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sentiment ; a regard to the rhyme will almost

1 Diecessarily dictate the one or the other.

Even writers of the first order have sometimes been betrayed, by the seduction of rhyme into inharmonious and unpoetical composition, which could not have escaped them in blank verse. Pope has hazarded the following couplet ; “ Unfinish'd things one knows not what to call, Their gerte ation's so equivocal."

And Dryden in his rhyming tragedy of Aurengzebe has written :

“ Are you so lost to sbame ? Morat, Morat, Morat, you love the name So well, your every question ends in that, You force me still to answer you, Morat.Such miserable jingle as this, is little better than Sternhold's eke also, and almost deserves a place with the following notable stanza :

“ Amal Og the giant large,
And Basan king also,
Whose land, for heritage,

He gave his people—tho'." Another argument against the use of rhyme, of too much weight to be omitted, is that it produces a tiresome similarity of expression in different poems.

The rhyming vocatulary being, in every language, exceedingly small, in comparison with that of words proper for verse, every versifier necessarily turns his thoughts to the same strings of rhyming words which have been hacknied by former poets ; and it is scarcely possible, especially on similar subjects, that the same rhymes should not frequently suggest to different writers similar ideas and expressions. Perhaps this circumstance, more than any other, has contributed to produce the appearance of imitation in the writ. ings of modern English poets, and to encourage an idea, by no means just, that the subjects of poetry are almost exhausted, and that genius will, in this late age, in vain attempt any thing new.

Rhyme, then, instead of being an ornament, may be pronounced, in general, an incongruous appendage, and a troublesome incumbrance of verse. In works of wit and humour, indeed, such as those of Butler and Swift, rhyme possesses its proper province, and may be advantageously retained, as a source of unexpected and whimsical combinations :--but from every other kind of poetical composition, however bold the innovation, it might, perhaps, be a real improvement to dismiss it altogether. The good sense and correct taste of modern times has detected the absurdity of decking tragedy in the trim dress of rhyme : what is wanting, but a due attention to the subject, to extend the proscription, which has bånished s'hyme from the English stage, to all serious poetry?

But sec, the troop have reach'd the shore : And hark, the trumpet's blast once more The muskets flash


the wave, The last sad signal o'er his grave ; The

long reverberated roar,
With peeing fife and rolling drum,
And gleam of torch within the dell,
The Soldier's long and sad farewel,

Declare the task is done.

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Advancing they have pass'd the dale,

In closer body now they vail,

And nearer yet they come. With arms revers'd and downcast eye The Warrior band approaches nigh. In march that's measur'd, solemn, slow, Clad in habiliments of woe. Why are they here, at close of day, With muffled drum, and dark array ? That hearse with sable canopied Forebodes a gallant Soldier Aed,

Proclaims a comrade's gone ! A war-horse there by grooms was led, With mournful pace and solemn tread, Faithful and proud, who oft has borne

In weary march and battle storm The war-worn veteran, now no more.

Mar the world, my dear Caroline, never impart

is cares and its sorrows to thee ; May the arrow of pain ne'er be fix'd in the heart,

Where I know there is friendship for me.

But the purest of pleasures, unmingled with care,

Dear Girl, may they ever be thine, And thy friendship, if others thy friendship can share,

Be as true and as constant as mine.

The spurs and brand upon the bier Were laid ; and many a straggling tear Bewept the fate of him who fell, Unknowing yet they knew so well.

May thy bosom, my friend, be as calm and serene,

As the bosom of Angels above ; May no shades of Inconstancy darken life's scene,

When it once is enlighten'd by Love.

The Soldier's worth, his birth and fame?

I ask'd a stranger by.
Unknown his parentage and name,

His worth his deeds can tell.
Keturning from a distant war,
His bosom gash'd with many a scar,

To rest in peace at home.

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CORRECTION. The concluding stanza of " The last Rose of Summer" should have read thus

So soon may I follow

When Friendships decay,
And from Love's shining circle

The gems drop away!
When true hearts lie wither'd

And fond ones are flown,
Oh ! who would inhabit

This bleak world alone ?

" Curæ levos lequuntur, ingentes stupent."

HOW happy is the Peasant's life,
No grief nor cares to him are known ;
'The rich man's pain, the Patriot's strife,
The Victor's shout, the dying groan
Of those who fought and bravely fell,
And hears with unconcern
The deeds which minstrels tell.

