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road of publick opinion. They see other men, sweets, under such circumstances of ease and There is something so conciliating in their ad. to whom nature has given superior intellect or comfort.

dress, so engaging in their smiles, I can now industry, and higher degrees of knowledge, Winter succeeded. There was nothing to almost be pleased with their appearance, and more respected and.commanding more attention, engage his attention abroad, and little to ex- tolerate their peculiarities. I even begin to than themselves. They strike off into a new ercise his habitually active mind at home. He think that what at first appeared to me ig, path, in hopes that the multitude will at least sometimes rode to town. We found he al- norance and rudeness, is the most profound observe their divergence ; inquire, where they ways returned like a man disappointed. Our knowledge of human nature and the most polare going ; and perhaps the weak be induced friends from Boston sometimes visited us. He ished perfection ; what I took to be coldness to follow.

enjoyed their society, gave them welcome, and and indifference have now become that pruIf we take the trouble to trace the history of received their felicitations with satisfaction. dence and caution, which ever attend true these innovators, we shall generally find they When they were gone, however, a depression wisdom. Thanks to that Spirit, who has at come under one description-men possessed of spirits succeeded. He attended to the fam- length conducted me to a land of philosophers ! of some talents, and some reputation-engag- ily concerns. Every thing was soon in order to a land, which I foolishly thought only to ing ardently, for a time, in support of establish- He looked upon his snowy fields there was exist in the imagination of the poet ! ed systems :-but, attaining no marks of dis- nothing to be done. Hinc prima labes. Din- It is scarcely three days since my arrival, tinction ; perhaps outstripped by associates in ner time seemed to be long arriving-he would and I have experienced every mark of attenthe same pursuit, they turn back ; and aban- walk to the sideboard, and take a little brandy tion and fondness, which could have distindoning a hopeless competition, seek celebrity and water, to remove the listlessness of vacant guished a friend returning from a far distant from the simple merit of moving against the tide. expectation. This propensity, from day to country. The master of the caravansary where day, occurred at an earlier hour.

I abide, seems

so generously interested in FOB TAS BOSTON SPSCTATOR.

I will not trouble you with the humiliating every tbing relating to me, that I have actually

particulars of progressive intemperance. Spring seen him more than once minutely examining THE CONFIDANT, No. II. came, and my father was scarcely in a capacity my effects. He has even asked me innumeraTo the Confidant.

to perform, what, during the last season, was ble questions concerning my kindred, and countotal faktisk, January 11.

his principal amusement. But the busy scenes try ; and when I told him the loss of my pos

of summer alleviated our apprehensions. He sessions, he seemed as much distressed as if SIR, WHERE sense of character, consciousness

took an interest again in his improvements ; my poverty had been his own ; and he has actuof danger, and the sufferings of those who are

His forenoons were očeupied in agriculture- ally taken it so much to his heart, that since dear by the tenderest ties of nature, have no

but after dinner, though seeming!y embarras- that moment I have not seen his face it my avail, i can have little hope from the expedient Too frequently, by she evening, his articula- which has so excited his sympathy, he seemed

sed how to pass the time, he seldom went out. apartment. Before that unhappy information of making an address to you. But I should feel guilty of a dereliction of duty, were I to tion was affccted.

indefatigable to make me forget that I was omit any means, that might tend to restore the

Since the concerns of Autumn, have closed, with strangers ; and to realize his friendship, felicity of a numerous and once respectable force. The excessive and vexatious irritability

his propensity has returned with accumulated he was not only himself my constant guest, but family. If it be too late to remedy the evil

introduced others, who soon became as joyous immediately in view, perhaps the story I have

of the morning is only succeeded by a fatuitous and glad as their hospitable lord. They would to relate may guard others, seasonably, against únmeaning assent, fixes a deep-seated melan- drunken their wine," and even continue in gaiety, which, in spite of forced smiles and

wish me many good wishes before they had a habit, which, once indulged, appears strong choly on every heart. Our friends have not my bed chamber till the day had gone. Some • er, than the boasted powers of reason. My father was born and educated in a counyet wholly forsaken us; but society has lost

of them were of so happy and contented a distry village. The patrimonial estate being in

its charms, for the kindest, the best of fathers, position, that they would slumber on the floor sufficient for more than one establishment, the in the self-delusive indulgence of his accus-till the night was far spent, or entertain me farm was allotted to a brother; my father was put

tomed hospitality, becomes a spectacle : the with little stories about themselves and their to trade. Naturally industrious, circumspect candour, the delicacy, the affected blindness families, so that among so niuch well disposed and enterprising, he was successful ; and after of our friends, can neither conceal their impa

coinpany you will naturally suppose I cannot seven ycars of persevering assiduity, he found

tience, nor our wretchedness. The tremor of retain my melancholy ; and I assure you himself in a situation to move into the capital, and other alarming symptoms, announce the

the hands, the dilatation and stare of the eye, there is nothing I am so anxious about at presto enjoy a wider field of speculation. You well

