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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. 1.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1814.

NO. XLII.

FOR

Admit, for a moment, the position (which we are not disposed to question the consti- brought forward, which shall prevent such

POLITICAL

doning us? No-it will not be denied that this state, and ibe whole American republick.

our armies were sent to the northern frontier, We are among those who have been trembling THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

where no enemy threatened ; where there was for the Union ; indeed we have felt persuaded For what purpose was the federal govern

no prospect of danger ; not to defend the Uni- that its duration would be short, unless some ment established ? The Preamble to the fed

ted States, but to pass their boundaries and alteration should take place, which should seeral constitution answers-“We the people

make a conquest of Canada! The administra- cure to the people of the United States the of the United States, in order to provide

tion is not merely guilty of a partial distribution blessings they proposed to themselves when for the common defence, do ordain and es

of its means of protection, by which Massa- adopting the federal constitution. Individuals, tablish this constitution of the United States

chusetts has been neglected in favour of some affected by a distinct, selfish interest, may harof America.” This, therefore, was one of the

other state. The crime is deeper-the inter- rangue as long as they please, in favour of the essential objects of this political compact, and

ests of the whole Union have been abandoned ; present order of things; yet those who are ben10 provide for the common defence became a powerful foe is brought upon us, and our efitted by the enormous abuses which have one of the principal duties of the general gov force employed, not to defend any part

, expos- great mass of the community, who are suffer

resources are exhausted, and our physical been practised, are so few, compared with the ernment, by the terms of the instrument which

ed to danger, but to make inroads upon a for. ing beyond calculation or endurance, we cangave it existence. eign territory.

not but fatter ourselves if provisions are now however we shall ever strenuously maintain to be false) that this war was declared " with

tutionality of those acts, which have drained abuses, that a majority of the people will hail olir country of its resources

, and raised and the a view to promote the general welfare,” what

them with sincere approbation. We trembled were expected to be its incidental consequen- were vested in government; and if we had not however men may be blinded and misled, they

mies for conquest. Such powers undoubtedly for the fate of our political Union, because, ces, and how have they been obviated, by those, bound to provide for the common des

been left a defenceless prey to the enemy, we will not long remain quiet under a popular fence ?

could have had no ground of complaint, but form of government, if they find that, instead Mr. Munroe, the organ of the federal Es.

such as might appear to be founded on the in- of making them happy and prosperous, it arecutive answers, “ It was anticipated soon af

justice or impolicy of the war. But our secu- rests their favourite and necessary pursuits, ter the commencement of the war (every man

rily is the first and most important of all con- robs them of their property, and exposes even of common sense anticipated it before] that

siderations. Whatever is done to the sacrifice life to peril. Sach is our situation, and so cerwhile it lasted, every part of the Union, ESPE

of this object, though the acts by which it is tain as man revolts at the idea of misery, so CIALLY THE SEA BOARD, would be exposed to letter of the constitution, defeats the end of convulsion, if the causes of discontent are not

accomplished are strictly conformable to the certain are we approaching a state of general some degree of danger, greater or less, according to the spirit with which the war

government, destroys the very foundation on removed. The political guardians of Massamight be waged."

which the constitution was construitd, and chusetts, have, at last, turned their attention in this case, what was the duty of the geri

leaves us worse. much worse than we should to the proper object of their exertions. They eral government? The constitution answers, hare been in a state of nature.

appear disposed to consider the defects of the in general terms, but Mr. Munroe, more ex

The abominable tyranny of Bonaparte him-. constitution. As to these may be imputed the plicitly- It was the duty of the govern

self was more consistent with the first object whole train of our national sufferings, we ment to make the best provision against that

of government, than the conduct of our admin. trust they will persevere with integrity and danger, which might be practicable, and it

istration. With the revenues, and the strength firmness, until it be made competent to its was proper that the provision should continue of the nation over which he had the control - original design, a lasting bond of national hap

he left his empire,on a plan of conquest. But i piness. while the cause existed.”

when France was invaded, he did not attempt How has government discharged these ob

The great danger is lest too many, unwilling ligations ? The Executive was well aware, we

to make war, out of her limits. He exerted to take the trouble of tracing our calamities find by his own confession, that the declaration his utmost to repel the invader

. He failed, to the fountain

head, will be satisfied with a of war would particularly expose the sea

and let-Mr. Madison remark the reason-be. mere change of administration, an event which board to danger ; and no state presents so ex

cause his ambition for conquest bad aroused would undoubtedly produce peace, and many tensive a seacoast, nor so great a temptation to

formidable enemies ; and reduced his empire temporary advantages; but would afford no destruction, as Massachusetts.

to weakness and poverty ; his tyranny had substantial prospect of permanent security, Our worthy Governour only states notorious

rendered the success of the enemy desirable. Put down these men, who have deceived and facts, when he informs us, that " at different

io his own people ; their enemy actually be- oppressed us,' say some, and we shall do well times, and for short periods, some of the came their friend, by enabling them to free enough. Undoubtedly, if, by putting them troops of the United States had been stationed

themselves from intolerable slavery and the down, the race of corrupt demagogues were within this commonwealth ; but most of them miseries of unnecessary war.