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ica's disgrace and scourge-the author of this ded visit to Baltimore. They did not take it ; message.

but the approach of less than five thousand

“ In the events of the present campaign, the men, in broad day, to within two miles of that REMARKS ON SOME PARTS OF THE PRESI enemy, with all his means, and wanton use of city, where there were certainly not less than DENT'S MESSAGE. [CONCLUDED.]

them, has little cause of exultation, unless he ten thousand men in arms, was an exploit,

can feel it in the success of his recent enter- which, though it may afford the British no The great change in favour of England, we prizes against this metropolis and the neigh- ground of cxultation, is, at this distance, inacknowledge was not foreseen by our wises: bouring town of Alexandria ; from both of comprehensible. statesmen ; but every man of common sense which his retreats were as precipitate, as his The triumph of the gallant M Donough has foresaw, that the declaration of war would attempts were bold and fortunate.'

ranked him and his worthy tars among the leave our whole seacoast exposed and at the Perhaps Mr. Madison is of opinion, that bravest of heroes, and saved the north of Newmercy of the enemy, even if Soult had massa

scenes of carnage, havock, and conflagration York from invasion. But from Maine to Georcred every Englishman on the peninsula. It alone afford cause for an enemy to exult. gia, on one thousand miles of seacoast, we have is pitiful, ridiculous, and insulting to our une Were this savage doctrine correct, the British no fieet to secure us. We must stand with derstandings to pretend, that our danger has indeed cannot boast of having vigorously em- our muskets in our hands, until we starve at grown out of the improbable pacification of ployed their augmented means; the whole our posts, if this glorious war continue. Europe. The weakness of the United States coast of Virginia and Maryland might have No man, not as stupidly blind as the Presiresults from our extent of seacoast ; braye as been laid in ashes. But, unfortunately for this dent affects to be, can contemplate “the events our citizens certainly are, when disciplined, country; unless the discipline of Providence of the present campaign," without dismay. they cannot desend it

. Two or three ships may be considered eventually salutary, the The policy of the English is evidently to imposed what terms they pleased in Alexan- consequences of the expedition into the Ches- spread alarm through the Atlantick states the dria-about fifteen hundred men took posses. apeake have already been severely felt through exertions we every where display prove their sion of Washington. Six thousand men might every Atlantick state. What higher satisfac. policy effectual. It thus becomes a war of destroy every assailable seaport town and city tion, what greater advantage can the enemy finance, the prospect of which is appalling! in the United States, by threatening an attack wish than this by the display of about eight We have no commerce---farmers abandon their where it was not intended, diverting our ar- thousand men in Maryland and Maine, they fields---and yet will soon be called upon by mies from the real object, and falling upon have obliged every state, or, speaking more government for UNCOUNTED MILLIONS! We our cities, unprepared, in irregular succession correctly, every state has thought itself obli- do not address ourselves to fools, who may Now. Mr. Madison will not soberly pretend ged, to raise a considerable and very expen- think “ the command of the lakes” a consolsa that in 1812, Great-Britain could not have sive army. Eight thousand British soldiers tion for the ruin which steres us in the face ; sent six thousand men to the coast of Ameri- make it necessary to us, to keep about fifty but we appeal to men of common sense, who ca, without an effort that would have been thousand Americans under arms. This they feel for their country, and soe its rapid progperceived by the nation. The really augmepredo, and this they can dr, as long as they please, ross to do nex*ioir, whether the Presiden:, 'in ed means of the chemy are therefore no ex- without risking the life of a single man, at a direct violation of his oath of duty, does not cuse for his madness. The evils which we triffing expense,-while our expense is enor- labour to conceal from the publick the real have experienced did not depend upon such mous, and, from the descripsion of men who state of the nation, and delude ue with hopes, contingencies; they were probable; they were constitute our defensive force, ruinous, iner. ; at once immoral, falsc, and fatal, that his morally certain, as sure as war was declared. itably ruinous to the whole country, if this wretched cause may yet be successful ? Before that ill-fated day, thc hall of Congress state of things continue long. Were the five We began these remarks, not so much for resounded with w.rnings of the danger, when thousand in the Chesapeake to land, fight as the sake of considering the President's Mes-Lord Wellington's army were pledged for the pitched battle, and defeat twice their nuniber, sage, as for the purpose of calling the attensecurity of Spain and Portugal. Various sec- however brilliant such success might appear, tion of the publick to the course and tendency tions of the country entreated our infatuated the impression on the country would be of the war.

