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Madison pretend that England, in her dark, taking all the horses and provisions they could sacred grove, where Numa Pompilius held est day, could not have supplied such humble ! put in requisition. Last Friday, a squadron of his mysterious interviews with the divine means as thesc!

one 74, six ships, and two brigs lelt the bay, Egeria. We descended with trembling steps The object of this part of the message is steering S. S. W.

into the catacombs of saint Sebastian. We evident. The President perceives the horrors Though ship news does not come within passed under the triumphal arch of Titus ; of his war thickening upon our country. He our province, it may be proper to mention the we contemplated the spot where « Great Cæsar finds his means totally insufficient for its de- , arrival at Salem of the ship Stranger, a prize, | fell ;” measured the dome of the majestick St. fence. He is aware that a distressed and containing 66 large cannon, a great abundance containing 66 large cannon, a great abundance Per

Peter's, and tumbled over the manuscripts of indignant people will exclaim against the folly of military stores, blankets, &c. bound from the Vatican. Silent but gratified companions, of exposing us to these sufferings. What | England to Halifax.

we made excursions with our friend to Tivoli. apology can he make? We have it in sub-L CONGRESS assembled on Monday the land entered the palace of the generous and stance, before us. « Human wisdom could | 19th, and on Tuesday the President sent his splendid Mecenas ; we closed our travels and not foresee the events, which have terminated | Message. On Thursday, the usual Commit. speculations by a pleasant little jaunt to Fras. the war in Europe. I began hostilities with tees were appointed, and their respective por- | cati, which, though now a pile of stones, was prospects totally different from those which tions of the Message assigned for their con- I once Tusculum. consecrated by the residence exist. My means were adequate to your de: | sideration. Mr. Johnson), of Kentucky, moved of the inmortal Roman orator. fence and even your success under any cir- | that a committee be appointed to inquire into | What could be more delightful, but an ac. cumstances, which could be rationally antici- | the causes of the capture of the city of Wash- tual survey of these regions and monuments, pated. The capture of Washington, the inva- | ington, &c. A petition of a number of the cit. made sacred by time, and connected with the sion of your coasts, the danger to which your izens of New York was presented for a Na most brilliant history of man, the arts and litcities are exposed, are owing to no improvi- tional Bank.. ?

erature ! dence of mine, but to the peace in Europe,

But, as I have already remarked, while which has unexpectedly let loose upon us, the from Washington, that Government will re- | some of us were so pleasantly occupied, with whole physical force of Great-Britain.” If move to Philadelphia.

Longbow's rapid and diversified conversation, such a defence is well founded and satisfactory,

another part of the company appeared to be let all the people say, Amen, and await their

perfectly listless, or rather, disposed, by oc. destiny without a murmur ; but if it is absurd


casionally rallying the speaker, to interrup: and false, let Mr. Madison be held to his


our amusement ; at times, when he held us responsibility.

deeply engaged in his most interesting adven[We are obliged, for want of room to postpone the


tures, I could observe them looking at one remainder, to our next number.]

To the Confidant.

another with a sort of significant malicious Sir.--I HAVE often heard it remarked of a per

stare, and then smile,-as much as to say GENERAL REGISTER. son,and not without something like a sneer, that

- that's a good one.” he was a very good matter-of-fact man ;--now,

On the breaking up of the company, I re. BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1,1814. what there is ridiculous, in sticking close to

turned home with one who had been staring, the truth, I never could discover ; but I pre

or tittering, or yawning all the evening ; and DOMESTICK. Chesapeake Bay. Admi. sume the sarcasm is levelled rather against

expressed to him my astonishment that sever those plodding minds, which are rich in stores

al of the party, including himself, evincedi 80 ral Cochrane in the Tonnant, 80, with 2 two of observation, but cannot a reason, from what

much impatience during a relation with which deckers, 4 frigates, I rocket ship and 4 or 5 they know." However this may be, I am cer

I could not but be very much gratified. * I armed brigs, with the merchant ressels taken tain a matter-of-fiction man, known and dis

perceive," said he," that you are a stranger to

perce at Alexandria, have sailed from the Chesapeake for Halifax

If you had knows tinguished as such, is one of the greatest bores Lour old friend Longbow. The Admiral has replied to Mr. Munroe, informing him, that he had no author

him as well as some of us did, you could only in society, and that, for this blemish, neither 1. elegance of address, learning, nor genius, are

have been amused at the unqualified latitude ity to enter upon any kind of discussion rela

any compensation. With the most splendid tive to the points contained in Mr. Munroe's

of his invention. We know too the whole his. talents, he must always be a tax upon the pa

tory of his voyage up the Mediterranean. He letter of the 6th. and that until otherwise instructed by his government, he cannot revoke tience and civility of his associates, and instead

was a month at Naples, it is true, but was

scarcely ever out of the ship,unless when busily of being what nature seems to have designed the orders given to the fleet under his com

employed in disposing of ber cargo. He ner him, an amusing and interesting friend, he is mand, unless remuneration be first made to but a tedious if not irksome prattler.

