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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES,

VOL. J.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1814.

NO. XXVII.

POR

THE

BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

Great-Britain to yield more than the great he was in great perplexity whether he should and truly patriotick Washington asked. In submit himself to Galba, or apply to the Par

the midst of a higher degree of prosperity thians for protection ; or else appear in pult The destruction of French despotism has than any nation on earth then enjoyed, our lick, dressed in mourning, and upon the ros. already produced a striking and happy effect government began a system of hostile conduct tra, in the most piteous manner, beg pardon in this country. The advocates of Mr. Madi- against Great-Britain ;. advanced, under the for his past misdemeanours ; and if he could son and his administration, appalled at the countenance of Bonaparte, step by step in vio- not prevail, to request them to grant him, at prospect before them, and the dangers into lence, until in June 1812, Mr. Madison openly least, the government of Egypt. But it is which they have plunged the nation, are al-proclaimed war.

conjectured that he durst not venture upon ready abandoning their chief. The defection, The account which our administration must this projeet, for fear of being torn to pieces, on a very important point, appears universal. render to the people is a plain and serious before he could get to the forum. Where is there now any body of men, or even one. We have the Treaty, usually called His furious impulse subsiding, he wished an individual writer, who will pledge his life, Jay's Treaty before us—its ample provisions for some place of privacy, where he might his fortune, and his sacred honour to the Presi. were ours ; we enjoyed them, and might have collect his thoughts ; and his freedman dent, to support him in the claims, for which been in the tranquil enjoyment of them at this Phaon offering him a country house of his, he made and has continued this war? Mark moment. Under a promise to gain more, the slipping on an old weather cloak, with his tñe change! It is the first good fruit of that administration has plunged us in var. ONE head muffled up in it, and his handkerchief glorious event, at which we have been re- HUNDRED MILLIONS OF DOLLARS before his face, he mounted a horse, with four joicing. If there is

If there is a sturdy democrat in the will not replace what hostile measures and persons only to attend him, among whom SpoUnited States, who will now say that the war war have already cost the treasury of the Uni- rus was one. Being immediately much frighmust be continued until Greai-Britain will ted States. To settle the account with the tened with an earthquake, and a flash of permit our merchant fag to protect British people, and avoid their curses, Mr. Madison lightning darting full in his face, he heard subjects, let him say so. We should like to and his party, whenever they make peace, from the contiguous camp the shouts of the see Mr. Madison annoyed by the echo of his must show what boon they acquire worth so

soldiers, wishing his destruction, and prosperrecent doctrines. Is the possession of the high a price. By comparing the treaty now ity to Galba. He likewise heard a traveller Canadas still essential to the security of the to be made with Mr. Jay's, the democratick they met with upon the road, say " they are in United States-must these be a sine quibus party must stand or falt

. They liave chosen pursuit of Nero.” Uncovering his-face upon non condition of peace? Such has been the their own experiment—they have been lavish occasion of his horse's boggling at a carcase cry; but it has passed over the mountains, to in promise and we have been deep in suffer that lay in the road, he was known and saluted be heard no more.

ingWe hold them to their engagements, by an old soldier who had been discharged out We should be gratified indeed to find some and shall never cease to throw them in their of the guards. of our leading editors, who have been so ing teeth, if they are not fulfilled.

At last arriving at his retreat, creeping up. mately acquainted with the President's pur

ets his anus and knees, through a hole that poses ;- who have trumpeted his firmness in

HOW TYRANTS FALL !

was made for him, he lay down in the first what they called his patriotick principles ; Next to Bonaparte, perhaps a greater ty

room he came at, upon a poor bed, with an old we should be glad to have them fovour us with rant never existed than Nero Claudius Cesar. coverlet thrown over it ; and being both hungry & glance at the grand points, which they will The accounts of the conduct of Bonaparte, and thirsty, he refused some coarse bread that now insist he must obtain, in addition to what since the allies approached Paris, afford a was brought him, but drank a little water. we enjoyed before the declaration of war. striking parallel with the history of his infa- Every body about him now pressed him to Not a syllable of this. The rallying word is mous prototype, as transmitted by the historian save himself from the indignisies which were now defence defence of our national territory. Seutonius, from whose biography of Nero, I ready to befal hinu. Letters were brought in They perhaps have the folly to imagine, that have selected the following passages.

by a servant belonging to Phaon. He snatchin obcying the first dictate of nature, we shall “Soon after, he received advice that Galba ed them out of his hand, and there found cheerfully spill our blood, as spill our blood and Spain had declared against him ; upon

" That he had been declared an enemy by the we must, if the war continue) and never in which, falling down in a violent agony of mind, senate, and was sought for, that he might be quire, what brought the enemy" upon us. It he lay a long time speechless, and apparently punished according to the ancient practice is undoubtedly hoped, that all doctrines will be dead. As soon as he recovered from the state among the Romans.” kept out of sight, by the approach of a common of stupefaction, he torc his clothes, and beat

