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ion was made in the translation of the seven- time. A singular destiny, to which no other | Reformation, a term against which no objecTy, nor in the Latin version ; so that the bible, book has been subjected ! For in all other tion is ever made, would, if words continued to used in the Greek and the western churches, works, the index or concordance, or whatever retain their primitive signification, convey the was without any such division, either in the may be the subsidiary matter, is fashioned so, same idea. For it is plain that to re-form old or new testament.
as to be subordinate to the original work ; but means to make anew. In the present use, It was, however, found necessary; in after in the bible alone, the text and substance of however, it does not convey the same meaning times, to make a division and subdivision of the work is disfigured in order to be adapted in the same extent, nor indeed does it imply the sacred books ; but it was for a very differ- | to the concordance that belongs to it ; and the the operation of the same principle. Many ent purpose ; it was for the sake of referring to notion of its being perused, is sacrificed to are reformed on humun motives, many are them with niore ease and certainty. We are that of its being referred to. In consequence partially reformed; but only those who, as told that Cardinal Hugo, in the 13th century, l of this, the bible is, to the eye, upon the open- | our great poet says, are 6 reformed altogethmade a concordance to the whole of the Latin / ing of it, rather a book of reference, than a er,” are converted. There is no complete bible, and that for this purpose of reference, | book for pt rusal and study ; and it is much to reformation in the conduct effected without a he divided bath the old and new testament into be feared, that this circumstance makes it revolution in the heart. Ceasing from some chapters, being the same that we now have. / more frequently used as such ; it is referred sins ; retaining others in a less degree ; or These chapters he subdivided into smaller to for verifying a quotation, and then returned adopting such as are merely creditable ; or portions, distinguishing them by the letters of to the shelf. What book can be fundamental. | flying from one sin to another; or ceasing the alphabet ; and, by those means, he was ly understood, if consulted only in such a de from the external act without any internal enabled to make references from his concord- sultory way! Those who extend their read change of disposition, is not christian reformaance to the text of the bible. The utility of ing, but still regulate their efforts by the chap tion. The new principle must abolish the old such a concordance brought it into high re- ters, are not more likely to see the scriptural habit, the rooted inclination must be subdued pute ; and the division into chapters, upon writings in the true view.”
by the substitution of an opposite one. The which it deper,ded, was adopted along with
natural bias must be changed. The actual it, by the divines of Europe.
offence will no more be pardoned, than cured,
Fon THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. This division into chapters was afterwards
if the inward corruption be not eradicated. in the fifteenth century, adopted by a learned
To be “ alive unto God through Jesus Christ” Jew, for the same purpose of reference, in Among the many mistakes in religion, it is must follow the “ death unto sin.” There making a concordance to the Hebrew bible.commonly thought that there is something so
cannot be new aims and ends where there is This was Rabbi Mordecai Nathan, who carried unintelligible, absurd, and fanatical in the
not a new principle to produce them. We shall the contrivance a step further ; fur instead of term conversion, that those who employ it run
not choose a new path until a light from Heaven adhering to the subdivisious of Cardinal Hu- | no small hazard of being involved in the ridi direct our choice and “guide our feet.”. We go, he made others, much smaller, and distin-cule it excites. It is seldom used but ludi.
shall not « run the way of God's command. guished them, not by letters, but hy numbers. crously, or in contempt. This arises partly
ments," till God himself enlarge our heart This invention was received into the Latin bi. from the levity and ignorance of the censure,
. We do not, however, insist that the change bles, and they make the present verses of the but perhaps as much from the imprudence and
required is such as precludes the possibility old testament. In doing this, he might possi- l enthusiasm of those who have absurdly confin
of falling into sin ; but it is a change which bly have proceeded upon the old subdivisions ed it to real or supposed instances of sudden fixes in the soul such a disposition as shall long before used for the interpretation into or miraculous changes from profligacy to pie
make sin a burden, as shall make the de. Chaldee. We see, therefore, that the present ty. But surely, with reasonable people, te
sire of pleasing God the governing desire division of the old testament into chapter and run no risk in asserting that he, who being
of a man's heart ; as shall make him hate verse, is an invention partly Christian and I awakened by any of those various methods
the evil which he does, as shall make the partly Jewish, and that it was for the sole pur which the Almighty uses to bring his crea
lowness of his attainments the subject of his pose of reference, and not primarily with a tures to the knowledge of himself, who seeing
deepest sorrow. A christian has hopes and view to any natural division of the several sub the corruptions that are in the world, and feel. | fears, cares and temptations, inclinations and jects contained in it.
God in ing those with which his own heart abounds, desires, as well as other men. The new testament still remained without is brought, whether gradually or more rapidly,
changing the heart does not extinguish the any subdivision into verses, till one was at from an evil heart of unbelief to a lively faith
passions. Were that the case, the christian length made, for the very same purpose of a in the Redeeiner ; from a life, not only of
ma life not only of life would cease to be a warfare. concordance, about the middle of the sixteenth gross vice, but of worldliness and vanily, to a century. The author of this was Robert Ste. | life of progressive piety; whose humility phens, the celebrated printer at Paris. He fol.