extirpated. But, if ever there was a time were withdrawn for the purpose of aiding in

In this deplorable situation, every man must when Americans believed that a state of socie. ihe operations AGAINST Canada !"

be allowed to enjoy his opinion, as to the best ty could be found in this country, in which If there yet remain in Massachusetts an ad

course to be pursued. For ourselves we do there would be no bad men, so sanguine a bevocate of Mr. Madison's administration, by

not hesitate to say—a government capable of lief must now be relinquished. Changing ruwhat ingenuity can be possibly avoid the in

such abuses is a wretched one. That if it be lers will not change the materials of which soferences which plainly follow from these pre possible to put on parchment any principles ciety is composed. We cannot expect ever mises? Will he attempt to defend rulers,

which will be sufficient to prevent such abuses, to place better men in power, than graced who expressly condemn themselves ? Will it should and must be done. We united, that we our publiek couneils, when our political career he deny that government foresaw the danger

might have the strength of the whole to de- began ; with the same constitution, we cannot to which war would expose us ? Mr. Munroe fend every part If that advantage is denied therefore expect a better result, than we have declares, they did. Will he deny that govern

us, the next maxim of good policy is ; let already experienced. ment was bound to do its utmost to secure us strength take care of itself.

Let it be well observed, that, though all the against this danger ? Mr. Munroe declares,

publick suffering which preceded the war, it was. Will he deny that the physical force

PATRIOTICK MEASURES. and at length the war itself, were the fruits of of government was withdrawn from the sea- THE Resolutions and measures now before

a bad administration, the existence of such an. coast, and sent where it could give us no as- the Legislature of this Commonwealth shed a administration was owing to the imperfection sistance? We appeal to every man's knowl- ray of hope on the gloom of our political sky, of our constitution. Its local bearings are unedge, that it was. Were our armies sent to a and permit us to imagine it possible, that equal and unjust. It gives to one section of quarter of the Union where there was danger, Providence may yet convert our late and

the country, whose interests are peculiar to itso that there might be some apology for aban- present sufferings to the ultimate advantage of self, the power of controlling, oppressing, and

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ruining another. But, what is yet worse, from, feel less sanguine, as to its immediate accom: , don ; after which the negotiator & renew. its very nature and taking the whole together, | plishment..

ed, and continued with activity. Mr. Dallas, its tendency, as it now stands, is, and ever will

secretary to Mr. Bayard, set out for the Texel, be, to give prejudice, ignorance, and vice, the

on the 21st to embark for America, (arrived in ascendancy over those less diffused qualities,

GENERAL REGISTER.

the corvette John Adams, at New York, last information and virtuc. What consolation is

week.) Opinion, as to the result, is altogeth. it to us, if it be true, and it is true, that ex. BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCT. 15, 1814. er conjectural, for nothing relating to these treme distress and alarm silence men's pas

subjects of conference have been disclosed. sions, and exalt men of genuine, enlightened

FOREIGN

HOJESTICK The Senate of the U. patriotism to power ? As certainly as their counts, received from. Gottenburgh, that a

London papers contain accounts, received from. Gottenburgh, that a tion of Alexander J. Dallas, as Secretary of the

States, on the 6th inst. confirmed the nominawisdom tranquillizes the publick mind, so

Swedish army of 16,000 had entered Norway, certainly they will become a sacrifice to in; defeated the Norwegians, and thus terminated

Treasury. trigue and corruption, which spring up and the pretension of Prince Christian, to an inde bile point, in West Florida, with what force is

About the 16th ult. the British landed at Moflourish the instant tranquillity is restored.

pendent government. We might bring a long train of arguments to prove that such is the nature of our political tween Denmark and France, and a Danish Jackson's army, commanded by Major Law

A treaty of amity has been concluded be- 1 not ascertained, and attacked a part of General institutions ; but to men of observation and re- minister has been recognized at Paris

rence, who repelled the enemy, with great flection; the fact cannot but be too obvious, The most important event now in prospect, and sunk a brig.

loss, blew up one of their frigates of 36 guns, that, unless our constitution be improved, hon in Europe, is the grand Congress, which was ourable, upright, well-informed men cannot be to meet at Vienna, on the first of October. On

Oct. 7th. The feet under Commodore kept in power. Their reign will be limited to the duration of calamities, which unprincipled nich, on the part of Austria, Count Nesselrode, James Yeo had not yet left Kingston, His

the 10th of September, the Prince of Metter- Chauncey returned to Sackett's harbour. Sir rulers produce, and to effect even this transient good, those calamities must be so over

on the part of Russia, Lord Castiereagh, from large ship, mounting 102 guns, is ready for whelming as to confound and lerrify the mul- from Prussia, were to meet and fix the princi- mond is still at the head of the lake, and is

Great Britain, and the Prince of Hardenburgh sea, except bending her sails. General Drumtitude. To remedy such evils, we confoss, is no easy

ples of the peace. The Emperour of Russia said to be suffering severely for want of proand King of Prussia will be on the spot, to rat

visions, particularly bread.' Why then is not task ; but if ever it can be done, it must be on such an occasion as the present. ify these bases.

bis whole army captured by our's at fort Erie ? Those of us Belgium is to be annexed to the states of

Because the reports of reinforcements of miliwho are now on the stage of active life cannot Holland, and the colonies in Guyana are to be

tia which had gone over by Whousands from expect to see again that national prosperity restored.