The administration papers, long rulers not to rush into a state, which would be nothing, compared to the effect of this univer- before the contest began, pretended to believe followed by their destruction ; and federal pa- sal state of preparation, this standing army of that Great-Britain wished to re-colonize the pers throughout the Union protested against yeomanry, called to the seacoast, to spend United States. This slang has never ceased, war, not only as unjust but impolitick, owing months in camp, while their farms, the only and, to shallow observers, the occupation of a to the defenceless situation of the seaboard. remaining support of them and the common- part of the district of Maine, by Sir John SherWbence arose chiese apprehensions from our wealth, lie neglected ! !

brooke, bas given a degree of plausibility to defenceiess state, if it were not certain that

Nothing can equal the effrontery of the the suggestion. Then we are referred to the Great-Britain, though then deeply engaged on President in even mentioning the retreat of the early history of our country, which, in its inthe continent, could easily send a force to our British from Washington, but his criminality fant state, compelled Great-Britain to relinshores, greater than we could possibly pre in not preventing its capture. Why should quish the idea of conquest, though thirty thousent, at every point, and therefore that every they have staid there longer ? They did all sand men asserted her claims, in the very' seaport might fall, in succession. If Warren they wished 10 do, unmolested. The whole heart of the Union. This is at once creating was less violent than Cochran, it was not ow- Executive of the United States had fled-10 and obviating a danger, which docs not exist, ing to want of resources in the government army had presented itself for combat ; unless either wilfully or ignorantly to conceal the which employed him, but because Great-Brit- they chose to amuse themselves, playing eviis to which we positively are exposed, and ain still sought peace, and because she had Congress, there was no employment for them which, if war continues, we must encounter. not yet realized Mr. Madison's lawless system there, and they very quietly marched down to If the British either designed the conquest of of warfare. He brought the olive branch, as the Patuxent and re-embarked. Let the Alex- the United States, or would adopt such a plan well as the sword. But Mr. Madison would andrians say whether the enemy retreated of warfare, as would be necessary, if such not treat ; he would not suspend hostilities ; precipitately from their city. They took an were their purpose, we should have nothing he would attend to nothing but the invasion undisturbed inventory of their flour and tobac- to fear-our prospects would be infinitely prefand conquest of Canada. It was this course co, selected a portion for their use-arranged erable to what they are at present. They of inflexible hostility, this provoking rejec- the police of the city, so as to prevent the dep- would then concentrate their forces-seek a. tion of the last offers of peace, together with redations of a “certain population"-embarked conflict with our utmost strength, and attempt the depredations commitied by our armies, their property-waited some time for a fair to occupy, permanently, the strong posts of the that drove Great-Britain to exasperation, and wine, and then descended the Potomack, l'e- country. We might then concentrate our brought terror and devastation to our eastern gardless of the forts that had been erected on armies to meet the enemy, and our whole ierborders-Not the mercy of God to bleeding its banks.

ritory, except the grand scene of battle, would Europe ; but the guilty perverseness of Amer- The enemy gave timely notice of an inten be freed from alarm. But we see nothing of


such intentions--the small force which has could result from his resignation. If both but obliged to endure the hardships of camp arrived on our coasts and the evident system houses of Congress remain so corrupt, that duty, they will find that these evils have not of their operations, shew us that they intend no the head of the Executive escapes legal inqui- been brought upon them, by the attention of more than they announcema visit to punish sition, then it is of no consequence who is government to either merchant or seamen. unprovoked aggression, and to harass our President, or who constitute his cabinet. Let They will find that this war, which, by the government into the necessity of peace. They them all run their race together, until the vi- most impudent hypocrisy, is pretended to be will not make a stand on shore with their als of heaven's just wrath are exhausted. for « Frce Trade and Sailors' Rights," was whole army-they will not attempt to march Neither can we think it a great or very de- waged in spite of the most solemn entreaties into the country--they hover on our coast ; ut sirable object, to change the whole adminis- and remonstrances of merchants—that it has ter general tbreats ; perform enough to shew tration, on the ground of the bad management ruined their business, destroyed all trade, and their power, and thus keep us in universal ter- of the war. In the name of common sense, driven our seamen entirely from the ocean. rour, and preparation, while their expense is what are we to profit by it, if the future Pres- The sufferings of our agricultural brethren trifling, and their risk, positively nothing. We ident is elected by war feelings ? Could the have been brought upon them, by Mr. Madison, may swagger about the thousands we could military talents of a Julius Cæsar make this himself living in the interior of Virginia, aided conquer--without swaggering, we could con

war a just one, or compel Great Britain to by the votes of his partizans from states hed quer a larger army, than was commanded by yield those rights against which this war is commercial ; by the politicians of Ohio, KenBurgoyne or Cornwallis; but they will give us aimed ? Never, while England is an unsub- tucky, and Tennesee ; men who insultingly no such opportunity. They will only defend dued empire, will she strike to such demands. pretend to take our concerns under their proCanada ; and five thousand men, appearing to No person in the Union is more desirous than recling care, but whose whole train of measures day in one bay, to-morrow in another, will re- ourselves to see the chair of supreme magis- have but hurried us on to destruction. quire the vigilance of fifty thousand men, to trate occupied by an enlightened, virtuous pat