POETRY. keeps pace with his progress ; who, though lowed the example of Rabbi Nathan, in subdi- | his attainments are advancing, is so far from
SELECTED. viding the chapters into small verses, and counting himself to have attained, that he numbering them ; and he printed an edition I presses on ward with unabated zeal, and eviden
SCULPTURE. By Dodsleyof the Greek testament so marked. This di ces, by the change in his conduct, the change vision soon came into general use, like the that has taken place in his hearl-such a one
Ley by the Muse, my steps pervade
The sacred haunts, the peaceful shade : one or the old testament, from the same is as sincerely converted, and the effect is as recommendation of the coincidence that de- much produced by the same divine energy, as
Where Art and Sculpture reignpended upon it ; and Latin testaments, as well if some instantaneous revolution in his charac- I see, I see, at their command, as bibles, were ever after distinguished into ter had given it a miraculous appearance. The | The living stones in order stand, chapters and verses..
doctrines of scripture are the same now as ! And breathe through every vein. It remained for the translators of the when David called them “ a law converting English bible to push this invention to an ex the soul, and giving light to the eyes.” This Time breaks his hostile scythe ; he sighs, tremity. The beginning of every chapter had is perhaps the most accurate and comprehen To find his pow'r malignant Aed ; been made a fresh paragraph in all the printed | sive definition of the change for which we are | Ah! what avails my dart, he cries, bibles ; but the verses were only marked by contending, for it includes both the illumina
Since these can animate the dead ? the number, either in the margin or in the tion of the understanding, and the alteration body of the matter ; such minute subdivisions in the disposition,
Since waked to mimick life again in stone, did not then seem fit to be made into distinct If then this obnoxious expression signify paragraphs. But the English translators, who nothing more nor less than that change of such are thy works, O SCULPTURE ! thine to show,
1. then this obnoxious expression signity. The patriot seems to speak, the hero frown had fled to Geneva, during the persecution of character which consists in turning from the Queen Mary, and who published there a new
In hardest rock, a feeling sense of wo! world to God, however the term may offend, translation, famous afterwards under the name there is nothing ridiculous in the thing. Now, of the Geneva bible, separated every one of as it is not for the term we contend, but for
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR the verses, making each into a distinct para- the principle conveyed by it ; so it is the prin
JOHN PARK, graph. This new contrivance was soon reciple and not the term, which is the real ceived with as much approbation as the pre-l ground of objection ; though it is a little in:
BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, ceding ; and all bibles, in all languages, began consistent that many who would sneer at the
NO. 4 CORNHILL. to be printed in the same manner with the idea of conversion, would yet take it extreme Price threc dollars per annum, half in advance. verses distinguished into paragraphs ; and so ly ill if it were suspected that their hearts Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding the de practice has continued to the present were not turned to God.
| opinion and a concert of measures for the this state are cither natives, or immediately protection of that interest .
| descended from New England. The city of FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
The following particulars, at the present New York is necessarily the market town for NO. V.
moment, distinguish the northern division. | a considerable part of Vermont, Massachu
Three fourths of all the native seamen of the setts, and Connecticut. Powerful causes, of a THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES
United States belong to this quarter ; they are permanent nature, must therefore unite and MUST BE PRESERVED
drawn from every part of the country ;-they identify the policy of New York with that of I have said that the jealousies of the south- prosecute commerce from will. Connected their eastern neighbour's. ero states, in which originated in a great lowns extend from Passamaquaddy to Troy, The second Division, comprising the westmeasure the policy pursued by Mr. Jefferson
and to Hartford upon the Connecticut riy- ern country, is at present, and must remain in and Mr. Madison, “ cannot be expected to sub er. The merchants in these towns own six a situation almost entirely dissimilar to the side ;' and proposed to inquire the causes of tenths of the
tenths of the tonnage of all vessels belonging first. It embraces a great extent of country in those jealousies,
to the United States : and this proportion is in- various climates. A comparatively small part In pursuing this interesting subject, I shall creasing by the settlement of the District of only is accessible by vessels from the sea. The avail inyself of extracts from a manuscript es- Maine, which must, in some future time, be vast regions, which depend on the lower ports say, by a very distinguished character. It has come the seat of maritime power in America. of the Mississippi for foreign commerce, are been in my possession several years, and, from The fishery, a business which supports a great intersected, in different directions, by mounthe moment I read it, the whole system ol | number of seamen in time of peace, and which | tains which are inaccessible, except in particu. Jeffersonian policy appeared perfectly obvi- furnishes a resource for manning a navy, in lar places :-others are separated by extensive ous ;-and to this day, I have found it a satis- time of war, without an inconvenient interrup and barren deserts. Even the rivers, which fafactory key to all the grand measures the ad. tion of commerce, is here exclusively prosecu- cilitate commerce by their elevated and perministration hare adopted. It is full of useful ted. A greater proportion of the productions pendicular banks, not unfrequently disunite information, and, though written eleven years of agricultural labour are consumed at home the inhabitants of neighbouring districts. One ago, the state of the Union, at this day, will be in the northern, than in the middle and south third of the western country, south of the found, in the anticipations of the writer, so ern states ;-commerce is more various, and Ohio, will probably remain, for ages, uninhab. correct, that his remarks apply even inore for- embraces mo,
embraces more extensive and complex combi-ited--a considerable proportion of the remaincibly, than when they were penned.