One while he begged Sporus to begin a danger-and that relief, whatever be the con- his head, crying out“ I am ruined !” His wailing lamentation ; another while he enditions, will bring to the authors of it, the nurse endeavouring to comfort him, and telling treated that some of them would set him an thanks, love, and confidence of a devoted people. him that the like things had happened to other example to kill himself ; sometimes again he

Such calculations are vain--ihey will cer. princes before him, he replied," I am be- condemned his own want of resolution, in these tainly be disappointed. The days of our pros. yond all example miserable, who have lost an

words I live basely and shamefully : this perity have not yet passed irom our minds. empire whilst I am yet living."

does not become Nero-this does not become We remember the rights we enjoyed, when “ Meanwhile, upon the arrival of the news thee. Thou oughtest under-such circumstanwe were told that we were "oppressed ;" that the rest of the armies had declared ces to have thy wits about thee. Come, courthat, at the hand of Greai-Britain, we had against him, he tore to pieces the letters, age, man.!” * drunk the cup of humiliation to the very which were delivered to him at dinner, over- The rest we omit, until we hear from the dregs !” We remember her desire to per- threw the table, and dashed with violence island of Elba. petuate the excellent Treaty of Amity and against the ground two favourite cups, which. Commerce, made by Washington, and Mr. he called Homer's, because some of that poet's

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.. Jefferson's refusal to renew it, on the pretence verses were cut upon them. He then went “ Thine evil deeds are writ in gore, that we must have new. concessions. We re- into the Servilian gardens, and thence des. Nor written thus in vain member the repeated attempts of the British patching a trusiy freedman to Ostia, with or- Thy triumphs tell of fame no more,

Or deepen every stain.government to settle all misunderstandings, ders to make ready a fleet, he endeavoured to

If thou hádst died as honour dies, and preserve the friendly relation which had prevail with some tribunes and centurions of

Some new Napoleon might arise, subsisted so happily for many years between the guards to attend him in his flight. But

To shame the world again.. the two countries--all however is vain. Our some of them having no great inclination to But who would soar the solar Height, immense commerce-our annually increasing comply, others absolutely refusing, and one of To set in such a starless night ?" LORD BYROX revenue-the riches flowing into the United them crying out aloud,"

In these few interesting lines his Lordship States from every quarter of the world were Usque adeone mori miserum est?

introduces a reflection as worthy of the statesall to be sacrificed, that we might compel Say-is it then so sad a thing to die?

man and historian, as the poet. The career

OW11

of Bonaparte affords an awful, an instructive, i Here the mind has a partial, but not a perma- , life, to which there can be no motive, but an and we trust a permanently useful lesson to nent authority. A person may determine to uneasy sensation, resembling ordinary hunger the world. Its greatest utility will not arise from take but two meals a day, and custom will rec- or thirst, which results from privation of that its tendency to check the ambition of men just oncile his physical propensities to the rule. Let which custom, not original nature, has renderlike himself-few such appear, and still fewer him be long habituated to three or four, and ed necessary. The moral objection to such at a time and under circumstances, so favour- this man cannot restrict himself to two, at practices, in their incipient state, is not strong, able to sich designs, as he conceived and ef- choice, without great pain,--perhaps not and therefore easily overlooked. fected. But the ignoininious fall of this aspi- without endangering health.

I am not certain, but that many other vices ring monster, armed as he was against disas- Man may subsist on vegetables alone. But might be enumerated, as the involuntary subter, by every means that is generally consider

if accustomed to animal food, he cannot live servience of mind to matter or rather of the ed efficient in preserving power, teaches the

without it. If persuaded, then, that it is a moral to the physical constitution, perverted petty tyrants of mankind, the mere offspring of crime to eat flesh, as many have been, he by indulgence, and more affecting the sovefaction, who rise to place and consequence by must go on sinning, or perish.

:: reignty of the will, than is generally imagined. arraying the vicious against the virtuous part Millions have enjoyed long life, who never But this I leave to the observation and reflecof mankind, that distinctions thus purchased tasted any liquid, after infancy, but water. tion of the reader. cannot be long maintained.

There are millions, living within what are The lesson I would inculcate is this Cor. considered the rules of temperance, who would rect views alone are no security. Sensual in.

exist but a short time, under such a restriction. dulgence may become a physical law, which GENERAL REGISTER.

The Hindu must have his betel root the reason cannot control, and should therefore be

Turk his opium-the sailor his tobacco, or kept, with rigid circumspection, under the BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1814. they all pine and loathe their food. There is strict rules of temperance. It is of the utmost

no reasoning in the questiolk-the will may is. importance to guard against the first deviaEUROPEAN. The present weck has fur- sue its edicis ; but the animal is not to be con. tion ; for every divergent step renders return nished nothing from Europe of a later date,than

trolled by its authority. I have seen, and more difficult ; not so much perhaps from the was previously received.

probably every man has seen, unfortunate vic- danger of mental acquiescence, as from the DOMESTICK. The retaliatory prisoners lims of intemperate habits, who appeared to be

laws of animal nature, which the convictions in the United States are released, by order of strongly impressed with a sense of the crime of the mind cannot affect. government, and are now considered only as of brutalizing the human soul who have been ordinary prisoners of war, convinced of the fatal tendency of their accus.

