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roads resound with the rapid wheels of pleas-, the pursuit of pleasure, it is easy to suppose, or to the despicable meanness of pitiful chicure, or groan under the more sluggish but that, without religious habits at home, a young | anery and fraud. Let any one observe the heavy loaded vehicles of servile labour ; whilst man at his age would acquire none in the movements of his heart, while he feels the those, who wish to devote the day to religion, course of his travels. He spent a few years thrill of sublime delight,or of pathetick emotion, are disturbed in the exercises of the temple in Europe, and returned with increased desires excited by some of the strains of Burns, of by the various tumult of these impious and for pleasure and dissipation, and more con-Beattie, of Thomson, of Milton, or of Young, unlawful interruptions. It cannot be denied, tempt for what he called the superstitious and he will find, that they are all tuned to beand it may not be disguised, that a decay of notions of his countrymen. He often boasted nevolence, to affection, to gratitude, to love; religion, and a neglect of its duties and ordi. | that he never was inside of a church during and to adoration of HIM, who rideth upon the nances, are usually followed by a decay of his tour, except to see its ornaments, nor wings of the wind ; and that no base, selfish, prosperity, and a visitation of judgment upon passed a Sunday in any other way, than in or unworthy sensation can find its way into a the offending individual, family, or people. Let worldly pleasure and amusement.

mind occupied by such noble and exalted views. any one observe the progress of vice, and he 1 At the usual age for matrimonial connexions, He who acquires an early habit of delighting will be convinced that the wicked do not pros. | INFIDUS was married ; but as the virtues of in and of studying the best pocis, will never ner forever ; nor the profane, the dissolute, piety and religion had no charms for him even know that fatal hour when his heart-chords the irreligious, the sabbath-breakers, escape in a female mind, he was indifferent in his shall ceasc to vibrate to the sweet impulses of without dishonour, without some infamy in this choice of a wife, whether she was exemplary benevolence and of kindness. The sentiments world, whatever may be their preparation to or not. If she was ever disposed to keep of the poets are the most exalted and the inost meet the awful judgment of another.

the sabbath day," his desire and example very dignified sentiments of humanity, arrayed in. At the commencement of the great revolu soon subdued her inclinations to his own hu. the splendid garb of language the most forcible tion in France, that unhappy country began mour, and they were always seen riding abroad and inipressive ; whence all the emotions, the scene of atrocities which made strange on Sunday, or performing some new piece of which mell the glowing heart, or chain the murders and the massacre of multitudes fre musick from a London publication ai home. soul in speechless pleasure, or dart rapture quent and familiar, by an unhallowed prostra. They usually had company on that day to dine through each thrilling nerve, or raise the sigh tion of all their religious institutions. Can with them, and when they were so fortunate of sorrow, and bedew the cheek with pity's any one look back upon these events, and secas to have foreigners, or some of the more tear at the prayer of want, and the plaint of the torrents of blood, which inundated this fair. | liberal minded of their own country for their wue, or lift up the mind to all the elevated est portion of Europe, without beholding the guests, they would form a party in the evening feelings, which adorn and ennoble man, which judginents of heaven riding in this revolution at cards. In scenes like this, and with such render him a blessing to his fellow-men, and ary whirlwind. It was the practice of these domestick examples before them, INFIDUS a zealous, faithful servant to his God, are impious times, in all the great cities, to expose brought up a family of five children. Is it not called forth and roused into action, by the placards, posled at the corners of the streets, easy to divine some unhappy winding up of strains of our bards of higher faine. and in all publick places, with profane and ri- this drama ? One of the daughters married diculous allusions to sacred history, and parric. an impostor, who had assumed the character

« Then hail, ye mighty masters of the lay,

Nature's true sons, the friends of man and truth! ularly scoffing at the divire institution of the of a gentleman, but who had been a footman

Whose song, sublimely bold, serenely gay, sabbath. The sabbath was soon after totally in a great family in Europe, bad robbed his Amus'd my childhood, and inform'd my youth. abolished, and a new calendar formed, in master, and fled to this country with his booty. 0, let your spirit still my bosom soothe, which it was entirely omitted. But “this coun: | He was received into the house of INFIDUS

Inspire my dreams, and my wild wanderings guide! cil and this work was of men"and has “come to for his gonteel address, his knowledge of the

Your voice each rugged path of life can smoothe, nought," whiist the commands of God and the world, and his contempt for, and the wit with

For, well I know, wherever ye reside, venerable practice of ages have been restored. which he could ridicule, all religious rites

There harmory, and peace, and innocence abide.” In our country, the Lord's day has usually and restraints ; and thus he ingratiated himsif been respected. Our fathers obserred it with with the young lady whom he ruined, deceived, ADVANTAGES OF METAPHYSICAL the most religious attention, and it is but of and deserted. The sons were all profligate ;

