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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1814.

NO. IV.

POLITICAL.

received, translated, and kept on file as a pub-1 Again : “ I have thought it my duty to sublick document.

mit to the wisdom of your government the FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

Those who know the dependence of French new chances, which the changes brought about

ministers on their sovereign, will not doubt that in Europe offer to the commercial interests of Reflections on the influence which France has

| it was written, not as the National Intelligencer the United States, and the inconveniencies had upon the councils of the United States.

asserts, through the intemperance of the minis- which may result from their refusal to accede TURREAU'S LETTER. ter, but by direction of the Emperor.

formally to the principles of the maritime The refusal, within the last week, of the That the people may judge whether it rer- confederation." majority of Congress to suffer any investigation its the attention bestowed upon it by the inde This letter was written in 1809, three years into the manner in which this famous letter pendent minority in Congress, we shall give before our war. It proves, 1. The formation was withdrawn from the department of state, them some extracts under different heads. of a direct conspiracy to crush Great Britain, has given a double interest to the subject, First, its contemptuous expressions as to the under the pretence of a maritime confedera. while it affords a new and dreadful proof of people and government of the United States. cy, at that period. the secret influence of France. Let us simply Remarking on the haste, with which our 2. That the United States bad done every review this transaction.

government received the overtures of Great thing but make a formal accession to this conGreat Britain sends a minister to this coun- | Britain, (a haste which no man but a French federacy. try with the most ample plenipotentiary pow- envoy ever perceived,) Mr. Turreau says,

3. That the embargo, though an informal ers. The Frencl minister, alarmed, addresses “If I have supposed that this haste was act, in the views of that “ maritime confederato our government an insolent letter, begin- | necessary to satisfy the wishes of a people of tion,” was not sufficient to satisfy the Empe. ning with these words : « The Federal Govo whom foresight is not the first virtue, others ror, but that he threatened them with great erninent is going to settle all its differences | may see in it a precipitation perhaps dange- inconveniencies, if they should refuse to join it with Great Britain, and to make a treaty of rous, and if it does not wound (ne blessait pas) formally. amity and commerce with that power." He the dignity of the Executive, may produce I These inconveniencies were, 1. The seizure then proceeds to mingle threats with sarcasms, consequences prejudicial to the true interests of our ships in France. 2. The imprisonment and intimates that there must be no “ rap- of the United States."

of our seamen. 3. The burning of all the prochement" with Great Britain.

In this single sentence we have a sneer at American commerce found on the ocean. The French minister is requested to with the capacity and intelligence of our nation, a

These inconveniencies were accordingly indraw this insolent note. He refuses. He is sarcasm on our executive, and an attempt to ficted. In vain did our President take the neither dismissed, nor required to explain. Mr. dictate to the United States the true policy palpable hint, and dismiss Mr. Jackson. Jackson, the British envoy, arrives. In the which they ought to pursue.

This was not a “ formal accession to the course of discussion, he, in a very covered Yet this letter was permitted to be with principles of the confederacy." The war was manner, insinuates that a fact was known is drawn, and only served to hasten the dismissal necessary to effect the point. Serrurier's our government, the knowledge of which they of Mr. Jackson !!!

letters would show, that this measure was de. disavowed. He was right in point of fact, and Again, under this head : 6 The American manded, and his Bank account might very well pointed out the evidence of his assertion. | Government has appealed to the rights of neue | explain the means by which this formal act of

He is not asked to withdraw his letter ; butirality, and until now have endeavoured, by confederacy was produced. There are other is instantly dismissed with circumstances of proceeding's which I shall not permit myself to | points of Turreau's letter which may be worunusual asperity

give a name to, to draw near to Great Britain, thy of future notice. When this dismissal is known, Turreau con- ! while it injures France," &c. &c. sents and is permitted to withdraw his letter | There is also an intimation, of so base a THE government paper now blows cold secretly, and no notice is taken of the insult. conduct on the part of America, that a French again. The publick must not be too sanguine Can a more shameful political act be even con- minister cannot find terms to express it. And that a peace can be effected with England. ceived of? As to any such act ever having what was this conduct? Because our govern Great loans are to be obtained, and great prebeen committed, History can furnish no paral- ment was too friendly to Britain, and too hos parations are to be made for prosecuting the lel to it. Yet the facts are stated in Congress tile to France !! A singular charge, and war !! by a member-evidence offered to be given at proving that no condescension, short of a sur This shallow artifice is adopted by the min. the bar of the House and an inquiry is sti- | render of our territory, would be deemed a istry, evidenily with a double design. In the fled. Why? Because the facts could be performance of our duty !!

