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It is the concession of one of their partisans, , 4 to 8,000 are reported to have already land- ! verseness. If the premature old age of the and serves to corroborate what we have ever | ed, on the Patuxent, but 30 miles from Wasli. Di lipite becomes a scene of torture, it is of maintained, that the points alleged, as causes | ington. The militia were rapidly collecting | his owd preparing. The poverty and misery of war, are deemed of very little consequence, I in and near that city--to the number, as has of the spendthrift and indolent are curses of or are wholly delusive.
been conjectured, of 16,007. We presume their own choice. Our own imprudence, pas
this is considerably overrated ; and from all | sion, and negligence bring with them a train THE Editor of the New York Evening Post, we can learn of the preparations of defence, if of minor ills, with which our existence is in a very able paper has exposed the disguste the possession of the Capital is the object of strewed, to which may be attributed most of ing absurdity of the principle, on which Mr. the British, their success is not improbable. the deductions from felicity, which mark our Madison began his professed “ retaliation" on Capt. Porter, with 300 seamen, has gone on career through life. the British, with respect to prisoners ; aud | from New York, to join the forces at Wash- But is not moral evil, where the innocent has demonstrated the whole scene of impos- | ington.
are the victims of others' crimes, as difficult to ture, by wbich he has attempted to conceal, 1 A large body of Pennsylvania militia is like- be reconciled to infinite goodness, as that from the American nation, his disgraceful re- | wise said to be under marching orders. Gen which is purely physical? I can cnly answer treat from his ground. Mr. Coleman's re
this by asking-are you dissatisfied with humarks, on this subject, we are happy to see,
| man freedom ? Free agency-accountability are circulating through the most respectable
virtue-vice-rewards and punishments-all newspapers in the Union.
these must be done away, or the possibility of Ws have received a translation from THEOCRITES, | addressed to “ THE Wniten ;” but as the author of cruelty, tyranny, every species of violence and
wrong must be admitted. If it be consistent, the numbers under that title is unknown to the editor GENERAL REGISTER. of this paper, it cannot be cuminunicated.
that a perfectly benevolent being should make
We should be happy to hear again from “Mura." I | a free agent, and surely there is nothing reBOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1814. We have on hand a great number of poetical commu.
: volting in this, then it must be consistent with nications, and regret to find that they generally want
his character 10 adınit the consequences of that merit, which we should expect, in the metropolis. DOMESTICK. We are happy to learn,
that free agency.. I believe this reasoning • that the damage sustained by the inhabitants
correct, and as the subject is one of solemn of Stonington, from the recent attack on that
I TIDADY AND MISCELLANEOTTS importance, it deserves serious consideration. place, amounts to but 3,500 dollars,as reported
I have cften thought it strange and not easiby a committee appointed for that purpose.
FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
ly to be accounted for, considering the uniThe official accounts on both sides, of the That life abounds with pains and sorrows is versal complaint that life abounds with ills, battle at Bridgewater, near Niagara falls, on adinitted by every class of society. Not a few that the passion to increase their number the 25th of July, are now before the publick. make it an occasion of murmuring at the dis- | should be so general. I do not mean the great They slate the losses respectively as follows. | pensations of Providence, and impeaching the calamities, which only a few exalted villains Killed, American 117- British 84. Wounded, 1 goodness of the Creator,
can inflict; but the painful sensations, the disAmerican 572_British, 552. Missing and I « Call imperfection what they fancy snch."
| appointments, and mortifications, which are Prisoners, American 117—British 235.
daily produced, in the common intercourse of | The existence of inevitable, natural evils, is After the above battle, the Amcrican troops
society, from a mere wanton propensity to outremained quietly posted at Fort Erie, until the
rage the sensibility of those around us. There morning of the 15th instant, when they were
has ever baffled the powers of the human un- | can be no doubt but that the truly benevolent attacked by General Drummond, who was re
derstanding, and I confess it is a stumbling mind is, of all, the most happy—that a desire pulsed after sustaining a severe loss, princi
block, which I have never seen satisfactorily to increase the felicity of our fellow creatures
removed. There are, however, such irresisti. pally, as is reported, by the accidental explo
gives to the possessor a pleasure equal to that sion of the magazine, in old Fort Erie, while
ble proofs of unbounded power, wisdom, and it confers. This source of satisfaction is ac
goodness, in what we understand of the divine | cessible to all-but instead of cultivating it in possession of the British. The following: outline of the result is official.
economy, it would rather evince an arrogant with that fondness, which it would seem even
weakness, than a commendable spirit of phi- a rational self-love would inspire, and which Head Quarters, Fort Erie, U.C. Head Quart
? Aug. 15th, 7, A. N. 18:
4 Ś losophy, to censure what we cannot compre- both genuine politeness and religion inculcate, DEAR SIR-My heart is gladdened with | hend. We perhaps know both the beginning i we see few who do gratitude to Heaven and joy to my country, and end of no one thing how then shall we pronensity 10 give u
| and end of no one thing—how then shall we propensity to give unnecessary pain, and some, to have it in my power to inform you, that the presume to offer a decision, which should be i to whom it appears to be gallant army under my command has this
panded by Lt. all their relations. Compared with inferior “ that every degree of benevolence is a pleasGen. Drummond, after a severe conflict of orders of being, we may, and we have good ure, and that sorrow itself, when arising from three hours, commencing at two o'clock, A. M.
