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But we remained her malignant en-selves; and the British propose that it shall | a right to fight the Indians and take their pos. emy.

be reciprocal. With Great Britain, it is but sessions by force ? God forbid that such an ****** Here we entreat the reader 10 the practical operation of a long established, object should protract the miseries of war an pause, and look at the state of the world. Eu- fundamental, law of the empire ; this claim hour.

We have confined our remarks to the subrope settling down in profound peace. Great cannot therefore possibly be construed into Britain caşting her eye abroad, sees the Uni. an intention to degrade us and as to the ef-ject of lands which are actually in the posses. ted States of America, a nation whose friend. fect, we individually profess our sincere hope, sion of the Indians : for the British ministers ship she had spared no pains to conciliate, that whenever peace is established, it may have not pretended that they should insist on still raging for war, a war commenced from a secure native American seamen against the any that we now occupy. belief that her struggles would be fatal to her competition of foreigners.

We have thought proper, thus far, as our power, and betraying a hope of sharing in the 2ndly. It is claimed that a boundary line government pretend to act for the nation, to accomplishment of her destruction.

shall be "settled, for the Indian territory. A consider the subject in a national point of torious armies returning from France ; her permanent boundary line, they say, is indis-view : . And we confess ourselves unable to thousand ships of war with not a foe to en- pensable ; but where it shall run, is proposed discover any thing offensive in the proposition counter on the ocean. If governments are to as another subject of discussion. They men- -any reason why it should not be admitted as be considered in any degree affected by such tion that which we adopted, in our treaty with

a matter of fair discussion-or any injury tha feelings as dictate the conduct of individuals, the Indians in 1795.

would arise to the United States, if the Indian wbat could we expect would be her language,

This article, at the present moment, pro.

lands are confirmed to them forever. but that of resentment ? Could we suppose

duces considerable sensation. It is objected But, as a citizen of the state of Massachu. she would only offer terms that would be re

that it is both derogatory to our honour and setts, as an inhabitant of that section of the markable for their moderation ?

injurious to our interest. There unhappily Union, called New England, the proposition Such considerations had already made a exists in our country a sort of morbid sensi- appears to us in a far more interesting and strong impression on the publick mind in this bility to honour, a techy disposition to under-agreeable light. So far from regretting such country. From the moment that the downfal stand insult where there is none, and particu. a condition, as the one before us, the Atlantick of Bonaparte left Great Britain powerful and larly where resent:nent, if we should discover states, the Eastern in particular, have the secure, apprehension, here, took the alarm. any,' would cost is dear. Now, for our part, bighest reason to desire sincerely that it might As if from a consciousness that we deserved ve confess we can find nothing, in this propo- be ratified, and this without any regard to the every thing bad, every thing bad was anticipa- sition, in the shape of insult, nothing to which alternative, war. It contemplates an event, ted. A majority of both parties agreed in this it would be degrading to our country to ac- which, were we at perfect peace with Great -England will now rise in her claims-the quiesce. We believe very few have paid any Britain, it would be our decided interest to terms of peace will be prescribed by her re- attention to the peculiar situation and circum- bring about, if possible, by our own exertions. sentment. Our fisheries constitute one of our

stances of the tract of country in question. The political consequence of the Eastern vital interests --she will say we must relin. The boundary of the United States, on our states has been declining for many years. quish them. Our trade to India, in peace, is maps, runs through the lakes to the west end This fact is well known, for volumes have one of the most abundant sources of our of Lake Superior-—from that to the Lake of been written on the alarming subject. With wealth. She will protest against our resuming the Woods , then down the Mississippi. We the decline of our political influence, our pros. it. Vague rumours were circulated of other are habituated to consider the Indian country perity, once so enviable, has disappeared. probable demands—it was evident by the dis in the same light, that we should a part of We have found our counsels overruled; our may which every day increased, as the mise. Massachusetts or any other state : Whereas profitable occupations arrested ; our rights in. ries of war accumulated, that severe and hu. it is essentially different. The Northwestern vaded ; and thousands of our citizens compel. miliating terms of peace, or a desolating, san. boundary of the United States,, was a mere led, by the course of the policy which has been guinary, and cheerless struggle were generally conventional affair, between us and Great pursued, to quit their native soil, and emigrate considered the only alternatives are us. Britain, which prevented the latter or any

into the south western desert. Advices from our ministers at Ghent have other nation from colonizing that tract of ter- Who does not know that new states were been received. The first, and of course the

ritory. The Indians' own the soil, and we ushered into the rights of the old federal coahighest claims of Great Britain, if negotiation have recognized their independent right to it tracting parties, to create political weight is not suspended, are before the American by frequent treaties. If Great Britain were to against us? Who does not know that that politigovernment and people. On subjects of such ask us to cede her the extensive tract of In-cal weight turned the scale in favour of Embar

dian lands between lakes Huron, Superior, and goes, Non-importation, and at last of war? speak but with a respectful deference to pub- the Mississippi, we could only give her a quit Who does not see froin the quarter whence lick opinion. We have perused the docu- claim, for the land is not our's, nor pretended war had its warmest support, that the pretex:s ments with attention, and we trust with an un

