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France ?


It would be an event, as wonderful as the of framing a new one for themselves? There

sudden destruction of the Empire of the West, are many reasons to doubt it. I fear not to FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

to see the discordant materials, thrown lately say, that the grand defect of our present sys* But yesterday the word of Cæsar might

into chaos by the earthquake which has con- tem, is, that while it guarded, as effectually as Hare stood 'gainst all the world : now lies he here, vulsed Europe, suddenly assume a settled, parchment could, against the direct assumpAnd none so poor to do him reverence." regular, and solid form,

tion of individual power, it left us exposed to The vanity of human possessions, and the

The old system of Europe was the fruit of all the evils of democracy. Of this we had no instability of power were never so clearly es

an hundred wars and a thousand battles. It crcad ; our terrour was Monarchy, and Aristablished, or so strikingly exemplified as in the

was guaranteed by a thousand jarring, yet tocracy. Now, if it be acknowledged that the case of the Emperour of France. The juve.

concurring, or rather regulated interests. sonthern section of the union is by far the nile orator must cease hereafter to refer to

The Germanick confederacy was of six most aristocratick, and yet that the federal the fall of Cardinal Wolsey ; for what more

hundred years growth, and the authority of constitution was carried with difficulty, on the natural, what more ordinary, than the sacrifice

its head might be traced even to ancient ground that it was too much of a “ monarchicoof an ambitious favourite by the jealousy or the Rome.

aristocratico" imitation of the British Syscaprice of his master?

Against the renewal of the old system and tem, should we be likely, when withdrawn The fate of Cæsar too was a common and

its future quiet, may be placed the old, deep- from the lordly nabobs of the south, to remedy vulgar case. A thousand princes have fallen

rooted difficulties of ambition and jealousy. the defect, in an attempt among ourselves ? by the hands of an assassin on the blood-stain

Will Austria be content with her former | I know of but one way ever to have a well ed thrones of Rome, Turkey, and Russia. Had I power, and Russia bc satisfied with the glory of balanced system of government, and that reBonaparte been assassinated in any part of his

| having liberated Europe ? Will the Empe- quires ages to bring it to perfection. We are cruel and unprincipled career, it would have

| rour of Germany still be hampered with the surely not ready to take the first step. Heaven excited no surprize.

dilatory proceedings of the States of the Em defend us from it. It is, that a Tyrant should Nor can the history of Charles XII. furnish / pire ? Will he submit still to the intrigues of begin,-a Military Despot,by assuming all us any parallel ; because, so far from being as the electoral college !

power. He will create governours, generals tonished that he fell so soon, we are perpetu

The Dutch have set an example of a new or prefects, as the instruments of his sway. Inally inquiring, as we read his history, by what

fuential families are thus erected, and they, in strange fatality he escaped so long. We are

of Orange the sovereign of their country, not time, combine against the despot's authority, not more surprized at his destruction, than if | its chief magistrate as before.

actuated by their own ambition, to share his we had seen him plunge into a volcano.

Will Saxony be permitted to exhibit new control over the multitude. A weak monarch Linvite those who are well instructed in / perfidy, and to sell Germany once more to williford temptation to such cabal to demand history, to point us out a case of the fall of a |

a retrenchment of his prerogative, and his great prince, a great general, an able states What will become of the hereditary hatredembarrassinents will be improved to compe! man, whose power rested upon foundations ap. of Bavaria to Austria ? .

| him to yiele!. A more sensible and energetick parently so stable.

Will the Austrian Netherlands again re monarch will seek to neutralize the authority The empire of Napoleon was formed of the ceive an Austrian duke, as viceroy ? Or will!

ceive an Austrian duke, as viceroy ? Or will of his nobles, by giving consequence to the durable materials of military discipline, the

the Emperour apnex it in full sovereignty to People ; and thus arises a system, embracing at affection of his officers and troops, the resour.

his empire ; and take the advantage of the once energy, stability, and popular security. ces of nearly a world ; they were cemented by opening of the Scheldt to create a naval force, The nature of political power is, that, when it the most unprincipled art, the deepest, and, and infuse into his subjects a spirit of com- is enjoyed by an individual, it can be qualified generally, the wisest policy, and the most semerce?

| by the many—but, when it is altogether pos. cret, but extensive corruption.

Will the trading jealousy of the Dutch re- sessed by the people, who or what can He had commanded in forty pitched battles, | vive ? and will they insist on the shutting of qualify it, without going through the disma! and commanded only to conquer. He had all | the Scheldt ?

process of despotism? It is true, popular govthe ardour of Alexander, with the experience

Is it possible to defend that frontier against ernments generally come to this, not by delibof Cæsar.