STUDIES. late years that the violation of it has become although INFIDUS had been left with an ample MANY persons there are, who have conceived indecently notorious. It is less respected, it | patrimony, he was involved by their extrava- a prejudice against metaphysical science, is more profaned at the present day, than at gance, and finally ruined by being bound in because they erroneously imagine that it inany former period ; let those who have seen some of their wild and unfortunate speculations. disposes the mind towards other pursuits more both prosperous and evil days, judge of this! In no time of life was the character of Ix. lagreeable 10 nonular taste ? matter, and lę: those who “observe the signs | FIDUs held in estimation ; no one ever thought several celebrated mei contradict this opinion of the times" apply them. For my own pari, I of him for the guardian of youth or innocence; from the time when have always observed, and I am fully persuad- no one relied on his judgment or integrity as ed, that those families and individuals, who an umpire in their affairs. In the midst of

Omnis Aristippum decuit color et status, et res, have practically and habitually disregarded the his riches and prosperity, he might be courted to the last contury, when the taste and knowl• Lord's day, if thcy have not ended in misery, and flattered, but he was not respected ; and edge of Berkley surprised the artists of Italy'; have eventually become unfortunate and dis. when his riches and prosperity were no more, the accomplishments of the young Helvetius reputable. he was despised and forsaken.

were admired in the circles of Paris ; and the INFIDUS was the son of a wealthy citizen,

grave and the gay, the sage and the youth, who was more careful to give him a genteel,

ON POETRY.

could take delight in the conversation of subtle than a religious education. He was taught The sentiments of poets are the sentiments | Hume. I am the person whom you wish to see, something of the principles of christianity at of the human heart, embodied into words by | said Plato to his foreign guests, who desired school, but saw little of its practice, and heard superior sensibility and genius : doelical ideas | their agreeable host to introduce them to his none of its precepts seriously inculcated at 1 are the pure feelings of the soul, of which I grave nainesake the philosopher. Why should home. Where religion is not impressed upon every one is conscious, but which few can it be imagined, that the mind grow's severe as the tender mind of youth by parental co- | express ; consequently every human being, 1

| express ; consequently every human being, it becomes enlightened, or that the knowledge dearments, nor urged by parental authority ; ! enducd, with sensibility and feeling, must be 1 of man unfits us for the society of mankind! where it is not nurtured by the example of highly interested in, and greatly influenced | One is, indeed, surprised at the strange those to whom the child is supposed to look | by poetry.

notions which men, who are quite ignorant of with the most affectionate love and respect, .There can be little doulyt, that, if the works its nature, have formed of this branch of philit is no wonder if its traces should be faint, of the best poets were more generally studied

| osophy. There are some who seriously beand easily worn out, or impaired. At college and comprehended than they now are, the lieve that this science serves only to darken INFIDUS associated with the loosest of his human character would not be so degraded by and bewilder the understanding ; while others classmates, and too readily adopted the mista- , that callous coldness of heart, nor polluted by suppose that it consists in the baboling of a ken notion that to ridicule religion was hu- that vile vulgarity of vice, which, now, so often | pedantick jargon which constituted the barbarous mour, and to speak of the most holy things lobtrude theinselves upon our sight, in all the language of the scholastick leaming. If a per-. with levity was wit. Tbese carly practices y loathsomeness of their deforrinity ; because the plexed reasoner puzzle himselfand his audience, of iapiety, if they did nou blot out all belief sentiments to be found in those books, if they we are almost always sure to hear his mcinfrom his mind, at least so much obscured it, are felt and understood, raise the mind to such physical subtlety reproved or lamented ; and that be nerer rcitsoned with bimiself wheiher a state of pure and of pleasurable excitement, 1 he, upon his part, seldom fails to ascribe the he had any faith in religion or not. After fine that it cantoi, possibis, while under their confusion of his ideas to the obscure nature of isini bis studies all the University, I XXIDUS i influence, descend to the contaminating de all speculative doctrines. If a pert rhe oricinu uli aoroad. Thus cast out upon the world in igradation of grovelling and sensuat iniquitr, I becomes entangled in his owi) sophistries, he

is ever ready to accuse himself of having too

POETRY.

'Tis his, the mystick meeting to rehearse, much of the very logick which he wants. There

To utter oracles in glowing verse, is not a mere tyro in literature, who has blun- | [We think with Mr. MONTGOMERY, the author of Heroick themes from age to age prolong, dered round the meaning of a chapter in Plato, The World before the Flood," that he selected an and make the Dead in nature live in song. but is content to mistake himself for a philoso- | “ unpromising subject," and the title has probably Though graven rocks the warrior's deeds proclaim, pher. A sciolist cannot set up for an atheist,

deterred many a reader from perusing his poem, and mountains hew'd to statues, wear his name ; without first hailing himself a metaphysician ;

who would bave been highly delighted, at least with Though shrined in adamant, his relicks lie while an ignorant dogmatist no sooner finds

many passages, as truly beautiful, and strongly Beneath a pyramid, that scales the himself embarrassed with a doubt, than he

marked with the genuine spirit of poetick fancy. | All that the hand hath fashion'd shall decay ; seeks to avenge his offended vanity, by re

We think the following EXTRACTS sufficient to justi. | All, that the eye admires, shall pass away; presenting all metaphysical inquiries as idle or mischievous. Thus the noblest of the sciences

fy our recommendation.]