The yeomanry and merchants were ever secure even our principal towns !! We may riot; but we can never wish to sce such a man united by interests, which could not be septhus expend our' millions a month, without a placed there, shackled by the prejudices and ar.ted ; they are now the victims of a comchance to destroy a dozen of the enemy; we vices of a predominant democracy. If the mon calamity. Let them cordially unite to may look forward, but in vain, to a crisis, majority of the American people cannot be save themselves and their country from utter which shall decide our fate-to such a war, regenerated, so as to relish irue doctrines and ruin- let them teach those rulers who now we can see no crisis, but UNIVERSAL BANK- support correct measures, the sainted spirit of literally demand of us the sacrifice, of « life,

Washington could not save us. Turn out fortune, and sacred honour,” that the price is Let us then spurn the idle rant about the these men for their incapacity to manage their too great for the privilege of being slaves to conquest of the states, and reducing us to bad cause ; supersede them by those who domestick tyranny. colonies. Let us understand and consider possess the first talents ; if they too are to be our real danger. If we can live without com- democrats in principle, or compelled to act as GENERAL REGISTER. merce and agriculture, and coin money from such, we may have a longer struggle than Mr. the pavement in the streets, we can sustain a Madison can sustain, but not a more success. BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8,1814. year of such war as this. If not, in spite of ful one. Mr. Madison's list of splendid successes, we No-there cannot be a better time, than the are hurrying to ruin, and shall soon secure to present, to fix the destinies of our country ;

FOREIGN. On the 30th of July, Lord our children, a legacy of poverty and fruitless let the process of purgation be radical, what Gambier, Henry Gouldbourn and William toil. ever it cost. If good men are raised to powers for conducting a treaty of Peace, with the

Adams, Esqrs. were gazetted, as Commissioner by false expectations or unjustifiable hopes, United States, and have since sailed. The QUESTION OF EXPEDIENCE. they can do the republick no permanent ser

vice. They must
become the instruments of a

American commissioners had alį arrived at All good and well informed men in the ignorance and vices, which they conscientious- Shent, previous to the 39th. Lord Hill was United States agree in this, that a change in ly detest, or sacrifice themselves by a fruitless in England, Aug. 6th, whether destined to the political administration of our government adherence to their personal integrity.

America or not, uncertain. is absolutely necessary, and that the publick

Political maneuvring will not reform a cor

Some local disquiets existed in France, but tranquillity and happiness will never be restor- rupt people, but suffering will teach them the tranquillity of the nation remained undised until it is effected. Some are desirous wisdom. We shall hail a change of adminis- turbed: that Mr. Madison and the heads of department tration, with the delight of enthusiasm, when

In Spain, oppression, discontent, and alarm should resign; others are of opinion, that, it results from the ascendency of correct appear to increase. Ferdinand by a decree, since it is admitted by all parties that the war

views in the popular mind. Let us then still dated the 23d of July, restored the Inquisition? has been conducted in a manner in many re

meet our present rulers and their advocates, -arrests, imprisonment, and capital punish: spects unwarranted, and, in every respect, inef- fairly and frankly on the merits of their prin- ment were frequent ; and many characters of ficient ; attended with a monstrous expense, ciples, before the tribunal of the people. "Let distinction were flying the country.

The British parliament was prorogued on sufferings, that, in order to effect a change of us rely on increasing

suffering; on approaching the 30th of Jul? rulers, by the suffrage of the great mass of that any particular doctrine is wrong, for this

DOMESTICK. The United States' 74– the people, we should suspend all animadver: would not follow; but as circumstances which Washington, was launched at Portsmouth, last sion on the principles of the war, and assail will dispose the perverse to candid inquiry

Saturday. the administration, where they will not have a to reflection to act agreeably to their con

CP The corvette John Adams has arrived single advocate-on the score of their bad victions. Let us hold fast to the truth, and at New York, in 36 days from Ostend. Mr. management. the truth shall make us free.