er was at Rome, at all; but having perused the the private inhabitants of Canada, for depre

Accident, some time sincc, made me ac

account of a famous tourist, had acquired some dations, committed by the American invading quainted with a gentleman of this description,

knowledge of what was to be seen in that army. Plattsburgh appears to be in no danger of by the name of Rusport Longbow. He had

great city and in its vicinity, and had learned, received a genteel education, possessed by

something from the same source, of the man another visit from the enemy, at present. A constitution a lively fancy, and great volubility

ners and customs of the modern Italians. All part of General Prevost's forces remain at

of tongue ; was fond of society, and withal Champlain, and detachments have been sent to

his personal observations, all the pattering

civilities he had received from great persondifferent quarters, in that province.

seemed to be what is generally called a good

The American fleet and prizes are repairing.

hearted fellow. He had just returned from al ages, all his pleasant incidents, and in fact, Sacket's Harbour. Commodore Chauncey's

voyage up the Mediterranean, on business, whatever was not in the book of his traveller,

roduced was sheer fabrication ! He is by no means feet has sailed, with Gen. Izard and his ar

and on the evening that I was first introduced | my, their destination conjectured to be against to him, he made one of a party of some dozen

deficient in understanding or wit, and is a so

cial, benevolent, conviviai soul; but if we ever of friends, about the half of whom were of his Fort George. old acquaintance. Longbow's recent voyage

| suffer him to begin a story, no matter what it Fort Erie. On the 17th General Brown,

afforded him a fund of matter for narrative and commanding in person, made a sortie, carried

is, or where the scene lies, his passion for anecdote ; he seemed both prepared and dis

embeilishment is so vivid, that we cannot rely two of the enemy's batteries, spiked the guns, posed to lead the conversation. "I was partic

on a word he utters. blew up the strong work they had recently

It will never answer to built, destroyed great quantities of ammunition ularly pleased, but was soon struck by a very

repeat any of his narratives, as matter of fact, singular difference in the effect produced by

for ten to one they might prove otherwise." and took about 400 prisoners. British killed his discourse, on his new and old companions.

| and wounded estimated at 400 more. On our

Since this first interview, I have frequeatis The former, like myself, were rivetted in atside, the loss is rated much less. Cols. Gib.

I been in Longbow's company, but the charm of

his eloquence was gone. He is always fond son and Wood killed ; General Ripley badly tention ; we enjoyed the civilities, which, it

of talking, and wouid indeed be one of the wounded in the neck. Col. Aspinwall of this

would appear, were lavished upon our countown, lost an arm.

most agreeable companions in the world, wete tryman ; we went with him to his parties ;

| it not for his notorious foible. But, as it is nie The South Frontier. It is again reported we revelled with him in the palaces of the

possible to know poor but shewy Neapolitan nobility. With a that a considerable British force has landed at

whether he is telling the

truth, or bouncing, one is not a whit the wiser Pensacola, the object supposed to be New Or.

sort of pious enthusiasm we attended hiin to leans.

for any thing he says. I seldoin know pos: The news comes by a letter from

the tomb of Virgil. He next conducted us to Tennessee, where it was received, by express the city of the Cesars. We made our pilgrim

tively, that he is sporting untruths, yet as!

can never feel assured of the contrary, his stafrom Gen. Jackson to the Governour.

age to the mausoleum of Augustus. We Castine. On the 20th instant 1200 British i gaz gazed upon the column of Trajan. We even

ries, though well related, are dull and tire. I drank with him from the pure fountain, in the troops embarked and fell down the river, after | or

some, in the extreme-words without mean


I am extremely at a lo3s, Mr. Confidant, to whenever Nestor spoke, the listening multi- | Lord, said I, don't be angry, I'm sure, I never thought comprehend what motive can induce any per- tude was awed, and Greece in arms attended.. you so :

" You know, I horgur the cloth ; I design to be a son to indulge in this ridiculous disposition. | with silence.

parson's wile ; It never was indulged, in any considerable The attention and respect which are paid to I never took one in your coat for a conjurer in all my degree, without loss of character ; that certain-| the aged, as well as to the softer sex, usually

lite." ly cannot be an object. If it proceed from a mark the degrees of civilization in any country,

As far, however, as the pleasure of rhyme is desire to communicate pleasure to others, a and very fairly denote the rudeness or refine

