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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1814.

NO. XLIV.

jonable.

: POLITICAL.

command them-and to command them can if a peace is not effected before the approach

be no object, unless to facilitate an invasion of ing summer, Mr. Madison will find that the FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

Canada. I will by no means avail myself of lakes will be entirely forgotton, in the perils

the present popular disgust with the “ hope-| which the seaboard will have to sustain. BRITISH PROPOSALS FOR PEACE.

lege" policy of making war upon Great Britain, But is it not to be inferred from this reaThe subject of the Lakes only remains to by attacking the Canadas. But I boldly ven- soning, that the command of these waters is be considered. The ministers of Great Brit- | ture to assert, that, if ever it be an object to likewise of small consequence to Great Britain claim that the western lakes, from lake the United States to take possession of the ain? Why then is it made a prominent, Ontario to lake Superiour, inclusive, be used Canadas, and we have an army devoted to that though not an essen.ial, condition of peace ? by us, only for commercial purposes, leaving | enterprize, sufficient to accomplish it, our gen- The British commissioners give this explanato her the sole military command of them, erals will never embark in boats to cross the tion : " The joint possession of the lakes, and both by sea and land we : to have neither forts lakes-the road is open the passage is direct; a right common to both nations to keep up a on our side, nor vessels of war of any descrip- / we have but to march over the lines, without naval force on them, necessarily produce coltion on the lakes.

waiting for naval combats, wind, or weather, lisions and render Pecce insecure." The truth In the first place, we are not to understand, and proceed at once to Montreal and Quebeck. of this is evident, and it is at least as much that by announcing such a claim, Great Britain The present administration have found to their our interest as hers to guard against probable says, agree to this, or I will make you. This sourow and disgrace, that the grand difficulty occasions of future war. But why then is she is the impression of many, and, probably, be- l is not to get at Canada. Hull easily crossed not willing to agree there shall be no naval cause she was our mother, we are jealous the lines—but gave up his army, and came force, on either side, on the lakes? Because, that whatever she says, she speaks as one back a prisoner on parole. Dearborn was in though England - could not be supposed to having authority. In the nature of a negotia- Canada, but returned in haste. Wilkinson expect to make conquests in that quarter," it tion, like this at Ghent, the meaning of a claim, easily advanced to the stone mill, much near- | is the wayward, absurd policy of our rulers, to even if advanced as a sine qua non, is no more er Montreal than a fleet could have transport- rely on ihat route inita Canada, rather than any than this--Such a point is of so much conse- ed him, but he went no farther. Our grand other. The British government cannot oblige. quence to me, I must prefer the evils and array at Niagara have been months within the ours to act with common sense, in the manhazard of war, whatever they may be, to a lines of Canada ; have lost many thousand men, agement of our own concerns. Though the peace without securing it. Stripped of all but have never been twenty miles in advance lakes are not in fact the preferable, they af. previous impressions therefore, the mere term of the river. The struggle for the lakes was ford a practicable passage into Canada. The claim, need not alarm that vivid sense of hon- long the miserable pretence, on which our command of this passage is therefore one se. our, which, since France has ceased to kick, government excused the failure of their prom- curity to that colony. They cannot place the insult, and command us, has become so fash- | ise to reduce these colonies in six months. I province out of danger, for, in the nature of

Oer sallant seamen took command of the things, it is and must ever be sessentially In what other sense is this proposition de lacs ; but our armies still prefer the route | weaker than the Unisa. States ;" but for this grading? If the British ministers had said, which secures a ready retreat. I apprehend no reason, they probabiy consider it die more im. As for the lakes, the possession of them is of controversy in affirming plainly, that to main- | portant, to reduce the extent of exposed fronno consequence to us--we do not consider the tain fleets on these waters, in peace, would be tier as much as possible. Canadas in danger, from any harm you can do a national expense, wholly useless-and that, Admit then that by such a regulation Grea: US--we hold your maritime efforts in con- in case of war, and a serious intention to take Britain could strengthen her Canadian provintempt--fill the lakes with your squadrons, in possession of the Canadas, our troops would ces against our encroachments. Is it not her welcome, we can annibilate them at pleasure, march, not sail.

| duty to herself to accomplish it, if practic..ble ? and your armies with them. I say, if such Thus much in regard to offensive operations. Then why should we consider it an insult to language had been used, probably every man Is the military command of the lakes of any us, that she should attempt it ? Divest the in the United States would have pronounced greater consequence to us, for security and subject of every imaginary cause of feeling, it an abominable insult. When she expresses defence ? "

and we are confident, were the agreement to directly the reverse, shall we insist that this is the command of the lakes would give us no give her the exclusive military command of insulting too? The reasons for this claim are security. Reversing the mere circunstance the lakes signed this moment, not a man in given in very explicit terms,- our power to of aggression, it is plain, cannot affect the ar- the United States would murmur. molest her colony, while the lakes are, in eve-guient; it is the same. Whenever the Brit- Having dilated considerably on this article, ry respect, common to both. There, say her | ish are prepared to invade us from Canada, we will now quit the subject, by stating its ministers, we are, and must be, comparatively I a wide frontier is as open on one side, as several bearings in a closer view. Our posi. weak there you can injure us, and we must the other. With land force enough, they tions we presume will not be disputed, and guard against it by treaty.