Dallas, secretary to Mr. Bayard has gone on As to the resignation of Mr. Madison, ve

to Washington. have repeatedly expressed our sincere hope

Sir John Prevost has gone; with his army,

" POLITICKS FOR FARMERS." that it would not take place. The utmost

into Upper Canada. On the 21st ult. the Bite power that the constitution of our country Those who had opportunity, a few years ish retreated from their encampments near gives the political body, over such an egre- ago, to read democratick papers, will remem- Fort Erie, and are said to be fortifying at gious culprit is but a frivolous punishment. ber that they contained a long series of essays, Chippewa and Queenstown mountain. To depose and disqualify a President, unless under the above title, the object of which was eral Ripley is recovering. General Izard and convicted of treason, is, we believe, the utmost to convince the yeomanry that the interests of his army were at Batavia, about a week since, that can be done. But though this could not agriculture and navigation were not only dis- their destination said to be Buffalo. redress the wrongs we have suffered, it is of tinct, but in collision ; and that farmers ought A rumour prevailed at Washington, last great consequence to the character of our to consider merchants and mariners as their Saturd.iy that a considerable British force age, it would be a salutary example, for the natural enemies.

were again ascending the Potomack, future, that, slight as this punishment is, it As farmers are now not only compelled to Governour Tompkins estimates the state should be regularly inflicted. The two houses pay enormous taxes, but to quit their fields troops at the city of New York at 17.650 ! ! of Congress constitute the competent tribunal, and turn soldiers, in consequence of a war, the The patriotick farmers in the neighbouring and accusers in such cases. If there is virtue standing motto of which is “ Free Trade and towns, and even many from a considerable enough in these bodies to discharge their du Sailors' Rights," the old democratick doctrine distance, are coming in by hundreds, to work ties, Mr. Madison will soon quit the chair, in would seem to be sanctioned by experience. on our fort fications. a manner more honourable to the nation, and But while farms are going to ruin, and far- Ninety-four students have entered the prese affording better security to the people, than 'mers are not only exposed to heavy burdens, ent Freshmen class, at Harvard University


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CONGRESS. But little has yet been done. | self of the means now at my disposal of With respect to the three first of these offend. A re solution has passed • That the committee prosecuting the war with unreserved vigour." ers, I shall only inform my friends, that I am ingilitary affairs be instructed to inquire in

not unmindful of their complaints and their the expediency of giving each deserter LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

wishes ; and that I shall very soon hold up the British army, during the present war

the guilty ones to publick detestation, unless ndred acres of land, such deserters actu

there is a speedy and serious reform in their

THE WRITER, No. XXII. uns hu.

vicious habits. But I am so shocked with the ling on the same." ally sety 4. ,

I CONSIDER it the duty of every man who atrocious and inexcusable guilt of this swearne the Treasury. Mr. Munroe is appointed lives in society, to contribute, in some way or

er, that I think I ought not to let him pass Secretary at War. The departments of State other; to the

well being of that community of another moment without reprobation. So

which he makes a part. There is always vulgar, so low, so unmannerly, and detestable and Treasury, are both vacant. STATE LEGISLATURE. Our. Stale something to be done in the great field of

a vice, one would expect to find only amongst government assembled last Wednesday. His human life, and the labourers shquld be va

the lowest and rudest class of men, and that riously, as well as constantly, employed about Excellency made his communication the same

not even a rendezvous in Fish-street, or a it. If you are not sowing the seeds' of in- brothel on the hill, could have produced a day.

On Thursday, Mr. Otis proposed Resolu- Struction, you may be rooting out the weeds vocabulary of such profane and shocking oaths, tions to the Senate, approving the defensive of error and prejudice, which spring round

as I have seen from the mouth of one who the tender plant and would check its growth calls himself a gentleman. It is true, that no measures adopted by the Governour, and exor corrupt its fruit. At one time the vine

one, who is addicted to crimes, has a full sense pressing the high praise due to the officers

must be fostered and supported by the hand of of the extent of the iniquity of which he is and soldiers of the militia, for their alacrity in repairing to the capital and their excellent dis- culture ; and at another, its luxuriance must guilty,

but of all men the profane swearer be repressed, by pruning away the too forward would be the most astonished to know how cipline.

and wanton branches. It requires also to be often he offends. Were this list of oaths to The following Extract from Governour

guarded, both against destructive animals and be presented to the person who uttered them, Strong's Message describes the present un- guarded, both against destructive animals and

birds of prey which assail it from without, and he would at first, with disdain perhaps, deny happy situation of this state : The situation of this state is peculiarly which often frustrate the labours of the hus the truth of it, I am persuaded he would shud.

from reptiles and mischievous insects within, the charge ; but if he could be convinced of dangerous and perplexing. We have been

der at his own folly and impiety. Were I led by the terms of the Constitution to rely bandmap and destroy his best hopes.

