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phase of soda, muriate of soda, and sulphate of unremitting exertions of the good family. As Or çrush'd by Poverty's indurate hand, magnesia, were possessed of the same proper- they sat one day at their unsavory meal of Or Labour's ruder grasp, thy rising powers ; ly. About four drams of the substance of a bread and dried almonds, old Robert entered Or worse, some sworn seducer stain thy mind, fresh herring, being allowed to remain for two the apartment ; in a garb little suited to a fu- Whilst thou, to thine own killing thoughts resign'd. days, in a solution of two drams of sulphate of | gitive prisoner, tenderly embraced bis wife 1

Weep'st out the remnant

Weep'st out the remnant of tby wretched hours ! magnesia, in two ounces of cold water ; on and children ; and thanked them, with tears of examining the liquor a lucid ring was observ: 1 gratitude, for the fifty louis they had caused to Oh, better, better far to see thee dead? ed on the surface, and on agitation the whole be remitted to him, on his sailing from Tetuan, Nay better could I bear to see thee die ; became, beautifully luminous. In a little his free passage, and a comfortable supply of

passage, and a comfortable suPPO I Could sooner take thee in these trembling arms, time, the luminous matter subsided ; but wearing apparel. His astonished relatives oyed

And offer up to heaven thy infant charms, by agitation, it again became luminous. The one another in silence. At length, Madame parts of the fish, exposed to the air, were lumi- |

Than see thee scorn'd by each insulting eye! | Robert, suspecting her son had secretly connous ; while the parts pot so exposed remain certed the whole plan, recounted the various

Thou, God of mercy, justice, truth, and love, ed dark. The luminous appearance was im- instances of his zeal. « Six thousand livres,"

To whom, at Mis’ry's midnight hour, I pray, paired by cold, and more splendid by a mode- | continued she, « is the sum we wanted and rate heat ; but destroyed by the heat of boil. we had already procured somewhat more than

Who see'st that quiv’ring cheek, who see'st these tears, ing water.

the half, owing chieły to his industry. Some | These restless thoughts, these agonizing fears, Hence the luminous matter may, during | friends, no doubt, have assisted him upon an

“ Whate'er thou willst, unargu’d I obey.” the heat of summer, by the dashing of the emergency like the present." A gloomy sugwaves, be brought to the surface, exposed to gestion crossed the father's mind. Turning the atmosphere, and made beautifully, but suddenly to his son, and eyeing him with the

SONG FROM AFAR. transiently phosphorescent.

sternness of distraction, « unfortunate boy !

what have you done? How can I be indebted : MONTESQUIEU.

to you for my freedom, and not regret it?

How could you effect my ransom, without ? " When in the last faint light of crining

your mother's knowledge, unless at the ex- A smiling form glides softly by,
TA YOUNG man, named Robert, sat alone in
his boat, in the harbour of Marseilles. A

pense of virtue ? I tremble at the thought of A gentle sigh its bosom heaving,

filial affeciion having betrayed you into guilt. stranger had stept in, and taken his scat near

While thou in oaken grove dost lie ;Tell the truth at ovce-and let us all die, if him, but quickly rose again ; observing, that,

It is the spirit of thy friend, since the master had disappeared, he would

would you have forfeited your integrity.”—“ Calm Which whispers—" all thy cares shall end." take another boat. This, Sir, is mine," said

your apprehensions, my dearest father," cried

the son, embracing him.-" No, I am not un-1 When in the mild moon's peaceful twilight Robert ;- Would you sail without the har

worthy of such a parent, though fortune has bour ?"-" I meant only to move about in the

Foreboding thoughts and dreams arise, denied me the satisfaction of proving the full | And at the solemn hour of midnight bason, and enjoy the coolness of this fine even

strength of my attachment-I am not your de- | ing. But I cannot believe you are a sailor.” |

Paint fairy scenes before thine eyes : - Nor am 1-yet on Sundays and holidays I liverer-but I know who he is.-Recollect,

The poplars give a rustling sound, mother, the unknown gentleman, who gave me act the bargeman, with a view to make up a

It is my spirit hovers round. the purse. He was particular in his inquiries. sum.”-“What! covetous at your age ! - Your

Should I pass my life in the pursuit, I must | When deep in fields of ancient story, looks had almost prepossessed me in your fa

endeavour to meet with him, and invite him I vour."-" Alas! Sir, did you know my situa

Thou hang'st enraptur'd o'er the page tion, you would not blame me. Well perto contemplate the fruits of his beneficence

That givou and takoo tho woad of glory, He then related to his father all that passed in haps I am mistaken-let us take our little

Feel'st thou a breath that fans thy rage ? | the pleasure-boat, and removed every distrescruise of pleasure, and acquaint me with your

And does the trembling torch burn pale ! history."

sing suspicion.

Restored to the bosom of his family, Robert The stranger having resumed his seat, the

My spirit drinks with thine the tale. dialogue, after a short pause, proceeded thus : again partook of their joys, prospered in his

Hear'st thou, when silver stars are shining, dealings, and saw his children comfortably es"I perceive, young man, you are sad

A sound on Eol's barp divine, what grieves you thus ?"_" My father, Sir, tablished; at last, on a Sunday morning, as his

Now the wild wind full chords combining, son sauntered on the quay, he recognized his groans in fetters, and I cannot ransom him.