THE WRITER, No. VIII. A draught of eight companies has been made tomed indulgences-who have contemplated as from the Boston Brigade of Militia, for the approaching events, the loss of their

It was a saying of the great marshal Tudefence of this town. Term of service 30 days. health, property, character and life--the pova renne, that" no man is a hero to his valet de The British garrison at La Cole (the famous

erty, wretchedness, and disgrace of a belovca chambre ;” and, it might be added, that no man stone mill) has been reinforced by a thousand wife and children—who will receive your ex- ought to be. Whoever would enjoy the good men from St. John's ; and it is reported, that postulations in good part, and with tears of will and good wishes of his fellow men must 6000 men are at Kingston, ready to embark.

gratitude--I have
seen such persons, and

not strain too hard to keep above them. Who. It is again reported from Burlington, that those too possessing, in every other respect,

ever wishes for the pleasure, which is derived the British and American armies are encampęd amiable, engaging, tender dispositions ; bril! from social intercourse (and what pleasure is in sight of each other that there have been

liant imagination-vigorous understanding- equal to it), must endeavour to cultivate the some skirmishes of outposts and that a battle

and, what is still more extraordinary, an ardent good opinion, and the friendship of those around was momently expected.

piety of sentiment, and a firm belief in all the bim, by occasionally coming down to their important doctrines of the christian faith-set level ; and encourage an ingenuous familiariyield to their sensual propensities-and per

ty, by that affability, condescension, and affecLITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. ish, in the conscious commission of a crime,

ted humility, if you please, which spreads a which they never ceased to detest and de- charm around the prince or the private man

To exace too much, is often the occasion of HABITS. How often do we see persons, who possess

This fatal absurdity of conduct is rather to

our getting nothing. The man, who every be attributed to a physical law of our animal

where domands even thc mced of praise that by nature strong powers of mind, and who have been educated in the best moral princi- this better understood I believe the evil would constitution, than to moral depravity ; and were

is due to him, may find it yielded with reluc

tance ; whilst he that 6 wears his honours ples, acquire and yield to babits injuricus to

more rarely occur. comfort, health, and reputation. We are as

Persons well guarded in

with meekness" is sure to receive the full

measure of his merits ; with the additional tonished at this seeming paradox ; we wonder correct principles are apt to rely too confident

satisfaction of secing them bestowed with that the operations of the will become so pèrly on their principles. They know they must "verted, where we should expect they would be eat and drink ; they do not expect to control pleasure, and as free-will offerings of the regulated by the dictates of an enlightened hunger or thirst by volition ; but they imagine heart, rather than the cold effects of obliga. understanding

these are the only propensities that nature" bas tion and duty. If we are always to play the This is a very important subject, and one made absolute, and that temperance in these great man or the hero, and cannot bear to be which I think has not generally been correctly is always practicable, while the mind is uncor

approached but with a sort of reverence or represented. It appears to me that moralists rupted. In this belief

, they yield to the im. servile respect, we shail soon find that not only have treated of the operations of the mind, pulse of accidental circumstances; to gratify our immediate connexions, but all with whom

we have any intercourse whatever, will grow without a suficient regard to the physical lieve a transient indisposition, are the insidi- tired of this kind of slavery and as there properties of the body. When they would deter us from reprehensible conduct, they ad

ous pretexts, under which they inadvertently throw off their chains, the first proof they give dress themselves to our reason, as moral impose upon themselves, and sacrifice their that they have done so, will be to despise and agents. They expect to fortify us against er ved at by slow approaches, is infinitely the most virtuous freedom. That excess, which is arri- ridicule the attempt to keep them on.

There are few truly great men, whose hissour, by explaining the nature of virtue and

tory does not record, as instances to einbellish vice, and their respective consequences. This dangerous ; for it is thus, the habit becomes a is so far right-but their intentions should not

law of the ani,nal economy. It is a melancholy and complete their characters, soine amiable be limited to the regulation of the moral sense. truth, which every observing physician has

traits of humility and playful innocepce, with. witnessed, that persons are sometimes found

out which, we should not take so deep an inThe free-agency of man is not so absolute as

terest in them ; and there is no character that it is generally supposed, and it is to this defect, with only the miserable alternative, to go on it is generally supposed, and it is to this defect, in excess to an untimely grave, or sink as cer

appears less amiable, and none that can so originating in the close connexion between the body and mind, that the theory and the tainly, and perhaps more suddenly, by an at- hardly be endured, as thai stiff reserve which

tempt at an impracticable reformation. discourages, and that self-sufficiency and practice of so many are found at variance. In the first place, every one will grant, that