reason to, rejoice in our powers-yet, though thence, is accompanied with a secret satisfacThey attacked us on each flank-got posses
we cannot form comparisons with the myriads tion ; and that every cmotion of envy and hasion of the salient bastion of the old Fort Erie,
of beings, whom reasoning analogically, we tred is attended with pain : our happiness which was regained at the point of the bayo- | may suppose to rank above us, yet on an ex then must be more complete and durable, in net with a dreadful slaughter. The enemy's
amination of the limited reach of our own proportion as our manner of life tends to inloss in killed and prisoners is about 600 ; near minds, we shall be soon taught a lesson of hu spire us with sentiments of love and benevo300 killed. Our loss is considerable, but I mility. What does the profoundest sage com- / lence, and to remove those of hatred and ill think not one tenth as great as that of the en
pletely understand ? I might make a list of i will. The life of the just and benevolent man emy. I will not detain the cxpress to give
| every thing around us, and defy the utmost is one continued act of complaceucy, and all you the particulars. I am preparing my force
scope of reason to account for the ordinary | the objects presented to him will be agreeato follow the blow. "
phenomena, which are subject to our constant ble. All the emotions of his heart are so maWith great respect and esteem, your obe
observation. We are perplexed even by the ny pleasures. Such we may presume to be dient servant,
operations of our own minds. This will be the state of those who are placed in the re. EDWARD PENDLETON GAINES. more strikiug, by adducing a familiar instance. gions of bliss. They are continually employ
Are we free in our choice of action, or do we led in the exercise of benevolence ; this was Hon. John Armstrong, Secretary at War.
act from necessity ? This question, a super- their delight here on earth, and even then Admiral Cochrane has, at last, certainly ar ficial thinker would boldly answer, at once ; began to yield them a recompense for their rived in the Chesapeake, with a reinforcement, but the ablest metaphysicians are divided on virtue." stated to consist of between forty and fifty ves the subject-and will probably never agree. sels. They proceeded immediately up the Shall such minds sit in judgment on the plans
COMMENCEMENT. bay ; a part have ascended the Potomack to: of him, who formed and supports the universe? NEXT Wednesday is the anniversary of wards Washington city, and a part up the Pa But of the evils we experience, a very small Commencement at Harvard University. On tuxent, where lies Commodore Barney's flo portion are of this descripcion ; they are prin this occasion the rabbie osusily attend for reytilla. Washington, and all the country in that cipally of a moral nature, and brought upon elry and sport-many of the fashionable proba. vicinity, is in the utmost consternation, ex- ¡ us, either by our own misconduct or the mis- | bly for fashion's sake; but the learned, the cu. pecting an attack on Washington and perhaps conduct of others. Of is former we cannot rious, and the reflecting, for the satisfaction of other cities of much greater importance. fin justice complain- e cronot arraign the witnessing the growing merits of an institution
The whole British military force in that benevolence of Deity, nor criminate mankind to which this part of the country is principally quarter, is estimated at 12,000 ; of these from i for the consequences of our own folly or per-' indebted, for its respectable rank in literature,
morals and politicks, as well as for the con- | the rage to wear the hat a little on one side, , pleasures and fireside enjoyments, which should stant supply of enlightened instructers in reli- i her's was sure to be brought down to the low- make is, of all places, the most pleasant and gion. We trust the youth, by a clear, dis- er part of her face ; if bare necks was the most desirable. In a well regulated family, tinct enunciation, will enable those who feel mode, she would not only shew a very hand even the servants should not be neglected ; interested in the exercises, to enjoy them ; a some one, but take care to add to the display, | but here they are left to sleep on flock-beds failure in this respect is frequently a cause of some portion of her snowy bosom. It was the or on the floor, and are put in some miserable general regret.
wisdom of those times to conceal that uncome- corner of the house, where the eye of the
ly part of the arm above the elbow, but the mistress never sees their situation, and whethTHE WRITER, No. XVI.
delicate taper, and beautiful contour from | er in sickness or in health, she feels no solic
thence to the wrist, were allowed to be uncov. | itude for their comfort or accommodation. When I was a young man, I had two beau
ered, and Livia not only possessed these beau It cannot be expected that much happiness tiful female cousins, who were very intimate
ties and advantages in a superior degree, but is enjoyed in a scene like this, and the husand very fond of each other, and yet they dif
also knew how to set them off with a most | band of Livia is constrained to acknowledge, fered very much in their tastes and disposi- 1; magical effect.