Now softly murm’ring “Ever thine"?
He earned a livelihood by petty brokerage, but,

benefactor, clasped his knees, and entreated |
him, as his guardian angel, as the saviour of a

Then careless sleep,-to guard thy peace,
in an evil hour, embarked for Smyrna, to su.
perintend, in person, the delivery of a cargo,

father and a family, to share the happiness of My watchful spirit ne'er shall cease." in which he had a concern. The vessel was

| his own creation. The stranger again disapcaptured by a Barbary corsair, and my father | Pe

peared in the crowd-but, reader, this stranwas conducted to Tetuan, where he is now a i ger was-MONTESQUIEU ! !

RELIGION. slave. They refuse to let him go for less than

'Tis this, my friend, that makes our morning brigt: 2000 crowns, a sum which far exceeds our scanty

"Tis this that gilds the horror of our night, means. However, we do our best-my moth


When wealth forsakes us, and when friends are fe er and sister work day. snd night I ply hard

When friends are faithless, or when foes pursue : at my occupation of a journeyman jeweller,


'Tis this that wards the blow, or stills the smartand, as you perceive, make the most I can on

Disarms affliction, or repels-its- dart ;, Sundays and holidays. I had resolved to put ! WRITTEN AT THE BED-SIDE OF A SICK IN. myself in my father's stead ; but, my mother


Within the breast bids purest rapture rise, apprised of my design, and dreading the dou. | Au, dear one! while thy suffering form I see

Bids smiling conscience spread her cloudless skies: ble privation of a husband and only son, re

So pale, extended on thy bed of pain,

When pleasure fascinates the mental sight quested the Levant captains to refuse me a

What a sad tale thy dumb grief tells my heart! passage.”—“ Pray do you ever hear from your

Affliction purifies the visual ray, father ?-Under what name does he pass Yet sure 'twere kind to let thee thus depart,

Religion hails the drear, the untried night, Or what is his master's address"__" His mas.

Nor call thee to this cheating life again.

That shuts, forever shuts, life's doubtful day. ter is overseer to the royal garden at Féz-and

For should'st tbou live, sweet cherub! who can tell tistot my father's name is Robert at Tetuan, as at

tante tabletele de la batatatatatatatatatatatatoskobeletek***tak tak to take the beatbladet Marseilles."_" Robert-overseer of the royal | What woes, what vice, inay future years impart ?

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR gardens ?"_“Yes, sir,"— I am touched with

And what could l; to soothe thy misery, your misfortunes-but venture to predict their | But cling around thy neck, and weep with thee,

JOHN PARK, termination.” And, weeping, load afresh thy breaking heart !

By. MUNROE & FRANCIS, Night drew on apace. The unknown, upon landing, thrust into young Robert's hand a See cold neglect repress each rising thought,

NO. 4. CORNHILL purse, containing eight double louis d'or, with Or see thy youth's first hopes meet swift decay ; ten crowns in silver,and instantly disappeared. The roses on thy mind-illumin'd face

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. Six weeks had passed since this adventure, Wither’d, and every soul-enchanting grace

** Subscribers may be supplied with the produs and each returning sun bore witness to the Thrown, like a weed, a worthless weed, away..!







for the fact ; but this is not more incorrect, are obliged to pursue, burn, sink, and destroy

than the implied doctrine is erroneous. A the declared enemy, wherever it can be effect. FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

perfect obstacle to all ingress and egress is ed : they cannot do more-they can give no THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION. not contemplated by national law, as essential « aid” nor “ kind offices" to neutrals attemptThe last act of the President of the United to the justification of a blockade. Such a re ing to enter our blockaded ports, other than States is a proclamation, pronouncing the quisition would be almost universally imprac. was their positive duty, without this new inpresent blockade of the American coast, by ticable, and therefore absurd.

I junction. the British, contrary to the law of nations, and It is true, that portus clausus is the term It only remains to notice the implied cen« strictly ordering and instructing all the pub | used by Grotius for a port blockaded, and nei. sure, both on the officers of the American « lick armed vessels of the United States, and ther he nor any other writer on the law of na- navy, and the commanders of our privateers. « all private armed vessels, commissioned as tions, has gone into a very particular definition Mr. Madison would not wish to have the 5 privateers, or with letters of marque and re of what is to be understood by a blockade ; world suppose luim capable of issuing com

prisal, not to interrupt, detain, or otherwise but the practice of all nations, shews the con- mands for which there was no necessity. Have

molest or vex, any vessels whatever, belong- struction to be, the employment of such a our cruisers interrupted, detained, molested, and Wing to neutral powers, or the subjects or cit force as to render all intercourse extremely vexed neutrals, trading or attempting to trade " izens thereof, which vessels shall be actually dangerous. We ourselves have practised up with us ? Are they likely to commit such « bound and proceeding to any port or place on this principle, in our war with some of the outrages, against the good faith of our governof within the jurisdiction of the United States ; Barbary states. It will not be pretended, that ment, and the interests of our country ? If « but on the contrary, to render all such ves during the whole existence of our blockade of neither, why this formal prohibition ? Why « sęls all the aid and kind offices which they Tripoli, no vessel could either enter or: depart. is it, that “ 1, James Madison, President of the may need or require.”

