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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES,

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1814.

NO. XXIX.

POLITICAL.

| their jurisdiction. It is not for us to say how this principle originally obtained, not for the

far from their coast the Spaniards shall claim advantage of the beiligerent, but of THE NEUFOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

and defend, as within the scope of their juris-TRAL. The writer begins with a quotation, It will be happy indeed for the United diction. We have a right however to hold which exhibits the doctrine in its proper light, States if there be found as much zeal to excite them to whatever can be proved to be their in these words". That we may not kill or popular feeling, when we are engaged in a established rule. If the boundaries prescribed plunder enemies in a peaceful country, is a just war, as there is now, when we are fight- | by their usages have been violated, they have right they have, not from their (the enemies'] ing, that Mr. Madison and his friends may en-sustained an insult. If they tolerate it, as | own persons, but from the right of him who joy the honours and emoluments of office. Great Britain would have been justifiable in there holds command." This is a very imThere are not a few who have a very conven- / declaring war upon the United States, when portant position ; particularly at this moment, ient scale, by which they form their decisions. they would not resent the operation of the when so few seem to understand who is It is good policy in our rulers to employ In- Berlin decree, so our governnient will be jus wronged by a belligerent, when he violates dians and scaiping knives-it is execrable bar- tifiable in declaring war against Spain, if she neutral ground. Supposing tho Essex to have barity in the English. What is spirit on our | thus permit her rights to be violated to our | been within Spanish jurisdiction when taken, side, is outrage on theirs. If an English offi- | injury. If the facts therefore eventually ap the application of the law above quoted would çer use an uncivil expression, he is a brute pear just as they have been represented, these be evidently this, « That the British may not if an American officer abuse the enemy, and

take and destroy the Essex within Spanish juthat too by gross, national reflections, of the shall in this case, undoubtedly, as in every risdiction is a right she has, not from her most vulgar kind, there have been some of other, as belligerents, have recourse to the character, but from the right of the Spanish them who are proud to have it made publick, very doctrines, which we decried, when main-government." and multitudes who admire it as the proof oftained by the English. We shall look to the If I have a dispute with an individual, he a noble patriotism.

Spanish nation to preserve their neutrality. may not strike me in another man's house ; This is “ pitiful-wondrous pitiful ;" but it This is the practice of all nations. A Brit not that I, there, have any particular right of is not the only mean's by which attempts are | ish cruiser, during the recent war, was said to inviolability, as it respects my enemy, but neimade to keep alive the rage for war. We have driven a French ship ashore, and destroy-ther he nor I have a right to disturb the have long been, and it seems are still to be ed her so near the coast of Virginia, as to be peace of the landlord. If he be so rude as to knights-errant for the world. We are to take within the jurisdiction of the United States. strike me there, it is no greater an injury, than care of the interests, the rights, and the hon. | Bonaparte held us responsible for this ; but I if he was to strike me in the street ; but he our of every nation, as well as our own, if we believe the point of fact was never settled, so breaks the peace within the domicile of a com-can thus protract hostilities with Great Britain. as to implicate our government.

mon friend, puts him in fear, injures his repu-An unofficial statement has appeared in the The consequences which may result from tation, perhaps endanger's his family. papers, alleging that the Essex was attacked this transaction, if it appear that the Essex The sole violation of law then, committed and taken within neutral jurisdiction ; and was taken within Spanish jurisdiction, will by a belligerent, who aitacks an enemy on without further inquiry, some writers are probably afford new reason to deplore the sin- | Deutral gi mnd, is against the neutral; and it is pressing the most unqualified indignation at gular obliquity of Mr. Madison's policy, to- bis business, exclusively, to seek, or neglect to the supposed outrage. We are not of those, wards the Spanish nation. With what face seek redress: if there are any such, who would justify in the will he claim justice from a government, But we now repeat precisely what we have British, what we would condemd in the French whose minister he has long refused to recog- formerly asserier, in controversy with demoor any other nation ; but as we are likely to nize ? Don ONIS has been many months in Icratick writers, when the question was the have enough to do to fight our own battles, this country-presented himself at Washing same, but the parties clifferent. Neutrals have and settle our own disputes, we are not dis- ton on his arrival-but still remains unac. | duties to perform, growing out of their characposed to espouse the cause of foreign nations. knowledged! Mr. Madison will not dare to ter, which are as positively binding as any enIt is, (by law, ) our business to destroy the remonstrate-his fort is proclamation ; bis i gagement by treuty. The neutral power is English; it is theirs, to destroy us. In doing policy has been so unfriendly to all the world, altrays supposed to possess absolute and excluthis, both parties must be ware of violating the except the Exile of Elba, he fears to address sive control within his proper jurisdiction. rights of neutr powers ; but if they do, it is neutrals ; it better suits his views, by a gene- Every ibing done within his jurisdiction, thereno outrage of belligerent against belligerent :ral proclamation, to wail over their alleged fore, becomes his acı. This being the case, if the wrong is to the injured neutral, and to wrongs, to his good people of the United a belligerent is attacked in a neutral country, him, and him alone, the offending belligerent is States.