1 to be referred simply to the frequent recurreputation of this kind defeats even that inten- ment of its society and manners. But if we tion ; the human mind loves truth, and the would deserve these tokens of reverence as

| rence of similar sounds, it perhaps arises chiefly,

| if not entirely, from the surprise excited by sole use of language is to communicate it. we descend into the vale of years, we must be careful to avoid Ignorance and Vice, as our

unexpected combinations, and is to be considerIf speech be perverted to a different purpose,

sed as belonging to the lower species of wit. In it is worse than insignificant ; it renders him companions in our uphill journey of life. If

conversation, such combinations of similar who is guilty of the abuse absolutely contempt. | wisdom and integrity mark our footsteps

sounds seldom occur; and therefore, when they ible. A man who is not believed when he amidst the flowery paths of youth ; if temper

happen, we usually notice them with some despeaks, no matter what are the moral or re ance and industry are seen in our train ; if ligious principles of those with whom he as

gree of surprise. It is the continuation of the truth is our guide and honor our friend and

same perception which we experience, when sociates, no matter what appearance of atten- companion in early life, then will grey hairs

wc hear the frequent return of rhymes in tion civility may procure him, deals in sound, be honorable, and we shall find that indulgent

studied yerse : and hence it is, that in reading of no more consequence than the purring of nature amidst her varied stores, has yet many

long works written in rhyme, the pleasure, as a cat.

PHILALETUES. pleasures in reserve for those who are bending
bereath the weight of accumulated years.

far as depends upon the rhyming words alone,

gradually decreases, till, at length, the surprise

an advcrt with great delight to a veneraTHE WRITER, No. XXI.

ceasing, the repetition be friend, who has, in an eminent degree, all

becomes tiresome.

“ Rhyme (says Lord Kaimes) rouzes the attenOld age is a season of life in which, it is the qualifications to experience and enjoy the

tion, and produces an emotion moderately gay, generally supposed, there are few pleasures highest honor and happiness of virtuous old

without dignity or 'elevation." to anticipate, and but little tappiness to be en- age. He has travelled the lengthened road of

If this be the true explanation of the pleasure joyed. Yet who is willing to give up the ex-life surrounded with those he loved ; has

arising from rhyming words, it is evident, that pectation of years to come, and be suddenly shared their affection and esteem, and followed

the use of this ornament, if it must be called arrested on the flowery road of youth or man- | them one atter another to the graye. His co

such, is a kind of low wit ; and that the ear is hood, that he may escape the dreary and temporaries are no more : he stands alone,

gratified by it, for the same reason that the eye barren waste of feeble old age ? If then we like a rock in the midst of the sea, and lifts

is amused by anagrams and acrosticks. It may are travelling towards a country in climate, his head above the waves of time, to bless the

then be fairly asked, what alliance is there where there are some severities to encounter, prospect of declining years, and make even

between the puerile amusement of jingling and we do not choose to forego this unprom wanton youth in love with hoary age. He is

| syllables, and the sublime and elegant pleasising journey, we should prepare to meet the adınired for his social virtues, and his useful

ures of genuine poetry? We are displeased evils we expert, and provide ourselves with ness in society is acknowledged to be invalua

when Shakspeare intrudes a pun in the midst weapons to overcome them, or suitable ar ble ; he is esteemed for his friendship and

of his noble fights of fancy, or tender strokes mour to shield us from their attack. A con- | integrity, respected for his learning, beloved

of passion : what, but custom, could enable us sciousness of such a preparation, would soon for !is kindness and benevolence, revered for

to endure, in the more elevated kinds of versc, dispel the gloom which usually hovers round | his piety, and almost adored for his spotless

the perpetual intrusion of a still lower species the picture we form to ourselves of old age, fame' and holiness of life. When he ministers

of wit, in the unusual combinations of similar and we might then look forward to this period in the sacred duties of his office, we look up to

sounds. The noble exertions of creative geof lifo vita complacency rather than dishlay, him with that sort of veneration and love

pius are degraded, and great things are conand grey hairs would assume a lustre, in the which are most appropriately mixed with

founded with small, when the poet clothes his eye of wisdom at least, as bright as the ring. | things divine. Whenever we see him, we en.