It may seem, that these remarks only apply baughtiness which seems contemptuously to it is not optional with a man, whether he will to instances, which very seldom happen, and repel, all confidence anu familiarity. Julius

are therefore of little use. hunger or not. He is so constituted by na

It is true, the evil, Cæsar won more by his inviting and courteous

manners, than by bis sivori. It is said also ture, that if not supplied with food, at certain

in its fullest extent, is only observable in ex

cominon

of the great Duke of Marlborouzlı, that he intervals, a sense of pain ensues, and shortly creme cases; but nothing is more

could refuse favours with a better grace, than the desire of relief, if the means are present,

than habitual indulgences, inconsistent with a becomes irresistible. But at 'what intervals ? prudent economy, and

other men could bestow thein ; and bac be unfavourable to long

was so practised in the art of pleasiog, that do

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR,

plore !!

man ever went to him with a request, but he neighbour Indians, because they happened to tinued; but in the night-time, when steering came away pleased and satisfied, whether his come within gun-shot of his great wigwain. an easy course between the third and fourth request was granted or not. Henry the Fourth This overbearing disposition of Shamút lost degree of latitude, the fire above described asof France was another of those characters, who him much of the good will his bravery had sumed a form entirely white, and similar to the could come down from the eminence of hu- acquired ; and the sachems of the village were light of the inoon, which, at that time, was man greatness, and sport in the humble vale obliged to admonish him, and remind him, that not above the horizon. The upper part of the of friendship and domestick joys; the last though brave, he ought not to be arrogant small waves, with which the whole surface of Spectator has given us an example of this, , nor discourteous.

the sea was curled, seemed like a sheet of silsufficient for my purpose. Similar traits are

ver ; while on the preceding evening it had recorded of Lorenzo de Medicis, who, amidst

resembled a sheet of reddish gold. I cannot

THE FLASH OF THE SEA all the splendour that surrounds the patriot,

express how much I was amused and interthe warriour, and the man of letters, could di. Ut mare, quom magnei conmorunt æquora ventei, ested by this spectacle. vest himself of these rays of glory; and is of. Vortitur in canos candenti' marmore fluctus.

“ The following vight, it was still more ten seen, with equal interest, in the more mild

LUCRETICS beautiful. The ship had cast ' anchor at a and placid light of the playful friend and fa- Thus, when loud tempests tear the tortur'd main, considerable distance from the land, waiting miliar companion. The dashing surge is rob’d in dazzling white

for the new moon, in order to enter the har. Jostances of the like nature might be mul.

Goon's Translation bour of Cayenne. Let the reader imagine tiplied almost without end from among the

THERE is not perhaps, in nature, a more to himself a sheet of silver, a quarter of league great ; but when we come to contrast them, splendid and sublime spectacle, than that

in breadth, expanded in an instant, and shining we must descend to a different class and order to which Lucretius here alludes. Few per

with a vivid light.' Such was the effect of in society ; for those, who are afraid of hurt. sons have been abroad on the ocean, who

these billows two or three of which only reaching their dignity by the common acts of ordi- have not observed more or less of this wonder

ed us, before they broke. nary life, have seldom a capacity to wise ful phenomenon, though it is but rarely exhib

“ There is scarcely a sea, in which the phethemselves above ordinary men. It would not ited, in its highest magnificence. It is most

nomenon of this light is not sometimes obperhaps be entertaining to my readers, to remarkable in warm climates, and probably no

served ; but there are certain parts where it is search for examples, which, although they where more so, than off Cape Hatteras, in the much

more luminous than in others. In geni: might illustrate my position, would expose the Gulf Stream. The current is considerably eral, it is much more so in warm countries, defects of our common nature. What I wish rapid—the water is warm-in crossing the

and between the tropicks,than any where else ; to recommend is, the injunction of the chief stream here, mariners generally experience it is remarkably luminous on the coasts of

what they call a chopping sea, owing to the Guyana, in the environs of the Cape Verd Isl. selves more highly than we ought.” I cannot conflict between the tide and the winds, which

ands, near the Maldives, and the coasts of however omit the following anecdote, which are almost perpetually boisterous and the

Malabar. will sbew, how much we expose ourselves to water is highly charged with the matter, what

“ A phenomenon so very surprising, could the shafts of ridicule, when we assume a conever it be, which produces this brilliant effect.

not fail to excite the attention of philosophers; sequence, which does not really belong to us.

Imagine a night, dark as Erebus--the

but till lately, they confined themselves to In the revolutionary war, our troops, upon shrouds howling with the gale—the ship

shrouds howling with the gale--the ship vague explanations ; they ascribed it to sulsome occasion, were hastily throwing up a cracking under the pressure of the tempest;

phur, to nitre, and other things, of which breast-work or battery ; it was necessary that and dashing through an ocean of flame. "Add

there is not a single atom in the sea ; and all hands should be employed ; General Put to these, the alarm, which such a scene, at the

they then imagined that they had reasoned nam, seeing a wheelbarrow of sand, and a man first sight, must naturally cause, and I know well." standing by it idle, said to him, “ soldier, of nothing on shore calculated to excite such

We take the following speculation on this wheel out that barrow.”_K I am not a pot emotions of the sublime.

subject from the Gentleman's Magazine :dier,” says the man, “ I'm a corporal ;"_50,

The great philosopher, Dr. Hutton, in his said the General, “ then hold my cane, whilst translation of Ozanam's Recreations, takes oc- The lucid appearance of the sea, seems I wheel it out myself."