to be so.) But she does not ask us to cede it to were false, and that one of the real and most biassed mind, except the allowable bias of re

her. She propuses that we słould only agree decisive objects was to impoverish the Atlangard to the honour and welfare of our native not to purchase nor conquer it, from the abo. tick and principally the cominercial states, country. It is well known we were not among riginal proprietors, and she agrees to bind

and drive our citizens to the west, to seule the those, who believed Great Britain would rise herself to the same restriction. As she offers lands, which speculution had obtained from the in the tone of her demands, under the influ to interdict herself, forever, the right of occupy: Indians ? Why are we now so fast awakenence of her recent prosperity. We did not cs. ing the lands or any part of them, so secured ing to our danger ; why are we listening with pect she would make great sacrifices on our

to the Indians, she wouid acquire no territory increasing complacency to rumours of dissolv. part, and the degradation of our country, the by such a stipulation. She can have no mo- ing the Union, if it is not because, we see alternative of revengeful war ; and we rejoice tive to this claim, but the very one, which she there is a private but powerful interest work. that we can discover no ground of disappoint- professes that these shall be a permanent ing for our ruin, against the operation of which, ment.. We rejoice most cordially in the op- neutral barrier between the two nations, in this the exercise of our suffrages and all our conportunity presented to our government, of res. quarter, which shall prevent the possibility of stitutional privileges is but a bootless mocke. toring the blessings of peace on honourable collisions in future, in that remote region, ry? Shall We then grumble that any obstaterms.

where it would always be difficult for either cle presents to the endless auginentation of We shall now consider the several proposi- government to control the conduct of their western states? Shall we exclaim in farour tions in their order. Some of them, it is to be subjects or citizens. A point of honour in this of war and misery to give further scope to a observed, are advanced as indispensable, oth question is therefore wholly factitious. If our system of speculation, which has brought us ers as subjects of negotiation. This impor- government then have no sinister motives, into our present calamity, and is hurrying us tant distinction will be duly regarded. which depend on domestick policy, they can

to destruction ? Shall we expuse our lives The first is, the right to take native British only object, from a desire to reserve to thein- and beggar our families on piirpose to make seamen from on board American merchant selves the rights of purchase and conquest. our case more hopeless? Whic interest can vessels. This is proposed only as a subject Is the right of purchase an object, when gor- we possibly have in further encroachments un of discussion. It has been amply treated in ernment already possess more land on the on Indian territory? If the field remain open, legislative debates and newspaper speculation frontier, than can be sold or settled for centu- and more lands are purchased, it must be with for years, in this country, and we are confident ries to come? Let a candid publick judge. the treasury of the Union, which we shall be a large majority of the American people are Before we obtain a right by conquest, it must

forced to replenish ; if obtained by war, we perfectly ready to recognize the right. The be acquired by wars with the rightful owners. shall be taxed to support it, and all this to principle is claimed by all the maritime naShall we fight the English, that we may reserve

make ourselves more completely slaves, more tions of Europe ; it has been enforced by our.

absolutely dependent than we are at present ! Tuesday, Oct. 18.

Do our Ohio and Kentucky men expect this ?

Then we trust they will find themselves de. But Great Britain would probably do more. Civil officers, such as judges, justices, &c. to ceived. Why are our legislative guardians sol. For such a concession it is presumed she be continued,--all revenues to be paid to emnly deliberating on Conventions, but to seek would admit the privilege of curing fish on British collectors-martial law to be estabredress for wrongs, which we suffer from the her eastern shores. This we cannot claim of Itshed-all who will take an oath of neutrality undue preponderance of the back country, and right, nor can we expect to obtain it by force ; to be protected in their persons and property, secure us, if possible, from positive vassalage? yet it is said to be a privilege of consequence, and be allowed to trade coastwise within the And shall we, when driven almost to despera- and if so, principally to Massachusetts. district. All who take an oath of allegiance at tion by our present evils, court the horrors of Taking the whole subject into view, instead liberty to trade to England, West Indies, &c. war, to make them worse ?

of discovering in this demand a cause of con- Castine to be the port of entry and clearance. We are confident that every hour this sub- tinuing the miseries of an unnatural war, if our The recent elections in various parts of the ject is contemplated, it will appear more and ministers are disposed to negotiate, and are Union have exhibited great changes favouramore desirable that Indian territory should instructed to seek peace, we cannot conceive ble to federalism. In the district of Philadel. forever remain such as it is. We have already why they should refuse to admit it, as a topick phia four federal members of Congress sucland enough for a population that might defy of discussion. It indeed required the preoccu- ceed four democrats. the world in arms, and support millions yet pation of the publick sentiment by irritating CONGRESS. On the 10th, the documents unborn. Jefferson himself declared this, years reports, and unfounded suggestions, to make | by Mr. Dallas, from our ministers at Ghent ago, and he never uttered a more unquestion- us perceive in this third demand, guarded as were sent, by the President, with a Message, able truth. For a more equitable distribution it was by explanations to avoid alarming our to Congress. This and the Taxes have been of political power, we have every inducement pride, the tone “ of a conquering to a con- the principal subjects beforo them, since our to contend, but an extension of national terri- quered nation.” Are we to be forever the last. They have resolved not to quit Washtory vould only weaken the Union, as it res. dupes of cabinet chicanery, the sport of pas- ington. pects foreign nations, and render its dissolu- sions excited but with a view to make us sub- The President's instructions to our minisiion a more necessary and certain event. scribe voluntarily to our own destruction ? ters at Ghent have been before Congress, with We have only introduced a train of reflection, One other claim remains, but this with some closed doors ; with some omissions, they are

