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The opinion we entertain of the merits of ration of damages. For were the nation obli

Mr. Madison's cause are well known ; but, at ged to bear these expenses and losses, it FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

present, it is not necessary to decide which would not fully obtain what is its due, or what Our object in publishing this paper is, as side is the most just. We wish the citizens belongs to it. 2. It has a right of weakening far as we are able to be useful. On former of the United States to know, and to contem- the enemy, for disabling him from supporting occasions, before our country was involved in plate seriously, what our President's declara- an unjust violence. The right to take from war, we endeavoured to shew, with impartiali- tion of war has exposed us to suffer, without him all means of resistance. On certain octy, what were the rights of belligerents, as our having any right to complain of dishonour. | casions, the right of punishing him produces they respected neutrals, and what were the able, cruel, or unauthorized treatment. We new rights over the things which belong to limits of those rights. The state of publick ! believe it will give some, at least, new concep- ( him, as it also gives over his person." opinion likewise required that much should be tions, as to what war is.

“ A nation seizes on what belongs to the said, not only of the rights of neutrals, 'but of “ When the head of a state or sovereign enemy, his towns, and provinces, for bringing their obligations towards belligerents.

declares, war against another sovereign, it im- him to reasonable conditions, for constraining Circumstances have materially changed; we plies that the whole nation declares war against him to accept of an equitable and solid peace. are now at war, and it requires but half an the other, as the sovereign represents the na- | Thus, much more is taken from him than he hour's attention to the conversation passing in tion, and acts for the whole society. And the owes, more than is claimed of him : but this almost any circle, to find that a people, long nations are concerned with each other respec. with a design of restoring the surplus by a accustomed to prosperity and peace, are' but tively, only, as bodies, in their quality as na- treaty of peace." partially acquainted with either the latitude or tions. Thus these two nations are enemies, “ All the towns and lands taken from the limits of the rights of war. As the character, and all the subjects, of the one are enemies to enemy are called conquests, all moveable and probably the duration of this distressing all the subjects of the other inclusively. things constitute the booty. This booty natcontest may very much depend, not only on Herein custom agrees with the principles. urally belongs to the sovereigo making war, the first causes or pretexts, but on the manner «Enemies continue such, wherever they hap- no less than the conquests ; for he alone bas in which it is conducted, it is certainly of im- pen to be. The place of abode is of no ac. | such claims against the enemy as warrant portance to know what we have and have not count here. It is the political ties which de him to seize on his goods and appropriate a right to do as enemies, and when we have or tormine the quality. Whilst a man remains a them to himself.” have not a right to complain of the treatment citizen of his own country, he remains the ene-! « Instead of the pillage of the country and we receive from those, against whom we have my of all those with whom his nation is at defenceless places, a custom has been substidrawn the sword.

war ; but we are not to conclude from this, tuted more humane and more advantageous to Instead therefore of advancing doctrines, that these enemies may treat each other as the sovereign making war. I mean that of which we could not pretend to lay down “ as such, wherever they happen to ineet ; every Contributions. Whoever carries on a just one having authority," or using our own dic- | one being master in his respective country, a war has a right of making the enemy's coustion for conveying the established principles of neutral prince will not allow them to use any try contriby.c to the support of the army, and celebrated jurists, merely for the sake of ap- violence in his territories." Vattel, B. iii. ch. v. towards detraying ail de cisarges of the war. pearing to fill our colunins with original mat-1 " But the very manner, by which the right Thus he obtains a part of what is due to him, ter, we have thought best to select and insért, of killing enemies is proved, points out also and the subjects of the enemy, on submitting verbatim, such pyssages from treatises on the the limits of this right. On an enemy's sub-10 this imposition, are secured from pillage, laws of war, as particularly apply to circum- | mitting and delivering up his arms, we cannot, and the country is preserved. But a general, stances that have actually occurred, or which with justice take away his life. Thus in a who would not sully his reputation, is to mod. may be expected. To several of our readers, battle, quarter is to be given to those who layerate his contributions, and proportion them to these authorities will be familiar ; but much down their arms, and at a siege, a garrison those on whom they are imposed. An excess : the largest proportion have not the books and offering to capitulate are never to be refused in this point is not without the reproach of cannot readily see them.

their lives. The humanity with which most cruelty and inhumanity : if it shows less feThe consequerces of war,when waged against nations in Europe carry on wars at present, rocity than ravage and destruction, it glares a powerful eneiny, are tremendous, even when cannot be too much commended; if sometimes with a varice.”