I he is not bound to inquire whence the assault accountable. The principle, which every dem

proceeds. No matter whence it proceeds ocratick writer in the United States so recent. If the fact be, that the Essex was taken on the assault is made, where the flower professing Jy scouted, that a neutral is bound to preserve neutral waters, she is not lost to us. We l friendship has exclusive authority, and is achis neutrality, is a correct one. If the Spanish must claim of the Spanish government to countable for all treatment received by friends, nation suffers theirs to be violated, by the cause her to be surrendered ; and they must within his domail). British, so as to affect us, we shall undoubted. I do it, or they become accessaries in the war. | The British have availed themselves of these ly feel that resentment, which it was deemed | So, it is a frigate better for us, if the case be ! principles the writer, to whom we allude, has insolence in the British to express, when we l as stated, than if she had been taken on the i cited an instance, which shews-how correctly tanely permitted Bonaparte to sport with our high seas.

they proceed in such casesas that of the Essex is rights, as he pleased, in prosecuting his plans

represented. The passage may well be quoted. against England.

i What necd of foreign authorities, when the In the first place, the fact ought to be well.

Same subject continued.

British as a nation, bave given their own conascertained, in what situation the Essex was Since writing the above, we have seen instruction of their rights in this respect, which taken. Perhaps before this meets the publick one of our newspapers, a grand series of au was not only admitted by us in its utmost eye, a statement may appear, officially, from thorities, from the Punick wars to the present extent, but entorced in their favour, and against Captain Porter. As yet, we have had none; day, to prove that belligerents are not to com- | France, no longer ago ihan the year 1793 ? and yet the English have been assailed with mit hostilities upon each other, on neutral. “in a pote to Du Ponceau's transla'ion of. the utmost asperity-and not the captain of the ground. The compiler of these: authorities, Bynkershock's Law of War, page 61-we thus Phebe, merely, but his whole country and gove though strong in armour, will gain no victory, | find : ernment.

for most certainly he will not be controveried. In year 1793, the British ship Grange, was, The next thing to be ascertained, is, wheth: There is perhaps not a principle in publick captured by the French frigaie L'Ambuscades, er the Spanish government consider the place law more simple, more reasonable or more in the waters of the bay of Delaware, and where the Essex was at anchor, as within uniformly admitted. But let it be remembered | brought into the port of Philadelphia 10 which

she was bound. The British minister demand. I tainly purchasing our knowledge dear enough LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS ed her restitution of the government of the to make it valuable.

FOR THE BOSTOY SPECTATOR. United States Jo viiin did the French minister, M. Ternant, allege that the bay of Dela GENERAL REGISTER.

- THE WRITER, No. X. ware was an open sed, not subject to the ex

The following letter came directed, “ To the clusive jurisdiction of the American govern

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1814. Writer, post paid.” As there is no date nor ment. His arguments had no effect, and the US

name of any place attached to it, I am at a loss Grange was very properly restored.'.

EUROPEAN. Another week has elapsed, to know, to what part of the country my corNow if this course was right, and it un- | and not a word of news from Europe, except a respondent belongs; but as he undoubtedly doubtedly was, to follow their example we report, which will be noticed below.

reads the SPECTATOR, I can think of no better shall apply to the Spanish government for in- 1 DOMESTICK. A report was yesterday in way of replying to his address, than through demnification for the loss of the Essex, and circulation from Eastport, “ that a frigate arri. the medium of this paper. Neither do I know, for whatever damage we sustained by her cap. i d'ať lialifax, July 1st, in about 20 days from whether the letter was meant for publication: ture. If they refuse it, presuming the trans England, bringing accounts that our commis but as there may be others in the community, action proved to have taken place, within their sioners had been met at Gottenburgh by those besides Mr. Cholerick, to whom his case will jurisdiction, they have informally made war appointed by Great Britain ; that a gentleman apply, I have thought proper to give it to the upon us, and it will be incumbent on President camc out in the frigate, with despatches for publick ; and here present it, together with Madison and Congress to govern themselves Quebeck, which were said and believed to con- my advice and observations upon it, for the accordingly.

tain accounts of the Conclusion of an Armistice benefit of all concerned. Thus we agree to the principle first laid between this country and England. That he

SIR, down, and to all the authorities quoted by the immediately set out for Quebeck ; and that it

I am one of those men who are said to writer' in Thursday's Gazcite. But wh.s are was confidently expected Peace would take

have an unlupny temper ; that is to say, one we to think of the rhapsody with which he pace.” Transports had arrived at Halifax from

who makes it a very unhappy lo:, for all those concludes ? France, with about 12,000 of Lord Welling.

who have the misfortune to live with him. I « There is a spirit in man," says this writer, 1 ton's army.

