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power. Athens, Rome, Paris and London, The very youths scem to possess an intuitive they stood still, and began the lesser stanza, have all had their periods of enormity, but sense of harmony, and, even while they are yet to which they gave the name of epodi. The this city has never been the seat of virtue, or unable to manage their instruments, they imi- strophe, say they, imitates the motion of the science, or glory. It presents to us only the tate the notes with which their nurses inspire higher sphere. The antistrophe denotes that spectacle of perverted power, with the most somnolency.

of the planets, and the epodi represents the monstrous, and barbarous learning, even more The style of musical composition here is al- repose of the earth.--Preposterous ! the mumischievous than the beastly ignorance which together original. It bears no analogy to that sick of the singing dancers, and the composi. has succeeded it. The misanthropist who of the Italians, which at best is but a combina- tions they recite, bear no more resemblance would wish to inspire others with his own tion of unmeaning sost sounds. It is as widely to our chaunts and our harmonies, than the uncontempt and abhorrence of mankind, the athe- different from the Chinese musick, as it is meaning circles they describe are like those ist who would persuade us to disbelieve the ex- from our own. It combines the tenderness of of the spheres which they pretend to imitate. istence of God, because of the depravity of the Welch with the martial spirit of the Adieu. man,* should write the history of Constantino- Scotch, and possesses a power of inspiration I send you two storms, a siege, and a battle ; ple."

peculiar to itself. The most celebrated coin-| the words of the first, beginning, “ gently o'er • Are not these people as miserable as vicious ? positions contain an endless variety of notes, the sea's soft bosom,” were written by a lady

and require what the learned in the science of great merit.

term a double execution. The chief object in FOR TIE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

their contrivance seems to consist in refecting CLOSE OF LORD NELSON'S GLORIFrom Pfsi-foang to Leinwha, Professor of Mo- thc notes so ingeniously one against the other,

OUS LIFE. rality in the city.of Latinguin on the borders that the second sounds like the echo of the

Concluded. of Babylon. first, beside the tone of itself; which has oc

« The enemy continged to fire a gun at a LETTER VIII. casioned it to be called the economy of mu

time at the Victory, till they saw that a shot I once thought it impossible for me ever to sick. It is said by a writer on harmony, that

had passed through her main-top-gallant-sail ; have acquired a fondness for musick. You in all true performances, especially in those

then they opened their broadsides, aiming well remember, that, so dull was I in compre- representing battles, sieges, and night-pieces,

chiefly at her rigging, in the hope of disabling hending the principles of this delightful sei- the “ bass" should seem to take alarm first, ence, you persuaded me to relinquish' the and run up toward the “ treble” for protection,

her before she could close with them. Nel

son, as usual, had hoisted several fags, lest study of it. Since my arrival here, I have re-while the timid “ treble" should seem to catch

one should be shot away. The enemy showed pewed my application, and you would be sur. the agitation, and hastily fly down to the pow

no colours till late in the action, when they beprised to find the proficiency I have made. erful bass," and during the heat of action There is not so much merit in this, however, they should alternately run backward and for

gan to feel the necessity of having them to

strike. For this reason, the Santissima Trinas you may at first imagine, for they are all ward, apparently calling upon each other. In

idad, Nelson's old acquaintance, as he used to musicians here ; he who cannot speak upon a composition of moderate length the simple

call her, was distinguishable only by her four the, quaver or the semidemiquaver, inay as sounds are incalculable, and they receive addi

decks ; and to the bow of this opponent he w shut himself up at home and never come tional force from the manner in which they

ordered the Victory to be steered. Mean-time imo society. The Amerithenians possess a are performed ; for if it be upon an instru

an incessant raking fire was kept upon the most delicate and refined taste for musick. It / ment with strings and keys, the players must

Victory. The admiral's secretary was one of is one of the cardinal parts of education wiib sing at the same time, and so accommodate

the first who fell : he was killed by a cannon them ; and they are unquestionably the first the voice to the sound, produced from the

shot, while conversing with Hardy. Captain performers on wind instruments. Their na- strings, that nei:her of them shall be distinctly

Adair, of the marines, with the help of a sailtional ditties, which are short poems, written in perceived. while the fingers and arms are to

or, endeavoured to remove the body from Nelthe purest and most animated style, are sung be so rapidly exercised, that the eyes of the

son's sight, who had a great regard for Mr. in the streets by the citizens and peasants: no hearer are as much delighted as his ears. It

Scott ; but he anxiously asked : “Is that poor one can hear them, without feeling very sensi- was undeniably an errour in the eastern nations bly affected. Whenever I chance to meet to place the excellence of musick in its sim

Scott that's gone ?” and being informed that it with any of those singers, there is something

was indeed so, exclaimed : “ Poor fellow !" plicity and conformity to nature. The very

Presently a double-headed shot struck a party m their tone and manner, which always makes intention of musick is to excel nature by art.

