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early to Rome, where he could best imbibe | estate, he conferred more than an equivalent ; | Ah! nonc-detain'd in regions far remov’d the rudiinents of liberal and extensive knowls and, as early as the Actian war, as it is usual. Each fond associate, and each friend belov'd. edge. He himself diligently implanted the ly called. Horace confesses that he had been Ah! none-the ill fated husband's father's care, principles of morality, not by dry precepts, or enriched, far beyond his wanis, or expecta His spouse, his offspring, Rome forbids to share. refined speculations, but by the more familiar tions. and striking illustration of living examples. From this period, his life seems io have Say, can the rude Sarmatian, schoold to steel The tendency of erery immoral action, was proceeded, in a regular, and tranquil course : His savage breast-say, can he learn to feel, manifested, by the consequence it had produ- and is known chiefly, by the private anecdotes of baggad aspect who insatiate drains ced. Such was the effect of this mode of in- his writings have recorded, and the publick Life's reeking current from his courser's veins : struction, that, in a luxurious capital, amidst events they have celebrated. During that dis | ’Neath those forelocks that shade his mangled brow, companions, whose rank and fortune far ex-pute, between Anthony and Octavius, which

Say, can that hollow eye with mercy glow ? ceeded his own, our poet records, with grati. I ended in a peace, negotiated by Mæcenas, the

-Blush, Roman, blush-lo! Goths his fate deplore, tude, his preservation, not only from actual poet attended his patron to Brundusium, where

| And pity meets him on that dreary shore. vice, but from the habits and dispositions, that įhat negotiation was carried on, and has left

His fate-those rocks that heard him, erst, complain, precede and produce it. At the age of iwen: | us an agreeable picture of the characters, and

And brutes, no longer fierce, that mark'd his pain, ty, or twenty one, the young Horace was re- incidents that ainused him on the way. Dur. moved from Rome, to the schools of Philoso- ing the war, that afterwards arose between

And Danube mourns, beneath his chilly deep. phy, at Athers; the great university for the those ambitious rivals, he would, had he been See Venus, hastening from her favou red isle Roman youth, which was the usual and almost I permitted, have accompanied Mæcenas to the Bids her plum'd Autterers light his funeral pile. necessary step, in completing a liberal educa expected naval action ; the happy event of Then, when the self-exhausted flames decline, tion. Here, it is probable, he formed intima which was not merely propitious to his for His whitening ashes to their vase consign: cies with many of the young nobility, his fel- tunes, but gratifying to the warmest feelings and thus inscribe the stone—“ Lo here he lies, low students, who were afterwards his asso- of his heart.

| Who sung Love's wiles, solicitudes, and j0;s"ciates, in the republican army, or his friends and The final triumph of Octarius, was not, in- | Herself ambrosial odours sprinkling round, protectors in the emperor's court. The ex- ¡ decd, more fortunate to any set of men than to Thrice, and four times, bedews the ballowed ground ample of these spirited youths, who, on the the poets, whom that prince, through his fa- Ye too Pierian maids! with plaintive strains arrival of Brutus, at Athens, eagerly joinedvourite minister, had alreacly begun to patron

Beyond my flight embalm your bard's remains. his standard, united him to the cause of that ize. But even the amusements of Mæcenas, mild and amiable patriot, with whom he had were subservient to a deep and refined policy. so strong an interest, either by the influence i The talents of his literary friends, were enof powerful connexions, or the charm of en- ployed to soothe the Roman pride, under the

Many suppose, it is not in actual battle,

when all is confusion and the passions become gaging manners, as to obtain a command, far loss of freedom ; to direct their spirit to exter

excited, that delicate nerves are put to the above the pretensions, which his rank or expe- | nal wars, rather than internal commotions, and,

severest test ; but in the hour of silence, sus. rience could give. He was, in quality of mil- | by setting in the fairest light the security and

pense, and reflection, whichi frequently preitary tribune, the commander, or rather, one quic: they were beginning to enjoy, gradually of the commanders, of a legion, consisting of to reconcile them to the dominion of their new

cedes an engagement. This opinion is thus

poetically cxpressed by Miss HOLCROFT, in between five and six thousand men. If the re- master. Nor should such a project, however

the introduction to the fourth camio, in her publican army, had many such officers, the it may at first revolt us, be too hastily concause of their defeat at Philippi is sufficiently

« WALLACE ; OR THE Fight or FALKIRK, demned. The increased extent of the Roman explained.

empire, the profligate state of morals, the de- | Yes, it is come! That pause of dread. On that disastrous clay, fatal to the interests cay of all publick virtue, and more especially, i whose silent interval precedes of freedom, of humanity, and at least, to the the corruption of the soldiery, who, in their immediate welfare of the Roman world, our attachment to particular chiefs, had wholly

Men's faltering footsteps, as they tread

Towards sanguinary deeds! poet has made no secret of his own panick, and I lost sight of their country, had long convinced flight. To fly, when all were Eying, to aban- all reflecting minds, that Romc had no other

There is an hour whose pressure cold don a resistance, that was become hopeless, alternative, than to submit to a mild, or endure

