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remaining sense of decency, obeyed however is a striking instance. The monuments of his tertaining and intelligent, I immediately adwith apparent reluctance, had previously sum fame, produced by his own hand, without con- dressed him without much reserve, and the moned to their FAMILIES !

sidering the stupendous works which he su. following kind of narrative ensued. You have I will mention no names ; I will designate perintended, would seem to require ages to ac- the appearance of a seafaring man, sir ; are no individual-but I there recognized men complish. The intuitive powers of his mind you lately arrived from a voyage ? · Yes, sir, who would blush, yet, to be addressed in the were so remarkably acute as frequently to and the longest voyage I ever made with my streets, by some of their profligate associates. save him much manual labour. It is said, that land tacks aboard. I have travelled, sir, from

With such men I would expostulate. In walking among rude blocks of marble, he Charleston, S. C. to Boston, and a most rugged such men a sensibility to character is not would fix his attention upon che, in which no passage I've had of it, I assure you. I have wholly extinguished. They may yet be alive other person could discover any particular ap- followed the sea ten years, sir; and whilst to reflcction ;-yet capable of seeing, dreading, titude for his purpose. With his hammer and sailors were allowed to look out for themselves, and shunning the consequences of their con- chissel, he would knock off a few corners, and could go and come when they pleased, I duct.

and you were surprised to behold a bust! did very well ; but since they have got us into I do not propose to preach on the wicked.

this war, to fight for sailors' rights as they call ness of this passion. That respectable prov.

. RAPHAEL.

it, I've scarcely made shift to earn my biscuit. ince belongs to its proper functionarios. But

How disgusting is wit, when displayed on Whilst we had the right to receive 35 dollars I would ask their attention to the destructive

the monuments of the dead! Raphael was a month, and our choice of vessels and voyaeffects of gambling.

honoured with a tomb in the Pantheon, at ges, what other rights did I want? Trade was Are you a set party, who assemble at these Rome.

Rome, that superb and imperishable edifice, free enough for me, when I could cross the haunts, with nearly equal talents for the dis- | which Agrippa dedicated to all the gods, and

Atlantick, cruize about the Mediterranean, or graceful business, in which you engage Then in after ages his holiness, the Pope, to all the | up the Baltick ; when I could always get a what can you profit? Your money is fre-saints. But Cardinal Bembo,

saints. But Cardinal Bembo, who wrote his voyage to India or the South Sea, or a shorter quently changing proprietor, but, in the end, inscription, yielded to that passion for the one if I pleased ; aye and then I had something none can gain, by your own doctrine of the conceito, which so strongly marks the Italian to show for it. I used to be pretty well rigg'd laws of hazard. You waste your time--you taste, in every thing belonging to literature

in them times, and plenty of the shiners in risk your character your expenses must

my pocket ; not so many of these splices

Ille hic est Raphaël, timuit quo sospite rinci come from the common stock ; so that, eventu- !

about my gear (here the poor fellow looked at

Rerum magna parens, et moriente mori. ally, all must lose. Have you some weak

his patched crowsers) as you see now. Since fools, of your party, whom you dupe to be the

the war for free trade and sailors' rights, invictims of your avarice? Beware how you “ The mind—the Musick breathing from her face."

stead of choice of voyages I've had only the reconcile your mind to a dishonesty, which Is a note on this line, in the “ Bride of choice to starve at home, or rot in a prison differs from the most barefaced fraud, only in Abydos," Lord Byron thinks it necessary to

ship. I preferred starving at home, till I was name and circumstance, not in nature. Do defend himself against criticism. He says “I fairly starved out, and then was glad of the you inveigle strangers among you, with a pre will merely request the reader to recollect, for | first opportunity to get off. There was no meditated design for common plunder ? Take

ten seconds, the features of the woman whom voyages to be found but coasting, so I shipt for your pistol-boldly present yourself in the he believes to be the most beautiful : and if

Charleston, and we went skulking along shore, highway ; it is more honourable than your he then does not comprehend fully, what is

afraid of every thing we saw, hauling our practice. The citizen you rob will dare to feebly expressed in the above line, I shall be wind for one, keeping away for another, croscomplain-he will have the aid of justice in

sorry for us both. After all (adds he) this is sing rips and running among shoals, till finally, regaining his property, if you can be detected,

rather to be felt, than described ; still I think as good luck would have it, we got safe to our and to immure you in the State's Prison, for there are some who will understand it, at port. We were all pretty merry at the thoughts your crime against society.

least they would, had they beheld the counte. of having escaped Johnny English ; but whilst But, under whichever of these cases you nance, whose speaking harmony suggested the We were hauling in to the wharf, down came may be classed, the tendency is to ruin your idea :' for this passa

idea ; for this passage is not drawn from im- the musick with a gang and a broad flag families.. Is it thus you fulfil your vows of

agination, but memory, that mirror which af- with large capitals free trade and Sailors' affection to your once adored companion ? Is

Aiction dashes to the earth, and looking down rights. This, says I, is a bad prognostick ; your laste so depraved, as to relinquish the de

upon the fragments, only beholds the reflec there's always ill luck behind it; these fellows lights of domestick happiness for the vulgar tion multiplied."

are like moon cursers, they hold out a light to intercourse of a horde of gamblers ?

