in June 1812, Mr. Madison openly least, the government of Egypt. But it is which they have plunged the nation, are al- proclaimed war.

conjectured that he durst not venture upon ready abandoning their chief. The defection, The account which our admiöistration must

acconnt which our admióistration must I this projeet, for fear of being torn to pieces. on a very important point, appears universal. render to the people is a plain and serious before he could get to the forum. Where is there now any body of men, or even one. We have the Treaty, usually called His furious impulse subsiding, he wished an individual writer, who will pledge his life, i Jay's Treaty before us—its ample provisions for some place of privacy, where he might his fortune, and his sacred honour to the Presi. were ours; we enjoyed them, and might have

· we enioved them, and miebt have I collect his thoughts : and his freedman dent, to support him in the claims, for which been in the tranquil enjoyment of them at this Phaon offering him a country house of his, , he made and has continued this war? Mark / moment. Under a promise to gain more, the slipping on an old weather cloak, with his. the change! It is the first good fruit of that administration has plunged us in war. ONE head muffled up in it, and his handkerchief glorious event, at which we have been re- | HUNDRED MILLIONS OF DOLLARS before his face, he mounted a horse, with four joicing. If there is a sturdy democrat in the will not replace what hostile measures and persons only to attend him, among whom SpoUnited States, who will now say that the war war have already cost the treasury of the Uni rus was one. Being immediately much frighmust be continued until Greal-Britain will ted States. To settle the account with the tened with an earthquake, and a flash of permit our merchant flag to protect British people, and avoid their curses, Mr. Madison lightning darting full in his face, he heard subjects, let him say so. We should like to and his party, whenever they make peace, from the contiguous camp the shouts of the see Mr. Madison annoyed by the echo of his must show what boon they acquire worth so soldiers, wishing his destruction, and prosperrecent doctrines. Is the possession of the high a price. By comparing the treaty now

By comparing the treaty now | ity to Galba. He likewise heard a traveller Canadas still essential to the security of the to be made with Mr. Jay's, the democratick they met with upon the road, say they are in United States-must these be a sine quibus party must stand or falt. They liave chosen pursuit of Nero. Uncovering his face upon non condition of peace ? Such has been the their own experiment—they have been lavish occasion of his horse's boggling at a carcase cry ; but it has passed over the mountains, to in promise and we have been deep in suffer- that lay in the road, he was known and saluted be heard no more.

ing. We hold them to their engagements, by an old soldier who had been discharged out We should be gratified indeed to find some and shall never cease to throw them in their of the guards. of our leading edisors, who have been so inti- seeth, if they are not fulfilled.

At last arriving at his retreat, creeping up. mately acquainted with the President's pur

i oti his hands and knees, through a hole that poses ; — who have trumpeted his firmness in

HOW TYRANTS FALL! was made for him, he lay down in the first what they called his patriotick principles ;

room he came at, upon a poor bed, with an old we should be glad to have them favour us with rant never existed than Nero Claudius Cesar. coverlet thrown over it ; and being both hung a glance at the grand points, which they will The accounts of the conduct of Bonaparte, and thirsty, he refused some coarse bread that now insist he must obtain, in addicion to what since the allies approached Paris, afford a was brought him, but drank a little water. we enjoyed before the declaration of war. ! striking parallel with the history of his infa- Every body about him now pressed him to Not a syllable of this. The rallying word is 1 mous prototype, as transmitted by the historian save himself from the indignities which were now defence-defence of our national territory. Seutonius, from whose biography of Nero, I ready to befal hin. Letters were brought in They perhaps have the folly to imagine, that have selected the following passages..

