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man must have contemplated, and in spite of all | tain the burden of the national taxes." Hav- | bankruptcy, the treasury has been beggared by precaution, it will have some effect, on the ing said this, they do not consider it necessary foreigners. It is by foreign renegadoes that minds of the undiscriminating multitude ; it to predict what must and will be the conse- our elections are decided. It was for the prowas therefore wise and necessary to define in quence, if the war continue, and the Govern tection of foreign fugitives and deserters that strong and explicit terms the bounds which ment persist in both these requisitions. Their war is said to have been declared. And it is the convention set to their views. They have opinion however is obviously this—that each by raising foreign adventurers to the head of faithfully discharged this obligation, by laying state must for itself decline the contest, or the treasury, that the money has all disappeared down a series of principles, which can neither withhold from the grasp of the administration, and the credit of the government has sunk too be perverted to the purposes of jacobinism, such a portion of its pecuniary means as may low to be raised again. When our elections when no real grievance exists, nor be quriedbe necessary for its local security. But as an are decided by foreigners, and the government against those who may at any time find open expedient to prevent a resort to either of these is managed by foreigners, is it at all surpris. resistance an imperious duty. These priuci | serious alternatives, we understand the Con- ing that we have no national character ? Fed. ples are valuable, and should be kept con- vention to propose, that the New England | Republican. stantly in the view of a republican people, to states should offer to the General government aid them in distinguishing between the friends to assume their own defence, and be allowand the foes of their liberiy.'

ed a reasonable portion of the taxes raised in GENERAL REGISTER. We have ever been decidedly of opinion, each state, to be appropriated to its defence, and have constantly so expressed ourselves, and to be accounted for to the United States.” | BOSTON,SATURDAY JANUARY 14,1815. that a dissolution of the union of the states We are happy to find that the Convention would be one of the greatest evils that would have recommended that the states, to whom FOREIGN Nothing recent from Europe befal us, though not the greatest. We do their Report may be addressed, should ato From Canada, we learn that General Procter not hesitate to say it would be a far less tempt such an arrangement with the general eyil, than to endure forever, that destructive

has been brought to a court martial, for his government. We discover in the course of

flight before General Harrison, nearly a year system of policy under which we have been the remarks contained in the Report, on this

since, and from the ample and specifick nasinking, for the last seven years, and are now most urgent and interesting topick, all the

ture of the testimony which had been given, experiencing. The only question therefore is, spirit, that can be desired. It is the touchwhether it is best, at once, to encounter the

| his condemnatiou was supposed unquestiona. stone, which will develop our true situation, ble. On the 25th of December, the Psyche, former, which would, in its nature, be an in- 1 if New England adopts the proposed plan. It said to be a very beautiful frigate, was launch. terminable evil, or submit for a time to the paves the way directly for those bold but inev. latter, which may possibly be removed : not itable steps, which a large portion of the peo

| ed at Kingston. Four hundred regular Britpassively submit ; for in that case we see no

ish troops have arrived and taken post at ole now wish and which all will demand, if | Mackinaw. hope of amelioration ; but adhering to the the war continue, into summer. Nothing principle of Union, until we have used the last

DOMESTICK. The arrival of the Britthat we write will ever be read in Englang or means for redress, and manfully given our ul. 1 in Ghent, therefore we feel at libcrty to pre.

ish expedition, in West Florida, is now platimatum to the authors and abettors of our l dict, that our government is too determined

ced beyond a doubt-their force from 10 to wrongs. The arguments on both sides of this upon the liumiliation and vassalage of New

12,000. We are not informed what was the subject are briefly and forcibly stated in the England to leave in our own hands, our only

number of American troops at New Orleans. report, preponderating decidedly, as wc con- means of defence. It may be

A detachment from Kentucky, under General ceive, against a rash attempt to dissolve the ought for form's sake, to be asked as a fa. I Thomas, passed the mouch of Cuinberland federal compact. vour, or demanded as a right ; but in either

river, the latter part of November, and 5000 But unconstitucional, oppressive, dangerous

Teanesee Militia, under General Caroll, arriv. case, it will be refused ; and these states can measures of admivistration may be opposed,

ed at Clarksvilie in Tennessee, on their pasthen do no other, than interdict the surrender even to forcible resistance, without disloyalty

sage down the river, about the same time A of their pecuniary resources, or part with to the constitution of the federal government ; |

body of 2500 men, commanded by General these, and make the best possible terms with and when exercised in gross aggressions on the enemy. A peace, settled by negotiation at

M·Intosh left fort Hawkins in Georgia for the state sovereignties, the latter are “ in duty ! Ghent, or neutrality by local arrangement, is

Mobile, on the 18th December It is doubts bound to interpose.” The report ably discus. not far distant, or the tone of the New Eng.

ful whether they may not be intercepted. ses some of the prominent assumptions, in the land Convention excessively moderate, as it has

Last Thursday, agreeably to the Presideni's several conscription bills, which have been be- been deemed,is beyond the spirit of the people.