But to prevent unnecessary dispute on this “ United States of America, do, by this my As far as we have been able to learn, this subject, we do not undertake to say the block- Proclamation,” forbid aggression on neutral proclamation has much perplexed the publick ade of ports of the United States is so strict as rights ? Had the federalists called for such a mind, as to the intention, with which it was is- ' a rational construction of the principle re- proclamation as expedient, would not every ofsued. We have found no one able to suggest quires. We only say, if it be .otberwise, it is ficer in the navy have considered it a reflection any wise or useful purpose it can effect.

for neutrals to complain—and we add, as mat. on their honour ? Ir this censure is merited, It is, in the first place, a pitiful imitation of ter of « notoriety," that our ports are by no we are sorry ; but from any evidence yet bethe policy of the fallen Bonaparte. But what means so unguarded as Mr. Madison as fore the publick, we must consider it a mere was policy in him, considering what a docile, serts.

wanton display of authority. devoted government he had to deal with in Some suppose this proclamation has been is. that of the United States, is folly in Mr. Madi. / sued from an expectation that it would induce

THE TRUE CAUSE OF ALARMson, when in his war against England, there is the nations of Europe, (for they are now all no such humble neutral, to be directed by the neutral, except Norway) to abandon the bles. | THE PERSONAL INTERESTS AND POLICY OF OUR RULERS. edicts of a foreign power. If the blockade of sings of peace, the moment they are beginning 1 An excellent writer in the Daily Advertiser the British pe unwarranted by publick law, it tu tu diffused, and again full upon Great-Brita | bas produced the ample series of arguments is no violation of our rights-it is no concern ain, in concert with the United States ! There to shew, that, however menacing appearances of Mr. Madison's. It is the exclusive business certainly appears to be some ground for such

abroad may be considered, the danger we have of the neutrals affected by it. They all proba- a conjecture, for it accords with that shallow,

most to apprehend is the avarice, selfishness, bly consider their own governments, both capa- ! sanguine, visionary spirit of speculation, which

and folly of our rulers, whose political theories ble of ascertaining their rights, and disposed to has already involved Mr. Madison in inextri point to interminaule war,_and whose condefend them. They will not suffer Mr. Mad- cable embarrassments, and exposed bis meas.

duct, governed solely by the desire of retainison to declare them“ at war with Great

ures to the derision of the world. As a mat ing power, is constantly augmenting the ordiBritain," though he has set them so memorable

ter of feeling, we have no right-very far from nary calamities of war, by committing unpracan example. Our first impression therefore

it-to suppose the powers of Europe predis-tised outrages, and thus bringing upon themon reading this proclamation, was, that though

posed to quarrel with those, whose unparallel selves a course of destructive retaliation. The couched in terms of pretended friendship for

following is the conclnsion of his last paper. neutral nations, it is an insult to their dignity,

them from the chains of a despot ; and to take "There is at this moment more danger that by an extra official interference with concerns

up the course of his ally. The partiality of Madison and Messrs. J. Q. Adams and Co. exclusively their own.

enlightened nations to peace, is the only rea- will insist on the cession of Quebeck, than We were next struck with the glaring in

son we have, not to dread the resentment of all that Britain will demand Oswego and Sackcorrectness of the pretended fact, on which the

Europe, for the devotion of our policy, ourlett's harbour, or the whole of the fisheries. I blockade is pronounced illegal. The “ multi funds, and our arms to the cause of France, speak here of the true temper of the two Cabo “plied and daily arrivals and departures of the while she, under the sway of a tyrant, was inets. Britain has nothing to gain, and much "publick and private armed vessels of the Uni.

aiming at universal empire. No slight occa- to lose by this contest. Our Cabinet consider"ted States, and of other vessels," unfortunately

sion will so soon involve the powers of Europe er as distinct from the people gain much even has no existence, but in this ridiculous docu.

in war ; above all, against a nation, 10 whom by a losing war They gain pauonage and ment. Our seacoast, from Passamaquoddy to

they are and cheerfully express theniselves opportunity for plunder. Rhode-Island, is under the constant inspection

deeply indebted. Armed neutralities were the 'As to the ravage of our coasts, and the of British cruisers--their barges are constant

offspring of French intrigue and ambition. sacking of our !owns : If we burn another ly landing on our little islands, entering our France could not now play her game again- Newark and another Dover, some Havre de ourports, and even ascending our rivers. What

the attempt in Mr. Madison ! will bul expose Grace and Buffaloe must ascend in smoke to is the fact with respect to the coast from him 10 ridicule and mortification.

| the skies ; but if our administration are as huRhode-Island to New Jersey ? Conimodore