by a servant belonging to Phaon. He snatch. in obcying the first dictate of nature, we shall « Soon after, he received advice that Galba ed them out of his hand, and there found cheerfully spill our blood, (as spill our blood and Spain had declared against him ; upon." That he had been declared an enemy by the we must, if the war continue) and never in which, falling down in a violent agony of mind, senate, and was sought for, that he might be quire; what brought othe enemy" upon us. It he lay a long time speechless, and apparently

punished according to the ancient practice is undoubtedly hoped, that all doctrines will be dead. As soon as he recovered from the state among the Romans.” kept out of sight, by the approach of a common of stupefaction, he tore his clothes, and beat One while he begged Sporus, to begin a danger-and that relief, whatever be the con)

wailing lamentation ; anotherwhile he enditions, will bring to the authors of it, the nurse endeavouring to comfort him, and telling treated that some of them would set him an thanks, love, and confidence of a devoted people. I him that the like things had happened to other example to kill himself ; sometimes again he

Such calculations are vain-ihey will cer- princes before him, he replied, “I am be. condemned his own want of resolution, in these tainly be disappointed. The days of our pros. yond all example miserable, who have lost an words I live basely and shamefully : this perity have not yet passed from our minds. | empire whilst I am yet living."

does not become Nero_this does not become We remember the rights we enjoyed, when “ Meanwhile, upon the arrival of the news thec. Thou oughtest under such circumstanwe were told that we were “ oppressed ;" that the rest of the armies had declared ces to have thy wits about thee. Come, cour. that, at the hand of Great-Britain, we had against him, he tore to pieces the letters, age, man.!” s drunk the cup of humiliation to the very which were delivered to him at dinner, over . The rest we omit, until we hear from the dregs !” We remember her desire to per threw the table, and dashed with violence. island of Elba. petuate the excellent Treaty of Amity and against the ground two favourite cups, which Commerce, made by Wasbington, and Mr. he called Homer's, because some of that poet's L.

1 NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.. Jefferson's refusal to renew it, on the pretence verses were cut upon them. He then went. “Thine evil deeds are writ in gore, that we must have new concessions. We re into the Servilian gardens, and thence des. Nor written thus in vainmember the repeated attempts of the British patching a trusty freedman to Ostia, with or- | Thy triumphs tell of farge no more, government to setile all misunderstandings, ders to make ready a fleet, he endeavoured to

Or deepen every stain.

If thou hádst died as honour dies, and preserve the friendly relation which had prevail with some tribunes and centurions of

Some now Napoleon might arise, subsisted so happily for many years between the guards to attend him in his flight. But

To shame the wortel again.. the two countries-all however is vain. Our some of them having no great inclination to But who would soar the solar height, immense commerce our annually increasing comply, others absolutely refusing, and one of To set in such a starless night ?" LORD BYROX revenue-the riches flowing into the United them crying out aloud,

In these few interesting lines his Lordship States from every quarter of the world were Usque adeone mori miserum est ?

introduces a reflection as worthy of the statesall to be sacrificed, that we might com pel | Say-is it then so sad a thing to die?-- I man and historian, as the poet. The career

of Bonaparte affords an awful, an instructive, í Here the mind has a partial, but not a perma-, life, to which there can be no motive, but an and we trust a permanently useful lesson to nent authority. A person may determine to uneasy sensation, resembling ordinary hunger the world. Its greatest utility will not arise from I take but two meals a day, and custom will rec- or thirst, which results from privation of that its tendency to check the ambition of men just oncile his physical propensities to the rule. Let which custom, not original nature, has rendere like himself-few such appear, and still fewer

him be long habituated to three or four, and ed necessary. The moral objection to such at a time and under circumstances, so favour

this man cannot restrict himself to two, at practices, in their incipient state, is not strong, able to such designs, as he conceived and ef- choice, without great pain, perhaps not and therefore easily overlooked. fected. But the ignoininious fall of this aspi- without endangering health.

I am not certain, but that many other vices ring inonster, armed as he was against disas. Man may subsist on vegetables alone. But might be enumerated, as the involuntary subter, by every means that is generally consider- if accustomed to animal food, he cannot live servience of mind to matter or rather of the ed efficient in preserving power, teaches the without it. If persuaded, then, that it is a moral to the physical constitution, perverted petty tyrants of mankind, the mere offspring of crime to eat flesh, as many have been, he by indulgence, and more affecting the sovefaction, who rise to place and consequence by | must go on sinning, or perish.