ent, as the man er in which I shall return their know, i hit the happy state of our country for danger of a sudden stroke, which may bring a civility, and shew them the high sense I have a course of years favoured the pursuits of speedy but awful close to life ; or render ex- of their extraordinary conduct. commerce. My father, though naturally cau

istence shocking, both to the possessor and You know, my friend, in many countries it tious, by degrees, was tempted to incur haz- spectators, above all to those whom nature,

would be thought too much like adulation to ard; fortune still favoured him, and in the duty, and habit have bound to him, by the en, speak compliments to a man in his presence ; course of twenty years, in which he engaged, dearments of a long-cherished affection. My but here, where art has not fettered reason, he accumulated, what, in our country, is called father is not more changed in character, than

where unnatural refinement has not taught the a fortune.

my mother is in spirits. My sisters and my understanding to disguise the feelings of the The restrictions on commerce began. He self are withdrawing from all the pleasures of heart, nothing is spoken but the language of saw the approaching embarrassments, which bility of our friends, but there is no fying real sentiments, and therefore speak asingen

nature ; they have no cause to conceal their /

from our domestick sorrow. ment. He gradually contracted his business,

uously as they think. They praise the immacand scarcely sustained any loss, but that which

I was gratified with the suggestion in your u!ate whiteness of my cres, the cerulian hue of arose from the depreciation of value, in many correspondents, may be able to “ minister to

or

my feathers, the length of my head, the breadth kinds of property.

of my feet, the shortness of my stature, and He had purchased a handsome situation, in

a mind diseased" such counsel, as will awaken beauty of my native language which they do this town, and ornamented it with convenient

the sympathy of a parent, and recal a man to a not understand. When they do this, my heart and elegant buildings. He removed here, with which every rational being commits, who de

consciousness of the offence against heaven, exults in the honour of my country! his family, and delegated to me, the principal bases his noble nature, spurns the best bless- apparent want of knowledge concerning other

I am not however a little surprized at their agency in the remainder of his business. Thus far, there has seldom perhaps been a

ing conferred on his species, and hurries to nations. When I tell them there are many family more happy; and my father agreeable criminal forin of suicide.

his grave, by the most disgraceful if not most millions like myself in the kingdom of Latinto the wish of all his connexions, resolved to

Yours, &c.

guin ; wlien I describe our manners and our enjoy his competence, withdraw his attention

PHILOPATER. customs, our religion and jurisprudence ; when entirely from active life, and pass the remain

I describe the cenotaphs of Anong-Tong, and der of his life peacefully in the domestick circle.

LETTERS TO LEINWHA,

the learning of its philosophers, they seem lost Through the summer of 1812, this delight Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latin- But their knowledge is doubtless of a more

in admiration and shout aloud for astonishment. ful prospect continued. My father had found the superintendence of his own farm, a heal

guin, from a Wanderer in the West. valuable kind. Whilst others have been bal. thy, pleasant, and useful occupation. Early

ancing the scales of empires, settling the disimpressions had attached him to the country, ALTHOUGH the inhabitants of this country with the history and affairs of nations which

putes of Europe, and lunbering their minds and he often expressed his gratitude, that are slow to confer costly benefits, they are by they have no need to meddle with, they have Providence had enabled him 10 return to its no means deficient in afability or politeness,

LETTER II.

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

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been at?cative to their own interest. Whilst But practice, and the hist'ry of all ages show it,

To solve his doubts much labour cost; some have been scrutinizing foreign cabinets And he's a fool,

When recollecting where he'd been, and prophesying the fall or elevation of a min- 'The fact who couldn't guess on,

He said, “ my mem'ry is not lost, ister, perplexing themselves with victories, in- Nay, to the naked buff must truth be stripp d,

I've only left it,-at the Inn." vasions, illuminations, and slaughter, they have That minister's a dunce who does not know it, never deviated from their own path, nor thought And should be whipp'd like truants, soundly whipp’d, Here hiccoughs, with his speech began to wrangle, of any thing but what related to themselves.

Then sent to school,

And quite disturb'd' his punctuation, The death of a great man, which would have

While with his horse's back he form’d an angle.

And taught another lesson. hung the arms of any other nation in black,

Like an Italick note of admiration! rung every bell in Latinguin for two days, and Jem was of the okl fashion’d, syphon breed, darkened the very atmosphere with monu- In drinking bouts he followed change, nct need,

While vainly peeping for some well known mark ments and “mausoleums" would here (disinteres- Whene'er by liquor lempted ;

Homeward to guide him in a night so dark, ted and serene nation !) only excite the repe- Or like a sponge, that's by absorption fillid,

Alarming thoughts now seized him, tition of some moral sentiment, occasion a Drank himself full, in no resistance skill'd ;

From which, so late, 'twixt twelve and one o'clock, slight inquisitiveness concerning the attitude in

Or, else, the pitcher emptied. ,

Though he escap'd the ghost, old Hamlet's cock which he expired, whether he retained his

Would very much have eased him. senses in death, and to whom he has disposed Some restless spirits, to their great disgrace, his estate. Happy are they who have over

When, sudden, to his great delight, from far,

(How oddly nature manages some matters !) come the restlessness of curiosity, and learnt to

As shines a distant, twinkling, fourth-rate star, Form’d on the promontory of his face render their sympathy and fcelings subservient

A little rising settlement of Squatters.

