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-restored to their profitable occupations-, Sec. 3. Marshals and assessors are to de- , Thus ends the invasion of Canada, in that our farmers busy, preparing their produce for termine the precincts or territorial Divisions quarter. the market our ships again afloat, and our of each Class, so that the property in each Sackett's Harbour. A letter from this post, commerce reviving with all the world-wealth, Division shali be as nearly equal as possible- dated the 28th ult. states it as the general beginning once more to flow into our seaports and give notice to each resident in the Dis. expectation that an attack will be made on and spread through the interior.-The South | trict of the number of the precinct to which he that place, in a few days. It is supposed that ern states, in the mean time, or as many as belongs, &c.

a considerable force,from Sir George Prevost's choose it, persevering in the war ; sinking Sec. 4. In case of failure, cach Class to pay army, are at Kingston, ready to come over. under enormous taxes ; sometimes attacked a penalty, which if not paid in days shall be Chesapeake. The British have landed about by the enemy ; always in terrour and in arms; collected of the taxable inhabitants of the dis- | 1000 men on Tilgman's Island, in Choplank cut off from all intercourse with the world ; trict in proportion to property real and per- river, where they have plenty of fresh provis. no revenue from commerce-Flour and rice | sonal to be decided by the Tax list, or any | ions, and have prepared themselves comforta. perishing by vermin-Tobacco rotting-ne other just and equitable standard by which ble winter quarters. groes absconding, if not worse employed, the actual wealth of the party may be ascer- Castine. The British are severing this stores in cities closed, and plantations lyingtained, &c. &c.

town from the continent by a canal, and are waste.

actively engaged in making fortifications. The Does any political bigot, any determined i.

1. Every man who has read the Constitution naval force remaining there, last Saturday, was vassal to Madisonian despotism tell me, these

knows, that all powers not expressly given to

Congress, by that instrument, are reserved to l ernment schooner and several transports. A suggestions are out of order and incendiary

the several legislatures of the states, or if not reinforcement of 500 troops were shortly ex. This is my reply. The picture I have given will most certainly present itself to every i

cxpressly delegated to them, to the people at | pected from Halifax. New Englandman's mind, when the horrours large.

A court of inquiry has been held at Ports.

Every man who has read the Constitution mouth, composed of Captains Hull and Smith, of next summer's campaign open upon uswhen houses, lands. occupations, furniture, and I knows, that it provides no mode of access, by on the loss of the United States ship Adams, clothing are subjected to the intolerable tax

Congress, to the militia of the United States, by which it was decided that the officers and

we i but by application to the respective state au. crew had done their duty, and they were hones, now preparing by Congress-when we but by application to the respective s

thorities. must either see ourselves at the mercy of an

ourably acquitted.

Yet this bill passes by the state authorities, incensed enemy, or glean, after the desolating

Spirit of reform. A report by a joint comhand of the federal government has passed

in utter contempl; and, without the least form mittee of the legislature of Connecticut, in fa. over us, for a remnant of means to keep up

or ceremony, or even saying, by your leave, vour of appointing seven delegates to attend

empowers officers of the federal government the Convention at Hartford, has been accepted, the unnecessary, self-immolating struggle empowers officers of the federal government | the Conv

her to class the militia-regulate draughts-drag | by 150 to 30. when the conscript system, Now plotting by

A communication from the the national legislature, shall drag ihe father, the citizens from their houses and families, or, I Gorerna.

Governor of Massachusetts on this subject husband, son, and brother, by force, from his ¡ in case any class fails of complying with this has be

has been laid before the legislature of Ver. home and kindred, to fight for the right of unconstitutional Turkish requisition, the mar- | mont, by Governor driving Indians from their own, unconquered,

I shals are to seize on the property of the delin- Hon. Isaac Tichenor, a federalist, is apundisputed, unalienated soil ! When these | quents !!

pointed Senator to the Congress of the United things present themselves on one hand, as

A measure so outrageous in its nature ; so States, for six years, as successor to Mr. Robthey shortly will, the alternative I have de

daring and unqualified in the terms, in which | scribed will obtrude itself on the mind of the | it is announced ; so distressing to the people

CONGRESS. The report of the Commitmultitude, in spite of every artifice to check in its operation, needs no comment. Let it

tee of ways and means on Taxes, principally such views. The law of self-preservation come it will result in good. It will wind up will then triumph over every subordinate obli

the career of the President and his cabal : for occupied the attention of the House of Repre. gation.

sentatives from the 22nd to the 27th of OctoIn justice it should, and in

we doubt whether a single state in the Union, fact

however democratick, will submit to it. it will.

ber. Tax resolutions, have passed by large

majorițies, and been referred to the Commit. Under no circumstances do we apprehend

tee of Ways and Means to report bills. a permanent severation of the proper territory


On the 27th, a letter was communicated of the United States ; it is neither 10 be de

from the Secretary at war, suggesting the sired nor feared. We warn our present

| BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOV. 5, 1817. principles of the bill, taking the direct comsouthern masters to beware liow they make an

mand of the militia, mentioned under our poexperiment of relative independence ; it may teach them a lesson more humiliating than

FOREIGN. A report has reached. us. Titical head.

