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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

NO. LII.

VOL. ).

BOSTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1814.

FOR

THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

re-election ; and this recurrence to the suffra- short space of four years, and see that tlrė ges of the people was considered a safe check tenure of his exalted station would depend on

upon his administration, as his success must the support he should secure, before the next We observe that a correspondent of the depend on the opinion that his official conduct appeal to the popular voice. He must recun

has produced on the minds of a majority of cile it to his mind to retire from office, at the Daily Advertiser's has proposed, as an amendthe elector's.

close of his first term, or use the means which ment to the federal Constitution, " to render

This plan, so far from presenting induce. readily presented themselves to secure a secthe President ineligible a second time"

ments to correct and faithful coriduct, has a ond triumph. He was not President of the The writer has not offered his reasons for directly opposite tendency. It tempts a Pres. United States a year, a month, nor even a day! this suggestion, but, to any man of observation ident to become a demagogue, a partizan, a

He enlisted at once as the head of a faction, a and reflection, it will appear

, evident that the pliant instrument of whatever passions and faction which he and bis friends had rendered by our constitution, as it now stands, " is the prejudices are either naturally predominant too formidable, to leave him one independent

among the people, or can be excited by him thought for his country's welfare. They lookworst of all possible modes. An article either

and-his party to suit their own ambitious views. | ed to him for countenance ; they were lost to that he should be ineligible, as proposed, for a

We are not disposed to say that the mass of hini, if he refused it ; he became at the same second term, or that he should hold his office the people, or a majority of them are consti- time their patron and their slave. during good bchaviour, would undoubtedly re.

We presume there is not a well informed lieve us from the incalculable evils which arisen tutionally partial to bad, and hostile to good

men, were they suffered to act according to man in the country who believes, if Mr. Mad. froin the present system.

their understandings, independent of all ex- ison had not been constitutionally cligible a The general experience of mankind has

traneous infiuence But this ne:er will be the second time to the Presidency, that he would taught us, that the love of power is one of the

case, where so much depends on the popular have descended to the measures, which he strongest features in the human character, There is another, scarcely less prevalent, and

voice ; and it is not uncharitable to say, that adopted during his first four years' adminis.

men's viccs are ever more easily roused to tration ; or that he would have done such viothat is, the love of glory. When a people are action, than their virtues. If the object of a lence to what he well knew to be his duty to establishing political institutions, it behoves President,chosen for four years, be re-election, his country, if, when once chosen, he had forthem to calculate on being ruled by nien, and. and we eught never to calculate on any thing ever afterwards been independent of all par. not demigods ; they must expert in their ru

else, he cannot safely rely on the integrity of ties, secure of living and dying President of lers the predominant passions of men, and ci- bis conduct for the accomplishment of his the United States, unless sleposed for miscon.' ther contrive to render them subservient 10

hopes If he docs not choose to create a par- duct by a regularly constituted tribunal. The the publick good, or so 10 restrain them as to

ty for himself, rivals will create a party against tendency of such a principle is to give free prevent publick injury from their operation. There may be, in one age, a Cincinnatus, President becomes the leader of a pariy, and, possesses inherent integrity; and even !

him, and he will be superseded. Thus the and unbiaseed scope to the virtue of him who and, some thousands of years afterwards, there in a competition for power, his chance of tri- make a man correct in conduct, who is in may be a Washington-men who prefer the letirement of private lise to the consequence beaung that which is formed by the agency umph will be decidedly the greates!, by heart devoid of political morality, by removing

from him every temptation to act the demaattached to exalted station ; but, where we find

of passion and ignorance, rather than reason goglie, and placing before him a powerful motwo such magistrates, we may find thousands, and virtue.

tive 10 act the patriol -- his personal glory. who are governed by very diferent motives.

There are other important circumstances We are fully persuader!, Iliut io render the Without alluding pullicularly 19 our experi- which likewise deserve consideration. In or president ineligible a second time would be a ence in this country, we may take it for granto i ser that the chief magistrate of the nation great improvement in our constitution ; but ed, that when an individual is placed at the

should be enabled to discharge his duties with that higher advantages still would result from head of a nation, he will wish to continue so,

effect, we have given him, and always must

a choice, dori.g good behaviour. It was as long as possible. If the constitution posi- give him, a considerable degree of what is thought to be a very important object, by lively limits his term of office to a cerlain pe- called executive patronage.

Were he inde

those uho formed our federal constitution, riod, and interdicis his re-election, then there pendent of the competitions of faction, he

that our pian of government should contain, is a strong probalwlity that, is he cannot perpetuate his power, he will seck for glory, power for the purposes of giving energy to

would feel himself at liberty to exercise this within itself, a system of checks and balances.

