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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1814.

NO. XXXIV.

POLITICAL.

that is--had it possessed greater means to des- and the monstrous expense she has been ob

troy our vessels, to sack and burn our sea liged to incur, been owing, but to her misforFOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

ports ; in a word, greater means to ruin the tune, in Commodore Decatur's bringing his POLITICAL ORTHODOXY IN THE SOUTH. Merchants, the declaration of war would have squadron into one of her rivers ? If any atWe have just received a letter from a wor

been made against that nation. Had BONA- tack is to be apprehended at Portsmouth, or tby friend, who has long resided, and now re

PARTE succeeded, the Northern States would in Boston, it is well understood the only reason sides, in the state of Georgia ; it is prircipal

have been under a MILITARY GOVERNMENT, is, because you there find, portions of the navy ly political, and we take the liberty to insert a

unless they had prevented that fate by actual -and that otherwise they would probably be considerable extract, as a specimen of the

of the force ; not that the Jacobins here respect him perfectly tranquil. views entertained by an intelligent southern

ern in any other view, than as the great Garrick of such ressoning, we are persuaded, will be federalist. Would to heaven our brethren in

the Tragedy, of which Madison had taken a adopted by the democrats--the enemies of a the Atlantick section of the south could ali see

minor part—say, grave-digger-and if Garrick navy, as soon as this ill-fated war is over. thus—they would no longer be the dupes of

makes a faux-pas, the play is lost ; and the We mean therefore to be in season, and meet a western policy, which builds up the country

grave-digger must quit, the stage by the hiss, these objections now. bevond the mountains, in the same proportion which expels the great actor."

They are objections to this detestable and that it ruins the old commercial part-the

stupid war, but not to a naval establishment. whole Atlantick coast.

No man was mad enough to suppose, that in THE NAVY.

this stage of our maritime strength we could EXTRACT.

In the discharce of what we conceive to be cope with such a power as Great Britain. “Do any suppose that this war was declared our duty to the publick, we have taken the

The federalists, the projectors of a navy, would from any motive of resentment towards Creat liberty, in a very few instances, to question the

not have plunged the country into an unnecBritain, or of love towards France ? Not at propriety of some things which have takenessary and

essary and destructive war, to blast' all their all. The Jacobins long ago resolved on the place, in the conduct of some of our pavy of.

schemes of ultimate commercial protection. destruction of the present form of governijent, ficers. There has indeed been much to ap

Had a contest with England become necessary, to the end that, upon its ruin, they might rise prove their bravery, their skill, and their dis.

they wouid either have entirely suspended all into permanent power. The thing was to cipline, have reflected honour on the country,

naval armament, or have appropriated those have been accomplished by adding, step by and their success gives us good grounds to

incalculable treasures to the construction and step, hower, to the office of the President, une adhere to the old federal doctrine that a naval l. equipmieni ol ships of war, which have been til it should become unquestionable and abso- establishment may be of great national úzility.

squandered and wasted on armies worse than lute ; and it was very well understood that the We sincerely regretted the affair of the Lit

| useless, for the invasion of Canada. incumbent of that office, whoever he might be, tle Belt, because we are confident that Come

It may perhaps flatter the vanity of the would provide liberally and permanently for | modore Rodgers acted in a manner, in which

| most ignorant in our country, to pretend that his adlierents. But the comniercial inte est, he was not justified by the laws of nations. we can

we can in something with six or seven fri. discerning and opposing their measynesc assumed helligerent gigiis inside opsates 2 . ihousand British ships of war. feiardieu rneir progress, it was feared that oven peace and we are equally confident, that had | We can indced do soinetlring-We can keep the inveterate numbness of the democrats' in- | not the hostile disposition of our government

our frigates, if they can ascend our rivers far tellect would discover the plot, before the ob- | towards Great Britain shielded him from re- enough to be proiected by the muskets of our ject was accomplished. lience it was cleemed sponsibility, he would have been put upon his

farmers. It is not however confessing too necessary to destroy that interess--and hence defence. The violent politicks of Captain

much to say, that the federalists in commenthe declaration of war-a war, not to chastise | Porter have led him, after a most gallant con

cing a na:y, did not expect to employ it the British Nation for any injustice or tyranny, test, to criminate with no liitle malignity,

against Great Britain, in its infant state, if evexercised towards the people or government where there was no blame, and to turn the

er. We were friends it was the interest of of the United States, but declared, by our ru- publick attention from the only quarter, where,

both to remain so. We never found her inlers, to remove an impediment to their oper: | if any where, we had been wronged.