although he is proud of his handsome wife, tions. To distinguish, without betraying them
Thus accomplished and thus skilled to cap. that it would have been more for his family in my description, I shall call them by the
tivate, no wonder Livia was surrounded by comforts and his children's benefit, had her fictitious names of Cornelia and Livia. Cor
admirers, and became the idol of all the young inind been more improved, and had she been nelia was always endeavouring to adorn her
er fellows of fashion about the Town. In short, trained up in habits of industry and domestick mind, Livia her person ; of course, if you
she was celebrated as a belle, to the great joy virtues. found Cornelia alone, you were sure to catch
of her parents, who were not a little proud of her with a book in her hand ; if you sought
her being so, nor of the pains they had taken HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. for Livia, she was as constantly found cocking
to make her one ; as such, she was every The attention of the publick is invited, and her bonnet, shifting a ribbon, or contriving
where known, and although lier name was the patronage of the liberal is solicited to the some kind of new ornament to deck her per
never mentioned but with rapture, yet it was publications of the Massachusetts Historical son, and set off her pretty face to greater ad
mentioned so often, that it almost became al Society, which, excluding political and theo. vantage. Cornelia had no sort of taste or
byc word, and every saucy beau would have desire for gewgaws ; a brilliant necklace, or
| logical controversy, are devoted to the civil, some fine things to say of Livia, even in a cofa pair of ear-rings, had no charms for her, un
natural, and ecclesiastical history of America, fce-house or tavern, and boast of her acquaintless it was that she might give them to some
particularly of New England. One important ance amongst companions, and in publick pla- obiect is the multiplication of copies of rare body who had a greater fancy for them, and
ces, where it would have been very much thus afford pleasure to some of her friends.
and curious ancient documents, both in manuagainst her reputation to be seen. When she The trinkets and ornaments, therefore, which
script and print, for the use of the future histowalked down Cornhill, there was always a came into her possession, were generally give
rian and biographer. It is also a repository for knot of eager gazers on the opposite side of en to Livia, and she seemed to take as much
topographical descriptions of the country, and the street, to watch and admire her; and al
biographical memoirs of our most distinguishpleasure in dressing out her fair cousin, as
though she sometimes affected to complain at the most of young ladies discover in dressing
ed worthies ; and various similar articles, for their saucy stare, yet it was plain she consid. themselves.
the gratification of the antiquarian as well as of ered it as a kind of homage or adoration which What she thought of her own person, no.
the general reader. The Society have on hand | was due to her, and therefore it did not, in re.
abundant materials, and if their pecuniary body I believe ever knew, but we all knew
ality, put her very much out of temper. that she thought her cousin Livia handsome ; }
means were adequate, would publish a volume
With so many admirers and gallants, Livia and although she was so careless of dress and
annually. It is not expected, nor particularly had only to follow the dictates of her fluttering appearance herself, she always took delight in
desired, to derive any profit from the work. young heart in making choice of a husband. seeing fine clothes and fine ornaments bestow
Such a sale only is wanted, as shall, with the She was married at eighteen, and as she was ed on Livia.
assessment on the members of the Society, ina fashionable belle herself, she chose a man These two young ladies lived in great har- l of the like accomplishments, and gave her
demnify them for the actual expenses of the mony, for there was nothing that might inter- l hand to a dashing beau.
publication. It is believed to be a work pecu
Iliarly adapted to the Social Libraries, which rupt it ; they were both good-natured, and
Seldom had a more dazzling couple ex there was no rivalship. Livia was always dres- I changed their vows before the altar. But
are now generally established among us; and sed the finest, and Cornelia, instead of envying new scene was now to open before them ; du- Ped to examine it, and see if it be not well wor.
those interested in them are respectfully desir. her fair companion, took great pleasure in ties and obligations had devolved upon each, I thy of a place in the libraries of the several seeing her so gay and so happy ; in fact, she , which neither knew very well how to perform. loved her, and thought every body else ought | Livia's education and accomplishments had
towns in the commonwealth. to, for taking so much pains to please them. been chiefly calculated
The first series, consisting of ten volumes, been chiefly calculated to obtain a husband, I shall pursue the comparison no farther ; 1 but unfortunately she had none of the qualifi.
was commenced in 1792, and closed in 1809. but as time has long since separated these la- I cations necessary for a wife or a mother.
It is enriched, among other valuable articles, dies from their youthful sports and intimacy, !
with many from the pens of BELKNAP and El
During a single life, pleasure may be sought I shall also separate their stories ; and contin- | for any where, but in the married state, if
IoT, the founders of the Society-names, which, ue that of Livia in the present number, whilst she is not found at home, it will be an unprof.
while they are the pride of our country, must I reserve a further account of her cousin Cor- l itable search to go abroad in quest of her.
secure immortality to any literary work, with nelia for future entertainment.
