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what is the whole amount ? Is all this money | our religion ; for any thing that is dear to us, į in the hands of a member of Congress, with faithfully applied for publick purposes ? Ale an appeal to the sword would be honourable ; proof, that it was received, and some time in those purposes wise ? Is the professed object and even to fail, would not degrade us. But | possession-long enough to produce its effect, essential or even necessary to our security and to be chained down to ruinous idieness, to be and give Mr. Turreau the triumph, even in happiness? If so, it must follow, that we only forced to give up our propertymto see the spirit, between him and the President of the experience a less evil to avoid a greater : and prospect of future prosperity receding from us United States. we should be willing in that case to be taxed, and ours and all this for the sake of interfer On the 19th Mr. Clay, Speaker of the House until taxation became as great an evil, as that ing in the relation between a foreign govern- of Representatives, lately appointed a Commiswhich government propose to obviate.

ment and its subjects-these are conside- sioner to treat with Great Britain, resigned the Our rulers are not only loading us with rations, which ought to make us regard , chair, and was succeeded by the Hon. Langton heavy taxes, probably as heavy as they dare in tame submission to exorbitant taxes, and a Cheeves, of South Carolina. that shape, but incurring an enormous publick | swollen publick debt, as not only a disgrace, | STATE LEGISLATURE. The answer of debt, by loans. What is the amount ? and hardship, but a crime. While we are

the Senate and House to the Governour's Round numbers in MILLIONS give no dis- taking the bread from those who depend on Speech have both passed, after ample debate, tinct idea to the mass of the people. One us, to feed the “ vagrant, offscourings of dram and been communicated to his Excellency. million is more than they ever saw ; it expres- shops," as Mr. Troup calls our soldiery, let These are papers worthy the very respectable ses vaguely a vast sum !-twenty, thirty, forty us remember too, that the purposes of this

and patriotick bodies, which have produced millions, does no more. Putting it all on wag expense are at once ruinous, fruitless and

them. As far as language can, they will mee: gons, and stringing it on the road from Boston to wicked. And while we see before us, a system the wishes, and accord with the feelings of a Philadelphia, gives us about as precise a notion of taxation commenced, which will beggar the very large majority of the suffering citizens of what we have to pay, as a schoolboy con poor and impoverish the rich, let the odium of of this commonwealth. ceives of the distance round the globe, when our oppression rest on the wanton profligacy, i Mr. Otis's Resolution, we can now say, al. he has learned how many barley corns would / which has plunged us in a war, unsupported ter having waited to collect popular opinion, encircle it. Can we not obtain a more practi- by principle, and marked by the frown of has been received by all classes of federalists, cal understanding of this important subject ? heaven, in the disgraceful and disastrous con- ! perhaps with more heartfelt satisfaction, than Every man in Massachusetts knows what sequences, which it has produced.

any publick measure for many years. It has state tax he himself pays. Then let him like.

revived hopes of security in those who had wise know, that the proportion Massachusetts The publick may judge, if a doubt l'emains, feared, that every right, even personal liberty, would have to pay of the publick debt arising as to what is to decide our fate, with respect to would find no guardians in this good old state, from this ONE YEAR OF WAR,* if now le- war or peace, by the immediate change of once so famous for the manly, independent vied and not borrowed, would equal the whole tone, in the democratick papers, on the news, spirit of its citizens. Their gratitude to Mr. state tax, for SIXTY YEARS! The war is that Bonaparte was personally safe at Paris, Otis is unbounded, and the Legislature have but begun_Congress are constantly devising and had obtained a decree for a new army. He confirmed the confidence reposed in them by new projects for increasing expense ; as we | is again eulogized to adoration, and the spirit | their constituents. value our own happiness and that of our chil- of our government, in taking measures to dren, it is time to inquire, for what purpose continue the war, are welcomed as good ti

To Readers. are these enormous demands ?

dings. We are far from saying this disposi. | Tue daily increase of subscribers to the Spectator, Walk the streets of our cities and capital |

tion is general, among those who rank as satisfies the Editor that it is read ; and his confidence towns, you see men every where with the friends of the administration ; but if Bonaparte in the understanding of his readers induces him to bebadge of their dependence on government for can take the field again, all murmuring, wher

lieve they must have discovered, than the first political support, or emolument. Go to the publick ever it is indulged, must be suppressed. We

paper, in each number, is froin the pen of an able cor.

respondent. For once, however, it is boped the cowhouses through the country, you every where shall all have to busy our minds to procure the Imunication “ On the duty of an early resistance to un. see the recruiting officer. Go back to the means of paying our increasing taxes, and let constitutional and oppressive laus" will be perused frontiers, you will find the road, alive with murmurs sleep with the spirits of our fathers. | with particular attention. straggling fragments of armies ; and caravans of provisions, transported through the wilderness,

o Towards the close of the second paragraph, in at five times their original cost. Contemplate GENERAL REGISTER. the last Confidant, the compositor omitted the words this picture, from Maine to Georgia ; from

deeply in navigation, after, “in which he engaged." the Atlantick to the lakes, and imagine wheth

Those who preserve this paper, will please to insert er such immense machinery can be set in mo

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 29, 1814. them, as they are essential to the sense. tion, or supported at rest, without mortgaging you and your children.

