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LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. | rumours and surmises, which the busy and im- engagements to Mr. - , whom she could

pertinentare always propagating for their amuse- | not but respect ; whose feelings she could not FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

ment. It was positively asserted at length, | injure, without violence to her own ; and from THE CONFIDANT, No. IV.

that Mr. Sterne never intended to return to whom she could not withdraw, without exposTo the Confidant.

New England ; and he was as positively as- ing herself to severe censure. « Are you thus Sir,-All agree that to seek our own happi sured that Miss Wilcox was engaged. At the commanded by any law, human or divine, to ness is the first dictate of nature, and I believe end of five years, the latter was true. There make yourself miserable for life ?--are you Soone has ventured to say that, in this pursuit, being no conclusive reason to doubt what she morally bound to deceive a man, and in the ni

one ont bound to recrard the happiness of had so ofien heard, as the term of Mr. Sterne's cest point ? An accident has placed you in a our fellow creatures. The extent of this obli. | absence had now considerably exceeded his situation, which you did not anticipate. - The

einn has been differenıly defined, by both first expectations ; and a respectable gentle- 1 person about to marry you could not wish moralists and statesmen. It is not for me to man of considerable property having offered | your hand, were he to know the involuntary and determine a point, which has perplexed sages; his hand ; urged by the advice of a fond moth unpremeditated state of your mind."-Such huse of this I am certain that the conduct er, the solicitations of a man, not exceptionable / was the import of his replies. bined or expected, as in character or circumstances, by prudential The result was, after much deliberation, that

considerations, and at least by gratitude for the resulting from the obligation not to molest the

Emily wrote to Mr - giving him a full enjoyments of others, would do them a lásting marks of preference she had experienced ; and honest account of the unexpected circum

with all these, suspecting herself forgotten by and serious injury. It is true, that in doing

stances which forbade their union. He flew what another may consider an unjustifiable via | Mr. Sterne, and really believing her i

Mr. Sterne, and really believing her heart dis- into a tremendous passion ;-declared her a olation of his peace or pleasure, where our engaged, she permitted his attentions in form. ljilt-himself injured and insulted ; and proown interest is deeply concerned, we ought to

1 In about a year, the bans were published, nounced my friend an intermeddling, dishonbe aware that self-love may bias our judgment;

and in a month she would have been married, ourable intriguer. Indulgence, I confess, is we should therefore suspect ourselves-en-1

when Mr. Sterne returned, bis engagements due'to the subject of so serious a disappointdeavour to make the opposite side our own, having expired, and his object being comple- | ment, but that the abovementioned tribunal of and keep a conscience void of offence. · If a 1 ted.

gossips should all take his part, in turn enrag. difference of opinion still exist, we must be After the repeated accounts he had receive es me. Mr. Sterne and Miss Wilcox met acgoverned by our own sense of right. A case

ed, whatever impression they made at first, he cidentally, unconscious of the interest they had of this kind has recently occurred, with re. felt now no very considerable interest in the in each other. The first interview revived spect to a very dear friend of mine, in which event. He could not reproach himself; he would their early sympathies. It was too late to all the gossips of our acquaintance are against not blame Emily, and thought it a proof that recollect Mr. - o's claims. The affair me ; hut, not subscribing to the infallibility of their agreement at parting had been a prope may be considered an unfortunate one ; but I that sisterhood, though powerful and of very one. By accident they met, in a small par.

one. By accident they met, in a small par. cannot admit that my young friends are unjusLappeal through you | ty at a friend's. Their intercourse was friend tifiably selfish. Who does not say, Petrarch to an impartial publick. Allow me then to ly, and without any allusion to former days. was a whining fool, and Werter a madman ? state the facts.

My friend could see no impropriety in visiting But forsooth, from respect to Propriety, Dee My friend, Mr. Sterne, a young gentleman an old acquaintance, and feeling an impulse corum, or some starched goddess of that of respectable connexions in the county of too, as he has confessed to me, of the nature stamp, Mr. Sterne ought to have sacrificed Hampshire, lived in the immediate vicinity of of which he took little pains to inquire, he his happiness_Emily not only her happiness a charming and amiable young lady, Miss Em. found himself early the next day with Emily. but her integrity ; and all this to effect a ily Wilcox. They had been intimates from

He then attempted, after some general conver- temporary deception, which must end in a sechildhood, and though Emily's advantages of sation, to congratulate her on her approaching | verer disappointment, at last ; for, in spite of education had been somewhat superiour, she

happiness. He did it awkwardly. He imag. the most perfect uprightness of conduct, that was not insensible to the native, sterling merit

ined there was something in her countenance bosom which is the abode of tender regrets, of her friend. At the early age of twenty-one,

which indicated a latent emotion, corresponding instead of affection, will, sooner or later, betray Mr. Sterne had communicated his ultimate

with the throb he felt in his own bosom. Her its fatal secret. hopes, and for one year, their acquaintance eye rested sedately upon him, though the I am aware that, in objection to my opinion, continued under the forms, which gave pub.

smile, with which she received the compliment it may be inquired, why this doctrine does not licity to such attachments.

