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er, have been so frequent and gross, a discus-) ral Viscount Cathcart, K. T. and Lieut. Gene- , goddess of our desires, we either forget or sion of wrongs, between the goveronients, will ral Sir Charles William Stuart, K. B. Pleni- foolishly deny that never be instituted by Mr. Madison. He can- potentiaries of His Britannick Majesty : and

“ Virtue alone is happiness below.” not, he dares not complain. His French poli-1 by the Prince de Benevento, Plenipotentiary of There is not however a more solemn truth, cy and measures have deprived his country of His Most Christian Majestv.

nor one more interesting for mankind to know her rights ; she must bear injuries in silence,.. A second article of news is from Spain, via and acknowledge, than this short aphorism of for her rulers can have no face to ask repa- | Newport,-containing a very singular decree the poet. Let it be understood that in the ration.

of Ferdinand Vilih renouncing his acceptance idea of virtue I include that of religion, (in

of the Constitution, annulling the powers of my mind indeed I cannot separate them,) and We have been much pleased with the fol

the General and Extraordinary Cortes, and then I will appeal to the heart of man for a lowing very sensible and seasonable remarks,

making void all their acts and decrees, and I confirmation of this great truth. If indeed in thc Salem Gazette of yesterday.

forbidding any of his subjects giving the said there is a heart so depraved that it is entirely

Cortes support or countenance, under pain of insensible to the pleasure of virtuous actions, $ It is much to be regretted, that the opinions death. The event has been welcomed by the with such an one I have nothing to do. He of many men upon subjects of national concer'll, arıny with apparent joy ; but we apprehend who feels no emotions in relieving distress, are oftener the dictates of passion, than the new troubles in Spain, from a measure which sees no beauty in benevolence, esteems not result of deliberate and fair inquiry. Disre- / wears a somewhat different aspect from the the piety of a mother, the chastity of a sister, garding the common maxims of human action, other recent events in Europe. The decree or the fidelity of a friend, has not a human and rejecting those principles, which guide the is dated, Valeria, May 4, 1814.

| heart : he is an ideot without feeling, or a demind in the discovery of truth and right, they DOMESTICK. The rumour of an armis mon and has none but those of a fiend. To . hastily condemn every thing, that wounds their tice between Great Britain and the United such the appeal is not meant to be made. But pride or baffles their expectations, and approve States remains without confirmation.

to all who have human sensibilities remaining, whatever is in accordance with their prejudices On Monday the Ilth inst. two ships, 4. brigs | though depraved ; to all who have any of the and desires. Common sense is silenced ; and and two schoonero, under Commodore Hardy, i synnpathies of their nature still bovering round that inveterate delusion, which broods over appeared off Eastport, Maine, and sent in a their hearts to guard some curner uncorrupt this country like a deadly pestilence, has so boat, demanding the surrender of the fort by vice; to these, whether old or young, this infected the mind, that error is as frequent, as After some minutes consideration, the flag of soiemn truth is advanced, fearless of contrathe occurrences which give rise to them. the fort wis struck ; 70 men and the United i ciiction : To be happy, mian must be virtuous. This will ever be the case, when men choose States' properly were taken. Private properly Why then all this bustle, all this toil, all to subject their reason to their passions, and I was not touched.

these schemes and contrivances to be happy? suffer their judgments to be formed in the An additional force of i ship of the line, 3 WVliy wander about in so many bye-paths, mould of their prejudices.

frigates, a ship, and brig, arrived in the Chesa when the strait and certain road is before How many have associated with the capture i peake, on the lith inst. and went up the bay, you? We have only to walk uprightly, and of the Essex a violation of the laws of nations,

we shall walk safely. We have only 10 pre. and all the rules of common warfare! And

serve our minds pure, our consciences clear, why this association ? Because hatred of Eng.

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

our hearts without guile, and peace, and please - land, and an overweening vanity, cannot be

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

ure, and happiness will make their abode with reconciled to the misfortune upon any other

us. The heart of the pious and good man rc. principles, because all the calamities of this

TIIE WRITER, N. XI.

poses softiy, though his head may be pillowed war are to be imputed, not indeed to the stu It is the nature and business of man tol on a stone ; whilst the guilty rest on thorns, · pidity and wickedness of a corrupt administra- | search after happiness. All are engaged in even when reclined on the soft bosom of love.

tion, but to the injustice of a barbarous, op this pursuit, and however different, various, or Whilst we are innocent, we eat the bread of pressive, liberty-hating enemy !-ait enemy, divergent the paths we tread, we have all the cheerfulness, and the cup of life is sweet to who has, for twenty years past, been freely | same bright object in view ; and in the spring our taste ; but no sooner are we corrupted by expending her blood and treasure for the de. time of youth, at least, all expect to obtain and vice, than it becomes bitter, and the longer we fence of freedom, and in behalf of mankind ; } enjoy it. Since then this desire is so gencral, drink of it, the more difficult it will be “ 10 an enemy, who is now receiving the voluntary or rather universal in the human breast, and make the nauseous draught go down." offerings of love and thanksgiving of all Eu- | as the world appears not decided on the best! Go to the filthy sons of intcmperance and rope, for her great and magnanimous efforts and surest way to acquire this " greatest good," sensuality, and look at their pleasures ; see to preserve the independence of nations and I shall endeavour in this and the following them in their polluted haunts, hear the vulgar the right of self-government.*************** number, 10 show that there is one sure way, oaths, ille obscene jesis, their rude noise and