I grand conceptions in the fantastick dress of rhylets of fair and ruddy youth. deavour to seek in ourselves, some affinity to

ming couplets ; and it is habit alone, which renThe varied year, under this our temperate the good old man, and even feel a kind of

ders us insensible of the incongruity. Could zone, affords a beautiful similitude of the pride in belonging to the same order of beings,

we divest ourselves of the prejudice arising several ages of man, and the moralist as well of which he is at once the ornament and de

from habit, it would be impossible to read two as the poet, has often seized with eagerness

| and happy effect upon a figure, so favourable,

passages of nearly equal poetick merit, one in Old age like this has surely no terrors; on

rhyme, the other in blank verse, such, for either to impress truth, or please and enter the contrary we may look forward to it with

example, as Pope's celebrated imitation of Hotain the imagination. In moral essays it | desire, only endeavouring that our lives may

ay I mer's Night-piece, at the end of the eighth is usually brought forward to illustrate and be like the righteous man, that our last days

ys | book of the Iliad, and Milton's description of enforce the important obligation of all account may also be like his. .

Night in the fourth book of Paradise Lost, withable beings, to make a proper improvement

out feeling, that, while, in the latter, just and of time. Youth is the spring, Old age the IS RHYME AN ORNAMENT, OR A DEFECT IN beautiful imagery appears without alloy in all winter of life ; and the intermediate seasons

VERSE ? . [concluden.]

the digniiy of poetical language, the former are emblematical of ripening and decaying !

of loses some portion of the effect of imagery manhood.

In order to estimate, correctly, the value of
Thus if we sow good seed in the

equally just and beautiful, by an unseasonable spring time of youth, we shall be rewarded. this improvement, let us endeavour to analyse

and incongruous mixture of the trivial and in the summer and autumn of life, with rich the nature, and investigate the operation, of rhyme. Rhyme is the repetition of the same

playful. and racy fruit, to gratify our taste as we pass sound, or sounds, at intervals, either regular,

An objection of still greater weight against along, and with the golden harvest which will or irregular. Sometimes the rlıyming syllables

the use of rhyme, arises from the restraint remain with us to gladden as well as to

which it unavoidably lays upon the writer's are single, sometimes double ; sometimes the strengthen our hearts, during the more gloomy

conceptions and expression. rhymes occur uniforinly in couplets; sometimes

It cannot be season, the winter of old age. With such a

supposed, that, of the words which are most I they are placed alternately, or in forms still provident, with such a wise and prudent man

more complex. In all these varieties, it is very agement of the early season, erery part of the

proper to express the poet's ideas, a suffi

cient number shall have similar endings ; and evident, that the pleasure which rhymes afford, year will have its pleasures, and if winter has

that these very words shall exactly fall into that | does not altogether arise from the repetition not the flowers and perfumes of spring, it will of similar sounds. No ear would be gratified

place which best suits the numbers and gramboast its hours of ease and the repose of the with the recital of a column of rhyming words,

| matical construction, and is the proper interval fireside ; and though we may not be delighted from a spelling-book, or a rhyming dictionary.

of the rhyme. with the singing of birds, yet, safe from storms

For the same reason that the rhyming poet In lines of unequal length written without any within, the rude biast, that whistle round our

must drop many thoughts and expressions, regard to numbers, the effect of the rhymes is walls, is musick. lost; as will be easily perceived, in the follow

which he might have wished to introduce, he The wisest nations of antiquity, have ever

| ing lines from been the most noted for the highest respect

must be often guided in the choice and arrangeDean Swift's Mrs. Harris's

ment of his ideas by the words which he finds and veneration for old age. Among the SparPetition :

it necessary to place at the close of his verses. tans, the people rose up with reverence when | “ nerer was taken for a conjorer before, rd bare you 10 Win Selcom Dappen, na an old man came into their assemblies, and

l.couplet will be entirely dictaicd by fancy or

to know;

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sentiment ; a regard to the rhyme will almost necessarily dictate the one or the other,

Even writers of the first order have sometimes been betrayed, by the seduction of rhyme into inbarmonious and unpoetical composition, which could not have escaped them in blank verse. Pope has hazarded the following couplet i “ Unfinish'd things one knows not what to call, Their gerter ation's so equivocal."

And Dryclen in his rhyming tragedy of Aurengzebe has written :

"Are you so lost to sbame? Morat, Morat, Morat, you love the name So well, your every question ends in that,

You force me still to answer you, Morat." · Such miserable jingle as this, is little better than Sternhold's eke also, and almost deserves a place with the following notable stanza :

“ And Og the giant large,
And Basan king also,
Whose land, for heritage,

He gave his people--thoʻ." Another argument against the use of rhyme, of too much weight to be omitted, is that it produces a tiresome similarity of expression in different poems. The rhyming vocabulary being, in every language, exceedingly small, in comparison with that of words proper for verse, every versifier necessarily turns his thoughts to the same strings of rhyming words which have been hacknied by former poets ; and it is scarcely possible, especially on similar subjects, that the same rhymes should not frequently suggest to different writers similar ideas and expressions. Perhaps this circumstance, more than any other, has contributed to produce the appearance of imitation in the writ. ings of modern English poets, and to encourage an idea, by no means just, that the subjects of poetry are almost exhausted, and that genius will, in this late age, in vain attempt any thing new.