seemed to say-Yes--I am another's. The equally apply to conjugal life? Why is not Witlı much good sense, Mr. Sterne posses

subject was changed-the revolutions, that had happiness as precarious then, as before the sed an active, energetick mind. His prospects

taken place in the vicinity, were mentioned ceremony is performed ? Can we imagine a in life did not correspond with his ambition ; but each betrayed a curiosity to know, how rite of sacred authority, which shall arbitrarily and probably the interest he felt in Emily's

far the rumours they had respectively heard make that pursuit unjustifiable, in one case, destiny rendered him still more disposed to were justly founded. As they conversed, Mr. | which is allowable in another ? adopt some enterprize, which should improve Sterne became sober, and he detected Emily Divine Legislation is ever adapted to the his fortune. An opportunity soon presented, suppressing a sigh. He possessed a discrimi- nature of its subjects. The inarriage connexwhich invited his attention ; but it required nating mind, as well as strong feelings. He ion, it is true, permits the indulgence of no atseveral years' absence from his native village. i saw enough to suspect that Emily would sigh tachment, incompatible with the mutual devoEmily had the fortitude to recommend his

again ; he felt enough to convince himself, tion of the parties. But it is as true, however improving the offer--and both of them listening

she was the dearest of her sex. He left her the contrary may be countenanced by pathetick to some romantick notions, about a freedom ofl with regret, and every hour increased his agi. fictions, that this kind of attachment cannot exist conduct, which each seemed to wish the other tation. His own privation, was not the only without hope. By the common consent of the to enjoy, though neither expecteå occasion to

i occasion to cause of his uneasiness—he imagined he saw | world ; by laws divine and human ; by habitu

her band going without her heart, and such a exercise it, they agreed mutually to suspend

al opinion, the nuptial ceremony is decisive. all sense of obligation to each other ; that if

Other : that if life, for such a being, he regarded with horror. This both secures the tranquillity of those who ever their acquaintance were renewed, it

He determined to know, before it was irrevo- | seal their vows at the altar, and prevents the should be from the impulse of unequivocal cably fixed, and soon saw her again. His at. | importunate aspirings of new admirers. It preference. Neither of them was much pleas.

tempts were checked, by remarks on the im. may go far to obliterate impressions already ed with the compact ; but it had been men. propriety of such inquiries ; but the result was received ; but such an event is too critical to tioned, and now to attempt reversing it, would

a conviction that Einily's heart was his own. tempt the discreet to so important a hazard. look like a wish to bind the person, without

His argument was, that if such were the case, Injudicious legislators have frequently. by liregard to sentiment. On the contrary, it was she was under the inost solemn obligation not centious regulations, loosened the bands and likewise settled, that in their situation, it

to sacrifice herself to the world's notions of liminished the decisive character of the mar. would be iinproper to correspond.

correctness for by the sacrifice, she could riage compact. The experiment has uniformThe unabating fervorr of early attachments but injure bim, for whom it was made.-- That ly been found to foment domestick (liscontent. makes a much greater figure in novels, than in she would be guilty of the most cruel decep. The reason is obvious-by such lass even the real life. Mr. Sterne went, by the invilation

tion, and destroy the peace of all three con- married constaritly remain cand: dates for new of an uncle, to Virginia, and was connected cerned.

connexions ; the irritable passions are encourwith him in commerce. with unremitting at. It would be tedious to repeat the reasonings, / aged ; under the excitement of a trivial collis. tentiou. but various success, for six years. Af- | by which Einily was at last induced to relin- | ion, objects probably little know, appear more ter a separation of some time, the inquiries of l quish her first posizione; that her fate was de- amiable, and a rash separation ensues, laringo these friends for each other,were damped by the / terinined, and that she was bound to fulfil hering in its consequences,miscry and regret. T.

THE PLEASURES OF REVERIE. I charming ecstasies, which for fifty years had his visit, he gave me a paper full of verses,

supplied the place of fortune and of glory ; which he said were written by a lady of his ac[The following translation of passages, selected from and without other loss, than that of time, had quaintance, to whom he has promised to intro

Rousseau's description of his mode of life, during a rerdered me, even in idleness, the lappiest of duce me. She is a woman of great literature summer which he passed in the island of St. Pierre, mortals."

and uncommon virtue. I transcribe these in the middle of the lake of Bienne, was communica.

verses for your collection of writings. ded by a young lady. A partiality for such produc LETTERS TO LEINWHA,

SONNET TO A RED-BREAST, tions displays a refined taste ; ind I doubt not but many of my fair readers will share, with the amia. | Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latin-1 Who flew in at my-window while I was asleep, and flex

out before I awoke. ble translator, a serene satisfaction, from Rousseau's guin, from a Wanderer in the West.

“ SWEET roseate songster of the leafy grove, picture of a state of mind, which every person of

LETTER iv. et

Return again ; sweet bird, again return; * sensibility must have frequently experienced.]