nations ; of course, the relations and dependen- der is, at present, insalubrious ; in all :his re"What is the nature of the revolution, by
cies of the different classes of people upon gion, slavery is established. In that part which the democratick party succeeded the
each other are less disturbed by wars and the which is accessible from the sea, labour will be federalists, in the administration of the federal vibrations of foreign markets.
performed only by slaves. Of the population government ? By what influence was it els | The consequences of compact population, of Kentucky, consisting at present of 220,000 fected ? Are there different local interests in diversifi
diversified industry, commercial enterprise, and persons, 10.00? are slaves. At least one third the United States ? If such intcrests exist,
laws wisely adapted, in general, for the pro of the white families own no real property what are their different powers and the means
tection of property, have produced a compara- these consist of persons, who have been reduby which they must be supporied ?
tively great accumulation of money and other / ced by improvidence, or by deceptions in reI will briefly state my sentiments, respecting personal effects in this quarter. The people spect to titles; or foreigners, who have been althese questions, with reference to four great
of the northern states can alune afford io hold lured thither by a spirit of adventure, without divisions of our country ;-the first compre- annuiries, or to lend me
annuities, or to lend money at a moderate a definite object. Contrary to what has been hending New England and New York--the
rate of interest. Besides the capitals employ.! the usual progress of population in new counsecond, the country connected with the waters
ed in cominerce and manufactures, they have tries, the settlements have commenced near of the Mississippi-the third, the states south of
invested great sums in bank stock, bridges, the heads of rivers"; the streams have been the Potow mack-and fourth, the residue of the turnpike roads, canals, and other publick estab- loaded with adventurers, to whom a descent Union. It is, I trust, easy to shew, that great lishments--they are the principal proprietor's was easy and a return difficult, if not impractidistinction s, founded in physical and moral
of that part of the funded debt of the United cable, in consequence of their poverty. The causes which are immutable, discriminate the
consequences have been, that the tendency to three first divisions; and that peculiar circum
eigners. Exclusive of the sums owned by a commercial stagnation, and the dependence stances attend the fourth, which will, probably, I states and publick corporations, the credits to of the upper upon the lower country, bave for some time infinence their policy.
| individuals, south and west of New York, to continually increased; while, unfortunately, the The first division comprises a country, the United States, cannot be estimated higher state of society has been most immature in which, if not the most fertile by nature, is most than five millions of dollars. In the northern | those districts, where the greatest political uniform in quality of any contiguous tract of
states, the number of creditors, in proportion to influence could be exerted, and where, for the equal extent in the United States ;-having the amount of their credits, is much greater general good, law and order ought to be most the least barren or inaccessible ground ;-be- l than in the middle and southern states.
firmly established. ing the best supplied in every part with the With the exception of New York, the habits The western rivers can at p:esent be only means of water transportation ;-and possess and institutions of the northern states are in- | considered as affording the means of exporiasing, in the number and relative situation of
comparably more democratick than elsewhere. | tion ; for, without pronouncing what improve excellent harbours, advantages for acquiring We are accustomed to transact imporlant af ments the ingenuity of man is capable of deand maintaining maritime power, exceeding fairs in town meetings and other popular as- vising, it may be asserted that the productions every other, and all other parts of the Ameri- semblies, which, if attempted in the other of the western country will for a long time can continent, however united or combined.
states, would either be found utterly iinpracti not always, be exported in river boats, and This country is the most populous ; its insti. cable, or would be so ill conducted, as soon posited or sold at some port in the Miss PP tutions are calculated to preserve a numerous
to produce great anarchy and confusion. As accessible by vessels from the sea. Lhas been population. Property here is most equally di
democracy is now the order of the day, we said, that the Western neople will build sea vided ; the influence of slavery is too slight experience a present advantage, from being vessels, and export their own aroduce to for: to be estimated ; the publick industry is able to endure more of what is required by the eign countries; as such vesels cannot ascend greatly diversified ; all or most of the varie
temper of the times, and to suffer less than the river to any consid rable distance, this ties of this industry exist in every part of the
our neighbours. Of the remote consequences project does not provid for the means of incountry : the manners, habits, and principles
connected with our present habits, I forbear to portation, the great prideratum of the western of the people are not essentially dissimilar :- express an opinion.
country. The project, however, is impractithere exists, therefore, in this district, a Com
New York has generally been considered l cable ; as it presupposes what is improbable, a mon Interest ; and the circumstances, which distinctly from New England ; it is however I regular market, at all times, for a great num
wou o certain, that a great majority of the people of ber of yessels, and a constant drain of murio
mers, who do not now exist, and who cannot | ry, off the Western islands, by the Majestick. | again disturbing the repose of Europe, you be educated in the western country.” Both have arrived at Bermuda.
must humble her pride ; you must destroy her
arsenals ; you must carry away all her muniJUDGING from appearances, the miseries of tions de guerre ; you must conclude your GENERAL REGISTER.
