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nor direct the force, by which they must be / Will any man pretend, that Louis XVIII. or pable and undeserying of any other governobtained. The slaves and the neighbouring ! the Duc d'Angoulême possess the talents,ambi- ment. states are alone dreaded ;-the first are kept tion, restlessness, and hardihood of Bonaparte ? We would add the great leading sentiment in awe by summary executions, and by selling We admit that, even under Bonaparte, of our hearts, in which all honest and inteli. the turbulent, or, in other words, the most in- | France could not for many years become dan- | gent men we hope will join. telligent, to new and distant settlements. I gerous to surrounding states ; but we also be- As the world has been oppressed beyond all will not say that the zeal, with which the Vir lieves that a man, nurtured amidst civil wars, measure, let its emancipation be signal, be ginians have long opposed the importation of bred up in fields of carnage, hardened to hu- complete. Let it be such an one as may teach slaves from Africa, has not originated in hu- | man woes, stimulated by revenge, thirsting for future tyrants, and future usurpers, that, how. manity and a love of justice ; it is, however, power disgracefully lost, a soldier of fortune, a ever they may triumph for a time, how. certain, that it is combined with a policy, which monarch by usurpation, would do every thing ever they may bathe themselves in the blood. enables them to diminish the risks of insurrec in his power to disturb the repose of Europe and riot on the treasure of the wretched peo tions, and to derive a considerable profit from and the world.

ple of the world, there is a just God, who in the issue of those already enslaved. This On the other hand, a feeble monarch, taught due time, when it suits the purposes of his profit results to the planters ; whereas that on moderation in the best school, that of adversi-wise Providence, can humble the proudest imported slaves would belong to merchants.ty,restored, after all hope was extinguished, usurper, and restore the broken reed. to the throne of his ancestors,—would be led,

A Friend to General Freedom.

from interest alone not only to consult the
ON THE PROBABLE RESTORATION happiness of his own subjects, but the quiet of

Gratitude to the monarchs, who had restored
In our past speculations on the affairs of

hin-the dreadful lesson, which the fate of his Europe, we were unable to anticipate so hap

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1814. predecessor would have taught him-his nate py an event as the restoration of this injured

ural ease and ignorance of affai:s, would give family to the throne of France.

EUROPEA.Y. Nothing further, from the both his subjects and the world a sure pledge Recent events have rendered this unexpectof at least twenty years' quiet. Is there a s

scene of war. ed change in the affairs of Europe not only I man, except a monster of ambition, who will

An arrival from Spain, Feb. 18th, brings a possible, but probable. If we had entertained

decree of the Cortes,in which they declare that deny, that the world needs this rest ? Is there any doubts as to the importance of this restoa man, not in the pay of the usurper, who will

Ferdinand VII. shall not be considered as free, ration for the peace and quiet of all the world, pretend that Europe would be more safe under

in any publick act, until he shall have taken we should have been convinced of the necessiBonaparte, the Septembrizer, the murderer of

the constitutional oath, in the body of the Na. ty of it by the language of our cabinet. Now, the Parisians at St. Roch, of the Turks at Jaf.

Lional Congress. No foreigner, not even a do. for the first time, ihey come out, and disclaim fa-the man, who has planted his standard at

mestick is permitted to enter Spain in his re. any wish to see France the mistress of Europe, Vienna, at Moskow, at Rome, and at Berlin,

tinue. He is to be officially informed of the alihough all their measures have contributed and who has much more than planted his stan.

state of the kingdom, of the sacrifices which as much, as those of any pation on carth, to dard at Washington, has made it grow there,

have been made, and to be left at liberty to bring about such a catastrophe. Yet, disthan under the feeble descendants of S:. Louis ?

take the oath, or not, at his choice, when he glaiming any regard for France, they distinctly

If, therefore, we are sincere in our wish for

shall have reflected on the conditions. From avow that they view with horror the language universal and stable peace, we must prefer the

appearances, there is little reason to appreof Factious papers in our country, which wel.

| hend the revival of French influence among the Bourbons, who have no dangerous talents, to a come the restoration of the Bourbons to their

Spaniards. man, who has proved that he has them to a de. just and lawful rights.

London papers to Feb. 12th by Halifax rep. gree very alarming for the repose of the world. It is for us to consider on what principles

Such ought to be the feelings of every

resent the battle in France of Jan. 21, in difsuch an opposition to the restoration of the

American. It is not a question of the divine

|ferent light, from the French accounts, we had Bourbons can be founded ; premising, howev. right of kings. It is not a question, whether

already received. They state that the allies er, that we have as many fears, as hopes, that the Bourbons have more right to the crown,

were decidedly victorious, and that the French this consummation of the struggle for national

than this infamous Corsican usurper ; but, for

for sustained a great loss. independence may not be accomplished. us, as an independent nation, whether the

DOMESTICK. Election of Governour, In order that we may not be misunderstood, peace of the world will not be more secure un.