ibid. that enemy confines himself most rigidly to in the heat of action the soldier refuses to “ If for weakening an unjust enemy, or for. the exercise of his unquestionable rights, as give quarter, it is always contrary to the in- punishing him, it be lawfal to carry off his such. Instead of indulging in querulous re- clination of the officers, who eagerly interpose goods, the same reasons justily destroying marks on incidents which we had every rea- for saving the lives of such enemics as have what cannot conveniently be carried off. Thus. son to expect, it is better for us to consider laid doon their arms." Vattel, B.iii. ch. viii. a country is ravaged, the provisions or forage seriously, what our government have made it « Formerly, every one capable of carrying | destroyed, that the enemy may not find a subright and justifiable in the British to do to- arms became a soldier, when his nation was at sistence there. When his ships cannot be wards us, by our declaring ourselves their eno- war, and especially when attacked. At pres taken or brought oil, endeavour's are used to emies ; and how far the conduct of our gov- ent, war is carried on by regular troops ; the sink them ; all this tends to put an end to the ertment and its servants, after commencing people, tbe peasants, the inhabitants of towns war. But these means are to be used only hostilities, has exposed us to evils, greater and villages do not concern themselves in it, with moderation, and according to the cxigethan are usually experienced, in modern, civ- and generally have nothing to fear from the cy. To tear up vines, or cut down fruit trees, ilized warfare. We presume every correct enemy's arms. If the inhabitants submit to is accounted illegal and savage,'except to fiun. man will deem it of importance, above all in him who is master of the country, pay the con- | ish some crime committed by the enemy against 2 republican government, that the people tributions imposed, and refrain from all hos- the laws of war." should know when their censures ought to fall tilities, they live as safe as if they were friends ; ' “ For whatever cause a cowbtry be raraged, on their own rulers, and when on the enemy. they even continue in possession of what be- he ought to spare those califices which do hon

The reader will observe, that in judging longs to them. The country people come our to human society, and do not courribuie to how some of these principles apply, we must | freely to the camp to sell their provisions, and the enemy's power ; such as temples, tombs, not only acquaint ourselves correctly with facts, care is taken that they shall feel the calami- publick buildings, and all works of a reniarkabut remark attentively the order of events; ties of war as little as possible."

ibid. ble beauty. But it is warranted by the laws for, in deviations from the custoinary rules of " A state taking arms in a just cause has a of war, when an army has no other rebumane and civilized warfare, the aggressor is double right against its cnemy. 1. A right of source for reducing a place on which may deculpable, the retaliator is to be justified. If putting itself in possession of what belongs to pend the success of the war, or when it gieaia we judge of every act from its own charac it, and which ihe enemy withholds ; and to ly annoys us. It is also sometimes practicechy ter alone, we shai! be led to very untepable this must be added the expenses incurred to when tbere is no other expedient of forex. conclusions,

| this end, the charges of the war, and the repe- enemy to make war wik Lumani, CI {ur prez

ishing him for some pilier "Tilegal outrage." | nation will be directed against them. Instead, on cach side of the way in the woods, with the -ibid. B. iii. ch. ix. "

of this, correct men will probably find that artillery in the road, a battle was continued " The conqueror has a right to seize on all those who are called ruthless invaders, incen- | about an hour, in which it appears that the the property of the enemy that comes within diaries, barbarous foes, &c. are but availing loss of the British was much the most severe his power : it matters not whether it be im- themselves of rights, which Mr. Madison, and The enemy being vastly superior in numbers moveable or moveable. These seizures may the advocates of war have given them, by force then attempted to outflank our army ; to pred be made, Ist-in order to obtain what he de ing them to become our enemies.

vent which, General Stricker ordered a to mands as his due, or an equivalent ; 2ndly, to

treat, which was effected in good order, unti defray the expenses of the war ; 3rdly, to

We have considered Admiral Cochrane's ! our troops were secured by the fortifications of force the enemy to an equitable peace ; 4thly,

I the city. The enemy advanced slowly and | letter with attention, and feel persuaded, that to deter him, or by reducing his strength, hinwhoever will do the same, will be convinced,

cautiously the next day to within two miles of der him, from repeating in future, the injithat ten lines from Mr. Madison, and such

our entrenchments, but withdrew on Tuesday ries which have been the cause of the war.

evening, without making any other attempi, lines as instead of degrading him, would have And with this last object in view, a power at

and the next morning embarked on board their done him honour, might have saved this counwar has a right to destroy the property and try from the apprehension and danger of an

vessels, which immediately left the Petapsco. possessions of the enemy, for the express purattack on our cities. The Admiral seems

During the battlo on shore, some of the pose of doing him mischief.

lighter vessels of the enemy sailed up the rivboth to have wished and expected this, or what However the modern laws of war do not

er, and bombarded fort M•Henry for twenty could be his motive in making his proposition ? permit the destruction of any thing, except,

hours, but with little effect, only six men be. If the United States' troops in Canada violated 1-such things as the enemy cannot be de. the customary rules of war, and were the ag.

ing killed. prived of by any other means than those of gressors, in justice to its own character our

In the engagement below the city, our loss destruction, and which it is at the same time

is stated at eleven killed government ought to indemnify suffering innecessary to deprive him of; 2. such things

and twenty-eight

wounded ; that of the enemy as much more dividuals, voluntarily. If there could have as,after being taken, cannot be kept, and which ! been any question on this point, there can be

considerable, though the precise number has, might, if not destroyed, strengthen the ene

no doubt, but a civil answer, instead of his not been ascertained. Report says their como my ; 3. such things as cannot be preserved insulting proclamation ; a decent proposal to

mander in chief, General Ross, is among the without injury to the military operations. To ascertain the whole train of facts and abide by

slain. all these we may add,—4. WHATEVER IS DESthe result ; with a positive assurance that a