EUROPEAN. No foreign advices have !

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. Most of these appearances result from war. been received since last Saturday. , And for what is this war ? The true answer. SOUTH AMERICA. The revolutionists

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR. is ; to secure office to men, as the instruments or independents of Buenos Ayres continue hos

THE CONFIDANT, No. III. of our passions, who had not personal character tilities avainst the loyalists. Before the first enough to obtain promotion by the suffrage of of Auoust last, they had besieged Montevideo, | Remarks occasioned by the Address of Philopater. our reason. But the ostensible motive is and were boinbarding the city, with a prospect . .........vitanda est improba Siren-Desidia. enough-We are at war, say our rulers, to

of its speedy reduction. On the west, General compel the British to relinquish the right of Belgrano had retaken Tucuman, Salta and the respectable

The positive injunctions and interdictions of į

physicians sometimes succeed, impressment. Of impressing whom? Amer- rich Potosi. icans ? No-British seamen. This is all Great

| when self-command fails, and the advice and

DOMESTICK. The British have turned feelings of friends are disregarded This apBritain claims. This, her statesmen say, they will enjoy, in common with other nations-and

their attention, actively, to the mouth of the pears to be the only source, from which Par.

Mississippi. Forty men, from the sloop of LOPATER can expect any effectual advantage. this the people of Great Britain say, they will

war, Herald, have landed at fort Balize, and de- He has little to hope from this ; for the sense perish, or maintain.

stroyed it. The Herald and two brigs of war of privation to a man habitually addicted to the It is on this ridiculous pretence, that we are remained at the Balize.

excessive stimulus of ardent spirits, is so intol. waging an unjustifiable war. For this we are

CONGRESS. On the 18th instant, the erable, that the consciousness of approaching deprived of the hard earned fruits of industry -arrested in the occupations of our choice

President of the United States sent a message death has frequently less horrour to the victims

I to Congress, enclosing a series of documents of intemperance, than the miserable sensation, denied our accustomed means of supporting our.

relating to the Russian Mediation. On the 20th which, in that case, results from self-cenial. selves and our families--and for this we sit down quietly and sce a tremendous publick debt grow

he sent another message, respecting Turreau's! I am but too well persuaded that PHILOPA: ing upon us, which will either make our future

| infamous letter, covering a statement from ter has stated an instance, which, in the prin existence a scene of fruitless labour, or lead to

Mr Monroe, informing that he could not find cipal circumstances, is far from singular. Such civil commotions, which cannot be contempla

any such letter on the files of the department. calamities, than wjich there can scarcely be ted in prospect, but with the deepest anxiety.

This is perfectly ridiculous, when the whole a greater in domestick life, may be shunned « It is the cause—the cause, my countrymen,"

country knows, that after TURREAU had order-by timely caution, but are seldom if ever curwhich ought to make us blush. Were our |

ed Mr. Jackson to be dismissed, and he was ed. It is not safe to rely on one's fortitude ;

dismissed, the letter was withdrawn, lest it the enemy is insidious ; fortitude is not deem., contest for our liberties for our property-for

should be found on the files of the Department ed necessary until it is already paralyzed. It is * Our expense must go on, at least, a second year. of State. The official translation, however, is better to study, philosophically, the constitu

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tion of man, and to regulate wisely and virtu- | taste. Success, in whatever has employed the our constantly boisterous and jangling propena ously, what we cannot control. The fatal hab- vigour of youth and manhood, is no just plea sities, is alluded to by the poet Lucan, while it, in which the father of PHILOPATER indulg- for indolence; it qualifies us the better to se paying a just and beautiful tribute to the comed, has no peculiar connexion with his history. | lect and plan our future pastime. But unless manding virtue of Julia ; another instance The doctrine which, if seasonably understood, some plan presents, which promises both satis which may well be quoted. She was the daughmight have prolonged his existence, his useful- faction and regular employment for the mind, ter of Cesar, and wife of Pompey. These amness, and his family's happiness, embraces al- | it will be best to prosecute the accustomed bitious republicans had no sooner freed themmost every occupation, in social life. It is this business of life, while health and strength re-selves from all other competitors for power,

The busy exercise of the intellectual facula | main. Is it said, this doctrine excludes that | than their jealousy of each other became mutu. ty, for a length of time, in any pursuit, ren

regard to the duties of piety, which ought to al and violent ; both were men of strong pas. ders activity essential to its tone. Its nature,

attend us, in our descent to the tomb ; the an- sions, and each convinced that the exterminain this respect, bears a strong resemblance to swer is ; that he is wretchedly mistaken, who tion of the other was essential to his personal the body. As well may a man say, I will eat calculates to appropriate any particular portion

aggrandizement. While Julia lived, she pre

aggrandizement very freely until I become strong and fleshy,

of his existence exclusively to religion. The served between them the semblance of friendand then I will live without taking nourishment,

whole conduct of an enlightened christian is ship, and saved the republick from the sangui as that “ I will occupy myself intensely in my

ted, by the purity of his views ; and nary consequences of their animosity. An accalling, until I arrive at a certain period of life, heaven requires, not so much any specifick act, cident, unfortunately for the whole Roman or a certain amount of property, and then I as a certain disposition of mind, which may be empire, deprived her of life, and no sooner had will do nothing."