'sireignty of the will, than is generally imagined. arraying the vicious against the virtuous part

Millions have enjoyed long life, who never But this I leave to the observation and reflecof mankind, that distinctions thus purchased tasted any liquid, after infancy, but water. tion of the reader. cannot be long maintained...

There are millions, living within what are The lesson I would inculcate is this.Cor. considered the rules of temperance, who would rect views alone are no security. Sensual in.

exist but a short time, under such a restriction. dulgence may become a physical law, which GENERAL REGISTER.

The Hindu must have his betel root-the reason cannot control, and should therefore be

Turk his opium-the sailor his tobacco, or kept, with rigid circumspection, under the BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1814. they all pine and loathe their food. There is strict rules of temperance. It is of the utmost

no reasoning in the question the will may is. importance to guard against the first deviaEUROPEAN: The present week tas fure she its edicts ; but the aniinal is not to be con. tion ; for every divergent step renders return nished nothing from Europe of a later date,than trolled by its authority. I have seen, and more difficult ; not so much perhaps from the was previously received.

probably every man has seen, unfortunate vic- danger of mental acquiescence, as from the DOMESTICK. The retaliatory prisoners iims of intemperate habits, who appeared to be laws of animal nature, which the convictions in the United States are released, by order of I strongly impressed with a sense of the crime of the mind cannot affect. government, and are now considered only as of brutalizing the human soubwho have been ordinary prisoners of war. .

| convinced of the fatal tendency of their accusa THE WRITER, N. VIII. A draught of eight companies has been made

| tomed indulgences-who have contemplated as from the Boston Brigade of Militia, for the

approaching events, the loss of their own! It was a saying of the great marshal Tudefence of this town. Term of service 30 days. I health property, character and life-the por, renne, that " no man is a hero to his valet de

The British garrison at La Cole (the famous erty, wretchedness, and disgrace of a belovca chambre ;” and, it might be added, that no man stone mill) has been reinforced by a thousand

ed by a thousand I wife and children who will receive your ex. fought to be. Whoever would enjoy the good

wife and children who will receive your ex-fought to! men from St. John's; and it is reported, that postulations in good part, and with tears of will and

of will and good wishes of his fellow men must 6000 men are at Kingston, ready to embark. Igratitude I have seen such persons, and

not strain too hard to keep above them. WhoIt is again reported from Burlington, that those too possessing, in every other respect,

ever wishes for the plcasure, which is derived the British and American armies are encamped amiable, engaging, tender dispositions ; bril

from social intercourse (and what pleasure is in sight of each other that there have been liant imagination - vigorous understanding

equal to it), must endeavour to cultivate the some skirmishes of outposts and that a battle

good opinion, and the friendship of those around was momently expected. piety of sentiment, and a firm belief in all the

bim, by occasionally coming down to their important doctrines of the christian faith-yef

level ; and encourage an ingenuous familiari1 yield to their sensual propensities and pera | LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

ty, by that affability, condescension, and affecish, in the conscious commission of a crime,

ommission of a crime, ted humility, if you please, which spreads a FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. 'which they never ceased to detest and de

| charm around the prince or the private man

To exaco too much, is often the occasion of HABITS.

plore !!

This fatal absurdity of conduct is rather to our getting nothing. How often do we see persons, who possess

The inan, who every *by nature strong powers of mind, and who

be attributed to a physical law of our animal

| where domands even thc mced of praise that constitution, than to moral depravity ; and were

is due to him, may find it yielded with reluchave been educated in the best moral princithis better understood I believe the evil would

tance ; whilst he that " wears his honours ples, acquire and yield to babits injurious to comfort, health, and reputation. We are asmore rarely occur. Persons well guarded in

with meekness" is sure to receive the full tonished at this seeming paradox ; we wonder

measure of his merits ; with the additional correct principles are apt to rely too confidently on their principles. They know they must

| satisfaction of seeing them that the operations of the will become so per

bestowed with

pleasure, and as free-will offerings of the eat and drink ; they do not expect to control verted, where we should expect they would be regulated by the dictates of an enlightened

heart, rather than the cold effects of obliga. hunger or thirst by volition ; but they imagine these are the only propensities that nature has

tion and duty. understanding

If we are always to play the

great man or the hero, and cannot bear to be This is a very important subject, and one

made absolute, and that temperance in these
is always practicable, while the mind is uncor-

approached but with a sort of raverence or which I think has not generally been correctly represented. It appears to me that moralists rupted.