On the 17th, all apprehensions of another TROYED BY WAY OF RETALIATION.” Martens, mutual stipulation, for the future, to adhere

attack at present had subsided, as all the Brite Book viii. ch. iii. Sect. 9.

| rigidly to the mildest system of modern war“The victorious sovereign claims dominion

ish vessels, except five, had left the Petapsco | fare, would have been acceptable and respect

and gone down the bay. over the provinces and countries conquered by ed--I say, there can be no doubt but the Brit.

Plattsburg. On the ilth Sept. the same his arms. He appropriates to himself the naish admiral would have relinquished his condi

day on which Commodore Macdonnough capel tional domains, and all the property belonging tional purposes.

tured the British fleet, the enemy, in posses. to the dispossessed soyereign ; and particular

But as long as Mr. Madison is out of gun sion of part of Plattsburg, opened their batte ly all the fortresses, ships of wal's arms, and shot reach himself, he cares not how much his

rics upon our fortifications, and continued can all other implements of war. The rest of the moveable property, taken from the vanquished

nonading, bombarding, and Gring rockets, and country suffers. Indeed to us it is clear, he prefers a war of fury, for it is his best chance.

simset, when they were completely silenced soldiers, is commonly given up as booty to the His administration had completely run down

and in the morning of the 12th, says General army, or the corps employed on the expedithe navy is reduced, and can no longer get to

Macomb's official despatch “ the British army, tion.

consisting of four brigades, a corps of artillery sea-his regular army is dwindling to a name; With respect to the immoveable property of

the government have not money to support

a squadron of horse and a strong light corps, the enemy's subjects, and the mortable propeither navy or army, and cannot get it. Had

amounting in all to 14,000 men, after investing erty of those of them who have not taken up the British therefore confined themselves to

this place, on the north of Şaranac river, since arms in the war, though the concueror has a the defence of Canada, and to stopping all our

the 5th inst. broke up their camp and raised right, strictly speaking, to appropriate the means of revenue, from commerce, Mr. Madi.

the siege, retreating precipitately and leaving whole of it to himself, yet, according to the son was at the end of his race! They might

their sick and wounded behind. Our loss was modern practice, it is left to the proprietors, have prescribed any terms that this country

trifling, having but one officer and fifteen nien and a contribution is exacted in its stead. could have received, and the government could

| killed, and one officer and thirty men wounded This contribution once paid, whether in mohave done nothing, but acquiesce. Mr. Madi.

This retreat is undoubtedly owing to the loss ney, produce, or service, the invaders ought to pay for all they afterwards receive from the son's last and only resource therefore, is in

of their fleet, without the aid of which, Gen: | bringing the war to such a state, as that the

eral Prcrost could not expect to carry his op conquered subjects ; except it be for such i people must use their own means, and be com

erations farther south. services as every sovereign has a right to repelled to defend themselves. However ex

Fort Erie, Accounts from the Niagan quire from his subjects. Extraordinary cases, when places are given !

frontier to the 14th, state that General Brown pensive and distressing this may be, he undoubtedly anticipates, that, eventually, we may

had resumed his command up to pillage, which is sometimes done to pun

that the inilitia | waste away the forces of the enemyand then ish those who are found in them, and some

were crossing the river to join him, in great times by way of retaliation, form an exception he and his partizans will pronounce the coun

numbers-that the enemy were deficient IR try saved by them! If Congress do lot per

tents, and suffering from the rains ; but that here. ceive and fustrate this infernal plot, such exis

they had received considerable reinforcements. In maritime wars the private property of

tence as we may promise ourselves, from bethe enemy's subjects is never spared. In or

Sacket's Harbour. General Izard and suite ing the dupes of the Madisonian cabal, will der to encourage privateering, those concern

arrived there on the 12th, and the main body never be worth the exertions we are making. ed in it are allowed to hold all the merchant

of his army were near. Fifty row boats, vessels and merchandise they take from the

mounting one long gun, and capable of cartj. enemy, or his subjects, without any reserve GENERAL REGISTER.

ing 150 men each, were ready for an expedi. whatever with respect to the redemption of

tion, supposed to be contemplated against them by the proprietor."