of marines, who were drawn up on the poop, me wish to be in my native country; for they | The ancients possessed less skill and ingenuiare ever full of the praise of home and their ty, than the younger nations, in managing both

and killed eight of them : upon which Nel

son immediately desired Captain Adair to disown land. They recite the deeds of their an- their wind and stringed instruments. cestors, and threaten annihilation to their ene- Our legends, our inonuments, and our coins,

perse his men round the ship, that they might

not suffer so much from being together. A mies, which is always professed with the ut- prove the city of Latinguin to be the most an

few minutes afterwards a shot struck the fore most enthusiasm. These popular ballads are tient in all the East. That we were a colony

brace bits on the quarter deck, and passed bestrongly inclicative of national character, and settler! by Apollo and other gods, you well

tween Nelson and Hardy, a splinter from the are well calculated to prolong the fame of know; and until they became jealous of our

1 bit tearing off Hardy's buckle and bruising his their heroes, and to inspire the people with happiness, and descended in such throngs as to

foot. Both stopped, and looked anxiously at military emulation. I have often been witness crowd us out of our houses and our homes, they

| each other, each supposing the other to be to their influence, when I have stopped to lis- / had not created another spot of earth for our

wounded. Nelson then smiled, and said : ten to them in the publick ways, or after their migration. As all arts and sciences therefore feasting on great and solemn occasions. At must have originated with us, it is curious to

“ This is too warm work, Hardy, to last long."

The Victory had not yet returned a single certain parts of the performance, declaratory observe the different mutilations they have of their resolution and firmness in war, their undergone by different nations. The Egyp

gun : fifty of her men had been by this time

killed or wounded, and her main-top-mast, mildness and wisdom in peace, or expressive tians have been called our most successful imiof their fame and enjoyments ; the audience itators, but how widely do they differ from us

with all her studding sails and their booms,

shot away. Nelson declared, that, in all his can no longer contain their approbation. But, in almost every thing! I have thought the

battles, he had seen nothing which surpassed throwing their hats into the air, jumping up, Chinese superiour to the Egyptians ; the man.

| the cool courage of his crew on this occasion. or stamping with their feet ; they all join the ner in which they urge their claim to antiquity

At four minutes after twelve sine opened her singer in the most exalted strain. I have is certainly very ingenious. It is said by igno

fire from both sides of her deck. It was rot heard an assembly of five thousand citizens rant historians, that the Grecians have produ

possible to break the enemy's line without passionately chanting, in this manner, part of 'ced the finest odes. In what do they resemble their favourite Pæan. ours ! In their odes they formed two lar

running on board one of their ships : Hardy

informed him of this, and asked wbich he ger stanzas, and one less. The first they “We're so brave, independent, and valorous too,

would prefer. Nelson replied : “ Take your named a strophe ; singing it, and dancing it at And so free, that we scarcely can tell what to do.

| the same time. The second they called the We are no more afraid of the world than a feather,

“ choice, Hardy, it does not signify naimh.” We'll fight Europe, Asia, and Afric together. antistrophe, in which they still continued to

The master was then ordered to put the helm

to port, and the Victory ran on board the ReWe're all so enlighten'd,

sing and dance. In the strophe they danced We're not to be frighten:d ;

doutable, just as her tiller roses were shot one way, and in the antistrophe they danced Qur shafts are all dipt and our bowstrings are tighten'd, another. When they had arrived at the place

away. The French ship received her with a Por ne'er shall fire burn where there's water to quench! from which they sat out, or were so breathless,

broadside ; then instantly let down her lower While the hammer that drives a pail ever can cleach it.

deck ports, for fear of being boarded through I suppose with singing and dancing at the them, and never afterwards fired a creat un Sing tol de col, tod de rol, fiddle de de."

same time, that they were obliged to pause ; 1 der

mged to pause during the action. Her tops, like dose of all

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the enemy's ships, were filled with riflemen. i was in great pain, and expressed much anxiety / and kissed his cheek; and Nelson said, “ Now Nelson never placed musketry in his tops; he for the event of the action, which now began “ I am satisfied. Thank God I have done my had a strong dislike to the practice ; not mere. I to declare itself. As often as a ship struck," duty." Hardy stood over him in silence for ly because it endangers setting fire to the the crew of the Victory hurraed; and at every | a moment or two; then knelt again, and kissed sails, but also because it is a murderous sort of burra, a visible expression of joy gleamed in his forehead. « Who is that ?" said Nelson ; warfare, by which individuals may suffer, and a the eyes, and marked the countenance, of the and being informed, he replied, “ God bless commander, now and then, be picked off, but dying hero. But he became impatient to see “ you, Hardy.” And Hardy then left himwhich never can decide the faie of a general Captain Hardy ; and as that officer, though forever. engagement.