present with us in all our purposes, and keep the amiable mediator expired, than Cesar and This will account for many instances of con. | us in constant preparation for a more exalted | Pompey took arms, and Rome was involved in duct, which frequently excite surprise, and stage of being

the horrors of civil war. sometimes reprehension. When a man by in- ! Happy indeed are those who are blest with a

“ Dividitur ferro regnum : populique potentis dustry and enterprise accumulates an indepen. disposition, as age advances, and competence

Quae mare, quae terras, quae totum possidet orbert dence, the world are ready to imagine, if he permits, to cultivate their minds by reading.

Non cepit Fortuna duos. Nam pignora juncti does not retire, that it is the effect of cupidity. i The man, who has a taste for books, has a deThey do not know, that constant occupation has lightful world before him. Here he may al

Sanguinis, et diro ferales omine tedas lightful world before become to him, a second nature, and that he ways labour with advantage to himself and so Abstulit ad manes, Parcarum, Julia, saeva cannot relinquish it without experiencing a list | ciety. These will afford a relief to business, Intercepta manu. Quod si tibi fata dedissent lessness, from the very constitution of the human | which knows no tedium ; more various, more Majores in luce moras, tu sola furentem mind, which is not to be endured, and cannot important, more worthy a rational being than Inde virum poteras, atque hinc retinere parenten, be encountered without danger. The-habitu. any other recreation. And when heaven crowns Armatasque manus exquisso jungere ferro, aliy indolent cannot conceive of this ror can our seasonable exertions to provide for those

Ut generos soceris mediae junxere Sabinae. I conceive of the anxiety of the Hindoo, depri. who are dear to us, with prosperity, what can

Morte tua discussa fides, bellumque movere ved of his betel root. The one is as inevita- | be more worthy an intelligent mind, than to

Permissum est ducibus ; stimulos dedit aemula virtus." ble as the other.

| exalt the powers and extend the compass of The life of a mariner is a life, not perhaps the soul.

“ The sword is now the umpire to decide, of regular toil, but of constant solicitude of

And part what friendship knew not to divide. mind. How often are we surprised to see

'Twas hard, an empire of so vast a size,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. men follow this perilous occupation, when

Could not for two ambitious minds suffice ; they might enjoy affluence at home. The very

WOMAN.

The peopled earth and wille extended main, ease, which home proffers them, is what their

"O) woman...................

Could furnish room for only one to reign. minds cannot sustain. They must have their

A ministering angel thou !"

When dying Julia first forsook the light, storms and their calms, their alternate hopes Ir is frequently asserted, that it is only in And Hymen's tapers sunk in endless night, and fears-their high and interesting responsi- high or considerable degrees of civilization, The tender ties of kindred love were torn, bility to brace their minds.

that woman possesses a moral influence, in soTake the student from his library ; invite

Forgotten all, and buried in her urn. ciety. There is no doubt but her power inhim to the beauties of the country, and even

Oh! if her death had haply been delay'd,, creases, with refinement ; but there has let a circle of friends attend him.

How might the daughter and the wife persuade ! Erelong his scarcely been an age, unless too barbarous to spirits will sink ; if he can get nothing else, afford à sketch for the historian, when woman

Like the fam'd Sabine dames she had been seen you will find him poring over an almanack. I has not been represented as exercising a mild

To stay the meeting war and stand between : He sighs rather for the society of the mighty

but efficient control, over the stern character of

| On either hand bad woo'd them to accord, dead, and the peaceful train of meditation, en- man. Milton makes Adam thus describe the

Sooth'd her fierce father and her furious lord, joyed in the closet. Relaxation tires, or more i first of her sex

To join in peace and sheath the ruthless sword. correctly speaking, starves his mind.

But this the fatal sisters' doom denied ; I need not advert to every object that en Authority and reason on her wait,

The friends were sever'd, when the matron died ; gages individual attention. Whatever that! As one intended first, not after made

The rival leaders mortal war proclaim, object be, if it require intense application of Occasionally ; and to consummate all,

Rage fires their souls with jealousy of fame, mind, it cannot be abandoned safely, for idle Greatness of mind, and nobleness, their seat

And emulation fans the rising flame." ness.

Build in her loveliest, and create an awe What is the natural consequence, when the

About her, as a guard angelick plac'd.