1 might march down to Albany ; the lakes are we subinit them to the serious reflection of But there is another sense in which this out of their way, and no navy there could of readers, every one of whom has a deep interclaiin might be degrading-If it involved the fer us the least assistance ; they neither con- ! est in the course our government may pursacrifice of some great boon, on our part, tosti:ute nor command the passage.

sue. demand it would be insulting, because none. But the danger of invasion from Canada, is! Our (130 of the lakes, for compieroial pur. but a humbled nation could consent to make in itself a gross absurdity. We have now pose, is not to be molested. great sacrifices. The grounds of such an ob- | compelled the British to send a respectable lithere be but one hayal power on the lakes. jection will present themselves in their true force to that quartor, to guard themselves ; l there will be no rivalship, jealousies, nor conlighi, while we proceed to inquire, whether the but whenever England would strike an offen- tention. right to maintain a naval force on the lakes is sive blow, she will not send her arınies hu- ! f England possess that power, she will of consequence to us, or not?

dreds of miles, through rivers and lakes, to only use it for defense ; for Canada alone can Why should we wish to have a naval force | place them on a frontier, where they must never make war on the United States ; and on the lakes ? In time of peace, it will be | traverse woods as many hundred miles more when England is at war with us, policy will readily admitted, that lake fleets can be only a to reach us; if she wished to injure us, she always direct her operations against the Attax upon the nation, without a shadow of ad- would strike upon the Atlantick coast at once. I lantick coast. vantage. In time of war with Great Britain, | When a powerful nation, directed by an intel- But if it ever be our wish and our interest whenever that may be, the lakes cannot be ligent government, makes war, she goes where to conquer the Canadas, we have but to cross necessary as a scene of batile. For the pur- | her enemy is, not where he is 9201.she seeks the Niagara or the St. Lau rence. Ficets in poses of fighting, the ocean will always afford | his property, not the desert ; and though pro the lakes would be a great and unneces: us scope enough. If we would have a naval phesy is not immediately connected with our expense ; a wasting of our nava! sael. force on the lakes, is must be with a view to argument, we do not hesitate to predict, that where it might as well be dispensed will

and proportionally our seaboard, where it | ycomanry be again called to quit their homes, sive they appeared to men of reflection ; and would be essential.

I to defend these states, and then see whether at this moment we are persuaded the general Why then should we continue war for the we find any objection to the English taking impression is, that they contain nothing to formilitary command of the lakes ?

their own seamen-the Indians keeping their bid the progress of negotiation ; and that if We have said nothing of fortresses on our own lands—the Canadians defending their an honourable peace is not effected, it will be own shores, for as the arguments offered by own territory, or to our own Massachusetts because our government prefer war. the British ministers do not apply to them, we making a profitable bargain, for a worthless The stronger this impression grows, the consider them as mentioned as a mere offset to corner of the state-if, as an alternative, we more desperate appears our situation. The the claim advanced by our ministers for in- can have honourable peace and prosperity. people have looked forward to the meeting of demnification for captures since the war.

Far be it from us, in humble obscurity, to the ministers at Ghent, with the utmost solic· And now, to qualify the whole, let it be ob- | propose measures. In such a crisis, we too itude. They now find, the first and highest served that the docunients from Ghent inform strongly feel our incompetence to indulge in claims of the British, such as open a door for us, this claim was but stated by the British such presumption. We are satisfied that our an honourable negotiation and an advantageous ministers “ as a subject upon which the dis- destinies are under the control of that Provi- peace. But both our ministers and President cussion would be likely to turn." It is not dence which prepares and accomplishes and perhaps a majority in Congress are for proposed as a sine qua non, and therefore,if ever events in perfect wisdom ; that Providence taking offence, and repeating their old trick, so inadmissible in its nature, was no necessary which seldom fails 10 mark out to the honest at this awful crisis. If this prove to be the barrier to negotiation-yet it is much to be patriot the course to be pursued, the path of case, our last hope vanishes ! feared our ministers will be abruptly ordered | rectitude, duty, and happiness. . to return, or perhaps they have already quit the ground ! ! !

| I WRITE very freely on the present critical GENERAL REGISTER. Had this war been the very reverse of what state of the Union, and my justification is it is-had it been waged against an outrageous, such, I hope, as will prevent any one from BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCT. 29. 1814. irreconcileable fce, it has now assumed so

taking offence, if there should be any reader threatening an aspect, the situation of the

whose views are different. country has become so deplorable, and the My justification is this. I offer no reflec

POREIGN A few articles from London papers, perils we must brave so augmented, peace,

to the 29th of August have been received by the way tions, but such as appear to me to force them

of Halifax. even if attended with some sacrifices, would selves irresistibly on the mind. Mij sug

