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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

NO. II.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1814.

VOL. I.

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

The first instance of burning private dwel- | had a colour for her conduct. She found her ling houses or stores, which occurred in this own men fighting against her. They acknowl. unhappy war, was the destruction of several edged themselves her subjects. It is said they

British stores and houses at Queenstown by a were not Englishmen. Prima facie, they were The Temper with which the present unhappy body of seamen and troops who landed for the traitors to her, or else we ourselves could punWAR has been carried on. purpose.

ish no man who should be taken in the eneDR. PARK,

I should not lay open the nakedness and de- my's ranks who had been once an American. Ir cannot appear surprising to those, who formity of my country, if this act had not been If honest principles and exact retaliation know how small a degree of resentment and triumphantly blazoned to the world by the had been the only object, and not settled pura exasperation existed in this country against friends and advocates of the war.

poses of exasperation; the true course would Great Britain, more especially after the repeal of the Orders in Council , that the author of of God at Newark, then in quiet and undisIn the course of this last spring, the church have been to seize the Americans caught in

arms on the British side, and hold them as hossary to excite the passions of the people, in or- turbed possession of our troops, was wantonly tages. This would be precisely reciprocal. If reduced to ashes.

you hang your traitors, we will hang ours. der to induce them to submit to the priva

These facts, not so much dishonourable to the Further than this. humanity, reciprocity, the tions, disgrace, and horrors, of which it must nation as to the persons under whose authori- laws and usages of nations forbid you to go. necessarily be the occasion. Whatever may

Will it be said that we had no Americans, ty they were perpetrated, preceded some be said about the question of Impressment, it was certainly rather a metaphysical and theo

months the burning of Havre de Grace, the caught in British pay, on whom we could reretical, than a practical and feeling one.

first act of similar outrage on the part of taliale ?
It
Great Britain.

Mr. Madison is precluded from saying this, never was so extensive in its worst state, as to induce the navigating states, who were the

The second fact I would notice is the seizo since in his message he declares such cases do only sufferers, to clamour for redress. But ure, both at Newark and in Lower Canada, of exist, and such prisoners are in his possession.

Why then not limit his retaliation (even if many private citizens included in the list of after Munroe and Pinkney's informal

case which is ment, it had utterly ceased to be a subject of non-combatants, the removal of them from his principle was right) to a

parallel ? actual excitement.

their estates, and the returning of them as The report of the able

prisoners of war. A friend of mine, who saw Who would think of murdering his neighcommittee of the legislature of Massachu- the unhappy collection of sufferers, trepanned bour because he trod upon his grass this setts

, that there were only eleven cases of Im- by Col. Clarke, assured me they were nearly not more extravagant to imprison and take the pressment, which came within their cogni- all of them private citizens, and objects of pity lives of the innocent for those of the guilty. zance, still existing as causes of complaint, rather than terror. We do not remember that I will not enlarge on this hateful subject of very well accounts for the calmness with which Bonaparte has even attempted this species of inhumanity. Enough has been said to satisfy the Eastern States viewed this question, and oppression, over bis unhappy victims. for the just indignation, which they felt, in see.

every man of ordinary virtue and sense, ing the back-woodsmen of Kentucky and Onio, f'ism by asking Gen. Hull, Gen Van Rensselaer, cimen of lefucity in their warfare—is princi

Shall we offend against the duties of patriot- these two nations are to exhibit a novel spe. (many of whom scruple not to murder an In- and Gen. Harrison, whether Great Britain did ples, held sacred for more than 500 years, are dian for his pack of furs) affecting to be engaged for the sufferings of the seamen of the

not release on parole all the militia taken in to be violated--if two nations, descended from Eastern States. arms fighting against her ?

common ancestors, breathing the same spirit of This state of calmness towards Great Brit

This was indeed heaping coals of fire upon freedom, and professing the same religion are

to be forced into a contest of unmeasured cruour heads. ain, arising from a conviction of the exaggerated nature of the complaints against her, and

“ Tros Tyriusve mihi nullo discrimine agetur.” elty, there are men in this country who will

deserve, and receive from the moderate, huof the strong interest we had in cultivating a In a contest for humanity we ought to know no good understanding with her, rendered it ne- national distinctions. We should censure, share of censure, if not execration.

mane, and intelligent of both nations, a full cessary to rouse the people by provoking where censure is dae, and applaud where we Great Britain to acts of severe retaliation. The can justly approve. same policy which drove us into a war on the Bonaparte was the first monarch in modern

Every American, who regards either jusside of France, who had injured and insulted ages, who ever retained the subjects of his en

tice, or the honour of bis country, will mainus beyond what any independent nation ever emy, found in his territory at the breaking out

tain this fact, with unyielding firmness, that before submitted to, led our rulers to meas

ibe PEOPLE of the United States are not at

war with Great Britain. That it is a mere

It was to be hoped the precedent would not ures o an unexamplod character. It is well known that individuals in this have found imitators. But ihe example of

party affair, effected by the President and a town, in the interest of government, repeatedly France seems to be too fascinating to our ru

few ambitious nen around him. Who does declared, that they should be willing to lose lers to be resisted.