Though the people of this country are a Warble those strains that'Echo told to Love,

nation of merchants, their passion for letters is Before bright Phæbus could awake the morn. LES REVERIES, PROMENADE 5 ET 7. not extinguished by trade. It is continually

And when I hear thy note from yonder trees,
Translated for the Boston Spectator.
struggling with the obstacles that oppose it,

Silence and Taciturnity shall sleep; « When beautiful weather invited me, I used to

and in its efforts to surmount them you may | Thy note shall meliorate the perfum'd breeze,

behold the glory of genius vanquished by ad. And the soft breeze on wings of down shall creep. throw myself, alone, into a boat, which I guided

versity, and smiling superiour to neglect. to the middle of the lake ; and there, extending

I always thought that a severe law in La- Then shall the musick of the spheres be atill, my whole length in the boat, my eyes turned

tinguin, which prohibits any one to write a Or if not still, less sweet, fair bird, than thine ; towards the heavens, I suffered myself to be

book, until he shall have passed an examina

Camina. Tby voice shall rise, the air shall seem a bill, moved and gently wafted along, at the plea

Round which to heaven thy melody shall twine. tion by the great Crit, upon the penalty of lossure of the water ; sometimes, for several

ing the thumb and first finger of his right | Return, sweet bird ; sweet bird, again return : hours, plunged in a thousand reveries, confused

hand, and liaving his belly blown up with the Nor let' this breast thy absence, Red-breast, mourn." but delicious, and which, without having any same quill which was instrumental in commil.

DELLA AURORA BOREALIA. very definite or constant object, were uniform

ting the offence. The lawgiver here has been 1. ly, to my taste, a hundred times preferable to more humane ; there is nothing so hostile to

1 I have not yet discovered the schools of the the sweetest enjoyment I have ever realized,

literature in all their code. Every one has an

canl philosophers. I have however met with a

phuc from what are called, the pleasures of life. unlimited right to think for himself, and write

proclamation in a common paper, from one of * . When evening approached, what he pleases. Almost all classes avail

their learned societies, purporting to be the I descended from the heights of the island, themselves of this indulgence. The mechan

contents of a new book. I wished much to and following the impulse of inclination, seated ick, when the day is done, lays down his in

send it to you, but as I could not, its matters myself on the margin of the lake, in some struments and retires to his apartment ; he

are here faithfully transcribed. sweet retreat, on the sandy shore. There the examines the edicts of his national assembly,

. . "CONTENTS. whispers of the waves, and the agitation of the

“ 1. Dissertation on the zibeta occidentalis. and furnishes the printer with his comments water fixing my senses, and banishirg from

2. A new method to kill ducks. on their proceedings. He arraigns their judg.

3. An account of a spot seen on the sun's disk, July my soul every other emotion, busied it in de. ment, or commends their wisdom. He calls

13, 1731. lightful contemplation, until night often sur

upon his fellow-citizens to Co-operate with 4. Origin of the word Dun. prised me before I was sensible of its advan- I him in opposing their designs, or adopting

5. Thunder and lightning, the cause of. ces. The ebb and flow of the water, its contheir measures ; and concludes with declaring

6. Account of a bone, dug up near a salt mountain. tinued but occasionally swelling sound, strik- I his disinterested zeal for the welfare of him.

7. Account of tho discovery of longitude. ing without cessation my ear and eyes, suppli

8. Commerce of the United States, how best promo, self, his country, and posterity.

ted. ed those internal impulses, which the state of There are oihers, who write in a manner 9. Concerning the planetary system. reverie had extinguished in me, and made me called “ periodical,. Many of these produc. 10. Short and easy method for writing. perceive my existence, without the labour of tions I sent you by the last caravan. By them

11. Anecdote of Dr. Franklin, and his whistle. you may devise the pursuit of these authors.

12. Improvements in agriculture. auto Such is the situation in You will wonder perhaps at what you may im

13. State of the treasury.” which I am often found, in the island of St. lacine a want of method, the choice of expres. Pierre, in my solitary reveries. Whether ly. i sion, and the typographical negligence, which ing in my boat, moved spontaneously by the

POETRY. sometimes seem to violate the rules of compowater, or seated on the shore of the rippled sition. But, as they are written for the

SELECTED. lake ; or elsewhere on the bank of a beautiful whole world, they are conveyed to the publick river; or by a strcam murmuring on its pebbly by the same vehicle, which contains the wants

The following elegant lines, in imitation of a passage bed. Such is the manner in which I have

in the Medea of Euripides, are from the pen of Docpassed my time, during the stay I made there. | articles which he offers for sale ; an account tor Warton. Let any one tell me now, what there is in of foreign and domestick intelligence ; with a this so attracting, as to excite in my heart, catalogue of murders and marriages. To this

HINT FROM EURIPIDES. regrets so lively, so tender, so lasting, that af. | may be added another reason : the writers are Queen of every moving measure, ter a lapse of fifteen years, it is impossible for

generally those, who wisely study originality, Sweetest source of purest pleasure, me to think of that dear habitation, without be

rather than elegance ; they are not restrained ing affected with the transports of desire. * *

Musick ! why thy powers employ by those forms, which would only serve to

Only for the sons of joy ; I have sometimes thought profoundly ; but abridge their performances ; nor overloaded

Only for the smiling guests rarely with pleasure ; generally against my in with reading, which would unavoidably steal

At natal or at nuptial feasts? clination and as it were by compulsion. Re- into their compositions ; and, as their avowed verie revives and amuses me ; reflection fa- | object is to reform the errours of the age,

Rather thy lenient numbers pour rigues and makes me melancholy. Sometimes surely none are better calculated than they,

On those whom secret griefs devour : my reveries terminate in study ; more fre. f whose minds are unbiassed by any favourite Bid be still the throbbing hearts quently my studies in reverie ; and during system, and unoccupied by any thing but their Of those whom wrath or absence, parts ; these rambles, my soul wanders and skims object.