casion to describe appearances, which he had to arise from two causes. 1 Phosphorescent The story of old Shamut was very familiar witnessed, on the coast of South America. living animals. 2 Aniinal matter, phosphoreswith the first settlers, and is often told about The passage will amuse many of my readers ; cent after death. the country where he lived, to the present and to this I subjoin, an attempt to account 1. Phosphorescent living animals have been day. Shamut was a brave Indian, but he had for this phenomenon, from the Gentleman's proved, by the most undoubted authority, to too great an itch for prerogative, and was too Magazine. I think it very imperfect and un- cause, in some cases, the luminous appearance

of the sea. apt to assume more authority than he had dis- satisfactory, and should be happy, if any philo

Professor Mitchill give's us cretion to use, and more than his office gave sophical correspondent, would offer a moro account of an appearance of this sort, to which him a right to exercise. He was choseri capsufficient theory.

he was witness, and which was caused by anitain, and in his eagerness to establish his con

* I do not recollect that we saw the sea lu. malculæ, (chiefly mollusca animals) some of sequence, and shew he was worthy to com

minous till our arrival between the tropicks ; which, he presumed the nereis noctiluca, were mand, knocked down the first Indian he met ;

but at that period, and some weeks before we so small and pellucid, as, with the naked eye and when asked the reason why he did so, reached land, I almost constantly observed that alone, not to be distinguished by day light, in " to shew mine power,” says Shamut. He the ship's wake was interspersed with a mul- a glass of water. But on agitating the water went out a hunting, and killed å monstrous titude of luminous sparks, and so much the in the dark, beautiful emissions of light were wolf; it was a brave and worderful feat; the brighter as the darkness was more perfect. observed. The writer informs us, that a long beast was so large, he could not drag him in, The water round the rudder was, at length, continuance of light cannot be emitted by the but he cut off his ears, and those were a suf entirely brilliant ; and this light extended, same animal.

“Therefore the light, emitted ficient trophy, and proof that he had destroyed gradually diminishing, along the whole wake by the motion of the waves, is caused by a bim. Shaniut was received with shouts and I remarked also, that if any of the ropes were succession of animals, each of which, on being great joy by the whole tribe, and all the villa- immersed in the water, they produced the stimulated, evolves in its turn, a certain proges made great pow-wows to his honour, and same effect.

portion and duration of light." gave him as much samp and succotash as he

" But it was near land that this spectacle We are also informed by M, Peron, of a could eat. This listed him up as high as the appeared in all its beauty. It blew a fresh gale, luminous appearance of the sea, like a vast hills, and he began to disdain all intercourse and the whole sea was covered with smalí sheet of phosphorus, floating on the waves ; witb common Indians In one of his haughty waves, which broke, after having rolled for but which proved, on a nearer approach, to be moments, he returned a wampun that had

some time.

When a wave broke, a flash of an immense number of zoophites, borne by the been sent him by one of his vid friends, be- light was produced ; so that the whole sea, as water at different depths. Those which were cause the fellow had told the story of his kill far as the eye could reach, seemed to be cov- on the surface, resembled great cylinders of ing the wolf not quite so much to his honour

ered with fire, alternately kindied and extin- iron ; whilst those which were deepest, reas some others had told it; and he deciared guished. This fire, in the open sea, that is, at sembled red-hot cannon balls. he would never take a wanipum of hini again, the distance of fifiy or sixty leagues from the 2. Animal matter, phosphorescent after He had a large wigwam, and became so dis

coasts of America, had a reddish cast. I have death. This phosphorescence at a certain dainful, ihat he used to keep himself shut up

made this remark, because I do not know that time after death, but before putrefaction, comin it, and would let nood, without a dea of person ever examined the phenomena, inences. Canton observed that sei wirer bedifficulty, come in to see him ; aut one day whico I drid about to describe.

came luminous after remaining sometime over ordered, his ageidants to shoot some of his

" When we were in the green water, the

the substance of a fresh herring. Dr. Hulme spectacle changed. The same fresh gale con

discovered, that saline solutions, such as sul

an

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TRANSLATED FROM A GERMAX POEM.

EXTRACTED.

phate of soda, muriate of soda, and sulphate of unremitting exertions of the good family. As Or crush'd by Poverty's indurate hand, magnesia, were possesscd of the same proper- they sat one day at their unsavory meal of Or Labour's ruder grasp, thy rising powers ; ly. About four drams of the substance of a bread and dried almonds, old Robert entered Or worse, some sworn seducer stain thy mind, fresh herring, being allowed to remain for two the apartment ; in a garb little suited to a fu- Whilst thou, to thine own killing thoughts resign'd, days, in a solutiota of two drams of sulphate of gitive prisoner, tenderly embraced bis wife

Weep'st out the remnant of thy wretched hours ! magnesia, in two ounces of cold water ; on

n and children ; and thanked them, with tears of examining the liquor a lucid ring was observ- gratitude, for the fifty louis they had caused to Oh, better, better far to see thee dead! ed on the surface, and on agitation the whole be remitted to him, on his sailing from Teruan,

