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FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR

city closed to-morrow, I am about to retire in-1 (Who ap'd the speaker all along

Dispers’d'the libels, on both horse and hop, to the country ; and await the return of health By doing nought but hold his longue ;)

Just as the sun dispels a fog. and tranquillity. And thus right eloquent he cried.

"O fortunati ambo!Farewel! May that blessing of which this “ Masser speaker, land is deprived, never be wanting to the

(I mean the horse and Sambo)

“ Me got a notion friend of my bosom.

Fame shall repeat the tale, “You make to come along dis hang-back shoat,

If aught my verse avail
“ By give de casting vote

How running sav'd you, each ;
- On Mr. Sambo's motion."
POETRY.

Not so the hog's departure,
This said, he took the horse incog,

He fell a noble martyr
© FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
And hook'd him on to draw the hog.

To the liberty of speech. THE REIGN OF TERROR.

The hog soon found the motion must prevail,

And that his guide must be a horse's tail,
Our rulers are as strong as horses,
" The people's will," said he, " must carry sway ;"

THROUGH a grove as I wander'd alone,
And we must alter
Apd 'twixt the horse's heels he made his way;

Near a lake its deep shadows o'ercast,
Our stubborn courses,
But still against such double dealing,

I was struck with a heart-piercing moan,
Or feel the halter ;
He enter'd his protest by squealing..

Which came on the inurmuring blast.
For even now we're nos'd about,
As erst a hog was by the snout.
The horse now thought the very devil

I approach'd ; 'twas the plaint of a maid,
Was plotting more than mortal evil ;
A hog bereft of speech, and freedom,

“ And yet I was blameless," she cried ;
And what could be his hind parts umler

“O what falsehood, what arts have betray'd ! And life, I sing ;-et alia quædum. Became a matter of great wonder ;

“ But the cold world will mock and deride." SOME dozen years ago, (you may rely the fact on,)

So, leaving Sambo in the rear, In Concord's neighbourhood,

Away he sped on legs of fear.

While I listen'd to learn her sad tale,

From behind me a frantick voice broke, Say, if you please, at Acton,

And now the hog, athwart the town,

“ Have you seen her !" I turn'd, he was pale, An honest farmer by the name of Morse,

On this and that side oft was thrown ;

'T was her fond, aged father that spoke. Averse to politicks and quarrels,

And every time, lie made a grunt, Yoked up his team, two oxen and a horse,

And seem'd to say “ I won't, I won't.”

“ A sweet daughter, to me constant-hearted, And went to Concord with a load of wood,

“ In yon cottage I tenderly reard ; Or, as some say, of barrels. Sambo perceiv'd disaster on disaster

“Her mother has long since departed,

Begin to thicken as the horse ran faster ;
Morse, having sold his load,

“And she too has just disappear'd."
So, to avoid a flogging from his master,
With pocket-full of cash,
He left the publick service in disgust,

I cheer'd him, while fault'ring he sped
Went to a store to buy some trash,

And to his well tried heels preferr'd to trust. And address'd her in half chiding tone, With which his girls and boys might cut a dash, But, as be ran, he oft his eyes did cast

“ You alarmd me fear'd you were dead, And left his team, Behind to see what would be done at last ;

“ And I live but for you, now, alone." Standing demurely,

Which, staring wide, as though Anj, as 't might seem,

She look'd but she knew him no longer,

They saw a ghost,
Securely,
“ Gave signs of woe

Still she gaz'd; but her brain wander'd wild ; Beside the road.

That all was lost.”

He cries, “O some villain has wrong'd her !

And have I then lost thee, my child !”
Meanwhile, (the Destinies so dried and cut it,) Sambo farewell !-if aught my verse can do,
A lusty negro, order'd by his master,
Thy fam'd Hegyra all the world shall know.

She talk'd of the moon— " it is shaded,"
Prepar’d, not dreaming of disaster,

She said, “ but 'twill beam again bright; To tow a hog across the way, and put it

Meanwhile a multitude proceeded

“ And the wild flowers," she said, “ they are faded," Into another pen. The way the horse and hog had speeded,

Then she darted away from our sight.
They hurried on 'bout half a mile,
Sambo call'd up the order of the day, .
Wondering sagely all the while ;

'Twas too late from a cliff's dizzy steep In style half way between the Parliament and Pope,

The owners too, like men impress’d,

She appear'd but a moment in view;
By tying round the nose of the minority
Were push'd along among the rest ;

Just turo'd, ere she plung'd in the deep,
A most provoking rope ;
But how they came in case so ill

And wav'd us a graceful adieu !
And then, to show a little brief authority,

Was what it puzzled them to tell. And do the thing in quite a summ'ry way,

I erected a stone on the spot ; He mov'd the previous question to proceed,

And now they came to where the horse

The mad father, though she is no more, Which to the hog, who saw no reason wby

Had left the hog a breathless corse !