Comes even to the hero's breast! could scarcely be considered as a proof of an oppressive usurpation ; and, as the charac Each warrior's heart of human mould cowardice, or deserve the ridicule he seems ter of Augustus appeared to soften, in propor-Howe'er intrepid, fierce and bold, to apprehend, and anticipate. We may pre- tion as his power became more secure, as he Has still that hour confest. sume, therefore, that he fed early in the ac- | respected, at least in appearance, the laws and It is not when the battle storm tion, and with singular marks of terror and institutions of his country, which his profligate | Hurtles along the frighted skics; dismay. What route he took to escape pur- rival despised and insulted, he was deenied, It is not when death's hideous form, suit is uncertain. Probably he remained in | even by the remnant of the republican party, His threatening voice and piercing cries, some place of concealment, till the interven- far the most deserving of support. Their own

Shriek in our ears and shock our eyes ; tion of friends had enabled him 10 return in illustrious chiefs had erished by the swords

It is not when the slogan shout safety to his country. Safety, however, was i of enemies, or the daggers of assassins ; and

Has sent the death-word 'mid the rout, all he could at first procure. His formerno successors arose, whose courage, and

Nor mid the hail of arrowy shower, means of subsistence, the confiscations attend- whose genius could rekindle the dying fame ant on civil war had wholly swept away. of patriotism.

Nor when we sec the life-blood pour ; Thus, necessity, as he himself tells us, pro

To be concluded in our next.

It comes not then-that ghastly hour! duced, or rather, brought into action, his talents

'Tis in the breathless pause before, for poetry ; for though one or two of his sat

POETRY.

While yet unwash'd with human gore ires may be of an earlier date, they seem to

Our thoughts 'rid dreams of terrour roam,

SELECTED have been only the amuseinent of his leisure,

And sadly muse on things to come! not of his serious thoughts. Whichever of ON TIIE EXILE AND DEATH OF OVID.

Then shuddering nature half recoils, his pieces was written at this early period, the

FROM THE LATIN OF POLITIAN.

And half forbids th' inhuman loils · reputation gained by them, and still more, the 1 AND finds the Roman baril a foreign grave

But 'tis too late !--the die is cast! friendship of Virgil and Varrus, introduced i him to that accomplished minister, who was

The Furies bid to the repast ! Where Euxine rolls the inhospitable wave! to be the patron of his fortunes, and the friend Thy bard, O Love, by rudest hands inhum'd,

Oh ! from the cradle to the tomb of his future life. The first interview with Sleeps he, near Ister's gelid stream entomb'd ! Comes there no hour so fraught with gloom, Mæcenas, was short, and seems to have pro- | Those charities the Getan fierce supplies,

As that ere nations meet, to seal each other's doom. duced no immediate effect. Nine months | Which Rome, unblushing to her son denies !

khen cho kinh tế cho

t

h uê elapsed before he was summoned to a second ; Far from his natal soil-ye Muses, say

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR but, on that occasion, was established an in

What sympathies his dying pangs allay? tercourse of mutual kindness, that proved the

JOHN PARK,
source of comfort and happiness, lo both. On the bland couch who bids bis limbs repose ?
The generosity of Mæcenas did not long
Who with sweet converse charms his ling'ring woes ?

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, suffer the man, whom he had honoured with Tries with officious hand the salient vein !

NO. 4 CORNHILL. his friendsnip, to remain under the pressure Or with emollients, bastes to assuage his paiu ?

Price tbree dollars per annum, half in advance of poverty, or the anxiety of suspense. If he With death suffus'd, who closes now his eye,

To. Now subscribers Inay be supplied with preceding numbers did not procure the restoration of his forfeited | And bending o'er him marks his parting sight?

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1815.

NO. LVIII.

POLITICAL.

our national concerns, who had not sense sea coast, nothing but immense wealth can

enough to perceive this obvious fact, or not give us security, against any nation, that comFOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

virtue enough to shun a conflict which can- mands a formidable navy ; for nothing but imIt seems to be a prevailing opinion that the not terminate, but in their humiliation. If it mense wealth can support the military and present war is miserably conducted on i'te were even an object to keep our comparative maritime strength which is necessary to propart of the British, and in some parts of the weakness out of sight, that object is lost. Our | tect our coasts. Our present policy is peace. Union at least, the prevailing language is that

rulers have wantonly exposed the truth, and In insisting on our absolute incapacity to we must insist on an bonourable peace. The perverseness can only make it more evident. | prosecute a war with Great Britain, we do not lopes of some are perhaps founded on these i They and they alone are the authors of our consider ourselves, as yet, the advocates of promises : but in our view of the subiect, they | misfortunes, if we are not as prosperous, as any dishonourable concession. Happily for lead to a conclusion, that our case is desperate,

happy, and as unmolested in the enjoyment us, hier moderation is not loss displayed than and that whether we close the contest, this of all our rights, after peace, as we were | her power.