Nay better could I bear to see thee die ; became, beautifully luminous. In a little his free passage, and a comfortable supply of Could sooner take thee in these trembling arms, time, the luminous matter subsided ; but wearing apparel. His astonished relatives oyed And offer up to heaven thy infant charms, by agitation, it again became luminous. The one another in silence. At length, Madame

Than see thee scorn’d by each insulting eye! parts of the fish, exposed to the air, were lumi. Robert, suspecting her son had secretly connous ; while the parts pot so exposed remain- certed the whole plan, recounted the various Thou, God of mercy, justice, truth, and love, ed dark. The luminous appearance was im- instances of his zeal. 6 Six thousand livres,” paired by cold, and more splendid by a mode- continued she, “ is the sum we wanted and

To whom, at Mis’ry's midnight hour, I pray, rate heat ; but destroyed by the heat of boil. we had already procured somewhat more than who see'st that quiv'ring cheek, who see'st these tears, ing water.

the hall, owing chicky to his industry. Some These restless thoughts, these agonizing fears, Hence the luminous matter may, during friends, no doubt, have assisted him upon an

“ Whate'er thou will’st, unargu'd I obey." the heat of summer, by the dashing of the emergency like the present." A gloomy sugwaves, be brought to the surface, exposed to gestion crossed the father's mind. Turning the atmosphere, and made beautifully, but suddenly to his son, and eyeing him with the

SONG FROM AFAR. transiently phosphorescent.

sternness of distraction, « unfortunate boy !

what have you done? How can I be indebted
MONTESQUIEU.

to you for my freedom, and not regret it ?
How could you effect my ransom, without

“ Wuen in the last faint liglit of ev'ning

A smiling form glides softly by, A Young man, named Robert, sat alone in your mother's knowledge, unless at the exhis boat, in the harbour of Marseilles. A pense of virtue? I tremble at the thought of A gentle sigh its bosom heaving,

filial affec:ion having betrayed you into guilt. While thou in oaken grove dost lie ;stranger had stept in, and taken his seat near

Tell the truth at once-and let us all die, if | It is the spirit of thy friend, him, but quickly rose again ; observing, that, since the master had disappeared, he would you have forfeited your integrity."—, Calm Which whispers-- all thy cares shall end." take another boat. This, Sir, is mine," said

your apprehensions, my dearest father,” cried Robert ;-“ Would you saii without the har

the son, embracing him.-“ No, I am not un- When in the mild moon's peaceful twilight bour ?". I meant only to move about in the worthy of such a parent, though fortune has Foreboding thoughts and dreams arise,

denied me the satisfaction of proving the full And at the solemn hour of midnight
bason, and enjoy the coolness of this fine even-
ing.--But I cannot believe you are a sailor.” | strength of my attachment-I am not your de- Paint fairy scenes before thine eyes :

* Nor am 1–yet on Sundays and holidays I liverer-but I know who he is...- Recollect, The poplars give a rustling sound,
act the bargeman, with a view to make up a
mother, the unknown gentleman, who gave me

It is my spirit hovers round. sum."-" What! covetous at your age ! — Your

the purse. He was particular in his inquiries. looks had almost prepossessed me in your fa- Should I pass my life in the pursuit, I must When deep in fields of ancient story, vour.”_" Alas! Sir, did you know my situar endeavour to meet with him, and invite him

Thou hang'st enraptur'd o'er the page tion, you would not blame me. Well perto contemplate the fruits of bis beneficence.".

That gives and tako. tho mond of glory, haps I am mistaken-let us take our little He then related to his father all that passed in

Feel'st thou a breath that fans thy rage ? cruise of pleasure, and acquaint me with your the pleasure-boat, and removed every distres

And does the trembling torch burn pale ?-history."

sing suspicion. The stranger having resumed his seat, the Restored to the bosom of his family, Robert My spirit drinks with thine the tale. dialogue, after a short pause, proceeded thus : again partook of their joys, prospered in his

Hear'st thou, when silver stars are shining, " I perceive, young man, you are sad dealings, and saw bis children comfortably es

A sound on Eol’s harp divine, what grieves you thus ?"_" My father, Sir, tablished; at last, on a Sunday morning, as his

Now the wild wind full chords combining, groans in fetters, and I cannot ransom him. son sauntered on the quay, he recognized his

Now softly murm’ring "Ever thine" ? He earned a livelihood by petty brokerage, but, benefactor, clasped his knees, and entreated in an evil hour, embarked for Smyrna, to su.

him, as his guardian angel, as the saviour of a Then careless sleep,—to guard thy peace, perintend, in person, the delivery of a cargo,

father and a family, to share the happiness of My watchful spirit ne'er shall cease.” in which he had a concern.

The vessel was

his own creation. The stranger again disapcaptured by a Barbary corsair, and my father peared in the crowd-but, reader, this stran. was conducted to Tetuan, where he is now a ger was--MONTESQUIEU ! !

RELIGION. slave. They refuse to let him go for less than

'Tis this, my friend, that makes our morning bright 2000 crowns, a sum which far exceeds our scanty

"Tis this that gilds the horror of our night, means. However, we do our best-my moth

POETRY.