Kingston. The British are said to have launchibid. Sect. 10. | BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 24, 1814. ed their large ship, at Kingston. Such are some of the most prominent rights

Along the south shore of this state the eneand rules of war. By adverting to these, our DOMESTICK. Baltimore. Early on Mon- | my's cruisers are levying contributions from readers will be able to judge both of the con- day morning, the 12th instant, the British the inhabitants of the principal towns, for the duct of our own army and the enemy. An landed a force, estimated at between 4 and security of their vessels and salt works. Al attention to these principles cannot tend to di- 5,000 men, at North point, about 12 miles be- Truro, they demanded 2000 dollars, but redu minish the publick disposition to adopt meas low the city of Baltimore. A brigade of mili- ced the sum to 1200 ; at Brewster 4000 ; a ures of defence, but will rather shew the ne- | tia, commanded by Gen. Stricker, had pre- | Wellfeet 3000, and a sum, not mentioned, from cessity of preparing for distressing events, viously advanced to within three miles of the Orleans. which, since we are at war, may justly be ex- | spot, and early in the day, a small detachment / Several barges from the Leander and Spen pected. Our rulers undoubtedly calculate that was sent down to reconnoitre, and bring the cer have landed at different times, this week the American people will impute every thing enemy to an engagement. They were attacked near Cape Ann, and in Manchester, but wert of a hostile nature to outrage and ferocity on and retreated, so that the action soon became driven off, without their baying done any in the part of the British, and that publick indig- | general. Bodies of our troops being posted ljury of consequence,

we owe

Sir John Sherbroke has left Castine, and re- of other criticks of no mean name, it might be, James the Vth of Scotland, of James the 1st turned to Halifax. Nothing has been attempo sufficient to cast into the opposite scale the of America. The catastophe has not yet been ted against any part of Maine, on this side of weighty judgment of Milton, who has said, realized, but, according to the common course Penobscot bay.

that " rhyme is no necessary adjunct, or true of events, it is probably not far distant. It is Seyeral of the enemy's ships of war have ornament, of poem or good verse ; but the said, many symptoms of its approach are alappeared in Delaware bay.

invention of a barbarous age, to set off wretch- | ready evident. We wish some friend of Accounts from Vermont give strong assu. ed matter and lame metre, graced, indeed, since, Mr. Madison would kold this mirror before rances, that the Governour of that state, a ma- | by the use of some famous modern poets, him. jority of the Legislature, and all the members carried away by custom, but much to their own James Vth of Scotland had thrown himself of Congress, recently elected, are federal.

vexation, hindrance, and constraint, to express and his fortunes into the arms of a party among Fort Strong, on Noddle's Island is nearly many things otherwise, and for the most part | his subjects, whom he had favoured by nomincompleted, and works are rapidly advancing worse, than they would have expressed them.” ating them to office, but whose consequence Pon South Boston Heights, and in other places | If the success of many modern poets, in rhyme, I depended on their adherence to a foreign pow. in our vicinity. .

be urged as a proof, in fact, of the excellence er [the Pope]. Against that foreign power, In most of the principal seaport towns, in of this mode of versifying, it will be asked, England had made a firin and bold stand, and 9. this state, companies of Exempts are forming, whether the same genius, and the same taste, as it was no less the interest of other polen

which will be ready to act in any neighbouring exercised without the troublesome bondage tates, than of Henry, to assert their indepenta quarter, in case of attack.

of rhyming," might not have produced per. dence, he proposed to James not only to re. to By an arrival from Bermuda, it is reported | formances of still higher merit. If a numerous | new their ties of friendship, but to act in con

that an additional force of 10,000 troops had band of great poets should be thought to have cert, against a tyranny, dangerous to both. * arrived there, destined for our coast.

given this practice the sanction of their appro James preferred a war with England-in pro

bation, by writing, for the most part, in rhyme, secuting which, though his nobles were under ? MR. Madison's editor says, “ the spirit it should be recollected, that several of the the necessity of obeying his commands, they the which is now up, in our country, is almost more eminent of our English poets have ex- took no favourable interest. They knew

worth a three years' war." It is indeed our pressed their restlessness under this grievous James to be their inveterate enemy, and that only consolation in this period of universal yoke. Dryden, of whom Johnson has said, his object was to ruin them, that he might es.

distress, to hope, that a spirit is up, which will perhaps, with exaggerated praise, that “to him tablish an absolute despotism. They rather 3 never subside, until the authors of this unjust

viewed the war with some complacency, as and ruinous war, are made to feel the indig- tion, of our metre,” calls rhyme,

tending to eventual good, in the punishment nation of an insulted and cruelly injured people. " At best, a pleasing sound, and fair barbarity."

of the real author of their worst grievances.

When ordered to invade English territory, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

Roscommon confesses, that rhyme is the they positively s refused to advance a step because of many faults ; and that,

yond the limits of their own country," and thus SELECTED.