They give as the latest news from Ghent, that difficertainly, for the present, be sound policy. gesting the probability of great political chan- | culties bad occurred in the negotiation—that the John The government, no longer relying on its own

ges will not produce them ; if they take Adams had gone home for instructions—and that the means, calls on the states to defend themselves

place, they will grow spontaneously out of British ministers were expected daily to return. -our publick debt has accumulated beyond

imperious circumstances ; and the silence of Reinforcements for regiments already in America, all calculation. The national credit is gone

and detachments from others in England, were proceedevery publick writer will not prevent them! ·money cannot be borrowed at any interest

ing to Plymouth and Cork, to embark on the American

If there be a possibility of continuiug the expedition, which is said to be bound first to Bermuda. the treasury is bankrupt; for though distressing

federal compact, in any thing like its present "They are to be joined by the British troops now at taxes have been levied and enormous appro- | form, it will depend on the adoption of meas Madeira. It was confidently asserted that Lord Hill priations have been made, it is thirteen milo ures, by the cabinet or Congress, which shall would embark in the Valiant ; on what day was not lions of dollars worse than empty, and yet make an adherence to the existing government

announced. thousands of demands have not been credited ! desirable. The only chance that remains of

Algerine cruisers have taken several Swedish, Dan. Old taxes are doubled, and new ones proposed | inducing the administration to adopt such

ish, Dutch and Spanish merchantmen, and were still

in the Atlantick. The Swedish vessels had been lib. on the principal comforts and conveniences of measures, is to speak freely on the tendency of erated. life. Several portions of our country are al. what they are doing..

Ferdinand has ameliorated the Inquisition so far as ready in possession of the enemy, and double,

to interdict the use of torture to extort confessions. if not treble the force that has yet assailed us,

Detachments of Austrian, Russian and Prussian is daily expected on our coasts.

The National Intelligencer insultingly hints, troops have been sent to Tuscany to pass over to Elba. But the war was only a profligate scheme

that it is fear of the English that induces | Is the little Exile restless? of party madness from the first fatal to both

Massachusetts to adopt the language, which Bernadotte is still engaged in military operations our merchants and seamen, for whom it was has recently been heard from our Legislature. I against Norway. Is is not true, as reported, that he

had accomplished any decisive victory. The Envoys professedly waged. Whatever the cabal who | We are not quite such shallow-brained poli

from the other European powers, who had attempted began it may pretend, it does not now change ticians as to be pricked into the ranks of an

to mediate, had made a fruitless attempt and with.

in its character. The despatches, so far from infatuated President, by such insinuations.

drawn. giving us occasion to make common cause

We are no more afraid of the English now It is reported by the way of New Orleans that on

than we were when war was declared. Both hearing that Ferdinand bad annulled the Constitution with our rulers, oblige them to commit a new crime, even more aggravated than the first, if !

the evils we are beginning to suffer and their proposed by the Cortes, the government of New Mes.

consequences were then foreseen by many. they persist in their struggle when so fair a

ico had declared itself independent. But evils in prospect never induce a people to

DOMESTICK. The report of the defeat and capprospect of accommodation is presented.

ture of General Drummond's army by Gen. Izard step much out of their usual course of actionCan Mr. Madison possibly expect, that, una consciousness of this produced something in

proves wholly unfounded. Or the contrary, General der such circumstances, the people will still

İzard had fallen back upon French creek, the British be the victims of that delusion which favoured our state rulers, a year ago, that looked then

having been strongly reinforced. his impostures, when the multitude felt no like timidity of another kind. Our general

From the Chesapeake we learn that several British alarm?

government were so blinded by their folly as ships of war had gone to sea, and a sloop of war and Let him take his course—we disdain an to be deceived by it.

three transports had arrived. They thought, because

we did not take our stand at the sight of caattempt to intimidate him ; but the moment

The Governour of Pennsylvania has been required to lamity, we were pledged to endure it to any is probably not far distant when this truth will

furnish 4000 men for the service of the United States,

to rendezvous in a direction towards Baltimore. extremity. A little deeper knowledge of huflash on the publick mind throughout New Eng.

The legislature of Rhode Island assemble next Monland—that whatever our tyrants at the south man nature would have taught them better.

day. We trust that they will be of the sentiment ex. may think, who have brought upon us the

The propositions of the British ministers at pressed in a respectable Rhode Island paper, that

Ghent shew plain enough, that Great Britain," measures should be adopted to secure those resourhorrors of war, the terms of peace proposed by Great Britain as indispensable, are such

though forced to be at war with us, is not so ces, now profligately wasted in offensive operations, as it would be our interest to have confirmed ! ! much our enemy, as the government we serve.

for the protection of our own firesides.

The British being reinforced near Niagara, and our That if we submit to our miseries longer, we

The only condition whico they insist upons army and fleet confined to Sackett's harbour, our wat do worse than fight for nothing ; we fight

| and say must be conceded, is one which the against Canada, is, after all, brought to a complete

United States may admit, without the least in- stand, and nothing effected. So much for three years' against our interests! Will this author of

jury, and therefore without the least dishonour. | war and our seventy-two million debt !! our calamities tell us, what we have to fear,

This is so very obvious that with all the The flag was lioisted on Fort Strong, at noon, last if we secure our safety and immediate pros.