When wealth forsakes us, and when friends are fe fue er and sister work day. snd night I ply hard

When friends are faithless, or when foes pursue : at my occupation of a journeyman jeweller,

'Tis this that wards the blow, or stills the smart and, as you perceive, make the most I can on Sundays and holidays. I had resolved to put

WRITTEN AT THE BED-SIDE OF A SICK IN. Disarms affliction, or repels its dart ; myself in my father's stead ; but, my mother

FANT

Within the breast bids purest rapture rise, apprised of my design, and dreading the douA11, dear one ! while thy suffering form I see

Bids smiling conscience spread her cloudless skies: ble privation of a husband and only son, re

So pale, extended on thy bed of pain,

When pleasure fascinates the mental sight quested the Levant captains to refuse me a

What a sad tale thy dumb grief tells my heart ! passage.”- Pray do you ever hear from your

Affliction purifies the visual ray, father ?-Under what name does he pass

?-
Yet sure 'twere kind to let thee thus depart,

Religion hails the drear, the untried night,
Or what is his master's address"-" His mas-

Nor call thee to this cheating life again.

That shuts, forever shuts, life's doubtful day. ter is overseer to the royal garden at Féz-and For should'st thou live, sweet cherub! who can tell

Hotell my father's name is Robert at Tetuan, as at

plectebant Marseilles.” - Robert-overseer of the royal What woes, what vice, inay future years impart ?

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR gardens ?"_“Yes, sir,"_" am touched with

And what could I, to soothe thy misery, your misfortunes—but venture to predict their But cling around thy neck, and weep with thee,

JOHN PARK, termination."

And, weeping, load afresh thy breaking heart ! Night drew on apace. The unknown, upon

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, landing, thrust into young Robert's hand a See cold neglect repress each rising thought,

NO. 4. CORNHILL. purse, containing eight double louis d'or, with Or see thy youth's first hopes meet swift decay ; ten crowns in silver,and instantly disappeared. The roses on thy mind-illumin’d face

Price three dollars per annum, haif in advance. Six weeks had passed since this adventure, Wither'd, and every soul-enchanting grace and each returning sun bore witness to the

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding Thrown, like a weed, a worthless weed, away.

numbers.

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SELECTED.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1814.

NO. XXVIII.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

for the fact ; but this is not more incorrect, are obliged to pursue, burn, sink, and destroy than the implied doctrine is erroneous. A the declared enemy, wherever it can be effect

perfect obstacle to all ingress and egress is ed: they cannot do more they can give no THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION. not contemplated by national law, as essential « aid” nor a kind offices" to neutrals attemptTae last act of the President of the United to the justification of a blockade. Such a re- ing to enter our blockaded ports, other than States is a proclamation, pronouncing the quisition would be almost universally imprac- was their positive duty, without this new inpresent blockade of the American coast, by ticable, and therefore absurd.

junction. the British, contrary to the law of nations, and It is true, that portus clausus is the term It only remains to notice the implied cen* strictly ordering and instructing all the pub- used by Grotius for a port blockaded, and nei- sure, both on the officers of the American « lick armed vessels of the United States, and ther he nor any other writer on the law of na- navy, and the commanders of our privateers. á all private armed vessels, commissioned as tions, has gone into a very particular definition Mr. Madison would not wish to have the ! privateers, or with letters of marque and re. of what is to be understood by a blockade ; world suppose lim capable of issuing com. “ prisal, not to interrupt, detain, or otherwise but the practice of all nations, shews the con mands for which there was no necessity. Have “ molest or vex, any vessels whatever, belong- struction to be, the employment of such a our cruisers interrupted, detained, molested, and « ing to neutral powers, or the subjects or cit. force as to render all intercourse extremely vexed neutrals, trading or attempting to trade « izens thereof, which vessels shall be actually dangerous. We ourselves have practised up with us ? Are they likely to commit such 6 bound and proceeding to any port or place on this principle, in our war with some of the outrages, against the good faith of our govern“ within the jurisdiction of the United States ; Barbary states. It will not be pretended, that ment, and the interests of our country? If “ but on the contrary, 10 render all such ves- during the whole existence of our blockade of neither, why this formal prohibition ? Why “ sels all the aid and kind offices which they Tripoli, no vessel could either enter or: depart. is it, that “ 1, James Madison, President of the " may need or require.”