Now mistakes it for her, who is not ; His domicil

But still for fear some sable rogue

And returns still to chide and implore !
Must thus be left against his will,

Should hook him to another hog,
Seem'd very odd indeed.
T'he borse kept on, to make the matter sure,

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
Sambo said yea,
And gladly halted at his master's door.

TO MYRA.
The hog said nay,

And thus the owner of the hog And so it was a tye.

| MYRA, wouldst thou still possess Accosted Morse ; “ You dirty dog !

Love's dominion o'er my heart, But still the hog, so 's not the point to yield,

“ I've found you out !

Ne'er forget-the will to bless Kept up the loud debate, and squeal'd;

“ You dare to hook your horse to my hog's snout !" Is the true, the only art. Asserting stoutly,

“ Hold,” interrupted Morse, "you brazen elf ! 'That, while the privilege of speech was bis,

“ You know you hitch'd him on yourself !"

When sorrows press, in smiles array'd
He most devoutly
Both earnest seem'd alike, and none could tell

Then gently steal my soul from care ;
Would never cease
Which spoke the truth, or counterfeited well.

Be this thy secret, lovely maid,
To raise his feeble voice t'oppose

“You've kill'd my bog,” said one ;

To hold my heart and triumph there. The tying ropes about his nose.

You've spoil'd my horse," said t'other ;

And thus they made a deal of fun Sambo, perceiving things grow worse and worse,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR By troubling one another. His weaken'd power still growing weaker, At length they all took sides, and proy'd most clearly,

JOHN PARK, Doubting what ways and means to take,

That all the blame was on both sides, or nearly. Made fast the rope about a stake.

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, His rolling snow-white eyes soon 'spied Dame Truth, at last, awhile forsaken,

NO. 4 CORNHILL. The listening horse, Resumd her sway, and prov'd them all mistaken ; Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

numbers,

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1814.

NO. VIII.

POLITICAL

was Utility. By the law of pature, we should us, a foreign power. As every man in this

be absolved from our engagement, if, under section of the Union must feel, that this is FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATON. correct management, such management as we positively our present situation, I shall not

waste paper and time to enumerate the many had anticipated, it did not produce good, but THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES

evil : much more, if by abuse of power, altera- evidences which might be adduced, to prove it. MUST BE PRESERVED.

tions in the instrument, or changes in the rela Every list of Yeas and Nays, in Congress, on A few years ago, there seemed to exist

tions of the respective parties, not contempla | any great question, affecting our interests among all parties, a morbid sensibility, when

ted at the time the compact was formed, and shows to a demonstration, that we are a prov. the possibility of a dissolution of the Union

effected against our consent, we are defeated ince within the republick, enjoying a voice in was mentioned. I call it morbid, because one

in our reasonable expectations, and the bles. the management of our concerns, heard only to could not utter the terms, whatever he might sing becomes a curse.

be silenced ; and a representation answering propose to say on the subject, without exciting The federal constitution was the production no purpose so effectually, as to show the a stare of terrour and suspicion on all around of much wisdom ; but it was not given by in- | world our degradation ; by no means in talent, him. Men seemed to liave wholly forgottenspiration. It was a mere bargain between dis. or in the justice of our cause, but in political what is the use and end of goverment-How

tinct parties, implying many conditions. That consequence. ours became desirable, and how it might cease the conditions are broken, is evident from It cannot be surprising, that men of spirit, to be so. Many essays were published by the our situation ; we want no stronger proof; we | indeed any men, thus suffering wrong and disfriends of a perpetuated Union, to show how are therefore free to continue the relation in grace, in the first burst of indignation, should the measures pursued by our rulers tended to

form, or withdraw, as a regard to our own be disposed to separate, and should say, let us endanger the federal compact ; and, I believe, good and security may prompt.

tben leave them to themselves, and let us esin every instance such men were set down as

What may become of the federal constitu tablish a goverpment of our own, by which our separatists-as recommending the very result

tion, I admit, may perhaps be of little copse rights will be secured ; our liberties and our they were labouring to prevent. Such like.

quence ; at least, that is not what we are most prosperity be restored. wise was the fate of our publick speakers,

interested to maintain : but the integrity of the If there were no other alternative, this ex. among whom, Mr. QuinCY was a striking in- territory, under a common government.

pedient would undoubtedly be judicious, and, stance. This gentleman, well acquainted with

It has been said, that the limits of ihe United in event, predominate, over the venal opposithe purposes for which our federal constitution States were too extensive, to be preserved un- tion of those ministerial satellites, among us, was planned and adopted, and seeing those der one government. But there appears to be who are bribed out of the common feelings of purposes abandoned or frustrated by the meas- no force in this objection. The Roman empire citizens, and serve themselves by aiding to ures of administration, could but foresee, that was once too extensive ; for it was difficult and ruin those around them. But there are many men would, sooner or later, awake to their in- | almost impossible for the arın of government reasons to recommend a different policy ; and ieresty : and if the operation of publiok niees- to reach the remote, disjointed parts, to main those I shall submit on a future occasion. ures continued only to injure, oppress, de- tain subordination, and prevent encroachments. grade and impoverish a large section of the But young and weak as we were, during the Ünion, that this section, acting only as rátion- last revolution, the New Englanders found lit.