ordered to be printed. which we trust our readers will pursue and general remarks, we must postpone to our now let us cxaminc the third point.

next. Our limits permit us only to add, that, The STATE LEGISLATURE adjourned It is proposed to run a line from the coast if our ministers are not so infatuated artd rash on Thursday last, to the third Wednesday of of New Brunswick to Quebeck, and that we as to break off the negotiation, on their own | January next. Beside a great variety of us. should cede the portion of Maine which this responsibility—or our government so bent on ual legislative business, they passed a bill for line would exclude, to Great Britain. This war as to direct them to such an illfated step, raising 10,000 troops, to be enlisted for one demand is not offered as a sine qua non of we are sanguine in the belief that an advanta- year, or during the war ; to receive the same peace.

geous and honourable Peace may easily be pay as the troops of the United States, and the We can conceive of no interest the gove effected. With the most scrupulous delicacy, officers to be appointed by the Governour with ernment of the United States can take in this the British ministers have avoided the least advice of Council.

Bosh Houses in convention, on Tuesday, apquestion, which must not more deeply effect allusion to the circumstances under which our the state of Massachusetts herself. The north hostilities begun—the motives which it betray- pointed the following gentlemen, for the procorner of Maine, it may be seen by Maps, ed, the perverseness with which repeated offers posed conference at Hartford. (for we know nothing else about it) runs up of an arristice wero rejected. They sole mpambayan Hon. George Caboi, Harrison G. O!is, Timin the form of an acute angle, between the

declare their sole object to be—PEACE AN othy. Bigeloru, Naihan Dane, William Prescott, British Provinces of Canada and New Bruno FUTURE SECURITY.-They give not the most Samuel S. Wilde, George Bliss, Joshua Thom

as, Hodijah Baylies, Joseph Lyman, Daniel wick. Receding from the sea coast to a great remote intimation of an intention or desire to distance, and affording, in its present situation, deprive us of those important rights, our Fish- Waldo, Stephen Longfellow. no facility of intercourse with the world, it has eries and the India trade, which many feared remained unsettled and unexplored. Thus we should be required to sacrifice, or engage

LITERART AND MISCELLANEOUS. shut out from the ocean and contiguous to the

in a war of a more formidable aspect than any wilds of a foreign territory, to Massachusetts thing we have yet experienced. Our sincere it is worth no more than as many acres in the hope is, that instructions may be given to con- TUK WRITER, No. XIIII. Moon. But why then do the English wish it? tinue the negotiation ; our fear, God grant it

I Have no comments to make upon the folYes let our jcalousy be now awake, for it may not be well founded, is, that before the

lowing letter. may prove serviceable. They say they do not country can express its wish, its doom will be

To « the Writer." wish it for sake of the soil, but to open a direct sealed, and that the approaching year, will be

Sir,-When persons are ungratefully, or communication from Quebeck to New Bruns- a year of blood and desolation.

wantonly injured or aggrieved, there are variwick. A glance at the map will shew that

ous ways of seeking redress.

Sometimes this must be, to them, a great object, and that such a communication would doubtless be

GENERAL REGISTER.

wars are waged for revenge ; sometimes the

aid of civil law is implored to compel justice, speedily effected, if the proposed cession were

and sometimes the sufferers lift only the buín. to take place. The idea we have to suggest BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCT. 22, 1814. bler weapons of complaint, and expect satisis merely speculative, but it appears to us

faction and favour by spreading these comunquestionable, that for the advantages which

FOREIGN. No foreign news, except a plaints before the world. Now as I am forwould arise from a line of settlements from few particulars from Halifax. Admiral Coch-bidden by my benign sovereign and master, Quebeck direct to the river St. Croix, Massa- rane was there on the 12th, and about 3000

to engage in war, and as many of the injuries chusetts might barter the tract beyond, to great troops. The 98th Regiment had arrived from which are done to me are not cognizable by the advantage. Why would it not give value to Castine. It was there believed that Lord Hill laws of men, I think it proper, through you, an extensive frontier, which is now absolutely would have sailed from England in September. to lay my complaints before mankind, with worthless? The intercourse between the two