But to prevent unnecessary dispute on this « United States of America, do, by this my As far as we have been able to learn, this subject, we do not undertake to say the block- Proclamation,” forbid aggression on neutral proclamation has much perplexed the publick ade of ports of the United States is so strict as rights? Had the federalists called for such a mind, as to the intention, with which it was is- a rational construction of the principle re- proclamation as expedient, would not every ofsued. We have found no one able to suggest quires. We only say, if it be otherwise, it is ficer in the navy have considered it a reflection any wise or useful purpose it can effect. for neutrals to complain—and we add, as mat- on their honour ? Ifihis censure is merited,

It is, in the first place, a pitiful imitation of ter of “ notoriety," that our ports are by no we are sorry ; but from any evidence yet bethe policy of the fallen Bonaparte. But what means so unguarded as Mr. Madison' as- fore the publick, we must consider it a mere was policy in him, considering what a docile, serts.

wanton display of authority. devoted government he had to deal with in Some suppose this proclamation has been is. that of the United States, is folly in Mr. Madi. sued from an expectation that it would induce THE TRUE CAUSE OF ALARM.son, when in his war against England, there is the vations of Europe, (for they are now all no such humble neutral, to be directed by the neutral, except Norway) to abandon the bles- THE PERSONAL INTERESTS AND POLICY OF OUR ROLERS. edicts of a foreign power. If the blockade of sings of peace, the moment they are beginning An excellent sriter in the Daily Advertiser the British be unwarranted by publick law, it tu diffused, and again fall upon Great-Brit- has produced the ample series of arguments is no violation of our rights—it is no concern ain, in concert with the United States ! There to shew, that, however menacing appearances of Mr. Madison's. It is the exclusive business certainly appears to be some ground for such abroad may be considered, the danger we have of the neutrals affected by it. They all proba- a conjecture, for it accords with that shallow, most to apprehend is the avarice, selfishness, bly consider their own governments, both capa- ! sanguine, visionary spirit of speculation, which and folly of our rulers, whose political theories ble of ascertaining their rights, and disposed to has already involved Mr. Madison in inextric point to interminable war,--and whose condefend them. They will not suffer Mr. Mad- cable embarrassments, and exposed his meas. duct, governed solely by the desire of retainison to declare them " at war with Great- ures to the derision of the world. As a mat- ing power, is consiantly augmenting the ordiBritain,” though he has set them so memorable ter of feeling, we have no right-very far from nary calamities of war, by committing unpracan example. "Our first impression therefore it-10 suppose the powers of Europe predis- tised outrages, and thus bringing upon themon reading this proclamation, was, that though posed to quarrel with those, whose unparallel- selves a course of destructive retaliation. The couched in terms of pretended friendship for

ed fortitude and exertions have preserved following is the conclnsion of his last paper. neutral nations, it is an insult to their dignity, them from the chains of a despot ; and to take “ There is at this moment more danger that by an extra official interference with concerns up the course of his ally. The partiality of Madison and Messrs. J. Q. Adams and Co. exclusively their own.

enlightened nations to peace, is the only rea- will insist on the cession of Quebeck, than We were next struck with the glaring in- son we have, not to dread the resentment of all that Britain will demand Oswego and Sackcorrectness of the pretended fact, on which the Europe, for the devotion of ur policy, our ett's harbour, or the whole of the fisheries. I blockade is pronounced illegal. The “ multi- funds, and our arms to the cause of France, speak here of the true temper of the two Cab, uplied and daily arrivals and departures of the while she, under the sway of a tyrant, was inets. Britain has nothing to gain, and much « publick and private armed vessels of the Uni- | aiming at universal empire. No slight occa- to lose by this contest. Our Cabinet consider"ted States, and of other vessels," unfortunately

sion will so soon involve the powers of Europe ed as distinct from the people gain much even has no existence, but in this ridiculous docu. in war ;-above all, against a nation, to whom Ly a losing var They gain patronage and ment. Our seacoast, from Passamaquoddy to they are and cheerfully express themselves opportunity for plunder. Rhode Island, is under the constant inspection deeply indebted. Armed neutralities werc the

As to the ravage of our coasts, and the of British cruisers--their barges are constant- offspring of French intrigue and ambition. sacking of our towns : If we burn another ly landing on our little islands-entering our France could not now play her game again-Newark and another Dover, some Havre de ourports, and even ascending our river's. What the attempt in Mr. Madison ! will bal expose Grace and Buffaloe must ascend in smoke to is the fact with respect to the coast from him 10 ridicule and mortification.

the skies ; but if our administration are as huRhode-Island 10 New Jersey ? Conimodore

But the whole efficiency of this mighty

mane as įhey talk, or as our enemy seem disDecatur can answer, who has been nearly a proclamation depends on the import of the pas- posed to be, (we junge only by his acts) he will year blockaded within Long Island sound, and sage we have quoted, 10 which all the rest is

limit his retuliotion to our shipping. This can neither get out by Block-island nor New. but preamble. And what is it? Without this will be burnt. It is, it must be admitted, a. York. The last accounts from Philadelphia declaration, we were bound to treat our friends sad example. It is a modern interpolation in were, “ a frigate is cruising in our (Delaware) with friendship, Unless the President feels the law of nations, 10 make the quarter deck of. bay.” The force in the Chesapeake, it will not himself exposed to the mistrust of neutral

a prize or ship of war a court of Admiralty to be denied, might at once, cro88 shot from powers, where is the necessity of renewing in-condemn and execute the sentence witli the Cape Charles to Cape Henry. Of the three structions, which are implied in every com- torch rather than the sword of Justice. Franco southern states, we know nothing.----So much | mission of war. Our publick armed vessels first of all nations broke through the establishin

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