I cannot comprehend the feelings of the destroy the ship. Sure enough, the next day That character, which is your fainily's, you critick who could object to the figure in the the embargo came ; so here we were as bad are exposing to infamy-that time, which is

text. The harmony of expression is a term as being cast away ; Free trade would'nt let theirs, you are wasting in worse than idle.

| originating perhaps with artists, but now un-us come home by water ; and Sailors' rights ness. That property, which, if possessed of

derstood by every one, and in familiar use. ¡ obliged us to travel about 1,000 miles with one spark of tenderness, you would devote to A Frenchman carries the idea much farther, nothing to bear our expenses. We've had a the benefit of a wife and children, you are and that too in his raptures on contemplating a

long passage as I said before, and never was I dissipating on a thankless landlord, or a crew beautiful statue, « Quelle harmonie dans ces on shorter allowance. I tell you what, sir, of profligate associates ; and when you leave

formes ! Quelle melodie ! Oui, elles compos- 'tis a hard case and I'm ashamed to own it, them, it is to return to that abode, which lent pour l'oeil (qu'on me passe cette expres- i but I've been obliged to beg (here the tear's ought to be the paradise of your delight, the sion) un air charmant. Il y a une musique de started into his eyes); I love my country, centre of all your affections-fevered with la couleur et de la forme comme il y a une

sir, and am willing to fight for it ; but when wine, if not intoxicated-morose from repeat- | musique du son." " But we may well excuse

they take away my living, when they starve ed disappointment-and gloomy from the con- the criticism, which gave occasion to his Lorda, me to maintain my rights, I think they are sciousness of your own degradation. In the ship to introduce a vote, embracing one of the wrong, and I would rather they would let my morning your countenance is haggard, and

most beautiful and interesting figures in the rights alone. your nerves unstrung. You have yet somebook-Afliction, in despair, dashing the mir

I've come through many a town where Sailbusiness, because the world do not know you.

ror of recollection to the earth, and only finding ors' rights are in every one's mouth, and I But, habituated to the high excitement of the the dear object of regret reflected from every

could not get a bit of bread to put in my own. gaming table, your business becomes dull, te- 1 fragment. This is a true poetick trait, which

In one great city I saw more than a dozen dious, and disgusting. You long for the noc- every feeling mind will admire.

signs with « Free trade and Sailors' rights," turnal rendezvous, if you have lost, to recov.

and yet five of our ship's crew could get no er ; if you have won, in the foolish hope of

lodging but in a stable. In another town

TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR. permanent success ; or if totally demoralized,

there to the southward, I ventured into a tavas is sooner or later the case, to fly from re

Sir,

crn kitchen, they told me there were some flection, indifferent to property, character, du-t WHILST I was sitting in a stage tavern

gentlemen in the hall celebrating a victory, ty, or health, only anxious to silence the moni- a few evenings since, waiting for a gentle

and said it would be a good time to get a col. tions of reason. Yours, &c. THEATES. | man, whom I had appointed to meet there,

lection from them, to help me home. I went came in a very good looking man, who by his to the hall door, and stood awhile ashamed to

dress I took to be a sailor. He had a smail MICHAEL ANGELO.

enter ; at last I heard them give this toast, bundle in his hand, which as he took a chair « Free Trade and Sailors' rights ;" my heart When genius and industry unite, it is as- near me, he laid on the floor by his side.

mis gave me ; but perhaps, says I, whilst they tonishing what they can effect. Michael As I always feel a considerable interest in

| are drinking sailors' rights, they may give Angelo, the pride and glory of modern Italy, this class of men, and frequently find them en- something to relieve his misfortunes ; so in I

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goes. A sailor, gentlemen, is in want, can library whose value does credit to our coun

His faith, is fraud-bis wisdom, guile ; you give him a trifle to help him home ?try, and which on that account we should take

Creation withers in his smile « Where do you belong ?” To Boston, please pleasure in augmenting ; and it is connected

Mid ruin upon ruin hurled, your honours. " O you are all old tories in Bos with our most ancient literary institution, one

He flames, the Etna of the world! ton ; we are republicans here, you are upon a at the present time highly respectable, and

No offering can avert bis wrath, wrong chase, my lad, you may as well be off." I which has every prospect of increasing in im

No human feeling cross his path. didn't exactly know what they meant by old portance. Those books which are sent to the

See Spain, in his embraces, die, tories, but I was sure by their screwing up library, will at once become known to a large

His ancient friend, his firm ally ! their faces and their grinning that it was body of literary men, and thus the private ad

See hapless Portugal, who thought some reproach, and I couldn't bear this, you vantage of the publisher, as well as the publick

A common creed her safety boughtknow; I couldn't bear to hear my native town good, be in some degree promoted. We be

A common creed ! alas, his life reviled or abused ; no, sir, my blood rose like lieve therefore that our suggestion will be at

Has been one bloody, impious strife! the sea in a high wind, it was all in a foam, tended to by a large portion of the gentlemen sir, and although I entered the room as hum- to whom we address ourselves.