first piace, that the dreadful note of preparaproved, have been proved to the satisfaction of The views bowever, entertained on this lion muy echo, across the Atlantick, and help the publick, and an impeachment of the Presi- head, are more amply detailed under what we the utterance of our ministers, at Gottenburgh. dent must have followed the disclosure of shall make our second class of charges. Great Britain, who has successfully arrayed them. So long as it rests on the assertion of 2. The expectations which France nad of

expectations which France nad of herself in glorious armour in a war of defence Mr. Hanson not under oath, so long the tools our entire submission.

against the nations of Europe, able to bring a of France will deny the fact : An end would “ My correspondence,” says Turreau, “ with inillion soldiers into the field to crush ner, is be put to the discussion by an investigation by your predecessor (this shows there are some to be frighted out of her claims, and into a the house.

terrible letters yet undiscovered) is enough to treaty by the prospect of having to fight an But what have they done to get rid of i: ? convince you, sir, that I have not left hiin ig| Arnistrong and Wilkinson, with fifteen or twenCongress have called upon the President, the norant of the dangers of the crisis of Europe, ty thousand troops!! This is a manœuvre only culpable person, to lay before Congress and its inevitable effects on the destinies of worthy of Mr. Jefferson : he must have sugsuch evidence as he may deem proper to com the United States. Positive information has gested it. . municate, relative to this letter

enabled me to raise the veil, which yet covers | The second design of this check on publick Monroe will then prepare a port, in the designs of the first powers of the political hope is to blind the people, as to the real which he will make many learna tinctions world.”

cause of this sudden change of conduct tobetween « language official and language con That is to say, « I have disclosed to your wards England. They vainly imagine, by fidential ;" wiil state that this letter never was predecessor the secret views of France, and the such bungling legerdemain, that the trepida. on file, but was voluntarily withdrawn. In effects which those views will have on the tion which Russian thunder has produced, on other words, “ Jackson's was a British, and destinies of the United States.”

the nerves of our President, will be concealed. Turreau's a French insult,” voila la difftr. Such is the fair construction of that lan That if a peace be made, it may be attributed ence! !

guage ; and it is little short of a declaration, to the attitude of our government, and not to It is now a fact, settled and ascertained, that that the Emperor had prepared to legislate their fears, which will be the truth. Turreau's letter was an official one, regularly for, and arrange the future fortunes of this But these vain attempts can have no other addressed to the department of state, the.e | country.

| effect on the mind of the publick, than to heighten the indignation and ridicule,which now and prosperity of the nation ; and they must, though the French funds are said to have ris. fall upon the administration. The time and cir- l retreat from the situation, in which they have en, from the prospect of peace. cumstances of this pacifick mood leave no possi- placed themselves, as they can. Let it be re.). Lord Wellington is before Bayonne with a bility of misconstruction. Every effort to make membered forever, that WASHINGTON recog. | formidable army. something new,out of the old British proposition, nized the claim, against which Mr. Madison ! Nothing of a distinct account, has yet arri. existing ever since difficulty has been pretend- prosecutes a war, oppressive by the enormous ved, from the northern borders of Italy. ed, is a proof that dismay is at the bottom of prodigality of expense, and fruitless, except in The Emperour alleged as a motive to all this change in appearances.

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the defeat of all his military operations. The arouse his reluctant Senate, that France was Bonaparte has a second time galloped back nation was happy in the enjoyment of its es. | invaded, both on the North and South : and by to France, with whip and spur, baffled, defeat sential rights, as secured by treaties, the fede our advices received yesterday, it appears that ed, and all his projects ruined ; and were even ral constitution and the first administration. the allies had actually crossed the Rhine, in 66 Copenhagen Jackson" now to visit Washing. Those who now rule, fomented discontent, by several places, between the 10th and 13th ton, he would undoubtedly be treated with as proinises to acquire new concessions ; a part of November. This step is not represented as much civility (if Bonaparte is down) as he

taken for conquest, but security. As long as was before, with insult.

er, have seen the effects of their folly, and will the Emperour threatens renewed hostilities, the

now witness, with complacency, the down al of will seek, and we trust, triumph over their foes. The nomination of Mr. Clay, as minister in those by whom they have been so fatally deceived. The allies have formed a strong line, which the place of the alien who was insultingly sent We have never been of those, who conceive completely cuts off Davoust, by last accounts by our President to Russia, is considered by the policy, which has almost ruined the United near Hamburgh, from the possibility of a re. many, as a proof that no views of peace are States, to have resulted from an abstract love treat to France. His surrender or destruction entertained by our cabinet.

of France, in the party who opposed the ad- may be soon expected. It is said he evacuaWe shall not pretend that Mr. Clay is a l ministrations of Washington and Adains, and ted Hamburgh, on the 9th November. suitable inau to represent the United States, or now govern the republick. The aggrandize Mr. Crawford, the American envoy, has been that one of our most boisterous swaggerers for ment of that nation, at the expense of the lib- recognized as such, by the French government. war, is the most promising messenger of erties of Europe, could neither benefit nor DOMESTICK M