Ji was thought this grand desideratum was obwhich he can only derive from the approbation government ; but, in the precarious standing sained, by the construction of three distinct of the world. He will be under no temptation of a political con batani, ne must be prompi

branches in the legislative department, indeto forfeit this, by acts of corrupiion, by sacrifices to the profligate and ignorant ; for ibeir

ed to employ it solely to form and strengthen pendent of each other, but whose res;ecure

his parıy. It will be used for corruption, and concurrence was necessary to the establisli.. suffiages will be of no use to him, when bis she corruptible will be fond of extending it,

ment of any law. Experience has proved that. constitutional term of office has expired.

not for the publick good, but that their own

these checks exist only in theory, and have So if elected during good behaviour, the

want of principle may stand the beiter chance disappeared in practice. The reason is, that, very condition on which he bolds his office

of reward Thus the ambition of the President trongh chosen in different forms, and under mus! always operate on his mind, as a power

encourages the venality of the people, and the the name of President, Senators, and Repreful motive to uprightness of conduct. He is

venälity of the people cherishes the an.bitionsentatives, they all derive their au bority from secure in his station, unless he be convicted of of the President. What prospect has simple, the same scurce, and very nearly at the same misdemeanours or crimes ; he can have no

unassuming rectitude, resting only on its own

tine. The predominant passion of the day inducement to court the vicious, or corrupt basis, in a couflict with two suih powerful will take the ascendant in every branch, and the mercenary inuleitude. He is subject too principles? We have seen to our surrow. the only jealousy that exisis, is that belveen 11o tribunal bui that which decides by law and

We are among those who deplore the course

majority and minority. We may therefore testimony ; he hopes nothing and he fears nothing irom popular caprice. He is placed owing to his measuris ibat our unhappy coun

Mr. Madison has pursued ; we consider it expect 10 find, with a rare exception, the pres

ident, majority of the senate, and of the house in a situation in the highest degree favourable try has been burded from the pinnacle of pros- of representatives of one political party, and a io the practice of virtue--much 10 gain, and noiling to lose, by a course of undeviating in- Candioly avow it as our conviction, thai his

perily to calamity and disgrace: but we most ninority in the senare and house of represen

tauives of another. What then becomes off iegrity.

measures may be attributed as niuch to the our boasted checks and balances ? The mi. What is ihe narral consequence of our present plan ? An individual is chosen Pres. | peculiar depravily in the man.

defect of our system of election, as 10 any nority have no power, but the liberty of speech,

The spirit of and not always that. The party, headed by ident of the United States for four years, at faction luged at ine time he was first chosen the president, and prevailing in the other leg. the expirasion of which, he is a cancudate for President. lle bad but to look forward the , islative branclics, becomes the governarentes

Sir,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

the United States; the ties of sect do away mediately afterwards departed for New Or- | . It can scarcely be necessary that we insert cvery distinction of names, and our fainous eans.

among our articles of Domestick Intelligence complex system becomes one of the simplest About the first of December, the British the following account from Washington. “The governments in the world.

barges in Doboy Sound, Georgia, captured Treasury remains pennyless; and the affairs Let the authority of the President be estab- fourteen of our coasters, one of which was of the nation, I am sorry to say, are daily going lished on another basis ; let it be durabic retaken by the commander.

from bad to worse. Where they will end, while that of ihe other branches is subject to

December 7th. Most of the enemy's ves. Heaven only knows." frequent change, and we shail see that jeal-sels descended the Rappahannock. They had ousy, that disposition to check, that attachment not effected any considerable damage, nor did

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. to prerogative, rights and independent char- they sustain any loss, except 13 privates, deacter, which give security to the liberties of serters or prisoners, who have been sent on

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. the people. Our chief magistrate would then to Washington. to Washington. The number landed, which

DURING the present interruption of almost be above the control of any faction ; the sen- WAS stated at 2560, is now reduced to 500, ate would, as at present, equally represent the among whom were eight companies of blacks, every kind in business, of which I experience views and interests of the several states, and

my share, I feel myself disposed to employ 50 each, in uniform, said to be Virginia and

some part of my leisure in becoming a corthe house of representatives would be govern- Maryland negroes, trained at Tangier Island. ed by the existing impressions of the body of An English officer remarked that their object respondent to your paper, if you are willing

of I . the citizens. Such an arrangement would un- in this descent was to harass the militia, and doubtedly introduce an esprit du corfis into that after pursuing that policy for a few weeks, title I have assumed, appeared to me suited to the respective branches, instead of that spirit they shouid return to winter quarters. Such my purpose ; not that I have any idea of writ.

ing like Cicero, or of partaking his immortal of party which now makes their majorities is the nature of this war--a handful of men

fame, but because by taking some apborism, one body ; and that esprit du corps would can keep a whole state in continual alarm

or detached sentiment from his works, I may, bring into action those mutual checks, that and preparation for defence. rivalship and circumspection, which it was His Excellency LEVIN WINDER is reclected

without further ceremony, indulge myself in intended to establish by our constitution. Governour of the state of Maryland, by a large subject, philosophical, political, moral, or re

reflections and observations on almost any majority GENERAL REGISTER. The returns of votes for Representatives to

ligious. Congress from this commonwealth have been BOSTON, SATURDAY, DEC. 21, 1814. examined, and it appears that seventeen fcd

TULLY, No. I. eralists are chosen and one democrat. the “Docilis est is, qui attentè vult audire."