disposed to terminate any occasional misunacions, as well as to create certain insiruments Such incidents however afford no solid rea

derstanding, by friendly negotiation. We had (soldiers) to aid those operations, and all.to son for condemning the policy of creating, as

cnemies whose outrages we ought to liave rethe final end of uurping absolute power, lo our means may permit, a permanent respecta

sented, and could have punished. Against tyrannise over the people of this country. ble navy. The enemies of such an establish

these, federalists would have employed mari. The acts of the British, so seriously set forth ment will not avail themselves of suici fucile

time force ; the contest would have been honin the declaration), as mighảy causes of war', objections. They will resort to other argu

ourabie-it would have been successful, and such as Orders in Council, Blockades, Searchments of a more plausible and powerful nature,

the result would have been a rapid increase and Impressment, are things which the demo- | as soon as the question of a navy is before the

of the strength, respectability, and efficiency of crats were ever secretly glad to see ; and had publick, resting on its owni merits, and divest

the American navy. There can be no doubt those acts, as to their injurious effect upon ) ed of that delusive and temporary support,

bu: the prospect of this result was one princi. this nation, been any thing like what is pre. I which it derives from its being, at present, i. I pal reason, why those, who succeeded to the tended by the Jacobins-had they been of such a some degree an instrument of offence against i control of our national concerns, pursued a character as to ruin or materially to embarrass the English. The time will soon coine, when

course so different : why they chose a war our merchants, we should never have beard these men will say--where is the use of your

which should put an effectual end to an estabof a declaration of war against Great Britain, navy? We took and destroyed a few ships

lishment, which they found it unpopular to by the present administration. It was because of war-we lost a few in our turn. The bal

oppose by argument. those acts were not of such a character that ance, if any, in our favour, would not maintain ! The naval power of the United States is war was made ; it was because there was no I our navy, small as it is, a single week : while dead, from this time, as long as our country is hope that the British would materially embar- | the expense bears heavy upon our national

cursed with the present administration. But rass the commercial interests of this nation, funds. They will say, and justly, it has not it will revive again--it will be cherished with that the administration took the work of ruin afforded the least protection to our commerce | caution, with zeal, and cordiality it ever ledorinto their own hands, by a declaration of war, that is driven entirely from the ocean.

alists are called to political power. trusting that an invasion of the enemy's colony That instead of defending our seaboard, the would bring down fire and sword upon our sea unfortunate states, in whose ports or rivers the

MR MADISON, board. It was declared, not against Great | navy takes shelter, have been put to millions

We have seen it intimated in several of our Britain, but against the cornimerce of the l of expense, to defend our ships, instead of be. I publick papers that it is time Mr. Madison United States ; and had any other nation pos- | ing defended by them. To what has all the should resign his office. sessed a greater navy than Great Britain ;~ alarm to which. Connecticut has been exposed, Without any very strong partialities to this gentleman, we can sincerely say, we should The attack on Stonington was mentioned in 1 The position Miss Edgeworth would estal. recret such an erent. In the name of justice, our last. It was preceded by a note from lish is, that Patronage has a pernicious ten. let him be condemned to digest the fruits of Commodore Hardy, on the afternoon of the dency. It would be strange indeed, if a cus. his own iniquity. He has been a scourge to 19th, giving warning to all unoffending inhab. | tom which has always prevailed in refined sa a misguided and corrupted nation, and his fate !itants to remove in an hour. The attack, | ciety, and has been countenanced by the viris not yet sufficiently exemplary, though his howeve., was delayed three hours longer, but tuous, the wise, and the enlightened, should in name will descend in the deepest disgrace on commenced at 8, in the evening, and continu- fact deserve this censure. But we would not the page of American history. Let him toil) ed until midnight, with shells, balls and rock- / rely on the authority of precedent, in dissent. in his own net-let him hang on his own galets. It was renewed at day break, next ing from the fair satirist; let us rather exam. lows-let him be elected and re-elected, until morning, and continued until one, when a let. | ine the nature of the thing. Interest is so he is overwhelmed with the odium which his ter was sent to inform Com. Hardy that the universal a source of action, we need only in measures are calculated ultimately to produce. | town was cleared of unoffending inhabitants, quire into its operation, both on patron and

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For his own sake we wish him condemned | and requesting to know his further determina-patronized, to know how they are likely to be to remain President, until our country is com- ' tions.

tions. It was replied that Commodore Hardy affected, where it is exercised. First as to

It was replied that Commodore Hardy affected, where it pletely regenerated ; and we wish it no less, as having received assurances that no Torpedoes the patron. It is easy for an ingenious writer beneficial to the American people. He is the had been fitted out from Stonington, if Mrs. to describe a character, blest with the power representative, the life and soul of the dem- | Stewart, wife of the late British Consul, at of munificence, employing that power only to ocratick party. The party can in no other way | New London, and her children, were sent off, favour the vicious and the stupid. But the be brought to its merited shame and disgrace. no further hostilities should be committed ; 1 question is, whether this will most generally He has driven us into war-let him shew what otherwise, the town would be destroyed. No be the case. Supposing an individual has a a peace he will give us. He has plunged us answer was given. The truce expired at 8 on valuable office to bestow, and has only to asinto an enormous debt-let his expenditures Thursday morning, when some further com- certain how he can bestow it to his own great. be fairly exposed, and his taxes, to discharge | munications took place. At 3, the bomb ship est advantage, (and tbis in a liberal sense will them, be laid upon the people. Then like recommenced throwing shells, and contine ed always govern) will he not seek such an ob. Washington, let him make the tour of the until evening. On Tuesday the attack was ject for his generosity, as - will probably do Union, and see whether he will be bailed with renewed by a 74 and a frigate, which kept up honour to

honour to his choice, by his improvement of the benedictions, or blasted with general execration. a tremendous cannonade until about noon. At favour ? If a wealthy person be disposed to

