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France could not rightfully have any admirai, the state. At the death of Elizabeth, her ma- | In her glory's rich Autumn shall Britain remember, but simply a master or chef du flotte.

I pine consisted of forty-two vessels, none of And lrallow the goblet that flows to his name ! In the reign of Richard II. we find the first which, properly speaking, were of the fine ; use of a fire-ship ; a vessel was prepared, full two of these were of 1000 tons, and three of

Nor forget HIS grey head, who, all dark in affliction, of pitch, and carrying linen bags impregnated 900, each mounting 40 guns ; three others, of

ne, three others. of Is deaf to the tale of our victories won, with sulphur, for the purpose of setting fire to 800 tons, mounted 30 guns each ; and the re. And to sounds the most dear to paternad affection. the French fleet, which, however, in conse- mainder, from 700 to 20 tons, would not all! The shout of his people applauding his SON. quence of a tempest, escaped the calamity. | have been able to resist some of our frigates, By his firmness, unmoved in success or disaster. Artillery seems to have been brought into use or even a corvette singly. In the treaty of al. | By his long reign of virtue, remember his claim ! at about the same period, by Charles VI. of liance, which this princess concluded at Brus. With our tribute to Purt join the praise of his Master France, and obtained for him some considera- sels, on the 7th of January, 1578, with the

Though a tear stain the goblet that flows to his name? ble advantages.

Dutch, the latter engaged to furnish her with · Under Edward IV. the English marine was forty vessels, of which the least should be of Yet again fill the wine-cup, and change the sad meas. in a state of deplorable weakness ; indeed from 40 tons, which sufficiently proves that the marits origin, until the reign of Henry VII. it was | itime strength of the European nations was The rites of our grief and our gratitude paid, ever Aucluating according to the character of then but very inconsiderable.

To our PRINCE, to our Warriors, devote the bright the monarch, and the circumstances of the The discomfiture of the Spanish Armada, kingdom.

treasure, To Henry VII. is attributed the although produced, in a great measure, by the

. honour of having laid the foundation of the adversity of winds and waves, and by the diso.

The wisdom that plana'd, and the zeal that obey'd. naval power of his country, by turning the at- bedience of orders, on the part of the Duke of

| Fill WELLINGTON's cup, till it beam like his glory! tention of his subjects to their native riches, Medina Sidonia, in concurrence with the gal

Forget not our own brave DÅLHOUSIE and GRAENE; the wool, which at this time was exclusively lantry of the English, nevertheless formed an

A thousand years hence hearts shall bound at their manufactured by the Flemings, who purchased epoch in the naval history of this country of

glory, it at a very low price. He annihilated the high importance and distinction. The names And hallow the goblet that Aows to their fame. source of their wealth, by prohibiting an ex of Howard, Drake, Hawkins, and Frobisher, portation, which was highly prejudicial to his were proclaimed by the loud voice of cannon, own subjects. The Levant trade was first

ON MUSICK. and heard with appal. Elizabeth was big with opened to them under his reign.. ..

projects of retaliation, she immediately aug. WAEN through life unblest we rove The English marine did not improve much mented her sea forces, and sent out several Leaving all that makes life dear, under the reign of Henry VIII. He was flat- | squadrons, commanded by very able officers.

Should some notes we used to love tered with the idea of possessing a navy, and The plunder of Cadiz, by the Earl of Essex,

In days of boyhood, meet our ear, built several ships of extraordinary size ; but was severely felt by Philip.

Oh, how welcome breathes the strain ! of these, as they were chiefly calculated for pa

To be concluded in our next. rade, some were incapable of being launched,

Waking thoughts that long have slept ; and others lay rotting in the ports, perfectly

Kindling former smiles again useless. So little advantage did this capricious

POETRY.

In faded eyes that long have wept ! monarch derive from the opportunity, which the foundation of his predecessor afforded him,

SELECTED,

Like the gale, that sighs along

Beds of oriental flow'rs for the establishment of a naval force, that,

[It is not often the world is favoured with a when he declared war against France, he found

Is the grateful breath of song, song so elegant and interesting as the folhimself under the necessity of hiring vessels

That once were heard in happier hours. lowing. We do not know for what musick al Hamburgh, Lubeck, Dantzick, and Genoa.

Fill'd with balm, the gale sighs on, it was written, but it will be observed from Under the reign of Edward VI. tbe marine

Though the flowers have sunk in death : the measure and pathetick spirit of the of England was considerably improved : the

So when pleasure's dream is gone, lines, it may be sung in the air of “ The fisheries were encouraged, and the obstacles + EXILE OF Erin," slurring the notes at the

· Its memory lives in musick's breath! were removed which prevented the English

end of the sixth line, in each stanza, where from reaping the great advantages which those

Musick !-oh! how faint, how weak ! there is a syllable less than in the original of Newfoundland presented.