Hon. Albion K. Parris, of the 7th Eastern FOREIGN. The Sultan of Turkey has

He learns with facility, who chooses to listen with at. District. There is no choice in the 4th and

tention.

Cicino ad Herennium recently effected an important change in the organization of his government, by establishing federal candidate had a plurality of nine votes, tutional variety in the degree of acuteness and 61h Eastern Districts. In the former the

There is undoubtedly a considerable coasti. a considerable regular military force on the European system of enlistment and discipline. scattering 23 : in the latter, the democratick

energy, with which it pleases heaven to enHitherto the Sultan, though a tyrant himself,

candidate had a plurality of fourteen votes, dow the intellect of different persons ; but has generally been more or less the slave of

scattering 52.
The United States' frigate. Constitution, mental acquirements, is probably less owing

the variety, which we constantly discover in other tyrants, the chiefs of his jannizaries. If this revolution can be maintained, he will be Capt. Stuart sailed from this port, on a

to an irreversible decision of nature, than 10 cruise, last Saturday. able to act more independently, but whether

accidental circumstances, in which the operthat will ameliorate the condition of the Turks United States sloop of war Wash, has been

It has been rumoured and feared that the

ations of our will are principally concerned. or not, must still depend on the disposition of taken. We know of nothing yet, either to

We often apologize for the barrenness of our the reigning despot. The first measures of

minds by useless and unfounded regrets on contradict or confirm the report. the invigorated authority of the Grand Seign

the parsimony of nature. in her allotments of ior have been the decapitation of wo of his pet- Eustis, late Secretary at War, has been noin

We understand that the Hon. WILLIAM

intellectual capacity, wnen the fault is wholly ty tyrants.

our own, in not making the best improvement On the 27th of October the Academy of inated by the President, as Minister to Hol

of the powers she has bestowed. It is very

and BENJAMIN W. CROWXINSHIELD Sciences and Fine Arts at Ghent celebrated

seldom we see an instance of the amazing Esq. as Secretary of the Navy. their Anniversary ; when the American Min

CONGRESS.' The military Conscription

reach of the human soul, because we seldom isters were unanimously elected members, Bill passed in the House, by a majority of on

see its utmost energies exerted. There have and invited to attend the exercises, and share

been few men in the world like Sir William in the festivities of the occasion.

Jones, because few are disposed to labour with A bill from the Senate is before the House, Monte Video, in Buenos-Ayres, South

his perseverance, or fasten their thoughts upon America, which has long been the strong hold authorizing the President to appoint a Vice

subjects with his zeal. Admiral, and two Rear Admirals, and has had of the Royalists in that section of the country, two readings.

Memory is the grand reservoir of the uncapitulated to the Buenos Ayreans or Inde

The subject of a General Bankrupt Law is depends on the proper discipline of this faen

derstanding, and more, than we are aware of, pendents on the 23rd of last June. This

before a select committee. event, says a letter from that place, “ is con

ty. Those, who are considerably advanced in

The National Bank bill, passed in the Sensidered a death blow to the monarchical sys

life, are informing us of the distinctness of ate, has been reported in the House, with sevtem, in this part of the world.”

infantile or youthful impressions, while re. The Vengeur 74, with a feet of transports eral amendinents, and is again referred to a

cent objects and occurrences make but a faint and 3000 men, was ready for sea at Plymouth,

committee of the whole.
Several aclitional Tax bills have passed ;

impression, and are easily obliterated. It is England, on the 25th of October, and the Suia bill laying duties on certain Manufactures, strongest in early life. This I believe to be

therefore generally supposed tht Memory is tan, 74, with another fleet, at Cork, was ready

&c. is now under consideration. on the 29th ; both bound to America. On the 21st of October, the Amphion frigate, HARTFORD CONVENTION. On the altogether a mistake. In infancy our sphere

of observation is very contracted. We fix with five transports was spoken, bound to Berassembling of this body, the Hon. GEORGE

our minds on comparatively but few objects. muda. They left Cork the 7th of September. Cabot, of this town, was unanimously elected

For want of experience, almost every thing In the latter part of November, five vessels of Hartford, Secretary. The Reverend Dr. President, and the ion THEODORE“DWIGHT,

see is wonderful, and therefore interests arrived at Quebeck from Cork ; three with

us deeply. At a later period, we are seldom STRONG of H riford opened the session by about 400 troops, officers, seamen, artificers, &c.; the others laden with naval stores, four, prayer, and it was voted that the Reverend surprized, and our thoughts are therefore sel

dom intensely engaged. I remember the apgentlemen, who officiate as chaplains 10 the clothing, and goods.

pearances which preceded the “ dark day" in At our last dates from Halifax, an expedi- Rev. Dr. Perkins, of West-Hartford, shou!! General Asseminy ut Cunecticut, and the

1780 distinctly, because I thought it the pretion of from 2 to 3000 men was fitting out

curser of the day of judgment I can scarcely froin that place. It is conjectured their desti- be invited to oficiate daily, in turns, as

recollect the garb of nature, as the to.al nation is to reinforce the garrison at Castine. chaplains to the Convention, during their ses

eclipse approached in 1806, because I knew sion. DOMESTICK. General Jackson, whom

what was about to happen, understood the

The Honourable J. Roberts has been rewe mentioned in our last, as having taken

cause, and was not astonished. Could a per. possession of Pensacola, the capital of West elected a Senator of the US from Pennsylva

son of eighty years of age experience any Florida, placed a garrison in that city, and im. nia, to serve for six years from the 4th of thing that wouu so engage the minii, and ar.