DOMESTICK. Mr. Madison has nominapeace. But of this we are persuaded, that if | gratify them as citizens of the United States,

persuadell, that if | gratily them as citizens of the United States, 1 ted Mr. Clay, Speaker of the House of Repre. it be found expedient to make peace, the most but the contrary. The interest wbich swayed violent democrat will be as prompt an instru- them, however, was.of a stronger nature than i

prompt an instru. | them, however, was.of a stronger nature than I ceed to Gottenburgh, to join Messrs. Adams ment as any other. The questions to be agi- any speculative, foreign partjality ; it was their

and Bayard, in treating with Great Britain. It tated are extremely simpple. Shall we con- own; the prospect their only prospect of

is the best school Mr. Clay could attend, to sotinue war fur rights, which no maritime nalion personal consequence and emolument. As it

ber his mind, and cure his egregious follies. admits, or not. Mr. Clay can read Bulletins | happened, this, bound them to France more

A bill is before Congress for increasing the as well as a better man, and will therefore strongly, than could have been effected, by fa

bounty and wages of soldiers, with a view to know when to sign and seal, or raise objections. yourable prejudices, secret compacts, treache

raise a large army. Appearances announce a rous correspondence, or bribery. This sub

prosecution of the war, with increased zeal. Mr. Troup's compliment to the Army. servience was convenient to France ; her |

The Secretary of the Treasury, demands a strength and success, essential to them. They On the 13th instant, the House of Represen

loan of about Thirty Millions of dollars. for tatives in Congress resolved into a committee grew bolder, as her power extended-dissen- | the vear 1814.

the year 1814, above the expected revenue tions have existed among them, since she was of the whole, on a “ bill for filling the ranks of

from all our taxes, new and old ; and this too, checked, and with her defeat, they will fall, the army of the United States, and encourag

| before the bill for a large increase of the army ing enlistments.”

had passed.

It is very possible Great Britain may be wilMr. Troup, a distinguished wati man and

ling to modify her claims upon her seataring democrat, who had made the motion for this

Errour.-In the Latin motto, at the head of the Po. subjects, or rather the manner of securing etry, in our last, for pollicitus, read, pollicitis. committee, thus described the poor fellows wlio

them. She will unquestionably relinquish the are now perishing on the northern frontiers of New York.

practice of search and impressmert, if she

can be assured they are not in our vessels. Any LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. « Every means ought to be employed to fill

effectual regulation on the part of our governup the ranks, and it could only be done by an

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR. ment, to that purpose, would save her a very increase of bounty, as money was the grand troublesome and ungracious task; and would

EVERY system, administered by man, is lia. stimulus to man. It appeared that when the secure to American seamen exclusively all the

ble to be affected by the imperfection of his bounty was forty dollars, they enlisted five, to one when it was sixteen, though the former advantages, which they have so largely shared

nature. No sage ever yet invented a plan of with foreign competitors.

government, however unexceptionable in its enlistments were for five years and the latter

principles, which, in its application, has not suffor one. But the 40 dollars bounty was in

fered from folly or wickedness. Nor is relitended to operate upon a certain description of

GENERAL REGISTER. gion itself, though the gift of heaven, secure persons, such as the IDLE, DISSOLUTE and VA

against abuse ; for man, imperfect man, for GRANT, such as were found in cities and DRAM

whose use it is bestowed, and into whose hands SHOPS; that resource was now exhausted ; and BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 22, 1814. it must therefore necessarily be entrusted, the enlistments were scarcely sufficient to sup

sooner or later, tinges it with his folly. ply the deficiency arising from ordinary caus EUROPEAN. Soon after crossing the But every defect, introduced by human eres. If by an increase of bounty and pay, they | Rhine with the remains of his army, Bonaparte | rour is capable of being remedied by human could operate upon the yeomanry of the coun

| returned to Paris, where he arrived on the wisdom ; and it is honourable and commendatry, or farmers' sons, the source would be in

| 16th of November. The Senate was convened. | ble to reform abuse, both in church and state. exhaustible."

They recommended to the Emperor to pro- ! The misfortune is, that the uninformed or Mr. Troup has probably had his information

pose peace ; the haughty despot declined, in a | the unprincipled, under the pretence of refrom the Secretary at War, who has been on a

rage, and demanded a new levy of 300,000 con forming errour, frequently become champions visit to these “ idle, dissolute, vagrant, dram scripts. The Senate obeyed, and have order- of innovation, even in long established and the shop"heroes ; but if a federalist had publickly ed the draughts to be made from the old

most essential points, merely because their ammade such a concession, he would be denoun

troops, which had been discharged from ser bition is defeated in every other prospect ofreachced as inviting the British to an attack.

