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though after his death his bookseller drove his wolves. The greatest wants are wood and philosophers. Yet he was distracted by the coach-and it was left for our contemporary, meadow ground, which never were in this most painful doubts. “Nescio quomodo, dum Mr. Whitbread, in 1793 to erect a monument place ; being constrained to fetch their build- lego assentior; dum deposui librum, et mecum on the poet's grave. What will the world doing timber and firewood from the islands in ipse de immortalite animorum cæpi cogitare, for the patriot covered with scars, received in boats, and their hay in loyters : It being a assentio omnis illa elabitur.” “I know not how, his country's defence, but praise him when he neck, and a bare wood, they are not troubled says he-whilst I read, I assent; when I have is no more? What will the world give the with three great annoyances, of Wolves, laid aside the book, and begin to reflect with most distinguished statesman, but a funeral • Rattle-snakes, and Musketoes. These that myself on the immortality of the soul, my mind procession. Why does ever the ingenious and live here upon their cattle, must be con- misgives me.” Who can read this passage,withuseful mechanick seek his patent, but because strained to take farms in the country, or else out wishing the good man had lived a few years the world will not reward his services ?

they cannot subsist, the place being too small later ? Who can read it without feeling his It is true, that where talents are to be ex- to contain many, and fittest for such as can heart warm with gratitude, to see so large a ercised for the specifick benefit of an individ- trade into England, for such commodities as portion of mankind now enjoying the most unual, the possessor frequently sets his price, the country wants, being the chief place for wavering assurance, that “there is another and his encouragement will depend on his shipping and merchandize.

and a better world,” which assurance descends merit. Thus the profound and eloquent ad- This neck of land is not above four miles to us, with the gift of the gospel. vocate, the judicious and attentive physician, in compass, in form almost square, having on rises to affluence ; but as this is the natural the south side at one corner, a great broad course of merit, of this description, it is sel hill, whereon is planted a fort, which can

THE WRITER, No. XV. dom if ever a subject of patronage, and there command any ship as she sails into any har

e had several occasions since I began fore the satire on patronage cannot here apply. bour within the still bay. On the north side

Het veekly essays, to mention my friend Dr. On the whole, though the subject has fur- is another hill* equal in bigness, whereon

REVERIE ; and as I shall, no doubt, in future, nished a day's very pleasant reading, we con- stands a windmill." To the northwest is an

often enrich my pages with his observations ceive Miss Edgeworth has made nothing of high mountain with three little rising hills

and remarks, I think it may be proper, and I her argument, and that if she had, it would on the top of it, wherefore it is called the have a tendency to injure society. • Tramount. From the top of this mountain a

hope entertaining to my readers, to give them

some general idea of the character and reput( man may overlook all the islands which lie

ed science of this worthy gentleman, at this o within the bay, and descry such ships as are COTTLE'S “ ALFRED."

time, and hereafter I may finish the picture, • upon the sea-coast. This town, although it The first American edition of this Poem

by re-touching the peculiar traits, and bringing be neither the greatest nor the richest, yet is

forward by proper relief, the bolder and more has recently been published at Newburyport, the most noted and frequented, being the

the most noted and frequented, being the prominent parts of this interesting and someby W. B. Allen & Co. As it is little known center of the plantations, where the monthly what singular portrait

. in this country, we shall notice it, as soon as courts were kept. Here likewise dwells the

I never have been able to fix, exactly, the we have finished the volume.. At present, we Governour. This place hath very good land, important era of his birth, but as he is pretty select, as a specimen of the author's imagina- affording rich cornfields, and fruitful gar

intimate with events of the middle of the last tion, the following picture of

• dens ; having likewise sweet and pleasant century, I should place it about the year '45 ;

• springs. The inhabitants of this place, for which, if I recollect right, was the year of the DESTRUCTION PERSONÍFIED.

their enlargement, have taken to themselves rebellion and the downfal of the last Preten« Now down he came, farm-houses, in a place called Muddy-river, der. I merely mention this historical fact, in And wandering throngh a vale, shadowy and calm, two miles from their town ; where is good order that posterity may advert to it, in case Espied' ruined Ahbey. To the spot

«ground, large timber, and store of marsh-land there should be any dispute hereafter about He hastened, and beheld the mouldering walls, • and meadow. In this place they keep their the event I am speaking of; as the births or Black with the rust of age, and all within,

swine, and other cattle in the summer, whilst deaths of soinc illustrious men of antiquity Silence and waste ; while not a sound was lieard,

the corn is on the ground at Boston, and are ofterfuttermined by great ecliptes or the Bat the wind moaning, not a form beheld,

bring them to town in the winter.'