France, unless Holland and the Austrian Netha erate vote, but from the necessity that the That the events of ihe two last campaigns, erlands are united ?

worthless, corrupt, but aspiring, should have a and their consequences, were little short of

Can Piedmont ever be trusted to the fee- l patron. They choose a fool, or timid instrumiraculous, is better proved by the opinions of ble, weak, and enervated descendants of Vic-ment; but chance gives a hero, with all his men before, than since they have taken place. | tor Anadeus ?

harmless predecessor's admitted prerogative. The opposition in England, with the Edin

What will become of Spain ? Will they

The hope of a better form of government than burgh Reviewers at their head, and Sir Fran. not quarrel with that beloved sovereign, under that of the federal constitution, therefore, would cis Burdett and Cobbett at the other extremi. whose banners and in whose name, when ab be a delusive motive for the establishment of ty, were in full cry against the ministry for | sent, they are ready to fight?

a northern, distinct empire. The people waging a hopeless, idle war against France. These are only a few of the numerous ques. would, of course, determine its character. In our country too, Bonaparte received his tions, which crowd. upon the mind in looking

They would rely again on their virtue, and apotheosis, and was numbered among the gods. | into futurity. Perhaps we may hereafter dis with an increased confidence, from their real He was considered the peculiar favourite of cuss some of them, and mention some reasons or supposed superiority, in this respect, to their Heaven. His mandates were our laws, though why, notwithstanding these serious difficulties,

southern neighbours. This confidence in they imposed upon us self-destruction.

Europe may sit down in a state molte quiet, “ steady habits” and “ political morality" There did not exist a man in the world, who than it has known for centuries.

would produce a system, popular in the exexpected to see the fall of his power. Hope

treme ; whether we should not have our Jefwas extinguished ; and all men looked forward,


fersons, Madisons, and Munroes, may be inwith breathless anxiety, to every new struggle,


ferred, from our long list, at present, of vetemade by the oppressed nations of Europe. THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES

ran demagogues, and the striking insiances of These are the sti ongest proofs of the impor

political tergiversarion, which we have wit

MUST BE PRESERVED. tance, as well as extraordinary nature of the

pessed among ourselves. No-were there no late events.

It is not every thing under the name of a | other consideration 10 affeet our wishes, it What sort of balance (if any) can be re-estab- constitution that forms a good government. A would undoubtedly be better to pursue quiellished in Europe, now seems to be the most better constructed constitution, than that of the ly, the downhill course, we have in part acinteresting question.

| United States, may perhaps be easily conceiv-complished, than to go back, merely to travel Whether any one can be formed, which will ed; but would a better be probably adopted, it over again. be as stable as the old one, is to be doubted. I were the northern section under the necessity. The distinct and clashing interesis of the

northern and southern sections of the United | Congress are zealously engaged on the Loan i prosperity, friendship, affection, hope and grat. States, have been mentioned as another rea

| itude, were our constant inmates. son, why we should be benefitted by a separa The United States frigate President, Com- But when our government first began the tion. The fallacy of this argument might be modore Rodgers, has arrived below New York. system of restrictions on commerce, I was one illustrated, by Menenius's fable of the dispute

among the many, whose property was a long between the limbs and the stomach. Distinct


time detained, at home, unemployed. When interests we have, but related to each other

The Editor gratefully acknowledges the constant

liberated, I again pursued my occupation. | increase of Subscribers, every number. As the by reciprocal necessity and utility. If the

From that time to this, of the ten acts passed amount of individual subscription is trifling, if paid ! power of government, enjoyed now, exclusive. | regularly, but as troublesome to collect as though it!

by congress to interdict, impede, expose, and ly, by the southern division, has been so abus

| were considerable, he would thank his friends, who | finally to end our commerce, six of them have ed as to produce evils, which we ought no can, conveniently, to send their hundred and fifty cents frustrated my speculations, and thus subjected longer to endure, (and we solemnly consider

to the Publishers' bookstore. This is asked as a fa me to sacrifices ; and one exposed my prop. that our present situation) it does not prove, vour, not claimed as a right.

erty to seizure, where no human foresight that, in the nature of things, our interests are

could have anticipated the breach of any law. so irreconcileable as to require distinct gov LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. With a few thousand dollars remaining, I have ernients. The varieties of our climate, pro

several times attempted domestick specula.

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR, duce and pursuits, habits and state of society,

tion, with various success, but, in the general

THE CONFIDANT, No. VI. appear rather to render it expedient to be uni.

result, unproductive, while three thousand dol. ted, as each part is unquestionably more or

To the Confidant.

lars a year, has been the inevitable expense of less dependant on the other. I cannot choose

SIR,I do not address you with a view either

my compting room and family, conducted too a more correct or concise view of this subject, to correct or expose any particular foible; nor do

on a plan of the utmost economy. I ask your friendly council, or expect rebuke. ! than Washington himself has given, in his

Experiencing constantly new embarrassMy situation is distressing, but it is not to ex- | legacy of paternal advice.

ments, and successive misfortunes, I cherish« But these considerations,” says he, allud. cite your sympathy, that I make this commu

ed hope, as long as hope was rational. When ing to causes of common sympathy “ however nication.

one mode of business was obstructed, I essay

The effect of political discussions, in the powerfully they address themselves to your

ed another, which without any favourable issue sensibility, are greatly outweighed by thuse present unhappy state of party spirit, has been

has shared the same fatc. If war continues, I which apply more immediately to your intes to render the publick mind callous. The.pic.