Rhyme, then, instead of being an ornament, may be pronounced, in general, an incongruous appendage, and a troublesome incumbrance of verse. In works of wit and humour, indeed, such as those of Butler and Swift, rhyme possesses its proper province, and may be advantageously retained, as a source of unexpected and whimsical combinations :-but from every other kind of poetical composition, however bold the innovation, it might, perhaps, be a real improvement to dismiss it altogether. The good sense and correct taste of modern times has detected the absurdity of decking tragedy in the trim dress of rhyme : what is wanting, but a due attention to the subject, to extend the proscription, which has bänished shyme from the English stage, to all serious poetry?

But see, the troop have reach'd the shore ;
And hark, the trumpet's blast once more
The muskets flash upon the wave,
The last sad signal o'er his grave;

The long reverberated roar,
With pubeing fife and rolling drum,
And gleam of torch within the dell,
The Soldier's long and sad farewel,

Declare the task is done.

Advancing they have pass'd the dale,

In closer body now they vail,

And nearer yet they come. With arms revers'd and downcast eye The Warrior band approaches nigh. In march that's measur'd, solemn, slow, Clad in habiliments of woe. Why are they here, at close of day, With muffled drum, and dark array ? That hearse with sable canopied Forebodes a gallant Soldier Aed,

Proclaims a comrade's gone !


TO CAROLINE. Mar the world, my dear Caroline, never impart

in cares and its sorrows to thee; May the arrow of pain ne'er be fix'd in the heart,

Where I know there is friendship for me.

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Scarce had he press'd his native shore,
His sorrows and his troubles o'er,
And hope had stay'd the rising sigh
With thought and expectation high,
That he should meet the warm embrace,
The kindly welcome, smiling face,
From children, wife, and friend,
When Fever from his iron throne
Had watch'd the victim for his own,

The Warrior for his prey.

A FRAGMENT, u Cura leves lequantur, ingentes stupent."

CORRECTION. The concluding stanza of " The last Rose of Summer" should have read thus

So soon may I follow

When Friendships decay,
And from Love's shining circle

The gems drop away!
When true hearts lie wither'd

And fond ones are flown,
Oh ! who would inhabit

This bleak world alone !

HOW happy is the peasant's life,
No grief nor cares to him are known ;
The rich man's pain, the Patriot's strife,
The Victor's shout, the dying groan
Of those who fought and bravely fell,
And hears with unconcern
The deeds which miastrels tell.

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ica's disgrace and scourge-the author of this ded visit to Baltimore. They did not take it ; message.

but the approach of less than five thousand FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

« In the events of the present campaign, the men, in broad day, to within two miles of that REMARKS ON SOME PARTS OF THE PRESI. I enemy with all his means, and wanton use of

enemy with all his means, and wanton use of city, where there were certainly not less than DENT'S MESSAGE. [CONCLUDED.)

them, has little cause of exultation, unless he ten thousand men in arms, was an exploit,

can feel it in the success of his recent enter which, though it may afford the British no · The great change in favour of England, we prizes against this metropolis, and the neigh- ground of cxultation, is, at this distance, inacknowledge was not foreseen by our wisest bouring town of Alexandria ; from both of comprehensible. statesmen ; but every man of common sense i which his retreats were as precipitate, as his The triumph of the gallant M Donough has foresaw, that the declaration of war would attempts were bold and fortunate."

ranked him and his worthy tars among the leave' our whole seacoast exposed and at the Perhaps Mr. Madison is of opinion, that bravest of heroes, and saved the north of Newmercy of the enemy, even if Soult had massa- scenes of carnage, havock, and conflagration York from invasion. But from Maine to Georcred every Englishman on the peninsula. It alone afford cause for an enemy to exult. gia, on one thousand miles of seacoast, we have is pitiful, ridiculous, and insulting to our un- Were this savage doctrine correct, the British no fleet to secure us. We must stand with derstandings to pretend, that our danger has | indeed cannot boast of having vigorously em. I our muskets in our