Olympian games. Save one that fancy imaged to his mind

* Cope's-Hill, belonging formerly to one of that The Doctor, in his general appearance, very The spirit of Destruction. She who haunts

name ; 'the windmill was standing in the memory much resembles one of those good people we The moss-grown temples, and the wild resorts of some ancient people living in 1764.

call Quakers. In his youth, I am told, he was Of bats and scorpions ; where no mortal steps

animated, full of spirit, and very sanguine and Make the walls murmur with obtrusive sounds ; The author above quoted, gives a very hu- confident of success in all his projects and unBut cries and screeches from nocturnal beings morous account of the astonishment of the dertakings. He was quick, though not violent, Sound evermore, whilst the whole progeny

aboriginals, at the talent which our good in his temper; but in his resentment he was Of doleful things, that court rank solitude,

great-grandmothers, it seems, possessed, of implacable ; fortunately, his power of discrimThrive and make merriment. Upon a pile

giving wholesome disciplinary lectures to their ination is so accurate, and his integrity so un

husbands. She loves to sit, of broken monuments,

impeachable, that though sometimes severe, And o'er the scene casts an exultant eye ;

• An Indian Sagamore,' says he, once hear he can very seldom be called unjust. Age

ing an English woman scold with her hus- and philosophy, however, having very much Smiling to view the massy pillars fallen

band, her quick utterance exceeding his | mellowed his temper and disposition, it is not The aged altars-trophies-pedestals ; • apprehension, her active lungs thundering in

now a trifling' thing that can ruffle him ; and And where the invulnerable shaft withstands

his ears, expelled him the house, from whence in a violent passion, was when one of his pa.

the only time remember to have seen him ller bate and her derision, round she strews

he went to the next neighbour, where he reThe creeping Ivy, with its living shade

lated the unseemliness of her behaviour; her tients had eaten a piece of veal, after he had To hide all forms of man."

language being strange to him, he expressed

ordered him to live on beef-steak and onions. • it as strangely, telling them how she cried

For science and literary acquirements he Nannana Nannana Nannana Nan, saying he

holds a high and honorable rank ; and as a BOSTON, IN THE YEAR 1639. In a pamphlet, published in 1639, called and no correction for usurping his charter,

was a great fool to give her the audience, professional man, is not only eminent for his

skill, but has the good fortune to be employed * New-England's Prospect,” by William Wood, and abusing him by her tongue.'

by all the beau monde ; for as it is the fashion we find a very amusing description of the prin

sometimes to be indisposed, so also, to be cipal settlements, manners, and customs of

perfectly genteel, it is necessary that you have New-England. It will be pleasing to many THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL. a fashionable physician, and nobody now of our readers, to look back to what Boston We derive inestimable advantages from the days can be sick'in any kind of style, unless was at that time, and to remark the wonderful Christian religion, which we never duly appre- they have Dr Reverie to attend them. change, in about three ages. ciate, because we receive them by early edu

But what he values himself most upon, is • Boston is two miles north-east from Rox- cation. The question of the Immortality of his Theory. Every great man, and especially .bury: His situation is very pleasant, being a the Soul, was one of the most perplexing that every great physician, must have his theory ; « peninsula, hemd on the south side with the ever commanded the attention of the pagan

and Dr. Reverie has erected one as splendid • bay of Roxbury, on the north side with Charles sages. Cicero employed the utmost energies and as visionary, as any that have gone before « river, tbe marshes on the back side being not of his mind, to satisfy himself on this impor him. This is the vehicle of his fame, or, 10 6 half a quarter of a mile over ; so that a little tant point, and probably arrived nearer to a

express it in his own inore lofty language, • fencing will secure their catile from the conviction of its truth, than any of his rival this is his chariot of genius, which like the car

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of victory is to transport him to the Temple of in history. The letter which Captain Walton, Dominique, took the Ville de Paris, four othFame in triumph.

who had been detached in pursuit of Rear Ad- er ships, and sunk one. The all-pervading principle of. Electricity miral de Mari, wrote to the Admiral, after In 1793 began the war with revolutionary carly suggested to Dr. Reverie the idea of the encounter, is a curious morceau : « Sir, France. “ From this day,” says an English ihis new Theory ; and his active and eager “ we have taken and destroyed all the Spanish writer, " the history of the British navy consists mind required but little excitement to become « ships and vessels which were upon the coast ; | in an uninterrupted series of splendid and in. overcharged; and it finally exploded one of the number as per margin.

&c. portant victories. Under Howe, it defeated the finest hypotheses, which this or any other

« G. Walton." the French ; under Duncan, the Dutch ; unage has ever produced. By his method the The rising navy of Spain being destroyed, der Jervis, the Spanish ; and under Nelson, Hippocratick and Galenick system of the four and that of France in a very low state, fleets the French again. We have said that her humours is entirely done away ; as also the under the command of Norris and Wager be- marine began with her civilization ; we have idea of the natural, vital, and animal spirits; ing sent into the Baltick, caused the British seen it grow with it and we may safely afElectricity supersedes the whole, and beauti- Aag to be amply respected in that quarter.

George II. ascended the throne in 1727. marine has made England what she is ; nor intricate and perplexing in the “ Theory and in 1739° war was again declared against Spain. will any part of her history offer a sublimer Practice of Medicine." By this system all Porto Bello was taken by Admiral Vernon spectacle, than the national magnitude of he: disorders are known to originate in the excess, with only sis ships of war. He attempted fleets, and the individual skill and valour of or deficiency, of the electrical fluid if the body Carthagena, but failed. The tide of fortune her seamen.” urai body ; and therefore we have only toles for a short time seemed to set in favour of the ulate it, plus or minus, to counteract wisease Spaniards, who being joined by the French, or prevent any kind of sickness or disgreer became masters of the Mediterranean. M.