DOMESTICK. Niagara. The Buffalo the hope that when they shall have candidly, extremities, would be immense, bordering, Gazette of Oct. 12 states that General Izard's and seriously considered my case, they will through the whole extent, on our territory. army crossed the river at Black Rock, that feel their ingratitude ; and have good sense Towns and villages would appear, where our morning, and would the next day move down enough to correct abuses, which are a reproach wolves are now prowling in quiet. the Canada shore, the whole force 8,000 reg. permit me,sir, to say, that if you yourself kner

to themselves, and highly dishonour me. And If there be any thing in this, it is not a tame

ular troops. proposal to give away to Great Britain what is

Sackett's Harbour, On the 14th Commo. me as you ought, you would become an adve. useless to us, merely for her accommodation. dore Chauncey's feet were moored head and Cate in my cause, and acknowledge the ad. It is but converting what we cannot use, to stern across the harbour, in battle order. Sirvantages which you enjoy in the world through such a purpose as shall render what we reserve

James Yeo came out on the 11th with his force, my influence. I am respectable for my age, of real value. It is but pursuing the policy including his large ship, but returned the next

illustrious from my origin and descent, and of proprietors of uncultivated lands, who give day. As he has now the command of t'ie lake, intitled, not only to veneration for my pure a portion gratis, to settlers, whose improve it is supposed our feet will not leave port and unblameable character, but to the highest ments and society may encourage further im- this season.

love and affection, for my universal benevolence, migration. We need not urge a consideration Castine. Gen. Sherbroke has issued a and “ good will to mankind.”. This may be so well understood in this country, that cir- Proclamation ordaining a provisional govern thouglat speaking my own praise ; but, where. cunstances, alone, give value to any soil.

ment for that part of Maine cast of Penobscot. ever I am truly known, I can appeal with

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

confidence for the full acknowledgement of and by the other, as too degraded an image to human society, if it was only necessary for men these merits.

be worthy of any adoration or respect. Thus, to kill each other to acquire the right of doing That I am respectable, and venerable for however plain, unassuming, open, and ingen- one another, in other respects, all the mischief 'my age, wiil be readily allowed ; when I in- uous my character is, I am frequently repre- possible ?—to break their word to lie, proform you that I was cotemporary with the first sented as intricate, forbidding, mysterious, and vided nobody dared to say, “ You have lied ;" man, and that I have consequently existed hard to be understood. I believe there are

el in short, to separate loyalty from bravery, and near six thousand years. 'T true I was many honest and well meaning people, who transform courage into a mode of obtaining rather in my non-age until the year of the are deterred from courting my acquaintance social impunity !"--Madame Stael. world four thonsand and four. I then attained and becoming my friends, from seeing such complete and perfect maturity, and was dis-quarrels, and hearing the very different stotinguished by a most glorious exaltation. My ries that are told about me by these false adcharacter was formed, my office and duties,

POETRY. vocates. But if they would examine my famand rights, and requirements, were then most ily records, which are always open for inspec

EXTRACTS FROM LARA, fully pointed out, and so plainly exhibited to tion, and the declarations of the wise men of the world, that none, 10 whom my true name old, who have attested to the truth of those

A VERY INTERESTING PJEN BY LORD BYROX, and credentials are sent, can plead excuse, or records, they will be able to judge better of

Which vill be issued this day (or shortly, from the press ignorance, if they do not render me the re- my nature and character themselves, and not

Messrs. Wells & Lilly. spect and consideration, which is my due, and be deceived by false representations. What I their “ reasonable service." desire is, that I may be received by all men

DANGERS OF UNGUIDED YOUTI. I was sent into the world for the happiness as the friend of all. There are few persons of the world, and if mankind did not forsake who will not allow that I ought to have some

"LEFT by his sire, too young such loss to know, and despise me, I should certainly make them rule over the actions of men, and yet no one is

Lord of himself ;-that heritage of wo, happy. My requirements of men are few, ready to submit his actions to my control.

That fearful empire, which the human breast and simple, and easily performed, and are | Some think that my authority in the world is

But holds to rob the heart within of rest ! surely rewarded with abundance of peace very proper, to restrain the wicked and licen- With none to check, and few to point in time " and joy unspeakable." Yet ungrateful man tious; but as for themselves, they can do very The thousand paths that slope the way to crime : is discontented and disobedient; and regard- well without me. Others pretend that I am Then when he most required commandment, then less of my proffered friendship, “ has sought only a fit companion for the poor, the friend. Had Lara's daring boyhood govern’d men. . out many inventions” by which he may evade less, and the afflicted. To such indeed I am It skills not, boots not step by step to trace my easy laws, and disappoint my benevolent the happy messenger of peace and consolation'; His youth through all the mazes of its race ; designs. Instead of love and good will to but in the end it will be found that such con

Short was the csurse his restlessness had run, each other, which would be so serviceable to solation is equally necessary to the rich and feeble and imperfect beings, which would so

But long enough to leave him half undone.prosperous.

RELIGION. alleviate the natural miseries of human life ; instead of that friendship and endearing in

About the middle of the last “ Writer," for

FRUITS OF EARLY DISSIPATION. tercourse which it is my desire and object to

vice of modesty, lead, veil of modesty. promote, they despise or neglect my advice,

“ His early dreams of good outstripped the truth, and quarrel, and cheat, and revile, and slay

POETS.