1. The subject of taxes was resumed ; a rethe past proofs of New-England's superior

| said to be brought to Portsmouth, N. H by a prosperity. In the second compact they will

gentleman who left Aberdeen, in Scotland, on solve passed in favour of adding 50 per cent. never see the conditions of the first. Give as

the 3rd of September, that Lord Hill had been to the present dutics on foreign merchandise a new administration, give us peace, and re

ordered to Holland, with a part of the force / retailed.

destined for America, and that the expedition, On the 28th a resolve passed in favour of form may prevent revolution.

under him, was, for the present abandoned. / establishing a National Bank 93 to 54. This news has not been confirmed.

1 This bank, according to Mr. Secretary DalTYRANNY!...CONSCRIPTION !... WAR UPON OUR UNALIENATED RIGUITS ! From Berinuda, we learn, that about al

las's plan, is to embrace a capital of 50 millthousand troops remained there on the 1911 of ions, 20 to be subscribed by the U. States, in A BILL is now before Congress, of a charOctober, but no expedition was preparing from

6 per cent stock ; and 24 millions by compaacter, which, if it pass into a law, as it probatbát quarter. Two hundred American prison.

nies or individuals, if they choose, in six per bly will, sets the Constitution and the spirit of

cent. stock and treasury notes. Six millions the people at defiance. It is headed

rival of Admiral Cochrane, who left Halifax | only are to be paid in gold and silver coin. An Act to provide for filling the Ranks of the on the 12th, was duily expected.

Government are to have a right to borrow 30 Regular Army by classifying the free White | DOMESTICK. Niagara Frontier. Oct.

millions, at 6 per cent. Male population of the United States.

19. General Izard crossed Chippewa river, Sec. 1. All the white male Inhabitants be.

| six miles above the inain British ariny, after a tween 18 and 45 to be classed_classes of 25 skirmish, in which his loss is stated at about

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. in each, in every Township, Parish, or other 70, kliled and wounded On the 23d the

FOR DIE BOSTOX SPECTATOR. Territorial Division, are to be made under the

American army had fallen back and were staauthority of the U. S. assessors—where there

THE WRITER, No. XXV. tioned opposite Black Rock. In the mean are no Assessors under Marshals assessors

time, the British Ontario squadron, now com. 1 I Have often thought that the class of and Marshals bound, under penalty to com

manding the lake, had passed up to Niagara, women who are usually denominated old plete the Classification in a given time.

with considerable reinforcements to General | maids, instead of the reproach which this term Sec. 2. Each class shall furnish one able

Drummond. Since which, and latest, ac- is generally meant to convey, have a considebodied man between 18 and 45 to serve during counts have arrived from Buffalo, that the rable claim to merit, and are really deserving the War-to be delivered over to the Asses

whole of Gcneral Izard's army, including that of approbation and applause. oy them to be delivers lately commanded by General Brown, bad In the early ages of the world, when the ed over to the U. S. officers authorised to re- l'crossed the Niagara, to the American side, I earth wanted inhabitants, it might be a grievceive him,

having first destroyed the works at Fort Erie. Tous complaint not to be able to raise up.chile

sor or

dren, to people and cultivate it. But why at I have had little expectation of falling into It is the mirror that reflects one's image back this late period, when the human race have their hands There are many situations in life, with more than original charms. Narcissus, multiplied to such an inconvenient excess, as where a female requires protection ; where indeed, fell in love with his person, reflected that exterminating wars are necessary to thin feebleness denies the power, or delicacy will by a silver stream, but then it seems the their crowded ranks, we should consider it not permit her, to act in her own defence. In ! youth was handsome ; but vanity is a comdisgraceful to die without descendants, is a these cases, there can be no friend so useful | plaisant representative, that asks no native sort of paradox which I am not casuist enough and disinterested as a husband; but, as it unfor- beauty in the object, but can render deformity to explain.

tunately happens that this connexion often itself agreeable to the self-beholder. Vanity In China, it is said, that the population is brings difficulties, embarrassments, and diy. | acts the part of every kind of speculum ; it so immense, that the women throw their chil. grace, to countervail the advantages of it, it lessens the defects, magnifies the beauties, and dren into the canals, because they will not be is at least prudent in a woman to weigh them multiplies the merits. If the severe brow of encumbered with more than they can support. together, before she inconsiderately binds her wisdom repels thy airy phantoms, how welIn such a state,it would surely be more honour. destinies to another. Considerations like these, come art thou still to the empty head and able to live an old maid, than voluntarily to ex. if they have not kept me aloof from the male aching heart, thou divine artificer of human pose one's self to such a wretched and unhap

happiness! Vanity is a moral mason, that, of py alternative.