Impressment....Naturalization. al beings must be expected to act, would inev tle difficulty in transporting themselves to If ever a Peace takes place between Great itably refuse, at no very distant period, to South Carolina. We fought the battle for our | Britain and the United States, it will probably make further sacrifices, for which they receive | southern brethren, and we can either defend or | terminate in stipulations, the effect of which ed no colour of indemnification. This appre-keep thein in order again, when it shall be will be more favourable to her interests with hension he forcibly espressed in Congress, and necessary. If southern troops should be nenecessary. If southern u

respect to seamen, than that state of things was trumpeted throughout the Union, as being cessary, in this eastern quarter, the roads are which has bitherto existed. an enemy to the federal relation ; democrats good, and there is nothing in the face of the By the abuse of the right of impressment, it unequivocally declared him such, and very country to prevent their acting here. Mari- | is true that some notive Americans have been many federalists implicitly yielded to their time force is still more disposable. A Boston | forcibly dragged into the British service. We misrepresentation.

squadron, on any emergency could soon an- use the strong terms of those, who have been The protraction and augmentation of our chor in the Missisippi. The extent of the bitter in their complaints on this subject, for sufferings bas,' however, produced a great country can therefore be no objection to a com- we are disposed to meet the fact in its most change in the state of popular opinion. I have | mon government.

obnoxious character. The number has been heară men of verr sober habits express a seri. The distinct interests to be found in differ- | but few ; yet if they were but a hundred, it is ous belief, that if this process of increasing the ent sections of the American empire have been a hundred too many. The nation had a right pational debt goes on, but a little longer, with urged by others, as an objection to a unity of to their services, and they had a right to perits present rapidity, this eastern part of the government. A very able writer has recently sonal freedom. Union, which has uniformly protested against treated the subject of these collisions, in this It is to be remembered, however, that this this occasion of present.loans, and future bur paper, in a very striking and impresside man abuse was never countenanced by any act of thens which must make slaves of themselves ner. He has not only proved, that they cxist the British government; the wrong has grown and their posterily, will never pay it! Ur der in fact, but that they are to be practically trac- | out of individual outrage, and would undoubtthe pressure of great calamity, the mind nat- ed, in the measures of government, to the very edly have been effectually remedied, long urally seeks some resuge, some hope ; and as great disadvantage of one portion of the gove | since, if we had desired that, and that alone ; there appears to be none, from the tyrannical | erned. It was in vain that an attempt was | if we had not persevered in asserting claims, disposition of our rulers, a majority of whom, made to neutralize them, by the federal con- | extending beyond the rights of our own citigeographically defned, are inveterately against stitution. It was in vain that Washington and | zens, and very injurious to Great Britain. us, the possibility of relief by dissolving the Adams so administered the publick concerns, Adams so administered the publick

But, if we view the question abstractedly Union, and establisbing distinct governments, as that, amidst all the bickerings of party, no from the rights of the subject and citizen, I is now frequently both suggested and listened charge was made, or could be made of sacrifi-| believe it must be acknowledged that Great to, with a considerable degree of complacency. | cing the common good to the interests of north Britain, as a nation, has been ten times as

The writer of these remarks ever was most or south. Party spirit was soon displayed il much injured as the United States, with recordially averse to this idea : not that be is but the plea of difference of opipion ju specu- spect to this famous dispute concerning seaactuated by aby bigoted notions of an obliga- | lative politicks, and on the general operation of men : for I presume there is not an Amerition, which does not exist in nature, to live in particular measures, was they used to conceal can, in any degree acquainted with the facts, misery, and entail it upon our successors, that desire of control, which has since guided, who will not admit, that we have had ten Britmerely because we once agreed to be a united what are falsely called the councils of the na. ish born subjects under our fag, where they people. The only basis of ibat agreement, | tion ; and made Congress, at Washington, to have had oue bative Americao. The different

means, by which this came to be the case, bas lesting them, with the utmost caution ; as dates for State officers. It is extremely to be heen urged by some, as precluding Great her language has been confirmed by surren- regretted that the representations of these Britain from any well founded cause of com dering them on application, when their citizen- gentlemen will not have full credence at plaint. Is this true ; is it just ?

ship was proved, we are confident she will Washington. We most sincerely wish that It is of consequence to the individual, still assent to the inviolability of real A- our national rulers might be strongly iinpres. whether he is forced, or bribed into a foreign mericans. But experience has taught her a sed with a conviction, that Massachusetts was service ; but it is of none to the country, to lesson. We have provoked her to return to exactly in the political state there described. which he belongs. Here is a British frigate, her fundamental law, on the subject of expatwith a complement of two hundred men. Is riation. Reciprocity is now the word. How! Died in Scotland, aged about 89, Rev. Dr. not this frigate as positively incapacitated for can our rulers refuse it ? and if that be estab. John Ogilvie, distinguished by a life diligently duty, if we get fifty of those men, by offering | lished, England will be immensely benefited devoted to the interests of literature and reli. them a bribe for desertion, as though we took | by the arrangement.