often sent for, could not leave the deck, Nele Nelson now desired to be turned upon his Captain Harvey, in the Temeraire, fell on son feared that some fatal cause prevented right side, and said : " I wish I had not left board the Redoutable on the other side. him, and repeatedly cried : " Will no one “ the deck ; for I shall soon be gone.” Death Another enemy was in like manner on board “ bring Hardy to me? He must be killed ! was, indeed, rapidly approaching. He said to the Temeraire : so that these four ships form " He is surely dead !"-An hour and ten min. the chaplain : « Doctor, I have not been a ed as compact a tier as if they had been moor utes elapsed, from the time when Nelson re. " great sinner :” and, after a short pause, ed together, their heads lying all the same ceived his wound, before Hardy could come to “ Remember that I leave Lady Hamilton, and way. The lieutenants of the Victory, seeing him. They shook hands in silence ; Hardy in / “ my daughter Horatia, as a legacy to my this, depressed their guns of the middle and vain struggling to suppress the feelings of that « country." His articulation now became diflower decks, and fired with a diminished most painful, and yet sublimest moment. ficult ; but he was distinctly heard to say, charge, lest the shot should pass through, and - Well, Hardy,” said Nelson, “ how goes the 1 « Thank God, I bave done my duty !" These injure the Temeraire. And because there was 6 day with us?"-" Very well,” replied Har- words he had repeatedly pronounced ; and danger that the Redoutable might take fire dy ; " ten ships have struck, but five of their they were the last words which he uttered. from the lower-deck guns, the muzzles of 6 van have tacked, and show an intention of He expired at thirty minutes after four, which touched her side when they were run « bearing down upon the Victory. I have three hours and a quarter after he had receir. ou: ; the fireman of each gun stood ready with “ called two or three of our fresh ships round, ed his wound." a bucket of water ; which, as soon as the gun and have no doubt of giving them a drubo i was discharged, he dashed into the hole made u bing."-" I hope," said Nelson, « none of

POÉTRY. by the shot. An incessant fire was kept up 1 " our ships have struck ?" Hardy answered, from the Victory from both sides ; her lar " There was no fear of that." Then, and not

SELECTED board guys playing upon the Bucentaure and till then, Nelson spoke of himself. “ I am a

REMONSTRANCE TO WINTER.. the huge Santissima Trinidad.

« dead man, Hardy," said he : “ I am going It had been part of Nelson's prayer, that the « fast :-it will be all over with me soon.

AH! why, unfeeling Winter, why British fleet might be distinguished by human- « Come nearer to me. Let my dear Lady Still flags thy torpid wing! ity in the victory which he expected. Setting “ Hamilton have my hair, and all other things Fly, melancholy season, flyan example himself, he twice gave orders to “ belonging to me." Hardy observed, that he and yield the year to Spring. cease firing upon the Redoubtale, supposing hoped Mr. Beatty could yet hold out some that she had struck, because her great guns prospect of life. « Oh no !” he replied : “ it

Spring,--the young cherubim of love, were silent ; for, as she carried no flag, there is impossible. My back is shot through.

An exile in disgrace,was no means of instantly ascertaining the Beatty will tell you so." Capt. Hardy then, Flits o'er the scene like Noah's dove, fact. From this ship, which he had thus twice once more, shook hands with him ; and with a Nor finds a resting place. spared, he received his death. A ball fired heart almost bursting, hastened upon deck. When on the mountain's azure peak, from her mizen-top, which, in the then situa By this tine all feeling below the breast

Alights her fairy form, tion of the two vessels, was not more than fif. | was gone ; and Nelson, having made the sur.

Cold blow the winds,-and dark and bleak, teen yards from that part of the deck where he geon ascertain this, said to him: “ You know was standing, struck the epaulette on his left

Around her rolls the storm.

I am gone. I know it. I'feel something shoulder,-about a quarter after one, just in « rising in my breast,”-putting his hand on If to the valley she repair, the heat of the action. He fell upon his face, his left side," which tells me so." And For shelter and defence, on the spot which was covered with his poor upon Beatty's inquiring whether his pain was | Thy wrath pursues the mourner there, secretary's blood. Hardy, who was a few very great ? he replied, “ So great, that he

so great, that he ! And drives her, weeping, thence. steps from him, turning round, saw three men “ wished he was dead. Yet," said he in a raising him up. “ They have done for me at lower voice, “ one would like to live a little She seeks the brook--the faithless brook, a last, Hardy," said he, “I hope not !" cried longer too !” And after a few minutes, in the Ofher unmindful grown, Hardy. “ Yes," he replied ; « my back bone same under tone, he added : “ What wculd feels the chill magiek of thy look, * is shot through." Yet even now, not for a become of poor lady Hamilton, if she knew And lingers into stone. moment losing his presence of mind, be ob- “ my situation !” Next to his country, she served, as they were carrying him down the occupied his thoughts. Captain Hardy, some

She wooes her embryo flowers, in vain, Jadder, that the tiller ropes, which had been fifty minutes after he had left the cockpit, re

To rear their infant heads ; shot away, were not yet replaced, and ordered turned ; and again taking the hand of his dy- Deaf to her that new ones shouid be love immediately :- ing friend and commander, congratulated him i Enchanted in their beds. then, that he migbt not be seen by the crew, | on having gained a complete victory. How i in vain she bids the trees expand he took out his handkerchief, and covered his many of the enemy were taken he did not face and his stars.--Had he but concealed these | know, as it was impossible to perceive them l Bure in the wilderness they stand.

Their green, luxuriant charms; badges of honour from the enemy, England, distinctly :--but fourteent or fifteen at least. perhaps, would not have had cause to receive“ That's well,” cried Nelson ; “ but I bar

And stretch their withering arına with sorrow the news of the battle of Trafalgar. « gained for twenty." And then, in a strong. Her favourite birds, in feeble notes, The cockpit was crowded with wounded er voice, he said : « Anchor, Hardy; anchor.”

Lament thy long delay ; and dying men ; over whose bodies he was Hardy, upon this, hinted that Admiral Col.