vice, and new classes, anticipating the draughts ing distinction. Thus we often see self styled

contemplated by law, to the year 1816, inclu patriots parties for reformation in the What is now become of the cup of hu| sively !! The recruits had begun to march to

best con d and best administered governmiliation" which our noisy orators in Con

ments ; ani upstarts, assailing generally regress have so long represented as the only It is likewise rumoured that a proposition ceived opinions in Religion, affecting to be offer of Great Britain, to this country ?

| wise men of the East, commissioned to sher! Will our rulers drink it? Yes-to the very to be held at Manheim. That Caulincourt was | light on a benighted and deluded world. dregs; but thank Heaven, it is the humiliation appointed to represent France : Lord Aber Vanity is the spring of action with both of a corrupt administration, the disgrace of an deen, Great Britain : Count Metternich, Ause these classes of impostors ; a vanity that canunprincipled party, and not of the American tria : those from Prussia and Russia, unknown. | not be satisfied with the moderate share of people. Our rulers have created ideal insults, This was reported at Bordeaux, on the 23d of reputation, which they find the world dispose ! to justify their wanton sacrifice of the peace | November. We consider it premature ; | to give them, while marching on, in the broad

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ots

was

road of publick opinion. They see other men, sweets, under such circumstances of ease and There is something so conciliating in their ad. to whom nature has given superior intellect or comfort.

dress, so engaging in their smiles, I can now industry, and higher degrees of knowledge, I Winter succeeded. There was nothing to almost be pleased with their appearance, and more respected and commanding more attention, engage his attention abroad, and little to ex. tolerate their peculiarities. I even begin to than themselves. They strike off into a new ercise his habitually active mind at home. He think that what at first appeared to me ige path, in hopes that the multitude will at least sometimes rode to town. We found he al- norance and rudeness, is the most profound observe their divergence; inquire, where they ways returned like a man disappointed. Our knowledge of human nature and the most polare going ; and perhaps the weak be induced friends from Boston sometimes visited us. He ished perfection ; what I took to be coldness to follow.

enjoyed their society, gave them welcome, and and indifference have now become that pruIf we take the trouble to trace the history of received their felicitations with satisfaction. dence and caution, which ever attend true these innovators, we shall generally find they When they were gone, however, a depression wisdom. Thanks to that Spirit, who has at come under one description-men possessed of spirits succeeded. He attended to the fam-length conducted me to a land of philosophers ! of some talents, and some reputation-engag ily concerns. Every thing was soon in order to a land, which I foolishly thought only to ing ardently, for a time, in support of establish He looked upon his snowy fields—there was exist in the imagination of the poet ! ed systems :--but, attaining no marks of dis- nothing to be done. Hinc prima labes. Din- ! It is scarcely three days since my arrival, tinction ; perhaps outstripped by associates in ner time seemed to be long arriving he would ner time seemed to be long arriving-he would and I have experienced every mark of atten

and I have ex the same pursuit, they turn back ; and aban walk to the sideboard, and take a little brandy tion and fondness, which could have distindoning a hopeless competition, seek celebrity and water, to remove the listlessness of vacant guished a friend returning from a far distant from the simple merit of moving against the tide. expectation. This propensity, from day to country. The master of the caravansary where day, occurred at an earlier hour.

I abide, seems so generously interested in FOB THD BOSTON SPECTATOR.

I will not trouble you with the humiliating every thing relating to me, that I have actually

particulars of progressive intemperance. Spring seen him more than once minutely examining THE CONFIDANT, No. II.

came, and my father was scarcely in a capacity my effects. He has even asked me innumeraTo the Confidant.

to perform, what, during the last season, was ble questions concerning my kindred, and counHostalets faktit, January 11.

his principal amusement. But the busy scenes try ; and when I told him the loss of my pos

of summer alleviated our apprehensions. He sessions, he seemed as much distressed as if SIR, WHERE sense of character, consciousness

took an interest again in his improvements ; my poverty had been his own , and he has actuof danger, and the sufferings of those who are

His forenoons were očeupied in agriculture ally taken it so much to his heart, that since

but after dinner, though seemingly embarras- that moment I have not seen his face in my dear by the tenderest ties of nature, have no avail, I can have little hope from the expedient

sed how to pass the time, he seldom went out. apartment. Before that unhappy information of making an address to you. But I should

Too frequently, by the evening, his articula which has so excited his sympathy, he seemed feel guilty of a dereliction of duty, were I to tion was affccted.

indefatigable to make me forget that I was

Since the concerns of Autumn, have closed, with strangers ; and to realize his friendship, omit any means, that might tend to restore the

his propensity has returned with accumulated he was not only himself my constant guesi, but felicity of a numerous and once respectable

force. The excessive and vexatious irritability | introduced others, who soon became as joyous family. If it be too late to remedy the evil immediately in view, perhaps the story I have

of the morning is only succeeded by a fatuitous and glad as their hospitable lord. They would to relate may guard others, seasonably, against gaiety, which, in spite of forced smiles and

wish me many good wishes before they had a habit, which, once indulged, appears strong.