know of no possible manner in which I can tures of calamity, which, on one side, is the rest. Here every portion of our country finds

expect so to employ the small remnant of my the most commanding motives for carefully theme of every appeal to the feelings of the

capital, as to support my family. If peace reguarding and preserving the Union of the community, is so general, as to excite little in.

turn, it cannot be expected, but in the event of terest ; for the many evidences of gaiety and whole.

a general peace in Europe ; which will so dienjoyment, which are still presented to our « The North, in an unrestrained intercourse

minish the profits on all business, that those eyes, give the appearance of exaggeration to with the South, protected by the equal laws

reduced, like me, cannot look to commerce, those pictures while on the other hand, it is | but with despondence.. of a common government, finds in the produc

insisted that they exist no where, but in the tions of the latter, great additional resources of

In this sad change of times, many are retirmaritime and commercial enterprise and pre

brain of factious, discontented or ambitious | ing to the country. I too could still purchase

politicians. cious materials of manufacturing industry,

a few acres of land. But, Sir, what could I do The South in the same intercourse, benefiting

I presume you take no side in politicks :

in the country? It requires no ordinary de. whether you do or not is of no consequence. I by the agency of the North, sees its ag tul

gree of fortitude, to relinquish all the pleashave no measures to propose--no doctrines to ture grow and its commerce expand. Turning

ures of society, to which one has been accuspartly into its own channels the seamen of the

advance. I give you a simple representation tomed for life. It is painíul to withdraw my North, it finds its particular navigation invigo of my own case ; and presume, as there are children from the instructors, to whom their rated and while it contributes, in different certainly many cases resembling mine, in ex education has been entrusted ; but to this I

ternal circumstances, the state of my mind ways to nourish and increase the general mass

have already been compelled. Yes, Sir, to one of the national navigation, it looks forward to

must likewise be experienced by many. The who had experienced the delight of witnessing

only hope I indulge is, that when aciual sufthe protection of a maritime strength, to which

the progress of children in useful and elegant itself is unequally adapted. The East in a like fering is delineated in its individual operation,

acquirements, adapted to a sphere of life, for intercourse with the West, already finds, and

it may awaken the attention of those, by which hope had designed them to stop their in the progressive improvement of interior whose agency it is inflicted.

career ; to view them as destined to rustick

I am a husband, and the parent of five chil. communications, by land and water, will more

employments, in whatever corner necessity dren. My education has been wholly mercanand more find a valuable vent for the com

may drive me, and possibly struggling with tile, and my pursuits wholly in the line of my modities which it brings from abroad, or man

want, is a reverse in prospect to which I hare education. The rage of enterprize, which has ufactures at home. The West derives from

not philosophy enough to be reconciled. But involved many in misfortune and disappointthe East supplies requisite to its growth and

the most decisive objection is, that I am a ment, never tempted me to hazard what was comfort-and what is perhaps of still greater

perfect stranger to the science and the arts of not my own. I relied on the regular augmenconsequence, it must of necessity owe the se

agriculture. The plough, the hoe, and the tation of a small capital by industry ; and for cure enjoyment of indispensable outlets for its

scythe are instruments of which I know the own productions to the weight, influence, and

some time, in a great degree, realized my ex use, by slight observation, but not the man

In the future maritime strength of the Atlantick / pectations. It was at this time I married.

agement. Yet if driven to the country, though side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble Boston I was born in Boston I settled in bus

ignorant, I must work, for I have not the iness in Boston I hoped to draw my latest means of employing labourers. I neither des. community of interest as one nation. Any

breath. Moderate success satisfied my mind ; | pise the occupation of the husbandman, nor other tepure by which the West can hold this essential advantage, whether derived from its for a large fortune had never struck me as a

revolt at physical exertion ; but feel my own condition essential to happiness. The com- incompetence to execute the duties of the own separate strength, or from an apostate

panion of my life accorded with me in this dis and unnatural connection with any foreign

practical farmer. Whether adversity has not position ; our wants were supplied, and the affected my imaging power, must be intrinsically precarious.”

| affected my imagination, is not for me to de. prospect of providing comfortably and respec termine, but such are the views, which obtrude

tably for our children, was the frequent sub- on every side. In town or country, I see GENERAL REGISTER.

ject of our self-congratulation. The circle of nothing before me, but the horrors of poverty. our acquaintance in town was not so extended, The hours I spend in the usual scene of

as to substitute forms for friendship. Our so- l business, where I have experienced so many BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEB. 26, 1814. cial parties were frequent and always pleasant,

prosperous days, are now tedious and vacant. for they were composed of those whom we | There is no employment, but for those who can EUROPEAN. We have no accounts more

esteemed. Our eldest children were in a afford to incur hazard ; or for those whom recent than those by the Ann Alexander. course of elementary education ; and under

rashness impels to act, without any calculaDOMESTICK. As despatches to govern our direction had selected such associates in tion, as to the result. Sharing the general ment were received by the vessel, abovemen their pleasures and amusements, as we were gloom, and overwhelmed by the consciousness tioned, conjecture has been quite alive, as to willing should lead to future intimacy and what might be the result at Washington. They | friendships. Our house was the abode of con- | mature new plans for their future improvement

of my own ruin, I return to iny family ; not to are said to be of no very recent date, and to tentment ; our hearts, of anticipations, not and happiness-not to delight the associate of bring nothing further of negotiation for peace. without solicitude, but without gloom. Health, I all my fortunes, with expressions of satisfac.