A cottage candle met his view, to philosophy and reason !---Farewel.

which o'er his mind a tranquil joy produces, Now the mind's eye,

And “ like light gushing from a thousand sluices"
Whether it lie

Again his sinking hopes renew.
POETRY
Or in the diaphragm, or in the head, or toe,

To save his credit and his home to find,
Or whether
In all these together,

And keep his neighbours to his failings blind,

Jem for this scheme his cunning task'd ; JAMES DUTTON. A TALE. Why neither I nor any man can know ;

I'll ask them,-' where does Mr. Dutton dwell Founded on fact. But if you wish to aid its vision,

And as I'm drunk, and in the dark, they'll tell,'' HARD on the confines of a distant village,

Whatever be the place or region

Said be," and think a stranger ask'd.” His farm laid out in meadows, orchards, tillage,

You have assign’d it, James Dutton peacefully resided,

And wish more light should on its pupil shine, For still an unextinguished spark of pride, And, like his neighbours, led a frugal life

Pour down the throat a glass, or two, of wine, Jem's drunken drowsiness could never hide, Between his farm, his children and his wife

'Tis sure to find it.

Whatever fortune might betide him ;
Were all his cares divided.

And if you think so, you are much to blame,
But frequent draughts the mental shutters close,

For when dead drunk, he was not dead to shame, Jem had one failing, though it was not great,

Obscuring reason's light,
Nor anywise allied to vice or cheating,
Like piling spectacles upon the nose,

And all who said it much belied him. 'Twas that he liked, too well for his extate,

They only blear the sight.

His plot arranged and, being somewhat tipsy, Elections, trainings, town or parish meeting. If, then, Jem's opticks needed such repairs,

- Jem never thought it possible to blow him,

Especially as he was non se ipse, It happened, one election day, (Though all agree they did not, by, the by,)

'Twere very strange indeed shouldothers know him. Whether November, April, May,

'Twere better far by half for his affairs,
Or March, I cannot tell ye ;
Had he but wiped his glass, not wet his eye.

Joy made his heart like little hills to skip,
Just as the sun was going down
Jem now had got 'bout half seas over,

So great of cunning was our Jemmy's love, Jemmy wert jogging up to town,

Then to his horse's sides put heels and whip, And for the first time to discover On his old mare, hight Nelly. About his bow a rotten plank;

And forward pushed as if the devii drove. . He just had reached the tavern door, With cargo light, and deck high crowded,

Arrived, he knock'd, and to the door there came When people from the election pour, His ship ill stow'd, in fogs inshrouded,

A bending, limping, spectacled old dame, And round are thick collected ; Was out of trim and crank.

It seem'd that Satan bad himself caress'd her, As full as eggs with meat are craim'd, By twelve, in country towns an hour rather late,

And, hiccoughing, Jem softly thus address'd her ; Within the tavern soon are jamm'd Each guest departed for his own abode,

“ Pray, mistress, will you-be so kind The Electors and the Elected. And Jem, his reckoning paid, in dizzy state,

" As to direct me how to find, The sun was set, the gloomy hour was nigh, Mounted his pacing beast, and off he rode.

Where old Fames Dutton lives"

“ Why la !"-said she, with outstretched head, When darkness struggles with retiring light ; Now Mistress Nox had thrown aside

" You are James Dutton, sir, indeed !" When Mother Nox came blundering up the sky, Her old blue blanket long and wide,

Which news no pleasure gives
And Phoebus, nodding, bade the world good-night. With rents and patches fill'd,

To Jem,
Ilere 'midst the bar-room's noise, its filth and tipple,
Through which, by time and moths and worms,

Whose stratagem
The wittenagemote of the village meets,
Holes, called the stars, as thick as plums

Was blown by this into a thousand pieces,
For statesmen here are found, who, to a tittle,
In puddings, had been drillid ;

While every moment of delay increases
Which serve, as some folks say, to let in light,
Would fill with dignity the highest seats,

His perturbation :
Us wandering mortals to direct by night ;

But prompt returning from an occillation
Here patriote oft assume the publick cares,
Wbile others, full as wise, the opinion scout,

Produced by this confounding, fatal blow, As, by experience, is fully shewn, And say they serve but to let darkness out.

Said Jem, and in a passion flew, And of the nation kindly settle the affairs,

“ My name's James Dutton, Ma'am, 'tis true, Instead of this, all nature now lay híd, When from confusion they can't save their own.

" But where I live why-damme if I knuzu." Between a black, thick-quilted coverlid,

R.
Such merry rogues their greatest pleasure found Through which, by pin or needle-hole or stitch,
In drinking tip with foaming velvet crown'd, No ray of light could pierce,-'twas dark as pitch.