unieaning assent, fixes a deep-seated melan- drunken their « wine," and even continue in er, than the boasted powers of reason.

choly on every heart. Our friends have not my bed chambor till the day had gone. Some My father was born and educated in a coun

yet wholly forsaken us; but society has lost of them were of so happy and contented a distry village. The patrimonial estate being in

its charms, for the kindest, the best of fathers, position, that they would slumber on the floor sufficient for more than one establishment, the

in the self-delusive indulgence of his accus- i till the night was far spent, or entertain me farm was allotted to a brother; my father was put

tomed hospitality, becomes a spectacle : the with little stories about themselves and their to trade. Naturally industrious, circumspect

candour, the delicacy, the affected blindness families, so that among so niuch well disposed

of our friends can neither conceal their impa-l company you will naturally suppose I cannot and enterprising, he was successful ; and after seven years of persevering assiduity, he found

tience, nor our wretchedness. The tremor of retain my melancholy; and I assure you himself m a situation to move into the capital,

the hands, the dilatation and stare of the eye, there is nothing I am so anxious about at presto enjoy a wider field of speculation. You weil

I and other alarming syinptoms, announce the ent, as the manner in which I shall return their know, ihat the happy state of our country for

danger of a sudden stroke, which may bring a civility, and shew them the high sense I have a course of years favoured the pursuits of

speedy but awful close to life ; or render ex-l of their extraordinary conduct.

istence shocking, both to the possessor and You know, my friend, in many countries it commerce. My father, though naturally cau

spectators, above all to those whom nature, would be thourht too much like adulation to tious, by degrees, was tempted to incur haz. ard ; fortune still favoured him, and in the

duty, and habit have bound to hini, by the ens speak compliments to a man in his presence ; course of twenty years, in which he engaged,

dearments of a long-cherished affection. My but here, where art has not fettered reason, he accumulated, what, in our country, is called

father is not more changed in character, than where unnatural refinernent has not taught the a fortune.

my mother is in spirits. My sisters and my- 1 understanding to disguise the feelings of the The restrictions on commerce began. He

self are withdrawing from all the pleasures of heart, nothing is spoken but the language of saw the approaching embarrassments, which

| society ; by this sacrifice, we spare the sensi-l nature ; they have no cause to conceal their threatened his favourite and lucrative employ

bility of our friends, but there is no flying I real sentiments, and therefore speak as ingenment. He gradually contracted his business, from our domestick sorrow.

uously as they think. They praise the immacand scarcely sustained any loss, but that which

I was gratified with the suggestion in your ulate whiteness of my cres, the cerulian hue of arose from the depreciation of value, in many

paper, and hope that you, or some of your

me of your my feathers, the length of my head, the breadth kinds of property.

correspondents, may be able to " minister to of my feet, the shortness of my stature, and He had purchased a handsome situation, in

a mind diseased” such counsel, as will awaken beauty of iny native language which they do this town, and ornamented it with convenient

the sympathy of a parent, and recal a man to al not understand. When they do this, my hcart and elegant buildings. He removed here, with

consciousness of the offence against heaven, | exults in the honour of my country! his family, and delegated to me, the principal

which every rational being commits, who de I am not however a little surprized at their agency in the remainder of his business.

bases his noble nature, spurns the best bless- , apparent want of knowledge concerning other Thus far, there has seldom perhaps been a

ing conferred on his species, and hurries to nations. When I tell them there are many family more happy ; and my father agreeable

his grave, by the most disgraceful if not most millions like myself in the kingdom of Latinto the wish of all his connexions, resolved to | criminal forin of suicide. Yours, &c.

guin ; wlien I describe our manners and our enjoy his competence, withdraw his attention

PHILOPATER. customs, our religion and jurisprudence ; when entirely from active life, and pass the remain

I describe the cenotaphs of Anong-Tong, and der of his life peacefully in the domestick circle. LETTERS TO LEINWHA,

the learning of ils philosophers, they seem lost Through the summer of 1812, this delight

in admiration and shout aloud for astonishment. ful prospect continued. My father had found

Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latin. But their knowledge is doubtless of a more the superintendence of his own farm, a heal.

guin, from a Wanderer in the West. valuable kind. Whilst others have been bal. thy, pleasant, and useful occupation. Early

LETTER 11.

ancing the scales of empires, settling the disimpressions had attached him io the country, ALTHOUGH the inhabitants of this country

putes of Europe, and lunibering their minds and he often expressed his gratitude, that are slow to confer costly benefits, they are by the

with the history and affairs of nations which Providence had enabled him 10 return to its no means deficient in affability or politeness. :'

! they have no need to meddle with, they have

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been aticntive to their own interest. Whilst | But practice, and the hist'ry of all ages show it,

To solve his doubts much labour cost; some have been scrutinizing foreign cabinets And he's a fool,

When recollecting where he'd been; and prophesying the fall or elevation of a min-1 The fact who couldn't guess on,

He said, “ my mem'ry is not LOST, ister, perplexing themselves with victories, in- Nay, to the naked buff must truth be strippid,

" I've only left it,--at the Inn." vasions, illuminations, and slaughter, they have that minister's a dunce who does not know it, never deviated from their own path, nor thought And should be whipp'd like truants, soundly whipp'd,

a. Here hiccoughs, with his speech began to wrangle, of any thing but what related to themselves.