James's hopes and prospects were completely rhyme an ornament, or a defect in verse ? “ Too strict to rhyme, we slight more useful laws.”

| fustrated. The remainder of the account we But those that write in rhyme still make Prior, in sober prose, complains, that rhyme

shall give in Dr. Robertson's language. The one verse for the other's sake ; “ is too confined ;" and that, “it cuts off the

“His hopes of success had been rash, and For one for sense, and one for rhyme, sense at the end of every first line, which must

his despair upon a disappointment was excesI think's sufficient at one time. BUTLER. always rhyme to the next following, and conse

sive. He felt himself engaged in an unnecesT WHILE the sentimental reader values him. I quently produce too frequently an identity in

sary war with England, which, instead of yield. cm self upon “ being pleased, he knows not why,

ing him the laurels and triumphs that he exH. and cares not wherefore," the philosophical of an epigram :"-"He that writes in rhyme," pected, had begun with such circumstances,

critick will not think it quite absurd,to investir says this skilful rhymer, “ dances in fetters." as exposed him to the scorn of his enemies. *' gate the sources of the pleasures we derive | The ingenious author of Phædra and Hippoly He saw how rain and ineffectual all his pro

Ijects to humble the nobles* had been, and Efrom literary productions ; and to distinguish tus laments that “tyrannick rhyme ties the poet $ such as are the genuine offspring of truth and in needless bonds."

that, though in times of peace, a prince may

endeavour to depress them, they will rise, dur. nature, from those which owe their existence

« Procrustes-like, the axe or wheel applies, to false opinion, or depraved taste, and are

ing war, to their former importance and dignity. taste, and are To lop the mangl'd sense, or stretch it into size ; preserved by the mere force of habit and cus- | At best a crutch, that lifts the weak along,

Impatience, resentment, indignation filled his

bosom by turns. The violence of these pastom. That we are often pleased with things Supports the feeble, but retards the strong ; which ought not to please us, is as true in

sions altered his temper, and perhaps impairAnd the chance thoughts, when govern'd by the close,

ed his reason. He became pensive, sullen, and in both | Oft rise to fustian, or descend to.prose.” matters of taste, as in morals ; and, in both

l'etired. He seemed through the day to be cases, it is only by bringing our feelings to the 1. Even the witty Butler, who has, perhaps, swallowed up in profound meditation, and standard of reason, that we can determine used rhyme to better purpose than any other through the night, he was disturbed with those whether they ought to be indulged.

poet, has employed his playful fancy in ridicul. | visionary terrors, which make impression upon If, as we daily see, it is in the power of

ing it ; and has acknowledged, that in rhyming a wcak understanding only, or a disordered fashion, by the capricious strokes of his harle couplets, one verse is made for the other ; fancy. In order to revive the king's spirits, quin-wand, to vary, at pleasure, the forms of | and that . beauty, and, in endless freaks, to make that

an inroad on the western borders, was concertwhich to-day is enchanting, to-morrow odious “ Rhyme thie rudder is of verses,

cd by his ministers, who prevailed upon the and shocking; why may not time and habit be Withi which, like ships, they steer their courses."

barons in the neighbouring provincest to raise

as many troops as were thought necessary, and able, by a contrary process, to reconcile us to

If the merit of rhyme be estimated by its absurdities ; and to make us fancy beauty and

to enter the enemy's country. But nothing parentage, little can be said in its favour. It could remove the king's aversion for his AOexcellence, where there is, in reality, nothing

can boast no alliance with those great masters but whim and conceit? Will it, then, in this

bility, or diminish his jealousy of their power. of fine writing, the Greeks and Romans. Ho- He would not even trust them with the command age of innovation, be thought too daring an in. I mer and Virgil knew nothing of rhyme ; and of the forces which they had assembled : that trusion into the mysteries of sacred poetry, if I had they kno

had they known it, there can be little doubt was reserved for Oliver Sinclair | his favourwe venture to inquire, whether the modern

that they would have despised it. practice of writing verse in rhyme, be founded

ite, who no sooner appeared, to take possesTo be concluded in our next.

sion of the dignity conferred upon him, than in nature and reason, and consonant to the

rage and indignation occasioned an universal genuine principles of taste ?or, whether the pleasure derived from it, be not the mere ef


mutiny in the army. Five hundred English, lect of arbitrary association ? whether, if the

who happened to be drawn up in sight, attack

COINCIDENCES IN HISTORY. origin, nature, and effects, of this practice be

ed the Scots in this disorder. Hatred :o the

king, and contempt of their general produced hairly examined, it will not be found, that Not long since, we extracted from Sueto

an effect, to which there is no parallel in his"yme, instead of being an ornament, is a de. | nius, a sketch of the rise, the career, and fall fect in verse ?

of a famous Roman tyrant, as affording a very | tory-ten thousand men surrendered to a numIf we were inclined to refer the question to striking parallel to the life of Bonaparte. In

• So our democrats denominate the Federalists. decision of authority, such an appeal would | the following extract froin an excellent histo. De ineffectual. Against the oracular decision rian, of modern times, we find a singularly + Such as the Rensalaers, Izard, Winder, &c.

Jobnson, though supported by the voice I strong picture, or rather the prototype in The hero of la Cole mills-General Wilkinson.


ber so far inferior, without striking a single were Good-NATURE and INNOCENCE, and I self alone to meditate upon the imaginary blow. No man was desirous of a victory which found, whilst they were encouraged and ca- scene which had passed before me. I had no would have been acceptable to the king and ressed, the company were all pleased with hesitation in concluding to give it to the pubto his favourite. This astonishing event was each other, and every individual equally de- lick, and the only observation with which I a new proof to the king of the general disaf- rived pleasure from the society, and contribut- shall accompany it, or the only improvement fection of the nobles, and a new discovery of ed something to increase it.