which they are connected. The latter was by | Livia however has no domestick comforts. far the largest original contributor to the form. The parents of Livia, indulgent to the in- | She hates the trouble of children, and takes clinations of their daughter, and proud of the no pride in seeing her's look better than her
er series. Of the deceased, of whom alone it prospect of her celebrity, gave her what is neighbour's, so that they generally look a L
is judged proper to speak, Lincoln and Sul
as also furnished several valuable articles. called a polite education, and encouraged her
1 great deal worse. Retaining all her former disposition and desire to be a fine lady. She passion for dress and ornaments, she spends
The tenth volume contains a most minute and was taught musick in despite of nature, for I the most of her time in embellishing her own
accurate index and chronological table. Two she had no ear ; and painting, although she
of the volumes are out of print ; but the SoI person, and therefore has little or none to could never rightly understand the effect of
ciety propose to reprint them, if a subscription spare for her children. Thus neglected and light and shade. At dancing she was an apt almost forsaken, no wonder they are ragged
can be obtained, sufficient to defray the exscholar ; but, with all the reputation of“Jear'n- , and dirty, whilst their mamma is receiving
pense. The volumes contain from 290 to 300 ing French,” she was never able to rcinember
pages, 8vo. and are sold at the very moderte company in fiae lace and muslin. They are the proper application of the masculinc' and
price of 81, 50 each $15 the set, in bds. Any. also bold and saucy ; for being turned into feminine articles. She went through these the street, to learn the world, and ric their
single volume may be had on application to
es Savage. Esa. the librarian, or of the studies however, in course, and her master's
mother of their noise and trouble, they cona flattered her and the old folks, that she excel. tract evil and vulgar nabits as well as dirty
e, they cona printer, No. 5, Court Street, where subscripled in them all. With these advantages, Liv
irty tions are received, and cight volumes of the
hands and dirty faces. All her family con. ia came ont at sixteen, what the world calls
series will be delivered, with an obligation to cerns are equally neglected ; she feels no furnish the two deficient volumes, when reprint46 a very accomplished young lady ;" she
reverence for the Household Gods. She has could play a tune on the piapo, paint a flow.
| ed. As soon as filiy sets are subscribed for, no economy in her affairs ; she has none of the republication will commence, and the de. er, and repeat a number of complimentary that systematick regulariy and nice arrange- ! ficient volumes may be expected at intervals of French phrases. She was always in fashion, | ment, which makes hume the most convenient ; :wo months and generally in the extreme of it ; if it was l and she is not susceptible of those quiet
TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPZCTATOR. | round the door, or swelling the chorus of their lence prevailed ; and the worthy fellow con
mother's song, are now, sad rererse! working in signed the corpse to its parent earth. He was ON perusing a small volume the other
a pent-up room, immured from freedom, and, then hoisted into the town, and the hostile day, the following remarks forcibly attracted
alas ! 100 often disciplined for trivial faults, firing re-commenced. my attention ; and as I presume they may be inseparable from youth, not with the just and A few days afterwards, Sir Sidney, having
been informed of the circumstances, ordered read to profit by some ir men, who deliciis in 1 Jenient hand of a parent, but by the savage and War,” I would thank you to give them a piace
oppressive hands of ignorance and passion. Dan to be called into the cabin. “ Well, Dan, in the “ Spectator." Yours,
Paleness and dejection now sit upon the mat- I hear you have buried the French General”
ron's cheeks, where roseate hues of health - Yes, your honour"-" Had you any body ON WAR.
once glowed, and which were once animated with you ?" Yes, your honour” Why, with liberty and joy.
Mr. Spilsbury said you had pot."-" But Ibad It puzzles the faculties to conjecture what
Were those, who are ambitious of their your honour."-" Ah, who had you ?". God can influence the ruling men of some nations
country's renown, one moment to reflect that it Almighty, Sir."- A very good assistant, ipto delight in war; there appears in it a charm
must be purchased by the sufferings and the | deed! Give old Dan a glass of grog."that compensates the toil and pain of all its
death of thousands; were they to picture to “ Thank your honour."-Dan drank his grog Votaries ; the tears of humanity are unheeded,
themselves what hardships (even if life is spar- and left the cabin highly gratified. He is now the shrieks of distress are unheard, the wid
ed) soldier's experience, they would not so a pensioner in the Royal Hospital at Greenowed mother, and her orphan children are un
unhesitatingly be the advocates for wars. I wich." pitied, and the sweet voice of peace is over
Those who are housed from the inclemenpowered by the shouts of conquest and the Icies of the weather, remote from danger, unyell of murder !