fear, that every man I met would endeavour | dirt and straw, can build a palaco wall ; and, If it were really a moral or religious duty, to trepan me into the matrimonial snare, have from the worst materials, raise the inost su-for every female to be married, as it is to be determined me to act considerately in a mat perb architecture. Who would rob frail huhonest or to be christened, we could then ac- ter, where disappointment or error might em- | man nature of this great support ?" count for the stigma which attaches to a sin- bitter my future life. As I never had an idea gle life, and for the consequent eagerness, in of shunning the men, I early determined that some, to avoid the penalty of violating such my behaviour amongst them should neither in

COW PER. an obligation. Or if it was invariably true dicate a desire of their notice, nor a disposition The general excellence of Cowper's works that every woman, who had sufficient churins to repel such notice with coldness or disdain.

may be said to consist in their ease, simplici. to engage a lover, was always ready to accept I was desirous, equally to avoid the suspicion

ty, and occasional strength. His defects are, of his hand, as soon as it was offered ; if rol of wanting a husband, or the affectation of de

that the pursuit of these qualities has often led one ever refused to enter the Temple of Hyo termining never to have one. It was a matter him to their extreme-to the point where men, when the gates were ready open to re- of little concern to me, whether I was destin

they cease to be an excellence, and fall into ceive her, it might be supposed, that the few ed to be a wife, or not ; but if this should ever

their adjacent defect. It is thus that the ease who linger round the walls, were undeserving happen, I knew I must be woo'd, and not un.

of Cowper is too often carelessness, triteness, the favours of love, and were of those foolish sought be won." How far this was a maxim

and fainiliarity. He will appear, in many pasvirgins who had not kept their lamps trim- with the young ladies of my time, or those of

sages, even to his most partial admirers, to med and burning. But we know that this is the present day, I shall not undertake to say ;

have adopted Wycherley's definition of easy not the case. There are many fine women, but I have often thought the men had more

writing, which is ludicrously said to be, that, who have trod the walks of life alone, and | encouragement given to them, than their mer i

which every one can write easily. Of that laprobably with more pleasure and satisfaction it generally deserved ; and I have sometimes

boured ease, that natural, but not too obvious to themselves, than if with partners and con. wished that it was not quite so easy a matter facility, which, with all the effort of labour has nexions, with whom they must have shared for a man to get married, who had but few

nothing of its appearance, he seems to have their “ bliss or woe.qualifications 10 make the woman he chose a

I sought or to have attained nothing. His ease As we ought not to suppose, that the whole happy wife. I should therefore recommend

will be thought to consist in little but the rebusiness of a woman is to endeavour to get to our young ladies, to set a better price upon

| jection of every thought, sentiment, and immurried, we have no right to consider those themselves, and not to suffer their persons to

age, the employment of which was an affair of wbo escape, as failing in their enterprize, and be bid-off under valve. They should consid

labour and difficulty. He has little of rapture, therefore as incurring the disgrace of a de. | er themselves as sterling, while most of the land less of sublimity. It is in the same man. feat.

young men now current have a great deal ner with his simplicity. He is not contented Many not only very amiable, but sensible | alloy ; and remember that when bad money with neglecting those iawdry ornaments which and desirable women never enter the bonds of is cried down, there will be more pure coin

are indeed the disgrace of our more modern matrimony ; and,among my acquaintance, there

poets,-he sometimes passes over those patare several who are highly respected and es. frown upon vice and dissipation, men would

ural embellishments, wbich may be considered teemed as being Old Maids from principle. be reclaimed. But, whilst we consider intem

| as the life and soul of poetry. His simplicity They hare perhaps no unconquerable objec- perance as frolick, leivdness as gallantry, and

is thus nothing less than nakedness. His tions to the marriage statc, but only have not profaneness and gaming as venial faults that moral vein is very discernible, and runs pure preferred it, at the hazard of their peace of time and our influence will cure, the age will

and unadulterated with any singularity from mind, or the sacrifice of their affections. They grow worse instead of better, and the preacher

the varying fashion of time and place ; and have not been willing to unite themselves to a of morals or religion will find his hopes of

several passages in his poem on 6 Truih" are man of bad character, or of no character at reformacion vain. I have no wish to increase highly characteristick of a soul enamoured of all ; and had rather retain their own responsi- | the number of our sisterhood, nor do I envy 1 her disine dictates. A single instance will at bility and happiness, than to marry a man in the advantages of any who have surrendered

the same time serve to mark the neatness and cautiously, whose vices might disgrace them, their independence, and put themselves under

even subliinity of the thought, and the rough, or whose ill humour might often pledge them the protection and control of a husband ; but

unmanageable structure of the numbers in a cup of sorrow.

I would acquaint all young ladies, who may Having received a letter from a sensible and have prejudices against a maiden life, that we

“Oh! bow unlike the complex work of man, agreeable old maid, wlio treats this subject have many pleasures, and are exempt from

Heaven's easy, artiess, unincumber'd plan! very much in the same light in which I have numerous cares-cares which are so often

No meretricious graces to beguile, been accustomed to view it, I shall give it a suffered by others, from their dearest friends

No clustering ornaments to clog the pile ; place, entire, in this paper. .

and connexions. In fine, that we are happy,
| and that the best way for them to continue, or

From ostentation as from weakness, free,
To « the Writer.
I become so, will be to live single till they are

It stands like the Cærulean arch we sce,
Sir, I am an unmarried lady of forty-five, I sure of being wited to a man of character and Majestick in its own simplicity-
and consequently what the world calls an old



Inscribed above the portal from afar, maid ; and although this appellation is gene

Conspicuous as the brightness of a star, rally considered as a term of reproach, yet, for


Legible only by the lightness that they give, myself, I can answer, that I never dreaded it!