POETRY. whatever. It must be confessed that the Doctow de Marquis de Roquefeuille, while cruising in sometimes runs his Theory almost too hard ; | the channel

, obliged all the vessels of his Britbut tnis is natural, and what all Theorists have annick majesty that he fell in with to render

THE TEAR. been guilty of before him. In the warmth of first the honours of the salute to him. War argument, you might suppose he thought the was soon after proclaimed between France and I Talk'o of the woes of the days that are pasi, human body a mere.'electrical machine, and England ; several naval battles were fought of afflictions and trials severe ; that, with a proper apparatus of wires, bells, with various success, till both parties, tired How the May-morn of life was with storms overcast and glasses he could play off, with it, all the and harassed, signed a treaty of peace, at Aix

How the blossoms of Hope were all nipt by the blast, various and beautiful phononena, which are la-Chapelle, in 1748. The condition of the usually exhibited is the best lectures upon French and English navies at this period,

And beauty sat list’ning to lear. this branch of philosuphy and natural science. I presents a remarkable contrast. The naval of hardships and dangers and many a wrong, The human frame, I have heard him say, is force of France was in a state of disgraceful sometimes so highly charged with this amaz

And of toils that beset me so near ; weakness, while that of England was in a ing fluid, that he could kill a turkey with it as flourishing condition : her arsenals were full of Treachery's snare and Ingratitude's tangue ; far, as Dr. Franklin diri, when he fired his of ammunition and stores, her dock-yards were

I told and 'twas pleasant the tale to prolongelectrical machine across the Schuylkill riv well supplied with timber, and activity was

For beauty repaid with a tear, er. These kind of whims, as they do no harın, apparent in all her ports. are rather agreeable traits, than blemishes in

Ah ! soft form of Beauty, that gladdens the soul

Thus circumstances, the English stood on the character of the Doctor; and all who have

Is aught as thy sympathy dear very advantageous ground, at the commencethe happiness of his acquaintance, love and

When thy bright-beaming eyes with benignity rull, ment of the ensuing war, in May 1756. The respect him personally, whatever may be their losses of the French merchants were enor.

When heaves thy full bosom at pity's control, opinion of his Theory.

mous, and before the end of 1757, amounted And thy roses are washed with a tear.

to 310 ships, fitted out of the principal poris SKETCH for the colonies, without counting the coasting when dark roll the clouds that o'ershadow our dwili

, vessels, and those employed in the Newfound

When toils and when dangers appear ; OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE NAVAL land fishery-and such was the state of their When the storm-threat’ning waves all their terrors 25POWER OF GREAT BRITAIN. royal navy, that it could give them no assis. sume ;

Then the sun-beam of Hope that can break thro' the DURING the early part of the reign of Queen The marine of France however revived un

gloom, Anne, the English sustained considerable los. der M. de Machault, and admiral de la Galis.

O Beauty! must shine thro' a tear. ses at sea. In the dreadful storm of the 26th

soniere defeated Admiral Byng. But the loss of November 1703, they lost 13 ships of war

of Louisbourg, in July 1758, was a fatal blow Yes, Beauty—thy tear, that from sympathy flows, and more than 1500 seamen. Sir Cloudesley to the French navy." From that period," To manlıood shall ever be dear ; Shovel, on his return 10 England with a part

says one of their own writers," it seemed 'Tis the balm of all ill, and the cure of all woes ; of the Mediterranean fleet, struck upon the " as if France only fitted out ships of war for

And the heart-rankling wounds of remembrance sbal rocks of Scilly, lost his own ship and crew, “ England; her squadrons blocked up all the

close, exceeding 900 men ; the Eagle of 70, and the “ barbours of France, and cut off all commu

That beauty has wash'd with a tear. Romney of 50_guns shared the same fate.

“ nication with them ; no ship got ready to Rear Admiral Edwards was defeated in an

“ sail but in some measure clandestinely ; engagement with the squadron of Duguay“ those few vessels, which did escape falling

THE KISS. Trcuin': of five English vessels three were

“ into the hands of the enemy; vere chiefly intaken, one was blown up, and the fifth escaped. " debted for it to some favourable circumstance

[From the French.) Notwithstanding these numerous losses, how" in the weather."

Thanks to my gentle, absent friend, ever, England possessed, at the end of the About two years after George III. ascended

A Kiss you in your letter send; year 1707, 100 ships of the line, including the throne, peace was signed (1762) at Fon.

But ah ! the thrilling charm is lost, fourth rates ; 66 fifth and sixth rates, and 88 tainbleau. France had lost, in the course of

In Kisses, that arrive by post : vessels of inferior size. Among the first des- the war, thirty-seven sail of the line, and fifty

That fruit can only tasteful be, cription were several three deckers, the

strong.

six frigates ; and Spain, who came forward to est and most capacious that had been construcassist her, lost her rich colonies, Havana and

When gather'd melting from the tree. sed in Europe. Manilla, fourteen ships of the line and four

tort********* ************** The marine of Spain had been reduced al- frigates!