POETRY. harassed by fatigue, may, without fear, fight · Were such men to reflect, that when the
their woundless battles ; but they know not Demon of War gives the signal for battle, and
SELECTED the anguish of those men, whose bosoms are is brandishing bis bloody sword, he leads | exposed to the severity of every storm, who
TO AN INFANT. his fierce hirelings to the slaughter of unof
ofa often stand, half immersed in water, shivering lending men, who are, perhaps, without any l in the trenches, sometimes forced to lie down
LAUGH, sweetest wanton, guildless sprite! motives of resentment or desire of revenge :
on the cold ground, when exhausted nature Laugh-roll again those orbs of blue ; And could we survey the soldier writhing with
urges them to sleep, whilst the noble cits are And wave thy hand in mute delight, his wounds, his mangled face besmeared with
reposing in soft luxuriance on their downy For, babe, to thee the world is new. gore ; could his groans be heard when he beds
Smile thou, that never frown bast prov'd ; breathed his last , did we behold insatiated
To a reflecting mind it is particularly asslaughter still stalking over the ensangujned
From all but bosoms kind, remor'd; tonishing, that when men are conversing on field, thirsting for more victims to glut his
Smile thou on all, unweeting why, this general topick with animation, they can rage, should we not involuntarily exclaim :
Too soon thou shalt have learn'd to sigh. forget the associated ideas of carnage and des«Great God! why dost thou suffer such horri
truction. What exultation sparkles in the What monarch's rule supreme as thine, ble calamity, such dreadful desolation ? Is it eyes when victory is announced ! A health
Fair infant, crown'd of love alone ; possible that all men were created by thy
to the brave conqueror is vociferated the hand, that thus by savage fury mankind des
A mother's heart, thy realm divine, | cannon's thundering voice resounds—the streets troy their fellow men, the noblest of thy
A mother's arms, thy blissful throne ! glow with brilliant illuminations-shouts of works ?' But the ways of Heaven are unsearchjoy disturb the severity of night. Poor,
Thy unform'd sounds, thy wordless tones, able, and finite beings, limitea in understandthoughtless beings ! instead of exhibiting tok
The mother all enraptur'd owns ; ing--the slaves of passion, the bigots of opinens of such extravagant joy, rather run, if ye
And oft, while falls the tender tear, ion, of pridc, avarice, and ambition, cannot are patriots indeed, and pour the balm of ease
Breathes back to thy delighted ear. presume to question the plans of that Provi
into the bosom of those groaning with anguish. dence whose power is omnipotent-whose
If pain invade that infant breast, Boston, 12th August, 1814. wisdom is unerring-whose decrees are un
And full the tide of sorrow flows, changeable. Yet our feelings for suffering
Lo! fondly to her bosom prest, humanity cannot, nor ought they to be superhe following anecdote of a British sailor is Thy eyes like dew-bent lilies close, pressed.
related in “ Spilsbury's Picturesque Scenery Each tear-drop shall her balmy lip It is the duty of every man, as far as the
in the Holy Land and Syria ;" an amusing From thy cheek's faded roses sip ; sphere of his influence reaches, to eradicate
and interesting work published by the sur.. Till e'en thy slumb'ring sigh be still, such sentiments from the mind, to convince geon who served on board his majesty's
And happy dreams thy fancy fill. the understanding that war is repugnant to
ship Le Tigre during the campaign of 1799 the precepts of our religion ; that it is a violaand 1800.
But soon thou hail'st the distant hour, tion of the law of nature ; that if we consult « DANIEL BRYAN was an old seaman of When manhood wakes to freedom's day : our feelings, we shall find them invariably re- sir Sidney Smith's ship Le Tigre : he had It comes--and lo, the ruthless pow'r, volt at the idea of death. made many repeated applications to be employ
Of all abhorr'd, whom all obey. Who does not feel the painful sensation of
ed on shore during the siege of Acre ; but Necessity her reign prepares, curdling blood at even crushing to death an being elderly and rather deaf, his request was
And iron is the rule she bears, insect, or a reptile ? And should the image
net acceded to. At the first storming of the of the Deity then be so wantonly, so profuse.
With snaky scourge, with ebon wand, | Beach, one of the French generals fell; the ly destroyed ?-unnatural thought !- Already
Unwrought-unmov'd of mortal hand. Turks struck off the head, stripped and manhave too many thousands of men been sacrific
gled the body, and left it a prey to the dogs. Beneath her dark all-scowling glance, ed at this demon's shrine! What can atone Dan frequently asked his messmates, when
Hope may not draw the gallant bow, for the distracting agitation of that man's
they returned from the shore, why they had mind, who is torn from the soft bosom of do.
Nor Fancy weave her airy dance, not buried him ; but the only reply he receiv. mestick joys, from those dear native scenes
Nor Love's encharmed musick flow. ed was, go and do it yourself. He said he where all around was melody and peace ? | would ; and having at length obtained leave to
There be sad adepts in her lore, What compensation can thousands of families go and see the town, he went ashore with the
Who breathe the natural sigh no more, receive for all those hardships they are obligsurgeon. He provided a pick-axe, shovel, and
Whose tearless eyes loag vigils keep, ed to suffer in those receptacles of poverty,
rope ; and insisted to be let down from an And lose the privilege to weep. the manufacturing workhouses ? Trade being embrazure, close to the beach. Some of his *********htetetoktokam***okatabakitaka *********************************** suspended, the pillars of their families have more juvenile companions offered to attend
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR been necessitated to join the legions of their
him : he replied, as you are too young to be country; and perhaps forced forever, by the shot yet ; as for me, I am old and deaf, and
JOHN PARK, noxious climate, or the destroying sword, fi'om
my loss would be no great matter.” In the the sight of those for whom they toiled, and
| midst of the firing he was lowered down, and By MUNROE & FRANCIS, from whom they received reciprocal, and en- his first difficulty, not a very trivial one, was to dearing affection. drive away the dogs. The French then level.
NO. 4 CORNHILL. From the lowly cottage, the sweet and sim. led their pieces at him ; but a French officer Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. ple strain of cheerful industry is seldom heard. perceiving his intention, was seen to throw Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding Health's sportive, chubby children, playing a. I himself across the ranks. A dead solemn si. |
• DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.
BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1814.
