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tal impediments to a vigorous and salutary, dren—but an advantage will arise from it, no character of a majority of mankind, in all unanimity against France in the coinmence- thanks to the war faction—it will forever countries—they would then know that we must ment of this perilous war. A false and exag- guard the legislators of our country, whatever have profligate men among us—that those gerated estimate of America, not absolutely be their political character, against some very men will address themselves to the passions amounting to admiration, but something too mistaken calculations, which have been in a and prejudices of the uninformed—that by nearly approaching to it, disinclined us from great degree the basis of our national policy playing on those passions, they may gain conbelieving a state of war with the United States for many years. How grateful was sequence and power. If they will but look possible, and from putting forth our whole proposal of commercial restriction to a consid- back to the honest prejudices of our own revostrength against them at the moment when erable portion of the American community-to lution, they will be at no loss to discover that their determination to be at war with us, was the democrats, because the anticipated ruin, a hatred of England was the passion which practically ascertained. The naval war alone our trifling self denial would bring upon Great might be the most easily inflamed, and that as would not have disabused us of all our favour- Britain, was their soul's desire to some men, it grew, those would be preferred by whom it able delusion. They have fought on the els calling themselves federalists, because they was most flattered. Such a train of observament of England with British spirit ; may we feit what they considered a patriotick satisfaction and reflection would completely explain not add, in too great measure, perhaps, with tion, in contemplating the supposed proofs of the political history of our country—the change the aid of British sinews ? But on that ele- our country's importance. We repeat it, this of administration which took place in 1800 ment, let it be fairly acknowledged we have monstrous errour has originated, and obtained the whole system of hostile measures towards MUCH 10 commend in them, and we have STILL countenance for, many of the most pernicious Great Britain, which followed, ending at last, SOMETHING TO REDEEM. As conquerors by measures of both Mr. Jefferson and Madi- inevitably in war. This has therefore not land, their success must have been an antidote son. The spell is dissolved the stupidity of been produced by the “ god-like fault” ambito any thing but a mosi prurient desire of do- retiring. “ within our shell,” to let Great Brit- tion-an ambition in our rulers to set up our's minion. Their threats and their performances ain perish from the want of our commercial as a conquering nation—not from any violent have followed each other in ludicrous contrast aid, is manifest ; the system is universally hatred in Mr. Madison, and other leaders of The brave Canadians, true to their own char scouted-iis advocates are ashamed and will his party, personally against Great Britain acter, and to the cause of their sovereign, scarcely own their lately boasted creed. This nor from any cordial love of France-10t have shewn that, even had they been left to is certainly one step in our progress to per- against Orders in Council ---not for « Free their own resources, they would have been fectibility which will bencfit future generations. Trade and Sailors' rights”—but because cher. equal to repelling a much more formidable foe. We see, by these Extracts, the English are ishing such feelings as led to the war, and

But is ii not to be lamented that all those perfectly aware, that neither the Orders in finally made it necessary, as a party measure, pleasing illusions should be rudely dissipated Council, nor the impressment of their seamen, was the best possible means for those who now through which America was viewed as anoth- were the real causes of Mr. Madison's war. possess political power in the United States to er Arcadia-inhabited by creatures of fairer le is natural enough, that they should impute obtain it. than mortal mould ? Will not this tend to ex- it to a lust for conquest-to the desire of exasperate the animosities of war? 10 defer the tending the boundaries of the United States ; GENERAL REGISTER. period of pacification ? and to make a state of for such an ambition is not an unfrequent peace difficult to maintain ? Not a jot. The cause of war, and the advantage of conquering BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, 1 814. Americans made war when it suited them : British colonial territory has ever been urged they will make peace when it suits them—AND by our war politicians, as one grand object to us. To live with a friend as if he were one be secured-one that certainly would be ob

DOMESTICK. Admiral Cochran has ar-day to become an enemy, is the cold-blooded tained.

rived off New London with ten or eleven sail rule of a worldly suspiciousness ; but to live But we do not think it uncharitable to pre of the line. His operations are already begun, with one who has been an unprovoked enemy sume, that in the publick measures of our Last Tuesday evening, Com. Hardy approachas if he had never ceased to be a dear friend, democratick rulers, they never acted for the ed Stonington, with one 74 and 2 frigates, and would indeed be a piece of foolishness which nation—the concerns of the commonwealth demanded a surrender. This being refused, no warmth of blood could excuse. Why not. were but a kind of machinery, so managed by be commenced firing, and the bombardment peace with America ? But it must be to the them as to promote their personal interest, and continued on Wednesday. The neighbouring terms of the treaty that we must look for with no other view. It would indeed diminish country was under arms, and mustering at the our security against another Canadian war ; that detestation we feel for their conduct, if scene of action. It is supposed this is but a trusting little, after past experience, to mawk- we could attribute it to no worse a principle feint, and that the real object is to destroy our ish expressions of general philanthropy, or to than an excess of patriotick ambition. But we frigates, in the Thames. The first attack was fond theories of elective attraction ; liitle to cannot suppose these men only actuated by a repelled, but we learnt, last evening, the Britkindness, and nothing at all to kin."