am so passio:late, that is often dangerous for “ but none in the nation, if this outruge is to ! With this report there are likewise some

any of the family to corne ncar me, and am pass unredressed. We talk of war beggaring contradictory accounts ; so that it does not ap

therefore frequently left alone in my room, like the country. But Wo is he that would not pear to have any strong claims to confidence,

sore untamed animal, ih:t nobody dares to rather take his portion with mendicants the though we trust and believe it is, at the worst,

ls i approach. Yet there are times when I am as world over and icmain an honourable mani, than but an anticipation of the advices, which may

gentle as a lain), and a liitle child may lead

ine ; but then my püroxysms of rage are so that could suffer and subunit to such an indig- | The United States' frigate Essex, Captain

suulden and violent, that ' is not very safe for nity ? This subject admits of but one deter- Porter, was attacked at anchor, in the harbour

one to undertake it. mination, worthy the American chiracier. of Valparaiso, on the 28th of March last, by the i

I have always considered this as a trait of Till amends are made for this glaring dchance, 1 Britisb frigate Phcbe, 36 guns, and sloop of

i nature which I could never get rid of, and of the clearest principle of our national law, war Cherub, of 18 guns. After an action of

therefore have not made, what I supposed we look for no peace, which will not be ob above an hour and a half, during which both

would be vain, attempts to overcome it ; but tained by our valour in the ficld, and our vig. the officers and crew of the Essex fought with

as I find it grows upon me, and there is danger our on the ocean." a spirit of galluntry that has not been surpas

of my being deserted by every body, for iber There is so much freins in this passage, scil, the Essex struck, having 58 killed, 38

own safety, if I do not endeavour to check it, we are at a loss to discover the sense. As not | severely wounded, 25 slightly wounded, and

I have resolved to hcar advice respecting this a word is said of the Spanish government, we 31 missing. The Essex Junior was in the

my disorder, and think I should be willing to must presume he means “no pe oo" withi por: of Valparaiso,unable to join in the action ;

put myself into the hands of any person who Great Britain. Indecd he cannot mean " no by mutual arrangement she was taken as a

would undertake a cure. With this view, peace" with Spain, it would imply thai we are carlel, and in her, Captain Porter, and the

Mr. WRITER, I address myself to you, and as at war with her, which is not the fact survivors of his crew have returned to New

you see:n to have some knowledge of mankind, Now it appears to us, that if all disputes York. It is said Capt. Porter landed two mil

you may perhaps know the best method of between the United States and Great Britain lions in specie at Valparaiso, before the action.

treating such a subject ; I hope therefore rou can be settled, we had best make peace as Valparaiso is a port of Chili, on the west

will give me your advice ; and to the end the soon as possible particularly as it will not in coast of South America, latitude about 33

by knowing the extent of the disorder, and the least invalidate our claims upon Spain, for south, and we believe is in a state of political

seeing more fully into the nature of my comthe capture of the Essex. 'The British, yery | anarchy.

plaint, you may be able to iread it with butter dispassionately demanded the restoration of the July 3. The Amcricans, under General

success, I will here acquaint you with some of Grange, from the American government, and Brown, crossed Niagara river, and surrounded

its symptoms, anci how I ain generally affecied it was immediately effected. Let us take the Fort Erie, which immediately capitulated.

with it. same steps towards the Spanish. If we obtain the garrison consisted of about 170 mcn.

If from any cause iny dinner happens not to redress, where we have a right to look for it, On the 4th General Brown advanced to

e 4th General Brow! advanced to suit me, I immediately fly into a great rage, it will scarcely be worth our while to espouse Chippewa plains, attacked a considerable body

throw the victuals out of size dishes, overset the cause of a foreign nation or as we began of English and Indians, who were defeated, I

the chairs, break some of the furniture, and the war for France, shall we continue it for leaving above 400 killed and wounded on the

í stamp and foam about the room, to the great Spain ?

field. General Brown speaks very handsoine- 1 terrour of my wife, and no small merriment of We have been induced to make these re- ly of the conduct of his troops.

the saucy domesticks in the kitchen. marks, because the reported circumstances of An article from Plattsburgh, dated July 8th,

if i am interrupted when reading, it is not the capture of the Essex have furnished occa- states that the British have opened the road

ad only dangerous to the offender, bui almost a sion for inflammatory writers to produce an that leads from Odletown to Laprarie, and that

certain damage to any book I may happen to undue excitement in the publick mind, by per- , an immediate attack on the military post at

ick mind, by pere , an immediate attack on the military post at have in my hand ; for I usually throw it at verting a simple principle in the law of na- | Champlain is apprehended.

somebody's head, or into the chimney corner; tions. It answers well for such to clamour ! The President has required the governours

in this way I have committed to the Barnes about to the uninformed ; but our government of the several states, except Vermont and

many an author worthy of a better fare ; and will probably take no measures on the subject; Rhode Island, to organize and hold in readi.

several books, which i believe would liave as it will undoubtedly appear, on examination mess for the field 93,000 militia. The quota

passed the ordeal of the isquisition itself, lure that Valparaiso is without any settled govern- | of Massachusetts is 10,000.

gone out of my hands to suffer in these kiud inent ; and if so, even the shore was as prop- |