Language fades before thy spell ; · The marriage of Mary with Philip II. was song] :

Why should feeling ever speak,

From a late English paper. advantageous to this country in a commercial,

Thou canst breathe her soul so well. as well as in a maritime view. In order to

SONG,

Friendship's balmy words may feign ; forward the projects of her husband against SUNG AT THE ANNIVERSARY OF MR. PITT'S BIRTH-DAY,

Love's are e'en more false than they ; France, the Queen, at her own expense, fitted

CELEBRATED AT EDINBURGA.

Oh ! 'tis only Musick's strain out a fleet of 160 sail. The English landed in

Written by Walter Scott.

Can sweetly soothe and not betray. Bretagne, and captured Conquet : they were driven back, however, with loss; Calais was O DREAD was the time and more dreadful the omen, besieged by the Duke of Guise, and surren- When the brave on Marengo lay slaughtered in vain, | A French poet (PARCEVAL GRANDMAISON) thus dered to the French.

And beholding broad Europe bent down by her foemen, translates a passage from Tasso, giving a During the long and auspicious reign of Pitt clos'd in his anguish the map of her reign. I fine description of Elizabeth, her attention was never diverted Not the fate of wide Europe could bend his brave spirit. from tlie system which she first adopted of

To accept for his country the safety of shame ;

THE SPIRIT OF THE WAR-AORSE. extending the naval power of her country :

O then in her triumph remember his merit, that power continued progressively increasing

TEL Un coursier long-tems guidé par un héros,

And hallow the goblet that flows to his name ! I Volupteux époux, vit au sein des troupeallx ; from the first to the last year of her reign.

Mais s'il entend l'airain, tout-à-coup il s'arrête, Her ports were filled with shipping, her sea Round the husbandman's head, while he traces the firinen were excellent, and her admirals were

Il tressaille, il frémit, et redressant sa téte,

row, alike renowned and dreaded for their gallantry

The inists of the winter may mingle with rain,

Il respire la guerre en ses largés nazeaux ; and skill. Nothing further remained than the

Déja, déja terrible appelle ses rivaux, He may plough it with labour, and sow it in sorrow, creation of a royal navy, to accomplish which,

Déja croit, en volant sous le maitre qu'il aime,

And sigh while he fears he has sow'd it in vain arsenals were constructed, magazines provided,

Len heurter, les fouler, les ecraser lui-même. and naval stores collected. A resolution SO

He may die ere his children shall reap in their gladness; advantageous appropriated to Elizabeth the But the blithe harvest-home shall remember his

claim ;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR titles of restorer of the maritime glory of the nation, and queen of the northern seas. And their jubilee shout shall be soften’d with sadness,

JOHN PARK, However, we should not judge of the Eng.

While they hallow the goblet that flows to his name ! hish marine, at that period, by what we see it

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, at present ; the comparison would be neither

'Though anxious and timeless his life was expended, rational nor just. The number, the size, the

NO. 4 CORNHILL. thel In toils for our country preserved by his care, force of shipping are always proportionate to

Though he died ere one ray o'er the nations ascended, Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. the extent of commerce, the progress of nau. 1 To light the long darkness of doubt and despair ;

*Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding tical science, and the powers or exertions of The storms he endured in our Britain's December,

numbers. The perils his wisdom foresaw and o'ercame,

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, 1814.

NO. XXXIII.

term

XIS

POLITICAL.. . to the United States ;' but the President, Mr. ! objects but the conquest of Canada ? And

Jefferson, who best knows why, refused to rati. what by the second but the extension of do. FROM THE (LONDON] QUARTERLY 'REVIEW. fy the treaty to which this arrangement was an- minion over the whole continent of America Concluded.

nexed ; and since that period it had never from sea to sea ? - for till that is effected, it is « From the beginning of the French war,

been once insisted upon as a point that must be obvious that, stretch their territory as wide as America had very prudently and properly

settled for the preservation of peace between they may, they must still have other nations made the best of her situation. One of her

the two countries. In the arrangement with bearing sway upon their borders.' own writers has observed that

Mr. David Erskine, for instance, when the Ambition says the poet, is ra god-like She discovered no sympathy in the convul

Americans had every thing pretty much their fault ;' and whatever may be its criminality, it sions of a whole continent, no anxiety about

own way, the question of impressment is not so is apt to excite a notion that there is somethe sufferings of other nations, as long as those

much as hinted at among the conditions which thing grand and awful in the mind of which it sufferings opened new channels of commerce

they stipulated for the renewal of friendly in- Jis the predominant feature. When therefore and swelled the revenues of the state.'

tercourse with Great Britain. No-no. Or. a nation seis up for a conquering nation, it inWe think this sarcasm unreasonably severe.

ders in Council,' and impressment,' and · Pa- vites a scrutiny into its acquirements and preWe do not blame America for indifference-if

per Blockades,' (as they were impudently tensions, into its means of realizing mighty she had been in the strict sense of the word

| projects, or its capacity for bestowing splendid indifferent, between the contending parties in successively brought forward, as another be- | benefits, which would be altogether out of Europe, and had impartially respected the

came unavailable, to cover the noble ambition place with respect to a nation that busied itself rights of both belligerents. But of her partial

of conquest. The truth is not to be disguised. solely about its own affairs ity to France, since the abdication of Wash This war is on the part of America a war of A society of sober traders and peaceful husington, there can be no rational doubt. It conquest. The Sesostrises of ancient, or the bandmen, occupied in turning to advantage could not be to the principle of liberty in