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR inost to a state of annihilation. Cardinal Al

The American war began in 1775, and durberoni, the Spanish minister, made great exer- ing this long struggle, the British continued

JOHN PARK,

Some xions to re-establish it, and sent a considerable

to gain distinguished successes by sea. armament into the Mediterranean, for the

of the principal events are the following. IR BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, conquest of Sardinia. George I. ascended January, 1780, Admiral Rodney took 19 Span

NO. 4 CORNHILL. the throne, and despatched a powerful fleet, ish transports, a sixty-four gun ship, and five

Price three dollars per annam, half in advance. under Admiral Byng, to arrest the progress of frigates. The same month, he defeated their the Spaniards. The fleets met, and the EnAdmiral Langara, and took five ships. In

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding glish obtained as great a victory as any recorded April 1802, he defeated Count de Grassc, off

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FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

faction, who “owe their greatness to their empty their pockets will be played off, in ex. country's ruin.”

citing insurrections, to supplant good men by

Are there any who say it is not a time to bad, or bad by worse. The day of America's retribution has come insist on our government's abandoning its At the request of a correspondent, we have -our ill 'fated, misguided, corrupted country ground, when ministers are employed in ne- inserted in the last page of this number, a pa. must now take the consequences of both its gotiation ? Shall we never be cured of the per describing the horrors of war. The depolitical and moral depravity. Heaven has, folly of supposing the British cabinet a nursery scription is just ; but though war is one of thus far, disposed those against whom we de- of babies, who are to be frightened by terrifick heaven's severest scourges, ranked by inspira. clared war, to distribute the effects of their masks and goblin stories ? They will never tion itself with pestilence and famine, we just resentment,in a considerable measure, ac- concede an inch of the ground Mr. Madison would not countenance the doctrine that it is cording to the disposition of different sections assumed ; and a pretence on our part to ex- an evil never to be encountered. It is someof the country, in favour or against assailing pect it, if it produce any effect, will tend to times inevitable ; it is sometimes just and exthem. Would to God it were in the nature of provoke them to higher requisitions. Happily, pedient, when it might be avoided. War is things that this principle could be carried into as yet, we have no grounds to suppose they not to be regarded with abhorrence, though its effect, on a scale of perfect discrimination, will require any sacrifice from our country, attendants are appalling, but when it is waged and the innocent not suffer with the guilty ; though our rulers must succomb. Their cause, from wicked p: ssions or unfounded pretexts. but this is impossible, and we must submit to thank heaven, is not the nation's.

When a tyrant invades to enslave, or when imour fate.

To protest with honest indignation against portant nationai rights are outraged, then, dulStill it is just and proper that we should the war and its pretences, will never make a ce et decorum est pro patria mori-the life keep our eyes upon our domestick foes, and British admiral imagine we will not defend our and services of every individual become the not suffer ourselves to forget the authors of touses and families, if it become a question to property of the community, and where there our calamities. As they have the audacity to abandon them or fight ; but, on the other hand, is a prospect of success, should be freely used continue their insolent and abusive language it may qualify, at least locally, the asperity of and as freely yielded. -as they still are pouring out their invectives that resentment, which an unprovoked war has We have been once engaged in a war, upon those, who had no part in bringing these incurred. This, however, we would not wrge, when we could confidently look to heaven for sufferings upon the nation, let them know that as the most important consideration. We firm- a blessing on our good cause and our arms. though we must suffer with them, we are not ly believe, if Mr. Madison can drive the coun- The names of those who endured and survived to be duped out of our senses, and made to try to make common cause with him and his the contest, a!: venerated by an emancipated .consider ourselves exposed to the horrors of mirions, he will still 'avoid peace. He knows nation ; the nines of those, who fell, are held war, by an offensive disposition in the British, that the British will not attempt to conquer in grateful recollection. But now we are enwho have only come at last to defend their the United States, and that if the people ad- gaged in a wif, originating in the basest of colonies. If any man's vessel is burnt, let here to him, he may still be a President for selfish motives, folally aggressive in its nature, him remember that the democrats of his town, ans, though the fairest part of the republick conducted lilled profligacy-experienwho have voted for war men, have subjected be laid in ashes. He must be abandoned by cing the frowus of heaven, in every step-anu him to this loss. If any man's house is de the people, or his best hopes will prompt him exposing us to the censure and scorn of the stroyed, let him reproach his neighbour demo- to protract the conflict, and ride upon the world. The distress, devastation, and carnage crats with this misfortune, for their votes

which are now begun, deserve solemn conside brought it upon him. If our towns are attack

eration, and above all, from those to whom ed, in the name of justice, let us take pod CORRECT PRINCIPLES DO NOT CHANGE WITH

our country is indebted for its disastrous situ. tare, while we expose our lives in their de.

