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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.
BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1814.
I great country are such, as will occasion strong! I will contrast some of these facts with those
rivalships and violent parties. Every part of the same nature in Masaachusetts, exclusive FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.
will be alike incapable of acquiring maritime of Maine, being the most ancient of our settleNO. VI.
power ; all will feel the deepest interest in the | ments, situated in the vicinity of extensive
regulations, which may at any time affect the tracts of new lands, to which her inhabitants THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES
trade of the Mississippi; their alliances will are constantly migrating, and being at the MUST BE PRESERVED.
Isaturally be with the people who can best sup- | same time extensively interested in navigation EXTRA TS CONTINUED.
ply their wants, and most effectually protect and the fisheries, both of which employments Shewing the comparative strength, resources, their commerce ; and as the power to protect are more unfavourable to population, than ag
riculture. and local advantages of the different sections must imply a power to annoy, their protectors
will, in all periods of fancied security, be view. The tenable land in Massachusetts, exclusive of the Union.
cd with more jealousy and distrust, than confi- of Maine, is less than five millions of acres, “ It has been said, that the difficulties inci- donce and friendship. The western country is and little more than one third of the quantity in dent to foreign commerce, will soon compel unit, composed of several distinct parts, too the eastern district of Virginia : The averthe western states to become manufacturers, discordant to cooperate among themselves, or age price of land in Massachusetts is ten dol-and thus acquire a commercial independence. Pith the rest of the Union, in any efficient sys. | lars per acre, and the population equal to fiftyIt is highly probable that a few important man- sem for consolidating the powcr and resour-| four persons to the square mile. ufactures will soon be established. The valu. lees, or extending the credit of the nation. Notwithstandigg the comparative high price able metals and fossils, with which this country Having, at the same time, a distinct and im- of land, which, if other circumstances were abounds; the internal demand for hard ware, portant interest, they will unite in endeavour- equal, so far increase the inducements to emi: glass, and other bulky articles; the great ex- iig to hold the balance, between the different gration, Massachusetts has, in ten years, on pense, which must attend their importation, parties in the national government, which they | five millions of acres, added to her population' and their imperishable qualities, certainly fa will attempt to incline, in such manner, as 43,000 persons ; whereas, on 14 millions of vour a number of manufacturing establish- may best promote their local policy. During acres, the eastern district of Virginia has ad. ments. Some manufactures of iron, copper, the next Congress some of these predictions ded to her population only 25,000 persons, and perhaps glass, may, even soon, be export. will probably be verified. (Jan. 1803)
while her real strength has been diminished ed; but as the price of all agricultural produc At the hell of the third Division of our by an increase of more than 50,000 slaves and tions will be liable to very great vibrations, and country stands Virginia, whose councils, at free negroes. as a considerable part of the labour of the present, influence a great majority of the Uni- It may be asked, is this disparity, in the country will be performed by slaves, it is cer. ted States. In a political speculation, that part condition of the two states, imputable to the tain that much time must elapse, before the of Virginia, which lies east of the Blue Ridge sterility of the soil, the insalubrity of the cliattention of the people can be directed to the inay be taken for the whole; because in conse- mate, or the state of society ? fabrication of articles, requiring a combination quence of its physical situation, and the habits A comparison of the natural fertility of two of skill, with continued and systematical in- existing constitution of the State, this part wountries, the climate, productions, and cultivadustry.
tras long governed, and probabi, will continues tion of whick av so differunt; cannot be easily Having said that the prices of agricultural to govern the whole. An accurate knowledge made. It is only certain, that extensive conproductions will be subject to great vibrations, of what the eastern district of Virginia now is, tiguous tracts in Virginia are too poor to be it may be proper to explain the grounds of and is capable of becoming, appears, therefore, cultivated by freemen. What proportion of this opinion they are these. Provisions, in to be essentially necessary, for every American these poor lands have become private property, general, must be sold or consumed within the statesman.
and have been subject to taxation, cannot be year in which they are produced, or they must Of about forty millions of acres of taxable ascertained probably the proportion is not be lost i-those of a great proportion of the land, in the whole of Virginia, nearly fourteen considerable. western country can be carried to market dur-millions of acres lie east of the Blue Ridge. That the climate, or state of society, or both ing only those seasons in each year, in which The average value of these lands is no more | united, are unfavourable to the increase of the state of the rivers favours the descent of than three dollars per acre ; the average value white population, can be easily demonstrated.' boats ;-all the produce must be carried to one, of the twenty-six millions of acres west of the Virginia, alone, contains more granted tenable or a very few, ports. Combinations among men e Combinations among men I Bive Ridge'is considerably below one dollar 1 land, than the five New England states, with
Blue Ridge is considerably below one dollar of capital, not only with a view of affecting the per acre.