New York, must have been untrue-because which we once have witnessed ; our republick

Charles IV. of Spain has published from

at the late sortie, our loss in killed and woundhas so sunk under the ruinous measures of the Rome, that the instrument, purporting to be

ed was at least 500---and because, before that last ten years, that, in the present age, it can

the abdication of his throne, was a forgery ; sortie, the garrison had suffered severely by not recover. But our fathers laboured for us -shall we not do as much for our children? and that his claims to it will be supported by the bombardment of the enemy. the Pope and Louis XVIII.

· A boat belonging to Chauncey's ship SupeIf we must leave them . poor, with a legacy of taxes accumulated by the folly of our cay, let

The Pope will be represented by a Nuncio, rior has captured 4 boats and their cargoes, of the congress in Vienna.

wine, brandy, crates, &c. bound to Kingston, us, if possible, leave them a government,

On the 9th of August the Princess of Wales,

worth 12,000 dollars. which will secure them in the enjoyment of whose concerns have so long been a subject of is now principally at anchor in Lynnhaven bay,

The British naval force in the Chesapeake their rights, and cherish their own cxcrcions.

discussia in England, arrived at Cuxhaven,
with a numerous suite, in the frigate Jason.

just within cape Henry.
She intends to reside in future with her family

The late election in Maryland has terminaGHENT NEGOTIATION. connexions in Germany.

ted in great and encouraging changes, both in SINCE Mr. Dallas has arrived from Ghent Mr. Crawford, the American minister at the the state and congressional representation. It curiosity has been all alive to know what was court of Louis XVIII. delivered his creden is supposed five federalists and four democrats the progress of negotiation. The contents of tials on the 30th of June.

are chosen for Congress ; the present reprethe official despatches brought by this gentle. Preparations have begun in Lisbon for the sentatives are, 3 federal, and 6 democratick. man are not made publick, but letters from reception of the Royal family, who are soon

CONGRESS. The most important subject some of our ministers afford no flattering expected from South America.

before Congress as yet, is the Budget, submitprospect of a speedy peace. It is said the

Forty-eight tons of money, from Spanish red by the Committee of Ways and Means. It claims of the British are such as cannot be America, belonging principally to merchants, is proposed in the first place, that the Direct admitted. It is very possible and indeed have been deposited in the bank of England.

Tax of 1814 shall be increased one half for most probable, that the British ministers have

P A London ministerial paper says posi- 1813---then l'axes and Excises are to be levigraduated instructions, and that they talk of tively, that " Great Britain does not demand

ed on spirits, sales at auction, postage, playing more than they are to insist upon ; but it is any thing more now, of America, than she did cards, lotteries, pleasure horses, snuff, tobacco, certain, that if they propose nothing but what two or three years since--that there is no hats, cotton, yarn, woollen cloths, leather, iron, their government have a right to demand, truth in the reported views of now territorial breweries, potteries, glass houses, paper mills, most of our ministers would pronounce their demarcations--of restrictions on the American grist mills, shot mills, side boards, looking claims inadmissible. For our own part, we fisheries--naval equipments---jurisdiction on glasses, &c. watches, jewelry, white-top'd fully believe that the instructions of our minis

the lakes, and trade to India. That Great Brit-boods, clocks, &c. ters are yet so strongly tinctured with doc- ain will maintain two rights, which she holds

STATE LEGISLATURE. The very in trines, purely Madisonian, that obstacles, on by the law of nations, and her conquests on

portant Resolves reported by a committee on this score, rather than any other, will be the the ocean---the right to prevent neutral flags part of the Governour's message, have been means of delaying a peace. Does any man in protecting her enemy's property, on the high fully debated in the Senate and passed. They this country know that Mr. Madison has aban- seas ; and the right to search after and take

relate to defence and state funds---and to the doned the ground on which he made, or has her native-born traitorous runaways from nou- appointment of delegates from the other New continued the war? We presume not_and tral merchantnren ; and these principles she England states, on the means of obtaining a if he has not, it is certain Great Britain will is willing to make reciprocal.”

redress of publick grievances, and á revision not concede to him, more than she did to Preparations for sending a large reinforce of the federal Constitution. Washington and Adams.