“ Neither the laws of honour', nor the voice I (and there is but one) a plain and easy way, 10 | brutal quarrels, and say if happiness is here. of justice, require an enemy, whom chance or | oblain the blessing ; and notwithstanding it is Return and visit the abodes of purity, indopreparation has made superior, to equalize his

too often passed by, as not offering the gilded cence, christian charity, and love, and say if strength to his antagonist's, before he begins

but deceitful joys which lures the wayward | here she is not ? Indulge your evil passions, the contest.-Wars are not always made to

fancy of the thoughtless and wanton, yet it is cherish revenge, foster envy in your bosoms enable the parties to destroy each other « in eminently “ a way of pleasantness," and those gratify your lusts, give the reins to unruly style,” or to become rivals in chivalry ; but

who walk in it never fail to a go on their way desire, will you the overtake happiness in are waged to redress grievances on the one rejoicing: rejoicing."

her flight, or will she come and hold communhand, and to resist claims on the other ; and

In some fables and allegories mankind are | ion with such guests? No! you must banish he who gets a drubbing must make the best i represented to be inquiring after happiness; these from your heart, or you banish happiness terms he can. An officer has a right to anni- but although this idea may be worked up into | forever. hilate the whole force of his adversary, if a handsome figure of speech, I doubt whether 1 Socrates and Plato, although they had not thereby he can save all the lives of his own

it will compoit very accurately with real life: the privilege of being christians, saw and accrew. Advantage is always sought in war,

1 I believe rather that every one is so sure that knowledged the beauty of virtue ; and they with all diligence ; for the object is, discomfi | he is in the right road, that he thinks it entire taught their disciples that happiness, or the fature and peace.”

ly unnecessary to inquire,, and would feel | vour of the gods, could only be secured by the more offended than obliged, if you were so of- i practice of it. And the great Addison, when ficious as to tell him he was in a wrong.

he called bis libertine relation to his bed-side GENERAL REGISTER.

It is however certain, that there is a wrong to see how a christian could die, was a glorious

way ; a way that leads to misery, instead of proof of the happiness of virtue even in the BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1814.

happiness ; and into which we are too oftep pangs of death.

misled by false appearances, and wander | The eastern nations, with minds bewildered EUROPEAN. Very singular ! a month

widest from the object of our pursuit, when and perplexed by false religions, and corrupted our arms are just open to embrace it.

| by voluptuousness and servility, yet are sensi has elapsed since we have received any advices from Europe, excepting two articles ; one

Lured by the glitter of wealth, or seduced ble to the charms of virtue, and frequently defrom the London Gazette of June 2, in Canada, lhú the trumn of fame, or soothed by the softer I guage, as most a

by the wanton eye of unlawful love ; roused | light to exhibit her, in their figurative lanstating that on the 30th of May, a Definitive | strains of indolence and ease, we submit our

of indolence and ease. we submit our My readers will remember that I told them,

] Treaty of Peace between Great Britain and selves to the guidance of passions ; and borne

I had bcen a great traveler. When I was in Fiance, was signed at Paris, by Viscount Cas- lalong by their eager and impatient footsteps ( Constantinople, I used to frequent the collec tlercagh, the Earl of Aberdeen, A. T. Gene- ! in a hasty and unreflecting career after the

de dbene- ! in a hasty and unreflecting career after the l houses where the Turks assembled to smoke, drink coffee, and hear the tales of their poets unworthy of your regard. From the common to such musty stuff, and drowned, meditating or story tellers. At one of these catertain-evils of life I am happily exempt. War, with on the reveries of my favourite author's. With ments, ihe company appeared to be unusually hi's calamitous attendants, rapine, desolation, the youngest of the sisters I should certainly attentive and pleased ; and I was very desirous and famine, has kept aloof from my peaceful | have fallen in love, had I found her in some of knowing the subject, or nature of the dis- dwelling. My friends and near relatives have more romantick situation. Had I found her course which had given them so much amuse. none of them found an untimely grave. Pov weeping in some dungeon, a helpless captive, ment and satisfaction. I was told it was a erty with its numberless distresses, hunger, | or. heard her soft melodious voice stealing sort of allegory, but newly related amongst wretchedness, and the prisoner's chain, has not over the waves of some glassy lake, at night, them, called the « Vision of Ahmrad." With yet visited me. My troubles are from within, and when the moon shone through a parting some difficulty I procured a manuscript of it, the terrifying offspring of a distempered im- | cloud, her beauty would have been irresistible. and had it translated into English, and as it is agination.