I shall make of the subject, is to express a his weakness and want of authority. Incapa Whilst we were in this state of pleasant | hope that I may see this vision actually repreble of bearing these repeated insults, and una- enjoyment, other company was announced ; sented, in my observations on society ; and ble to revenge them, his spirits sunk altogeth- immediately the door few open with a sudden that Envy and Scandal, these two great eneer. The deepest melancholy and despair suc swing, and a most stately figure, with lofty mies to friendly intercourse, may be ban. ceeded to the furious transports of rage and step, and proud, disdainful eye, entered the ished from every circle, by GOOD-NATURE and indignation. All the violent passions, which room, and the cheerful voices of the company | INNOCENCE. are the enemies of life, preyed upon his mind, I were soon awed to silence by her imperious and wasted and consumed his constitution frown, or drowned in the noise of her rustling Some authors of that age impute his untimely silks. This lady I found was Pride, and she

POETRY. death to poison ; but the diseases of the mind, was attended (which was still more unfortu. when they rise to an height, are often mortal; nate for the harmony of our party) by her two and the known effects of disappointment, rage, daughters, Envy and Scandal. Without much

NATURE AND ART. and indignation, upon an impetuous temper, I ceremony, she thrust herself into the first sufficiently account for his unhappy fate." seat in the room, and with her ill-looking pro- Let others *exult in the dark mountain's pride,

geny by her side, assumed the direction of I love the gay village which blooms on its side ;

the society, and very soon changed the pleas. The art-smoothen'd lawn, and the art-lighten'd shade, THE WRITER, No. XX.

ant aspect which was worn before, to the gloom The soft purling rill and the gay promenade. I was, not long ago, in a very large com

of distrust, the leer of contempt, and the dispany, who are frequently assembled together

torted smile of hypocrisy, under the mask of I'd not wholly use Art, but Nature improve, on terms of friendship at each others' houses ;

friendship. Our two pleasant companions, Restrain the swift current, with flowers deck the but I could not but take notice, that the con

who had till now been the life of the party, grove ; versation on one side of the room, and the re

were abashed, and drew off into a neglected | In short, I'd not doze away Life in a calm, marks made there, upon the people on the corner ; whilst the secret but powerful infiu

Nor exult in the tempest, and ride on the storm. other side, might induce a stranger to sup

ence of the new comers, spread through the pose, they were great enemies. Yet, as they

room and began to obtain guilty dominion. But the friends whom I lov'd and esteemed should be shifted about, friends and enemies were mixEnvy was a little, black-looking, lean, and

there, ed promiscuously, and two persons might be shrivelled figure, and seemed to observe a

Then all Nature would smile, and all Art would look seen sitting by eacb other's side, in greut harkind of morose silence, but her malignant

fair, mony, who, at opposite corners of the room, eye was busy, and she was constantly exciting

For the scenes which we rove o'er, with those whom you would have judged, would never hold

her sister, Scandal, to mischief. Scandal, al

though ugly enough, wore some smiles, and friendly converse together.

we love, With such facts and circumstances before

affected mirth, but it was always envenomed Need no Nature to charm, and no srl to improve. me, I could not but reflect, with some degree

by sarcasm ;--she was very loquacious, and
though often loud and noisy, she also said a

• Byr. et al.

+ Not rhyme. of sorrow, upon the loss of those real pleas- |

Editor. ures, which society sustains for the want of

great deal in whispers. She had a most dissincerity, and by the intrusion of the hateful cus gusting mouth, black and rancorous; bat

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. vice of Envy, and one of her near relations, i what was most observable, she seemed to

THE LAST ROSE OF SUMMER. Scandal. These two evil beings are the bane

have two tongues, and, as naturalists say some of friendship, and spoil all the happiness which

se: pents have two kinds of teeth, one set 'Tis the last rose of summer, we might rationally hope to enjoy, from sothrough which they convey their poison, so

Left blooming alone ; cial intercourse. The folly, the wickedness, Scandal had a tongue only to wound, and a

All her lovely companions and the disgraceful nature of these vices, will touch from this tongue produced a most pois

Are faded and gone ; sufficiently impress our minds, if we would onous effect. I observed that wherever Envy

No flower of her kindred, realize to ourselves, what would be our feelfixed her eye, it was soon followed by a lasb

No rose-bud is nigh,' ings, were our hearts laid open to publick from the tongue of Scandal, and that persons

To reflect back her blushes view, whilst possessed and influenced bù them were no sooner touched by it, than they grew What sinner so hardened, what wretch so black, ill-shaped, and distorted, and occasioued

Or give Sigh for Sigh ! impious and abandoned, as not to shrink back every body to stare at them. I was glad, how

I'll not leave thee, thou lone one! appalled at the idea of being thus exposed ? ever, to see these persons brighten up again