her power. The first terms she offered were

The first terms she offer month, this year, or- in ten years, the terms

when they declared war. It would be unjust such as we could have accepted without any will be such as the gorcrnment of Great Brit. I

nment of Great Brit to expect Great Britain to make a sacrifice to injury, and with many advantages, as it reain think their honour and their rights require. | their wickedness. Is it not the height of folly | spects our future prosperity. Her last propoAdmit that their war operations have been

to presume she ever will ? If we like democ-sition, and even that was not a demand, was miserably conducted, it has only produced se- 1 racy and mob favourites to govern us, we must not unreasonable, for we began a war of intendvere animadversion on the management of pay the tax ourselves for the indulgence of | ed conquest. But our prospect darkens. If their ministry. We see not the least evidence | our choice ; and when we are tired of the ex- ! she conquer New Orleans before a peace is that the cause has become in any degree un- | periments we have but to reconcile ourselves concluded, she will not relinquish the right of popular in England. The cry of the opposi- / to our incalculable losses, endeavour to reme- such a valuable conquest without some indemtion is not reconciliation with America, but I dy, as far as possible, the prominent defects in , nification. If she is defeated there, it will but more energy. This probably will produce

our political institucions, begin our national ca- protract the war ; ministers may be censured, inore energy, for in a cause so universally considered just, ministers will not choose to

the errours we have once committed, that we character of its arms ; every battle in which lose their reputation with the people, for not

may.escape their calamitous and disgraceful we succeed will but insure us another, more using with more vigour those resources which consequences.

serious. the people themselves supply. Whatever

We are bold to say it is far from our inten- Are these predictions doubted,- let this change takes place, therefore, if any, we may tion to belittle the reputation of our country, | page be kept for perusal, whenever a peace is expect will be against us.

or depreciate the character of our citizens. made. We pretend to no spirit of prophesy ; if the war has been injudiciously conducted

The country is rich in the best gifts of na we but corsider the state of the British empire by the eneniy, so much the mort deplorab..

ture ; among our fellow citizens there is, we and our Din republiek, and the general cusis our case, for with such an advantage, we

trust, as much personal courage to dare, and toms of war. have made no progress, but in our own career as much individual, physical strength to exeto ruin. In our commerce, we have suffered cute, as among any people on earth. But

PRIVATEERING. much more than they, though their's is so

Great Britain is mightier than we, and time In privateering we are more successful than immense, that our captures amount to live

alone and wise policy can make us her equal. the English. What does this prove? That, out more than mere provocation. In territorr

Our navy was but begun. Nothing but the in- of her abundant, fourishing commerce we they hare last notliing ; our losses are great.

veterate hatred which our present rulers was ! bave a chance to get something : from our Have their Genernis been unexpectedly pas

known to bear it, would account for exposing ! ruined commerce she can get little or nothing. sive, still their colonies are perfectly safe, it to destruction in its infancy. cre safe it to destruction in its infancy. This pavy has

THIS

las a nation, we depend as much on commerce though our nation is already reduced to bank- | been our boast ; it has reflected honour on the for our prosperity as Great Britain. The Tudicy, in an unsuccessful attempt to take counlry, but that honour has been sought line comparative success of our privateering therethem. Feeble as their administration may be seasonably, when the just fame of our prowess fore only shows how much more deeply we considered, it has been strong enough to de. can do us no good. It is true, a navy is suffer by the war, than the enemy, for her: feat all the purposes of our government, and formed by war, but not by a war of ter ships / cruisers are by far the niost numerous. reduce them to a state of embarassment, from ! against a thousand. which it is cvicient they cannot recover.

Should the British fail in their present ex “The brave, encompass'd by a hostile train, The plain truth is that we are unequal to al "O'erpower

"O'erpower'd by numbers, are but brave in vain." 1 pention against New Orleans, many will un-contest with Great Britain. Important as it is,

doubtedly consider it is a circumstance which that this truth should be urged till it produce

It was the object of the last federal adminis. will affect their feelings, and their terms of universal conviction, there seenis to be a sin- | tration to cherish maritime power, to the ute peace, in our favour. gular reluctance at confessing it ; and we can most extent, consistent with our prosperisy, Before we flatter ourselves with such a not see wherefore She is rich and we are during peace ; they meditated no war against hope, let us study the character of the British poor. She has armies and must keep them,

| Great Britain, but they well knew, that if ever Dation and government from recent events. which may as well be sent to our shores as such a contest were neeessary, she must bc When she began her war of self defence

have but a few. I met on the ocean. They began to prepare, agripst France, most of the continental powers very few scattered thousands, whom govern- for our children, with as much zeal as though I of Europe were either at peace with her

compared l it were for ourselves, and our children would ment cannot pay. Our naval power compared it were for ourselves, and our childrer

and her enemy, or engaged in the contest on M ontorion.in coint I have witnessed the efficiency of their views. her side. Nalion after walion was either sub.. of national defence, it can do nothing. She has | Enemies to commerce, to the nary, to our ha- dued or pressed into the cause of France. or. tional prosperity, succeeded them ; we have a

voluntaril a well constituted government, embracing mentional prosperity, succeeded them ; we have a

voluntarily joined her standard. After hard ! of distinguished talents, devoted to their coun war, with the greatest naval power in the fighting, from Feb. 1793, to Feb. 1808, Great try. We have a vile democracy, which does world, and what has been the consequence ? Britain found he

ich does | world, and what has been the consequence ? Britain found herself deserted by all Europe;

od marciorism. | Enough has been done to show that the plan and ever must depress talents and patriotism,

and under the necessity of agreeing to such : and promote men to power. whose views are of a tuture navy tor national detence, was wise, I conditions as France proposed, or of continuing centred in themselves, and whose actions are and that a war with England' at present, was her struggle alope I Dont w in subservience to the ignorance and vice to madness, without regarding its injustice. wis, she chose the latter, and she persevered which they owe their distinction.