But from the dulness of the present scene, I an illustration of the great truth I have been When very young, I commenced reading longed to escape ; and when the carriage, that endeavouring to establish in this paper, I shall | Novels. This first implanted in me a love for conveyed me away, arrived at the door, I present it to my readers entire in my next. something like literature. Unhappily, no ex-sprang into it with unfeigned delight.

perienced friend was at hand to give me salu. There is a time of life when every reading BONAPARTE.

tary advice, and recommend books of such sol- person begins to compose ; and from the im

id worth, as would improve my taste and cor. perfect models, which I had chosen, I was We find the following brief outline of Bon- rcct my imazination. Like a spoiled child, about to forın my style. Possessed with a aparte's real character, in an Address, deliver- whose health and palate are ruined by impru- scribbling mania, poetry and prose flowed from ed eleven years ago, in this town, by Dr. J. S. dent indulgence in

dent indulgence in high-seasoned food, I chose my quill in abundance. My poetry was crowdJ. GARDINER.

not the wholesome, simple diet that strength- cd with indistinct images and sentimental « The character of the First Consul, that ens the mind ; but such books as would best phrases, which no one could understand. Such setter up and puller down of Kings, is one of please my own vitiated taste. From stories oi" | epithets as a leafy grove" (have not forests the mosi extraordinary, with which history has Jack the giant killer," I ascended to the from time immemorial had leaves !) “ purling presented us. We read of no eminent per- " Arabian Nights' Entertainments," and thence brook" (the word purling was to my earssov), in whom such contradictory qualities to the more peruicious, because inore fascina- sweet beyond expression), “ gaudy tulin," &c. seem to have united. Crafty and ferocious, ting, productions of the day. With Mrs. Rat- and " she spoke and died," to crown all, flashintriguing and bold, cru-l by nature, and mer. I cliffe I travelled through forests infested by ed from my brain, as if a l'ay of heaven had ciful only from policy, of superiour talents, of desperate banditti, and, enraptured, at twilight, gleamed upon it. My prose was almost literunbounded ambition, commanding the energies gazed upon the tuinbling cataracts near. With ally copied from the host of novels, that pour of a people, mighty in numbers, warlike by her, I traversed the dreary courts of some di- | forth from our town circulating-libraries. education, enthusiastick for glory, flushed with lapidated and deserted castle; with her, I visit. From these I learned to prefer sound to subsuccess, lie is, perhaps, the most formidable

ed the dark damp vault ; heard the deep stance, and to drown all the principles of genfce, thue frecdom and civilized man had ever groans of its murdered lord ; and started at uine taste in the jingle of words, and in the yet to encounter. In Alexander and Cæsar, every breathe

every breath of wind that sighed through the rapid fumes of an overstretched fancy. The ambitious as they were, we discover nothing lattice, or waved the tags of the time-worn tap- syllable « ville,for instance ; this charming mean and low; but a greatness of soul, a gen- estry. In short, I was so much captivated by / cluster of letters was fagged on to the names crosity of nature, which extorted admiration her enchantment, that I regarded her as the of each hero and heroine. If the story of a eren from enemies, and mitigated, in some paragon of literature, and her works as the young man were to be cold, he was destined to measure, the miseries they inflicted. They standard of taste. Accordingly every book save his sweetheart from drowning, or engage were too magnanimous for hypocrisy. They must be crowded with scenes of troubles, nev. in some Quixotick expedition, no matter how would never have stooped to the mean dissim- er witncssed in real life ; situations in for. / unlawful, in her defence. After years of abulation of personating different charac?ers. ests, never heard of ; ruined fortifications, sonce tund of sorrow, they met most wonderThey would not have appeared Musselmen in never reared ; and lakes, not yet discovered fully, never more to part. If a young woman, Egypt, or Catholicks at Rome. In the various | by « human research” Every thing that bor- -she must blush in all the modesty of naanecdotes recorded of the First Consul, we do dered on the marvellous claimed my unqualifi. lure ; but what should be the proper exciting not discover a single generous action. Re- Led admiration. Decayed vaults. haunted ab. cause of her blushes, I knew not how to disserved and unsocial in his manners, tyrannical beys, ciiefs of robbers dressed out in all the criminate. Instead of that dignified, unobtruand vindicrive in his disposition, he revolves, in habiliments of ideal honour, while devoted 10 ding modesty, which ever accompanies virtue, the gloomy recesses of his own mind, plans of

the trade of murdering mankind, so corrupted | I often made her blush, when she should have future conquests, and projects of universal em

my taste and darkened the picture of real life, been indignant. I often made her weep at a pire.

that nothing, but such frightful stories as tender recital, the desigo of which evidently " Alas! thy dazzled eye

make one's blood run cold, could satiate the was to destroy her principles. She however Beholds this man in a false glaring light,

craving appetite of my mind. Like the pro- must be all “ goodness,” though I knew not Whieli conquest and success have thrown upon him ; fessed gambler, when deprived of his customa- what goodness was. She must be all « feel. Didst thori but view him right, thou’dst see him black ry nightly debauch. I was restless and misera. Tine," though I knew noth With murder, treason, sacrilege, and crimes

ble, whenever my mind relaxed from the high- between the most debased, and the most cultiThat strike my soul with horror but to name 'em.” wronght scenes described by these' pernicious vated feelings of the human heart : and I

books ; whilst those of sterling worth were thought there was no more attraction in a

neglected, as sordid dross, as the inusty mus.“ Ruth" gleaning in the fields of Boaz for THE CONFIDANT, No. XI. ings of some plodding monk...