Essaying perpendicular ;
Not like the Romans, who, as Horace vouches,
His course thus late, as Jemmy bomeward bent,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR
Drank with their mistresses on cushion'd couches,
To this side now, and then to that inclining,

JOHN PARK,
Here he drew diagrams as on he went,
Of old Falernian Particular.
And there, he tried his hand at serpentining,

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS,
Now, gentle reader, be not much alarm’d,
Upon the road be had not gone

No. 4 CORNHILL. I tell ye trutbs, no, 'faith I am not joking ;

Abovc a mile, when strange to say, To be by tipplers of our rights disarm’d,

Where was his home he'd quite forgot,

*. Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding Is bard, unjust, and quite provoking i And in the dark he'd lost his way..

numbers.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1814.

NO. V.

YOR THE

BOSTON

SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL,

Sydney still warmed the bosoms of the trans. | produce a change of measures ? It is a solemn atlantick Englishmen. He had by his side the truth, written in indelible characters on our

eloquent orator of England, the accomplished annals, that party passions will continue preOn the DUTY of an early resistance to unconsti- Burke, who warned him of the danger of pro- dominant under all

possible changes of extervoking the bravest and hardiest and most en- nal or internal political relations. You may tutional or oppressive laws.

terprising subjects whom his majesty could change your rulers as often as you please, but It will be observed, that I have selected the boast in his dominions. The voice of Chatham the party policy will be the same. term duty, in preference to the word right, too was heard in St. Stephen's chapel-a Neither the cupidity or thirst of power of any because I think it one of the most solemn and warning voice, which resounded in the ears of despot has ever been so apparent or so dreadimperative obligations of the citizens of a free a tyrannical ministry, and which made St. ful, nor have they ever carried a single ruler to l'epublick.

James's tremble, assuring the ministers and such desperate extremes, as we have witnessed It is a much greater proof of the loyalty, the crown, that the people of New England in our age in France and in this country. than of the wisdom or foresight of the people were not to be despised, and could not, with But will it be said that the majority only of this country, that they are afraid to examine, impunity, be deprived of their inalienable governs, and that it is right they should govand still more afraid to exercise those privile- rights.

ern ? ges, upon which the security of their freedom I dare not trust myself, in this moment of What? Do you claim for the majority the can alone depend.

excitement, produced by this proud recollec- royal prerogative, that they can do no wrong ? It is my design to inquire into the nature of tion of better days and far distant times, to Cannot a minority be oppressed? Cannot the the duty of resistance to unconstirutional laws, draw a picture of the events of the present passions of a majority induce them to violate as applicable to a country situated as ours is. day. The nation is too cold and too sunk in the constitution, and to deprive the minority of

I need not display what little historical abject submission to relish, or enjoy, or per their rights ? Is it true, that men cease to knowledge I may possess, by shewing, that ceive the beauties of such a picture.

have passions, because they are numerous and every country, which has lost its freedom, may I rather reply at present to the objections, strong ? Are they more just, because the restrace it to the neglect of an early resistance to which are urged by the tools of administration ponsibility is divided ? And if they do wrong, the first encroachinents of its rulers ; and also against the application of the doctrine of resis- bave the minority no remedy? that every country, which has for any great length tance, and against our imitation of our sainted He who denies the first, is strangely ignoof time preserved even the shadow of freedom, ancestors, under our present circumstances. rant of the history of Robespierre and Govermust attribute it to the vigilant exercise of Unable to deny that the oppressions are nour Gerry ; and he who denies the last, has this only effectual and salutary check. All more grievous, more manifold, more intolera- little idea, or an imperfect sense of the nature history is filled with examples on this subject, ble, than were the half-penny tax on tea, and the of civil liberty. which it would show more pedantry than wis- stamp duties, repealed as soon as laid, they I may pursue this topick hereafter with dom to detail. I need only refer to the illus- tell us that our government is a government of more direct application to the present state of trious examples of our own progenitors, who our own choice, and therefore represents the the United States. with a jealousy watched, and with a becoming i majesty of the people. That, whatever may be spirit and firmness resisted, the very first in our sufferings, we are bound to submit.

It has always appeared to me, that appealfringements of their constitutional rights. The only remedy is a change of our rulers, ing to the people against taxes; was a pernicious Through that vigilance, and owing to that or an appeal to the judiciary, appointed by the practice, unless it be proved, and constantly spirit, under the blessing of Divine Provi. very government that inflicts the wrong. kept in view, that the taxes are unnecessary, dence, we now are enabled to boast of our To this, I have various answers. Let the

or used for purposes. injurious to the commurights and privileges as a people. Had they people judge between me and the hirelings of nity. It is warring against civil society, and stopped to calculaie consequences, and to ex. administration, which of us is in the right.