ment to America, under Lord Hill, were near- It has been agreed in the Senate that It will be a hard matter, with such a govern- ly completed, but at the last dates, suspended Twelve delegates shall be chosen by the Legment as ours, for the people ever to know ---reason unknown.

istature, on Tuesday next, to meet delegates what Great Britain actually does demand. But Negotiation as Gheni. The first conference from the New England states, in convention if our ministers return without effecting peace, between the American and British ministers

at Hartford, on the 15th day of December next. we trust the TRUTH will be extorted from our took place on the 8th of August, introduced by The army, proposed to be raised by the state cabinet, before the nation will ever consent to a sumptuous dinner, given by the former. Af- for its o .va delence, is to consist of 10.000 men pledge itself in the struggle, for it will then ter some conversations a suspension of the dis to be organized and officered by the Governor

. assume a more serious aspect than ever. cussions took place ; but about the 22nd Lord

For this and other state purposes, the GorWe still indulge the hope and expectation Castlereagh arrived there, on his way to Vien.

Castlereagh arrived there, on his way to Vien. ernour is a!tiorized to borrow a suin, not exthat this negotiation will end in PEACE ; but na, and a courier likcwise returned from Lon.) ceeding one million of dollars.

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LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. ? look at them with stoical indifference, and ex. | sidered as a gencrous donation to the Fue

perience no other emotion at seeing bare arms Society.-We expressed our determination, on issuing and bare necks, or even naked backs and proposals for this paper, to preserve it entirely shoulders, than fear, lest the dear creatures ENGLISH HORSE-RACING. pure from every thing of a personal nature, I would take cold, or that such delicate skin reflecting on private character ; in this pur- might be marred by a scratch or a blister.

A PORTUGUES& traveller, speaking of Engpose we bave continued, and shall ever perse. Such however is not the case with a man who lish diversions, thus describes their horsevere. But though this design was plainly is not hardened against the attacks of beauty,

races : avowed, covert attempts have been made, more but for the first time sees so much of the image sal versal : scarce a county in England, but has

“ This sport Sas for many years been uniposes of malignity ; of such conduct, we shall was evidently embarrassed, and I confess I its stated times and places for racing, in Spring now, once for all, freely give our opinion.

enjoyed a sort of roguish pleasure in watching and Autumn, a which most of the gentlemen To take satisfaction in diminishing the hap- him, and endeavouring to search out, whether of the several counties respectively assemble, piness of our fellow-creatures, in increasing his rustick sense of decency or a more tumul- | Those who aru fond of this diversion are ex. the numerous ills that “ life is heir to" by un- tuous feeling was the real occasion of his un- tremely nice in the breed of their horses, and justly or unnecessarily wounding either char- easiness ; perhaps each of them ected a part have imported the horses of several countries acter or feeling, is a disposition incompatible in this drama of his sensibilities. I was very assemble at suwmarket, in September and

in order to m it. The nobility and gentry with the dictates of christianity ; to effectśuch | glad however that he got off without commitpurposes, under the shelter of concealment, ising any great error in good breeding, for I

October annuasly, to partake of this amusenot only immoral, but base. Covered attacks, through a publick paper, are not only injurious room without me, and before any other gen- together, as are met with on this occasion, in

am persuaded, that had he gone into the ment ; and I may venture to say, that there is to the intended objects of them,

but insulting elemen were there, he would have remember. | together, as are met with on this occasion, in to an honourable editor. Let them be candidly, ed the fate of Acteon with trembling, and fled the plains of Newmarket. Here the world submitted and their bearings or allusions ex- away in confusion, supposing he had intruded seems to be v y much upon a level ; men of plained, and then if he chooses to participate at an improper moment, and before the ladies all degrees converse freely together, bet and in the ill nature or scurrility of his correspond were prepared to receive male visitors.

lay wagers without ceremony. It is not unents, he may publish-he is not abused ; he is

I have always been at a loss to account for common to ran for a thousand pounds at a not made to commit unconsciously an ungene- this strange disposition to go naked, in such time, and the Sets frequently amount to many rous, ungentlemanly act, which he would de- a cold climate as ours, and have wondered thousands. Ifere is a four-mile and a sixspise.

how a fashion should get up and prevail in mile course, on a level heath of excellent turf, Editors of most periodical publications are the forty-third degree of North Latitude, without hedge er tree to interrupt the sight, subjected to this kind of impertinence. We which every one would suppose ought to be the last half mile of the course only being a have persons among us who would creep into confined between the Tropicks. This objection | gentle ascent. It is very entertaining to see tor, throw stones at passengers, or spit upon the fashion may have upon females themselves; the whole field is laying wagers on one side or respectable houses, unknown to the proprie- however has respect only to the effects, which how these fine creatures stretch up this little them from the windows, from a cowardly in- but there is another that regards - the effect tention to perpetrate their mischief with security, and to aggravate the wrong by the char- too much, and leaves too little for curiosity to well matched, that the prize is carried but by upon the other sex ; which is, that it reveals the other, and endeavouring to get in, to see

the end of it, and they are often so extremely acter of the quarter from which it proceeded.