But the whole efficiency of this mighty mane as they talk, or as our enemy seem disDecatur can answer, who has been nearly a

posed to be, (we junge only by his acts) he will year blockaded within Long Island sound, and

sage we have quoted, 10 which all the rest is limit his retaliation to our shipping. This can neither get out by Block-island nor New

but preamble. And what is it? Without this will be burnt. It is, it must be admitted, a. York. The last accounts from Philadelphia

declaration, we were bound to treat our friends sad example. It is a modern interpolation in were, « a frigate is cruising in our (Delaware)

with friendship. Unless the President feels the law of nations, lo make the quarter deck of bay." The force in the Chesapeake, it will not

himself exposed to the mistrust of neutral a prize or ship of war a court of Admiralty 1o. be denied, might ať once, cros8 shot from powers, where is the necessity of renewing in | condemn and execute the sentence with the Cape Charles to Cape Henry. Of the three structions, which are implied in every com- torch rather than the sword of Justice. Franco: southern states, we know nothing. So much mission of war. Our publick armed vessels first of all nations broke through the establisha

ed usages of 500 years, and authorized her offi GENERAL REGISTER. | cided depravity of heart. He was susceptible cers to burn all they pleased to call an enemy.

of the deepest contrition, and possessed that Britain never followed the example. As soon / BOSTON. SATURDAY, JULY 9. 1844.

consciousness of a corresponding sympathy in as our war was declared, to the eternal dis

his excellent father, to which an abandoned grace of Mr. Madison, we saw our ships doing !

profligate would have been a stranger. He

EUROPEAN. Nothing new, within the that very thing which he called “the most

returns penitent and reformed, and is received past fortnight. . distressing mode of exercising might contrary

DOMEŠTICK. Our prospect of war on

with the tenderest evidences of parental emoto right."

tion. the frontiers of Canada has now assumed a

The father not only forgives, but han. It made me tremble when I heard that the

ours him, and his friends are assembled to very serious character. The British are gallant Capt. ALLEN, of the Argus, had burnt

heighten the festivity of the joyous occasion. receiving large reinforcements, or rather we 16 sail of Coasters and other vessels, and that

But his elder brother takes offence at what may say, that at last, an army is arriving. St. George's Channel was illuminated by the

appears to him an undeserved and unjust par.

On the 26th ult. a fleet of ships of war, mer. | fires. I feared the retaliation we now feel.

tiality. He positively refuses to become a chantmen, and transports arrived at Quebeck, But let us not be alarmed. The danger is lim| the latter having on board 1500 troops, being

| party at the entertainment ; and when the ited to that, and will soon terminate in Peace.”

good old gentleman condescends to expostu. part of the army of Lord Wellington, who had

late with him, he upbraids him to his face, and embarked and were embarking at Bordeaux,

asks him, when, after long and faithful serviThe Anniversary of our INDEPENDENCE Was for America. Besides those arrived, those

ces, he had ever been indulged with even a celebrated in this town, with the usual parade ordered for this country were the 85th, 76th,

kid, to make merry with his friends. It will and solemnities. From the Oration by BENJA 3rd, 57th, 5th, 9th, 27th, 2 battalions—28th,

be universally acknowledged, that it would MIN WHITWELL, Esq. we extract the follow- | 37th, 39th, 40th, 44th, 58th, 2 batt.8ist, | 88th, 60th, 5th batt.-60th, 4th batt.

have been more noble, had he suppressed his ing passages, near the close."

indignation, and cordially joined in the festivi. i The head which had been turned by he! Besides the troops from France, the 4th bat

ty of the family circle ; but pr:bably not a fer honours of French citizenship, ought never totalion of the Royals have arrived from Holland.

will say, he had just reason of complaint. It have been the head of the American people. | A Quebeck paper observes, “ This truly re

c) was however the undoubted intention of the Left to the torture of reinorse, perhaps there spectable addition to the British force in this

divine narrator of the story, to put into the is not another being so miserable on this side country, denotes something of more than a de

mouth of the father, a reply which should not the Isle of Elbà. History will record, and fensive nature. The heroes of the Peninsula,

only check the uncharitable murmur of his posterity denote him-not, as he might have who have so nobly distinguished themselves in

elder son, but convince him that his rcpining been considered, as the successor of Wash | the proud deliverance of Europe, will, we |

was groundless. His answer conveys an er. ington-but the confederate of Bonaparte ;-) hope, soon gather laurels of American growth;

cellent lesson : it presents us a view of this not as the cherished friend of the American and although not under the direction of the

kind of domestick intercourse, which well de. hero-but the abject dependant of an Italian great man, who has so often conducted them

serves philosophick consideration. adventurer ;--not like Washington, insulated to victory, yet we trust that the genius of

It is a misfortune, if not a fault of our na. from foreign connexions, and standing on the Wellington will accompany them ; and that

ture,that we are inclined to form a very impropy. pedestal of his own greatness but, ignomini. the promptness, decision, and energy which

er estimate of the true sources of our best enously clinging to a fallen colossus, which has characterized their illustrious leader in the old crushed him

joyments, and to judge of the favours confer. under its weight.

world, will distinguish their achievements in the 1] Thcy who

ed on us, by a very erroneous scale. Transient shared the friendship must participate the en- | theatre now opened to our exploits in the new.”