The tendency of “ social intercourse” to experiment is made ?--The tone of the mind

promote knowledge, is evident in all classes of is destroyed. But the man is determined to be This, it is admitted, is a picture drawn by

society. When I converse with man or woidle and enjoy the close of life in case. He l the imagination of a poet, and a poet of mod. man, it is not to ask what I know, but what I feels languid, for want of bis accustomed stim- ern times ; but if the history of society, in its

do not. Thus a dozen persons, though no one ulus. Wine,or more pernicious liquors, excite rudest state, is to be credited, innumerable in

may be said to be wiser than another, will all his animal spirits, and produce a temporary stances, on record prove, that woman always

improve, by passing a portion of their time toexhiliration. At first he commits no debauch | possesses a benign and commanding influence. gether ; for it would be a miracle if any two

he only seeks to make himself comfortable. The founders of Rome were savage to a prov- should have purstied precisely the same train Its effect is but transient ; he recurs to it erb ;-when their city was beset, by the Sa of thought, and arrived at the same concluagain. It leaves him still more languid, unless' bines, their neighbours, brcathing fury and re- sions : but when they meet, their distinct achis indulgence is extended. He becomes a | venge, and they, exasperated by threats and l quirements become, in a great measure, a sot, ruins his health, his fame, his family, his | actual invasion ;—when both armies were on common stock, of which every one may use soul.

the point of commencing a bloody engage the aggregate, and not detract from the indiTo commence a particular business for life, ment, the Roman matrons, connected with both vidual contributor. In such a bank as this, it is a critical step. If it be an active one, to parties rushed between ; not a drop of blood is surely judicious to become a stockholder. withdraw from it, is no less critical We was shed ; a conference ensued, which termishould never form such a purpose, with a nated in peace. Highly as the ladies are re- ! lir is of no consequence to lose, what is of view to exemption from employment. The spected in our polished times, they could no value when possessed. Those who are object may be changed, but à constant interest, scarcely expect such a compliment.

smarting under a keen sense of privation, of some sort, must be supplied to the mind. This familiar, but striking illustration of the should remember that this can only result Let it be laudable ; let it be suited to the powerful sway which woman excrcises cyer ! from having enjoyed a proportionate good:

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and why ought not gratitude to neutralize sor, I press, and speedily to be published. “I am Groan'u shaltering : from its base Olympus vast JOW?

in haste to get it out,” said he, « before a | Reel'd to the violence of gods : the shock

friend of mine shall publish his critico heroico of deep concussion rock'd the dark abyss. LETTERS TO LEINWHA,

in Z." He obligingly began to read me his Remote of Tartarus : the shrilling din .
poem, when he was interrupted by his booksel-

Of hollow tramplings, and strong battle strokes, Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latin ler, who came to consult « whether it should

And measureless uproar of wild pursuit. guin, from a Wanderer in the West. be on wire-wove, hot-press, or imperial fools

| So they reciprocal their weapons hurl'd
letter 111.
cap.” As there was much whispering between

Groan-scattering; and the shout of either host I am every day more and more convinced, them, I thought proper to retire ; and as I re

Burst in exhorting ardour to the stars that men labour after calamity, whilst happi. turned to my apartment the novelty of the ness is within their reach. Unwilling to be

Of heaven ; with mighty war-cries either host composition made so forcible an impression on only happy, they seek for something more : | my memory, that I was able to write what I | Encountering clos'd. and the brief candle of existence goes out, beheard of it on paper. Of this I send you a

Nor longer then did Jove fore they find that the world is too narrow for

faithful transcript, together with the advertise. Curb his full power; but instant in bis soul such enjoyments ! How hard it is to discover

ment ; which it seems is here usually publish | There grew dilated strength, and it was fill'd truth ! how easy to be deceived ! I have ac ed before the work itself.

With his omnipotence. At once he loos'd tually changed my opinion more than an hun

Four first lines of the poem in five cantos :' | His whole of might, and put forth all the god. dred times respecting this nation, within the

CANTO 1.

The vaulted sky, the mount Olympian, fash'a short space of thirteen days. Their ignorance

“ Prince Polion paus'd, perceiving pounded peas With his continual presence ; for he pass'd has yielded to their wisdom, and their wisdom

Plac'd parallel, presaging Punick peace.

Incessant forth, and scatter'd fires on fires.

Plectra's persuasive preassumptive power, has been eclipsed by their cunning. What

Presenting pleasure, pure perceptions pour.”

Hurl's from his hardy grasp, the lightnings flew was at first artifice, I afterwards thought in

Reiterated swift ; the whirling flash genuousness ; but this was only affability made

The advertisement I have extracted from

Cast sacred splendour ; and the thunderbolt subservient to interest ; and I now find that one of their publick circulating prints.

Fell : roar'd around the nature-yielding earth interest governs all, and for this they labour

"at TAKE NOTICE.

In conflagration, far on every side. and are exhausted. They have a national "Now in the press, and speedily to be published, maxim

Tl'immensity of forests crackling blaz'd : which the infant is taught to lisp in Prince Polion, a poem, in five cantos, with exits nurse's arms ; it is very long, and I do not

planatory nutes, adorned with cuts, decorated with Yea, the broad earth burn'd red, the streams that mix

engravings, and embellished with a correct portrait with ocean, an recollect it ; but I know it is equivalent to

| With ocean, and the deserts of the sea and biographical sketch of the author, by himself. The get money ;' and I believe this useful lesson