descry, or imagination to conjecture. We are

always prone to magnffy the value of hidden the length of a horse, or perhaps by his head, We do not know but the strictures of “The treasure ; this may be a trite observation, but the judges who are to decide it being placed Writer” in the number of to-day, may be applikazi tatues that is voore constandiy verified.

there is not a maxim in all the economy of at a proper station to take the nicest view." cable to existing manners in some parts of our Every beauty, which the

vice of modesty concountry ; but we are rather of opinion that the ceals from the eye, will be represented, by

FROM TRS (BALTIMORE] Woman foible which he condemns was banished from the busy pencil of fans in more glowing cok

MATRIMONY all genteel society, in this metropolis, some ours to the mind.

THERE is something so sacred in the insti. eight or ten years ago.

I remember before I travelled abroad, that' tution of marriage ; it is so powerfully recom

I had formed a notion that all the female mended and so strongly enfo.ccd' by the FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

beauty in the Catholick countries of Europe precepts of morality, as well as by the mandates was shut up in Cloisters, and that if ever I

of nature ; and contributes so much to the THE WRITER, No. XXII.

could obtain the privilege of seeing a Nun, i good of society and the happiness of individuals, I have a friend in the country who lately should be rapt in the contemplation of superior observations I am about to make.

that the greatest reluctance accompanies the made me a visit, and whilst he was in town

charms. But this delusion vanished as soon we were both invited to a party. There was

I consider persons who have entered into as the nun appeared ; and although I have a brilliant circle of ladies, and some of them seen and conversed with many, I never saw

this state, as reposing under the solemn shade as the manner now is, were not altogether so one that had any claim to beauty. A like

of authority ; and while they preserve a due well covered, as my friend was accustomed to opinion prevails with respect to the Turkish

opinion prevails with respect to the Turkish regard to their own dignified station, as equally see among the sober belles of the country.

women ; these are generally concealed from exempt from the glance of inquiry, and the I presume he had gotten some ideas of the the eyes of men, and therefore our imagina- frowns of censure. But when, in open violation fashionable terms in dress, probably from the tions enresent them as beautiful when I of every law of decency and decorum, they newspapers, or some of the London Maga- was ao gst the Turks, I had the same curi- proclaim to an insulted worlų, that they rise zines, for after he had recovered from a little osity as in Spain ; I thought every Turkish superiour to those customs, which the advaCrimson confusion, which so mang naked woman must be a beauty, but the Nun and it expedient to adopt ; when they..... charms very naturally occasion in a reserved the Turk equally disappointed my expecta

I was about to conclude this serious preamble, and bashful mind, he observed to me, that tions. It is then concealment alone which has such a young lady was in a very elegant un- given these two classes of ladies such high interest on the subject, when my door creaked

and was preparing to enter with warmth and dress. I took no more notice of his remark reputation for beauty. This might be improve upon its hinges, and exposed to my view the at the time, than by a sort of silent assent, but ed into a lesson for my fair countrywomen, not when we were at home, I corrected the mis- that liey should conceal thenselves, but that lovely, gay and sensible Adelaide. Perceiving

my employment, she extended the fairest hand take, by letting him know that every person in they should bring into the open field only the party was considered to be in full dress. smiles and dimples, and keep their host of in the world, and reached the unfinished sheet

with such an inexpressible air of graceful frecHe did not readily accede to this opinion, but other charms in reserve and in ambush.

dom, that it was impossible for any thing human seemned unwilling to dispute the point, as it

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to resist it. I suffered her to peruse it, and would look like an ignorance of the fashiona- Found near the Mall a large piece of wood waited in agreeable suspense for a cominent, ble world, which he did not choose, I suppose, supposed to have been dropped from a lady's in which I knew would be united the charins to acknowledge. He observed however by bosom ; as there is nothing curious in the of good sense and good humour. way of justifying his mistake, that it could not workmanship about it, its principal value is in “I know," said she, seriously," the inten be called a very full dress, which left nearly its solid contents ; the owner may have it by tion of your essay, and the manner in which it half the human body uncovered. I am so applying at a wood-wharf near Wheeler's Point, will be executed. Excuse my freedom. You used to these appearances myself, that I can and if not called for in 3 days, it will be con: | have been mortified by the conduct of sem

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married pair of your acquaintance, and intend woman as he ought, will ask her hand, unless My bark the tide of young desire,
10 expose their fojbles to publick ridicule and he can support her with decency; and no O Vexus, to thy happy realm
censure. You have been injudicious in your woman, who truly esteems a man, will consent Shall waft, fair Hope direct the helm,
choice of a subject to exercise your talents. to be an incumbrance to him. What can be Love's sighs the swelling sails inspire :
The ablest writers have condescended to ex. more amicting than the ineffectual struggles To Thee, bright Offspring of the wave,
patiate on the reciprocal duties of busband and of a man of refined and noble sentiments, to

I'll many an amorous vow prefer : wife, and to expose every possible fully, impro- support a woman of sensibility and worth, whoni

From storms of hate thy mariner priety, or vice, in matrimonial conduct ; they he tenderly loves ? Hence the broken hearts

And blast of chill indifference sare ! have left little room for any future speculations of which we sometimes hear ! and hence the that are not dictated by passion, stupidity, or helpless families of dereliction and distress!