Prociamation, was observed throughout the fore Congress, as of this description ; and as | But it is not so. The minds of our fellow

Union, as a day of national Fasting, Humilik

tion and Prayer. demanding, it ultimately adopted by that body, citizens are faithfully represented in this Re

The Legislature of this state will assemble, " a firm and decided opposition from the indi. port Our government profess to be now ne

for the regular winter session, next Wednesvidual states.” A more spirited recommenda- i gotiating for Peace. Though the enemy are

day. tion, on this alarming subject, surely could not making very formidable preparations for the

| Governour Smith has issued a Proclamation, be desired ; yet no more is recommended than next campaign, at present, they are quiet, and

| requiring the Legislatiile ofConnecticut to meet the New England states, certainly, and prob- we consider ourselves, for three or four months

I at Hartford, the 25th inst. bly, many others, if exposed to the test, will longer, free from danger. By May we shall

The report of the rencontre between the put into execution. know, whether the overtures which the British

Constitution and Maidstone frigate has evapo. On the interesting subject of defence, the have repeatedly offered, are met by a spirit of report first reviews the injudicious, unequal, reconciliation or not. By May we shall know

rated.

T A vague report that the Preliminaries of a unjust and inefficient measures which have whether our government will allow us to lise

treaty of Peace had been signed at Ghent, thus far characterized the management of the our own means of defence, since they leave us

received at Philadelphia, excited some interpublick force. The picture is strong and sup- to defend ourselves ; or whether they will

est in this town on Wednesday and Thursday, ported by notorious facts. It then contem | continue to plunder us, and expose us naked

but it is not credited. plates the present and future prospect-the to the rage of an incensed and powerful ene.

| The New-England Convention adjourned national government, at last, incapable, if ever my. By May the enemy will be prepared to

on the 5th instant. · Their report is before so well disposed, of affording us the means of fall on our sea board, and execuie the threats,

the publick, and affords ample proof that the protection. « The ranks of the American ar- i which have long been conditionally impenda

confidence placed in the wisdom, moderation, my thinned by the casualties of war-recruits ing; and by May, there will not be a man in discouraged by the uncertainty of receiving Massachusetts who will not see that the reign

and firmness of that body was well deserved.

The act increasing the Postage on letters pay-the NATIONAL TREASURY, as appears of " NECESSITY" has begun, that necessity from authentick documents, extorted by ne. | which justifies any thing-everything that

one half, goes into operation, on the first of

next month. cessity from those whose inclination might self preservation requires.

The House of Delegates of Maryland per. lead them to conceal the embarrassments of

To be concluded in next number.

severe in displaying a bold front against the the government, bankrupt, and its credit pros

menaced usurpations of the General governtrate."

THE TREASURY. The actual situation of these states and the causes which made it such as it is, I SINCE the reign of democrary, there have | ment. On the 200 instant, Mr. John Hanson

The Thomas brought forward a proposition, exare then described, leading to the inference, I been three secretaries of the treasury. which the Convention pronounce in the most first was an Italian ; the second a Scoichman, pressing the ulinost delestation of the despo

tick principles, embraced in the several couexplicit terms, that " the New England states the third a l'oriolese, or Englishman of French cannot hossibly defray the expense, requisite extraction. It is some consolation to the na- scription bills, which had been agitated in Confor their own protection, and continue to sus. ! fives, amidst all their distress, dishonour and gress, and concluding with the folowing bor:

ourable testimony of respect to Mr. King, of icine is a much more common foible, than not contain, nor for the practical errours of the Senate, for his manly and successful stand, want of confidence.

those who support them. When thus assailin defence of the liberties of his countrymen. In a figurative sense, our motto admits of a ed, it is but just that it be heard in its own

Resolved, That the thanks of this house, in great variety of application, equally true ; but defonce, and no other defence can be so powbehalf of the freemen of Maryland, be, and it is our intention, at present, to give it a se- | erful. they are presented to the Hon. Rufus King, of rious turn, as it may very well be expressed, the Senate of the U, States, for the seasona. | in allusion to chRISTIANITY.

AN INTERESTING MARK OP RESPECT TO THE ble and successful interposition of his experi Our holy religion, ever since its promulga

MEMORY OF NELSON. enced wisdom and elevated influence of char tion, has been subject to the assaults of inti- A GENTLEMAN recently informed us of a acter. in averting the meditated operation of a delity, which employs every weapon, with a l circumstance, which came under his own obmeasure, hostile to the immunities of constitu. singular malignity, in its warfare against pring servation, that we do not recollect lo have seen cional freedom, offensive to the pure genius of ciples, that tend, in the highest degree, to mentioned among all the honourable tributes independence, and fraught with consequences dignify human nature, and increase human of respect, paid to the heroick virtues of Lord bajeful and appailing to the social order, tran. felicity. The subtilty of the logician, the van Nelson. We do not know by whose authority quility and well being of this United Repub ity of the philosopher, the sneers of the wit, it was executed, but there is something uncomlick.

and the shallow contempt of the profligate, monly striking and refined in the idea. And this house would accompany the re- have all been levelled against this systein,