The mouldering rocks, the hero's hope shall fail, is mistaken and vilified by the folly of some,

Earthquakes shall heave the mountains to the vale :

MORNING STAR. and by the prejudices of others; by the im

The shrine of adamant betray its trust, pertinent vanity of a few, who could never un 'Twas then, o'er eastern mountains seen afar, And the proud pyramid resolve to dust; derstand it ; and by the unjustifiable censures | With golden splendour, rose the morning star, The lyre alone immortal fame secures of many, who have never given it a fair and | As if an angel-centinel of night,

For Song alone through nature's change endures; candid examination. He, however, who has From earth to heaven had wing d his home ward flight;

Transfused like life, from breast to breast it glows, been accustomed to mediiate the principles of Glorious at first, but lessening by the way,

From sire to son by sure succession flows, things, the springs of action, the foundations of And lost insensibly in higher day,

Speeds its unceasing flight from clime to clime political government, the sources of moral law, the nature of the passions, the influence of habit

Outstripping death, upon the wings of Time. and association, the formation of character and

PARTING OF LOVERS. temper, the faculties of the soul, and the phi One lovely eve, when in that calm retreat losophy of mind, will not be persuaded that They met, as they were often wont to meet,

WINTER. these subjects bave been unworthy of his And parted not as they were wont to part

TATTERFALL'S TRANSLATION OF MR. WILLIAM Taox: patient attention, because presumptuous wri. With gay regret, but heaviness of heart;

son's ODE BRUMALIS. ters have abused the liberty of investigation,

Though Javan named for his return the night, or because dull ones have found it unavailing.

Alas! no longer now appear
When the new moon had rollid to full ob'd light.
He knows that metaphysicks do not exclude

The softer seasons of the year,
She stood, and gaz'd thro' trees that forced their way,
other learning ; that, on the contrary, they blend

Of sports and loves wbat Muse now sings ? themselves with all the sciences. He feels, the Oft as from steep to steep, with fond delay,

Away my lyre-boy, break the strings. love of truth grow strong with the search of Lessening at every view, he turn'd his head, it ; he confesses the very bounded powers of Hail'd her with weaker voice, then forward sped.

Old joyless Winter, who disdains the human understanding, while he contem. From that sad hour, she saw his face no more

Your sprightly, ftow'ry, Attick strains, plates the immensity of nature, and the majesty

Wrapt into sable, calls for airs, of God ; but he thinks that his researches may

POWER OF THE FLUTE.

Rougta, gloomy, as the rug he wears. contribute to enlarge and correct his own

Pleasure, forever on the wing, notions : that they may teach him how to reason! At once obedient to the lip and hand with precision ; and may instruct him in the It utter'd every feeling at command.

Wild, wanton, restless, Auttering thing, knowledge of himself. His time, he believes, Light o'er the stops his airy fingers flew,

Airy, springs by, with sudden speel, is seldom employed to greater advantage, than A spirit spoke in every tone they drew ;

Swifter than Maro's flying steed. when he considers what may be the nature of 'Twas now the sky-lark on the wings of morn,

Ah ! wliere is hid the sylvan scene, his intellectual being, examines the extent of Now the night warbler, leaning on her thorn ;

The leafy shade, the vernal green ? his moral duties, investigates the sources of Anon through every pulse the musick stole,

In Flora's meads the sweets that grew, happiness, and demonstrates the means by

And held sublime communion with the soul, which it may be more generally diffused.

Colours which nature's pencil drew,
Wrung from the coyest breast th' unprison'd sigh,
It is nothing to him, that his lone and his

Chaplets, the breast of Pope might wear,
and kindled rapture in the coldest eye.
language are ill imitated by the sophist ; that

Worthy to bloom around lanthe's hair? he is considered as a useless member of society

Gay-mantled Spring away is flown, by the heavy, plodding man of business ; or RETURN OF A YOUTHFUL WANDERER TO A

Tbe silver-tressed Summer's gone, that he is exposed to the impotent ridicule of

DESOLATE COTTAGE,

And golden Autumn ; nought remains the gaudy coxcomb, by whom he can never be

THE ABODE OF HIS INFANCY.

But Winter with his iron chains. approved, because he can never be understood. it to him, though his name be unknown Slowly recovering strength, he gazed around

The feather-footed hours that fly, among the monopolizers,the schemers, and the In wistful silence, eyed those walls decay'd,

Say “ Human life thus passes by" ; projectors, that throng the crowded capital of Between whose chinks the lively lizard play'd ;

What shall the wise, the prudent ? they a mercantile nation ? What is it to him, though The moss-clad timbers, loose and laps'd awry,

I Will seize the bounty of to-day, his talents be undervalued by the votaries and the victims of dissipation, folly, and fashion ? Threatening erelong in wider wreck to lie ;

And prostrate, to the Gods their grateful homage pay The fractur'd roof, thro' which the sun-beams shone, What is it to him, though grandeur should

The man, whom Isis' stream inspires, have withdrawn its protection from genius'; With rank unfinwering verdure overgrown ;

Whom Pallas owns and Phæbus fires. though ambition should be satisfied with power The prostrate fragments of the wicker door,

Whoin Suada, smiling Goddess, deigns alone ; and though power should only exert And reptile traces on the damp green floor.

To guide in sweet Hyblæan plains, its efforts to preserve itself? These things This mournful spectacle while Javan view'd

He Winter's storms undaunted still sustains. may not affect him : they may neitherinterrupt | Life's earliest scenes and trials were renew'd ; The course of his studies, nor disturb the O'er his dark mind, the light of years gone by

Black, louring skies ne'er hurt the breast serenity of his mind. But what must be his Gleam'd like the meteors of the northern sky.