splendour, in the one case, dazzles us more mities of the usurper-and he, was the enemy On the 4th inst. a large convention of “ The

than permanent utility ; anıl, in the other, of human kind. Into what an abyss might he friends of Peace," was held at Trenton, New

emotion leaves a stronger impression than the have plunged our country! Almost ruined by Jers: : Che object probably to expostulate

nilder sense of satisfaction This mistake in vil courcis, whither cun she turn for relief? | with the general government, in favour of

:icately rotic in the compantie rebuke ries It she remind the Tiench monarch of the ties terruifting the war.

farlier. Hamid of parlent disguns tyn Luf ancient umite, Wuhe vor repis - - These i Ahe Uale : States' frigate Essex, captain

am at the recorery i thoughtiess, Idle, imidarties you are ivas since üngratefully cut | Porter, was in Valpariza, South America,, on

al son. He represented it as a just occasion asunder. No sooner did you see the blood of the 4th of February last, and watched by the

for some marked expression of his pleasure. your benefactor flow from the scaffold, than Phebe frigate, and a sloop of war.

He did not pretend to depreciate the honour you clasped the reeking hand of his murder

The French government brig Olivier sailed

he had thought proper to bestow ; but coners. If not principal, you were accessary, to from New York last Tuesday morning, for

trasts the importance, whatever it might be, of rob me of my crown, my subjects, and my life, / France, with despatches.

such a compliment, with the innumerable cirand to aid in the pillage and massacre of Eu

cumstances of endearment, which result from rope.”

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. the ordinary intercourse of those who are con. How the heart sickens, and shame tinges the

stantly and affectionately associated. fallen countenance, to feel that our nation has FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.


lar marks of favour, attended by ceremony, and added its weight, to depress the fortunes of " And he said unto him,.... Son, thou art ever exhibited before the world, wear an imposing this illustrious family. That we like sa vages

with me."

character ; but their highest recommendation have adored through fear that destructive dæ The parables of our divine instructer have is probably the incense thus offered to our mon, who only gave his friends the miserable | ever been admired for their engaging simplici. | vanity : while the thousand nameless civilities, privilege, to be the last he should devour. ty, and many of them no less, for their com- which are continually interchanged between

But for this fatal policy, we might this day prehensive reference at once to some impor friends, in habits of uninterrupted intimacy, have celebrated the festival of humanity-the tant doctrine of religion, and to soine useful are overlooked or unselt, because they are diuniversal jubilee of nations ; in humble adora- principle in morals. The parable of the Prod

vested of eclat. tion might have knelt with the assembled | igal Son is one of this description. The sub-| None of us are aware how much happiness crowns of Europe, encircling the altar of peace, lime illustration it affords of the benevolent, we derive from those who are ever with us, and worshipping the God of heaven.

forgiving, paternal character of Deity, has been until we are called to sacrifice the blessing of Could we have hailed the restoration of that the subject of many an excellent discourse their society. We take 110 note of the salutary family, whose arm supported us in our une- | from the pulpit. It contains, likewise, several council--the friendly remonstrance the usequal contest with Britain ; could we have aid. allusions to circumstances of cominon uld we have aid-allusions to circumstances of cominon life,


ful information, we derive from a constant com. ed to conduct their king to the throne of which, without regard to the allegorical mean:

panion. To persons of sympathetick minds. his ancestors, and have received his grateful ing, well deserve attention ; and the passage I even conversation, on customary topicks of acknowledgments that we had thus extinguish. I have quoted has suggested a train of reflections, 1 business or pastime, is a source of perpetual ed the original debt, which gratitude had | which I have thought might properly be coin- enjoyment. written in our hearts ; on this day, the frater- | municated in this paper,

| Mere existence is but a blank ! We are nity of nations might have united in one grand! The younger son, at his own request, had

| apt to consider happiness as belonging to our celebration of the Independence of the Eastern received his share of the paternal estate ; and, very being, and therefore experience little and Western world. From myriads of voices, | as is the case with many a volatile youth with gratitude to him, who is the author of all good, Europe and America would have resounded the means of indulgence at command, rushed and little love for those, who are his is stru with grateful acclamations, while the opposite | immediately into such a round of dissipation, I ments in conferring on us the most essential shores of the Atlantick re-echo to each other as soon reduced him to beggary, and wretch- crim'oris of life. It would ud ubtedly inthe names of their heroick deliverers, WEL-|edness. His errours appear to have been ow- ceasztoth, and our own sense of felicity, were LINGTON and WASHINGTON.”.