So to thy pow'r I'll frame the votive lay, ill-nature. I myself have met with instances But let it be remembered that there is a wide And moor'd in LESBI's arms confess thy sov’reign of matrimonial indiscretion that merited the difference between exposing ourselves to the

sway. keenest stings of satire, and called aloud for highest bidder, and throwing ourselves into the pointed censure of the advocates of propri- the arms of a man whom our unkind generosity

Amid ensanguin'd fields of War, ety. My cheek has often been suffused with would plunge into the extremes of misery and

VALOUR, be thy Votary found ; the crimson blush of indignation at the weak- want.

Where crimson banners wave around ness of my own sex, and the baseness of yours. “ In justice to my own sex I must observe,

The martial clarion echoing far ; But what could I do? Dare I express my feel that this substitution of avarice for attachment,

In vain gigantick Terror calls ings ?--the wretches are abandoned, or stupid. ought not to be attributed to them. Early in

His spectre shapes, a ghastly band :Should I publish my sentiments for the perusal their education, as I have observed, lessons of Nor Discord hurling high his brand, of future husbands and wives !--they are al- venality are instilled ; and it often becomes Nor Danger's horrid front, appals ; ready published, and will never be read by the necessary that they should be practised. Nor Death bis unrelenting soul can tame, persons they ought to reform : The contem- firmly believe they are naturally much more or from his grasp withhold the glorious meed of plation of this subject, therefore, I am forced to disinierested in this respect than men. There Fame : conclude, is alike painful and useless. I turn are some, who,in spite of custom and education, with pleasure from it, and preserve my good yet remain so : May you be fortunate enough But let me wander far away humour, as well as spare my sensibility, by to meet with such a character, and make her From the load drum and neighing steed, suffering my imagination to disport itself amid as happy as she deserves to be."

Thro' many a pansie-painted mead, the visionary scenes of ideal purity and excel- Here Adelaide ceased. The interesting Where Isis' bright-hair'd Naiads stray ; lence : I banish from my mind the disgusting nature of her subject had imparted to her reality of matrimonial discord and strise, and manner all the warmth and vivacity of decla

High o'er my head a pendant bow'r

Let the broad elm and branching pine contemplate with delight an attachment, whose mation. As soon as she recollected the unu

With intermingling umbrage twine ; warmth is corrected by purity of sentiment,and sual length of her discourse, she blushed an whose pleasures are enhanced by elegance of apology, and glided away in an instant. Pleased

There Love's impassion'd song I'll pour, thought, which unite those whom the mandate with her observations, I have endeavoured to

And summon every wave that dances near, of heaven appropriates to mutual felicity. perpetuate them ; and, though divested of the Bridling his wanton speed, my Lesbia's praise to “ You,” continued Adelaide more gaily, graces of her delivery, I flatter myself they will

hear. " have passed most of your time in the perusal be deemed worthy of publication. of books that were written before the birth of

Cleon.

Where the pale lamp's waning eye, Columbus. You know more of ancient,than of

At ev’ning from some eloyster'd nook modern times. I dare say you have read the

Casts o'er the gloom a lingering look,

POETRY. story of Penelope, all in Greek, and the history

There let the Sage his labours ply; of Dido, in the original Latin. But the world

And many a feat of champion bold, is strangely altered since their days. For a

And many a legendary rhyme, lady to be industrious is now very vulgar ; te

ODE.

Snatch from the sepulchre of Time ; be in love is the height of imprudence ; and

And frequent, as the night grow's old, to be constant would set the whole world

At fear-engender'd forms recoil aghast, a-laughing. In the United States, this last Let all the sons of Lucre pine

And hear unhallow'd ghosts wail in each hoßow blast: retreat of exiled simplicity and frugality, a For glittering heaps of golden ore, ying lady, as soon as she enters her 'teens, To swell the accumulated store

Bot o'er my haunts with infinence bland is taught by her mother to think seriously of Contemn the terrors of the mine :

Let Ev’ning fiing her welcome sbade ; a husband. It is frequently and strongly in- Explore the caverns dark and drear

Then mid the dance, 'O BEAUTEOUS MAID! culcated, that he must have something handsome, Mantled around with deadly dew;

Let me thine unreluctant hand sufficient to support her in indolence, keep a carriage, and decorate her for the Assembly

Where congregated vapours blue,

Enraptur'd seize :-or let the Lyre,
Fir'd by the taper glimmering near,

Obedient to thy soft control,
and Theatre. She learns to read novels and
Bid dire esplosion the deep realms invade,

Bind in harmonious chains my soul, write nonsense ; to dance, if she is not born lame ; to sing, if nature has given her a voice ;

And earth-born lightnings gleam athwart th' infernal And ecstasy and bliss inspire ; and to charm, if heaven has endowed her with

shade.