gion. The deceased was a faithful pastor and them by force and against their consent ? If

powerful preacher to the parish of Midmar, in there is a difference in the effect, it is beyond GovernoUR STRONG is the federal candi- Aberdeen ; a living with which he was premy comprehension.

date for reelection. The grand question is, sented by the late Sir William Forbes, well Our naturalization law, our sham protec- | shall we support an advocate for Peace and known in this country as the biographer of tions, and our high wages, it is notorious, de- | Commerce, or War and its calamities. Gov. Beattie, and in his own for his urbanity and be. prived Great Britain of thousands of her sea- | ernour Strong, it is certain, and the commu. neficence. Dr. Ogilvie was the author of men, and at a time when the privation was nity know it well, would desire the best terms many works, chiefly poetical ; among which most severely felt. In peace, sailors are but a of accommodation that can be obtained. Mr. his “ Providence" and “ Judgment" have ac. convenience to a nation ; the instruments by Dexter, if he is now in favour of war, must quired the most celebrity; and the paraphrase which she increases her wealth. In war, they have adopted Mr. Madison's views; and must he has left us of the 148th Psalm, may be conare essential ; they are the means of self pres be disposed to continue the contest, until those sidered a model of that species of composition. ervation, particularly to a country whose de- / views are attained, or until we are totally disa He was the younger branch of the whole fence is her maritime strength.

bled for further effort. No rational man can family of Finlater, and left several children, of This vital injury to the interests, the most believe the former will be realized : are we whom the eldest is Mr. James Ogilvie, whose precious interests, of that nation, led to the then determined on the latter ? If so, let us oratorical talents have attracted so much attencause of our complaint. Hard as the case abandon Governour Strong ; let us forget his tion in the United States. might be, she consented, in conformity to the virtues and his life of publick service ; let law and practice of nations, that, within our us shut up our stores ; bid adieu to all profits

To correspondents. own jurisdiction, we should confer on her ex- from our farms, and hold up both hands for “ MISERRIMUS" to the Confidant is received ; like. patriated subjects, what gifts, what benefits we | Mr. Dexter.

wise a paper in favour of an Asylum in Boston for des. pleased. We might keep them forever ; she

titute boys; but too late for this number, did not reclaim them. But, in her own, or a

GENERAL REGISTER. common jurisdiction, she claimed, in part, her

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. prior right. I say in part, and indeed it was

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. very partially ; for she admitted evidence of | BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 19, 1814.

SELF-LOVE....BENEVOLENCE. citizenship, conformable to our naturalizacion

| A dialogue between a Philanthropist and a Mandevillian. laws, to obviate her claim. This sacrifice she

EUROPEAN. No further news, since last l. Paul

OPEAN. No further news, since last - PHILANTHROPIST. What ! will you ascribe made, so very favourable to us, from a spirit satur of accommodation to our laws, but without re

every action to the mere principle of self love? linguishing the principle of her right to her led further successes, in some recent skirmish- l such thing, in any case, as disinterested benes.

Is there no sentiment of true patriotism? No subjects, in the full extent, as inaintained by es with the Creek Indians, He was attacked

olence ? Do our views wholly centre in self other nations.

by them, on the 27th of January, but routed To meet so liberal a concession, our gov

| love, when we console the afflicted ; when we them, at the point of the bayonet ; his loss 18 ernment agreed to furnish all our seamen, na- 1 killed, 132 wounded, several mortally and

relieve the distressed ; when we pity the untive or naturalized, with evidence of their citi.

fortunate ; when we spontaneously rush to many, dangerously. The Indians left 37 dead

save the unknown sti anger from peril ? zenship. The means were easy, and we thus

on the field. drew the line ourselves, contrary to the vulgar

MANDEVILLIAN. Believe me, my friend, eve

On the 8th instant, General Wilkinson was ery notion of that kind is but a tribute to the falsehood, that British officers were to deter

with his army at French Mills. It is expected mine the national character of our seamen.

vanity of our nature. The spring to all our his force will be divided ; a part sent to SackThat was decided by our own collectors.

actions is self interest. When we surrender ett's Harbour, and the remainder to Plattsburg. This regulation must have constantly pro

any thing, which is of the least value to us, or

Mr. Clay has arrived at New York, to em- | duced a gradual drain of British seamen, had it

give ourselves the least trouble, to confer a fa. bark for Gottenburg. eyen been observed in its utmost rigour. But

verir, it is to procure a greater benefit to our.