Round and around the Titan brood of earth, . uncommon velocity with which this production has is never taught in vain. The chief men have circulated in Europe has induced the author to retouch Roll'd the hot vapour on its fiery surge ; grown old in its practice ; and still hobble out, it in his native land, and present it to his countrymen The liquid heat, air's pure expanse divine with all their infirmities to the place of traffick, upon a beautiful, fine, light-green, wire-wove royal-fo. | Suffus'd : the radiance keen of quivering flame when they should be at home in their manlio paper, eleganuy bound, gilt, and lettered; the

That shot from writhern lightnings, each dim orb, sions waiting the call of death. Wilh us, you

panegyricks which have been lavished upon this per

formance, against which the barmless shafis of malev. Strong though they were, intolerable smote, know, there is content and thankfulness with a

olence and eavy fall as against a polished cone, super And scorch'd their blasted vision. Through the void little : labour ceases with the vigour of man sede the necessity of recommending it to an enlighten). of Erebus, the preternatural glare hood, and age sits down to enjoy what it has ed publick, and render all editorial remarks obtrusive

Spread, mingling fire with darkness. But to see acquired in the days of industry and youth. and superfluous.

“ Booksellers, living at a distance, may be supplied With human eye, and hear with ear of man, The very women are not free from avarice.

with any number at the shortest notice ; a discount Had been, as if midway the spacious heaven, Some of them in the lower classes prefer

of 2 per cent, will be made on payments made in cash Hurtling with earth, shock'd-e'en at nether earth pleasure to employment, and prostitute their exceeding four hundred dollars.

Crash'd from the centre, and the wreck of heaven bodies for money ; whilst those of a higher de “Subscribers to this edition are requested to call or

Feli ruining from high. So vast the din, gree article for it in their very marriage-con- | send for their books before the 31st instant. tracts !

“ Those gentlemen who wish this work bound in When, gods encountering gods, the clang of arms When this is the predominant passion of a |

morucco, silvered and lettered, must send their names Comıningled, and thie tumult roar'd from heaven." nation, nothing can be expected but its con

to the publisher before Christmas." comitant evils. The gentler virtues are un:

This advertisement is written by the bookknown, and charity is driven into exile. Sci

THE PILGRIM. ence is confined to the rules of commerce, and commerce erects an idol, before which all

'TWAS here the weary pilgrim died

POETRY, are prostrate. The social principle is lost

He died by Arab's bloody blade ; in its contemplation ; love and friendship

SELECTED.

Lost in the waste of desart wild are diverted to its worship ; and honesty

He sleeps not now beneath the shade. is dazzled with its golden splendour. In such

. THE BATTLE OF THE TITANS. a country, genius is like the misletoe on the The following fragment is interesting, as a part of one | Stretch'd on the earth, neglected lies rock ; it seems to exist upon the barren and of the most ancient poems in the world, it having | No leaf o'er his cold corpse to wave ; unyielding surface only by its own resources,

been transmitted to us, through a period of nearly | No friend to breathe affection's sighs, and the nourishment it receives from the dey

three thousand years. This, and a few other excel

Or form, with pious care, bis grave. of heaven). The progress of literature ha

lent passages, have redeemed the works of Hesiod

from oblivion. It bears the true stamp of Eastern therefore been very slow ; it seems just sublimity, and is supposed to have suggested the

Here pity never found her way emerging from the clouds of ignorance, and its very similar description in Paradise Lost. This To melt this cruel, harden'd race ; lustre is yet too feeble to be seen by the eye translation was published about four years ago, by | For Murder here, with haughty sway, alone.

Mr. Elton.

Asserts her pow'r, with iron mace. Nearly opposite to the house in which I “ ALL on that day rous'd infinite the war, dwell, resides one of their bards ; with him I

For him alone the loud wind feels, Female and male ; the Titan deities, have lately become acquainted, and he has

| As wild it raves along the vale ;

The gods from Saturn sprung, and those whom Jove even condescended to honour me with his vis

| In groaning gusts his fate reveals,

From subterraneous gloom releas'd to light : its apd his friendship. He is of a short fat

And scatters wide the mournful tale. Terrible, strong, of force enormous ; burst figure, extremely good-natured and free in his discourse. The last time I went to see him

A hundred arms from all their shoulders huge ; he complained bitterly of the. ungrateful pub

From all their shoulders fifty heads upsprang lick,' though he acknowledged a greater share O'er limbs of sinewy mould. They then array'd

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR of favour than had been shewn to his contem

Against the Titans in fell combat stood, poraries. He told me, he had published seven And in their nervous grasps wielded aloft

JOHN PARK, poems in quarto, and five political pamphlets | Precipitous rocks. On th' other side alert in duodecimo ; and at that very moment was The Titan Phalanx clos'd : then hands of strength

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, in debt to his bookseller £9. He informed me Join'd prowess, and display'd the works of war.

NO. 4 CORNHILL. that his last poem, consisting of five cantos,' 'Tremendous then th' immeasurable sea six hundred lines each, making in all three Roard ; earth resounded; the wide heaven through

1. Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding thousand beginning with P, was then in the ourt

muimhers.

[graphic]

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1814.

NO. VI.

st

t

POLITICAL.