And strain their little stammering throats with some difficulty conveyed, and laid upon a lingwood would take upon himself the direcpallet in the midshipmen's birth.

To charm thy rage away. It was soon tion of affairs. “ Not while I live, Hardy !" perceived, upon examination, that the wound | said the dying Nelson, ineffectually endeavour. | Ah! why, usurping Winter, why was mortal. This, however, was concealed ing to raise himself from the bed : « Do you Still Alags thy frozen wing? from all, except Captain Hardy, the chaplain, anchor." His previous order for preparing to Fly, unrelenting tyrant, flyand the medical attendants. He himself being anchor had 'shown how clearly be foresaw the

And yield the year to Spring ! certain, from the sensation in his back, and the necessity of this. Presently, calling Hardy gush of blood which he felt momently wishin back, he said to him, in a low voice, “ Don't

worrosrsrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrum

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR his breast, that no human care could avail throw me overboard :" and he desired that he him, insisted that the surgeon should leave might be buried by his parents, unless it

JOHN PARK, him, and attend to those to whom he might be should please the king to order otherwise.

By MUNROE & FRANCIS, useful ; “ For,” said he, “ you can do nothing Then, reverting to private feelings : “ Take

No. 4 CORNHIIL. « for me.”—All that could be done was to fan" care of my dear Lady Hamilton, Hardy :

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. him with paper, and frequently to give him “ take care of poor Lady Hamilton."- Kiss Jemonade, to alleviate his intense thirst. He“ me Hardy," said he.' Hardy knelt down,

.. Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding

numbers.

ers rem

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1814.

NO. XII.

POLITICAL

| power on any side-she can therefore easily. In such a case, Tuscany, formerly the prop

overawe, or corrupt the smaller and weaker erty of the house of Austria, might be given FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

states. There must be, and there are, I know, to the king of Sardinia, as an indemnity for ON THE PROBABLE FUTURE STATE

many individuals in Italy, and Holland, and the loss of Savoy and Piedmont.

Switzerland, who owe their fortunes and con As to the Papal dominions, I see no reason OF EUROPE.

sequence to France. The richest and most wby they should not be restored in full soveIt is certainly desirable, for the 'repose of powerful man at Rome, who now enjoys a reignty to the see of Rome. the world, (which needs repose as much as it dukedoni and an immense revenue, was a lac 1 All danger, arising from the temporal or has ever done), that some permanent balance quey, who is indebted to France and his spiritual power of the Sovereign Pontiff, has of power should be established in Europe. treachery to Italian interests for his title and | long since vanished ; and it is to be desired, Whether this balance shall be formed precise- estates.

that the seat of ancient and modern arts, once ly as it was before the French revolution, or These men (and they are numerous) will be the mistress of the world, respectable even in by making new parties to the compact, and ar- very dangerous, if the feeble and divided gov her decline, should be enjoyed by a sovereign, ranging the materials in such a manner as | ernments of ancient times are restored. who from his prosession must be a favourer of will not easily be disturbed, is of very little 1 They can only be repressed by a strong and letters, and who should possess sufficient inimportance. It is a subject, however, of curi- | extensive government, over which they can come and territory to preserve the splendour ous speculation ; and although we can arrive i hope to do little by their intrigues.

of Rome, and its valuable specimens of the at no satisfactory result, so much depending on Such are some of the objections. There are fine arts from dilapidation and decay. accident, the chance of arms, or, to speak also as many difficulties. How is it possible These are only a few of the ideas, which more correctly, the pleasure of the Almighty, to restore Spain and Portugal to their former have occurred to me, on the interesting subject yet it is a pleasant occupation to think upon condition ? Will the Spanish nation consent of the future division of power. subjects of so much interest, and to form an- to return to their degraded state ? Will they ticipations as to future events of such uncom- | restore to the monarch all his powers, and sur

PAPER MONEY. mon importance.

render the sweets of self government ?. Or To the restoration of the old balance of Eu- is it believed, that a compromisc can be made, NOTHING but esperience can teach the mass rope there seem to be some very serious ob- which shall leave Spain a limited monarchy, of the people the true nature of paper money. jections, and, in effecting it, some as-impor

| When a government or a body of individuals tant difficulties. The great number of small Can the Bourbon race, on the throne of issue pieces of paper, which command the states in Germany and Italy rendered the ma- | Spain, defend that country against France ? necessaries of life, or other property, the mulchine not only complicated, and therefore lia- | Will not the royal and republican parties intitude are ready, at first, to conclude there is ble to derangement; but it opened an easy road that kingdom quarrel, and one of them again an intrinsick value in them, because they find to the intrigues of the more powerful nations, invite France to take part in the contests ? they are received as gold and silver. As, in the science of intrigue, the Frenchman, I confess this is what I fear; and I cannot But we have had some serious lessons, from causes which are of a permanent nature, I look forward to the future state of the Penin- which now render a mistake from such vismust always have the advantage over the sula without great anxiety.