Timours of later times, the • madman of the blessings of an abundant soil, and of opporFrance that America was favourable, since,

Macedon,' or the Swede,'--the " steady Ro-iune harbours, a society decent in morals, serithough her favour gilded in the first instance

mans,' or the modern Gauls, were not, and ous in piety, in manners neither rudely clownthe republican excesses of the earlier part of

are not more essentially conquerors in their ish, nor meretriciously refined-studious of the French revolution, its beams have continu- disposition, than the American government | personal liberty, and of national independence, ed to play with full lustre on the diadem of acting upon the politicks of Messrs. Jefferson but observant of the laws at home, and breaththe tyrant who now oppresses France and has and Madison.

ing peace and good will to their neighbours desolated Europe, and whose majesty, we

We think too (and candour obliges us to abroad ;-a society so framed, and actuated by know, loves the Americans.' Is it then en

avow that this consideration accounts, in some such principles, could not but attract the remity to England that lias been the pervading | degree, for that manifest partiality and subser: spect of aji inankind, and command their sym

viency to France, which have been attributed pathy if insulted by foreign power, er republican or despotick, whether lacerating to other and more degrading motives. Imita Such was ine" impression respecting the her own bosom with civil wounds, or carryil

' tion has been justly said to be the highest de- United Sta hastily. taken up, and fondly scourges, chains anet fire throughout Europe

gree of flattery ;. and a conqueror of this day cherished in this country, and generally the prevailing sentiment has still been enmity

naturally adopts Bonaparte for his model ; but throughout Europe ; an impression which the to England ; and the participation in' that sen that is a very different thing from being sworn | merely keeping quiet on their pari might have timent alone could (as it seems) account con- / to his service, or actually in his pay. Bent on left unexamined : sistently for an univarving partiality to France, ! the same objects, the acquisition o territory,- | hour. Exempted by their position from any throughout all the varieties of her atrocity, in one for the revival of the empire of Charle- | direct participation in this contests and calamiany nation not immediately within the scope of mague, the other for the aggrandisement of ties of the old world, they might have availed her power.

" the largest empire on the face of the earth,' themselves of the dreadfirl interval of the last Not that we are uncharitable enough to be -Bonaparte and Mr. Madison have assimila- | twenty years to grow ud flourish in noiseless lieve the war to have been undertaken by

ted, as far as circumstances would all prosperity ; and if, in the course of so widely America merely out of pure hatred to Great I low, their measures and their doctrines. If | extended hostilities, the wbiff and wind' of Britain. That such disposition exists in the Bonaparte had his continental system to siarve maritime conflict had sometimes unavoidably body of the American people, and that it has

Europe, Mr. Madison has his embargo to ruffled their peaceful sails, and retarded their long been studiously encouraged and fomented

| distress America. If Bonaparte proclaimed gainful adventures, they mighi surely have balby their government, we have no doubt : but that the flag covers the merchandize, Mr Mad. , anced against these trifling inconveniences the the war bad other motives.-Orders in Coun ison proceeds a step further, and declares that substantial advantages of a profitable neutrality. cil ? and impressment of seamen ?- That we it shall cover the traitor. If Bonaparte set up if sich had been the conduct of the United prosume no man is now so helpless an inno.

the doctrine of natural limits the Rhine, the States, and if Great Britain, iv resentment for cent,' as to believe. As to the Orders in Alps, and the ocean, Mr. Madison feels it this prudent and unoffending determination to Council, it is sufficient that (as we have al right not to be left behind in geograpliy, and preserve themselves from the contamination of ready observed) they were repcaled while the presently finds out that Canada is a nook ihe hustile mind, as well as from the shock of

which deforms the area of the United States on war was yet in embryo-before a blow had !

the hostile movements of Europe, bad wantoni. been struck or a cannon fired-while Mr. | one side, just as the Floridas cribbed and con- I ly jaraded the United States from Canada, Madison, though he might have forged his fined them on the other ; and that his great- / pracnidig somc fanciful necessity of removine thunderbolis, held them vet unlaunched in his est of empires' will never be expanded to its | a stranger's sway from the neighbourhood of red right hand. The impressment of British just proportions until the striped flag skall her provinces- with what inciignarion 'would seamen out of American vessels (usually de- / wave in right of dominion over the shores of all the world have raised their voice against scribed by the Americans, to be sure, as the Hudson's Bay and those of the Gulf of Mexico. | so uinjustiitable an aggression! Then, indeed. impressment of American seamen) 50 far The love of France, therefore, and the hatred tise Emperor of Russia, our ally, might have from being a cause of war, even in the view of of England were merely played off by the gor. | said, with truth, thai' the Americans I had the American government themselves, had ernment 10 keep alive the spirit of party, and I done all in their power to avoid a rupture never been brought forward, through six years