CONGRESś. The Senate have confirmed her loss was augmented by other means. In

selves, than we could enjoy, by omitting such the appointment of the Hon. George W. many cases, protections were purchased in

action. That conduct, however, wbich is imCampbell, as Secretary of the Treasury ; America, by those who had no right to them;

puted to the imaginary virtues you first meoRichard Rush, as Attorney General ; and Aiand were not unfrequently sold, by our sailors

tioned, is necessary to the well-being of sociebert Gallatin, as fifth Commissioner to treat abroad, who had obtained them regularly at

ty. Observation will convince you that “all witb Great Britain. home. Facts of this kind, without number, are

untaught animals are only solicitous of pleasing so notorious, that we cannot deny them ; and

themselves, and naturally follow the bent of

His Excellency CALEB STRONG and this abuse has been made the plea, by British His Honour WILLIAM PHILLIPS, are pro- l good or harm, that, from their being pleased,

their own inclinations, without considering the cruisers, for the outrages they have commit

posed by the federalists of this state, for Govo | ted, in some instances, on real American citi.

will accrue to others "* ernour and Lieutenant Governour. The Dem-1 zens, though without a colour of authority locrats have formally announced their inten

Philan. That we follow the bent of our from their government.

own inclinations is undoubtedly true. I am so tions to support the Hon. SAMUEL Dexter Instead of attempting an improvement in the and the Hon. WILLIAM GRAY.

far of the Edwardean school, as to believe that system, which should prevent any abuse, our

man always seeks what, all things considered, government have thrown the whole subject on

appears to him the greatest good. That he

Nothing further has transpired since the arthe issue of a war. England must be, at rival of the Ann Alexander from Liverpool,

cannot act against the strongest motive, and least, as ready to go back to the original mer

that the greatest apparent good, in the nature deserving any confidence. A rumour was reits of the case, as we can be. She is probably I ceived yesterday, from New York, that a pre- I cannot you imagine him so constituted, as that

of things, must always be the strongest. But well satisfied that all former stipulations are liminary stipulation had been entered into, bedone away. Since our rulers have made this al tween our ministers and Lord Walpole, which

to produce good to others in certain cases pretext for hostilities, she will feel absolved I only required the sanction of our government,

may gratify him more, than to secure a smaller from all concessions.

good exclusively for himself ? ' to stop the progress of war. This is not be. As the right to impress American seamen lieved, and cannot be true.

Mand. Yes ; and this is the secret of every was never claimed by Great Britain, but, on

action considered benevolent, patriotick, or the contrary, her officers were positively com- We have read the address of the democrat- i ed by quotations are extracted literally from Mande

• This and all the following sentences, distinguishmanded, before our war begun, to avoid mo- ick committee, on the subject of tbeir candi- ville's famous book “ Private vices, publick benefits."

ERO SUS

compassionate. Men would make no sacrifi- , make so forcible an impression upon us, as to GENEROSUS extremely happy, when he has ces, they would never take the trouble of a make us uneasy."

fed the hungry. AVARUS, like all other hustep to benefit others, if they were not to be | Philan. “ As to make us uneasy." In man beings, seeks happiness, but will he imiindemnified, by some consequence proposed to that very expression I think I discover a plain tate GENEROSUS ? No; the supplicant is to themselves. « The chief thing, therefore, concession of the benevolent principle, as the him like a stock or a stone. Look at the tenwhich lawgivers, and other wise men, that real motive to the action. But since you will our of his conduct, you will find him the slave have laboured for the establishment of society, suppose that every man, before he gives a l of self ; yet he will not act have endeavoured, has been to make the peo shilling, reasons maturely on the subject, con- and evidently for this reason alone ; the latter ple they were to govern, believe, that it was templates a being to whom he is allied by re- obeyed an impulse, which the former never more beneficial for every body to conquer, than semblance, thinks perhaps that he himself felt. Whatself love ? No, surely not, but indulge his appetites; and much better to mind may possibly be exposed to want, and that then benevolence. It is therefore, sometimes, the the publick, than what seemed his private in. he may derive advantage from this sort of so-sine-qua-non motive to action. terest. As this has always been a very difficult cial compact, I will take another case, where task, so no wit ur eloquence has been left un. your train of reflection cannot be supposed to The following answer to the first question, proposed tried to compass it ; and the moralists and phi. operate. I am travelling in haste, through al

in last Saturday's Spectator, has been handed to us losophers of all ages employed their utmost strange country. Having just passed a cot

by a gentleman, whose well known accuracy in phi

losophical speculations, as well as the plausibility of skill to prove the truth of so useful an asser tage, to which I can never expect to return, Il

the speculation, induces lls to conclude it is cora tion. But whether mankind would have ever see an infant, unconscious of his danger, ap rect. believed it or not ; it is not likely that any | proaching a rattlesnake, ready to spring upon / “ The atmosphere is a fluid, pressing upon body would have persuaded them to disap- him. Should I pass on with indifference ; | lhe whole surface of the wheel. When it is prove of their natural inclinations, or prefer | suffer the infant to be destroyed ; or should I put in motion, the particles of air, in contact The good of others to their own, if at the same not instantaneously, with a blow of my cane, / with the wheel will be thrown off from the time, he had not shewed them an equivalent to kill the serpent ?