Europe are approaching a close ; for though treaty with, “ Done at the Thuilleries, this Ist much remains to be done, the strong arm of day of March, 1814." This treaty must be
the oppressor is broken. Wisdom and virtue ratified in that palace by the descendant of BOSTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 26, 1814. in the conquerors will expedite a general Peter the Great, of Rodolph of Hapsburg, and
peace, for at last physical power is decidedly of the Great Frederick of Prussia.
Will the allies insist on these circumstanFOREIGN. Recent arrivals bring us a
But while we rejoice in the prospect arising ces ? Do they value them at much ? If they flood of important and agreeable Intelligence.
upon Europe; we lament that our own unhappy do not, they are base, unworthy of the thrones The cause of murderous, overbearing, despot
country is not to share the reward of a regene- they occupy, and utterly ignorant of the ick France is sinking faster than ever it rose,
ration, which it is far from experiencing. springs of human action. Publick opinion, a and divine justice vindicating itself, in a most
A peace with England must take place, but sense of national honour or degradation, make exemplary manner. The following are the
a madman in a strait waistcoat is no less a mcn cither heroes, or cowards and slaves. leading facts.
discascd man. We must expect that the furyl Shall it be said by Bonaparte again, as he The allies having entered France, as before
and folly, which have produced this war, will has said to all Europe : « In Vienna, I constated, on the Northeast and East, have contin
act with the more violence at home, when it sented that the Austrian Dynasty should re. ued to advance, in converging lines, towards
is repressed from abroad. We must, then, be main, it is to my cleinency that monarch owes Paris. The Emperour has employed every ef
preparing our minds for important events- his throne ?” fort to guard against the crisis of his fate, but,
events naturally arising from the vindictive, Shall it be once more insolently declared, as as appears by French accounts, without suc
malevolent policy of those, who now hold, and he said in the case of Portugal by a decree : cess." Having ordered entrenchments around
| who calculate on holding the power of gove “ The House of Braganza is no more"? Paris, re-appointed the Empress regent, and I
erning--the power of controling, insulting, de- How can these stains, on the honour of all recommended his dear son to the guardianship of the Parisians and government, he join
| grading, and distressing a large section of the the other nations of Europe, be washed out ? Union.
By a decree, issued by all the monarchs, ed his army at Brienne, on the 26th of Janua
We hope the extracts, commenced in our from the Thuilleries, declaring that Paris ly ; there be engaged; and after severe fight- !
first page, and which will be continued at sore shall be spared ; that they have too much ing, retreated to Troyes, on the Seine ; where
| length, will be read with attention. They will greatness of mind to visit on the defenceless he remained on the 3d of February, 90 miles
be found rich in that kind of information, inhabitants of France the miseries, which they from Paris. General Macdonald was at Cha
which should now be diffused among all class- had been the ready instruments of bringing lons, about the same distance from Paris and
es of citizens. They will explain our situa- upon other States. This would be worthy forty miles northward of Troyes. While the tion, and point to our remedy.
of men of such a noble race. Let them leave Emperour was thus employed to the east of
to upstart and vulgar tyrants the meanness of his capital, a division of the allies had advanced
revenge. to Soissons, 60 miles northeast of Paris ; and
The honour however of all Europe requires, another army advanced froin Switzerland, in a REMARKS ON THE RECENT EVENTS
that all the trophies of the former disgraceful northwest course, 10 Fontainbleau, but 33
campaigns all the monuments,erected in honmiles south of Paris ! The city was in the ut.
ourofthem--and especially the TriumphalPillar, most confusion and alarm ; many of the citi.“ Why carry war into her bosom, when she ad
dedicated to Napoleon, and made of the canzens had removed their property, it being the heres to the bases, which they have proposed non taken from Austria, should be levelled supposed design of the allies to concentrate
to her ? Why ravage and attempt to sub- with the carth. their forces at Paris. The object of the com
vert and divide her provinces ?"