not well remember, that the Declaration of their own houses, if Great Britain would only The British subjects, many of whom came here

war, by Congress, was generally unexpected rouse the nation to hostility by burning the under our own doctrine of the right of expa

by the people, until the clay it arrived ? town. triation, and all of them under the safeguard of

Should we be so unfortunate, as that these Great Britain adopted a contrary policy, and the laws of nations and hospitality, were arrest

alorure, disgraceful campaigns, against a feethe hopes of the advocates of war were disap- ed, sent into the interior, and refused passports

b!c British colony, defended by a few regipointed. to quit the country.

ments of soldiers, coming and supporied from But a system of measures has been steadily Britain has permitted ours to this day to

across the Atlantick, could be considered a pursued, calculated, if not designed, to give traverse her country freely, 10 reside where display of the nation's strength and character, the war a character of unusual asperity, and « bon il leur semble," and to quit it as they

then indeed, we must make a deplorable figto provoke Great Britain to proceedings of a please. Some little check was given to the

ure, and the eyes of Europe would turn upon severe and irritating nature.

us with scorn. last power, when she was first shocked with We have noticed some instances of this na- the almost perfidious treatment of her own

Does not patriotism then requirc, that we ture already, and we now proceed to call to the subjects here.

should join all at once, and show what Ameri. recollection of our readers some further exam- li would require more time than we

ca can do ? ples. now afford to discuss the cruel and novel sys

What ! engage in a tremendous, sanguinary All modern nations forbid the unnecessary tem of retaliation which threatens to sacrifice

war, on such grounds? If we bring forth the destruction of private property ; the conflagra- | the lives of many brave and innocent men on

united energy of the nation, to help a. cause, tion of private houses ; the capture and deten- both sides, and ihe devaswzion of our cities.

which has been weal, only because the virtue pion of private ciuzens as prisoners of war. Mr. Madison commenced it. Britain at least

aní good sense of the country were against it, we must then resolve to fight, until Great

of war.

can

Britain is destroyed. In such a struggle, it | Frankfort and the Rhine ; his course was about ment of the United States, for the conquest of must evidently be her duty and interest to sle- two points south of west (we state this to aid | Canada, have been frustrated by the valour of fend herself with a vigour, rising in proportion readers who have not maps.). He could not his Majesty's troops, and by the zeal and loyto her danger :-nay, if possible, to give a reach Erfurth, the passage being occupied by alty of his American subjects. deadly blow to a nation, which assaults her, his enemies. Failing in this, he took a north- Whilst Great Britain, in conjunction with for the sake of proving that they have the wardly direction towards Brunswick : and the her allies, is exerting her utmost strength, power to injure. Every man can see, that if last accounts, dated on the 19th of October, against the common enemy of independerit nawe are mad enough to make this a national from Leipsic, state that he was closely pursu- tions, it must be matter of deep regret to find war, because Mr. Madison and his party caned, by the allies, and the total dispersion of an additional enemy in the government of a do nothing but disgrace themselves, there his remaining forces anticipated.

country, whose real interest in the issue of this could be no peace, until Great Britain could In these tliree battles, the loss of the French great contest must be the same as our own. no longer meet us.

amounted to 82,000 men : besides which, on It is known to the world, that this country No-fellow citizens. You who disapprove of the 18th, 17 battalions of German infantry was not the aggressor in this war. this unjust and dishonourable contesi-All the abandoned the tyrant, and joined their friends. I have not hitherto seen any disposition on world now know, this is but the war of the Thus discomfited, broken up and disgraced, the part of the government of the United democratick party. Keep up the important where will the invader find refuge? His States to close it, of which I could avail mydistinction, which, happily, truth has made for course was not yet foreclosed, through Bruns- self, consistently with a due attention to the us. If we have no means to prevent the ado | wick, Hanover, and Westphalia, to France. interests of his Majesty's subjects. ministration from ruining our occupations, But a general insurrection against him is high. I am at all times ready to enter into discusand squeezing our property from us, to sup- ly probable. The inhabitants, through the sions with that government, for a conciliatory port their servants, and corrupt the corrupti. whole of this circuitous route, must participate adjustment of the differences between the two ble, let us preserve, what they cannot take, by in the regenerating spirit which has roused so countries upon principles of PERFECT RECIPforce our integrity and our c!saracter. If we large a portion of Germany to assert their ROCITY, not inconsistent with the established wish to see peace return, this is the only freedom. His enemies are continually multi- maxims of publick law, and the maritime rights means of hastening it. If we would save thc plying, as his downfall advances. Bavaria, a of the British Empire.". dear honour of the democratick party, it is a large circle, between Bohemia and the Tyrol, In reference to their domestick concerns the question, whether, to join them would accom- has formally declared war against France, and Prince observes-“ I congratulate you on the plish it. If we would preserve the honour of | takes the field, with an addition of 20,000 10 IMPROVED and FLOURISHING state of OUR the nation, let the woild see that with a large, the allied forces.