periphery, as water is thrown from a grindbe enjoyed as a reward for the violence, which by Mand. I am ready to confess that in simi. stone, when its revolutions are rapid. As so doing, they of necessity must commit upon i lar instances without number, we give relief, these particles are thrown off, by centrifugal themselves. Those who have undertaken to instantaneously, without a consciousness of force, they are supplied by others, pressing in, civilize mankind, were not ignorant of this ; | any motive, but the internal satisfaction we | laterally, which are likewise projected, as they but being unable to give so many real rewards / derive from it. I could not go on, and leave approach or touch the wheel. On the side of as would satisfy all persons for every individu. this child exposed to danger, for the thought | the wheel ,where there is no resistance, this air al action, they were forced to contrive an im. would give me pain and the act of saving will only make a revolving atmosphere ; but aginary one ; and observing that none were so him gives me pleasure. From a disposition to between that part of the wheel, which is lowsavage as either not to be charmed with praise, shun pain and enjoy pleasure, both of which est, the air becoming compressed, between it or so despicable as patiently to bear contempt, / are wholly selfish, I secure the child.

and the ground, will react, from its elastick justly concluded that flattery must be the most PHILAN. You are now arrived at the point property, upon the wheel, and have a tendency powerful argument that could be used to hu- where I think, it may be clearly proved, that to raise the upper axis, while the lower axis, man creatures They used every argument to there is a benevolent principle in the soul, from its inclination, will become a fulcrum. It demonstrate how glorious was the conquest of which prompts to action, where even your self | is evident that the more rapidly the wheel is our natural impulses, and how scandalous not love could not be brought into exercise, but turned, the more the air, between the lower to attempt it."

for the prior existence and operation of the part of the wheel and the ground, will be comPhilan. You may make your argument ap benevolent principle. You say this action is pressed, and therefore the greater will be the pear plausible, by thus dealing in general prin perfor.ed for sake of the pleasure you are to pressure upwards. ciples ; because, in a thousand instances, con derive from it, or the pain you are to shun by A common top spins perpendicularly, on the stantly occurring, you can detect a selfish mo- | it. I doubt whether any such logick crosses same principle. When first set in motion, we tive, where the action is professedly disinter- the mind, in such a case. But suppose it does. see it has a tendency to fall : but as the proested. There is no doubt that a very large \ I insist, that you stop, just when it suits your jccting part inclines to the floor, the elastick, proportion of those actions denominated patri-purpose, and decline tracing the motive to its compressed atmosphere around it, elevates it. Otick, result from a desire of personal securi- true origin. Whence arise this pleasure and As, to which ever side it varies, from a vertical ty, or honour, or recompense. It must be pain, but from violating or gratifyiug the be-l position, it meets with resistance, it soon beacknowledged that probably most of our chari- | nevolent principle ? Suppose me devoid of comes perpendicular, and so remains, while ties proceed from ostentation, or the fear of that, and how would the peril of an unknown the velocity is sufficient to throw off the partidisgrace, if we refuse. I am far from the | infant give me pain ? or in what respect could cles of air forcibly, and no longer." opinion that our motives are always such as its relief give me pleasure ? The child is we wish them to appear. But it does not nothing to me-it cannot even speak to thank which, as it adopts a different mode of illustration, therefore follow, nor do I believe it, that no me--no one sees me—I am going on to re we shall insert in our next number, happy that the man ever takes the money from his pocket, turn no more. There is undoubtedly a pleas

Spectator is promoting this kind of useful and pleasand gives it to an apparently needy vagrant, ure to be derived from good actions, and it

ing speculation. without witness, without a thought of recom- originates in my conformity to the constitution pense, or the most distant expectation, that it i of my mind-in obeying a “ natural impulse.”

Another question. will ever contribute to his reputation. Whát To abandon the child to his fate would be

Sar a section of the globe, for instan ce one selfish indemnity has he, in this case, for the painful, only because in doing so, I should I quarter, were water to the centre, would a loss of his money, which we may always supe combat an internal emotion, prompting me to

mass of gold, dropped upon the surface, sink pose he may use to his own advantage ?. . rescue a helpless being from danger. How to the centre, or remain somewhere suspended Maxd. In the first place, I can suppose often do we see efforts of this kind so sudden,

between ? that he is influenced by the hope of a reward as to render it ridiculous to pretend, that the

PERIPHRASIS. hereafter, from One who sees, when the right mind first contemplates the consequence, as it hand knoweth not what the left doeth.

is to affect ourselves. Every feature of the “ Strike me,” said Sam to Richard, “ if you dare." PHILAN. That may often be the cause, and countenance shews that we are engrossed by

(Aiming a fist to slip Dick's lights,) the motive is not to be disapproved. But if the immediate object--when it is executed,

“ Strike me but once, l'll send you quick, to where

They never rake up fire o'nighes." this be your only solution, it appears that be then the smile of self-complacency lights up fore immortality was brought to light, no such the countenance. act of secret charity could have ever occur. While our Creator has wisely made this be

LETTERS TO LEINWHA, red.