tion, and cheerful inquiries, what is wanted for ............ “ In the afternoon I attended divine have been pronounced here within the last our comfort or our pleasures--not to announce service at the chapel, attached to the orphan month on great men, who have died with the the friendly circle, to relax .care, to witness house, so called. This is a charitable institu-l plague. Each excelled tho other in piety, and share our felicity—but to hear the sigh, tion somewhat similar to our Female Asylum, generosity, benevolence, and patriotism. Yet I produced by my silence, and the evidence of but upon a much more extensive plan, emam told, they formed but a small part of the misery, stamped on my brow ; to hear the in- | bracing as objects of its beneficence children of community, and their loss is scarcely pernocent juvenile request, which I cannot grati both sexes, without regard to circumstances of ceived. fy ; to contend with and suppress the emotions birth, &c., and supported by individual sub When I was acquainted only with books of despondence, which a tender but fruitless scription and donations to an extent of liberali. and had not become conversant with men ; I regard to the feelings of my family have indu- ty highly honourable to the city. There are ignorantly thought them every where the ced me to conceal. While revolving in my now within its kindly shelter about seventy same : that they possessed the same notions in mind this sad reverse of fortune, combatting boys and sixty girls, who are comfortably fed every part of the world : and that they were as the recollections of past scenes, to which I and clad, exhibiting the cheering spectacle of much governed by general principles, as they must bid adieu forever-dreading now the ef- | an innocent, industrious, and happy communi. | were sensible to the revolutions of the fects of that sensibility, which won my affec- ty. An extensive square in a remote part of spheres ; the rising and falling of the sea tion and spread a charm over all my enjoy- the city is appropriated for the buildings, with and the effects of heat and cold ;--but I am ments ;-while pacing the room with a fever. a garden sufficiently large to produce all now perfectly convinced that nature has been ed brain-or sitting in a stupid, motionless their vegetables, and a spacious area for the most bountiful to the Amerithenians, and that gaze on some indifferent object, the interroga. children to enjoy their juvenile sports. A they are the greater peoplo inhabiting the tions of my children, originating in impres. school master and mistress are provided to in- earth. One would have thought, that the sions which I had communicated, and rendered struct them; and, as their characters develop universe itself could not have boasted so many habitual in a perfect contrast of circumstances, and their capacities and inclinations ascertain- persons, free from every human frailty, as those often surprises me into a severity of reply, ed, so are they educated. Thus the foundation for whom these eulogies, orations, and sermons which starts the tear of repulsed ingenuous is laid for their future usefulness and respec | were composed. But I was present at many ness, and sharpens the pang of disappointment, tability in society. It is a pleasing fact that times, and no one of the assembly ever rose to by the upbraidings of conscience. Sir, I will many who have received the advantages of contradict the speaker. They rather testified confess to you all my weaknesses. There this noble establishment have already become their approbation and esteem, and clapped have been moments of distraction of mind, its grateful patrons and zealous supporters. their hands together in the air. when I have cast a look of complacency on | Divine service is regularly performed in the The exercise of eloquence, which these cermy pistols, as my friends : but thank Heaven, chapel on the sabbath by the different emonies occasioned, gave me an opportunity the belief that I am still of consequence to | clergymen of the city, and attended by many to admire the perfection of their oratory. In

clergymen of the city, and attended by many those around me, and a sense of moral obliga- of the first families, who occasionally worship no country have I known it so powerful and tion, and the strong ties of attachment, have here, though belonging to other churches; influ. | persuasive ; so correct and pure ; so dignified made me turn from them with horror. . enced by the worthy motive of giving respec- and harmonious ; and so thoroughly free from

I have thus imperfectly sketched a situation, tability to the institution and setting a pious those errours, which render the best models in not conjured up by fiction, but drawn from the example to the orphans, who have thus an op. Babylon exceptionable. life. It is no consolation to me, that I am notportunity of joining with their earthly benefac. They have ingeniously divided it into three alone that many, like me, are now affecting a tors in offering to their common Father in classes denominated « Popular,"« Pulpit" and smile on 'Change, while the prey of inextrica Heaven thanksgiving and praise.