Lieutenant Governour and Senators took place we think it proper explicitly to declare, that der a Bourbon, than a Bonaparte.

in this state last Monday. The result is honwe consider, that, as a republican people, we

This, however, is the feeblest view of this ourable to the state. It was not a competition have no direct interest or wish, that the Euroquestion.

between a federalist and a democrat, but be. pean governments should maintain their mo- |

From the year 1793, the foundations of civil tween those who approved genuine unalloyed narchical forms, other than what arises from a

society have been shaken. Revolutions and federalism, and those who approved a federal full conviction that, upon the continent of Eu.

scenes, such as never the world saw, have ism willing to pass under the yoke of oppression. rope it is impossible, and of course inexpeditaken place in sad funereal succession.

Mr. Dexter's stands better by 1623 votes, in ent, to attempt to establish a free form of goy

Whatever might have been the early opin- | 229 towns, than Mr. Varnum's last year. ernment.

ion, as to the ultimate effect of such revolu I The Constitution frigate, Capi. Stewart, was The question as it respects France is reduce

tions in favour of the freedom and happiness welcomed safe in Salem harbour last Sundar, ed simply to this, whether there shall be at

of mankind; there lives not the wretch, we on her return from a cruise to and off South the head of that government an arbitrary, mil

would hope, who will deny, that the mass of America. She was chased in by two frigates, itary, ambitious chief, bred up in revolutions,

human misery, produced by this strugglo, has and being considered exposed, on the first redaring, unprincipled, skilful, and bent, as we been infinitely increased.

port, the New England Guards immediately know, on the subjugation of other nations ; or

This is not all. It has resulted in a perfect left this town, for Salem, and had proceeded a monarch schooled in adversity, restored by

conviction, that, when the struggle terminated to Chelsea, where they were assured of her the suffrages of his subjects, without eminent

in the dynasty of Bonaparte, no nation, or peo. | security. talents, and, as far as we know, unambitious

ple, or individual man, save the usurper him. Our southern democrats having found that We agree with the American Government,

self, had more freedom, or half so much as be their dear embargo system was proving their that it is best France should not be the mis

fore. Even America became enslaved, though own destruction, have caused their instrument, tress of Europe : we agree also that it is best she did not receive prefects openly..

the President, to communicate the following she should not be crushed : we should lament

The message of the President in taking off humiliating Mossage, 1o Congress. A day or the day, and the policy, in which or by which

the embargo admits, that a valuable and inter- | two more, will probably bring the repeal of such a misfortune to the civilized world should

esting trade is now opened by the victories of the Embargo. take place.

Britain and the allies over France. Even our | To the Senate, and House of Representatives If they are sincere in their professions, we are, rights and interests, he says, are so promoted

of the U. States. for once at least, agreed with them in opinion.

| by his downfal, that he abandons his favourite Taking into view the mutual interest which The only remaining question is, under which measure.

| the United States and the foreign nations in dynasty, (for the most hardened wretch living

If, then, so great a good has resulted from amity with them, have in a liberal commercial would not wish for the return of the horrors of his downfal, ought we not to wish his com. | intercourse, and the extersive changes favourthe French revolution) it is most probable that

| plete defeat and destruction ? Let the French able thereto, which have recently taken place: the tranquillity and security of Europe would

of Europe would people enjoy their ancient rights and their an- | taking into view also the important advantages be best maintained ?

cient monarchy, since we know they are inca- which may otherwise result from adapting the



state of our commercial laws to the circum- | said: “ You see those mountains, those rocks, does not leave his repose but to avenge Pastances now existing :

those wild forests, those cultivated and fertile troclus, overcome Hector, and drag his body I recommend to the consideration of Con- vallies, those beautiful pastures, those foaming round the walls of Troy. Thus the reader gress the expediency of authorising, after a cascades, that majestick river, those clear riv. enjoys, at once, whatever there is grateful in certain day, exportations, specie excepted, ulets, that assemblage of rich and varied per- the imposing intervention of the gods, and from the United States, in vessels of the Unit- spective ? -There is my poem.”

whatever there is interesting in the emotions ed States, and in vessels owned and navigated The Henriade, too much admired on its first of an ardent and impassioned soul. by the subjects of powers at peace with them ; | appearance, and now too much decried, wants and a repeal of so much of our laws as pro- the charm of variety. It is easy to discover

FRENCHMEN–FROGS. hibits the importation of articles not the pro that when VOLTAIRE produced this work, he

| I Have always supposed Frenchmen were perty of enemies, but produced or manufac- | was little acquainted with books. Paris and

nicknamed Crapauds (Frogs) because it is notured only within their dominions. the court, morals, philosophy, and politicks, are

torious they are fond of eating them : but this I recommend also, as a more effectual safe- | the objects which appear again and again in Lis a mistake. guard and encouragement to our growing his poem. All nature is found in the great

The name originated, I find, in the old namanufactures, that the additional duties on In- epick poems. The poetry of Homer, Virgil,

tional arms of France, whose armorial bear. ports which are to expire at the end of one Milton, and even of Tasso was fertilized by

ings were three of these creatures, instead of year after a peace with Great-Britain, be pro- long royages, and a great variety of scenery. I the three flowers de luce, which were adopted longed to the end of two years after that event ; Owing to the natural inconstancy of the hu- in more modern times, and continued till the and that, in favour of our monied institutions, man heart, it does not delight to repose long | late revolution. the exportation of specie be prohibited through-l on the same subjects. A description of the