Maine and the state of New York. Compar. price of what is brought to market, but also 1 Of 518,000 persons, being the whole of atively, very few foreigners have settled in the the articles which are to be given in exchange, the white population of the state, 340,000 northern country during the last ten years, and will, for a long time be practicable. Owing to persons live in the eastern district ;-the white it is certain that great numbers have emigrathe climate and state of society, the ports on population of the eastern district, therefore, ted to Canada, and the middle and western the Mississippi are not likely to produce or somewhat exceeds fifteen persons to the square states. Though the emigrations to tije five retain any considerable number of navigators. mile. In the western district, the white pop
mile. In the western district, the white pop-| southern states have not been so considerable, The vessels, which will frequent these ports, ulation but little exceeds four persons to the yet it is probable that ten persons have emiwill, therefore, generally be owned in the square mile. The slaves, free negroes, and grated from the northern to the southern, for northern and middle states, or by Europeans mulattoes in the eastern district amount to one who has emigrated from the southern to their inducements to visit these parts will de 341,000, and in the western district to 26,000. the northern states. pend on the general state of commerce. In During ten years, from 1790 to 1800, the in- | In 1790, the five New England states, with addition to these causes, which affect the crease of white population in the eastern dis- | New York, contained 1,308,000 ; and the five price of agricultural produce in all places, the trict was about 26,000 ; and of slaves, free ne southern states,-1,133,000 white persons ; the western country must therefore continually groes, and mulattoes, 52,000. The increase emigrations from the northern are certainly experience the influence of special causes, of of white population in the western district sufficient to counterbalance those from the very potent operation, arising out of their pe- during the same time was 50,000 ; and of slaves, southern section : -notwithstanding which, the culiar situation. | free negroes, and mulattoes 9,000.
increase in the northern section has been The political inferences, deducible from these! In the commercial towns of Norfolk, Rich- | 437,000, while in the southern it has been only facts are, that, in matters of mere local adminis. I mond, and Alexandria, the white population has | 242,000 white persons. In proportion to the tration and policy, but little uniformity and con- ! increased in ten years about 4,600 persons; in stock of population, in 1790, the increase in cert can be expected from the people of the West- | the town of Petersburgh it has decreased ;-| the southern section - ought to have been ern States : It is not indeed improbable that it I the most populous of these towns is Norfolk, | 378,000 persons ; the increase in the northern, will soon appear, that the circumstances and which contains 3,800 inhabitants, or about the compared with the southern section, has been relative advantages of different sections of this same number as Beverly in Massachusetts. l in a ratio of 100 to 64 in favour of the former
That this disparity is, in some considerable , graded, abused country, to support Governour to see the rival of Homer hailed by a general degree, owing to physical causes, which abridge Strong, and his associates.
acclamation, making the Romans forget theatthe duration of human life in the southern
rical representations, gladiators, and panto. states, is probable from the following calcula
mines, to enjoy the description of their brilliant tion. In the five New England States and
GENERAL REGISTER. destinies. New York, the number of white males of forty
One of the most indispensable qualities of an five years of age and upwards is 115,000, and BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1814. epick poem, is that the subject should be nathe number of white males under ten years
tional. The requisitions of vanity are neither 249,000. In the five southern states, the num. EUROPEAN. Nothing received since our
the least felt nor the least common. A nation ber of white males under ten years is also last publication.
resembles individuals or families-all hear, 249,000, and the number of 45 years and up- | DOMESTICK. Of several trifling move.
with pleasure, the history of their ancestors or wards, no more than 78,000 ; the proportion
| their founders, as a child sees his paternal ments at our seat of war, we find nothing deof children, born in the southern states, there.
mansion and patrimonial estate with more inserving notice, except that a Col. Clark, with fore, exceeds that in the northern states, while from a thousand to fifteen hundred troops,
terest, than he experiences in viewing the posthe number who survive the age of 45 years made a short incursion into Lower Canada, to
sessions of another, however beautiful. Thus is less, in the ratio of 67 to 100. A comparithe village in Missiquoi bay and brought away
the two poems of Homer had, in this respect, son of the number of white males under ten some private property and some of the inhabi
a great advantage. Virgil's enjoys the same; years, and of 45 and upwards, in Massachutants. A Montreal paper remarks “ this infa
-his subject, as a national one, is happily setts and the eastern district of Virginia, rn district of Virginia, mous system of warfare will we hope produce
chosen. The Romans, to say the least, were will give the same result. It appears that a a just retaliation.” The British have already
as much flattered as the Grecians, by the histo. greater number of persons attain to 45 years made a descent, at Weomico, on Chesapeake
ry of their origin and every thing favourable and upwards in Massachusetts, than in some baf, with similar effect.