Justice and Pride both require that the obbined armies in cutting their way to the capi
jects of the Fine Arts, stolen from Antwerp, tal, through different parts of France, appears
from Florence, from Rome, from Berlin, and to be to prevent the French levies from uniling. the Moniteur at Paris, in relation to the entry especially, the sword of the Great Frederick, A Proclamation has been circulated, to the of the Alljes into France.
which the Emperour, like a felon, carried off people, of what import, we cannot learn, as it! We presume they will reply to them, from the sarcophagus of that hero, should be is not suffered to appear in the Paris papers; through the press of the Moniteur, after their promptly restored. but that it has had great effect, is evident arrival at the Thuilleries. The Secretaries of
An exact account should be taken of the by a concession in a counter address from the State of the Allies are now better employed ; wealth of all the Marshals, Generals, and othFrench government.
i and it is only from Paris that a satisfactory re- er military chiefs, and the plundered of all naA congress of belligerent diplomatists as- | ply can be made. But we, being unengaged, tions should be required to send in their sembled at Chatillon, on the 4th of February, I and less immediately interested, will make the l claims with specifi
and less immediately interested, will make the claims with specifick descriptions of the propand dined with the French minister on the 5th. reply.
erty, and the jewels, now worn by the misEngland and Sweden on the one part, and Because France has « carried war into the tresses of these niilitary robbers ; the vases Denmark on the other, have formed a treaty bosom" of every country in Europe ; because and dishes of silver and gold ; the regalia of of peace and Alliance, assigning Norway to she has a ravaged, and actually subverted and all the little potentates of Germany, who were Sweden, and Pomeramia to Denmark.
divided the Provinces” of Austria, Prussia, robbed of every thing, should be most strictly Bonaparte has given his prisoner, Ferdinand Holland, Savoy, Venice, Genoa, Switzerland, returned to the true owners ; and instead of VII. a treaty of peace for Spain. How the | and reduced to a state of vassalage, all Germa treble the value of the goods stolen, which our Cortes would meet this insulting manæuyre ny and Italy,
laws allow, I would make them add to the goods was not ascertained.
We do not approve of retaliation. We should returned, the appraised value of the same. Lord Wellington remained near Bayonne, be sorry to see Paris in flames in revenge for This is but plain retributive justice. It is and had ordered the British troops to withdraw the fate of Smolensko and Moscow ; but the moderate ; France in such a case would not from Cadiz and Carthagena.,
repose of the world requires that France should take back her own inerely, but she would plunIt was reported that Murat, King of Naples, ! feel for centuries the folly and wickedness of der all that was worthy of removal. liad joined the allies-not confirmed.
the schemes of her unprincipled tyrant. If It is not only just, but it is a duty. Shall The Prince of Orange “ Sovereign of the Frenchmen had not rejoiced, and insolently | France still be able to say 10 her young sol. wherlands," has appointed M. Changuion, triumphed at the injustice and foreign con- | diers : “ This is a trophy, which your EmpeF er Plenipotentiary to the United States
quests of Bonaparte ; if they had not contribu- | rour, or your father, took from the Kremlin,or On the
ted cheerfully to promote his views ; if they from the Palace at Vienna"? der Cochra.
4th of March, Admiral Sir Alexan- | had not boasted of their trophies, plundered I Shall her citizens siill ride in the carriages,
was arrived, at Bermuda, with a squadron, a nmber of troops, and a la
from other nations, and shown them, as we stolen from the nobility of Austria ? Small quantity of munita na
Huber of troops, and a large have personally witnessed, to strangers, as the | they continue to riot on this plundered wealth?
4.,ns of war. A report pre- | proud monuments of the irresistible prowess of Policy, Honour, Pride, Justice forbid it. Let about to turn their almntion to the United
the Pritish government were | France, one might feel some compassion for the French feel that fortune is fickle ; that States.
them. But those, who know the French char- plunder, dishonourably acquired, will not avail
| acter, must be convinced that they are as ab- the possessor ; and thicy will hereafter discov. 44 Freech frigate, the ject under misfortunes, as they are insolent in i er less cupidity for conquest, and less mean. picnore, was taken on the 2tud of Februa- | prosperity. If you would preyent France from ness and rapacity after victory.
The old concierge of the cathedral of Ant- | him a successor. This author produces facts. BONAPAR’TE AND JAMES IV. werp shed tears, when he showed that edifice and reasons to shew, that the art of the Ven- As BONAPARTE, when in his glory, and sevto strangers, as he passed by the niche, in triloquist consists principally in interrupting | eral years before the United States commencwhich Rubens' descent from the cross formerly the original sound of the voice, and conveying ed hostilities against Great Britain, declared hung. The same sensibility I remarked at in its stead the echo only, as the sound of there should be no neutrals, it was thought Roine, when they showed the plaster statues bells, is heard by a person walking in a valley, surprising that the impetuous despot did not of Apollo and the Muses, the originals of obstructed by buildings.
declare war against us, at once. Bonaparte which had been, with a cruelty and meanness
reasoned like James the Fourth, of Scotland, unexampled in modern ages, packed up and Doctor Garnett says, that “ the blight to who, when advised by Sir Ralph Sadler, Amsent to Paris.