in a manner which considering the natural. amine their power, we should now probably ist. If our government is more free ihan was

selfishness of man, is always likely, either to have been loaded with carriage taxes, land tax- that of Great Britain, so also is the right more disgust: hiin with government, or, what is as es, and excises—we should have had the Bos. explicit and more clear of resisting departures bad, at the only means by which it can be ton port bill extended to all the colonies from the constitution Mark me! fellow supported. If we have civil and political inand possibly, though I do not think it proba- citizens, I say only, manifest departures from stitutions, it is clear we must minister to the ble, even Our coasting trade and fisheries the constitution.

necessitiey of those, who abandon their personwould have ben subjected to as rigorous a In the British constitution, admirable in al concerns to serve society. If we would no: systeni, as that under which we

fact, but existing only in the breasts of parlia-expose our liberty by our weakness, we must groaning. Happily for us, and honourably for ment and the people, their ablest vindicators contribute to the means of defence. them, a different spirit prevailed, and the only of the rights of freedom and of the people Born under an established government, and: question with them was, Are the birth-righis have not dared to define the cases in which educated in the constant enjoyment of its of Englishmen invaded ?

resistance may be lawful. They have touched blessings, we are apt to think those blessings a Our ancestors did not wait to see their it with a cautious and a trembling hand.

part of our nature-or like other enjoymen's intercourse by land, as well as by sea, invaded ; In our constitutions, every thing is defined. of whieh we never know the want, we think -they did not stop till the hand of power, al- | The sovereign is bound down to ņrecise nothing of their value ; and when the agent of ways strengthened by submission, exerted it- rules. If he infringes them, on that point, so self in the interception of domestick inter- infringed, be ceases to be sovereign.

government asks us for money, we seem to be

paying it for nothing. course, and arrested their money and effects The right to resist an unconstitutional act in the common and ordinary course of busi- 1 is as perfect, as the right to make a constitu

All opposition to the present administration

must have in view the substitution of a better. ness. Even Lord North, with all his high tional one. It is as solemn. It is as imperi- We should therefore cherish no habits in puðideas of prerogative, would not have ventured ous : and the citizen, who suffers such violato authorize the meanest and basest of his tion to pass unnoticed; is as guilty as the lego a desirable event, to demoralize the communi

lick sentiment now, which would'tend, in such minions, upon an indefinite suspicion, to grat- | islator who makes it. ify his private spleen, or his private interest,

'ty, and render them factious. Mr. Jeffer so

But, 2dly. Is it true that the rulers in a free studied the weakness of his countrymen, like a by seizing without oath, without evidence, and country are less likely to abuse their power? philosopher ; write away, said he to the inwithout formal complaint, the property of Does experience warrant the opinion ? Doescendiary Callender- your books, barked by the great corporations or of private citizens in a reason justify it ? Are the passions dormant tax.gatherer, will produce a great effect. He course of regular commercial transit. NO. in republicks ?

was not: mistaken, but no honest man He knew better the temper of the people with If the rulers are temporary and liable to wilfully follow his example. whom he had to do. He believed that some change, is not the party as long lived as Mesmall portion of the spirit of Hampden and thuselah? Does a change of men necessarily must suspend our murmurs until we inquire

When government lays burdens, upon us, we

are

now

can

once

what is the whole amount? Is all this money our religion ; for any thing that is dear to us, in the hands of a member of Congress, with faithfully applied for publick purposes ? Are an appeal to the sword would be honourable ; proof, that it was received, and some time in those purposes wise? Is the professed object and even to fail, would not degrade us. But possession-long enough to produce its effect, essential or even necessary to our security and to be chained down to ruinous idleness, to be and give Mr. Turreau the triumph, even in happiness? If so, it must follow, that we only forced to give up our property to see the spirit, between him and the President of the experience a less evil to avoid a greater : and prospect of future prosperity receding from us United States. we should be willing in that case to be taxed, and ours-and all this for the sake of interfer- On the 19th Mr. Clay, Speaker of the House until taxation became as great an evil, as that ing in the relation between a foreign govern- of Representatives, lately appointed a Commiswhich government propose to obviate.

ment and its subjects--these are conside- sioner to treat with Great Britain, resigned the Our rulers are not only loading us with rations, which ought to make us regard chair, and was succeeded by the Hon. Langr'on heavy taxes, probably as heavy as they dare in tame submission to exorbitant taxes, and a Cheeves, of South Carolina. that shape, but incurring an enormous publick swollen publick debt, as not only a disgrace, STATE LEGISLATURE. The answer of debt, by loans. What is the amount ? and hardship, but a crime. While we are

the Senate and House to the Governour's Round numbers in MILLIONS give no dis- taking the bread from those who depend on Speech have both passed, after ample debate, tinct idea to the mass of the people. One us, to feed the vagrant, offscourings of dram

and been communicated to his Excellency. million is more than they ever saw; it expres- shops," as Mr. Troup calls our soldiery, let These are papers worthy the very respectable ses vaguely a vaST SUM !-twenty, thirty, forty us remember too, that the purposes of this

and patriotick bodies, which have produced millions, does no more. Putting it all on wag- expense are at once ruinous, fruitless and them. As far as language can, they will mee: gons, and stringing it on the road from Boston to