desire to increase the power, the prosperity, or ish were returning with 7 sail. Stonington is REMARKS.

must consider them as weak in intellect biedt Our aring remains a fare" Erie, and are We have devoted a few columns to these yond conception ; for every step they have ta- said to be strongly posted. The British are extracts rather than to original speculations, I ken has tended to degrade, weaken, and dis- but four miles distant. persuaded that it is of importance that the tress the nation. These effects have not re- Commodore Chauncey sailed from Sacket's American publick should know, distinctly, sulted from one unhappy decision ; in that harbour August 1st. He commands 225 guns what effect, this war, and the manner in which

case, it might have been imagined a mistake-Commodore Yeo, 207. News of a battle is it has been conducted, have produced upon but from a series of measures, pursued for daily expected. popular opinion in England ; and likewise, what

The lower part of Virginia is in the greatis the probable disposition of politicians in that years, proving destructive in their operation

progressively overwhelming the people in ca- est consternation. The inhabitants are retircountry, with regard to peace. We believe famity, and set persevered in, with a pertinaci- ing into the country, with their negroes and the writer gives a very fair representation of the favourable impressions formerly entertain, strances, unanswerable argumenis, and even posal of the enemy.

ty, which was deal to the most eloquent remon. furniture, leaving their estates at the quiet dised by his countrymen towards America, and demonstration itself. we have no doubt of his correctness in stating The war and all the miseries we suffer, of a LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS that those impressions have very much altered, publick nature, to confess the honest truth, since the war has shewn how much our com

grew out of our form of government. The mercial consequence to them was overrated. fear of confessing it has only a tendency to

THE RESTORATION OF THE GREEKS. There was a singularly strong delusion, on prevent the virtuous part of the community A cold, speculating cosmopolite will say both sides of the Atlantick, as to the impor. from exertions to fortify where we are weak. that we have no more reason to wish the tance of our trade and friendship to Great We have no room to discuss this important emancipation of the Greeks from ignorance Britain ; the eyes of the English have been subject at present ; it has only been suggest and despotism, than of any other portion of the opened, by Mr. Madison's grand experiment, ed, because we find English speculators do human family, equaliy debased ; and the zeal and in spite of national vanity, the true state of not yet well understand our case. If they which the learned have always expressed on the case must be unfolding itself, pretty forci. would contemplate a community, where every this subject, he would consider as arising sincerely regret the enormous price we pay multitude-where there is a constant competi- attachment to the soil

, country, and people, for for the national self

knowledge we are acquir- tion, before this umpire, between the virtuous the sake of what Greece was, in the days of necks, and leave debt entailed upon our chil- what kind of materials compose the moral suppose the whole world would be benefitted



could the amor patriæ be so diffused among | ure and delight which was formerly participa- their due, and which every man of gallantry, the modern Grecians, as to enable them once ted by those whose relations and children were and especially a bachelor, ought always to obmore to take rank as a nation. That patriot-victorious in the Olympic games !"

serve towards them. They intimate that there ism would induce them to revive their ancient

was a pledge given, and as long as it remains language. Their statesmen would feel a


unredeemed, they have a right to think that, pride in speaking the dialect of Solon and Ly

like all other new projectors, I have promised curgus their orators would be stimulated by To die for one's country has ever been con- more than I meant to perform. the fame of Isocrates and Demosthenes—their sidered the most glorious termination of hu- I have been told by the editor that immediphilosophers by the wisdom of Aristotle and man existence. But those who are willing to ately after my first number, his list of subPiato-their poets by the imperishable charms expose their lives in war should remember, scribers was increased by the names of a of Homer and Sophocles. We should again that to die in battle is not always to die for great many young ladies under twenty; but that have valuable productions in a language which one's country. Fame gives no permanent lau- lately, some how or other, they have become has ever been considered the most beautiful rels to those who fall the mere instruments of impatient, and threaten to withdraw their patin the world.

an unprincipled faction--they perish, scarcely ronage. As I was very much flattered by the Russia once proffered freedom to this de- pitied, and are soon forgotten.

first part of this information, so I am equally graded people ; but the plan was injudicious

troubled and mortified to learn, that any of and proved wholly abortive. Greece cannot

my fair readers-are about to give me up ; and be restored to the list of nations, until she is There is a common saying in the world being extremely desirous to induce them to civilized and enlightened. It is not by prethat " a great man's sons will most likely turn

persevere, will very readily and cheerfully re. senting a man with a musket, that he discov- out blockheads,” and yet the first impression is

new all my former obligations. I must at the ers his rank in the scale of being, or becomes always favourable to the “ well-born.” Without

same time, however, remind them of the fable tenacious of it—it is by raising him from igno- imputing any thing to physical causes, it is in

imputing any thing to physical causes, it is in- of the father and his sons. They will rememrance-by expanding and exalting his ideas.