In times of general danger, there are always on the Government of the Union to provide for

even disposed to publish this awful testimony some men to whom we immediately look for of the depravity of one of my fellow beings, our defence. We have resigned to that Government the revenues of the State, with safety and defence ; some whose bold and

the space it would require would be more adventurous spirits seem to point them out as the expectation that this object would not be

than it would be proper for me to occupy in the natural guardians of society, and in whom neglected. But the Government has declared

this paper ; but I have a better reason for the more weak and timid find a most cheering withholding it from the publick eye, which is, war against the most powerful maritime nation, whose fleets can approach every section of our pledge of protection and security.

to save my readers from a sensation of horror

Whilst the alarms of war are now loud in our extended sea-coast, and we are disappointed

that it must produce in the bosom of every ears, it is a source of great consolation to us, christian. I would however recommend the in our expeciations of national defence. But

who have only what Falstaff humorously calls plan, which has in this instance been adopted, though we may be convinced that the war in its commencement was unnecessary and unjust

, the “ better part of valour” in our composition, of noting down every oath that hurries from

so many formidable weapons daily the lips of one of these swearers, and of holdand has been prosecuted without any useful or practicable object against the inhabitants of glittering in our eyes and ready to be wielded ing up the disgusting picture to his own con

in our defence. But as every man, however templation, as the best method that could be Canada, while our sea-coast has been left almost defenceless, and though in a war thue com- grateful he may feel for the services of others, used for his tekerlaation, and turning him

still looks with some degree of complacency from this great wickedness and folly. menced we may have declined to afford our voluntary aid to offensive operations, yet I upon his own exertions, I am extremely de

sirous that my labours should not be overlooked presume there will be no doubt of our right to

EVIL CONSEQUENCES OF REFINEMENT, or forgotten amidst the din of arms, and that, defend our dwellings and possessions against because nature has not given me strength or

We have not selected the following extract any hostile attack by which their destruction industry to dig, nor a disposition to fight, I

from a desire to check the cultivation of whatis menaced. Let us then, relying on the should be thought wholly useless in these dis

erer is elegant and ornamental, in society, support and direction of Providence, unite in astrous times, or to have stood idle and con

nor to encourage the indulgence of gross prosuch measures for our safety, as the times de. mand, and the principles of justice and the tributed nothing to the benefit of iny country. pensities ; but to show that refinement, like

every other good quality, carried to excess,

desire my fellow-citizens to consider that we law of self-preservation will justify. To your have other enemies to encounter, besides those

or improperly regulated, does not conduce to sisdom and patriotism the interests of the State who are repelled by downright steel and gun of happiness.

the perfection of the mind, nor to the increase are confided, and the more valuable those

powder, and that the moral writer who enters interests are, the more solicitous you will be to the lists against the vices of the times ought

“ Refinement and delicacy of taste is an guard and preserve them.”

not to be thought unuseful in the ranks of life, acquisition very dangerous and deceitful.-It or as drawing forth his little feathery weapon superiority over the rest of mankind, and by

fialiers our pride by giving us a conscious Notwithstanding all that has been said, we find no evidence that the British government declares war against vice and folly, has certainly specious promises of enjoyment unknown to will rise upon their former principles, in setas many enemies and as powerful ones, as a

vulgar minds, often cheats us out of those lling a treaty with this country. On the proroguing of Parliament, the Speaker of the

prudent, or even a brave man ought to contend pleasures, which belong equally to the whole House of Commons addressed the Prince Re

with, and it may be some triumph to check species, and which nature intended every one their advances,although he does not drive them delicacy are hauated as it were with an evil

should enjoy. People possessed of extreme gent, and with respect to America remarked :

from the field. “ We have still one contest to maintain by war

Such are the foes which I profess to encoun

genius, by certain ideas of the course, the low, - war which we can never consent to telmi

the vulgar, the irregular, which strike them nate, but by the establishment of our claims, ter; and notwithstanding I may be accused of according to the maxims of publick law, and the ed to give these my enemies no quarter. I think practising « barbarous warfare," I am determin. in all the natural pleasures of life, and reader

them incapable of enjoying them. maritime rights of this empire.".