March next.

la'd ;

ly 12.

we

ress.

rest the attention, as does the first shock of A poet is not bound to be an astronomer, it, most of my cotemporaries. I have continued an earthquake we witness in infancy, there is true ; but from an author of celebrity, under my peaceful walks, although alone, and indul. can be no doubt but it would leave as strong no obligation to touch what he does not under ged my propensity for writing, without flatterand distinct an impression. We remember stand, we have a right to expect sense. A ing myself that I should have many readers, our first lesson in a language, which we study writer may use terms according to their com- after rejecting a subject almost exclusively at school, better than any other ; because our mon acceptation, or scientifick import, but we popular. feelings are more abstracted from every thing can find no construction, that enables us to To return to the subject of antiquity, upon else, and more absorbed in acquiring it. comprehend, how “ Venus reigns, unrivalled, which I had proposed to myself to treat in

Every person who has been entrusted with the fairest lamp of night, from her genial rise, this day's paper. the education of youth must have observed, when daylight sickens, till it springs faresh.• It may be observed, that the few remaining that success in acquiring knowledge is by no

sýritings of the ancienis which have fortunatemeans proportioned to what seems to be the

ETYMOLOGIES.

ly come down to us ; some entire and mag: scale of natural capacity. One hears the voice

nificent works of art ; with the splendid ruins DR. PARK, of the instructor, understands the terms he uses, but takes no interest in the information Perhaps some of your readers will be gravi- of vast temples and cities, are unfading and he would communicate, and makes no progo in part from the Gentleman's Magazine. fied by seeing the following Etymologies, taken imposing monuments of the existence, is

early times, of a wor.derful race of men. Another, not better endowed with quick

The Pyramids of Egypt are not the less

Culprit. This is a corruption from the astonishing objects of human art and human ness of perception, drii in every word, and

French, qu'il paraite, i. e. make it appear, or stores up every idea.

labour, for being so often described and so Intense application of thought is to some let it appear if thou art not guilty. The term

often referred to. Their stupendous magniis pure French, and bicis the prisoner plead for painful, to others perhaps impracticable ; but himself, and make his innocence appear.

tude has been measured ; their triumph over in general, it is a voluntary state of mind, and

BUMPER. This word is derived from Bum: design in building them, as well as the per

the power of time hus been proved ; but the may be acquired by resolution. It is not de.

bard, or Bombará, in latin, Bombardus, a great sirable to devote our attention exclusively to gun; and thence applied to a large flaggon, eludes the inquiry of the most curious and

son, or power by whom they were reared, a few favourite objects of pursuit, for this would both abridge our pleasures and our use

black-jack, or full glass. fulness ; but we cannot too highly estimate, negligent in keeping out the mob, Chamberlain says to the porters, who had been sagacious mind ; and the period of their erec

tion is so far hidden in the obscurity of time, as nor too diligently cultivate the power of men

to mock the researches of the learned traveltal abstraction-the power of withdrawing the

“ You are lazy knaves :

ler or antiquarian. attention from everything but that which And here ye lie, baiting of bumbards, when

Almost every thing in Egypt is calculated ought to engage us at the moment. However Ye should do service."

Suak. Hen. VIII. to excite wonder. The magnitude of her we employ our mind, let us employ it con

QUANDARY. From the French, qu'en dirai.

works of art have been equalled by no other amore, with a passionable fondness, and we je ? What shall I say, or do ?

country, and are surpassed by the majesty of shall seldom fail of success. One of the great

YANKEE. This word is a native American,'

nature alone. The ruins of Egyptian Thebes, est philosophers in the world required nothing and was anciently applied by the Indians of whilst they display the mighty efforts of Time of his pupils for years, but the habit of close and silent attention, and would not suffer thom

our forests to the white inhabitants, east of in desolating the feebler works of this wonderful Hudson's river. When, pointing to their set

people, exhibit monuments of magnificence to "peak, until they had first learnt to listen

and durability, which Time consecrates, but tlements, the red men would exclaim, “ there and think. live the Yankoos”-that is a people brave,

cannot destroy. The following description, and invincible, never to be conquered !

remarks respecting this ancient city, are from

Your's,
Sudden to heaven

ANTIQUARIAN.

Bossuet's eloquent discourse on Universal Thence weary vision turns ; where leading soft

History. The silent hours of love, with purest ray

“ One palace above all is admired, whose Sweet Venus shines ; and from her genial rise,

THE WRITER, No. XXXII. o remains seem to have subsisted only in orWhere daylight sickens till it springs afresh,

“ der to efface the glory of all the greatest Unrivalled reigns, the fairest lamp of night.