deed but natural to expect; that the youth, ber that the old gentleman being upon his We are happy to find that an experiment is

whose early intellect is formed by a parent of death bed, called his sons and told them, that now making and with some prospect of sucan exalted and rich understanding-who has

there was a rich treasure concealed in his cess, with a view to introduce a knowledge of the advantage of his instruction, his advice, field ; but did not point out the particular spot literature, of the arts and sciences, into that his example, and good society, should himself where it might be found. The sons set themcountry which once gave them to the world. be distinguished among those whom Provi. selves to work, digging and turning up the There has recently been established, at Bucha

dence seems to have less highly favoured. soil, in hopes to find the treasure, and at last rest a school, or rather a college, the advanta

This, it is true, is frequently the case ; but it realized it in the cultivation of the field. I ges of which are expected to be gradually dif- is no less true, that the saying we have quoted, would observe upon this occasion, that alfused among its southern neighbours. It was

like most others of popular currency, has some though my young friends may not suddenly obinstituted by a very extensive and respectable foundation in experience.

tain the sought-for treasure, yet if they contin. society, consisting of nobility, clergy, other lit- That the sons of great men do not always ue to visit this my little garden, which I erary men and the principal merchants of the justify the reasonable expectations, which are

have opened for their reception and amusetwo provinces of Moldavia and Wallachia. naturally formed of them, is in a great meas

ment, they may occasionally pluck a flower to Among many other important objects of in- ure the fault of the world ; and as the world

adorn their native charms ; or which, transplan:struction are Mathematicks, Philosophy, Histo- is not very tractable, nor much interested in

ed to the fair and more fruitful field of their ry, Poeticks aad the ancient Greek, and four correcting the errour, this evil must take its

own minds, will flourish and produce the fruit years ago, the students amounted to between

It is however the parent's duty, who of their highest hopes and desires. Or, to three and four hundred. Tbe spirit with which

has a deep interest at stake, and is invested leave the metaphor, and talk in plainer terms. this institution is conducted, and which it is with a high responsibility, to guard against the

I am in hopes that by gleaning here and there the object of the founders to diffuse anong

influence of the world, on the character of his a sentiment, imitating an example, or improvthe pupils, will be best understood by what we offsprins, who are particularly exposed by his ing upon some idea or allusion, they will may consider a “ Commencement" address of own eminence.

eventually obtain the reward held out to enthe President. It was delivered in modern The young are prompt to discover what se

gage their pursuit, and which we suppose is Greek, and we trust that it is not being too cures the favour of those around them, and on

equally desirable, within the time prescribed. sanguine to indulge a hope that among the this, whatever it be, they will generally value

Among a great number of letters which I fruits of his establishment, the world at no dis-themselves, or rely, the most. It is owing to

have received upon this subject, some with tant period may witness the restoration of a this, that, among young ladies, personal beauty inquiries and some with complaints, there is nation, to whose ancient splendour mankind is so frequently unfavourable to the cultivation

one from a young widow, who has worn her will be forever indebted.

of intellect ; and it is owing to this, that when mourning, as she informs mc, six months; but “ Young Gentlemen,

the son of a great man finds that society re- who it seems is ready upon any necessary oc“ The system which you now see established

ceives him with partiality, and he knows it is casion to leave them off ; she therefore wishes in the school is but a prelude to further pro

because he is akin to excellence, he is apt to to know, whether, if I was to publish any particceedings. Of you nothing more is required rest satisfied with what seems to satisfy the

ular rules, it would be proper for her to obthan diligence, labour, subinission to your world, and is little disposer to labo:er for ap

serve them, whilst she continues her weeds. masters, and good morals, whereby you may plause, when he finds it bestowed gratuitously.

I might fill up a whole paper with these adprove yourselves worthy disciples of philoso

The parent, conscious of his own popularity, dresses, but as I am so much more given to phy. This hand, which now blesses

should early and constantly guard his child compose than to transcribe, and think so much

your progress, will one day crown you with laurel. against this mistake, for it destroys that spirit more of my own writing than of oiher people's, The muses have not forgotten their ancient of emulation, which is an essential stimulus to

I shall lay them all aside, except two, which I abodes on the summits of Olympus and Par

his exertion. Undervaluing the acquisition of will here give my readers entire ; after renassus

. Thither, after having traversed the knowledge, he will probably be first indulent, questing my fair correspondents to accept, as whole of Europe, they will once more return. then dissipated. He still relies on his patri.

answer to them, the observations already And if the students of Wallachia are able to monial stock of reputation, and for a lime the made in the foregoing part of this number. keep pace with them, what eternal renown will world are indulgent both to his vices and stu.