indeed cannot boast of having vigorously em- our muskets in our hands, until we starve at grown out of the improbable pacification of ployed their augmented means ; the whole our posts, if this glorious war continue. Europe. The weakness of the United States coast of Virginia and Maryland might have No man, not as stupidly blind as the Presiden results from our extent of seacoast ; brave as been laid in ashes. But, unfortunately for this dent affects to be, can contemplate “the events our citizens certainly are, when disciplined, country, unless the discipline of Providence of the present campaign," without dismay. they cannot defend it. Two or three ships may be considered eventually salutary, the The policy of the English is evidently to imposed what terms they pleased in Alexan consequences of the expedition into the Ches. | spread alarm through the Atlantick states the dria--about fifteen hundred men took posses. apeake have already been severely felt through exertions we every where display prove their sion of Washington. Six thousand men might every Atlantick state. What higher satisface policy effectual. It thus becomes a war of destroy every assailable seaport town and city tion, what greater advantage can the enemy finance, the prospect of which is appalling ! in the United States, by threatening an attack wish than this-by the display of about eight We have no commerce---farmers abandon their where it was not intended, diverting our ar- thousand men in Maryland and Maine, they fields---and yet will soon be called upon by mies from the real object, and falling upon bave obliged every state, or, speaking more l government for UNCOUNTED MILIONS! We our cities, unprepared, in irregular succession correctly, every state has thought itself obli do not address ourselves to fools, who may Now Mr. Madison will not soberly pretend | ged, to raise a considerable and very expen- think “ the command of the lakes" a consolathat in 1812, Great-Britain could not have sive army. Eight thousand British soldiers tion for the ruin which stores us in the face ; sent six thousand men to the coast of Ameri- make it necessary to us, to keep about fifty but we appeal to men of common sense, who ca, without an effort that would have been thousand Americans under arins. This they feel for their country, and get its rapid progperceived by the nation. The really augment do, and this they can do, as long as they please, ross to desi rug loir, wliether the President, in

ed acans of the enemy are therefore no ex- without risking the life of a single man, at a direct violation of his oath of duty, does not Bocuse for bis madness. The evils which we triffing expense,-while our expense is enor-| labour to conceal from the publick the real i have experienced did not depend upon such mous, and, from the descriprion of men who state of the nation, and delude us with hopes,

contingencies; they were probable ; they were constitute our defensive force, ruinous, ineve, at once immoral, false, and fatal, that his morally certain, as sure as war was declared. itably RUINOus to the whole country, if this wretched cause may yet be successful ?

Before that ill-fated day, the hall of Congress state of things continue long. Were the five! We began these remarks, not so much for bioresounded with warnings of the danger, when thousand in the Chesapeake to land, fight ai the sake of considering the President's Mes.

Lord Wellington's army were pledged for the pitched battle, and defeat twice their number, i sage, as for the purpose of calling the attensecurity of Spain and Portugal. Various sec- however brilliant such success might appear, tion of the publick to the course and tendency tions of the country entreated our infatuated the impression on the country would be of the war. The administration papers, long

rulers not to rush into a state, which would be nothing, compared to the effect of this univer- before the contest began, pretended to believe les followed by their destruction ; and federal pa- sal state of preparation, this standing army of that Great-Britain wished to re-colonize the

pers throughout the Union protested against yeomanry, called to the seacoast, to 'spend United States. This slang has never ceased, war, not only as unjust but impolitick, owing months in camp, while their farms, the only and, to shallow observers, the occupation of a

to the defenceless situation of the seaboard. remaining support of them and the common. part of the district of Maine, by Sir John Sher; Wbence arose these apprehensions from our wealth, lie neglected !!

brooke, bas given a degree of plausibility to to the defenceless state, if it were not certain that Nothing can equal the effrontery of the the suggestion. Then we are referred to the

Great Britain, though then deeply engaged on President in even mentioning the retreat of the early bistory of our country, which, in its in

the continent, could easily send a force to our British from Washington, but his criminality fant state, compelled Great-Britain to relinsisshores, greater than we could possibly pre- in not preventing its capture. Why should quish the idea of conquest, though thirty thou

cassent, at every point, and therefore that every | they have staid there longer ? They did all sand men asserted her claims, in the very with teaport might fall, in succession. If Warren they wished to do, unmolested. The whole heart of the Union. This is at once creating

was less violent than Cochran, it was not ow- Executive of the United States had fled-110 and obviating a danger, which docs not exist, ing to want of resources in the government army had presented itself for combat ; unless either wilfully or ignorantly to conceal the which employed him, but because Great Brit- they chose to amuse themselves, playing eviis to which we positively are exposed, and

un still sought peace, and because she had Congress, there was no employment for them which, if war continues, we must encounter. stenot yet realized Mr. Madison's lawless system there, and they very quietly marched down to If the British either designed the conquest of

of warfare. He brought the olive branch, as the Patuxent and re-embarked. Let the Alex- the United States, or would adopt such a plan well as the sword. But Mr. Madison would | andrians say whether the enemy retreated of warfare, as would be necessary, if such