And with some softly whisper'd air through the universe, on the wings of imagi- I find the women here are also writers ; and Smooth the brow of dumb despair. nation, in ecstasies which exceed all other de. some of their productions are not inferiour to lights. So long as I enjoyed it, every other those of the men. They are free from unoccupation was always insipid to me ; but necessary exactness, and minuteness of style,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR when once engaged in the literary career, by beautifully miscellaneous, and abounding with an external impulse, I felt the fatigue of men- | tales. The lore of imitating the bards prevails

JOHN PARK, tal labour, and the importunity of an unfortu with these females ; in this character they aspate celebrity ; I perceived, at the same time, suage the pangs of love, when they describe

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, that my, secret musings had become languidits delight. My friend, whose poem I so late

NO. 4 CORNHILL. and cold ; and soon forced to occupy myself | ly mentioned to you, told me be had sold all

unhappy situation, against my dispo- his “ copies." I suppose him to mean the ... Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding could find, but very rarely, those printed books of his poem. In the course of|



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yönd description, there should be a gentle have too much property, and too great a love

whisper of disapprobation ; if a poor fisher- for it ; because they love money more than FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR."

man, forbidden to catch fish, should look awry | freedom. On the difference between the two parties of the at a collector ; or a man, arrested on the high. 2dly. Because they have not so much per

United States, as to the SPIRIT with which way upon suspicion, should shake his head at sonal courage as their adversaries. They they defend what they CONSIDER their marshal Prince, he would be treated as a know that they have but 50,000 armed men in RIGHTS. traitor.

this state, and their adversaries have 20,000, IT is the greatest reproach, which can be

reproach, which can be. When, under Mr. - Adams's administration, and they think this fearful odds. made to the federal party, that they have not an attempt was made to raise a land Tax of

an attempt was made to raise a Land Tax of We are more united at this moment, than a tenth part of the courage or firmness in de

only two millions to carry on a war against we were at the beginning of the revolutionary fending a good cause, that their adversaries

France, who had passed an act for the indis-war; and much more so than when we suphave uniformly displayed in supporting a bad

criminate capture of all American yessels, and pressed Shays's insurrection. Yet we tremble one.

had moreover demanded a bribe of fifty thous. at the shadow of danger. We shake at the This is most base, and posterity will seek

and pounds sterling as a condition of an au- | rustling of the leares. with surprise for the reasons of this difference,

dience, and who had put our ministers under 1 When we shall have been as thoroughly Let us settle the facts, and let us then

the surveillance of the police, that is to say, ta- fleeced as the Dutch—when our douaniers

ken them into custody, the Pennsylvanians rose and spies shall have enriched themselves from trace the reasons. When Washington, in precise conformity to

in arms, and declared they wouid take the life our spoils, perhaps even we too, even the the constitution, ratified the British treaty,

of any collector who should attempt to collect it. Yankees may hoist the “ Orange cockade" and. (that measure the wisest, and most solid foun

In some of the states, south of Pennsylvania, declare themselves once more free. dation of all our subsequent commercial and they took a shorter method; they intimidated ev

A YANKEE. agricultural prosperity,) the opposition, the

ery man from accepting the office of collector, Geriys and Austins and M*Clenaghans and

hans and and the tax was for many years, and some of it We never see but one or two of the demo. Madisons, did not limit their resistance to feeto this day is unpaid.

cratick papers ; but are confident, the last ble resolutions. They were inspired with one

When the Alien Law was passed, a law au- | news from Europe will revive the hopes of sentiment; and acted with a spirit and unanim

thorizing the President to send dangerous the party, in favour of the tyrant who governs ity, as if they had been influenced or actuated

aliens out of the country, the Virginians, who | France and America. We are confident, if it by one soul. They assembled in town meet

always thought the constitutional rights of were true that Great Britain was left alone ings, and camp or field mobs ; and not only de.

aliens much more sacred than those of citi. again, in the contest with France, that it clared that they would “kick the damned trea

zens, (witness the present war for aliens, and would induce our rulers to continue hostili. w to hell," but these patriots, who now de. | the embargo, as a proof of their contempt for | ties, and tu stop the contemplated negotiations nounce all expression of disapprobation as

the rights of those who had the misfortune to for peace. This they would do, because men moral creason, actually hung both Washington

be born in America) the Virginians declared whose all is embarked in this war, will seize and chief justice Jay in effigy,

that act void. James Madison drew the reso- on straws rather than despair. They will beNot content with these proofs of respect for

lutions ; and a Virginian newspaper, edited at lieve, they may yet find their assumed enemy the constituted authorities, the minority in

the seat of the Virginia government, declared | busily engaged in her defence, at home. congress refused to make the appropriations

that an hundred thousand free Virginians were We feel bold to say, there is, at present, no to carry the national stipulations into effect. ready to oppose the law by force.

grounds for such a calculation. A continental In other words, they attempted to violate the

These were Madison's principles, and such ! peace is by no means certain, until France is constilution to invade the executive powers

the conduct of his party against measures, mod- i less dangerous to the tranquillity of Europe. and to disgrace the nation in the eyes of the erate, constitutional, anıl just.