To the Writer." they not acquire, what glory for Waliachia ! pidity-until at length he is ruined, and then You, indeed, may be called truly fortunate, they exclaim--strange, that the son of so great SIR,-Asi am a subscriber for the Boston who have to run this illustrious career to a man should prove so great a blockhead! Spectater, I have read all the papers of the which your fathers not summoned.

Writer, and I will tell you plainly, sir, I have Strive, therefore, to shew yourselves worthy


been rather disappointed. There was certainof this heavenly gift, and of our patronage

iy something Aattering in the first number, and labours.

I HAVE had intimations from several differ and though I did not understand it all, yet on “ From you your country expects the im- ent quarters, of having raised hopes and ex' the whole I thought it promised well ; and I provement of its condition, to you your parents pectations, which I shall be called upon to ful' did expect that, after some of your professions look for consolation in their old age. By lafil. The female part of the community, I un

and declarations, you would have given us bour and industry alone you can prove your

derstand, were picased with certain promises more profitable amusement than what is congratitude both to your country and to your

in my first number, but are somewhat disap tuined in your Shamuts, your dry dissertations parents. Oh may your country one day see

pointed that I have said nothing upon the sub- on Time, or your advice to Christopher Cholyou crowned with laurel ! May your parents ject since, nor paid them that aitention anderick, gentleman. Now, sir, as I belong to a and your fellow-cuizens enjoy the same pleas- ' homage, which they very rationally think are reading party, consisting of very young ladies,





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you can easily imagine we are all cager after all Dutch trading vessels, against which, the, for in the following year she fitted out improvement, and desirous of qualifying our high-spirited admirals who had fought their of seventy-one ships of the line, besides twenty- . selves for a higher station ; I must therefore battles with such stubborn bravery, remonstra- one vessels under the command of Marechal inform you that I am authorized by our whole ted in vain.

Tourvilie. Williain, however, at his death, circle to let you know, that we look for more Cromwell framed the famous act of naviga-| left his marine in a flourishing state. It con. interesting matter in your papers ; and if tion, pronibiting all nations from importing in sisted of 282 vessels, of which 130 were ships you do not conform a little better to the ten- to England, in their bottoms, any commodity, of the line, from the first to the fourth rates our of your first number, we shall not think which was not the growib or manufacture of inciusive ; to arm these completely, 10,469 you any longer worthy older notice.

their own country. But the usurper, on ac- pieces of cannon were required, together with Per order,

count of his war with Spain, was obliged to al. 61,119 seamen and marines. HARRIET HIGHHOPES, low the English merchants, as before, the use

of Dutch bottoins. SIR, I HAVE searched all your papers

When Charles II. ascend

from your first number, for your rules, &c., but it

ed the throne, not having the same necessity,

he issued orders for immediately carrying the seems you have forgotten the subject of which

POETRY. bill into effect. you there pretended to have so much knowledge. If you are waiting for us to apply to

Charles II. not only augmented the number

of his vessels, but endeavoured to render the you publickly for instructions, you may wait

NEW BOOTS. in vain, for all me ; for I would let you know, English nobility to enter into it. He created

sea service more respectable, by inducing the that I hope to obtain all the advantages you

" THESE boots were never made for me. his brother, the Duke of York, lord high adhint at, without asking your advice.

They are too short by balf; miral, and had one of his own sors entered as

I want them long enough, d'ye see, a common sailor, on board a ship of war.


To cover all the calf."
nally to compensate the sea officers for the

scantiness of their appointments, he granted " Why, Sir,” said Last, with stifcd laugli, OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE NAVAL them certain perquisites, and allotted them " To alter them I'll try ; POWER OF GREAT BRITAIN. an increased share of prize-money:

But if they cover all the calf, The tug of war was never more obstinate They must be--five feet high!" James assumed the “ empire of the seas,"

than in the engagements between Charles and and offended at the pretensions of the Dutch

the Dutch : the highest gallantry was displayto maritime equality, fitted out in the year ed on both sides, and fortune alternately smil

LOVE AND REASON. 3604, a squadron, in order to render his Rag ed on both the combattants. In one of these respected; the instructions to his commander, engagements, when the Eaglish were Jefeated Sir William Monson, were to exact the salute

with considerable loss, chain-shot was used, If Love and Reason ne'er agree,

for the first time : to the flag, and to maintain the rigtits, which

a deadly invention, it was And Virtue tremble at his pow'r, the English monarch claimed, particularly that supposed of the pensionary De Witt. After

May Heaven from Love pronounce me free, of the herring fisheries. James however ad various struggles, successful to one party, but

And guard me through each tender hour ! ded nothing of consequence to the naval pow. always destructive to both, a treaty was coner of England : during his whole reign, be cluded at Breda, by which the honours of the But if the pleasures Love bestows built but nine vessels, the crews of which flag were once more ceded to the English. Are such as Reason, pleas'd, allows, were from 150 to 300 men each. ..