COMMERCE-and I trust that the abundant a respectable, and we trust a growing portion The situation of the Viceroy's army, on the harvest which we have received from the of the community, THE WAR IS UNPOPU- | northern frontier of Italy is not known. But bountiful hand of Providence, during the presLAR.

as a report has been received, and not contra- ent year, will afford material relief to his Maj

dicted, that the Austrians have reached and" esty's people, and produce a considerable augThe compact between our government and possessed themselves of Venice, it is to be con- mentation to many branches of the revenue." France, with respect to John Bull, seems to cluded their passage could only have been efhare been this. “ You hold his head, and we fected, but by victory over Beauharnois. This, RUMOUR OF A NEGOCIATION FOR will bite his legs.” So we attacked Canada. if true, is not the only disaster, which has be

PEACE. But Bonaparte has been gored to the heart, fallen the imperial family. Independent of the Since the Declaration of war, this town has and we have been sadly kicked.

grand battles, mentioned above, about the close not been so much agitated, by reports, as withof September, the Russian GeneralChernicheff, in a few days past; growing out of the arri

commanding a distinct corps, penetrated to val of the despatch vecool, at Annapolis, from GENERAL REGISTER.

Cassel, the capital of Westphalia, about half England, with communications to our governway between Leipsic and the Rhine, in a dia ment. Expresses have been forwarded from

rect westwardly line. When the city was at- merchants, south of us, ordering sales of imBOSTON, SATURDAY,JANUARY 8, 1814. tacked, King Jerome, with his guards, and ported goods, with scarcely any restriction ;

1,000 cavalry, fled towards Frankfort. and a surprising fall in the price of sugar, cofTHE WAR IN EUROPE.

was pursued and the rear of his escort taken. fee, &c. immediately succeeded.

Three hundred joined the Russians, and re- The remarks of the Government paper at Though it is both impossible and impious turned to Cassel, which capitulated; the Rus. Washington, on the import of these despatchto speak with prospective confidence, as to the sians entered on the 30th ; were received with es, are certainly not of a character to justify purposes of Providence, it may be permitted acclamations of joy;

and reinforced by the the sanguine hopes, which have been indulged, to hope, that Heaven has, at last, turned a pity. voluntary enlistment of above 1500 of the in- nor to produce that depression in the price of ing eye upon the suffering state of Europe. habitants.

foreign goods, which has been experienced in The position of the powerful armics in the It is stated that Davoust was attacked on the our market. Coming from a source, where heart of Germany, we mentioned, as justifying 23d Oct. and lost 5,000 in prisoners. The sur- the whole truth was known, we consider an the expectation of a sanguinary conflict. That

render of Bremen, on the Weser, to General extract from the Intelligencer, of as much conconflict has taken place, the tyrant has fled, Tottenborn was announced at Leipsic, on the sequence, at least, as private letters, which are routed and beaten ; half of his main army be- 19th of October. As this city is situated about very contradictory. “ The following facts” ing slain, made prisoners, or united to the allies. 60 miles southwest of Hamburgh, the posses- says the Intelligencer, “ we believe may be Early in October, Bernadotte crossed the

sion of it, by the allies, increases the peril of relied on ; that a flag of truce has arrived Elbe to Dessau. General Blucher, who had Davoust's situation.

from England at Annapolis, with a despatch driven in Bonaparte's right wing upon Dres. All the details, of which the above is the from the British Minister to the Secretary of den, and posted himself at Bautzen, moved in substance, were received at Annapolis (Md.) on State, bearing date early in November, which, front of Dresden, northwestward, overcoming the 30th ult. by a British Cartel, 40 days from although it contains no distinct proposition, all opposition, until he reached Wittenberg ; England, bringing London dates to the 6th of may be considered as of a pacifick character. It thus forming a junction with the Crown Prince.