Beneath his torch the altars burn ble as a beggar, I now felt as proud as a lord : It is to be wished that this library should

And blush on the polluted urnso I told them, that Bostonians were better become a repository of all the original works

Beneath his christian foot, is trod than they were, Tories or whatever ; were published in our country which are of any

The symbol of the christian Godbetter friends to their country and Sailors' value. Tie collection is at present very in

The plunder'd fane-the murder'd priest, rights ; aye, and I'm mistaken if they don't complete. We trust therefore that what has

The holy pontiff's age oppressed, soon let you know, says I, that they can de. been said, will be thought deserving attention

Religion's blush, and Nature's sigh, fend both : besides if a stranger was in by American authors. If duplicates were giv

Proclaim NAPOLEON's piety! ! want in Boston, he would be assisted, and en, one for circulation and another to be redot insulted ; the noble and generous hearts tained in the library, there would be more

Where'er his locust legions veer, there are always ready to relieve a fellow's complete security against loss and injury. All

Ruin and woe and want are there-misfortunes, without asking him where he original works that relate to the history of our

And dreams of future murders sweep belongs. After giving 'em this broadside, country are particularly desirable and this

Across their fever'd hour of sleep. I quit 'em, and held 'em in as much disdain though their size may be small ; such as po

Thus, mid the desert's cheerless blight, as a 74, although dismasted, would a par litical pamphlets, those relating to ecclesiasti

A vulture pauses in his flight, cel of scurvy gunboats. Thank G-, I have cal history, century sermons, &c. &c. Works

And, on some rock's congenial breas, arrived here at last, and though poor, I know of this character iherefore, whether such as

Unwilling takes his wither'd rest, I'm welcome ; and I had rather be in Boston have been already published, or such as may

Again, on rapine's wing, to rise without a cent, than belong to some countries be published hereafter, will be considered valI could name, with a plantation of slaves.' uable.

The taint and terror of the skies. I was so pleased with the naivete with We will again state our hope and belief that which this honest tar told his story, that I what we have proposed will be attended to ;

FROM MISS M. R. MITFORD'S “ BLANCU." thought it worthy a publick record ; and ac as it will be an easy means of promoting a cordingly send it to you with the hope, that great publick good. It is by similar means OH it is sad, when far away, you would give it a place in your Spectator. that some of the most magnificent libraries

To mourn the home once lor'd so well : A. in Europe have been accumulated to their

Paint every charm in colours gay, present size. The publick library at Paris,

And every ruin'd comfort tell ! LIBRARY OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY. which contains nearly a million of volumes,

And shudder as still rushing on “ Four hundred and forty eight volumes receives a copy of every new work published

Springs the sad thought-FOREVER GONE ! were added to this Library during the year in France ; and in England, the Bodleian li

But sadder far it is to come, ending in September 1813.

brary, that of the British Museum, that of the The use of the Library of Harvard Univer. Royal Society, with some others, have copies

A branded outcast, stain'd and lost, sity is extended with a liberality which we be

And wander like a restless ghost, of new books sent to them by the Stationers' lieve is almost without example, as it respects

Company, or by individuals, either by law or Around that lov'd and lovely home! those of similar institutions. During the six by courtesy. We request those editors of

There the despairing mourner sits ; last days of the week it is kept open, and all pewspapers who feel an interest in the promo Her father's form before her fits, conveniences provided for reading and con tion of literature, to republish this article."

Such as it wont in days long Aed : sulting books, and making extracts from them.

And she blest heav'n that he was dead, All literary gentlemen are freely admitted.

Before from his own castle gate The privilege of taking books from the libra.

POETRY.

Was turn'd his orphan, desolate. ry, which is not allowed in a great proportion of the publick libraries in Europe, is extended

SELECTED. to a large number of persons, and is granted THE PATRIOTICK IRISHMAN.

**********baltabbattutan AND oh ! how oft as widely and as liberally as possible, consist

In seasons of depression - when the lamp ently with propriety. It has been lately given THE sway of Bonaparte over Europe is un.

Of life burn'd dim, and all unpleasant thoughts to settled clergymen residing within ten miles doubtedly at an end, and the danger from his Subdued the proud aspirings of the soul,of Cambridge, and who have received an edu. ambition has ceased ; but the atrocity of his

• When doubts and fears withheld the timid eye cation at any College, or a degree at Harvard character ought never to be forgotten. The

From scanning scenes to come, and a deep sense College. At the same time precautions are story of his tyranny should be set up, as a bea. taking for the preservation of the more scarce con to future generations, and an everlasting

Of human frailty turn’d the past to pain, and costly works, and such as cannot be repla- execration attached to his name. The follow

How oft have I remember'd that a world ced.

ling lines by an Irish bard, Charles Phillips, Of glory lay around me, that a source From the great value of this library, proba- are poetical, and characterize the usurper with Of lofty solace lay in every star, bly the most valuable on our continent ; from considerable justice.

And that no being need behold the sun the circumstance of the scarcity among us of

ALAS! and shall that aged pile

And grieve, that knew Wuo hung him in the sky. many of the most important works that it con.