wicked. And while we see before us, a system the wishes, and accord with the feelings of a Philadelphia, gives us about as precise a notion of taxation commenced, which will beggar the

hich will beggar the very large majority of the suffering citizens of what we have to pay, as a schoolboy con- poor and impoverish the rich, let the odium of of this commonwealth. ceives of the distance round the globe, when our oppression rest on the wanton profligacy, Mr. Otis's Resolution, we can now say, ashe has learned how many barley corns would which has plunged us in a war, unsupported ter having waited to collect popular opinion, encircle it. Can we not obtain a more practi- by principle, and marked by the frown of has been received by all classes of federalists, cal understanding of this important subject? heaven, in the disgraceful and disastrous con

perhaps with more heartfelt satisfaction, than Every man in Massachusetts knows what sequences, which it has produced.

any publick measure for many years. It has state tax he himself pays. Then let him like

revived hopes of security in those who had wise know, that the proportion Massachusetts The publick may judge, if a doubt remains, feared, that every right, even personal liberty, would have to pay of the publick debt arising as to what is to decide our fate, with respect to would find no guardians in this good old state, from this ONE YEAR OF WAR,* if now lewar or peace, by the immediate change of

so famous for the manly, independent vied and not borrowed, would equal the whole tone, in the democratick papers, on the news, spirit of its citizens. Their gratitude to Mr. state tax, for SIXTY YEARS ! The war is that Bonaparte was personally safe at Paris, Otis is unbounded, and the Legislature have but begun-Congress are constantly devising and had obtained a decree for a new army. He confirmed tbe confidence reposed in them bi new projects for increasing expense ; as we is again eulogized to adoration, and the spirit their constituents. value our own happiness and that of our child of our government, in taking measures to dren, it is time to inquire, for what purpose continue the war, are welcomed as good ti

To Readers. are these enormous demands ?

dings. We are far from saying this disposi- Tue daily increase of subscribers to the Spectator, Walk the streets of our cities and capital tion is general, among those who rank as satisfies the Editor that it is read ; and his confidence towns, you see men every where with the friends of the administration ; but if Bonaparte in the understanding of his readers induces him to be. badge of their dependence on government for can take the field again, all murmuring, wher

lieve they must have discovere that the first political support, op emolument. Go io the publick ever it is indulged, must be suppressed. We

paper, in each number, is froin the pen of an able corhouses through the country, you every where shall all have to busy our minds to procure the

respondent. For once, however, it is baped the cold

munication “ On the duty of an early resistance to unsee the recruiting officer. Go back to the

means of paying our increasing taxes, and let constitutional and oppressive laus" will be perused frontiers, you will find the road , alive with

murmurs sleep with the spirits of our fathers. with particular attention. straggling fragments of armies; and caravans of provisions, transported through the wilderness,

O Towards the close of the second paragraph, in at five times their original cost. Contemplate GENERAL REGISTER. the last Confidant, the compositor omitted the words this picture, from Maine to Georgia ; from

deeply in navigation, after, “in which he engaged.” the Atlantick to the lakes, and imagine wheth

Those who preserve this paper, will please to insert er such immense machinery can be set in mo

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 29, 1814. them, as they are essential to the sense. tion, or supported at rest, without mortgaging you and your children.

EUROPEAN. No foreign advices have

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. Most of these appearances result from war. been received since last Saturday. And for what is this war ? The true answer SOUTH AMERICA. The revolutionists is ; to secure office to men, as the instruments or independents of Buenos Ayres continue hos

THE CONFIDANT, No. III. of our passions, who had not personal character tilities against the loyalists. Before the first enough to obtain promotion by the suffrage of of August last

, they had besieged Montevideo, Remarks occasioned by the Address of Philopater. our reason. But the ostensible motive is and were boinbarding the city, with a prospect

.........vitanda est improba Siren-Desidia. enough-We are at war, say our rulers, to

of its speedy reduction. On the west, General compel the British to relinquish the right of Belgrano had retaken Tucuman, Salta and the respectable physicians sonetimes succeed,

The positive injunctions and interdictions of impressment. Of impressing whom? Amer-rich Potosi. icans ? No-British seamen. This is all Great

when self-command fails, and the advice and Britain claims. This, her statesmen say, they their attention, actively, to the mouth of the pears to be the only source, from which Pui.