We must not foolishly expect to perform until her foe was glad to embrace the terms, It is no dishonour to us that we cannot miracles. We must look to the situation of I which she dicto

rian Iris our only dis. | our country, and pursue that policy which its The war against France never was so popu. We wored men at the head of situation dictates. With a thousand miles of ar in England as is her present contest with

this country. That was considered by those are assigned for the consideration of the House, this / valoable, because it gives the possessor the who were its advocales as a resistance against day, at 11 o'clock.

key to every other. ambition ; this as resistance against inveierare! Both branches have been busily occupied in des.

esc | Instead of stimulating the mind of the young spite and malice, and it is so. Now it is our pa patching a great variety of local and private business.

to hurry on from object to object, and suffering interest to inquire, and let us seriously consid

them to flatter themselves by the supposed er whether any reverse, which compared with

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. | extensive reach of their knowledge, when in other events she has frequently encountered,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR..

fact they are but crowding their memory with can be but trifling, gives us the least ground

TULLY, NO. VII.

indistinct images, they ought to be taught to to expect that she will abandon her purposcs,

feel dissatisfaction at quitting any subject, and recede froni any claiins she conteniplates

Fieri potest ut recte quis sentiat, et id quo

until they evince a clcar conception, and apseutit polite eloqui non potest. Cic. 1.Tusc.

pear to comprehend distinctly all its important It sometimes happens that a person may have cor. GENERAL REGISTER.

relations. At first this task may appear repul

sive ; but I believe experience will shew, that guage to express them elegantly.

those persevere longest in the pursuit of BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.

This observation is undoubtedly just, for

knowledge, and soon become the most zealthe one is an exercise of the understanding ;

ously engaged, who are required to understand DOMESTICR. We have accounts from New. the other of taste ; and they may or may not

critically, as far as they advance. Persons Orleans to the 30th December, at which date it was pot l be united in the same person. The former is

accustomed to this mode of mental discipline taken, and the prospect of its being able to resist the often essential, both in the management of our attack of the enemy was considered to have brightened

are not those, who imagine themselves posprivate concerns and in our intercourse with The force of the British; is variously estimated, from

sessed of ideas which they have no language four to ten thousand men'; vurs at 8,000, actually on society, and is not a rare gifi of nature ; ele.

to communicate. the spot, on the 30th, and a division from Kentucky,

gance in speaking is an accomplishment, unwithin about two days' march, above. On the 3rd

necesssary in the ordinary business of life, - an advance party of three or four thousand men were seldom attained without attentive cultivation, 'THE CONFIDANT, No. XVI. met at about 8 miles below the city, as has already and of little or no use, but among a people been mentioned, where there was a butile ;--the el. |

As a Çonfidant, I have not supposed it exwho have made considerable advances in civil. emy sustained considerable loss; ainong our's are some ization and refinement. Experience suffi

pected of me to make communications to the valuable officers. General Jackson, not choosing to nie

publick of my particular sentiments, unless in risk a decisive engagement, until he should receive ciently proves however that though the power

reply to sucli papers as might be addressed to further reinforcements, then formed his linę fire miles | of eloquence may be very much improved, by

me, or by way of friendly comment. The apbelow the city, extending on the right to the Missis. habit and discipline, it likewise depends, in sippi, and on the le t to the Cypress swamp, which is some degree, on a certain natural talent, with.

pearance of my numbers has therefore de. impassable, and probably extends to lake Ponchartrain. out which, the most severe appliant aspires in

pended entirely on the disposition of corres. Entrenched in these lines, he was attacked on the 1 vain to the character of a prompt and elegant

pondents, and my long silence is owing to the evening of the 28thr; but maintained his post, the en.

reserve of those to whom I had offered the orator. emy retreating to their former positions. Nothing else

privilege of my office. Civilis would prompt had occurred but liglit skirmishing ; and from the in.

But I have taken this motto, not so much to remark on what Cicero does, as on what I

me to add some remarks on his story, but I confidently of its security.

have only room, at present, to insert it as it think he does 110t mean. We frequently find We learn from Havana, that the Dictator, an Eng persons pretending to have clear and satisfac

was received. Jish 64 arrived there on the 14th of Jan..that she left bory conceptions of things, who at the same

To the Confidant. Ship Island on the 24th Dec.- brought the news of the

| time complain that it is out of their power to the maxim first battle ; and that her object was to obtain flour for

of “ doing as you would be the army, of which she had obtained 4000 barrels, and

command any terms by which they may com- done by," has always appeared to me a good was taking it on board.

municate their ideas to others. There may one ; but by acting in obedience to this, I The enemy have made another small but very imp. possibly be some truth in this, but I very much I have lately given offence to some of my friends portant conquest. On the 13th Jan, they landed about loubt whether such persons, if they are sin- ' in the country, and incurred the censure of 1500 men on Cumberland Island, and took the fort cere, do not generally deceive themselves 1 others in tow). (Point Petre) by storm. This island commands the

suspect the deficiency lies deeper than in the A few days since, sitting at my windoir, I trade between Savannah and Amelia. The sume day they took St. Mary's, a small town on St. Mary's river

want of language ; the fault is more probably I discovered a sleigh approaching, in which I These buth belong to Georgia ; the neighbouring in an indisiinctness of conception. There are habitants are greatly alarmed, and Avine in all direc. | several reasons which induce me to be of this two maiden sisters. from the country: be tions. Other attacks are feared, particularly at Sa opinion. Try such people on subjects which standing erect in front, a tall figure with a vannah ; but we presume the eneiny have not sufficient you are certain they accurately comprehend large white bat, which overshadowed them force for such an object.