A difficulty still remains-for what reason out the same period. JAMES MADISON.

country and rural occupations must necessarily did the monarch of this accomplished nation March, 3187, 1814.

be succeeded by the tempests of the soul, and ever choose such a disgusting reptile for so It is reported and believed that a detach the shock of nations. Anxiety and agitation

and agitation distinguished an honour ? ment of Gen. Wilkinson's army has been defeat require relief, in ideas more innocent and ed, between Missiquoi bay and the Stone Mills. calm. It is amidst the charms of the terres

Which of the three learned professions is trial paradise, the angel Raphael relates to the the oldest ? Undoubtedly the Priesthood—the The Poem on “ Taste,” concluded in this number, first of the human race the mighty discords | Lawyers second, and last, Physicians. When was written by a gentleman, at the request of the Phi which prevailed in heaven-the tremendous men began to practise physick is not known : 2 society, for their Anniversary ; but before combats of the good and evil angels. It is in

the earliest mention of a physician, I believe, the time, when it was to have been delivered, the au the midst of the description of battles that is by Job. thor was compelled to go abroad for his health. He

Herminia is borne away, by her horse, to a returned to this country, but died before the next

| champaign surrounded by cottages, where she - 1 THOUGHT 'WAS THE PEOPLE. BUT 'TWAS ONLY THE commencement. lends a willing ear to the rustick pipe. It is

Nem. from the scene of bloody combats, that Jupiter LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. withdraws his attention, to view, with compla

It is said, that a gentleman, who is « not a cency, the gentle and hospitable manners of

candidate for any office," some years ago, TRANSLATED FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

an Etbiopian tribe, solely occupied with the while attending Court at Concord, took a soli. ON EPICK POETRY. (Continued.) cares of the cultivator and shepherd. In Vir- tary walk through the mud to visit th

gil, the description of battles is preceded by Tasso, who, of all the epick poets, has ap. |

which was the scene of the skirmish with the a picture of the pastoral life of good king British, in that town ; but did not discover that proached the nearest to Homer by the man. Evander. Except the interview between the

he had visited the wrong bridge, till after he had agement of his plan, and the inspiring gran. deur of his characters, did not neglect to flat

old man of Jersey and Henry IV., in the first espatiated: pretly largely upon the impression ter the vanity of his countrymen, not only by book of the Henriade, nothing of this kind is

which the spot made on his mind, and the asfound in the whole poem.

tonishing effects of the association of ideas. mentioning the founders of the most illustrious

When he was told of his mistake, he very families of Italy, but by using throughout his

On the Marvellous.

dexterously parried the laugh by relating the poem the machinery of fairy beings, and I am far from thinking, with Marmontel, following anecdote, which his present predicaadopting those chivalrick notions which then :hat the marvellous is not essential to epick ment may have recalled to his mindprevailed in this country.

poetry. It is that which places, at the disposBesides, his descriptions of the crusades al of the poet all places-all events-men of

When new-light Whitfield used to preach

In barn or barn-yard, just as suited, must have particularly interested the Italians, every description-heaven, earth, and hell. Made young maids cry and old ones screechi, who possessed, in their capital, the supreme That alone can supply the necessity we And naughty boys look'd on and hooted; head of the church.

feel, for something extraordinary ; that alone, It chanced one day another fellow Milton is not à national poet ; he is the at the will of the poet, can retard, hasten, or

Was holding forth in Whitfield's stead ; poet of the christian world. His pious muse prolong the epick action ; and whatever an

A negro passing heard him bellow, seems to have planted, in the garden of Eden,

And callid to hear what Whitfield said. enthusiastick admirer of Lucan may ha:e said, that celestial tree, whose branches extend over

By Cuffee every word was swallow'ti, the Catos, Cæsars, Pompeys, all the heroes of And every gesture touch'd his heart, the whole world. The first adoration addres- | ancient and modern history, are no substitutes And straight way on the ground he wallow'd, sed to the Supreme Being; the first transgres- for the intervention of divinity. Without this Fasaying well to act his part. sion of the divine law; the first punishment; relation of protection on one part and obedience

Learning at length his sad mistakeprimitive innocence lost; mankind denounced; on the other, there is no other, between heav

Standing up straight, bis wool-head tossing, the grand perspective of future redemption;

Cuffee sung out, " Why massy sake! en and earth, but the laws of gravity and mowhatever man enjoys of hope, or experiences

- Den dirt myself for nossing!" tion ; every thing comes within the order of of fear; crimes and virtuos; happiness and mis

common and ordinary events, which soon palls ery, in the present life or hereafter; the uninupon the imagination.