servile respect, we shall soon find that not only In this belief, they yield to the im

our immediate connexions, but all with whom pulse of accidental circumstances ; to gratify have treated of the operations of the mind,

we have any intercourse whatever, will grow a convivial humour-to soothe anxiety--to rewithout a sufficient regard to the physical properties of the body. When they would lieve a transient indisposition,--are the insidi.

| tired of this kind of slavery ; and as they ous pretexts, under which they inadvertently

throw off their chains, the first proof they give deter us from reprehensible conduct, they ad| impose upon themselves, and sacrifice their

that they have done so, will be to despise and dress themselves to our reason, as moral agents. virtuous freedom.

ridicule the attempt to keep them on. They expect to fortify us against er.

That excess, which is arrisour, by explaining the nature of virtue and ved at by slow approaches, is infinitely the most

There are few truly great men, whose hisvice, and their respective consequences.

tory does not record, as instances to einbellish dangerous ; for it is thus, the habit becomes a This

and complete their characters, some amiable law of the ani;nal economy. It is a melancholy is so far right--but their intentions should not

traits of humility and playful innocepce, withtruth, which every observing physician has be limited to the regulation of the moral sense.

out which, we should not take so deep an inwitnessed, that persons are sometimes found The free-agency of man is not so absolute as with only the miserable alternative, to go on

terest in them ; and there is no character that it is generally supposed, and it is to this defect, in excess to an untimely grave, or sink as cer

appears less amiable, and none that can so originating in the close connexion between tainly, and perhaps more suddenly, by an at

hardly be endured, as that stiff rescrve which the body and mind, that the theory and the

discourages, and that tempt at an impracticable reformation.

self-sufficiency practice of so many are found at variance.


haughtiness which seems contemptuously to

It may seem, that these remarks only apply In the first place, every one will grant, that to instances, which very seldom

repel, all confidence and familiarity. it is not optional with a man, whether he will

happen, and !

Julius are therefore of little use. It is true, the evil, i

he evil. Cæsar won more by his inviting and courteous hunger or not. He is so constituted by nature, that if not supplied with food, at certain 1 in its fullest extent, is only observable in ex

mamers, than by bis sword. It is said also


treme cases ; but nothing is more cominon intervals, a sense of pain ensues, and shortly

of the great Duke of Marlborough, that he the desire of relief, if the means are present than habitual indulgences, inconsistent with a ! couid refuse tavours with a boter.grace, than

'; prudent economy, and unfavourable to long becomes irresistible. But at 'what intervals ?

other men could bestow them; and that he "

was so practised in the art of pleasiog, that do


man ever went to him with a request, but he neighbour Indians, because they happened to tinued ; but in the night-time, when steering came away pleased and satisfied, whether his come within gun-shot of his great wigwam. an easy course between the third and fourth request was granted or not. Henry the Fourth | This overbearing disposition of Shamut lost degree of latitude, the fire above described asof France was another of those characters, who him much of the good will his bravery had sumed a form entirely white, and similar to the could come down from the eminence of hu- | acquired ; and the sachems of the village were light of the inoon, which, at that time, was man greatness, and sport in the humble vale obliged to admonish him, and remind him, that not above the horizon. The upper part of the of friendship and domestick joys; the last though brave, he ought not to be arrogant ..small waves, with which the whole surface of Spectator has given us an example of this, nor discourteous.

the sea was curled, seemed like a sheet of silsufficient for my purpose. Similar traits are

ver ; while on the preceding evening it had recorded of Lorenzo de Medicis, who, amidst

resembled a sheet of reddish gold. I cannot all the splendour that surrounds the patriot,


express how much I was amused and interthe warriour, and the man of letters, could di. Ut mare, quom magnei conmorant æquora ventei, ested by this spectacle. vest himself of these rays of glory ; and is of. Vortitur in canos candenti marmore fluctus.