bread to sustain her aged mother, than in my The letter, containing the following commu In the winter of the year sometime past, at favourite character of « Sensibility" shedding nication, bore the post-mark of Hartford, Con. the solicitation of a friend and distant relation the tear of sympathy over the luckless carcase necticut. I have but one objection to its in- of my age, I accompanied him to his residence of a deceased kitten. Accustomed from my sertion-it is louger than the intended limits i at H --- , Here I beheld a scene entirely | youth up to pride and egotism and an overof these numbers adınit.

new. Everything was kept in the nicest weening fondness for what was my own, I

order. The servants were respectful, and obe- surveyed these little effusions, and thought DEAR COXFIDANT, Your friendly advice to those persons, who

dient. The pursuits of the family were right- with pleasure on my future rise in life. That from time to time have entrusted vou with

ly assigned, and separate hours appointed for I felt the effects of this pernicious dreaming, the history of their past lives, encourages

each. The long winter evenings beneath our this pride, a blasting mildew to my happiness,

northern sky were devoted to intellectual en witness the sleepless night, the hurried dream. me also to address you, upon a subject very

tertainment. The family, among whom were Oft at midnight hour, when through my casenear my heart. A proper Confidant I have long desired to

| my friend and two lovely sisters, having drawn ment the moon flung her pale light, rising I obtain, but alas ! no one, of my own hahits and

close to the five, were amused and instructed gazed upon the page of rival genius. This

by the perusal of some useful and entertaining served only to inflame my ambition, and spur sentiments can I find, who is able to afford re

book. Not those, to which I had been accuse me on to further exertions. Some uime since, lief for the malady of the mind. Some will

tomed ; hut the most r:fined of our English I wrote a short poem. As I surveyed it betray, some despise me for the ino ready

y divines, historians, poets, and philosophers. To trust I may repose in them. To you only;

through the medium of bad taste and partiality, these at vhat time I had not the disposition to it seemned good very good. I thought, for therefore, through the medium of a publick attend. but sat on the sofa, wish less proiected the first tirue. I would print my own composiprint, can I apply for advice. My situation is peculiar : and to some persons it may appear,

to the centre of the roon, in a kind of defiance tion ; but endeavoured to find first whether

Go on as you have well begun,
Nor taunt sarcastick fear ,
Your name unsullied, like the sun,
Shall decorate the year,

And when advanced to other spberes,
- As matron, friend, or wife,
Become the wonder of your years ;
The ornament of life.
For what in unknown fate lies hid
We must successive try :
We can't the wheel of time forbid
To roll the seasons by.
If honest friendship greet the ear,
Or love make softer claim ;
Too timid caution need not fear
To own the sacred Aame ;

But smile not, where you disapprove ;
Deception's tangled snare
Transforms the ballow'd springs of love
To fountains of despair.

Let learning, fortitude, and truth,
Your ruling stars, preside ;
The guardian gods of brilliant youth,
And age's safest guide.

To entertain life's varying dream,
Your nature thus adorn.
'Twill cheer the parent's ev'ning beam,
That smild upon your morn.

other people looked upon it, in the same light find, are perverted, and I cannot obey the dic.
with myself. Accordingly I contrived to read tates of common reason ; like a ship, with her
the poem to a lady celebrated for her great ballast so shifted, that all exertions at the helm
taste and judgment, as if printed in a new are ineficctual to keep her in trim.
magazine. Judge you, with what feelings I! Thus, dear Confidant, have I given a true
heard the following sentence pronounced. statement of my hapless condition. What
“ Sure, the editor has rendered himself ridicu- | kind advice can you afford me, in aid of my
lous to insert such a composition, so inaccurate returning reason? If, through the medium
and devoid of all truth and virtuouis sentiment." of your very useful paper, you could throw a
The visionary fabrick of authorship, which my few rays of light on my benighted path, it
fancy had thus raised, soon melted away, like might serve to make me avoid some fatal
the splendours of a palace of ice when wafted precipice, that now, perhaps, lies unseen be.
within the torrid zone. I bad the address, fore me. Indeed, sir, I am to be pitied;
however, to conceal from my fair hearer the though my pride, as yet, prevents me from
deception ; although the traits of mortified confessing it, but to you, and in this manner,
pride might have been plainly visible, on my under the assumed name of
countenance. But this is not the measure of

Dear Confidant, my troubles. Last week an uncle of mine,

Your most obedient, who is much attached to books and their au

humble servant, thors, had influence sufficient to introduce me

: L'ESPION, into a club of the first men in the country At balf past eight in the evening, we arrived at the place of rendezvous, in a retired part of

POETRY. the city. But few were there; and thus we had an

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. opportunity of observing each as he entered. The last was a person of extraordinary powers