November. A general illumination had taken is said that the British minister speaks in this Bonaparte then withdrew his head quarters place in England, on account of these glorious despatch of a communication to the Russian to Leipsic ; on the 16th, General Ney was victories.

zovernment, and through it, with our envoys at attacked by Blucher, and after a bloody battle,

St. Petersburgh, relating to a negotiation to was defeated, with the loss of 12,000 men. On The Prince Regent's speech, on the open.be entered into between the United States and the 18th, the combined forces under Berna-ing of parliament, is received. It consists Great Britain for peace ; but that no document dotte, Blucher, and Prince Schwartzenburg at principally in allusions to the brilliant succes- either from the Russian government or our tacked Bonaparte in all his positions. The ses of the British arms, and of their allies, on Envoys, in reply thereto, has been forwarded. struggle was tremendous, but terminated de. the continent ; and of new and powerful con-Uider such circumstances it would seem to cidedly in favour of the allies, the French loss nexions. The remarks of the acting Sovereign be impossible for our government justly to ap. amounting to 40,000, and about 200 pieces of of that country, with respect to the American preciate the real object or intentions of the cannon. The Emperour still occupied Leip-war, will be deemed of consequence, and we British government. Their letter relating to sic ; but on the next day (the 19th) he was as- insert them entire.

despatches from our Envoys might have been sailed by the conquerors and, after a furious “ The war," says the Prince, « between this written on the presumption that those des. resistance, the city was stormed, and the Em country and the United States of America, still patches had already reached our government. perour compelled to retreat, with a loss of continues ; but I have the satisfaction to inform We must therefore await further arrivals be30,000. He attempted the direct route towards ! you, that the measures adopted by the govern.) fore we can form any correct idea of their import. If, as we have reason to believe, the , vation to the throne of France, kept his sub- be considered an imperfect being ; for he not Neptune, which took our Ministers to Peters. jects engaged in foreign war, to secure his only feels that it would be absurd to claim a burgh, was to leave the Baltick in the latter end

own power, at home. Frenchmen fought higher rank ; but in making this concession for of October with despatches for the U. States, fought bravely, for the “ liberty of the seas" himself, he embraces all his fellow creatures. all doubt and uncertainty on this important too, and every day, became less free. Yet Touch his defects in detail, and he will either subject will soon be removed.”

thousands and thousands of times has it been think you unjust, or feel degraded. In either It is always necessary, in stating our infor- inquired among us, “ What do you suppose is case, his sensibility is wounded. mation from this paper, to advert to what may Mr. Madison's policy ?”

Pointed censure, therefore, promises no be the views of administration. We are of

good. In treating moral disease, we must not opinion that the accounts from Germany have,

THE WAR AT HOME.

only gild the pill, but conceal the hand which in a great measure, blasted their calculations on

administers it. This may be accomplished by Bonaparte. The basis, on which all their pol. Tae capture of fort Niagara, by the British, transferring the defect or crror we would reicy has rested, is shaken--it is fast giving is confirmed. They have destroyed the villag- form, to an ideal character. way ; it may probably soon be demolished. es of Buffalo and Black Rock ; and taken four pride of the original, and trust to his conThen a peace must, ere long, be made, not of gun boat schooners at Buffalo Creek.

sciousness to make the application. choice, but of dire necessity.

It is stated, also, that they have landed a

In hopes to render a service to the commuThis being the case we presume, it has

considerable force at Pensacola in W. Florida, been thought not inexpedient, that the ardour of which they have

taken possession, and fears nity, as well as to excite a pleasing

interest in

favour of this publication, I shall therefore defor war should have a check—that some prosare entertained of an attack upon New Orleans.

vote a part of the Spectator to communications pect of peace should be excited ; and that the

written on this plan. The « CONFIDANT" will measures already taken, through the Russian

Congress are taking no further publick lend an ear to every grievance-every tale of embassy, should be considered as having led measurés. The news from Europe, and the

wo-every detection of foible, or denunciation to such a result. recent disasters on our northern frontier, have

of vice. He will bear the message of friendly After attentively examining every fact, that given a shock to the friends of the administra- stricture or council ; but only in the guise of has transpired, we are therefore disposed to

tion, who now give currency to the premature GENERAL INSTRUCTION. Like most conclude, that something like this has taken expectations of peace.

other confidants, he may tell all he knows ; but place, and little or nothing more.

this promise he will sacredly observe-never The British government having declined to

The favour, with which the return of the treat with the United States, through the meEditor to publick duty has been honoured, lick eye to an individual ; on the contrary, he

to utter a sentence, which shall direct the pubdiation of Russia, have thought proper to signi- gives him a satisfaction, second to no other fy to that court, and through that channel to but the consciousness of upright intentions. It tion which can be suspected of such a mischievo

will scrupulously suppress every communicaour ministers, that they are still ready to enter awakens his gratitude ;-it will stimulate him

ous tendency. upon a direct pacifick negociation. It is prob- to assiduity in an enterprise, from which he

This department will give scope to writers able some new proposition of this kind may already de ives increasing pleasure.

of observing min«'s, who study human nature. have been advanced by them, at this particular

He feels it proper, however, and necessary, Ingenuity will readily suggest many illustraseason of the year. The face of things on the to remind the candid, that to render such a

tions, founded on circumstances known to be European continent, has for some time given publication generally acceptable, is no very ea

common in society. Such illustrations will England just grounds to expect, that in the sy task. One friend urges, that Politicks are

benefit publick morals, afford innocent amusecourse of the next summer, it might not be the only interesting subject ; another that a

ment, and encourage literary taste. inconvenient to her to take more serious and paper, wholly Literary, is much wanted. One effectual measures, for prosecuting the war wishes the Spectator to be filled with good,