Stand the soul-quickening words- Believe and live. as such : on the contrary, I have ever felt «WHAT a magnanimity there is in praising proud of the spirit and principle which has one's self, when not one of our hearers en

Notwithstanding the « sesquipedalia verba," been the occasion of its being applied to me. ter's into the merit of the subject. Is it right

which abound through all his didactick poems, I will not pretend that I was always predeter- for a good Protestant to leave infallibility un

the reader is much relieved at the close of mined in favour of a life of celibacy, nor deny contested to the Pope of Rome? It is im.

his verse, by the natural and easy turn of the that there are men in the world with whom I possible to live in such a state of indifference

period, which in some measure repays him might have been willing to have shared the as not to love and admire somebody, and who

for the briars through which he must gather joys and sorrows of life ; but I must confess should it be but one's dear inseparable self?

the fruit.

[Monthly Register. that there are so few of these in our days, that 'How transporting are the pleasures of vanity !!!

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A MUSICAL EAR EXPLAINED. from the natural objects which surrounded | Jove, let thy mighty hand o'erthrow

them. Their dialogues display no epigram- The baffled malice of my foe; (I have been disposed to consider a musical car, or

matick wit, or scholastick precision. He pos And may this child, in future years, the aptitude and power of this organ to discriminate

sessed the rare and difficult art of infusing into

ne rare and dimcuit art of insusing into | Avenge his mother's wrongs and tears. between coincident and dissonant sounds, to be their songs that sweet and simple negligence, Y 2 mere accident of attention or perception, in very | which reminds us of the infancy of poetry. LYJE WIND PASSETH OVER IT, AND IT IS carly life. But if the following remarks are sup He knew low to give to their strains the soft

GONE. ported by anatomical observation, sensibility to con- tones of innocence, such as they must have cord and discord is owing to a physical conformation breathed, when the pure sensations of an un I saw a dew-drop, cool and clear, of the auditory organ.]

corrupted heart kindled the fancy, and filled Dance on a myrtle spray ;

it with all the most lively and pleasing images Fair colours deck'd the lucid tear, The difference between a musical ear and which nature can supply. It is true, that the Like those which gleam and disappear one which is too imperfect to distinguish the simplicity of manners, which still existed in When showers and sunbeams play. different notes in musick, appears to arise en his own age, must have facilitated this task

Sol cast athwart a glance severe, tirely from the greater or less nicety with to the poet : a pointed and epigrammatick

And scorched the pearl away. which the muscle of the malleus render's the

style was not then considered the zenith of membrana tympani capable of being truly ad-1

capable of being truly ad. | perfection, nor had the allurements of wit then High on a slender, polish'd stem, justed. If the tension be perfect, all the va obtained a preference over the more solid ac A fragrant lily grew : riations produced by the action of the radiatcd quirements of judgment and taste."

On the pure petals many a gem muscle, will be equally correct, and the ear

Glitter'd a native diadem truly musical ; but, if the first adjustment is


Of healthy morning dew: imperfect, although the actions of the radiated muscle may still produce infinite variations,

"GREAT obscurity is unpardonable in a po A blast of lingering winter came, none of them will be correct : the effect, in

et. The use of poetick description, is, by the And snapp'd the stem in two. this respect, will be similar to that produced assistance of numbers, melody, and fiction, as it

Fairer than morning's early tear, by playing on a musical instrument which is

were, to transfuse the soul of the bard into the not in tune. The hearing of articulate sounds bosom of his auditor, and raise a new creation

Or lily's snowy bloom, requires less nicety in the adjustment, than of of wonders before unknown to him : but, to af

Shines beauty in its vernal year, inarticulate or musical ones; an ear may therefect powerfully, it is necessary in some degree

Bright, sparkling, fascinating, clear, fore be able to perceive the onc, although it

to understand ; the moment we quit the Gay, thoughtless of its doom ! is not fitted to receive distinct perceptions

thread, we are lost in the labyrinth ; the wand Death breathes a sudden poison near, from the other.

of the magician is broken, and we are disap And sweeps it to the tomb. The nicely or correctness of a musical ear!

pointed and discouraged. If the obscurity of being the result of muscular action, renders the poet convert the garden of nature, into

THE HUMMING BIRD. it, in part, an acquirement ; for, though the

which he had conducted us, into a misty desoriginal formation of these muscles in some

ert ; if we no longer be affected, the moment Tus following beautiful lines on the HUMMING BIRD ears renders them more capable of arriving at

this sable curtain is spread before his scenery, are from the pen of a celebrated Spanish scholar, this excellence, early cultivation is still neces- |

how strongly does this objection apply to Mr. Raphael Landivar, a native of Guatimala, and are sary for that purpose ; and it is found that an Gray's most celebrated poems !”