A continental peace, te the exclusion of Eng. world.

Now in deed we have a War not provoked land, is still less probable. When, at a subsequent period, the Excise

by our enemy, unjust, impolitick, and ruinous ; But admit, for a moment, the utmost upon Spirits was laid in support of a necessary

a war in which we expend more in one month, that even the most sanguine democrat can Indian war, these same patriots, who are the

than Mr. Adams's war cost in one year. expect—that a peace is made, and England very same inclividuals that have now passed a

We have an Embargo, which violates every | not included ; how different, how essentially similar law to support an unjust and unneces

principle of civil liberty, to which neither the different will be her prospects and situation, sary war, did not limit their opposition to ele.

slaves of Turkey or France would submit an from what they have been for many years ! gant and eloquent speeches in congress, or | hour.

The powers of Europe will not make peace, to well indited petitions to the State legisla

Yet such is our love of order, such our fear but on the ground of their respective indetures, pledging their lives and fortunes in fa

of revolution, such the charm in the word pendence. They will not again unite with your of an undefined course of measures ; but,

Union, whose substance has been gone for ten France, and obey her dictates. They will enunder the guidance and direction of secretary

years past, that we dare not speak out our joy and maintain their commercial rights. Gallatin,—the present keeper of a treasure,

wrongs in the language of freemen. So far | They will insist on a free intercourse with which does not exist except in the pockets of

from this, it has been considered a reproach to Gieat Britain. The continental system, as the people, of a treasure eaten up and con

the “ Boston assemblage” that it dared to tell | Bonaparte called his chains, is broken up. It sumed before it is collected,-assembled in the government, that an infamous ex post fac- has been tried and found intolerable. With force ; shot General Washington's collector ;

to law, if persevered in, “ must and would be the commerce of Europe, excepting the spot burnt the house of Col. Lenox, the marshal;

resisted,” and Mr. Quincy's expression of between the Rhine and Pyrenees, England obliged the government to turn out twenty

-“ peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must,” is can fight France forever, and grow stronger thousand troops; received a pardon ; and were

to this hour quoted by one party as a rebellious and more wealthy. The continental system rewarded by the people with the highest offiand execrable sentence.

was this Emperour's darling plan, as his only ces of the state.

Why is it that our Legislature, after declar. hope of weakening a nation, which was gainThe late events have shewn, that the best

ing the embargo act unconstitucional, are afraid ing, whilst he lost, by a contest with her. people to keep order, and to suppress insurrec

to add, that they will not submit to it? Is it Peace, the only peace he can make with his tion in the imprudent risings of the people, are

a crime to refuse to subrnit to laws which are cuorinental enemies, will leave him exhausted, your rebels themselves.

| unconstitutional ? or rather is it not the crime weakenell, and alone, except America, to fight Thus it is said there are no people who are

of Lcze majestié against the people for the a tliousand vessels. of war, with scarsely a so good protectors of the property of honest

legislature io refrain from such a constilu. | sailor, and a veteran triumphant army, with a men against robbers, as the robbers themselves. | tional opposition :

| band of recruits. Now, forsooth, if, against acts plainly and

What are the causes of this reluctance to His canse is hopeless, and ours no less so, manifestly unconstitutional, and oppressive We do our duty ? Isl. Because the federalisis if we coulinue our virtual alliance with Ficules

Our rulers have come in, at the close of a tre: 1 Of the most important events, which have custom seems to have denied us the privi. mendous contest, to offer their pitiful cheer, occurred, since our former accounts, the fol- lege. We are not over anxious to get marri. to a combatant, whose bones are broken and I lowing are the heads.

ed; but wish that one of us at least might whose nerves are cut asuinder.

Holland is revolutionized the principal cit- I get a husband, merely to answer the purpose Let it again be understood that we make lies and fortresses are in the hands of the pat- of a gallant. But we see no prospect of this. these remarks, not as grounded upon what are riots-The French General Le Brun, has been as we have no way of making acquaintance our expectations, as to events taking place, on | obliged to decampà Dutch government has with the men. If we were to countenance the continent : but as meeting and obviating | been organized the Prince of Orange recal- | visits from them, it would be regarded as im. the hopes of those, who wish to see Great led, who entered Amsterdam on the 2nd of proper in us ; and, besides, every gentleman Britain again left single-handed against France, December, in solemn pomp, amidst the shouts would probably be restrained by the hazard of in the belief that our war against her might and exultations of the emancipated Hollanders. being set down at once as a “ mortgaged then be protracted.