Wednesday. Three forts at South Boston are in great care taken, before the documents appeared, perity by peace ? An attachment to the Un

forwardness. ion, that rope about our necks, by which we

to prepossess the publick mind against them,

there was no evidence of any considerable sen- ! CONGRESS. The House of Representatives have have long been held in cruel bondage, still exposes us to voluntary sufferings ; but let sation, when they were first perused. The appointed a select Committee to inquire into the expe

diency of rebuilding or repairing the President's our treasury reports be circulated among the documents themselves brought an antidote to

house, capitol, and publick offices. s the misrepresentations circulated in advance. people--let the tax-gatherers demand a list of

Both branches have agreed to purchase Mr. Jeffer our furniture, provisions, and clothing let our' every day they were

Every day they were examined, thë less repul. son's library for the use of Congress,

Taxes are still the most interesting object of atten. | days o his life, and many hours in every day, Gl’involte il mento, e su l'irsuto petto tion. The new Secretary of the Treasury has made a when he was altogether insensible to their Ispida e folto la gran barba scende report, which will nonplus the wisest. The Federal

beauty. The little unmeaning and uninterest. Republican observes, “it is interesting for its frank,

E in guisa di Foragine profonda ness. The most important disclosure is that Mr.

ing details of domestick life ; the usual cares S'apre la bocca d'atro sangue immonda. Madison and Co, are bankrupt for upwards of thirteen and concerns of female duty ; sometimes, permillion of dollars ! !" haps, the irritations and disturbances of domes

Such images are far beneath Milton's Satan The object of the Secretary, in the plan he propos tick economy, produce expressions which are

who es, and which he shews will be necessary, is to adopt neither interesting nor pleasing ; and while

above the rest a system of permanent taxation, which shall raise an.

In shape and gesture proudly eminent, nually the amount of twenty one million of dollars Fahey produce these, the beauty of the counte

Stood like a tower ; his form had not yet lost which will be required every year, until, by raising a nance (however latently great) is unfelt and still greater sum, the amount of the publick debt can be unobserved. Whenever the countenance as. all her original brightness, nor appear'd reduced. “This,” says the Boston Daily Advertiser, sumes the expression of any amiable or inter Less than archangel ruined ; and th' excess “it is feared will never happen, for this annual expen. esting emotion, the beauty of it immediately Of glory obscured ; as when the sun new ris'n diture exceeds by 8,000,000 of dollars the average returns » returns."

Looks thro' the horizontal misty air amount of our revenue in our most prosperous days." The President's instructions to our ministers, which

Shorn of liig beams. we mentioned as having been laid before Congress,

THE WRITER, No. XXIV. | It is the mind in Milton's devils that is hideous; are now before the publick, excepting such omissions as were marked confidential. They are very long ; There has been much jealousy among mod

and in this respect they are sufficiently diabolbut we shall endeavour to give a sketch of this famous ern nations with regard to their poets. The | ical ; but to represent them with tails and thick question in Reduction descending,

Epick is usually considered as the highest | bristly beards, and as vomiting blood, may create stretch of human genius and ingenuity, there. | disgust, though it does not make us tremble.

Lord Kaims,in his Elements of Criticism, has LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

fore each nation has contended for the honour
of having produced the most perfect model of

et model of given some instances wherein Tasso degene-
FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.
this species of writing. Tasso, Milton, Cam- rates into quaint antithesis and low conceits,

when he attempts to delineate passion ; and in BEAUTY.

oens, Voltaire, and Klopstock have had their MR. ALLISON, in his justly admired treatise

comparing him with Milton, where love is the several advocates, and the countries, to which on “ The nature and principles of Taste," has they belong, have suecessively claimed the

subject of both, it will be found that he is very

faulty in this respect, whilst the English bard is given a very complete analysis of beauty, much palm of victory in this literary contest. Nay, I

always tender and conformable to nature. In more interesting to the ladies, than the puffs | some of them go so far as to arrogate the su. periority over Greece and Rome, and boldly

the conversations between Adam and Eve, we of cosmetick venders, or the most ingenious devices of the toilette. He very boldly atsnatch the laurel from the brows of Homer

have the purest sentiments of love, exprest with tacks the commonly received opinion, that the

great simplicity, in the most soft and affectionand Virgil to grace the temples of a bard of

ate terms. Even in the anguish of his soul, beauty of the human countenance depends on modern times. In an cdition of the Italian poets the Editor says, “ Che il Ta880 afferrò l'epico

when Eve had incurred the curse of death by the union of certain forms and colours ; and maintains that all the satisfaction we feel is con mincri difetti de'suoi emoli, antichi e novi, į ating me tom

| eating the forbidden fruit, Adam's distress is

one di cute; derived from e voul dire, con muggior perfezione di tutti."