extracted from bis Rusticatio Mexicana. We ear, which upon the first trials seemed unfit to

y should be very glad to be favoured with a poetical receive accurate perceptions of sounds, shall,

translation.] by early and constant application, be rendered


· Nil tamen exiguo norit præstantius orbis tolerably correct, but never can attain excel. Jence. There are organs of hearing in which

Colibrio dulcis spoliato murmure vocis,* the parts are so nicely adjusted to one anoth

Sed claro temules pennâ radiante per artus. er, as to render them capable of a degree of

GENTLE Zephyr, as you fly,

Exiguum corpus, førsan non pollice majus, correctness in hearing sounds which appears.

Should you meet my lovely fair,

(Quod rostro natura parens munivit acuto preternatural.

Softly whisper, “ you're a sigh,"

Atque artus ferme totos æquante volucris.) Children, who during their infancy are much

But do not tell whose sigh you are

Induit aurato viridantes lumine plumas, in the society of musical performers, will be

Et va.ios miscet tracto a sole colores.

Limpid Streamlet, should my dear naturally induced to attend more to inarticulate sounds than articulate ones, and by these

Cross your current as you flow,

Ille volat rapidum Zephyrum superante volatu, means acquire a correct ear, which, after lis

Murmuring tell her, “ you're a tear,"

Et raucum penná tollit stridente susurrum. tening for two or three years to articulate

But not whose eyes have swoll’n you so.

Roscida si vero fragranti educere flore

Mella velit rostro, viresque reducere membris, sounds only, would have been attained with

(Quippe aliâ quacumque negat se pascere inensa) more difficulty.


Sistitur in medio concussis aëre pennis, This mode of adapting the ear to different sounds, appears to be one of the most beauti

TRANSLATED FROM THE GREEK OF SIMONIDES. Nectareum donec tereti trahat ore liquorem. ful applications of muscles in the body ; the When the wind resounding high

Ast adeo prompte subtiles concutit alas, mechanism is so simple, and the variety of ef Bluster'd from the northern sky,

Ut vigiles fugiant oculos, ludantque citata ; sects so great.

When the waves in stronger tide

Suspensamque putes volucrem super æthera filo,

Sin autem sylvis borealis bruma propinquet,

Dash'd against the vessel's side, GESSNER'S OPINION OF THEOCRI.

Her care-worn cheeks with tears bedew'd,

Plusque vagus solito friģescat Jupiter imbre,

Frigida præcipti linquit Colibrius arva

Her sleeping infant Danaë view'd, “I HAVE ever considered THEOCRITUS as the

Nostra fuga, linquitque levi viridaria penna

And trembling still with new alarms, best model of pastoral composition. In his Around him cast a mother's arms.

Et longum montis nigris absconditus umbris writings, we find simplicity of manners and

Indulget placido, ceu Progne arguta sopori,

“ My child, what woes does Danaë weep ! feelings best preserved; he was a nice ob

But thy young limbs are wrapp'd in sleep.

Dum luces Aries stellatis noctibus æquet, server of every minute circumstance that re

In tbat poor nook, all sad and dark,

Verque novum pratis antiquum reddat honorem. lates to the pastoral and simple charms of naWhile lightnings play around our bark,

Rusticatio Mexicana, lib. xiii , v. 217, 249 ture ; in his idyls we meet something besides roses and lilies. His descriptions are not the

Thy quiet bosom only knows

." Avicula hæc Colibri in America Meridionali, in Septentrio The heavy sigh of deep repose.

nali vero Chupa-mirto dicitur." efforts of a mind crowded with common-place

Note by Landivar.
The howling wind, the raging sea,

***** **************** ********** and obvious images : they possess the beautiful

*********** simplicity of nature, from which they appear No terrour can excite in thee ;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR every one to have been copied. He has gir The angry surges wake no care, en to his swains the highest degree of artless That burst above thy long deep hair ;

JOHN PARK, innocence ; they speak sensations, as if their But couldst thou feel what I deplore, pure and uncorrupted hearts lay on their lips :

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, Then would I bid thee sleep no more. and every image which ornaments their poe Sleep on, sweet boy ! still be the deep!

NO. 4 CORNHILL. try, is drawn from their usual occupations, or ! (Oh could I lull my woes asleep!)