Bar.” Beside these, there is another, the ble embarrassment. My only consolation is, I cannot conclude this interesting subject “ Auctionary," or commercial eloquence. The that my misfortunes can be imputed to no more to my own satisfaction, than by trans. first is used by those who harangue the peocrime of mine, nor am I conscious of any act scribing the words of an elegant historian of ple on national concerns ; the second is pecu. of folly, which has blasted my purposes. The the south-" Thus a free church was constitu- liar to the priests; and the third is practised by several measures which have sacrificed our ted, in which the gospel was preached without the lawyers. The Auctionary eloquence becommerce, have ruined me. It is for those l expense. not only to the

expense, not only to the orphans, but to all longs to those, who embrace the profession of who have planned these measures to judge of who chose to attend. It is remarkable that in vending merchandize in publick places ; and their wisdom; and for that part of the commu- | the various services, which have been perform- | this is by far the most profitable, and requires nity, which has yet an interest in the course of ed by the clergy of different sects of chris- no inconsiderable art. publick affairs, to determine what sort of poli. | tians, nothing has been at any time introduced by the names of Popular, of Pulpit, and of ticians best deserve their support. Events savouring of the peculiarities of sect or party. Bar, you may be induced to imagine a distincmay increase the number of my companions in The truths of the gospel, in which all chris- tion. But to such a degree of refinement calamity, but no event can restore me to my tians are agreed, and the principles of morality, have they attained, that there is no discernible former prospects.


sanctioned by universal consent, have been the difference between them. I should not have

only topicks brought forward. The astonished perceived the variation, had it not been told to FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

hearers, consisting of Jews and Gentiles, Cath me, that those delicate gradations, which sepaASYLUM FOR DESTITUTE BOYS. olicks and Protestants, Christians and infidels, rate the species in the eye of an Amerithenian,

found that religion tended to make men bet- | were so totally confounded in mine, that I con“ Jnasmuch as ve did it unto the least of one of

ter ; and that good men of all denominations sidered the style of the priest precisely like “ these, ye did it unto me.”

substantially meant the same thing. They that of the lawyer, and the manner of the popEvery friend of humanity must feel happy

wondered at the contentions of christians, for ular orator, suited to both. As the chief obin learning that the proposal for an asylum for

they perceived that they all agreed on matters ject of each is to persuade, so they each obpoor and destitute boys meets with very gene.

of the greatest moment, and only differed on serve rules, which seem best calculated to this ral approbation and encouragement. The

subjects of minor importance. From charity purpose, and which are most conformable to great advantages which are every day felt and

in giving, an unexpected transition was made reason, to nature, and to truth. They well acknowledged as resulting from the Female

to charity in thinking. When they intended know, that the ever active mind of man often Asylum-the number of little children, which

nothing more than to relieve the necessities of anticipates those measures, which are made have been “ snatched as brands from the burn

the fatherless, they found their minds gradual- use of to reform his errours, inculcate the prining" by means of that excellent institution,

ly cleared from the narrowness of thinking, | ciples of his duty, and to persuade him to pershould excile the patriotick and charitable of which leads bigots of all descriptions to sup- form it : That, in a regular composition, subthis metropolis to similar exertions in favour

pose themselves exclusively right, and all oth- ject to the shackles of grammatical confine. of the one now contemplated.'.

ers wrong. Their minds expanded with good ment, in which the parts are dependant on We are aware that the calls upon the weal. I will and charity to their fellow citizens, though each other, the speaker often has his labour thy for aiding benevolent establishments have

differing from them in inodes and forms." for his pains, and, like the letting out of water, been many and loud, and we are right glad

when he has proposed one argument, the audithat these calls have been kindly listened to


ence know what is to follow. The orators pay and generously answered.


no attention therefore to disposition in their If in your opinion the following extract of a

discourses. Teacher of Morality in the Recesses of Latin

They introduce the proposition, letter from a gentleman lately at Charleston,

when they see it will be best received. The S. C. should contain any hints which may be guin, from a Wanderer in the West.

narration, confirmation, and refutation, they serviceable, you will have the goodness to in


manage with as much , dexterity, introducing sert it in the Spectator, and oblige one of your í No less than one hundred • Eulogies,"

"Lologies," one in the place of the other, sometimes re.