The New-York Evening Post of the 8th inst.

of auto de fe's. The least disappointicut er a place for contest between us and the contains the following extract of a letter from English as the middle of the Pacifick. | Washington :-

cup and saucer in nije wife's face, with all its This war, with its many evils, brings some I “ It is a fact that Bayard and Gallatin wrote

scalding contents, because, by mistake, she good. Belligerent rights will now be better from London in May to our government, that

sent me coffee instead of tea. understood among us, for we are interested to | they were confident they should be enabled to

These fits are generally sudden and tranclaim and maintain them. Neutral rights will make a PEACE. They are not confined to

sient, and ofien the first burst of the cloud disbe better understood, for we now begin to feel negotiate at Gottenburgh. I have this infor

| charges all its fire, and is soon succeeded by that they are of consequence ; and we are cer- mation from the highest authority."

fair weather and a calm. This has given my i RETREAT FOR THE INSANE. Ignorant and interested Physicians, he calls family the idea of endeavouring to divert the Dr. GeoRGE PARKMAN of this town, is “ Carnifices hominum sub honesto nomine fient.” worst effects of my irascibility, and, like some about establishing a “ Retreat for the Insane," experimentalists in electricity, to draw it off, and has published a sketch of the plan on

1 “ Mankind's fell butchers with a nobler name." or direct it towards some object where it might which it will be conducted. The subject is He then addresses the princes of his time to prove innocuous.

interesting, and in copying a few of his con- | rid the world of these pests of society : Sometimes the domestick animals are made

cluding remarks, we feel assured of gratifying use of, by way of trial, to know whether I may many a benevolent reader.

“Vos quibus imperium est, qui mundi fræna tenetis be approached with safety or not ; and a cat or 1 “ A patient, confined at home, naturally feels

Ne tantum tolerate nefas, hanc tollite pestem a dog is sent into the room to try my temper, resentment, when those, whom he has been ac

Consulite humano generi before the family dare to interrupt me ; as customed to command, refuse to obey, or at.

Vel perfectè artem discant vel non medeantur." kings have tasters, who must eat a portion of tempt to restrain him. We may attribute, in

" Ye who the reins of empire bear, the food prepared for them, before they ven part, to similar causes, the indifference to the

The human race in pity spare ; ture to eat of it themselves. But as I have | accustomed sources of domestick pleasure, the

Iis scourges to destruction give, found out this scheme, they will not dare to

And we shall then be well and live." disgust lowards the tenderest connexions, which practise it any longer ; for yesterday I kicked

are frequently early symptoms of insanity. The He adds, in speaking of the same art improp. the dog out of the room, and beat the servant maniack is frequently unconscious of his dis- erly exercised, unmercifully, for what I suppose he thought a ease. He is unable to acount for the change prudent precaution. in the conduct of his friends. They appear to

" Nam si aliæ peccent artes tolerabile certè est.. Thus, Mr. WRITER, I have made a confes- I him cruel, disobedient, and ungrateful. His !

Hæc vero nisi sit perfecta, est plena peric'li, sion of my sin ; and although I do not ask disease aggravates their conduct in his view,

Et sævit tanquam occulta atque domestica pestis." absolution for the past, request you to give me

and leads him to unfounded suspicions. “ If other arta perfection need, your advice, how I may live with less damage Hence, the estrangement of his affections ma

No wondrous evils will succeed ; to my family and furniture in future.

frequently be the consequence of either the But physick treated as a trade, CHRISTOPHER CHOLERICK, Gent. I proper and necessary, or of the mistaken con

Is fraud or ignorance display'd,

A hidden and domestick pest, I am extremely obliged to Mr. Cholerick duct of his friends towards him. Yet, the ex

Our every comfort can molest ; for the good opinion he seems to have of the istence of the benevolent affections, in such

Bereave us of our every joy, abilities of « The Writer"; and in return for cases, is often evidenced, by the patient's at And fortune, health, and lite destroy." his confidence, will take up the subject of his tachment to those, who have the immediate complaint and request, and treat them with all care of him, and who treat him with judgment that seriousness and attention, which the case

and humanity. Even in those instances where NATURAL PHILOSOPHY. requires. I must confess, however, that I the ingenious humanity of the Superintendent

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. should not be thus ready to engage in so dan fails to conciliate, and the disease changes the

Sir, gerous an enterprize, if I was any where near aspect of nature, and represents all mankind

I HOPE and believe you are mistaken him ; for as I shall give him advice which may as the league: enemies of the patient, the ex

| in suspecting that philosophical disquisitions be new and unexpected, I might receive an istence of the social affections is often eviden

are interesting to but few in this part of the experimental proof of his disorder, more im-cell, by his attachment to some inferior animals.

community. The paragraphs which have appressive than those he has related.