to their gencalogical pride. In this, the poet other of the northern states, and the same fact
During the last session of the Pennsylvanian
was aided by all the popular traditions of his is observable in Virginia, in relation to her legislature, Governour Snyder attempted to
timo ; they afforded him the natural means of more southern neighbours." strangle forty-one new banks in the birth ;
cherishing the vanity of his countrymen. Ju
lius Cæsar was gratified to have it believed his but the pertinacity of the legislature preserved FOURTH OF APRIL.
| prenomen descended to him them.
from Iulus, the The Anniversary of our election of state Congress have been engaged in a long de
son of Eneas ; Augustus, his adopted son, did officers, we trust, will be another proud day
not abandon this pretension. bate on the subject of the Yazoo claims, in
A long list of for Massachusetts. Of all possible mean; of which was exhibited, to the disgrace of the na
families were fond of tracing their ancestry acquiring lasting honours to the Common- tion, much of the intemperance and vulgarity,
back through the night of time. The Claudii
? claimed a lineal descent from wealth, none are so cusy as the faithful dis- / which constantly marks the speeches of some
Clausus ; the
Merumii even to Mnestheus (genus a quo san. charge of duty on that day. By simply attend of the leading members. It is however exing Town-meetings, and voting with a regard pected, a decision will prevail in favour of
guine Memmi); the Cluentii to Cloanthus; and
the heads of these illustrious families enjoyed, to publick good and private advantage, we can a coinpromise between government and the pay a just and flattering tribute to the services claimants.
in reading Virgil, the pleasure of seeing their and virtues of a man, who richly deserves the The Senate have passed a vote in favour of
founders perform distinguished characters, in love and veneration of his fellow citizens. We bringing in a bill to remove the Embargo.
his poem. In a word, the whole nation took
its share in what was so flattering-the antican lend strength and support to those princi- | The House have not acted on the subject. ples, which have given us a high rank in the Should it possibly succeed, we are at no logs
quity, and marvellous nature of their origin, political history of our country, and given our to understand the measure. The southern
assumed by the author of the Eneid. Innucountry a high rank among nations. We can
merable religious or civil festivals, the wor. states are now suffering most by the embargo. give a wholesome check to that all-grasping | Raise it and, they will probably wish the war
ship of Vesta, of Cybele, and of almost all spirit of ambition, which hesitātes at no means continued, and support those who are in favout
their Gods, the ceremonies with which they to attain a selfiso end. We can preserve the
proclaimed peace or war, the arms of the war. oi it. consistency of our own'characters, by evincing
riors, the costume of the pontiffs, had passed a uniform conduct in uniform circumstances.
from the Trojans and Grecians to the Romans; We can avert the scoffs of our tyrants, who We should be glad of an interview with the author
and were not considered the least honourable would exult in our folly, were we to give our of cult in our folly. were we to give our of “The WRITER, No. I.”
part of their heritage. To these were united a countenance to those whom we find pledged
We have several communications of which we can. | long list of oracular responses and predictions,
not avail ourselves, for several reasons. No indelicate to strengthen the despotism, under which we allusion
which, placing the Roman destinies under the allusion will cver be admitted. We must not allow are already suffering so severely.
guardianship and protection of the Gods, inthe precedent of English writers a century ago. To paralyze the zeal of the citizens on such
creased the eclat and dignity of this people, Whether morals have improved or not, the publick occasions, it has been heretofore urged that taste is more refined.
and predisposed nations to the voluntary recepthe governour of the state has no power to in
tion of their laws and to recognize their soveterfere with the views of the general govern
reignty. The Romans were so sensible of this
LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. ment. This is no longer the case.
advantage, that they professed a solemn gratiThe general government has invaded our constitutional
Translated for the Boston Spectator.
tudc, in exempting the subjects of ancient rights, and made attempts upon our personal
EPICK POETRY. .
Troy from every species of tax; and it appear
ed that this exemption scaled the authenticity freedom. Our governour is our guardian. EXTRACTS FROM A TREATISE BY THE ABBE DELILCLR, While he is true, though we must groan, un
of their origin.
ON THE COMPARATIV MENIT OF THE GREAT EPICK der the miseries of a wicked war, we shall not
Virgil derived resources from his subject, be dragged from our families to perish, the vice
not, enjoyed by Homer. The latter was ne.