It is well known that Lord Nelson received spectful tribute, which it has specially offer- though no substitute has ever been proposed,

the shot which was futal to bim, on the deck ed, with a general expression of the grateful which civilized society has considered adequate

of the Victory. On the spot, where he fell, e sense which it also entertains of the distin- to its exalted purposes and ovident mility. portion of the surface of the deck has been guished merit of other members of the minora | Among the host of assailants, with whom it

l'emoved, and a large star, of mahogany or ity, who so steadfastly and ably co-operated at has had to contend, are those who upbraid re

some durable and ornamental wood, was sunk every renewal of the struggle in both branch- ligion itself with the moral imperfections of

upon the plank. This is considered sacred es of congress, in combatting against the in- | those who enlist under its banners. In reply

ground ; a sentry is constantly standing by it, sidious introduction of an authoritative con- | to such, we may with propriety borrow the

and neither man, officer, nor visitor is ever script establishment, more specious in the language of the Roman philosopher. The suffered to put his foot upon the star; a device form of its approach, but not essentially differ| mere profession of Christianity, or even a spec which both designates the spot as an object of ent from that, whose intense oppression has ulative belief in its truth, is not sufficient, it is

veneration, and brings to mind the glory of just vanished from the continent of Europe, 1 true, to raise man above the reach of tempta- l the event which it commemorates. with its guilty author, the blood-stained Usur- tion ; it has not, that we can conceive, any miper of France. raculous power over the mind, which at once

THE GREEK LANGUAGE. Ordered, That the Hon. the Speaker of this converts its nature into that of a superiour

The language of Greece is confessedly the house, be requested to transmit to the Hon. order of beings,

most polished, exquisite, and powerful of all Rufus King, an authenticated copy of the

nec funditus omnes

modes of speech known to the western pations, present proceeding.

Corporeæ excedunt pestes * CONGRESS. A new National Bank plan

and probably no language that ever existed, has been discussed in Congress and passed to Its operation on the heart, and consequently

can be placed in competition with it. It unites, on the fruits of the heart, will generally be

in a degree far surpassing other tongues, all a third reading. A Uniform Bankrupt Law has been twice

progressive, fur passions when naturally strong the valuable properties of speech, harmony of read and referred to a committee of the whole.

or become so by indulgence are not readily sounds, copiousness, facility of formation, der. contro led, even by the clearest convictions of

ivation and composition, and a happy flexibility, A bill has been engrossed for a third read

the understanding. But let any christian so equally adapted to the boldest fights of oralory ing, in the house, the professed object of which

ciety be conipared, as to their moral rectitude and poetry ; the graces of narrative and conis to prevent intercourse with the enemy, in the northern frontier. It threatens another

with the same number of avowed infidels, and versation ; or the didactick precision of argu.

who wiil say this divine medicine is without | ment—" a musical and prolifick language" as alarming stretch of power, by authorizing the power ? Who can say that any individual, pro

it is expressed by the historian, “ that gives a employment of military force, at the pleasure fessing christianity, is not a more correct man,

soul to the objects of sense, and a body to the of the President, or of the officers appointed

than he hiinself would have been, had he puder the act.

abstractions of philosophy.” Aiken's Rev. spurned the christian character ?

If we consider the subject more atter. iively, ! EXTREME POVERTY OF THE SICILLIN NOThe Editor to his Subscribers. we shall find that this ground of aspersion is

BILITY. | I have already announced to the Patrons of this pub. altogether unfounded. The christian code, as

from Gali's Travels, lication, that it will be discontinued, at the close of every candid and well informed unbeliever

Ove evening, as I happened to be returnnext month. All the leisure that I could reserve from other oc.

(if it be not an excess of charity to admit such ing home, I fell in with a procession of monks cupations, for upwards of a year, I have employed, a description of men will confess, embraces and soldiers bearing an image of St. Francis ; with no inconsiderable satisfaction to myself, in writ. the most perfect system of morality that has | and, not baving seen any thing of the kind ing and selecting for this paper. I have not yet re. ever yet appeared. A law is not to be cen | before, I went with the crowd into a church, ceived a cent in recompense for my labour ; but in ad.

sured, because actions are committed which it towards which the procession was moving. dition to what has been paid by subscribers, have ad

| interdicts. But it is asked, if the nominal / While reckoning the number of the friars as vanced about a hundred dollars to my publishers, to whom I am yet sereral hundred dollars in arrears.

christian transgresses, where is the power of they entered, and having reached a hundred Their claims upon me have become URGENT, and I his religion ? The reply is, it is the want of and seventy, all excellent subjects for soldiers, shall esteem it a GREAT FAVOUR, if Subscribers both in religion, and not its inefficacy, that occasions a well-dressed gentleman came up tu me, and, town and country will take an early opportunity, and | criour. A man may be more or less my friend. | bowing, pointed to some of the ornaments as send to them or me, the amount of the whole sub. Because he does me an injury, sball I then l objects worthy of a stranger's curiosity ; but, scription, which from the first No. Jan. Ist 1814 to No

sigmatize friendship as an unprofitable virtue? perceiving me shy of entering into conversation 61, which will be the last, is 3 dollars 50 cents. If my friends will be so kind, the trouble of the pecunia.

Shall I not rather say, that in this instance he | with him, and the procession entering the ry concern will cease with the pleasure of editorship. | was not my friend ?

church at the same time, he walked, or was The siinile we have quoted from Cicero, forced by the current of the crowd, away.

hoids good in another respect, which has given "The idol being placed near the high altar, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. rise to many aspersions on christianity from the crowd began to chaunt a hyina. As they FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR

the exceptionable conduct of its professors, all fell on their knees, and my tight prejudice's TULLY, N. IV. .