And troubled manhood followed baffled youth ; one another, and thus reject the happiness I

Poetry is a blossom of very delicate with thought of years in phantom chase mispert, have endeavoured to procure them in that Ilgrowth ; it requires the maturing influence of And wasted powers for better purpose lent ; harmony which is as the dew of Hermon, or vernal suns, and every encouragement of cul

And fiery passions that had poured their wrath as the precious ointment upon the head, that

ture and attention, to bring it to its natural in hurried desolation o'er his path, ran down

on the beard, even Aaron's beard; Ferfection. The pursuits of the mathematician, And left the better feelings all at strife that went down to the skirts of his gatment. or the mechanical genius, are such as require

In wild reflection n'er his stormy life ; I have always had a host of enemies in the rather strength and insensibility of mind, than lusts and passions, and prejudices of the that exquisite and fine-wrought susceptibility, But haughty still, and loth himself to blame, world, but the subject of my present com

which invariably marks the temperament of the He called on Nature's self to share the shame, plaint shall be confined to the folly, miscon- true poet ; and it is for this reason, that while And charged all faults upon the fleshly form duct, and deceitlulness of those who pretend

men of science have not unfrequently arisen He gave to clog the soul, and feast the worm ; to be my friends. There are some people

from the hut of poverty and labour, very few Till he at last confounded good and ill, who boast of my acquaintance, and acknowl. legitimate children of the musc have ever And half mistook for fate the acts of will." edge my goodness and friendship, out of emerged from the shades of hereditary mere politeness, and to conform to the fashion obscurity. of the times ; but this is only a cold and ex

It is painful to reflect how many a bard lies ternal respect, and when alone, they feel no

nameless and forgotten, in the narrow house, ON BEING ASKED, “WHETHER HE REMEM. affection for my character, no gratitude for who, had he been born to competence and lei

BERED!” my benefits, no interest in my prosperity : sure, might have usurped the laurels from the

When the morn opes from clouds of the purest of still worse, for when they mis with rude and most distinguished personages in the temple

gold, of Fame. The very consciousness of merit vulgar company, they often openly laugh at, and insult me, There are others who make itself often acts in direct opposition to a stimu. And the beauties of Spring and of Autumn unfold, farther pretensions to my fwour ;, they come lus to exertiors, by exciting that mournful in. When thanks by all Nature in silence are paid, to my house at appointed seasons to pay their dignation at suppositious neglect, which urges Tues, I think, midst this scene of that beautiful maid. respects, provided, they have no urgent busi- a sullen concealment of talents, and drives its

At noon, when the sunbeams are scorching and hot, Dess, or fair excuses to detain them ; but in possessor to that misanthropick discontent this there is usually more forınality than af- which preys on the vitals, and soon produces Then slowly I enter her health-breathing grot, section ; and many of them come here as untimely murtality. A sentiment like this Or recline on the grass, in her favourite shade they would go to the levee of some great man, has, no doubt, often actuated beings, who at. Retracing the form of that beautiful maid. only to see the company, make their unineantracted notice, perhaps, while they lived, only

In the silence of night, when I wander alone, ing bow and retire. by their singularity, and who were forgotten

And all the world's visions of splendour are gone, There is another class who often bring me almost ere their parent earth had closed over

When the air is all still and the night shadows fade, into disrepute, by their over-zealous preten. their heads ; beings who lived but to mourn sions, and injudicious endeavours to do me and to languish for what they were never des. Then I think as I walk, of that beautiful maid.

E. service. These dress me up in a sort of fan- tined to enjoy, and whose exalted endowments

********************************** tastical habit, which pleases only their own

were buried with them in their grave, by the *** prejudices and perverse tastes, but which ren- want of a little of that superfluity which

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR ders me ridiculous to every body else, and serves to pamper the debased appetites of the

JOHN PARK, then insist that it is wrong for me to go abroad enervated sons of luxury and sloth." in any other dress. A quarrel, which is very

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, prejudicial to my true character and interest,

DUELLING.

NO, 4 CORNHILL. usually ensues, and I am abused by one par- NOTHING can imply a more utter dopravaty, as an Idol set up without any authority, tion of morals ; for what would become of Price three dollars per annan, balf ja advance.

POR THE BOSTON SPECTATOA

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1814.