To pine on the Stem ; Yet it is to be feared there are few bosoms

upon the approach of INNOCENCE, who usual1 ly slid along behind, brushed them with her

Since the lovely are sleeping,. entirely exempt from Envy ; few tongues that

Go, sleep thou with them ; Scandal has not polluted! These unhallowhand, and dropped something into their bos

Thus kindly I scatter ed spirits. so haunted my mind, that I could | oms which had a wonderful effect to remove not get rid of them for the whole evening, and all the spots and marks of Scandal, and make

Thy leaves o'er the bed, after I got home I was still plotting to have

them often appear fairer and more engaging Where thy mates of the garden them banished from society. Whilst I was than ever. Good-NATURE also, helped to do

Lie scentless and dead. sitting alone in my chamber, with my mind

away the power and arert the evil of these employed upon this subject, I fell into a sort 1 two malicious spirits, for those under her in

So soon may I follow, of reverie ; I will not say it was a dream, lest fluence would not take notice of any blemish

When Friendships decsty, my readers should also crop asleep : But I es unless they were very glaring ; and more

And from Love's shining circie thought I made one of a very large assembly, over, after taking lessons from her, a person

The stems drop away! all of whom were decently merry, and appear

was not half so liable to suffer from the pois When true hearts lie wither'd, ed to be in the full enjoyment of that happi. onous tongue of this hateful genius..

And fond ones are flown, ness, and all those pleasures, derived from Although INNOCENCE and Good-NATURE

Oh! who would inhabit agreeable society and friendly intercourse. drew back, as we before observed, upon the

This dark world alone ? The company of two persons particularly,

entrance of these more bold and forward guests, seemed to contribute largely to the felicity of flyet as the former continued in the room, and

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR the whole. They seemed io preside in this

their exertions so constantly, and effectually happy society, and their influence, conduct, opposed the mischievous endeavours of the

JOHN PARK, and example spread as it were a ray of cheer

latter ; and as PRIDE, SCANDAL,and Envy can fulness over the countenance of every one presnever long endure the presence of GOOD-NA

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, ent. They however assumed nothing ; on the TURE and Innocence, they finally took their

NO. 4 CORNHILL. contrary, there was a sort of humility about leave. I was so rejoiced at seeing them go

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. them that was rather inclined to shun, than to

out, that an involuntary clap of my hands court applauding notice. These two persons roused me from my reverie, and I found my 1*.* Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding







occurred, has in fact resulted from the conduct the surrender of any of our national rights, is of the President himself. .

a position, which, though countenanced by FOR THE BOSTON SPECTAPOR.

The proposal for direct negotiation, it is Presidential conjecture, fortunately has not MR. Madison's Message is now a story of true, came from the Prince Regent, and it can- | the least shadow of proof. a week old, but so few remarks have appeared

not be forgotten, that, in his proposal, he ex-! « This increased violence," continues the on the occasion, in the publick journals, we plicitly stated the ground, on which the parties | President, “is best explained by the two imporshould feel ourselves remiss in duty, were we

were to meet-a recognition of the laws of tant circumstances, that the great contest in to pass it over in silence.

nations, as sanctioned by the practice of the Europe, for an equilibrium guaranteeing all On the loud calls for money-more money

powers of Europe, and of the maritime rights its states against the ambition of any, has been _ beaucoup d'argent"--we shall say noth

of Great-Britain. On receiving this, Mr. Mad- I closed without any check upon the overbear. ing. On that subject, we presume, by this

ison commissioned bis plenipotentiarics to meet ing power of Great-Britain on the ocean ; and, time, the feelings of the people are sufficiently

at Gottenburgh, but did not accept the condi | that it has left in her hands disposeable armaalive, and that they begin to have some glimp

tions, which, by the Prince's offer, were indis ments, with which, forgetting the difficulties ses of the effect the war is producing upon

pensable. The English officers had found, of a remote war against a free people ; and their pecuniary interest. It is a plain case,

among the prisoners they took in Canada, twen- yielding to the intoxication of sucoess, with and needs no commentator. But what says ty-one British subjects in arms, against their the example of a great victim to it before her Mr. Madison on the cbance of Peace ? what,

sovereign and country. Such men, by the un- eyes, she cherishes hopes of still further agof the negotiation ?

disputed law of nations, are traitors; and they grandising a power, already formidable in its « The result," says he, " is not yet known.

were sent home for trial. In consequence of abuses to the cranquillity of the civilized and If, on one hand, the repeal of the Orders in this, Mr. Madison, contrary to the law and commercial world.” Council, and the general pacification in Europe,

usages of nations at war, and to the most ob It is true that the pacification of Europe has which withdrew the occasion on which im. vious principles of justice, had seized as many | been completed, and the maritime pretensions pressments from American vessels were prace