do they not readily find means to convey their like an unibrella ; alternatciy pointing in great The Hon. Chauncey Goodrich and Calvin Goddard are appointed Commissioners from Connecticut to make

I thoughts? Do we not every day see illiterate glee, on this side and that, to objects as they arrangements with the General Government, for re

men of strong minds, who always discourse struck his curiosiny ; and whipping up his taining part of the revenue raised in the state, to be and reason intelligibly, and educated men of more sober steed, which seemed very loin to appropriated to its defence.

superficial minds, who have language at com- improve upon the solenın pace, in which he Sickness is still very fatal in Virginia. The troos mand only to utter nonsense ? Is it not a fact had been accustomed to lead a team of oxen, stationed at Norfolk, are suffering severely.

that these pretended conceptualists display an But, excepting isis bigh spirits, the squire in CONGRESS. The bill to prevent intercourse with the enemy occupied much of the attention of the Sen

obtuseness of comprehension, when a logician all respects, appeared perfectly in character ate, last week. It was finally referred to a select

draws his vice distinctions, though his terms with his horse, as he was remarkably plain and committee, are ever so appropriate and familiar ?

homespun in his dress ; while the ladies and The House have agreed to the bill from the Senate, | Thinking accurately is a laborious employ- the “ vehicle" formed a perfect contrast ; they authorizing the purchase of Mi. Jefferson's library, si ment, until it becomes habitual, and we seldom being tricked out with ribbons and finery, and to 71. Another report has been received from the Secreta

submit to it, where an intellectual glance will the sleigh painted with various colours, disry of the Treasury, still more gloomy than the former.

answer our purpose. But it is undoubtedly playing at last on the back a full blown Tosc, The Treasury owes above thirteen millions of dollars,

true, that the mind receives more pleasure in about the size of a cabbage, an appropriate emabove its cash and claims, to the end of the last year.

the conteinplation of distinct images, than of blein of the season of the year. “ Here we STATE LEGISLATURE. The Governour and

those which are confused. On the score of are," said the 'squire, when I came to the Council have appointed the Hon. HARRISON G. Otis, pleasure therefore, as well as utility, it would door ; and scarcely were the ladies out, when Hon. THOMAS H. PERRINS and WILLIAM SULLIVAN, be an advantage, if from early education, when he drove himself plump ashore in a narrow Esq. Commissioners to proceed to Washington, pursu.

the powers of the soul are developing them passage at the end of the house, and began to ant to the joint resolve of both branches of the Legis. lature, to attempt an arrangement with the General

selves, and habits of thought are forined, more look about. " What,” said he, “ no barn ?** Government, by which this state may retain a portion

attention were paid to the mode in which our and gave a loud laugh. " S: range fashions to of the taxes assessed upon it, assuming the defence of

intellect is exercised, If the passion for nov- . be sure. All show and no convenience Well, her own territory.

elty, which is so natural to the mind of youth, “ I suppose you can at least find house-room A report has been read and discussed in the Senate, is indulged and encouraged, there is no time “ for the gentcel part of our company, while I on that part of his Excellency's message, which relates to the defence of the commonwealth, authorizing the

nor disposition for accurate examination. The “ go and find one. Their keeping will not be Governour, with the advice of the Council to raise one

power of discrimination may be astonishingly * much, as they are too delicate to eat or thousand men, in part of tbe number authorized by

| invigorated, by use ; and for the purpose of " drink, except at home. They will begin ta law, of October last ; and to suspend raising the re. | increasing its energy, it is of little conse- 'speak by tomorrow or next day ; but they mainder until the result of the application to the gen. quence on what subject it is employed. The « have been struck dumb with politeness, ever eral government be known. The same report, &c. science of thinking is of all sciences the most since they came within the infection of the

e place, and been afraid to turn their necks to whenever they could forget they were in, her affections, won her heart, persuaded her " look at any thing, lest they should appear company. In short, I endeavoured in all re. to marry him, and Aattered her with the no

what they call, out of character.” They spects, to act the part of real friendship, and tion of raising her even to the throne of Russia had, in truth, at this moment, assumed the in no case to place them in a situation where to which she had a title. “She thought that precise manners of those prim, formal, starch- they would become subjects of ridicule, any being the wife of Count Alexis Orioff would ed ladies, whom we sometimes see in the more than I should myself. But the circum. shelter her from all those treacheries which country. After conducting them in, I endeav- stance of the first party has since got to their she might apprehend. She entertained not oured to banish ceremony, but to no purpose. ears, and I understand they consider it an un- | the least suspicion that a man could make reOne remarked it was very fine weather in- pardonable affront, except the 'squire, who ligion and the most sacred titles subservient to deed," the other that she was “ very happy in. merely laughs at it as another « Boston no. the destruction of an innocent victim. But deed to see me ;' and both made an apology tion;" and many of my friends here attribute alas, no religion, no title was sacred to the that they were “ very sorry indeed" they could it to a false pride, which, they say, I ought to barbarian into whose hands she had fallen. not send word to inform me of their coming, be ashamed of. But, if my conduct has been Feigning a desire that the marriage ceremony They then sat down, adjusting each limb, fea wrong, I am certain it has been governed by should be performed according to the ritual of ture, and muscle, in that fixed position, to commendable mo:ives, and if, in order to act the Greek church, he suborned villains to diswhich they seemed destined for the remainder right, I must reverse the rule, I suspect the guise themselves as priests and lawyers. Thus of the day. The brother, however, soon re. | party who now feel aggrieved, would find profanation was combined with imposture turned, when taking out his watch, he announ- / reason to be more dissatisfied, and I might / against the unprotected and unsuspicious princed the hour of twelve, and expressed great likewise be censured from another quarter. cess. joy, as he said he had a sharp appetite for din.