THE VILLAGE MOURNER. of mind, and to whom all the rest scemed to give the preeminence. The conversation

HERE, in this calm, sequester'd spot

Delight and peace once reign'd; was interesting, but they frequently adverted to things of which I was wholly ignorant. At

No sorrow knew this cheerful grotlength, in " the full flow of talk," they happen

No aching heart complain'd, ed on themes which roused my whole soul to

When modest dawn awoke the day trembling, to self examination and reproach. And cheer'd the dewy grove, Their great mani, their second Johnson, speak 'Twas with new joys to strew my way, ing of a noble author who rose some time ago For all my life was LOVE. a meteor in the horizon of literature, observed, & Strip his productions of their fine descrip

So when to shun the noontide ray tions, especially of the passions, and the skele

We sought the cool retreat, ton is hideous. The characters are universal

We pass'd the fleeting hour away ly bad, and the sentiments pernicious. You . In converse-0, how sweet ! feel when perusing them

Nor less at eve, when o'er yon heath

With lingering pace we mov'd, No high wish, no proud resclve,

How bless'd was I, for every breatlı Throb in the heart and Aush the cheek.'"

Spoke how Lavinia lor'd. He then adverted to their similarity to the

But now, alas ! how chang'd the scene ! novels that flood the country, and concluded with Schiller, Kotzebue, and others have

The gloom I feel, how deep !

The bow'r which once was pleasure's fane, treated the world with enough of robbers, and honour among robbers, and sentimentality

I now frequent to weep. among cut-throats." Some remarks were then For fell disease with ruthless pow'r passed upon romances, and they were condemi

Has snatch'd her from my sight; ed in toto. “ None but the shallow part of so. And all I lov'd in luckless hour ciety peruse these ephemeral productions, and Doom'd to the grave's long night. in a few years they will be entirely forgotten.”

Hear then my sufferings, silent shadle ! This was the first dawn of light, that served

Ye breezes, catch my sighs ! only to discover more distinctly my own meanness, and what was requisite in an author.

For there my dear Lavinia's laid Alas ! thought I, how diminutive I appear in

No more to bless these eyes. my own eyes, when compared with these !

The world's to me a dreary waste, How far am I from obtaining, not to say the ap Each day fresh woes I've prov'd, plause, but, if they knew my ignorance, even a And sorrow's bitterest dregs I taste moment's condescending attention from this In losing all I lov'd. learned and venerable body. Years of labori. ous study must roll over my head, and the

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. heaviest sighs of unavailing regret must rend

TO A LITERARY LADY, my heart, before I can even enter the path which has led these, and such as these, to

ON HER BIRTH-DAY. fame. Yes, I reflect, and it is with the deep

Dear maid, on this your natal day, 'est anguish, not only that the hey-day of youth

Permit an unknown friend is past, but I have contracted habits of think

A tribute of respect to paying, which will require more powers than 1

An admonition send. possess, and more time than God will give me, to correct. My knowledge in history is

I come no flatterer, to call nothing but a confused medley, mingled with

You angel, heavenly fairthose transactions described in our plays and

For human fate assigns to all romances. Dates are misplaced, and the secret springs, which perhaps gave birth to the

A life of toil and care. establishment, or the overthrow, of empires, But much I love your noble aim, are, in most instances, misunderstood, or whol.

Embracing classick lore ;
ly unknown. The classicks have been most
woefully neglected. My intellectual powers, Il

No fashion's votary shall claim
Your lofty peer to soar.

To keep your bosom ever freed
My prayer shall rise above,
From conscience, whispåring guilty deed,
And pangs of slighted love.
Adieu : May health, content, and peace
Your early dow'r be gir'n,-
With eacb revolving year increase,
Aad terminate in heaven.

Aux 2.

FOR THE BOSTOS SPECTATOR.
THE WHITE CLOVER.

THERE is a little modest flower,
It well might grace the sweetest bower ;
But poets never deigned to sing
Of such a little rustick thing.
Nor is it strange ; for it can shew
Scarcely one tint of Iris' bow.
Nature, perchance, in careless hour,
With pencil dry, might paint the flower ;
Yet instant blush'd, her fault to see,
And gave a double fragrancy-
Rich recompense for anght denied.
Who would not homely garh abide,
If gentle soul were breathing there
Blessings through all its little sphere !
Sweet flower! the lesson thou hast taught,
Shall check cach proud, ambitious thought;.
Teach me internal worth to prize,
Though found in rudest, lowliest guisc.

MIRA.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR

JOHN PARK,
By MUNROE & FRANCIS,

NO. 4 CORNHILL. r.
Price three dollars per annum, half in advance.
Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

pumbers,

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1814.

NO.XXXI.