DOMESTICK. The British have turned feelings of friends are disregarded will enjoy, in common with other nations and this the people of Great Britain say, they will Mississippi; Forty men, from the sloop of LOPATER can expect any effectual advantage. perish, or maintain.

war, Herald, have landed at fort Balize, and de- He has little to hope from this ; for the sense It is on this ridiculous pretence, that we are

stroyed it

The Herald and two brigs of war of privation to a man habitually addicted to the

remained at the Balize. waging an unjustifiable war. For this we are

excessive stimulus of ardent spirits, is so intol

CONGRESS. On the 18th instant, the erable, that the consciousness of approaching deprived of the hard earned fruits of industry President of the United States sent a message death has frequently less horrour to the victims -arrested in the occupations of our choice to Congress, enclosing a series of documents of intemperance, than the miserable sensation, denied our accustomed means of supporting ourselves and our families--and for this we sit down relating to the Russian Mediation. On the 20th which, in that case, results from self-cenial. quietly and sce a tremendous publick debt grow- infamous letter, covering a statement from he sent another message, respecting Turreau's I am but too well persuaded that PHILOPA

Ter has stated an instance, which, in the prining upon us, which will either make our future Mr Monroe, informing that he could not find cipal circumstances, is far from singular. Such existence a scene of fruitless labour, or lead to civil commotions, which cannot be contempla- This is perfectly ridiculous, when the whole

any such letter on the files of the department. calamities, than wiich there can scarcely be ted in prospect, but with the deepest anxiety.

a greater in domestick life, may be shunned “ It is the cause—the cause, my countrymen," country knows, that after TURREAU had order by timely caution, but are seldom if ever curwhich ought to make us blush. Were our

ed Mr. Jackson to be dismissed, and he was ed. It is not safe to rely on one's fortitude ; contest for our liberties--for our property—for should be found on the files of the Department ed necessary until it is already paralyzed. It is

dismissed, the letter was withdrawn, lest it the enemy is insidious ; fortitude is not deem-, * Our expense must go on, at least, a second year. of State. The official translation, however, is better to study, philosophically, the constitu

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

This ap

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FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

tion of man, and to regulate wisely and virtu- taste. Success, in whatever has employed the our constantly boisterous and jangling propenously, what we cannot control. The fatal hab- vigour of youth and manhood, is no just plea sities, is alluded to by the poet Lucan, while it, in which the father of PHILOPATER indulg- for indolence; it qualifies us the better to se paying a just and beautiful tribute to the comed, has no peculiar connexion with his history. lect and plan our future pastime. But unless manding virtue of Julia ; another instance The doctrine which, if seasonably understood, some plan presents, which promises both satis- which may well be quoted. She was the daughmight have prolonged his existence, his useful- faction and regular employment for the mind, ter of Cesar, and wife of Pompey. These amness, and his family's happiness, embraces al- it will be best to prosecute the accustomed bitious republicans had no sooner freed them-most every occupation, in social life. It is this. business of life, while health and strength re- selves from all other competitors for power,

The busy exercise of the intellectual facul- main. Is it said, this doctrine excludes that than their jealousy of each other became mutu. ty, for a length of time, in any pursuit, ren

regard to the duties of piety, which ought to al and violent ;, both were men of strong pas. ders activity essential to its tone. Its nature,

attend us, in our descent to the tomb ; the an- sions, and each convinced that the extermina. in this respect, bears a strong resemblance to

swer is ; that he is wretchedly mistaken, who tion of the other was essential to his personal the body. “As well may a man say, I will eat

calculates to appropriate any particular portion aggrandizement.* While Julia lived, she prevery freely until I become strong and fleshy, of his existence exclusively to religion. The served between them the semblance of friend. and then I will live without taking nourishment, whole conduct of an enlightened christian is ship, and saved the republick from the sangui as that “ I will occupy myself intensely in my

consecrated, by the purity of his views ; and nary consequences of their animosity. An accalling, until I arrive at a certain period of life,

heaven requires, not so much any specifick act, cident, unfortunately for the whole Roman or a certain amount of property, and then I as a certain disposition of mind, which may be empire, deprived her of life, and no sooner had will do nothing."

present with us in all our purposes, and keep the amiable mediator expired, than Cesar and This will account for many instances of con- us in constant preparation for a more exalted Pompey took arms, and Rome was involved in duct, which frequently excite surprise, and stage of being

the horrors of civil war. sometimes reprehension. When a man by in- Happy indeed are those who are blest with a

“ Dividitur ferro regnum : populique potentis dustry and enterprise accumulates an indepen disposition, as age advances, and competence dence, the world are ready to imagine, if he permits, to cultivate their minds by reading Quae mare, quae terras

, quae totum possidet orbena does not retire, that it is the effect of cupidity. The man, who has a taste for books, has a de. Non cepit Fortuna duos. Nam pignora juncti They do not know, that constant occupation has lightful world before him. Here he may al

Sanguinis, et diro ferales omine tedas become to him, a second nature, and that he ways labour with advantage to himself and so

Abstulit ad manęs, Parcarum, Julia, saeva cannot relinquish it without experiencing a list- ciety. These will afford a relief to business, Intercepta manu. Quod si tibi fata dedissent lessness, from the very constitution of the human which knows no tedium ; more various, more Majores in luce moras, tu sola furentem mind, which is not to be endured, and cannot

important, more worthy a rational being than Inde virum poteras, atque hinc retinere parenten, be encountered without danger. The-habitu

any other recreation. And when heaven crowns Armatasque manus exquisso jungere ferro, aliy indolent cannot conceive of this--for can our seasonable exertions to provide for those Ut generos soceris mediae junxere Sabinae. I conceive of the anxiety of the Hindoo, depri- who are dear to us, with prosperity, what can Morte tua discussa fides, bellumque movere ved of his betel root. The one is as inevita- be more worthy an intelligent mind, than to

Permissum est ducibus ; stimulos dedit aemula virtus." ble as the other.

exalt the powers and extend the compass of The life of a mariner is a life, not perhaps the soul.