There is one branch of the federal govern- four, all the vessels hauled off, and resumed expend a few hundred pounds for the promo: ment we should rejoice to see reformed, and their former anchorage.

tion of literary merit, will he not prefer bim composed of men of sound wisdom, firmness, 1 Forty buildings are partially injured-ten | whom he discovers to possess real talents and patriotism. We mean the Senate the essentially so. Not a man was killed ashore rather than a blockhead ? Mis's Edgeworth is grand tribunal of the nation. The character and but five or six wounded. The town was correct, in considering misplaced encourageof our country must suffer forever, if this ad- | strongly defended by a numerous body of mi. ment, as never ultimately efficient against the ministration passes away, without some strik- litia, from the neighbouring country, and the unbiassed verdict of the world. This is so ing instances of impeachment; from that body, i inhabitants ; who conducted with the bravery true, no man of sense will waste his money, in on which devolves the most important func- and perseverance of veterans. The British a short combat with publick opinion, wbich he tions in the republick, let the base, the venal, acknowledge two men killed and ten wounded. knows must eventually take the asceridant. and the timid retire-and give their seats to All again is tranquil.

So far as he is capable of judging properly, honest statesmen. By such conduct they | | By the last accounts, we learn that the Can- he will endeavour to place real merit in the would half expiate their crimes, and perform adians are exerting themselves to improve | sunshine, that it may reflect lustre upon him. a distinguished service to their suffering and their roads leading towards Plattsburg. The self. Even imperial Augustus brought a poor humiliated country. object is but too evident.

Mantuan bard to his court, because he disA letter from Buffalo, near Niagara, states | coyered in Virgil's genius, the means of imGENERAL REGISTER.

that the British attacked Fort Erie last Saar metializing his owA name. Augustus was acday morning, and a heavy cannonade was tuated by no other principle than that which

heard, until the evening, when the letter was is common to his species. It is true, the BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1814.

closed. General Ripley remains at Fort Erie, power of affording encouragement is not unwith the army. We shall soon have impor'.

frequently possessed and employed by those, DOMESTICK. On the eighth instant, the tant news.

who are too ignorant to use it with discretion. President of the United States issued a pro

Commodore Chauncey continues cruising | Is that an argument against Patronage? Be. clamation, requiring Congress to assemble on

cause an open-hearted but visionary Cresus the nineteenth of next month.

squadron had gone up the lake to fort Niaran | may build a town, where inhabitants cannot Some suppose this measure is produced by ra, to convoy some transports. The rest had

subsista bridge where there is no travelling an expectation that a treaty of peace may soon retired to Kingston ; except the ship Prince

or found a College where there are no canarrive. Others that the object is to establish a Regent, which is reported to have been run

didates for instruction, is the principle of pub. national bank, and to make new and extensive |

lick munificence to be decried ? requisitions of money to prosecule the war

But when we consider the effects of Patronwith vigour. The violent language of the

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

age on those who enjoy its benefits, Miss National Intelligencer and other ministerial

Edgeworth's doctrine appears to us more glapapers seems to favour the latter conjecture ;

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

ringly absurd. Is not the hope of receiving it but for ourselves we doubt whether Mr. Mad

MISS EDGEWORTH'S“ PATRONAGE.” a powerful incentive to exertion ? This will ison has any object in view more definite, than

not be denied ; but perhaps it may be said, the to throw the responsibility of publick measures Remarks on the subject ; not a review of the work.

want of bread is more powerful. This is adat this critical and alarming period, on the . ALTHOUGH Miss Edgeworth has carried on Legislature.

a brisk trade of Novel-making, for the avowed quently rendered inert by liberality, or lost to The Scioto Gazette gives it as a report that purpose of communicating wholesome instruc- the world, by the pressure of penury? We the number of desertions from the American tion, and reviewers have given her great cred-Irresume the true answer would be decidedly army, since the war began, amounts to it for success, in the execution of her plan, in our favour. 13,000 !! We should imagine this exagger- we much doubt whether one in a hundred of

“ Full many a gem, of purest ray serene, ated ; but it is a fact, that a Col. Miller has those who devour her stories, seek any thing

The dark unfathom'd caves of ocean bear ; recently advertised a reward for 89 deserters elsс than amusement, or lever reflect on the Full many a flow'r is born to blush unseen from one regiment, (the 17th.)

moral of the work they have been peruising. I . And waste its sweetness on the desert air." Mr. Bayard has written to one of his friends As a book of amusement, Patronage is certain If the undeserving are sometimes rewarded, in Delaware, from London, that he does not ly unexceptionable ; and so 'highly seasoned he is nothing the worse whose genuine merit despair of peace, but that if the sentiments of with chaste humour, that we are not surprised is overlooked. But the unjust award damps the ministry correspond with those of the peo- at the avidity with which it is sought. As his ambition and what would be the motive to ple, there is little hope of accommodation. very few will consider it an argument to sup- that ambition were patronage wholly extinct?