LE REVEUR, No. II. terrupted intercourse between earth and heav

The only inconvenience that can arise from “ There is something superior to all opinen-such is the sublime subject of Milion, and the adoption of the marvellous would be, that lions-that is justice. If a philosopher of the what author can be compared to him !

men, being subordinate to celestial powers, present day were to write a good book ; if he A quality not less indispensable in the Epick is variety. The reason of this is obvious. The

should appear but instruments and machines. were to do what is still better, to perform a

The poet should therefore guard against ex good action ; if he displayed noble and elevaaction, which is the source of interest and cu- hibiting the inclinations and passions of his / ted sentiments, I, who am a christian, would riosity, being distributed through the poem at heroes, the fruitful source of interest, as abso- I applaud him without reserve. I would go to considerable intervals is not so attractive, as in

lutely controled by a supreme power; for the end of the world in quest of a virtue, in a a tragedy, where it is limited to a short space,

then all interest is destroyed, or strikingly di- votary of Vishnow, or the Grand Lama, that and hurries on with rapidity to the close. This minished. When Homer represents Achilles, is an inconvenience to be obviated in the Epick

| I might enjoy the happiness of admiring it."*

provoked by the supercilious Agamemnon, as by an immense variety of objects, scenes, per: putting his hand upon bis sword, he represents

What, such sentiment, such liberality in a sonages, which may amuse the attention and to us the Goddess of Wisdom restraining the

Roman Catholick, a zealous Roman Cathoexcite curiosity. It is said that Tasso, travel.hero ; but soon afterwards he restores this

lick ! How inuch we are abused by the prejling with one of his friends, and arriving to the feeling, ingenuous soul to all its natural irrita

ndices of education! This shall teach me summit of a lofty mountain, which afforded | bility. The implacable Achilles retires to his

his the folly of imputing to any class of christians him the prospect of a vast extent of country, ! tent, deprives the army of his presence, and !

* Chateaubriand.

| The lucid truths she from his lips receiv'd ;

The deeds of valour that his arm atchiev'd ; His life-his labours to bis country giv'n, That country's love and leave the rest to Heaven. 280 There too, full many a constellated star, That shone in peace, or shook its hair in war, Shines on, and bright, in these tempestuous times Shews all the “ darkness visible" of crimes ; Points, like Ithuriel's all-detecting spear, And speaks in eloquence the deaf can hear. These chain his sense—and as the tear-drops start, And all his country rushes on his hearts When Memory lights him back again to years Where VIRTUE was—and now its ghost appears - 290 So strong the variance 'twixt the times that were, The times that should be, and the times that are, His doubting heart will sooner far believe What Fancy figur'd, than what Truth'shall give.Then will he view our bark, now tempest-tost, With shatter'd masts, torn sails, and tackle lost, Wreck'd by unskilful pilots amid seas More fatal than the shining Cyclades ; And think how once, the noblest of the flood, “ Strong in red cedar and live oak we stood ;" – 300 When, glory-crown'd, our Genius hail'd the day, And not a cloud obscur'd its morning ray; When round her danc'd the star-descending throng, HOPE sweetly sang, and Reason join'd the song. Delusive scenes !--no longer what ye seem, I wake, and lo!-ye vanish like a dream. Loos'd from the shackles of ENCHANTMENT's spell, Thou fairy-land of Fancy, fare thee well. Vain were the patriot's wish, the poet's prayer, The soldier's valour, or the statesman's care; 310 For what can wishes, or can prayers avail, When the loud thunders from the rostrum fail, And Folly, Vice, and IGNORANCE prevail.

or of men, a monopoly of that amiableness, | Telling the mountain many a tedious tale, which is the best fruit of the best religious And bidding brooks and rills bis woes bewail, principles.

Till Repetition wearied with the call, I never read a description of travels more Had she three ears, would surely stop them all. fascinating, than the work of Chateaubriand.

Yet though Columbia boasts no bard sublime, What is the charm, by which this author con

Whose raptur'd song can charm the light of time ; stantly holds the mind in a state of perfect

No native painter, whose embalming hand complacency? He is a man of learning, and

Has shewn the eventful history of her land ; taste ; so are many writers of travels, whom

Though here no sculptor bids the quarry wake, 210 he far surpasses in the pleasing interest he in- | spires. It is because this benevolence of dis Her heroes triumph, or her statesmen speak : position is displayed in his whole character. What then? our sail explores each distant zone, Though he is not blind to vice or even foi. And India's choicest treasures are our own. bles, he is always ready to discover, acknowl- Italia brings her paintings, coins, and clays, edge, and respect what is commendable ; and

Her antique medals, and her roupdelays. he found, as I believe would any man of the

France gives her fashions-those of France best suit. same happy temper, that human nature was

For France bas got the measure of her foot. no where so debased as to afford him no grati

Spain can at least much useful patience teach ; fication.

And, from experience, Switzerland can preach. The indulgence of this disposition is as favourable to the happiness of the established

Germania too a moral tale could tell, resident in society, as to the traveller. It gives

And many a neighbouring land the chorus swell.