to reconcile the people to the policy of a war | with England." But reversing the picture, ard of negotiation, but as a matter for amicable of conquest, a policy the objects of which are belolding in the government of the United adinstment, if means of satisfactory adjustment | ingenucusiy avowed by Mr. Madison to be- | States the predetermined invader and would-becould be found. Adjusted we know it had the 'making of territorial reprisal for cccanick sovereign of Canada, indignation of aro.heir once been in the year 1806) in a manner, 1 outrages, and the ' pemoving oi texations | sort is roused against an item as prepositiwhich their negociators representeil io incir caused by the sway of oihar iations 10n ihrir ous as proficare. government as · bonourable and advantageous borders. What is meant by the first of these Admiracion ci shc enemy was ope cine. Sa

ent

tal impediments to a vigorous and salutary, dren-but an advantage will arise from it, no character of a majority of mankind, in all unanimity against France in the coinmence. thanks to the war faction--it will forever countries—they would then know that we must ment of this perilous war. A false and exag- guard the legislators of our country, whatever have profligate men among us-that those gerated estimate of America, not absolutely be their political character, against some very men will address themselves to the passions amounting to admiration, but something too | mistaken calculations, wbich have been in a and prejudices of the uninformed-ihat by nearly approaching to it, disinclined us from great degree the basis of our national policy | playing on those passions, they may gain conbelieving a state of war with the United States for many years. How grateful was every sequence and power. If they will but look possible, and from putting forth our whole proposal of commercial restriction to a consid back to the honest prejudices of our own revostrength against them at the moment when erable portion of the American community-tolution, they will be at no loss to discover that their, determination to be at war with us, was the democrats, because the anticipated ruin, a hatred of England was the passion which practically ascertained. The naval war alone our trifling self denial would bring upon Great might be the most easily inflamed, and that as would noi have disabused us of all our favour. || Britain, was their soul's desire-lo some men, it grew, those would be preferred by whom it able delusion. They have fought on the els calling themselves federalists, because they was most flattered. Such a train of observament of England with Britisha spirit ; may we feit what they considered a patriotick satisfac- tion and reflection would completely explain not add, in too great measure, perhaps, with tion, in contemplating the supposed proofs of the political history of our country the change the aid of British sinews ? But on that ele. our country's importance. We repeat it, this of administration which took place in 1800ment, let it be fairly acknowledged we have monstrous errour has originated, and obtained the whole system of hostile measures towards MUCH to commend in them, and we have STILL countenance for, many of the most perniciuus Great Britain, which followed, ending at last, SOMETHING TO REDEEM. As conquerors by measures of both Mr. Jefferson and Madi. inevitably in war. This has therefore not land, their success must have been an antidote son. The spell is dissolved the stupidity of been produced by the 6 god-like fault” ambi. to any thing but a mosi prurient desire of do- retiring « within our shell," to let Great Brit- tion an ambition in our rulers to set up our's minion. Their threats and their performances ain perish froin the want of our cominercial as a conquering nation-nol from any violent have followed each other in ludicrous contrast. aid, is manifest ; the system is universally hatred in Mr. Madison, and other leaders of The brave Canadians, true to their own char- scouted its advocates are ashamed-and will his party, personally against Great Britainacter, and to the cause of their sovereign, / scarcely own their lately boasted creed. This nor from any cordial love of France-110t have shewn that, even bad they been left to is certainly one step in our progress to per- against Orders in Council - not for « Free their own resources, they would have been fectibility which will benefit future generations. | Trade and Sailors' rights"_but because cher. equal to repelling a much more formidable foe. | We see, by these Extracts, the English are ishing such feelings as led to the war, and

But is it not to be lamented that all those perfectly aware, that neither the Orders in finally made it necessary, as a party measure, pleasing illusions should be rudely dissipated Council, nor the impressment of their seamen, was the best possible means for those who now through which America was viewed as anoth were the real causes of Mr. Madison's war. possess political power in the United States to er Arcadia-inhabited by creatures of faire! It is natural enough, that they should impute obtain it. than mortal mould ? Will not this tend to ex- it to a lust for conquest to the desire of exasperate the ani.nosities of war ? to defer the tending the boundaries of the United States ; GENERAL REGISTER. period of pacification ? and to make a state of for such an ainbition is not an unfrequent peace difficult to maintain ? Not a jot. The cause of war, and the advantage of conquering

BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, 1 814. Americans made war when it suited them :) British colonial territory has ever been urged they will make peace when it suits them—AND by our war politicians, as one, grand object to us. To live with a friend as if he were one be secured-one that certainly would be ob | DOMESTICK. Admiral Cochran has arday to become an enemy, is the cold-blooded tained.