A British official account has been received port a particular sentiment, and the sentiment Miss Edgeworth would teach us all to rely of the late battle near Niagara falls-General itself is a fair subject of speculation, we can- solely on the disposition of the world to acDrummond reports his loss at 84 killed, and not apprehend any harm from the great pop-knowledge the utility of our exertions. A 794 wounded, missing, and prisoners, andularity of the work, though we fully believe hopeful reliance this.--Milton was obliged to claims the victory.

I sell his immortal poem for fifteen pounde, though after his death his bookseller drove his wolves. The greatest wants are wood and philosophers. Yet he was distracted by the coach-and it was left for our contemporary, meadow ground, which never were in this most painful doubts. “Nescio quomodo, dum Mr. Whitbread, in 1793 to erect a monument place ; being constrained to fetch their build- | lego assentior; dum deposui librum, et mecum on the poet's grave. What will the world doing timber and firewood from the islands in ipse de immortalite animorum cæpi cogitare, for the patriot covered with scars, received in boats, and their hay in loyters : It being a assentio omnis illa elabitur.” “I know not how, his country's defence, but praise him when he neck, and a bare wood, they are not troubled says he-whilst I read, I assent; when I have is no more? What will the world give the with three great annoyances, of Wolves, laid aside the book, and begin to reflect with most distinguished statesman, but a funeral Rattle-snakes, and Musketoes. These that myself on the immortality of the soul, my mind procession. Why does ever the ingenious and live here upon their cattle, must be con. misgives me.” Who can read this passage,withuseful mechanick seek his patent, but because strained to take farms in the country, or else out wishing the good man had lived a few years the world will not reward his services ? 'they cannot subsist, the place being too small later ? Who can read it without feeling his

the author's moral erroneous.

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It is true, that where talents are to be ex- to contain many, and fittest for such as can heart warm with gratitude, to see so large a ercised for the specifick benefit of an individ trade into England, for such commodities as portion of mankind now enjoying the most unual, the possessor frequently sets his price, the country wants, being the chief place for wavering assurance, that there is another and his encouragement will depend on his shipping and merchandize.

| and a better world,” which assurance descends merit. Thus the profound and eloquent ad. (This neck of land is not above four miles to us, with the gift of the gospel. vocate, the judicious and attentive physician, in compass, in form almost square, having on rises to affluence ; but as this is the natural the south side at one corner, a great broad course of merit, of this description, it is sel. • hill, whereon is planted a fort, which can

THE WRITER, No. XV. dom if ever a subject of patronage, and there (command any ship as she sails into any har

e had several occasions since I began fore the satire on patronage cannot here apply. bour within the still bay. On the north side

These weekly essays, to mention my friend Dr. On the whole, though the subject has fur is another hill* equal in bigness, whereon

(REVERIE ; and as I shall, no doubt, in future, nished a day's very pleasant reading, we con- stands a windmill. To the northwest is an

often enrich my pages with his observations ceive Miss Edgeworth has made nothing of high mountain with three little rising hills

dans and remarks, I think it may be proper, and I her argument, and that if she had, it would on the top of it, wherefore it is called the

hope entertaining to my readers, to give them have a tendency to injure society. | · Tramount. From the top of this mountain a

some general idea of the character and reputman may overlook all the islands which lie

ed science of this worthy gentleman, at this within the bay, and descry such ships as are COTTLE'S “ ALFRED."

time, and hereafter I may finish the picture, upon the sea-coast. This town, although it

by re-touching the peculiar traits, and bringing The first American edition of this poem be neither the greatest nor the richest, yet is has recently been published at Newburyport,

forward by proper relief, the bolder and more the most noted and frequented, being the

prominent parts of this interesting and someby W. B. Allen & Co. As it is little known center of the plantations, where the monthly | in this country, we shall notice it, as soon as

what singular portrait. courts were kept. Here likewise dwells the

I never have been able to fix, exactly, the we have finished the volume.. At present, we Governour. This place hath very good land, i

important era of his birth, but as he is pretty. select, as a specimen of the author's imagina- affording rich cornfields, and fruitful gar- |

intimate with events of the middle of the last tion, the following picture of (dens ; having likewise sweet and pleasant

century, I should place it about the year '45 ; springs. The inhabitants of this place, for DESTRUCTION PERSONIFIED.

which, if I recollect right, was the year of the their eolargement, have taken to themselves

rebellion and the downfal of the last Preten... ... ... « Now down he came, farm-houses, in a place called Muddy-river,

der. I merely mention this historical fact, in And wandering througb a vale, shadowy and calm, two miles from their town ; where is good

order that posterity may advert to it, in case Espied å ruined Abbey. To the spot

ground, large timber, and store of marsh-land !

there should be any dispute hereafter about He hastened, and beheld the mouldering walls,

and meadow. In this place they keep their

the event I am speaking of; as the births or Black with the rust of age, and all within,

swine, and other cattle in the summer, whilst deaths

deaths of somc illustrious men of antiquity Silence and waste ; while not a sound was lieard, I

the corn is on the ground at Boston, and

are oftermuttertrifued by great eclipses or the But the wind moaning, not a form beheld, 1: bring them to town in the winter.' .