POLITICAL. . plead guilty to the world and the world will character and control its measures, had no
not condemn us. We opposed Mr. Madison's part in this unprincipled war, but had made FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
election ; we gave our suffrages against his every possible exertion against it, but actual . OUR COUNTRY'S DISGRACE.
partisans-we wrote, spoke, petitioned, and pro insurrection that this body of men, probably
tested against his measures. We have unhap- las large proportion as would be found to act Yes-our country is indeed disgraced- pily been a minority : this was not our crime, correctly in any country where all act, stood sofficiently disgraced to make angels and the but our misfortune. We were obliged to sub | high in every respect, but political power. spirits of our departed patriots weep to see it. / mit, and sustain the evils, heaped on us, by That of this they had none and were not But is not the sensibility to national character profligate rulers, or abandon our country and therefore responsible for its abuse. T'hat, conwhich now pervades the publick mind as incor every thing dear ;--for, being a minority in scientioualy disapproving the war, and not rect, as it is tardy? It is not that general af. exercise of our suffrages, we could not even belieying that the act of a rabble government ter general sinks into infamy on the frontiers promise ourselves success, nor safety and hon- made that right, honourable, or expedient, of Canada—it is not that regiment after regi- our to our country, by a just rebellion. The which w;s in its nature wrong, they could not ment is cut up, or perish by hunger, disease, government of our nation is engaged in a and did not engage in the contest, while the and nakedness-it is not that the British scour shameful cause and manages its cause in hostilities of the encrny appeared to be solely our coasts, at pleasure, and not a sail to op- | character. Let us draw the line, as reason directed against the means of the administra. pose them-and, last of all, it is not that a few dictates ; we have a right to the sympathy of tion, and not against the lives or property of 'troops land in the centre of our territory the world, and do not deserve its scorn : but individuals. That it was not the quarrel of the and with scarcely the name of opposition take we must shew our consciousness of innocence, people, but of a party; and that the party, with possession of the capital of the United States, by honestly declaring we feel no disgrace ; their chi-fs, were allowed to be as improvident, and the many millions of publick property, and above all, at this late hour, when all!op- or as cowardly as they chose, and to take the which have been deposited there, as if by the position has proved fruitless, and the folly of consequences. To shew the difference between hand of a traitor, that it might be destroyed. Our rulers has whelmed them in embarrass- a war of our nation, and the war of a faction, I These are but the consequences, the probable, ments of their own creating, let us not enlist would revert to the history of our revolution natural consequences of placing such men in either in feeling or action, in their cause. to our cheerful sacrifices our noble exertions power, as now possess it, and of their declar- | The administration and their friends are des- and our success. As to personal contempt, I ing an unjust, criminal war, at which the perate-they calculate to force us into their should foar none, having never been a demomind of every good man in the United States ranks, by proclaiming that the country is now crat-never a supporter of Mr. Madison never revolts with horror and disgust. This is the "invaded--they exert their utmost ingenuity by an advocate for his war. I was not given up foul blot on our national character, which we insidious appeals to our patriotism, which they | by Hull and never ran with Wilkinson. ought truly to regret ; the cause, both of our would pervert to their own purposes. But, The historian of our republick will state, calamities and our disgrace-and it is the thank kind Heaven, which still watches over that from the establishment of our indepencrime for which we must expiate, by suffering human events, the conduct of a powerful but dence, te the year 1800, our country rose in the evils, which, in the common course of Inu- discriminating enemy, magpaniniojisly gives power, Wealth, and national respectability, in a man events, such crimes produce. The con- the lie to the impostures, which our rulers manner unprecedented in the annals of natemptible drunkard is not disgraced by the propagate. They do not make war on unof- tions--but that at that time, owing to the too particular kind of folly he utters, in his state of fending citizens—they have proved, in the most | popular cast of our political constitution, the inebriety, nor by his staggering, falling, or get. | striking and honourable manner, that they wise and virtuous patriots who had guided ting his face bruised: by running against unof- | have not come for conquest or to deal ven. | our publick concerns, were superseded by fending passengers. His disgrace is that he geance on individual citizens. Where they | men, who had availed themselves of those ingot drunk-wilfully abandoned the exercise of find Mr. Madison's instruments of war, there trigues and false professions, which, in a dehis reason, and the commansi of his physical they direct their attention. There they march mocracy, promise success to the base and unenergies—that he swallowed the dose, which destroy them, and stop. We have already deserving. That the administration was chanhe might know would at once render him in- | this consoling evidence that the ignominy of ged, and from that time, all its measures solent, and impotent, a just subject of the de- | the governing party will not be affixed to the were directed, not by a regard to the publick rision and scorn of mankind.
whole nation. The British appear to know good, but to the aggrandisement of party. The depiurable situation into which our | well that their enemies are our curse--their sole That it was considered the interest of this country is reduced has not been brought upon object is to humble a base, provoking, mis- | party to destroy our commercial prosperity, it by surprise. The men, who have elected chievous faction, and neither to conquer ter- , and they destroyed il to sacrifice our rights and supported Mr. Madison and his coadju- ritory, nor to spread devastation, where they and honour to the tyrant of France, and they tors, chose him, because his language and con- need not expect offence.
were sacrificed- o foment prejudices and a duct were a pledge for the measures he has But will it not be disgraceful to the whole na. hatred against Great Britain, and carry them adopted. He did not even redeem his pledge tion abroad, that a few troops took possession of 10 an extent, leading directly to the catastrorashly. He advanced step by step-the ten- | the federal seat of government, and were rc-phe, wa!, --and war was declared-on pretendency of his measures was as plain as noon- sisted but by five thousand men ? who can ces which the world know to be insignificant day-consistent and undeviating. His party shew his face in Europe, and bear such a re- | or false, and for which the party using them, all saw il- they stimulated they applauded proach ? Such remarks are now frequently felt noi the smallest interest they threatened if he faultered. A WICKED, made ;-and to them I will reply.