POLITICAL

on the Essex. We cannot consent to give up I py in the enjoyment of peace, plenty and pros

our claim on the Spanish government, if it be perity-far removed from the scene of contest, FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

just, for the sake of criminating an enemy, of which had long deluged Europe in blood a Cotw of a letter from Cant. Porter to the | whom we can get no other satisfaction, than | plunged into a war, with a powerful nation, Secretary of the Navy.dated

what we are taking. We do not find that and not an individual in the United States can New-York. July 13. 1814. | Commodore Hillyar got the least advantage | tell why we now are enemies ! For more SIR_There are some facts relating to our over the Essex, by any thing he had said, nor than two years past, even the pretext on which enemy, and although not connected with sheby attacking her near the Spanish shore, rath- / we began hostilities has ceased. action, serve to shew his perfidy, and should i er than at sca. We do not discover that on Is it said that reflections like these are now be known.

receiving this promise, Captain Porter landed of no use-that they are too late that our On Com. HILLYAR's arrival at Valparaiso, | his guns, his men, or went to sleep. Where destinies are now out of the control of our ruhe ran the Phæbe close along side of the Es then was the perfidy of making an attack, as | lers, who have driven us to this extremity. sex, and inquired politely after my health, ob. soon as the inviolability of the place was relin It is not too late to hold those rulers responsi. serving, that his ship was cleared for action. I quished in his favour?

ble for the misery in which they have involved and his men prepared for boarding, I observo |. To those who are acquainted with the sub

our country. As our dangers thicken, and caed, « Sir, if you by any accident, get on board 1 ject, it will appear superfluous to recur again | lamities every day increase, it is time for jusof me, I assure you that great confusion will to the principle which applies in this case ; tice to awake. Shall a nation be ruined as take place; I am prepared to receive you, but but it seems necessary to observe once more- ours has been, and the authors of all this evil shall only act on the defensive.” He observed, the mistake lies in supposing the neutrality of escape with impunity? We hope for the honcoolly and indifferently, “ Oh, Sir, I have no

Valparaiso to have some bearings upon the our of our country, and the benefit of mankind, such intentions ;” at this instant his ship took | American and British captains as enemies to it will not appear that crimes which bring aback on my starboard bow, her yards nearly

each other ; whereas it had none. It only monarchs to the block are here to pass unpunlocking with those of the Essex.-I called all constituted a relation between each of them ished. hands to board the enemy ; and in an instant

and the government on shore. From the evi. my crew were ready to spring on her decks. dence produced by Captain Porter that the at- | . If the vulgar abuse of the English with Com. HILLYAR exclaimed, with great agita.

tack was authorized, we can discover no per- which our democratick papers teem, is written tion, “ I had no intention of getting on board

fidy, but in the conduct of the Spanish gover. for the mere purpose of gratifying their vulgar of you ; I had no intention of coming so near nozór towards us, his friends, and we are aston- readers, it may answer its purpose. But if you ; I am sorry I came so near you.” His

ished to find him so readily relieved from the | the author's imagine they produce the least efship fell off with her jib-boom over my decks; charge.

fect upon the character of that nation, they her bows exposed to my broadside, her stern

We must recollect almost the whole world will do well to consider how strongly the tide to the fire of the Essex-Junior, her crew is neutral in our present contest with Great runs aest them. To be an Englishman at the greatest confusion, and in fifteen minutes,

Britain. Shall we give this as a precedent, to this day, when the liberties of mankind are I could have taken or destroyed her. After show, that if nations professing friendship recovered by Great Britain's firmness in their

brought his ship to anchor, Com. Ku to us, withdraw that protection which is our defence, is indeed to belong to the legion of YAR, and Capt. T'Ucker of the Cherub, visited

right, and allow the British to destroy us with honour. Distinguished as that nation has me on shore, when I asked him if he intended in their territory, we shall take it in good part, been for centuries, in arms, in arts, sciences, to respect the neutrality of the port ; « Sir,” |

civilization ; for her general support of good said he, « you have paid such respect to the

enemy? We protest against this absurdity, civil government and religion, the suffrages of neutrality of this port, that I feel myself bound, and this is our only motive in making these the whole world, except our low revilers, will in honour, to do the same." I have the honour | reiniarks.

unite in this that she never stood so bigh in to be, &c. DAVID PORTER.”

glory, as in our age.

We have frequently seen calculations in the It is not only unjust but impolitick to assail The officers of our navy I believe yield the | publick journals of the number of dollars this her with abuse. They who do it pit them. palm to no nation, in seamanship and bravery.

war cost every minute of the number of selves against her, and the civilized world de These are the most essential qualifications, it

teams, which would be necessary to carry a cides in her favour. What then can a few cais true, for their stations. And since it is ex

year's disbursements—and the extent in lumniators expect in outraging general opinpected they should fight well, rather than

miles, which they would occupy. There are ion, but to bring contempt upon themselves ? write ably on subjects involving questions in

other considerations of still greater impor Would to Heaven the successors of Washingthe law of nations, it is a pity some of them tance, which we may well contemplate, and ton had inherited h are so fond of extra-official allusions to matters

at which Mr. Madison and his friends must com-then we should have been united in which it is not their province to understand.

shudder. How many thousand citizens of the her cause, which was no less our own. We