There is scarcely an external or internal it the more necessary to make this declaration, The Prince, in his answer, repeats ålmost as I have lately received intelligence from

sense but may be brought, by constant indulthe very words he used on a former occasion :“ I regret the continuance of the war with some of my auxiliaries and allies, that the gence and attention, to such a degree of

acuteness, as to be disgusted at every object the U. States, notwithstanding the unprovoked enemy is increasing his strength, and manifests

that is presented to it. This extreme sensia disposition to shew himself more openly and aggression of the government of that country in a way of defiance. I have had complaints the effect of vanity and affectation, yet, by a and the circumstances under which it took against several vicious practices, and am urged, coastant attention to ell the litile circumstan

bility and refinement, though usually at first place. I am sincerely desirous of the restoration of peace between the two countries upon publish a like narrative of a gamester, a liar, in imitation of the journal of a Drunkard, 19,

ces that feed then, soon become reał and conditions honourable to both ; but until this and a debauchee, and have had sent me a most

genuine. But puture has set hounds to all object can be obtained, I am persuaded you frightful list of oaths, taken down in short hand

our pleasures. We may enjoy them safely will perceive the necessity of my availing my as they were uttered by a profane swcaier. / within these bounds, but if we refine too much .





upon them, the certain consequence is disap- plain the latter by the analogy of the former, Advancing, new beauties enraptured his sight, pointment and chagrin."

and even to refer them to the same general | He cali’d her his treasure-bis joy-bis delight! laws."

But fies are inconstant, as well as mankind, MEMORY.

And boast, like their betters, a versatile mind; PHILOSOPHERS have ever found the analysis


So the insect discover'd that sweets will soon cl of the human mind an inexhaustible subject of

And turn'd with disgust from the fugitive joy. speculation, but none of its faculties has puz.

But, ere he departed, (for, as we have said, zled their researches more than Memory. Nich

Though false-bearted, the knaye was extremely wi... olas Malebranche, an illustrious sage of France,


bred,) of the last century, whom Locke considered an "acute and ingenious" writer, seemed to flatter

He mourn'd that stern business precluded his stay, FAREWEL! !—but whenever you welcome the hour

And call'd him, reluctant, from Rosa away ; himself that he had removed every difficulty, That awakens the night-song of mirth in your bower, or rather would make us believe, there was lio

Then think of the friend, who once welcomed it too, Thea lengthen'd his face, like a sorrowing-swain, difficulty in understanding so plain a subject. And forgot his own griefs to be happy with you. And promis'd ere evening to call there again ; The following is his Theory of Memory : His griefs may return—not a hope may remain Sighed deep, as he spread his gay pinions for flight,

" It being granted, that all our different per- of the few that have brightened his pathway of pain-- And laughied in his sleeve, as he vanish'd from sight. ceptions are owing to the changes happening But he ne'cr will forget the short vision that threw Then call'd on a tulip, a dashing young belle, in the fibres of the principal part of the brain, Its enchantment around him, while ling’ring with you! To bid her good morning, and hope she'd slept well : wherein the soul more immediately resides,

But the smiles, which oft greeted his coming, were the nature of the memory is obvious : for as And still on that evening, when pleasure fills up

fled, the leaves of a tree, that have been folded for. To the highest top-sparkle each heart and each cup, This salute was return'd with a toss of the head, some time in a certain manner, preserve a fa- Where'er my path lies, be it gloomy or bright, And a “ Harkee, fine sir ! with the plumage so bright, cility of disposition to be folded again in the My soul, happy friends ! shall be with you that night ; “ Prithee, wing at respectable distance your flight." same manner; so the fibres of the brain, hay. shall join in your revels, your sports, and your wiles, Amazed at this coldness unwonted, our Ay ing once received certain impressions by the

And return to me, beaming all o'er with your smiles ! - Vow'd (with hand upon heart) he should certainly die, courses of the animal spirits, and by the ac

Too blest, if it tells me that, 'mid the gay cheer, But remembering a saying, with which he had met, tion of objects, preserve, for some time, a faSome kind voice hed murmured, “I wish he were bere!"

** That a lover forsaken a new love may get," cility to receive the same disposition. Now it

To some other occasion referr'd his despair, is in this facility that memory consists ; for we

Let fate do her worst, there are relicks of joy, think the same things, when the brain receives

And few gaily to seek a more complaisant fair. the same impression.

Bright dreams of the past, which she cannot destroy, But short was his glee, as the showers of May, « Farther, as the animal spirits act some

And which come, in the night-time of sorrow and care, And the bright flush of hope soon gave place to dismay, times more briskly, and sometimes more lan- 1 To bring back the features that joy us'd to wear.