NO. XLIV.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

one

POLITICAL.

command them and to command them can if a peace is not effected before the approachbe no object, unless to facilitate an invasion of ing summer, Mr. Madison will find that the

Canada. · I will by no means avail myself of lakes will be entirely forgotton, in the perils BRITISH PROPOSALS FOR PEACE.

the present popular disgust with the “ hope which the seaboard will have to sustain.

lesz" policy of making war upon Great Britain, But is it not to be inferred from this reaThe subject of the Lakes only remains to by attacking the Canadas. But I boldly ven- soning, that the comurand of these waters is be considered. The ministers of Great Brit- ture to assert, thai, if ever it be an object to likewise of small consequence to Great Britain claim that the western lakes, from lake the United States to take possession of the ain? Why then is it made a prominent, Ontario to lake Superiour, inclusive, be used Canadas, and we have an army devoted to that though not an essen ial, condition of peace ? by us, only for commercial purposes, leaving enterprize, sufficient to accomplish it, our gen- The British commissioners give this explanato her the sole military command of them, erais will never embark in boats to cross the tion : “ The joint possession of the lakes, and both by sea and land we : to have neither forts lakes—the road is open-the passage is direct ; a right common to both nations to keep up a on our side, nor vessels of war of any descrip- we have but to march over the lines, without naval force on them, necessarily produce coltion on the lakes.

waiting for naval combats, wind, or weather, lisions and render Pecce insecure." The truth In the first place, we are not to understand, and proceed at once to Montreal and Quebeck. of this is evident, and it is at least as much that by announcing such a claim, Great Britain The present administration have found to their our interest as hers to guard against probable says, agree io this, or I will make you. This sorrow and disgrace, that the grand difficulty occasions of future war.

occasions of future war. But why then is she is the impression of many, and, probably, be is not to get at Canada. Hull easily crossed not willing to agree there shall be no naval cause she was our mother, we are jealous the lives—but gave up his army, and came force, on either side, on the lakes? Because, that whatever she says, she speaks as back a prisoner on parole. Dearborn was in though England could not be supposed to having authority. In the nature of a negotia- Canada, but returned in haste, Wilkinson expect to make conquests in that quarter,” it tion, like this at Ghent, the meaning of a claim, easily advanced to the stone mill, much near- is the wayward, absurd policy of our rulers, to even if advanced as a sine qua non, is no more er Montreal than a fleet could have transport- rely on ihat route inia Canada, rather than any than this--Such a point is of so much conse- ed him, but he went no farther. Our grand other. The British government cannot oblige quence to me, I must prefer the evils and array at Niagara have been months within the ours to act with common sense, in the manhazard of war, whatever they may be, to a lines of Canada ; have lost many thousand men, agement of our own concerns. Though the peace without securing it. Stripped of all but have never been twenty miles in advance lakes are not in fact the preferable, they af. previous impressions therefore, the mere term of the river. The struggle for the lakes was ford a practicable passage into Canada. The claim, need not alarm that vivid sense of hon- long the miserable pretence, on which our command of this passage is therefore one seour, which, since France has ceased to kick, government excused the failure of their prom- curity to that colony. They cannot place the insult, and command us, has become so fash- ise to reduce these colonies in six months. province out of danger, for, in the nature of jonable.

Oer allant seamen took command of the things, it is and mis ever be “essentially In what other sense is this proposition de lecs; but our armies still prefer the route weaker than the Unisa States ;" but for this grading? If the British ministers had said, which secures a ready retreat. I apprehend no reason, they probably consider ii the more im. As for the lakes, the possession of them is of controversy in affirming plainly, that to main- portant, to reduce the extent of exposed fronno consequence to us we do not consider the tain fleets on these waters, in peace, would be lier as much as possible. Canadas in danger, from any harm you can do a national expense, wholly useless and that, Admit then that by such a regulation Great US---we hold your maritime efforts in con- in case of war, and a serious intention to take Britain could strengthen her Canadian provintempt--fill the lakes with your squadrons, in possession of the Canadas, our troops would ces against our encroachments. Is it not her welcome, we can annihilate them at pleasure, march, not sail.

duty to herself to accomplish it, if practic..ble ? and your armies with them. I say, if such Thus much in regard to offensive operations. Then why should we consider it an insult to language had been used, probably every man Is the military command of the lakes of any us, that she should attempt it ? Divest the in the United States would have pronounced greater consequence to us, for security and subject of every imaginary cause of feeling, it an abominable insult. When she expresses desence ?

and we are confident, were the agreement to directly the reverse, shall we insist that this is The command of the lakes would give us no give her the exclusive military command of insulting too? The reasons for this claim are security. Reversing the mere circumstance the lakes signed this moment, not a man in given in very explicit terms,-our power to of aggression, it is plain, cannot affect the ar- the United States would murmur. molest her colony, while the lakes are, in eve- gument ; it is the same. Whenever the Brit- Having dilated considerably on this article, ry respect, common to both. There, say her ish are prepared to invade us from Canada, we will now quit the subject, by stating its ministers, we are, and must be, comparatively a wide frontier is as open on one side, as several bearings in a closer view. Our posiweak-there you can injure us, and we must he other. With land force enough, they tions we presume will not be disputed, and guard against it by treaty.

might march down to Albany ; the lakes are we submit them to the serious reflection of But ihere is another sense in which this out of their way, and no navy there could of- readers, every one of whom has a deep interclain might be degrading-If it involved the fer us the least assistance ; they neither con- est in the course our government may pursacrifice of some great boon, on our part, 10 sti:ute nor command the passage. demand it would be insulting, because none But the danger of invasion from Canada, is Our use of the lakes, for commeroial purbut a humbled nation could consent to make in itself a gross absurdity. We have now poses, is not to be molested. great sacrifices. The grounds of such an ob- compelled the British to send a respectable Ti' there be but one hayal power on the lakes, jection will present themselves in their true foice to that quartur, to guard themseives ; there will be no rivalship, jealousies, nor conlighi, while we proceed to inquire, whether the but whenever England would strike an offen- tention. right to maintain a naval force on the lakes is sive blow, she will not send her armies hun- If England possess that power, she will of consequence to us, or not?