** readers and a friend to the Asylum.

1. seventy five orations, and fourscore sermons,


peating them, and at others rejecting them al- ' On the 9th Nelson sent Collingwood what y fleets were distinctly seen from the Victory's together. When they perceive unfavourable he called, in his diary, the Nelson-touch. deck, formed in a close line of battle ahead, on symptoms in the audience toward them, they send you," said he, a my plan of attack, as the starboard tack, about twelve miles to ingeniously divert their attentions to some dar. « far as a man dare venture to guess at the Jeeward, and standing to the south. Our fleet ling theme ; they wander over their immense « very uncertain position the enemy may be consisted of twenty-seven sail of the line and tracts of uninbabited territory; extol their valour “ found in : but it is to place you perfectly at four frigates ; theirs of thirty-three, and seven in war, or their wisdom in peace; they fly from ease respecting my intentions, and to give large frigates. Their superiority was greater North to South, from East to West they rc “ full scope to your judgment for carrying in size, and weight of metal, than in pumbers. turn-they instantly sail across the ocean, and 6 them into effect. We can, my dear Coll, They had four thousand troops on board ; and there wait, in some unexplored corner of the “ have no little jealousies. We have only one the best riflemen who could be procured, many globe, till the assembly shall be in a humour to “ great object in view, that of annihilating our of them Tyrolese receive them again. In an oration on a very « enemies, and getting a glorious peace for ships. Little did the Tyrolese, and little did great man, who had made many improvements « our country. No man has more confidence the Spaniards, at that day, imagine what hor. in agriculture, instead of eulogizing his vir.in another than I bave in you ; and no man rours the wicked tyrant whom they served was tues, expatiating on his unbounded charity,“ will render your services more justice than preparing for their country. his inconceivable piety, and his uncommon be- your very old friend Nelson and Bronte.” Soon after day-light Nelson came upon deck. neficence, the speaker entered into the history | The order of sailing was to be the order of The 21st of October was a festival in his fami. of the French wars, and the advantages of mak- battle : the fleet in two lines, with an advanc- ly ; because on that day his uncle, Captain ing cider ; for he very wisely perceived, thated squadion of eight of the fastest sailing two- Suckling, in the Dreadnought, with two other there were some in the assembly disaffected to-deckers. The second, in command, having line of battle ships, had beaten off a French ward the deceased. This dexterity of address the entire direction of his line, was to break squadron of four sail of the line and three is universal, although there is seldom occasion through the enemy, about the twelfth ship frigates. ' Nelson, with that sort of supersti. to exert it ; and so confident are the orators of from their rear : he would lead through the tion from which few persons are entirely ex. their own powers, and of the success wbich in centre, and the advanced squadron was to cut empt, had more than once expressed his per xariably attends them, that they begin their off three or four ahead of the centre. This suasion that this was to be the day of his bat. speeches with the appropriate epithet “ My plan was to be adapted to the strength of the | tle also ; and he was well pleased at seeing ENLIGHTENED FELLOW CITIZENS.".

enemy, so that they should always be one | his prediction about to be verified. The wind Farewel.

fourth superior to those whom they cut off. was now from the west,light breezes, with a CLOSE OF LORD NELSON'S GLORI

Nelson said, “ That his admirals and captains, long heavy swell. Signal was made to bear

o knowing his precise object to be that of a down upon the enemy in two lines ; and the OUS LIFE.

as close and decisive action, would supply any feet set all sail. Collingwood, in the Royal Continued.

a deficiency of signals, and act accordingly. In | Sovereign, led the lee live of thirteen ships : * At this time he was not without some lu case signals cannot be seen or clearly under- | the Victory led the weather line of fourteen. cause of anxiety : he was in want of frigates, «stood, no captain can do wrong if he places | Having seen that all was as it should be, Nel-the eyes of the fleet, as he always called « his ship alongside that of an enemy." One | son retired to his cabin, and wrote this prayer: them :-to the want of which, the enemy be

1 of the last orders of this admirable man was, “ May the great God, whom I worship, fore were indebted for their escape, and Bone that the name and family of every officer, sea- “ grant to my country, and for the benefit of aparte for his arrival in Egypt. He had only man, and marine, who might be killed or “ Europe in general, a great and glorious victwenty-three ships,-others were on the way, I wounded in action, should be, as soon as pos-“ tory ; and may no misconduct in any one -but they might come too late ; and, though

sible, returned to him, in order to be transmit. " tarnish it ; and may humanity after victory Nelson never doubted of victory, mere victory ted to the chairman of the patriotick fund, | “ be the predominant feature in the British was not what he looked to, he wanted to annie that the case might be taken into considera « fleet! For myself individually, I commit hilate the enemy's fleet. The Carthagenation, for t

tion, for the benefit of the sufferer, or his fam: “ my life to Him that made me ; and may His squadron might effect a junction with this fleet | ily.

« blessing alight on my endeavours for serving on the one side ; and, on the other, it was to

| About half past nine in the morning of the “ my country faithfully! To Him I resign be expected that a similar attempt would be 19th, the Mars, being the nearest to the fleet“ myself, and the just cause which is intrust. made by the French from Brest; in either of the ships which formed the line of commu- | « ed to me to defend. Amen, Amen, Amen." case, a formidable contingency to be appre nication with the frigates in shore, repeated

To be continued. hended by the blockading force. The Roche- the signal, that the enemy were coming out of fort squadron did push out, and had nearly port. The wind was at this time very light, caught the Agamemnon and l'Amiable, in with partial breezes, mostly from the S. S. W.