These are to us but tributary powers, the capacity, at once, of receiving and coinmunicating pleasure, in our intercourse with And all their wealth concentrates on our shores. the world. To be pleased is generally to But wealth can here a brighter charm receive, please. That inind which perpetually cher And we to wit another form can give, ishes discontent, or lives in detraction, is cer In green and red the Grecian bards appear, tainly miserable ; and who derives satisfaction And Rome's proud train a golden livery wear ; from such a companion ? Sympathy itself, in

Shakspeare, who once fill'd ocean, earth, and skies, such a case, is but a source of augmented

Hot-press’d, bas dwindled to a “pocket size ;" wretchedness

And mighty Milton, like a fop array'd,

230 Devoted as we all are to the pursuit of our

With modest Cowper, join the masquerade ; own felicity, it is surprising that a condition so essential to our success as good nature-a be

While some dull scribbler, with himself impress'd,

And charlitanian caustick richly dress'd, nevolent state of mind, is not universally ascertained to be the most direct path. The world

With Sappho's satellites, eclipse the rest. has its evils-its inevitable evils ; but to an

Yet when the hot-press'd, wire-wove work is done, amiably constituted mind, there can scarcely be

And through a fifth, ere first edition gone, imagined a situation, which may not yield in So neat the type, so fair the plates unrol, numerable sources of delight. Human nature Plagarius' scarcely knows the work he stole. is imperfect ; the most unblemished are not

Thy foes, O SCIENCE, have at length prevail'd ; free from defects ; but a being possessed of no

Thy sons, like pagods, are enshrin'd and veil'd; 240 qualities, which we may justly admire and

With splendid homage, paid by pomp and pride, contemplate with satisfaction, is a monster seldom found in society.

They load with gold the me rit they would hide.
No temperate mein their haughty triumph knows ;
So high the bibliothick tribute grows,

That Livy's ransom such a sum would cost,

E'en rescued Livy would be worse than lost.

O my fair country !—thou hast cheated truth ;

Like some fond maid, enamour'd of her youth,
TASTE. A Poem.
Proud of the claim, that on thy face appears,

Thy best excuse has been tby tender years.
THE mighty strain, so high in Greece began,

But thou hast been at “ seventy-five" so long, Which through Italia's genial mountains ran,

That “ seventy-five" is now an idle song.
Which gave new sweetness to her orange vales, No more in this thy foes a pardon find
And softer charms to Asia's peffum'd gales ;

For uncouth manners, and a vacant mind;
Whose echoes swell with such a native force 180 For cold neglect ; for miserly delay
In Albion's iske, that Albion seems the source ;

In slighting powers thy genius might display.
Lost in the wide Atlantick's endless roar,

And though thy guardian leaves thee to thy fate, Have not yet reach'd Columbia's distant shore : Less fond of thee, than fond of thy estate ; And in her groves, that might invite the muse,

Who sees unmov'd thy predatory foes ller groves and lawns, that Fancy's self would choose ;

Insult thy commerce, and thy rights oppose ? 260 Behold !-- with brows in bay and laurel furl'd,

May heaven preserve thee from unhallow'd art, The new-born Classicks of the Western world,

And syren songs, that would seduce thy heart ; Freedom the phalanx of their pens enjoys,

From wily arms, that seem out-stretch'd to save, Freedom their tongues, their heads, and hands emplovs. | Yet come to rob, to murder, and enslave. Bound by no system-by no school's decree, 190 But though no wand'ring trav’ler e'er shall see They write for Freedom, and she makes them free. Revers'd thy star-seal'd charter to be free ; Yet when, by SCIENCE or by Fancy led,

Yet when some native son, with patriot fire, To roye the upland, or to trace the mead,

From thy sepulchral marble shall inquire, At once they rise above all human sight,

Each name thy legends teach his heart to prize, Or sink at once into the depths of night ;

His feet shall pause where thy CAMILLUS lies : 270 While, from their clouds, deep sounds the ear appal And, as his eager hand aside shall turn Where the loud fulminating periods fall ;

The sacred laurels that o'erhang bis urn, As Wabash hoarse-Monongahela strong

His eye shall only see the name impress'd, Muskingum dull-and Mississippi long.

For Honour's tears will blot a way the rest. At every solemn intermittent chime,

200 But Fame, that loves to linger near the place,' The sonnetteer is heard in distant rbyme,

In letters, lasting as his worth, shall trace



LOVE'S CLIMAX. INSPIR'D by Beauty only, love may seek To hold the heart in feeble chains, a week. Good Nature weaves the mystick love-knot stronger, And holds the heart in willing bondage longer, Discreet Good Sense a higher power can prove, And fix a cool, respectful, lasting love. But constant, mild Affection binds the chain Soft as heav'n's mercy, lasting as its reign.



A FRAGMENT FROM MISS M. N. MITFORD'S “ BLANCH." If in this world of breathing harm There lurk one universal charm, One power, which to no clime confin'd Sways either sex and every mind ; Which cheers the monarch on his throne i The slave beneath the torrid zone ; The soldier rough ; the letter'd sage, And careless youth, and helpless age ; And all that live, and breathe and move ; 'Tis the PURE KISS OF INTANT LOVE !