The passions of men have combired, with its and small clothes would not permit me to do

simple and pure precepis, innumerable impos. the same, I turned into one of the side chapels, Eger quia non omnis convalescit, non idcir.

tures, which are seduiously inculcated, us a anıl, leaning against the railing of the aitar, co nulla medicina est. DE NAT. DEORUM.

part of the systeni, though not to be found in ! began to speculate on the spectacle before med It does not follow, berause every patient does not the original guide of our faith. Happily for when the stranger again accosted me. Somo recover, that there is no power in medicine.

us, in this country of religious liberty, we what disconcerted by the interruption, and by In the literal seose, the world generally have free access tu the standard of truth, and the forwardness of the man, I abruptly quitted evince their belief in this adage ; for Physi- , may thus delind it, against the censures wbich my place. But, before I had moved two steps. cians are never out of fashion. Lawyers are justly rest on the unwarranted devices of in- lhe approached, and, bowing, said, I am the in some countries proscribed, but Doctors nev- | terested men. The g spel is not responsible Baron M- , and my palace is just opposite. er. Extreme credulity in the power of med- ' for the absurdity of doctrines which it does | At this instant the worshippers rose, and the

procession turning to go out at one of the side up to the enemy by the soldiers, he wrote let

MY AIN FIRE SIDE. doors near where we were standing, before I ters addressed to the men, promising them could retreat, I found myself involved in the the most speedy relief. These were accom

By Miss Hamiltok. crowd, and obliged 10 go with the stream. panied with medicines against the scurvy, said | O, I hae seen great anes, and been in great ha's, When I reached the street, I found the stran to be of great price, but of still greater effica- | 'Mang lords and 'mang ladies a' covered wi' braws ; ger again at my side. This is very extraor. | cy; many more were yet to be sent therc. The i At feasts made for princes, wi' princes I've been. dinary, thoughi 1: and, without seeming to effects of this deceit were truly astonishing ! | Where the great shine o' splendour has dazzled my notice him, walked away. He followed ; and Three small phials of medicine were given to

een. when we had got out of the nucleus of the each physician. It was publickly announced

| But a sigbt sae delightfu' I trow I ne'er spied, throng, he seized me firmly by the arm, and that three or four drops were sufficient to imdrew me aside. Enraged and alarmed at this part a healing virtue to a gallon of liquor.

As the bonnie blyth blink o' my ain fire side. mysterious treatment, I shook him fiercely We now displayed our wonder-working bal

Ance mair, Guid be thankit! by my ain hantsome from me. For about the time that one might | sams ; nor were even the commanders let

ingle count twenty, he seemed to hesitate ; and then, into the secret of the cheat put upon the sold.

Wi' the friends o' my youth I cordially mingle : suddenly coming back, repeated, in Italian, iers. They flocked in crowds about us, every

Nae form to compel me to seem wae or glad, with considerable energy, “I, I am the Baron | one soliciting that a part might be reserved M

I may laugh when I'm merry-and sigh when I'm sad, This is my palace ; but I have nothing | for their use. Cheerfulness again appeared on to eat !” I looked at the building, near the every countenance, and a universal faith pre

| Nae falsehood to dreed, and nae malice to fear, gate of which we were then standing : it was

But truth to delight me—and friendship to cheer, old and ruinous: there was no lamp in the | The herbs now beginning to spring up above Of a' roads to happiness ever was tried, court-yard, and only a faint light glimmering the ground, of these we made decoctions, to There's nane half sae sure as ane's ain fire side. in one of the windows.

which worm wood and camphor were added, Mistaking my silence and astonishment, that by the prevalent flavour of these, they

When I drew in my stool on my cozie hearth-stane, he pulled out his watch, and, placing it in my might appear medicines of no mean efficacy. My heart loups sae light I scarce kent for my ain ; hand, entreated me to give him some money. | The stiff, contracted limbs were animated with Care's flown on the winds-its clean out o' sight, As I had no disposition to become a pawn- wax, melted in rapeseed or linseed oil. The Past sorrows they seen but as dreams o' the night : broker, I returned it with some expressions of invention of new and untried physick was I hear but kent voices--kent faces I see, surprise, and took out my purse with the in- | boasted, and, amidst a defect of every necessa- And mark fond affection glint saft frae ilk ee. tention of giving it to him, for it only con- ry and useful medicine, a strange medley of Nae fleechings o' Alatiery--nae boastings o' pride, tained two or three small pieces. But here drugs was compounded. The effect, however

'Tis heart speaks to heart, at ane's ain fire side. all the solemnity of the adventure terminated. of the delusion was really astonishing, for many He snatched it out of my hand, and, emptying were quickly and perfectly recovered. Such the contents into his own, returned it ; and, | as had not moved their limbs for a month be

TRANSLATION wishing me good night, ran into the gateway.' | fore, were seen walking the streets, sound, | OF A HIMN, BY ARISTOTLE TO HIS FRIEND HERMIAS,

straight and whole. They boasted of their LORD' BYRON'S COMPOSITIONS. cure by the Prince's remedy ; many who had Virtue! thou source of pure delight,