Dovolence an active principle in the human Teacher of Morality in the Rocesses of LatirtMAND. No ; there is another cause, which breast, he has kindly so constructed our minds, guin, from a Wanderer in the West. has coexisted with man, and pervades the that to follow this propensity gives us a sensa

LETTER VI. whole species." This virtue, charity, is oftention of delight. If there were a pleasure in Rejoice with me, thou guide of my youth, counterfcited by a passion of ours, called Pity | such actions as I have mentioned, independent rejoice-I have escaped the Destilence of death or Compassion, which consists in a fellow-feel of this principle, every person in similar cir

-health is again restored, and the gates of ing and condolence for the misfortunes and cumstances, would conduct alike. The unfor- the city will this day be opened to the inhabi. calamities of others : all mankind are more or tunate would be every where equally well re

tants. The priests will minister for the re. less affected with it. It is raised in us, whenceived, where there was an equal power of re- turving blessing, and the magistrates will feast the sufferings and misery of other creatures lieving ; for all love pieasure. AVARUS sees

in the halls. The greatest preparations are

we

har ansver.

now making to demonstrate their happiness by 1 tendered his services again to his country. They , the farewell of his countrymen at Portsmouth : processions and illuminations. Every street were accepted, and his choice of officers given him the officers, who came on board to welcome resounds with the musick of gratulation, and from the navy. Here we begin the extract ] him, forgot his rank as commander, in their every face is dressed with smiles. But their

joy at seeing him again. On the day of his arsmiles are like the beams upon the clouds at 6 UNREMITTING exertions were made to | rival, Villeneuve received orders to put to sea evening, and their voices like harps which

equip the ships which he had chosen, and es. the first opportunity. Villeneuve, however, have been long forgotten ; for the friend who pecially to refit the Victory, which was once hesitated, when he heard that Nelson had re. has just gone is still remembered, and the

more to bear his flag. Before he left London, sumed the command. He called a council of fullness of their joy has yet some room for he called at his upholsterer's, where the coffin war, and their determination was, that it would sorrow.

which captain Hallowell had given him, was not be expedient to leave Cadiz, unless they The number of the dead has been ascertain- deposited : and desired that its history might had reason to believe themselves stronger by ed with the greatest accuracy, but, according

be engraven upon the lid, saying it was highly one third than the British force. In the pubto the custom, cannol be divulged, lest the probable that he might want it, on his return. | lick measures of this country, secresy is sel. citizens should be overwhelmed with despair. He seemed indeed to have been impressed dom practicable, and seldom attempted : here, For here, the dissolution of mortality is without with an expectation that he should fall in the 1 however, by the precautions of Nelson, and the consolation, and there is no terrour superiour battle. In a letter to his brother, written im- wise measures of the admiralty, the enemy to that of death. It is the doctrine of their

mediately after his return, he had said : “ We were, for once, kept in ignorance ; for as the greatest philosopher, that the soul is annihila

« must not talk of Sir Robert Calder's batlle-I ships appointed to reinforce the Mediterrane. ted, when the body is decayed. No wonder

“ might not have done so much with my small an fleet were despatched singly, each as soon then that the termination of life should excite « force. If I had fallen in with them, you might as it was ready, their collected number was in them such dread ; and that the hour of an- « probably have been a lord before i wished : not stated in the newspapers, and their arrival nihilation should be inseparable from that of for I know they meant to make a dead set at was not known to the enemy. But the enemy misery: for the happiness of man subsists often as the Victory." 'Nelson had once regarded the knew that Admiral. Louis, with six sail, had by anticipation, and the enjoyment of hope is prospect of death with gloomy satisfaction ; it

been detached for stores and water to Gibralalways in reserve. Thanks to thic God of our

was when he anticipated the upbraidings of tar. Accident also contributed to make the forefathers, it is not so with thee. The weary

his wife, and the displeasure of his venerable | French admiral doubt whether Nelson him. in this world shall repose in another, and bathe father. The state of his feelings now was self liad actually taken the command. An with his ancestors on brighter shores. There l expressed, in his private journal, in these

American lately arrived from England, mainis no burthen, which this consolation cannot

cannot words : « Friday night, (Sept 13) at half past | tained that it was impossible, for he had seen lighten ; there is no sorrow, which it cannot « ten, I drove from dear, dear Merton ; where

him only a few days before in London ; and at soothe. It was thy hand, which first imprinted

that time, there was no rumour of his going this principle on my heart, like a map, that or go to serve my king and country. May the again to sea.

ng it was by « great God, whom I adore, enable me to ful. The station which Nelson had chosen was thy eloquence I became persuaded, that the u fil the expectations of my country ! and if it some fifty or sixty miles to the west of Cadiz, Power, who balances the ocean and the earth is his good pleasure that I should return, my near Cape St. Mary's. At this distance he hoped with one hand, will distribute good with the " thanks will never cease being offered up to to decoy the enemy out, while he guarded other.