VOLTAIRE has said, “ if Homer is to be con: tims of sturid generalship, in a hopeless, un- sidered the author of Virgil, it is his most
cessarily limited to Greece. Virgil embraces justifiable cause. Governuur Strong stands
both Greece and Italy. The fall of Troy I perfect production." Let us pursue this sug.
echoes throughout the Eneid, An empire to be firm by us let us stand firm by him. His pi- gestion. One of the most interesting specta
destroyed is the whole subject of Homer : ety is cast in his teeth, by the profligates of cles that can be contemplated is the impression
the destruction of this great empire-its revival this and the other states ; let us show our re- of genius upon genius. I take pleasuro in
in Italy, under a new name and more favouragard for such a character. His defence of representing to myself the latin poet, at the in
ble auspices-the whole world subjected, by our personal liberties is denounced as rebel- stant when, for the first time, he read the Il.
a promise, to its domination_such is the subject lion. Let us show that we know some rights iad, full of the inspiration, which he derived
of Virgil. He is placed between the tomb of are unalienable, and that we honour him who | from it, meditating a poem, which was to pro
Troy and the cradle of Rome : and by a mul. shields them. There will be no peace, while cure for the Romans a new triumph over
titude of oracles, by the prophesies of Anchi. war is practicable. Let us then show that no Greece ; recalling Eneas, lost in the crowd of
ses, and the ingenious fiction of the shield forinvoluntary aid is to be expected from täis quar. Trojan warriors, from oblivion, if a name,
ed by Vulcan, he was enabled to pursue the ter. The further we pursue the important mentioned by Homer, can ever be in oblivion, subject of the approaching election, in all its I indulge in the ideal satisfaction of seeing this
high destinies of that proud metropolis, from
his the wolf of Romulus to the Roman eagles; bearings, the more we shall be convinced, that young poet reading the first specimens of his
from the royal cottage of the good Evander to we owe it to our moral character to our po- Eneid at the theatre, fascinating proud Rome litical character
the pomp of the capitol. His materials would to our regard for ourselves with the recital of her victories, Augustus with to our regard for our bleeding, sinking, de.
have been deficient in novelty, if his fable and that of his triumphs and his glory. I delight |
his events had been borrowed from Greece. docs it not seem that you should have been
THE BRIDE OF ABYDOS. The basis had been employed by Homer and more so ?
A LITTLE Poem, by Lord Byron, under this other writers ; it was the arrival of Eneas into
title, is just published in this town. We have | “Lo, on the mirror bright of former days Italy which opened to him a new and extensive
perused it with pleasure. It does not perhaps
Whereon we love to gaze, field.
contain any passages, which could be selected Ancient Ausonia, the country of Saturn, | Repicturing the scene of happiness,
as remarkably brilliant or sublime : but the where the golden age first flourished, whose No forms unkind intrude.
story is interesting, and much more obvious simplicity it still preserved-another climate O'er each harsh feature rude
than that of his Giroux : the language is paanother government-another religion-a peo- | Gathers the shadow of forgetfulness;
thetick and poetical ; the measure varied, acple different in dress, manners, and armour, While all that minister'd delight
cording to the modern style of versification, but gave originality to a subject in other respects Floats like a blissful dream before the sight."
smooth and harmonious. We have room only antiquated. He could no longer but glean in
for a short extract, as a specimen, which will Greece ; in Italy he had a harvest ; while he Such is the soul of Turk, philosopher, infidel, be found near the close of the poem. yet might collect and intersperse in his narra
and Christian. Is this the demon impulse of “Ye! who would o'er his relicks weep tive, whatever was most interesting in the fab. innate malignity, by which polemicks charac
Go-seek them where the surges sweep ulous history of the Greeks.
terize men ? No ; were it not for the pride
Their burthen round Sigæum's steep
And cast on Lemnos' shore :
The sea-birds shriek above the prey,
O'er which their hungry beaks delay“
As shaken on his restless pillow, Why is it that certain casuists pretend to
His head heaves with the heaving billow| MARSHAL D'ANCRE was born at Florence, honour the Creator, by degrading the character
That hand-whose motion is not life(not Corsica) where his father, from a mere of bis creature ? The infinite distance be- notary, became secretary of state. He came
Yet feebly seems to menace strife tween the eternal cause of all things and the into France with Mary de Medicis, the wife of
Flung by the tossing tide on high, . most perfect of his works is acknowledged by Henry IV. ; and at first he was only gentle.