which flowers are exposed at this season of bassador from Henry the Eighth, to increase Every man of generous feelings must surely the year, is a species of gangrene or mortifica- his resources, by taking the revenues of the rejoice to see those objects of veneration and tion, brought on by the action of the rays of Abbey lands into his hands, replied". What delight, the pride, and in some cases the only the sun in the spring, on the morbidly accu- need have I to take them into my own hands, object of pride in those devoted cities, destin- mulated irritability, which had been produced when I can have any thing that I require of ed often to change masters) travelling back to by a considerable subduction of heat during the them without it ?" their ancient places of abode, again to form a night ; and that a frosty night, succeeded by a | source of attraction, and profit, to their injured cloudy or misty morning, is never attended . MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS. proprietors.
with these effects, which almost certainly fol- THERE are many curious manuscript paIt may be asked, do you then consider it as low, if, when the spring is considerably ad- pers, relative to Mary, Queen of Scots, in the certain that it will be in the option of the Al. vanced, a frost should be succeeded by a fine library of the Scots college at Paris. The lies to enter Paris and perform this distribu. | morning."
last time that David Hume was in that city, tive justice ?
If this Brunonianism be true, our plants the learned and excellent Principal of the colIt is my opinion, from the present state of may be easily preserved, by taking precautions, lege shewed them to him, and asked him, why intelligence, that the Allies may go to Paris. that the sudden action of heat be avoided in he had pretended to write her history, in an The reasons for that opinion I may hereafter such cases, by shade, or sprinkling with cold unfavourable light, without consulting them. assign. water.
Hume, on being told this, looked over somc My present object was simply to answer the
letters, which the Principal put into his hands, whining complaining questions of the Moni.
QUESTION 4th Page 39. and though not much used to the melting teur, and to show that the Allies might and
mood, burst into tears. ought to make France feel her present humil
A Makes B a present of a hundred dollars, iation and their power. This is necessary to on condition that he shall expend it in Cows,
KING LEIR. the future repose of the world.
Sheep, and Geese. Cows at 10 dollars each,
The Editor inust sometimes judge of the means, by cach, yet so as to have just a hundred in the which he may gratify his readers, by the impulse of LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. aggregate of cows, sheep and geese. How his own taste. He has derived considerable pleasmany must he purchase of each?
ure from the folloving story, the basis on which FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.
Shakspeare constructed his King Lear. It is not ALEXIS, THE CZAREWITZ.
found in the Illustrations of Mrs. Lenox, whose It is not our province to deal in theatricals, This problem presents, at once, two equa
work has given the admirers of the immortal drabut we may be allowed, on so rare an occasion tions, as follows, wherein the number of Cows is represented by x, the number of Sheep by
matist (and who is not of the number ?) much inas the representation of a new Tragedy, to iny, and the number of Geese by z:
teresting amusement. dulge in a few remarks.
It is a translation from the Alexis, performed for the first time last | 10 x+y+z=100 and x+y+z=100
latin history of Geoffry of Monmouth, a monkish Wednesday evening, is from the pen of Mr.
historian of the twelfth century ; and was found
We have then only two equations and three Eustaphieve, Russian Consul, residing in Bos- unknown terms. As the problem gives us no
among the papers of Garrick, who had prepared an ton ; a gentleman whose political writings, and other equation, we are left to guess a little.
extensive collection of matter, with a view to publish prospective speculations on the course of the Two other things however obviously present
had he lived to accomplish it, a series of Illustrapresent war in Europe, have given the publick
themselves to aid our researches. One is, that i ons, with his own remarks. The extract was thus great satisfaction and reflected much credit on there must be no fractions in the solution, and the author.
that of course z must be a multiple of 6 ; therT E STORY OF KING LEIR AND HIS DAUGH. The annunciation of the play excited a very other is, that x cannot exceed 10. Availing TERS, TRANSLATED FROM THE LATIN HISfavourable interest-the house was well filled, I ourselves of the latter data, all we have to don ! TORY OF GEOFI and repeated applauses evinced a degree of is to suppose to x, successively, all the num “ Bladud being dead, his son Leir was satisfaction, which must have been pleasing to bers between 1 and 10, until we find the solu- / raised to the throne, who governed the king. Mr. Eustaphieve, who, we understand, unites tion. Let us then suppose x=1; the prece dom with a powerful sway for sixty years. with the audience in approbation of the spirit | ding equations will give
He built on the river Sora (now Soar) a city and talent with which the principal characters
which was called in the British tongue Kaer| 100-10=y+; 100_l=y+z; y=99m2; were sustained.