" the throne of his mercy. If it is his good against the danger of being caught, with a wes. When I witness the despondency of these people for the death of those they love, I re- | .. i bow with the greatest submission ; relying

straits. The blockade of the port was rigorous. member thy joy at the funeral of thy Lin " that he will protect those who are dear to ly enforced ; in hopes that the combined feet deraxa. I see thee leaping across the body,

“ me, whom I may leave behind! His will be might be forced to sea by want. The Danish which thou badst decorated with flowers. Thy « done ! Amen ! Amen! Amen!”

vessels, therefore, which were carrying provishands are often thrown into the air, calling on Early on the following morning he reached ions from the French ports in the bay, under the gods to witness thy exultation ; or wrapt Portsmouth ; and having despatched his busi | the name of Danish property, to all the little in thy mat, listening with profound attention to ness on shore, endeavoured to elude the popile ports from Ayamonte to Algeziras, from those friends who come to salute thee for the lace by taking a bye-way to the beach ; but a

whence they were conveyed in cousting boats seventh tiine. The torches in the hall are not crowd collected in his train, pressing forward, to Cadiz, were seized. Without this proper extinguished, nor have the dancers ceased. to obtain sight of his face. Many were in exertion of power, the blockade would have

tears, and many knelt down before him, and been rendered nugatory, by the advantage CLOSE OF LORD NELSON'S GLORI

blessed him as he passed. England has had thus taken of the neutral flag. The supplies

many heroes ; but never one who so entirely from France was thus effectually cut off. OUS LIFE.

possessed the love of his fellow countrymen as There was now every indication that the ene[To commemorate deeds of valour and patriotism is Nelson. All men knew that his heart was as my would speedily venture out : officers and not only a tribute which the world owes to merit, humane as it was fearless ; and there was not men were in the highest spirits, at the pros. but it benefits society, by exciting a laudable ambi. |

in his nature, the slightest alloy of selfishnesspect of giving them a decisive blow : such intion to imitate thein, and receive the meed of glory.

or cupidity ; but that with perfect and entire deed as would put an end to all further conNELSON was an honour to his country and human

devotion, he served his country with all his test upon the seas. Theatrical amusements nature. His whole history awakes a lively interest,

heart, and with all his soul, and with all his were performed every evening in most of the but most of all his dignified and gallant deportment strength ; and therefore they loved him as tru ships ; and God save the King concluded the

sports. " I verily believe," said Nelson, (wriin the event which closed his bright career of fame.

ly and as fervently as he loved England. They

pressed upon the parapet, to gaze after him ting on the 6th of October) “ that the country Several biographers have attempted to do him jus

when his barge pushed off, and he was re “ will soon be put to some expense on my actice ; but the glowing pen of Mr. Southey has re. turning their cheers by waving his hat. The | “ count ; either a monument, or a new pension cently produced a sketch of this extraordinary man. I sentinels, who endeavoured to prevent them and honours ; for I have not the Sindicat which though brief, gives us, undoubtedly, the best from trespassing upon this ground, were conception of his real character. I have chosen wedged among the crowd ; and an officer, “ will put ug in battle. The success no man Nelson's last battle, as the most suitable specimen who, not very prudently upon such an occa “ can insure ; but for the fighting them, if of the work for this Miscellany, and feel persuaded, sion, ordered them to drive the people down they can be got at, I pledge myself. The as but a small proportion of my readers can have

with their bayonets, was compelled speedily to | “ sooner the better: I don't like to have these seen the book, that it will be generally acceptable,

retreat ; for the people would not be debarred | “ things upon my mind." It is probably recollected that previous to the battle from gazing till the last moment, upon the he

To be continued. of Trafalgar, Lord Nelson had followed the French

ro, the darling hero of England. Admiral, Villeneuve, in his predatory cruise to He arrired off Cadiz, on the 29th of Sep

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR the West Indies, in a pursuit so close as to defeat enemy knew his force, they might be deterred tember his birth day. Fearing that if the

JOHN PARK, his purposes, and compel him to hasten back to Eu from venturing to sea, he kept out of sight of rope. On the 15th of August, 1805, he deliv- | land, desired Collingwood to

By MUNROE & FRANCIS,

fire no salute, ered up his squadron to Admiral Cornwallis, off and huist no colours ; and wrote to Gibraltar,

NO. 4 CORNHILL, Ushant, proceeded to England, and retired to his to request that the force of the fleet might not Price three dollars per annum, hall in advance. seat at Merton to enjoy a temporary repose. This, be inserted there in the Gazette. His reception

** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding bowever, not suiting the state of his mind, be soon in the Mediterranean fleet was as gratifying as

numbers.

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