atignmen who are accountable at the bar of

CIRCUMSTANCES. fence, that those who have been most active

eternal jus:ice for every drop of blood-every for war, and who still continue to insult and It has ever been the firm determination of

sigh, and every pang of sorrow, which will refire the resentment of the enemy, are placed the editor of this paper, for the twelve years

sult from this wicked conflict. in the front rank. They will be skulking he has been engaged in the publick discussion of from danger ; let us at least make them fight political questions, to support such doctrincs,

THE PRESENT OBJECT OF TIIE WAR: by our sides, or legally gibbet them as traitors. under the circumstances that have occurred, as A WRITER in the government paper, at When we hear of devastation on our coasts, he would maintain in any other to have but Washington, states fery seriously, that the let us turn to the advocate of war, and thunder one language, on every subject, whether act- dispute betwgen Great Britain and the United: in his guilty ears,-"Yoll, sir, have done ing with a majority, or in opposition. In this Suites ces not relate to principles, but has this." respect, he can now look back with satisfac- beccne

a question of physical force. We In the mean time, it is the duty of all of us tion on every page he has written.

looled for some editorial qualification of this to examine ourselves, and see whether we feel We have cautiously guarded against falling position, but could bud none, and therefore perfectly justified, in the part we have per into invectives against taxes, merely because wins i entitled to serious consideration. formed. Tave we not omitted some effort we they pressed or were enormous for the pub. Ilinas become merely a question of force, might have made, to avert this misery ? Have | lick ought to be habituated not abstraciediy Voy the wbsurd farce of sending five ministers we not, from timidity, or some latent partiality to indulge an odium against lases, but to in- iu Cukupe io negotiate ? If ihe war is but a to those delusive principles which our rulers quire for what purpose they are required, and i gymnastiek tragedy, to ascertain whether have professed, given scope to their machina-how are they expended. We are aware that Gucit Biain or the United States is the tions, which an honest, manly, enlightened pat. a temporary advantage to our party might be strussesi, that cannot be cictcrmined at Ghent, riotism might have checked? If we feel the derived from such a course ; but we are 1 but on the shores and frontiers of our own terstings of compunction, and I know not who

well aware, that it would only confirm preju- ' rizery. It is a pitched battle between fifteen can conscientiously say, he has ever done his dices, which are naturally strong enough, and millions of people on one side, and seven millutmost, for his country, let us now determine which might some time, not far distant, prove ions on the other--between a thousand vessels to be just and fear not. It is still a time for an obstacle to the operations of a virtuous and, of ur, and thirty. If this be true, nothirg is exertion, to disseminate the truih among the wise government. It is certain that whatever

wise government. It is certain that whatever to be bored from the arrival of despatches uninformed-to silence the false clamours, administration succeeds this war, (if the war frora cu ministers. The forces of the two which were circulated to pave the way for do nos put an end to the federal government,) countries are puiug thco selves in array, and war ;-to render it popular, after the ruinous it must levy enormous taxes, to discharge the it seem diusi fight, we her the old questions step was taken--and now 10 infiame the pub- expenses our present rulers have incurred, to vi ris and reason can be accommodatud, by lick mind, with a blind rage for continuing it, enrich its partisans ; those taxes must tien bel diploma:?s?s, ut not as the common cause of an injured, country, paid, though now kept out of sight by loans ; W1o.cr mis be the

te sentiment when it is, in fact, but the infamous plot of a land the usual reluctance of the people to ofle [Cierrine: t, we do not pretend to be

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138

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

It is the concession of one of their partisans, , 4 to 8,000 are reported to have already land. | verseness. If the premature old age of the and serves to corroborate what we have ever cd, on the Paiuxent, but 30 miles from Waste Pikite becomes a scene of torture, it is of maintained, that the points alleged, as causes ington. The militia were rapidly collecting his ows preparing. The poverty and misery of war, are deemed of

very

little consequence, in and near that city--to the number, as has of the spenatlırift and indolent are curses of or are wholly delusive.

been conjectured, of 16,00). We presume their own choice. Our own imprudence, pas

this is considerably overrated ; and from allsion, and negligence bring with them a train The Editor of the New York Evening Post, we can learn of the preparations of defence, if of minor ills, with which our existence is in a very able paper has exposed the disgust. the possession of the Capital is the object of strewed, to which may be attributed most of ing absurdity of the principle, on which Mr. the British, their success is not improbable- the deductions from felicity, which mark our Madison began his professed " retaliation” on Capt. Porter, with 300 scamen, has gone on career through life. the British, with respect to prisoners ; and from New York, to join the forces at Wash- But is not moral evil, where the innocent has demonstrated the whole scene of impos- ington.

are the victims of others' crimes, as difficult to ture, by wbich he has attempted to conceal, A large body of Pennsylvania militia is like- be reconciled to infinite goodness, as that from the American nation, his disgraceful re- wise said to be under marching orders. Gen which is purely physical? I can cnly answer treat from his ground. Mr. Coleman's re- Winder's regular force is but about 1000. this by asking-are you dissatisfied with humarks, on this subject, we are happy to see,

man freedom Free agency-accountability are circulating through the most respectable

To Correspondents.

virtuem-vice-rewards and punishments--all newspapers in the Union.