Det treat ; he would not suspend hostilities; precipitately from their city. They took an were their purpose, we should have nothing le he would attend to nothing but the invasion undisturbed inventory of their flour and tobac to fear-our prospects would be infinitely pref

ind' conquest of Canada. It was this course co, selected a portion for their use-arranged erable to what they are at présent. They of inflexible hostility, this provoking rejec- the police of the city, so as to prevent the dep-| would then concentrate their forces-seek a ion of the last offers of peace, together with redations of a “certain population"-embarked conflict with our utmost strength, and attempt. he depredations commitied by our armies, their property-waited some time for a fair to occupy, permanently, the strong posts of the hat drove Great Britain to exasperation, and wind, and then descended the Potomack, re-country. We might then concentrate our rought terror and devastation to our eastern | gardless of the forts that had been erected on armies to meet the enemy, and our whole tersorders-Not the mercy of God to bleeding its bauks.

ritory, except the grand scene of battle, would m urope ; but the guilty perverseness of Amer. The enemy gave timely notice of an inten. be freed from alarm. But we see nothing of

such intentions the small force which has could result from his resignation. If both but obliged to endure the hardships of can arrived on our coasts and the evident system houses of Congress remain so corrupt, that duty, they will find that these evils have of their operations, shew us that they intend no the head of the Executive escapes legal inqui- been brought upon them, by the attention more than they announce-a visit to punish sition, then it is of no consequence who is government to either merchant or seamen unprovoked aggression, and to harass our! President, or who constitute his cabinet. Let They will find that this war, which, by cho government into the necessity of peace. They | them all run their race together, until the vi.

most impudent hypocrisy, is pretended to be will not make a stand on shore with their als of heaven's just wrath are exhausted. for « Free Trade and Sailors' Rights," was whole army--they will not attempt to march Neither can we think it a great or very de waged in spite of the most solemn entreaties into the country they hover on our coast ; ut- sirable object, to change the whole adminis- and remonstrances of merchants-that it hac ter general threats ; perform enough to shewtration, on the ground of the bad management ruined their business, destroyed all trade, and their power, and thus keep us in universal ter- of the war. In the name of common sense, driven our seamen entirely from the ocean. rour, and preparation, while their expense is what are we to profit by it, if the future Pres. The sufferings of our agricultural brethren trifling, and their risk, positively nothing. We ident is elected by war feelings ? Could the have been brought upon them, by Mr. Madison may swagger about the thousands we could military talents of a Julius Cæsar make this himself living in the interior of Virginia, aided conquer-without swaggering, we could con- war a just one, or compel Great Britain to by the votes of his partizans from states quer a larger army, than was commanded by yield those rights against which this war is commercial ; by the politicians of Ohio. Ken. Burgoyne or Cornwallis; but they will give us aimed ? Never, while England is an unsub-tucky, and Tennesee ; men who insulting no such opportunity. They will only defend dued empire, will she strike to such demands. pretend to take our concerns under their per Canada ; and five thousand men, appearing to No person in the Union is more desirous than tecting care, but whose whole train of measures day in one bay, to-morrow in another, will re- ourselves to see the chair of supreme magis- have but hurried us on to destruction. quire the vigilance of fifty thousand men, to trate occupied by an enlightened, virtuous pat- The yeomanry and merchants were ever secure even our principal towns !! We may riot; but we can never wish to sce such a man united by interests, which could not be senthus expend our millions a month, without a ) placed there, shackled by the prejudices and ar ted ; they' are now the victims of a com. chance to destroy a dozen of the enemy; we vices of a predominant democracy. If the mon calamity. Let them cordially unite to may look forward, but in vain, to a crisis, majority of the American people cannot be save themselves and their country from utter which shall decide our fate--to such a war, regenerated, so as to relish true doctrines and ruinzlet them teach those rulers who now we can see no crisis, but UNIVERSAL BANK- support correct measures, the sainted spirit of literally demand of us the sacrifice, of life. RUPTCY.

Washington could not save us. Turn out fortune, and sacred honour," that the price is Let us then spurn the idle rant about the these men for their incapacity to manage their too great for the privilege of being slaves to conquest of the states, and reducing us to bad cause ; supersede them by those who domestick tyranny. colonies. Let us understand and consider possess the first talents ; if they too are to be our real danger. If we can live without com democrats in principle, or compelled to act as GENERAL REGISTER. merce and agriculture, and coin money from such, we may have a longer struggle than Mr. the pavement in the strecis, we can sustain a Madison can sustain, but not a more success- |

ore success. BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8,1814, year of such war as this. If not, in spite of | ful one. Mr. Madison's list of splendid successes, we No-there cannot be a better time, than the are hurrying to ruin, and shall soon secure to present, to fix the destinies of our country ; )

FOREIGN. On the 30th of July, Lord our children, a legacy of poverty and fruitless | let the process of purgation be radical. what | Gambier, Henry Gouldbourn and William toil. ever it cost. If good men are raised to pow.