natural, and the dignity of his character is the gratification of the moral

preserved by the most appropriate language sense,—from a discovery of the expression of He allows however that Virgil alone would

thrvugh the whole of this afflicting scene. An some pleasing or interesting quality.

have surpassed him, if he had taken' sufficient

To support his argument, he appeals both to reason time and pains in correcting the great poem of

equally distressing scene may be found in the the Eneid. And the French author Palissot and experience ; and as, to many of our fair

Geruselenme Liberata, where Olindo and Sofreaders, who will not take the trouble to read (whor in his book of « des Hommes celebres,” | ronia are to be burnt at the stake. But mark has not forgotten to give his own name a place)

what different ideas the situation inspires accorAllison, the secret of appearing beautiful may

ding to Tasso ; Olindo addresses his lovely remarks of the Henriade, “ Les nations voisines be valuable, we transcribe a few passages for

s'enorguiellissaient de leur poemes épiques,

| partner in distress, in puns their perusal, “ I will presume to say there is no man tandis que nous n'avions rien à leur opposer

en ce genre, M. de Voltaire a vengé l'honneur who has ever felt the sentiment of beauty,

Questo dunque è quel laccio ond' io sperai de la France par son immortelle Henriade.|

Teco accoppiarmi in compagnia di vita ? who will not acknowledge that he has felt it in

The English very justly boast of their Milton,

Questo è quel foco ch'io credea che i cori the most various and even opposite conformabut in terms of more modesty ; for I do not

Ne dovesse infiamn mar d'eguali ardori ? tion of features ; that, instead of being governed by any physical law of form or colour, every recollect that they have ever claimed a right to

Canto 2d, stanza 3. feature and colour has been experienced as

place him aboye either Homér or Virgil, or And afterwards in the next stanza pleases

vaunted that they had avenged themselves on beautiful, when it was felt as expressive of

himself that they shall lie together on the amiable or interesting sentiment : and that in the world by producing Paradise Lost. Yet I |

funeral pile though not in the nuptial bed. fact, the only limit to the beauty of the human

am inclined to think that this great work must, This subject might lead me into a long countenance, is the limit which separates vice among modern pretenders, stand unrivalled.

| discussion, and would require me to transcribe from virtue ; which separates the dispositions Passing by the Hcnriade, for it is presumed

largely from botlı authors; but as this number or affections we approve, from those which we that none but Frenchmen will ever contend for

is already well seasoned with quotations, I shall disapprove or despise. an equality between that and Paradise Lost, I

not pursus it any farther at present, but per"We hear, every day, the admiration of shall, in a few instances, compare this last with

baps con:inue it in my next or some future beauty :-Ask, then, the enthusiast to explain the Gerusalemme Liberata of Tasso ; and

paper. to you in what this beauty consists. Did he

where the same subject is treated of in each, feel that it were in any certain conformation

they are surely susceptible of a fair comparison.
Milton's devils are always sublime ; so much

HUMAN EXISTENCE. of features, or any precise tone of colouring,

so that he has been complained of for the dig. In the following extract, which opens the he would tell you minutely the forms, and proportions and colours of this admired coun

nity he has continued to these once celestial second Canto of " LARA," we trace a strong tenance. But is it thus, in fact, that the com

inhabitants, after they had fallen. But Tasso resemblance to Pope's spirit and style. The munication is made ? Is it not, on the con- 1

has no respect for them, and does not fail 10 passage partakes of the sombre hue, which iintrary, by stating the expression which this represent them as hideous and disgusting. ges Lord Byron's writings, even to excess, but countenance conveys to him?

it is impressive and beautiful.

Oh come strane, ol come orribil' forme ! “ When we differ, with regard to individual

Quant'è ne gli occhj lor terrore e morte !

« Night wanes--the vapours round the mountain beauly, we do not support ourseives by any Stampano alcuni il soul di ferinc orme

curi'd, physical investigation of features. 1: is the

B'n fronte umana an chiome d'angui attorte

Melt into morn, and light awakes the world : characıer of the countenance we disagree in : aid when we feel that this character is either

E lor s'aggira dietro immense coda

Man has 3110ther day to swell the past, unmeaning or expressive of unpleasing dispo

And lead sim near to littie-but lvis last;

Che quasi sferza si ripiego e snoda. sitions, no conformation of features, and no

Bua mighty Natcre bounds us froin our birth, And again, splendour of colours, will ever render it beau

The sun is in the heav'ns, and life on eartii; tiful to us.

Orrida maesta' nel fero aspetto

Flowers in the valley, splendour in the beam, “Every man, who has had the good fortune Terrore accresce, e piú superbo il rendo

Health in the gale, and freshness in the strean. to live in the society of beautiful women, must Rosseggian gli occhj ; e di veneno infetin

Inmortal mau ! behold her glories shine, have often observed, that there were many Come infausta cometa il guardo splerde

And cry, exulting inily, “they are thine !