In most cases of insanity, originating in de

peared in your Spectator, relating to the sciI have somewhere heard a story of a Prince, | viation from virtue, the degree of morbid efwho was a great player of chess, but who was fect, on the intellect, is proportioned to the

ence of Physicks were very acceptable to me,

and to several of my acquaintance ; and were so passionate, that few persons dared to engage consciousness of shame, and to the remaining

the subjects of considerable conversation. with him ; he had a friend however who would virtue of the victim.

A question was proposed, in one of your sometimes adventure ; but he always proceed. It has been saidi, by one, who has been a

carly numbers, as to the reason that a wheel ed with great caution, and when he sa iv an long time conversant with the Insane, I have

turning on an axis, inclined to the horizon, opportunity for a check mate, got himself nowhere seen fonder husbands, more affection

had a tendency, when put in motion, to beready for a start, and the moment he had pla- até parents, more pure and exalted patriots,

come erect. In a subsequent number, an inced his piece, flew to the other side of the than in the Lunatick Asylum, during their in

genious solution was suggested, attributing room ; and then cried, check mate ! tervals of calmness and reason. A man of sen

this tendency to the compression and consequent Considering myself therefore at a safe dis. sibility may daily witness there, scenes of inde

elasticity of the atmosphere, between the lowtance from Mr. Cholerick, the first “ check” scribable tenderness, and of most estimable

er part of the wheel and the earth, or whaterI shall give him will be to deprive him of the virtue.

er surface might be under it. The writer acapolory which he and every man of his temper The Superintendent of an Asylum for the In

counted in the same manner for a common are extremely ready to urge as their excuse, sane should possess mildness, and firmness of or an extenuaiion of their fault ; viz. that “ 'tis uanners, the vigilance

spinning tops assuming an erect position on of an affectionate

the floor, thougli considerably inclined when their nature, and they cannot help it." This friend, knowledge of the mind, zcal and sagac

first put in motion. I uiterly deny ; I am no believer in that sort ny in the discharge of the duties of his office.

The same principle undoubtedly operates in of rucntal imbecility, beneath the shade of which ! These high qualifications will be the conWe often endeavour to dim the image of our

stant aim of the Superintendent of the Propos

! both cases, but I am persuaded, though the faults and imperfections. Let me ask Mr. el Institution. He is encouraged by the sun

spring of the atmosphere has some effect, in

these instances, it is very small, and by no Cholerick, if he cannot, and does not, casily port and advice of his Professional Fathers."

means sufficient to account for the fact, which restrain his passion in most companies, and

EXTRACTS.

we observe. I inmediately purchased a top, most places, except home? Did he ever upset

THE author of the celebrated latin poem the dishes on a friend's table, where he was

and amused myself as in the days of my youth,

but with a different motive. I found that when invited to dine ; or does he throw his tea or Zodiacus Vita, that goes under the name of

the top bad become erect, the application of a coffee in the face of any lady, but his wife ? Palingonius, was Manzoll- who died about the

- solid surface, vertically, near the body, did not presume not. These fits of passion are suf' / year !530.

make it incline to the opposite side. Now if fered to break out (I will not say are indulged)! The speech of the old man who had mis

compressed air would raise the top, the same only where we know we are masters ; for we pent his youth in idleness and in pleasure, is

compression between it and the surface, which can “ have the rule over our own spirits" as extremely strong and pathetick:

I placed near it, would of course have given long, as we are kept in check by company, or

.............." quum serior ætas

it, and kept it in, an inclined position. awed by the presence of those we consider our Sentiet ingenium, famam rem, membra perisse

again set it in motion, and immediately superiours. I should therefore advise the gen Ergo malis gustu & dulcedine inani.'

elevated it in the air, supported almost on a tieman, however tri e this advice may appear, Ili amini multi dices, () tempcra pulchra

I point. Here there could be no unequal spring * to begin at home." Let him consider whether Quu! malè vos novi! quo fugintis ! miserum me !"

of air, on either side ; yet the aupper axis, his own house is not the point where :he enemy .. " When coming age shall set before your eyes swinging round as before, soon took its vertichooses to assail him, and let him place prue Talents and fortune, health and reputation, cal position. dence and caution on the watch, bring resolu For empty pleasures, appetites indulged,

By ineans of a weight, I set a small top in tion to sustain the first attack, and have reason Giovelling and low, forever gone and lost !

motion, in vacuo. The effect was apparently always in reserve to support him ; and I doubt Will y'u not sy, as many more have said,

Oh Time, for kn:wiedge and improvement giren,

| the saine, though the atmosphere was exhaust. not but he will soon obtain the honour of a

How ill employ'd! Oh! whither are you fied? I ed. Your correspondent was therefore mistak. victory.