CIVILIS. When Alexis Orloff had become the hus. ner. On being told that our usual hour was

| band, 0: rather the ravisher, of this unhappy at two, he looked with a stare of astonishinent,

THE WRITER, NO. XXXVI. lady, he represented to her that it would be as if it was incredible. " Why, brother," ex

necessary to go to some city in Italy to wait claimed both sisters in a breath,“ did not you THERE is not perhaps, in the whole cata there for the breaking out of the conspiracy

at ? « No," replied he r e you logue of human vices, one of a more hateful that was to call her to the throne. Believing neither." This was true, but i vishxo nature, nor one that more degrades the noble- i this advice to be dictated by love and aru anhear to know it. “ No, said he, I should as ness of man, than treachery ; and more par. dence, she answered that she would follow him “ soon think of going to bed at sunrise. But ticularly so, as it includes several others wherever he chose to conduct her. He “ when we are with thc Ronans, we must do, which are of themselves either criminal or brought her to Pisa, where he hired a magnifi“ I suppose, as the Romans do.” And he odious. Falsehood, deceit, hypocrisy, mean cent palace. There he continued to treat then paced the room, expressing disapproba ness, and cowardice, are some of the particu. her with marks of tenderness and respect. tion at the foolish perversion of hours and lar qualities that go to make up the monster, A division of the Russian squadron had just seasons from their proper purposes.

l'epresented by the complex idea, Treachery. entered the port of Leghorn. On relating this It unfortunately happened that I expected a

Treachery, by the laws of war, and in a news 10 the princess, Orloff told her his pressmall party in the evening, who were chiefly military sense of the word, is a capital crime, ence was necessasy at Leghorn, for the pur. remarkable for their devotion to fashionable and punished by death ; but there are nume pose of giving some orders, and offered to life in every thing relating to stule and the rous instances of this vice, in civil and social | take her with him. To this she the niore graces, they at least thought themselves lite, wbich pass unnoticed by our laws, and readily consented, as she had heard much talk adepts ; and were governed in their opinion of which the sword or lash of justice cannot of the port of Leghorn, and the magnificence orbers, by their own standard of excellence. reach. When we reflect that vice is pro- | of the Russian ships. Unhappy lady ! the felt that my cousins would be exposed ; and I gressive, we cannot be too much on our guard | nearer sbe approached the catastrophe of the there was to be a young lawyer in company, I against the first act. We should not heed.

plot, the more she trusted to the tenderness knew that the 'squire, who had lately obtained | lessly sport on a declivity whose gentle slope and sincerity of her fai hless betrayer. She his commission, and read just enough of law | may conduct us the more insensibly to a dan departed from Pisa with her usual attendants, to think himself master of the subject, would gerous precipice. When we divulge each and on her arrival at Leghorn, suitable apartnot fail to discover and attack him, in the full

| others' secrets, we are traitors ; when we do i ments were prepared for her, and she was reconfidence of posing and puring him down, any thing intencionally to injure the character ceived with marks of the profoundest respect. as was his custom with his neighbour's at of those to whoin we profess to be friends, / Several ladies were early in making their vishome. In fact, I expected there would be site we abuse the confidence we have endeavoured lits, and sedulously attended her on all occatering and marks of contempt, which would to gai:) ; we are guilty of ireachery. Let us sions. She was presently surrounded by a disturb the feelings of my cousins as well as make no specious apologies to ourselves, that numerous court, cager to be belorehand with myself. I therefore sent an excuse, and ap. these are venial faults ; they are steps in the ail her desires, and seeming to make it their pointed another time.

path of vice, and inay lead to the highway of only study, incessantly to procure her some My cousins remained in town several days, iniquity.

new entertainment. Whenever she went out,tho during which I introduced them to all the One of the most unworthy and aggravated people ran in her way. At the theatre all curiosities of the place. The 'squire was species of treachory, is that which is some- eyes were turned on her. All circumstances much gratified, approving or condemuing eve. | times practised upon the female sex. As I concurred to lull her into a fatal security. All ry thing, according to his own independent know of no particular instance of this nature, i ten led to dispelthe idea of any danger at hand. ideas ; but the sisters appeared under perpet: at present, in the publick records of our own