[graphic]

Gaze on, while yet thy gladden'd eye may see, ruptures ; and as the Germans are endowed Mr. Langton attended bim constantly, and A morrow comes when they are not for tiiee ;

with more imagination than real passion, the soothed some of his last hours with the most And grieve what may, above thy senseless bier, most, extravagant events take place with sin pleasing and affectionate assiduity. Once Nor earth nor sky will yield a single tear ;

gular tranquillity ; nevertheless, it is thus that whilst Mr. Langton was sitting by his bedside, Nor cloud sball gather more, nor leaf shall fall,

manners and character lose every thing like Dr. Johnson seized his hand, and exclaimed

consistency; the spirit of paradox shakes the with great emphasis Nor gale breathe forth one sigh for thee, for all ;

Te teneam moriene most sacred institutions, and there are no fix- | deficiente manu." But creeping things shall revel in their spoil,,

ed rules upon any subject. And fit thy clay lo fertilize the soil.” One may fairly laugh at the ridiculous airs X

· ANECDOTE. We do not mean to accuse his Lordship of l of some German women, who are continually as Francis I. happened one day to be amus. plagiarism, for the resemblance we have men

exalting, themselves even to a pitch of affecting himself by a combat of lions, a lady, having tioned to the prince of English poets is to be tation, and who sac

| tation, and who sacrifice to their pretty soft- let her glove fall, said to Delorges. If you found in the sound and manner, more than ness of expression all that is marked and strik wish me to believe you love me as much as in the sentiment.

ing in mind and character ; they are not open,

| you every day swear you do, go and bring

even though they are not false ; they only 1 back my glove." It was the age of chivalry. Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze,

see and judge of nothing correctly, and real and Delorges immediately went down among Glows in the stars and blossoms in the trees.

events pass like phantasmagora before their those terrible animals, took up the glove, reAsk for what end the heavenly bodies shine, eyes. Even when they take it into their heads I turned, and presented it to the owner ; but in Earth for whose use ? Pride answers " 'Tis for mine." 1o be light and capricious, they still retain a despite of her arts and advances, refused ever See dying vegetables life sustain ; tincture of that sentimentality which is held in

to visit her again. See life dissolving vegetate again ;

so high honour in their country. A German « The age of chivalry is gone,” but ladies All forms that perish other forms supply,

woman said one day, with a melancholy ex- | may yet peruse this anecdote with advantage. By turns we catch the vital breath and die.

pression, " I know not wherefore ; but those | It is dangerous to require such proofs of affecEssay on Max

who are absent pass away from my soul.” A tion, as shew the want of it in themselves.
French woman would have rendered this idea

with more gaiety ; but it would have been
PRETEXTS FOR WAR.
fundamentally the same.

POETRI.
Some watchword for the fight

Notwithstanding these impertinences, which
Must vindicate the wrong and warp the right :
form only the exception, there are among the

SELECTED. Religion-freedom-vengeance-what you will,

women of Germany numbers whose sentiments A word's enough to raise mankind to kill ;

are true and whose manners are simple. Their ON THE REPINEMENTS OF METAPHYSICAL PHILOSOrus. Some factious phrase by cunning caught and spread

careful education, and the purity of soul which
is natural to them, render the dominion which

You, who would be truly wise,
That guilt may reign, and wolves and worms be fed.

they exercise soft and equal ; they inspire you To Nature's light unveil your eyes,
Lord Byron's Lara:
from day to day with a stronger interest for

Her gentle calls obey :
Capt. Truly to speak, Sir, ar.d with no addition, all that is great and generous, with more of She leads by no false wandering glare,
We go to gain a little patch of ground,

confidence in all noble hopes, and they know No voice ambiguous strikes your ear,
That hath in it no profit but the name.
how to repel that bitter irony which breathes

To bid you vainly stray. To pay five ducats fire, I worá not farm it.

a death-chill over all the enjoyments of the Ham. Why then 'twill never be defended.

heart. Still we seldom find among them that Not in the gloomy cell recluse, Capt. Yes, 'tis already garriscn'd.

quickness of apprehension, which animates For noble deeds or generous views, Hum. Two thousand souls and twenty thousand du

conversation and sets every idea in motion ; She bids us watch the night :

this sort of pleasure is scarcely to be met with Fair virtue shines to all display'd, cats

any where out of the most lively and the most Will not debate the qucstion of this straw :

Nor asks the tardy schoolman's aid,
wilty societies of Paris. The chosen company
This is the impostume of much wealth and power,

To teach us what is right.
That inward breaks, and shows no cause without rare delight : elsewhere we generally find Pleasure and pain she sets in view,
Why the man dies. Rightly to be great

only eloquence in publick, or tranquil pleasure And which to shun and which pursue
Is, not to stir without great argument. SHAKSPEARE.
in familiar life. Conversation, as a talent, ex-

Instructs her pupil's heart. ists in France alone ; in all other countries it

Then letter'd pride ! say what thy gain, GERMAN WOMEN. answers the purposes of politeness, of argu

To mark with so much fruitless pain ment, or of friendly intercourse : in France, "The German women have a charm, exclu

Thy ignorance with art ? have a charm, exclu- it is an art, to which the imagination and the

. De. BLACKLOCK, \sively their own a touching voice, fair hair, soil are no doubt very necessary, but which a dazzling complexion ; they are modest but | posseses, besides these; certain secrets by which less timid than English women ; one sees that the abscence of both may be supplied when

SONNET. they have been less accustomed to meet with necessary." Madame de Stael's Germany. their superiors among men, and that they have

Way do those years which long since have passed besides less to apprehend from the severe cen

More joyous than the present hours appear ? sures of the publick. They endeavour to please

DR. JOHNSON AND DR. LANGTON.