If we look into antiquity, we shall find

“ productions, of human power and skill. Thomson's Summer, line 1692, &c. an ample field for entertainment, and may

“ Four alleys, extending farther than the eye The subject naturally invited Thomson to derive not only pleasure, but some profit to

6 can follow them, and terminating at each frequent allusions to the science of Astron

the mind from exploring the archives of for- send with sphinxes of a composition as rare,

mer ages ; made more enticing as they are OMY, in his beautiful poems- The Srasons

66 as their size is remarkable, serve as avenues obscured by time, or concealed by mystery. and he seems to have possessed no inconsidIt is difficult however to persuade many of the

" to porticoes whose height astonishes the beerable knowledge of its principles There is

« holder. What magnificence, and what exhowever a singular confusion of expression, to present generation to direct their studies to

“ tent, ! Indeed, of all those who have desay the least, in the passage we have quoted, 1 days of yore, they are so entirely occupied

“ scribed the prodigious edifice, no one has and we are both surprised that Thomson by the passing events of their own times.

“ had time to make the tour of it, nor are should commit such a blunder, and that the

The science, or at least the theme of politicks, " tiey even certain of having seen the half of world, to this day we believe, have suffered it orders, and degrees of men are so occupied

is the taste of the present day ; and all ranks, 66 it. A hall, which apparently stood in the to pass without criticism.

“ midst of this superb palace, was supported The plain astronomical doctrine contained by this sole object, that no other can be ob

" by a hundred and twenty columns, o six in the passage appears to be this-hat Venus, Even women are infected with ihis prevailing

truded upon them with any hope of success « fathoms in thickness, and lofty in pri portion, the evening star, rises in the west, in the

" and inveriningied with obelisks which so svening, and shines until daybreak in te disorder ; and you may often find luilies who,

many ages have not been able to lay low. from their conversation, appear to know as morning! It would be difficult to embrace

“ So well did Egypt know how to impress more errours in so few words. There is no

much about the affairs of state, as of their is the character of immortality on all her mode of interpreting them that will reconcile own household ; who talk with the same flu

o works.” And Sonnini, a French traveller, the whole to truth. It would be too far-fetch-ency upon diplomatick forms, as of the form describes soine porticos of a prodigious eleva. ed for even a poet to say, she rose in the west,

of a bonnet, and argue with equal warmth on tion, one of which was of the height of one because her motion in her orbit is from west the rights of war, or the right of dower. Eve

hundred and seventy feet by two hundred feet to cast. For in that sense, she does not rise, ry body is inquiring for news, and eager to

breadih. or rather retire from the sun but 47 degrees spread it. The subject of a secret session, of view the wonders of another race of men, who

catch the first report and be the earliest to From Egypt we may pass to Rome, and eastward and then will appear, every evening, despatches, or of a cabinet council, are explor- existed ages after the former had become to go westward till her inferior conjunction with the sun. If we are to suppose that, by ed, or conjectured, with as much interest and

venerable from her amtiquity ; aid which her rise, he only means that, when evening ries; and the opening of the mail is attended eager curiosity, as were the Eleusinian myste

have now for ages been added to the catastar, she is discovered first in the west, “ wlien

logue of ancient ruins. Rume however has daylight sickens," then he will find it difficult with the same impatience and solicitude, as

pretuced nothing so stupendous as the works to make her shine until dawu o light; for she were the responses of Apollo at Delphus, or of E.

Eypl. The greatest as well as the niost cannot appear above the western borizon tour the Sybiline oracles

usefu inonuments of Roman power and granhours after sun sel, at her greatest eastern

For myself, I have enjoyed a quiet and re- deur, seems to be their immense highways. Elongation, which will not bring " the spring pose, unknown to those wlio embark on this

The via alfria, or Appian road, extended from of day light", even in London, and when the lempestuous sea of politicks, by keeping aloof

the city 3 jo niiles to Brundusium (now Brin. qights are the shortest.

trom the vortex which has swallowed up the 'dici) ad was paved or fagged through the

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whole extent with square blue stones (or, An:1 ran to help bim ; but his lat st strength Here, though his sufferings thro' the glen were marble). Much of this splendid work stiil re- Fail'd ;-prone upon his sheaves he tell at length :

known, mains entire. In architecture, their theatres 1 sirove to raise bim ; sight and sense were filed, We chose to watch his dying bed alone, were the most remarkabie for size, and in Nerveless his limbs, and backward sway'd his head. Eve, Seth and 1 — In vain he sigh'd for rest, some instances for elegance. The one tuilt Setli pass'd; I call'd him, and we bore our Sire And oft his meek complainings thus expressid: by Pompey, for the purpose of entertaining the To neighbouring shades from noon's affictive fire : - Blow on me Wind! I faint with heat ! O bring people with shows, is said to have contained Ere long he 'woke to feeling, with a sigh,

Delicious water from the deepest spring ;80,000 persous. But the extravagance, and And half unclosed his hesitating eye ;

, Your sunless shadows o'er my limbs diffuse, immense riches of the Roman people, next to