By white-robed Innocence possessed, feelings, if he should find, that philosophy is He mov'd his lips, but strove in vain to speak,

Roar as ye list ye winds-beginpersecuted, where science is professed to be

Virtue proclaims fair Peace within ;
A few slow tears stray'd down his cold wan cheek,
taught ? Are there not some, who seem de
Till from his breast a sigh convulsive sprung,

Etherial posrer ! 'tis you that bring
sirous of excluding it from the plan of publick
And “ () my mother !” trembled from his tongue.

The balmy Zephyrs, and restore thc Spring. education ? The advantages which are to be

****** tutto looks ****** ********************************** derived from classical knowledge are well

MINSTRELSY. understood in one place ; and a profound

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR acquaintance with mathematicks is highly estiThere is a living spirit in the lyre,

JOHN PARK, mated in another; while the study of the human

A breath of musick and a soul of fire ; mind, which is the study of human nature, and

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, It speaks a language to the world unknown ; that examination of principles which is so It speaks that language to the bard alone ;

NO. 4 CORNHILL. necessary to the scrutiny of truth, are either While warbled symphonies entrance his ears,

Price three dollars per anrum, half in advance. discouraged as dangerous, or neglected as | That spirit's voice in every tone he hears ;

' New subscribers nay be supplied with preceding n om. useless.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1814.

NO. LII.

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POLITICAL.

re-election ; and this recurrence to the suffra- short space of four years, and see that tiré

ges of the people was considered a safe check onure of his exalted station would depend on FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

upon his administration, as his success must the support he should secure, before the next

depend on the opinion that his official conduct appeal to the popular voice. He must recun· We observe that a correspondent of the

has produced on the minds of a majority of cile it to his mind to retire from office, at the Daily Advertiser's has proposed, as an amend. the electors.

close of his first term, or use the means which ment to the federal Constitution, “ to render

This plan, so far from presenting induce. / readily presented themselves to secure a secthe President ineligible a second time"

| ments to correct and faithful conduct, has a ond triumph. He was not President of the The writer has not offered his reasons for

directly opposite tendency. It tempts a Pres. United States a year, a month, nor even a day! this suggestion, but, to any man of observation

! ident to become a demagogue, a partizan), a | He enlisted at once as the head of a faction, a and reflection, it will appear evident that the i

pliant instrument of whatever passions and faction which he and his friends had rendered tenure of the office of President as regulated

prejudices are either naturally predominant too formidable, to leave him one independent by our constitution, as it now stands, is the

among the people, or can be excited by him thought for his country's welfare. They lookworst of all possible modes. An article either

and-his party to suit their own ambitious views. | ed to him for countenance ; they were lost to that he should be ineligible, as proposed, for a we are not disposed to say that the mass of | hini, if he refused it; he became at the same second term, or that he should hold his office

the people, or a majority of them are consti- | time their patron and their slave. during good bchaviour, would undoubtedly re..

- rutionally partial to bad, and hostile to good We presume there is not a well informed lieve us from the incalculable evils which arise

men, were they suffered to act according to man in the country who believes, if Mr. Mad. froin the present system.

their understandings, independent of all ex- | ison had not been constitutionally eligible a The general experience of mankind has

traneous influence But this ne:er will be the second time to the Presidency, that he would taught us, that the love of power is one of the

case, where so much depends on the popular have descended to the measures, which he strongest features in the human character,

voice ; and it is not uncharitable to say, that adopted during his first four years' adminisThere is another, scarcely less prevalent, and

mcn's vices are ever more easily roused to tration ; or that he would have done such viothat is, the love of glory. When a people are?

action, than their virtues. If the object of a lence to what he well knew to be his duty to establishing political institutions, it behoves

ves

President.chosen for fi

President,chosen for four years, be re-election, his country, if, when once chosen, he had forthem to calculate on being ruled by nien, and

ever afterwards been independent of all parnot demigods ; they must expert in their ru

else, he cannot safely rely on the integrity of ties, secure of living and dying President of lers the predominant passions of men, and ei., bis conduct for the accomplishment of his

the United Siates, unless sleposed for misconther contrive to render them subservient 10

hopes
hones If he does not

If he does not choose to create a par- duct by a regularly constituted tribunal. The the publick good, or so 10 restrain them as to

tendency of such a principle is to give free prevent publick injury from their operation.

and unbiaseed scope to the virtue of him who There may be, in one age, a Cincinnalus, President becomes the leader of a party, and,

possesses inherent integrity ; and even to and, some thousands of years afterwards, there in a competition for power, his chance of uri. | make a man c

| make a man correct in conduct, who is in may be a Washington-men who prefer the umph

ler the umph will be decidedly the greatest, by heart devoid of political morality, by removing l'etirement of private life to the consequencc heading that which is formed by the agency

fron him every temptation to act the demaattached to exalted station ; but, where we find

of passion and ignorance, rather than reason gogue, and placing before bim a powerful motwo such magistrates, we may find thousands, and virtue.

tive 10 act the patrioihis personal glory. who are govc: oed hy very different motives.