The Edinburgh Reviewers appear now, not declared they had been rendered worse by all Whose rugged mein can ne'er affright only to have become reconciled to Lord Byron, former remedies, recovered in a few days to The man with courage fir'd ; as an author, but to have enlisted among his their inexpressible joy, and the no less gener For thee the sons of Greece have run! warmest admirers. The last number repub al surprise, by taking, almost by having brought To certain ills, which others shun, lished in this country contains the following to them, what we affirmed to be their gracious

And gloriously expir'd. general observations on his manner. ,

Prince's cure.
An unparalleled rapidity of narra-

Where'er thy sacred seeds take root, tive, and condensation of thoughts and images

Immortal are the flow'r3 and fruit,

POETRY. -a style always vigorous and original, though

Unfading are the leaves ; sometimes quaint and affected, and more fre

SELECTED.

Dearer than smiles of parent kind, quently strained, harsh, and abrupt-a diction

MORAL EFFUSION.

Than balmy sleep, or gold refin'd, and versification invariably spirited, and almost

The joys thy triumph gives. always harmonious and emphalick: Nothing A Beam of tranquillity smil'd in the West, dituted, in short, or diffused into weakness, The storm of the morning pursued us no more, Alor thee the twins of mighty Jove, but full of life, and nerve and activity | And the wave, while it welcom'd the moment of rest, For thee divine Alcides strore panding only in the eloquent expression of Still heav'd as remembering ills that were o'er.

From vice the world to free ; strong and favourite affections, and every

For thee Achilles quits the light, where else, concise, energetick, and impetu. Serenely my heart took the hue of the hour,

And Ajax plunges into night, ous-hurrying on with a disdain of little ornaIts passions were sleep, were mute as the dead,

Eternal night for thee. And the spirit becalm'd but remember'd their pow'r, ments and accuracies, and not always very solicitous about being comprehended by read. As the billow the force of the gale that is Alcd.

Hermias, the darling of mankind,
ers of inferior capacity.'
I thought of the days when to pleasure alone

Shall leave a deathless name bebind
We are ready to subscribe to most of these
My heart ever granted a wish or a sigh ;

For the untimely slain ;
opinions ; but are at a loss to know how the
style of a poet can be “ frequently barsh,” yet
When the saddest emotion my bosom had known

As long as Jove's bright altais blaze, " almost always harmonious.” We think, that,

Was pity for those who were wiser than I.

His worth sball furnish grateful praise, in reviewing Lara, they will make sonic fur- | I felt how the poor intellectual fire ther qualifications. It possesses much of the In luxury loses its beavenly ray, same character as his Lordship's other pro. | How soon, in the ravishing cup of desire,

The aphorism “non solum nobis nati sumus" of ductions, but we doubt whether it can be said,

The pearl of the soul may be melted away!

Cicero is tl.es beautifully amplified, by the Abbe De that it contains nothing diluted or diffuse. The

lille. description of Lara's manners after his return, And I pray'd of that spirit who lighted the flame, in the Vth. Vith. Vilth. Villth. and IXth.

“ Mais, ne l'oublions pas, à la ville, au village,

That pleasure no more might its purity dim ; stanzas of the first Canto, and resumed in the

Le bonheur le plus doux est celui qu'on p. stage. And that, sullied but little, or brightly the same XVIth. XVilth. XVlth. and XIXth. appear |

Heureux ou malheureux, l'homme a be soin d'autrui ;

I might give back the gem I had borrow'd from him! to us protracted even to tediousness.

Il ne vit qu'à moitié s'il ne vit que pour lui."
The thought was extatick! I felt as if heav'n

******************* ********* ****** *****************
V POWER OF IMAGINATION IN CURING DIS. Had already the wreath of eternity shown ;
EASES.
As if passion all chasten'd and errour forgiv'n,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR (A FACT RELATED BY VANDER MYE, M. D.] My heart had begun to be purely its own !

JOHN PARK,
During the siege of Breda, in 1625, the
I look'd to the West, and the beautiful sky

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, garrison was afflicted with the scurvy in a inost dreadful degree. When the Prince of Which morning had clouded was clouded no more....

NO. 4 CORNHILL... Orange heard of their distress, and understoud | “O thus," I exclaim'd, “ can a heavenly Eye

Price three dollars per annum, balf in advance. was in danger of being delivered | that the city was in danger of being delivered! Shed light on the soul that was darken d no more," Shed light on the soul that was darken'd no more."

New subscribers may be supplied with preceding nuaibas

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 21, 1816.

NO. LVI.