ionary associations.impracticable. During the Englishman, Russian, or Austrian ; any system, But the most serious difficulties will arise last war, it was in vain a slip of paper was which admits and invites much diplomatick in Italy. This country, the garden of Europe, stamped wh characters of fair promise. It management, must be unfavourable to the per-| once its mistress, with seventeen millions of | was found that the government had nothing to manent quiet of Europe. France, be her fu- ! active, ingenious, and naturally brave inhabi pay, but another flood of paper ; of course it ture monarch whom he may, will bear with a i tants, has long been the object of French cu- sunk to nothing. Since the war, banks came very ill grace, and worse temper, the humilia- pidity, and has more than once enabled her to in fashion. Paper was issued, on the credit of tion to which she is now compelled to submit. | subdue Germany. It was to the power

subdue Germany. It was, to the power, which actual deposits of the precious metals. The Those who attribute all or even the greatest | Charlemagne acquired from the conquest of intelligent knew their security, and did not part of her ambitious projects to the present Italy, that he was in a great measure indebted refuse it currency. The credulous multitude Emperour, know little of her character, and for the hard bought victories he afterwards ob- followed, without any inquiry. But owing to still less of her history. Under weak and im- tained in Germany. It may be affirmed also, this credulity, banking principles were abused, becile monarchs, her Richelieus and her Maza- | that the wealth and troops, which Bonaparte and we were again deluged with paper, which rins have shown as much ambition, as Bona. drew from Italy, enabled him to afford his pro- could not be redeemed by specie. The losses, in parte ; and if they did not overthrow the bal.tection to the Rhenish confederacy, built on the which almost every individual has shared, arie.. ance of power in Europe, as was their design, | ruins of the ancient Germanick constitution. ing from this fraud, has now made the theory it was only because they were not favoured How then is Italy to be secure ? Its fron- of paper money familiar. Is the bank good? by such a political convulsion, as was the tier is, to be sure, protected by the Alps.; but that is does it give gold or silvor for this, onFrench revolution ; à convulsion, which made these have proved a feeble defence from the demand ? is a point to be ascertainer, before a whole nation soldiers, and fit instrumenis days of Hannibal to those of Bonaparte.

the most uninformed will take any bill. for foreign conquest, at the same time that it Piedmont is the most inviting, yet defence How then, in the name of common senso shattered every monarchy in Europe, and pres less country in Europe, It has some fortress- can our Congress-men be so infatuated, as to pared them for subjection. It would ther es ; but what are they, in the hands of a mon ihink of circulating paper, to meet the expens fore be a serious calamity to have Germary arch of a country with a population of oneses of this war, when every citizen in the left in as subdivided, corruptible a state, as it million and an half ? against a nation, who can Union knows, if it is done, it will be because anciently was. The same remark is stil | boast thirty millions of subjects ?

their substantial means are wholly exhausted ? more applicable to Italy. The Emperour of It appears to me impossible to protect Italy, Instead of gold and silver at Washington, the Germany may overawe, and give something if the feeble government of Savoy iş restored security will be the chance that our children like an unity of will to the Germanick body; | to its ancient rights.

will pay the taxes we entail upon them the but there has not been, and there cannot b., 1 If Italy is to be protected, luscious and in- disposition of no one knows who, some twenty without founding a new monarchy, any powa viting as it is, it must have a guardian at least or thirty years hence, to demand such taxes, so preeminent in Italy, as to keep that turbi. | as powerful as Austria.

Vand appropriate them for the payment of a lent, rebellious people in order.

If Piedmont, Genoa, the Milanese, Ferrara, dead horse. Another objection to the restoration of tle Parma, Bologna, and the Venetian territories": The suggestion has struck a general alarm, old balance of Europe is, that France, who, f- should be given to Austria, it would be of little and justly. Every man, who is a creditor, ter all her sufferings, will be the most dang. moment what should be done with the rest and hears of paper money, issued by a governrous pow er in Europe, is surrounded by thee of Italy, because you would completely shut meat without funds, but raising an army of fifa small countries. She does not touch any.grat | out French arms, and intrigue.

ty thousand men, to enforce its measures thinks of such a prospect with horror. The | that part of my family tear my soul! I call i particular in his attention. If we went to the" *Frenchman's option, the worthless Assignat or Frenchmen to the succour of Frenchmen ! Il play, he would be there ; and either in the the Guillotine, we all remember and France call the Frenchmen of Paris, of Britanny, of same box, or would certainly come into ours, has already been quoted as a precedent, on Normandy, Champaign, Burgundy and the oth- in the course of the evening. He was fondo the floor of Congress.

er departments to the assistance of their broth- | musick, would join me in duets, and was fre.

ers! Shall we forsake them in their misfor- quently bringing me new pieces. I am tole. LORD Bacon, in his « Essay on the great- | tune? Peace and the deliverance of our coun- rably certain I was never in love with him ; ness of kingdoms," speaking of the justifiable try must be our rallying word. At the aspect | yet as you are a depository of secrets, it may causes of war, observe. As for the wars of this whole nation in arms, the foreigner | not be indecorous to confess, I have thought which were anciently made on the behalf of a will either fly or sign the peace upon the basis such thing might possibly be, if Mr. Vigil were kind or party, I do not see how they may be he himself has offered. It is no longer in con- really determined to accomplish it-but this, well justified. As when the Lacedemonians templation to recover the conquests we had upon my honour, is mere matter of conjecture. and Athenians made wars to set up or pull made."