Ah, never to return! Wretch that I am !" I en as to the principal cause; and on reflec.

tion, I am inclined to think the following theo- ! united into one whole, originating in Adam, moral and religious truth. While their interry is the truth.

and subjected to the moral government of that ests are unagitated, they become less attended The matter of all bodies, in rotatory motion, one incomprehensible Being from whom every to, less understood in process of time, that has a tendency to fly from the centre or axis thing is derived. The real existence and the knowledge which should be general becomes of motion ; and this tendency will every where I extent of this moral government is best dis-l the property of a few. Hence arbitrary tenets be in proportion to the quantity of matter in a cerned by comparing the circumstances of the and theological prerogative ! Hence truth particular part, and its velocity. If therefore, whole species, with respect to happiness, unexercised, in darker times, was soon so while a body whirls round, there be more morals, and intelligence, at distant periods. 1 covered with the rust of superstition, that she matter on one side of the axis of motion, than The peopling of America by European lost the very principles and springs of her beon the opposite, the centrifugal force will be christians, and the rise of a great empire, ing. It is the spirit of inquiry that keeps her proportionably strongest, where there is most 1 (which is now beginning to attract the notice in a proper condition of defence, that polishes, matter.

of other Slates) in that quarter of the globe, brightens, and refines her." When a running top is thrown upon the will be contemplated by future ages as imporfloor inclined, it does not turn upon the central tant epochs in the general history of man ; and point of the pivot, but on a point, more or less they will, by the art of printing, become known

POETRY. distant from the centre, as the pivot is more to our latest posterity, freed from that confuor less acute. As it turns, therefore, there is sion, uncertainty, and contradiction in which

SELICTED, constantly more matter, on that side of the ax- the histories of remote ages are universally

THE URN OF HIM I LOVE. is of motion, which makes the obtuse, than on that, which makes the acute angle with the If the labours of your Society are restricted, BENEATH pale twilight's solitary gleam, Anor. The centrifugal force will consequent. I principally, to the history of your own country, ! When airy forme soft Airring three the gloom ly be strongest on the upper side, and tend to here is abundant matter for erudite and exten

Catch, as it were, a glimpse of day's last beam, bring the whole body of the top in that direc- sive investigation. In addition to all that can

Pensive I seek my Edmund's lonely tomb. tion. As the top becomes erect, the point on now be known of the civil histories of Peru, which it turns becomes nearer and nearer the of Mexico, and of the savage nations yet sub

Light fall the dews upon thy hallow'd uin, centre of the pivot ; when it becomes com sisting in the interior of the country, a copious

O thou who sleep'st unconscious of my woes! pletely so, a line through the centre of the source of historical detail is opened by the

| While I, at melancholy night's return, matter is the centre or axis of the motion ; separation of America from Great Britain. the centrifugal force operates every way equal. | The causes which produced that separation,

O'er the pale marble strew the weeping rose. ly ; and the body revolves without vibration. the great men who accomplished it, and the

| Ah ! why does musick breathe along the bowers consequences which have followed it, highly LE TTER FROM RICHARD WATSON,

The melting song of fascinating love ! merit the most accurate narration. The in.

Ah! why does gaudy summer lead the hours, troduction of the sciences, the establishment LORD BISHOP OP LANDAFF. of literary societies, the cultivation of the arts,

And shed her Aowery chaplets through the grove? (Our readers of various tastes may be assured of find the gradual improvement or deterioration of ing much entertainment in the last volume of the th

Yet I have felt her animating power, Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, the principles of government in the several

Have tasted all her beauties, all her sweets ; states composing the general confederation, from which we have been requested to insert the following letter from the excellent Dr. Watson to

Have marked the colour of each opening flower, | the policy or impolicy of European alliances, the late Dr. Eliot of this town. Indeed every Amer. the extension of commerce, the practicability

And raptur'd bore them to my lov'd retreats. ican Library should be considered deficient in an im. or utility of forming American settlements in portant part, which has not a complete series of the | Asia or Africa, these, and matters such

For then, my EDMUND, summer's noblest pride, collections of the Historical Society, and also the pub.

as these, present themselves to my mind as lications of the American Academy of Arts and Sci.

Would kiss the wreath Viola's fingers wore ; ences, the Massachusetts Medical Society, and the

fit objects of historical discussion. ' But I for: | Would say her hands the lily's white outvied, Massachusetts Agricultural Societies.]

bear, from not having any knowledge of the And fondly whisper his increasing love.

ends for which your Society has been instituRev. John Eliot, Minister of the New North

But hush'd forever is that tuneful breath ;
ted ; and I conclude with expressing my most
Church, Boston, New-England.

ardent wishes, that the offspring of Great | His breast no more with love's pure flame shall burn CALGARTH Pank, KENDALL, 13 June, 1807. Britain may be as illustrious in the peaceful | His heart is cold within the gripe of death : Reverend Sir,

arts of life, as the mother from which she has o, hours of bliss ! ye never shall return.
Tue day before yesterday I was honoured
by your letter of the 6th May, 1806, delivered

sprung has long been, and that it may be more
fortunate than the parent has been in escaping

The balmy gales that fan the perfum'd dales, to me by Mr. Buckminster, whom I could not

the calamity of frequent wars, principally oc- | And o'er the golden-bosom'd meadows play, prevail upon to favour me with more than an

casioned by the avarice of commerce, and the Fast as remembrance of the past prevails, en passant visit ; though I am certain, from

ambition of despotism ; and more fortunate, | Bear the heav'd sigh upon their wings away.
what I saw of him, that I have cause to lament,
that his engagements would not suffer him to

also, in escaping that excess of wealth, which,
by introducing luxury, contaminates the prob-

Dearer to me is winter's gloomy reign, make a longer stay.

ity of individuals, enervates the physical The angry tempests when around they fly : I accept with great pleasure and gratitude

rts tl

The rushing blast that sweeps along the plain ; the distinction you announce to me of being constitutions.