Leir; but by the Saxons Leir-cester (i. e. LeiThe tragedy is founded on historical fact ; 90=99—+ă ; 9=2-; 54=5z; and finally |
cester). He had no male issue but only three and in the management of the plot the patri- z=+=5 Geese : which does not solve the
daughters, named Gonorilla, Regan and Corotick author takes occasion to vindicate the question, because we want whole Geese, and I deilla. He had a great affection for them all, character of the Czar from the unmerited cal.no fractions of them.
but particularly for the youngest, Cordeilla. umnies, which uninformed or prejudiced biog- ! Following up the suppositions of x=2, x=3, Finding himself growing old, he began to raphers have attached to his conduct towards X=4, we find results equally unsatisfactory. I think of dividing his kingdom among them, his son. The story exceeds our limits, and is! But if x=5, we have
and of marrying them to such husbands as already before the publick ; we can only add, I 100-50=y+3; 100-5=y+z; y=95--2; inight share the government with them ; bul, that the many who wished success to the en-150=95-2 ; 45=2 ; 270=5z; and
that he might know which of them was worthy terprise, (for such it may here be considered)
od) finally z=54. have been gratified.
of a larger share, he went to them one by one, It follows that y=41; and the solution stands :
that by questioning them he night discover FRENCHMEN can make bulls, as well as
5 Cows at $10 is ....
which had the greatest regard for him. Gon850
orilla called heaven to witness, that she loved Irishmen. I find the following in the Cid of
41 Sheep 1 , - - - - 41
her father better than her own soul. To Corneille, at agedy which French criticks con
and 54 Geese 18. , - - .
whom her father replied, since you esteem my sider among the first of human productions.
100 in all, ..................Combien d'exploits celebres
old age in preference to your own life, I will for · ... · 5100
marry you my dearest daughter to any youth Sont demeur's 8.ins gloire au milieu des téaebres !
you shall choose, and will give you a third
part of Britain for a portion. Then Regan VENTRILOQUISM.
THERE is a square field, enclosed by a the second daughter, like her sister, endearRANNIE lead, and we know of no pre- fence 6 feet higli, and two inches thick. The ouring to wheedle him into kindness, answertender to his art. A Mr. Gough, has written number of cubick feet, in the fence, is equal to ed, with an oath, that she could not otherwise a pamphlet on the theory of sound, which may the number of square rods in the field. What express her sentiments than by declaring, that possibly explain Rannie's secret, so as to find is the number of square rods in the field? she loved him far above every other human
being. The credulcus old man then promised , he met with an honourable reception at first ; , some other town, there to bathe and strength. Jier the same honour as he had given to her but a year had scarcely passed, when a quar- en him, to clothe anew and take all possible elder sister, and to marry her with a like rel arose between their domesticks. Regan care of him. A train of forty soldiers, well portion of a third part of the realm, But Cor- growing enraged, ordered all his servants to be chosen and well appointed, was then ordered deilla, the youngest, when she found that her / dismissed, excepting five, who should still con to attend him ; and when all this was done, he father had been thus duped by the flattery of tinue to wait on him.
was to make King Aganippus and his daugh. her sisters, bad a mind to try him by another | The poor old man now became exceedingly | ter acquainted of his arrival. The messenger kind of answer. Is there any' where, sir, said miserable, returned again to his eldest daugh | immediately returning, conducted Leir prishe, a daughter who will say that she loves ter, hoping to move her to compassion, and vately to another place and kept him concealher father more than she ought to do? I be- ' that he might still find an honourable re- ed there till every thing was done which Cor. lieve no such one would be found, unless she treat in her family. But she, without any deilla had commanded. wished to conceal the truth under professions | mitigation of her former resentment, swore by Chap. XIII.- Soon after, being clothed in in which she could not be in earnest. I have all the powers of Heaven that no abode should royal apparel, and nobly attended, he sent always loved you as a father, and always mean | be there for him, unless, sending away the word to Aganippus and Cordeilla that he was to do so. In vain will you try to extort from rest, he would be satisfied with one soldier on-driven from the kingdom of Britain by his two me any other answer : this is the true state of ly ; severely she chid him, that, he being an | sons in law, and that he was come over to my affection towards you ; I beseech you to old man, and in want of every thing, should them in hopes that, by their assistance, he ask me no more questions, so much as you affect to be followed by a large and armed ret. | might regain his country. They then, attend. have, so much are you worth, and so much I inue. As she continued inflexible, he was ed by their courtiers and nobles, went out to love you. Leir, supposing that she had spok- obliged to give up the contest, and to remain meet him, received him with all marks of en from the bottom of her heart, was exceed- | with only one follower. But whenever his honour and distinction, and gave him power ingly offended, and gave her a very angry an- thoughts returned to the remembrance of his over the whole realm of France till they could swer. Since, said he, you treat my old age former greatness, detesting the low and mis restore him to his former dignity at home. with such contempt as not to profess the same erable estate into which he was now fallen, he Chap. XIV.