Ws have received a translation from TaLocritts,

these must be done away, or the possibility of addressed to “ 'THE WRITER ;” but as the author of cruelty, tyranny, every species of violence and

the numbeis under that title is unknown to the editor wrong must be admitted. If it be consistent, GENERAL REGISTER. of this paper, it cannot be cuminunicated.

that a perfectly benevolent being should make

We should be happy to hear again from “MIRA." a free agent, and surely there is nothing reBOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1814. We have on hand a great number of poetical commu.

volting in this, then it must be consistent with nications, and regret to find that they generally want his character 10 adınit the consequences of

that merit, which we should expect, in the metropolis. DOMESTICK. We are happy to learn,

that free agency. - I believe this reasoning that the damage sustained by the inhabitants

correct, and as the subject is one of solemn of Stonington, from the recent attack on that LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. importance, it deserves serious consideration. place, amounts to but 3,500 dollars,as reported

I have often thought it strange and not casiby a committee appointed for that purpose.

ly to be accounted for, considering the uni. The official accounts on both sides, of the That life abounds with pains and sorrows is versal complaint that life abounds with ills, battle at Bridgewater, near Niagara Falls, on admitted by every class of society. Not a few that the passion to increase their number the 25th of July, are now before the publick. make it an occasion of murmuring at the dis- should be so general. I do not mean the great They state the losses respectively as follows. pensations of Providence, and impeaching the calamities, which only a few exalted villains Killed, American 117_British 84. Wounded, 1 goodness of the Creator,

can inflict; but the painful sensations, the disAmerican 572—British, 552. Missing and

“ Call imperfection what they fancy snch."

appointments, and mortifications, which are Prisoners, American 117-British 235.

daily produced, in the common intercourse of After the above battle, the American troops

The existence of inevitable, natural evils, is society, from a mere wanton propensity to outremained quietly posted at Fort Erie, until the certainly one of the most difficult subjects that

rage the sensibility of those around us. There morning of the 15th instant, when they were

has ever baffled the powers of the human un- can be no doubt but that the truly benevolent attacked by General Drummond, who was re

derstanding, and I confess it is a stumbling | mind is, of all, the most happy-that a desire pulsed after sustaining a severe loss, princi-block, which I have never seen satisfactorily to increase the felicity of our fellow creatures pally, as is reported, by the accidental explo- removed. There are, however, such irresisti: gives to the possessor a pleasure equal to that sion of the magazine, in old Fort Erie, while ble proofs of unbounded power, wisdom, and it confers. This source of salisfaction is acs in possession of the British. The following goodness, in what we understand of the divine cessible to all-but instead of cultivating it outline of the result is official.

economy, it would rather evince an arrogant with that fondness, which it would seem even

weakness, than a commendable spirit of phi. a rational self-love would inspire, and which Head Quarters, Fort Erie, U.C.

} Aug. 15th, 7, A. M. 1814.

losophy, to censure what we cannot compre- | both genuine politeness and religion inculcate, DEAR SIR–My heart is gladdened with hend. We perhaps know both the beginning we see few who do not sometimes indulge a gratitude to Heaven and joy to my country, and end of no one thing-how then shall we propensity to give unnecessary pain, and some, to have it in my power to inform you, that the presume to offer a decision, which should be

to whom it appears to he a predominant object. gallant army under my command has this founded on a perfect knowledge of things in “ Now it is true," says an amiable writer, morning beaten the enemy commanded by Lt. all their relations. Compared with inferior " that every degree of benevolence is a pleasGen. Drummond, after a severe conflict of orders of being, we may, and we have good ure, and inat sorrow itself, when arising from three hours, commencing at two o'clock, A. M. reason to, rejoice in our powers-yet, though thence, is accompanied with a secret satisfacThey attacked us on each flank-got posses

we cannot form comparisons with the myriads tion ; and that every cmotion of envy and hasion of the salient bastion of the old Fort Erie, of beings, whom reasoning analogically, we tred' is attended with pain : our happiness which was regained at the point of the bayo- may suppose to rank above us, yet on an ex- then must be more complete and durable, in net with a dreadful slaughter. The enemy's amination of the limited reach of our own proportion as our manner of life tends to inloss in killed and prisoners is about 600 ; near

minds, we shall be soon taught a lesson of hu- spire us with seouiments of love and benevo300 killed. Our loss is considerable, but I mility. What does the profoundest sage com- lence, and to remove tliose of hatred and ill think not one tenth as great as that of the en- pletely understand ? I might make a list of will. The life of the just and benevolent man emy. I will not detain the cxpress to give every thing around us, and defy the utmost is one continued act of complacency, and all you the particulars. I am preparing my force scope of reason to account for the ordinary the objects presented to him will be agreeato follow the blow.

phenomena, which are subject to our constant bic. All the emotions of his heart are so maWith great respect and esteem, your obe observation. We are perplexed even by the

ny pleasures.