(Wilsos. Never in ancient splendour smile ? tains ; and from the ease with which access to

And shall the lonely owlet hoot their use may be procured, it is of most im. portant and essential advantage to the litera

For ever through its ivy'd wall ?

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR fure of our country. Its preservation and in

And shall no more the lover's lute crease ought to be objects of interest to all lit

Awake the happy signal-call,

JOHN PARK, erary men, and to all those connected with lit

Or grace the pleasures of its stately hall ? erature. We therefore feel confident, that

Oh never ! if in evil hour

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, our suggestion will be favourably received,

A foreign foot attaint our soil !

· No. 4 CORNHILL. when we remind all publishers and printers,

Oh never ! if the Despot's power of the publick benefit which would result

Pollutes our pure-our lovely iste !

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. from their presenting copies of all works

His aid is murder in disguise ;

1. Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding which shey may publish to this library. It is a His triumph, freedoma's obsequies ;

numbers.

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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1814.

NO. XVII.

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POLITICAL

P rice omitted to render them odious to a sentiment avowed by even the most timid

the people. The collection of revenue was so federalist, is that, if our rulers do not abandon FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

modi to fall heavier on the north. Our their persecution of the commercial portion of NO. IX.

treaty with England, so favourable to our com- the country, " it will certainly lead to a sepa,

merce, was suffered to expire-and her offer ration." THE INTEGRITY OF THE UNITED STATES

to renew it, refused. An immense region was Such are the natural resources and advantaMUST BE PRESERVED.

purchased, adjoining the southern states ges of the north, so enterprising and perseverWe have seen, that in the southern atlan- promising an extensive augmentation of their ing are the habits of our citizens, they would tick states, the physical force of the white i political influence, and settling upon the Union rise again from the calamities to which they population is in a great measure neutralized, I a heavy debt, which, of course, must eventual. I have been exposed, if suffered to pursue their by the existence of slavery. That those statesly be discharged by new burthens on the tax occupations in peace, and liberated from the can never possess maritime power, because paying section the north. The navy was chains imposed by our own government. Can they have no class of citizens of whom they neglected-funds, avowedly raised for its sup- we then expect exemption from embarrasscan make sailors. In the north, we find a port, year after year appropriated to other ments? Will not the same disposition, which hardy, industrious yeomanry, inured to toil, uses. Great Britain being the only nation on has ruined our commerce, loaded us with taxtrained to arms, so secure at home that every earth, whose hostility could put an end to our es, plunged us in war, filled every town and citizen might leave his possessions without commerce, she was selected, as the object of city with minions and dependants, still seek alarm, and take the field in case of emergen- a factitious resentment. Instead of fighting, means of annoyance, to humble, impoverish cy. Property so distributed as not to enervate she sent ministers of peace. Under pretence and degrade us? If a total, sudden, miracu. by luxury, or cut off even the labourer from of coercing her to make concessions, a system lous revolution in the moral world is probable, the hope and prospect of a competence. The of warfare was begun by our own government, such an eyent is probable. If not, we shall means of naval, power abounding, and, when on our own commerce, unparalleled in the still, in war and peace, be the victims of southcommerce is permitted, ample motives to en- history of nations between the St. Croix and ern persecutions. The tendency here, will courage sailors, and among our citizens the the Potomack, millions and millions of property be continually to rise the disposition there, best of subjects for such encouragement. have been sacrificed in navigation alone ; and continually to keep us down.

Physical power naturally creates jealousy. | in the ruin of commerce, an amount beyond Then why not separate ? Let me retort the Nature and our habits have given the north a possible calculation. To complete the triumph interrogation. WHY SEPARATE? Washdecided superiority in this respect, and could of vindictive jealousy, war was declared, and ington, and statesmen without number, down to we expect not to feel its consequences ? But Great Britain used as an instrument in the this is no reason why, possessing power, we hands of domestick foes, lo accomplish our de. | the respective portions of our country are adshould suffer ourselves to be oppressed, im- struction, in the full presumption that negroes mirabiy adapted for connexion, intercourse, and poverished, weakened, brow-beaten, insulted, and plantations would remain, when our ships a common government. Geographical knowland trodden under foolest we possibly should disappear, and our sailors be driven edge, statistical observation, and experience, might abuse it. The ear bistory of our repub from the ocean. It could not but be anticipa- confirm the opinion. Once more examine our lick shows that we are not prone to tyrannize. ted too, that, long before this day, every hated respective strength and resources ; not the We lavished both our blood and our treasure vestige of a navy would have been annihilated votes in congress ; but the comparative supe. freely to secure' a general independence, by the enemy, and thus the most vexing and riority of our military, naval, and pecuniary which we freely shared with the south. When mortifying evidence of the superiority of our strength. The southern states will never the federal constitution was formed, though maritime resources be obliterated. Is there agree to a separation. Were we ever to withpolitical equality was the order of the day, we any one who doubts that the destruction of our draw, it would be termed rebellion, and we acceded to a gross violation of this great prin- | navy was one object of this war ? and that could not maintain our secession, but by deciple, by giving the slaveholder political rights, thus a powerful argument would be furnished, feating that power, ealling itself government, from his property, which were not claimed for against ever attempting another ?-Let him which would attempt to control us. If we are ourselves. While the federal administration review the invectives of our southern rulers ever sufficiently united to separate, we must was such as we wished, it was never pretend- against a naval establishment-let him remem- be united too to conquer. If we are strong ed that it was directed against southern inter- ber their predictions of the certain consequen- enough to throw off the yoke, we are strong ests. Yet we grew rich and strong. The ces of a war with Great Britainlet him re- enough to COMMAND in our turn. The expeface of the country displayed to the sickly na- flect on the strong probability, that, before rience we have had of southern sway appears to bob of the south, flying from the diseases of this, every frigate would in fact have been me to reduce it to a moral certainty that his climate, our enviable prosperity. Our taken-and judge with what expectations they henceforth, the northern section must serve laws, our reviews and official returns of militia were exposed to contend with a hundred sail or govern, and it is full time we view these alshowed our military strength and the little, of the line ! Do they repine at Decatur's situa-ternatives, as exclusively our destiny, and prehalf-way war, we carried on against France, tion, with his squadron ? Now within two pare deliberately for our choice. A material disciosed a hateful fact, that the naval force of years, it will be thrown in our teeth, as change in the federal constitution might restore the Union launched forth, spontaneously and proof positive that a navy is nonsense.