A year or two passed off, in this kind of down democracies or oligarchies ; or when

Platonick sociability, when a young gentleman wars were made by foreigners, under pretence DOMESTICK. It is very well ascertain. of a neighbouring town, happening to meet of justice or oppression, to deliver the subjects ell that the state of Newhampshire has re- me in company, a few times, he began to shew of others from tyranny and oppression, and the elected Governour GILMAN, and a federal Le himself quite as assiduous to me as I wished. like." gislature.

Vigil evidently disliked him—so did I. He

The United States' frigate Constitution, was kept at a proper distance ; and my friend A GREAT man has compared the northern Capt. STUART, was cruising off Surinam in continued his unchanging civilities. and southern states to man and wife. He February, and had taken some prizes. The

About six months afterwards I went to might have added then, that we are under pet. | Queen of 80 guns has been sent from Barba- i spend some time in the country. It was durticoat government. The Buckskins certainly does, in quest of her.

ing the winter, and in a considerable village, wear the breeches.

A considerable British force has marched f-where balls and parties are decently supported from lake Ontario to the head of lake Erie. through the season. A respectable young

Reports are circulated of serious alarms at lawyer was always of our circle, and before I · GENERAL REGISTER.

Malden. Our force there is but trifling. returned to Boston, his remarks had excited

A destructive fire was experienced at York- | country curiosity, and on my joining my

town, Virginia, on the 3d instant. Thirty- friends, they already began to rally me on my BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1814.

eight buildings, including several valuable expected rustication for life. It was indeed publick edifices, have been destroyed.

not many weeks, before Mr. Norman was in EUROPEAN. The following decree, by

United States' six per cents have been sold town. On hearing this, my brother broke the the Nero of France, shews the deplorable state at Philadelphia market at 82 per cent.

subject, and represented a country life in

such dreary colours to me, and our residence in of that nation. The imagination can readily

The Envelope, covering the communication in our conceive what cruelty and misery must attend

Boston so pleasant, that, besides assuring him, last page, healed “ Conyersion” was thus inscribed. tbe reports he had heard were idle, I promised, its operation.

“The enclosed is from the pen of a highly gifted fe. PARIS, DEC. 27, 1813. His majesty the male, who has devoted the powers of her mind to the

in no event, to go 10******. Mr.Norman wait

ed upon me, and has not visited Boston since. I Emperor yesterday passed a decree, directing cause of pure and undefiled religion'.”

afterwards ascertained that my brother's obserthat Commissaries Extraordinary, composed of at We thank our Algebraick Correspondent for his

vations were all suggested by his friend Vigil. Senators or Counsellors, should be sent into all answer to the mathematical question in No. X. It will be inserted in our next.

I now thought there must be some design parts of the Empire, to accelerate the equin. ment and march of the Conscripts ; to order

brought more songs ; was never absent at the levies en masse where danger was imminent : LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

thcatre ; but month after month elapsed, to appoint Courts Martial before which persons

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

and not a lisp of partiality, unless such con: shall be tried, who are accused of favouring the enemy, giving them intelligence, or attempting

THE CONFIDANT, NO. VII.

duct might be thought to speak.

In the mean time I have been assailed in to disturb the publick tranquillity-They are

To the Confidant.

good earnest, with a proposition from a gentle. armed with plenary powers : and all the au | Dear Sir,-When I was in my spelling

| man to whom I know of no objection ;--thorities of the Empire are required to execute book, now some fifteen years ago, I read the

| but Mr. Vigil has again been busy with my their proclamations and resolves. story of the “ Dog in the manger" with no lit

brother. He shows a new interest in his attenNAPOLEON. tle indignation. Like most children, I set

tions to me; he looks melancholy at times; he Bernadotte, havirg driven the Danes from down the fable for matter of fact, and never

| lately took my hand, and said, with an expression the whole of Holstein and a part of Sleswig, knew what the author meant, until I read the

of tender concern, “ Vibrante, don't be rash." an armistice has been concluded between Denmoral, in a singular character ; witir whom,

If he has really got the heart-ache, why mark and Sweden, at the solicitation of the bark and growl as he may, I am about to make

does he not make me his confidant ? If he Danes. you acquainted. You will please to give me

does not mean to claim me himself, does he It is officially stated by a French officer, your advice, if it be within the field of your

imagine I will post on to un certain age, as that not a gun was fired by the Swiss upon speculation, how I had best manage him, or

the French say, merely to be gazed on by the allies, when they entered Switzerland on whether he is worth the trouble of manage

him ? I want no body guard, to keep all the passing into the east of France. The Count de ment.

rest of the world at a distance; and if I dismiss Talleyrand, minister of France near the Swiss | When at college, my brother became

iny present suitor, for the sake of Vigil's long confederacy, left Basle on the 30th of Decemintimate with a Mr. Vigil ; they were class.

face, and doleful cautions, there is no knowing ber and has arrived at Paris. mates, chums, and generally companions,

whether ever I shall have such an offer again. The following reply of Bonaparte to the ad whether at Cambridge or Boston. My brother

Now, Mr. Confidant, if you will inform me Oress of the Conservative Senate, well merits took his degrees, went into business, and in a

what all this means ; whether it is insult or to be recorded, as a remarkable specimen of few years married. His friend pursued the same

| afection, you will much oblige your's the language and tone of the great Emperour course, except in the last particular, and their