This young princess was so far from sus. ual embarrassment, thinking all eyes intent country, I shall take one from foreign history, pecting her unfortunate situation, that after upon them, and were only anxious how they of sufficient deformity, I hope, to excite ab. l having passed several days, in a round of should behave ; or mortified at the uncouth | horrence, and sufficient interest to induce a amusements and dissipation, she asked of gestures and exclamations of their brother. determination, wherever it may be read, never herself to be shown the Russian feet. The For, without any regard to by-standers, he to betray innocence

idea was applauded. The necessary orders would often stop in the streets, and collect a In the revolution that deposed Peter III were immediateiv given ; and the next day on circle round us, while he would shout and and placed the Empress Catharine upon the rising from dinner. every thing was rearly at laugh at what he called the follies of the town, throne of Russia, the family of Orloff's per the water side for receiving the princess. and · Boston notions," which he said hc bad formed an active and conspicuous part. On her coming down she was hinded into a heard of. Nor could we satisfy him at all, Count Alexis Orloff was a favourite of the boat with magnificent awnings. The officers why the ladies should not frequent Siate- empress, and was afierwards employed at the and several ladies seated themselves with her street, or visit the wharves to view the ships, head of her armies and navy in various foreign A second boat conveyed the admiral and which he declared were the noblest curiosities war's. In 177: Count Orloff was in Italy. A i Count Orloff, and a third filled with Russian, of the place. He said it was all nonsense for that tiine, the young princess l'arakanof, a and other officers, closed the procession. people to be so set in their notions.

daughter of the last Empress of Russia, The boats put off from the shore in sight of Talso substituted another party of friends, | Elizabeth, resided at Rome, in a very obscure an immense multitude of people, and were rewhom I esteemed, and who had the good situation, having fled from Petersburgh with ceived by the fleet with a band of musick, sasense to judge of characters by their intrinsick ! her governante 10 avoid the power and ambi- Inies of artillery, and repeated buzzas. As worth, making ailowance for the habits and ious designs of Catharine. Orloff was com- i the princess came along side the ship, a splenmanners of different places ; and I faltered missioned by the empress to endeavour to get did chair was let down, in which being sealed myself that it was muiually pleasant ; for the the princess into his power, and convey her to she was hoisted in, and it was observed to her squire was a man of good natural sense, and Russia Accordingly he went to Rome, found that these were particular honours due to her the sisters would always become agreeable, i means to get introduced to her, practised upon | rank. But no sooner was she on board, but

she was handcuffed. In vain she implored scems to have arisen from the ill health of hi , nevolence to his friends, ll who had less interes for pity of the cruel betrayer, whom she still patron and friend. It is recorded of Mæcenas, than himself, do as much honour to the feelinga called husband. In vain she threw herself at ihat he was constantly, and, if one may use the of his heart, as his admirable writings have do his feet, anii watered them with her lears ; 110 expression, constitutionally afflicted by a slow to the vigour and elegance of his mind." answer was vouchsafed to her lamentations. fever. This disorder, which seems ofțen to! On his poetical character, it is not easy to She was loaded with irons, carried down into | have affected his spirits, at length put a period / add any thing to the praises, which every ada the hold, and the next day the ship set sail | to his life, towards the end of the year of mirer of classical composition, has heaped on for Russia.

Rome 745, or, according to Varro's chronology, bis memory. The term used by Petronius, to On arriving at Petersburg, the young ric- | 746. The general opinion, which seems the characterise his singular happiness of expres. rim was shuru in castle and what became best founded, is, that the death of Mæcenassion, curiosa felicitas, has the merit of being it. of her afterwards, was never known.”

preceded that of Horace, which happened self, what it describes. Into how many volumes

a vout the 7th of November, in the same year. | has this short panegyrick been dilated ? How LIFE OF HORACE. ·

He had, in the warmth of affection declared | many criticks have sprung from the ashes of a Corcluded.

he should not survive bis illustrious friend ; | single poet? Yet we cannot, perhaps, even now, But whether, all circumstances considered, it i

which has led some to suspect, that his death trace every source of the pleasure we experimight be pardonable, in men of genius, to pala

was voluntary. But the shock he must bave | ence from his writings ; and our inquiries will liate, when they could no longer prevent, the

felt at such a loss, operating on a declining end in the confession, that the beauties of Horestablishment of absolute power, it was, at all

state of health, will fully account for the ac- ace are less seen, than felt. events, a laudable attempt, to humanize and cornplishinent of the prophecy. By a nun

|| See bis admirable epistle to Claudius, recommenimprove the possessor of that power, on whom cupative will, as the violence of his last illness

ding Septimius. the happiness of millions must depend. This,

did not admit of his writing one, he constituie

ted Augustus his heir; a circumstance that a learned writer has observed, was the benevolent policy of Mæcenas, and of the writers strengthens the opinion, that Mæcenas was

POETRY. who promoted his views. , By them was the

not then alive; as he would surely, had that young Cæsar instructed to reign by love, rail. been the case, have returned his fortune to the

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. er than by fear; to consider the happiness of

f! friend who gave it. the people as his own, and to deserve the chaOn this friendship, equally honourable to the

DISAPPOINTMENT. racter they could so nobly describe. By them, minister and the poet, we cannot better con

In the morning of life, the gay scenes of my youth, every spark of humanity, that appeared, was I ciude, tha was clude, than in the words of the learned writer

Like the day dreams of fancy, pass'd happily by ; cherished, till it displayed a benignant light

icht. of the Memoirs of Augustus:

of Praise, skilfully conducied, produced the effects

A close connection, or rather intimacy, | And these moments so fleeting, I found were in truth of admonition, and even flattery, was pressed |

between Mæeenas, and the men of genius, Unmix'd with a murmur, or griev'd with a sigh.