Jioc three dollars per annum, half in advance.








nion now calls aloud ? The thing is imprac- | vassed by the people. The only one, propose ticable.

ed as indispensable, is one which we may well FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

Now if we raise new men, or our old tried rejoice to see ; the people, here, are shewing FATE OF THE ADMINISTRATION

patriots, to power, with such expectations, the by their sofirages, that they are not to be

country will either be totally disappointed duped ; even the late friends of Madison and We observe many of the political writers with their measures, or, if they yield to the war, are fast uniting with us, for PEACE, since of the day are indefatigably labouring to shew, current of opinion, we should only be involv- | the despatches from Ghent have proved to that the present deplorable state of our coun ed in deeper ruin and disgrace. Our chimer- | them how casily it might be obtained, if our try requires a change of rulers, and that our ical and revived confidence would stimulate |

ical and revived confidence would stimulate government and ministers were disposed to national concerns should be wrested from the us to an experiment of new and greater sac- ! amicable negotiation. hands of incapable and unprincipled men, and rifices, and all to worse than no purpose. We ! The policy which led to this war, and the entrusted to those, whose virtue and wisdom cannot look upon this war but with utter des support which it has received, has ever been, may conduct us back to honour and prosperity. / pondency, no matter by whom it is conducted; | in a great measure, geographically defined.

in this ultimate object, we trust that we not that we fear the English could easily or If we must have a war party, we do not refeel as sincere an interest, as any citizen of ever conquer us, but because we cannot com gret, that this geographical distinction is bethe Union ; and we look forward with hope and I pel them to give us battle, and they can com- | coming more strongly marked. Union among confidence to the exertions of certain distiy-pel us to be forever on our guard, a state ourselves, in this section of the country, is deguished individuals, who have given many sub. | which it is plain our country cannot long sus sirable, on account of our local concerns and stantial pledges of their integrity, their talents. tain.

happiness; and, thank God, if it advances, as and their devotion to the publick weal. But The present administration, we repeat it, present appearances give reason to liope, the ve bave not urged the expedience of chang. are at the bottom of the bill they will be two grand parties for peace and war, may, ing rulers so zealously as some, because it í glad to escape from the indignation of an in- | ere long, find it practicable that both should be. appears to us, the administration are rushing suited, ruined people ; from that notoriety in gratified. . headlong to their own doom ; their case is disgrace, to which, political elevation would desperate ; they have created difficulties from expose them. But let us beware lest their :. THE CONVENTION. which they cannot possibly extricate them- ! folies survive their power ; lest their princi.

Some of our office-holding democrats are selves, and every effort,now, only plunges then i ples get such fast hold of popular opinion,

| anticipating with a great deal of exultation, deeper in embarrassment and ensures their that good men will be incapable of serving

'S that Vermont will not unite with Massachu. approaching fall. They have destroyed pub. us ; lest our passions remain devoted to a

setts and other New-England states, in a Conlick credit they have no possible means of. cause which no talents can sanctify, nor con

| vention, “o deliberate upon the dangers to reviving it, but by such monstrous taxes, as, duct to a successful issue.

which we are exposed, and to de.vise, if pracwith all their boldness, they dare not propose' With extreme regret, with the deepest

ticable, mes of security and defence, which, They dare enough to render themselves odi- | anxiety for all who are dear to tis, for ourous, but not to replenish the treasury, which selves and our beloved country, we have ob

may be consistent with the preservation of

our resources from served that some men, hitherto the decided

total ruin, and adapted to they have involved in deep bankruptcy. Their

our local situation, mutual relations, and habits, cause requires large armies--they cannot pos. opponents of the faction who: have prostrated anniral inconsti. I this once happy and flourishing republick, im

| and not repugnant to our obligacions as memsibly raise them, but by tyrannical, unconsti

e ni tutional measures, which will drive the people now give in to the delusive and unfound

Massachusetts, we presume, is perfectly to rebellion. So that, without money, they | ed prеience, that the war is 'assuming a

willing that every state should enjoy and exercan proceed no farther-to get nioney they new character ; and that, as the government

cise that sovereignty, which she has ever must produce intolerable distress. Without have exhausted their means, we the people,

claimed and ever will claim for herself. She an immense army, they cannot even defend we federalists, must now enter the lists. It is

has not issued an edict, but a friendly propo- . the country, much less invade their enemy ; | not our purpose here to go over ground again,

sition. Her intolerable sufferings, with worse they have no funds to raise men, and no pow. which we have recently occupied, when ex

still in prospect, bave aroused her to a sense er to drag citizens into the field. If duplicity, amining the sine qua non, and other claims,

of her own darger, and of the absolute nefalsehood, and corruption would avail, the re- 1 preferred by the British ministers. We have

cessity of sceking relief. If any of her sister sources of our rulers are abundant ; but they seen some declamation on the subject, but not

states, happily for them, either suffer or apprehave employed these too successfully in pro- a single orator or writer has undertaken in

| hond less, she has no wish to hurry them into ducing a state of things, which requires other sober, rational discussion to shew, why the

measures, to which they see the least objecmeans, means which they cannot command. door to honourable peace is not as wide open

lion. Possibly Vermont may find herself able We cannot therefore see the necessity of as ever ;-wherein either honour or interest

to meet all the exactions of the general govlabouring hard to put down the administra- require, that at this period of our sufferings,

erpment, and likewise provide for her own detion ; their fate is decided ; the people will we should burst out in a new frenzy, and be

fence. Massachusetts cannot do it ; and the be obliged to elect new rulers, for those, who gin a war in earnest, which in mere panto

sooner she convinces the federal Executive of are now in power, will erelong be glad to re- | mime has beggared the government and a

this important fact, the more honest in her, sign it. large portion of the people.