Then levelled with the waveall. It would seem therefore that such scho- man in ordinary to that Princess, but he after
What recks it ? though that corse shall lie lasticks had but very contracted views of the wards became her master of the horse, and Within a living grave ? perfections of Deity, and consider it necessary raised himself rapidly, by the credit that one The bird that tears that prostrate form to lower the creature, lest he should appear to of the Queen's maids, whom ho married, had Hath only robbed the meaner worm ! rival the Almighty himself, in the scale of be- with her majesty. He bought the marquisate The only heart-the only eye ing!
of Ancre, a little after the death of Henry IV. | Had bled or wept to see him die, Some insist that the human mind, by its nat He was governour of Amiens, Pcronne, Roie, l Had seen those scattered limbs composed, ural constitution is malignant, and a stranger and Mondidier. He became first gentleman of
first gentleman of And mourned above his turban-stoneto the dictates of pure benevolence, prone
That heart hath barst—that eye was closed constantly to evil, and deligh:ing rather to shal of France. He obtained the government dwell on the imperfections, than the amiable
Yea-closed before his own !" of Normandy and Pont d'Arche, and endeavqualities of those, with whose minds we may loured to have that of Havre de Grace. In
Louis the Fourteenth, at the age of thirtyhave become acquainted. Is this true ? Is it | short, there was no longer any reason to three. wrote a letter to his son, (le Grand not a libel on our species? I speak not of doubt, that he aspired to have every thing at those whose conduct may be supposed under
Dauphin) containing directions for his conduct his disposal, for he filled every place with his
as a man, and a prince. Instructing him as the influence of supernatural impulses of piety, own creatures. He disposed of the finances,
an individual, like all mankind in quest of the but of the general and prevailing character of he distributed offices, he got friends every | means of harpiness, he saysmankind. If the natural tinge of our souls is where, both in the armies and in the towns, and
“ You will find nothing, my son, so comthat of malevolence, how is it that the virtues terrified those who opposed his faction, by exof our associates make a more durable impres- | amples of a severe revenge. There was no
pletely laborious as great idleness, if you have
the misfortune to fall into that vice. You will sion, than the imperfections, which we cannot other remedy for all these disorders but to kill
be disgusted, in the first place, with business, but discover, in every human being ? Proba- | him. That commission, given to Vitri, one of
afterwards with your pleasures, and at last with bly no person of a discriminating intellect ev- the captains of the life guards, was executed on er yet held familiar intercourse with father, the drawbridge of the Louvre, on the 24th of
idleness itself, and looking in vain for that
which you can never find, the sweets of repose mother, child, husband, wife, or friend, who did | April, 1617. The next day the enraged popu
and of leisure, without some occupation or not, in the most beloved, discover defects, from laco, having taken the body out of the grave,
some fatigue, that must always precede that which, in some degree, no mortal being is ex-l dragged it up and down the streets. The parempt. Take from us that relative or friend, liament proceeded against the memory of the
happy state. Good sense acts naturally, and and what is the effect on our feelings? Do we
without any great effort. What employs us deceased, and declared him convicted of high dwell on their faults ? Do we cherish the re- | treason, both diyine and human, decreed his
properly, is very often attended with less fa
tigue, than'that which would merely amuse us, collection of what we could not approve ? Non son Ignoble, and incapable of holding any office and the utility of it is always eviờent." as the form recedes from our view, the light in the kingdom. shades which once marked it are seen no That part of the French history is disgrace
A VERY SAD DISEASE. more. The lineaments of every virtue become l ful to the French name. Why did they suffer THE ingenious MARIVAUX, however metamore distinct-We soon see nothing but what themselves to be, so many years, slaves to a physical and alembicated he may be in bis we love, approve, and admire. The heathen Florentine ? Was it not a base thing to bend writings, was of great simplicity and bon homwere children of nature-they placed those de- the knee, as they did, before that idol, whilst
ee, as they will betore that idol, whilst mie in his character and conversation. Hayparted friends, whose imperfections, while liv- they inwardly detested it? There are no finer
ing one day met with a sturdy beggar, who ing, they must have experienced, among the ! verses of Malherbe, than those which he made
| asked charity of him, he replied" My good stars and saw nothing but bright unsullied on the fall of that idol. He pretends that it
friend, strong and stout as you are, it is a lustre. You have lost a friend. He was the justified Providence, which was, if one may shame that you do not go to work."- Ah friend of your soul-your companion, your say so, arraigned, and in reatu, during that master," said the beggar, if you did but know confidant,-but did not collisions of sentiment marshal's prosperity. He introduces the god how lazy I am.”_6 Well,” replied Marivaux, sometimes wound you! He is gone. Does of the river Seine denouncing D'Ancre, and I see thou art an honest fellow, here's half a pot your heart now cling to his amiable quali foretelling him his approaching ruin.
crown for you." ties alone? You have lost God! to what privations are we exposed ! yet were you Tes jours sont à la fin, la chute se prépare,
AD RUFUM KING. not sensible, from the sweetest interchange of ! Regarde moi pour la derniere fois.