! ing to the folly of his age, rather than to a de. I we olten to examine, critically, how much the

derive from contingencies, to which we attach | bút who had not been conversant with the PHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATION. no value, because habitually possessed. We subject, could not see any. We have but few From a belief that it would be agreeable to should look around us, and whether we see fine paintings in this country, and therefore many of our readers, we proposed to devote parent, child, husband, wife, or friend, remem- | cannot be supposed to know much about them. some portion of this paper to speculations in ber that to BE EVER WITH THEM is a privi. Europe most certainly is the school to acquire, natural philosophy. It is to be regretted that lege far more inestimable, than the occasional or at least to improve a taste for these matters. subjects of this kind do not command a more festival, or the honours of “ the best robe and Burke, in his elegant work upon the « Sub general attention. The utility of investigating ring."

lime and Beautiful,” has given some useful the laws of nature, in producing various phe

remarks upon taste, and has told us when any nomena, which we daily witness, but imperTHE WRITER, No. IX.

defect in a picture may be owing to a bad fectly comprehend, cannot be disputed ; and

taste, or only to a want of knowledge of some to gentlemen, in particular, what topicks of It has been a very common complaint, that particular circumstance represented in it. He conversation can be more animating and pleas. no encouragement is given, in this country, has these two examples. « A Turkish Empe. | ant? The effect on the mind is good-it to literature or the fine arts. In this accusa ror on being presented with a fine painting of tends to discipline our reasoning powers-it tion we are reproached for want of taste or a decollated head of St. John the Baptist, ob- diversifies and extends our knowledge-it enwant of liberality ; and it is rather mortifying served that the skin did not shrink from the courages genius-promotes friendship and we to plead guilty to either of these charges. ... | wounded part of the neck as it ought." This, may add, favours morality,- for we cannot

To treat this subject technically, it would says Burke, was no fault or want of taste in contemplate the works of nature, without being be proper to examine, first, how far this com- the painter, who probably had never seen a led to discover and admire tho wisdom of plaint is justified by facts ; and secondly, real head in this situation; whereas such ter- | NATURE's God. whether the cause is to be sought for, alone, rible spectacles were very familiar to his! Such speculations cannot be deemed triin the want of the qualities above noted.

Turkish Majesty. The other example is the fling, though relating to facts of the most ordiIt is not true, that no encouragement is give story of the artient painter and the shoemaker.nary occurrence, only to the superficial oben to science and literature in our country ; . The shoemaker pointed to some mistakes in server. To the curious, it is always pleasant for although every man of learning does not the shoe of one of his figures, which the to understand what we see. I now hear the become a rich man, yet the respect and vener- painter, who had not made such accurate ob- guard on the Common, bawling “ Twelve ation paid to men of talents and erudition are servations on shoes, and was content with a o'clock all's weil !” What is there to intera sufficient inducement, without mentioning i general resemblance, had never observed ; but est my feelings in that ?-But if it lead me to the abstract pleasure of learning, for men to this was no impeachment of the taste of the inquire-how is it that an aspiration from this devote themselves to study. But there are painter ; it only shewed some want of knowl- man's throat, at the distance of quarter of a many instances of gentlemen, who have ac edge in the art of making shoes.” Thus far mile, produces a sensation in my brain, and I quired handsome fortunes in the learned pro

Burke ; and to thesa examples I might add a can ascertain on what principle it is effected ? fessions, and thus their literally labours have third, which is the objection said to have been the train of reflection thus induced, becomes a been rewarded with riches, as well as by rank i made by a sailor to Copeley's For West's is it, / source of no inconsiderable pleasure. and honours.

Mr. Editor] picture of the young man saved Heaven has ordained for wise purposes, that But the complaint has been made generally, from the jaws of a shark. The men, in the mental exercise should in itself be agreeable. if not exclusively, by authors ; and it must be act of dragging the youth from the water, The philosophick 'mind has an unbounded allowed, that few of this class of the literati are all on one side of the boat ; Jack observed, scope of perpetual gratification. We have but of our country have written themselves into that the fellow who drew that picture might to open our eyes to discover a thousand wonopulence. We may however stand acquitted be a good painter, but he was no sailor, other ders. Time then need never hang heavyby our consciences, and by the world, from ways he would have known that when all conversation need never flag ; we may always any extraordinary, or uncommon neglect of hands were on one side, the boat would careen instruct, or be instructed Felix qui potest these worthies, when we recollect how many | down.

rerum cognoscere causas. incnt men of this profession have been sul. Thesr are small defects, and, as is said Kerna ko an, neglecit, in the inost like sral above not prove a want of natural taste in Love' RELIGIOUS CHARITY. countries of Europe. If we call to mind the the palater, nor in the person who does not The liberal spirit displayed and recommen. miserable poverty, in which Savage, Otway, happen to notice them ; but there is a pictureded by many christians, at the present day, has Chatterton, even Spencer, languished and died, which I have seen in several gentlemen's not unfrequently been stigmatized, as a deviawe ought not to be reproached with a singular | houses in this town, and one I believe that is tion from the steady, firm principles of our disregard for literary men, because we never considered by many as a very valuable piece, fathers, if not from the tenour of the gospel. pensioned Barlow, Freneau, Old South, or which furnishes a notable example of a very We are induced to conclude that liberty of Phiilis Wheatley.

bad taste. I allude to “ The Last Supper :" conscience is not a new claiin, in this part of With respect to the fine arts, it must be near the arm of Judas Iscariot, in this pic- the country, from perusing the following essay, confessed, that several of our countrymen, who ture, is a salt-cellar overturned, and appears extracted from a periodical work, published discovered great skill in them, and received to have been accidentally done by Judas. The about eighty years ago, in this town. little or no encouragement here, are now very ! painter could have had no other view in this « THE UNREASONABLENESS OF PERSECUTION, AND liberally patronized in England, and it has als representation than a piece of low wit, or a