dreds of miles, through rivers and lakes, to only use it for defense ; for Canada alone can Why should we wish to have a naval force place them on a frontier, where they must never make war on the Unite: States ; and on the lakes? In time of peace, it will be traverse woods as many hundred miles inore when England is at war with us, policy will readily admitted, that lake fleets can be only a to reach us; if she wished to injure us, she always direct her operations against the Attax upon the nation, without a shadow of ad- would strike upon the Atlantick coast at once. lantick coast. vantage. In time of war with Great Britain, When a powerful nation, directed by an intel- But if it ever be our wish and our interest whenever that may be, the lakes cannot be ligent government, makes war, she goes where to conquer the Canadas, we have but to cress necessary as a scene of batile. For the pur- her enemy is, not where he is 7201-she seeks the Niagara or the St. Laurence. Fleets in poses of fighting, the ocean will always afford his property, not the desert ; and though pro- the lakes would be a great and unnecessiv us scope enough. If we would have a naval phesy is not immediately connected with our expense; a wasting of our naval sae', '. force on the lakes, it mu be with a view to argument, we do not hesitate to predict, tha where it might as well be disperised while

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and proportionally our seaboard, where it | ycomanry be again called to quit their homes, sive they appeared to men of reflection; and would be essential.

to defend these states, and then see whether at this moment we are persuaded the general Why then should we continue war for the we find any objection to the English taking impression is, that they contain nothing to formilitary command of the lakes?

their own seamen-the Indians keeping their bid the progress of negotiation ; and that if We have said nothing of fortresses on our own lands—the Canadians defending their an honourable peace is not effected, it will be own shores, for as the arguments offered by own territory, or to our own Massachusetts because our government prefer war. the British ministers do not apply to them, we making a profitable bargain, for a worthless The stronger this impression grows, the consider them as mentioned as a mere offset to corner of the state_if, as an alternative, we more desperate appears our situation. The the claim advanced by our ministers for in- can have honourable peace and prosperity. people have looked forward to the meeting of demnification for captures since the war.

Far be it from us, in humble obscurity, to the ministers at Ghent, with the utmost solicAnd now, to qualify the whole, let it be ob- propose measures. In such a crisis, we too itude. They now find, the first and highest served that the docunients from Ghent inform strongly feel our incompetence to indulge in claims of the British, such as open a door for us, this claim was but stated by the British such presumption. We are satisfied that our an honourable negotiation and an advantageous ministers ( as a subject upon which the disc destinies are under the control of that Provi- peace. But both our ministers and President cussion would be likely to turn.". It is not dence which prepares and accomplishes and perhaps a majority in Congress are for proposed as a sine qua non, and therefore if ever events in perfect wisdom; that Providence taking offence, and repeating their old trick, so inadmissible in its nature, was no necessary which seldom fails to mark out to the honest at this awful crisis. If this prove to be the barrier to negotiation—yet it is much to be patriot the course to be pursued, the path of case, our last hope vanishes ! feared our ministers will be abruptly ordered / rectitude, duty, and happiness. to return, or perhaps they have already quit the ground !!! I WRITE very freely on the present critical

GENERAL REGISTER. Had this war been the very reverse of what state of the Union, and my justification is it is—had it been waged against an outrageous, such, I hope, as will prevent any one from BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCT. 29, 1814. irreconcileable foc, it has now assumed so

taking offence, if there should be any reader threatening an aspect, the situation of the

whose views are different. country has become so deplorable, and the

POREIGN A few articles from London papers,

My justification is this. I offer no reflecperils we must brave so augmented, peace, tions, but such as appear to me to force them

to the 29th of August have been received by the way

of Halifax. even if attended with some sacrifices, would selves irresistibly on the mind... My sug- They give as the latest news from Ghent, that difficertainly, for the present, be sound policy. gesting the probability of great political chan- culties bad occurred in the negotiation that the John The government, no longer relying on its own ges will not produce them ; if they take Adams had gone home for instructions—and that the means, calls on the states to defend themselves place, they will grow spontaneously out of

British ministers were expected daily to return. -our publick debt has accumulated beyond imperious circumstances ; and the silence of

Reinforcements for regiments already in America, all calculation. The national credit is gone every publick writer will not prevent them!

and detachments from others in England, were proceed. • money cannot be borrowed at any interest

ing to Plymouth and Cork, to embark on the American

If there be a possibility of continuiug the the treasury is bankrupt; for though distressing federal compact, in any thing like its present They are to be joined by the British troops now at

expedition, which is said to be bound first to Bermuda. taxes have been levied and enormous appro- | form, it will depend on the adoption of meas- | Madeira. It was confidently asserted that Lord Ilill priations have been made, it is thirteen mil

ures, by the cabinet or Congress, which shall would embark in the Valiant ; on what day was not lions of dollars worse than empty, and yet make an adherence to the existing government announced. thousands of demands have not been credited! desirable. The only chance that remains of ish, Dutch and Spanish merchantmen, and were still

Algerine cruisers have taken several Swedish, DanOld taxes are doubled, and new ones proposed inducing the administration to adopt such in the Atlantick. The Swedish vessels had been lib. on the principal comforts and conveniences of measures, is to speak freely on the tendency of erated. life. Several portions of our country are al. what they are doing..