There are other important circumstances

We are fully persuadedi, iliat to render the Without alluding pulliculariy 10 our csperi

which likewise deserve consideration. In or president ineligible a second time would be a ence in this country, we may take it for grant.

der that the chief magistrate of the nation great improvement in our constitution ; but ed, that when an individual is placed at the

should be enabled 10 discharge bis duties with that higher advantages still would result from head of a nation, he will wish to continue so, effect, we hare given him, and always must

a choice, doring good behaviour. It was. as long as possible. If the constitution posi.

give him, a considerable degree of what is thought to be a very important object, by lively limits bis term of office to a ccriain pe.

called executive patronage. Were he jude. | those ho formed our federal constitution, riod, and interdicis his re-election, then there

pendent of the competitions of faction, he that our plan of government should contain is a strong probability that, as he can not perwould feel himself at liberty to exercise this

within itself, a system of checks and balances. petuate his power, he will seck for glory,

power for the purposes of giving energy to 1 It was thought this grand desideratum was obwhich he can only derive from the approbation

government ; birt, in the precarious standing | ained, by the consiruction of three distinct of the world. He will be under no temptation

of a political combatant, he must be prompi braxches in the legislative department, indeto forfeit this, by acts of corrupiion, by sacried to employ it solely to form and strengihen

pendent of each other, but whose respecure fices to the profligate and ignorant ; for ibeir his parıy. It will be used for corruption, and

concurrence was necessay to the establisli.. suffrages will be of no use to him, when bis

she corruptible will be fond of extending it, ment of any law. Experience has proved that. constitutional term of office has expired. not for the publick good, but that their own

these checks exist only in theory, and bare So if elected during good bchaviour, the want of principle may stand the beiter chance

disappeared in practice. The reason is, that, very condition on which he holds his office | of reward Thus the ambition of the Presiden!

thonyh chosen in different forms, and under must always operate on his mind, as a power, as a power encourages the venaliiy of the people, and the

the name of President, Senators, and Repreful motive to uprightness of conduct. He is

venality of the people cherishes the an.bition (sentatives, they all derive their au'hority from secure in his station, unless he be convicted of l of the President. What prospect has simple, the

the same scurce, and very nearly at the same misdemeanours or crimes ; he can have no

i ne can have no l unassuming rectitude, resting only on its own | tine. The predominant passion of the day inducement to court the vicious, or corrupt basis, in conflict with two such powerful

will take the ascendant in every branch, and the mercenary inultitude. He is subject to principles ? We have seen to our sorrow.

the only jealousy that exists, is that between no tribunal but that which decides by law and

We are among those who deplore the course majority and minority. We way therefore testimony ; be hopes nothing and he fcar's Mr. Madison has pursued; we consider it

expect to find, with a rare exception, the pres. nothing from popular caprice. He is placed

owing to his measures that our unbappy coup. i ident, majoriy of the senate, and of the house ho a situation in the bighest degree favourable try has been buried from the pinnacle of pros

of representatives of one political party, and a 10 the practice of virtue--nauch 10 gain, and perily to calamity and disgrace : but we most

ninority in the senate and house of represennothiing to lose, by a course of undeviating inCandidily avow it as our couviction, that his

tatives of another. What then becomes off tegrity.

measures may be attributed as much to the l our boasted checks and balances ? The mi. What is ihe natiral consequence of our defect of our system of election, as to any ! nority have no power, but the liberty of speech, present plan ! An individual is chosen Pres- peculiar depravily in the man. The spirit of and not always that. The party, headed by ident of the United States for four years, at | faction raged at the time he was first chosen

rated at úe time he was first chosen : the president, and prevailing in the other leg.

the presid the expiration of which, he is a candidate for | President. He had but 10 look forward the , islative branches, becomes the go

overmaye it

Sir,

the United States ; the ties of sect do away | incdiately afterwards departed for New Or. It can scarcely be necessary that we insert every distinction of names, and our fainous eans.

among our articles of Domestick Intelligence complex system becomes one of the simplest About the first of December, the British the following account from Washington. “ The governments in the world.

| barges in Doboy Sound, Georgia, captured Treasury remains pennyless; and the affairs Let the authority of the President be estab- fourteen of our coasters, one of which was of the nation, I am sorry to say, are daily going lished on another basis ; let it be durabic retaken by the commander.

from bad to worse. Where they will end, while that of ihe other branches is subject to December 7th. Most of the enemy's ves- Heaven only knows.” frequent change, and we shail see that jeal- sels descended the Rappa hannock. They had ousy, that disposition to check, that attachment not effected any considerable damage, nor did

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. to prerogative, rights and independent char- they sustain any loss, except 13 privates, deacter, which give sccurity to the liberties of serters or prisoners, who have been sent on

TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. the people. Our chief magistrate would then' to Washington. The number landed, which