'rived off New London with ten or eleven sail ruie of a worldly suspiciousness ; but to live But we do not think it uncharitable to pre of the line. His operations are already begun, with one who has been an unprovoked enemy sume, that in the publick measures of our

Last Tuesday evening, Com. Hardy approachas if he had never ceased to be a dear friend, democratick rulers, they never acted for the ed Stonington, with one 74 and 2 frigates, and would indeed be a piece of foolishness which nation--the concerns of the commonwealth | demanded a surrender. This being refused, no warmth of blood could excuse. Why not. were but a kind of machinery, so managed by be commenced firing, and the bombardment peace with America ? But it must be to the them as to promote their personal interest, and continued on Wednesday. The neighbouring terms of the treaty that we must look for with no other view. It would indeed diminish country was under arms, and mustering at the our security against another Canadian war ; | that detestation we feel for their conduct, if scene of action. It is supposed this is but a trusting little, after past experience, to mawk- / we could attribute it to no worse a principle 1 feint, and that the real object is to destroy our ish expressions of general philanthropy, or to chan an excess of patriotick ambition. . But we frigates, in the Thames. The first attack was fond theories of elective attraction ; liitle to cannot suppose these men only actuated by a

e these men only actuated by a repelled, but we learnt, last evening, the Britkindness, and nothing at all to kin."

desire to increase the power, the prosperity, or ish were returning with 7 sail. Stonington is

the happiness of the United States, or we but 14 miles from New London REMARKS.

must consider them as weak in intellect be - Our army remains at Fort Erie, and are We have devoted a few columns to these

to these | yond conception ; for every step they have ta- said to be strongly posted. The British are extracts rather than to original speculations, | ken has tended to degrade, weaken, and dis. | but four miles distant. persuaded that it is of importance that the

tress the nation. These effects have not re- 1 Commodore Chauncey sailed from Sacket's American publick should know, distinctly, I sulted from one unhappy decision : in that | harbour August Ist. He commands 225 guns. what effect, this war, and the manner in which

case, it might have been imagined a mistake Commodore Yeo, 207. News of a battle is it has been conducted, have produced upon but from a series of me

cupon but from a series of measures, pursued for daily expected. popular opinion in England ; and likewise, what

years, proving destructive in their operation The lower part of Virginia is in the greatis the probable disposition of politicians in that

I progressively overwhelining the people in ca. I est consternation. The inhabitants are retircountry, with regard to peace. We believe

lamity, and yet persevered in, with a pertinaci ing into the country, with their negroes and the writer gives a very fair representation of

ty, which was deaf to the most eloqueni remon. furniture, leaving their estates at the quiet dis. the favourable impressions formerly entertain

strances, unanswerable arguments, and even posal of the enemy. ed by his countrymen towards America, and demonstration itself. we have no doubt of his correctness in stating 1 The war and all the miseries we suffer, of a LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS that those impressions have very much altered,

publick nature, to confess the honest truth, since the war has shewn how much our com- I grew out of our form of government. The

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. mercial consequence to them was overrated. fear of confessing it has only a tendency to

THE RESTORATION OF THE GREEKS. There was a singularly strong delusion, on prevent the virtuous part of the coinmunity A COLD, speculating cosmopolite will say both sides of the Atlantick, as to the impor- from exertions to fortify where we are weak.

that we have no more reason to wish the tance of our trade and friendship to Great We have no room to discuss this important emancipation of the Greeks from ignorance Britain ; the eyes of the English have been

been subject at present ; it has only been suggests and despotism, than of any other portion of the

subiect opened, by Mr. Madison's grand experiment, led, because we find English speculators do

human family, equally debased ; and the zeal and in spite of national vanity, the true state of not yet well understand our case. If they which the learn

well understand our case. If they which the learned have always expressed on the case must be unfolding itself, pretty forci

would contemplate a community, where every this subject, he would consider as arising bly, to the senses of our visionary rulers. We office is directly or indirectly the gift of the merely from the

merely from the association of ideas-from an sincerely regret the enormous price we pay multitude where there is a constant competis attachment to the soil, country, and people, for for the national self knowledge we are acquir- | tion, before this umpire, between the virtuous | the sake otwiat ing ; it will hang like a millstone about our and the profligare

about our and the profligate --if they would observe her glory. Yet I think it not unreasonable to necks, and leaye debt entailed upon our chil. 1 what kind of materials compose the moral suppose the whole world would be benefitted,

COM

re

could the amor patriæ be so diffused among | ure and delight which was formerly participa- their due, and which every man of gallantry, the modern Grecians, as to enable them once ted by those whose relations and children were and especially a bachelor, ought always to obmore to take rank as a nation. That patriot-victorious in the Olympic games !"

serve towards them. They intimate that there ism would induce them to revive their ancient

was a pledge given, and as long as it remains language. Their statesmen would feel a

PATRIOTISM.

unredeemed, they have a right to think that, pride in speaking the dialect of Solon and Ly

like all other new projectors, I have promised curgus their orators would be stimulated by To die for one's country has ever been con- more than I meant to perform. the fame of Isocrates and Demosthenes-their sidered the most glorious termination of hu- ! I have been told by the editor that immediphilosophers by the wisdom of Aristotle and man existence. But those who are willing to lately after my first number, his list of subPlato--their poets by the imperishable charms expose their lives in war should remember, scribers was increased by the names of a of Homer and Sophocles. We should again that to die in battle is not always to die for great many young lachies under twenty; but that have valuable productions in a language which one's country. Fame gives no permanent lau- lately, some how or other, they have become has ever been considered the most beautiful rels to those who fall the mere instruments of impatient, and threaten to withdraw their patin the world.