and the better for our rulers, who seem 19But if the publick mind be not regenerated; We have this consolation-It will be found

clined to make very erroneous calculation 3. if the people are still wedded to their prejudi- that the federalists of the south alone, if any,

If we may be indulged the expression of ces, their vanity, in a word to democratick are ready to receive the odious legacy of de- !

an individual opinion, though we rejoice in principles ; if they think, that a certain set of mocracy. The rash expressions of some of

the prospect of our beloved Massachusetts' men have brought us to the verge of rain, and our late friends are thrown in our teeth, by

being inimediately aided by the wisdom of that other men can save us, still pursuing the | democratick editors of New-England; but not

other states, we consider it the most important same erroneous course, then a change of ad a sentence can be quoted from a New England

point, that the plan of consultation is announcministration will do us no service. We would federalist, but unwavering detestation of the

ed. A body is constituted, to which the eyes not raise a finger to produce such a change. war, and increasing desire of peace. The

of men may turn, as suffering and dismay inCan the wisest men in our country take fumes of this fresh-brewed war-spirit, which

crease. We believe it of little consequence the reins of government, in our present situa- | is turning some men's language, if not their

that any particular measures should be contion, and Hatter themselves with a prospect of brains, in warmer latitudes, have not polluted

templated, for their deliberation. Let ther so conducting the war, as to humble Great our atmosphere. The dreadful conditions,

assenible; we either wholly mistake the purBritain ? We presume no man in his sober ridiculously announced to be such as could senses believes it. Could they even provide only be proposed « by a conquering to a con. Letter from our Legislature to the Governour of that defence, for which every part of the U- 1 quered nation," have been examined and can- / Rhode Island.

poses Mr. Madison has adopted, and the ap- 1

A proposition is before the naval committee proaching aspect of this war, or events will

GENERAL REGISTER. for building or purchasing a picaroon navy of unite New-England, at least, in this conven

20 vessels, of from 8 to 14 guns ! tional scheme, and find occupation for the

A bill is under consideration, authorizing the BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOV. 12, 1814. most profound talents she can command.

President to accept the services of volunteers,

who may associate and organize themselvesON BRITISH CLAIMS--AGAIN. FOREIGN. The Prussian ship, Hannibal,

pay 33 cents per day. | arrived at New York, left Bremen on the 17th | Tue terms proposed by the British ininis- l of September. Passengers report that Lord

The conscript bill was probably called up on

Monday last. ters ought to be kept strongly impressed on

| Wellington was in Belgium, at the head of the publick mind. The war party are very

| 40,000 troops. That the armies of Austria, fond of alluding to them, by description, such

Bavaria, and the Hessian army were com LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. description as they are taught to believe per

pletely organized on the war establishment, haps, but they will not enter into particulars.!

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR. the Russian army receiving reinforcements, It cannot be too often brought to mind, that i and that a large number of British, Hanove.

THE WRITER, No. XXVI. the only point, they declared they would main

| rian and Dutch troops were to cover the Som AS I gave some intimation of continuing tain, was this ihat their Indian allies should

| bre and Meuse. All this preparation is said the comparison between Milton and Tasso, be included in the peace, and their lands be

to be owing to a prevailing expectation that at I shall pursue tbe subject in this day's paper. guaranteed to them forever.

the Congress, France will claim an increase! It must be acknowledged that the Geruse. As all the other claims were only offered

of territory, to be taken from Belgium. They lemme Liberata is a more popular work for discussion, the grounds of the rupture of

report likewise that the negotiations at Ghent amongst the Italians, than Paradise Lost, or negotiation, the probable recal of our minis

were considered as at an end, and the respec- ! any other poem, is in England. ters, and the continuance of a ruinous war, tive ministers about to return.

it has frequently been remarked, and whomust be found in this alone.

The Aberdeen account that Lord Hill had ever has travelled in Italy must have witnesThe British, let it be remembered, did not

gone to Holland does not appear to be true. sed the truth of the observation, that detached ask that we should cede an inch of land to

Three thousand troops were about embarking stanzas, froin the most eminent of their po. them ; it was only that we should confirm the

at Portsmouth and Plymouth, on the 5th of Lets and particularly from Ariosto ard Tasso, lands of the Indiaas to the Indians.

Sept. which was considered as the advance are very commonly sung by the peasants in Now it is admitted by all, that this war is a

guard of a more formidable body, to be com: the fields, and labourers and porters about the serious calamity to every state-yet it must be

ntanded by Lord Hill in person, who was cy streets. In Venice, the gondaliers, who ply carried on by every state, hereafter, solely on pected to embark soon, in the Valiant 74. their numerous and fanciful little barks along account of this sine qua non,-Mr. Madison

Three hundred ship carpenters had volunteer the canais, are well versed in this species of having given up the points, on which he de

ed for the American lakes, a considerable amusement ; the inhabitants of the city are clared war, and the British having only fixed

number of whom had arrived at Portsmouth, nightly serenaded with the finest verses of upon this one condition, as a principle from to embark in the Zealous 74.

their favourite Bards, as these boatmen gently which they would not recede.