the government to its national character, but to almost exclusively, from the bays and rivers of Had I room, it would not now be necessary this the south will never consent, until comthe north !

| 10 deseribe the pernicious effects which the pelled by fear. We can therefore expect no Soon after this, by intrigue, by imposture, whole series of publick measures bave produ- redress, until we are ready, united, and deterby corruption, and deceitful promises, a revo- ced, on this section of the country, ever since | mined to secure our rights, to whatever point Jution was effected in our national politicks, in Mr. Jefferson felt strong enough in party sup- the necessary measures may extend. which Virginia took the lead. I might now port, to commence his deep-laid system of at- I respect tender nerves, and cannot close pursue the course of the administration,asteptack. Distress elicits the powers of the mind : this paper without desiring it may be recolby step, and detect in every prominent meas. even the unlettered peasant is now eloquent, in lected, I do not say now is the time for deci. ure, the existence and the fruits of that jcal proclaiming the wretched changes, which he sive steps I do not presume to determine ousy, which our power and prosperity had both witnesses and feels. Thousands, exas- when the time will come. Publick suffering, excited ; but I must confine myself to a very perated by our sufferings, and sick of protract. publick exasperation will determine that partial sketch

ed oppression, let it be honestly confessed, L'eau qui remplit un vase ne se répand point Those doctrines were decried, which had so want but the daring spirit of some respectable encore : il faut une goutte de tropi. “The wonderfully promoted our advancement in chieftain, to lead them to redress and emanci. water which fills a vase does not yet overflow wealth. The stalesmen who had supported pation ; they would hail a separation of the there must be one drop too much." these doctrines were calumniated ; wherever states as the harbinger of freedom and pros. But let us never talk of separating-an it was practicabie, dismissed from office, and perity. But a still more universal sentiment,, event not in itself desirable, and one at which

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we cannot stop. I only say, when we can ef- | inst. the President of the United States signed their vexatious practices. Pope CLEMENT fect a separation, we can control the Union an act, by which, the “ act laying an embargo VII wished to give them a permanent estab. and reestablish justice.

on all ships and vessels, in the ports and har- lishment in Portugal, as they had already in bours of the United States," passed on the 17th | Arragon and Castile. But difficulties arose

of December last, is repealed ; likewise all | between the courts of Rome and Lisbon ; the GENERAL REGISTER. such portions of previous acts, as prohibit the minds of the parties became soured, in con.

importation of goods, wares, or merchandize, of sequence of which the inquisition suffered, and BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1814.

the growth, produce, or manufacture of Great failed of being completely organized.

Britain or Ireland, or of any of the colonies or In 1539, there appeared at Lisbon a legate EUROPEAN. By an arrival at New York,

dependencies thereof, or of any place or coun- of the Pope, who had come, as he said, to fix accounts are received from Paris to the 2d of

try, in the actual possession of Great Britain; the Holy Inquisition on an immoveablo foun

and so much of any act or acts, as prohibits dation. He brought to King John III. letters March ; so much later than former advices, and so imperfect in themselves, it is impossible

importation into the United States or the terri- from Pope PAUL III ; and had other letters to acquire a clear view of the successive

tories thereof, in neutral ships or vessels, from from Rome, addressed to the principal officers

any port or place situated in Great Britain or of the court. His patent, as legate, was duly movements and positions of the contending armies. The French and allied forces appear

Ireland, or in any of the colonies or dependen- signed and sealed ; and he produced the most

cies of Great Britain. both to have becn active, and with various

ample powers, authorizing him to create a

Congress, it is presumed, rose on Monday grand inquisitor and all the judges of the Hosuccess. On the 3d of Feb, the Emperour was

last. We know of no important measure, ly Office. This, however, was no other than at Lesmont, with his army, above 90 miles from Paris on the 9th he left Nogent, 50

adupted at the close of the session, but the an impostor, by the name of SAVEDRA, qualifiniles from Paris, the allies having advanced

above, undoing their own work, at their as-ed to counterfeit every species of writing, to detachments to Ferte and Meaux, within about sembling.