During the present interruption of almost be above the control of any faction ; the sen- was stated at 2560, is now reduced to 500,

every kind in business, of which I experience ate would, as at present, equally represent the among whom were eight companies of blacks,

my share, I feel myself disposed to employ views and interests of the several states, and 50 each, in uniform, said to be Virginia and

some part of my leisure in becoming a corthe house of representatives would be govern- | Maryland negroes, trained at Tangier Island. ed by the existing impressions of the body of An English officer remarked that their object

respondent to your paper, if you are willing

to accept of such aid as I can afford. The the citizens. Such an arrangement would un- in this descent was to harass the militia, and

title I have assumed, appeared to me suited to doubtedly introduce an esprit du corfis into that after pursuing that policy for a few weeks, the respective branches, instead of that spirit they shouid return to winter quarters. Such

my purpose ; not that I have any idea of writ. of party which now makes their majorities is the nature of this war-a handful of men

ing like Cicero, or of partaking his immorta one body ; and that esprit du corps would can keep a whole state in continual alarm

fame, but because by taking some apborism,

or detached sentiment from his works, I may, bring into action those mutual checks, that and preparation for defence.

without further ceremony, indulge myself in rivalship and circumspection, which it was His Excellency LEVIN WINDER is reclected intended to establish by our constitution. Governour of the state of Maryland, by a large

reflections and observations on almost any majority.

subject, philosophical, political, moral, or reGENERAL REGISTER. The returns of votes for Representatives to

ligious.

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
Congress from this commonwealth have been
BOSTON, SATURDAY, DEC. 24, 1817.
examined, and it appears that seventeen fed-

TULLY, No. I.
eralists are caosen and one democrat the | “ Docilis est is, qui attentè vult audire."

Hon. Albion K. Parris, of the 7th Eastern FOREIGN. The Sultan of Turkey has

He learns with facility, who chooses to listen with at. District. There is no choice in the 4th and recently effected an important change in the

tention.

CICERO ad Herennium 6th Eastern Districts. In the former the organization of his government, by establishing

There is undoubtedly a considerable coasti. federal candidate had a plurality of nine votes, a considerable regular military force on the

tutional variety in the degree of acuteness and scattering 23 : in the latter, the democratick European system of enlistment and discipline.

energy, with which it pleases heaven to encandidate had a plurality of fourteen votes, Hitherto the Sultan, though a tyrant himself,

dow the intellect of different persons ; but | scattering 52. has generally been more or less the slave of

The United States' frigate

the variety, which we constantly discover in

Constitution, other tyrants, the chiefs of his jannizaries. If

mental acquirements, is probably less owing Capt. STUART sailed from this port, on a this revolution can be maintained, he will be

to an irreversible deci-ion of nature, than 10 cruise, last Saturday. able to act more independently, but whether

accidental circumstances, in which the oper.

It has been rumoured and feared that the that will ameliorate the condition of the Turks

ations of our will are principally concerned. United States' sloop of war Wasp, has been or not, must still depend on the disposition of

We often apologize for the barrenness of our taken. We know of notning yet, either to the reigning despot. The first measures of

minds by useless and unfounded regrets on contradict or confirm the report. the invigorated authority of the Grand Seign

the parsimony of nature. in her allotinents of

We understand that the Hon. WILLIAM jor have been the decapitation of two of his pet

intellectual capacity, when the fault is wholly Eustis, late Secretary at War, has been noin. ty tyrants.

our own, in not making the best improvement inated by the President, as Minister to HolOn the 27th of October the Academy of

of the powers she has bestowed. It is very land ; and BENJAMIN W. CrowXINSHIELD Sciences and Fine Arts at Ghent celebrated

seldom we see an instance of the amazing Esq. as Secretary of the Navy. their Anniversary ; when the American Min

reach of the human soul, because we seldom

CONGRESS. The military Conscription isters were unanimously elected members,

see its utmost energies exerted. There have : Bill passed in the House, by a majority of onand invited to attend the exercises, and share

been few men in the world like Sir William ly 12. in the festivities of the occasion.

Jones, because few are disposed to labour with

A bill from the Senate is before the House, Monte Video, in Buenos-Ayres, South

his perseverance, or fasten their thoughts upon | authorizing the President to appoint a Vice America, which has long been the strong hold

| subjects with his zeal. " | Admiral, and two Rear Admirals, and has had of the Royalists in that section of the country, at section of the country, two readings.

Memory is the grand reservoir of the un. capitulated to the Buenos Ayreans or Inde

derstanding, and more, than we are aware of,

The subject of a General Bankrupt Law is pendents on the 23rd of last June. This

depends on the proper discipline of this facul. before a select committee. event, says a letter from that place, “ is con

ty. Those, who are considerably advanced in

The National Bank bill, passed in the Sen. sidered a death blow to the monarchical sys

life, are informning us of the distinctness of ate, has been reported in the House, with sevtem, in this part of the world.”

| infantile or youthful impressions, while reeral amendinents, and is again referred to a The Vengeur 74, with a deet of transports

cent objects and occurrences make but a faint committee of the whole and 3000 men, was ready for sea at Plymouth,

impression, and are easily obliterated. It is

Several acklitional Tax bills have passed ; England, on the 25th of October, and the Sui

therefore generally supposed tht Memory is a bill laying duties on certain Manufactures, tan, 74, with another fleet, at Cork, was ready &c. is now under consideration.

strongest in early life. This I believe to be on the 29th ; both bound to America.