United States are now buried on the frontiers We do not hesitate to admit whatever Cap

should have participated in her virtues and tain Porter states as fact, to be fact-but when

of Canada, whose lives have been sacrificed in her honour. We should have been allied to

the invasion of that province, and the war is he offers an opinion, we feel at liberty to ques

her in a lasting friendship, insiead of having tion his correctness. He shows a strong dis

but now beginning. Probably twenty thousand incurred her just vengeance, wiļh not a friend position to fall in with the propensity of the veteran troops will soon be in our neighbours on earth to wish us success in our malignant war party, to make the British something hood, to oppose whom, the lives of at least as warfare. worse than enemies. He here pronounces | many of our brothers and our sons must be For the honour of our republick, let every the conduct of Captain Hillyar perfidious. If hazarded.

correct man aim to be just, to counteract the it was so, let him wear the stigma ; but

Lord Wellington's army is landing in Amer- odium which a few are so zealous jo de. where is the evidence that he deserves it ?

ica. What is their object ? What has brought serve. Our publick cause is bad-let private

them here? They came for our destruction ; magnanimity boldly display itself; that the pear that he promised never to fight Captain

conduct of a profligate government, and its Porter. He promised to respect the rights of

of their choice. They are sent in defence of partizans, may not fix disgrace upon our nathe Spanish government. Did he violate that

their sovereign's territory, and of the lives and iional characier. promise ? If, during his stay ashore at Valpa

property of his subjects. Mr. Madison deciarraiso, he obtained permission of the Spanished war against them, provoked their ven 1 The difference between federal and demogovernour to use his arms within his jurisdic- 1 geance, and the day of our retribution ap- \ cratick advocates of a navy is this. The lanter tion, (and Captain Porter has officially declar- proaches, if a peace is not soon effected.

are its friends, merely as it is an instrument ed this his belief) he did not violate the rights! When has the history of the world ever of war against Goat B of the territory where they met, in his attack i produced an event like this ! A country, hap- i port, if they can even now be said to give is

REMARKS.

any, will be withdrawn as soon as the war is, King of Norway and has made an official dec. to mention in good season, that she has scarce. ever. The federalists are, and ever have been laration, as such, of his intention to maintain ly had any appetite of late—that of course friends to it, as the permanent defence of com. | his throne.

| brings out the Huxham's tincture, or a little merce, to be rcgularly maintained, and increas. On the 4th of June the Emperour of Russia, Stoughton. ed, as the revenue of the country shall admit. Emperour of Austria and King of Prussia, left If she visits us in Autumn, when we are

Paris. The former and latter, with the illus- glad to have the windows down, she is sure to GENERAL REGISTER.

trious princes and personages of their suit ar- find it very close, and is astonished we can rived at London on the 6th.

live in a room so hot. As her countenance, in

Armaments for the American expedition this case, shows that she really feels as she BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 30,. 1814.

were in forwardness, the whole to consist of complains, the windows are thrown open, and

18,000 men, to be commanded by Lieut. Gen. we all shiver and perhaps get colds, for her EUROPEAN. An arrival at Castine from Lord Hill.

accommodation. If, at another season, we Rochelle, has brought London papers to Junc Commerce has again resumed its course in want to enjoy the fresh air, she is sure to be8th, and Paris, to June 14.

Europe-the great rivers are all filled with gin to tremble, and hint her alarm.. They bring agreeable accounts of the confir

shipping. The board of trade in England She obliges us sometimes with her compamation of peace and amity, among all the great nations of Europe-of the return of ar

have determined to grant to licences for any ny for several days at a visit then she is not port of the United States, whatever.

able to come down to half the meals, when the mies to their respective countries of the

Ten thousand British troops sailed from family are eating-but, in half an hour after completion of treatics and of the progress of France for Quebec on the 6th of June.

every thing is removed, she finds herself bet. civil liberty.

DOMESTICK. On Thursday evening, the ter, and then something must be prepared On the 4th of June Louis XVIII. repaired

anew, no matter at what trouble. to the hall of the Legislative body, and seated on the throne, addressed the assembly--then

with his Excellency Mynheer CHAUGULON, It would be as tedious to describe every caused to be read a declaration concerning the United States. minister from the Prince of Orange to the trick of this kind, practised on us, as it is

tiresome to attend to them. The grand obconstitutional charter, and afterwards the char

ject seems to be, to keep up a constant symter itself, being the form of government here

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. pathy-to excite interest to be an object of after established in France. We have not room for the entire form, but insert the Bill of

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

every body's care and attention.

Now of all methods of making one's self of rights-a sufficient proof that the restoration THE CONFIDANT, No. XII.

consequence, this os appearing continually a of the Bourbons, and the downfal of the Bona

On some future occasion, I shall take notice subject of compassion is the most injudicious. partean dynasty is a signal advantage to the

of the communication in my last number, on | The virtuous, it is true, will always indulge liberty of the French nation.

the pernicious effects, to young minds, of compassion for what is considered real dis“PUBLICK RIGHTS OF THE FRENCH PEOPLE.

reading novels, to the exclusion of every oth- i tress ; but a wise person even in real distress Art. 1. The French people are equal in the eye of the law, whatever otherwise are

er literary production. But, at present, I will be cautious of drawing too frequently or

shall occupy my limits with two short papers, constantly on that sentiment. However amiatheir titles and ranks. 2. They contribute without distinction, in

which have been some days on hand. One ble and benevolent some persons may be, it is proportion to their fortune, to the expenses

appears to be from a correspondent in town | a principle of human nature to shun pain. We the other from the country.

naturally wish to relieve the suffering which of the state.