And quite disturb'd his punctuation,

Then sent to school, The death of a great man, which would have

| While with his horse's back he form’d an angle.

And taught another lesson. hung the arms of any other nation in black,

Like an Italick note of admiration! rung every bell in Latinguin for two days, and Jem was of the ohl fashion'd, syphon breed, darkened the very atmosphere with monu- In drinking bouts he followed change, nct need,

While vainly peeping for some well known mark ments and “mausoleums” would here (disinteres-! Whene'er by liquor lempted :

Homeward to guide him in a night so dark, ted and serene nation !) only excite the repe- Or like a sponge, that's by absorption fillid,

· Alarming thoughts now seized him, tition of some moral sentiment, occasion a Drank himself full, in no resistance skill'd ;

Prom which, so late, 'twixt twelve and one o'clock, slight inquisitiveness concerning the attitude in

Or, else, the pitcher emptied. ,

Though he escap'd the ghost, old Hamlet's cock which he expired, whether he retained his

Would very much have eased him. senses in death, and to whom he has disposed some restless spirits, to their great disgrace, his estate. Happy are they, who have over- ! (How oddly nature manages some matters !)

When, sudden, to his great delight, from far, come the restlessness of curiosity, and learnt to

As shines a distant, twinkling, fourth-rate star, Form’d on the promontory of his face render their sympathy and fcelings subservient

A little rising settlement of Squatters.

A cottage candle met his view, to philosophy and reason !---Farewel.

Which o'er his mind a tranquil joy produces, Now the mind's eye,

And " like light gushing from a thousand sluices"
Whether it lie

Again his sinking hopes renew.
POETRY.
Or in the diaphragm, or in the head, or toe,

To save his credit and his home to find,

Or whether
FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

And keep his neighbours to his failings blind,

In all these together, JAMES DUTTON. A TALE.

Jem for this scheme his cunning task'd ; | Why neither I nor any man can know ;

I'll ask them, where does Mr. Dutron dwell Founded on fact. But if you wish to aid its vision,

And as I'm drunk, and in the dark, they'll tell,HARD on the confines of a distant village, Whatever be the place or region

Said be, “ and think a stranger ask'd." His farm laid out in meadows, orchards, tillage,

You have assign'd it, James Dutton peacefully resided,

And wish more light should on its pupil shine, For still an unextinguished spark of pride, And, like his neighbours, led a frugal life ;

Pour down the throat a glass, or two, of wine, Jem's drunken drowsiness could never hide, Between his farm, his children and his wife

'Tis sure to find it.

Whatever fortune might betide him ;
Were all his cares divided.

And if you think so, you are much to blame,
But frequent draughts the mental shutters close,

For when dead drunk, he was not dead to shame, Jem had one failing, though it was not great,

Obscuring reason's light, Nor anywise allied to vice or cheating,

And all who said it much belied him. Like piling spectacles upon the nose, 'Twas that be liked, too well for his estate,

They only blear the sight.

His plot arranged and, being somewhat tipsy, Elections, trainings, town or parish meeting.

- Jem never thought it possible to blow him, If, then, Jem's opticks needed such repairs,

Especially as he was non se ipse, It happened, one election day, (Though all agree they did not, by the by,)

'Twere very strange indeed shouldothers know him. · Whether November, April, May,

"I were better far by half for his affairs,
Or March, I cannot tell ye ;
Had he but wiped his glass, not wet his eye.

Joy made his heart like little hills to skip,
Just as the sun was going down
Jem now had got 'bout half seas over,

So great of cunning was our Jemmy's love, Jemmy went jogging up to town,

Then to his horse's sides put heels and whip, And for the first time to discover On his old mare, hight Nelly.

And forward pushed as if the devii drove. . About his bow a rotten plank; He just had reached the tavern door, With cargo light, and deck high crowded,

Arrived, he knock'd, and to the door there came When people from the election pour, His ship ill stow'd, in fogs insiirouded,

A bending, limping, spectacled old dame, And round are thick collected ; Was out of trim and crank.

It seems that Satan had himself caress'd her, As full as eggs with meat are crainm'd, By twelve, in country towns an hour rather late,

And, hiccoughing, Jem softly thus address'd her ; Within the tavern soon are jamm'd Each guest departed for his own abode,

“ Pray, mistress, will you-be so kind The Electors and the Elected. And Jem, his reckoning paid, in dizzy state,

" As to direct me how to find,

Where old James Dutton lives" The sun was set, the gloomy hour was nigh, Mounted his pacing beast, and off he rode.