• “ The following night, it was still more ten seen, with equal interest, in the more mild

LUCRETIUS. beautiful. The ship had cast'anchor at a and placid light of the playful friend and fa.

Thus, when loud tempests tear the tortur'd main, considerable distance from the land, waiting miliar companion. The dashing surge is rob'd in dazzling white

for the new moon, in order to enter the har. Instances of the like nature might be mul.

Good's TransLATION.

bour of Cayenne. Let the reader imagine tiplied almost without end from among the

THERE is not perhaps, in nature, a more I to himself a sheet of silver, a quarter of league great ; but when we come to contrast them, splendid and sublime spectacle, than that in breadth, expand

I splendid and sublime spectacle, than that in breadth, expanded in an instant, and shining we must descend to a different class and order to which Lucretius here alludes. Few per

with a vivid light.' Such was the effect of in society. for those who are afraid of burt. | sons have been abroad on the ocean, who these billows two or three of which only reach. ing their dignity by the common acts of ordi. I have not observed more or less of this wonder

ed us, before they broke.. nary life, have seldom a capacity to müse | ful phenomenon, though it is but rarely exbib- |

“ There is scarcely a sea, in which the phethemselves above ordinary men. It would not ited, in its highest magnificence. It is most

nomenon of this light is not sometimes obperhaps be entertaining to my readers, to remarkable in warm climates, and probably no

served ; but there are certain parts where it is search for examples, which, although they where more so, han oft Cape Hatteras much more luminous than in others. In gentmight illustrate my position, would expose the

Gulf Stream. The current is considerably eral, it is much more so in warm countries, defects of our common nature. What I wish

and between the tropicks,than any where else ; to recommend is, the injunction of the chief | stream here, mariners generally experience

it is remarkably luminous on the coasts of Apostle, that we should « not think of our-what they call a chopping sea, owing to the

Guyana, in the environs of the Cape Verd Isl. selyes more bichly than we ought." I cannot conflict between the tide and the winds, which

ands, near the Maldives, and the coasts of however omit the following anecdote, which are almost perpetually boisterous and the will sbew, how much we expose ourselves to water is highly charged with the matter, what

“ A phenomenon so very surprising, could the shafts of ridicule, when we assume a con- | ever it be, which produces this brilliant effect.

hant etlect. | not fail to excite the attention of philosophers; sequence, which does not really belong to us.

Imagine a night, dark as Erebus--the

but till lately, they confined themselves to In the revolutionary war, our troops, upon shrouds howling with the gale--the ship vague explanations ; they ascribed it to sulsome occasion, were hastily throwing up a

cracking under the pressure of the tempest ; phur, to nitre, and other things, of which breast-work or battery ; it was necessary that and dashing through an ocean of flame. Add

there is not a single atom in the sea ; and all hands should be employed : Generai Put. / to these, the alarm, which such a scene, at the

they then imagined that they had reasoned nam, seeing a wheelbarrow of sand, and a man first sight, must naturally cause, and I know

well." standing by it idle, said to him, « soldier. / of nothing on shore calculated to excite such

We take the following speculation on this wheel out that barraw!!_* I-am not a sot- Lemotions of the sublime.

subject from the Gentleman's Magazine :dier," says the man, “ I'm a corporal ;"_"0,"

The great philosopher, Dr. Hutton, in his said the General, “ then hold my cane, whilst translation of Ozanam's Recreations, takes oc The lucid appearance of the sea, seems I wheel it out myself.”