Olympian game3. Save one that fancy imaged to his mind

Cope's-Hill, belonging formerly to one of that | The Doctor, in his general appearance, very The spirit of Destruction. She who haunts

name ; the windmill was standing in the memory much resembles one of those good people we The moss-grown temples, and the wild resorts of some ancient people living in 1764.

call Quakers. In his youth, I am told, he was Of bats and scorpions ; where no mortal steps

animated, full of spirit, and very sanguine and Make the walls murmur with obtrusive sounds ;

The author above quoted, gives a very hu.

confident of success in all his projects and unBut cries and screeches from nocturnal beings morous account of the astonishment of the

dertakings. He was quick, though not violent, Sound evermore, whilst the whole progeny aboriginals, at the talent which our good

in his temper ; but in his resentment he was

implacable ; fortunately, his power of discrimgreat-grandmothers, it seems, possessed, of Of doleful things, that court rank solitude,

ination is so accurate, and his integrity so ungiving wholesome disciplinary lectures to their Thrive and make merriment. Upon a pile husbands.

impeachable, that though sometimes severe, She loves to sit, of broken monuments, And o'er the scene casts an exultant eye ;

An Indian Sagamore,' says he, once hear.

he can very seldom be called unjust. Age ing an English woman scold with her hus

and philosophy, however, having very much Smiling to view the massy pillars fallen• band, her quick utterance exceeding his

mellowed his temper and disposition, it is not The aged altars-trophies—pedestals ; 6 apprehension, her active lungs thundering in

now a trifling thing that can ruffle him ; and And where the invulnerable shaft withstands

his ears, expelled him the house, from whence

the only time I remember to have seen him Her bate and her derision, round she strews

he went to the next neighbour, where he re

in a violent passion, was when one of his paThe creeping Ivy, with its living shade

lated the unseemliness of her behaviour ; her

tients had eaten a piece of veal, after he had To hide all forms of man.”

language being strange to him, he expressed

ordered him to live on beef-steak and onions. • it as strangely, telling them how she cried

For science and literary acquirements he Nannana Nannana Nannana Nan, saying he

holds a high and honorable rank ; and as a BOSTON, IN THE YEAR 1639. I was a great fool to give her the audience,

professional man, is not only eminent for his In a pamphlet, published in 1639, called and no correction for usurping his charter,

skill, but has the good fortane to be employed “ New-England's Prospect," by William Wood, and abusing him by her tongue.'

by all the beau monde ; for as it is the fashion we find a very amusing description of the prin

sometimes to be indisposed, so also, to be cipal settlements, manners, and customs of

perfectly genteel, it is necessary that you have New-England. It will be pleasing to many

THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL. a fashionable physician, and nobody now a of our readers, to look back to what Boston We derive inestimable advantages from the days can be sick in any kind of style, unless was at that time, and to remark the wonderful | Christian religion, which we never duly appre. :hey have Dr Reverie to attend them. change, in about three ages.

ciate, because we receive them by early edu. But what he values himself most upon, is Boston is two miles north-east from Rox-cation. The question of the Immortality of

cation. The question of the Immortality of 1 his Theory. Every great man, and especially bury : His situation is very pleasant, being a the Soul, was one of the most perplexing that every great physician, must have his theory ; peninsula, hem'd on the south side with the lever commanded the attention of the pagan

| and Dr. Reverie has erected one as splendid bay of Roxbury, on the north side with Charles sages. Cicero employed the utmost energies

and as visionary, as any that have gone before (river, the marshes on the back side being pot of his mind, to satisfy himself on this impor-him. This is the vehicle of his fame, or, to - half a quarter of a mile over ; so that a little tant point, and probably arrived nearer to a

| express it in his own inore lofty language,

express. * fencing will secure their cattle from the conviction of its truth, than any of his rival this is his chariot of genius, which like the car

eam

of victory is to transport him to the Temple of, in history. The letter which Captain Walton, Dominique, took the Ville de Paris, four othFame in triumph.

who had been detached in pursuit of Rear Ad- er ships, and sunk one. The all-pervading principle of. Electricity miral de Mari, wrote to the Adiniral, after! In 1793 began the war with revolutionary carly suggested to Dr. Reverie the idea of the encounter, is a curious morceau : « Sir, France. « From this day," says an English this new Theory ; and his active and eager « we have taken and destroyed all the Spanish writer, " the history of the British navy consists mind required but little excitement to become « ships and vessels which were upon the coast ; in an uninterrupted series of splendid and im. overcharged; and it finally exploded one of the number as per margin. I am, &c. portant victories. Under Howe, it defeated the finest hypotheses, which this or any other