While to the charmed ear in heav'nly strains, beauty : On the richness of her conquest, she

Enamour'd of thy touch, each trembling chord com is taught to believe her future happiness Pride, on thy vesture's purple fold

plains. depends. Wealth in a suitor is beauty, talents,

Let the sky-tinctur'd sapphire blaze, and worth. The tender mind is susceptible

The emerald shed its milder rays,

Then, PIIREST ! 'let my bosom feel of any impression ; and many a female, that

And rubies blush in circling gold

Thy smile's exhilarating pow'r, might have participated and heightened the

Low as thy nod let suppliants bow,

Grateful as, mid noon's sultry lour, sweets of domestick felicity, is thus rendered And crested chiefs precedence yield

The Grot where trickling dews congeal : lastingly and splendidly wretched. A marriage, Thy hand the rod of empire, wield,

And, in the rich grape's purple tide conducted under such circumstances, is gener- And wreaths of triumph grace thy brow

When Joy and genial Pleasure swim, ally the commencement of a life of vexation A nobler aim let my ambition own,

Do Tuou but kiss its crystal brim, and misery. And what reason have we to Be Love my empire, Lesbia's heart my throne

And, to thy bard the goblet guide : expect it should be otherwise ? Who can be

So shall my song exalt thy praise above surprised that persons, who have no real attach- Where into rage the wintry blast

Hebe, who bids o'erflow the nectar'd cup of Jore. ment to each other, whose dispositions are Awakes old Ocean's torpid wave dissimilar,whose souls are entirely uncongenial, Let COMMERCE urge her busy slave ; should, when united, exhibit to the world the And elevate his trembling mast affecting picture of connubial folly and

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR

Above the billowy precipice, infelicity ? To meet the forked lightening's flash ;

JOHN PARK, “ I shoud not wish,” continued Adelaide,

Then down th' adventurous vessel dash, to defend those of my sex, who, in the com

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, Found'ring within the black abyss : mon dialect, throw themselves away.

NO. 4 CORNHILL. Or let his freight secure the surges sweep, “ Poverty is not only a terrible sound, but it is a distressing reality. No man, who loves a

And of their prey defraud the monsters of the deep : Price three dollars fper annum, half in advance.

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SELECTED

FROM

SALMAGUNDI.

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1814.

NO. XLIII.

FOR

THE

BOSTON SPECTATOR.

our senses.

POLITICAL.

in common with other citizens of every class roe, a man whose hostility to England had and denomination, rather feel a predisposition induced him to pledge America to France,

to read, deliberately, judge liberally, and decide for which he was disgraced by WashingtonBRITISH PROPOSALS FOR PEACE. with an unbiassed regard to reason and the this man, the most obnoxious in the Union, common welfare.

was sent to negotiate a treaty with the British Documents, from our ministers at Ghent,

Gloom and dismay are universal ; the evils Government. They received him, and with containing certain fundamental principles of a of our present deplorable condition are felt by him and Mr. Pinckney, a treaty was complet. treaty of peace, have been submitted by the all, for, wherever we turn,

they are present to ed, which they averred was consistent with President to Congress, together with the sub

But though the visible evidences their instructions. It was spurned by Mr. stance of several conferences relating to the of our increasing calamities have spread a Jefferson, and not even laid before the Senate. nature and object of these principles. For the general alarm, the full extent of our danger Our ministers returned, and the two nations conferences we have not room ; the claims has been realized only by those who have ob- were left with no law to regulate their comstated by the British ministers, on their part, served the nature and progress of this war.

mercial intercourse, but the vague law of naare as follows :

Those who were blindly attached to the tions. Collisions succeeded. Mr. Rose was 1. The right to take British seamen, on the present administration, have seemed to imag- sent to attempt accommodation. By a fastidiocean, from American merchant vessels.

ine every event under the control of our rulers, ous quibble,respecting the extent of his powers, 2. A definite settlement of the boundary

so that, whenever it might please them, either our cabinet refused to treat. Mr. Erskine was. line of the Indian territory; to be permanent, from interest or inclination, to restore our next empowered as minister plenipotentiary, so that it cannot be hereafter altered by puro tranquillity and prosperity, it might readily be with him a treaty was constructed, but it was chase or otherwise. The proposed object of effected. Others, certainly on more rational transmitted to the British sovereign, accomthis, is to make the Indian territory a perpet- grounds, have seen the government of the panied by an insult so gross, that, as his subual barrier between the two nations. The