“ The sword is now the umpire to decide, of regular toil, but of constant solicitude of

And part what friendship knew not to divide. mind. How often are we surprised to see

'Twas hard, an empire of so vast a size, men follow this perilous occupation, when

Could not for two ambitious minds suffice ;

WOMAN. they might enjoy affluence at home. The very

The peopled earth and wiile extended main,

“ O woman........................ ease, which home proffers them, is what their

Could furnish room for only one to reign. minds cannot sustain. They must have their

A ministering angel thou !"

When dying Julia first forsook the light, storms and their calms, their alternate hopes It is frequently asserted, that it is only in And Hymen's tapers sunk in endless night, and fears-their bigh and interesting responsi- high or considerable degrees of civilization, The tender ties of kindred love were torn, bility to brace their minds. that woman possesses a moral influence, in so

Forgotten all, and buried in her urn. Take the student from his library ; invite ciety. There is no doubt but her power in-Oh! if her death had haply been delay'd, him to the beauties of the country, and even creases, with refinement ; but there has let a circle of friends attend him. Erelong his

How might the daughter and the wife persuade ! scarcely been an age, unless too barbarous to spirits will sink ; if he can get nothing else,

Like the fam'd Sabine dames she had been seen afford à sketch for the historian, when woman you will find him poring over an almanack. has not been represented as exercising a mild

To stay the meeting war and stand between : He sighs rather for the society of the mighty

but efficient control, over the stern character of On either hand had woo'd them to accord, dead, and the peaceful train of meditation, en

man. Milton makes Adam thus describe the Sooth'd her fierce father and her furious lord, joyed in the closet. Relaxation tires, or more first of her sex

To join in peace and sheath the ruthless sword. correctly speaking, starves his mind.

But this the fatal sisters' doom denied ;
I need not advert to every object that en- Authority and reason on her wait,

The friends were sever'l, when the matron died ; gages individual attention. Whatever that As one intended first, not after made

The rival leaders mortal war proclaim, object be, if it l'equire intense application of Occasionally ; and to consummate all,

Rage fires their souls with jealousy of fame, mind, it cannot be abandoned safely, for idle- Greatness of mind, and nobleness, their seat

And emulation fans the rising flame."

Build in ber loveliest, and create an awe
What is the natural consequence, when the

About her, as a guard angelick plac’d.

The tendency of « social intercourse” to experiment is made ?- The tone of the mind

promote knowledge, is evident in all classes of is destroyed. But the man is determined to be This, it is admitted, is a picture drawn by society. When I converse with man or woidle and enjoy the close of lifc in ease. He the imagination of a poet, and a poet of mod- man, it is not to ask what I know, but what I feels languid, for want of his accustomed stim- ern times ; but if the history of society, in its do not. Thus a dozen persons, though no one ulus. Wine,or more pernicious liquors, excite rudest state, is to be credited, innumerable in

may be said to be wiser than another, will all his animal spirits, and produce a temporary stances, on record prove, that woman always

improve, by passing a portion of their time toexhiliration. At first be commits no debauch possesses a benign and commanding influence. gether ; for it would be a miracle if any two -he only seeks to make himself comfortable. The founders of Rome were savage to a prov. should have purslied precisely the same train Its effect is but transient ; he recurs to it erb ;-when their city was beset, by the Sa

of thought, and arrived at the same conclu. again. It leaves him still more languid, unless bines, their neighbours, breathing fury and re- sions : but when they meet, their distinct achis indulgence is extended. He becomes a venge, and they, exasperated by threats and

quirements become, in a great measure, a soi, ruins his health, his fame, his family,his actual invasion ;-when both armies were on

common stock, of which every one may use soul.

the point of commencing a bloody engage. the aggregate, and not detract from the indiTo commence a particular business for life, ment, the Roman matrons, connected with both

vidual contributor. In such a bank as this, it is a critical step. if it be an active one, to paruies rushed between ; not a drop of blood

is surely judicious to become a stockholder. withdraw from it, is no less critical We was shed ; u conference ensued, which termishould never form such a purpose, with a nated in peace. Highly as the ladies are re- It is of no consequence to lose, what is of view to exemption from employment. The spected in our polished times, they could no value when possessed. Those who are object may be changed, lut à constant interest, scarcely expect such a compliment.

smarting under a keen sense of privation, of some sort, must be supplied to the mind. This familiar, but striking illustration of the should remember that this can only result Let it be laudable ; let it be suited to the powerful sway which woman exercises cyer

from having enjoyed a proportionate good:

ness.

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