Say, were they chilled by no unkindly blast, by their sensibility, to interest by their imag Sir William Forbes has given the following Sad with no sigh, polluted with no tear ? ination ; the language of poetry and the fine account of the first acquaintance of these lite- Yeg, ere they fed, they felt misfortune's storms, arts are familiar to them ; they coquet with rary friends.

And like the present had their sorrows too. enthusiasm, as they do in France with wit and! When Mr. Langton was no more than six- 'Tis Fancy, fruitful in her airy forms, pleasantry. That perfect loyalty which distin- teen years of age, and before he went to the

That decks them in a garb they never knew : guishes the German character, renders love University, having read, with a high degree less dangerous to the happiness of women ; of admiration, Dr. Johnson's celebrated “ Ram

m. Fancy, unfetter'd by that clay-linked chain, and perhaps they admit the advances of this bler," which was first published about that pe- ! Which, ever mingling with our present joys, sentiment with the more confidence, as it is ' riod, he travelled to London with a view of! The purest charms of intellect destroys. invested with romantick colours ; and disdain becoming acquainted with its author. In this Thus foolish man seeks happiness in vain, and infidelity are less to be dreaded there than he succeeded, and Johnson being struck with Who striving the reality to find, elsewhere.

his great piety, love of learning, and suavity of Knows but its form by traces left behind. Love is a religion in Germany, but a poetical sa religion in Germany, but a poetical manners, conceived a warm affection for hlin;

R. H. Wood. religion which tolerates too easily all that while he on the other hand, was charmed

**tok*tempo******* *************************************** sensibility can excuse. It cannot be denied with Dr. Johnson, whose ideas and sentiments that the facility of divorce in the Protestant he found congenial with those he had early,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR states is prejudicial 10 the sacredness of mar | imbibed at home. From that period, notwith

JOHN PARK, riage. They change husbands with as little standing a considerable disparity of years, a difficulty as if they were arranging the incidents most intimate friendship took place between BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, of a drama ; the good nature common both to them, which lasted, without the slightest in

NO. 4 CORNHILL. men and women is the reason that so little terruption, as long as Johnson lived. When bitterness of spirit eyer accompanies these easy the death of his inestimable friend drew near, Price three dollars per annum, half in advance.

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POLITICAL.

| When to bear is obviously the greatest evil, to raise a state army at the national expense,

and when there is a reasonable prospect of while the nation, instead of supporting us, imFor THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

succe88 in the proposed amelioration. Not poverishes us by taxes, is mockery a gross The Declaration of American Independence till then.

insult. is a state paper, consisting of two distinct

Without entering into any discussion of

THE RECONCILIATION. parts ; the first, a series of general principles,

right or wrong, we take the following posiconsidered to be always true, and always in

It is insinuated, in some of the southern tions to be unquestionably true-We cannot go force ; the second, a series of positions, illus.

papers, that the collision between the general on in this war, as a state, without the use of trating those principles, and shewing specifigovernment and the state of Massachusetts is

our own resources-and, the general governcally wherein they had been violated by our in a train of accommodation ! We should ment cannot, and will not suffer us to use our lawful and acknowledged government, that of indeed be happy to learn that such was the I own resources. If this may be considered a Great Britain, which, by defeating the purpos- | fact ; because the only measures which will mere opinion now, a few months more will es that governinent is instituted to effect, bad quiet Massachusetts, will be equally beneficial reduce it to a demonstration. There is there. not only absolved the people of these then to the whole republick. The general govern- fore no possible reconciliation between Massaprovinces, from all obligation of allegiance, but | ment, it is suggested, will appoint Governour chuscits and the federal government, but in had rendered resistance a duty. The occasion

PEACE. Strong commander in chief of such forces as of this last part was temporary ; but the first, the state may think proper to raise for its | Peace we must have, and Peace we will if ever good, is as good, as valid, and as im- own defence; allow him to commission his offi. | have ; and for the best reasons in the world. portant now, as ever. cers ; and will promise to reimburse to the

Ist. Because the war was an atroclty from There must be some very extraordinary commonwealth ihe expense of raising and sup the first : an infamous sacrifice both of charchange indeed in the political circumstances porting these troops.

acter and interest ; a mere plot, got up by an of this country, and in publick opinion, if it Without any intercourse with the govern unprinciplcd, aspiring cabal, to secure and percan be considered in any degree improper to

ment of this state, we venture to say, no such | peluate the power of a few, to the ruin of look back to this instrument, which we have propositions will answer, and for this plain

and for this plain thousands and the injury of millions.