“G. Walton." the French ; under Duncan, the Dutch ; unage has ever produced. By his method the The rising navy of Spain being destroyed, der Jervis, the Spanish ; and under Nelson, Hippocratick and Galenick system of the four and that of France in a very low state, fleets the French again. We have said that her humours is entirely done away ; as also the under the command of Norris and Wager be- .marine began with her civilization : we have idea of the natural, vital, and animal spirits ; | ing sent into the Baltick, caused the British seen it grow with it ; and we may safely af. Electricity supersedes the whole, and beauti- | Aag to be amply respected in that quarter. firm that only with this, it can cease. Her fully simplifies whatever has heretofore been George II. ascended the throne in 1727. marine has made England what she is : por intricate and perplexing in the “ Theory and I In 1739 war was again declared against Spain. will any part of her history offer a sublimer Practice of Medicine." By this system all | Porto Bello was taken by Admiral Vernon spectacle, than the national magnitude of her disorders are known to originate in the excess, with only sis ships of war. He attempted fleets, and the individual skill and valour of or deficiency, of the electrical fluid in the hot | Carthagepa, but failed. The tide of fortune urai body ; and therefore we have only to for a short time seemed to set in favour of the ulate it, plus or minus, to counteract disease, Spaniards, who being joined by the French, or prevent any kind of sickness or disorders, became masters of the Mediterranean. M.

POETRY, whatever. It must be confessed that the Doctod de Marquis de Roquefeuille, while cruising in sometimes runs his Theory almost too hard ; the channel, obliged all the vessels of his Brit

SELECTED, but tois is natural, and what all Theorists have annick majesty that he fell in with to render been guilty of before him.

THE TEAR. In the warmth of first the honours of the salute to him. War argument, you might suppose he thought the was soon after proclaimed between France and I talk'o of the wocs of the days that arc past, human body a mere. electrical machine, and | England ; several naval battles were fought I of afflictions and trials severe : that, with a proper apparatus of wires, bells, with various success, till both parties, tired |

How the May.morn of life was with storms overcast and glasses he could play off, with it, all the and barassed, signed a treaty of peace, at Aix |

How the blossoms of Hope were all nipt by the blas; various and beautiful phænoinena, which are | la-Chapelle, in 1748. The condition of the

And beauty sat list'ning to hear. usually exhibited in the best lectures upon French and English navies at this period, this branch of philosophy and natural science. presents a remarkable contrast. The pava! Of hardships and dangers and many a wrong, The human frame, I have heard him say, is i force of France was in a state of disgraceful |

And of toils that beset me so near ; sometimes so highly charged with this amaz- / weakness, while that of England was in a ing fluid, that he could kill a turkey with it as flourishing condition : her arsenals were fuil

of Treachery's snare and Ingratitude's tongue ; far, as Dr. Franklin diri, when he fired his of ammunition and stores, her dock-yards were told, and 'twas pleasant the tale to prolongelectrical machine across the Schuylkill riv. well supplied with timber, and activity was

For beauty repaid with a tear. er. These kind of whims, as they do no harın, apparent in all her ports. are rather agreeable traits, ihan blemishes in

Ah ! soft form of Beauty, that gladdens the soul

Thus circumstanced, the English stood on the character of the Doctor; and all who have very advantageous ground, at the commence

Is aught as thy sympathy dear the happiness of his acquaintance, love and ment of the ensuing war, in May 1756. The

When thy bright-beaming eyes with benignity roll, respect him personally, whatever my be their losses of the French merchants were entor |

When heaves thy full bosom at pity's control, opinion of his Theory.

mous, and before the end of 1757, amounted And thy roses are washed with a tear.
to 510 ships, fitted out of the principal poris
for the colonies, without counting the coasting

When dark roll the clouds that o'ershadow or jumi,
SKETCH
vessels, and those employed in the Newfound-

When toils and when dangers appear ;
OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE NAVAL land fishery-and such was the state of their When the storm-threat'ning waves all their terrots 23-
POWER OF GREAT BRITAIN.

royal navy, that it could give them no assis. sume ;
Concluded.
tance.

Then the sun-beam of Hope that can break thro' the DURING the early part of the reign of Queen

The marine of France however revived un gloom,

| der M. de Machault, and admiral de la Galis. O Beauty! must shine thro' a tear. ses at sea. In the dreadful storm of the 26th | soniere defeated Admiral Byng. But the loss of November 1705, they lost 13 ships of war of Louisbourg, in July 1758, was a fatal blow

| Yes, Beauty—thy tear, that from sympathy flows, and more than 1500 seamen. Sir Cloudesley i to the French navy. “From that period,” | To manhood shall ever be dear; Shovel, on his return to England with a part

says one of their own writers, “ it seemed 'Tis the balm of all ill, and the cure of all woes ; of the Mediterranea, fleet, struck upon the: " as if France only fitted out ships of war for

And the heart-rankling wounds of remembrance star rocks of Scilly, lost his own ship and crew, i « England ; her squadrons blocked up all the

close, exceeding 900 men ; the Eagle of 70, and the “ harbours of France, and cut off all commu

That beauty has wash'd with a tear. Romney of 50_guns shared the same fate.