The intercourse of the Gods, among heathen with this country. She might well suppose solid reading-ancther that it may abound in mythologists, is ingeniously constructed, on the that our government could not but see, and be fun, to relax the mind, exhausted by business.

relation between those various dispositions or affected, by the revolution of affairs in Europe. The good Parson desired his parishioners, in

states of the human mind, which those Gods, If we are mad enough to persist in war-they dividually, to cut his wig to their taste, and figuratively, represented. From observation · will wish to make seasonable and extensive they left him as bare as Crispin's lapstone.

on human life, Mars was often placed in the preparation If under the apprehension of There must be a degree of mutual conde- society of Venus—but I do not remember having eventually to resist Great Britain alone, scension in readers to their respective tastes,

when he was ever found in the circle of the our government should be struck with new or a Dutch folio, instead of a sheet, would be

Muses. The moral of this is, that war has alviews of their claims, and become pacifick, the necessary, every Saturday, to furnish the re

ways been found unfavourable to the pursuits great expense which would

be necessary to quisite bill of fare. The patronage of him, of literature, while it favours the licentiousness provide for an efficient warfare, might be spar

whom no portion of this paper shall gratify, is of passion. ed, by now opening a door to negotiacion. not expected. Even if an armistice has been proposed, of

Communications are received by the Publish

Of all literary slaves, French dramatists are which however, we see no satisfactory evi-ers, in the box, within the door of their Book

the most completely shackled by established dence, it will accord with such intentions. store, or addressed to the Editor through the regulations. Some of their restrictions are Post Office.

conformable to nature, and may therefore be While the extravagant rumours respecting

said to have originated in their taste ; but othsteps actually taken towards peace, which have MISCELLANEOUS AND LITERARY.

ers seem to have no other origin, than a desire been widely circulated, are wormwood to

to render the task of the writers difficult, and many of our most active democrats, we observe

THE CONFIDANT, M.I.

to create a factitious merit, by obliging their that several papers of that faction, affect to

geniuses to perform, in the stocks, what others hail it as good news. As partizans, how can All the world profess to be desirous of do, at liberty. they rejoice? My life on it, whenever, or if knowing their own faults-all lament the want The author of a legitimate French tragedy, ever, peace takes place, it will be found that of frankness in their associates, to aid in de- , in the first place, must adhere strictly to the our government, after subjecting us to years tecting and correcting them. Yet there is not three unities of time, place and action, as obof the most cruel self denial, after impoverish- one instance in a thousand, among either sex, served by the ancients. That is-every inciing us, and loading us with enormous taxes where friends who submit to the ungracious dent, constituting the plot of the piece, must for years to come, will not have gained a single task, do not destroy the attachment of the one, have happened in the actual space of time, in point, with Great Britain. I wish this predic- to whose importunity they have yielded. Pride which il can be represented on the stage ; or tion to be noted. If that prove true, in what takes the alarm the moment the office is exe- at most, within twenty four hours. The estiination can the enlightened or even the cuted. We may boast of our firmness-pride scene, all in one room—one building, or within most ignorant of the community, hold such an too stimulates us to affect a magnanimity and in front of the same. Every character administration. They will have purchased to which is not in human nature ; bui we turn must be subservient to the principal object, so themselves deep disgrace, and at a monstrous from our monitor, if not an acknowledged supe- that distinct interests shall not be excited, in price to the country—o millions, whose hands rior, with an unpleasant impression. I know the breasts of the audience. The dignity of have been clear of this wickedness and folly. many will, deny this ;-I know as well that if style must, in no instance, be violated-of

they will appeal to their own experience, they course, the whole plot must be executed by It is singular how clearly we understand will find the remark is just.

personages of high rank. This totally excludes the affairs of other nations, and how slow we This principle of self love is undoubtedly those subalterns, who give relief to rank, on are to comprehend our own. Every American implanted in our nature for wise purposes; the English stage ; and embarrasses the aureadily understands that Bonaparte, on his ele- and it cannot be subdued. Man is willing to thor, by compelling him to effect all his pur

FOR TIIR BOSTOX SPECTATOR.

poses, without the aid of those means, which, First, of the pleasures of rural life

FOR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOK. in real life are usually employed.

AULD DONALD.
There must be no death represented on the “Oh ! d'un simple hameau si le ciel m'eùt fait maitre,
stagc, unless by suicide.
Je saurois en jouir : heureux, digne de l'être,

CHILL, chill blew the blast, and the snow fell fast,
The Tragedy must be written in poetry. Je voudrois m'entourer de fleurs, de riches plants, And Donald was weary and old ;
Their poetry must always be rhyme ; or, De beaux fruits, et sur tout de visages rians;

His plaidy was thin, and the storm crept in, for the want of accent, it could not be distin- Et je ne voudrois pas qu'attristant ma fortune,

And he shiver'd and shook, for the cold. guished from prose.