VIBRANTE. Napoleon, at the close of the year 1813.

acquaintance continued. Soon after this, I
had the misfortune to lose my father ; and as

There sometimes exists an habitual attach“ SENATORS, there were others of the family, to keep my

ment between the sexes, totally distinct from “ I am grateful for the sentiments you exmother company, at the solicitation of my

tlat affection, which leads to matrimonial conpress towards me. brother, to whom I was ever tenderly attach

| nixions. There are probably few young men, “ You have seen, by the documents which I ed, I took up my residence with him.

who have not experienced great satisfaction in have caused to be laid before you, what I have

The intercourse between the two friends had

tle society of ladies, with whom they never done for peace. The sacrifices required by I been of so long standing, I seemed to consider

|tlink of uniting their fortunes : yet accustomthe preliminary basis proposed to me by the enemy, and which I have accepted, I shall

Ime and social happiness, their feelings revolt

haps never thought of him in any other camake without regret ; my life has but one ob

me and social happiness, their feeling

| atthe idea of losing their enjoyment forever.

pacity, if officious schemers had not begun to ject, the happiness of France. « However, Bearn, Alsace, Franche Com- l it is true, he was always very obliging ; and I

hint, that his visits belonged in part to me. Sich a man will feel a degree of jealousy, at

| It is true, he was always very obliging : and I the prospect of any interference-probably a re entered upon. The cries of thought sometimes inclines to she himself | very uncomfortable sensation, in contemplating

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the sacrifice he is about to make. If he is of cunning in trade, he does not always conduct | brought up, and upon my own views in life. a fair and honourable mind, he will suppress himself in it with that frankness which consti- | After having answered these questions, and his emotion_if he is merely selfish, he will tutes its principal basis ; and if we still find in taken part of a dozen cups of chocolate mixed spare no pains to protract his own gratifica | modern Greece many of the fine qualities with coffee, I replied with intrepid firmnesss. tion ; and perhaps even impose on himseif which do honour to the history of ancient that I could find no other happiness upon specious reasons for his conduct. Such may Greece, it cannot be denied, that superstition, earth, than that of acting ; that an unfortunate be Mr. Vigil. The true nature of his attach- the child of ignorance and slavery, greatly tar- circumstance had made me my own master ; ment, however, may be easily ascertained. nishes their lustre ; and we also discover in and that having a small patrimony of 750 livres Let Vibrante. through her brother, make Vigil | their disposition that fickleness, that pliability, 1 a year, I had reason to hope, that in abandon- . believe she is positively engaged. He will of that want of sincerity, in short, that artful turn ing my father's trade, I should lose nothing fer himself, and endeavour to break off the en- of mind which borders on treachery, and of by the change, if I could one day be admitted gagement ; or he is playing the fool, and de which the Greeks of antiquity have been ac- into the troop of the king's comedians. serves her scorn. cused.

" Ah, my friend !" cried M. de Voltaire, But this obliquity of character fortunately“ never take that step ! take my advice, act SENSIBILITY.

does not extend, or at least is very much for your amusement, but never make it your THERE is no word so ill understood, and so weakenod, among the women of the same business. It is the finest, the rarest, the most Ofren perverted, as Sensibility. The fretful, I countries. The Greek females are, in gene- | difficult of all talents ; but it is degraded by the violent, nay even the revengeful, will tell

ral, distinguished by a noble and easy shape, barbarians, and proscribed by hypocrites. you, that their impatience, anger or resent

and a majestick carriage. Their features, tra France will one day esteem your art ; but ment, are merely owing to finer feelings than

ced by the hand of beauty, reflect the warmthen she will have no longer a Baron, no longothers possess ; and they will brand the silent and profound affections of sensibilily ; the se- er a Lecouvreur, no longer a Dangeville. If sufferer with the reproach of obduracy, be renity of their countenance is that of dignity, you will give up this intention, I will lend you cause the fear of giving pain to his neighbour

without having its coldness or gravity ; they | 10,000 francs, to begin your establishment, and prevents the utterance of grief, and the com are amiable without pretension, decent with you shall pay me when you can. Go, my plaint of injury.

out sourness, charming without affectation. friend, come to me again at the end of the If on such occasions, a faithful friend should

If, to such brilliant qualities, we add, elevation | week, think well upon the matter, and give venture to remonstrate, and having conquered

of ideas, warmth of expression, those flights me a positive answer. these evil passions in himself, contend that they of simple and ingenuous eloquence wbich at- Astonished, c are conquerable, the clamour against him is uni.

tract and fascinate, a truly devoted attachment to tears, by the goodness and generous offer of versal. He is not only pronounced to be obtuse,

to persons beloved, exactness and fidelity in this great man, who was said to be avaricious, but cruel-incapable of sympathising, because

their duties, we shall have some notion of hard-hearted, and unfeeling, I would have disdaining to flatter, and adding to distress, be these privileged beings, with whom nature, in poured out my thanks. I began four sentences cause he points out errour. So far from esti

her munificence, has embellished the earth, without having power to finish one ; at length mating the character which prefers the welfare

and who are not rare in Greece. There it is I took leave, stammering, and was about to to the favour of a fellow creature, these peo

that the genius of the artists of antiquity would withdraw, when he called me back, and begged ple of sensibility discard him from their society

still bave the choice of more than one model.” me to repeat some passages from the parts with calumny, reproach and scorn.