English troops are going over to their assiste man.” That social intercourse, you know. But when we look at the solemn stipula ance

which permits acquaintance before the marrious. to which the allies are pledged, we Nanies has caught the spirit of regenerated | riage contract, is not customary here ; but is cannot for a moment imagine, that a separate | Europe. The Neapolitans have declared left for the parties to commence afterwards. peace is probable. Humbled as is the tone of themselves free, and passed laws, admitting when they have an opportunity to ascertain the once insolent, dictatorial, swaggering the flags of all countries.

what kind of a bargain they have made. But Bonaparte, he is not yet, we presume, recon- Switzerland has thrown off the French yoke, as one of us would be willing to take the ciled to the idea of making those concessions, and been formally acknowlelged neutral, by chance for “ better or worse" in this way, we which will be essential to the security of Aus- | Bonaparte. They have raised a powerful ar- have thought of the expedient of getting intro tria, and Prussia. He must give up his Iron my to defend their neutrality.

duced into company by means of a shan crown ; his dear people of Italy must be freed. Davoust, who commanded the left wing of brother or cousin, and securing the first man Alexander nobly proffered independence to the Grand Army, at Hamburghi, has retreated that offers. We have been discouraged from those who wished to throw off the yoke, and with a part of his troopy, into Denmark--but this plan, however, as we are told that in mis. would exert themselves to re-establish their in- | Denmark is negotiating for peace, with the ed circles there is a habit of distance prevails dependence. Holland has roused at the pro- i allies.

that the men appear wrapt in a sort of stuposal. We cannot supposc he, or Bernadotte, The allied armies continue to increase their l pid dignity in one corner ; and the women in or Frederick, will prove themselves faithless. force all along the right bank of the Rhinc. groupes, as if alarmed by a thunder-storm, or The revolution in Holland must be acknowl On the south of France, Lord WELLINGTON some other cause of apprehension, in another edged ; and it will be a bitter pill to give up | has obtained fresh successes, against Soult, that those of the men, who think any thing this « integral part of the French empire.” whom he has routed, and is making advances of themselves, are not disposed to offer civili, All things considered, we are led to this towards Bordeaux

ties, whore they are not expected; and the few, conclusion ; that, from every appearance of The allies, thus investing the late all-pow. who make themselves cheap, are of course triumph on the part of the allies, if a peace erful France, around almost the whole of her considered of no value. So that there seems take place, it must be such a one as they original bounds, have had the magnanimity to to be no chance of any thing but a blank in deem just and safethat if Bonaparte will renew the propositions they made, when Bona- this lottery. agree to such terms now, he is even more parte was in the heart of Germany. In a Such are the restraints of our situation : as completely ruined than we had imagined. speech to the senate, humiliating, we will not we conceive. But as we have so little means

only say singularly so for, Bonaparte, but such of judging for ourselves ; it is possible, we What American can read the two follow as would appear pitiful, and whining in any may be under a misapprehension. If so, we ing sentences, in the speech of the French petty prince-the mighty Emperour claims shall be glad to be informed of it ; or to learn Emperour, without a blush—nay without a their pity and condolence ; bemoans his un- i that we are not doomed to our present state of burst of indignation.

foreseen disasters, and informs them that he imprisonment for life. It is true, we etise « The Republick of the United States of has accepted the proposition to treat for comfortably; and endeavour to appear as America, continues with success, its war with peace, with the allies. Some expect a speedy charming, and make ourselves as entertaining England.” Then immediately

continental peace-perhaps the most sage to each other as possible ; but we find it rath" I have acknowledged the neutrality of the | conclusion, from all circumstances, is, that it er a dull business. Yours, nineteen Swiss Cantons." cannot be effected, until all Europe is prepar

LETITIA CHEE?FUL. Here is little Switzerland, bordering on ed to share for a time, in general security and France, a free and independent people, and repose.

To the Confidant. the United States of America, separated from DOMESTICK-The report that Gen. Sir-I TOOk my wife to a large party last week. Europe, as Mr. Jefferson said in his jargon Wilkinson's arıny bad captured 900 British Our entertainment was splendid, and the comdialect, 6 by nature AND a wide ocean,” still troops has been contradicted.

pany seemed to be generally in excellent making common cause with the defeated ty

ecretary at War has made a report re- spirits. But as it far excelled our last, in rant !! When Bonaparte can have recourse lating to the failure of the American arms on brilliance, my madam has been gloomy and to such drops of comfort, as our splendid suc- the Northern frontier. The documents em- | excessively peevish ever since. She must ei. cesses in the west, his case must indeed be bracing this subject, will compose a volume of ther give another, in a style of extravagance alarming. When we find our name mentioned about 600 pages, 8vo.

which I cannot support, or she will go out no among the last of his dependients, we ought

more, or there must be some successful measto spurn the disgraceful encomium. Bona ORDINATION.-On Wednesday, Mr. EDWARD |

ure adopted, to cure this ridiculous and ruiaparte never praises any nation but in propor EVERETT was ordained as Pastor over the Church

ous competition. What is to be done ? tion to its subscrvience to his will. and Congregation in Brattle-square, in this town The

S. S. L. exercises were all such as to give high gratification to the incommouly crowded audience-The introductory

prayer was by the Rev. Dr. Lathrop-the sermon by GENERAL REGISTER.