POLITICAL

pen that an army could not be vraised in that in Europe. Every one knew that the evils of

mode, whence the power would have been one year of war, would be greater than those IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES. granted in vain.”

of a century, resulting from impressment, in the Sir, it will never happen in a country like manner in which it was practised when the war EXTRACTS FROM MR.Wand's SPEECH.

ours, that a wise and provident aclministration was declared. Gentlemen may disguise it as Tax Conscription Bill, before Congress in the month of December, was set aside in the Senate, and the ex

cannot raise an army, without resorting to force, they will, still, the passions, the feelings, and cellent speeches delivered by the friends of liberty, on when the interest of the nation requires that the motives, which led to the war, will be rightthat occasion, have perhaps lost some of their interest. they should have one. In a war just, necessary, ly apprehended and fully understood by our enBut we extract a few passages from Mr. Ward's and expedient, and wisely conducted, one in lightened citizens.' speech, of the 14th of that month, which, with many which the feelings of the people are engaged,

The following paragraph may or may not apply to other excellent remarks, in the same production, will

armies will be raised with great facility. In apply to other cases of threatened usurpation, and

the ultimate demands of the British government. We ought always to be familiar to the people, and contin.

any other war the government ought not to conceive it very proper and seascnable, however, to ualis sounding in the ears of our corrupt rulers. Hav- | have an army. Our government is a govern- | turn publick attention to the subject : it muy be very ing finished a copious argument, proving the Conscrip. | ment of the people, was made for the people, interesting. tion Bill unconstitutional, Mir. Ward observed, for the good of the many, and not to support the "The President,through his minister, says. If the bill on you table is unconstitutional, pride, the weak or wicked policy or the pas." The United States must give up no right, or resistance is not only lawful but it is a duty.. sions, of the few. War never ought to be de- l perish in the struggle." To resist usurped power, is as high a duty as 'clared by a government like ours,excepting for | These were not the sentiments of Alexander, to submit to power lawfully exercised ; and the le causes of such magnitude, and for injuries of the Deliverer, at the treaty of Tilsit : and we freemen of the east will much sooner incur the such a nature, as to cause a general excite. have seen the fruits and effects of the wisdom penalties of an unconstitutional law, than the ment. After having legislated for years, upon of Roinazoff, in negociating that treaty, wonguilt of treachery to their country and poster principles hostile to the interests of the peo. derfully displayed in the bautle of Boridino, and ity. We have heard much from some of the ple, and destructive of their attachment to the

in the after events of Europe. No wise gov. majority, : of the power of government, of re-1 government, to expect that the people would ernment, despotick or republicans ever held bellion, and of crises” Sir, far be it from ine | rally round the government, and fighi with en

such language, or practised upon such a printo do any thing to invite or hasten crises, butthusiasm, betrays a want of knowledge of men, ciple. A mad adherence to this principle huur. if they are forced upon the citizens of this and of tbe nature of our free institutions. ried Bonaparte, from the governinent of the country, when they are defending “ the bles

Again, speaking of the state of our country; and the fairest part of Europe, to that speck of cresings of civil libcrty,” they will be met with nature of the present war, our worthy representative ation, the island of Elba. What, yield noththat fortitude which conscious integrity inspires, says :

ing! give up no right, however unimportant, and the power of the government, exerted in The president through his minister, de even to quiet the reasonable fears of our enean unjust cause, will be found to be impotence. clares to us, 6 that the nature of the crisis in my ! not even be at peace with “our red breth

From the language of some gentiemen, I wbich we are involved, and the extent of our ren," and suffer those children of nature to enshould suppose they imagine, that persons in danger, require particular attention--that we joy, undisturbed, a small portion of the lands,

dancer, require particular attention--that we ljov, undisturbed, : authority have a right to use any powers wlii. ars contending for exiicace, and must make which the God of nature gave them! The they may deem necessary to accomplish lawful great exertions, and suffer great sacrifices- proudest monarchs, in their proudest days, ends, and are not restrained or limited to con

that we are called upon for a display of all that have often for the sake of peace, given up rights, stitucionai means, and that resistance, in all patriotis!n, which distinguished us in the first not important to their security, to quiet the cases, would be rebellion.

I great struggle that we must relinquish no fears of a weaker neighbour. Louis tlic 14th, " Whoever in autbority," said the great Mr. / right, or perish in the struggle.

| wlien more powerful than any nonarch in EuLocke, « exceeds his powers, acts without Is this a true picture of the state of our coun- | rope, for the sake of peace, and to quict the authority, and may be opposed, as any other try? Are we contending for existence? Are fears of the English and Dutch, agreed to desman who invades rights." Upon its being ob we called upon for a display of those spasms | lroy his fortifications at Dunkirk. The English, served, that “ to tell the people they may of patriotism exhibited in our great struggle? when they were conyucror's, 10 obtain peace,and oppose power when perverted or misapplied, I How came we in this situation ? Be w

How came we in this situation ? By whose a- | quict the lear's of Spain, agreed to demolish their will lead to rebellion," the same greut man gency, and for what causes, were we thus in- forts near the bay of Honduras. No wise governreplied - You may as well say, to tell honest volved ? The same government, the same ment, to avoid a present contest, will surrenmen they may oppose robbers and pirates will

nien, inroixed us in the war, which is the der rights, which will weaken itself essentiallead to disorder and bloodshed.” When the cause of all the evils and calamities which a ly, or give an accession of power to its enemy, famous Selden was asked, “ by what statutes wait us, who now tell us, and the world, that which will operate a serious disadvantage in resistance to tyranny could be justified, he the principle, in support of which they said the future contests. These general observations answered . It is to be ju-lified by the cus- war was declared, is not worth a serious con I have thought it not improper to make ; as nee tom and usage of England, which is the law of test. The same men who now call upon us to gotiaiion for peace is pending, I will not be the land." “ We are to support the crown," surrencier our lives, our personal liberty, our more particular." says Bolingbroke, “ with our lives and for

chiicr cine and every ibing which is dear to us tunes, while it keeps within bounds, and pro