A publication like the present appears to me, en eighths of its members of Congress were

to be the proper one in which to examine and opposed to a measure, which was by them FOR TIE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

consign to better times the argument on this deemed ruinous to the interests of the part of On the duty of resistance to unconstitutional or interesting question.

the country which they represented, and that oppressive laws, with reference to the par

This publication may or may not be long the others carried it from local and interested

" lived, but it is probable it may be preserved motives ; is it not the imperious duty of the ticular situation of the United States.

in some historical society, and may at some citizens of the injured and oppressed part, to We have already shewn, that the duty of future day be consulted by some inquisitive bury all their political animosities, and endeav. resistance to unconstitutional and oppressive antiquary. We wish then to examine the our to act in unison for the vindication of their

d unquestionable in principles of our present opposition to certain | violated rights, or if you'please, “ Interests? a ITEC governITICII, llanin one wnose con- | measures of our rulers. a free government, than in one whose con

.

On this subject I have a word to say, and I stitution or form of government is more unde- We are accused of factious sentiments, by have introduced this term, “ Interests," in or. fined.

those who would wish to silence opposition ; der to say it. Although I believe Congress In a country like ours, almost every publick and even some young m n of genius and learn | have violated the letter and spirit of the con. officer is obliged to take an oath to supporting, who have been taught in a better school stitution in the late embargo act-in a manner the constitution of the United States, as welithan that of Grundy and Madison, of Jefferson and to a degree that the man who would as to maintain the constitution of the State of

stand to reason about it ought to be expelled which he is a member.

maintain such an illiberal and ungenerous from the society of every freeman-to a degree To the general duty, which exists in every opinion of our motives.

that precludes the necessity of argumeni-yet I country to uphold the rights and privileges of Will they deny, that there are distinct and cannot admit, and I beg and entreat, most earthe citizens, there is superadded, in our case, very importantly different interests in the nestly entreat, every freeman, clergy and laithe solemn obligations arising from express United States ?

ty, to weigh well my words, I cannot admit, stipulations of the most serious description. Will they deny, that men will act generally in that, in a confederated republick, you are bound

We are constantly threatened by the advo-conformity to their real or supposed interests ? down to the words of your compact. cates of the government with the dreadful con- Will they deny, that the avowed motives of Even if a system of laws was made perfectly sequences which may ensue from a dissolution human actions are full as often as not, far re. consistent with your rights, in the words of of the Union, in case we resist or oppose any more from the real ones?

the constitution ; yet if a system of measures measures of the national government.

Will they deny, that power makes men for should be adopted, destructive of your best and There seems to be a prevalent opinion, that get right, and that the restraints of the consti- dearest interests ; if you find that the general there can be no fault, no weakness, no injus- tution have little weight against the more scope of the policy of your rulers must be, and tice, except on one side. That the National ru- powerful influence of private interest, local actually is destructive of your permanent as lers can do no wrong; but that the State rulers prejudices, and personal ambition ?

well as temporary interests, you have a right, are very liable to error, to passion, to encroach When then we talk of the oppressive meas- a most undoubted right, either to insist on a ment on national authority.

. t ures of the government, is it any answer to say, I change of 18 policy, or a modification of your If it be a settled principle, that, whatever con- it is impossible that in a free state your rulers compact. Such is the law of nature, such is struction may be given to the constitution by can wish to oppress you ? That they emanate the law of nations. the Congress or the President, must be right, from yourselves, and have the same interests Whether such a case has existed, or may and that it settles the extent of their powers ; with you ?

ever exist, it is for tbe people to decide. the reasoning is correct, which some people Is there anything in common, except a I suggest this idea (to my view extremely use, that any opposition to national authority is constitution on paper, violated every day, be. i important because it puts an end (if it be cor. an infraction of the constitution.

tween a planter on the Ohio, and a fisherman rect) to all the petty cavillings about the We have not so read the constitution. We of Gloucester or Marblehead, who relies on words of the constitution. If its spirit has have heretofore understood, that that sacred the cod on the banks of Newfoundland for his been violated ; if your interests are overlookinstrument was as obligatory on the rulers, as stock, and on the lent of Spain and Portugaled and are destroyed, it is foolish, and weak, on the people on Congress, as on the State for his market ?

and unworthy of a patriot, to seek an apology sovereignties.

If then such difference of interest does ex- | in the mere terms of your constitution. The These are considerations which seem to de- ist, and if men have in all ages and countries man who can deny that the present system is mand a more than usual jealousy on the part acted more or less in conformity to their inte- unequal in its operation, and will, if perseverof the confederated members of our repub- rest, is there any thing factious, any thing un- | ed in, eventually destroy the Commercial

reasonable in entertaining suspicions that such States, is too much blinded, or tow much prejuIt would be the extreme of weakness to de local interests may have swayed the policy of diced, to be deemed worthy of the confidence ny, that there may exist, in a country so ex. our rulers ?

of a free people. tensive as ours, distinct, and indeed opposite Throughout the present speculation, I mean interests. It would be absurd to pretend, that to keep the fact and the evidence in support

QUOMODO ? QUANDO ? a slave-holding people, averse to commerce, of it out of sight, because men may differ upon