To the lovers of Natural Philosophy. the Rev. President Kirkland-the ordaining prayer

by the Rev. Dr. Osgood-the charge by the Rev. Dr. It is a fact, that if a wheel be so placed that BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 12, 1814.

Porter-the right band of fellowship by the Rev. Mr. | the asis, on which it turns, shall make an an| Thacher, and the concluding prayer by the Rev. Dr.

| gle with the fixed surface under it, say of 45

degrees, when it is set in motion, the friction EUROPEAN. During the first part of this week, the town was in great agitation, in conse LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

or pressure on the upper gudgeon will dimin

ish, and that more and more, in proportion as quence of the arrival of a vessel from Liverpool,


the revolutions are inore rapid. That is, the reported to have brought very interesting intel

THE CONFIDANT, No. V. ligence; and expectation was much increased by

elevated end of the axis will have a tendency

to become vertical. What is the cause ? a suppression for some days of what news there

To the Confidant. was. The secresy appears to have been en 1 Dear Sir-I am one of three sisters, who have

To those who are versed in Natural History. joined by Liverpool merchants ; who appre- had the advantage of a polite education, and feel hending a continental peace, wished to pur conscious that we are not without personal at- i Has any naturalist accounted for the well chase American produce, to meet the great tractions. We should like to intermix a little known fact, that wild quadrupeds and fowls of demand which would ensue, in that case, not with the world, and sometimes appear at balls a certain species, are generally of a determinknowing that we were compelled by a new and publick places; but as we have neither ed, uniform colour ; and domestick animals of embargo, to keep our produce at home. | father, brother, uncle nor cousin to attend us, I the same species, are of various colours ?


AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES. it. No writings are better calculated than thorship indeed, as a profession our preten

those of the Roman and Grecian poets, histori- sions are small. But as the use of the English (We are happy to see such observations as the follow

ans, and orators, to produce the glow of ambi- language is not within the definition of treaing submitted to the publick. Not that we consid.

tion in the young mind, to excite magnanimous son, and cannot be interdicted even by a noner the preliminary remarks, as applicable to our

sentiments and generous feelings, and to fill intercourse with the mother country, we may University. She has long been higher in her requi- the soul with elegant images and happy com- continue to get our intellectual supplies from sitions for admission, than any other in America ; | binations of thought. I might descant much her, although the war should continue. But and continues to rise, probably as fast as is consist. more largely on the beneficial effects of the | to preserve our character of even secondent with expedience and practicability. It is how. early study of the classicks, if arguments were chop English, as we are called by the Chinese, ever true, that, even here, we are yet far short of necessary to prove what experience has decided. , it is necessary to reform our system of educathe European plan of a University education. In In England the study of the Greek and Lat- tion, and unite the substance to the forms of this respect, we believe the scope of this writer in languages has long been made the basis of learning. A little learning is a more dange

rous thing, than our first reflections would perfectly correct. We insert it from a wish to a liberal education. As soon as the boy has promote the ambition of the student, and to aid in been taught to join syllables in his own | suggest. Lawyers of “ little learning" com

monly supply the want of it by low stratagem, tongue, he is put to learn his Latin grammar." preparing the publick mind, for further improvę.

At a very early period those who are intended or knavery in the disguise of cunning. ments, which we presume will continue to be

They for political or professional life are taught to are vultures that gnaw the vitals of society, adopted.]

read, write, and speak these languages. Such In their hands, the law, instead of being the It has been remarked, that “ in this country are the occupations of the boy at Eton and “ harmony of the world,” is its torment and the object of a boy at college is not to excel in Westminster, nurseries of learning, to which scourge. The only way of making the proclassick and scientifick knowledge, but to | England is more indebted for the industry and |fession honourable and useful, is to make it pass through a form which is required prepar-high attainments of her scholars, lawyers, learned. It is the obvious tendency of knowlatory to his entering on one of the learned pro- statesmen and orators, than to Oxford and edge and of classical literature in particular, to fessions.” It is too true that the honours of Cambridge. In those seminaries are sown the destroy low desires and grovelling propensiour colleges are often conferred on young seeds of intellectual greatness : there are ties, and to humanize the heart and polish the men who would blush, if asked to construe found those habits of industry which when mind. their diplomas. This prostitution of literary continued at the university and in the temple, | If there is any force in the foregoing obserhonours is ascribed to the state of society. do more than genius towards the attainment vations, is it not important to reform our sys“ Americans (it is said) are men of business." of professional excellence. At the period | tem of education ? And would that be an inBut this is no peculiar trait of the American / when we begin to prepare a boy for college, surmountable task? Why might not the recharacter. Why may not the man of business the young Englishman is a finished scholar. It gents of the University put the academies in he engrafted on the scholar as well on this, as was an early and thorough acquaintance with this state on the footing of Eton and Westminon the other side of the Atlantick? The the classicks, which elicited the genius, and ster, and other great schools in England. Let English are proverbially men of business. I polished and adorned the mind of a Mansfield, all books except the Greek and Latin classicks More than a century ago they were reproach: a Blackstone, and a Jones.