NO. 4 CORNHILL. Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. ** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding







| the only people, who ever entered upon the stand in those three scenes in alto relievo, full

duty of governing themselves in a state of l and prominent. FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

perfect political equality. There has always We may hereafter show how immoral and ON THE PECULIAR CHARACTER OF PARTIES

been in other states more or less military or disgraceful it is in any sensible map to quic IN THIS COUNTRY.

hereditary power; more or less aristocracy, such a party, and go over to its enemies.

founded either in consent or usurpation ; or PARTIES have existed in all countries where something to prevent the experiment from

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATON. there has been any freedom. They are essen- having a full and fair operation. tial to its preservation. For if you could sup In 1776 we were in the novel situation

NO. VIII. pose a case in a state, where those, who did with the exception of 500,000 black Helois in

THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES pot approve of the administration, should not Virginia) of a whole people not only political

MUST BE PRESERVED. be strong enough to make a party, they mustly, but, I might almost add, practically, pecun,

EXTRACTS CONCLUDED. be oppressed. iarily equal ; or rather, more equal in these

Shewing the comparative strength, resources, A party, then, and a party large enough to last respects, than any people that ever lived

and local advantages of the different sections be feared, is essential to liberty. The com- since the patriarchal ages. mon-place complaint about party spirit is What was the result of the experiment ?

of the Union. therefore unreasonable. Men in general are We say nothing of Virginia and New York, “ The policy of the Virginians, in respect certainly unable to say, whether the spirit where an existing aristocracy and the slave to the middle and northern states, appears to . which animates them is pure, disinterested love cultivation disturbed the natural operation ; | originate in a jealousy and envy of their powof their country,—or an attachment to their

but in every other part of America, and es er, skill, and resources. Of their relative friends, their early opinions, perhaps their | pocially in New England, the parties have weakness, experience, during the late war, prejudices. A man, who honestly acts with taken and constantly maintained, and will for. | rendered them justly sensible. During the the party under which he was brought up, is

| ever maintain, till we are subjugated, (let our revolutionary war, the requisitions upon Masentitled to charity at least, if not to respect apostates be ever so numerous) their natural | sachusetts and Virginia, for troops to compose

But let not men presume, upon these con- division, which is, between those who have the standing force, were generally equal. cessions, to say, that if parties must exist, and I knowledge, talents, virtues, and property, and | Notwithstanding which, the average number if they are even necessary to the preservation | those who, knowing that it has not pleased God of men, furnished by Massachusetts, exceeded of a free state, it is indifferent to which party to give them an equal share of them, hate, en- / those of Virginia, in a ratio of more than you belong, or that you may change your party vy, and oppose those who are more favoured. three to one. Indeed more than four tenths at pleasure.

This however may be said to be theory, of the average standing force, during the nine Not so. It is undoubtedly the ordination of and I am too much of a practical man to per- | years of war,' were furnished by MassachuProvidence, and certainly for the best good of mit this objection to rest against my propo setts and Connecticut, notwithstanding which, all creation, that there should be moral and sition

and in no small degree from a neglect of the physical evil in the world : ar I vet it does not 1 From the peace of 1783 to this day, I have | economy so much affected at present, the ex. Callow, that a man may as well be a murderer, Low this State most intimately. We have l.penditures, in * ginia exceeded those in or a maniack, as to be virtuous and sound.. had always two parties in it. The one have Massachusetts.

Though there may be fairly, and indeed | been, always, the friends of liberty, order, re The slaves and poor whites of Virginia are must be at least two parties in every free spectable judiciaries, security and stability to | too much degraded and too dependent to ex. State : vet so far from its being indifferent to property, learning, and religion ; the other, cite any apprehensions in the minds of the which you belong, it is scarcely possible that | enemies to true liberty, fond of revolution, in- | aristocracy, of their acquiring any political in. the merits of the two should be equal." If in | surrection, enemies to a regular judiciary, to fluence : their physical force is alone dreaded. England some doubts might exist as to the learning, and religion.

By declaiming in favour of the rights of man, which have divided that country, it has Ambitious men of some talents have some and affecting a superiour respect to republican been owing to the absolute preponderance,

times put themselves at the head of the party, principles, they do not consider their own which all political parties have in that country

to which “ they do not naturally belong"; so rights as endangered at home, while they are over that moveabie and restless mass, which,

did Cataline, and Clodius, and Cæsar quit the sure of thereby extending their influence in the in European countries, would be fatal to order | Patricians to join the Plebeian party. We have other states. By impairing the national estaband civil liberiy, if it were not thus re

thus seen Hancock and Samuel Adams, and lishments, to the lowest degree consistent strained.

more recently still (incredibile visů) the very with a dominal Union, they bring the different In our country, we have no such mass, call nurselings of aristocracy, the favourers of lords | members of the consederacy nearly to a level ed the mob, except perhaps in New York, and nobility and hereditary rank, go over to with their own insignificance, and keep them Philadelphia, and Baitimore. Our people have

the insurrection party, I mean Mr. Adams the all ignorant of their relative power. By stimuson e stake almost universally, in the welfare father, and the son.

Jating the ambition of low demagogues and and order of the state.