To the Confidant.

we witness but, if constantly employed in the 3. They are all equally admissible to civil

SIR,Since Health is a blessing on which attempt, the object inevitably becomes repuland military employments. 4.

sive. We cannot but pity-and as, without Their individual liberty is equally guar.

the world almost universally set the highest

value, and one which is favourable to the dis y reasoning on the subject, every person antied ; no person can be prosecuted or arres

play of personal attractions,man object to | discovers that to pity is to feel pain-esery ted, but in cases provided by the law, and in

many, if not to every person who possesses person associates the idea of an individual inthe forms which that prescribes.

them, I am surprized that any one is ever cessantly demanding pity, with the idea of in5. Every one professes his religion with

found desirous of appearing perpetaally in- cessant pain. Who can reconcile themselves equal liberty, and enjoys the same protection

disposed. It is however not unfrequently the to that? Who would not fly from it ? I will in his worship.

case-and a more foolish, troublesome foible at least venture to say no friendship can coun6. In the mean time the Catholick, Apostolick Romish religion is the religion of the state.

does not exist. I shall state to you the in teract this natural aversion to pain ; no friend. 7. The ministers of the Catholick, Apostol

stance of a lady of my acquaintance, and hope ship can sustain the claims of interminable piiy.

the picture may fall under her eye-it may | The subject of protracted suffering may reick and Romish religion, and those of other

perhaps be of service to her and many others. ly on AFFECTION, and on this alone. Heaven modes of christian worship, receive support

Belinda was a young companion of my moth-has wisely so constituted the human mind, that from the royal treasury alone.

er's and is now an elderly associate of mine. I we identify the interests, pains, and pleasures 8. The French people have the right to

She was once handsome and blooming. The of those, to whom we are bound by affection, publish and print their opinions, in conformity

roses have not yet wholly faded on her cheek, with our own. While conscious that the beto the laws which ought to repress the abuse

and what they have lost in hue, they have loved object suffers, rue cannot but suffer, and of this liberty.

gained in expansion. Yet Belinda is or affects therefore absence is no relief. 9. All property is inviolable, without any |

to be the constant victim of disease, slight or I wish Belinda to understand that sickness exception of that which is called national, the

serious; and her chief care seems to be tha: it is a misfortune, and by no means an accomlaw making no distinction.

should never be forgotten by those around her. iplishment ; that, in affecting indisposition, she 10. The state can demand the sacrifice of

sacrifice of She often calls, to keep up her acquaintance makes herself perfectly ridiculous to every individual property for the publick benefit le

benent le with my mother, and is no sooner seated on one, whom she does not deceive ; and that gally proved ; but with a previous indemnity. I the sofa. th

the sofa, than she begins to recline on her she is much mistaken in her policy, with re11. All inquiries into the opinions of votes

| hand, and has a violent head-ache. It does spect to the effect on those whom she does given up, to the time of the restoration, are

not prevent her engaging in conversation, but deceive. She is one, who has so long carried forbidden. The same oblivion is enjoined on

gives her what I presume she thinks a very i her plaints wherever she goes, the sight tribunals and on citizens.

interesting whine. Sometimes the hartshorn of her announces a tale of wo-it is the 12. The conscription is abolished. The

gives relief-sometimes the distilled vinegar-| harbinger of pain and trouble. My mother is mode of recruiting for land and sea service is

but I have remarked the inost frequent cause of the kindest woman in the world. She sup. determined by law."

an intermission is my mother's absence. If poses Belinda to suffer all she pretends and The general treaty of Peace between

she goes up chamber, the head-ache goes off, her pity is sincere : but I see she now dreads France and the allied powers has been men

at once ;-the poor invalid immediately rises her visits, and is glad when she is gone. Betioned. It is now received, with distinct arti

and walks to the window for amusement- linda complains bitterly about the coldness cles relating to the peculiar circumstances of

looks about the room, or plays with my little and falling off of her friends. If she sees the several powers. The only addition to the

sister. If my mother returns, or any friend this, she will at least learn one reason. . limits of France, as they were before the revocomes in, the head-ache is soon as bad as ever. Your's,

NANNETTE. lution is a small portion of the Netherlands, This is not the only complaint. She is fre

To the Confidant. and a part of Savoy. Her empire now con- | quently very faint-and we have found out,

******* July 18, 1814 sists of 85 departments, with a population of that a little-weak brandy and water-or a lit-1

h a population of that a little-weak brandy and water-or a lito. SIR, I am not one of those who think that about 27,000,000 souls.

tle anise seed-or Noyau, gives her great re- the institution of the Sabbath and the settleChristian Frederick has taken the title of lief. If she is to dine with us, she takes care ! ment of regular clergymen, are to be conside

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