“ nication with them ; no ship got ready to Rear Admiral Edwards was defeated in ano!“ sail but in some mg

1 « sail but in some measure clandestinely ; engagement with the squadron of Duruay. / “ those few vessels, which did escape falling

THE KISS. Trcuin'; of five English vessels three were

« into the hands of the enemy, vere chiefly in1 « debted for it to some favourable circumstance

[From the French.) taken, one was blown up, and the fifth escaped.

, Notwithstanding these numerous losses, how" in the weather.”

Thanks to my gentle, absent friend, ever, England possessed, at the end of the About two years after George III. ascended

A Kiss you in your letter send ; year 1707, 100 ships of the line, including the throne, peace was signed (1762) at Fon

But ah! the thrilling charm is lost, fourth rates ; 66 fifth and sixth rates, and 88 tainbleau. France had lost, in the course of

In Kisses, that arrive by post : vessels of inferior size. Among the first desthe war, thirty-seven sail of the line, and fifty

That fruit can only tasteful be, cription were several three deckers, the strong.

.six frigates ; and Spain, who came forward to est and most capacious that had been construcassist her, lost her rich colonies, Havana and

When gather'd melting from the tree. ted in Europe.

Manilla, fourteen ships of the line and four *************** platnosti ingatlanok at *************************** The marine of Spain had been reduced al

frigates !

The American war began in 1775, and durinost to a state of annihilation. Cardinal Al

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR beroni, the Spanish minister, made great exering this long struggle, ihe British continued

JOHN PARK, sions to re-establish it, and sent a considerable

to gain distinguished successes by sea. Some armament into the Mediterranean, for the

of the principal events are the following. In · BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, conquest of Sardinia. George I. ascended January, 1780, Admiral Rodney took 19 Span

NO. 4 CORNHILL. the throne, and despatched a powerful flcet. ish transports, a sixty-four gun ship, and five under Admiral Byng, to arrest the progress of frigates. The same month, he defeated their Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. the Spaniards. The fleets met, and the En. | Admiral Langara, and took five ships. In

1 ** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding glish obtained as great a victory as any recorded April 180%, he defeated Count de Grasse, off| *

numbere.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES. Uz; so

2

· VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1814.

No. XXXV.

POLITICAL.

faction, who owe their greatness to their empty their pockets will be played off, in ex. country's ruin."

citing insurrections, to supplant good men by FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

Are there any who say it is not a time to bad, or bad by worse. The day of America's retribution has come insist on our government's abandoning its At the request of a correspondent, we have our ill fated, misguided, corrupted country ground, when ministers are employed in ne- | inserted in the la

ground, when ministers are employed in ne- inserted in the last page of this number, a pamust now take the consequences of both its gotiation ? Shall we never be cured of the per describing the horrors of war. The depolitical and moral depravity. Heaven has, folly of supposing the British cabinet a nursery scription is just ; but though war is one of thus far, disposed those against whom we de- of babies, who are to be frightened by terrifick heaven's severest scourges, ranked by inspira. clared war, to distribute the effects of their masks and goblin stories? They will never tion itself with pestilence and famine, we just resentment in a considerable measure, ac- concede an inch of the ground Mr. Madison would not countenance the doctrine that it is cording to the disposition of different sections assumed ; and a pretence on our part to ex- | an evil never to be encountered. It is some. of the country, in favour or against assailing pect it, if it produce any effect, will tend to times inevitable ; it is sometimes just and exthem. Would to God it were in the nature of provoke them to higher requisitions. Happily, pedient, when it might be avoided. War is things that this principle could be carried into as yet, we have no grounds to suppose they not to be regarded with abhorrence, though its effect, on a scale of perfect discrimination, will require any sacrifice from our country, attendants are appalling, but when it is waged and the innocent not suffer with the guilty ; though our rulers must succomb. Their cause, from wicked passions or unfounded pretexts. but this is impossible, and we must submit to thank heaven, is not the nation's.

When a tyrant invades to enslave, or when imour fate.

To protest with honest indignation against portant national rights are outraged, then, dulo Still it is just and proper that we should the war and its pretences, will never make a ce et decorum est pro patria mori-the life keep our eyes upon our domestick foes, and British admiral imagine we will not defend our and services of every individual become the not suffer ourselves to forget the authors of houses and families, if it become a question to property of the community, and where there our calamities. As they have the audacity to | abandon them or fight ; but, on the other hand, abandon them or fight ; but, on the other hand, is a prospect of

is a prospect of success, should be freely used continue their insolent and abusive language | it may qualify, at least locally, the asperity of land as freely yielded.