HOW frequently we express our wonder that incapable of personal industry, must have a that, though they cannot upon the reasoning. Frenchmen suffer themselves to be oppressed common interest with a people, hardy, labori. | Will any man deny, that it might be the in- | by Buonaparte! How justly may French, ous, and dependent on the fisheries and com terest of Ohio or Kentucky to wage a war English, and all the world wonder at us! The me ce for their existence. We do not here which would ruin New England ? Might it principal business of the national legislature, mean to enter into the fact, for upon that peo- | not be their interest to drive the Indians be for years, has been to tyrannize with increasing ple may differ-but, theoretically, it is absurd to yond the lakes, while they would not be ma hardihood over the people, and in this devoted suppose, that there would be very common terially affected by the destruction of all the country, it may be literally said, that “ Patience feeling in a case, where the interests were so commerce, fisheries, and carrying trade of the | stands smiling at grief.” essentially different. Atlantick States ?

I would not be so absurd, as to recommend It is not because we are afraid to enter into Well, if such might be the case owing to resistance by violence. I know the good the discussion of the actual wrongs and inju our very extended country, does there not hearts af my fellow citizens too well to supries and violations of the constitution to which seem to be a very imperious duty on the local pose such a measure practicable. We are we have hitherto submitted that we refrain state sovereignties to watch, and see whether | so constitutionally grounded, in what is pleas-from displaying them, but because we wish the constitution is not perverted to such an antly enough called love of order, that if Mr.. sober and impartial men (if there are any) to just and unequal purposes?

Madison were to command a fifty-six to be view this question in the abstract ; to decide it Now suppose a case to exist, that three suspended round the neck of every citizen of ou principle.

| fourths of one section of the country, nay seva | our free republick, we should limp about will

lick.

our ponderous medal, and inquire, « what is yet indignantly exclaimed, “ We be Abra- | The following is the close of the address from the news from Washington ? Is not Mr. ham's sced, and were never in bondage to any the inhabitants of Newbury. Madison going to take these things off, some man.

6 In this alarming state of things we can tin e or other ?”

no longer be silent.-When our unquestiona. But is it possible that all « constitutional To confound and silence the advocates of ble rights are invaded, we will not sit down means” of obtaining relief are exhausted ? | MR. MADISON'S WAR, we should never and coldly calculate what it may cost us to Have the people said all they have to say ? cease to inquire of them, what is the cause of i defend them.--We will not barter the liberHas our Legislature done all they can do ? it ? British Orders in Council. So said Mr. | ties of our children for slavish repose, nor Has responsibility been bandied about like a Munroe, the organ of government, officially. surrender our birthright but with our lives. football from the people to the Legislature, and | But these Orders in Council were annulled | « We remember the resistance of our fathers from the Legislature to the people, until no one | before our war was declared. The Impress-to oppressions, which dwindle into insignifi. can find where it ought to rest ?

ment of Seamen. Indeed ! Will the people cince when compared with those which we are We are sinking deeper and deeper in de- of the United States support a war, on the called on to endure. -The rights which we gradation and slavery. We are every day ground that our Rulers shall make laws for have received from God, we will never yield losing, not only the freedom, but the character Great Britain ? She does not attempt to ex- to man."-We call on our State Legislature of our fathers. The advances of oppression, ercise any authority over her subjects, the only to protect us in the enjoyment of those privil. it is evident, do not excite, but appal us. An persons in dispute, while on our soil. She is ges, to assert which our fathers died ; and to 'outrageous VIOLATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL | satisfied to legislate for them, while they are defend which we profess ourselves READY TO RIGHT does not, now, produce so much ani. in her own, or a common jurisdiction--the high! RESIST UNTO BLOOD. We pray your honoramadversion, as did the slightest impediment seas. It is to give Mr. Madison the power ble body to adopt measures immediately to se. to commerce a few years ago, though unques over Englishmen, which Englishmen choose cure to us especially our undoubted right of tionably within the specified powers of Con their King George and Parliament should trade within our State. gress. This serious truth must have struck alone possess, that we are at war. This ap "We are our elves ready to aid you in seeven the most superficial observer, and it is pears too absurd to be true ; but it is as true curing it to us, to the utmost of our power. melancholy ; it is sickening ; it overwhelms as it is absurd. We have exactly turned the “ peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must,' and the mind with despair.

tables upon that country. We we it to war | we pledge to you the sacrifice of our LIVES The people assemble in their turns—in their in 1776 because we would not suffer England and Property in support of whatever measure, distress, they entreat the Legislature to take to make laws for us, against our consent. In the dignity and liberties of this free, sovesome steps for their relief. The Legislature | 1814, we are at war, for the privilege of mak reign and independent State, may seem to your express their lively sense of our sufferings ing laws for her, against her consent.

wisdom to demand.” and our wrongs, and are ready to do whatever the people demand. The people demand pro

ASTONISHING DISCOVERY!! tection in the enjoyment of their unalienable GENERAL REGISTER. We understand that an ingenious mechan. rights. The Legislature wish to know what

ick and philosopher has submitted to Mr. measure would be most agreeable and best . | BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 5. 1814. Madison, the model of a machine which has supported. God knows whether ever this will

met with his warmest approbation, which is to end in any thing ; but this scene has become