POETRY. their way to reinforce the British admiral. Nelson ordered the signal to be made for a Yet Nelsun at this time weakened his own chase in the southeast quarter. About two,

TO Ho tell ******************. fleet. He had the unpleasant task to perform the repeating ships announced, that the enemy

By Beloe. of sending home Sir Robert Calder, whose were at sea. All night the British fleet conconduct was to be made the subject of a court-1 tinued under all sail steering to the south-east. ON thee, chaste spirit of connubial love, martial, in consequence of the general dissatis. At day-break they were in the entrance of the Who rather will ’mid humbler scenes abide, faction which had been felt and expressed at Straits, but the enemy were not in sight. About Than where the artist in his gaudiest pride, his imperfect victory. Sir Robert Caldar. and seven, one of the frigates made signal that the | Hangs vaulted roofs, a senseless crowd above. Sir John Orde, Nelson believed to be the only enemy were bearing north. Upon this, the two enemies whom he had ever had in his | Victory hove to ; and shortly afterwards Nel On thee I call to be my guide and friend, profession ;-and, from that sensitive delicacy son made sail again to the northward. In the To gild the hours which hasten life along ; which distinguished him, this made him the afternoon the wind blew fresh from the south Do thou correct my thoughts, iuspire my song, more scrupulously anxious to show every west, and t

west, and the English began to fear that the | And thy sweet balm for human sorrows lend. possible mark of respect and kindness to Sir | foe might be forced to return to port. A lit. Robert. He wished to detain him till after the tle before sunset, however, Blackwood, in the But in my Laura's form thou must appear, expected action ; when the services which he Euryalus, telegraphed, that they appeared de. Whose beauty first enthrall'd my willing heart, might perform, and the triumphant joy which termined to go to the westward," And Whose well tried virtues now perform the part, would be excited, would leave nothing to be that,” said the admiral in his diary, " they Which makes a parent, wife and friend so dear. apprehended from an inquiry into the previous “ shall not do, if it is in the power of Nelson

Give me to strew her paths with simple flow'rs, engagement. Sir Robert, however, whose sit-and Bronte to prevent them.” Nelson had

Cull’d, gentle Peace, from thy delightful bow'rs. uation was very painful, did not choose to de signified to Blackwood, that he depended uplay a trial, from the result of which he confi- on him to keep sight of the enemy. They dently expected a complete justification : and were observed so well, that all their motions

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR Nelson, instead of sending him home in a frig. were made known to him ; and, as they wore

JOHN PARK, ate, insisted on his returning in his own ninety twice, he inferred that they were aiming to gun ship ; ill as such a ship could at that time keep the port of Cadiz open, and would re

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, be spared. Nothing could be more honoura. treat there as soon as they saw the British

NO. 4 CORNHILL. ble than the feeling by which Nelson was in- | fleet : for this reason he was very careful not

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. Auenced ; but, at such a crisis, it ought not to approach near enough to be seen by them to have been indulged.

** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding during the night. At day-break the combined






NO. X.


separation inquiring-must we then quietly ed advocates of the war. The Marylanders,

submit to certain destruction ? Must we pro- the Virginians and Carolinians, cannot but disPOR THE BOSTON BPECTATOR.

tract a connexion which subjects us to the cover these striking facts. They must disNO. III.

sacrifice of every thing but life ? Must we cover that, in their hostility to us, they have

still endure a government which is ingenious been fatal enemies to themselves. That to THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES in reducing us to want and misery?

distress the whole country between Maine and MUST BE PRESERVED.

God forbid that I should so mistake the char- Georgia, was to people and enrich the whole The brief but comprehensive remarks of acter, or turn traitor to the interests, of my l tract from the lakes to New Orleans. · President Washington on the mutual relation fellow citizens. If there were no alternative, It is not pretended that these important between the northern and southern states, a separation, a speedy'separation were devouto considerations will certainly cure our southern would admit of ample illustration ; but expe- ly to be wished. Not only so, but, in justice to brethren of their folly, and unite them to us in rience has rendered it unnecessary. Our the reputation of this suffering cominunity, I policy, as we are respectively united in interest. coasting trade, which was immense, was proof would add, that it could not be averted that Passion, we know, often maintains an obstienough, that his views were correct ; and be- it would soon be effected. A large portion of nate and sometimes a successful combat with sides that, it is well known, that, while the the New England population is already driven reason, nor are habitual prejudices easily commercial marine was principally furnished to desperation by the tyranny of rulers, against eradicated. But the course which we must and owned in the north, a large proportion of whose oppression we have no further consti- take, if we can expect no relief, is of such it has been wanted and cinployed in the south. tutional resource. We have expostulated, pe.moinent, it would seem to be the dictate of Were the unity of country to cease, the south titioned, remonstrated and even menaced, until discretion and duty to await the result of could still, in time of peace, find a market, l our disgrace has equalled our wrongs.

causes, now in operation ; and ascertain that perhaps a competition in market, for its pro

We cannot do more by words—and between inferences, which forcibly present themselves, duce ; but separated from us, what could se

words and actions, there is a very important are obstinately disregarded. : cure their tranquillity ? If, as one of their and critical distinction.

and critical distinction.