Ta Blackstone and a Jones. To those illustri.

To those illustri. be banished from those institutions, and let a ed by their politer neighbours for their habits ous scholars we are indebted for rescuing the | course of classical studies be prescribed for of industry which pervaded every rank of soci- science of law froin the barbarity and obscuri. | the several forms or classes of boys. Then ety. They have been emphatically styled une ty, the quaintness and pedantry, which former- let our colleges require a ready knowledge of nation des negocians. In England however y disgraced its standard writers. In the opin- the classick writers as the terms of admission. the scholar and the lawyer are generally unic ions of Lord Mansfield reported by Burrows Such a regulation might for a few years di. ted, and not seldom are these combined with and Cowper, the profound lawyer, and the el minish the size of the catalogue ; but their dithe statesman and orator. The two late pre. | egant scholar, are alike conspicuous. The plomas would confer more honour on the miers, William Pilt, and Spencer Percival are appearance of the commentaries was a new graduates, and the alumni would in due time illustrious, though not rare examples of such a era in the cominon law. By this one work raise the reputation of their alma mater. “This combination of talents in an individual. Our | the lucubrationes viginti annorum of the stu. | change in our system would be as favourable lawyers and statesmen have as much leisure dents of the English law have been abridged to the interest of science, as to that of classical and not more occupations, than the English. one half. The unshapen mass of prolix learn

literature. As the boy would gain a compeNeither want of time nor magnitude of ex. / ing, rudis indigestaque moles of the black letter tent knowledge of the languages at school, the pense will account for our deficiency in classi. sages is reduced to beautiful method, and business of the young man at college would be cal attainments. We do not enter earlier up. adorned by the chastest ornaments of style. to furnish his mind with science ; thus, withon professional or political pursuits, than the | The little treatise of Sir William Jones, has out increasing the expense or extending the English : and it would cost no more to have a caused the scholar and the lawyer to lament time allowed for a liberal education, the gradboy taught to read Cæsar and Cicero, than that he was not permitted to have time and uate at our colleges would acquire a just title Webster's third part, or the American Pre-opportunity to complete his own plan of filling to the “ Jura privilegia, Dignitates, Honores, ceptor'.

up the outline sketched by Sir William et insignia quae hic aut uspiam gentium ad The whole secret of our shanieful deficien- | Blackstone. The writings of these eminent gradum Baccalaurealem evectis concedi solent." cy in classical learning is, that we keep our lawyers forcibly illustrate the remark of one of

PHILOLOGOS. boys at what are called grammar schools for them, that “the sciences are of a sociable dispo. about seven or eight years, under the absurd sition, and flourish but in the neighbourhood of

LETTERS TO LEINWHA, pretence of teaching them to read, and spell, each other.” Let the student who aims at , and repeat grammar rules, when they ought to learning the law as a science, and not merely

Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latinbe engaged in learning the Greek and Latin 1 as a mechanical trade, to derive honour as guin, from a Wanderer in the West. languages. It is even worse than waste of well as profit by his profession, not content

LETTER V. time to keep a boy one eighth part of his life himself with one science or one language. The fairest hopes of man are blasted in a thumbing over school books, and those often There are doubtless many young men in moment, and when he fancies himself secure, written by innovators and corrupters of the | America, who would think the reputation of a at the very summit of felicity, he is most in King's English, absurdly aiming to establish Garrow, a Dunning, an Erskine, or a Law, danger of being hurled from the enjoyment. an American dialect. The time, which is thus most desirable. The way to acquire it is to While I yet write, a pestilence desolates the squandered away, would suffice to make a boy begin their legal, superstructure as those men city ; and thousands are swept into eternity, a proficient in the languages. The study of I have done, on the foundation of classical | unpaid of their last honour's ! Death, who the classical writers possesses a most impor. learning. Even our country affords some em• outstrips the fleeting feet of Fear, seems impatant advantage in being adapted to the capacity

inent living illustrations of the advantages tient of Time, and the only consolation left to of a boy at an age, when he cannot well learn

which classical learning gives to the lawyer. the afflicted, is the certainty of following those any thing else. These studies are admirably New England justly boasts of the high classi-, whom he has taken away. It would harrow calculated to improve the memory, to culti. cal attainments, as well as of the legal erudi. up thy heart, Leinw ha, son of Tsi-fo-yang, to yate the taste, and awaken and regulate the tion of a Parsons. As a citizen of New York, behold the excess of grief in those, whose imagination. Nature seems to point out the I feel no little pride in referring to our own | minds are not disciplined by philosophy, and acquisition of language as the most suitable Term Reports for legal opinions, which, in who seem in their first paroxysm to forget, that occupation for the mind of a child. They fur brilliant investigation, profound research, and death is the best gift from heaven to man. Dish amusement without frivolity, and exercise elegant illustration are not often surpassed by ! ..... As all communication with you will be We infant understanding withovi overpowering those of al Camden or a Mansfield. To au- now awhile cut oil, and the avenues to the

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