The dark clouds low'ring in the lurid sky i elected a member of the Massachusetts His

I have the honour to be, torical Society. My studies have not, at any period of my life, been particularly directed to

Reverend Sir,

The wind that sobs along the rocky shore ;

Your faithful servant, The scream of sea fowl, and the ocean's rave, historical inquiry ; and, at the age of seventy,

R. LANDAFF. Which casts its billows with tremendous roar, I must despair of being able to render the Society any service as an associate ; especially

In sparkling foam upon the gelid cave. as I am unacquainted with its general design,

design. | INFIDEL WRITINGS OF ADVANTAGE TO THE as it respects ancient or modern history.

CAUSE OF CHRISTIANITY.

| Yes-these dark scenes afford my soul delight i

Sick’ning from day's refulgent beam I turn : Nothing can be more interesting, either to “THERE will be such men as Hobbes, so philosophers or divines, than the history of the long as the world endures, and perhaps it is

| Weeping I hide me in the shades of night, human species, considered either in its several necessary that there should be such. It is for

And only joy to clasp my Edmund's URN. parts, or as constituting one great whole. the interest of truth that skepticks and infidels The first will be gratified with tracing the should occasionally start up and give the progression and retrogradation of human intel- alarm to society. Those countries that con

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR lect, according to the influence of physical and tinue longest in the enjoyment of peace, are in moral causes, in every part of the world, and the greatest danger either of losing their lib

JOHN PARK, in every age ; and the second will be pene. erties, through domestick encroachments, or trated with the highest veneration for the of becoming a prey to the power of foreign in

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, Bible, which commences, as it were, and ar-vasion. The reason of this is partly the

NO. 4 CORNHILL. ranges the history of mankind, by referring weakness and effeminacy, which long relaxaall nations to one common stock. In this tion brings on all orders of men, and part

Price three dollars per annum, hajf in advance. view the distinction between ancient and mod ly the incapacity of defence, arising from *.* Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding ern history vanishes, the two together are the disuse of war. So it is in the state of

numbers.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1814.

NO.XXX.

POLITICAL.

| her rights in favour of one belligerent, the orh. From the Spanish government, what is Mr.

er may justly expect and claim a similar sacri. Madison's prospect of redress? What does PORT THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

fice in her behalf, and proceed to conduct on be consider the Spanish government ? Who CAPTURE OF THE ESSEX.... . BELLIGERENT that presumption. Whether such questions is, in his view, the lawful sovereign of Chili,

are to be first made matters of complaint or Joseph Bonaparte-Ferdinand Vilth, or the RIGHTS.... NEUTRAL RIGHTS.

discussion, between governments, must depend Creoles of the Province ? Will he apply to The regret we experience on account of on circumstances of convenience.

King Joseph ? Non inventus. He is an outthe loss of one of our valuable frigates, and I have but one other point of doctrine to ad. casta vagabond. Will he apply to Ferdithe death of many of our excellent seamen, is, vance. If a belligerent violate the laws of a nand VIIth ? He has never recognized him in some measure, alleviated by the honour re, neutral nation), he forfeits his right of protec- he refused to recognize those who acted in his flected on the country, from the heroick conduct tion from that nation.

| name. of Captain Porter and his crew. Whether the I shall now apply these doctrines to the case 1 But admit that these difficulties are survirtue, bravery, so commendable in itself, has | immediately before the publick.

mounted ; that the king of Spain is ready to not been carried in this instance to a degree Commodore Hillyar attacked Captain Porter open books, or rather to settle all accounts which prudence would pronounce excessive, is within the jurisdiction of the Spanish provin- with the government of the United States, not for us to determine. The tribunal tocial government of Chili, and took the Essex. Will such a process be agreeable to Mr. Mad. which Captain Porter is legally accountable! Ai first view, it would appear that, in this / ison ? We venture to predict he will not be will award him the high credit to which he is act, an outrage was committed by Captain impatient or anxious for a comparison of unquestionably entitled, with or without quah: Hillyar against the Spanish government-and claims. Let us look back, for a moment, for fication, as they shall deem meet. That he is that the Spanish government, for the attack some of the items, to which his attention would a brave, a very brave man, is a fact which the and capture of the Essex, within iis jurisdic- l be requested. world will readily acknowledge. If Troy tion, was accountable to the government of the « First,” says the king of Spain, “ a military could have been saved by the hand of any, our United States. Consequently, that the Span expedition was fitted out from the United Hector's could have saved it.