No man however, who has known our state, systematically attacking the character of the mata But, although we have not this dangerous can doubt that Bowdoin and Lincoln, and conspicuous for talents, who is not a Virginian, body, profligate from poverty, yet there has

Strong and Sumner, and Ames and Parsons, and by a systematical caution, in avoiding all existed a division in our country strongly

and Dana and Sedgwick, and Phillips, and I causes of collision and dissension, when Vire marked ; and on one side are arranged learn may adde a thousand more ; the lawyers (ex. ginians are concerned, they hope to be able to ing, property, talents, and virtues,-and on the cepting Morton and Dana, and Austin and command the best talents of their own state, other, inordinate ambition, and every thing | Smith, and lately Holmes, and a few others) ; / while they suppress the talents of their rivals. which is restless in society.

the clergy (excepting Bentley, and Aiken, and in short ; while their policy is by no means These are the two natural parties in all Foster, and a few associates); the greater contemptible, when considered merely as constates : and inno country on the face of the part of the medical men ; the whole body of | ducive to the preservation of their own globe. from the destruction of Babel to the merchants (with one or two exceptions) ; and wretched and imbecile internal system, it can overthrow of Bonaparte, has there been any

the most solid part of the Farming interests, only be compared, in respect to the Union at case in which parties were left to take their have belonged to the party of law, and order, large, to the government of chaos, as describnatural direction, so much as in this.

and good principles. In short, Nature has ed by Milton. The elevation of their chief It would be only an useless parade of learn made this division, and it cannot be broken up. was occasioned by an anarchy of moral and ing to examine the examples of states which The Insurrection of 1786, the adoption of political principles ;--he is endeavouring to have passed away.

the Constitution, the Gerrymander Legislative balance and neutralize the hot, cold, moist, and Every man of sense and reading will per measures, are three great events, which drew dry elements of democracy and faction-be. ceive, that I am correct in saying, that we are out the true character of the parties. They adheres for the moment, to those principles -


which happen to be most prevalent ; and the Though the manuscript, from which I have The report of the day is that an Armistice agents of his designs, like those of his proto taken these extracts, embraces many specula- has been agreed upon between the United type, are discord, rumour, chance, and confu tions on the policy of the administration, at States and Canada forces. No authority is sion.

the time they were written, and their probable given, and of course no credit is attached to The states from New Jersey to Maryland ! future measures ; speculations which have the rumour. inclusive, and which constitute the remaining proved correct, by events which have since Admiral Cochrane has arrived in the Ches. division of our country, are chiefly distinguish been experienced, I shall copy no more, as my apeake, with 4 sail of the line, and 5 frigates. ed from the northern states by circumstances object was principally to state sume important General Wilkinson's subalterns, who are ei. which peculiarly expose them to divided coun: facts, which ought to be familiar not only to ther partial to him, or corrupted to his purcils, and the distinctions of party spirit and every statesman, but to every individual, who poses, are writing the most disgusting, bom. faction. Those, who unite political integrity would form a satisfactory opinion, as to several bastick, ridiculous descriptions of his prowess, with intelligence in these states, are sincere momentous questions, which are frequently be- ! in his FAILURE on attacking a stone mill. Don federalists, and justly appreciate the impor- | fore the publick, and on which the judgment Quixote and the windmill over again. tance of an efficient national government. By ought to be well informed. an unfortunate policy, the landholders of Penn Though these extracts have no brilliance of sylvania, with the view of suddenly enhancing style to recommend them, I have considered

LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS, the value of their estates, encouraged foreign- them highly useful, as qualifying him, who pe

POR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. ers of all nations to become citizens, till at ruses them attentively, to perceive what is or length the powers of the government have

THE CONFIDANT, NO. VIII. is not practicable, in case circumstances renbeen transferred to a class of people, too het- der some effort necessary to secure to the

To the Confidant. erogeneous to be susceptible of mutual confi northern section of the Union their original

| SIR-WERE I induced to take the pen, dence, and too violent and ignorant to use consequence-their character, their rights, and merely to furnish a short essay for the readers power with moderation. The transmontane their prosperity.

of the Boston Spectator, I should certainly not counties must, at all times, strongly partici Basc, contemptibly base is the man, who take GAMBLING for my theme. It is a vice, pate in the feelings of the western states: The can reconcile it to his mind, to accede to per which has commanded the attention of many Germans, by their language, and by their ate | petual servitude, and entail a wretched depend- an able and elegant writer, and its pernicious, tachment to their national manners, will long ence on his children, if such degradation be frequently fatal consequences, have been remain a distinct and comparatively an illite comes necessary only by his voluntary sacrifice strikingly represented by distinguished drarate people, exposed, of course, to the seduc -by a pusillanimous neglect of the means and matists. Nothing new can be said on the subcions, and fit instruments for gratifying the advantages, which God and nature have vested ject, except what I state with sincere regret, passions of artful demagogues. The influence in him to maintain his freedom and promote that it is a vice making great and alarming of the Friends will be mild and beneficent, con- | his happiness : while he who talks of a separa

w . while he whole of conara | progress in Boston. ducive to order, the improvement of the arts, tion of the Union, as an event to be effected