an unprincipled faction they perish, scarcely ronage. As I was very much fattered by the Russia once proffered freedom to this de- pitied, and are soon forgotten.

first part of this information, so I am equally graded people ; but the plan was injudicious

troubled and mortified to learn, that any of and proved wholly abortive. Greece cannot

my fair readers-are about to give me up ; and be restored to the list of nations, until she is

THERE is a common saying in the world

being extremely desirous to induce them to civilized and enlightened. It is not by prethat “ a great man's sons will most likely turn

persevere, will very readily and cheerfully resenting a man with a musket, that he discoy.

out blockheads," and yet the first impression is new all my former obligations. I must at the ers his rank in the scale of being, or becomes al ways favourable to the “ well-born.” Without

same time, however, remind them of the fable tenacious of it-it is by raising him from igno- imputing any thing to physical causes

of the father and his sons. They will rememrance-by expanding and exalting his ideas.

deed but natural to expect; that the youth, ber that the old gentleman being upon his We are happy to find that an experiment is

whose early intellect is formed by a parent of

rmed by a parent of death bed, called his sons and told them, that now making and with some prospect of suc. an exalted and rich understanding - who has I there

there was a rich treasure concealed in his cess, with a view to introduce a knowledge of

owledge of the advantage of his instruction, his advice, I field : but did not point out the particular spot

the advantage of his instruction, his advice, field ; but did no literature, of the arts and sciences, into that

arts and sciences. into that his example, and good society, should himself where it might be found. The sons set themcountry which once gave them to the world, be distinguished among those whom Provi.

selves to work, digging and turning up the There has recently been established, at Bucha- dence seems to have less highly favoured.

soil, in hopes to find the treasure, and at last rest a school, or rather a college, the advanta This, it is true, is frequently the case ; but it realized it in the cultivation of the field. I ges of which are expected to be gradually dif. | is no less true, that the saying we have quoted,

would observe upon this occasion, that alfused among its southern neighbours. It was hbours. It was like most others of popular currency, has some

though my young friends may not suddenly obinstituted by a very extensive and respectable | foundation in experience.

tain the sought-for treasure, yet if they continsociety, consisting of nobility, clergy, other lit.

That the sons of great men do not always ue to visit this my little garden, which I erary men and the principal merchants of the justify the reasonable expectations, which are have opened for their reception and amusetwo provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia. | naturally formed of them, is in a great meas.

ment, they may occasionally pluck a flower to Among many other important objects of inure the fault of the world ; and as the world

adorn their native charms; or which transplantstruction are Mathematicks, Philosophy, Histo. is not very tractable, nor much interested in ed to the fair and more fruitful field of their ry, Poeticks aad the ancient Greek, and four

own minds, will flourish and produce the fruit years ago, the students amounted to between

course. It is however the parent's duty, who of their highest hopes and desires. Or, to three and four hundred. Tbe spirit with which

has a deep interest at stake, and is invested leave the metaphor, and talk in plainer terms. this institution is conducted, and which it is

I am in hopes that by gleaning here and there the object of the founders to diffuse among | influence of the world, on the character of his

a sentiment, imitating an example, or improve the pupils, will be best understood by what we offspring, who are particularly exposed by his ing upon some idea or allusion, they will may consider a “ Commencement" address of ommencement" address of own eminence.

eventually obtain the reward held out to enthe President. It was delivered in modern

The young are prompt to discover what se- / gage their pursuit, and which we suppose is Greek, and we trust that it is not being too cures the favour of those around them, and on

equally desirable, within the time prescribed. sanguine to indulge a hope that among the this, whatever it be, they will generally value

Among a great number of letters which I fruits of this establishment, the world at no dis- ! themselves, or rely, the most. It is owing to

have received upon this subject, some with tant period may witness the restoration of a this, that, among young ladies, personal beauty nation, to whose ancient splendour mankind

ur mankind / is so frequently unfavourable to the cultivation one from a young widow, who has worn her will be forever indebted. of intellect ; and it is owing to this, that when

mourning, as she informs me, six months; but “ Young Gentlemen, the son of a great man finds that society re

who it seems is ready upon any necessary oc" The system which you now see established ceives him with partiality, and he knows it is

casion to leave them off ; she therefore wishes tw. in the school is but a prelude to further pro- ! because he is akin to excellence, he is apt to

to know, whether, if I was to publish any particceedings. Of you nothing more is required rest satisfied with what seems to satisfy the

ular rules, it would be proper for her to obThan diligence labour submission to vour world, and is little disposed tolabour tor apo serve them.. whilst she continues her weeds. masters, and good morals, whereby you may God morals, whereby you inay plause, when he finds it bestowed gratuitously.