2nd. Because the general government have been educated to value for the soundness of reason ; they do not conform, in any imporits doctrines, and to respect as embracing lant point, to the spirit of the governour's

tant point, to the spirit of the governour's / proved themselves as incompetent to the demany of the fundamental maxims, on which

fence of the country, as they were profligate the political institutions of free governments to the present necessities of the state.

in cxposing us to the calamilies of war, waged

. are founded.

From these documents we learn, that the against a nation, which would have gladly Let us attend to the wisdom of the fathers evil which the political fathers of this com- / been our friends. of our country. monwealth seriously apprehend and wish to

3d. Because the general government, hav" We hold these truths to be self-evident ;

guard against, beside the calamities of war, is l.ing thrown the task of defence upon ourthat all men are created equal ; that they are

cxtreme poveru, if not general bankruptcy. selves, su?! oxlorts from us the sinews of war The burthens already imposed by the general

-Pharaoh like, comniands us to make brick, endowed by their Creator, with certain unagovernment are distressingly heavy, and yet

and lakes from us our straw. Jienable rights ; that among these are life, they are but small, compared with the sweep

4th. Because the state of Massachusetts, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That

ing taxes, which are now in contemplation. I exposed as slie is by her extensive sea-coast, to secure these rights, governments are insti. The operation of these, if they pass, and there

even were she not impoverished by the ruintuted among men, deriving their just powers

is no doubt but they will, will be to drain the ous edicts and rcquisitions of Congress, is not from the consent of the governed ; that when. ; euer any form of government becomes destruc

last cent from the pockets of nine tenths of able to pit herself against Great Britain, as, tive of these ends, it is the right of the people

the people. Thus incapacitated from making | next summer, she must, if war continue. any exertion, we are to be left to raise armies

5th. Because Great Britain shews a disposi. to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new and defend ourselves! If government strip

tion to make peace, on terms which would be government, laying its foundation on such

us of the means. how can this be accomplish. Ifavourable to the inierests of Massachuselis, of principles, and organizing its powers in such

Ted? We cannot raise troops but with mon- | New England, and in fact of all the Atlantick form, as to them shall seeni most likely to ef.

ey. If we give our moncy to the general gove Staies ; and not injurious to the nation. fect their safety and happiness. Prudence, ernment, to support armies on the frontiers of

61h. Because, if the general government indeed, will dictate, that governments. Jong ese

Canada, and in the Floridas, we cannot have it will not make peace, when it is so obviously tablished, should not be changed for light and to support state troops.

practicable, the Eastern staics can undoubledtransient causes ; and accordingly, all experi.

But we must borrow-involve thc state in 1 ly stcure this greaicsi cs all blessings, 10 ence hath shewn, that mankind are more dis. | debt, and the federal government will pay

themselves, whenever they choose, and with. posed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than us !

vui tlie least danger of civil commotion. Our to right themselves by abolishing the forms 10

The credit of this state is good now ; but which they are accusionied. But when a long

| intcresis in thesc eastern states are ONE. Pensuch a step would ruin it. The state cannot

sions and places still command partizans ; but. train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing ingive security of itself, for the amount that it

ile inimions of our oppressors among our. variably the same object, evinces a design to

selves, will rone of them hazard a drop of reduce them

would be necessary to expend, to render our under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their DU'IY, 10 THROW OFF

situation secure, and the promise of the gene blood against the people--and the South, if ral government is no security, and would be

they choose to carry on the war alone, will SUCH GOVERNMENT, and 10 provide

considered none. Backed by such a promise find full employment, without disturbing our. new guards for their future security."

alone, state paper would not command any

paper would not command any tranquillity. But when are such principles to be brought I considerabie sum : for let it be observed, the 1 7th. Because it is in our power to turn the: into operation ? Who are judges of the time

Union has owed us a balance of the very tables upon cur tyrants. They have made when they become authoritative and obligato. Native and obligalo- | same kind, for upwards of ihinty years, which

war against us and our prosperity, rather than ry? These are important questions.

it will not pay. With such a warning, shall / against Great Britain. Whenever New-EngIt is clear julers will never admit that the

we trust to future indemnification ? Besides, ! land chooses to say, “ we have core with the time bas come. The people therefore, the

the promises of the government are now accu

e of the government are now accuesrar," what follows ? Probably a state of aggrieved people, must be the judges. How mulating at market, below par, owing to more

I things which our blind, headlong rulers have are they to know when they ought to “ alter recent evidence of bac failli. Will such in noi yet contemplated--but which die pressure or abolish” their form of government ? The

dorsers enable our state 10 Lorrow -Never. of their insupportable measures ray jeduce reason of the thing does not point out the par

| The case is a simple and a clear one--if con- | to reality, within a few months - The L. (13) licular day or month, when their original | gress take from us our rescurces, it taines i states at Teace-free irco war-tot-lice lights revert to them, but circumstances will. from us :be mcauis. of dolcrce, and I er puission , tron ile dulger of insasion, tror.. ; ; la

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