forge and apply false seals of any description. 20 miles of the capital. The allies attacked

The British profess that the recent destruc- He had served his apprenticeship at Rome. Nogent on the ilth and 19th but without suc

tion of vessels, at Saybrook in Connecticut, and had perfected himself in the art, at Se

was to check attempts to destroy their vesselsville, from which he now came, attended by cess, sustaining a loss of 2000 men. On the 16th, Bonaparte's head quarters were at

| by torpedoes-by shewing what would be in two other accomplished cheats. His retinue Guignes. On the 17th he again advanced, and

their power, if such a new species of war was magnificent ; it was composed of more after a severe conflict with Pahlen and Witt

were persisted in. It appears that several un- than a hundred and twenty domesticks. To

successful torpedo experiments had been made. meet such an enormous expense, he and his genstein, rcpelled them to Nogent, taking, according to his account, 6000 prisoners and

Our journals contain the British official two accomplices had borrowed iramense sums 10,000 muskets. The same day, the French sta

statement of the repulse of General Wilkin | at Seville, in the name of the apostolick chamgeneral Chuteau was repulsed by the Austrian

son and his army, at La Cole Mill blockhouse.ber of Rome ; every thing was concerted with general Bianchi, but was joined by the Empe

Their whole loss in rank and file amounted to the most dazzling artifice.

but 10 killed and 42 wounded ! rour, in the afternoon, when the fight was re

The king of Portugal was at first astonish

General Jackson has had another serious ed, that the Pope saould send him a legate, a newed, and the Austrians unsuccessful, leaving 4,000 killed and six thousand prisoners.

engagement with the Indians, in the south latere, without previously informing him of his Here the French details end ; but on the

west, of whorn report says 557 are killed, and intention. The legate haughtily answered, 26th the Emperor's head quarters were at

that the survivors and the neighbouring tribes that in a case so urgent as the permanent es. Troyes, and his army principally at different

are suing for peace. Our loss 20 killed-70 tablishment of the inquisition, his Holiness posts, in his vicinity, within and near the de. to 100 wounded.

could submit to no delays ; and that the king partment of Aube. Where the allies were

The British are cruising again in lake Cham- | was sufficiently honoured, in that the first then stationed cannot be ascertained, but there

plain, where we have no force prepared to courier who brought him the news was a leis no evidence of a general retreat. On the

meet them. At the last accounts they were gate of the holy father. The king durst not contrary, it seems the allies are pressing close steering towards Vergenncs.

reply. The legate, or that very day appointed upon his right and left, nearer to Paris than

Governour Chittenden has ordered out a a grand inquisitor, sent every where to collect Troyes both on the north and south, and there

considerable body of the Vermont militia to tithes, and before the court could obtain anremained, on the first of March. We do not

act in concert with General Wilkinson. swers from Rome, he had caused two hundred

Admiral Cochran may now be daily expect persons to be burnt, and collected more than anticipate what some apprehend, a total change

ed in the Chesapeake, where there is already two hundred thousand crowns. of the scene. How far it was politick to re

a formidable naval force, stated at 13 sail. The But the marquis de Villanova, a Spanish duce the Emperour to desperation, is for the allies to determine. They must have ex

impression is, that a more active warfare than nobleman, of whom the legate, when at Seville,

was prosecuted by Admiral Warren, will soon had borrowed a considerable sum, on forged pected an effort to the utmost of his power ; he is making it—but no fact yet ascertained

commence. An attack on Baltimore is again notes, thought proper to demand payment at

apprehended. warrants a confidence in his eventual success.

his hands, in preference to wailing upon the Another arrival at New York, brings Bor

A number of British ships of war are cruis. impostor at Lisbon, against whom the obligadeaux papers to the 8th of March. Nothing !

ing in our bay, between Cape Cod and Port- tion was drawn. The legate was then making further from the armies in the centre-but it

land-frequently seen from the intermediate his circuit on the frontiers of Spain. He enis stated that Marshal Suchet had arrived at headlands.

tered it with fifty armed men, seized the marLyons, with his army, from Spain !! that Mu

quis, and conducted him to Madrid. rat, king of Naples, had been unsuccessful in an ! LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

The imposition was soon discovered at Lisattack upon the Vice Roy of Italy ;-that Lord

bon ; the council of Madrid condemned the

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. Wellington was within 9 leagues of Bordeaux

| legate Savedra to be whipped and confined

for ten years in the galleys, but what is most with a very large force ;--that the city was in

THE INQUISITION. the greatest confusion, the inhabitants remo While the dostruction of that horrid tribu

| amusing (if such iniquity can be called amus

ing] is, that Pope Paul IV. afterwards sancving their property to places of safety ; that

nal, the Inquisition, is a subject of general exSuchet and Soult would endeavour to effect al ultation, it may be interesting to such of our

tioned the whole conduct of the villain. He junction, to attack the English army. (If so,

rectified all the little irregularities of the proreaders as are unacquainted with the circumLyons would be 150 miles out of his way to stance, to know in what a singular manner,

ceedings, by the plenitude of his divine pow.

er, and rendered that sacred, which had origi. Bordeaux, from the east end of the Pyrennees,

this infamous court was established, wbich where he must have entered France !)

nated in the most abominable of human atrocheld a considerable part of Europe in terrour

ities. American foreign affairs. London papers

Thus the Inquisition became settled at three hundred years. This account is extract.