EUROPEAN. Not a word of news has

conquer Canada, without the expense of a drop the scorn, the derision, and the triumph of

of American blood been received from the immediate seat of war,

'The idea was suggested our oppressors. for sixteen days. A letter from Amsterdam of

by the well known effect of fire-ships, in deWe do not believe that an actual resort to Nov 12th, states that the French custom

stroying a naval enemy, without a battle force will be necessary ; but we do believe, house officers had left the Hague, Leyden and

It consists of a large Block-house, mounted and are convinced, that, until it is known

on wheels, to be propelled rapidly by steam, some other places, and that a sm II French arthere is spirit to resist further aggression, our

and mounting ten thirty-two pounders on-vemy had assembled near Ainkern and Devenchains will be made heavier, and our means

ry side. The guns are so constructed as to ter, the allies, according to reports, being in of obtaining relief be abridged ; unless Heav

be loaded and fired by mechanism. It is to be force, in that vicinity. en, in mercy, decree the total destruction of

placed in front of Sir George Prevo t's army,

DOMESTICK. The emancipation of the the tyrant, on the revival of whose power our

at a given distance As soon as it is set in rulers depend for support. World, by the second grand defeat.of the Ein

operation, it will run violently among the enOur House of Representatives nobly took perour Napoleon, was celebrated at Annapo

emy--discharging vollies of spikes and balls their ground, with respect to the attack prolis, (Md.) on the 22nd of January. A dinner

like the very in every direction, and thus posed in Congress, upon the sovereignty of was given to Commodore Perry at Washing

by annihilating the foe at once, is to put an the states. We hear no more of the menaced ton on the 24th.

end to the calamities of war. The inventor outrage. This seems to invite to other pat

A report was circulated yesterday, that a

asks but four times the suin paid to Henry, for riotick measures-cool, circumspect, but depart of Gen. Wilkinson's army hadetaken 900

his invention of a New England conspiracy. termined. Massachusetts expects every indeBritish troops, and 18 cannon, destined for the

This Block-house will require but one blockpendent Legislator will do his duty. naval armament, at Kingston.

head to set it in motion. It is not determined The present session is far advanced.

Falmouth, on Cape Cod, was bombarded by

whether one of the heads of department or Though we feel assured there is no want of the Nimrod, British sloop of war, Jan. 28th,

General W. will receive the appointment. coincidence in sentiment, among those who

| which fired about 250 shot into the town. The compose a large majority in this common. | buildings were considerably damaged, but no

I began to read the Communication, in the wealth, there is perhaps a want of understand. 1 person injured, as the inhabitants had been

first page of this number, in sorrow. Before ing, as to the particular course to be pursued. | notified of the intended attack, by the com

I had finished, the tone of my mind was invigIt is very uncertain, whether the struggle for mander of the Nimrod, and hard removed.

orated, my pulse beat strong and healthily_my liberty in Europe, is yet so definitively and

Last Sunday, at noon, the British 74, Victe.

blood flowed warm, to the extremities. Good successfully accomplished, as to gain us peace,

rcader, make the experiment for yourself. If as soon as we must have it. Some means we remained aground until Tuesday, when by the

you love your country, you will rejoice that trust will be devised, before our state guardi

Laid of the squadron, she was got off. She is the spirit of true patriotism is not extinct ans disperse, to inquire of the mass of the supposed to have gone to Halifax, to repair.

you will find your owo sentiments faithfully depeople, at what time and how, they propose to

1 CONGRESS-have passed a law, increase picted and will conclude by saying This be reinstated in their accustomed rights : anding the bounty to soldiers, to 100 dollars on 1;

e bounty to soldiers, to 100 dollars on is what I wished to see." that when a new General Court assembles, i enlistment, and 24 dollars and a hundred acres they will bring their answer. Please Heaven, of land, at the expiration of the engagement.

To correspondents. it may not yet be too late to recover some of The present force, authorized by law, amounts

“LETITIA CHEERFUL" to The Confidant is receiv. the blessings of former days, and though in 1 to 63,000 men !! A bill, against ransoming

ed, and will appear in the next number: moments of despondence, we can see no pros- |

American Saptured vessels, has passed the Translations from the Parnasso Italiane Vivente, and pect of a favourable change, at other times, house.

of Swiss ballads, by ancther hand, are both received. we indulge a hope, that there is a saving

STATE LEGISLATURE. An Insolvent As there is something of elegance in these productions, principle in the sentiment and nerve of Massa | Law has been several days agitated, with we regret that they are not more correct. Among

other exceptions, thought and draught are nothing like chusetts, which will arrest our sufferings. We great interest, in the House ; but was refused

rbyme. Rays tips is not grammar. Dark is a redunconfess ourselves somewhat like the Jews, a third reading, on Thursday morning

dant epithet applied to gloom, &c &c. who though they had been slaves to Pharaoh

Several Memorials have been received, from
Several Memorials have been receive

Another address to the Confidant, we reserve for a in Egypt, and carried in bondage to Babylon, 1 towns in this Commonwealth, against the war. I more suitable season of the year.

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