“Ye Cedars ! wash me cold with midnight dews. their military fame, are distinguishing traits in Strangely and timidly he peer'd around, the character of this illustrious people. Mar. Like men in dreams whom sudden lights confound ; -"Cheer me, my friends! with looks of kindness

*cheer ; cus Licinius Crassus entertained the people

- Is this a new Creation !-Have I pass'd with a feast which was served up on ten thouis

• The bitterness of death !'-He look'd aghast, · Whisper a word of comfort in mine ear ; and tables. The debts of Curio, an extrava. Then sorrowful ;-'No ;-men and trees appear ; • Those sorrowing faces fill my scul with gloom ; gant young nobleman in the time of Julius Cæ• 'Tis not a new Creation,-pain is here :

• This silence is the silence of the tomb, sar, amounted to £500,000 sterling, which were • From Sin's dominion is there no release ?

• Thither I hasten ; help me on my way ; paid by Cæsar to engage Curio to his party: Lord ! let thy Servant now depart in peace.”

O sing to sooth me, and to strengthen pray!' Esopus, a celebrated tragedian and friend of Zurried remembrance crowding o'er his soul, We sang to sooth him ;-hopeless was the song , Cicero, acquired by his profession £200,000 He knew us ; tears of consternation stole

We pray'd to strengthen him ;-he grew not strong. sterling ; and it was a son of this person, who was said to have dissolved a pearl worth ciglit Down his pale cheeks :-- Seth !—Enoch !–Where in vain from every herb, and fruit, and flower

, is Eve!

Of cordial sweetness, or of healing power, hundred pounds, and drank it off to the health • How could the spouse her dying consort leave ?

We press'd the virtue ; no terrestrial balm of his mistress ; and Pliny adds that he pre

Nature's dissolving agony could calm. septed each of his guests with a cup of equal.

“ Eve look'd that moment from their cottage-door Thus as day declin d, the fell disease ly costly materials. Several of the richest of their senators received from their estates an In quest of Adam, where he toil'd before ;

Eclipsed the light of life by slow degrees :

Yet while his pangs grew sharper, more resign'd, annual income of four thousand pounds of gold, He was not there ; she call'd him by his name ; equal to £160,000 sterling, without computing Sweet to his ear the well-known accents came ; More self-collected, grew the sufferer's mind; the stated provision of corn and wine, which, - Here am I,' answered he, in tone so weak,

Patient of heart, though rack'd at every pore, had they been sold, might have produced one That we who held him scarcely heard bim speak , The righteous penalty of sin he bore ; third as much more. A freedman under Au. But, resolutely bent to rise, in vain

Not his the fortitude that mocks at pains, gustus, we are told by Gibbon, left 3600 yoke He struggled till he swoon’d away with pain. But that which feels them most, and yet sustains. of oxen, 250,000 head of smaller cattle, and

Eve call’d again, and turning tow'rds the shade, -r 'Tis just, 'tis merciful,' we heard him say ; 4116 slaves.

• Yet wherefore hath lle turn'd his face away! The people were frequently entertained with Helpless as infancy, beheld him laid ; shows of wild beasts and combats of gladiators; Forward, and cast herself upon the ground

• Isce llim rot; I hear Him not ; I call ; She sprang, as smitten with a mortal wound,

• My God! my God ! support me, or 1 fall.' provided at the expense of some individual senator or consul, who wished to procure the At Adam's feet ; half-rising in despair,

“ The sun went down, amidst an angry glare favour of the people, or reward it. Immense Him from our arms she wildly strove to tear ;

Of Aushing clouds, that crimsond all the air ; sums were squandered in this kind of sports. Repell'd by gentle violence, she pressid

The winds brake loose : the forest' boughs were tara, Cicero frequently mentions these shows, and His powerless hand to her convulsive breast,

And dark aloof the eddying foliage borne ; in a letter to Milo he speaks of one then pre- And kneeling, bending o'er him, full of fears,

Cattle to shelter scudded in affright; paring by Milo, which is supposed to have Warm on his bosom shower'd her silent tears.

The forid Evening ranish'd into night : sost 6250,000 sterling, and this was not the Light to his eyes, at that refreshment, came,

Then burst the hurricane upon the vale, first that had been given by this same Milo.

They open'd on her in a transient flame ; Whilst we are upon extravagance, we can

In peals of thunder, and thick-rollied hail ;

And art thou here, my Life ! my Love !' he not let so fair a subject as the ladics, pass

Prone rushing rains with torrents whelm'd the land,

criedi, without notice. We are told that the robes of

Our cot amidst a river seem'd to stand ; • Faithful in death to this congenial side ?, the Roman fair were so costly, that cven one

Around its base, the foamy-crested streams suit was considered as a rich and valuable • Thus let me bind thee to my breaking heart,

Flash'd thro' the darkness to the lightning's gleams. • One dear, one bitter moment, ere we part.' lcgacy, even when left to a wealthly citizen.

With monstrous throes an earthquake heaved the And well it might be, if we may believe Pli- Leave me not, Adam ! leave me not below ;

ground, ny the elder, who says he saw a lady, Lollia With thee I tarry, or with thee I go.'.