HARTFORD CONVENTION. On the

altogether a mistake. In infancy our sphere On the 21st of October, the Amphion frigate,

of observation is very contracted. We fix | assembling of this body, the Hon. GEORGE with five transports was spoken, bound to Ber

our minds on comparatively but few objects. Cabot, of this town, was unaniinously elected muda. They left Cork the 7th of September.

For want of experience, almost everything President, and the Hon THEODORE DWIGHT, In the latter part of November, five vessels

we see is wonderful, and therefore interests arrived at Quebeck from Cork ; three with of Hartford, Secretary. The Reverend Dr.

us deeply. Ai a later period, we are seldom | STRONG of H riford opened the session by about 400 troops, officers, seamen, artificers,

surprized, and our thoughts are therefore selprayer, and it was voted that the Reverend &c. ; the others laden with naval stores, flour,

| dom intensely engaged. I remember the apgentlemen, who officiais, as chaplains 10 the clothing, and goods.

pearances which preceded the “ dark day" in General Assembny ut Conecticut, and the At our last dates from Halifax, an expedi

1780 distinctly, because I thought it the preRev. Dr. Perkins, of West-Hartford, shoull tion of from 2 to 3000 men was fitting out

curser of the day of judgment I can scarcely be invited to oficiate daily, in turns, as froin that place. It is conjectured their desti

recollect the garb of nature, as the total chaplains to the Convention, during their sespation is to reinforce the garrison at Castine.

eclipse approached in 1806, because I knew sion. DOMESTICK. General Jackson, whom

what was about to happen, understood the

The Honourable J. Roberts has been rewe mentioned in our last, as having taken

cause, and was not astonished. Could a per. elected a Senator of ihe US from Pennsylvapossession of Pensacola, the capital of West,

son of eighty years of age experience any nia, to serve for six years from the 4th of; Florida, placed a garrison in that city, and im- in

o thing that wowu so engage the mind, and ar.

pext.

rest the attention, as does the first shock of A poet is not bound to be an astronomer, it most of my cotemporaries. I have continued an earthquake we witness in infancy, there is true ; but from an author of celebrity, under my peaceful walks, although alone, and indul. can be no doubt but it would leave as strong | no obligation to touch what he does not-under-ged my propensity for writing, without flatterand distinct an impression. We remember | stand, we have a right to expect sense. Aling myself that I

stand, we have a right to expect sense. A ing myself that I should have many readers, our first lesson in a language, which we study writer may use terms according to their com after rejecting a subject almost exclusively at school, better than any other ; because our mon acceptation, or scientifick import, but we | popular. feelings are more abstracted from every thing can find no construction, that enables us to

To return to the subject of antiquity, upon else, and more absorbed in acquiring it. comprehend, how « Venus reigns, unrivalled, which I had proposed to myself to treat in

Every person who has been entrusted with the fairest lamp of night, from her genial rise, this day's paper. the education of youth must have observed, when daylight sickens, till it springs faresh." It may be observed, that the few remaining thut success in acquiring knowledge is by no

writings of the ancienis which have fortunatemeans proportioned to what seems to be the

ly come down to us ; some entire and mag:

ETYMOLOGIES. . scale of natural capacity. One hears the voice

nificent works of art ; with the splendid ruins DR. PARK, of the instructor, understands the terms he

of vast temples and cities, are unfading and

Perhaps some of your readers will be grali. uses, but takes no interest in the information fied by seeing the following Etymologies, taken

imposing monuments of the existence, in he would communicate, and makes no prog

early times, of a wor.derful race of men. in part from the Gentleman's Magazine. ress. Another, not better endowed with quick

The Pyramids of Egypt are not the less

CULPRIT. This is a corruption from the ness of perception, drinks in every word, and

astonishing objects of human art and human French, qu'il paraite, i. e. make it appear, or stores up every idea.

labour, for being so often described and so let it appear if thou art not guilty. The term Intense application of thought is to some

often referred to. Their stupendous magniis pure French, and biss the prisoner plead for painful, to others perhaps impracticable ; but himself, and make his innocence appear.

tuce has been measured ; their triumph over in general, it is a voluntary state of mind, and

the power of time hus been proved ; but the

BUMPER. This word is derived from Bum, may be acquired by resolution. It is not de.

design in building them, as well as the per| bard, or Bombard, in latin, Bombardus, a great sirable to devote our attention exclusively to

son, or power by whom they were reared, a few favourite objects of pursuit, for this | gun; and thence applied to a large flaggon,

eludes the inquiry of the most curious and would both abridge our pleasures and our use| black-jack, or full glass. Thus the Lord

sagacious mind ; and the period of their erecChamberlain says to the porters, who had been fulness ; but we cannot too highly estimate,

tion is so far hidden in the obscurity of time, as nor too diligently cultivate the power of men." in: negligent in keeping out the mob,

to mock the researches of the learned traveltal abstraction the power of withdrawing the

“ You are lazy knaves :

ler or antiquarian. attention from every thing but that which And here ye lie, baiting of bumbards, when

Almost every thing in Egypt is calculated ought to engage us at the moment. However Ye should do service,"

Suak. Hen. VIII | to excite wonder. The magnitude of her we employ our mind, let us employ it con

works of art have been equalled by no other

QUANDARY. From the French, qu'en dirai.! amore, with a passionable fondness, and we je ? What shall I say, or do ?