For, dark on each brow, lower'd the frown of disdain, guidly, on the substance of the brain ; and as Long, long be my heart with such memories fill'a ! And frigid replies check'd his amorous straia. sensible objects make much deeper, and more Like the vase* in which roses have once been distillid At last on a dock-leaf he lighted forlorn, lasting impressions, than the imagination alone ; You may break, you may ruin the vase, if you will ; While the tulip thus vented to Rosa her scorn. it is easy, on this scheme, to conceive why we But the scent of the roses will hang round it still ! “O shame to thy sex ! must thou open thine arms, do not remember all things alike; why a thing,

“ And suffer such striplings to rifle thy charms, for instance, seen twice is represented more . « Quo semel est imbuta recens servabit odorem

“Thou should'st, foolish flower! ta'en example by me, vividly to the mind than another seen bui once : Testa diu."


“ And learn'd to coquet with the manlier bee, and why things, that have been seen, are usuis olly remembered more digingtly, than those

"To hold in your chains the genteel dragon-fly, that have been only imagined, &.


Or gaia from the elegant bum-bird a sigh; “Old men are defective in memory, and

“But now all thy beauties unnoticed may bloom,

GREECE. cannot learn any thing without much difficulty,

" And too late thou shalt mourn for thy merited doom." because they want animal spirits to make new That time has flown when bards could sing,

She ceas'd, and expanded her petals with pride, traces, and because the fibres of the braio are

Recounting deeds of deathless fame,

While crocus and claffodils join'd to deride, become too hard to receive, or too moist to

To circling crowds could strike the string, - And, close 'round her eim, the dark nightshade tid retain such impressions. For the same reason, And chieftains felt the Patriot's fame.

cling, chose, who learn with the greatest case, forget

And pronounc'd pretty Rosa an odious thing. the soonest ; in regard when the fibres are

For Greece in mould'ring ruin lies,

Just then came our butterfly, meaning to stay, soft and flexible, objects make a slight im

Bow'd down her domes in long decay ;

And pass a few moments with Rose, in his way. pression, which the continual course of animal

And nought is left beneath her skies, 'spirits easily wears off. On the contrary, the

From her no reproaches could he seriously fear, fibres of those who learn slowly, being less

But falling wrecks of temples gray.

But new disappointment awaited him here. Alexible and less subject to be shaken, the tra

“Go, vile one,” she cried, in a passionate strain,

Round marble tombs the fox is seen, ces are more deeply engraven, and last the

“ He that boasts of my favours, ne'er tastes them again."

Starti'd at man, she flies in haste ; longer. From all which observations it fol.

Then loudly the fly 'gan to curse his hard fate, lows, that the memory is absolutely dependent

The onge throng'd streets now sleep in green, That had shown him the cause of the mischief too late ; on the body ; being impaired or strengthened,

And all is desolate and waste.

For reclin’d on the dock, he had taken a view according to the changes that befal the body ;

Of his visage demure, on a bright drop of dew,

But onke,-that time alas, is filed! a fall, the transports of a fever, &c. being fre

Here Science mark'd her list’ning train,

And saw, just above his proboscis display'd, quently found to erase or blot out all the traces, to bear away all the ideas, and to cause an Here glowing Freedom rear'd her head :

A speck of farina had Rosa betray'd.

But fellah, ne'er to rise again! universal forgetfulness."

My fable, though simple, dear Juliette, regard, I shall not attempt to enter the field of con

And the olive extend to a suppliant bard;
L' aprox

Believe not my tongue did our raptures unfold, troversy with so distinguished a combatant, as the learned father ; but I must confess it ap


The tale is as false, as the miscreant that told.

M? dips though anconscious, sweet maiden, discload pears no less clear to me, than the theory of

radical memory did to him, that there is a


What else had forever in silence-repos'd errour in his mode of reasoning; and that this His dev!"ans, one morning, a butterfly paid

For the traitors Bad borrow'd their fresh tint from you, errour has been well described by Professor Where st opening rosebud her beauties displayed

And Envy remember'd the roseate hue. Dugald Stewart, in the introduction to his

QALANDO The fly vas accomplish'd, the flow'ret was young, « Philosophy of the Human Mind.' “ From

And Fl:ttery lent all her charms to his tongue. our earliest years," says he, “our attention is engrossed with the qualities and laws of MATHe vow her tractions had turn'd his poor brain,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR And sought in her smiles a relief for his pain ; TER, an acquaintance with which is absolutely When she smil'd, he acknowledged the rapturor

JOHN PARK, nccessary for the preservation of our animal existence. Hence it is that these phenomena. Then ask'd in soft accents one heavenly kies ;

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, occupy our thoughts more than those of she blush'd her consent-he grew bold with sucou,

No. 4.CORNHILL. mind that we are perpetually tempted to ex- And dur'd with rude fect her corolla to press,

Price three dellars, per annum, hall in advance,

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