RELIGION AN ENXAY TO IT. ways been the case, when a young gentleman | ludicrous refurence to the vulgar notion, that "Religion, without the corruption of imposhas had a taste for painting particularly, he 'ris an unlucky omen to spill salt. So poor a posture, never banishes reason, or embitters has found it for his advantage to look to Elle conceit would be unworthy any historical | the heart : on the contrary, it improves and rope for the reward of genius, rather than in I painting whatever ; but to have introduced it enlarges the faculties of men, exalts their spirAmerica. Two good reasons may be given into a subject of such solemnity, I should have its, inspires them with generous and beneficent for this preference ; there is both more taste considered as almost sacrilege.

affections towards one another, and with unifor these things, and more money, in those When I began this number of my weekly versal love and benevolence to the whole cre. countries, than at home. That there is more Nabours, my principal aim was to clear ouration : nor can we better shew our love to money, I think will not be disputed. The country of the inputation of want of patronage God, than by our love to our neighbour. English nation is rich ; their nobles and gen- or liberality towards men of learning. My

Almighty God instituted religion for the try are immensely rich ; and where an indli- old friend Dr. Reverie differs a little from me sake of men : their frail power of acting could vidual has an income of Gifty or sixty thousand on this subject ; for as he has written a pam- no further be interesting to him, than to see pounds sterling a year, it need not be thought phlet and soine newspaper pieces himself, he his creatures increasing their own happiness, the effect of great liberality to give a hundred | very naturally assumes the rank of an author, by making happiness mutual among themguineas for a picture that liad obtained credit, and in this character thinks, with inany others, selves : Religion therefore teaches and ani. or that should happen to please his fancy. that he has not been rewarded altogether mates them to be assisting, forgiving, kind, and

Now, as it regards tasie, without entering equal to his literary merits ; but he preserves 'merciful to one another. But when the spirit into the discussion about this talent as a natural the hope that things will take a better turn ; l of false zeal agitates them to revile, calumniate, quality of the human mind; it may be said in that when we shall be blest with more pros- hate, and destroy one another, it is contradictory general io depend upon knowledge and expe perous times, our countrymen, as they grow to religion, and a defiance to the Author of it. rience; a man that studies paintings, for in- | rich, will grow .generous : and he has often To quarrel about belief and opinions, which do stance, and becomes familiar with them, ac- told me he has a strong premonition, that the not iminediately produce practical virtue and quires a taste or judgment that enables him to first golden monument erected to an author, | social duties, is wicked and absurd; it is to be discover beauties, or point at defects, where will be fascribed either to himself or to the wicked in behalf of righteousness, and to be another, whose natural taste was equally good, 4. Writer.

cruel out of piety.

But the spirit and precepts of true re.


Where'er the lonely reed is bent, ligion are love and charity, given to inspire

There mercy's healing stream is sent,

SELECTED, men with every social virtue. Imposture, in

There Heaven's own work is done. deed, among people and nations who call them.

THE GRECIAN MOTHER AND HER INFANT SON. And can it be, that He whose arm, selves christians, hås introduced gallies, racks, and dungeons, to propagate her tenets ; and LEUCIPPE, paragon of matchless, charms,

Whose bosom shields his lambs from harm, christianity bas proved as bloody and inhuman Clasp'd one dear boy within a mother's arms ;

Who clothes their paths with flowers, as Mahometanism. The heathen tyrants, in and oft to shun the summer's noontide heat,

Claim that the weak attain the rill, persecuring christianily, only destroyed chris Sought for her infant charge some cool retreat,

Where scarce the perfect climb to fill tians : but when christian tyrants were for Of antiquated grot, or sea-girt cave,

Their more expanded powers ? protecting none but true christians, that is,

Whose base, the refluent billows rudely lave those who were as vicious, as ignorant, or

Is hope presumptive when she deems With murmuring sound, which soothed to balmy rest, misled as themselves ; when they were for

Her fav'rite Zion's silent streams And lulled the darling babe, on beauty's breast ; punishing all who were not true christians, that

Have quench'd great Sinai's blaze ? is, all that were better and wiser than them. While rapt to more than ecstasy of bliss,

The waters from that sacred font selyes, who would take religion from no man's The mother faints along the fervid kiss,

Extend their blessings o'er the mount word, but from the word of God alone ; then 'That warm affection seals upon the boy,

Ten thousand varying ways. christians listed against christians, and banish In all the raptures of maternal joy, ed christianity by a false friendship to the pro- Too exquisite, for feeling to sustain,

Oh ! if, in simple strains, the pray'rs fessors, who, at the same time, were strug. Without those thrills of intermingling pain,

Of feeble Saints, a Saviour bears gling for secular power, not religious advan Which check the rapid pulse that beats too high,

To mercy's sov'reign throne, tages : thus zealots lied for the truth, and | And give to transports, sorrow's deepest sigh ;

Deem not that Intercessor e'er
killed one another for God's sake.
| That sigh, impassioned by ideal woes,

Will from his censer, shake the tear
To encourage all members of a society to
Which none, yes, none, except a mother, knows ;

Which Love has made his own. perform the practical duties of religion, is of

That sigh, which breathes a mother's soul away, general interest ; to enforce all to consent to

We trust and therefore in the choir, the opinions of men, which are merely specuForbids the eye to wake ; the heart to play ;

Though Angels, and Archangels, higher lative, is a sure method to destroy any society : And wraps a mother, hovering round her boy

Chaunt the REDEEMER'S name, no man's belief is in his own power, much In fancied dreams of everlasting joy.