But the French monarch, Louis XIV. eontem- Are such as smiling Virtue knows, The unfortunate Charles endeavoured to plated the ruin of the Dutch, and not withstand- To Love I'll pay my solemn vows. compensate for the negligence of his father : ing the unpopularity of the measure in Eng

And such they are-for loose desires he gave orders for the building of eighteen land, he found no great difficulty in prevailing ships, of which four were remarkable for their on Charles to assist in the completion of his

But ill deserve the tender name ; large size, although the crews allotted to each mighty projects. War was renewed, but when

They blast, like lightning's transient fires, did not exceed 250 men.

And love's a pure and constant fame.
The attempts, which

the Orange party acquired their ascendancy, this monarch made upon the French coast, im

and the De Witts were massacred in the city Love scorns a selfish, sordid bliss, pressed upon the government of France, whose of Amsterdam, the rivalship terminated be

And only for its object lives ; naval strength was at this period particularly tween the English and the Dutch : the latter

Feels mutual truth endear the kiss, reduced, the necessity of establishing a marine. had no longer any one to inspire them with

And tastes no joys but those it gives. Cardinal Richlieu, being appointed superinten- courage ; they sued for peace, consenting in dant of séa affairs, soon perceived the full ex

the most unqualified manner, that the honours tent of the resources of his country, and the

of the flag should be paid to all the vessels of rank which she was entitled to hold among

Charles throughout the whole extent of the the maritime powers of Europe, by her natural four seas, which surround the British Isles

TO ******* toka advantages, her geographical situation, and the that is to say, from Cape Finisterre to the cenfavourable situation of her ports. This great tral part of Staten-island on the coast of Nor

It is not mine, dear maid, to tell way.

How much I dread to say minister ordered timber to be collected from

farewell," From this time, the naval power of the

Or how I fear the sad “ Adieu" all parts of the kingdom, magazines to be

When I must haste away from you. formed, and vessels purchased; he had several Dutch declined, and the rivalship was transferships built, among which was La Couronne, red from Holland to France, who, during the

When beyond the pathless sea, 120 feet keel and pierced for 72 guns. This continuance of the war, impolitically protractvessel astonisbed the seamen of that day, who

I'm far away, from bome and thee ; ed by Charles, became experienced in naval regarded it as the greatest effort of the art.

If brighter visions gild ty sphere,
tacticks. During the minority of Louis XIV.
The rivalry of the Dutch and English, under

O think, my love, that I am ncar.
France can scarcely be said to have possessed

a marinc. the usurpation of Cromwell, for the empire of

The lofty genius of Colbert saw But (heav'n forbid) in misery, the sea, produced perhaps, in both countries, the defect, and with astonishing celerity he

Should ever tear-drop fill thy eye, some of the best admirals and the best sailors remedied it. Ship-builders were invited from

Behold me haste to thy relief, that the world ever saw. Who could have op

Holland : mast-makers and anchor-smiths arriposed Van Tromp, de Witt, and Ruyter, but

Believe me nigh to share thy grief. ved from Sweden ; rope-twisters, sail-makers, Deane and Blake and Monk ? &c. from Riga, Hamburgh, and Dantzick ; ar

tottakt**** *************** The death of Van Tromp, in his last ensenals were built and vessels constructed in

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR gagement with Monk, broke the courage of cvery port, and in the year 1667, the Duc de he Dutch, and seemed to prostrate all their Beaufort had the command of a fleet at Brest,

JOHN PARK, strength. They were totally defeated, and the consisting of fifty ships of war. After a time, peace which ensued was dictated in the lofti. however, France declined in her maritime ex

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, cst terms by Cromwell, who stipulated that ertions, and the battle of La Hogue decided

NO. 4 CORNHILL. neither the Prince of Orange, nor any of his the ascendancy in favour of England. Yet descendants should be invested with the digni- William, by this mighty victory, which blasted

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. ny of the Stadtholderate. He also obtained, He also obtained, forever the hopes of the expatriated James, by

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding by a sort of tacit assent, the right of searching no means destroyed the naval force of France,


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that is had it possessed greater means to des. , and the monstrous expense she has been obtroy our vessels, to sack and burn our sea liged to incur, been owing, but to her misfor

ports ; in a word, greater means to ruin the tune, in Commodore Decatur's bringing his POLITICAL ORTHODOXY IN THE SOUTH. Merchants, the declaration of war would have squadron into one of her rivers ? * If any atWe have just received a letter from a wor

been made against that nation. Had BONA- tack is to be apprehended at Portsmouth, or thy friend, who has long resided, and now re

PARTE succeeded, the Northern States would in Boston, it is well understood the only reason sides, in the state of Georgia ; it is principal. unless they had prevented that fate by actual and that otherwise they would probably be

have been under a MILITARY GOVERNMENT, is, because you there finr, portions of the navy ly political, and we take the liberty to insert a considerable extract, as a specimen of the force ; not that the Jacobins here respect him perfectly tranquil

. views entertained by an intelligent southern in any other view, than as the great Garrick of Such resoning, we are persuaded, will be federalist. Would to heaven our brethren in the Tragedy, of which Madison had taken a adopted by the democrats--the enemies of a the Atlantick section of the south could ali see minor part-say, grave-digger and if Garrick navy, as soon as this ill-fated war is over. thus—they would no longer be the dupes of makes a faux-pas, the play is lost ; and the We mean therefore to be in season, and meet a western policy, which builds up the country grave-digger must quit the stage by the hiss, these objections now. beyond the mountains, in the same proportion which expels the great actor.”