“ Quis est omnium tam ignarus rerum, tam thought which life affords, that nothing human C'est assez que cinq ans ton audace effrontée
rudis in republica, tam nihil unquam, nec de is wholly perfect? But now, what vision at- Sur des ailes de cire aux étoiles montée iends your contemplative hours ? Is the mel
sua, nec de commune salute cogitans, qui non Princes et Rois ait osé défier ;
intelligat tua salute contineri suam ? Omnia ancholy of your solitude relieved by one repul- La fortune t’apelle au rang de ses victimes, sive trait in the dear image of both your wak
sunt excitanda ribi uni, quae jacere sentis, belli Et le Ciel accusé de supporter tes crimes
ipsius impetu, perculsa atque pro-trata. Quae ing and sleeping meditation ? Do you recog.
& tresolu de se justifer."
quidem tibi omnia belli vulnera sananda sunt ; aize a single defect? Happy as you were,
| Bayle. I quibus, PRAETEN TE, MEDERA NENO POTEST.“
Solution of QUESTION Vth. by Inspection. 'Tis like the sun upon the polish'd cone,
| When Envy counterfeited Candour's smile, In a fence of these dimensions, the number | The shades are many, but the light is one.
And foul DUPLICITY, and cunning GUILE; of cubick feel will be found equal to its num. The light is one, its course is one to all,
When these, with all their never-ending train, ber of feet in length. The question then is, And one its glorious self-depending ball.
Usurp'd the altars of the hallow'd plain ; For a square field, how many square rods | But its bright beams with force unequal strike,
The patient Gods, indignant at the sight, must there be that they may equal the number For none there are with opticks form'd alike.
Forever yanish'd to the realms of light: of feet round it? The cobler sees not with the parson's eye,
And with them fled their fairest favourite, Taste, 120 A side of the field must be a number in rods | He never dreams of hell nor heresy.
Who saw her precepts, and her name eras'd, which will produce the same product, whether | The politician sees alone his scheme;
Her sacred temple to its base overthrown, multiplied by itself, to give the number of Alone the poet sees bis golden dream.
And Fashior's votaries supplant her own square rods in the field, or by 164 and 84 to | The doctor wonders at the lawyer's skill ;
No longer then was fair CONTENTMENT seen ; give the number of feet round it, or, which is The patient wonders at the doctor's bill.
No longer FRIENDSHIP on the hill or green ; the same thing, by 66, the product of 164 and 4.-It is evident then that 66 is the side of the The clown asmires the courtier's repartee ;
Faith, last of all, was forc'd to quit the plain, The courtier nothing but his majesty.
Though oft with Charity she came again,
And on the distant hills would sit and sigh,
To mark the change from joy to misery,
That the cold drop the colder marble wore, 130 A man had a farm of 500 acres, lying in a Enough to see, to wonder, and admire.
While VIRTUE's tears but harden'd Vice the more. circular form, with his house in the centre. But let Ambition wave her crescit rod,
Then clumsy Chance, that blunders on his way, He gave his three sons equal portions of his Each quits the path he so securely trod,
And fickle Fashion, beld their lawless sway. land, as large as could be taken in circles, and | And, blinded by the phantom's garish blaze,
Then rose the tower, diverging from its base, built each of them a house in the centre of his | Is lost and wilder'd in the magick maze.
Enrich'd by all but symmetry and grace ; portion. How much had each son ; how far
The seeds of Taste are sown in erery inind,
The dome and temple, that appear'd the same ; were their houses from each other ; and how And fade or flourish, as the soil they find.
And the tall pile, that seem'd to ask a name.
Groves sprang inverted, and the humble rill
Spurn'd the low vale to hasten up the bill ;
And all that pleas'd, and all that charm'd before, 140
Lost or confounded now could charm no more.
Then CHARITY,—that, like the hand of heaven,
In holy secresy had bless'd, and giv'n,-
| Vaunted her bounties, and 'twas then she came TASTE. A Poem.
And in free-thinking fields they always rot. 70 Follow'd by Pride, and pioneer'd by FAME,
| Then PIETY, that once would muse alone,
Appear'd aloft upon a gilded throne ;
Charm'd with her own sweet voice, and form so fair ;
Way'd her white hand, and lengthen'dout a prayer ; DEAR Coxxox SENSI, thou last and least Tenth Where manners gentle found a temper sweet ;
Arraign’d God's works, found this world's plan perMuse, And Genius came the Sciences to meet ;
And hinted some improvements on the next.
Then, sacred Poesy, thy wings sublime
Were bound forever in the chains of rhyme ;
Thy lyre, that oft awoke the mighty song,
E'en Jove himself descended to prolong,
Struck by each vulgar and each venal hand,
No more the warring passions could command. Teach me that law, by which the reasoning mind Spreads its wide arms, and like the tow'ring vine,
Then he of all the train was held the best,
Whose wanton fury could exceed the rest.
Lo ! thy chaste daughters e'en their looms forego,
A conscious power, and happier skill to show. 161 Is it in judgment, or in genius plac'd ? Nature may give, but Art must care bestow,
With such bewitching smiles they sue for fame, Or in that motley faculty, call'd TASTE ? For Taste from nature and from art must grow.