Such will be the record of the historian CAUSELESS WAR was the inevitable con. We should always have the fortitude to and it is this revolution alone that disgraces sequence of the system of administration he seek only and value only the good opinion of our COUNTRY-the consummate folly which adopted-and as this was effected for the sole the intelligent part of mankind and disregard has marked every stage of the war, attaches purpose of securing party power, it was to that censure which is founded on ignorance. / exclusivcly to the PARTY IN POWER, who had have been expected, and it has been the fact, Let us act well our part with boldness and the resources of the nation at command, and that the measures, pursued under the garb of integrity, and truth will iriumph at jast. either were totally incapable, or did no: dare carrying on the war, would not be to defend Were I to visit Europe, after such an event, to use them. or strengthen the country, but TO STRENGTH- or any other event of the kind, the bearings Would we now attempt to redeem the charEN THE PARTY. But we, whose hands are of such facts must either affect me as belong- acter of the country, it cannot be done, but by clean, and whose hearts are pure, from this ing to the American nation, or personally. In shewing that virtue again triumphs-by putiniquity, what share have we in the infamy of defence of my country I would say, that nearly ting down base, profligate, ignorant men. By its perpetrators ? In justice, we have NONE. one half of the citizens of the United States, meeting natioss who are willing to be just and Let us vigorously, loudly, and perseveringly, and those such as, in any government but one honourable, in a just and honourable manner. claim our right of exemption. Let us not constructed like ours, would decide the nation's This we must do, if we feel for our honou:
or regard our prosperity. We cannot consis- | cutive's to guard the publick property at They have taken possession-the feelings of tently attempt to bring Mr. Madison and his Washington, at once so tempting and so ex- tho nation he expects will be roused. Th cabai triremnhantly out of his dilemma. We posed? We feel assured that on this occasion, | question is, will indignation rest on him, and cannot wish him success---for in a moral point | so plain, so absolutely incapable of the least consign him to the just consequences of his of view, it would be wrong in a political point | apology, publick indignation must fall where it hypocrisy and folly, or will the country, feder. of viequi it would be wishing to establish over | ought. It will crush Mr. Madison, and his alists and all, now cry « to arms,”-let us deourselves an administration, which has labour- | cabinet. The Virginians had no motive to fend our good President-embody ourselves ed for nothing but our dishonour and ruin, and rush to Washington to defend property, which to shield his deserted ships, and bring him off which from its essential character, can never be ) is equally foreign to them and us. They, ex- | in triumph or perish ! « HIS TE ARE WHOX other than a reproach and scourge to our coun- hausted as they were, and watching over the | YE SERVE."
safety of their own families and property, could
than the honour of him who had so shamefully THE TAKING OF WASHINGTON.... DESTRUC
BLOODY BONES abandoned them, kept them from the scene of TION OF THE CAPITOL AND ARSENAL..
AS was to have been expected, the demoaction ; nor were they even called, until the | blow was struck.
cratick papers begin to howl in a woful strain With that freedom, which we claim as the
of alarm, that the British have come to con
Now can we regret that Mr.: Madison has right of a citizen of the United States, and | not been so wise in wickedness, as to have pre
quer this country, and place it on the list of which we trust will not be denied us by pubvented his disgrace ? Can we wish that it
ber colonies. Such impostors would do well lick opinion, we have endeavoured to make a had been practicable for citizens voluntarily to
first to stop all accounts from the southward. proper distinction between the disgrace of the have braved the danger, and won a triuinph
The British marched to Washington, a small administration and the disgrace of the nation,
body of about 6,000 men. for Mr. Madison and the administration, and
They destroyed and particularly of the large and honourable | that they had done it ? Do we wish to see
some three or four publick buildings and a few class, called federalists. We have said, to that power perpetuated which has brought us
millions' worth of ships, cannon, military and make a distinction, but it was rather to recog-| to the verge of ruin ? If not, the loss of the
naval stores-then quietly and voluntarily stepnize the distinction, which is already made, by
ped into their boats and went on board their capitol is no subject of lamentation. It pur. the true state of facts. We wish no other | chases a grave for democracy ; there let it
transports ! General Winder, or somebody distinction than appears to us obviously existlie buried in infamy, and America will be
else, has looked up Mr. Madison and the Secing in the nature of the case.