-as they still are pouring out their invectives that resentment, which an unprovoked war has We have been once engaged in a war, upon those, who had no part in bringing these incurred. This, however, we would not wrge, when we could confidently look to heaven for sufferings upon the nation, let them know that as the most important consideration. We firm- a blessing on our good cause and our arms. though we must suffer with them, we are not | ly believe, if Mr. Madison can drive the coun. The names of those who endured and survived to be duped out of our senses, and made to try to make common cause with him and his the contest, ale venerated by an emancipated .consider ourselves exposed to the horrors of missions, he will still avoid peace. He knows nation ; the Danes of those, who fell, are held war, by an offensive disposition in the British, that the British will not attempt to conquer in grateful recollection. But now we are en. who have only come at last to defend their the United States, and that if the people ad- gaged in a war, originating in the basest of colonies. If any man's vessel is burnt, let here to him; he may still be a Presidept for | selfish motives, totally aggressive in its nature, him remember that the democrats of his town, ears, though the fairest part of the republick conducted b

and profligacy-experienwho have voted for war men, have subjected be laid in ashes. He must be abandoned by cing the frowus of heaven, in every step-and him to this loss. If any man's house is defthe people, or his best hopes will prompt him exposing us to the censure and scorn of the stroyed, let him reproach his neighbour demo- to protract the conflict, and ride upon the world. The distress, devastation, and carnage crats with this misfortune, for their votes storm.

which are now begun, deserve solemn considbrought it upon him. If our towns are attack

eration, and above all, from those to whom ed, in the name of justice, let us take pod

our country is indebted for its disastrous situ. CORRECT PRINCIPLES DO NOT CHANGE WITH Care, while we expose our lives in their de.

atignmen who are accountable at the bar of

CIRCUMSTANCES. fence, that those who have been most active

eternal jus:ice for every drop of blood-every for war, and who still continue to insult and It has ever been the firm determination of

sigh, and cvery pang of sorrow, which will refire the resentment of the enemy, are placed the editor of this paper," for the twelve years

sult from this wicked conflict. in the front rank. They will be skulking he has been engaged in the publick discussion of from danger ; let us at least make them fight political questions, to support such doctrines,

THE PRESENT OBJECT OF THE WAR: by our sides, or legally gibbet them as traitors. under the circumstances that have occurred,'as A WRITER in the government paper, at. When we hear of devastation on our coasts, he would maintain in any other to have but Washington, states very seriously, that the let us turn to the advocate of war, and thunder one language, on every subject, whether act. | dispute between Great Britain and the United in his guilty ears, Yoll, sir, have done ing with a majority, or in opposition. In this Stutes does not relate to principles, but has this."

respect, he can now look back with satisfac- l become a question of physical force. We In the mean time, it is the duty of all of us tion on every page he has written

looked for some editorial qualification of this to examine ourselves, and see whether we feel We have cautiously guarded against falling ! position, but could find none, and therefore perfectly justified, in the part we have per- into invectives against taxes, merely because think is entitled to serious consideration. formed. Have we not omitted some effort we they pressed or were enormous for the pub Sillas become merely a question of force, might have made, to avert this misery? Have lick ought to be habituated not abstractediyivity the absurd farce of sending five ministers we not, from timidity, or some latent partiality to indulge an odium against cases, but to in- ' to Eurge to negotiate ? If the war is but a to those delusive principles which our rulers quire for what purpose they are required, and i gymnastiek tragedy, to ascertain whether have professed, given scope to their machina. | how are they expended. We are aware that Great Britain or the United States is the tions, which an honest, manly, enlightened pat. a temporary advantage to our party might be strongest, that cannot be determined at Ghent, riotism might have checked ? If we feel the derived from such a course ; but we are as but on the shores and frontiers of our own terstings of compunction, and I know not who well aware, that it would only confirm preju. Pitory. It is a pitched battle between fifteen can conscientiously say, be has ever done his dices, which are naiurally strong enough, and millions of people on one side, and seven millutmost, for his country, let us now determine which might some time, not far distant, prove i ions on he other--between a thousand vessels to be just and fear not. It is still a time for an obstacle to the operations of a virtuous and of war, and thirty. If this be true, nothirig is exertion, to disseminate the truth among the wise government. It is certain that whatever to be hoped from the arrival of despatches uninformed-to silence the false clamours, administration succeeds this war, (if the war from oui ministers. The forces of the two which were circulated to pave the way for do not put an end to the federal government,) countries are putting themselves in array, and war ;-to render its popular, after the ruinous it must levy enormous taxes, to discharge the ' it seema must fight, Whcther the old questions step was taken--and now to inflame the pub expenses our present rulers have incurred, to i oírisli and reason can be accommodated, by lick mind, with a blind 'rage for continuing it, enrich its partisans ; those taxes must then be diplomaiisis, ut not as the common cause of an injured, country, paid, though now kept out of sight by loans ; Wierer mis be the deliberate sentiment when it is, in fact, but the infamous plot of a 1 and the usual reluctance of the people to of the overnme:'t, we do not pretend tc

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