Such we may presume to be dient servant,

operations of our own minds. This will be the state of those who are placed in the reEDWARD PENDLETON GAINES. more striking, by adducing a familiar instance. | gions of bliss. They are continually employ

Brig: Gen. Com'g. Are we free in our choice of action, or do we ed in the exercise of benevolence ; this was Hon. John Armstrong, Secretary at War.

act from necessity ? This question, a super- their delight here on earth, and even then Admiral Cochrane has, at last, certainly ar- ficial thinker would boldly answer, at once ; began to yield them a recompense for their rived in the Chesapeake, with a reinforcement, but the ablest metaphysicians are divided on virtue." stated to consist of between forty and fifty ves- the subject-and will probably never agree. sels. They proceeded immediately up the Shall such minds sit in judgment on the plans

COMMENCEMENT. bay ; a part have ascended the Potomack to- of him, who formed and supports the universe ? NEXT Wednesday is the anniversary of wards Washington city, and a part up the Pa- But of the evils we experience, a very small Commencement at Körvard University. On tuxent, where lies Commodore Barney's flo- portion are of this descripcion ; they are prin- , this occasion the rabble osusily attend for rev. tilla. Washington, and all the country in that cipally of a moral nature and brought upon elry and sport-many of the fasbionable probavicinity. is in the utmost consternation, ex- us, either by our own misconduct or the mis- / bly for fashion's sake ; but the learned, the cupecting an attack on Washington,and perhaps conduct of others. Of li omaer we cannot rious, and the reflecting, for the satisfaction of other cities of much greater importance. in justice complain-ive capot arraign the witnessing the growing merits of an institution

The whole British military force in that benevolence of Deity, nor criminate mankind to which this part of the country is principally quarter, is estimated at 12,000°; of these from for the consequences of our own folly or per-'indebted, for its respectable rank in literature,

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morals and politicks, as well as for the con- ! the rage to wear the hat a little on one side, , pleasures and fireside enjoyments, which should stant supply of enlightened instructers in reli- i her's was sure to be brought down to the low- make is, of all places, the most pleasant and gion. We trust the youth, by a clear, dis- er part of her face ; if bare necks was the most desirable. In a well regulated family, tinct enunciation, will enable those who feel mode, she would not only shew a very hand- even the servants should not be neglected ; interested in the exercises, to enjoy them ; a some one, but take care to add to the display, but here they are left to sleep on flock-beds failure in this respect is frequently a cause of some portion of her snowy bosom. It was the or on the floor, and are put in some miserable general regret.

wisdom of those times to conceal that uncome- corner of the house, where the eye of the

ly part of the arm above the elbow, but the mistress never sees their situation, and,whethTHE WRITER, No. XVI. delicate taper, and beautiful contour from er in sickness or in health, she feels no solic

itude for their comfort or accommodation. When I was a young man, I had two beau- thence to the wrist, were allowed to be uncov.

It cannot be expected that much happiness tiful female cousins, who were very intimate ered, and Livia not only possessed these beauand very fond of each other, and yet they dif- ties and advantages in a superior degree, but is enjoyed in a scene like this

, and the husalso knew how to set them off with a most band of Livia is constrained to acknowledge, fered very much in their tastes and disposi

although he is proud of his handsome wise, tions. To distinguish, without betraying them magical effect.

Thus accomplished and thus skilled to cap- that it would have been more for his family in my description, I shall call them by the tivate, no wonder Livia was surrounded by comforts and his children's benefit, had her fictitious names of Cornelia and Livia. Cor: admirers, and became the idol of all the young inind been more improved, and had she been nelia was always endeavouring to adorn her fellows of fashion about the Town. In short, trained up in habits of industry and domestick mind, Livia her person ; of course, if you she was celebrated as a belle, to the great joy virtues. found Cornelia alone, you were sure to catch of her parents, who were not a little proud of her with a book in her hand ; if you sought her being so, nor of the pains they had taken HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. for Livia, she was as constantly found cocking to make her one ; as such, she was every her bonnet, shifting a ribbon, or contriving where known, and although hier name was

"The attention of the publick is invited, and some kind of new ornament to deck her pernever mentioned but with rapture, yet it was

the patronage of the liberal is solicited to the son, and set off her pretty face to greater ad- mentioned so often, that it almost became a

publications of the Massachusetts Historical vantage. Cornelia had no sort of taste or byc word, and every saucy beau would have logical controversy, are devoted to the civil,

Society, which, excluding political and theodesire for gewgaws ; a brilliant necklace, or

some fine things to say of Livia, even in a cof-natural, and ecclesiastical history of America, a pair of ear-rings, had no charms for her, un

fce-house or tavern, and boast of her acquaint- particularly of New England. One important less it was that she might give them to some

ance amongst companions, and in publick pla-object is the multiplication of copies of rare body who had a greater fancy for them, and

ces, where it would have been very much thus afford pleasure to some of her friends.