Lisbon, and the whole kingdom.admired it as have been received to the 1st of March. In ed from Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, consequence of the despatches arrived in and as he asserts, is supported by the testimo

a signal proof of providential care. England by the Bramble, the expedition pre- | ny of five distinct historians.

As to what remains of the history of this

tribunal's proceedings, it is well known how paring for this country was suspended. Mer- « Establishment of the Inquisition in Portugal.

opposite they were to the false equity and chants, in London, expected a peace between « For some time Pope Boniface IX. about

blind reason of all the other tribunals of the that government and the United States would the beginning of the fifteenth century had del.

world. Individuals were imprisoned, on the soon be effected at Gottenburgh.

egated preaching friars, who went from town DOMESTICK. The restrictive system, so to town, in Portugal, burning hereticks, ma

simple accusation of the most infamous char

acters : a son could denounce his father, a long the policy and dependence of the admin.hometans, and Jews. They were itinerants,

wife her husband ; the accusers and accused istration is at length abandoned ! On the 14th

led. On the 14th and even kings had sometimes complained of

and even kings had sometimes complained or were never confronted ; and property was con

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fiscated, to the benefit of the judges. It is overcome, than may probably hereafter be the proportion as education has given to her the thus the inquisition has been conducted to the case. We cannot deny the jealousy which habit and the means of drawing her resources present day; and in one sense, it seems indeed exists among pompous and foolish men, re- from herself."

[Edinburgh Review. to be of divine appointment, or how would specting the education of women. There is a mankind ever have patiently submitted to class of pedants, who would be cut short in the

To Correspondents. such a yoke !"

estimation of the world a whole cubit, if it I have been favoured with several communications

were generally known that a young lady of on religious subjects, for the omission of which, I tenIs there not a striking resemblance between eighteen could be taught to decline the tenses der the following apology. Considering the miscellathe character of the great Grecian and English of the middle voice, or acquaint herself with neous nature of this publication, it does not seem to be moralists, Aristotle and Dr. Johnson? Aris- the Æolick varieties of that celebrated language.

the proper channel for speculations on the most serious

points of christian faith. There are excellent periodi. totle was deformed in person—but so strong Then women have, of course, all ignorant

I cal works in this town and vicinity, specially appropriwas his intellect that he became the delight of men for enemies to their instruction, who be.

ated to such productions. the great. He was of a very positive, dictato-ing bound (as they think,) in point of sex, to rial disposition, so that Lord Bacon observes know more, are not well pleased, in point of u he wished to establish the same dominion fact, to know less. But, among men of sense

ANSWER TO QUESTION VI. in the Boston over men's minds, as his pupil over nations." and liberal politeness, a woman, who has suc

Spectator. He possessed a remarkable versatility of tal- cessfully cultivated her mind, without dimin. The diameter of the whole ground is ent. In rebuking folly he was harsh and se- | ishing the gentleness and propriety of her 319.14 rods, and the semidiameter is 159.57 vere-The following instances, related by Plu- manners, is always sure to meet with a respect rods. tarch, would have made a figure in Boswell's and attention bordering upon enthusiasm.

Now as 159.57 is to the semidiameter of a life of Johnson.

There is in either sex a strong and perma

son's portion, so is 1+ to l, by a theorem Aristotle was addressed by a coxcomb, who nent disposition to appear agreeable to the

in geometry ; here putting for the second interlarded his shallow remarks with a frequent other : and this is the fair answer to those

term in this proportion, its value will be appeal to the Stagirite, « Is not that fine ? Is who are fond of supposing, that an higher de

74.055 : therefore each son will have 107 acres, not that wonderful ?” Unable to contain him- gree of knowledge would make women rather

109 rods, and 46 square feet and ; the centre self any longer, he replied, “ No, Sir, not in the rivals, than the companions of men. Pre

of each son's ground is distant from the centre the least ; but it is wonderful that a man, who supposing such a desire to please, it seems

of the father's ground 85 rods and 81 feet, and has legs, should stay so long to hear thy non- much more probable, that a common pursuit

is distant from the centre of any of the other sense.” To another tedious impertinent, who should be a fresh source of interest, than a

sons 148 rods and 14 feet. closed a long detail with “ Have I not deafen- | cause of contention. Indeed, to suppose that ed you, Philosopher, with this long story ?" | any mode of education can create a general

QUESTION IIId. Page 31. - Not at all, friend,” replied Aristotle, “ I | jealousy and rivalry between the sexes, is so

| Sax a section of the globe, for instance one have not listened a moment to what you have ! very ridiculous, that it requires only to be sta- lovarter, wore water to the centre, would a been saying." ted in order to be refuted. The same desire

mass of gold, dropped upon the surface, sink to of pleasing, secures all that delicacy and re. Some of Mr. Madison's appointments bring

the centre, or remain suspended somewhere serve which are of such inestimable value to

between ? to my mind the following anecdote.

women. We are quite astonished, in hearing King Henry VIII., being one day surround.