I might fill up a whole paper with these adprove yourselves worthy disciples of philoso

The parent, conscious of his own popularity,

dresses, but as I am so much more given to phy. This hand, which now blesses your

s chula | compose than to transcribe, and think so much progress, will one day crown you with laurel. against this mistake, for it destroys that spirit

more of my own writing than of other people's, The muses have not forgotten their ancient

I of emulation, which is an essential stimulus to I shall lay them all aside, except two, which I abodes on the summits of Olympus and Par his exertion. Undervaluing the acquisition of

will here give my readers entire ; after reDassus. Thither, after having traversed the knowledge, he will probably be first indolent, questing my fair correspondents to accept, as whole of Europe, they will once more return.

then dissipated. He still relies on his patri. an answer to them, the observations already And if the students of Wallachia are able to

monial stock of reputation, and for a time the made in the foregoing part of this number. keep pace with them, what eternal renown will world are indulgent both to his vices and stu.

To the Writer." they not acquire, what glory for Waliachia ! | pidity-until at length he is ruined, and then You, indeed. may be called truly fortunate, they exclaim---strange, that the son of so great |

they exclaim---strange, that the son of so great Sir,-As I am a subscriber for the Boston who have to run this illustrious career tól a man should prove so great a blockhead! Spectator, I have read all the papers of the which your fathers were not summoned.

Writer, and I will tell you plainly, sir, I have Strive, therefore, to shew yourselves worthy

been rather disappointed. There was certain

THE WRITER, No. XIV. of this heavenly gift, and of our patronage

ly something flattering in the first number, and labours.

I HAVE had intimations from several differ and though I did not understand it all, yet on “ From you your country expects the im- ent quarters, of having raised hopes and ex" the whole I thought it promised well ; and I provement of its condition, to you your parents pectations, which I shall be called upon to fuldid expect that, after some of your professions look for consolation in their old age. By la- | fil. The female part of the community, I un- and declarations, you would have given us bour and industry alone you can prove your derstand, were picased with certain promises | more profitable amusement than what is congratitude both to your country and to your

in my first number, but are soinewhat disap.tained in your Shamuis, your dry dissertations parents. Oh may your country one day see pointed that I have said nothing upon the sub-on Time, or your advice to Christopher Cholyou crowned with laurel! May your parents ject since, nor paid them that attention and crick, gentleman. Now, sir, as I belong to a and your fellow-cizizens enjoy the same pleas. homage, which they very rationally think are' reading party, consisting of very young ladies,

me

you can easily imagine we are all cager after i all Dutch trading vessels, against which, the for in the following year she fitted out a deet improvement, and desirous of qualifying our- high-spirited admirals who had fought their of seventy-one ships of the line, besides twenty. selves for a higher station ; I must therefore battles with such stubborn bravery, renonstra- | one vessels under the command of Marechal inform you that I am authorized by our whole ted in vain.

Tourville. Williain however, at his death, circle to let you know, that we look for more Cromwell framed the famous act of naviga- lest his marine in a flourishing state. It coninteresting matter in your papers ; and if | tion, probibiting all nations from importing in- sisted of 282 vessels, of which 130 were ships you do not conform a little better to the ten- to England, in their bottoms, any commodity, of the line, from the first to the fourth rates our of your first number, we shall not think which was not the growtb or manufacture of inclusive ; to arm these completely, 10,469 you any longer worthy other notice.

their own country. But the usurper, on ac- pieces of cannon were required, together with Per order,

count of his war with Spain, was obliged to al. 61,119 seamen and marines. HARRIET HIGHHOPES, low the Eoglish merchants, as before, the use

To be concluded in oar next. of Dutch bottoins. When Charles II. ascendS18-I HAVE searched all your papers from

ed the throne, not having the same necessity, your first number, for your rules, &c., but it seems you have forgotten the subject of which he issued orders for immediately carrying the

POETRY. bill into effect. you there pretended to have so much knowlCharles II. not only augmented the number

FROM THE NEW YORK SATIRIST. edge. If you are waiting for us to apply to

of his vessels, but endeavoured to render the you publickly for instructions, you may wait sea service more respectable, by inducing the

NEW BOOTS. in vain, for all me ; for I would let you know, that I hope to obtain all the advantages you English nobility to enter into it. He created

“ These boots were never made for me,
his brother, the Duke of York, lord high ad.
hint at, without asking your advice.

They are too short by balf;
miral, and had one of his own sors entered as
TABITHA TOUCHY.

I want them long enough, d'ye sce,
a common sailor, on board a ship of war. Fi-

To cover all the calf.”
nally to compensate the sea officers for the
SKETCH

scantiness of their appointments, he granted " Why, Sir,” said Last, with stificd laugh,
OF TIIE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE NAVAL them certain perquisites, and allotted them " To alter them I'll try;
POWER OF GREAT-BRITAIN.
an increased share of prize-money.