The facility with which the police regula. and the accumulation of property. They will, merely by a vote-or of civil war,-new forms tions of this town are executed—the decorum however, consider themselves more as mem- of government or other revolutionary meas

ent or other revolutionary meas which prevails on the day of rest and worship bers of a sect, than of a nation, and like the ures, without first examining seriously the

-the profound silence which reigns through Virginians, they will be systematically oppos I practicability of any such proposition, and the our streets, at all unseasonable hours of night, ed to all measures for increasing the publick | future consequences, can be little better than

tter than together with the long admitted reputation of force. The politicks of Pennsylvania can nev- a madman.

the metropolis of Massachusetts for correct er be directed by a more malign influence It appears to me, the statements of the dis- | morals, had led me to believe that we enjoyed than at present, considering that one third of i tinguished writer to whom I have been indebted a highly enviable state of society. But some the people, comprising the most intelligent, throw not only a clear light, on the whole of the

throw not only a clear light, on the whole of the reports, which I had recently heard, and the and, with the exception of the Germans, the Jeffersonian and Madisonian policy ; give us

solicitations of an acquaintance, to whom I most wealthy classes, are federal; that the just grounds of alarm for the future ; but di.

have no objection, but his incipient partiality principles of finance and commerce are well | rect the mind to the means, to which, sooner tor the practice I have mentioned, prevailed on understood; that few are indigent, and the love or later, we must resort for security. The

| me to witness scenes new, unexpected, and of property almost an exclusive passion : subject will therefore be a little further purs

herefore he aliele funeber nu dainful. moreover, that the artists and manufacturers sued.

I was ushered into a retired apartment at are already sufficiently numerous to form a

- 's, by no means the only retreat, as I distinct class, and as such, to exert a political

am informed, of this character, in Boston. influence, it appears but reasonable to conclude


The few, whose eagerness had assembled them that this siate will avoid any serious disturban

before we entered, were not of a description to ces, and that her internal collisions will gradu. | BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 16, 1814. | excite great astonishment, as I knew their ally serve to improve her character.

idle life and sinking reputations abroad. But But whatever complexion the politicks of EUROPEAN. Nothing but indistinct ru-l judge of my surprise, when I found them joinPennsylvania finally assume, they must control mours have reached us from France, since ed by men, I will by no means say of the first Delaware and Maryland. The city of Balti. | our last, except that Murat has effected an ac- standing in town, yet whom I should have supmore depends principally on Pennsylvania for commodation with the allies.

posed total strangers both to such a resort support, and has flourished, not only, without DOMESTICK. A bill to repeal the En and such a disgraceful occupazion. I, at first, the patronage, but contrary to the wishes of bargo law, and take off such commercial re. | imagined their appearance accidental, and Maryland. The three western counties are strictions, as are not necessarily implied in a looked for some symptom of disgust. Judge probably the most fertile, and here the Penn- state of war, passed the house of representa- of my disappointment on observing their com. sylvania character is predominant. The coun- tives in Congress, on the 7th instant-155 to placency, their familiarity with the company, ties east of Chesapeake bay, and between that 37. The senate, it is said, have committed it. and the unmoved composure with which they bay and the Potomack, are declining in impor. It is now confirmed that General Wilkin. were received. tance; and in these districts the state of socie. | son, with an army of about 4000 men, entered | The business of the evening, I may say of ty, occasioned, principally, by the influence of Canada, on the 29th ult. attacked a British almost every evening, went on with spirit. slavery, inclines them in a certain degree to outpost and was obliged to retreat, with con. | Those, who have no money for their creditors, favour the views of Virginia--the power of siderable loss ; 150 being killed or wounded ! had here something to hazard. Considerable Pennsylvania must, however, finally prevail. On the 8th instant, four British barges and I bets were made on every game, and to increase

It is certainly the peculiar interest of the two launches, commanded by Captain Coote, of the interest of play, on many intervening oc. small states to support the national govern the brig Borer, with 200 men, ascended Con: currences. Sums, which many a reputable ment upon the principles of the federal party.necticut river to Pettipague point and destroy. | member of society would consider a valuable Their local situation is however such, thated 20 sail of vessels, ships among others ; the recompense for a week of persevering industhey must follow the fortunes of four power. whole estimated at 150,000 dollars. Petti- try, were here won or lost every few minutes; ful states, who possess the power of governing pague is situated on the west side of Connec. and disappointment solaced by wine, or relierthe Union. This renders it somewhat difficult ticut River, 6 miles from the Light-house. . ed by violent imprecations. I need not deto calculate the future conduct of New Jersey..

scribe the particulars of such a scene : GamlıThe habits and principles of the people strong loans of money for Government. To encour ling universally leads to one train of consely incline them to New England ; their con- age the justly odious transaction), promises are quences, which have often been enumerated. nections and local interests will perhaps sube made to conceal the knowledge of the culprits' | About twelve I left the party, still deeply ecject them to the influence of Pennsylvania." 'names from the publick

gaged in their orgies, except a few, whom !

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