[Sonnini.] which I had already performed. Without con. But what is sensibility? Is it merely a

sideration, I aukwardly enough began to deperception of evil ? a quick resentment of of.

LE KAIN-the Garrick of France. claim the famous couplet of Gustavus, in the fences, or injuries imagined by self-love ? Are '« His father was a goldsmith : he himself

second act. Nothing from Piron !' he cried not the kind affections, love, joy, piely, as | excelled as a maker of surgical instruments.

out with a thundering and terrible voice. I properly feelings of the mind, as pride, envy, | After the peace of 1748, a number of young

do not like bad verses. Repeat all you know and batred ? and which best deserve the name townsmen formed themselves into theatrical

from Racine.' Luckily I recollected that beof fine feelings? societies, and established three theatres, of

ing at Mazarin college, I had learnt all the Never was a mind possessed of them, and

which that at the hotel de Jabac was founded / tragedy of Athalie, having heard it frequently thus boasted of the possession No; they | by Le Kain. The regular actors had indu

reliearsed by the scholars who were to repreare evinced in words and actions of benevo ence enough to prevent those performances.

sent it. I began the first scene, playing alterlence, not in empty declamation, and self ap- | The Abbé Chauvelin, a Jansenist, interested

nately the part of Abner and of Joub. But I plauding vanity. himself in behalf of the aspirants, and made

had not half gone through my task, when M. Fiends may as justly arrogate to themselves them play Le Mauvais Riche, a comedy by

de Voltaire cried, with divine enthusiasm, the praises of sensibility, as these tormentors M. D'Arnaud : this was in 1750. The piece

| Ah, my God! what fine verses ! and, what is of mankind, who, being always discontented did not succeed. Voltaire had been invited to

truly astonishing, the whole piece is written and unhappy, sagaciously discover the fault to

with the same warmth, the same purity, from | the representation by the author : and, either be in their neighbours : and having quarrelled from tenderness towards M. D'Arnaud, or

the first scene to the last. The poetry is inwith the arrangement of things in this world, from pure good humour towards the actors,

imitable. Adieu, my chi:d !' said he, emmodestly arraign the wisdom of another-but il who took all imaginable pains to support a fee

bracing me. It is I who prophecy that you is owing to their sensibilities. ble and uninteresting work, this great man

| will have a healt-l'ending voice, and that you Talk not of sensibility distinct from virtue, appeared sufficiently pleased, and inquired ear

will one day be the delight of Paris ; but, for reason and benevolence ; it is the selfishness nestly who it was that had played the part of

God's sake! never go upon a publick stage." of a feeble mind ; it is the tenderness of an the lover. He was informed that it was the unsound heart. [Anonymous.] son of a goldsmith, who acted for his amuse

MUTILATION OF THE SCRIPTURES. ment, but wished to make it his profession.' “ The sacred books, whether Hebrew or MODERN GRECIANS.

He then expressed to M.D'Arnaud a desire to Greek, came from the pen of their writors, * The man of these charming parts of become acquainted with me, and begged him and were, in the hands of those for whom they Greece is of a handsome stature ; he carries to engage me to visit him the next morning. were originally composed, without any division his head high, his body erect, or rather inclin « The pleasure," says Lc Kain, “ which of this sort. The first need of any thing like ed backward than forward : he is dignified in this invitation gave me, was even greater than such a division, was after the Babylonish cap. his carriage, easy in his manners, and nimble my surprise : but what I can never paint, is tivity ; the Jews had then mostly forgotten the in his gait ; his eyes are full of vivacity ; his that which påssed in my soul at the sight of original Hebrew ; and when it was read in the countenance is open, and his address agreca- this man, whose eyes sparkled with fire, and synagogue, it was found necessary to have an ble and prepossessing ; he is neat and elegant wit, and imagination. In addressing myself interpretation into Chaldee, for the use of the in his cloathing ; he has a taste for dress, as to him, I felt myself penetrated with respect, common people. To make this interpretation for every thing that is beautiful ; active, in- enthusiasm, admiration, and fear. I experien intelligible and useful, the reader of the Hedustrious, and even enterprising, he is capable ced all these feelings at once, when M. Vol. | brew used to pause at short distances, while of executing great things ; he speaks with taire had the goodness to put an end to my the interpreter pronounced the same passage ease, he expresses bimself with warmth ; he embarrassment, by opening his paternal arms in Chaldee ; such pauses became established, is acquainted with the language of the pas. to me, and blessing God for having created a and were marked in the manuscripts, forming sions, and he likewise astonishes by his natur. being who had moved and affected him by reo a sort of verses like those in our present bial eloquence ; he loves the arts, without dar- citing bad verses ! He afterwards asked me bles. This division into verses was confined ing to cultivate them, under the brazen yoke many questions concerning my situation, that 10 the Hebrew scriptures, and to the people which hangs heavy on his neck ; skilful and of my father, the way in which I had bcen for whose use it was contrived; no such divis

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