Who can deny the merit of such claiin? What then is TASTE ?-that taste, which most profess, Yet oft mechanick Dulness finds a way
Like Sparta's dames, beside their conquering arms,
They find as sure a triumph in their charms.
The critick stands more easily beguile,
Than Cæsar's wrath when Cleopatra smil'd. Vot one is tasteless in the lengthen'd line ;
In golden ages, when the Gods were seen
What countless millions trace their pedigree, "Tis yours, 'tis his, 'tis theirs, and it is mine. 20 | With mortals mingled on Arcadia's green ;
Their births, their fortunes, and their rhymes to thee? Ere one brief hour can make its swift escape,
| When life seem'd crown'd with ever-during spring, How many come, as legal heirs, to claim
A poet's title, and a poet's fame?
And yet how few there are in all we see,
By Gods calld JUDGMENT, and by men callid TASTE; How very few, inspir'd by Taste and thee. Tis seen, and heard, and felt throughout the town,
Like Heaven's aërial ministers of grace,
100! How few in all the countless, colour'd host . Brocade and suffles, cap and bells, and gown ; Hor form was fairer than the eye could trace ;
Have ever felt the favour that they boast ? Tbe smooth-faced belle, the channel-fronted seer, Her robe, though studiously arrang'd to please,
To be continued. The standing butt, or going auctioneer ;
Fell with the graceful negligence of ease ;
And in the lambent lustre of her mien,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR In fables, sermons, songs, or single words, 'Twas her's to lead the infant arts along,
JOHN PARK, Letter'd, unletter'd, stitch'd, or bound in boards ;
To wake the lyre, and modulate the song ;
BY MUNROE & FRANCIS,
NO. 4 CORNAILL.
E’en high-born Genius own'd her gentle sway, 110
Price three dollars per annum, half in advance.
numbers. Changeful and various as it seems to be,
And Innovation took IMPROVEMENT's name ;
DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.
BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1814.
slaves and the poor enjoy no political influ- ' population of Maryland has somewhat dimin
ence ; their mutual antipathies and resent. | ished, during ten years of great prosperity to FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR,
ments are indeed cherished and perpetuated the nation. It is, indeed, reasonable to sup. NO. VII.
for an obvious reason, but in the conception of pose, that plentiful crops and good markets THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES
a Virginian, it is merely the object of liberty, must naturally induce the planters to increase MUST BE PRESERVED.
to secure independence to the planters ; of their stocks of slaves, by selling fewer to the
equality, that Palatines may know no sufierior. inhabitants of the new countries ; and thereby, EXTRACTS CONTINUED.
An extraordinary wealth is never, in aristo- | instead of meliorating, to render the condition Shewing the comparative strength, resources, cratical governments, connected with a propor of the poor still more unfortunate. Facts apand local advantages of the different sections
tionate influence in the community; this pear to support this hypothesis ; for while, in
wealth, for want of other opportunities, is most the five southern states, the whites on a popuof the Union.
commonly displayed by the Virginians, in per. lation of 1,133,000, hare increased only 242,000, The cause however, which most strongly sonal luxury. A few distinguished examples the slaves, free negroes, and mulattoes have, discriminates the southern from the northern of luxury are sufficient to mislead great num- on a stock of 660,000, increased no less than states, is negro slavery. On this subject, Vir- bers. Heavy debts and frequent bankruptcies | 185,000, or in the ratio of 100 to 76 in favour ginia, from her local situation and great num- are both causes and effects of extortion, gam of the latter. As the number of slaves importber of slaves, has been able to render her ing, and irregular speculations : sagacious ed from Africa has been inconsiderable, this southern and western neighbours subservient monied men derive profit and acquire odium result, however affecting to humanity in one to her particular policy.
from the misfortunes of the aristocracy; hence point of view, is consoling in another, as it Of 367,000 slaves, free negroes, and mulat. a general antipathy against the commercial proves that the treatment of the slaves has, toes in Virginia, 341,000 live east of the Blue system and character.
when compared with the rigour, which customRidge, a number somewhat exceeding tho The very unequal division of property, and has sanctioned in some other countries, been white population. In much the greatest part the want of a middling class of people, who | mild and beneficent. of the eastern district, little or no field labour might serve for farmers and tenants, compels It is not difficult to infer from this state of is performed by white men ; and it is certain the wealthy proprietors to commit the man- things that arts and manufactures cannot flour. that all the slaves are owned by 25,000, or by agement of their estates to hired overseers. ish in Virginia, and the other southern states, one half of the white families. The owners of That mode of cultivation is, of course, prefer without a radical change in the state of socieslaves, with exceptions too inconsiderable to red, which will produce a certain revenue, ty, which is not to be expected. The revenue produce any political effect, are the proprietors least exposed to fraud and embezzlement. of these states must be derived from lands and of all the lands ; and freeholders are the only The quantity of grain or tobacco, which a giv-slaves, and the government must be an unreelectors in Virginia.