But if they cover all the calf,
. Continued.
The tug of war was never more obstinate

They must be--five feet high !
JAMES assumed the “ empire of the seas," than in the engagements between Charles and
and offended at the pretensions of the Dutch the Dutch : the highest gallantry was display-
to maritime equality, fitted out in the year
ed on both sides, and fortune alternately smil-

LOVE AND REASON. 3604, a squadron, in order to render his fag ed on both the combattants. In one of these

ANONYMOUS. respected; the instructions to his commander,

engagements, when the Eaglish were Jefeated Sir William Monson, were to exact the salute

with considerable loss, chain-shot was used, If Love and Reason ne'er agree, . to the flag, and to maintain the riglits, which

for the first time : a deadly invention, it was And Virtue tremble at his pow'r, the English monarch claimed, particularly that supposed of the pensionary De Witt. After

May Heaven from Love pronounce me free, of the herring fishcries. James however ad

And guard me through each tender hour! ded nothing of consequence to the naval pow.

always' destructive to both, a treaty was con

cluded at Breda, by which the honours of the er of England : during his whole reign, he

But if the pleasures Love bestows built but nine vessels, the crews of which

flag were once more ceded to the English. ire such as Reason, pleas'd, allows, were from 150 to 300 men each...

But the French monarch, Louis XIV. contem Are such as smiling Virtue knows, The unfortunate Charles endeavoured to plated the ruin of the Dutch, and notwithstand

To Love I'll pay my solemn vows. compensate for the negligence of his father : ing the unpopularity of the measure in Eng

And such they are for loose desires he gave orders for the building of eighteen

| land, he found no great difficulty in prevailing ships, of which four were remarkable for their

But ill deserve the tender name ; on Charles to assist in the completion of his large size, although the crews allotted to each

They blast, like lightning's transient fires,
| mighty projects. War was renewed, but when
did not exceed 250 men.

And love's a pure and constant flame.
The attempts, which

| the Orange party acquired their ascendancy,
this monarch made upon the French coast, im.
and the De Witts were massacred in the city

Love scorns a selfish, sordid bliss, pressed upon the government of France, whose of Amsterdam, the rivalship terminated be

And only for its object lives ; naval strength was at this period particularly tween the English and the Dutch : the latter

Feels mutual truth endear the kiss, reduced, the necessity of establishing a marine. had no longer any one to inspire them with

And tastes no joys but those it gives. Cardinal Richlieu, being appointed superinten

courage ; they sued for peace, consenting in dant of séa affairs, soon perceived the full ex

the most unqualified manner, that the honours tent of the resources of his country, and the of the flag should be paid to all the vessels of

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR, rank which she was entitled to hold among

Charles throughout the whole extent of the the maritime powers of Europe, by her natural four seas, which surround the British Isles

TO ***Hoteles spankkikolatok tabletten advantages, her geographical situation, and the that is to say, from Cape Finisterre to the cen

It is not mine, dear maid, to tell favourable situation of her ports,

tral part of Staten-island on the coast of Nor

This great minister ordered timber to be collected from way.

How much I dread to say “ farewell,"

From this time, the naval power of the all parts of the kingdom, magazines to be

Or how I fear the sad “ Adieu" formed, and vessels purchased ; he had several Dutch declined, and the rivalship was transfer

When I must haste 2 way from you. ships built, among which was La Couronne, red from Holland to France, who, during the

When beyond the pathless sea, 120 feet keel and pierced for 72 guns. This continuance of the war, impolitically protract

I'm far away, from home and thee ; vessel astonished the seamen of that day, who ed by Charles, became experienced in naval

If brighter visions gild thy sphere, regarded it as the greatest efort of the art. | tacticks. During the minority of Louis XIV.

France can scarcely be said to have possessed The rivalry of the Dutch and English, under

O think, my love, that I am ncar. the usurpation of Cromwell, for the empire of

a marinc. The lofty genius of Colbert saw But (heav'n forbid) in misery,

| the defect, and with astonishing celerity he the sea, produced perhaps, in both countries,

Should ever tear-drop fill thy eye, some of the best admirals and the best sailors

remedied it. Ship-builders were invited from Behold me haste to thy relief, that the world ever saw. Who could have opHolland : mast-makers and anchor-smiths arri.

Believe me nigh to share thy grief. posed Van Tromp, de Witt, and Ruyter, but

ved from Sweden ; rope-twisters, sail-makers,
&c. from Riga, Hamburgh, and Dantzick ; ar-

Honkastetoonde postala postala bratste tiek tertente todos esteste toata tara todos todos los hoteles kolekt*********** Deane and Blake and Monk ?

******** The death of Van Tromp, in his last en senals were built and vessels constructed in cvery port, and in the year 1667, the Duc de

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR gagement with Monk, broke the courage of the Dutch, and seemed to prostrate all their Beaufort had the command of a fleet at Brest,

JOHN PARK, strength. They were totally defeated, and the

consisting of fifty ships of war. After a time, peace which ensued was dictated in the lofti. however, France declined in her maritine ex

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, est terms by Cromwell, who stipulated that

ertions, and the battle of La Hogue decided neither the Prince of Orange, nor any of his the ascendancy in favour of England. Yet

NO. 4 CORNHILL. descendants should be invested with the digni.

William, by this mighty victory, which blasted Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. iy of the Stadtholderate. He also obtained, forever the hopes of the expatriated James, by ..S

** Subscriber's may be supplied with tåe preceding by a sort of tacit assent, the right of searching no means destroyed the naval force of France, I

numbers.

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