- In the mean time Aganip. regard for me as your sisters have done, it is began to entertain a desire of going over to pus sent dispatches through all France to colnow my turn to despise you, nor ever shall you France to his youngest daughter ; but much lect all the armed force therein, that by their have a share in my kingdom with them ; I do he doubted whether he should find comfort aid he might restore Britain to his father-innot say, since you are my daughter, but that I and protection there, after the injurious usage law King Leir. This being done, Leir conmay marry you to some foreigner (should for- with which he had treated her. However, be- | ducted his daughter Cordeilla and a powerful tune throw any such person in your way), but ing unable any longer to support his present army into Britain, where he gave battle to his this only I affirm, that I will never try to marry misery, to France he went. But when he saw sons and overthrew them. When the whole you with the same honours and dignities which himself the third only among the princes who was again reduced to his power, he lived only your sisters will enjoy ; I have hitherto loved passed over with him, with deep sighs and a three years to enjoy it. Aganippus also died you better than the rest of my children, and it food of tears, he broke out into these excla- about the same time. Cordeilla, having asseems you have loved me less than they. Im- mations : oh! ye irrevocable decrees of fate, sumed the reins of government, buried her mediately calling a council of his nobles, he which still hold on your fixed and certain father in a subterraneous vault under the river gave his two elder daughters to the Dukes of course : why would ye ever raise me to such Soar, in Leicester." Cornwall and Albany, with half of the island heights of fickle and uncertain happiness, during his life, and the whole monarchy of it since more pain arises from a remembrance of after his death. It happened at tbat time, that it when lost than from the pressure of present
POETRY. Aganippus, king of France, had heard the misfortunes. The remembrance of those times,
SELECTED. beauty of Cordeilla greatly celebrated. He when at the head of aimies. I could lay waste sent an embassy to King Leir desiring that cities and provinces, grieves me more than all
[The following lines were written by HENRY KIRKE Cordeilla might be given to him in marriage. the calamities I now endure, though great
Whire, at the age of thirteen.] Ilis rage having not had yet time to cool, he enough to compel those to laugh at my presa give for answer, that King Aganippus was ent weakness, who not long since were trem
TO AN EARLY PRIMROSE. very welcome to her, but that he must be bling at my feet. Oh, frowns of angry for
| Mild offspring of a dark and sullen sire ! content to take her without lands or money, tune ! will that day never come when it will
Whose modest form, so delicately fine, for that he had already divided his kingdond;. be in my power to be avenged on those who
Was nurs'd in wbirling storms with all the silver and gold he was master on have thus cruelly deserted my old age to her sisters Gonorilla and Regån. When and helpless poverty ! O, Cordeilla, my
And cradled in the wind. this was told to Aganippus, who was much in daughter, how true were thy sayings when
Thee, when young Spring first question'd Winter's love with the lady, he sent another message thou garest an answer to my question, how
sway, to King Leir, telling him that he had already much thou lovedst me! Didst thou not say,
| And dar'd the sturdy blusterer tu the fight, as much gold and silver and as large posses- so much as you have, so much are you worth, sions as he could wish, being now master of al and so much I love you ? While I had any
Thce on this bank he threw third part of France ; that he desired nothing thing left to give, your sisters seemed to value
To mark his victory. of him but his daughter, that he might have me ; but, alas, they were no friends to me but
In this low vale, the promise of the year, heirs by her. Matters being thus agreed, to my presents, and if they loved me at all
Serene, thou openest to the nipping gale,
Unnoticed and alone
Thy tender elegance. Leir began to grow very old, the Dukes be- l est daughter ! can I return to thee ; when, af- ! So Virtue blooms, brought forth amid the storms. fore named, to whom he had divided Britain ter having been exasperated at thy words, I
Of chill adversity, in some lone walk with his daughters, rebelled against him, and intended to marry thee worse than thy sisters, took from him the crown and all the royal who, after having been loaded with innumera
Of life, she rears her head power which he had so long and so gloriously ble benefits, have condemned my old age to
Obscure and unobserv’d. held. Peace being at length made, one of his the hard rigours of poverty and exile.
While every bleaching breeze that on her blows, yons in law, Maglaunus, Duke of Albany, re- While intent on making these and such like
| Chastens her spotless purity of breast, tained him at his court, together with sixty reflections he arrived at Calais, where his soldiers, that he might not be without a reti. daughter then was. Waiting without the city,
And hardens her to bear nue suitable to his rank. After two years he sent a messenger to inform her of the de.
Serene, the ills of life. elapsed in the same residence, Gonorilla took plorable state into which he was fallen, and corsr.rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr offence at the number of his soldiers, who that in the utmost want of all food and rai
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR abused her servants, because a more liberalment, he was now come to implore her pity. distribution was not made among them. With | Cordeilla was greatly affected by the message,
JOHN PARK, the consent of her husband she ordered her and wept bitterly. She asked what retinue he
BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, father to be contented with only thirty followers, had, and was told that he had one only attendand to dismiss the other half of them. Enrag-ant, who waited without the gates upon his
NO. 4 CORNHILL. ed at this so ill treatment, he left Maglaunus, master. She took then as much money as Price three dollars per annum, hall in advance. and went to Henvinus, Duke of Cornwall, who was necessary, and giving it to the messenger ... Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding žad married his other daughter Regan. Here ' ordered him to conduct her father privately to!