casion to describe appearances, which he had to arise from two causes. 1 Phosphorescent The story of öld Shamut was very familiar witnessed, on the coast of South America. | living animals. 2 Aniinal matter, phosphoreswith the first settlers, and is often told about | The passage will amuse many of my readers : 1 cent after death. the country where he lived, to the present

and to this I subjoin, an attempt to account 1. Phosphorescent living animals have been day. Shamut was a brave Indian, but he had

| for this phenomenon, from
for this phenomenon, from the Gentleman's

the Gentleman's / prored, by the most undoubted authority, to

proved, by thc ! too great an itch for prerogative, and was too

100 Magazine. I think it very imperfect and un cause, in some cases, the luminous appearance apt to assume more authority than he had dis

satisfactory, and should be happy, if any philo- of the sea. Professor Mitchill give's us an cretion to use, and more than his office gave

sophical correspondent, would offer a more account of an appearance of this sort, to which him a right to exercise. He was chosen capsufficient theory.

he was witness, and which was caused by anitain, and in his eagerness to establish his con

* I do not recollect that we saw the sea lu malculæ, (chiefly mollusca animals) some of sequence, and shew he was worthy to com

minous till our arrival between the tropicks : | which, he presumed the nereis noctiluca, we're mand, knocked down the first Indian be met ;

but at that period, and some weeks before we so small and pellucid, as, with the naked eye and when asked the reason why he did so,

reached land, I almost constantly observed that alone, not to be distinguished by day light, in " to shew mine power." says Shamui. He i the ship’s wake was interspersed with a mul. | a glass of water. But on agitating the water went out a hunting, and killed à monstrous | titude of luminous sparks, and so much the | in the dark, beautiful emissions of light were wolf : it was a brave and wonderful feat: the brighter as the darkness was more perfect. | observed. The writer informs us, that a long beast was so larve, he could not drag him in. | The water round the rudder was, at length, I continuance of light cannot be emitted by the but he cut off his ears, and those were 'a suí. I enili

ould entirely brilliant ; and this light extended, same animal. “ Therefore the light, emitted ticient trophy, and proof that he had destroyed gradually diminishing, along the whole wake. | by the motion of the waves, is caused by a him. Shaniut was received with shouts and

nd I remarked also, that if any of the ropes were succession of animals, each of which, on being great joy by the whole tribe, and all the villa immersed in the water, they produced the stimulated, evolves in its turn, a certain proges made great pow-wows to his honour, and same effect.

portion and duration of light." gave him as much samp and succotash as he

« But it was near land that this spectacle We are also informed by M. Peron, of a could eat. This listed bin up as high as the

appeared in all its beauty. It blew a fresh gale, luminous appearance of the sea, like a vast hills, and he began to disdain all intercourse and the whole sea was covered with small | sheet of phosphorus, floating on the waves ; witb.common Indians. In one of his haughty

Waves, which broke, after having rolled for but which proved, on a nearer approach, to be moments, he returned a wampun that had

some time. When a wave broke, a flash of an immense number of zoophites, borne by the been sent him by one of his old friends, be

light was produced ; so that the whole sea, as | water at different depths. Those which were cause the fellow had told the story of his kill

f his bill. far as the eye could reach, seemed to be cov- on the surface, resembled great cylinders of ing the wolf not quite so much to his honour

ered with fire, alternately kindled and extin-iron ; whilst those which were deepest, reas some others hack told it ; and he declared

guished. "This fire, in the open sea, that is, at sembled red-hot cannon balls. . . . he would never take a wampum of him again. |

the distance of fifty or sixty leagues from the 2. Animal matter, phosphorescent after He had a large wigwam, and becane so dis

coasts of America, had a reddish casi.' I have death. This phosphorescence at a certain dainful, ilat he used to keep himself shut up !

made this remark, because I do not know that tiine after death, but before putrefaction, comin it, and would let nobody, without a des of

! any person ever examined the phenomena, 1 mences. Canton observed that sex water bedifficulty, come in to see him ; antone day which I arn about la describe.

came luminous after remaining sometime over ordered bis agendants to shoot some of his

!" When we were in the green water, the the substance of a fresh herring. Dr. Hulme We spectacle changed. The same fresh gale con: ! discovered, that saline solutions, such as sul

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