Our voices shall the chorus roll, less in the power of another. Men may be Such was Leucippe's state.-Excess of bliss

In lowly eloquence of soul, forced to become hypocrites ; they may be Had breathed her spirit in the last fond kiss,

And humbly mean the same. compelled to belie their consciences, or to act | Far, far away-At length she 'woke-But oh ! against them ; they may be driven to infidel- |

What powers can paint ber height, her depth of wo! ity ; for if they suspect religion is an imposFor as she gaz'd with awful horror round,

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. ture, infidelity is the next consequence, from a

Her babe was seen upon the summit's bound, belief, that religion countenances and imposes

LOOKING over some old papers, last even. That wildly hung athwart a craggy steep, bitterness, outrage, inhumanity : people canProjecting to the depths, adown the deep ;

ing, among which were many letters from Dr. not be made religious by force, nor all the pow

Benjamin Franklin, while a resident in Loners in the world make a man embrace truly While on his arm he seemed to half recline,

don, to his nephew in this town, written in the what his reason tells him is absurd : convict With eye averted from the opening mine

years '77, '80, &c. I came across the following his errours, if such there are, by reason, and it Which yawn'd beneath.-Leucippe caught his sight,

| lines, written by a gentleman of New-York. will seldom fail of effect. Power can do noth- Fixed her's upon the babe ; and quick as light,

By inserting them in the Spectator, you will ing : kindness, example, argument, have all Unveil'd her bosom on his raptur'd view,

oblige Your constant reader, a prevailing cflicacy. While nature's magnet to affection true,

. PT As arbitrary princes want a religion suited By magick power draws from the darding boy,

LINES to the genius of their power, they persecute all And whelms the mother in a flood of joy ; religion which is against tyranny, as all true | Joy of the purest, most celestial kind ;

ON BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, ESQ. religion is; for this reason, not one of the great

Such as in heaven pervades th' angelick mind, absolute princes in Europe embraced the re

LIKE a Newton, sublimely he soared When wandering pilgrims turn their steps aside, formation, nor would suffer their people to

To a summit before unattained ; From sin, from folly, vanity, and pride ; cmbrace it, but were all bitter and professed

New regions of science explored, | Tread in the path, which elder saints have trod, enemics to it. Whereas all the great free

And the palm of philosophy gained. states, except Poland, and most of the small And “rest upon the bosom of their God !"

A spark, which he caught from the skies, free states, became protestants. Thus the Eng

He displayed with unparallelld wonder ; lish, the Scotch, the Dutch, the Bohemians, and [We insert the two following pieces, agreeable to the

And we saw with delight and surprise, Sweden and Denmark (which were then free

wishes of correspondents, without knowing whether That his rod could protect us from thunder. kingdoms) the greatest part of Switzerland and Geneva, with all the Hans Towns, which

they have been published or not. We will thank 0! had he been wise to pursue

contributors to this paper, always to distinguish se. The track for his talent designed, were not awed by the emperour, flung off the popish yoke. lected from original communications.]

What praises would then have been due Liberty is the preservation of Religion ; for

To the father and friend of mankind.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. no one will deny that in king Janies's time we

But to covet political fame owed the preservation of our religion io our Į Please insert the following, and oblige Was in him a degrading ambition, liberties, which both our clergy and people your's, &c.

A SUBSCRIBER. A spark, that from Lucifer came, almost unanimously concurred to defend with a

And kindled the blaze of sedition. resolution and boldness worthy Britons and“ For He is the very paschal Lamb, which was offered Let Candour then write on his urn, freemen.

us, and hath taken away the sins of the world. “ Here lies the distinguish'd inventor, As the cause and blessings of liberty are

Therefore with Angels and Archangels, and all the “ Whose fame to the skies ought to burn, better understood, its spily and interest daily

Company of Heaven, we laud and magnify thy glo. “ But inverted, descends to the centre.” increase ; and as there cannot be a better de

rious name."

HOLY COMMUNION. fence for religion, it is our own faulis only that we are not religious.

WHERE streams the crimson sacrifice, The whole scope of this letter is to shew

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR Where bleeding love in anguish lies, my countrymen, how superiour in happiness they are to the greatest part of the world. There may the guilty lave ;

From hence I would inculcate a principle of
That holy font, in mercy given,

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, christianity, brotherly love, and charity ; that

Prepares the spotted soul for Heaven, no difference in particular modes of thinking, And, spreading, flows to save.

NO. 4 CORNHILL. should force them into a false zeal, which will

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance.

Yes, spreading flows ;-diffusive pours hurry them into intemperance, uncharitableness, and all the evils of a bigotted mind."

The summer cloud its grateful showers,

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding Wide glows the fervid sun ;


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