" Why la !”-said she, with outstretched head, When darkness struggles with retiring light; Now Mistress Nox had thrown aside

" You are James Dutton, sir, indeed !" When Mother Nox came blundering up the sky, Her old blue blanket long and wide,

Which news no pleasure gives
And Phæbus, nodding, bade the world good-night. With rents and patches fill'd,

To Jem,
Here 'midst the bar-room's noise, its filth and tipple,
Through which, by time and moths and worms,

Whose stratagem
Holes, called the stars, as thick as plums
The wittenagemote of the village meets,

Was blown by this into a thousand pieces,
For statesmen here are found, who, to a tittle,

In puddings, had been drillid ;

While every moment of delay increases
Which serve, as some folks say, to let in light,

His perturbation :
Would fill with dignity the highest seats.
Us wandering mortals to direct by night ;

But prompt returning from an occillation
Here patriote oft assume the publick cares,
While others, full as wise, the opinion scout,

Produced by this confounding, fatal blow, · As, by experience, is fully shewn, And say they serve but to let darkness out.

Said Jem, and in a passion flew, And of the nation kindly settle the affairs,

“ My name's Fames Dutton, Ma'am, 'tis true, Instead of this, all nature now lay híd, When from confusion they can't save their own.

" But where I live why-damme if I knowsu.”
Between a black, thick-quilted coverlid,
Such merry rogues their greatest pleasure found Tbrough which, by pin or needle-hole or stitch,
In drinking fip with foaming velvet crown'd,

No ray of light could pierce,-'twas dark as pitch.
Essaying perpendicular;
His course thus late, as Jemmy homeward bent,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR Not like the Romans, who, as Horace vouches,

To this side now, and then to that inclining,
Drank with their mistresses on cushion'd couches,

JOHN PARK,
Here he drew diagrams as on he went,
of old Falernian Particular.
And there, he tried his hand at serpentining,

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, Now, gentle reader, be not much alarm’d,

Upon the road he had not gone
I tell ye truths, no, 'faith I am not joking ;
Abovc a mile, when strange to say,

No. 4 CORNHILL.
To be by tipplers of our rights disarm'd,

Where was his home he'd quite forgot,

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding Is hard, unjust, and quite provoking ; And in the dark he'd lost his way.,

pumbers.

R.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1814.

NO.V.

POLITICAL

Sydney still warmed the bosoms of the trans- / produce a change of measures ? It is a solemn

atlantick Englishmen. He had by his side the truth, written in indelible characters on our FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

eloquent orator of England, the accomplished annals, that party passions will continue pre

Burke, who warned him of the danger of pro- dominant under all possible changes of exterOn the DUTY of an early resistance to unconsti

voking the bravest and hardiest and most en- nal or internal political relations. You may tutional or oppressive laws.

terprising subjects whom his majesty could change your rulers as often as you please, but It will be observed, that I have selected the boast in his dominions. The voice of Chatham the party policy will be the same. term duty, in preference to the word right, too was heard in St. Stephen's chapel-a Neither the cupidity or thirst of power of any because I think it one of the most solemn and warning voice, which resounded in the ears of despot has ever been so apparent or so dreadimperative obligations of the citizens of a free a tyrannical ministry, and which made St. ful, nor have they ever carried a single ruler to republick.

James's tremble, assuring the ministers and such desperate extremes, as we have witnessed It is a much greater proof of the loyalty, the crown, that the people of New England in our age in France and in this country. than of the wisdom or foresight of the people were not to be despised, and could not, with But will it be said that the majority only of this country, that they are afraid to examine, impunity, be deprived of their inalienable governs, and that it is right they should govand still more afraid to exercise those privile rights.

ern? ges, upon which the security of their freedom I dare not trust myself, in this moment of What? Do you claim for the majority the can alone depend.

excitement, produced by this proud recollec- royal prerogative, that they can do no wrong ? It is my design to inquire into the nature of tion of better days and far distant times, to Cannot a minority be oppressed? Cannot the the duty of resistance to unconsti:utional laws, draw a picture of the events of the present passions of a majority induce them to violate -as applicable to a country situated as ours is. day. The nation is too cold and too sunk in the constitution, and to deprive the minority of

I need not display what little historical abject submission to relish, or enjoy, or per their rights ? Is it true, that men cease to knowledge I may possess, by showing, that ceive the beauties of such a picture.