en number of labourers can produce, may be strained aristocracy, founded on property. These facts may be demonstrated by authen- easily estimated. If this quantity is produced, The policy of Virginia, though highly inju. tick documents, and that this state of things without impairing the stock of slaves, the own- rious to the rational interests, is not unnatural will be permanent is highly probable. Where er may justly conclude, that his overseer has to men placed in their situation. A much labour is generally performed by slaves, few conducted with ordinary fidelity. The man greater proportion of the produce of their persons will own lands, who are not also own- agement of a small New England farm re- | lands is, and must be, exported to foreign couners of slaves, and the poor must be unable to quires an attention to cultivating and securing tries, than from states where arts and manuown either. The state of society in the eastern grass, the feeding of cattle and sheep, the pro factures are established, and where industry is district, or governing part of Virginia, may duce of a dairy and of orchards, besides small diversified. The freedom of the sea from evetherefore be thus described without any essen- crops of rye, corn, oats, flax, &c. The object ry kind of regulation, which can possibly intial errour. Twenty-five thousand families of the system is such a distribution of employ. | crease the profits of commerce, is a darling own all the lands, and the slaves ; and an ments as will most usefully occupy a single policy. As from the nature of their coast, and equal number of families is destitute of both, family during the year. The skill, minute at the state of their population, they are incapaand possess no political influence in the state. tention, and economy, requisite to success, is ble of maritime exertion, they attempt to ac
Where slavery is tolerated, the labour of above the capacity of slaves. If the case were complish, merely by conventions and legislaslaves will be preferred to that of freemen, as otherwise, the result would only be the pro tive acts the acknowledgment of rights which they are more ubedient, and their subsistence duction of a great number of articles in small other states would assert by force. Hence a cheaper. The consequence is, that property is quantities, for which there would be no mar. settled antipathy to the maritime rights of belnecessarily connected with political power, and ket, and, of course, no revenue to the proprie ligerent nations, and to those measures of the poverty with real degradation. Happily in tor. Thus, though many of the mansions of federalists, which encourage the increase of these states, where the employers and employ- the opulent are surrounded with elegant and American navigation. ed are mutually obliged and mutually depend- extensive gardens and improvements, which Excepting in the colonies planted by Euroent, and where a spirit of moderation and jus create an imposing idea of a high state of im- peans in America, I know of no country, tice are supported by common necessities and provement and cultivation, yet a vast propor. where slaves have been numerous, in which obligations, we are unable to form a concep tion of the lands are exhausted by repeated the governing order was not distinguished by tion of the wretchedness and ignorance, which crops of grain and tobacco, until being render. a marrial spirit. Common sense and prudence degrade a part, and the pride, jealousy, and ed absolutely sterile, they are abandoned as dictate that the masters of slaves ought to be fear, which agitare a whole community, where old fields, and added to the mass of surrounding heroes : a horrour of military establishments the extremes of riches and poverty, of liberty desarts. This mode of cultivation will account is, however, a characteristick of Virginians, and slavery are exhibited in perpetual contrast. for the rapid progress of the southern people, and this proceeds from a consciousness of
A consequence of slavery is the accumulation and their imperfect, scattered settlements, in their own imbecility. They know that the of property in very unequal masses, and this the extensive regions they inhabit.
rich and luxurious will never appear in alıns, inequality is the immediate cause of several In Virginia, the wages of labour are regula except occasionally, in opposition to the slaves, important political effects.
ted by the cost and expenses of supporțing and they believe that the poor, if once armed, The body of proprietors being, in respect to slaves ;these wages are, consequently, the embodied and animated with a military spirit, the rest of the community, a privileged aris. lowest possible. Slaves are, of course, the would not willingly return to their present tocratical class, are, by the law of their nature, successful rivals of the poor, in all common state of degradation, and might become mas. jealous of such of their own order as happen employments, who are compelled to lead lives ters of the state. The extent and inconsideto be distinguished for wealth, talents, or rep- i of wretchedness, or to emigrate to new coun-rable resources of the country afford a tolerautation. It is this jealousy and enry among tries. It is a remarkable fact, and probably ! ble security against invasion and conquest, Ly the propriadors, which has been mistaken for owing to this cause, that with the excop jon of any foreign nation. National power and glory the genuine spiri: of liberty, in Virginia. The the city and county of Baltiniore, the while h e no charms for a people, who cal lumisi.