They are objections to this detestable and that it ruins the old commercial parithe

stupid war, but not to a naval establishment, whole Atlantick coast.

No man was mad enough to suppose, ihat in THE NAVY.

this stage of our maritime strength we could EXTRACT.

In the discharge of what we conceive to be cope with such a power as Great Britain. “ Do any suppose that this war was declared our duty to the publick, we have taken the

The federalists, the projectors of a navy, would from any motive of resentment towards Creat liberty, in a very few instances, to question the

not have plunged the country into an unnecBritain, or of love towards France ? Not at propriety of some things which have taken

essary and destructive war, to blast' all their all. The Jacobins long ago resolved on the place, in the conduct of some of our navy of- schemes of ultimate commercial protection. destruction of the present form of governient, ficers. There has indeed been much to ap

Had a contest with England become necessary, to the end that, upon its ruin, they might rise prove--their bravery, their skill, and their dis- they wouid either have entirely suspended all into permanent power. The thing was to cipline, have reflected honour on the country, incalcula'!e treasures to the construction and

naval armament, or have appropriated those have been accomplished by adding, step by and their success gives us good grounds to step, power, to the office of the President, un- adhere to the old federal doctrine that a naval equipmeni of ships of war, which have been til it should become unquestionable and a'so- establishment may be of great national utility. squandered and wasted on armies worse than lute ; and it was very well understood tbat the We sincerely regretted the affair of the Lit useless, for the invasion of Canada. incumbent of that office, whoever he might be, tle Belt, because we are confident that Come

It may perhaps flatter the vanity of the would provide liberally and permanently for modore Rodgers acted in a manner, in which most ignorant in our country, to pretend that his adlierents. But the comniercial intra est, he was not justified by the laws of nations,

we can in something with six or seven fri. disceming and opposing their meas'ın.. to assumed Kelligerent righes in a since of sales a thousand British ships of war. Eccardieu ineir progress, it was feared that'oren peace and we are equally confident, that had We can inoces do soinething we can keep the inveterate numbness of the democrats' in- not the hostile disposition of our government our frigates, if they can ascend our rivers far · tellect would discover the ploi, before the ob- towards Great Britain shielded him from re- enough to be proiected by the muskets of our

ject was accomplished. lience it was deemed sponsibility, he would have been put upon his farmers. It is not however confessing too necessary to desiroy that interest--and hence defence. The violent politicks' cf Captain much to say, that the federalists in commenthe declaration of war-a war, not to chastise Porter have led him, after a most gallant con- cing a nary, did not expect to employ it the British nation for any injustice or tyranny, test, to criminate with no little malignity, against Great Britain, in its infant state, if evexercised towards the people or government where there was no blame, and to turn the er. We were friends it was the interest of of the United States, but declared, by our ru- publick attention from the only quarter, where, both to remain so. We never found her inlers, to remove an impediment to their oper- if any where, we had been wronged.

disposed to terminate any occasional misunaiions, as well as to create certain insiruments Such incidents however afford' no solid rea- derstanding, by friendly negotiation. We had (soldiers) to aid those operations, and all.to son for condemning the policy of creating, as

chemics those outrages we ought to have rethe final end of usurping absolute power, lo our means may permit, a permanent respecta

sented, and could have punished. Against tyrannise over the people of this country. ble navy. The enemies of such an establish

these, federalists would have employed mari. The acts of the British, so seriously set forth ment will not avail themselves of suici fmile time force ; the contest would have been honin the declaration), as mighty causes of war, objections. They will resort to other argu- ourable it would have been successful, and such as Orders in Council, Blockades, Search ments of a more plausible and powerful nature, the result would have been a rapid increase and Impressment, are things which the demo

as soon as the question of a navy is before the of the strength, respectability, and efficiency of crats were ever secretly glad to sec ; and had publick, resting on its own merits, and divest- the American navy. There can be no doubt those acts, as to their injurious effect upon ed of that delusive and temporary support, bu: the prospect of this result was one princi. this nation, been anything like what is pre- which it derives from its being, at present, in pal reason, why those, who succeeded to the tended by the Jacobins-had they been of such a some degree an instrument of offence against control of our national concerns, pursued a character as to ruin or materially to embarrass the English. The time will soon coine, when course so different : why they chose a war our merchants, we should never have heard these men will say where is the use of your which should put an effecinal end to an estabof a declaration of war against Great Britain, navy? We took and destroyed a few ships lishment, which they found it unpopular to by the present administration. It was because of war-we lost a few in our turn. The bal oppose by argument. those acts were not of such a character that ance, if any, in our favour, would not maintain