La fuim vînt m'étaler sa pâleur importune.
Their rhyme must consist of alternate male Mais je hais l'homme oisif ; la bêche, les rateaux,

The wretched old man seemed baggard and wan; and female couplets ; that is—in every second Le suc, tout l'arsenal des rustiques travaux,

His bald head was bare to the blast ; couplet, the final syllable must be softened by Attendrvient l'indigent sûr d'un juste salaire,

Old Donald was blind, and the wintery wind the letter e, thusEt chez moi le travail bannirioit la misère."

Froze the tears, down his furrows, that past. “ Vous ne m'attendiez pas, madame ; et je vois bien

The storm rudely toss'd that lone lock on his brow

Having thus imagined a situation to his Which time had not shredded away ; Que mon abord ici trouble votre entretien.

mind, he next recommends the practice of be. And he stood, 'ınid the tempest, like misery's form, Je ne viens point, armé d'un indigne artifice,

nevolence, in relieving the private distresses Enshrouded in winter's array. D'un voile d'équité couvrir mon injustice.of the sick and indigent.

“ Hail father,” said I, while I griev'd at the thought, The rebel spirit of Voltaire murmured loud, “C'est peu ; des maux cruels troublent souvent ses

That such wretches on earth should be found ; against some of these rules ; but he was oblig

jours ;

When the beggar, both hands on his staff, as he leano ed to submit to the yoke, borne by Corneille and Racine, or avow his genius appalled by Dans les appartemens du logis le moins vaste Aux douleurs, au vieil age assurez des secours.

Turn'd his blind visage up to the sound. difficulties which they surmounted. His pride

“ Ah, father,” said I, “ has fortune denied prevented his attempting any considerable in- Qur’il en soil un, où l'art, avec ordre et sans faste,

Her gifts and her blessings to thee ! novation, and thus his example served to con- Arrange le dépôt des remèdes divers

Wbilst wealth she has lavish'd, and honours and healtli, firm the established laws. Can we be aston- A ses infirmités incessament offerts.

And all, but contentment, on me. ished that French Tragedies are all heavy, and L'oisif, de qui l'ennui vient vous rendre visite, want the interest of the English ? Lolra plus volontiers, de sa voix parasite,

- Once happy, thy fortune was fairer than mine,

With wealth and with honours in store :
Vos glaces, vos tapis, votre salon doré ;
Why did D'Israeli, in his illustrations of Mais pour tous les bons cæurs ce lieu sera sacré.”

Perhaps too a partner and children were thine, the calamities of authors, omit so distinguished

Who forgot thee, or now are no more !" an instance as that of Lord Bacon? There is

The next is an excellent lesson. He en- “ Poor heart-broken outcast, and wanderer thou ! not, in the list of fame, a more celebrated wri- joins upon the mother sometimes to take her Thine only companion thy staff! ter than his lordship ; yet he died so poor, as children, particularly her daughter, secretly to Let me guide thee along ;" but I scarcely had spoke, scarcely to leave property enough to pay his the abode of wretchedness, to see the objects, When he set up a broad Scottish laugh. funeral expences. One of the last productions and the exercise, of her beneficence, and thus of his pen, was an address to King James, en- learn to imitate her example.

“ Now as to your honours, and sic like," he cried, treating his protection to save him from the

“They are nae to my mind, in the least ; wretchedness of penury. “ Help me, dear “ Souvent á vos bienfaits joignez votre présence ; Auld Donald is happy as happy can be, Sovereign, Lord and Master, and pity me su Votre aspect consolant doublera leur puissance,

And enow is as gude as a feast. far, that I, who have been born to a bag, be Menez-y vos enfans ; qu'ils viennent sans témoin not now, in my age, forced in effect to bear a

“ And as to my lads, they are a' Scotchmen true ; Offirir leur don timide au timide besoin. wallet ; nor that I, who desire to live to study, Que sur tout votre fille, umenant sur vos traces

My girls, they baith married McNeils ; may be driven to study to live.”

For mine ain gude wife and the wee bairn Joan, La touchante pudeur, la premiere des grâces, He was struck with a chill, from which he

I ha' left them at bame wi' their wheels. never recovered, by making an experiment, par qui tout s'embelit jusques à la beauté. Y fasse en rougissant l'essai de la bonté,

“ And as for your showing auld Donald the way, whether meat might not be preserved in snow,

He kens his paith weel ’mong the snaw ; as well as salt ! A few glasses of the good Ansi, comme vos traits, leurs meurs sont votre image ; old wine, which once flowed bountifully ať his Votre exemple est leur dot, leurs vertus votre ouvrage. Though he lost baith his een, at the fray o' Dundee, table, would probably have prolonged his use- Cæurs durs, qui payez cher de fastueux dégoûts,

And is now mair than four score and twa. ful life-but his neighbour, Lurd Broke, had Ab, voyez ces plaisirs, et soyez en jaloul."