On the aspersions uttered against the government to extricate our country from the state of

and ; eople of Massachusetts. recis 118, and no longer.” “ This is so well

1 wretchedness in wliich they have involved us, settled," as he expresses it, “ that conscience now, in effect, admit, that after the revocation

Sir, I am not a little surprised at the rehas no occasion to battle with the understand. of the British orders in council, there was no

proaches, which have been cast upon the gov. ing." "A king,” says Mr. Erskine, " has no adequate cause for prosecuting the war. It is

ernment and people of Massachusetts, for suf. more authority to excee.I his power, than a con- | true, as is said, after ihe peace in Europe, the

fering a part of her territory to be captured, stable.” If government usurp a power, not gi

and bitherto to remain in possession of the | principles of impressment, for which our eneven by the constitution, they are wrong doers, my contend, “ will have no practical effect ;"

enemy. It is the more extraordinary, as the and responsible for the consequences.

censure comes from the members of a govbut what were we told when war was declared ?

erument, to whom she has paid the price of In the secretary's explanatory observations, It was then resounded from one end of ibe it is said, that “ Congress had a right, by the continerit to the other, that the war was a war

projection, and from whom she has a right to constitution, to raise regular armies, and no fur principle

ciemand it. that sailors' rights were to be

It is owing to the improvidence restraint is imposed in the exercise of it"- 1 established on a basis eternal. No man sup

of the government of the United States toat that ~ it would be absurd to suppose that Con- posed, from the representations of the suppor

the enen y now possesses the territory to which gress could not carry this power into effect, ters of the war, that the blood and treasure

allusion is bad A small portion of the mile otherwise than by accepting the voluntary ser- which were expended, were io averi tlie cur

lions drawn from Massachiiseits, and wasîd vices of individuals"--and that " it might hap- rept sufferings by impressment, during the war

sment during the war / by dishonest ageuts, or expendeckin mad pro

by

jects, is it had been laid out in building forti- I have been very unwise to have proposed a sufficient distinctness, what we can, and what fications, and placing garrisons in them, would measure, which could not be effected, without we cannot endure. They have drawn the line, have prevented even a temporary loss of this ter- | the decided approbation of the mass of the like true patriots and sages, between our duty ritory. If the United Siates declare to New-En people, unless it were perfectly clear that they | to a government and to ourselves. They have gland, that they cannot protect them, and that very unanimously demanded it. Were every | suppressed every specification of « ulterior all expectations of the general government do- l other obstacle removed, and this existed, it measures," in case our prospects of peace do ing their duty, are mere delusions, Massachu-l is decided proof that the present is not the not speedily assume a new aspect, for very setts will use her means to better purposes time to act. When it is the season for such obvious reasons. But as many of our wrongs than the United States have employed them. a step as we are contemplating, it must and and the evils which are still to be apprehend. Since the adoption of the copstitution, more will be announced by the unequivocal expres. | ed, do not depend on the question of peace or money has been rescives froin Massachusetts 1 sion of the publick desire.

war, but either on original defects in the conby the United States, than they have been able The third objection arises from the circum- | stitution, or a perversion of its principles, for to beg, or borrow, even at an enormous' pre- stances of the case. Had the Convention been which it contains in itself no remedy, they mium, of, their partisans and supporters; in qualified with ample instructions to act for have proposed certain improvements, which return for which, for twelve years past, she has i their constituents without any regard to the do not relate to our present contest, but to received nothing but injuries. Moreover, the federal constitution ; and had it been ever so the attainment of a just, permanent, and seplace invaded is nearly three hundred miles popular to proceed immediately to local ar cure form of government. To every citizen from Massachusetts proper, and ber whole in- | rangements, to end the calamitics of war, the l of enlightened understanding and political satermediate sea coast, three hundred miles in Convention were correct in deferring to act gacity, it will appear evident, that though these extent, has been left unprotected by the United for such purposes. We actually suffer, but objects are not connected with peace, they are States, whose duty it was to provide for their we are not actually in danger. We have a | as esseniial to our prosperity and freedom. defence ; and even her capital, daily in expec- | short time in prospect, before the day of peril | Here the report embraces definite proposi. tation of invasion, was wholly neglected by the may be expected to arrive. It is only when tions ; they are adapted to our wants and jusgeneral government. In this situation, it did necessity leaves us no bope, no alternative but | tified by our experience ; they are such as not comport with the wisdom and sound destruction, that we can resort to such a mode / we must obtain, or be forever the victinis policy of the supreme executive of Massachu- of relief as that which superscdes the authori of faction and local prejudices. Here the setts, to draw his troops from the capital of ty of an existing government. We muy have Conven:ion were acting « within their prur. the State, into the wilds of the district of peace, before the hour of trial comes ; then ince," and express themselves with a spirit Maine, to rescue a portion of its territory from such a strong and critical step would be prove which we devoully hope may be seconded by a possession of the enemy, which, as it re- i ed unnecessary, and of course unjustifiable. / a large majority of this community, and that spects the most of it, is mcrely nominal, and By waiting until the storm is bursting upon they will determine, as the Convention recomleave the capital of the state to be sacked and us, we are sure of unaninity ; and our situa mend, " to persevere in their efforts to obtain destroved by the enemy. Acts of folly and I tion will then justify us to Heaven and the such amendments, UNTIL THE SAME SHALL BE weakness, of this description, are the exclus world, in practical obedience to the dictates of EFFECTED.” sive right of another'executive.'