and curious ancient documents, both in manu

When she script and print, for the use of the future histo-The trinkets and ornaments, therefore, which against her reputation to be seen. came into her possession, were generally siv: knot of eager gazers on the opposite side of topographical descriptions of the country, and walked down Cornhill, there was always a

rian and biographer. It is also a repository for en to Livia, and she seemed to take as much pleasure in dressing out her fair cousin, as though she sometimes affected to complain at

the street, to watch and admire her; and al- biographical memoirs of our most distinguishthe most of young ladies discover in dressing their saucy stare, yet it was plain she consid

ed worthies ; and various similar articles, for themselves,

the gratification of the antiquarian as well as of ered it as a kind of homage or adoration which What she thought of her own person, no

the general reader. The Society have on hand was due to her, and therefore it did not, in rebody I believe ever knew, but we all knew ality, put her very much out of temper.

abundant materials, and if their pecuniary that she thought her cousin Livia handsome ; With so many admirers and gallants, Livia annually. It is not expected, nor particularly

means were adequate, would publish a volume and although she was so careless of dress and

had only to follow the dictates of her fluttering desired, to derive any profit from the work. appearance herself, she always took delight in young heart in making choice of a husband. seeing fine clothes and fine ornaments bestow. She was married at eighteen, and as she was

Such a sale only is wanted, as shall, with the ed on Livia. a fashionable belle herself, she chose a man

assessment on the members of the Society, inThese two young ladies lived in great har

demnify them for the actual expenses of the mony, for there was nothing that might inter, hand to a dashing beau.

of the fike accomplishments, and gave her publication. It is believed to be a work pecurupt it ; they were both good-natured, and

Seldom had a more dazzling couple ex

liarly adapted to the Social Libraries, which there was no rivalship. Livia was always dres. changed their vows before the altar. But

are now generally established among us; and sed the finest, and Cornelia, instead of enrying

those interested in thom are respectfully desirnew scene was now to open before them ; du led to examine it, and see if it ell worher fair companion, took great pleasure in ties and obligations had devolved upon each, thy of a place in the libraries of the several seeing her so gay and so happy ; in fact, she which neither knew very well how to perform. loved her, and thought every body else ought Livia's education and accomplishments had

towns in the commonwealth. to, for taking so much pains to please them.

The first series, consisting of ten volumes, been chiefly calculated to obtain a husband, I shall pursue the comparison no farther ; but unfortunately she had none of the qualifi- It is enriched, among other valuable articles,

was commenced in 1792, and closed in 1809. but as time has long since separated these la- cations necessary for a wife or a mother. dies from their youthful sports and intimacy, During a single life, pleasure may be sought tot, the founders of the Society-names, which,

with many from the pens of BELKNAP and ElI shall also separate their stories; and contin- for any where, but in the married state, if while they are the pride of our country, must ue that of Livia in the present number, whilst she is not found at home, it will be an unprofI reserve a further account of her cousin Cor- itable search to go abroad in quest of her.

secure immortality to any literary work, with nelia for future entertainment.

which they are connected. The latter was by Livia however has no domestick comforts. The parents of Livia, indulgent to the in. She hates the trouble of children, and takes

far the largest original contributor to the form. clinations of their daughter, and proud of the

er series. Of the deceased, of whom alone it no pride in seeing her's look better than her prospect of her celebrity, gave her what is neighbour's, so that they geperally look a

is judged proper to speak, Lincoln and Sulcalled a polite education, and encouraged her great deal worse. Retaining all her former The tenth volume contains a most minute and

LIVAN also furnished several valuable articles. disposition and desire to be a fine lady. She passion for dress and ornaments, she spends accurate index and chronological table. Two was taught musick in despite of nature, for the most of her time in embellishing her own she had no ear ; and painting, although she

of the volumes are out of print ; but the So. person, and therefore has little or could never rightly understand the effect of

ciety propose to reprint them, if a subscription spare for her children.

Thus neglecied and light and shade. At dancing she was an apt almost forsaken, no wonder they are ragged pense. The volumes contain from 290 to 300

can be obtained, sufficient to defray the exscholar; but, with all the reputation of " learn and dirty, whilst their mamma is receiving ing French,” she was never able to remember company in fine lace and muslin. They are

pages, 8vo. and are sold at the very moderte the proper application of the masculine and also bold and salicy ; for being turned into single volume may be had on application to

price of 81, 50 each $15 the set, in bds. Any. feminine articles. She went through these the street, to learn the world, and rid their JAMES SAVAGE, Esq. the librarian, or of the studies however, in course, and her masters mother of their noise and trouble, they cona | printer, No. 5, Couri Street, where subscripflattered her and the old folks, that she excej. led in them all. With these advantages, Liv. hands and dirty faces.

tract evil and vulgar habits as well as dirty tions are received, and cight volumes of the

All her family conia came ont at sixteen, what the world calls

series will be delivered, with an obligation to

are equally neglected ; she feels no 4 a very accomplished young lady ;" she

furnish the two deficient volumes, when reprintreverence for the Household Gods. She has could play a tune on the piano, paint a flow. er, and repeat a number of complimentary that systematick regularity and nice arrange. ficient volumes may be expected at intervals of no economy in ner affairs ; she has none of the republication will commence, and the de.

ed. As soon as filiy sets are subscribed for, French phrases. She was always in fashion, ment, which makes ti on the most convenient; and generally in the extreme of it ; if it was

iwo months and she is not susceptible of those quiet

not

none to

cerns

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