The gentleman who communicated this men converse on such subjects, to find them

Quere was of opinion that the gold would re. ed by a numerous train of nobility and prelates, attributing such beautiful effects to ignorance.

gnorance. | main suspended, far short of the centre, but Sir David Lindsay approached him with due It would appear, from the tenor of such objec

he not having given any principle on which he reverence, and began to prefer a humble peti. tions, that ignorance had been the great civil

founded his opinion, I insert a contrary one, tion that he would instal him in an office that izer of the world. Women are delicate and was then vacant. “I have,” said he, “ servit

offered by a mariner, with his reply to probrefined, only because they are ignorant ;

able objections. your Grace lang, and luik to be rewardit as they manage their household, only because

“I think the gold would go to the centre ; others are ; and now your maister taylor, at they are ignorant ;-they attend to their chil- l for though the attraction downwards diminish the pleasure of God, is departit ; wherefore I dren, only because they know no better. Now, les constantly, below the surface, owing to the would desire of your Grace to bestow this lit

all our | diminution of attracting matter in that directhe benefite upon me.” The king replied, that lives been so ignorant as not to know the I tion, and the attraction backwards increases, he was amazed at such a request from a man value of ignorance. We have always attribu- lowing to the increase of matter who could neither shape nor sew. “ Sir," re

owing to the increase of matter attracting ted the modesty and the refined manners of

backwards, as the gold sinks, yet as the wajoined the poet, “ that maks nae matter ; for women, to their being well taught in moral and you have given bishopricks and benefices to

ter, around the gold, wherever it may be, will religious duty,—to the hazardous situation in

be acted upon, in the same manner, their relamany standing here about you, and yet they which they are placed,—to that perpetual vigi

tive gravities must remain the same ; of can nouther teach nor preach ; and why may lance which it is their duty to exercise over

course the gold will continue to descend to the not I as weel be your taylor, thocht I can nou. thought, word, and action,-and to that culti

centre, where the attraction, in every possible ther shape nor sew ; seeing teaching and vation of the mild virtues, which those who

direction will be neutralized by an equal, op. preaching are nae less requisite to their voca- cultivate the stern and magnanimous virtues tion, than shaping and sewing to ane taylor.”

posite power. expect at their hands. After all, let it be re

It is certain that a glass bubble may be plamembered, we are not saying there are no ob

eed in rum, and of such a specifick gravity, FEMALE EDUCATION. jections to the diffusion of knowledge among

I that it will sink, at the surface, and remain As it is impossible that every man should shows the female sex. We would not hazard such a

suspended in the body of the fluid. But this have industry or activity sufficient to avail proposition respecting any thing ; but we are

is not like water, a uniform fluid. The alcohol himself of the advantages of education, it is saying, that, upon the whole, it is the best

being one sixth part lighter than water, a disnatural that men who are ignorant themselves, method of employing time ; and that there are

proportion of it will ascend, if not perfectly should view, with some degree of jealousy and fewer objections to it, than to any other meth

mixed, or rather, uniformly combined. alarm, any proposal for improving the educaod. There are, perhaps, 50,000 females in

It is also certain that some logs will float tion of women. But such men may depend Great-Britain, who are exempted by circum.

down a river, half way between the surface upon it, however the system of female educa. stances from all necessary labour : but every

and bottom : but they are kept down by the tion may be exalted, that there will never be | human being must do something with their ex

current,* which is always strongest at the sur. wanting a due proportion of failures ; and that istence ; and the pursuit of knowledge is, up

face ; and they will be found to rise, when after parents, guardians, and preceptors have on the whole, the most innocent, the most dig

they reach still water. Did any person ever done all in their power to make every body nified, and the most useful method of filing

see one of the glass bubbles 'abovementioned wise, there will still be a plentiful supply of

1 up that idleness, of which there is always so take a position, in clear, simple water, between women who have taken special care to remain | large a portion in nations far advanced in civ

the surface and bottom ? otherwise ; and they may rest assured, if the ilization. Let any man reflect too, upon the

It is likewise true, that a common deep-sea utter extinction of ignorance and folly is the

solitary situation in which women are placed lead will not sink, so as to answer the purpose evil they dread, that their interests will always the ill treatment to which they are sometimes

of sounding, if the line be above 30 fathoms. be effectually protected, in spite of every exerexposed, and which they must endure in si

But the friction of the line, in passing through

But the friction of the line, in lence, and without the power of complaining: tion to the contrary.

Is this correct? Do not bodies moving in a We must in candour allow, that those wom- and he must "

stream tend to that part where the current is mat en who begin, will have something more to lo

T of a woman will be materially increased, in rapid !.

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