The rocks were rent, the mountains trembled round i Paulina, in a dress, which, including her she said, and yielling to his faint embrace,

Never since nature into being came, jewels, was worth above 6300,000 sterling, Clung round his neck, and wept upon his face :

Had such mysterious inntion sl:ook her frame; (Lib. ix. 35).

Alarming recollection soon return'd,
Yet notwithstanding this parade of wealth His fever'd frame with growing anguish bura'd ;

We thought, ingulpht in floods, or wrapt in fire,

The world itself would perish with our Sire. and gaudy show of riches we enjoy some con. Ah ! then, as Nature's tenderest impulse wrought, veniences which were unknown to the anWith fond solicitude of love she sought

“ Amidst this war of elements, within cients ; for, as some willy author observes, To sooth his limbs upon their grassy bed,

More dreadful grew the sacriâce of sin,
Cleopatra never owned a pair of stockings,
and Julius Cæsar had not a sbirt to his back.
And make the pillow easy to his head ;

Whose victim on his bed of tortwe lay,
She wiped his reeking temples with her hair ;

Breathing the slow remains of life away.
She shook the leaves to stir the sleeping air ;

Ere while, victorious faith sublimer rose
POETRY.
Moisten’d his lips with kisses ;, with her breath

Beneath the pressure of collected woes ;
Vainly essay'd to quell the fire of Death,

But now his spirit waver'd, went and came,
That ran and revelled through his swollen veins.

Like the loose vapour of departing flame,
DEATH OF ADAM.
With quicker pulses, and severer pains.

Till at the point, when comfort seem'd to die

For ever in his fix'd unclosing eye, (We have already copied some short passages from MONTGOMERY'S " World before the Flood” as speci: Darted his fierce effulgence down the sky,

“The sun, in summer majesty on high,

Bright thro' the smouldering ashes of the man, mens of elegant poetry. We shall conclude with a

The saint brake forth, and Adam thus begao." longer extract, which embraces an interesting scene, Yet dimm'd and blunted were the dazzling rays,

To be concluded in our next. beautifully described]

His orb expanded through a dreary haze, “ERE noon, returning to his bower, I found

And circled with a red portentous zone,
Our father labouring in his harvest.ground,
He look'd in sickly horror from biz throne ;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR
(For yet he tillid a little plot of soil,
The vital air was still ; the torrid heat

JOHN PARK,
Patient and pleased with voluntary toil;)
Oppress'd our hearts, that labour'd hard to beat.

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER,
But O how changed from him, whose morning eye When higher noon had shrunk the lessening shade,
Outshone the star, that told the sun was nigh!

NO. 4 CORNHILL..
Thence to his home our father we convey'd,
J,oose in his feeble grasp the sickle shook ;
And stretch'd him, pillow'd with his latest sheaves,

Price three dollars per annum, hajf in advance.
I Dask'd the ghastly dolour of his look,
On a fresh couch of green and fragrant leaves :

New sabscribers may be mpplied with preceding numbers

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1814.

NO. LIII.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL

ed. There must therefore be some other him above the reach of its control, and free method adopted, to render the man unpop- from every temptation to be its instrument. ular, whose private character is the admiration | In no other respect need his prerogatives be

of all who know him, than to stigmatize him extended, to give our government a new, BEFORE this war was declared, there was a

in his individual capacity. But a foreign pow. wholesome, and stable character. class of men in the United States, who believ

er is a kind of being which may be calumniat- The subject of amending the Constitution ed it would be a mere frolick,- -an entertuin

ed and blackened with impunity. Hence, in of the United States is now every where freely ment at tilt and tournament, in which General Wilkinson and a hundred other heroes by every period of history, we find that in pop- discussed. We are confident that the more parchment and seal, had only to take the field, ular governments, designing men, who aspire such an alteration is considered, the more evideck their brows with laureis, and send their

to power, which their reputation will not give dent will appear its advantages ; and instead

them, pitch, on some foreign nation—that one, of abridging, it would give security to the trophies to the capitol in Washington, and which from any accidental circumstance gives rights of the people. It would be found that dictate a new code of national law to the Eng. them an opportunity to play upon the passions a President, subject only to a legal tribunal, lish. There is no such dupe now in the Union. War is universally thought and felt to They create a faction, by pretending injury tyrant, than a President elected as the head of

and arouse the prejudices of the people. would have infinitely less scope to play the be a serious national calamily ; and as distress and inflaming resentment. produces sober reflection and inquiry, we pre- not be the instruments of such passions ; they

Good rulers will a dominant party. sume a large majority of our fellow-citizens

MR. RANDOLPH'S LETTER.