country, and are surpassed by the majesty of shall seldom fail of success. One of the great

YANKEE. This word is a 6 native American,"

nature alone. The ruins of Egyptian Thebes, est philosophers in the world required nothing and was anciently applied by the Indians of

whilst they display the mighty efforts of Time of his pupils for years, but the habit of close

in desolating the feebler works of this wonderful our forests to the white inhabitants, east of and silent attention, and would not suffer thom

people, exhibit monuments of magnificence Hudson's river. When, pointing to their setto speak, until they had first learnt to listen tlements, the red men would exclaim, “ there

and durability, which Time consecrates, but and think.

cannot destroy. The following description, and live the Yankoos”-that is a people brave, invincible, never to be conquered !

remarks respecting this ancient city, are from Sudden to heaven

Your's,

Bossuet's eloquent discourse on Universal Thence weary vision turns ; where leading soft

History. The silent bours of love, with purest ray

« One palace above all is admired, whose Sweet Venus shines ; and from her genial rise,

THE WRITER, N. XXXII. s remains seem to have subsisted only in orWhere daylight sickens till it springs afresh,

dler to efface the glory of all the greatest Unrivalled reigns, the fairest lamp of night.

If we look into antiquity, we shall find

« productions, of human power and skill. Thomson's Summer, line 1692, &c. an ample field for entertainment, and may

Four alleys, extending farther than the eye The subject naturally invited Thomson to:

derive not only pleasure, but some profit to scan follow them, and terminating at each

I the mind from exploring the archives of for-lo end with sphinxes of a composition as rare, frequent allusions to the science of Astron

mer ages ; made more enticing as they are i « as their size is remarkable, serve as avenues OMY, in his beautiful poems-The Scarons

obscured by time, or concealed by mystery. 6to porticoes whose height astonishes the beand he seems to have possessed no inconsid

| It is difficult however to persuade many of the erable knowledge of its principles There is

holder. What magnificence, and what éx. present generation to direct their studies to ! " teut ! Indeed, of all those who have dehowever a singular confusion of expression), to

days of yore, they are so entirely occupied say the least, in the passage we have quoted,

scribed the prodigious edifice, no one has | by the passing events of their own times. and we are both surprised that Thomson

« had time to make the tour of it, nor are | The science, or at least the theme of politicks, should commit such a blunder, and that the

« tijev even certain of having seen the half of I is the taste of the present day ; and all ranks, ! « it. ' A hall, which apparently stood in the world, to this day we believe, have suffered it

orders, and degrees of men are so occupied lommidst of this superb palace, was stipp rted to pass without criticism.

by this sole object, that no other can be ob- l or by a hundred and twenty columns, o six The plain astronomical doctrine contained !

i truded upon them with any hope of success in the passage appears to be this,-that Venus,

I « fathoms in thickness, and lofty in proportion,

Even women are infected with this prevailing the evening star, rises in the west, in the

« and interiningied with obelisks which so disorder ; and you may often find laclics who,“ many ages have not been able to lay low. evening, and shines until daybreak in te morning ! It would be difficult to embrace

from their conversation, appear to know as “ So well did Egypt know how to impress

much about the affairs of state, as of their more crrours in 60 few words. There is no

is the character of immortality on all her own household ; who talk with the same flumode of interpreting them that will reconcile

works.” And Sonnini, a French traveller, the whole to iruth. It would be too far-fetchency upon diplomatick forms, as of the form

describes soine porticos of a prodigious elevaed for even a poet to say, she rose in the west,

of a bonnet, and argue with equal warmth on tion, one of which was of the height of one

the rights of war, or the right of dower. Eve. because her motion in her orbit is from west

hundred and seventy feet by two hundred feet to east. For in that sense, she does not rise,

fry body is "inquiring for news, and eager to breadih. or rather retire from the sun but 47 degrees

catch the first report and be the earliest to From Egypt we may pass to Rome, and

spread it. The subject of a secret session, of view the wonders of another race of men, who eastward and then will appear, every evening,

despatches, or of a cabinet council, are explore | to go westward till her inferior conjunction

existed ages after the former had become ed, or conjectured, with as much interest and with the sun. If we are to suppose that; by

| venerable from her amtiquity; and which | eager curiosity, as were the Eieusinian myste- I have now for ages been added to the cata. her rise, he only means that, when evening

ries ; and the opening of the mail is attended star, she is discovered first in the west, “ when

logue of ancient ruins. Rume however has daylight sickens," then he will find it clifficult

with the same impatience and solicitude, as produced nothing so stupe dous as the works

were the responses of Apollo at Delphos, or to make her shine until dawn o'light ; for she

of Egypt. The greatest as well as the most the Sybiline oracles cannot appear above the western borizon four i

usefui nonuments of Roman power and gran

For myself, I have enjoyed a quiet and re- deur, seems to be their immense highways. hours after sun sel, at her greatest eastern

pose, unknown to those wlio embark on this | The via alipia, or Appian road, extended from elongation, which will not bring “the spring of day light", even in London, and when the

icmpestuous sea of politicks, by keeping aloof | the city 330 miles to Brundusium (now Brio.

| trom the vortex which has swallowed up the ' dici) ai.d was paved or flagged brough the qights are the shortest.

IQUARIAN.

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