British prisoners of war, and confined them as of Great-Britain have not been abridged. It tised, suggest expectations that peace and | hostages for the twenty-one British trạitors ! ! ! is as true, thai no desire has been discovered amity may be re-established ; we are compel. Persisting in this outrage, bis nrivisiers, rep. l among the continental powers that they should led, on the other hand, by the refusal of the resenting the Executive of the United States, be abridged. It is another very important British government to accept the offered me- sail for England. The British government truth, thal Great Britain claims no maritime diation of the Emperour of Russia, by the de. said, “ this pretended retaliation is contrary to righis, that are not claimed by every maritime lays, in giving effect to its own proposal of all law; give up the men, and disown the power in Europe ; they well know, that the a direct negotiation ; and above all, by the principle.” Our ministers were not authori. | claniour, which for years has rung through principles and manner in which the war is now sed to do it. “Then,” said the ministry, " you both the eastern and the western world, was avowedly 'carried on, to infer that a spirit of hare not accepted our sovereign's offer ; when but the hypocritical cant of aspiring France, hostility is indulged, more violent than ever, you do, we will enter upon vegotiation," fiere originating Julely in her own views of univers. against the rights and prosperity of this the business necessarily rested, until it could sal empire, and echoed by the dupes of her country.”

be ascertained by the President's agents, policy. That policy has been defeated ; naThe result of the negotiation is not yet whether he would qualify them to act, or not. tions are restored to their common rights, andknown! What an important piece of informa “ The result is not known,” but it is surmised; invectives against British usurpation on the tion to Congress, who well knew that negotia all the hostages have been given up, cough ocean are heard no more, but in the dull epition had not begun! The times are too serious one at least of the English traitors was hug. ! logue of the French revolution - Mr. Madi. for ridicule, or such a senseless renark might -Such is the true history of those delays | son's proclamations and messages. It seems well be treated with severity. It is of more which have been so much regretted. Lei the | to be implied, by the President's argument, consequence to examine the reasons why the impartial world determine, who has been

that England has just escaped from some re

that England has President would damp our hopes and expecta- whiffling ; who has created the obstacles that straint upon the exercise of her naval purer. tions of peace. The refusal of Great-Britain have postponed negotiation.

This is ont a feelite and fallacious attempt to to accept the mediation of Russia was never As to “ the principles and manner, in which conceal the wilful blindness of his policy in. considered, by those who wished for peace, in the war is now avowedly carried on," Mr. / plunging us into war, for it is not supported this country, as in the least degrec unfavoura Madison undoubtedly alludes to Adiniral Coch- | by fact. Since Nelson's last victory, her sway ble to such an event. The reason given by | rane's letters ; yet it is impossible to conjece on the ocean has been uncontrolled, but by the British government was substantial, obvious, 1 turc, in what part of that communication he | her sense of justice. Perhaps he means, that and satisfactory. The orders in council were can discover the least intimation, to check our | Admiral Warren's instructions were qualified already abolished the only remaining pretext I hones from the negotiation in Europe. It con- ly a fear of the interference of Russia, Prusfor the war, was a law of that realm, with rcla- tains not the remotest reference to the diplo- ! sia, Spain, or Portugal in our favour! If such tion to its own subjects. On such a point, she | matick concerns of the two countries. 'He an absurdity was intended, it deserves no replycould allow no foreign power to sit in judg- threatens to settle Canadian accounts upon the

It is indeed amusing to find the President ment; it would be an abandonment of sove Atlantick coast, but not without proposing an

of the United States racking his ingenuity to reignty to which no independent nation would alternative. When Mr. Madison shall have surgish Congress with a clue to the “increage submii. This was her reply to the Emperour shown that the invaders of Canada were not

ed violence of British warfare ; but unfortuof Russia, and he appears to have readily per- the aggressors, then it will be admitted that nately, his logick is as weak, as were his miliceived, and acquiesced in, its correctness. If the alternative could not be accepted, without tary plans at Washington. Let us examine Mr. Madison were not himself actuated by | degradation.

his second explanation. He says “the great “ a spirit of hostility more violent than ever, The British nation were forced into this war. I contest in Europe (probably meaning the close he would not have referred to this as a ground in spite of the utmost efforts to preserve of this great contest) has left in her hands disof accusation.

peace : she found a new, malignant, irrecon. poseable armaments." What mighty armaHis next reason for doubting the disposition cileable enemy in the government of the

ments bare been employed in this " increaseck of the British government towards peace, is ! United States, when all the world were held in / violence," which England could not have lur. its alleged « delays in giving effect to its own awful suspense, as to the event of her arduous

nished, during her continental war? Short of proposal of a direct negotiation.” As there is struggle against the colossal power of French five thousand men landed at Benedict, marche a considerable degree of impatience in the despotism.

sm. The attack was attended with

The attack was attended with ed forty miles to Washington, and blew up publick mind, with respect to these delays, every circumstance of aggravation, and a war

the capitol ! A frigate and two or three smalwe hope our readers will consider attentively l of bitter resentment could not but have been | ler vessel ascended the Potomack to Alexan" what we have to observe on this charge, for expected. But that Great Britain contem dnia, and took the city! These are the only we are conôdent that whatever of delay has plates to demand, as the future basis of peace, i ustances of. fiolet

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