self preservation. Why then hurry to “ deci-
sive measures?" If they become expedient,

GENERAL REGISTER.
REMARKS

and justifiable by the law of nature, we have ON THE REPORT OF THE HARTFORD CONVENTION. yet time enough to adopt them. If we adopt

BOSTON,SATURDAY,JANUARY 21,1815. them, and find the evil we dread, averted in Concluded from our last.

the mean time, by a national peace, we should THERE were undoubtedly many people in I likewise find ourselves involved in an unpleas

FOREIGN. A mere report has reached New England who sincerely wished, and had ant predicament, and have reason to regret

us, by the way of Bermuda, that before the allowed themselves 10 expect, that the Conour impetuosity.

|:8th of November, Lord Hill had been at vention would have proposed, withoot longer we are aware of an argument against this

Portsmouth, prepared to embark for America, delay, the very measure that Mr. Randolpi, delay. It is said that if we proceed to make

but that he had returned to London ; and that and probably many others at the Southward propositions, while they may in some sense be

this was considered as furourable to a pros. apprehended-lo abandon Virginia, and her considered voluntary, the enemy, as our gos.

pect of peace. Nothing further from Ghent war abettors to their fute, and seek our own ernment have made them, will be more fa

or Vienna. security, at once, in an accommodation with vourably disposed towards us, than if we post

DOMESTICK. The British expedition the enemy. pore it to the last moment. There is probably

against New Orleans, began to enter Lake We do not deny that the general government some justice in this remark ; but it proves no

Ponchartrain on the 12th of December, advan. has so violated the principles of the federal more than that we have before lis, a choice of

ced up the lake, and on the 13th a fleet of compact, and not only defeated but counteractcvils, and it will be wise to choose the least.

barges attacked our only raval defence in that ed the purposes for which ours and every The British know too well the relation be

quarter, five gun boats and one schooner, good government is instituted, that the people tween government and the governed, to ex

which were taken after a! obstinate resistance. are, both as a nation and as distinct states, in

states, in pect we should dissolve this relation, unless It is said many of the enemy's barges were fact absolved from their pledged allegi nce. I reduced to an extremity. To whatever ex.

previously sunk. A luier report says, that on We do not deny that the outrages we have en- i tremity we may be reduced, the advantage to

the 17th, the British were landing, 18 miles dured, and the sufferings we are now encoun- 1 them of terms, which we could not admit, in

from the city. That the defence of the city tering, strongly urge to the immediate re-as- preference to such as might be reasonable,

actualiy consisted of but about 4000 men, sumption of our delegated rights. But there would probably be too dearly purchased, by

regulars and militia ; but that on the 18th were three very substantial reasons why the tantial reasons why the encountering the united efforts of a desperate

| General Coffee with 1300 troops from TennesConvention should not recommend any meas

any meas- ! people. Besides, we have no rcason, in this see, and about 3000 Kentucky militia passed ure interfering with the powers given to Con

Con- | quarter, to anticipate a vindictive spirit in the Baton Rouge, descending the river, and ex. gress, or the Execulive of the Union. The enemy. We have had little part in the war. I pected to arrive a

ine enemy. We have had little part in the war, Ipected to arrive at New Orleans, in twentyfirst is stated in their report it was not with- bus as we have been the unwilline victims of four hours. Some leiter-writers rely princi.

They were appointed to its miseries, and the world know it. Nor was 1 pally for their security on the extreme swampconfer on the state of our publick affairs, to the policy which brought on this war, osterrsidigest if possible some plan of relief; and re- | bly waged against Great Britain alone, more

except certain passes, which they say, were

except dress; but not to infringe upon the authority

inveterately hostile to her, than to this hated, or could be strongly fortified General Jackof the federal constitution. Whatever the proscribed, and persecuted section of the Uni

son has issued a Proclaination in the true

so asi on might | ted States. This, every intelligent New-Engr. | French idiom. conceive to be their rights, they appointed landman knows and feels: and to this the On the 13th instant a transport arrived at their delegates, for the present, with this ex- | English are no strangers.

Castine, with 200 men of the 29th Regi. press restriction.

But to return to be more immediate sub meni, from Bermuda Four hundred more The second objection was, that however | ect--if it be not considered presumpcion in us were expected there from Sr. Joha's. zealous many may be that we should now in- l to offer an opinion, on the conduct of men

It is now certain that the Maidstone fri ale dertake a local management of our external venerable by their wisdoin, experience, and in

has been at Halifax, since her reported enrelations, independent of the national Execue

tegrity, we venture to say, that the result of gagement with the Constitution, and that they tive and Congress, there would have been, as I the Hartford Convention has been precisely I did not ineet.

Ich a step, not to what we ought to wish, and what circumst. All the army Su geous on urlough are orhave endangered its practicability. It would I ces required. They have pointed out, with dcred to Curd to duty, by Oiders ti on the

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