United States involving this country in a con- sequent ininister declared, this prevented its British mioisters fix upon no line, as the boun

test, under such circumstances of aggravated ratification ; and this insult was penned by Mr. dary, but mention their willingness to adopt provocation, that the greatest danger was, lest Madison, who had succeeded to the Presidency. that which we ourselves settled with the in

the enemy should not suffer us 10 extricate Mr. Jackson was then commissioned with amdians, in the treaty of Grenville in 1795. 3. A direct communication from the provlong and deeply felt by our nation. ourselves, but by sacrifices, which would be ple powers to settle all disputes. The outra

geous manner in which he was treated, and ince of New Brunswick to Quebeck, to be se

It was impossible not to entertain such apo dismissed, is fresh in every one's mind. cured by the cession to Great Britain of that prehensions; and before we turn our attention France was yet risivg in her tremendous portion of the District of Maine which would

to the negotiation at Ghent, let us very briefly power, and nation after nation had fallen unbe excluded by such a direct line. In propos- glance over a few of the ill-fa:ed measures, der her yoke. England had been assailed by ing this cession, they pusitively disclaim any which could not but excite expectations, in the destruction of her commerce, wherever views of an acquisition of territory, as such, every reflecting mind; that the terms proposed but for the convenience of intercourse between by the British ministers would be humiliating against her national existence had been boldiy their colonies. and severe.

uttered by the Gallick tyrant, and actual prep4. That the western lakes, from lake Onta

Though it may be painful to look back to aration for inyasion had, more than once, been rio to Superiour, inclusive, be used by us only times of high prosperity, wantonly destroyed in considerable forwardness, . During this for commercial purposes ; leaving to them the by those whom we chose as guardians of that slate of her struggle, and when she had scarce-sole military command of them, both by sea

prosperity, we ask our readers lo recollect the ly the name of an ally on the continent, our and land : we to have neither forts on our

very friendly understanding which subsisted government began its system of commercial side, nor vessels of war of any description on

between the United States and Great Britain, warfare against her, which its advocates afthe lakes.

when Mr. Jefferson was made our President, firmed would strike a blow at her vital inter. 5. That although no aitempt will be made and the excellent treaty which then promoted ests. We shall not bere recapitulate the long to debar us from fishing on the banks of New. amity, and a mutually profitable commerce be

series of hostile restrictions which followed, foundland, as was formerly usual, yet that we

tween the two nations. France had then made so distressing to us, and so provoking to a are not to have the privilege of salting and large strides towards that overwhelming pow. nation which had so earnestly sought to secure curing on their shores without an equivalent.

our friendship. From year to year they rose In this sketch we have nearly transcribed endangered the liberty of every independent in character, as the danger of England increasthe

nation in the civilized worid. Great Britain ed, by the sweeping successes of her deadly the New York Evening Post, and believe it had always stood forth, the champion of hu- enemy, and as party rage could be excited by will be found a just representation of the sev

man freedom and her own, and, though with a our rulers, to support and encourage their eral claims announced by the British minis

prospect which to many appeared gloomy, was ruinous career. When every effort of com. ters.

nobly encountering the great sacrifices which mercial hostility was exbausted, and party, virREMARKS.

were necessary to oppose a barrier to French ulence was wrought up to frenzy ; when it We do not sit down to pen our sentiments ambition. Engaged in so serious a struggle, was stupidly thought, that Great Britain, if on this subjeci, without a solemn sense of its and desirous lo retain all the friends she had, noi doomed to fall, could not return our blows, importance; we realize that it more deeply she proposed to Mr. Jefferson to renew the nor even defend her colonies, a wicked, unconcerns the American people, than any thing treaty which was then about expiring. Mr. just, exasperating war was declared ! and conthat has been discussed, since our existence Jefferson would neither accede to this, nor ducted in a manner perfectly consonant with as a nation. But in attempting to discharge commission ministers to form another. Some the unprincipled and disgraceful views with our duty, we have the consolation to feel very favourable stipulations respecting bounda- which it was first waged. persuaded that the whole community, no less ries were then effected by Mr. King, securing But the Almighty disposer of human events than ourselves, are aware of the momentous 10 us the possession of Moose Island, now a now raised his arm of vengeance, in the cause crisis to which we have arrived ; and that fresh subject of controversy; but these, Mr. of suffering humanity. The legions of the therefore a general anxiety to ascertain what, Jefferson would not approve.

French despot, which had been spread over of all things possible, is most expedient, will A length of time elapsed in this cold reserve Europe, fell as by a destroying angel, and the insure us the candour of every patriotick read. on the part of our government, indicating but allied powers, who had so long witnessed the er. We indulge the hope that even many too plainly that unfriendly disposition which triumphs of their inveterate foe, joined hearts men, who would once have been disposed to afterwards gave an unequivocal character to and bands in Paris ; gave Europe peace ; and reply to any opinion we might advance, only our publick measures. At last, a treaty was liberated Great Britain from ihe tremendous by some vulgar epithet, will now, from the loudly

, demanded by the popular voice in conflict, which she had supported through the existing hazard of every thing dear to them, | America, and Mr. Jefferson sent Mr. Mun darkest gloon to a glorious termination.

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