LPH are now persuaded that this calamity matht therefore become objects of jealousy, and

might by well have been avoided. Such men, it is but

We presume this production will receive a natural to suppose, would wish, if possible, to the consciousness of the most determined ad

It is so notorious, that we freely appeal to full and formal reply, either from the gentlebe secured against the recurrence of such an

man, to whom it was addressed, or others, vocate of our present rulers, whether, in the evil.

who are at leisure to discuss its contents. It Are they then ready to exert themselves revolution of publick, opinion, which drove is in many respects interesting, and the re

federalists from the administration, their indi- spectability of the writer requires that it zealously in favour of the only measures,

vidual characters have not always been unwhich can promise us so bappy an effect ?

should be treated with that decorum, which touched. Whether, from the day that Presi- is due to him, as an individual, and that seriBefore we can guard ourselves against events

dent. Washington made a treaty of amity and which we deplore, we must understand their

ousness, which the importance of the subjects, commerce with Great Britain, she has not he has rather promiscuously introduced, dereal, original cause, and then endeavour to

been the incessant object of attack, by those mands. apply the remedy. who were then a ininority ; whether, at every

In this quarter, we fully believe with Mr. but it cannot be too frequently repeated, nor political election, the only objection offered Randolph, that the present 'war originated, on

against federal candidates, has not been that too strongly urged, that this miserables

our part, in very bad policy and very bad prin. this scourge and disgrace of our country, whether, had it not beenfor prejudices against believe, that the manner, in which the hostile

they were not hostile to that nation ; and cipies. We are likewise much disposed to grew out of the constitution of our governo her, federalists would not now have been in intentions of our gover ment were carried in. machinery, which exists in some of the lead- power, and our country exempted from this to effect, led naturally, directiy, and perhaps ing principles of our political institutions, as

we may add justifiably, to the severe character

We do not pretend that a nation is never which the contest has assumed. We cannot they were submitted 10 a first experiment. Mr. Jefferson, Mr. Madison, and the cabal / obliged to go to war, in defence of her liberty therefore work up our feelings to that l'esentwhom they directed, with whom they acted, that where there is a frequent and general measures of the enemy purely aggressive.

and rights : our ducirine.only extends to this ment, which would be weil merited, were the and whom at ast they served, rever loved rotation in office, men who do not deserve conwar for its own sake, more than the most pa

We cannot but regard those who wantonly be'fidence will wish to obtain it. That they will cifick man in the nation ; nor were they the always have a strong motive to excire a hos- lamities our own rulers have inflicted upon

gan the war, as responsible both for the cadupes of those doctrines which they professed. tile spirit, against some foreign power, as the But they were ambitious of power, and not

us, in the prosecution of it, and the suffering most promising method of exciting a distrust scrupulous of the means of obtaining it ; and

we sustain, from the exertions of a foe, whom of upright patriots, by whose fali they expect such men are to be found in all ages and in

we could not expect to attack with impunity. to rise. Whether is be admitted or not, that all countries. It will therefore lead us to very

We regret that men, in Virginia, who are the cause of our present war may be traced in false conclusions and unavailing riews, if we

sincere friends to their country and to us, inese principles, is it not obvious, that when should esperience distresses which they, indiidentify the measures which have brought us to our present situation with the individuality administration, and peace, there niust be, in

ever our country may be best with a virtuous vidually, have not deserved. But having with of Mr. 'Jefferson, Mr. Madison, or any other

all our might endeavoured: to avert this evil the very nature of our government, a constant from them, as well as the full portion to which man. To perceive the real origin of our misfor- tendency to unnecessary war, as long as the

our government have exposed us, we owe it tenure of our highest offices is subject to fretunes, let lis suppose our republick ressored to

to ourselves to attend to the first of all liuman

obligations, self-preservation. peace, and its publick concerns administered quent change ? If so, it deserves serious con

Mr. Randolph makes a pathetick appeal to by men of distinguished talents and unim- sideration, whether an alteration in this rese

the eastern states, in behalf of Virginia : Will peachable integrity. In such a state of things pect, is not much to be desired. the unprincipled, aspiring demagogue makes

There is a serious objection to rendering we abandon her in her hour of peril ? li is

not in our power io defend her. We would no figure. But his case is not hopeless. The every publick office as permanent, as its duties

are faithfully discharged.-It is not however tenure of every publick office, except in the

not leave her to the fåte she has courted, and that the mass of the people are in every case judiciary department, is, by the constitution, of the best judges of merit ; or popular suffrage ian rulers have blasted our prosperity, ex

still courts, from a vindictive policy. VirginShort duration, and becomes, at short intervals, the best mode of trial. It is because such a the gift of the multitude.

hausted us of our strength ; we are unable to In order to supersede good men, it would multiplicity of tribunals would be necessary; stand alone in this illfated contest, much less

defend the mistress of the Union. be absurd to address the reason and sense of expersive. Besides, as the grand evil 10 be the people. Their passions must be excited ; obviated in republicks is Faction, if there being the Revolutionary struggle ?

Did not Virginia assist Massachusetts durthey must be enraged.

We would But virtue ever possesses a venerable char

any where in the government a sufficient ask Mr. Randolph whether the cause of Inde

i check to its influence the principal danger pendence was not as dear and interesting to acter ; it bears such an ascendancy over the disappears. Let the chief magistrate of ihe Virginia as to Massachusetts ? We struck human mind, that it cannot be directly assail- ; Union be constituted this check, by placing the first blow for American liberty ; the histo

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