was not mere clientship, or the dependency into the service of virtue. Our poet, and his illustrious Mantuan friend, 1 of inferiors on a great patron. We know he

With a morn so unclouded, I thought that my way made them presents worthy his generosity; were the principal instruments, in this scheme

Would ne'er be obstructed by pain or by sorrow;

| And while sunbeams of happiness gilded today, of their patron; and had the satisfaction to witness its happy consequences. The praises,

prince to do them services, which they had I never expected a dift"rent tomorrow. whichtheir pens had, perhaps, too freely lavish

the modest dignity not to ask. But it was a ed, they lived to see truly deserved. The projust sense of their worth, on his part, and a

But the pleasures which danced in my youthful career, phecies they had, in some degree, hazarded,

sincere personal attachment on their's that first I Like the dreams of the morning, soon vanishd for.

created, and then kep: up, the mutual friend. I were fully justified by the event.

ever ; Thus esteemed, and thus employed, by the

ship. It was not, therefore, the great minister, | And I found, ah! too scon, that a sorrowful tear favourite minister, it may be supposed, our

it was the amiable man, that Horace loved, From the scenes of my manhood, these pleasures poet did not long remain unnoticed by the and loved to his death : nor was it merely the

would sever. prince. We accordingly find, in the accounts

elegant poet, that Mæcenas admired in Horace, of his life, and indeed in his own works, seve

it was the firin friend, the accomplished gen- | Though the world where I roam'd, was by nature arral proofs, that Augustus regarded him with tleman, the agrecable companion, whom, as his

ray'd last care, he recommended with his dying į kindness and esteem. It is said, that he offer- /

In the gayest of tint, and the sweetest of bloom, ! breath to his master : ed him the place of his private secretary ; which

Treat Horatius Flac- | Yet to me all these charms and their fragrance decay'd; Horace declined, probably because it would cus as you would myself.

I witness'd no beauty, inhal'd no perfume. have interfered with his retirement; but decli.

| He was buried, I no doubt at his own desire, I ned it in a manner, that gave no offence to the

| in the gardens, and near the tomb of his belove | The flowers, which oft rivall d the sun in their bright emperor. ed friend and patron.

ness, The person of Horace was short and corpuThe opinion, Augustus entertained of our

To me all their blossoms and fragrance denied ; ! lent ;s his temper is described by hinself, as poet, was also strongly evinced, by the desire

And the lilies were robb'd of their innocent white. be expressed of being mentioned familiarly in | irascible, and placable ; his disposition appears

ness, bis works. Though celebrated for the splen| to have been cheerful and social : yet general

By the shade of the cypress that grew at their side. dour of his conquests, the wisdom ofhis laws, and i

| ly speaking, temperate and virtuous, for the age

s the beneficence of his government ; though

The lived in, and the philosophy he professed. Thus I found my meridian of life was soon darken 'd, compared to the immortal gods, he wished ra

Above all, his contempt of riches and splendor, By shadows of sorrow and clouds of despair ; ther to be transmitted to posterity, as the inti. when he might have easily commanded both,

And the voice of Contentment, to which I once heart. mate friend of Horace, The very flattering re

shews that he had a mind not to be corrupted

m en'd, monstrance he sent to the poet, on this occa| by good fortune. Ilis unaffected, and liberal al

No longer was heard in this desert of care. sion, produced that excellent Epistle to Augus

tachment to his patron, so different from the

fawning servility of a sycophant ; and his be- | Then, I said, since my days are unchequer'd with tus, which would alone have been sufficient to immortalize both.

gladness, Horace, we are told, lived chiefly at the lite • The union between Horace and Mæcenas was such

Nor the gay beams of pleasure can dart through my as subsisted between my Lord Bolingbroke und Dean tle estate near Tibur, which Mæcenas had be. Swift, or rather between Lord Grosvenor and William

gloom, stowed on him ; but his complaints, of the va- Gifford. This is the lofty and liberal connection be I'll yield all my moments to weeping and sadness, riety of business that detained, and sometimes tween wealth and power and genius, where the first ex And patiently wait the repose of the tomb.. fatigued him at Rome, make it probable, that tend protection without requiring the suit and service

REUBIN. much of his time was passed in the metropolis ;

of a vassal, and where the last receives patronage with. und though he might on those occasions feel | ouf acting as a bycopbant, or suffering as a slave. ome longing for retirement, yet, as he was not + After the sentence last cited, in which Dr. Black.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR insensible to the voice of fame, and still less to well rightly, as it should seem, takes the word extre

JOHN PARK, the charms of society, these, we may believe, mis, in Suetonius, to mean the last moments, and not

the last will, of Mæcenas, one is surprised to see, a few made no contemptible amends.

BY MUNROE, FRANCIS AND PARKER, lines afterwards, an account that Horace died first. In a situation, so congenial to his turn of The writer of this life inclines much to the general

NO. 4 CORNHILE. mind ; protected by the greatest, admired by opinion, against that of Sanadon ; but it would be tire.

Price three dollars per annom, half in advance. the most ingenious, and beloved by the best some, to most readers, to go into the discussion. inen in Rome; the chief alloy to his happiness

.*New subscribers may be supplied with preceding numbers t Suetonius.

5 Ibid.

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