ish government have a claim on Great Britain, States, under General Miranda, consisting of We are now enabled, from the official letter

for the wrong done them; and the United troops principally Ainerican citizens, with pro. of Captain Porter, to take a view of this event, | States ou Spain, for the loss of the Essex, and visions and munitions of war, for the express in all its bearings, as it respects the British-- the destruction of her crew.

purpose of overturning my government, in the Spanish and ourselves. This is our pres- But the Spanish government have no cause South America, and wresting from me my ent purpose.

of complaint against Great Britain, if the state- provinces. The whole transaction was undeThe armed subjects of governments at war | ment of Captain Porter be correct ; and we niably conducted with the knowledge and conhave a right to destroy one another. This presume it is. It appears that the Governour pivance of the government of the United: right, which each power possesses equally, is of Valparaiso waved his right of neutrality, in States and as was said, at the time, and never to be exercised like all other rights, without favour of the British commander. “ During disproved, with their countenance, if not their infringing those of another.

the action,” says Captain Porter, “our Consul aid." . Arius Cepnot be used legally, in any territo- | General, Mr. Poinset, called on the Governour 4 By a fraudulent purchase from France of ry, at peace, but by the authority, or with the of Valparaiso, and requested that the batteries my territory of Louisiana, to which she had obconsent of the government of that territory. might protect the Essex. This request was tained no just claim, that country has been oc. To kill or destroy is the prerogative of the po refused, but he promised that if she should cupied, and placed under the government of litical sovereignty there established

succeed in fighting her way to the common the United States, without my consent, Therefore if one power presime to kill or anchorage, he would send an officer to the against my wishes and interests and in violation destroy within the jurisdiction of another, it is British commander, and request him to cease of my rights." an insult to its sovereigniy-a violation of its firing ; but declined using force under any cir- “At several dictinct times, troops have exclusive rights.

cim tances ; and there is no doubt of a PER- | marched out of the United States-for The pubo. When all nations are at peace, one nation FECT UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THEM." Jickly avowed parpose of revolutionizing the may, abandon any of its rights in favour of Captain Porter, notwithstanding one or two province of New Mexico-have made war another, and not give a third any cause of of reflections, in the course of his letter, has, by against my authority in that country, have fence.

this representation of facts, completely justi- kept it in a state of anarchy, causing much. In time of war, a neutral nation is in reason fed the British commander; in the only cir-f bloodshed, among my unoffending, loyal suband justice restricted within certain bounds of cumstance, wherein he could have been wrong. I jec13" im partiality, towards the belligerents. The This statement being true, the question be- « Several hostile: attempts have been made neutral nay not only enjoy her rights, but ween the Spanish and British governments is against my goverament, within the Fioridas. must preserve them at least, njust lot suffer seriled at once. The only cause of complaint, Troops belonging to the Unived States, under: them to be infringed by one belligerent to her | remaining, therefore, is our's, against the gove la regularly commissioned officer, General advantage, and to the disadvantage of the oth- erneur of Valparaiso.

Maithens, enterod my dominions in arms.mn er. Tbis is plain common sense, and is of. Had Captain Porter, in no instance, violated colmitted outrages, and threatened the recourse a principle which has always been re- the rieutral rights of that province ? Had he duction of St. Augustine, the capital.” cognized by jurists. To do otherwise, and yet never, at Valparaiso, or any of its ourports, ex- “ Such are some of the injuries and insuits, be noutral, would render neutrality a solecism. ercised jurisdiction, nor infringed any of ihe which for several years past hare marked the

From these two considerations, a power's laws of the country? It does not appear by conduct of the government and citizens of the exclusive sovereignty within its own realm, 1 his letter, that he had, or had not. We trust | Uuited States, though professing to be the and the duty of impartiality which altaches 10 it will be proved, in the events that he had not. friends of Spain." a neutral, arises the principle that beiligerents Then his right to protection will be valid, and “I demand satisfaction for these insulte--1. are, by right, secure from the attacks of one our claim upon the Spanish government will demand reparation for the vety se sous waggs. anotber, within neutral jurisdiction. If the stand. The state of the case will be this, noi- I have thus sustained-Let this be accomplish neutral suffers her sovereignty to be usurped withstanding the absurd doctrino, and ridicu. ed, and I will cheerfully indemnify you for the

by one belligerent, and to the injury of anoth- | lous, we will say, disgracelul, hue and cry loss of the frigate Essex, taken within my ju-· er, it is a breach of her neutrality, and the neue that has been raised - The British comman- risdiction."

tral is occountable to the suffering belligerent, der has done no more than he had a right to We have suggested the probable result of for the wrong sustained,

do. The American commander has con noth- an application, by Mr. Madison, to the Spanish These positions, I imagine, will be contro- ing that he had not a right to do.. The Siyag- / government for redress, 10 shew ibat io such verted by no one. I corclude it will now ish governour has done wrong, and ibt Span- | application can be expected. The argressions, likewise be granted, tl.at if a new:: al sacrifice ish government owes us satisfaction.

(which have been conmiuodagai.swat..poy

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