The naval power of the United States is war was made ; it was because there was no our navy, small as it is, a single week : while dead, from this time, as long as our country is hope that the British would materially embar- the expense bears heavy upon our national

cursed with the present administration. But rass the commercial interests of this nation, funds. They will say, and justly, it has not it will revive again--it will be cherished with that the administration took the work of ruin afforded the least protection to our commerce

caution, with zeal, and cordiality if ever fedorinto their own hands, by a declaration of war, that is driven entirely from the ocean.

alists are called to political power. trusting that an invasion of the enemy's colony That instead of defending our seaboard, the would bring down fire and sword upon our sea unfortunate states, in whose ports or rivers the

MR. MADISON. board. It was declared, not against Great navy takes shelter, have been put to millions

We have seen it intimated in several of our Britain, but against the commerce of the of expense, to defend our ships, instead of be publick papers that it is time Mr. Madison United States ; and had any other nation pos- ing defended by them. To what has all the

should resign his office. sessed a greater navy than Great Britain ;- alarm to which. Connecticut has been exposed, Without any very strong partialities to this gentleman, we can sincerely say, we should The attack on Stonington was mentioned in The position Miss Edgeworth would estabregret such an erent. In the name of justice, our last. It was preceded by a note from lish is, that Patronage has a pernicious tenlet him be condemned to digest the fruits of Commodore Hardy, on the afternoon of the dency. It would be strange indeed, if a cushis own iniquiiy. He has been a scourge 10 19th, giving warning to all unoffending inhab. tom which has always prevailed in refined soa misguided and corrupied nation, and his fate itants to remove in an hour. The attack, ciety, and has been countenanced by the viris not yet sufficiently exemplary, though his howeve., was delayed three hours longer, but tuous, the wise, and the enlightened, should in name will descend in the deepest disgrace on commenced at 8, in the evening, and continu- fact deserve this censure. But we would not the page of American history. Let him toiled until midnight, with shells, balls and rock rely on the authority of precedent, in dissentin his own net-let him hang on his own gals | ets. It was renewed at day break, next ing from the fair satirist; let us rather examlows let him be elected and re-elected, until morning, and continued until one, when a let. ine the nature of the thing. Interest is so he is overwhelmed with the adium which his / ter was sent to inform Com. Hardy that the universal a source of action, we need only inmeasures are calculated ultimately to produce. town was cleared of unoffending inhabitants, quire into its operation, both on patron and

For his own sake we wish him condemned and requesting to know his further determina- patronized, to know how they are likely to be to remain President, until our country is com- tions. It was replied that Commodore Hardy affected, where it is exercised. First as 10 pletely regenerated ; and we wish it no less, as having received assurances that no Torpedoes the patron. It is easy for an ingenious writer beneficial to the American people. He is the had been fitted out from Stonington, if Mrs. to describe a character, blest with the power representative, the life and soul of the dem- Stewart, wife of the late British Consul, at of munificence, employing that power only to ocratick party. The party can in no other way New London, and her children, were sent off

, favour the vicious and the stupid. But the be brought to its merited shame and disgrace. no further hostilities should be committed ; question is, whether this will most generally He has driven us into war-let him shew what otherwise, the town would be destroyed. No be the case. Supposing an individual has a a peace he will give us. He has plunged us answer was given. The truce expired at 8 on valuable office to bestow, and has only to asinio an enormous debt-let his expenditures Thursday morning, when some further com- certain how he can bestow it to his own greatbe fairly exposed, and his taxes, to discharge munications took place. At 3, the bomb ship est advantage, (and this in a liberal sense will them, be laid upon the people. Then like recommenced throwing shells, and conti ed always govern) will he not seek such an obWashington, let him make the tour of the until evening. On Tuesday the attack was ject for his generosity, as - will probably do • Union, and see whether he will be hailed with renewed by a 74 and a frigate, which kept up honour to his choice, by his improvement of the benedictions, or blasted with general execration. a tremendous cannonade until about noon.

At favour? If a wealthy person be disposed to There is one branch of the federal govern- four, all the vessels hauled off, and resumed expend a few hundred pounds for the promo: ment we should rejoice to see reformed, and their former anchorage.

tion of literary merit, will he not prefer him composed of men of sound wisdom, firmness, Forty buildings are partially injuredten whom he discovers to possess real talents and patriotism. We mean the Senate—the essentially so. Not a man was killed ashore rather than a blockhead? Miss Edgeworth is grand tribunal of the nation. The character and but five or six wounded. The town was correct, in considering misplaced encourageof our country must suffer forever, if this ad- strongly defended by a numerous body of mi- ment, as never ultimately efficient against the ministration passes away, without some strik- litia, from the neighbouring country, and the unbiassed verdict of the world. This is so ing instances of impeachment ; from that body, i inhabitants ; who conducted with the bravery true, no man of sense will waste his money, in on which devolves the most important func. and perseverance of veterans. The British a short combat with publick opinion, which he tions in the republick, let the base, the venal, acknowledge two men killed and ten wounded. knows must eventually take the ascendant. and the timid retire-and give their seats to All again is tranquil.