Ferdinand has ameliorated the Inquisition so far as ready in possession of the enemy, and double,

to interdict the use of torture to extort confessions. if not treble the force that has yet assailed us,

Detachments of Austrian, Russian and Prussian is daily expected on our coasts.

The National Intelligencer insultingly hints, troops have been sent to Tuscany to pass over to Elba. But the war was only a profligate scheme

that it is fear of the English that induces Is the little Exile restless ? of party madness from the first tatal to both

Massachusetts to adopt the language, which Bernadotte is still engaged in military operations our merchants and seamen, for whom it was

has recently been heard from our Legislature. against Norway: Is is not true, as reported that he professedly waged. Whatever the cabal who

We are not quite such shallow-brained polic from the other European powers, who had attempted began it may pretend, it does not now change ticians as to be pricked into the ranks of an to mediate, had made a fruitless attempt and withits character. The despatches, so far from infatuated President, by such insinuations.

drawn. giving us occasion to make common cause

We are no more afraid of the English now It is reported by the way of New Orleans that onwith our rulers, oblige them to commit a new

than we were when war was declared. Both hearing that Ferdinand had annulled the Constitution crime, even more aggravated than the first, if the evils we are beginning to suffer and their proposed by the Cortes, the government of New Mes. they persist in their struggle when so fair a consequences were then foreseen by many. ico had declared itself independent. prospect of accommodation is presented.

But evils in prospect never induce a people to DOMESTICK. The report of the defeat and cap. Can Mr. Madison possibly expect, that, un

step much out of their usual course of action- ture of General Drummond's army by Gen. Izard der such circumstances, the people will still

a consciousness of this produced something in proves wholly unforded. Or the contrary, General be the victims of that delusion which favoured our state rulers, a year ago, that looked then Izard had fallen back upon French creek, the British

having been strongly reinforced. his impostures, when the multitude felt no like timidity of another kind. Our general

From the Chesapeake we learn that several British alarm ?

government were so blinded by their folly as ships of war had gone to sea, and a sloop of war and Let him take his course-we disdain an

to be deceived by it. They thought, because three transports had arrived. attempt to intimidate him ; but the moment we did not take our stand at the sight of ca

The Governour of Pennsylvania has been required to

furnish 4000 men for the service of the United States, is probably not far distant when this truth will lamity, we were pledged to endure it to any

to rendezvous in a direction towards Baltimore. flash on the publick mind throughout New Eng- extremity. A little deeper knowledge of hu

The legislature of Rhode Island assemble next Monland that whatever our tyrants at the south

man nature would have taught them better. day. We trust that they will be of the sentiment ex. may think, who have brought upon us the

The propositions of the British ministers at pressed in a respectable Rhode Island paper, that horrors of war, the terms of peace proposed Ghent shew plain enough, that Great Britain," measures should be adopted to secure those resourby Great Britain as indispensable, are such though forced to be at war with us, is not so ces, now profligately wasted in offensive operations, as it would be our interest to have confirmed!! much our enemy, as the government we serve. for the protection of our own firesides. That if we submit to our miseries longer, we

The British being reinforced near Niagara, and our The only condition which they insist upon, army and fleet confined to Sackett's harbour, our war do worse than fight for nothing ; we fight and say must be conceded, is one which the against Canada, is, after all, brought to a complete against our interests! Will this author of United States may admit, without the least in stand, and nothing effected. So much for three years

war and our seventy-two million debt !! our calamities tell us, what we have to fear, jury, and therefore without the least dishonour. if we secure our safety and immediate pros.

This is so very obvious, that with all the The flag was hoisted on Fort Strong, at noon, last perity by peace ? An attachment to the Un- care taken, before the documents appeared, Wednesday. Three forts at South Buston are in great

forwardness. ion, that rope about our necks, by which we to prepossess the publick mind against them,

CONGRESS. The House of Representatives have have long been held in cruel bondage, still there was no evidence of any considerable senexposes us to voluntary sufferings ; but let sation, when they were first perused. The appointed a select Committee to inquire into the expe

diency of rebuilding or repairing the President's our treasury reports be circulated among the documents themselves brought an antidote to house, capitol, and publick offices. people-let the tax-gatherers demand a list of the misrepresentations circulated in advance.

Both branches have agreed to purchase Mr. Jeffer: our furniture, provisions, and clothing-let our Every day they were examined, thë less repul- son's library for the use of Congress.

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