“ And the worst o’mine ails, since that bloody affray, ordered his butler to refuse him, even a bottle

'Tis thretty lang years gane awa', of beer ; and he died, neglected-solitary

Has happ'd me just now, for did na’ye see, poor and broken hearted.

POETRY.

How I lost my bob-wig i’the snaw?"
I have always considered the Abbe Delille
as among the most pleasing of French poets.

FOR THB BOSTON SPECTATOR.
Either owing to the constitutional hue of his
mind, or to the horrors which overwhelmed his
WHY glistens thine eye with delight ?

SONG.
country, and forced him to seek an asylum Thou art happy.—Be grateful ;—but know,
abroad, his style is very free froin that foppery
That the sweetest enjoyments soon blight,

AIR, Vieni mio tesord. and levity, which generally characterize the And the sweeter, the deeper thy wo.

HOW sweet to me retiring recent productions of his countrymen, in his I, but lately, like thee too was blest ;

This silent hour of night! favourite department of literature. His manO how gently the hours roll'd away!

The moon's pale beam inspiring ner much resembles Goldsmith's, in his DeFor my home in endearments was dress'd,

Soft visions of delight. serted Village-abounding with fine sentiment,

And I dream'd not they e'er could decay. images from nature, easy versification, and

Thus fancied joys I borrow, tempered by an air of melancholy, just suffi- I then said " why do mortals complain

In fairy colours drest, cient to interest the heart, without depressing That this world is vexatious or dull ?

To charm away my sorrow, the spirits. Poor Delille—his history cannot Wealth and splendour I ne'er shall obtain,

And soothe my soul to rest. but excite sympathy. Having spent some

But my cap of fruition is full." years an exile in England, sorrowing over the

arse iremendous sufferings of his native country, a

I still smil'd, as it sparkled in view ; change in the administration encouraged him all was peace and contentment aroand ;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR to return to France. He had not long enjoyed But before I my enemy knew,

JOHN PARK, that satisfaction, damped as it must have been, One fell blow dash'd my cup to the ground ! by the vestiges of a bloody revolution, when an

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, Affection alone was the charm, epidemick, which raged in Paris, suddenly ter. minated his life. Which had wedded my soul to its fate ;

NO. 4 CORNHILL.
The following is a beautiful specimen of his
But that bosom so tender, so warm,

Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding train of thought and poetick talents. Has now ceas d-0 forever ! to beat.

numbers.

FOR TIE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1814.

NO.IN.

POR THE BOSTOX SPECTATOR,

;

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POLITICAL.

Mazzei, imprudently betrayed and published our differences with Great Britain. It assumes in the Moniteur at Paris ; the interception of then a dictatorial style, and threatens our gove Fauchett's letter by a casual British cruiser ernment with the utmost displeasure of France

the demand of Turreau to close the trade of if we should dare to listen to the terms offer. Reflections on the influence which France has St. Domingo ; his declaration that the United had on the councils and opinions of the Uni- States were at actual war with the king of

ed by her enemy.

This letter was addressed, not as the Intelli. ted States.

Great Britain ; the consequent interdiction of gencer asserts, to Mr. Robert Smith as a priIn all popular governments, there must be that trade ; the refusal to acknowledge a min- vate man, but to him as Secretary of State. It parties.

You might as well look for perpetual ister from Ferdinand VII. the only legitimate was there received, translated, and put on file, sunshine in the natural world, as to expect un- ruler of Spain ; the forcible seizure of West as Mr. Hanson in his place in Congress asserts. interrupted calms, and disinterested patriotism Florida ; the letter of Champagny, describing It remained there several months, and every in the political horizon. One party in this us as more dependent than the colony of Ja- exertion was made by the cabinet to induce country have, for the last twenty years, charged maica, and our continuanco of a minister at the French minister secretly to withdraw it. their adversaries with being unduly influenced the court of France after such an insolent dec. He was obstinate in his refusal. Nor did he by French interests. These, instead of dis- laration ; the neglect to apologize for the finally consent, until we had made the deproving the charge, have contented themselves confiscation and burning of our ships ; the ap- manded expiation, by sending Mr. Jackson, with retorting it, by accusing their opponents probation of our embargo as an act in con- with every possible degree of insult and indigof an undue attachment to Great Britain. This formity with the views of France ; the credit nity, out of the country. course is of itself some proof of the justice of given to the pretended repeal of the French The letter then being functa officio-all the the accusation. If I was to accuse my neigh- decrees, and the still more disgraceful apology objects with which it had been written having bour of having been guilty of theft, and he for the first repeal, which admitted that the been fulfilled the submission and meanness should reply that I was an extortioner, the first was not sincere or did not exist ; all of our rulers having been put to the most seworld would consider it no small evidence of these events proved beyond the possibility of vere test and having stood the ordeal, the the justness of the charge. It is not because I reply, that our cabinet was more under the proud minister of France consented to withhope, in the present state of parties, to make influence of France than Holland or Switzer. draw the evidence of their corruption and guilt. the people believe that their rulers have been land.