It has often been re In the mean time let us be preparing our most eloquent orators bas stated in Congress,

marked by venerable statesmen, and has re- minds for either event. Whether Peace come, it is now the case that, when the bell rings

cently been repeated both in legislative de- or War continue, does not materially affect unexpectedly, the mother instinctively presses bate, and in our publick prints, that it is im- the question of our future destinies. In war her infant closer to her bosom, what would be possible to define the particular point, in time or in peace, the domestick policy of the federal their situation, if severed from our free white or circumstance, when a portion of subjects or government may easily be so directed, as to population ? Discriminating dutics are but a citizens are authorized, by the immutable blast our prospects, and hold us fast bound in trifling tax for the security of life. On the principles of equity and duty, to set the con- | poverty and dependence, if we acquiesce, or other hand, deduct from our navigation its em- stiluted authorities at defiance. That point are not strengthened by an enlightened and. ployment in the south, and a large portion of however may be described in general terms. equitable policy in the South. What must be the wealth of New England would disappear.! When the obligation of self-preservation re- our remed: ? That the whole Atlantick range of states are l quires the risk of all consequences to obtain remarkably adapted, by nature, to a confedera- | a change. When there is a reasonable pros

GOVERNOUR STRONG. ted, or common government, wirli a power to pect of effecting a change for the better. It is rather from a disposition to conform to. promote each other's prosperity; is a position When : he community proposing to act, are so custom, than from a mistrust of the consisten. too plain to require argument. A separation strong as to afford a reasonable hope of soc- cy and correctness of the citizens of Massatherefore must be a serious disadvantage to l cess.

chusetts, that we offer any argumeut, in favour both parties, and ought not to be contemplated. It appears to me, but I offer an opinion of the reelection of Governour STRONG. If the

But have not a supercilious pride, a local with deference, which I know opposed by not people of this state could be supposed to jealousy, a mean, contracted, hypocritical sys- a few that the tiine has not actually arrived, change with the moon, to be zealous in favour tem of policy, in rebellion against the God of when it becomes a positive duty to take any of a distinguished patriot' one month, and on nature, sacrificed our portion of the advanta- decisire ster, which should have for its object the next, ready, like a Roman mob, to throw ges which were once derivcrl from our politie | an important change in the political relation him from the Tarpeian rock, we should supe cal relation ? Unquestionably. Instead of en of the states; and for this sole, but, as I con pose a new candidate migbt supersede 'him. couragement, protection, or even liberty to ceive, weighty reason.

If such is not our character, bis reelection canexercise our woated indusiry and enterprise, The Avantick states of the south have, thus not be doubted, has not the federal government, for ten years far, given their support to those measures, The course which Mr. Strong would pur. past, pursued a course of measures teuding which have destroyed our prosperity. The | sue, if chosen last April, was anticipated by directly to inipoverish and ruin the north ?-10 selfishness of their demagogues ; the super- | the people, who well knew his sentime make us abject colonisis-10 destroy our cilious character of the people generally ; | His recommendation was that he wo wisi. means of acquiring property--10 force us their jealousy; their blindness to their weak | precisely what he has done. On' * do from our native soil, or remain the degradedness; their ignorance of the difficulties to be en he obtained a large 'majority o aig ground subjects of a government, which, instead of a countered in their visionary projects ; their of his fellow citizens; and the suffrages blessing, has become a curse ? Undoubtedly. I shallow inattention to consequences upon that his adherence to no cannot conceive Will not a few years more of such manage. themselves--all contributed to unite them with have had any other those principles can ment depopulate our sea-port towns, and the desperadoes west of the mountains. They confidence, whir' ditect, than to confirm the spread desolation through the interior ? Has I have been the dupes of their envy, their vanity | he was last who was reposed in him, when not the federal constitution, which was adopt. and their ignorance.' They have ruined our the state. illed to the chief magistracy of ed by us for the purpose of defending our comnierce, they have plunged the country in- Th rights, increasing our prosperity,“ promoting to war. They have sunk us as low

Ta' a majority of the people of Massachų.

1.4:08 believe this war unnecessary. It is the the general welfare, and securing the blessings could wish-but they have paid dearly for '. of liberty to ourselves and posterity,” been so

A avowed opinion of Governour. Strong. their folly. The navigation of the Unice

They administered, by those over whoni, owing to a oni, owing to a l States was the first sacrifice, but ". next I tenanced. He has exercised his constitiilional

recent wished its further progress might be discoun-change of circumstances, we have no control, blow fell on southern agriculture, sve no control. I blow fell on southern agriculture. The war authority for that purpose; if not so efectually

he was as to invade our national rights, ruin our pros. bas pressed heavily on the woole Atlantick perisy. sacrifice the general welfare, destroy

as some wished; they are not among his prescoast, while it has driven an immense popula- | ent opponents. He has refuser! to sport the our liberty, and entail heavy burthens upon tion to the western country, string: birth to a our posterity ?

lives of our fellow I new world, opening a new sphere of action

citizens, gratuitously, as I can deny none of these implied positions, new prospects of amhiğion-new hopes of Canada, a sacrifice to the folly of a profligate

some men would, on the dreary frontiers of and anticipate the indigpalit advocate. of a wealth to those, who, aldus, , WELS the interest | Wilkinson, or any project of a. useless and

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