Adams, Esqrs. were gazetted, as Commission. er by false expectations or unjustifiable hopes,

ers for conducting a treaty of Peace, with the QUESTION OF EXPEDIENCE. they can do the republick no permanent ser

Ser United States, and have since sailed. The

vice. They must become the instruments of American commissioners had all arrived at All good and well informed inen in the

ignorance and vices, which they conscientious. 1 Chent, previous to the 29th, Lord Hill was United States agree in this, that a change in

ly defest, or sacrifice themselves by a fruitless 1 in England, Aug. 6th ; : whether destined to the political administration of our government adherence to their personal integrity.

America or not, uncertain. is absolutely necessary, and that the publick

Political manœuvring will not reform a cor: 1

Some local disquiels existed in France, but tranquillity and happiness will never be restor. rupt people, but suffering will teach them

the tranquillity of the nation remained undised until it is effected. Some are desirous wisdom. * We shall hail a change of adminis

turbed. that Mr. Madison and the heads of department tration, with the delight of enthusiasm, when

In Spain, oppression, discontent, and alarm should resign ; others are of opinion, that,

it results from the ascendency of correct

cendency of correri l appear to increase. Ferdinand by a decree, since it is admitted by all parties that the war views in the popular mind. Let us then still

dated the 23d of July, restored the Inquisition ! has been conducted in a manner in many remeet our present rulers and their advocates,

arrests, imprisonment, and capital punishspects unwarranted, and, in every respect, ineffairly and frankly on the merits of their prin

1 ment were frequent ; and many characters of ficient ; attended with a monstrous expense, ciples, before the tribunal of the people. "Let

| distinction were flying the country. . and exposing the country to extraordinary l us rely on increasing suffering, on approaching!

The British parliament was prorogoed on sufferings, that, in order to effect a change of poverty and ruin, not as arguments to prove

the 30th of July. rulers, by the suffrage of the great mass of that any particular doctrine is wrong, for this

DOMESTICK. The United States' 74– the people, we should suspend all animadverwould not follow; but as circumstances which

| Washington, was launched at Portsmouth, last sion on the principles of the war, and assail

will dispose the perverse to candid inquiry Saturday. the administration, where they will not have a to reflection—to act agreeably to their con

co The corvette John Adams bas arrived single advocate on the score of their bad victions. Let us hold fast to the truth, and

at New York, in 36 days from Ostend. Mr. management. the truth shall make us free.

Dallas, secretary to Mr. Bayard has gone on As to the resignation of Mr. Madison, we

to Washington. have repeatedly expressed our sincere hope


Sir John Prevost has gone; with his army, that it would not take place. The uniost

into Upper Canada. On the 21st ult. the Bitpower that the constitution of our country Those who had opportunity, a few years ish retreated from their encampments near gives the political body, over such an egre- ago, to read democratick papers, will remem- | Fort Erie, and are said to be fortifying at gious culprit is but a frivolous punishment. ber that they contained a long series of essays, l. Chippewa and Queenstown mountain. Gen. To depose and disqualify a President, unless under the above title, the object of which was eral Ripley is recovering. General Izard and convicted of treason, is, we believe, the utmost to convince the yeomanry that the interests of his army were at Batavia, about a week since, that can be done. But though this could not agriculture and navigation were not only dis- their destination said to be Buffalo. redress the wrongs we have suffered, it is of tinct, but in collision ; and that farmers ought A rumour prevailed at Washington, last great consequence to the character of our to consider merchants and mariners as their Saturday that a considerable British force age, it would be a salutary example, for the natural enemies.

were again ascending the Potomack future, that, slight as this punishment is, it! As farmers are now not only compelled to Governour Tompkins estimates the state should be regularly inflicted. The two houses , pay enormous taxes, but to quit their fields troops at the city of New York at 17.650.!! of Congress constitute the competent tribunal, and turn soldiers, in consequence of a war, the The patriotick farmers in the neighbouring and accusers in such cases. If there is virtue standing motto of which is, “ Free Trade and towns, and even many from a considerable enough in these bodies to discharge their du. Sailors' Rights," the old democratick doctrine distance, are coming in by hundreds, to work ties, Mr. Madison will soon quit the chair, in would seem to be sanctioned by experience. I on our fort,fications. a manner more honourable to the nation, and But while farms are going to ruin, and far- \ Ninety-four students have entered the presa affording better security to the people, than 'mers are not only exposed to heavy burdens, 'ent Freshmen class, at Harvard University.

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