have passions, because they are numerous and every country, which has lost its freedom, may I rather reply at present to the objections, strong ? Are they more just, because the res. tiace it to the neglect of an early resistance to which are urged by the tools of administration | ponsibility is divided? And if they do wrong, the first encroachments of its rulers ; and also against the application of the doctrine of resis

he application of the doctrine of resis- have the minority no remedy? that every country, which has for any great length tance, and against our imitation of our sainted He who denies the first, is strangely ignoof time preserved even the shadow of freedom, ancestors, under our present circumstances. rant of the history of Robespierre and Govermust attribute it to the vigilant exercise of Unable to deny that the oppressions are nour Gerry ; and he who denies the last, has this only effectual and salutary check. All more grievous, more manifold, more intolera. | little idea, or an imperfect sense of the nature history is filled with examples on this subject, ble, than were the half-penny tax on tea, and the of civil liberty. which it would show more pedantry than wis- stamp duties, repealed as soon as laid, they I I may pursue this topick hereafter with dom to detail. I need only refer to the illus- tell us that our government is a government of more direct application to the present state of trious examples of our own progenitors, who our own choice, and therefore represents the the United States. with a jealousy watched, and with a becoming majesty of the people. That, whatever may be spirit and firmness resisted, the very first in- our sufferings, we are bound to submit.

It has always appeared to me, that appeal fringements of their constitutional rights. The only remedy is a change of our rulers,

only remedy is a change of our rulers, ing to the people against taxos; was a pernicious Through that vigilance, and owing to that or an appeal to the judiciary, appointed by the practice, unless it be proved, and constantly spirit, under the blessing of Divine Provi. very government that inflicts the wrong. kept in view, thai the taxes are unnecessary, dence, we now are enabled to boast of our ! To this, I have various answers. Let the or used for purposes injurious to the commurights and privileges as a people. Had they | people judge between me and the hirelings of nity. It is warring against civil society. and stopped to calculate consequences, and to ex- administration, which of us is in the right.

| in a manner which, considering the natural. amine their power, we should now probably l ist. If our government is more free than was selfishness of man. is always likely. either to have been loaded with carriage taxes, land tax- | that of Great Britain, so also is the right more

| disgust: hiin with government, or what is as es, and excises-we should have had the Bos. | explicit and more clear of resisting departures

bad, at the only means by which it can be tor; port bill extended to all the colonies- from the constitution Mark me ! fellow

| supported. If we have civil and political inand possibly, though I do not think it proba- citizens, I say only, manifest departures from

stitutions, it is clear we must minister to the ble, even our coasting trade and fisheries | the constitution.

necessitiey of those, who abandon their personwould have beul subjected to as rigorous a In the British constitution, admirable in

al concerns to serve society. If we would no: system, as that under which we are now fact, but existing only in the breasts of parlia

expose our liberty by our weakness, we must. groaning. Happily for us, and honourably for | ment and the people, their ablest vindicators contribute to the means of defence. them, a different spirit prevailed, and the only of the rights of freedom and of the people

Born under an established government, and question with them was, Are the birth-rights | have not dared to define the cases in which | educated in the constant enjoyment of its of Englishmen invaded ?

resistance may be lawful. They have touched blessings, we are apt to think those blessings a Our ancestors did not wait to see their it with a cautious and a trembling hand. part of our nature or like other enjoyments intercourse by land, as well as by sea, invaded ; In our constitutions, every thing is defined. of which we never know the want, we think - they did not stop till the hand of power, al- The sovereign is bound down to precise

nothing of their value ; and when the agent of ways strengthened by submission, exerted it-| rules. If he infringes them, on that point, so government asks us for money, we seem to be self in the interception of domestick inter- | infringed, be ceases to be sovereign.

| paying it for nothing. course, and arrested their money and effects The right to resist an unconstitutional act in the common and ordinary course of busi

All opposition to the present administration is as perfect, as the right to make a constitu- must have in view the substitution of a better. ness. Even Lord North, with all his high tional one. It is as solemn. It is as imperi We should therefore cherish no habits in puðideas of prerogative, would not have ventured ous : and the citizen, who suffers such viola lick sentiment now, which would 'tend, in such to authorize the meanest and basest of his tion to pass unnoticed, is as guilty as the leg. a desirable event, to demoralize the communiminions, upon an indefinite suspicion, to grat- | islator who makes it.

'ty, and render them factious. Mr. Jefferson ify his private spleen, or his private interest, But, 2dly. Is it true that the rulers in a free studied the weakness of his countrymen, like a by seizing without oath, without evidence, and country are less likely to abuse their power ? philosopher ; write away, said he to the inwithout formal complaint, the property of Does experience warrant the opinion ? Does cendiary Callender your books, barked by the great corporations or of private citizens in a reason justify it? Are the passions dormant tax-gatherer, will produce a great effect. He course of regular commercial transit. NO. | in republicks ?

was not mistaken,, but no honest man can He knew better the temper of the people with If the rulers are temporary and liable to wilfully follow his example: whom he had to do. He believed that some change, is not the party as long lived as Meal Wben government lays burdens, upon us, we small portion of the spirit of Hampden and thuselah ? Does a change of men necessarily | must suspend our murmurs until we inquire,

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