We propose to make some future remarks influenced by motives which they ought to be Yet even these did not establish the com- on this letter, which has met with a cold and ashamed to avow, that I resume a subject plete and absolute subservience of our country indifferent reception, merely because ye were which may be considered trite. There are too to the views of France. The act declaring so accustomed to French insults. many, I know, who would consider the charge, war was necessary to give the finishing stroke But we would make one preparatory remark. even if substantiated, no reproach, to permit to the picture.

That, admitting the defence of the National Inme to hope for any immediate beneficial ef- Just at the moment when all Europe indig- telligencer and of Mr. Eppes, the organ of the fects. But we owe something to those who | nantly threw off their chains, we volantarily government, to be true, and admitting (if it come after us. It is our duty to explain to placed them on our necks. While Russia, and were possible tor a moment to admit an incorthose who may hereafter be astonished at the soon after, Austria, declared that the pretence rectness in the assertions of such a noble, high unnatural policy of our rulers, upon what prin- of France of vindicating the maritime rights minded man as Mr. Hanson, that the letter ciples and from what causes this policy was of Europe was only intended and calculated was instantly and indignantly sent back to the adopted.

to ruin the commerce of Continental Europe in French minister, what becomes of the imparIt is not my intention to rest upon assertion, order to aggrandize herself, our cabinei en- tiality and dignity of a government, that, while and still less to develope, at this time, the or- tered fully into the policy of Bonaparte, and it would give a French minister an opportuni. igin and progress of that tremendous and de- with an infelicity, which can only be attributed ty to recal his insolent language, nay, would structive influence, which France began to es. to divine interference, connected the fortunes intreat and persuade bim to do it, would at tablish in this country during our revolutionary of this country with the falling interests of the same time seize the most doubtful expreswar. France.

sions in the despatch of a British minister, and It will be suficient to trace some of the But the document which fixes the character instantly order him out of the country! We leading features of this overwhelming influe of the policy of our rulers—the fact which set- shall make some further remarks on this disence, during the two last administrations. tles the degree of French influence in this parity of treatinent in your next. · One might premise these remarks by saying, country, is the famous letter of the French that it would seem to be extraordinary that minister Turreau, of the 14th of June 1809, France, who by the unanimous consent of all which by an almost miraculous interference is

Do you think we shall have peace ? Europe has created a most destructive and now laid before the American people.

This interesting question is proposed a thoucorrupting influence over every country of the So long as the evidence with respect to the sand times a day. Those whom no experience old world, should have neglected the use of transmission and reception of this famous let- can tcach the character of our administration, the same means over a powerful and impor- ter rested on the authority of an editor of a ansiously look for a solution of their embarrasstant nation, already prepared to her hands by newspaper, the publick were not authorized to ment from Washington. What takes place at intestine divisions.

attach so high a degree of importance to it, as Washington is not of the least conscquence. Such a neglect could only be attributed to we are now compelled to allow. The Hon. The news from Europe alone can decide our the insignificance of our country, which our Mr. Hanson, member of Congress from the fate. The renewed assurance to our governpride will not permit us to admit; or to the su- State of Maryland, has brought this subject ment from the Prince Regent, that he is ready perior degree of virtue in our citizens, which I before the House of Representatives, and on his to negotiate, is but a repetition of what he al. fear history will as effectually refute.

responsibility as a man of honour, and a mem- ways declared ; rciterated under present cir. It has pleased the sovereign Disposer of hu- ber of that body, he has asserted, that he could cumstances of successful warfare, to prove to man events to harden the heart of the ruler of prove that this document, so insolent in its the world their magnanimity, and to put our France, as well as to betray his ininisters in tone, so powerfully supporting the most unfa- government still further in the wrong, before this country into imprudencies, which have, vourable opinions which we had entertained of the bloody campaign of next summer is openfrom time to time, raised the veil which cover- our rulers, and of the influence of France on ed, if they perversely cling to the sinking fored his policy, and have disclosed to us partial our cabinet, was officially sent to our govern- tunes of the French tyrant. views of his operations, which induced us to ment, at a most critical and important moment Mr. Madison's accepting the proposal is believe, that, if the whole were fully disclosed, of our history. It was written with a view to nothing. If he even appoint Mr. King, and he we should find we had not been behind the prepare our cabinet for the rejection of Mr. should sacrifice himself by accepting the com. most corrupt portion of his European satellites. Jackson It commences with avowing, that it mission—it is nothing. A treaty made and The detection of Mr. Jefferson's letter to was well known that we were about to settle before the Senate is nothing. We must not

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