DOMESTICK Sacketi's Harbour. Gen float beneath their windows; and the musick, "Has Massachusetts any interest in this

eral Brown arrived there the 31st Oct. Our which rises from the canals, becomes more claim, that she must continue this war to op ficet remain in port ; 5000 British troops had melodious as it is drawn out through the pose it? Not in the least-it is a concern as

just arrived at Kingston, and large detach- lengthened avenues, or vibrates along the foreign to her, as the disputes between Chris

ments were to follow. Sir G. Prevost was lalofty and echoing walls. tophe and Petion, the rival princes of Hayti. there superintending the preparations.

Milton cannot boast of this kind of distincIt is the same with Newhampshird, Vermont,

General Izard has retired to winter quar- tion; he has no claim to such preference Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York-I

ters. The destruction of the works at Fort among the lower ranks and orders of his counneed not go through the list. The fact is, not Erie is contradicted.

trymen. This, however, does not lessen his a state in the Union, BUT Ohio, could have

Chesapeake. A sloop of war and 4 trans. title to superiority. The single circumstance been affected, had this claim been adinitted !

ports entered and ascended the bay, Oct. 31. of rhyme will always obtain higher praise, and as no line was specified, we may suppose It was reported at Washington the 4th instant,

and meet with more general approbation, than that by negotiation even Ohio might have

that the English were again advancing up the the most polished periods in prose, or the been preserved untouched by the treaiy. Potomack. Contradicted.

sublimest sentiments in blank verse : it is We are not aware that we have misrepre. The alarm which was recently excited at more adapted to the taste of ordinary or unsented any one circumstance ; and now, in the

Camden, in Maine, has subsided, and the mili tutored minds ; it pleases the car, and, as all name of common sense, what can have indutia have been dismissed.

men are susceptible of impressions by the exced any man in the United States, not a war

Convention. In addition to the delegates ternal senses, it plcases all. The characterispensioner on government, to say that war must í from this state, whose names we some time tick quality in Paradise Lost, as Dr. Johnson be continued ? Individuals have said so, we since mentioned, the legislature of Connecticut observes, is sublimity. Its highest ornament confess-individuals who have heretofore loud- I have chosen the Hon. Chauncey Goodrich, I is beyond the reach of the common class of ly demanded peace. But it is not the voice of

Hon. James Hillhouse, Hon. John Treadwell, men ; it is therefore not surprising that it is the people. Instead of choosing new advo | Hon. Calvin Goddard, Hon. Zephaniah Swift, less known, or less admired among these clas. cates of war, they are dismissing its authors | Hon. Nathaniel Smith, and Hon. Roger Sher ses, than the old ballads of Chevy Chase, and and supporters. man.

the Children in the Woods. The Legislature of Rhode Island have ap | The Italian poets always write in rhyme, FARMERS.

pointed Benjamin Hazard and Daniel Lyman, and the construction of the verse, and arrangeIt is said, and probably believed by many, esquire, Col. Marston and Col. Samuel Ward. ment into stanzas, which has been adopted that our farmers in the country are growing The committee of the Vermont Legislature, both by Ariosto and Tasso, very much resem. rich by the war, because their produce com- to whom the subject was referred have report ble the sonnet, a species of composition the mands as high, and in many instances a high ed that it is inexpedient for them to join “ at most agreeable and entertaining to their couner price than in peace ; but it is far from pieient.” A majority of the council in New- trymen. Verses of this construction easily true ; the reverse is the fact. If they obtain ham shire being war-men, it is not to be ex admit of being set to musick, and thus the twenty five per cent. more than formerly on pected that the Governour can convoke the most beautiful and interesting portions of these their sales, they pay fifty per cent. more on Legislature, before their regular session, Divine Authors (as the Italians style them) their purchases. When their customary bar The New England at last states have done are retailed in songs ; learned by rote, by ter is therefore completed, they are losers ; their utmost, and now claim an honourable thousands who cannot read ; are treasured up besides, their taxes, which must be paid in rank, though possessing no influence in the in their memories, and sung to amuse their money as long as they have any, have greatly national Legislature. The elections are com- friends, or to beguile their own weariness, in increased, and are still increasing.

pleted in Newhampshire, Vermont, Massa- hours of solitude or labour. From these conA plain proof that husbandry suffers, is that chusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut, and siderations, we can readily allow that the Ge. the price of all land has fallen ; though there in the whole delegation, there is not a single rusalemme Liberata may have the greatest is more money in the country unemployed Madisonian !!.

number of admirers, without surrendering the than there has been, since the revolution.

CONGRESS. A bill has passed the house claim to superior merit, which we still contend Farmers suffer grievously by the war they for borrowing immediately (if they can belongs to Paradise Lost. dislike the war, and they prove it by their 3,000, 0], to pay some part of the interest of I shall say nothing with regard to the sub-. suffrages, the publick debt.

jects of these two great rival poems. If there

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