If born again and rise in a new existence. retaries informed them that the British had The British have taken possession of Washour ill-fated country is no: to suffer for its mad
liquitied terra firma ; and they are again safe ington, the desert seat of government--they ness, for its spurning the best blessings heave
and sound, waiting at Washington to receive have blown up the Capitol, where a cabal deen could bestow, this event is the precur
the congratulations of Congress on their health one nounced war against them, and the President's sor of national regeneration, and we cannot
and spirits. All this looks mightily like an, house, where the declaration was signed. but incline to this hope with patriotick enthu
intention, in the British, to colonize America!? They have taken or destroyed the publick
siasm. arsenal, which was under the immediate guar
But it may be otherwise. The genius of dianship of the Executive. folly, which has long presided over our nation,
GENERAL REGISTER. We have so many real subjects of regret and mortification, it is worth while to inquire |
has, more than once, perverted what might
have been the occasion of a happy revolution, BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 3, 1814 whether this is so or not.
into the means of plunging us deeper into It is a loss to the nation-but a loss, which,
errour and embarrassment. There is but ' FOREIGN. London dates to the 16th of considering the present scale of expense,
plain unsophisticated love of country on the July are received by the way of Halifax. amounts in comparison to a mere trifle. One
one side ; and on the other, a host of petty, sel. | In Spain there seems to be no approach, as week of that expense, to which the nation is
fish, aspiring though blind passions, to draw 1 yet, to a state of publick tranquillity. Since now every week exposed, will replace every
us into the vortex, which, if shunned, could Ferdinand returned, he has caused no fewer thing. So far, and no farther is the nation
only engulf democracy. We trust that sad than 4000 arrests. A considerable disturbance concerned. But it affects Mr. Madisonthe
experience and our accumulating calamities took place at Madrid early in June, but the cabinet--the whole administration deeply.
may at last direct us in the path of wisdom. rin leaders were secured. Ferdinand's advi. An army of twenty or thirty thousand regu
We trust the mass of the people will feel that ser is said to be the Duke del Infantauo. lar troops have been placed at the disposal of
the failure and utter degradation of our rulers the President. The whole militia of the coun
A serious riot has likewise taken place in will open to us the prospect of peace, happi- | Strasburgh, between the garrison and a corps try, amounting to some hundred thousand men,
ness, and future glory ; and that their triumph were at his command. The arsenal of the United
of 3500 prisoners, who refused to wear the would only protract an unjust and ruinous war, white cockade. States at Washington alone, contained some
The Parisians are likewise and ultimately fix upon us an unprincipled ty. I said to avail themselves very freely of their hundred pieces of artillery, with abundant mu
ranny. Let them once completely involve the newly obtained liberty of speech. nitions of war.
| whole physical energies of the republick in For months, it has been proclaimed in this
' The Emperour of Russia, the King of Prus. country, and perfectly well known to the Exe. | their cause and then
sia, and a large number of foreign princes and cutive, that, besides the considerable force
" Prosperum et felix scelus
aobility left Londen, on the 22d of lune. The already stationed by the British in the Chesa
Virtus vocatur. Sontibus parent boni.
king of Prussia has returned by the way of
Paris; the Emperour Alexander passed through
Jus est in armis, opprimit leges timor.” peake, a large reinforcement was soon to be expected under Admiral Cochran, and that the
Holland, visited the house of Czar Peter, and Chesapeake was the point of his destination.
We have very often heard persons exclaim,
the dock where he engaged himself a workCommon sense must have informed the Pres- | with a reference to Mr. Madison, " What does
man. ident, that the destruction of the aepot of mili.
| The intended marriage of the Prince of Or
this madman expect-does he not see that his tary and naval stores at Washington would be
ange and the Princess Charlotte is not to take war will ruin him ? From the federalists, he the most important object to the British. He
place. The Prince has returned to Holland. cannot get assistance nor countenance, and took no step for its defence. On the contrary, | even his own party, the democrats, will soon
| Lord Wellington arrived at Dover on the he continued to strip that place and the whole
3rd of July, and was attended by the shouts grow tired of their reverses and the common Atlantick coast of its best means of security
and acclamations of the people to his residence suffering." he sent both his troops and seamen to the
in Hamilton place.
It remains yet to be ascertained, whether western frontier. for the invasion of Canada ! | Mr. Madison is not deep enough to manage | Clav were at Ghent, on the ist of July, Mr.
Our ministers, Bayard, Adams, Russel, and He waged a war of the most aggravated pro the whole country, as he pleases ; and by this vocation-placed his army as far as possible
Gallatin was expected immediately. very war, to bring the federalists themselves from the threatened scene of the enemy's into the list of his supporters, which he never ;
No British ministers had arrived, por does operations and thus,as though he had received I could have done in peace. We see the pro
it appear that they had left London. the wages of iniquicy, invited the British to the
gress of his deep-laid scheme with sickness at very step they have taken.
| DOMESTICK. On the 16th of August, a heart. Mr. Madison is on the very brink of Is not such conduct outrageous and criminal destruction the crisis of his policy has arriv-ed
British squadron arrived in Chesapeak bay. in the blackest degree? Was it Governoured. He provoked the British into the Chesa. 1 18. A part of their ships entered Patuxent Strong's duty-was it Governour Smith's, ' peake-he lured them to Washi
omin s, peake-he lured them to Washington, by its river, and a part ascended the Potoniack. Snyder's, or any other man's duty but the Exe' stores of munitions of war and its weakness. 19. British troops began to