So far as he is capable of judging properly, honest statesmen. By such conduct they By the last accounts, we learn that the Can- he will endeavour to place real merit in the would half expiate their crimes, and perform adians are exerting themselves to improve sunshine, that it may reflect lustre upon hima distinguished service to their suffering and their roads leading towards Plattsburg

Even imperial Augustus brought a poor humiliated country. object is but too evident.

Mantuan bard to his court, because he disA letter from Buffalo, near Niagara, states covered in Virgil's genius, the means of imGENERAL REGISTER.

that the British attacked Fort Erie last Safri mattalizing his own name. Augustus was acday morning, and a heavy cannonade was tuated by no other principle than that which

heard, until the evening, when the letter was is common to his species. It is true, the BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1814. closed. General Ripley remains at Fort Erie, power of affording encouragement is not un

with the army. We shall soon have impor frequently possessed and employed by those, DOMESTICK. On the eighth instant, the

who are too ignorant to use it with discretion. President of the United States issued a pro

Commodore Chauncey continues cruising is that an argument against Patronage ? Beclamation, requiring Congress to assemble on on lake Ontario. Several of Sir J. Yeo's cause an open-hearted but visionary Cresus the nineteenth of next month.

squadron had gone up the lake to fort Niaga- may build a town, where inhabitants cannot Some suppose this measure is produced by ra, to convoy some transports. The rest had subsistma bridge where there is no travelling an expectation that a treaty of peace may soon arrive. Others that the object is to establish a Regent, which is reported to have been run retired to Kingston ; except the ship Prince-or found a College where there are no can

didates for instruction, is the principle of pubnational bank, and to make new and extensive on shore.

lick munificence to be decried ? requisitions of money to prosecute the war

But when we consider the effects of Patronwith vigour. The violent language of the


age on those who enjoy its benefits, Miss National Intelligencer and other ministerial

Edgeworth's doctrine appears to us more glapapers seems to favour the latter conjecture ;

ringly absurd. Is not the hope of receiving it but for ourselves we doubt whether Mr. Mad.


a powerful incentive to exertion ? This will ison has any object in view more definite, than

not be denied; but perhaps it may be said, the to throw the responsibility of publick measures Remarks on the subject ; not a review of the work. want of bread 'is more powerful. This is adat this critical and alarming period, on the

ALTHOUGH Miss Edgeworth has carried on mitted—but whether has talent been most freLegislature.

a brisk trade of Novel-making, for the avowed quently rendered inert by liberality, or lost to The Scioto Gazette gives it as a report that purpose of communicating wholesome instruc- the world, by the pressure of penury? We the number of desertions from the American tion, and reviewers have given her great cred- presume the true answer would be decidedly army, since the war began, amounts to it for success, in the execution of her plan, in our favour. 13,000 !! We should imagine this exagger- we much doubt whether one in a hundred of

“ Full many a gem, of purest ray serene, ated ; but it is a fact, that a Col. Miller has those who devour her stories, seek any thing

The dark unfathom'd caves of ocean bear ; recently advertised a reward for 89 deserters elsс than amusement, or ever reflect on the Full many a flow'r is born to blush unseen from one regiment, (the 17th.)

moral of the work they have been perusing. And waste its sweetness on the desert air." Mr. Bayard has written to one of his friends As a book of amusement, Patronage is certain- If the undeserving are sometimes rewarded, in Delaware, from London, that he does not ly unexceptionable ; and so highly seasoned he is nothing the worse whose genuine merit despair of peace, but that if the sentiments of with chaste humour, that we are not surprised is overlooked. But the unjust award damps the ministry correspond with those of the peo- at the avidity with which it is sought. As his ambition-and what would be the motive to ple, there is little hope of accommodation. very few will consider it an argument to sup- that ambition were patronage wholly extinct?

A British official account has been received port a particular sentiment, and the sentiment Miss Edgeworth would teach us all to rely of the late battle near Niagara falls-- General itself is a fair subject of speculation, we can solely on the disposition of the world to acDrummond reports his loss at 84 killed, and not apprehend any harm from the great pop- knowledge the utility of our exertions. A 794 wounded, missing, and prisoners, and ularity of the work, though we fully believe hopeful reliance this:-Milton was obliged to claims the victory. the author's moral erroneous.

sell his immortal poem for fifteen pounds,

tant news.



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